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Full text of "Jets and flashes"

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H CjiaropoAH'bftmia cyO'beKTb! IIpocB'femeHH'feftmifl h ryMaHHtfi- 
mifi, Cb coBpeiieHHEi^H BarjiHAaMz... 'A npo RaMrypcRaro nc* 
npaBHHKa cymaa epyHAa: 6e3ycjioBHO HH^ero noAoOHaro!.. Bhjio, 
npaBAa, HeAopaayMtnie, ho Cea-b BcaRHXB nocji'feACTBitt... A hto 
noATHHyTb H TOMy noAo6Hoe, to h p'femHTejibHo HH^ex'O npoTHB-b 
8Toro He HM'fei): B'b AoCpHft ^acb! Y Roro coBtcTb ^Hcra, ajih 
Toro H-hM-b CTpoace, Thwh Jiynme. Koe-nro noHHCTHTb ne n't- 
maeTb, nanpHM'ibp'b, xota 6h h y nacb... BosbMHTe xoTb Ty ace 
CaniRHpcRyH) anonoK)... coxpaHH Borb!.. JJfi cHX'b nopi> ona 6HJia 
noA^b RpHJiHEniROM'b, HO Bd^Ab MoaceTb 6HTb z Hao6opoTb... H 
He AOHocHTOJib — oOopoHH ItapHi^a HeOecHan!— HO, ecjiH cnpocnrb 
no AOJiry npHcarn a ne Mory MOJi^aTb... fl yBaacaio MHJi'feflniarO' 
ApKaAia IleTpoBH^a, ho ^to A*^aTb! Jlfljirb npeacAe Bcero... 

HcnpaBHHRy hhrto ne BospaacajH). C'JiymaxejiHM'b 6hjio hs- 

B'tCTHO, HTO OHl* A&BHO He XBiJlflTh Cb npOAC'i^AaTeJieM'b CB'&3Aa^ 



T ■ m H H A. 9 

ApRaAieifb nerpoBHieii'B IIoArypcRHMi*, hto ohh jmmyrb Apyri* 
Ha flpyra aohoch, h ^rro b'b btoH paonp'b saM'bniaHu F^ROTopux 

BJliHTeJIBHHH JXHE^a, HO HBB'bCTHO TaR«6 6UJ10 H TO, ^TTO BpaTK 

fiapyncHo ocraBaoiHCb Apysb^MH, npn Bcipd^narb noHCHMajiv 
ApyrB Apyry pyicH, yjraCajracb, roBopiuiH upimobui cjioBa, 06- 

MtHHBaJIHCb BHSHTaMH. 

— A HTO BTo aa 6aniKHpcKaH 9nonea?— cnpocHjrb Kojiocobii. 
HcnpaBHHR'b nocMOTp'i^jrb Ha Hero crh oGhahuitb nejioywh- 

HieM^, to^ho yABBJi^acb ero s^'i^cb npHcyrcTBiK), h xoT^Jrh ^rro- 
TO CKasaTb, RaKb BApyrb B*b KOMHaxy BJierbjrb sanuxaBmlBoji 
oyAeCHua npHCTaB'b KasaHqesi^ h, hh cb Rtirb ne BAopoBaHOb, 
npoBOBrjiacHJi'b: 

— FocnoAal ^InrajiH KoppecnoHAeni^li)? 

— KaRyH)?.. Ta^?... KorAa?..— nocjiHmajiHCb BorpeBomeHHHe 
rojioca. 

— A! cji-bAOBaTCJibHO, He qHTajiH?.. Hax HyAHOBCRa... faRafl, 

HOprb BOBbMH, HTO He6o Cb OBHHHRy... 

— Hy-Te, Hy-re... rjjfk ona? 

— Sa^cb!.. CoMHOjtt... BoTb!.. 

— JlaflTe CH)Aa!.. 

— Hy, Htrb-cb... H caiTb npoHiy... cb HyBCTBOMT), cb toji- 

ROM-b, Cb paBCTaHOBRO:^... 

— HHTaflTe jKopte... He KpHBJWifiTecb. 

— Cefl^acT' ceflHacb... IIpHABHHbTe naMny. TaR-b. BHnicaHie, 
rocnoAal.. Orb^JIyRH anocTOjia IlaBJia Hieme... 

npHCTaB'b CTk paSCIHTaHHOll MeAJieHHOCIbH) BUXaiAHJI'b HB'b 

RapMana raBexy h rpoMRHM'by npepHBaDiitHMCH orb BOJiHema 
rojiocoMii cTajiT, ^HTaxb. Bcb, crpyAHBuiHCb h »caAHO yciaBHB- 
mHCb Ha ^Tei^a, iipnroTOBHjiHCb cjiymaxb. 

KaRoW-To HeAo6po«eJiaTejib nHcaJi-b, ^to B'b fianiRHpcRHX'b 
BOJiocTJixT> ^yAHOBCRaro yfesAa 6yAT0 6h y«e orojio comh Ji'trb 
(f)aRTH^ecRn ocyiii;ecTBJieHo Rp'bnocrHoe npano, ci> 6apiipmo^, 
efipoRaMH, poaraim h jifiime oTAaneK) Rp'i^nocTHHX'b JiiDAeft B'b 
Rafiajiy, npn neMi) xoBHHHOM'b dToro Rp'i^nocTHoro pa^ona an- 
jiaexcn HenpeAycMOTp'bHHHl! 8aR0H0Hi> ^yAHOBCRift 6amRHpcRift 
none^uEiTejibHutt ROUHrerb. 

^CROBaHHue no pyRaMi) h no HoraNCb GamRnpH'^, — HHcaji'b 
RoppecnoHAeHTb, — „npHHy7RAeHH cbok) co6cTBeHHyK) bcmjik) 6paTb 
B'b apeHAy y ROMHTexa h noA'b yrpoaofl HaKaaanlA ujiaTHTb aa 
Bce: 3a j['6ci», 3a ApoBa, aa namHK), aa horoch. TaRHM'b o6pa- 
dOM^b, y^Ke coTHH JUOAel! ot6ujih AecHTRH jrbrb TK)peMHaro aa- 
RjiDHeHiH H ynjiaTHJfH thcji'ih pyCjiefl paaHHX'b niTpa(|)OB'b aa 
^caMOBojibHoe nojibaoBanie'' cBoei) co6cTBeHHOOTbK). IIoMHMa 

yrOJIOBHOfi OTB'i^TCrBeHHOCTH, HeAOHMIAHRH COTHHMH IipOAaDTCil 

Fb Ra6ajiy na ropHHe aasoABi A^^ orpaCoTRH HeAOHHOR'b, a 
ThKh HaaHBaeMHe CyHToamHRH ccHJiaioTCfl wb CnfiHpb no npx- 



C P700K01 BOrATOTBO. |. 

roBopaMnb cejii>CRHXi> o6iH;ecTB'B hjih no npeAG|btBJi6HiK) M'i^CTHUx'b' 

HXTi 8a CaCHOCJIOBHBM ufbBH. IlaXOTHHA H cl^HOROCHHH SeBCJIH, 

EJ3RBUE caMHiTb 6amKHpaMi> H oRpecTHOMy pyccROMy Mojiose- 
MOJibHOMy HacejieHiH), OTAaK)Tca m'^cthhitb KyjiaRaM'B h ^yA- 
HOBORHifB Rym^aMi, ROTopne MaRJianaTb ^euneH h j^epmairB b^ 
e»eeBurb pyRaBHii^axB u^kmisL bojiocth. H, o^HaRo, He BSHpas 

Ha TaROe XOB^fiHH^aHBe^ B1> ROMHreTB CTeRaiOTCH OrpOMHHA 

fffiBhTJi, ROTopHfl yxo^iHTB, pjiaBHUM'B o6pa80Mi», Ha ynpaBJieme, 
T. e. Ha co^^epaeanie ROMnreTa, cocTOHiqaro hbti npeAcibAaTejui^ 
c'b'i^BAa a aeMCRHX'B na^ajiBHHROB'B, ynojiHOMo^enHaro otb 6am- 
RHpB oTcraBHaro 8aypHjv^-xopyH:Karo TeMHpT>-nojuiaTOBa, y^e- 
Haro' ji^coBOAa h TaRi* nadHBaeMHX'B arponoMHHecRHX'B naA- 
3HpaTejie£t. CRyAHHe ocTaTRH nocTynaiorB bi> sanacHKtt Rann- 
Taji'L, ROTopHtt caMnMi» damRHpaMi) ne npHHocHirb, OAHaRO, hh* 

RaRO£t nOJIBBH. Jl^a^e 61> FOAH OCTpoft npOAOBOJIbCTBeHHOfl HJXijm 

HifB He Bu;[(aeTCH hh Ron'b^RH, na tom7> ocHOBaHin, hto Rann- 
TaJTb npeAHaBHaHaerca HCRJiioHHTejibHo na cejiBCRo-xoBH^CTBeH- 
HHH yjiynmeHiH. Me«Ay TtM-B, nocTopoHHia JiHi^a h y^pe«;5eHLa 
nojibsyDTCH HM'B wh mnpoRHX'B pa8MtpaxT>. TsLKTiy ccy;^oc6epe^ 
raxeJiBHaa Racca cjiy^Ran^HX'B (rs'&BAa nojiy^HJia ccy;^y b'B 
5000 pyCjiefi, noTpeCnrejiBCRoe oCmecTBO 3000, HyOTOBCRift 
Rjiy(h> 1000, Rynei^x TeMHp'b-IIoJiJiaTOB'B 4000 ^vCjiefi. Homhmo 
Bcero oRaaaHHaro, fianiRHpH npHHy«AeHH ot6h'*-tb bt> noju>3y 
ROMHTeTa eiii;e paanaro po^a noBHHHOCTH HaTj^^oio: pyOnrb h 

BOBHTb Jl'i^C'b AJIH 4>6PMepCRHX'B HOCTpOeR'B, pa6o <7aT& Ha OIDblT- 

HOMx nojrb, npopyCaxB npoc^RH, cipoHTB Aoporn, ^ocTaBJiHTB^ 
ApoBa H np." 

Oroh^hbii HTenie, KasaHi^eBi* no6'bAOHocHo ocMorpkn'B npH- 
cyrcTByiomHX'B, ^yBCTBya ceOa hohth aBTopoirb npo^nrraHHOft 

HlTb 06JIHHHTeJIBH0a CXaTbH. 

He cMOTpa Ha to, hto a'^^cTbhtojilhoctb 6ujia, RaR'B Bcb^ 
BHajiH, ropasflo coAep^RaTejibHbe h np^e onncaHHaro, — Roppe- 
cnoHAeHuiH npoHBBejia Bue^aTJi^Hie B03MyTHTejiBHo£t RjieBOTUi 
H BHSBajia BCQo6mfie ocyxcAOHie. BoJiBme Bctxi> BosMymajiHCb^ 
Aaicu. Us'b ooHyBCTBiH K'h npeAci^AaTeJiK) ciAsjidi, ApRa^iK) lie- 
TpoBH^y IIoflrypcROMy, ROToparo Bctx'B fiojibme saA'^Bana Rop- 
pecnoHAeHi^ia, owh na nepeCoft Cpannan RoppecnoHAenra n 6am- 

RHpB. 

— KaRaH RJieBOTal.. KaRan raAOCTBl.. — BOCRJimitajiH oni^, ro- 
paHo neroAya: — Ha'B-sa 6amRHpB, HB'B-aa ROHORpaAOB^ — Bra 
BorB BHaeTB htoI.. 

— HAa— OHO Toro... — ^roBopHJia My»c^HHu: — bi» o(JmeMT> 

B6CBMa CRaHAaJIBHO... 

HcnpaBHHRB OUJTB CROH())y:KeH'B. 

— He Toro... ne Toro...— CopMOTajit ohb: — xna^eno nepea^ 



T E m H H ▲. ( 

Rpafl!.. H Hero cm^tphtb i^oHaypa— He noHHifaio!.. Hy, HaiiceRHH, 
Hy, onnniH BAAKb jmiocRaBaTejibHO, ho ne npaiio me, cb njie^a... 
rnasHoe, n raaieTa-To CTOJinqnan... $y th, HenpiHTHOcTb RaRaa!.. 
Ohh He noHHMaorB tofo, hto Bjsfijsrb mo»cho snaBaTb neyAo- 
B(uiBCTBie wb HaoejieHiH... H xenepb y^'B tbophtca HeB'bAOMO 
HTO... OrRpoBeHHo roBopa, a 6oi)cb lisujsrb no ytsAy — w Toro 
HaTHHyru CTpynu... XpanH Bohb!.. 

— IIoflrypcRitt h CrpyROBTb ycRaRajiH wb ryOepHii)^. ho 
BHaere, 8a^Mi>?.. 

— CRaH^ajTB, oj^HHiTb cjioBOHi!.. Ho RTO? Kto uovTb Hann- 
eaxb? — BOTB Bii ^eiTb BonpocB. 

HcnpaBHHR'B CRocHJTB FJiasa Ha arpoHOMa, ho y tofo 6ujio 
coBepmoHHO HeBHHHoe jmqo; npn toitb srq, RaRii nejioB'i^R'B ho- 

Bfi[£t, OHX H He MOFB BHaXB M'bCTHHX'B J^JIHnieR'B. „R1^Tb, HO 

mrb^^ P'bmHJTB HcnpaBHHR'B h nepeBejTB bbfji^'b na BOTepHnapa. 
^Hy, 8T0My rzrfe!** no^^ynajiB oht> b'b Ty me MHHyry: „n jijubs), 
ovB H rpaMiiaTHRy-TO uosaCHJiB''. 

— Ho RTO ace?.. Kto, HaROHeit-B?..— go B&bxb cTopoHi* cjih- 
majiHCB BonpoGH. — YAHBHTejiBHoe aI^jio! B^b^B^ fffiime noAynaTB 
Me Ha Roro: H'bTy y nacB RoppecnoHneHTOB'B! 

— Kto? a IIIaTHJioBB?.. HoMHHTe, ohb o oneRTaRjrb nn- 

CaJTB? 

— Epynna! Ohb HacTHHfl noBtpeHHHft, ohb ne nooMierB. 
B'B cjiyna* Hero, eny h CBHAtTejiBGTBa ne jieLjiyTh... HeioicJiH- 
Man Beu^b!.. 

— Hy, Ky8HeitOBT>... 6ojn>nie HOROMy. 

— He CTanoTB KyaneitoB'B nopTHTB oTHomenifi... HiTB, 3T0 

BB'h TaRHXB, ROTOpHlfB TOpHTB nOHerO... HBB RpaOHHX'B... 

— TaRHXB y HaoT. ntTy. 

— HoHeiiB BH BHaeTO? 8a 3to nopynHTBCH hojibbh. 

— A noMHHTe, rocno^^a, GOjMHOfl npoqeocB? — nanajTB HcnpaB- 
hhrtb: — BoTBToate CRaHflajiHn;e-To 6wrb — Moe nonreHie! KaR'B? 
Kto? Hto?.. TyAa-cDAa, naRonei^ — B'B poAaRqii). He MoaceirB, 
roBopHTB, BUAaTB GoxpyjiHHKa. Ara! otjihhhoI A nepes-B ryCepna- 
Topa?.. Hy, TyTB y«'B caMo coOofi... H hto ate, B'B R0H^4-R0H- 
i^OB'B, ORaaajioGB? Gs,wb oeRpeTapB... xa, xa, xa!.. B'bAHara 6um 
H TaR'B, H GHR'B, TyAa-CDAa.. . H, He a, jiomajEiBHe moh, a&h'^tb, 
cyAapHRX Moft! JIh6o jiHTepaTypa, jih6o cjiyac6a — vb fffidkjxofiLTb 
nerupe naoa!.. JlnCepajiBHHe bbfjihah, oti^h moh^ xyTB ne npn 
HeiTB... a caiTB JiHOepajix, ho HHROFAa ne Aonym^y CBoeBOJCb- 

CTBa. 

3a RapTH ycbjiHCB tojibro B'b OAHHHaw&TOM'B Hacy, h to 

JIHHIB no HeOTBHSHOfl HpOGBC"]^ HHCnORTOpa, ROTOpUft RaSKAyD 

MHHyry, npoBej^eHnyi) ne 8a sejieHHirB ctojiomb, cHHTajTB ]iasi 
atHdHH norepsHHott. Kojiogobx, ne HFpaBmift B'B Rapxu, oraji'B 
npon^aTBCH. ^ 



P7tOJIOI BOfATCPTM. 



II. 

OHyTHBmHCB na yjiHi^, owh b'b uepBuA uouenvb He Monb 
pascMOTp'bTB HH^ero, KpoMib lepHaro Mpaica h MepqaBmsz'B vh 
6TAfluieHiH 4>0Hape£t nepe^'B TiopeMHUBTB bsmroicb h nojinqett- 
CKHiTL ynpaBJieHie&ii>. Hoib 6HJia THxan h xenjiaii. Ob He6a 
Ma^aJiH piffRi^ RanJiH ao^a^* CHHsy, n8i>-noAi> ropn, aoh«- 
CHJIOH FJiyxott myiTB h RaKOfi-To CTpaHHHfi menHyniia moporb: 
AOJiHCHO 0HTb, Ha pbK'b Tporajicfl jieAT>. Ci* MejioAHHecRHMifc 
8B0H0Mi» :Kypiajia Bo^a B'b oBparb, B'b ropoA'b aanjin coGaKH, 
Pi^-To HenoAajieRy pmajrb saOjiyAHBinilKcH nbHnni^a h cjinmHe 
6u3iOy RBjcb owb mjienaeTb nerBepAHMH HoraMH no rpH3H0tt 
jiy^R'b. 

OCBOHBIHHOb Cb TeMHOTOfl, KOJIOCOB-b CMyXHO ^BSJIWlliffb 

TeiiHHe cHJiyaxH AOMOB'b, cyMpa'iHoe He6o ch 6HCTpo 6'bTymjiUR 
MO HeMi> oGjiaRaMH h 6'bji'i^BinyD BnepoAH ^ORpyD Aopory. OHi> 
nomeji-b no nefi ^epes'b njiou](aAb Ha ofhh ()»OHapef!, yTonaa b% 
rpHBH H nonaAafl B'b putbhhh, HanoJineHHEi^ Bo;iofi. Cnpasa 
Heo^ECHAaHHo 6jiecHyjrb en^e HOBHi^ CB'i^TOH'b, Cojibmoli (|)0Hapb 
trb pe({)JieRTopoM'b nepeA'b RaaeHHOfl bhhhoS JiasRoK, h ajihh- 
HOlK orneHHOtt nojiocoiK orpasHJicfl nepeBi) bck) uoRpHxyK) Jiy- 
xcaiiH njiomaAb. 

B'b MeSjiHpoBaHHHX'b ROMHaxaxi), rji'h mviJib Kojiocob'b, eii^e 
He cnaJiH. IIo RoppnAopaM'b BsaAi) h BnepeA'b cyeTJiHBo oho- 
ipajiH HdMy^eHHHe jiaROH B'b sacajienHHX'b nHA^aRaxi> c% caji- 

^OTRaHH nOA'b MEiniRO^. Hd'b 3aJIU H TpeX'b RpafiHHX'b HOMe- 
pOBl HeCJIHCb RpHRH, TOBOp'b, myM'b, 3B0HT> HOCyAH H HCCTpOft- 

Hoe n'i^Hie. Sa'^cb y»ce xpeTifi AOHb 6e8o6pa3Ho nbHHCTBOBajMc 
jrJ^conpoMHmjieHHHRH, B'b o^HAaniH BeceHHHPo cnjiana. 

MojiOAOHbRaa ropHHHHas Mama, omnsJieHnaH, paAOcrnaji, 
pacRpacHi^BmaHCfl h, Ra^eTCH, HeiiHoro nbjmaH, cb BHsroM'b k 

eiff'&XO^'b BMCRO^HJia B'b ROppHAOp'b H B'b CMyn^eHiH OCTaHOBK- 

jiacb nepeA'b KoJiocoBtJM'b. BM'bcT'b ci> neio BHpBaJica Hepe3i» 
ABepb BspHBTb nb^naro xoxota. KojiocoB'b, paschnHHO n#- 
CMOTp'bB'b Ha nee, Bomeji'b B'b HOMepi> h cTaJi'b 3a»cHraTb JiaMnjr* 
Mama ocraHOBHJiacb B'b ABopnx'b h, jiyKaeo noTynHB'b cbm 
^epHHe rjiasRH, cnpocHJia, ne nyacHo jih eMy ^ero-nnOyAt. 

— Htrb, fffeTi>, — yrpDMo h HejiK)6e3H0 oTBt^aJi-b Kojm* 

•OB'b.— HbHHHe CROTH HO yrOMOHHJIHCb OHlie? — CnpOCHJITj QBh, 

BHAH, HTO Mama MOAJiHirb yxoAHTb. 

— Jl^a-Cb... oHOHb nbHHue h fiojibniie neBtacH-cb,— OTB'i- 
^Kijia oHa, ^KOMaHHCb. — JIfla Bacrb caiiOBap^ ne nocraBHTb jraf 

— HtTb, ffferb. 

Mama nocToajia euie cb noJiMHHyTH, RHHyjia Ha Kojiooasa 



r 



T K n H H A. 9 

6HCTpu<l HcnHTyK)iiUtt BHVJiAjsh H BHiiuia, a KojiocoFb Jierb 
Ha jxuBBJSTb 2 crajTB "iHTaTB. Ho RHHra Rasajiacb HeHHrepecHott, 
H owb cb jxocBLjiott OT6pocHJii> 66 oTb ccCh. TocRa 6e3A'ibJiBH II 
MepTBflU](afl CRyRa tomhjih ero, h ohi> oMorpi^jTB, noonepeAHo, to 

Ha CB'bTJIHli HH'dRiJi nOTOJIOS'B, TO B'B ORHO, Bl> HCpHH^ MpaRl* 
HOHH. 

Kto-to uocrynajix bi> ;iBepb. Kojiocob'b BaApornyjit. 

— Boi^AHTe, — CRaaajTB ohi>, BCRaRHBan crb AHBana. 

Bi> ROMHaTy B0inejiT> Myminna jrhrb n^THAOCHTH, bt> noA- 
X^BR'b H cHHea pyCaxt Ha BHnycR'b, cocbA'B KojiocoBa, ;RHBiiiitt 
B'B rhTb Hce Hoicepax'b, no ({)aMHjiiH MepeHeHHi*. Ohi> 6u:rh 
BUcoRi> pocTOMi>, xyjiowjBLWb H CTpoeH^; B'B BOjiocaz'B H 6opoji1k 
HpoGRBaJiaob cbAHHa. Ero ynnoe jihi^o 6£ijio fijiaropoAHO h 
KpacHBo^ HO OMy CTpaHHO npoTHBop'bHHJiH 6oJibinie ne^ajibEHe 
rJiasa, BcerAa ropiBinie RaRHMi>-TO BHyTpeHHHftii> CeanoROft- 

HUM'b OFHeifb. 

— HBBHHHTe, HTO noM*majn>, — CRasaji'B offb, BAopoBancb, — 
HO A cb ;io6pbiMH HaM'bpeHiAMH: He yroAHo-jm co MHoli na^Ry 
•TKymaTb? 

— Hto JKI, noHtajiyfl,— BHJio corJiacHJica Kojiocob'b. 

— XoTH MH nianoHHo h SHaROMti, — na^aji'b MepeoKHH'b, 
KorAa OHH nepeCpajiHCb B'B ero Rpome^nuft HOMop'b, — ho bco 

Xee JIJIH BaCb H ^ejIOB'^R'B HOHSB'i^CTHH^. nOSBOJIbTe peROMBH- 

AOBaTbCH: 6uBmitl H3H)MCRift BOJiocTHOtt crapniHHa, CHBinif} 
yi^BAHHiK H ry6epHCRitt rJiaoHUfi^ 6HBmifi hjiohb aeifCRofl ynpaBu, 
(jHBiniK HJieH'b y^HJiHu^Haro cob'^tb, a bi> HacTOHii];ee BpeiiH 

HHRTO, T. e. npOCTO RpeCTbHHHHl>, HBaB'b IlaBJIOB'b MepeHCHH^. 

— Bee eHBcaifi, — yjiH6aacb, aaMtTHJi'b Kojiocob'b,— no^eny 
me He HacTOfluuM? 

— TaROBa MOH cyAbCa, — raRace yjiHCancb, oTB-bnaji'b Mepe- 
mHH'b, H OesnoRo^HHe oroHbRH B'B ero rjiasax'b saC'brajiH chjib- 
Hie. — XI^Ji^ iiojiHOTH AOJiaten-b npH6aBHTb, hto, npeBpaTHBniHCb 
B'B HHHTO, Bam'b noRopHtflmifi cjiyra 0TCHA*Jn> ywce nnTbA©- 
cHTb B0ceB^3,^a|^'b nojxh apecTOM'b h yoJiaTHJTB orojio n^TH- 
ooTHb ^y6:[ie^ja,^\fy3£LTh iuTpa(|)OB'B. 

KojiocoB'b irny^iOTp'feji'b na Hero ch HayMJiemeM'b. 

— IlHTbAecarb bocomb paa'B no Tpn ahh, — anaHHTB, oohth 
MOJiroAa Bi> Te^eme bocbmh jrhrh. 

— CTpaHHO... — cRaaajTB Kojiocob'b: — aa ^rro ace coOcTBeHHO? 

— 3a HeHcnojiHeme saROHHHX'b pacnopn^emft rocnoAHHa 
seiiCRaro HaiaJibHHRa. Bh, RaacercH, ne B'bpHTe? MemAy rbM'b, 
H roBopK) cymiyD iipaBAy. UpHBHaTbcn, Aocrajiocb uah 8to h# 
AapoM'b: H HyTb cb yna ne comejrb. K'b CHacTbn, na^ajibHHR^ 
Banrb uoAyiHji'b noBHrneme— Hasna^eH'B HJieHoirB ryCepHCRare 

■pHCyTCTBia, H Si B3A0XHyjrb CBoCoAH'be. 

— IIo^eMy Bu He maJioBajracb? 



10 PyOOKOB BOFATOTBO. 

— KsLKh He ^cajioBajiCH! Ho »ajio6HMOH ocraBJiHJincb 6e8^ 
nocjrbACTBiM. 

— Ho 8a HTO Hce?.. H BcexaRH ho noHHiian. 

— A BOTB, He yroAHo jih? Y Mena Bce sanHoaHo. Hanpa- 
H-fapK 6 (|)eBpaJiH „3SL HenoRopcTBo**, 20 (|)eBpaJia „3a noiiaiy 
^ajio6H, na aeiiCKaro Ha^ajihHHRa'', 2 Mapxa „da ynopcTBO'', 
16 anp'bjiH „3a BpeAHHe paaroBopn''; 26 anp'&JiH „da npoHB- 
BOJiLHoe < TOJiKOBanie aaKOHOB'b'', 23 Maa „8a HeB'bHcecTBO*, 
1 iK)HH „8a Heno^eme", noTOMTb onaTb „8a noAany npomeHia", 
^Toace**, „8a Hexoac^eme bo xpaM-B", „3a caMOBOJiBHyi) owiyHKy"^ 

H T. ;^., H T. A- 

Mepe^KHHi*, nepefinpaa jihcth BanncHOft RHH«Rn, ch'^hjich, 
HO cifJ^x'B ero 6ujn> BHBiyieH'B h HenpiHTeHB, h hto-to JKajiRoe 
H GoJi'i&BHeHHo - CRopSHoe 6i£)io B'h Bupamemn ero rjia8i> h bi» 
HepBHHecROM'B noAoprHBaniH tohrhx'b rydi). 

~ KoMy Bu acaJioBajiHCB? HaAo 6hjio RpHHaTB, Bonlarb... 

— }KajiOBajicH ao cenaTa BRJiidHTejiBHO. KpH^aTb, BonlfliTB... 

BO RaRl=»?.. 5i H RpHHaJTB, H BOIliilJrB, HO dTO CUJTb FJiaCB BOHUO- 

n^aro b-b nycTEmb. Bi> raaera nncajTB — ne ne^aTarorB... Hto me 
enie?.. H ne BHaio. M'i^cTHoe oSiitecTBo naxoAHJio oneHB aaCaB- 

HHlfB, ^TO CUBnuA TLO^eTBhtP MHpOBOS CyABA HOHTH HO BHXO- 
AHTB 113'b RyrydRH, H COHHHflJIO HO 8T0My HOBOAy Clii^IHHHe 

aneRAOTU... 

— TorAa, HBBHHHre, a BacB He noHHMaK): noHeny ne 64- 
»ajiH BH RyAa rjiasa rjiHA^irB, xotb Ha Rpaft CBi^Ta? B'j^ab bu 
^ejioB'^R'B He O'^ahhS? 

— y MeHA, A'^^CTBHTeJIBHO, eCTB JlOWb H He60JIBmia AOHB- 

SROHRH... Ho RyAa H SaTbM'B 6'&»eaTB?.. il rophhmh BpOCB Vh 

BA'^niHDK) no^By... Bch HHxepecH moh ba^cb... XyAO jih, xo- 
pomo JIH, H ABaAi^aTB jii^rB saHHiiajiCH o6ii](ecTBeHHHMH a*^- 

JiaMH, CnCHJICH Cb HHMH... Aa H MyApOHO Ha GTapOCTH JI'bTB 
HCRaTB HOBUX'B ITJ^CITB H H0B£IX1> nyTOfl... HaROHOI^'B, TJSfb 8TH 

HOBHH ifi^CTa H HOBBie iiyTH? H, HO Rpa^Hefi K'hp'k, He BHan. 
CjiynajiocB mhA OHBaiB bi> abophhcrhx-b ry6eMljp'«K, — ettCory, 
TaMT> eme xyace... 3a6HTOCTB, npiTHHateHHocTB Jfe^^.a, ox-b, Ka- 
Kan HHiiieTa!.. Y nacB Bce me napoA'B caMoc^cjfgjtbHbe, pas- 
BHr6e, Aa h Oorane, ne TaRi> 3a6HTi>... HocilSTpnTe, RaRoe y 
HacT> 6HJI0 BeMCTBo, a Bhjih OHO 6hjio MyacHi^Roe... TenepB ero 
aaAyniHJiH... 

— J^a,Aa...— 6opMOTajrBBi>BOJiHeHiHKoJiocoBi>. — Ho no^eicy, 
HMeHHO, Ha Baci> ohojihhjihcb? 

— He Ha OAHoro Mena, a Boo6ii^e na JiH)Aeft noAJiaro Bsa- 
Hia... nomeJi'B BesA^ "thhobhhri^, nanajiacB cTpn^KRa... Ha'&B- 
acniTB rocnoAaiCB xori^jiocB Bce npHBecTH Kh OAHony Bnaice- 
BATejODj RaR'B Mo^tHO GRop'ibe AORasaxB^ HTO MH no poaeAGHU) 
CBoeicy oGpe^enu na B'b^Hoe npecMURaTejiBCTBo... Oahhicb cjio- 



T H m H H A. 11 

BOBTb, noOd^AHTejiH TopHcecTBOBaJiH no6'&Ay h xonTajiH Bpara.. 

dTHlCB, Bi^pOflTHO, Od'BflCflHDTCA B&b TOFAanmiA H3JIHmeCTBa. 

PasyM^eTCH, a 6HjrB HspHHyrb otobcdaj h BCKopt npioCpfeJi'b 
peIIyTa^iH) Bpe^Haro RJiayaHHRa. 

ICOJIOCOB'B, B'B BOJIHeHlH, XOAHJTB HO K0MHaT6 2 TBepAHJTB*. 
— HaAO 6opOTbCH, BCibMH CHJiaiiS 6opOTBCH... ' 

— TjiaBHafl Ctfla bt* tom-b, hto h oahhokx, — npoAOJt^ajnb 
MepejRHH'b: — 3To MOHceTi» AOBeoin ao oTiaaHiH. Majio-iip-Majiy 
orE MeHA 60*]^ ormaTHyjiHCb. Bh He noB'bpHTe, B'hjiy^ne (yh 
R'6in> cjioBa caasaTb... cxopoHflTo^, KaKB orb Ba^yiiJieHHaro... 
IIpofioBaJi'b BaEflsaTb cHomeHia iyb ry6epHCRoil HHrejumreHitieiny 
Aa HHHero ne bhiiuio. EcTb TaM'b jik>ah xopomie h o6pa80BaH- 
HHe, Aa He HHrepecyDTCH ohh nsLnmwb CpaToifb. H My»cHRi>' 
Goramfi RpecxbHHHFb, co6cTBeHHnRi>, 6HBmifl seiiei^'b, CTajio 
6HTb^ no Hx-b noHaTiaM-B, npHHaAJieacy kl CypacyaanoMy Rjiaccy, 
xaono^y o aeMJit, a aTo, BHAHTe jih, ajih nnxTb ne roAHTca. 
CaHmROM'b y3R0 h oxBaeieHHO cM0TpaTi> ohh na qejioB'&Ra. 
Ck)Rpymajiiicb, noqeny a He pa6oHifi, ne 6aTpaR'b, ne peiiec- 
aeHHHR'b... no dTOMy caynaio cohjih iiena Hecnoco6HHirb Kb 
BocnpiHTiK) npoaexapcRott Mopaan. Mhofo roBopnan o Raacco- 
BHX'b npoTHBop'bHiflX'b... H HeaoB']^R'b Heo6pa30BaHHHtt h MHoraro, 
ROHOHHO, He noHHicaK), HO, eft-6ory ace, Bce axo RaRaa-io ne- 
nyxa... Oahhmii caoBoirb, nn^ero He BHmao... H roBopHan-xo 
CO MHo£t He xo Hxo6'b BpaacAe6Ho, a aAaRi* npoHHHecRH: t,B£iAe 
xaono^exe da xosadcxBeHHaro iiyacHHRa''... yAHBHxeabHO MHi^ 
dxo noRaaaaocb... H xaonoxaai) aa BcaRaro MyacHRa, h 6oabme 
Bcero, RoaeHHo, aa C'^Auaro, aa o6HaceHHaro, aa C'eanpaBHaro... 
Ho Bib o6meM'b c^erb, roBopaxi*, noaynaexca oaho h xo ace... 
CoficxBOHHO, MH'b xoxi^aocb aanecxH cBaaa cb raaexaMH... 

— 9x0 He Bama an RoppeonoHAenqla na-b HyAHOBCRa? 

— JSfl... a paaB'ib ona naneHaxana? — BcxpenoHyaca Me- 
peacHHi. 

— KaRX-ace... ceroAna HHxaan y ByaaxoBHX'b. 

— A! 9X0 xopomo... A a Ay^aai*, onaxb ne noMicxaxi*... Ox- 
asHHo! ToabRO Bce an HanenaxaaH? HaB'&pHoe, BHGpoonaH u'b- 
ayD noaoBHHy... AoanaHin naena ry6epHCRaro npHcyxcraia 
H*Ty? 

— Hixy. 

— A RaRii Apaan 6aniRHpoRHXi» cxapocxb bI) BopAHM'b, 
Toace Htxy? 

— H4xy. 

— H xaR'b H anaaii. Ilaoxott a aHxepaxopb: hb'b ABaa^^axH 
RoppecnoHAeniptt noicibnieHH xoabRO xpa, Aa h xo cb ypdba- 
KaifH. IlHHiy GearpaMoxHO, cb 6yRB0tt ^tl B'6'>iHHe neaaAH, (tb 
aanaxEOftH xoace: nocxaBHmb hx'b ^opxoBy nponacxB, a Bce ne 
iCB iribcxy... Ho xpn RoppecnoHAeHntin BoexaRH Hane^axanu... 



12 ?yOOKOB BOrATOTBO. 

H MepemdH'B aacMi^HjiCH TaRHM'B BeceJiuifB cm']^xomi>, ^rro 
KojiocoB'L HsyMJieHHo nocMorp'ibji'b Ha Hero. 

~ A sHaexe, h Bizib ne cnpocra npnrjiacHJi'B Baci>, — saro- 
BopHJii) Mepe^HH'b ch BecejiHM'b jiyicaBCTBOM'b: — xo^y Moyno- 
TpefiHTb Bamett TO^poTOft. 

— 4to TaKoeV B% ^ewh fl'fejio? — ch HtKoropHMTb 6e8noKOtt- 

CTBOMT> CnpOCHJIT) KOJIOCOB'B. 

— Jibjio BOTB B'b ^CM'B. Bh BHacTe KpacHoe Ilojie? UepKOBb 
BHflHa HB'B Bamero oKHa — oto h ecTb KpacHoe Ilojie. Hec^acTHoe 
cejio, H acHTCJiH ero necHacTHHe. 06'b hx'b ne'iajiBHofi cyAbC'fe 
^ HanHcajii> cTaTbio, ho ejiBa jih HaneiaiaDTB. IIodTOMy n 
xoHy noflaTb ee HOBOMy ryfiepnaTopy B'b bha* AOKJiaflHOfl aa- 
nncRH. IlpocbOa MOii bi> tomI), ^ito(5h bh HcnpaBHJin ee wb 
eTajiHCTH^ecR0M7> H rpaMMaTHiecROM'b oiHomeHiH. 

— 4x0 acb, cb OojibniHM'b y^iOBOJibCTBieM'b. 

— HoBHf! ryCepnaTop'b, roBoparb, neJioBtR-b nopaflOHHHft, 

MOH«erb 6HTb, ^ITO-HHfiyAb BHflAwyb. 

— A BH Bce eme HaA'terecb?— cnpocHJi'b KojiocoBTb h no- 
KanajiTx rojiOBOft. 

— KaR'b meHHane? — BospaaHJUj MepeacHH'b: — Ha^To-HHfiyAb 
Haao HaniflTbca. 

— A yMCb, Ra^Kexca, nopa 6h nafl'b MicioM-b, HasHBaeMHii'b 
pyccRofi CropoRpaxiefl:, Hanncaxb noMejiOM'b: BxoflHmifi cioAa, 
ocxaBb BcaRyK) naAeMcuy! 

xMepeJKHffb BApyPB saBOJiHOBajica h CTajn> ropano Boapa- 
»axb. 



m. 

Bhjio yace aa nojiHo^ib, RorAa Kojiocobti Bepnyjica ri* ceSt. 
JI'bconpoMHinjieHHHRH Bce euifi ROJio6poAHJiH. XpHHJiHe, HbaHHe 
KpHKH, Rpynnaa 6paHb h xoxoTb npHHajiH asHo yrpoaKaromift 
xapaRxep-b. 

PaasepHyB'b pyRonncb MepeHcnna, Kojiocobi* npoHeji-b aa- 
rjiaBie: „HecHacxHHe RpacHonoJibi^H" — h noMopmHaca. 

„CaHfflKOM'b ;Kajio6Ho h HaHBHO", npoCopMoxaji'b OHb h 
cxajTb a^HiiBO HHxaxb. 

^Bt* jiByx-b Bepcyrax^b oxi> ropoAa ^yAHOBCRa, — roBopHaocb 
B'b pyROHHCH, — aeacHTb ceao KpacHoe Iloae. JKHxean ero, 
CHBmie Rp'fenocxHHe rpa(|)a CaaoMOHCKaro, no npn^HHt oahoA 
RaHi^eaapcRott ohihOrh ne nojiynnaH naA'feaa, h aenaa Hx'b 
cxpaHHHM'b oCpaaoM'b nocxynnaa bo BaaA'feHie ropoAa HyA- 
HOBCRa. 3xa cxpannaa, aaraAOHHaa h B'b BHcme^ cxenenn sa- 
nyxannaa Hcxopia Maao ROMy HBB'hcxHa bo Bcfex-b noApoSno- 
cxaxT). HeBtacecxBeHHHe RpacHo^oab^H, hbt* Roxopnxi) caMHft 



T H a H H A. 18 

rpaMOTHuS OABa bi> coctoahIh Haqapaaaxb Ha 6yuBrh: ^Rcny 
nopomHiH) AOFbpe&H MHinpn KotocJ)!) noAnHcycb'', yrpaTHJiir 
BCJiRyK) Ha^excAy noHiiTb xoTb HT0-HH6yAB hsi) aToli cRasicH o 
6'bjDEOM'b Chhr*]^, KOTopaa pascRaaHBaeTCii botb y»c6 okoji» 
80 jitTB. Haqajio ea OTHOCHXca ki* 1823 rofly,KorAa npH rene- 
pajibHoiTB Me^ceBaniH aeiiejib ropoAa Hyi^HOBORa h {uishh bo3- 
HflRjiH cnopH MescAy ropoAOM'b, RasHofi H BJmA'I^Jibi^eM'b cejia 
KpacHoe Ilojie rpa(})OM'b GaJiOMOHCRHii'b. He ocraHaBjmBaflCb ua 
iiojiyB^ROBoiK BOJioRHTt, MoscHo npHMO nepe^TH R'B 1871 roAy, 
KOFAa ceHaTb yRaaoH'b orb 15 H0A6pfl paspydHJi'L FopAieB^ 
yaejTB RafiaejinpcRoU nyxanHi^u, npeAnHcaBii Me«6Bot} rommhc- 
ciB HaA'bJiHTb KpacHoe IloJie seMJiei) no 15 A^cATHH'b Ha pe 
BHSCRyio Ayiny no 10-a peBHSin h otbccth ropoay BHroH-b b^ 
paairbp'b AByxi^-BepcTHofi npouopi^iH. ysejvb 6ujrb paapyCJieffb 
HO RaHi^ejiapcRie yajiH odjiaAaioTiy HeoGbiRHOBenflott cHJiott 
ci^'&njieHifl, n BCKopi^ ohi* onsTb danyxafloa eiii;e Cojibme. Boxb 
RaRi) dxo npoHSomjio. Upn HcnojiHeHin coHaxcRaro yRaaa o6Ha- 
pyatHjiocb, Hxo KpacHoe lloJie no^cMy-xo nponymeno bt^ cnaa- 
Kaxi} nocjrbAHefl[ 10-fi poBHsiH, h xojibro 11 jsjnrh cjiy^afino oRa- 
aajiHCb saiiHcaHHHMH no XIojiescROMy sanoAy- OOii 3xomi> MesRO- 
Bafl ROMMHcciH npoACxaBHJia Cenaxy. Cenax^ H'bcROJibRO jr6xi> 
MOJiHaji'b, HaROHeiJCb, yRaaoMi* 28 napxa 1884 roAa pas'bacHHJTB^ 
Hxo, ecjiH HtTB CBtAtHifi HO 10-fl peBHsiH, cjitAyexi) Aaxb naA'i^'B 
no 9-11. Ha ocHOBaHin bxofo yRasa cocxoajiocb BecbMa cxpaHHc^e 
nocxaHOBjieme Me»eeBoli rommhccIh: HaA'^Jinxb seMjief! xojibRO x1^ 

11 JXyJIThy ROXOpHH no CBtA'bHiHM'b 10 ^ peBHdin dHa^HJIKCb wi> 

1858 r. npo;KHBaK)nxHMH b'b HojieBCROMib 3aB0A'i^> nrnopHpy^^ 
xaRHMGb oGpadOMi}, KpacHoe Hojie ci> ero A'^^cxBiixeJibHHMii 
o6HxaxeJiaMH. 3xo yAHBHxejibHoe nocxaHOBjienie, Ha nepsKft 

BdFJIHA'B, RaHCeXCfl COBOpmeHHO HenOOXH^HMfclM^i HO JIOFHKa 

ROMMHCciH 6ujia, oieBHAHO, xaROBa. B'b yRas'l^ cRasaHo: ocjih 
H'bxi> CBtAiHift no 10-fi peBHsin... Ho B^Ab oxHocHxejibHO 11 
Aym^b CB-bA^Hia 6biJiH? HpaBAa^ AyniH 9xh npomHBajin aa 40» 
BepcxB OT'b Kpacflaro Hojih h, npn xomI), nexBepxb BiRa xoMy 
HaaaA'B, ho Bce srq oH'b SHa^njiHCb no KpacHOuy Uojiio. H boxi> 

ROMMHCCiH, CIHXaH HaCXOHU^HX'B RpaCHOnOJIbUeBl)^ ^IHCJI0M1> 200 

AynxB, Kajfb-Cfci HO cymecxByDmHMH, naA^JiaexTi xt 11 Ayni-b, 
Roxopua B'B KpacHoifb Hojit AaBHo He mKBjTb, nepecejiiiBmHCb 
B'B EsaxepHRHHCRi]^ ybdAi), HO RoxopHH 8a xo nonajiH b'b CRaSRH 
10-jtt peBHsiH*. 

— ^xo aa nenyxa xaRaa! — npoBopqaji'b Kojiocobi>, RoxopaFo 
HaHHHajia HHxepecoBaxb »xa CRynnaH ncxopia. 

^Tenepb ofipaxHMca R'B caiiHifB RpacHonojibx^aBii), — npoAo^i- 
maji'B 0Hi> ^HxaxB, — jifbjio Roxopux'B R'B xoMy BpeMOHH BApyrB- 
HOJiyHHJio coBepmeHHo neoTRHAaHHUtt o6opoxi». B'B 1887 foax 
KpacHonojiBi^i noAajiH npomeme. „ynpaBJieHie FopoAa ?yx- 



14 pyOOKOB BOrATOTBO. 

HOBCRa', HHcajiH 0HH9 — „He CHorpA Ha B&b pacnopa^ceHiA bhc- 
maro npaBirrejrbCTBa, a rjiaBHoe pacnopfl^aercH ropoACROtt ro- 
jioBa Be3yKJiaAHHR0Bi> n npHHHMaerB u'hipu HepeBi* noJiHi^ii) h 
TtiTb npHBojiHrB Hacb, RaR'B sa npaBjty, bi caMoe oTiaaHHoe 
nojioxceme RacaTejibHO seMJiH, npHHaAJieauLnieft B'h namy co6« 

CTBeHHOCTb. OcifbjIHBaeMCH BHmeHBJIOJReHHOK'B npocHTB H 

irpHHflTb Hamy »caJio6y Kb cBoeMy MHJiocTHBOMy noRpoBnrejib- 
cTBy H BOBsp'bTb Bib cnpaBOAJiHBOCTH Hamepo xo^aTaiKcTBa h 
TtiTB ofijier^HTb Hamy yrHeTai)my» ynacTb BMtcrt cb oeMefi- 
CTBOiTB, hto6h uocjrhjUBisi TaR«e mofjih nojibBOBaxbCA yno- 
MHHyrofi BHme seMJieft deai* BC^Raro npHrbcHeniH otb hojih- 
ufitLcKWTb BJiacTett''. 3ra nejioOHTHaa, nepeAannafl ryOepnaTopy, 
BHBBajia na nepBHX'b nopaxi* ycHJieHnyK) ^'buTejiBHOCTb M'ibcT- 
BUTb RaHi^ejiApitt. HenpeM'&HHutt HJieHi» RpecTbAHCRaro npH- 
cyTCTBia Ha aanpocB ryfiepHaropa cooCmnjrb, hto RpacHO- 
nojibi^Bi, CHBinie Rp'&nocTHue rpa4)a GajioMOHCRaro^ 6waL 6po- 
meHH BJia;r^Jibi^6M7> na npoHSBOJi'B cyAb6u, seMJieK) me htb 
daBjias'bjrB ropo^'b Hy;tHOBCR'b, h hto [cjrhjueTb xenepb ate 
cnfbJiSLTh pacnopHmenie cocTaBJiemn ycTaBHOfi rpaMOTH h bei- 
Rynnoro aRTa. HecociaBJieHiH b'b CBoe BpeifH ycraBHOft rpa- 
MOTH ryCepHaTop'B sanpocHJi'b rjiaBHyK) Ronropy rpa(|)a Cano- 

MOHCRarO, Ha HTO ROHTOpa OTB'i^THJia, HTO jjfkjio RpecTbHHax'b 

KpacHaro Ilojia TaneTCH y«e 55 srhrh^ h cBtntnla no aioMy 
npeAMCTy naxoA^TCH npn A'i^ax'b MeTKOBoa rommhccIh. Me»e- 

BaH ROMMHCCiH Ha TOTb JKe BOnpO(yb OTB'J^THJia, HTO HHRaRHX'b 

cvhjiikBill 96i> ycTaBHofi rpaMorb Bib en jifl^JidJi'b ne HU'beTCH. 
Ilocjii Toro jxbjio ouBTb saMOJiRJio Ha HbcROjibRo Jii^rb. HaRO- 
neaii, B'b 1895 roAy cocToajiocb nooraHOBjeme ry6epHCRaro 
npHcyTCTBia. Oho cociOHTb H3'b AByx^ nacxefi: nepnaji — »cjiy- 
majiH**, BTopaH—^npHRaBajiH*. B'b nepBott AOfipocoBtcTHO hb- 
jiaraK)TCH Bcb oCcTOHTejibCTBa a'^&} HB'b ROTopuxi) cjiaraeTGH 
caMoe HecoMHibHHoe npaBo RpacHonojibaeB'b na seKeJibHfiifi na- 
A'i^JTb. BTopaa nopamaerb cBoefi Heo^HAaHHocTbio ^TaR'b rbrt* 
RpecTbAHe cejia KpacHoe Ilojie, 6HBmie Rp'&nocTHHe rpa4)a Ca- 
jiOMOHCRaro, B'b HacTOHii^ee speicH yrpaTHJiH bchroo npaBO na 
seMejibHHfi HaA'^Ji'b no nojiomeHiH) 19 (j[)eBpajiH 1861 iH)Aa, zoi- 
AaxafiCTBO HX^b ocTaBHTb 6e3'b nocji'bACTBiB; hto »te RacaeTca 
yRaaa cenaTa 15 uonCpsi 1871 roAa, to HcnojiHeme ero ri* o6ji- 

BaHHOCTHM'b RpeCTbHHCRHX'b y?p6»AeHiK He OTHOOHTCH, a noTOMy 

npHcyrcTBie onpeA^Ji^erb: BHrneHSJio^ceHHoifb cooOmHTb ry- 
6epHCRo£i HepTeacHOjK na npeAMerb pacnopHXcema npHBeAemn 
OBHaqeHHaro yRasa B'b HcnojiHeHie''. 

„TpH roAa cnycTH ryCepHCKan HepTeaKHaa npenpoBOAHJia bi» 
npHcyTCTBie roiiIk) cb acypnajibHaro nocranoBJieHifl oOiAaro 
npHcyTCTBia ryOepncRaro npaBJieniH, cymnoorb ROToparo cbo- 
AHJiacb R-b cji'bAyK)ni;eMy: 1) naA'bJieHie BenjieK) CHBnmrb no- 



T H m H H A. 15 

u^mjvibTiiTb RpecTBA£rb iTB 06fl3aHH0CTABn> ry6epHGRaro npa- 
BJieHlH He OTHOCHTCH, no HeHBi'&HiK) Ha TO daROHa; 2) yjsM'b 
15 H0H6pH 187t roAa nocjrbjo[OBaji'B na hmh Me^eaott ROMMHCdH, 
KOTopaH H AOJi^Ha 6HJia npHBecTH ero 3*5 KcnojiHeHie, ho rom- 
ifHcciH dTO^ Bi) HacTOHntee BpeMH ne cymecTByerB''. 

KojiocoBib noRanaji'L rojioBOfi^ noTHHyjica^ aaRypHJi'b naim- 
pocy, saTtiTb, npo6pocHB'b Hi^CROJibRo oTpaHHii^'B, npoAOJi- 
aeajTB: 

^Teaepb BepHeiica r'b MemeBott rommhccIh, ROTopaa b% 
1899 roiiy, ;rfcflcTBHTejibHo, jme nepecraJia cymecTBOBaTb. Mh 
ocTaBHJiH ee na Toin>, RaRi) oHa p'binHJia m.ji'h^vmb hbii aahh 
KpacHoe Ilojie rt 11 flym-b, RoropHa no 10-fi peBH3iH aaira- 
caHH 6HJIH vh EKaTepHHHHCROM'b j'b^jsfb. 3th AymH, MOHcerb 
6HTb, Bct jme ynepjiH, a ecJiH h 6hjih whbu, to, bo BcaROM-b 
oJiy^at, Haxo;iHJiHCb orb KpacHaro IIojih 3a cothh BepcTb. Ho 
Bce 9T0 HHCROJibRO He CBiyTHJio rommhccId. Ona Buc^HTajia, 
cROJibRO npHiieTCH dOMJiH Ha 11 Ayni'b, Bup'bsajia Hdi* jifii^s. 
nycoK'b BT* 165 AecHTHffb, cocTaBHJia njiaffb h Me«eByK) RHHry. 
OcraBajiocb TOJibRo npezn^^BHTb 9T0Tb AORyMenrb rbiiTb 11 ^y- 
maMii, ROH HaAtJiHJiHCb. Ho h 8to ne CMyTHJio rommhccIh. 
njiaHi> H MemeBaii RHnra Ohjih npeA'bHBJienu eoc^AHHifb 

RpeCTbHHaMl> FopOAHmeHCROfi BOJIOCTH, ROTOpHe OTB HHIl) OTRa- 

aajiHCb, ^ewb no ycTanoB^eHHoK (|)9PM'i cocTaBJien^b 6ujrb 
aRTb. dTEWb A'bJio 6ujio saROH^eno, a caiia BpeMOHHan rom- 
mhccIh nepecTajia cymecTBOBaTb. JJocToflno npHMinaHiH, hto 
c^e^iaJIbHO a-ih 9T0fl: onepaiuH, t. e. ajI'^ oTMeateBartn 165 ;^e- 
CHTHHTb, ROMMHCciH npocym^DTBOBajia OROJio 15 Jiirb H 060- 
niJiacb RasHi^ b'b 65 TUCflqi* pyfijieft... 

„BnocJi*ACTBiH RpacHonoJibqH npocHJiH yace TOJibRO o tomi», 
^rro6H xoTb 3Th 165 AecHTHH'b Ha 11 Aynii* (bm^cto 3135 a©- 

CHTHHl) Ha 209 Aynilt) 6uJ1K HM'b OTAanU, ho B1> BTOMI* HMIb 

6ujio 0TRa3aH0 rhwb me npHBCAeHHHM'b BHme mypnajibBHirb 
oocTaHOBJieHieM'b ryC^epncRaro npaBJieniH. TaRHMi> ofipaBOMi*, na 
npoTHHteHlH 80 jr&rb RaHi^ejinpcRan Mamnna ORasajiacb 6e3- 
CRJihHOU pa3p'6mHTb, B'b cyn^HocTH, o^eHb npocTott h necjioHC* 
HHfi Bonpocb. 9to Thwb OoJiie yAHBHTCJibHO ^rro B'b nenpa- 
BHjibHocTH ero pa3p'bnieHiH hhrto ho 6wrb sasHTepecoBaHb, 
xpoM'b ropoAa, Roropul! Bce BpeMA ocraBajicfl 6i> cToponb h 
3aBJiaA'bJi'b 3eMJiefi^ ne TpeBonca Bucmnx'b ynpencAeHi^, hcrjid- 
^HTejibHo npH noMoniH hhhob'b HH3inett nojiHqm^. 

-^ fla,— paBcyacAaJTb KojiocoB-b, — h 9T0Tb ^eJiOBiRTb B03Jia- 
raerb naAeacAH na ryCepnaTopa? yAHBHTOJibHo! Eniie yAHBH- 
TeJibHte, HTO Me^Tuero ne Hiiyrb AaJibme pecraBpaain cTapart 
aeMCTBa h cyAe6Hfiix'b ycraBOB^b... Kanan fiescMucjiHi^a!.. 

,»JlHniHBmHCb 3eMjiH, — npoAOJiacajii) OH'b najibme,— RpacHo 
noi[bi](H ycTpoHJiHCb Ha damRHpcRHX'b 3eMJEHX'b^ HO H Tyn 



18 



P700S0B BorATono. 



»A£uia Hx^B HeyAana. IIone^HTeJibHUfl CamRnpcRifi KOMHTei% 
npH3Hajn> ^^oroBop'B cb 6ainRHpaifH HezribflCTBHTejibHHM'b m 
fiTff,Bjrb seMJifo JTJ^oonpoMHmjieHHHRy TojiRa^esy''... 

B^pyrb, He Ao^iHTaB'b (j)pa3H, owb bI) Hcnyrt ocTaHOBHJioii. 
UpoHdHxejiBHHft :K6HCicift RpHRB^ BaTJiyniaH my Ml), nopa3Hjn> 
ero cjiyx'B, noTOMi> kto-to »ajio6Ho h 6e8noKoiu,HO BapuAajTL. 

Bp0CHBl> pyKOnHCB, KOJIOCOB'B BUCRO^HJTb BB R0ppHAOpT>. 



ir. 

SjX'hcb owb cTOjiRHyjica cb MepeiKHHUMB. 

— ^To TaMB TaRoe? 

— yrojioBmHHa Rajcaa-HHCy^B... CBMcnpy Gtc^Tca HeroflaK... 
CMopKaacB H paaMUBaa no Jimiy TeRynQTK) hs'b HocaRpoBb^ 

npomejTB no RoppHAopy H3MyieHHHfi n, o^gbhaho, tojibro-hto 
noCHTuft jiaRBj^. He OTB'bHaa na o6pan^eHHue rb neny pascapocu, 
OHB HcrepHqecRH BCXJiHnnyji'B, MaxnyjiB pyRoft n nupnyjiB bb 
T6MHyio RaMopsy noAB JiicTHHi^efl. JKencRia njia^B BApyrB 
CMOJIR-B, TOJiBKO ppyCaH Hei^enaypHaa Cpanb, ne npeptiBaacB hh 
Ha MHHyTy, noRpuBajia co6o^ flaiaBmyiocH bb jj.o^'b cyifaTOxy. 
IIbb BcbxB ABepefi BurjiAAUBajiH fojiobu pa36y»eeHHHXB »cHJib- 
i^OBB. Bcji'JbAB 8a .naReeii'By ROJiuxaacb, RaRB cryAeHB, h mjie- 
naa no RoppHAopy (^bcuiiH HoraMH, ABHrajicH xosanHB. 

— PoAHMHe!.. FoJiyOiHRH!.. — nJianymaMB tojiocomb tobo- 
pHJTB OHi),* OFJiflAHBaflCB HanpaBo H HaJi'i^Bo: ^- YpeaoHbTe ero, 
paAH-XpHCTa. 

— Koro?" 

— HBaHB ^eajmrrh CyaHHTB... Bonb sHaeTB^rro tbophtb.. 

OcaTaHtjTB... Ji.'hBKJ HByBt^HJTB... OKHa BHXJieCraJIB HaHHCTO 

TenepB sepRajia SbeTB... IIojiHqiiD noipeCoBajiB... 8a HcnpaBHir 
KOM'B nocjiajiB... B^Ab 9T0 C'bAal.. ypeaoHbTe ero, roJiyO^HRH.. 

— HAeMTe, rocnoAa! — oTosBajica KOJIOCOB'B, ho 8to npcAJio 

»eHle HH BX KOM'B He BCTp'bTHJIO COHyBCTBLfl: mHJIblXH HO- 

en'&nmo lopRHyjiH bI) cboh HOMepa, rpoMRo saxJionnyB'B 
wepH. , 

KOJIOCOB'B H MepeHCHHi), B'B GonpoBOHCAeHin xoBHHHa, nomxH 

•AHH. 

B'B CTOJioBoK 6e8TOJiKOBO cyeTHJiHCB, rpoMRo pasroBapHBaa, 
RaKie-To coBopmeHHo nBAHHe j[K)Ah. PaaOnTua CyTHJiRH, Ta- 
pejiRH CB ocTaxRaMH '&AH, Jiy^cH RpacHaro BHHa, o6arpfliaiij[ 
&iuij¥) cRaTepTb, bh6hthh CTORJia, ^epesB soTopbia bphbSjicji 
i'B ROMHaTy B'bTepB Bifbcrb cb CpnaraMH aohcah, 3B'b8AOo6pa3- 
nan npoSonna B'B TpnMO, OTpa^KaBuxan B'B ce6'6 thch^h ornefii^ 
HOBaJieHHHe na nojTB CTyjiBa — see CBHA'i^TejiBCTBOBajio o bho- 
aanno npepnaHHOirB 6ytiEowb BeceJiBH. Bhhobhhr'b RyrepBifti^ 



^ 






A 



i 



I 

f 



T H m H H A. 17 

Kynei:ii> TojiRaHeBi), cKpHsmHCb bi* cBoeM'b Hoiiep'b, HdpHrajTB 
oTiyAa rpiisflyio, 6e8CMucJieHHyK) 6paHb. Hs'b xeMHux'B ;iBepett 
BiijieTajTb BpeMA orb BpeMeHH KaRofi-jm6o xpynRifl npejiMerb 
H, yAapHBniHCb btj crbHy, paaCHsajica B'b ApeOesrH. 

— FpaOHxejiH!— KpHiajTB ToJiKa^es-b oxpnnmHM'b OacoMTb: — 
ii AORa»cy BaMi) h cb MaoiRon cb BameM!.. A! npH^yMajiH Ryn- 

1 HOB-b oCAHpaTb!.. IIpoxBocru!.. JIobro!.. 3a cepewcRH A6HbrH njia- 

HOHH... acyjibe!.. Bee noACTpoeHO... JKapb!.. CoRpymafl!.. Bee 

THi^SAO p£ld30pH>I.. 

B'b nepeAHeit eto^Ji'b CTpa«HHR:b h roBopnji'b noBapy: 

— KoTopbie Rynii;hi BHnHMinH, to bt> e^TOM-b past HaAo6HO 
\ HMi> noTpa(|^jiHTb, noTOMy B'b nojiHqiio hxi* ne npHRasaso... IIo 

3T0My cjiyqaK) HaAO crapaTben Oe3T> oRaHAaJiy... 

— 3to BtpHo,— corjiamajicfl noBap-b. 

— H eacejiH upitAGTb HciipaBHHR'b, to, mhjiocth npocHirb, 

H HaMl> BJieTHTb... 

Ki) HoraMi) KojiocoBa ynaji'b (|)aflHC0BHtt Taa'b, pasOHBniHCb 
B'b AP©6e3rn. 

— CBaaaTb 3Toro HeroAaa! — saRpn^aJTb KojiocobI):— CTpaae- 
»HR'b! TH Hero CMOTpnmb? Bepn ero! Hy? 

CTpa^HHR'b, npepBaBii padroBopi), BHTHsyjica ao BoeHHOMy. 

— HwRaRi fl'brb-c'b,- OTB'fenaJi'b ohtb. 

— Hto HHRaR-b irbrb? ^ 

— He npHRasaHo meBejiHTb. 

— Ilo^eMy 3T0? 

— IIoTOMy HTo... RaRi MO«Ho!.. Ohh y OapHHa ^aff nbrorb. 
KojiocoBTb BApyr-b npnmewi'b B'b hohctobctbo h na^ajTb py- 

raTbcii. 

— HoAJieuH!.. XaMHL. BaaTO^HHRHl.. — Rpa^aJi'b oH'b, 3aH- 
Ka^cb H nporjiaxKBafl cjioBa: — BapBapu!.. 

— roenoAHHT>... Hejibsa xaRin cJioBa... 

— Mojnaxb!., BopH... ^ymeryCn!.. BamH-CyayRH!.. 

— BpoebTe... HTo bh... ho eB^BUBatoecb... — yroBapHBaJii 
ero BsyMJieHHufi MepemHH'b. He noHHMan npnHHHU ero bho- 
sanHaro rn'i^Ba. 

— fl BHA^Tb He Mory rpyfiyro noJiHi^eacRyi) CBOJiOHb!.. He- 
HaBH5Ky, npe3HpaK)!.. 9to Bama onopa, oTOJinH... Hoprb 6h HXTb 
noCpajH}!.. CBiJmeHHfcia ochobh npeAROBi).. Tb(J)y!. 

OrpajKHHR'b HaBocTpHJi'b yniH. „9AaRia cjiOBal" Cb 3JiopaA- 
HHM'b yataeoBifb AyMaji^b OH'b: ^HaAoOno AOJiojKHXb". 

— Bpoebie, HAeMTe, — roBopnji'b MepeacHffb, HaeajibHo yBJie- 
Kaa KojioeoBa, ROTopHtt xaR-b a^e SHcipo ocTHsajTb, RaR'b h 
BonuxHBaji'b. 

Mneyrb ^epes'b ABaAi^axb npitxajii* nenpaBHHR'b. 

— ^To xaKoe? B'b ne^rb A'bJio? — roBopnji'b oht>, cfipaoHBaa 
niHHejib Ha pyRH ropoAOBoro. 

\ X 10. OTA-feJii* I. 2 



16 PyCGKOB BOrATOTBO. 

ycjiHmaB'b rojiocb HcnpaBHUKa, TojiKaqeB-B BHniejn> b-b 
KoppHAopi>. 9to Cnjit pajKitt Myat^HHa cb 6arpoBo-KpacHHM'b 
jrauoMB H ^epHOK) CopoAoH. Fjiaaa ero ropijiH oTBaroJt, na 
ryCaxTb 6jiy^AaJia npeapHTejibHaa yjibi6Ka. 

— Th Hero 6y^HHmb, KpottOAHjn>? — ofipaTHJiCH kb hcmj 
HcnpaBHHK'B — Be3CTHAHHK^! no HOHaMi) JiDAel! OeBnoKoiinib. . 

— He noAXOAH, yfibK)! — Jio^tancb, saKpHnaji'b TojiKa'ieB'b 

— He Aypn!.. €!> nocji'feAHiiro yna cnaTHJn>!.. 

— A, crpycHjiTb, nojiKOBHHKi>? To-TO. Tti noA«'iei^i>, a xeOt 
CKaaty. IIo^eMy y Te6a Kyni^oB'b rpaOiirb, a? 

— . Hy-Hyl He caMT) jih th orpaOnjiTb Koro?,. Hy, bii ^eiTL 
A^jio? 3a RaRBMi) jr&mHBfb 8a mho19 nociJUiajiH? 

— A CKasaTb Te6i. hto th no;iJieq'b... H ropoA'B y Te6a 
noAJieiXB, H nojiHi^iH tboji noAJieni-b... JlaKen rpy(5HTi>.., ropHflq* 
HHH rpaQeHcoifb aaHHMaioTCH... xoBflHEB MomeHHHK'b... 8to KaRB? 
A?.. H MCHfl ate bT) ynacTOK'b... a?.. 3ro KaK'b? IIoHeMy?.. 

— ^Jf jiH, MeJiK,.. Bee TH Bpemb... HaJinjiB rjiaaa, KaK'b ca- 

— Bpy? H-TO apy?., Axb, th, coCanbe Macol JJjai a THca^Ff 
pyCJiefl He BOBbMy coBpaxb... H npasAy... HCTHHHyio. . 

B'b rojiocb ero HeoHCHAaHHO nocjiHinajiHCb cjiean- 

— MeHfl orpaCHJiH, hbOhjih.-. ofioKpajiH... h a spy!.. H Bpyl.. 
H THt HcnpaBHHK-b, nojiHUiencRaH, rocyAapcTBeHHaa BJiacTb, 

UWb B'&pHmb... 

TojiKaqeBX BApyrB aaajiaKaji'b. 

— Hy, noAMOKB, hoamokb, — yjinfiaacb, roBopHJi'b HcnpaB- 

HHRTb. 

— Th AOJiateHB B'b ^HHcoBKy hx^ nocaAHib... h MamKy Bib 
TOMB HHCJii... yBa»tHTb MeHH no npiaTejibCTBy.., 

— Hy, xopomo, xoponio... He peBH... 

— y Mean AeHbrir,^ seKcejia... orpaCHTb Mena mofjih... 
BsaTKH BH, noAJieuH, eepeie, a A*Jia ne A'feJiaeTe... Tnca^y cb 
HeHa copBajiB... npoxBocTn!.. 

— Hy-ay! He aaBnpaflca, npiaTejib, He aaBHpaflcal 

— 9Ka! THcany xanayji-b, Aa ae saBapallca!.. KypHHbJi 

CMepTbl.. 

— EepecTaHb, roBopio! 3a bth caoBa oTBirHTb mohcho, — 
cKanaaB HcnpaBHHK'B cTporo h BApyrii saM'bTHJi'b MepeacHHa. — 
9fl, TH, OopoAa! ^lero naAO? Hero He BHAaJiB?— saKpHnaaB ohi> 
rpy6o, HO, ygHaB'b Mepemaaa, cMariHaca: — 0, Aa bto bohb 
KTo!.. Hnaffb IlaBaH^B!.. BoraTHMB 6HTb — ^ne yanaaB. . KaKHMH 
cyAbCaMH? 

„BoTB KTO CTaTbH-To nHHierb", B'B TO ace Bpeaia noAynaab 
OffB H npoAoaacaa'B BcayxB: 

— Bee MyacHHKax'B xaonoieTe?.. A^6poe jifkjio, AoOpoe 
Aibao... Pa3o6aaHa!uT'B Tenepb naniH nopaAKH... HHTaaa? 






T H in H E A. 19 

— Hto? 

— ByATO He ^HTajiH?.. Tanaa, 6aTeHbKa MOfl, KoppecnoH- 
;nefli^ia, hto jik)Co. . rptmnHfl ^eJioBiKt, a nojiyMajiB na sacL... 

— Hy, H HTO ace? 

— Hn^ero, HHHero... h tslki>^ BOoCme... IIpeBOcxoaHaa, co6- 
cTBeHHO, cTaxba... 

— Pujio! — npHCTaBajii> ki> HcnpaBHHKy ToJiKaneB'B: — th Ay- 
Maemb, He acajiKO? A?.. CBHHaa tboh roJioBa!.. 

— HCMt TH? 

— THCH^y-To py6jieK .. AbaBOjii>!.. 

— 8kt> HajiHaajica!.. ^aBaft KOHbaK-B iiHTb... Oft-ofl-ofii! — 
BocKJiHRHyjrb HcnpaBHHR'b, BBTjisiKyBt Bb HOMep'b: — MaMaS Boe- 
Bajii>... 9K'b TeOa!.. Mh boti* hto: 'kpfiWh K'b Hacracb'bl 

— CaAH MeflH B-b HHMcoBKy... a Tejierpa(|)Hl)yiD MHHHCTpy 
^Bopa... 

— He MeJiH, ofltBaftcH... 

— Th MamKy cnepBa, nofljiyio, apecTyfi. ^ 

— fla yaCb CHZlHTb, epaili... KJIOnOB-b KOpMHTb. 

K'b HCiipaBHBRy noAomeJi'b KojiocoBb h B3B0JiH0BaHH0 aa- 
roBopHJi-b 061* apecrfe Mamn. 

— H 3HaiD,— nepefiifJi'b ero HcnpaBHHK'b. 

— Ho 3a HTO >Ke? 9to BosMyTHTejibHo! 

— Herocb?— npHmypHBmHCb, nepecnpocHji'b HcnpaBHHK'b. 

— 3to B03MyTHTejibHo! H npoTecTyro npoTiiB'b TaKoro npoH8- 
BOJia! H TpeCyro... 

— n03B0JIbTe: BH KTO TaKOfl? 

KojiocoB'b nasBaJi'b ce6H. 

— Bh hto me — 6paTb, acennx'b hjih pojicTBeHHHKb apecro- 
BaHHofl? Ha RaROMX ocHOBaBin bh cyeTecb se B'b cBoe 
jTfeJio? 

— KaK'b oneBHjoiea'b... 

— KorAa noTpeCyeTCii, Bacb cnpocjiTb, a noKa, noatajiyfi- 
cra, He 6e3noRofiTe ceOsi. EoTb saaBJienie, hto ona oCoKpajia 
Kymxa... 

— Ho aTo me jioacbl 

— O^eHb MoaceTb 6HTb. TaM-b yBHflUM'b. 

— Ho BH noflMHTe: nbHHHt! uerojisiti oOH^'feji'b A*ByniRy, a 
BH ee ace BOJioHHie B'b RyTy3Ky,-~HTo 8to TaKoe? 

— 9to Bacb He RacaeTca, h He HSBOJibTe BHpaacaTb cjioBa. 

ECJIH BH arpOHOMb HJIH KTO TaM'b— He 3HaK), TO 3aHHMafiTeCb 

cBOHM'b jjfbjiowb, cafflffe KanycTy, a B'b viymisi js/bsia, He M'bmafi- 

KojiocoB'b BeeiMlPftacH orb rH'&Ba, cacajib KyjiaKH, xorbji'b 
^TO-TO KpHRHyTb, TOtJaasMH cAaBHJiH ero ropjio. MepeacHH'b crb 

JMOJiaiOn^HM'b BHflOBfb CpOCHJICH K'b He My H OTTamH^I^ erO 0TB 

scnpaBHHRa. 

2* 



^^.. 



20 pyOOKOB BOrATOTBO. 

— KaK-b BH HecAepataHHH h cjiaOoHepBHH!— roBopHJTB 0Bn>^ 
TofioMTb ;ipy«ecKaro ynpena: — PaaB* mo^cho TaKi>? Hai* TaKHXi^ 
nycTHROB'bl.. HaAO npocnrb, a He Tpe6oBaTB, h, bo bmrobtb cjij- 

Ha*, He BHXOAHTb HBTb rpaHHITB... O^eHb nOHaTHO, HTO HcnpaB" 

HHRi> cediacB Ha ;ih6h... 

KoJiocoB'b CBjifbJVb Ha RpoBaxH, Gji'^ahbi^, h uojnBJUb, 

— HcnpaBHHKTb BOBce He sjiott, ho nojiHqeficKaa cjiymOa 
nopTHTB JiK)Ael!... JIjih Hero npHBHHHoe jifkjio TacnaTb Jiio;iel! b'b 

CBOa SaCTtHOK'b... KOHBHHO, npOHSBOJTB BTO, 6e306pa3ie, HO ^rpo 

BH nofltJiaeTe? IIpiixo^tHTCfl BOJiea-HOBOJiefl MHpHTbca. 

— MHpHTbCfl?...— -npoH3HecT> KojiocoBt, H rjiaaa ero bjioCho 
CBepRHyjiH. Ohi* cb HenaBHcrbK) hocmotp'^jtb na Mepe»cHHa k 
npoAOJiMcaji'Bir-Bti, npHMHpHTejibHO nnpHRaiomie BopoCbH... ^a... 
seMi^u H npo'ile JiH6epajiH... bu 6ojibmie MacTepa Bce cboahtb 
3a mHJio... HtTb TaRoa houjiocth ot^ MynnHpa, ROTopyro bh 
He cyMtjiH 6fci oCjieHb bt* BaKOHHyi) (|)opMy... hbij npe;^aH-- 
HOCTH, iiBi> AHajioMaiin, HS'b yroAHHHecTBa, hsi* CTpaxa... Bh 

OHOHb ROppeRTHH, HO BCa Baina ROppeRTHOCTb CBO;^HTCH R-b 

TOMy, htoOh npoHHKaTbca yBajRenieM'b ro Bcakof! 3y6oTHHHH*, 
ROTopyio BaM'b AaioTi*... H H'bM'b fionbme Bacb Obrorb, TtM-b bh 
cMnpete... 0, BH AO CMepra CoHxecb BcaRaro my Ma, CRaHAajia, 
BC^Raro Hecorjiacia... FapMOHiH— Bam'b HAeajrb, AHcconaHCb 
ptacexb BaMT> yxo... Bh TaR'b Tpenemeie 8a cBoro roJiyOHHyio 
HHCTOTy, HTO oipeKaeiecb orb caMHXT> ceCn h BtROBoe xojion- 

CTBO B03B0AHTe Ha CTeoeHb OCHOB'b... HeC^aCTHHel BHTOJIbROH 

A^jiajiH, HTO npnnaAajiH ri^ cTonani'b... Bh caMH ceO'b phjih mo- 
THJiy... 5KajiRie, neAajibHOBHAHHe jiioah, npoAaBinie CBoe nepBo- 
poflCTBO 3a ^eHeBHHHyi) noxJieCRyl Bh h ao chxi* nopii cra- 
paerecb ye'fepHTb ce6a h ApyrnxTb, hto y Bacb cb rocnoAH- 

HOMl* OROJIOTO^HHM'b HaASHpaTOJieM'b IxtJIH OAfli H T* «e, ^Ta 

BH eAHHo cyTb... CpaMOTa!.. Borb bh HaA'feeTecb na HOBaro ry- 
6epHaTopa, Ha hobhh B'baHifl... YAHBHTejibHOI 

— Ha HTO 5Ke HaAtflTbca? 
KojiocoBi) saxoxoTajii*. 

— Ha ropoAOBoro. Ha acaHAapMa, na coJAaTCRifl mTHRT*. 
Oht> Bce AacTi>, Bce ycTponrb. Bh — yMHHfi neJioB'feR'b, a npocTHX'b. 
Beii^e^ He noHHMaexe. Bama MHCJib, RaRiy npnmH6JieHHaH nxaijia, 
He Mo^ceT-b noAHHTbca naA'b cTOHnHM-b Cojiotomtj. HaA"fe«Tbca 
HaAo TojibRO na ce6si. Hacb mhopo, mh cHJia, ho cHjia pa3po3- 
HCHHaa, HeopraHH30BaHHaa, — Haiio opraHHSOBaTbca. A aTH yno- 
Bania na OjiaromejiaTejibHaro ropoAOBoro ocTaBHXb. BoTby bh 
noAaeie ryCepHaTopy cbod crraTbio hjih 3anHCRy, — na hto bh 
HaA^erecb? Yacb ecjiH Becb apcenaji-b CDpoRpaxHHecRoft mja- 
pocTH 0Ra3ajica 6e3CHJibHHM'b, TO HTO Moacerb ryOepflaTopij? 
HeyacejiH bh Aywaexe, hto H3'b ^yBCTBa cnpaBeAJiHBocTH oh'b 
Qo^erb HanpojiOMi* h npoTHB'b nojiHi^iH, h npoTHBit aeidCREXiK 



T H HI H H ▲. 21 

Ha^ajii>HHKOBT>, H npoTHBi> BHcmHX'B ycTaHOBJiesifi? TaKoro 
flOffB-KHxora eme ne 6HBajio, ne 6hjio h He 6yjxerb. 

— HsBHHHTe, a (yb BaifH necorJiaceffb,— cnoKoflHO npona- 
Heci> MepemHH'B h CTajii^ ropano Bospa^aTB, oTCTaaBa^ cbok) 

TOHKy BptfliH. 

Bx OKHa Tjiajjfkjvb rojiyCoft paacB'feTB, aan'fejiH ntTyxH bo 
ffBop*]^^ Ha yjiHi^'6 pasAajicH CTonyii^itt crphitb HeMasaHHHX'b ro- 
4Le(yb BonoBOBHofi Tejitrif, Kor^a, ne OKonqHB'B cnopa, coCeciA- 
HHKH paaoniJmcB no cBOHifb ROMHaTaii'b. 



y. 

J^Hefi AecaTh cnycra, nyAHOBCKoe HHHOBHHHecTBo BCTpt^aJio 
ryCepnaTopa, KOTopaa, oO-BiamaH ryCepHiio, ^oji^emi Chji'l npn- 
6uTb CK);ia ci> nepBiiMT> napoxo^lOMi). IIpHCTaHB HaxoAHJiacb Ha 
rojioMt, nycTHnHOM-B Cepery BepcTaxob bb xpexi* otb ropo;^a. 
HtoCh nonacTB Ty^^a b'b nojioBOABe, naflo 6hjio txaTB okojio 

• BOpCTH JltcOMTb HO OHOHB CKBepHOfl ^^OpOPfe, HOTOMli JiyraMH HO 

ysRof!, njioxo ycrpoenHol! Aanet. 

nieji'B npojiHBHofl floacAB, ^lyjiB p-fesRifi ciBepHHft B-fexep-B, 
,no He6y Hecj[HCB ctpHa Ty^H, ptM OymeBajia, h ea rpastto- 
aeejiTua bojihh apocrno njiecRajiHCB o rojiHJ9[ rjiHHHCTHfi 66- 
perB. KpacHHe hotorh. no^roHaeMHe AO»cfleMB, ToponjiHBO 64- 
^RajiH BHBdB no OTRocy, BjiHBaacB bb p'bRy. HanpaBO H HaJi'bBO 
otb npHCTaHH TasyjincB y6orie fiajiaraHH n jiaB^oHRH, orojio 

ROTOpHXB, yRpHBmHCb TpaHBOM'B, MORJIH CBOpxy H CHHSy TOp- 

roBRH. Ha Hocy n Ha Kopif*]^ npHciaHH, cOHBmHCB bb Ryny, 
CHA^JiH BOJiocTHue CTapmHHH, copHaHHHe ciojia nsi^ BCrp'&HH 
HanaJiBHHRa ry6epHiH.H ajia no^iHecenia eny xji'&6a-cojiH. Ha 
6epery croajiH AecaTRH 8RHna;Kefi, bb tomb ^ncji'k Rapexa j^jia 
rydepHaxopa, 8anpa»ceHHaa napo^ BopoHKXT> JiomaAOft. 

He^ajieRO otb npHCTanH bhchjiocb na rojioifB 6yrp'b AByxi- 
9Ta»Hoe BAame focthbhi^h. S^'bcB * npiK)THjmcB hhhobhhrh, 
HMenzTHe Ryni^N, npeACxaBHreJiH ropo^a h ^yAHOBCRaro 
seifCTBa. napoxoAB OHCHjiajm orojio nojiyAHa^ ho mejTB y^e 
Tperifl HacB, a ero Bce eme ne 6hjio bhaho. SaTanyTHe wb 

^ MyHAHpH HHHOBHHKH, B'B HaMajI'fc CTporiO H TOpHCeCTBCHBHe, 

• Majio no Majiy npioCp'^xajiH ynujiHS h HeAOBOJibHHl! BJijs:b, no- 

^ fiypo CHA'bJiH Ha ciyjibaxB, na AHBanaxB, tocrjihbo CMorpdbjiH 

*" ^epes-B ORHO B'B Ty cTopony, OTRy^a AOJiaceHB 6HjrB noRaaaTbca 

napoxoA'B, Cesi^ibjiBHo 6poAHJiH no sajian'B, bhxoahjiii na xep- 
pacy, HHTajiH na crJ^HaxB peiuiauu. Oahh yrprono MOJi'iajm, 
Apyrie ji'IbHHBO nepeRHAHBajincB HeBHaiHreJibHHMH (ffpssMm, 
rp&ThB HHTajiHCB myTHTB. ^CM'bniHO H rjiyno, a caMi> 8To snaio, 






32 PyCOSOB BOFATOTBO. 

HOHTO^e jifbJi^Thl'* — RasaJiocb, roBopHJia yjinORa Ra»Aaro hb'k 
Hnxi> npH BCTpiHi cb npyrHMH. 

FopoACKoK rojioBa BedyRJiaAHHKOBi>, BucoRift h tuiotbuA 
MyaKHRt, b^b MyHflupt CTb Me;^aJIBK), Tepnt jihbo cToa[jn> y crbHH^ 
onycTHBi) pyKH h BErrnHyBii meH). IIo BpeMenaM^ ohi> rpoMRO 
RpflRaJi7> H yTHpajii) jiHqo CojibmHM'b RpacflUM'b njiaTROicb. 
HoAJi* Hero, crfecHH^CB npHcyrcTBieMi) HHHOBHaro Jiro^a, <rB 
Cjiaro^ecTHBUM'B bhaom'b, to^ho bi> i](epRBH, CTOflJiH ABa HjieHa 
ynpaBH. 

— Bh 6h ctJiH, rocnoAa,— roBopHJi'B hmb HcnpaBHHRB, — 
eme Rorfla Hero CyaerB. BTb Horax'B npaBAH ffhrb. 

— flHHero, nocTOHMT), — nepeMOHHo oTBt^aji'B roaioBa, 
KpHRajii> H yrnpajica njiaTROMi). 

^eCATB SeMCRHX'B HaHaJIBHHROBB CTOJinHJIHCB BlT&Crk H BHOJI- 

rojioca pasroBapHBaJiH o RaRHX'B-To CBOZTh A'bjiax'B. IIpeACtAa- 
Tejw CTbisAa Me3K;iy hhmh ne 6u:io: owh ytxaji-B b-b ryCepBd© 
conpoBOMCAaTB ryCepHaxopa. Yme HSBicTHo Chjio, hto IIoAryp- 
CRitl cyM'&ji'B BOtlTH Bi) MHJiocTB H OHHCRaiB pacnoJioHceHie ho- 
Baro HanaJiBHHRa ry6epHin. 

CyAeflcRie, AepmacB ocodHflROicB h, brahmo, mfirojisisi cBoeft 

OTHOCHreJIBHOS HedaBHCHMOCTBK), rOBOpHJIH AOBOJIBHO PpOMRO, 

HaBOAfl RpHTHRy Ha ry6epHaTopa h HasHBaa ero noMnaAy- 

— MjiaAeHei^i> hsb npaBOB^AOB'B... cb Ra({)e-inaHTaHHEiM'B 
oCpaaoBaHieM'B... wh AOJiry, Ran-B b-b niejiRy... — aohochjihcb hb-b 

HX'B RpyJKRa OTpHBOHHHH ({)pa8H. 

HHcneRTopi> napoAHUx'B y^HjiHini'B nonoBi}, cb oRoneHi^B- 
niHM'B BHAOMi), niarajTB hb'b yrjia bi> yrojvb. Kasajiocb, owb o 
^eMi-To ynopHo h t^^cjio AyMaji'B. 

npeAC&A&TejiB BeMCROl! ynpanii ypaHMOBB, nojiHUfi, ho bh- 

AHMO 60JI'fe3HeHHHft HOJIOB'feR'B, JT^TB nHTHAeMTH HHTH, CTHCfiy- 
TUtt mHTHM'B BOpOTHHROMli MyHAHpa, HBHO CXpaAaJTB H OTB 

rfecHOTH MyHAHpa, h otb oAOJrfeBaBHiaro ero BOJiHemn. OffB He 
HaxoAHJTB ceCt M-fecxa h RaR*B-TO »:aJio(5HO CMOTptai* no cto- 
ponaifB. Ero Bce CeaaoROHJio, TpeBonuuio, pasApa^ajio h boji- 
HOBajio. Ha ocofioMi* ctoji*]^ ctoajih ipn MaccHBHux'B oepe6pa* 
Huxnb CJiDAa: orB HacejieniH ^yAHOBCRaro yisAa, otb ropoAa 
HyAHOBCRa h otb jifk&TejieU nyAHOBCRaro BCMCTBa. Qojiojrh- 
lejiBHo aoMCKoe 6jik)A0 6hjio etAnte h xyace Apyrnx-B, h ero 
6e8noROHJio YpanMOBa. 

^MoryTi* ycMOTptTB onnoBHipK)*', — AyMajiB offB tocrjihbo h 
TepsaJicH pacRaHHieM'B, hto ne nocjiymajicA scohh h ho npiofip'IbjrB 
6jiH)Aa Bi) 500 py6jiefi. 

BojiHOBajio ero TaE«e ' h to, hto ohi> nspacxoAOBajTB aa 
noRynRy 6jiH)Aa' CBOHXTb 150 py6Jiea, ROTopue npHmjiocB »a- 
HiiTB CB 6oJiBniHMH BaTpyAHeHiiiBiH. HjieHH ynpaBH, ccujiaACB 



T H m H H A. 23 

Ha 6*flHocTb, He ^aJiH HH^ero, h neAocTaiomie 100 pyfijiefi no- 

BOJIHCHH 6HJIH HBli KaKHXt-TO COJIbHH^HtlX'B OCTaTKOB'B. Ho- 

cjrbAHee oCJcToaTejibCTBO yrHeTajio ero 6ojibine Bcero... He bh- 
xonHJia HBi) rojioBbi TaiuKe 3a6oTa o tom'l, — r^'fe, KaK-B h Kor^a 
HOAHecTH 6jik)A0, h hto npM BTOM-B cKaaaTb, — He Bbimjia 6h 
]caR&a-HH6yAB nyTannqa h neyAa^a... 

MeacAy rfeM'B, hjichh ynpaBH no;^o3pHrejibHO nacTO oMy- 
HajiHCb bij AaJibHiDK) KOMHaTy, TA'b noMimajica 6y^eTb. Y aa- 
«TynaH)ii(aro ifbcTo npeAcbA&TejiH AcTa(|)beBa rjiasa ciajm 
ysKHMH, KaKi* mejiH, h oh'b ^tto-to yacB onenb CjiaroAyinno 
yxMUJiAJicfl H noAMHTHBajTb ji'6bhmi> FJiaBOM'b, a ApyroM HJieHi) 

KopoC-b-KopoeOBCKift CTaHOBHJICH He BI> M'fepy A*JI0BHT1> H 

aaroBapHsajTB Bce 06% e.inaHHXHHCKo^ Aopop'b, HOCTax'b, 
i^tHaxB Ha n^eOcHb. 

Bc^ "lyAHOBCKaa yopana 6HJia no nasHaHeHiio, Ho.ypaHMOBi> 
* dHTajiB ce6H BceiaKH HacToauxHM'b 3eMi][eM'b. HjienoB'B ynpaBH 
OH'B 3eMi];attii ne c^HTaji'B n othochjica ri> ERWb cb npeneCpe- 
^KeflieMB. nepBHtt H3'b khx-b — AcTa(|)beB'B Otui'b h3B CTanoBHX'b 
npHCTaBOBB. Oh'b KaKB-ro onenB rjiyno nocrpaAaJiB 3a bbatkh, 
OKOJio Asyxi* Ji^TB TpenajicA CesB MtcTa, e-feACTBOBajiB, noKa, 
HaKOHei^B, HaAB HHMB He caeajiHJiocb HanajibciBo h ne nadna- 
^iijio HJieHOMB ynpaBH bb HyAHOBCKB. Jlpyro^ OtuxB H3B npo- 
roptBniHXB ABop^HB sanaAHaro Kpaa: onenb AoCpHft, o^chb 

MHJIU^^ OHB OTJIHHaJICH HOpadHTeJIBHHMB JieFROMHCJlieMB. 06a 

He no,iib30BajiHCb AOBtpieMB ypaHMOBa, KOTopHit Bca^ecKH 
TpeTHpoBajiB HXB, Ha3UBaH 3a rjiasa npoxBQCTaMH. Ce6a me 
OHB CHHTajiB 3eMqeM'B noTOMy, ^to npocjiyacHJiB HOTHpe 
TpexjiiiiH btj aojihchocth npeAcbAaxejiH no BtifiopaMB. XoTa 
nocji'b pe(|)opMH 0Hi> CHOBa Chjtb Hdfipan'B, ho He yAocTOHJica 
yrBep^cAenifl h npHHyncAeHB 6ujrh xJionoiaTB o Ra3eHH0MB wh- 
orb. Ewy npeAJioacHJiH m^cto npeAcfeAaxejiJi ynpaBH no naana- 
^eniK) btj HyAHOBCKia ybsAB, h ohb corJiacHJicH. H bb naqajA 
Aa«e paAOBaJica, ^rro yAajiocb npncTpoHTBCH onnTb k^ jiio6h- 
MOMy seMCKOMy A'bJiy* ho paAOCTB 6HJia HenpoAOJixcHxejiBHa. 
HpeacAe Bcero, otb Hero norpeOoBaJiH, h aobojibho rpyOo, Cjiaro- 
AapHocTH 3a xjiohoth b'b pasMtpt 500 pydeft (uotomb ohb 
y3HajiB, qxo 9T0 Cmia ycTaHOBJieHHaa TaKca, KOTopa.a juia HJie- 
HOBB ynpaBH noHHatajiacB ao 200 pyCjiefi). Ohb ne mofb ckphtb 
CBoero H3yMJieHiH, ho eny npnrposHJiH nepeBOAOMi* b'b rjiyxofi 
HepeMCKiH ybsAB, h oh'b noKopHJicji. Ewy 6Hjra npoAHRTOBana 

HporpaMMa, CB KOTOpOd OH'B BO BCbXB OTHOmeHiHX'B He CHiTb 

corjiaceH-B, h aro xaiUKe ero o6e3KypaacHJio... TtifB ne Meni^e, 
CjiaroAapn CBoefi onHiHocTH, jiobkocth h Aapy cjioBa, eny yAa- 
Jiocb BHToproBaTB Kofl-KaKiH ycTynKH, h 8T0 ero yrbmnjio. 
KpoM'6 Toro, OHB pa3(«EHTHBaJiB nocTenoHHO pa3BepHyTB Apyryio 
MporpaMMy, onHpaacB na 3eMCRoe coCpame, ho nocji'&AHee He 



34 P7GCS0B BOrATOTBO. 

onpasAaJio ere HaAemjicB. B'b coCpaHiH no npencHeMy npeoOJia- 
AftJiH rjiacHHe oTb RpecTB^HT>, ho 8T0 613UIK ysae He rb jiioah, 
KaRHX'B 0£nE> SHajTb paHbme: Ha^-b 9thmh HCTyRaHaMH neBJiacTHH 
Chjih h BzipaBHtt cMHCJTb, H lejioBt^ecKoe cjioBo. Ohh yrproMo 
H 8araiio?HO MOJiiajin, bo Bpenn nepepuBa SRSjmch Kb crbE^h 
HJiH yxoAHJiH Kh cTopoHcy, Ha nonHTKH aaroBopHTb OTB-fe^ajm 
HcnyraHHHMH Barji^AaMH h OAHocjiomHHMH penjiHRaMH, Bupa- 
^RaDiuHMH nojiHoe na Bce corjiacie. 60 BpeMH 6ajiJioTHpoBOKi> 

ohh OHfltJIH HJIH BCTaBaJIH, nOBHHyHCb BJiaCTHOMy BSrjlHffJ 

npeAcfeflaTejia co6paHia, KOTopHtt oOpamajiCH ct> hhmh cb cypo- 

BOft HenpHHyHCfleHHOCTBK). ^CHfllSTB Hano!**— KpHiaJI'b OHl), eCJTH 

no omH^K* OHH BCTaBaJIH, Kor^a aojischh 6ujih cH^'feTb, h ohh 
cTi> HcayroM'b B'b rjiaaaxi* myMHO onycKajiHCb na M'fecTo. Ypan- 
MOBi> BCKop-b noHflji'b, ^TO BCH cHJia B'B npeAcfeAaTeji* yisa- 
Haro cbta^a, BepTJiHBOMi>, orpaHHS[eHHOMi> h MtH3HepaA0CTH0MT> 
MOJioAOM-b ^ejioBtK'b yjiLTpa-KOHcepBaTHBHaro oOpaaa MHCJieU 
HBT) TBapAeflCKHX'b o(|)HqepoB'b, IIoArypcKOM-b, h htoOt* «cnacTH» 
aeMCKoe a^-^o, owb ciaji-b B'b new'b sancKHBaTb h aoGhjich ero 
noRpoBHTOJibCTBa. Ci> Apyrofi cropoHU, ABa-xpn rjiacnax'b HSt 
HHTOJiJiHreHTOB'b, 6e3'b BCHRoft HaAe»tAH Ha npaRTH^ecRifl: peayjib- 
TaiTB, MyTHjiH co6paHie pasnaro poAa saHBJieHiflMH h sanpocaMH, 
npennpajiHCb cb npeAcfeAaieJieM'B, TpaBHJiH ynpasy, npoTecTO- 
BajiH npoTHBi* HeaaKOHHOCTH... Bce bto pasApa^Kajio h osjioCjiajio 
YpaHMOBa, H oH-b Bce Cojibme h Cojibme, HesaM'hTHo ajm ca- 
Moro ce6ji, yRjioHHJicH BnpaBO, Boopyacajicb npoTHB'b seMmnHH 
H BHOopnaro nanajia. „Borb ohh BHfiopHbie!" — roBopHJi-b ohi*, 
yRaBHBaa Ha RpecTb^Hb: ^Jl^epeBO, ROTopoe ne npoAOJiOnnib... H 
Bce TaR-b: jih6o haIoth, jihCo KpHRyHn... CaMH HH^ero ne a*- 
JiaK)TT> H ApyrHM-b Mimarorb"... ByMajKHan AtJioBHrocTb nocTe- 
neHHo cxajia ero HAeajioMi*. Owh objioCxthjich Bce 6ojibnie h 

COJIbHie npoTHB'b BeMmHHH, B'b 0C06eHH0CTH CTb ThXTy HOpi*, 

RaR-b no HOBOMy aaRony, no aojijkhocth npeAcfeAaTejiH ytaAHOlt 
yapaBH, nonaji-b B'b ryCepncRoe co6paHie h T'bCH'fee c6jiH3HJica 
Cb ry';epHaTopcRofl Ranuejinpiefi. Tenepb eny Kaaajiocb Aa«e, 
HTo ero cocJiyjKHBUH, ijichh ynpaBH, ROTopHxi* oh-b upeanpajTb 
H Aep^ajTb B'b eateBEix-b pyRaBHuax-b, Bce me jiy^nie h Ha;^e;K- 

H*e BHOopHHXTb. „OhH, HO RpaflHOft Mtpt, HOCJiyinHH H Be 

npoTHBOAtflCTByrorb", roBopHJi-b offb. Ilpn HaaHa^eniH ABopa- 
HHHa Kopofii-KopoCoBCRaro ewy roBopHJin: „Mhjih1I h naAe^- 

HHltt ^eJIOB^R'b, ROTOpUfi MOmeTl> 6liTb BaiTb OTJIH^HHMT* HOMOIU;- 
HHROM-b, TOJIbRO, MOmAy HaMH TOBOpH, HO AOBtp^fiTe CMy RaCCH 

H, BooOme, Aep^KHTe noAaJibme otb AOHer'b* H aaB^AHBa- 
Hie Raccoi! YpaHMOB'b Bsa.ii'b na ce6a. Ho ^wienaM'b ynpaBH 
npHxoAHJiocb BUAd-BaTb aBancH na poMonrb Aopori), ajih pad 
c^eTa HMiAHROB'b H T. u., H Kopo6'b-Kopo6oBCRifi B'b nepBHfi 
me Mtcim-b yxHTpHJicH pacTpaTHTb 500 pyfijiefl, h hh aa ht* 



T H m H H A. 25 

«e xoTfejiTb Hx-b nonojiHHTb... y flpyroro ^jieHa ynpaBH na^ajiHCb 
Kaid^i-To noAoapHTejibHHfl ceomeHifl ct> no;ipHA^HKaMn, cb flo- 

POHCHHMH CMOTpiITeJIHMH... B'b COCpaHlH 6UJI0 CA'kJiaHO H'bCKOJIbRO 

padoGjiaqeEl^, ROTopuA e^Ba yziajiocb noTymHTb. Bee aTo oneHb 
BOJiHOBajio Bi) B^ndijrh ypaB[MOBa, no noTOBfb owe h ki 3T0My 
npHBHKT). K'b KOHi^y coOpaHia oh-b yate caMB xo^aTafiCTBo- 
BajTb nepcAi* ryeepaaTopoM'b o HeyTBepHCAeniH naCpaHHHX'b co- 
6paHieM'b ^JienoB'b ynpaBU h o HasHa^eHm crapHX^b. Bee na- 
JiaAHJiocb H BoniJio B'b KOJieK). Ho eMina eTaparo h npi'tsAT* 
HOBaro ryCepHaTopa mofjih paapyoiHTb Beeb nop^AOK'b,— TiM-b 
6ojrbe, hto TpexjitTie npafijiH^Kajioeb K'b KOHuy. 

Ky^a HeoTBflBHHX'b BonpoeoB'b rH'feBAHJiaeb B'b rojiOB* Ypa- 
HMOBa: KaKie BsrjiaziH y HOBaro ryOepHaxopa? KaKx on-b otho 
CHTCsi Kb seMexBy? OeiaHeTca jih npesKHitt npaBHTejib KaHi^e- 
.lapiH, HJiH CyAerb HasHa^eH-b Apyrofl? HyncHo jih npoAOJi»caTb 
BHnJiaHHBaTb 6JiaroAapHocTb, nepe3i> Koro h B'b KaKOM'b paa- 
M-fep-fe? Tenepb oht> roptKo Kaajiea, hto ynycTHJi'b cjiy^alf, ko- 
TAa eny npeAJiarajin M'bcTO aeMeKaro Ha^ajibHMKa. Hs'b Ka- 
Kofi-TO erpaHHOtt 6pe3rjiHB0CTH, eoxpaHHBmeficH orb cxapHx-b 
BpeMefl'b, OBT> oTKJioHHJi'b TOFAa DTO npcAJiosReHie. ;,A Tenepb 
Mory oKaaaTbea na yjiHut, — yHHJio pasMHinjiHJi'b OH'b,— Ces'b 
•cpeACTB'b, rojTb, KaKi> coKo^Tb... KyAa a jrfcHyeb c'b ceMbefl?* 
Mpa^HHJi npeA^yBOTBia ne ocTaBJiajia ero hh na MHHyry, h oh-b 
C'b TocKoro cMOTp'feji'b B'b OKHO, Tjx'h CyflieBaji'b B'bTep'b, Boano- 
Baaacb pifena h xaeeiaaob ji^osRjih, KoropHtt speMa orb BpeMCHH 
To^Ho cMUBaa'b eo cxeKJia BHAH'i^Bini£tea 3a HHM'b nycjujiulX 
netoaHCb. 

Bbia'b yate eeAbMott ^acb, aanHHaao TeiifffeTb, a napoxoAa 
Bce ne 6Hao bhaho. CaMue 6e33a6oTHHe k3i> ^HHOBHHROB'b, 
oAypi^B'b oTb cKyKH, jme He myTHan h ne eM-feaaneb, a yrpioMO 
Moa^aaH Han 6paHHaHCb. 

fopoACKott roaoBa eHAta-b na CKaMbt, cHMMeTpn^eeKH no- 
aoacHB'b pyKH na Koa'feHH, h xaaceao BSAHxaa'b. 

— HatlKy noHHTb, — BApyrb CKasaai* ohi h nomeaT> B'b 
HflacHift BTa^'b roeTHHHUH, B'b oTAtaenie aJI^ npocTOHapoABa. 
3a HHM'b, Moana, noTaHyaneb naeHN ynpaBH. 

B'b noaoBHH'fe ceAbMoro HenpaBHHKy npHHecan TeaerpaMMy, 
KOTopyro OH'b rpoMKO npo^ea-b Bcayx'b. 

^jOCtAaeBTb nerpoBeKOMB 3aB0A'6,— raacnaa TeaerpaMMa,— 
napoxoA'b saAepacaHB. Ero npeBocxoAHTeabOTBo npnOyAeTb 
^yAHOBCK'b He paH'fee Aenarn, nocfeTHTb xpaM'b. IIpeAynpeAHTe 
AyxoBeHCTBo. IIoArypcKifl". 

IlyOaHKa sameBeanaacb, nocaumaaca ponoTb: ocTaBaaocb 
«AaTb eme, no iMeabmefi Mtp'fe, ABa-Tpn ^aca... CyAefieKift 
^pyacoKB, nomenTaBmncb, p'femna'b "fexaxb AOMofi, cb rhwb 
hto(Jh npoACTaBHTbea ryfiepnaTopy 3aBTpa. OciaabHHe ptmnan 



16 PyCOEOl BOTATGTBO. 

»caaTb. npHKaaaHo 6hjio 6y(|)eT^HKy CBapHTb yxy, Ha cTOJik 
noHBH^iHCb BojxKSL H daKycRa. 

— ycnteMT> eme nooCtaaTb, — roBopHJTb MonpaBHHKT>,— TpH 
Haca BuepeAH. HaAO :Ke uojmp-buEThca. Ero npesocxoAHTeJib- 
CTBO oCti^aeTb, naAO Hce h nawLt... KaKoro qopTal.. Ha TomaKfc 
OHO He Toro... 

Bhahjih h saKycHJiH, cbtjin yxy. Ciajio yme TeMHo. Ha 6e- 
pery noHBHJiHCb ophh, cMyrao oTpaataBmiecn na MOKpofi seMJit. 
BBepxy p'bRH aacB'^THJiHCb fieperoBbie MaHRH. JlnjioBo-cHHiiA 
Ho^b onycKajiacb na seMJiio. Majio no Majiy iicieaajnH bi> Hen 
Bci flajibHie npeAMOTH, h yme ne bhaho 6hjio npoTHBonojioac- 
Haro 6epcra. BcRopt HCHesjiH AepeB^HHHe aM6apbi, noTOMiy 
npncTaHb, h coBepineHHaa TbMa ORyTajia Bce. 

Maorie ne ocieperjiHCb h nopHAoqno bhhhjih. HacTpooHie 
noflHHJiocb, CTaJio myMHo h, RaK-b 6y4T0, boccjio, ho 3To npo- 
AOJiacajiocb HOAOJiro. CKyKa, yciajiocTb, Tpesora o^HAania 
CHOBa oBJiaA'feJiH BCJbMH. IlleJi'b yace aochth^ ^acB, a BBepxy 
ptKH Bce eme ne 6hjio bhaho orneft napoxoAa. HaMyieHHHe 

JIDAH CHA'^H Ha CTyJIbHX'b H AHBaHaXl>, TO CRJIOHHB'b FOJIOBy 
BTb ROJltHH, TO OTRHHyBtHHCB HaBaAT?; OAHH ApeMaJIH, BaRpjUB'b 

rjiaaa, Apyrie, RaR-b cohhhh MyxH, 6poAHJiH no ROMHaTairb, 

rJIHA'fejIH Bl> ORHa, BHXOAHJIH Ha RpHJIbl^O, AO oAyp^HlH Ry* 

pHJiH, paacRasHBajiH Apyri* Apyry cajibHHe aneRAOTH, h Bpe- 
MenaMH bsphbh CM:'6xa, KaLKT> rohcroo pHcanie, orjiamajiH bo3- 

flyx'B. 



VI. 

B-b OAHHHaAi^aTOMT) ^acy wb ABepnx'b noRasajioa, naROHei^'b^ 
HcnyraHHbia CTpancHHR'b h npoHanecb TOJibRo oaho cjiobo: 

— BtHCHrb!.. 

Bce sacyeTHJiocb, cM'feniajiocb. ToJiRaa Apyr'b Apyra, jiioah 
CpocHJiHCb BT) nepeAHK)K), HCRajiH manRH, rajiomn... OrpajR- 
HHRH H CTopoHta pasHHX'b y^peHCAeHift cyeTJiHBO noMorajiH ro- 
cnoAaM-b OA'bTbCH. 

— 9fll..— RpH^ajTbHcnpasHHR'b: — Orpoft My«HROBi>!.. ^hbo!.. 
Bjidao 6epHTe!.. 

Ha RpHJibi^'b o6pa80Bajiacb HacTOHU^an A^^BRa. C^b 6paHbi> 
H RpHRaMH HeTepn'bHiH asajiH Ry^epoB-b h oaAHJiHCb bT) aRH- 
na«H, HTodij nepetxaTb ^epesTi nenpojiaanyK) rpaab rtv 
rpHAi^aTb maroB-b, ROTopne OTAiJiHJiH rocTHHHuy otI) npn- 

CTaHH. 

YpaHMOB'b, cb Ojhoaom-b B-b pyRax-b, ne AOBtpaa HHROMy 
H«T> onaceniH, hto ero yponnrb, nomeji'b niniROM'b. 

TpHAI^aTb HHTb CTaprnHHli, Cl> HenORptlTHMH rOJIOBaWH, B-E 



T H m H H A. 27 

ABa p^/ia BHcrpoHJiiicb baojib MOCTHRa npH bxoa^ na npn- 
cTaHB. CaMH^ BucoRift H TOJicTHli AepHcajTB Bi> pyRaxik 
6ji]dao. 

— ^ypaR-BL. JlyOHHa!.. OoeJixI.. ^— eiae H3AajiH Rpn^ajit na 
Hero HcnpaBHHRT>, njiomaAHO pyrancb. — IIpHRpott 6jiioao!.. 
CxaHb noAi» RpHmy, flbflBOJH*!.. BiA^ th noAMOHnmb xjiiO'b, 
cyRHEHb TU CbiHi>, aHa({)eMaI.. 

CTapniHHa cToaji'b h paciepaHHo xjionaji'b rjiaaaMH, He no- 
HHMaH. HaROHBU'b, RTo-To jsfiijrh cBfy TynaRa h npoxamHJi'b 

BnepeAT*. 

Hhhobhhrh ToponJiHBO, ojiJSKh sa ApyrHifb, niJiH no MocTHRy 

MlfMO HSMOROIHXb, HCHyPaHHUXb CTapmHH'b Cl> 6e3CMHCJieHHO 

BEiTapaiii;6HHUMii r.]ia3aMH. Ophh napoxoAa, ho'ith He oxpa^aACb 
B-b BOJiHyiomeflca p-feRt, 6HJIH ywe Cjihbro. ^oacAb npoAO-iacajTb 
xjiecxaTb. IIopHBH Btxpa ipenajiJi RanromoHH niHHejiefi, y Roro- 
TO cHecjio Bii BOAy $ypaacRy... IlapoxoA'b, CAtJiaBi* oCoporb, 
ropa orHJiMH, RoiopHe npHrajiH B'b boa*, noAxoAHjn> R'b npa- 
ciaHH. Hhhobhhrh, c6pocHBi> cb ce6H BepxHee njiaxbe, He cmo- 
xpa Ha xoJiojxTi h B'jbxep'b, ocrajiHCb B'b oakhxI) MynAHpaxi) n 
BHCTpoHjiHCb jiBjud mnajiepaMH. 

OryRHyjia B'b Rpwrny OpoineHHaa cb napoxoAa najiRa, napo- 

X0A1> OCTaHOBHJIOH, CTaJIH CABHFaTb CXOAHH, H uyCjiHRa yBHAtJia 

Bi> npoJierfc ryCepnaTopa h, paAOM'b <yb HHM'b, IIoArypcRaro h 
npaBHTeJiH RanaejiiipiH. 

FyCepHaTop'b paaBHHHeHHofl h cjierRa ApHraromefl noxoAROfl 
6HCTpo comeji'b na npHCTanb. IIpH cjiaOoMi) cBtrfe (|)0Hapea 
YpaHMOB'b ycfl'feji'b paarJi^A'^Tb TOJibRo ^ypaacRy Cb RpacHHM'b 
0R0JiHnieMi>, "^lepHoe najibTo cb iioroHaifH, Gji^aho poaoByD 
jKHpHyK) meio h xaRoK sue saxujioR'b, noRpuxHt! p'bARHM'b 
pHSceBaxbiM'b nyxoM'b. 

BacxynHB'b BoepeA'b h no BoeHHOMy npnao^cHB'b pyRy R'b. 
RoaupbRy, HO He no-BoenHOMy HBorHyBniHCb^ HcnpaBHHR'b na- 
lajTb cJiaARO CMHrieHHHM'b rojiocoM'b: 

— ^ecxb HMtio npeAcxaBHXbCH BameMy npeBocxoAnxejibcxBy.... 
FyOepHaxop'b orjianyji'b Bcfex-b HHHOBHHROB'b. 

— FocnoAa, bh Bcfe mh* npeAcxasHxecb aanxpa! — RpnR 
nyjTb OHi rpoMRHM'b, p'&brhmii RapxaBUM'b ro^iocoifb, xo^mo 
nepeA'b uojiromtj oxAanajii) RoiiaHAy:— 3aBxpa B'b oAHHnaAaaxb 
HacoB'b... A leaepb npomy B'b coCopTb!.. BcHRoe xopomee a^JIo 
HaHHHaexcH ci> OJiarocjioBeHiH Bo^Kia!.. 3xo tto?— cnpocHJi'K 
OBTb, yBHA'feB'b Cb fijiDAaMH B'b pyRax^b npeAcfeAftTeJia, rojioBy 
H cxapmHHy. 

— Bame npoBOcxoAHxeJibcxBo! — Ha^ajn> ypaHMOBi*, cxa- 
paBmiflcH npHAaxb CBoeiiy rojiocy xBepAocxb: — BjiaroAapnoe 

39MCXB0... 

— AI xopomo, xoponio, — nepeenji'b ero ryCepnaxop'b. — 9% 



28 PyOOKOB BOrXTCTBO 

IlaBejTb IleTpOBHqi'B, HJIH KTO TaMl>, npHKaJKHTe BSflTb!.. Bh — 

HpeflcijtaTeJib ynpaBH YpaJioB'b? 

— ypaHMOBx, Bame npeBocxoAHTejibCTBO. 

— A, Aa... 3HaH), 3HaK)...y Mena CyAeT'b c^ saMH pa3roBopi>... 
A BH ropo;tcKoft rojioea BeayicjiaAHHKOB'B?.. H cb BaMHTOMte... 

H oHi* ziBHHyjica BnepeAt. 

— Bame npeBooxoAHTeJibCTBo... — aaCopMoiaJi'B HCnpaBHHK'B. 
pacKpHBan HaAi> rojioBOil ryOepBraTopa sohthk'b. 

y MocTKOB'B CTOHJia KapcTa. ry6epHaTop'L ctjn>, nponycTHBii 
BnepeAi> HoArypcKaro. 

— Bh!.. KaKt Bacb!.. — cKaaajit owh noAcamnBaBineMy ero 
HcnpaBHHKy. 

— Cjiymaio, same npeBocxoAHTejibCTBo... 

— 9th... My^HKH H ynojiHOMO^eflHHe... KOTopnx'B npHKa- 
sajTB coOpaTb ApKaAifi IleTpoBHH'B... h OamKHpn... ta* ohh? 

— B-B noJiimiH, Bame npeBocxoAHTejibCTBo. 

— CoOpaxb Hx-B BT) aaJiT) cbtsAa!.. Ha-b i^epKBH a 6yAy 
TaMT)... TyAa Hce npomy Bcfex'b hhhobhhkob'B... Tporafll.. 

HcnpaBHHRi> daxjionHyjii) ABepiiy, h Kapexa noKaTHJiacb, 
HMOKHyB'b ROJiecaMii H o6AaB'b HCiipaBHHRa 6pH3raMH rpadH. 

ycrynHBT) cBoia BKHna^cb npasHTejiiD Kani^ejiapiH, KOTopHtt 
ctji-b wb Hero Cb ^HHOBHHKaM'b ocoOHX'b nopy^eHitt, HcnpaB- 
HHRi) HacRopo oTjsfiurb RaRlH-To npHKasama, noTOMib BCRoqnjrb 
Ha octAJiaHHyio JiomaAb h nocRaRajTb, o6orHaBi» Rapexy ryCep- 
HaTopa. 

KorAa ryOepHaTop-b noA'b'feBacaji'b rtb i^epRBH, HcnpaBHHRi^ 
Chji-b y«e ryx-b. Ohtj otbophji'b ABepuy h, noMoraa ryCepnaTopy 
bhSth^ RaR'b-6H npHHHji'b ero bi* cboh o6i>flTifl. 

ItepKOBb cifljia ofhjimh. IlepeA'b nanepxbE), cTpamno rohm 
H pjacnpocTpan^H BORpyri) ceOa 3Ji0B0HHHft HaA'b, rop'fejiH njio- 
mKH; i^epROBHHa ABepa Ohjih pacTBopenn Hacieacb. HyxoBeH- 

CTBO, B-b nOJIHOM'b 06Jia^eHiH, Cb HKOHaMH H RpeCTOM-b, CTOflJIO 

HanJion^aAR'i^B'b npeAABepin xpaMa. HaapaBo h najr&BO TOjmETJiacb, 
CAepncHBaeMaa nojiHqiefi, He6oJibmaa, ho nJiOTnaa Ry^Ra HapoAa. 
KorAa ryOepHaiop'b cxynaji'b Horoft na nepnyK) ciyneHbRy 
jrfecTHHi^u, rpanyji-b xop'b n'bB^HX'b: „OcaHHa! BjiarocjiOBCH^ 
rpHAHfl BO HMfl rocnoAHel..** 

ryCepnaTop'b CHaJib ^^ypaacRy h nepeRpecTHJicH, noTOirb 
<5jiaroroB'fel!Ho noAoraeji'b R-b RpecTy. J^ecaTRH rjia3'b BnHJincb 
Fb ero JiHi^o. EMy 6hjio He Cojrbe copona Jitrb, ho oH'b 6ujrh 
coBepmeHHo jihcb, TOJibRO na saTHJiR*]^ JierRifi pnaceBaTHil 
nymoR'b o6paMJiHJii> men; noAi) rjiasancn bhc&jih M'JbmRn; 
TpoflHoft acHpHHfl noAOopoAOR'b cjierRa 8acjioHHjica pH«eft 

piAKOfl fiopOAKOfi, TOHRie yCHRH BHJIHCb HOBepx-b HyBCTBeHHaro, 

HenpiHTHO H3orflyTaro, RaR'b-fiH He^Hcraro pra; MaaeHBKie 



T H m H H ▲. i% 

CBHH£ie rJiaSRH CBepnaJIH RaRHM'B-TO UyCTUWb CTeiCJIflHHHMl 

OjiecROicB H3'b-noAi> 6'bJio6puci]ixi» 6poBeK. 

,fl rA':b-To yace ero bha4jii*, ct He^oyMtHieMt noflyMajn* 
ypaHMOB'B^ H RaRoe-To cBcyTHoe, HenplflTHoe BocnoMHHaHie 
aaBepTfejiocb y Hero wb rojioBt. ^Btot-b poBOBHft nopocjiHiia 
iXBbTTb jmqa, pH»tie RjiOHba CopoflH, TOHRie ycHRH, ^yBCTseH- 

HHa pOTB, pacnJIHBIUiHCa ^epTH, CBHHHe rJiaSRH— r;!* a BHfltjI'B 

aro JiHi^o?" H B^ipyrL BcnoMHHJTL: rocnoAHl j^a Btub aTo HBa* 
HOB'B, cuii^HR'b HeaHOBii, ROTOpuiS TpHzmaTb JlhTb TOMy Ear 

Sam ^HJI'B CB HHMH Ha CTyAeHieCROft RBapTHplb HOA'b BHAOMly 

OTcxaBHoro y^HTejia... Oh'l, necoMHtHHo... He ofb, ROHe^HO, ne 
Moscerb 6uTb ohb, ho crpamHo Ha nero noxomii... 

FyCepHaTop'b, CRaaaB-b hto-to croaBmeMy phaom'b cb ehh^ 
H paci^B'bTmeMy orb laRoro MHJiocTHBaro BHHMaHiH IIoAryp- 
CROMy, npHB^TjiHBo yji£i6uyjica, h ero HanrpaHHair, (|)ajibmHBaH, 
A'bJiaHHaa yjiuGRa, 6i> ROTopo:^ He npHHHMajiH HHRaRoro yia- 
cTia rjiaaa, on^Tb cipaniHO nanoMHHJia YpaHMoay Toro me 
HCHaBHCTHaro H npeaptHHaro HeJioBtRa. CrpaHHoe ^jbctbo 
OTBpaiueHiH, Henpeoj^ojiHMo^ ra;iJiHB0CTn h CTpaxa aaRononin- 
jiocb BT) flymt... ,KaRoe peCa^ecTBo! — roBopHJiTb oh-b ceOt, BxoiiH 
CT> TOJinOfl HHHOBHHROB'b fi-b uepROBbi— cjiyHaflHoe, HHHero 
He ana^yiuee cxoactbo h TOJibRO... HBanoBy 6hjio 6u Tenepb^ 
jrbTh ceMbflecHTb, a aio eine mojioaoK ^ejioB'bR'b'... 

DpocjiymaB'b RpaTRyro jihtIio, ryeepnarop-b r-s Raac^oMy 
hbtj cBJimeHHHROB'b HOAomeji'b noA'b 6JiarocjioBeHie, noTOM'b, 
o6epHyBmHCb, nponanecb cbohmii p'baRHifb RpnRJiHBUM'b ro- 
% JiocoMi: 

^* — ^aflTe cK)Aa! 

HepeA'b HEM-b TOT'iac^ me oHyTHJiacb Ropanna cb RaRHMa- 

TO TOIUHMH 6pomi)paMH, OCMOTptBmHCb RpyrOMl, OHT* BApyrB 

CTpaniHO no6arpoB'bJi'b. Bi> ^epRBH 6hjih tojibro hhhobhhrh^ 
HapoAa He 6ujio. 

— Tjlfb HapOA'b? — pHBRHyJTb OHb Ha BCK) ^epR0Bb. 

Bee cTpaoiHo aacyexHJiocb, nponaoineji'b o6mifi nepenojioxij. 
HcnpaBHHR'b, pacnopHflHBiniflca He nycRaTb bi> qepROBb TOJiny, 
CTpeMFJiaB^ CpocHJicH Kb ABepHMTj. 3a EHM-b, Bi> HopHBt ycepAiE^ 
(JpocHJiHCb H Apyrie hhhobhhrh. Hepeai) MHHyTy b'B pacTBopen- 
HHa HacTemTj ABepn nojiHueflCRie yace aaronajiH bI) ^epKOBb Hcny- 
raHHyio h HeAoyMtBaromyio TOJiny, mnnii sjioCHHM'b, aJioB'femHM'b 
inenoTOM'b: „HAHTe... npoxoAHTe... nero B'b jifie^ax.i> croann- 
jiHCb?..* Tojina atajiacb R-b cTtH*, ho ee noATajiRHBajiH snepeAt. 

— HapoA'b HMterb npaao ynacTBOBaxb B'b TopaceexBax'b 
HamHX'b!— rpoMRO npoHanecb ryOepHaTop-b. — HycTHxe, Aaflxe 
Aopory! 

Kb Hewy poCRO h CROH^yaceHHo, noATaJiRHBaeMtie caaAH^ 
noAxoAHJiH RaRie-TO Mimane hjih jiaBO^HHRH, cfeAenbRiitt oia- 



V 



30 PyOCEOH BOPATOTBO. 

pn^oKt cb MeAaJibK), HicKOJibKo nojipocTKOBTb n flBoe Macre- 

POBUX'B. 

— HHTaUre h noynaflTecb! /lasaflTe ^HTaxb ApyrnM'bl— paa- 
flaBan 6pomiopBi, roeopmi'b ry6epHaTop'b pisKo, oTpuBHCTo, 
TOHHo OpaHHJicii:— Tyrb Bce Hanncaao, kb.ki> bb.jio 'AmTh z KaKT> 
Hajto OopoTbca c^h BparaMH njepKBH h rocyaapcTBa. IIoMHHTe, 
HTo BipHOCTb ecTb oHopa HapoAHaro CjioronojiyniHl.. FocnoAi 
Aa noMOMcerb BaM-b! 

— HpoxoAH... iipoxoAH... — mnn-fenH KpyroM'b nojiHqettcKie. 
PasAaB'b AecHTKa ABa Cpomiop'b coOcTBenHopy^Ho, ry6epHa- 

Topii CKaaajTb npaBHiejiK) KaHqejiapin: 

— PasAaltTe BctMTb ocTaJibHUM'b! 

SarfeM'b oCepHyjica JiHuoM'b K'b ajixapio, nepeKpecTHJica^ 
OKOMaHffOBaji'b: ^Tenepb Wh c'h'ii^jxb^'' — h OticTpo HanpaBHJicn K'B 
BHXOAy. Ha naaepiH owb eme pasT) noMOJiHJica. 3a HHM'b He 
ptmHTejibHo H BacrbH^HBO nepeKpecTHJiHCb h Bcfe hhhobhhkh. 

— BcaKoe AtJio, rocnoAa, Kp'frnKO h npo^Ho, KorAa na^H- 
HaeTca mojihtboII, — oOpaTHJica oh-b K'b HHM'b h, cA^JiaB-b pyKOft 
OKpyrjieHHhiK 3Kecn>, nomeji'b no KOBpoBoU AopoHCKt, nacKBOBb 
nponHTaBEueflca BOAoft, K'b BopoiaM-b. 

„Hy, rycb, aojihcho 6uTb", AywaJiH ^hhobhhkh: „^to-to 
Aajibme OyAex'b?*' 



yiL 

SajTB c'b'baAa roptjib ornaMH. TopacecTBeHHO ocBtn^eHH 
Ohjih TaKHce KaCHHeTb npeAcfeAaTejia, KpHJibEto h KoppaziopH. 
B'b aaji'b 3a»cmeHa 6HJia Jifocrpa h KaHAejiaCpn. 

3a neperopoAKOfl, pa* o6biKHOBeHHO bo BpeMa BacfeAanift 
BaxoAHJiacb nyCjiHKa, cToajia TOJina MyntHKOB'b h OaniKHp'b, 
npHrnaHHbiX'b ws-b riojiHi^eflcKaro ynpaBJieuia. Ohh, bhahmo, 
TOJibKO-^To 6hjih paaOy^KeHu h ne BnojiHt noHHMajiii, ^to Kpy- 
roM'b HX'b npoHcxoAHTb. Oahh (yh yAHBJieHieM'b Tapaiij;HJiH 
rjiaaa Ha Jirocrpy, na BHCOKift noTOJioK'b, na crfeHH, Apyrie no- 
^ecHBajiHCb, 3'bBajiH, TepjiH rjiaaa, cKpeOjiH BaiHJiKH. MewcAy 
rfeM-b, ABa seMCKHX'b Ha^ajibHHKa, ceKpeTapb cb'bsAa h hojih- 
qeflCKie cyeTHJiHCb, CTapaacb ycTanoBHTb HX'b B'b CTpoflHHe 
paAH. IIpHCKaKaBmifl HS'b i^epKBH HcnpaBHHK'b yHH'jToacHJi'b Bcb 
TpyAH, npHKaaaBT) nepeBeciH MywHKOB'b na-b-aa neperopoAKH 
B'b sajiy n BHcipoHTb nepe.Tb 3CTpaAott. 

EABa MyHCHKH, Kp^HKO yiBepAHBHiHCb Ha M'fecT'b H ociaBJiaa 
Ha nojiy rpasHtie cji^ah Hor'b, ciajiH no npHKaaaHiio HcnpaB- 
HHKa, KaK'b na yjiHi^-fe nocJiHoiajica rn^Wh noA'b'bs^taBniHX'b 
OKHna^Kefl. HcnpaBHHK'b BM'fecrb ch aeMCKHMH HaHajibHHKaMH 
crpeMFJiaB'b sHCKO^HJi'b Ha KpH.iibi;o. 



T H m H H A. 31 

OcTaBmKCB o;iHH, My»CHRK, He cwka nomeBejiHTbCH, co cxpa- 
xoMTb npHCJiymHBajiHCb r-b myMy, Monanbio ziBepefl, ryjiy paa- 
roBopa H /ipyrHM'b TpeBO^HHM'b BBynaBirB npoiicxoAHBinaro bI) 
AoMt ABHaceniH. Ohh paaoM'b BBApornyjiH, KorAa Bnepe^H pacna- 
XHyjiHCb ABepH H Bi> BViTh noKasajiacb TOJina Jiiojie^ bi* 6jie« 
cTAm,Exi> MyHAHpaxi>, Me;KAy RoiopuMH He cpasy mo;kho 6hjio 
yraAaTb ryCepnaTopa. 

ryOepnaTop'b, noAnaBTb rojioBy, paaM'fepeHHbiM'b maroMi> no- 
Aomeji'b Kh Rpaio acTpaAH, o6HTott RpacHUM'b cyKHoifb, h 
rpo3Ho nocMorp'feji'b na cbpyio npHCMBptBinyK) TOJiny. 

— Ha ROJitHHl— BApyrb RpHRnyji-b oh'b cpeAH HacTymre- 
maro 6e3M0JiBiH rpoMRHifb, p'bsRHM'b rojiocoifb, ROTopHfl ot- 
AaJica BO BC'bx'b yrjiaxTi bhcoroA ABycBtTHofli aajiH. 

— Ha ROJitHH... cTaHbTe na ROJitHH...— aamenxajiH nojijrfi^efl- 
CKie, cTOflBmie Bt TOJini. 

Tojina HecrpoflHO h Tflacejio onycTHJiacb na ROJitHH. ToJibRO 
ABoe CTapHK0B'b-6aniRHp'b bi> saAUHx^ paaaxii, ne noHHMan 
npoHcxoAHBmaro, ocrajiHCb croaTb Ha Horax'b. 

— Ha RojrbHH!.. — ^aaniHn'feji'b na hhx'B HcupaBHHR'b. 

— Ha ROJitHH cTaHb, CpHTaa 6amKa!.. — npoOnpaacb k^ 
HHifb Hepe3i> TOJiny, niHU'feji'b naABnpaTejib. 

BamRHpH nocji* AByx'b Tpex'b tojihrob'b npncfejiH na Rop- 

TOHRH. 

FyOepHaTopB cxoaji'b h HCAaji-b. 

— 0, FocnoAH 6aTK)mRa! — pasAajicn nefl-TO rpoMRifi bbaoxij. 

— Moji^aTb! — RpHRHyjn> ryOepHaTop'b. — H ryOepHaTop-b, — 

Hanajll Oni* BCJltA'B SaTiMli CBOHM-b ptSRHM'b, CRpHny^HMTj 

KapTaBHM'b rojiocoM'b, — MH-fe Aana BJiacTb Rapaib h MHJioBaTfa!.. 
A BH... BH HTo aaAyMajiH? ByHTOBarb! JKajioBaxbc^! HnHHTb 6e3- 
nopaAKH! Pa3B0AHTb KJiaysy!.. OnoMHHxecb, oAyMaflxecb, HHa^e 
xpaHU Bacb Borb!.. Saafixe, hxo HHKaKoro ponoxa, HeAOBOJib- 
craa, HHRaRHX'b Rjiaya-b, HHRaRoro CBoesoJibcxBa a He no- 
TepnjiK)!.. BcARan oOjiHscHaa acajio6a oCpaxHXca na caMoro ata- 
jioOmuRa, BcaRoe cjiobo HCAOBoJibcxBa H B03MymeHifl 6yAexi> 
padcji'bAOBaso, h bkhoehhA nonecexii Aocxoftnyi) Kapy. BaMi* 
AaHH 3eMCRie na^ajibHHRH, ohh nocxasjieHH jiJisi Bamero Cjiara. 
Ohh AJia Baci> Bce: h cyAT>, h aaRon-b, h npaB;ia. Ohh neRyxca 
o6'b Bacb, RaRT> oxi^h neRyxca o Atxax-b CBOHX'b. Ecjih Ha^aJib- 
HHRi) CRaiKeTT>: „xopomo!"— xo ne MOHcerb etixb xyAo; ecjiH CRa- 
3KexT>: „xyAo!** — xo ne Mosaerh Ouxbxoponio. Ecjih oH-b cRamexi» 
Ba,UTy: »A*Jial!xe**! — xo bh aojimchh AtJiaxb; ecjiH cRaateTT>: „He a*- 
jiafixe, axoro Hejibsa, axo neBaROHHo!* — xo bm aojijkhh Btpnxb eMy. 
H6o oxi^y HejibBa He B-fepHXb... Boxt>I noMHHxe axo!.. Apyroft 
npaBAH AJia Bacb H-fexTb h 6HXb He MOHcexb! Hxo roBopHXT> 
BBMTi Ha^ajibBHR-b, XO TOBopHXTb HMeHeM*b caMoro rocyAapH... 
OjiHoiHxe?.. OHib Bami> BJiaAHRa, OH-b Bam-b sacxynHHR'b h no- 



32 pyCOKOB BOFATOTBO. 

KpoBHTeJiB, OH'B jiJisi Bacb Bce!.. HaiaJiBHirR'B ^cHBerb jisin sa- 
mero Cjiara, ohi> na to nocraBJieH'B, h ohtj Jiy'ime aeaerb 
BacB, HTO fljifl BacTb Hy»tHo. Bh MOHcexe saCjiyatAaTLca, Moatere 
yKJiOHHTbCH B-b OTopoHy HeapaBHJibHaro nyTii, Bna^aTb bt> 
rpixt, ysjicKaTbCH KopHcriH) hjih APy«6oft, a oH'b— HHKorAa! 
M(3o Haji'b Ka»cAUM'b HanajibHiiROM'b iiocTaBxreH'b ;i[pyro£i, crap- 
mifi Ha^ajibHHR'b, KOTopn^ BcerAa saM'&THTb h HcnpaBHTiK 
omnOKy MJia^niaro, ecjiH 6h Tanan cjiy^HJiacb. Bam'b CTapmitt 
Ha^ajibHHK-b — npe^cbAaTeJib Cbia^a, ero BHC0Ko6jiaropoAie Ap- 
KaAiift HeTpoBHH'b EoArypcKili. Borb owb. O^ieaKo, He AyMafixe, 
HToCi* offb 6Hjn> nocTaBJieH'b ajih Toro, ^to6h noompHTb BaniH 
KHflysH. JJjiH Hero, KaK^b h JiJisi mchh, BcaKoe pacnopHMtenie 
ero MJiaAHiHX'b TosapHiuef! CBaro! OmvL6oK'b 6HTb ne aoji«ho^ 
noTOMy ^rro hxT) OtiTb He Mo^erb. H TaK'b, eme pas-b hobto- 
pjiK), ^To BCHKoe ocjiymaeie, BC^Koe HenoBHHOBeme, boirIh 6e3- 
nopHAKH, poQOTb, acajioOH, HeAOBOjibCTBO A co^Ty sa OyHTb H 
6yAy Kapaxb o^eHb crporo. H ne nomaacy HHKoro: hh Corararo 
HH C^AHaro, HH rjiyuaro, hh yafHaro— aji^ mcha BCt paBHHl.. 

— Bame OjiaropoAie! — Ha'iaji'b maMKaromaM'b rojiocowb 
cTOHBmif! BnepeAH CTapHK'b, BocnojibBOBaBHiHOb MHHyrHOft nay- 
800:— BjiaroAapHM-b aa Ao6pHfl ptHH... J^aft TeCi FocnoAH yua 
H 3;a6poBbH... Tboh bojiothh cjioBa Aa nanieMy 6h Ha^ajibCTBy 
B-b yniH... TenepH^a BewjiK) OT^b nacx 0T06pajiH... SacTynacb, 
oren'b, sau^HTH... BoBce Haci> oOoKpaJiH nanaJibHHRH, xoTb 
yMHpali... 

— Mojihh! — BCUHXHyBb, 3aRpH^ajn> ryOepnaTopb:-— 3a 3Aa- 
Ria cnoBa a TeOa noA'b apecT'b nocaacy!.. Th saOHBaemb, cb 
K'hwb roBopHmb! AepsKHX'b cjioB'b a npoHSHocHTb ne noaBOJiio!.. 
Th CTapHRii H AOJiaceHT) noRasHBaTb npHMlipb, a th roBo- 
pHmb* RaRi> arHTaropb. TaR'b roBopaxb TOJibRO nbaHHUH h xy- 
AHe aioAH, aeAOBOJibHHe HeroAaa... Mojihh!.. Bu Bcfe aojkrhh 
noMHHTb saBtrb i^epRBH: BJiacTaw-b noBHHyftTecb... H MaroMerb 
TO ate caMoe roBopHjn>. IIoBTOMy bh ne AOJiacHH cjiymaTb 
CMyTbaHOBb H BJioHaMtpeHHHXb juoneHy OHH pasHOCHTb Kpa- 
MOJiy H ficejiaiorb paaBparb. CjiymafiTecb Bamero oxi^a, Bamero 
paA'bTejia, samero HaiajibHHKa, KOiopHfl, RaRb h BcaRaa BJiacTb, 
HcxoAHTb oTb Bora... H BHaro o Bamnx-b HecTpoeniax'b, o Ba- 
maxb HyacAax-b h npHAy R'b BaM-b na noMon^b. Bce, hto hobbo- 
aaerb saROHi, OyAerb cAtJiano. Ho homhhto, hto ccjih B'b 
Bacb He 6yAeTi> OaaroroB-fenia, iioRopHOCTH, npeAaHHOCTH h Tep- 
ntnia, ecjiH bh cxaneTe MexaTbca, RaR'b neofiyBAannoe cxaAO, 
BoanoBaTbca h Myxaxb Apyryxx, xo a Bacb sacxaBJiio yBaacaxb 
saROHb. H He noxepnaio HHRaRHX-b yKaoHenift oxb HopMajibHaro 
nopaARa!.. H BaM-b ne npeacHifl ryfiepnaxopbl.. HHRaRHX-b no- 
cjia6JieHili, HURaRHX'b noSjiaaceRb —Boxb moI! ACBHB'bl.. 3anacH- 
xecb xepntHieM'b h acAHxe. 



T H in H H A. 3S 

OH'B OCTaHOBHJICfl H CB MHHyTy MOJinaJIt. 

— IlepeAatlTe moh cjiobe BamHMi> OAHOijepeBeBi^aM'b h 
moMHHTe Hx-b caMH TBepflo, — Hanaji-B ohi* cHOBa. — IIoHajiH? 
CMorpHTe, He aaCHBallTe!.. MoHteTe lenepb OTBecTH HTb na Mi- 
cro, —npH6aBHjn> 0HT>, oOpamaacb k'B HcnpaBHHKy. 

P'hHh ryCepHaTopa 6ojibinHHCTBy hhhobhhkobi> o^eHb no* 
HpaBHJiacb, a HtKOToptie 6hjih npHMO b^b BocTopri. 

— DpeKpacHo, same npeBOCxoAnreJibCTBo! — roBopnji'b IIoj^- 
rypcKifl: — JlnsRo xopoiuol yAMBHTeJibHo!.. 

— Hto BaM'b noHpaBHJiocb? — oTBtHajiTb nojibmeHHHft ryfiep- 
HaTopT>.— C-b HapoAOM-b HaAO roBopHTb npocTO, rocnoAa. IIpo- 
CTO H CHJibHo. 3to npoH3BOAHTi> Bne^ai-TfeHie. 



nil. 

Ha Apyroft ACflb hhhobhhkh npeACiaBJiajiHCb rydepnaTopy 
B-b AOM* Kyni^a BesnajioBa. CoOpaBinncb b^b 6ojibinoft aajrb, 
yBtmaHHoU ojieorpa(|)iaMH bi* MaccHBHHX'b 30Jio^eHHXT> pa- 
Max'b, OHH yace Ooji'fee naca HSHHBajiH b-b TOMHxejibHOM'b ohch- 
AaeiH. Besiy saMeAJieHia npHHHTH Ohjih TOJibKo npeAcbAaxejib 
cbisiia HoArypcKili h BHHOKypeHHtitt saBOA^HK'b EoAfitjibCKifl. 

Hai) RaCHHeia AOHocHJiHCb no BpeMeeaMi) BspuBLi BeceJiaro 
CMibxa, cocTaBJiiiBmie ptaKitt h oCkjiruVl KOHTpacrb c^b i^apHB- 
mHM'B BB aaji'fe MorHJibHHM'b OeBMOjiBieMi*. ^epea-b aajiy yace 
He OAHH'b paa-b npoxoAHJi-b HHHOBHHK'b ocoOHXTb nopyTOHifl, 
HaAymeHHHfl h 9JieraHTHHfl mojioaoA ^ejioB'bK'b cb bhxojich- 

HHMH pyKaMH H TOHKMMH SaKpy^eHHHMH yCHKaMH. HpHlAypHB- 

niHCb, owb CeauepeMOHHo orjiaiibiBaji'b hhhobhhkobb, to^ho 
cTaAO saMopcKHX'b BBtpeJi, h, npoxoAa mhmo, HacBiiCTtiBajTb 
^TO-To Becejioe. 

^HOBHHKH CMHpHO H lepH'fejIHBO CHAtjIH, KaMCAyH) MHHyTy 

roTOBHe BCKOHHTb, Apyne, CTOH y oKHa, CMOTptJiH Ha yjiHqy, 
TA* lirpajio cojiHi^e h 6i^5KaJiH pyqbH no Aopor*. XoAHTb hh- 
KTO He piniajicH, roBopHjiH raenoioM'b, tohho bi> aom* 6um> 

TpyAHO OOJIbHOfl. 

— KorAa «e, HaKonei^B?.. ^oKyAosa?.. — menoTOM'b cnpamn- 
Bajii) aKtpiBHHfi flaa3HpaTeJib noAainoro HHcneKxopa:— Yace nep- 

BHfl naCb, a MH BAtCb Cb OAHHHaAUaTH. 

HHcneKTopb noatajil* njienaMH, BHpaacaa nojiHoe hcao- 
yM^Hie. 

— 8to npaMO, HaKOHei^B, HenpnjiH^Ho, — roBopHJUj Hjien-b 
•yAa TOBapHuy^ npoKypopa, — h 3To oh-b napo^Ho A^JiaerB, ^1x061 
jiOH3A'&BaTbaa... 

— /la... HTo TOJibKo y Hacb ji'hjiB.erca.l. 

Hs'b KaOHHeia BHmeji'b mojioaoA HHHOBHHK'b H cKaaaji'b: 
jifi 10. OTAtjTb I. 3 



34 pyOOKOB BOrATOTBO. 

— rocno^a aeMCKie Ha^ajiBHHKH, noHtaljiyflTe... Htot, Htrb, 
He BacB, rocno;ta, — npHOaBHji'B oht>, o6pamaacb k-b cyfleflcKHMii, 
BBM'bTHB'B Hxt OTHHteHie, — BH noTOMTb... H BH, Tocno^a, nOTOMl>, — 
CRasaji'L OETb, orjiflHyBmHCb Ha ocTajibHHX'B. 

JSficsiTh seMCKHX'L Ha^ajibHHKOB'b rycbKOMX, OAHH'B 3a iipy- 
THM'b, BomJiH Bi> KaOHHetb. HepeBi^ npHTBOpeHHHA ABepH 
nocjiHinajica ro-iocb ryOepHaiopa, KOTopua, o^eBHAHo, ^ep- 
McaJiij K'b HHM'b pi^b. MHHyrb Hepea-b ^BawaTb aeMCKie 
Ha'^ajibHiiRH, cb BecejiHMH npocUBmHMH jiHi^aMH, T'bMi> 3Re no- 
p^iAROM'b BepnyjiHCb bj^ aajiy. MojioaoA HHHOBHHK'b npnrjiacHJTB 

HX1> B'b CTOJIOByro. 

— Tenepb sama onepeAb, rocno^a, — cRaaajrb oH'b, o6pa- 
iii;aHCb Kb ocrajibHHM'b ^HHOBHHRaifb. — A Bu, rocnoAa seMqu 
H ropo^cRie, ocxaHbTecb... h bh, h bm... noAo^KAnre... 

B'b Ra6HHerb BomjiH cyAefiCRie, aRqHBHHii HaAanpaxeJib, no- 
AaTHOft HHcneRTop'b <yb noMoinHHROM'b, HHcneRTop'b napoAHHX'b 
y^HJinm-b, Ji-fecHHHia H Apyrie. Hepes'b MHHyTy on^iTb nocjiH- 
maJiCH roJiocb ryCepnaTopa. OH'b roBopHJi-b hto-to 6bicTpo, ptsRo 
H pasApaaceHHo, RaR'b-OyATO cepAHJica hjih na rofo-to RpH^ajTb. 
BApyri) rojiocb ero cMOJiR'b, h nponiJio MHHyrH AB'fe B'b BJioBt- 
mcM'b MOji^aHiH, noTOM'b oTBopHJiacb ABepb, H H3T> Hea nocntmHo 
BHniejn> Hjien'b cyAa, Becb RpacHHfi h HpesBH^aflHo bsbojiho- 
BaHHHfl; 3a HHM'b— TaKiemeRpacHHe, HaM-fenHBrniecH B'b JiHi^'fe,— 
ropoACROfl cyAbH, TOBapHm'b npoRypopa h, HeMHoro cnycra, 
ocTajibHHe HHHOBHHRH, pacTepaHHbie H CROH^y^KeHHHe. He ocra- 
HaBJiHBaacb h ne fjihah uo cToponaM'b, ohh HanpaBHjiHCb ri* 

BHXOjy. 

B'b aaJi'fe ociajiHCb TOJibRo ypaHMOB'b, ropoACRofl roJioBa, 
HJieHH ropoACKofi h seMCROfl ynpaBH h HtcROJibRo 'lejioB'bRb 

CJiyHCamHX'b. IIpOBOAHB'b BarJIHAOM-b ^HHOBHHROB'b, OHH 0% He- 

AoyM'feHieM'b neperjiHHyjiHCb h npoAOJiHcajiH CTOHTb MOji^a, B'b 
TpeneiHOM'b cosHaniH, hto Hx-b ceH^acb noaoByT'B. Ho hbi* Ra- 
CHHeia, rpoMRO pasroBapHBaa, BHmejn> ryOepnaTop-b cb IIoa- 

rypCKHM'b HoAO'feJIbCRHM'b H MOJIOAHifb HHHOBHHROM'b OCoOHX-b 

copy^enil!. He o6pan^aa BHHMaHia na oacHAaromwx'b, ohh nponum 
B'b cToaoByio, h xcjibRO MOJioAOft HHHOBHHR'b, saAepataBHiHCb 
Ha MHHyTy, cnaaaji'b: 

— Eujfi HeMHoro no;io;KAHTe, rocnoAa: ero npeBOCxoAHrejib- 
CTBO cefi^acb 6yAerb saBxpaKaTb. 

YpaHMOB'b, Cb OTHaaHieM'b B'b Aym'b, npHCtjITb R'b ORHy H 

B'b RaKOM'b-To oi^'feneH'feHiH craji'b cMoxp'tTb Ha yJiHi^y. „KaROft 
no8op'b! RaRoft cxuA'b!— AyMaJi'b OH'b: — ao RaRoro eni;e ynnate 
ma AOBeAeTb Mena cjiyacOa?"... 

CxojioBaa * HOM'bmajiacb paAOM'b, Asepn 6hjih pacTBopeHH, 
H oxryAa cjiHmajiHCb BBOH'b nocyAH, myM'b nepeABHraeMHXi^ 
cxyjibeB'b, mapRaHbe Hor'b h rojioca. Ho HacxynHBnieft xHmHHfe 



* 



T H m H H A. 35 

ypaHMOBT> aaKJiioHHJi'B, HTo rocHOfla cfejiH 3a CTOJTB... CnaHajia 
BHA^JTHJica TOjiBKo TOJiocB ryfiepHaTopa H KopoTKia penjiHKH 
HoArypcKaro, ho Majio no Majiy paaroBop'b cxaji-B oeii^HM-B. Mamn 
HanbHo npHCJiyraHBa^cb Kh TOMy, oto roBopHJiocb bi> ctojioboA 
ypaHMOBt BiipypB noHajiT*, ^to roBoparb o seMCTB-fe h o neMT) 
ypaHMOB*. 
I — 3eMCTB0...8T0Heji'bn'fefimift aflaxpoHHaMi*,— oTiexjinBO cjih 
raajica rojiocb ryOepeaTopa: — nepeacHTOK'b CTapHXT) aaOjiyncAeHija 
Oho msi nacb, KaK-b OijibMO Ha rjiasy, h h, npaso, ne Bnaio, 
^To MHt cii HHM'b fl-fejiaTb. YnpaanHHTb ero a He Mory: ci^ 
HHM'b noHeMy-TO Bce eme i^epeMOHaTca. OcTaeiCH o;^ho: no bob- 
MoacHocTH, corjiacoBaTb ero A'tfiCTBin cb namBMH BHjiaMH. 
KoHeHHO, Bch ynpaBH aojihchh CtiTb no HaBHaHefliio, a B;b co- 
CpaHiflx-b noMOHbrne nycrax'b paaroBopoBt... OiKpoBenHo roBopa, 
TaKT. HasHBaeMne MicTHHe A'b^iTeJiH, h fla»«e TaKie, KaK-b Bam-b 
npeKpacHHfl ypaHMOBi), mh* bT) bhcokoA CTenenn aHTHnaTHHHH: 
oHH HenaAemHH h yacb onenb KHHaTca cBOHM'b BHanieMi) m^ct- 

HHXTb yCJIOBifl... Borb Cb HHMH, Cb M-feCTHHMH JlJOJlbUK — OHH 
ESiWb He HySKHH... H AyMaK) aaM^HHTb HX-b HOBHMH, a TaKie 

yHce H ecTb na npHMtTfe... Enpo^OM-b, Bce 3to oT^acTH srb Bamnxi) 
pyKaxT), rocnoAa... ApKaAifl neTpoBH^ij, B'b;ib bh npeAcb^aTejib 
coCpaniH, cjitAOBaTejibHO— Tome aeMen.'b, — bh hto na 9to cKa- 
^KOTeV 

Hto oTBt^aji'b IIoArypcKifl, ypaHMOBT) He paacjiHrnajib. 
IIoBHflHMOMy, OH'b sacTynajicH 3a aeMCTBO. 

— X[oporH, Afti KOHeHHO, — CHOBa BaroBopHJi'b ryOepnaTop-b, — 

HO niKOJIH, Bl* OCOCeHHOCTH 3eMCKifl mKOJIM— BeCbMa COMHH- 

TeJibHu!.. y^HTejia, Bpa^H, cTaTHCTHKH, arpoHOMH H npo'iee, h 
npo^ee — Bce jhoam 6e3ycjioBHO HeOjiaronaAe^Hue. He na^o aa- 
CHBaTb, rocnoAa, hto na nepsoM'b njian'b ochobu rocyAapcTBa... 
ocflOBu, ocHOBH... Bco ocxajibHoe Hrpaexb TOJibKo cjiyHceOnyio 
pojib... BoTii ypaHMOBTj... H 3HaH)... Bfci oHeHb XBajiHTc ero... HO 
OH'b, Ka^KeTca, Hrpaer-b ABOftHyio nrpy, h npomjioe ero neOe- 
-aynpe^Ho... 

Ho TyTb npHTBopHJiH ABepb, H pasroBop-b nepecxaji-b finTb 
cjiHmeH'b. 

BjitAHHfi, ApoH^au^ifi ypanMOB'b nepeacHBajiTb My^HTejibHoe 
HyBCTBo cTBiAa, cTpaxa, xpenexa h xpesorH. OH'b yKpaAKOft bsfjih- 
HyjiT) Ha cBOHXi) cocjiyacHsn.eB'b, xaKHx^b sue 6ji'bAHbix'b m xpe- 
neni;ymHX'b, h xpncymnMHCH pyKaMH pascxernyji'b BoporflHRTb 
MyHAHpa. 

„3a Hxo? 3a hxo?" cripamHBaji'b OH'b ce6a h ne HaxoAHJi-b 
OTBtxa. — „3a tlo xpexupyex'b Mena 9T0X1> 3a3HaBmiflca h, o^e- 
3HAH0, y3KOJio6Ha HeroAaft?.. fl xpnAi^axb jitrb cjiymaji'b na- 
cejieHiK), cjiymHa'b, KaKi* yM'feji'b... a Baaio ero BAOJib h noiiepeK'b, 
H OHO Mena anaexx... PI Borb, aBHJica npHnie^iei^'b n CpaKyexTb 

3* 



86 P700K01 BOrATOTBO. 

MOe A'b^o... 8a TTo? Bo hma Hero?.. KaRa^ y6i{lCTBeHH&a 6e3CMHC- 
jiHi^a!.. • 

inyM'b OTOflBHraeMHX'B cryjibeB'B sacTaBejb ero oHHyibCJi. 
Ofl'b CHcrpo BcrajTB, npoBejit pyKoIt no JiHuy, KaKT>-6H cxapaacb 
OToreaTb otb ce6H HeHy^KEfua mhcjih, onpaBHJi'B na ce6'b Myn- 
AHpi> H BHTanyjiCH. B'b KOMHaTy bxootji'b ryCepHaTop-B ea 

CBHTOtt. 

— BoTB rocnoAHffB ypaHMOBi*, npeAcfeAaiejiB seMCKott 
ynpaBH, — CKaaajrb HoiirypcKia, npe^cTaBJiHa ryOepHaTopy 
ypaHMOBa. 

— ^aBHo cjiymHTe? — cnpocHJi'B totb, ho noAaBaa pyKH h 
He oTBtqaa Ha horjioh'b. 

YpaHMOB'B flCHblMl}, OTieTJIHBHM'b, HO CJiePRa ApOmaiUHATB 

roJiocoM'b OTB-feTHJiB, HTO AB'feHaAqaTb jrbrb cjiy^Hji'B no bh6o- 
paMt H BTopoe Tpexjitiie no HaaHa^eHiH) or'b npasHTejibCTBa. 

ryOepHaTopT* npHCiajibHo ocMaTpHBaji'b ero, cTapaacb npH- 
AaTb CBoeMy BsrjiHAy MOJiHienocHyi) npoHHii;aTejibHOCTb. 

— Tl^a,— cKaaaji'b oht*, — Kone^Ho, bh paac^HTHBaeTe h na 
cjrfeAyH)m;ee Tpexji'bTie? Xotji npeAynpeacAaH) Baci>, tto aioro 
Moacerb h He cjiy^iHTbca. y mchh ecTb cboh bhah. Si cHHTaiD 
npcApaacyAKOM'b, 6yAT0 jinsi seMCTBa nenpeMtHHo nysKHH m^ct- 
Hbie JiioAH... Hn^ero noAo6Haro!.. MtcTHwe jik)ah najionoABHacHH, 

HOBJiaCTH^HH H CJIHHIKOM'b OAHOCTOpOHHH. HyXtHtl HOBHfl, CB'h' 

msi CHJIH... Ho Bu MoaceTe mh* npzroAHTbCH juin Apyrnx'b 
r^tjiefi. ApKaAitt IleTpoBH^'B Aajib o Bacb o^enb jiecTHHft or- 

8HBT)... yBHAHM'b... C'b MOHMH BBFJIHAaMH BaCb KOpO^e 03HaK0- 

MHrb ApKaAiia neTpoBHi-b... Hy-cb, a bh, rocnoAa? HjieHH 
ynpaBH?.. Bnaio, BHaio... HaxoAHTOCb noKa B'b pacnopaacemH 
r. ypaHMOBa, a ns^wb nocMoipHM'b... KoTopnl! hbT) Ba(yb abo- 

pHHHHb? 

— ^ecTb HMtro npe:icTaBHTbca BanieMy npeBOoxoAHrejifc- 
CTBy, — mapKHyB'B HomKoll, na^aJiT) KopoO^-KopoOoBCKifi. 

ryOepHaTopT) oc^acTJiHBHjrb ero, npoTanyB'b Asa naJibqa. 

— Hy-cb... a TA'fe rojiosa?— cnpocHJii> oh-b, OTBopaHHBancfc 
OTB KopoG'b-KopoGoBCKaro. 

FoJioBa KpHKHyjiTj, TponyjTb ce6H aa bojioch h, BHCiynHB^ 

BnepOA'B, HH3K0 nOKJIOHHJCa. 

— JlflJimeKb cKaaaxB BaMi),— o6paTHJiGfl K'b HOMy ryOepna- 
Top'b, — HTo ropoACKoe xosaflcTBo y Bacb HS'b pyK'b boh'b njioxo.,. 
HtTB HH nopaAOHHHX'b (|)OHapefl, HH nopaAOHHHXB TpoTyapoB-B... 
Aoporn rpHBHH, yjiHi^H ysKH... Kpojit loro, bh Majio Aaete 
cpoACTB-B Ha coAepatanie nonHi^in, Me»cAy rhuii — na nepBOMt 
HJiaH'fe AOJisKOH-B 6HTb nop^AOKB, a noTOM'b yme ocB'feuiieHie « 
TpoTyapH... Hy-CB, a 9to? — cnpocHjiB owb, oCopa^iHBaacB itb 
BeMCKHM'b cjiymamHM'b. 

# — Bpa^'B HecM'feaHOBB, — pacmapKHBaacb h npiflTHO yjiH- 



T H m H H A. 37 

<JaHCb, npoHBHecL TojicreHBKitJ, pyMaHHft HeCoJibmoro pocTa 
rocnoAHHi>. — He fijiaroyroAHo jih 6y jxQTb Bameiiy npeBocxoAH- 
rejibCTBy oc^acTJiHBHTb cbohm-b nocfemenieM'B h o6peBH30BaTb 

3JlfkmE¥)T0 COJIbHHUy? 

ryOepeaTop'b cb nojiMHnyTH MOJi^ajTB, noToirb CEcasaJib 
ptsKO H crporo: 

— Hto MB* yroflBo nociTHTb h o6peBH30BaTL— sto He Bame 
]S^Oy HO Ka«AHfl flOJiateH*b 6HTb roTOB-b bo BCHKyio MHHyry ki 
Moet! BHesanaod peBHSis. 

— CeKpeiapb ynpaBH... TexHHKi)... BeTepHHapHHfl BpaHi>... — 
ix)BopHJrb ypaHMOB'b, npejtcTaBJiflH ry6epHaTopy CBOHX-b noA^H- 

HeHHKX'B. 

— Xopomo, AOBOJibHO, Cojibme ne nyMCHo,— nepe6Hjrb ero 
ry6epHaTop'b. — Mfffe ob BaiiH ne o newb roBopHXb, rocnoAa,— 
oGpaTHJiCH OHi* K'b cjiy^camHM-b: — Bh caMH aojihchh SHaib, ^to 
nepBHft Bami* Ha'iajibHHK'b npeAcfeaaxeJib (Tbisfla, a hotom-b 
y«e npeflcfejtaTejib ynpaBH. Orb cjiyjKamnx'b h npe»cfle Bcero 
TpeCyro ahci^hiuihhh h hhctoth HantpeHift... JIp cBHAanla... 

GnerKa KHBHyB'b rojioBo^, ryfiepHaTop-b OTHHyjica b'B co- 
cfcAHroio KOMHaiy, ta* AOHCHflajiHCb npocHxejiH, KOToptix'b, Bnpo- 
TLeMTi, Ohjio HOMHoro: KaKoil-io Kynei^'b cb MBAaJibK), crapymKa- 
^HHOBHHi^a B-b HepHOM'b JiwcTpHHoBoM'b njiaTbt, KaKoft-TO 6pa- 

BU^, BHCORiK My^HHHa BO (|)paR'k, Hapy^HOCTbK) HanoMHHaB- 

inifl myjiepa, h MepeacHHb. 

FyCepHaTopi noAomeji'b K'b Kyni^y. Torb hh3ko, b-b nosiab, 

HOKJIOHHJICH H CiaJl^b 'ITO-TO TOBOpHTb. 

— TpoM^e!.. He cjiHray!— KpHKHyji'b ryeepnaTopi. 

— CHH'b y MeHH, Bame npeBocxoflHrejibCTBo... flBaflqaTH 
OAHoro roAa... h kslkb, SHa^HT'b, npn yMajiemH a*JIi>... 

— 3to hto y Te6H Biy pyKax-b? Hpomeeie? 

— npomeHie, Bame npesocxoAHTeJibCTBO. 

— Xopomo, Aa^ cioAa!.. TeCt ^rro?— oCpaTHJica oH'b ki> cTa- 
pymK-b:— To^e npomeme? Xopomo... Ban-b? — cnpocHjrb OH'b ro- 
cnoAHHa 60 ({)paR'J^. 

— OxcraBHolt KOJiJie»ccKifl ceKpeTapb, ABopjfflHHb HjuiapioHb 
HnaioB'B TyjiynoBTj,— oneKaHHJTB totb, npaMo h cMtjio CMOxp^ 
B'B rjiasa ry6epHaTopy:— HMtro ^KOJiame BTopHrejiBHO nocTynHTB 
Ha rocyAapcTBeHHyro cjiyacOy, Bame npeBocxoAHxeJiBCTBo. 

— Ho^eMy Bb oTCTaBKi? 

— Ho AOMamHHM'B oficTOHTejibCTBaM'b, Bame npeBocxoAH- 
TejibCTBo... yBOJieffb no npomemro B'b 1897 roAy... B^b nacToamee 

BpeMH COCTOK) ^aCTHHM-b nOBtpeHHHM'b HpH CbtBA*. 

— K'hwh cjiy«HJiH? 

— Ha^ajiBHo ^OJIH^eflcKHM•b naASHpaTeJieMi), BnocjrfeACTBin 
ceKpeTapeM'b nojnmefiCKaro ynpaBjienia bt> IIprHHCKt. 

— Tenepb KaKyio cjiyac6y xothtg? ^ 



38 P70GS0B BOFATOTBO. 

— CranoBoro npHCTasa, hjih xotsl 6u ^uieHa seMCKOft ynpaBH... 
Bame npeBocxoAHTejiBCTBO. 

FyCepHaTop'B BonpocirrejibHo BsrjiHHyji'b Ha IIoflrypcKaro. 
ToTb, HaKJioeHBt rojiOBy, aaroBopHji'B: 

— fl, cb cBoeia cTopoHH, TaKHce xoflaxaflCTByK) nepejn> Ba- 
niHM'B npeBocxo;i[HTejibCTBOM'b... HejioB'bR'b npeAaHHUiK h na- 

— Xopomo. Bh noJiyHHTe Mtcro HJiena ynpaBH,— cKaaaji'b 
ry6epHaTopT>. 

5paBHi^ MyHc^HHa bo <|)paK']by otb'^chb'b noRJioH'B, iii;ejiRHyjiTK 
RaOjiynaKH h BHmeji'B. 

— Th? — o6paTHJica ryCepHaxopii k^ MepeHCHHy. 

— KpecTbHHCKifi noBipeHHHil MepeatHHX... cb flOKJiaflHOft 
BanHCKofl K-b BameMy npeBocxoflHrejibCTBy... XoAaTafltCTBo Moe^ 
saRjiioHaeTCH B^b cji'bAyioii^eM'b... 

FyCepHaTop'b Bztpyrb cHJibHo noKpacH'feji'b, Taicb hto aaate 
rojian rojioBa ero h men crajiH fiarpoBo-KpacHHMH, 

— MepextHffb... TOTb caMHa? — thxo cnpocHJi'b owb y IIoa- 
rypcKaro. 

— Jl% Bame npesocxoAHTeJibOTBo... tottb caMHfl, — nKme 
THXO oTBtTHJi'b HoArypcKitt. 

— HcapaBHHK'b!-— KpHKHyji-b ryCepHaTopi, h Ha jumh ero 
H8o6pa8HJiacb BHesanfio coap'&BmaH p'&niHMocTb. — J]|aTb axouy 
HejioB'feKy ABaAqaTb nHTb poaorii npH nojiimin!.. Hy-cb... Eme 

KTO? 

— Bojibine HHKoro, Bame npeBocxoAHxeJibCTBO. 

— H npeRpacHo. Tenepb ocMorpHM'b noacapHHtt oGos'b h 

TDpeMHUi^ 3aM0R7>. 



IX. 

Mepe^HHi) OTHeTjiHBO h hcho cjinmaji'b pacnopH;KeHie ry- 
CepHaiopa: „AaTb AsaAqaib naxb po3ori»", ho ne Morb noHHTb 
ero CMHCJia. On'b BHA'bJi'b, RaR'b noCji'&nn^ji'b IIoArypcRiS, Rau'b 
pacTepaJicH HcnpaBHHR'b Hy RaR'b cxpaHHo noxynHBrnncb, ctoxjih 
soMCRie HanajibHHRH, ho TaRHce ne Mori* noHHTb npn^HHH 
9Toro. 

— IIoftAeMTe!— MHFRo CRaaaJi'b eMy HcapaBHHR'b, h OH'b.no- 
RopHO nomeji'b aa HHSi'b, ne coaaaBaa roro, hto A'feJiaerb. 

Ha yjiHu* OHH cfcjiH na HSBoa^HRa h RyAa-To noixajiH. 

— KyAa MH ti^eMx?— cnpocHJi'b fiji^AHuft, RaR'b cMepib, 
Mepe^cHH'b. 

— iiiy nojiHi^iK),--OTB'b^aji'bHcnpaBHHR'b, — RyAa-Mci> 6ojibmet* 
Sa^'bM'b? 

HcapaBHHR'b no^cajTb njienaMH h nepBHo pascM'J^JicH. 



T H ID H H A. 39 

— Bh cjiHinajiH pacnopHmeme ea'^aJibHHRa ry6epBiH. 

— KaKoe? 

— Offb «CH0 cKaaaJi'B. CoMHiHia CbiTb He MOJKen>. H jion- 
XLewh HonojiHHTB npHKasanie, ee hm'&k) npasa He HcnojiHHTb. 

„KaBoe pacnopnaceHie? '^ew'bOfl'B roBopmrb?** flyiiajTB Me- 
pejKHH'b, HO He QM'hjTb noHeify-To nepecnpocHTB. Co cTpan- 
HOK>, noHTH HeecTecTBeHHOD oTieTjiHBocTBD BHitH'i^HCb oMy aa 
ropoACRHMH oropoAaMH AaJibHiH aojiH, yse Ha^^HHaBmifl sejie- 
ffbib, CjiecTfcBmifl na cojiHi^t Kynojn> i^epKBH cejia KpacHoe 
Ilojie, pasjiHB'b p'bRH, a 3a hhitb Jiyra, Ji'i^ca h rojiyOan jimhIa 
AaJieRHX'b ropi)... H RaRi) owh 6ujm npeRpacHu, mhjih^ jiacROBU 
»TH ropa, TO'iHO owb B'b nepBHt! paax BHA'hji'b HX'b RpacoTy! 

— HofloacAHTe, — CRaaajn* HcnpaB^HRij, Ror^a ohh bohijih bi> 
nycToe npHcyxcTBie nojiHi^ettcRaro ynpaBJieniH cb nopTpeTOM-b 
rocy;^apa h BepuajioMT) na CTOjrfe, noRpbrroM'b RpacHHM'b cyR- 

HOlTb Cb 30J10THMH RHCTOMH, H 0B.M1> Ry^a-TO CKpKJIW!. 

^Hto TaRoe? B-h Heifb a^o?" — Becb xpenema h zojioaIva, 
MamimajibHo noBxopaji'b MepescHH'b h CTajii) ^HxaTb pasB'^mea- 
HKH no crJbHaifb o6i>HBJieHifl. 

— HueMTe! — OKJiHRHyjTb ero BepHyBuiiflCH HcnpaBHHRT>. 

— KyAa? 

— HOTTe, HAHTe!.. Efl-6ory, mh* caMOMy aro o^eHb ne- 
npUTHo. 

Ohh BomjiH B'b RaRyi>-TO rpHSHyio nojiyxeMHyK) ROMHaxy, 
nponHxaenyK) nacRBoab sanaxoM'b rnnjiH, ^enoB'buecRaro noxa 
E HaxopRH. Sa'^cb HaxoAHJiHCb xpH cxpa^HHRa H o6pocmit! BO- 
jiocaMH 8AopoBeHHH{l pu»cill MyHCHR'b. no CpeAHH']^ CXOHJia 
CKaiibfl, npHRpHxan rpaBHOfi napycuHofJ, noAJi'b nea JieTRaaH 
aRRypaxHO cjioaceHHHe nyHRH poaorb. 

— Box-b! — -cRaaaa'b HcnpaBHHR'b, oOpamaacb Ri cxpaHCHH- 
Kaucb. 

MepencHffb ahro orjianyjica. 

— Hxo 8X0 BHaHHTb?.. Bu ciy yMa comJiH?..— xpnnjio npo- 

rOBOpHJTb Offb. 

Orpa^HHRH H MyaKHR-b HepiinHxeJibHO MajiHCb h RaR-b-xo 
eoKOM-b, Rpa^yHHCb, npHflBHrajiHCb R'b HeMy. 

— Bh ^eroV.. ^ero.. — saAHxaach h naxaob Hadajn>, B'b 
y3R8L&k 3a6opMOxajrb MepeacHH-b: — Mena?.. Hxo?.. KaR'b?.. Hxo 
xaRoe?.. 3a hxo?.. 

— IIofiMHxe, a floJiaceH-b HcnojiHHXb pacnopaaceHie,— yMO- 
jtaiomHM'b roaocoM'b npoMoaBHJi*b HcnpaBHHR'b. — BepHxe! Hero 
raasa BHJiynHJiH?--BApyr'b sBtpcRH saRpH^aji-b owb na cxpaiK- 

HHROB'b: — HopXOBH A^TH, AbaBOJIH, HOAaeoH!.. 

Tb ABHHyaHCb na MepeacHHa Bcfe paaoM'b, ho oH^b ci> ne- 

OatHAaHHOll CHJIOU H npOBOpCXBOM'b OXOpOCHJTb OAHOFO R'b CXfeHi . 



40 pyOGKOR BOFATCTBO. 

flpyroro y^apHJit KjrjiaKOM'b bt> rojiosy. PHHtia MymnKt h Tpe- 
Tifl cTpaHCHHK'B OTHiaTHyjiHCb Hasa^'b. 

— Bepn!.. J^epatn!.. — ahko aaopajit HcnpaBHHK'B, sBipta k 
npHxoj^fl BT> 6'hmeEuli dRcras'B. 

Bch HeTBepo CpocHJincb na Mepe^KHsa, ho ohi* sau^u^ajicji 
OT^ajiHHo. MHayTu jxb^ npoAOJiHcajiacb 6opb6a, HaKOHeA'b er% 

GMHJIH H, CTyRHyBl) FOJIOBOt! Rpati CKaMbH, nOBajIHJIH Ha nOJTB. 

PfiiHtifi MyacHK'b chjiiy eMy na rojioBy, ^oe cTpasKHHKOB'b Ha 
Horn. 

— ycapaft cKaMeftKy!.. Jliinift!.. Ha nojiy oxAepeMi). 
MepeacHH'b xpHn']ijn>. ^HKift, y»acHHfi aarjiymeHHHfl KpHKi, 

noxo3Kift Ha peBTb MCHBOTaaro, npop'feaaji'b BOSAyx'b h Tox^acrb 
«Q npecfeKCH... HcnpaBHHKTi, cxBaTHBiiiHCb3arojioBy,BH64acaji'b 

1L^'h ROMHaTU... 

B-b TOTb 5Ke AGHb Be^epoMij KoJiocoB'b OHJinb y ByjiaTOBHrb. 
3jsfbch jme 6ujih aeMCRifl Bpannb HecM'&flHOB'b, cy^eCHHtt cjrh- 
AOBaxejib, iioAaTHoK HHcneRTop'b h aRUH3HuA HaasHpaxejib. To- 

BOpHJIH oGl) 06'hjl'b, yCXpaHBaeMOMT) HyAHOBCRHMT) oOmecTBOBfb 

ryOepnaTopy, h o caMOMTb ry6epHaTop'h. FyeepnaTopa xBajiHJiH 

BCi BTi OAHH'b rOJIOCb. 

— 3to hmchho rySepnaTop-b! — ^BoaCy^aeHHo roBopnji'b He- 
cifbHHOB'b. — IIpoHHi^aTeJieH'b, CHCTp'b, piamTejieH'b, a rjiaBHoe 
i^iflHTb jiK)Aen. 

— OflT) Bacb BceTaRH HeMHO»ceHRO cpiaajTb? — sairfeTHJiTb, 
yjiHfia^cb, ByjiaTOB-b. 

— JSjBL, Aa... HO A caM'b BHHOBarb: BHcynyjica HeRcxarH... 

HtO A'^JiaTbl He npZBUK'b Ch BHCOROnOCTaBJieHHHMH JIHI^aMH... 

Ho CojibHHi^ea OHT) ocTajicfl AOBOJien-b, xBajinji'b h jsfiime 6Jia- 
roAapHJi-b. 

— flparoi^'feHHaH ^epTa, tto owb ne nepenocHirb RJiayai) h 
He npHHHMaerb AOHOcoB'b... 9to (JjiaropoAHo,— saM'bTHJi'b HH- 
cneRTop'b.— OhT) cTporb, HO npaMTj h, TaR-b cRaaaxb, cnpaBeA- 

JIHBIj. 

— H rjiaBHoe — pimHxejieH'b. 

KojiocoB-b GtiJTb He Bi) Ayx* H MOJi^aji-b, yrpioMO npncjiy- 
niHBaiicb R'b pasroBopy. 

— Ho Oojibme Bcero mh* noHpaBHJiocb, RaR'b oh* pacnpa* 
BHJicH cb MepeHCHHHM'b,— cRaaajTb ByjiaTOBT>:— 3T0My MOJiOAi^y 
AaBHO cji-feAOBajio nonpnacaxb xBocxb. Hto ero aafipaROBajiH Bb 
•eMCTB*, TaR-b oHb Tenepb, RaR'b coGaRa: BC'fex'b ct'bcTb roTOB'b. 
H'fcTb, Apyrb Mon, BHAHO oTomJia nopal SnaiD h, RaR'b oHb 
npeHCAe hoct> aaAHpaji-b: a HJien'b ynpaBH, h noneTHHti MHpo- 
Boil cyAbH, H TO, SI ce... HojiyrpaMOTHHtt MyHCHR'b, ^epeBo— h a«a- 
Koe BHcoROM'fepiel.. A lenepb, Borb, ae yroAHO jihI.. Xe, xe, xe!.. 
HoRaaajiH KysbRHHy Maxb!.. 

— HAa-ci>... xenepb no^emexca... 



T H in H H A. 41 

— ry6epHaTop'b cpasy onpeA*JiHJi'i> h nponacajii^ pimeHie: 
Ha! nojiynaft!.. 

— IIojiomHMi), OHO HeaaKOHHO, ho aa to cnpaBeAjiHBo. 

— HCMT) BH roBopHTe, rocHOAa? Hto c;ttjiajiH ci> Mepe- 

«HHHM1>? — CnpOCHJlTi KOJIOCOBT). 

— A BH pasBi^ He cjiHxajiH?.. O^eHb HfiTepecno!.. IIoJi'fca'B 
OHt Kh ryOepnaTopy cb KJinyaaMH... lenepb aio ero caei^iajib- 

HOCTb... 

H HecMfe^HOB-b, 3axJie6HBaflCb oi-b BocTopra, cTajii> pascKa- 
«HBaTb. KojiocoBT) cjiymaji'b h Bce Oojibme h CoJibme fiji^AHijii. 

— H BH oAoCpflexe 9to? — Me;tJieHHo npoHSHecb oh-b, rjisiflfl 
Ha HecMiHHOBa noieMH'bBniHMHTrjiaaaMH. 

HecM'bHHOB'b BaBepiincJi. 

— He o^oOpHK) — H36aBH Bor-b! H, Boo6me, npoTHB^b T&iec- 
HHX'b HaKaaaHil!, a roBopro tojibko, ^to nano 6hjio npoy^HXb... 

— 3a HTo?.. OnoMHHTecb... HcT^aaTb nejioBiKa 3a no^aHHoe 
nponieHie!.. 

— JXdL Kor^a npomoHie HBHan nenyxal— BCTyoHJiCH Byjia- 
T0Bi>. — He BHaexe, a TOJKyeTe!.. On-b Ba^yniHJi'b cbohmh KJiiiy- 

^aMH, BC'feM5> Ha^tO'fejI'b... 

— KjiaysaMH?.. KaKHMH?.. Bh SHaeie, hto »to imayaa?.. 

— KoHe^HO, BHaeM'b... EpyH;^al HeocHOBaxejibHaH neayxa!.. 

KpiOHKOTBOpCTBOl.. 

— HycTb laK-b, HO Hey^cejiH 8a bto... Ax-b, ^xo xojibKO- bh 
roBopHxe!.. ^a h xohho jih nenyxa? Kxo cyAbH?.. HoneMy .bh 
BHaexe?.. 

KojiocoBT), Becb KpacHHfl, ropaHHJicH Bce Cojibme h Oojibme. 

— CxHAHxecb, rocnoAa!.. HExejijinreHTHHe jiioah, cb ynn- 
BepcHxexcKHM'b oCpaaoBanieM'b... ^o nero bh AoniJiaV.. 9io oot- 
^aHie KaKoe-xo!.. 

— HoAHxe bhI BaM-b jiobko paacyMtiiaxb, a nonpo6yflTe-Ka 

«aMH CB BAaKHM-b MHJIOCXHBHMTb TOCyZiapeM'b... Ofl'b ^OpXli 

8HaeTi> Hxo nHniexi>... Ecjih B^pnib eny, mh Bcfe aaicb mo- 

meHHHKH. 

— A Hxo me! Ecjih ne MonieHHHKH, xo yKpHsaxeJiH. 

— HopxT> BHaexii... OKpecxHxecb KpecxoM-b! Bh saroBapn- 
Baexecb... HoHHTajiH 6h bh, hto oh-b nHniexT>... 

— H-To HHTajii)... K8iRT> pasTb TO caMoe, Hxo noflaBajTb offb 
ryCepnaxopy. 

^ Hy, II ^rro ate? 

— npeKpacHO H btj BHCOKOft cxeneHH cnpaBeAJiHBo... JIfi bm 
* caMH 3Haexe, hxo cnpaBeziJiHBo... 

— Mh He HHxajiH, kslkt* naMB BHaxb? 

— T'feMT> xyme!.. OxKyAa me name o3Jio6jieHie? 

— Mh B0o6me... 



42 PyOOKOl BOrATOTBO. 

— M BooCme H yG^HCAeHX, ^to roBopHTb h nncaTb ohi> mo- 
sneTb TOJibKo npaBAy. 

— 0-ro-roI.. 

— HoTOMy HTo offL npeKpacHHf!, hccthh^ h yMHHft nejio- 

BtK-B!.. 

— Xo, xo, xo! — aaxoxorajTb ByjiaioBij: — XfiaTHJii)!.. 
OcTajiBHHe TO^e sacai'&HJiitcb RaRHMT>-To >ibho npeyBejizHen- 

— Jldi BHaeTe jih bu, kto ohts? Bop-B!.. Ohh cb noKOflHHH- 
Kowb HBaHOMi) HsaHH^eM'B xopomo opyj^oBajiH, KaRi* bii CHji'b 

6UJIH... 

— 3T0My H He Btpro. 

— He BipHxe? 

— BesycjioBHO He Bipio. 

— Fm-b... axT), BH MJia^enei^'B!.. JSfl, axaKHX'B HcyjiHKOB'B, KaK-B 
MepeacHHii, noHCKaTb... Ecjih 6h ne »cyjiHK'B, to neymejiH me 
MH... Borne MOfl!.. ^a mh 6h HHKorAa... ^a botb, HanpHM'bp'B, 
xoTb TaK0]tt cjiy^afi... 

H HecM'fcflHOB'B Ha^aji-B o'lenb othhho paBCKasbreaTb KaKy»- 
To TCMHyio HCTopiK), Bi* KOTopofi Mepe^HffB, 6yOT0-6H, Hrpaji-B 
nepByK) pojib. 

— He BtpK), — CKasajiii KojiocobT): — Bh hto-to ohohb ciiyT- 
Hoe paacKasajiH h, b^po^tho, hb'b ^eciiTHx-B pyK-B... H HMeeHO 
Baiii* a He B^pio, BaM-B, rocnoAa... 

— HyAaK'B BH, eft-6ory!. 

— Bh MepTBHO Tpynn... Bh paOn, b-b BacB nirb nejioB*- 
^ecKaro flocTOHHCTBa, 3% atHJiax'B Banrnx-B Toner^ xojioAHan 
pH6ba KpoBb... ^a HTo! Ct* BaMH paaroBapHBaTb — to me, hto 
Boay TOJio^Tb!.. Hoprb cb BaMn!. 

KojiocoBT) cxBaTHJTB mjiHny h, ho npomaacb, ymeJi'B. 
HpHfla A0M0fi[, owb cnpocHJi'B npo MepeacHna, ho Toro ho 
6hjio AOMa CB yTpa. He noHBHJXca oh-b h na cjiiAyiouaiitt aohb. 



X. 

JlfiB TpH cnycTH npHmejiTb b-b Honepa oneHb fiiAHo offbTHfi 
MajibHHKX Jiirb coMH H uepeAaji'B KoJiocoBy sanHCKy, fa* 
6hjio Hai][apanaHO KapaHAameMx: 

„Bora paAH, npHAHre na MHHyTKy noBHAaTbca co MHoft. 
Baofl, noAaxejib cero, Bacb npoBOAHTX. MepeHtHHi>". 

— Th orb MepeatHHa? — cnpocHJi'B MajibHHKa Kojiocob'b. 

— He BHaro,— OTBtHajiTb totb, BHBopa^HBaa hb-b ^ypajKKH 
pBanyro noARjiaAKy. 

— Kto Te6a nocjiaji'B? 

— He BHaio. 



T H m H H A. '46 

— BapHHi>? 

— Htrb. 

— KtO SR-b OH'b? 

— MyacHK'b KaKoft-TO... HeaHOM'b naBJihi4ein> soByrt. 

— FA'fe-JK'B OH'b? 
""" t7 MaMKu* 

— Tjifk MaMKa HtHBerb? 

— B'B cjio6o;iK'b. 

— Hy, BCAH MOHa. 

MajibHHKt noBejii> KoJiocoBa ysKHM'B nepeyJiKOMT> no ospary 
MexcAy oropoAaMH. Bhjio tcmho. Ha He6i ciajiH SB'feBaH. HaA'b 
ropHBOHTOMi) BcxoAHJia Kpacnaa jryna. TenjiHa, npHHHa Becen- 
Hia B03Ayxi> 6hLjrh HenoABH«eHi>. Fa'I^-to AaJieKo CKpHnijH* ko- 
jioAeBHHft acypaBJib, s-b ropoA* JianjiH co6aKH. OiKyAa-TO nano- 
CHJio AHBiROMX. Ha j^a'h oBpara acypiajia BOAa. 

— Kro TBoa MaMKa?— cnpocajii> KojiocoBb. 

— MaTpena. 

— ^tMi) oHa saHHMaeTCfl? 

— Fyjiflerb. 

— KaK'b ryjiacT-b? 

— TyjiamHaH ona... BAosa... KorAa cTHpaeica, KorAa hojih 
Moerb, KorAa ryjiaerb. 

— H uhefTbl 

— Uhevh 3A6poBO. 

— A MepeHCHETb y Bacb aa^tM-b? 

— HSB-feCTHO, BaH'fcM'b. 

— Hy, oAHaKo? 

— nepyeT-b... Tpexitt AOHb ywcb. 

MHEOBaB-b oropoAH, nomjiH ^KycTapsHKOM'b, orb KOToparo 
naxJio Rp'bnKRM'b h cjiaAKHM'b sanaxoMi) pacnycKaBoie^cfl 

JIHCTBH, nOAHflJIHCb HO TpOaHHK* BT* TOpy H O^yTHJIHCb HepCA^B 

crapHMi) noRocHBniHMca aomomii c^b sanepTHMH cxaBSHMH. 
HsHyrpH AOHocHJicfl cMyTHbifl ryji-b rojiocoB'b, cMtx^b h ntnie. 
MajibHHKTb nocTy^ajicfl B'B okho, h kto-to TOT^acb »ce otb"- 
pHjix ABepH. Hepea-b MHEyiy ohh OHyxHjiHCb B-b TeMEHx-b ci^- 
BHX'b, Ch BanaxoMi) fhhjih h nJi-^coHH. 

— CioAa, CR)Aa noHcajiyfitie, — roBopHJib ^encKiia: o^enb ji. - 
CKOBHfl rojiocb. — He ymHOHrecb, tcmho... HoAOHCAHTe, cnn^Ky 
Baacry... CBtHKa 6b[jia rA^-To, Aa saTepajiacb... 

BcDpuxHyjia cnn^Ka, h KojiocoB-b yBHAiJiB aceHmHHy B'b 
KpacHOM'b HapHAHOM'b capa(j[)aH'&, noRa3aBinyK)CH eMy MOJiOAOft 

H RpaCHBOfl. 

— TyTi> jitcTHHi^a, He ocTynzTeob, — roBopuJia ona, oiBopaa 
raacejiyi) cKpHnyHyro Asepb. 

RojiocoB'b BomeJi'b B'b HeocBtmeHHyio TicHyro upHxoHcyH), 
CKOJioHeHHyE) H3X AOCORi*. B'b MHoroHHCJieHHHa mejiH nepe- 



44 pyOOKOB BOrATOTBO. 

TopoiiKH npoCflBaJiCH apmPi CB'bTB. KojiocoBa o6AaJio myMOMt 
rojiocoB-B, aanaxoMT. AyxoB^, uyjxpu, nnna h KyxoHHaro HMa. 

— IIoBBOJibTe najibTo... Ciozia noacaJiyflTe. 

FjiaaaMT) KojiocoBa npeAcraBanca aobojibho 6ojibinoft, apKe 

OCB^meHBHtt BaJIt Cb HpKHMH 06OHMH H KHCeftHHMH BaHaB'fec- 

RaMH Ha oKHaxi), HanoJieeHHHd: HapflAHHAiH ^eHiii;nHaMH, o^'j^- 
THMH B'B iipKie, necTpue koctbomh. JKenmiHHH 6hjih mojiohh h 
KpacHBn; oat BeceJio yjiH6ajiHCb, xo^hjih napo^KaMH, oOhab- 
mHCb, CH^i'fejiH, CTOfljiH... UocpejiviE'h KOMHaTEJ, najt^aBT* iio^'b 
ce6a Honi, na KOBp'b no TaTapcKH cimfbjrb Mepe^cHH'b. nepeAT> 

UViWh Ha MaJieHbKOBfb, HHBKOM'B CTOJIHKt CTO^JIH OyTHJIKH Ch 

HanHTKaMH, BaKycKa h cJiacTH. Ont 6HjrB, o^eBHAHO, uhnwbi 
KpaceH-b, pacTpenaH'b; oOHJibHutt norb cTpyHJica no ero JiHi^y, 

BOJIOCH 6HJIH MOKpH. 

— IIpHniejn>! — panocTHo BaKpn^aji-b owh, yBHA'tBt Kojio- 
<50Ba: — npnnieji'b, He noOpearoBaji'b, — cnacn6o!.. Ilepe^'b BaMH 
HejioB-feKTb BO BceikTb cBoGMb 6e3o6pa3iH... IIpocTHTe, XpHcxa 
paA0^... JSfi^Te Bamy pyKy... BOT'b TaK'b!.. 

Owh cxBOTHJTb pyKy KojiocoBa h noi^'kuoBaji'b. 

— CnacHfio!.. HH'iero, HH^ero, ne cMymatlTecb... PeKOMCH- 
jsy¥> — Bce MOH npiHTejibHHt^H... A 3to, mhjihh A'feBHqH, Hejio- 
B'bK'b... HacTOHn];ia, He naM^ ^eia... eapHH-b, ho cb Aymoa, cb 
orneM'b, cb cepAi^eMi?... On-b Mo^erb Bce paBCKaaaTb, kslkb h 
^To... CaAHTecb, caAHiecb croAa, na KOBep'b... IlycTb offfe nose- 
jiHqarorb nacb... IIoJOTb oh* Bce CTapHHHHa pyccKia nicHH, a 
H njia^y... Eft-6ory, pesMa peBy— aa cepAi^e xBaTaeTi*... 3to, 
B^Ab, Bce naniH A'bBymKH AepeBencKia... Bce KpacHonoJibiiH... 
Aa... Oxii-xo-xo!.. BoTb no KaKOtt AopoHCK* noniJiH... Hto a*- 
Jiaxb! HCKyAa A'bTbca... Ho ceroAHa mh BA'fecb oahh... HHKoro 
He nycKarorb... H BAtcb nojiHHtt xoBanmb h aa Bce njia^... 
Hy, npocTHTe Mena... J^-feByniKH, Ban-feBanxe. 

fltBHi^H, npuMOJiKniia 6hjio npn bha* HeBHaKOMaro, Tpea- 
Baro H, BHAHMO, yrpioMaro tocth, aameBejinjiHCb. 

— ^ero ntib-iy, HBaH-b HaBJiHi'b, ne BnaeM-b. 

— Hto xoTHTe, TOJibKO TaKoe, hto6h cepAT^e pnajiocb. 
/I^'feBymKH nonienraJiHCb h BApyr-b Ban'tjin: 

— Th-h, poAHMa Mo-oa Ma-a-ManbKa... 

San'kjiH TaK'b Moryne h cipoKno, hto Kojiocob'b BB.apornyji'b •t'b 
HeoHtnAaHHOcTH. 3to 6hjio TaK'b HaatiBaeMoe cBaAeOnoe BHTbe, 
KorAa HeBtcra npom;aeTca cb MorepbH). OT^aame, yatacb h 

-CKOpGb 6HaH BHpa^eHH H B'B MyBHRt, H B'B CJIOBaX^b. 

MepeHCHffb, o6xBaTi!B'b pyKaMH rojiosy, Tpacca otb pHAanitt. 

— BapHH-b,.. MHJIHfi GapHH'b... MHJlHtl HBaH'b HwKOJiaHH'b, — 

aaroBopHJi'b OHb, KorAa npeKpaTHJiacb nicna, h cjiobh py^baMH 
TeKJiH no ero JiHi^y. — SaryjiaJii* a... Bannjrb... Heabsa nna^e, 
'HejibBa, — npHOaBHJTb oHb ho^tth menoTOM'b n nocMOTp'feji'B na 



T H m H H A. 45 = 

KoJIOOOBa TaKHMH TpeSBHMH, TERHMH FJiyOORO CK0p6H£IMH TJia- 

8aMH, HTO y Toro aaxoJioHyjio cepAue.— Hejib3a... GaM-b He aaaio, 
^PTO CO MHOtt A'fe^aexcH... nponaji'b a... 

Ohii ynojiKt h CTajTB njiaxKOMT) yxapaTb MOKpoe ot^> C5jie3i> 

— fl HepBb, a paO-b! — onnxb saroBopHJTB OH'b:— H'feT'b bo MH-fe 
Hy»cecTBa h 3jio6h... H napin, h bck) ^H3Hb cbok) npecMH- 
KaJiCH... Mymni^Ritt chht>, chsI) pa6a, KOioparo nopoJiH npHKad- 

HHRH, 06HpaJlH CraHOBHe, ROXOpn^ BCH) :KH3Hb XOAHJI-b 8a 

coxofl bt* jianxflx'b h nocKOHHOfi pyCaxt, tji'b nepHHtt xJitG-b h 
no rpoinaMT> KonaJi'b KyCHinKy... acHjn>, a K'b ^eMy MCHJi-b?.. 
Boxi> H a... MeHH BHnopoJiH, KaKi* CKOxasy... h ^xo ace?.. Menn 
pa3AaBHJiH, yHH'ixoHCHJiH, OTHHJIH y Meaa see, a a?.. PasBt a 
j6E3rb ero? PasBt a oxBt^aji-b na ocKopOJieHie? OxoMCTHJTb aa 
noaopii?.. RhThl h no6t5Kaji"b Cb ;Kajio6ott kt* npoKypopy... K'b 
xoBapHu^ npoKypopa BoeBOACKOMy... JKajiKaa XBapb, HeroAHaa 
xpaoRa!.. 

— PaacKaatHre, KaRi) 3xo cjiy^Hjiocb. 

— Tfla«e.iio paacKasHBaTb... HenepeHocHo... npoTHBHO. . ho 
H3B0Jibxe... /lI'bBHUH, He myMHTe... yAajiHiecb na BpeMii bo sHyi- 
peHHie noROH... KaR-b mchh zipajia — He noMaio, noioMy hto bo 
BpeMH 6opb6u MeHH y^apHJiH rojioBoft o6b nojib h orjiymiiJiH, 
a noxoMii nojiHi^eftcKifl BHaiH6ajio, aojihcbo 6tirb, Hacxynmi'b 
MH-fe Ha rojioBy canoroM^... BnAHxe, hto y Mean... 

H, oxKHHyB-b BOJiocH, oH^b noKa3ajii> Ha bhcr* saneRinyioca 
pany h orpoMBHtt cHHHRb. 

— a oHHyjicH y^Ke b-b RyiysR-fe, Ry^a Mena aanepjiH, aojihcho 
6HTb, HcnyraBiHHCb 3a moh) acasHb. IIpHXOAaJi'b (|)eJibAinep'b, ao 
a ero npornaji-b... H CbiJi'b, RaKTb noM-femaHHUfl... Bx RyxysR-fe 
npoAopjKajiH MOHH Ao Benepa, a xaMb oxnyciHJiH. IIepBUMi> 
MOHM'b ABBMcenieMTb 6hjio atajioBaxbCH, h a noOtHtaji'b K'b npo- 
Kypopy. y Hero (5hjih tocth, ho BceiaKH oai* Meaa npnaaji'b. 
Caanaaa ne xoxifcji'b Btpaxb, noioM'b cKaaaji'b: „IIoAOMtAiixe, 
naAo cb^BAHXb R'b ryGepnaxopy"... fl ocxajica MCAaxb... nero? 
CaM'b He BHaio... Hxo mh* Mor-b Aaxb npoRypopi)? PasBt Morb 
oHb Bepnyxb mh* moh) acHSHb?.. Ho a xorAa eme ne nonHMaji^b 
axoro. Bepnyjica npoRypopii cxpaniHO paacxpoeaaHtt: Aocxajiocb 
eMy ox-b ryCepaaxopa aa op-fexn: Kpa^aJiT* na nero h Aaate xo- 
naji^b HoraMH... HMtroxca, MOJi-b, oco6Ha nojiaoMonia, h ohT) hh- 
Koro He OoHXca... „Hepy, Koro xo^y**... Jlia-cb, Boxb RaR'b... 
IIpoRypop-b coB'bxoBaji'b CpocHTb A'feJio. Bnpo^eMi*, roBopnx^, 
HaanaiHxe BaaBJienle, a a^^^ 6My xoai*... H a naancaa'b... 
Boxi> H Bce... 

Oh'b noMoaHaji-b, ycxaBHBOiHCb rjiasawn B"b OAay xo^Ry, no- 
xoMTi xpaxayjib BOJiocaMii, xo^ao oxroaaa on> ce6a RaKia-xo 
MucJiH, aanojiHHji'b pioMRH H CKa3aji'b: 



4 6 pyCCKOB BOrATGTBO. 

— MHjiHfl... BHnbeMi),.. Borb 9T0tt KafianKoft jxpunn... Hh 

KOHbiJKy, HH BOHKH A HHTL He MOry, OTpOflHCB HC HHBaJI'b... a 
BOTL BHHIHeBKH... OXTb, XO, XOl.. H BCCb pasGHTb, SyJUa y MGHfl 

paaCHia... Bt^b, a B-fepyjomRMTb fiKJiib... Jlja... Bce Kh Hopry!.. 
Both, oet noiorb, a h AyMaio: btj aTOMi> BHTb* Bca pyccKa^ hcto- 
piA... Cedpa^ocTHaH, 6e3npocB'bTHaH... Mej TOJibRO bujih, a^ njia- 
KajiH, Aft HcajiOBajiHCb na cyAb6y... HcKOHHoe pa6oTBO, raex'b, 
MHjuiioHH oCha'b, cjieau, KpoBb, yOoacecTBo h TocKa, locKa... M 
Bce 9T0 apH, HH K-b HCMy... OesT* OTMmefli>i, 6e3'b HaaHAanm, 
eea-b pe3yjii>TaT0BT>... Btna npomjiH, a bjio Bce to me... nrbace 
o6Hfl^HKH, Tfe Mte BJioi^'bH... Oflo pacTCTb, niHpHTCH H jHce aa- 
xBaTHJio bTj cboh JianH h He(5eca, h Comiio MHJiocib... KaKaa 
nenyxa!.. KaRan 6e8CMHCJiHua!.. 0, fcaK-b bbi 6hjih npasH xorAaL. 
Mffb jTKTb He JKHTb... nponajiTb a... He^tM'b ;KHTb, neTfeM'b 
flbimaTb... JlsL H K-b ^eny? Sa^tMii?.. Bnpo^eM'b, hb 6yAy cMy- 
maTb Bamy Dnyro Ayniy... y Bacb ein;e Bce Bnepenn... H rhrb 
« Tenepb noHHMaro... o3Jio(JjieHHbix'b-To... Ohh, Kone^HO, npaBH... 
5i Bce Teuepb noHHMaio... aa, a mnsEa ysK'b H-brb... nycTora... 
TCMHOTa... SA^Cb, B'b AyiH*, Ha cepaqt... 

— yiaatafiie aa rpaHHuy, — CKa3ajn> KojiocoB'b, ama cjiOB'b 
yrbmeHiH. 

MepeHCHHTj MaxHyjiTj pyKoft. 

— He TO, He TO... KaKan sarpaHHi^a!.. Borb hto, rojiyC- 
HHR'b: nycTb OH-fe noiorb, a mh BHnbeMTi. . Bce paBHo... He 
jtojiro yjEi)... Hy! aa Bamy Mojioayio MtH3Hb, 3a Bamy ciaBy, 3a 
noj^BHrn floGpa!.. 3a (Jy^ymee! 3a cBo6oziy!.. Borb hto: nycTb 

KT0-HH6yAb, BH H ApyriC, IiyCTb OHH OTMCTHrb 3a Hacb, 8a 

Bcbx-b Hacb Hec^acTHHx'b... h aa bto rope, aa 3th pHAaromi« 
n4cHH.. IleflTe, rojiyO'iHK'b... 

y^e na^HHajio CBtiaTb, RorAa KojiocobT) noRHHyji'b y6orift 
BepTen-b. MepeacHffb npoBOAR-i'b ero ao oropoAOB'b h cMOTp'feji'b, 
RaR'b BTb roJiyOtix-b npoApaacB'feTHHX'b cywepKaxTi ohi^ cny- 
<5Rajica BHHB'b, Ha AHO oBpara 

— IIpomaflTe!.. CnacH6o! Bcero xopomaro!.. IIpomaUTe!.. — 
KpH^ajTb MepesKHHi), h ero acHufl rojiocb CTpaHHO h sbohro 

paBHOCHJICH B'b ^HCTOMX, CHpOMl H HpOXJiaAHOMl* HO^HOM'b 
BOBAyxt. 

B'b Torb ace a^hb MepencHH'b noB-fecHJicH Ha nepAaRt y 
MaTpeHH. 06i> 3T0M'b B'b ropoA* noroBopiiJiH B'b Te^enie H'fe- 
CROJibRHX-b AHOft, noTOM'b 3a6hiJiH. CaMoy6irtny iioxopoHHJiH B'b 
cTopoH'b 0Tb RJiaA6Hm,a B'b o/iHHOROli MorHJi'b. Ha noxopoHaxT* 

6UJrb OAHH'b TOJibRO KoJIOCOB'b. 

. A. rioroptiiOBi. 



f 



I 



(1826—1855 rr.) 
[IlpodojiotceHie), 



IX. 

Bi nepBom Hoiiepi BoeflsoBCKaro .GjiraBJiHHHa'' MHorHxi no- 
pasHJio cTHxoTBopeHie „I]^eH8opi*, ci noAsarojioBSOMi ,,6aoHfl'': 

Korjia JapoOuue ornpsi/iH FlapKH roAU, 
Toro J[apo6mie, KOTOpuft Bi* )kh3HH caNfb 
BbiJi-b riapKOK) yMa, h MUCJieft, h CBo6oAbi, 
no6pe;n> oH-b Ha noKoll ki> He^tnocTH so xpaifb. 
^Kto Tbi?*— KpHMarb eMy npHBpaTHHKH cbatuhh. 
„5Ibh, HtMi> 3ac;iy}KH;ii» npHSHare^ibHocTb 6orHHH? 

„TBOft HHH-b? TBOH (|)OpM>;iHpb? SaHHTbfl? MaCTCpCTBO?* 

— H npH r — -fe ♦) 6biAT> UeHaopi! iioJiBHJi'b oht*. 

H BApyrb npeAi) RHM-b qera K^aAerb seifHOfl noKJioirb, 

H ABepH paCTBOpH^IHCb caMHf 

Ci (iipaHuyacKaro R. B—iu. 

noAHAJiacB 6ypfl... BoeflRosa TacsajH na Aoapocu, ohi OTBib- 
^aji^ HTO He noMHHTi, RTO ffooTaBHJii eiiy cthxh; i^eHsopi se 
K. C. G6p6HH0BHHi CKaaajn, 7to He noAoaptBaJii 6i» ^nepeBo;!;^ 
iH^HOCTH **). BeHsenj^op^^ nocaj^HJii BoeAsoBa Ha rayaxBazTy. 

Oh HHMi TaMi BCTptTHJHCB Q^ajs^ei ByjirapHHi h Fpeq'B... Jifijio 
Bi TOicL, iTO ByjrrapHHi He Mon» nepeBapHXL ycatxa tojilko 
^Rro BUHie;qnaro poMana SarocKHna, Korxa cam Kponajri oBoero 
i»AMHTpui GatfOBBaHi^a''. Bi Tpexi noMepaxi i^CtBepnan IlqeJia', 
Bi CTaTBi A. H. O^KHHa, HaaHcaHHoA hhi ho ycHJieHHOft npocB6i 
EyjirapHHa, BCH^ecKH KpHTHKOBajia „K)piH MBjiocjaBOKaro", a b% 
aasjiDqeHie pi^niHJiaoB Aaxe HanncaTb: 

.GoBiTyen any (aBxopy) ne BtpHXB xtiiiy Eoxopue cxanyxi 

*) ,,reHepa;i'b-no;iHuiflMeflcTep'b XlapHTKCKitt, cnaBHufl HeBt)KecTBOM'b, ho 
eme 6ante xaH3KecTB0Mi>"— rjiacHTb npHM'fe4aHie nepesoA^HKa, oneBHAHO nanpa- 
3AeHHoe Ha 6biBiiiaro MHHHcrpa nap. npocB'^meHiR kh. FoAHUuHa. 

**) A. B. HwcumeNKo, h. c, 200. 



48 pyooROa BorATOTBo. 

B% rjiasa xsajiETB ero h ysipjiTB, qio ohi po:TOeH'B ajiji coqHHesift^ 
Bi ceiii po;!;^; coBiTyeMi eny ocTaeHTi* HCTopii) h ap^bhocth ws, 

nOSOt H SaHflTBOfl GO?HHeHieMl pOMaHOBl H3l HBlHtniHflrO jD[BOpjiH- 

CKaro, Kyae^ecRaro h 6ojite MysHqsaro 6£iTy, ^a nonpocHTb Ka- 
Koro-HEfiyj^LceHEHapHCTa BuapasjiflTJEi ero pyKOEEOb ;^o OTAa^E b% 
TEEorpa^lK). IIpaBOy Hexopomo nEcaxb e ne^axaTb ehefe TaREJii 
oCpaaoMX** *). 

06£iRH0BeflE0 ocBiAOMjreflHuft BcxKExi TeqefliEXi Hasepxy^ 
ByjirapEEi sa axoTi pasi cejilho oinE6cfl: „bi rjiasa XBajiEJi'L'' e 
ysipaji'E BaroGKEEa, ^to obi posA^E'E jiJia ooqEsefliS bi poj^ 
^MEJiocjiaBcsaro'', npes;i;e HBorflX'L ^pyrExi caMi HflsoiaS I... 
npoEK)xaB'E 8T0, onpocTOBOJiocEBinificE se^aBBo BoeiROBi nocat- 
muji'h BLiGTyaETB fla saiE^ETy 3arocREsa. Ilonijia nojiexERa, Btpste 
pyraHB. ^ocy;^apB BOBnerojtOBaji'B Ea axy nepe6paBKy e Bejitji'B 
BeBKeBAop^y o6'bbbbtb BOK)K)mEM'B cTopoBaMi, ^To6hl oBi npespa- 
TEJ[fl 6ofi. ^BoBseBAop^i — pasoKasBiBaerL Fpeqi, — nepej^ajn nps- 
BasaBie M. H. (f^OBx-^^oBy, a btot'b Btsaufi, Ao6pBifi qejiOBtES 
GMBrqEJi'B BupaseBie seyAOBOJiBGTBiE roGy;^apeBa, o6%sibub% Byjira- 
pEsy, qTO Bi BTExi nepe6paBEax'B Be ji^ojixcbo 3BaTB npoTEBBESOBi. 
no EMeBE. „CjLjmAJO'C%'* y oxBtqajii ByjirapEfli, Gtjn e BanEcajr's 
(BaqeqaxaBByK) bi 13 J^ ^IlqejiBi'', 30 EBBapa) sapsyio oxnoBt^K 
BoeflBOBy, Be BasBBBX SarocEEBa. 

„Bi axoxi* AeBB npi'bxaji'B e aomoS ei o6tAy oeojeo qexupex'B 
qacoB'B. MBt aoAaK)Ti» EOBsepxi gi o^^ai^iajiBsoio EaAiiECBK): ^Ero 
BucoEopojciK) H. H. Fpeqy, oxx resepaji'B-aA'Bioxaflxa BeBEOBAop^^a*'* 
Bi BeifB Bameji'B a. o^^BuiajiBBoe npspjiaineHie, da Bynepoiii **), 
BeMejiJieBBO ebexbge e'b me^y sasAapaiOB'B. Hej^oyMtBaa, o qem 
E;^exi fltjio, a oxnpaBEjica ri BeaEeHi.op^y. Obi EGxptXEji MeBa 
G'B sasHOK) o^^BixiajiBBOio MEHOH) E, oxAaBBfl HaEoxi BB SME G.-nexep- 
6yprcEaro EOMeBABBxa, Bamyi^Earo, GEaaajii: 

— a roBopEJii Baiii seoABOspaxBO, qxoSii bu npeKpaxEJE 
BBBiE nepe6paBRE. TeaepB xepoHie. EsBOJiBxe ixaxB gi bxok) 6y- 
MaroK) Ri ROEeflAaBxy. 

— HoMEJiyflxe, Banie BUGORonpeBocxofl;BxejrBCXBO, — GRaBajn a: — 

EOr^a BU Mflt rOBOpBJLH? 

— He a GBMi^ a MaRGBiii flROBJieBE^'B oxi MeBa, EMeBeH'B ro- 
cy«apa. 

— Ja Be MBi jiBqBo. 

— BGe paBBO— ByjirapBBy hje bbmi. Bh ^ojihcbu fiujiB 6h er# 
y;iepsEBaxB. 



*) .CtB. n^;e;ia«, 1830 r., K2N2 7, 8, 9. 
**) BoTb OHO CT> no;i;iHHHMKa: „reHepajn>-aA'bK)TaH'rb BeHKeHAop<J)T», no buc*- 
HafliueMy noBejitHiio rocyAapfl HMneparopa noKOpHtfluie npocHTb HuKO^iaji 
MBaKOBHqa fpeqa ceflMacb no>KajiOBaTb ki HCMy*. >fe 440. 30 flHsapn 1830, bo 
2 nacy nono;iyAHH— ApxHBT> HI oTfltiieniH C. E. M. . B. KaHuejiapiH, **«► 
>fe 171, 1-fl SKcncA., 1827 r., 6yMara N2 15. 



% 



TPSTI>B 0T;I^«JIJB£1JI E 11(BH87PA. 4f 

— noBBOJiBTe, — OKasajii a, — nonpocHTB Bao%: nomjiHTe aAiDTania 
Koro-HB6f;tb Apyroro ko MHi^ b% j^omt. ci o6iflBjieHieiii, iTa 

ecTajcA o6iAATB y aaci. 06o MHt 67x7x1 GesnoKOHtBCJi. J^onain- 
MOH Bon BHaen tto noAyxaion, Kor^a ji He BepHyo&. 

— HsBOJELTe^ — OTBi^ajii ffo6pHfl BeHseHAop^i: — bto fiy^^eii 
nenojiHeHO, ho bu xenepB ase HSBOJiLTe ixaii^ *). 

Be'iepojci bi toti se j^ohb 6ci ipoe apeoiOBaHHuz'B: Fpe^n^, 
ByjirapEHi h BoefisoBi Oeijih ocBo6oasffeHfii. „Ha APyrofl jifiEh 
iparjiacHJii MeHH si ee6i BeHKOHAop^i — pasosaBUBaeT^ Tpen, — 
•6omejiCH co mhod o^ohl yqTHBO, o6HHJl^ Meun h ciapaJiOH yi4- 
niHTB H ycnoROHTB BO B^epaniHeB HeBsroA'^''. 

ByjirapHH'B CRopo Tose 6ujiii yTtmoHi: bi EOHi^i ^eBpajDTHBU- 
nejTB vh CBiiTB ero ^JI^ifHTpift GaiiOBBaHei^'L'' h npHHec:B aniopy 
•rB rocy^apH 6oraTufi SpHJuiiaHTOBBifi nepcTeHB... 

OffHOBpeMeHHO CB onncaHHUM'B oRj^irh ho^'b apecTOHi b% 
MocRBt i^eHsop'B G. H. FjiHHRa. Ohi nponycTHn b'b 1-fi rhhsr^ 
,MocROBCRaro BioTHHEa* ipH saiiiTRH C. T. ARcaROBa, hbi roto- 
pim oAHa ocMtHBaja RaRoro-xo MHHHCTpa, A&nn^aro peROiieHAaiu» 
HHHOBHHRy. Sani^TRa ohohb He nonpaBHjiacB bi neTep6ypi4, BeeReH- 
Xop^i pacnopH^HJicfi apeoxoBaxB i^eHsopa. 3a aBxopa npooH^ii y 
Hero CHHcxosAOHiH rh. a. A. BlaxoBGRofi **). 

28 0RXJi6pH, B'B caifOMi EOHi^t 61 -ro nynepa, ^JlHTepaxypHaH 
Faaeia" DOMtcxHJia cjii^yiOHiyH) saiftxRy: 

„Boxi BOBBie qexupe cxHxa KasHMepa A^-Jia-BHHH, Ha nanjiT- 
HBRi, RoxopuB B'B IlapHSt Hpe^iiojraraDrB BosABHrnyxB sepTBan 
27-ro, 28-ro h 29-ro irojta: 

France, dis-moi leurs noms? Je n'en vois point parattre 

Sur ce funebre monument: 

lis ont vaincu si promptement 

Que tu fus libre avant de les connaitre" ***). 

HepeBOAa c^'^JiaHO He Obtjo, saRii 6bi hsb 6oji3HH hjcxhtb cthxii 
wh 6ojte mepoRyiD Maccy. 

Repeal ^sa jieb EeHReH^op^'B yse npocHJH rh. JlHBena coo6- 
i^HXB OMy, Rxo npHCJiajn axH „noMiii^eHHue hh ri RaRofi cxaxH 
eTHXH**, ^Roxopuxi GOAepxcaHie, MHrRo CKasaxB, nenpejiHqHO h mo- 
serB Gj[ysHXB noBo^oifB r'b He6jiaroBHAHUM'B xoJiRaMi h cys^e- 

ElHlSi'B'*, H RaRHMH HpaBHJiaMH pyROBO^CXBOBaJICJI paSpi^HIHBniiB HXl 

leHSopi. HdAaxeJiB ^Jlaxep. radexu" 6ap. A. A. AeJiBBHrB oxBt- 
^ajLi, 7X0 cxHXOTBopeHie ;i;e-JD[a-BHHH ^npHCJano eiiy ox% HeHSsiox- 



*) „3anHCKH Moeft )kh3hh*, Cn6., 1886 r., 458—459. Pa3CKa3T> o6t> 9T0mi 
fptna 3Ke nomtmeH-b 6w;i"b h bt> .PyccK. CjapHHt*, 1874 r., Ill, 639—640, ho 
■pHBeAeHHaii uaMH sepcisi B'^pnte. 

**) .PyccK. Apx.-, 1904 r. Ill, 515—516. 
***) <l>paHaifl, CKaxcH Mat HX'b HiieHa? 51 hxi> ue BHXcy Ha 3tomi> nena^ib- 
ROirb naifflTHHKt. Ohh TaKi> CKOpo no6tAH;iH, vto tu 6bi;ia CBo6oAHa paHbuie, 
vkMi* ycntjia hxi> ysHaib. 

>i 10. Owii-b I. 4 



rr 



50 pyOOKOl BOrATOTBO. 

Haro, Kasi npoHSBeAeHie noaalH, HMtooo^ee j^ootohhctbo HOBoerH, h 
Ha&e^aTaHO bi raseri, RaKi MHoriA ^yrifl hhcto jiHTepaTypHiui 
spoHBBeAeHifl, 6eai BC^Karo npHMiHenla si odcTOffreJi&CTBairb hjih 
OTHomeHiflm, ci pasp^^menifl i^eHsypBi'*. EleHBopi CeMeHOBi, «b 
cBoeft CTopoHUy OTOBsajiofl, qro bi cTHxaxi nOHi, no ^ncTot eo- 
bIoth, He Hamejii HH^ero npoTHBHaro OTe^ecTBeHHUMi sasoHaiiibH 
i^eHBypHHOfE npaBEJiam, rtifB 6ojAQy ^to cxepTB JiDAefl, na na- 
MflTHHKi ROTopBixi npejinoJioseHO cffiaaiB HaffnHCH, cospirseHa o'l 
HOBum npaBBTejiLCTBOMi ^paHi^iH, BOTopoe npHBHano h Poccies, 
H npoiHMH A^psaBaHH EspoaH". Obi HBKaKi He Mor& npe^aojia- 
raTB, ^"iTodi CTHXH ^e-jiH Bheji MorjDEB cK0Jii»K0-HH6yffB 6urh npH- 
MtneHu K% PocciH, KOTopan 6j[aseHCTByeT% no^i cKHneTpom uyx- 
paro MOHapxa b Haxo^HTCH bi coBepmeHHO ^pyrHxi OTHomeHinxs, 
HeaejH $paHma« *). 

BeBseHAop^a Bce bto coBepmeHHO He y^OBjieTBopjiJio. 06ibch6- 
Hie AeJDiBBHra ohi naxoAHJii „He tojibko Hei^ocTaTOiHBiM'L, ho ^as* 
HenpocTHTejfBHUMi i^jiH ^ejEOBtKa, Koexy cji;i^JiaHO AOB^pie HSABBaTB 
sypHaji'B''. ^JlH^BBift Mofi pasroBop'B no ceity npe^MeTy ci OapoHOMi 
AeJiBBHroifB — npH6aBjiflji'L EeHEeHAop^i bi HHCBiii ri kh. 1h- 
BeHy OTi 8 H0fl6pH — h canoHajntaHHufi, urhCKOAbKO ^epssiS 
o^paBi ero HSBHHeHift MeHB enie 6oji^e j6ijiflJL'L bi comi lioeicii sa- 
RJiio^eHiH*'. ^H'bGKOjiBKO A^paoE'E'' JlejiBBHri 6hiJVL noTomy, ?to ero, 
HejioB^Ka BnojEH*]^ ()jiaroHaMtpeHHaro, ho 6jiaroAapH cTHxaifB Ba?H- 
cjieHHaro b% jlvltj ^hcthhho 6tmeEB[X'B JiH6epajioB'B'', BeHReHAop^'B 
Bi rjiasa HasBajii no^TH HRo6HHiieac'B h iz^ajii no^yncTBOBaTB, ^to 
npaBHTejiBCTBO ffepsHT'B ero nom na^BopoifB **), Kh. JlHBen'L 
nepBufl BUCRaBajii mucjib o sanpen^eHiH ^JlBxepaTypHofl raseTu*' ***). 
BeHReHAop^y ona npanijiacB naojiHt no BRyoy. Hh mhhhctp'b, hh 
HaqajiBHHR'B III OTAtJieaiH ne BSBtcHJSB, HacROJiBRO BTa oypoBan 
Mtpa cooTBtTGTBOBaia „Bpej(y" oprana. Ohh 3a6B[jiE b'b btofb mo- 
MeHTB, ^TO rasoTa 6ap. J(ejiBBHra 6ujia Bce BpeiiH o^enB Auena 
OTB RaRoro 6U to hh 6ujd[o „jiH6epajiH3Ha'' h ne BBixoAHJia H3% 
npeA^JiOBi Giporo JLHTepaTypHKix'B. Otb III oij^iJieHiH 6ujl% npeji- 
cTaBJEOHi AORJiaA^ rocyj^apn, na ROTopoMx nojosena peBOJroniifl: 
„CeHeHOBy citiaTB CTporifi BuroBopi^ a JlejiBBBry sanpeTHTB bbab- 
Bie rasexu'' ****y HsAanie en 6faiJio nepeji^aHO, no sejianiK) JI,ej[BBHra, 
OpecTy CoKOBy, ho y Hero ona ne npoj^epsajiacB ^^ajiBme Idhji 
ojitAyromaro ^o;^a. 

Bb cepeAHHi^ jiHBapH 1831 roAa AesBBHra ne cTajio: owl yxepi 
OT'B HcnuTaHHaro noTpHceeiH. Bo cjiOBaHB AnHeHROBa, BCJitA'B 3a 
npeTepntHHofi hhi otb BeHReH^op^a 6ypefl yrpos'B, noAOspimft h 

♦) Ibidem., 652. 

**) „UeH3ypa b-b HapcreoBaHie HMnepaxopa HHKo;iafl !■— „PyccK. Crap;", 19#1. 
IX, 662-663. 

***) A, B, HuKuw^mno, h. c, I, 207. 
****) nPyccK. Ciap.", 1901 r, IX, 663. 



TPITLS OTJflAJLY^BJM H I^IHSyPA. 51 

«c&op6jieHi9) — ^OHi sanepoA b% cbobmi aom^, sasejii Kapiu, jifi- 

TOJrt HeBHJ^tHHUfl Bl HOMl, HHEyAa HO HOKaSUBajICJi H HHKOrO H6 

npHHHMan, KpoMi cbohxi 6jiH8KHn. IIoAi A'^ftcTBiem TaKoro 
efipasa shbhh h rji76oKO no^yeoTBOBaHHaro orop^eHia mosho 6ujio 
onacaTBCA, «ito aepBaji cepBeaHaa 6oj[i8HB jHeoerb Boi ero chjiu. 
Tasi H ojiy^HJiocB — 6ojd[18Hb He saoTaBHJia ce6ji asj^aTL h Ouoxpo 
«Bejia ero bi MorHjy'' *). 3a jficjii^i ao ero oiiepTH IlyinKHH^B 
HHoajri IIjieTHeBy: 

... „J(eJiBBHni j^ojuseHi oapaBj^aiBOs nepe^'B rocyAapeMi. Oh% 
MOserB ^^oKaaaTB, hto HHSorj^a bi ero raseii ho 6£ijio h t^hh ho 

TOJBRO MATeSBOCTH, HO H HeA06pOSeJ[aTej[BHOOTH &% npaBHTejiBT 

€TBy. IIoroBopH CB HHMi o&h sToifB, a TO mnioHU-JHTepaTopu 
zsAnfiTh ero, KaEi 6apaHa, a ne KaRi 6apoHa* '^). 

Ho OieBH^HO, 6ap0H'B JI^eJIBBHrB He HUtjIl CEJVh 6opOTBCA CI 

BeHseHAop^OM'B, He o^ohb-to AOJnofijiHBaBmHM'B ero sa Apys^y <^ 
nymKHHUMi, a ^raseTy^'—Ba nyniRHHcxiH craxBH. 

Xopomo ocBt;^oMJ[eHHBifi HHKHTeHRO 8anHcaj[%: „ny6jiHRa bi 
paHHeft KOHqHHt 6apoHa ^eiBBHra o6BHHfleTi BenKeH^op^a" ***). 

BojiHu eBponeficKHX'B co6K[Tifi oTpasHjiHCB ooo6eHHoft peaRi^ieft 
Bi PocciH BCJitj^i 8a o5Hapy2EHBniHHCH 6poseHieHi b% I^apcTBi 
noiBCROMi. BeHReHAop^'B cTOJiJii BO BceopysiH, roTOBuft no^a- 
BHTB jno6o& npoTecTB. 21 A6Ra6pH OHi pasocjiajn rydepHaxopaMi 

BeqaTHElft I^HpRyjfijpi, BB ROTOpOMl yB^AOMJIffJI'B, HTO TOCy^apB HM- 

nepaiopi, ..npe^nojiaraH, qxo, no cjiyHaio bobhhrdihxi bb HjapcTBi 
* nojiBCKOMi 6e3aopjiAROB'B, 8JiOHaHtpeHHB[ey noMoraDn^e Bosnyn^e- 
aii> H 6e8Haqaj[iH), MoryrB coA^ficTBOBaTB ri pacnpocTpaHeHin npe- 
«TyHHBixi CBOHXi npaBEJii vesAy SHTOJiHMH H BHyTpoHHHX'B ry- 
CepniS PocciH, BUGO?afime noBejriTB MHi^ cohsbojihji'b o6paTHTB Ha 
eie AOJrsHoe BHHMaHie Ha^aiBHHROB'B ry6epHifl, ci t^mi, qTo6u Ha 
cjiyqafi Ror^a b% ry6epHiH noHBHTOH RaRia-JiHdo BOSBBaHifl Ri Ha- 

pOAy HJIH COHHHeHiH, RJIOHflmiHCH Rl BHymeHiD MHpHUlfB SHTe- 
JAWh MHtHifi, npOTHBHm'B rOOyAapCTBeHHBIH'B HOCiaHOBJieHiHM'B HJIH 

rpasAancROHy nopHAsy, ry6epHaTopi, neMOAJieHHO npeapoBOAHsi 

OHHTH, npHHflJIl HaAJieiSail^iH MipU Rl OTRpUTiK) coqHHHTeJiefi H 

pacapocTpaHHTejrefi xaROBBixi pasrjianieHift*' ***♦). 

J^OHeceHiH ry6epHaTopoBi 6k[Jih yAHBHTejiBHU no CBoefi Heii- 
BOCTH. 3% III oTAtjieHie npHCBurajiHCB RHHrn, AaBHO paaptmeHHiui 
^OHBypoK) B'h nexepCypri e Mocrb4, tojibro noTOMy, tto xani ro- 



*) „BocnoMHHaHiii H kphthm. oqepxH", III, 233. Oo c40BaMT> MejibrynoBa, 
ilejibBHrb yMep-b „orb BOcna;ieHiH bb uoary, ecArhdcmeie vyocniydu", ho 9to hh- 
K^wh He nojiTBep>KAaeTC« (/Cckwii, „OqepKH pyccK. /iHTepaTypw*', Cn6., 1862 r., 
122). 

»♦) CoMHHeHiH, VII, 380. 
**♦; I, 207. 
****) »PyccK. Crap.", 1889, XI, 363-364. 



/* 



52 PyOQKOB fiOFAICTBO. 

BopHJiocL IIojiBnii, KaRi KorAa-TO caiioctoatejDiiiHOJfi Kop<»* 

JI6BCTBi... 

Mhhhotp'b npooBin^eHiJi, kh. K. A. JlEBeHi, *) ciapajrcJi jffip- 

SaiLCA B08M02EHO H68aBHCHMte DO OTflOmeHiD Kl BeHKeHAop^j 

H HHor^a 8T0 noA^epKHBaji'L coBepmeHHO jicho.* 

3io He SHaCTJio, ^lo ohi He co^yBCTBOsaji'L nporpaHHt 5eH- 
ReBAop$a Bi o6jiacTH i^ensypsi; owh jihoil ;^aBa» BoerAa no^jB* 
OTBOBaTL, HTO HBcaHHufl saKOHi GTaBHTi 60 TMiA ^j^ocMOTpa* ero, 
HHHHCTpa — a He III OTA'^Jteme. JlK)6onuTHoe oxojiRHOBeHie na »toS 
no^Bi iipoE3omj[o y hhxi bi ROHKi^ 1830 ro^a. 22 ;n;eRa6pH Ben* 
KeHAop^i HanHcaJii JiHBeHy: «noRopHtjBnie npomy Bamy CBtTiocTi^ 
ocnpeTBTL BSAaxejiiD ^paHuyscRofl raseTLi ^Le Furet'' noutniaTL vh 
OHoS cxaTLH o6i HunepaTopoRHxi Teaxpaxi, nopy^HBi Aensypi 
HaAJieasan^ee sa chmi Ha6jiK)AeHie". TaRoe HR^iMi ne MOTHBHpo- 
BaHHoe BMtmaTeJiLGTBO pascep^HJio JiHBeHa h ohi TOi^aci se 
oTB^qajii, HTO HcnoJSHHTB 8Toro He MOseTb, TaRi RaR'E yciaBi 
1828 r. A08B0jD[AeTx bchrIh oysA^Hig o Teaxpaxi. ^Ecjih se**, 
npB6aBjrHjii ohi, „ecTi> Buco^aSmafl rocyAapn HunepaTopa bojis, 
jle6o bu Haxoj^HTB HSBOJiHTe nysHiiix'E, qTo6i» BO Bc^^xi sypna- 
laxi Boofin^e hjih tojilro bi „Furet", no npHqHHi RaRoro-JiH6o 
cb ero cTopoHu ynyn^eHiH, ne ne^aiaTb cyjEAeHin o xeaxpaxi^ to 
AJiH y^HHeBlH HaAicesan^aro pacnopaseHiH h AOJisenx hm£tl bu- 
co^aflmee o tomi noBejitHie, RoxopuifE 6h oxniHAJiocB npesE^e 
AaHHoe ero BejiH^ecxBoifb ysaKOHenie''. 

BeHReHAop$'b, He npaBURmifi BOo6n^e Ri noAo6HUMi a^poH- 
xam, ptrnHJn ciexHAHEqaTB: „Ha oxBtxi Bamefi CBtxjiooTE, b% 
Roem Baiii yro^BO 6uj[o cnpocHXL MeHH, no aucoqafimeiiy je 
HOBejitHiio npocEJH h sacb sanpexEXb HSAaxeJin ^Le Furet^ no- 
Mtn^axL B'E ceifE HSAaHiH cxaxLH o6i niinepaxopcRHxi Teaxpaxi, 
qecTb HMiK) oxBixcTBOBaxb, ^xo noittn^eHie bi sypnajA ^Lc Faref 
xaiefi o6i HMnepaxopcRHXi xeaxpaxi BocnpemaexcH HSAaxejiK) oearo 
no BucoqaimeMy noBejiiHiio rocy^apH EMnepaxopa^ h qxo bi nep- 
BOMi oxHomefliH MoeMi no cony npeAtfexy ri Bamefl cb&tjiocte He 
ynoxpeCBJii e BBicoqaSmaro HMeHE ero BeJUE^eoxBa, 6^3% ystpeH'b, 
mo caxo co6oe) pasyiiiexcE, mo xaROBUE sanpen^eHia a^ji&k)tce 
He MHOH), a rocyAapeMi, GBEU^eHHoe ehe Roero Haiii BOo6n^e na^ 
jieasajio 6&i ynoxpefijrEXb ropas^o pise bi odHRHOBeHHux'E naoiHX'B 
OTHomeHiExi''. 

Bi* nocjr^AHHxi cjiOBaxi saEjinqaexcE nj^uft npieiCE nexoiuo 
ni OTA^JieHiE, a H Apyrnxi HEHEcxpoB'b HHROJiaeBCRaro i^apcxBO- 
BaniE. BeHReHAop^'B ynoTpe6jiEJii ero jiehib qan^e APyi'Hxi e, 6:ia- 
roAapE Bxoiiy, cnjiomB e peaomi ero jtehhue pacnopEseniE hghoji' 
HEiHGL 6e3npeROcjiOBHO, noxoMy vno ^jms^Ej qxo ohe ocnoBaHtt 
Ha BUGoqafimefi BOJii. YiBepiKAeHie coBpeMeHHEROBi^ 7To Hero- 



*) PoAHOfl 6pa'rb ero 6bi;ii> xceHarb Ha poAHofi cecrpt BeHKeHAopi^a. 



TPBTBS OTAAJUHIB H I(BHa3TA. 53 

aaS I ^aoTO He SHajTb, ^to tbopbjdtocb III OT^fiJieHieirb jiko6u ere 
flMeneMi, — coBepmeHHo Bipno h noj^TBepsAA^ca ciOBaicH caHoro 
rocyxapff) oKasaBmaro Ae-CaHfjieHy npo BeHseHAop^a h jq^jiiiTh, 
wso OTh Hero cspnBaiorE HHorAa BasHiui 67MarH, ,ooAepsaTi Boe 
Bi Tafini H OTBiianrL sa MeHa* *). 

Kh. JlHBeni, oKOH^aTejiLHO BOsnyii^eHHsift TasHM HacTaBHrejEB* 
^TBOMi, B% TOTi xe jsfiVL OTBiiajii: •lis'L OTHomeHiii Bamero, no- 
jiy^eHHaro mhok> ceroAHfl, s oi y^HBJieHieM'B yBEffijii, ^to bbi, mh- 
jiOGTEBufl rocyAapB, esBOJiHTe nojiaraTB, 6yAT0 ii onpamEBajii Baci, 
no Buco^afimexy-jiH noBejiiHii) bu OTHOCHTeoB o sanpen^eHiH HSAa- 
TeiD „Le Furet'' noMiu^aTB CTaiBH o Teaipaxi. npoiHTasi bhobi^ 
npeiBHee Moe OTHomeHie, s He namejii bi ohomi BumeosHa^eH- 
Haro Bonpoca. 6i neicE h BunHcajii § Buco'iaftnie yTB. ycrasa o 
neHsypi, Bi CHJiy Roero rjiaBHoe ynpaBJieHie i^eHaypu He MoiserL 
BocnpeHi^aTB HSAaiejiHMi sypnajiOBi ne^axaTB cya^eHin o Tea- 
Tpaxi, Aa6ii noKasaxB, ^to h ne bi npaBi hodojihhtl TpedoBanie 
Bame 6e8i Buco^afimaro nosejii^Hia. Hhkto, sone^HO, He Cjiaroro- 
BieTi 6ojite Menu npeffi aBrycTtfimHU HveHeM'b ero BejiHiecTBa h 
He MOseTi 611TB ocToposHte bt> ynoTpedjreHiH onaro. Ceft ypoEi 
MHi He HyseH'b h bi 6yMari sainefi so MHi HSJiHrneni. Ho 6y> 
Mara, bi Koxopofi Tpe6yeTCH npoTHBHoe sasony, yTBeps^eHHOMy 
^BHH^eHHHMi HMeHeni rocy^apH HMnepaTopa, ne ecTB o6uRHOBeH- 
Hoe OTHomenie h He iioserE HMixB HHKaEoro A^fiCTBiii 6031 061- 
aoHeniH BucoHaflmeft na to bojih. Bi» TaKom cjiy^a^ noApasyiii^- 
Banie HeBOSMOSHO h onaro Tpe6oBaTL hhkto npana ne HMieTi. 
. BojiiACTBie se nocjii^^HHro OTHomenifl Bamero Buco^afimem no- 
BOJiiHiH sanpeTHTL ne^aTaTL bi j, Furef cTaxLH Tearpaxi h an^h- 
jiajTE Ha^JresaHiee tom% pacnopHsenie^. 

Hepesi AeHL JlnBeni no^yBCTBOBajii, ^t6 aHa^HJio ne cjiy- 
maTBCH cpasy BcecHjiLHaro ^oxpaHHTejia'^. Ohi pasptmnjii naneqa- 
TaTB aHOHHMHyK) CTaTBK) „06ii^ifi OTaTHCTHqecsift BarJiHA^ na lie- 
Tep6ypn'' vh ^CiBepnoMi MepRypin^, BCTpiTHBmyK) npenaTOTBie 
y i^eneopa. TaRi EaRi CTaxBH paspimena 6Hjia ^opnajiBHO rjian- 
HUMi ynpaBJienieifE n^eHsypLi, bi ROTopoifb npe^oi^ffaTejiBCTBOBajrL 
HHHHCTpi, TO j^aHHufi yopaBJieHiK), no ^ORJiaj^y EenKeHAop^a, bu- 
coHaflmifi BuroBop'B, HecoMniiHHO, sacaoiOH 6jiHse Bcero rh. JlHBena. 

Ahohhhhuh cTaTLH, Bcer^a ne no BRycy npHxojcHBmiHCH Rapa- 
TOJiHMi jutTepaTypu, noTOMy ^to ?acTo nejEBSH 6hjio ao5htboh 
<yrh peAaRTopoBi niceHH HCTHHHaro sHHOBnaro, naBejin BeHROH- 
xop^a na muojib ncjosHTB rohoi^'b xaROiny yRpuBaxejoiBCTBy. Tpe- 
BoiRHoe naoTpoenie o6ii^eoTBa 1830 roj^a Tose cBHsuBajiocB wh 
anoHHMaMH... 28 AeRa6pH BeHReHji;op$i coo6n(HjrB ^HBeny buco- 



*) UeH^ypa bi uapcTBOBame HMneparopa HHKo;ia5i I, „PyccK. Crap.*, 1901 r., 
IX. 658—659. 

**) H. H. deCtmucHi, „3anHCKH«— ,PyccK. Crap.*, 1882 r., Ill, 570. 



54 pyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

Maflmeif i noeejiiHiH npHHATB, KaKi o6ii^yD iiipy, sa npaBHjio, Tro6u 
„HHEaKa£[ cxaTBA He Morjia 6utb HaneqaTaHa bi raseiaxi h syp- 
Haiaxi 6e8i ho^^dhch commETeM". 29 A®Ea6pfl mhhhctp% CA^iaii 
cooTBiTCTByDB^ee pacnop^xeBie, b'e cnjiy Eoroparo »Boi nociy- 
naH)ii^i«[ Bi pe^aRiiiH noBpeireHHBixi HSAaHiS CTaTBH, rbei opnrH- 
EB^jLhUus, Tasi H nepeBOAHUA, sa HcsjiJo^eHieMi o6'bJiBieHifi o 
noApflAAZi, npoAasaxi, spiiBmaxi h t. n., aojsishei 6£itb sa noA- 
hhgbk) co^HHHTejieft h nepeBOA^HEOBi, h npH toitb He BUMumjreHHofi^ 
HO noAJiHHHOfi Hxi $ai[HjiiiH" *). 3io HOBOBBe^eHie ffase i^enaypofl 
6UJDL0 BCTpi^eno He cobc£mi coqyBCTBeHHO. HeiieAJieHHO nexep- 
6yprcEift i^eBsypHuft EOMHTem OTHecoH b% rjiaBHoe ynpaBjreHie ci 
npeACTaBJieHieMi o HeocyH^ecTBHMOCTH xaEoro upBEasaHiH. ^Bcjeh 

BCi 6681 HBIHTill CTaTBH ffOJISHU HOCHTB nO^HHOB CO^HHHTeJIH — 

cHpamEBajn ohi, iiesAy npo^HM'B, — to EaEoft hoahhch mosho 
Tpe6oBaTi» OTi HSAftTeJiefl, eojiH hhh neqaxanTCH cTaTBH, oo^iHHeH* 

HUH MHHHCTpaMH HJDEH Ha'iajIBHHEaMH ynpaBJOHifi, Aft^BI HpHPOTO- 

BHTL ny6jiHEy k% npHHHTiio Hsai^CTHaro npaBHrejiBCTBeHHaro pacno- 
pHseniH, HJiH pasptniHTB ea HeAoyMiHlff h onpoBeprnyTB JiosHue 

TOJDLSH?'' „RaEiH MOryiTB 6nTL yAOGTOB^peHiH, ^TO HMff, BucraBieH- 

Hoe no^i CTaTLeK), HCTHHHoe, a He BUHumjieHHoe?'' **). 

^no^apoE'L pyccBHH'B HHcaTejiHU'B El HOBOMy roAy — sanHcajis 
flHEHxeflEO noA'B 30 AeEa6pH: — bi Aensypi nojiy^eno noBOJiiHie^ 
9To6u HH OAHO co^HHenie ne ^onycEajiocB ei ne^axH 6e8i noA- 
nHOH aBTopcEaro niieHH. 

j^HcxeEiniS rojcB, Boo6n^e, npHHeci najio yTimHiejiBHaro a^h 
npocBtmeuiH bi PoogIh. HaAi* hhmi TnroTiJii yHUJUifi Ayxi* npH- 
rtcHeniH. MfloriH oo^HHeniH Bi nposi h cTHxaxi sanpen^aJiHCB no 

CaMUMl HEqiOSHBIHl npH^HHaMl, HOSHO CE'asaTB, AASe 6681 BOH- 

SBxi npHHHHi, uojvh BsisiEiewb OBjaAtBmed i^enBopaHH naHHEE... 
IXensypHwU ycniaepb coecTb^m Hucnpoeepotcem. Ham npHmJiocB yj|0- 

CTOBi^pHTBGH B% TOpBEOft HGTHHt, ^TO Ha BOlUt pyCGEOfi B^Th H 

TiHH sasoHHOGTH. Ymu 6oj[ie H 6ojiiie pa8Bpaii^aH)TCH, bhah, EaEi 
HapymaDTGH bbeohbi t^mh caMBiMH, Eoxopue hx% GOcxaBJiHXKrB; 

EaEl 6£IGTpO O^HH BaSOHU GMi^HflK>TGH APyrHMH H T. A- Bl o6pa- 

BOBaHHofl ^aoxH o6nieGXBa Bce GHJBH'&e BOSHHEaex'B Ayx'B npoxHBo- 
jxMoxbIh, Eoxopufi xtifB xyso^ q^Mi oHi oospoBeHHie: axo ^epBB, 
^OAxaqHBaDH^S A^peBO. )lEo6HHeA'B nopaAyexoa axoHy, ho yojio- 
BiEi MyApuft nosajiiexi o nojinxH^eGEHXi oniH6Eaxi» sonei^'B 
EOHxi npeABHAtxB He xpyAHO ' ***). 

TaEi saEaH^HBajiGfl 1830-fi tojs,%, ojAjijDmxti 6ujl% Be jywie... 



*) „C6opHHK'b nocTaHOBiieHif) h pacnopfl>KeHJO no uensypt cb 172# no 
1862 r.-, 1862 r., 219. 

♦*) ,Pyc. Crap." 1901 r., IX, 665—666. 
.;*) H. c, I. 205. 



TPBTLl OT;i(«nHU H D^BHSFPA. 55 



X. 

C flHBapji 1831 r. BeHKeHAop^i, j6ia(AeHHuft o6oToaT6JiLCTBaifH 
B% H6HoaojiHHMOGTH ,,HOBoroAHflro noAapEa**, coofin^Jii JlHseHj 
ejiiKjDn^ee Buco^afimee noseJiiHie: 

,J(j[fl jCTpaH6HiA ecHxazo HeAopasjiiiHifl h 8aTpyi(HeHlfl b% jih- 
TepaiypHuxi aaHjiTiAXi, noryii^aro bobhhkhjtb (hsi BumenpEse- 
xeHHaro sanpenieHifl), roojAapio HunepaTopj jfoaho 6hjio, ^to6£i 
vHHHcip'L HapoAHaro npooBin^eHifl npeAcxaBEJH Ha Bucoqaflmee 
jTBepsAenie ojiiA7K)mia npaBHJia, b% AoaojineHie si yciaBf o i^eH- 
8yp4: 

1) HdAaiejiL sypnajia, npeAOTaBJifffl CTaxiH) bi i^eHsypy, ^OJI- 

S«HT> 06T>flBHTB I^eHSOpy HMfl aBTOpa, eCJIH OHO eMy HSBiCTHO. 

2) EciB GTaTLH A0CTaBj[6Ha OTh HeHBBicTHofl ooo6u, TO cie 

XOISHO 6uTb OdlHBJieHO i(eH8opy. 

3) noAi craibeK), OAo6p6HHOK) si Hane^aiaHijo, mosho BucTaB- 
MMTh BUS BBTopa, Ha^ajiLHUH 6ysBu ero HMeHH H $aifHJiiH hjih sa- 
sofl-jra6o iHE^pi, Tasise hmh BUMuniJieHHoe; vosho ne^aTan 

exaTLD H 6681 nOAUHCE, JIEHIL 6£I CO^HHHTeJL OHOt 6UJL% H8Bi- 

cTeHi i(eH8opy. 

4) Bi Gjiy«ia4 Hane^aTaHiE CTaTBH, ji^ocTaBJieHHofi oti neEBBtcT- 
Earo, BOH OTBtTOTBOHHOCTL na^aexi Ha EBAaTOJUi sypnajia, sasi 6u 

Ha CO^EHETOJIE OTBTLE'' *). 

Ho MEHECTpi HamejiTr, HTO „HeyAo6HO 6u3lo 6u npEcoeAflHHTb 
TasiE npaBEJia si ycTaBy o i^es8ypi^ noTOMy tto ohh npEMo npo- 
TEBopi'^EJiE 6u § 47 8Toro ycTaBa^ rjifk csaBano, ^to OTBiTCTBOH- 
HOCTB 8a HaneqaTanie shefe ejie cTanE JiesEn sa i^eHsopt ejte 
]^E8ypH0Mi soMETeii, j^aemeHi nponycsi^. IIoaTOMy ee. Iebbei 
Bomejii 01 BcenoAAaHHiflmEMi AosjaAOMi, bi BasjiD^eHie soToparo 
Hrcajii: ,,Bi sacxoEii^Hxi o6oTOflTejiicTBaxi oo oToposu npaBE- 
TeiBCTBa MosoTi 6£iTL HOTpefiBo o6paTETL oco6eHHoe BHEiiaHie Ha 
o6pa8i Mucjiefl e na HaMipeHiE jiei^i, npeAnpEHEMaK)iii,BXi jsfkt- 
•TBOBaTB Ha ny6jiHsy qpesi noBpeEeHHBiE EB^aHiE; noooHy e ocMi- 
jEBaiocB Bceno;p;aHHMHie npeAcxaBHTL Bameiiy HMDepaxopcEOMy 
BeiE^ecxBy, se Sjiaroyro^HO jie noBejATh o^&iaxL ceKpemuoe npe^- 
DHeanie i^oHBypEUMi soMExexaHi o fia6jiioA6HiH BumeE8JioseHH£ixi 
ripaBHjii. TasEMi o6padOMi i^jeb cero pacnopEseniE Sy^exi jjifi^- 
Hie AocxEiHyxa oxxoro^ qxo npnHExaE Mipa ho nojiy^Exi ofioiefi 
rjacHocxH^ **). 

Tasoe ynopsoe Hosejiasie ss. JiHBesa noji^qEHHXbCE pasi npE- 
■EToify pimeHii) 6uio npEHEHofi o^ohb HenpiflXHaro jifl& Hero pat- 



*) „3anHCKa o ucHsypt ko;iji. ace. <l>yK"ca', 1862 r., 66. 
*♦) .IJeHaypa B-b uapcTBoeaHie HMneparopa HiiKOJian I"— „PyccK. Crap.", 
I9tl r., IX, 666. 



5$ PyOOROB BOFATOTBO. 

nopjiseHiA: ji^e ooBiniaHUi no noBOAy siocqaoTHaro aBTopcKaro KiMHfi 
€inM% HasHaqeHi HeMe^JieHHO oco6ufl soMHreTE h8% BHi^e-KaHuepa 
ip. HeoceJiLpoAe, ren.-aic. BaoHJiBqHKOBa, MHHKCTpa DOTEii^iH J(aa- 
KOBa H BeHseHAop$a *). JlaBeni 6ihjl% o6oijifiWh.,. 

Repeal iAosojilko AHefl na Hero odpjmHJCjar ffpyrofl y^api. To- 
•jAapL^ padGMaTpHBaji oaho AeHBypHoe j^jio, noJosHJii pesojooiinn: 
MMHHHCTpy Hapoi(Haro npocBin^emA BejiixB no;ri?BepAHTB i^eHBopaMi. 
6uTB ooToposHie, h6o q% HtKOTopuzi nopi BO Bcixi sypHaj[axi>, 
He HCRjiK)qafl ^ase ^AKaAeuH^ecEHxi BiAOMOCTei'', npocEaKHBaiOTL 
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HHOTpi npoGBin^eniH sa oie OTBi^aexii" **). 9to yse 6£ijio cjinm- 
KOMi cepLesHO H Heo6EraHO. 

noHHif as, ^0 fijiaroAaps OTapamAMi BeHReH^^op^a nonsa no^i 
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lOGTaBJDEJieTCH Bi o6fl8aHHOGTB pasGMaTpHBaTL nepiojj^H^eGRifl HB^aHia Gl 
ooo6£iifi BHHMaHieifi H Bi nponyGRt HaBHa?aeM£ixi hjlo. ebtl oTaTefl 

•OdjHO^aTB RpaflHIOK) OGMOTpHieJILHOCTL H OGTOpOSHOCTB, HO^'B OnaGO- 
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noABepraiOTGH jiH'qHO h peAaRTopu, sa BGflRoe ji^ypHoe nanpaBJiefiie tTa- 
TeS Hxi HBAaHifl^ *'^*). HsAaHHoe 17 flBBapa, pacnopflseHie axo Ghjm 
HOBTopeno RH. JiHBeHOifi en^e jifid^j[,u: 25 nan 1831 r. h 9 ^eBpajiH 
1832 ro^a. Ky^a ^^BajiaoB h saROHHocTB: oxBtTGTBeHHOCTB pe^aR- 
TopoBi 6uj[a He MeHBinefi hobogtbd, ^^K'b iii^pa 6eHReHffop$a... 

OGo6£ifl ROMHTerB OROH^HJii GBOH saHflxiH Bi Mapxi^ 1831 r. H 
BB pesyjiBxaxi npe^GxaBHJi'B roGyjiapio o^ghb HHiepeGHyK) ceRpernyn 
aanHCRy, bb Roxopofl bh^ho OGo6eHHoe Bjiiame HaqajiBHHRa m ox- 

Ha^HHaexcfl ona gb yRasanui Ha HSBiGXHufi yse ^HxaxejiK) B«e- 
noAAaHHtfimifi AORjuaAB-sanHGRy re. JiHBeHa, a saxtMB ^nxaeuBi 

„no BHHMaxejiBHOM'B pasGMOxpiHin Gefl sanHGRH H no Goofipa- 
zeHiH npe;(noj[araeMiixB AonojiHemfi gb pasynoMi h xo^humh tio- 
BaiiH yoxana o i^eHsypi, hu, gb GBoefi GxopoHu, Haxo^HMB eaA- 
^yrompe: 

„ll,£j[ii) Gero yGxaBa 6ujio GnoGo5GXB0BaxB yGnixaMB ncxHHHaM 
spoGBtiueEiH H AapoBaxB ynpasHHDn^BMGH bb cjiOBeGHOGXH H Hay- 

RaXB BGD BOSIfOSHyK) GBOSo^y HB^aBaXB BB GB^XB TfJJlJH GBOH, fB 

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6ujio HH^ero npoxHBHaro npasHJiaMB Bipu h HenpHROGHOBeHHotw 
BepxoBHOi GaaiOAepssaBHofl BJiaoxH h HH^ero OGRop6HxejiBHaro xm 
Ho6poft HpaBCTseHHOcxH H MS JH^Hoft Ra«j^aro lecxH. BGJiiffcwie 



*; 8 (J)eBpa;iH 1831 r. CMy noBe;i'bHO npHcyicTBoeaTb bt> rocy^. •OB'brt h 

KOMHTert MHHHCTpOB-b. 

**) „UeH3ypa bt> uapcreoBaHie Hwnep. HHKo;iaH I*" — „PyccK. Crap.", 19W r. 
M, 307. 

***) .C6opHHK-b'S 219. 



TPIT&B OTAftJUHIB H miHSyPA. 57 

eero OTMiHeHu nooTaeoBJieHifl npesEHflro jcTast, cTicHflBinui co^n- 
HHxejiefi H nepeBOA^HSOBi b% SesBpeAHom paonopHsemH m 
npoH8BeA6Hk[ME, a b% oTHomeHiH si OTBiTCTBeHHOCTH sa H3AaHie 

SHHFE HIH CTaTLH, npOTHBHOfl HpaBHJiaMl I](6H8yp£I, OHafl B08JI0 

asena § 47 Ha KeHsopa hjih ^jieHOBi KOMHTeia, no^oHoaBinHXi 
onperiijreHie o nponycsi. Ho TasoBoe nociaHOBjieHie, ofipan^afl, nt 
•rporofi cnpaBeff jiHBOCTH, OTBixcTBeHHocTL sa HBAanie Bpe^Hofi kehfi 
BJH eraTBH Hosjuo^HTejBHo Ha Tixi, KOE HM&iH QpjiMyH) H Henpe- 
KtHHji) oGasaHHocTB BocnpeTHTL OHoe, othd;^ H^'. MOrJIO OCBO60- 
l[HTL H He ocBo6oxwae!rb on sasoHHaro npeojitAOBaHia caMHXiB 
fo^HHHTejiefi HJIH nepeBOA^HKOBi bo Bctei cjijqaflxi, sor^a ohh, 
no oym^eoTBy npe^cTaBJieHHoft hmh khhfh hjih cTaxBH, no^JiesaTi 
^(ificTBiK) o6b^hxi yrojiOBHuxi saROHOBi. IIponycRi ki Hane^aia- 

HiX) fipeAHOfl KHHFH eCTL, 006cTBefiH0, BHHa I](6H80pa; HO TTG 6UM% 

npecTynjieHieirb ao HSAaniH OHofi, to He nepeciaerb 6£itb npecTy- 
HieHieMi H nocjit, h aBTopi 6e86osHaro hjih BOsiiyTHTeJiBHaro co- 
qHHeHifl, npeACTaBHBmifi OHoe bi neHsypy, h, ojiiAOBaTeibHO (?), 
H8o6jiH?eHHKifi^Bi Haifi^peHiH o6HapoAOBaTb (?) oHoe, ji,ojLxen% 6utl 
npeji^aHi cyji^y Ha ocHOBaniH o6niHxi BaKOHOBi, neovoTpir na hue* 
Hoe eny on ixenaopa OAoSpenie. 

nll'si* ceio cJIt;^yeT•L, ito npaBHTenoTBO, ommodb ne napytuan 
vfiHaypnaio ycmaea h ocTaBJiHH OTBtTCTBeHHOOTB sa najiaHie khhfh 
H0Kjrx)9HTe3BH0 Ha i^eHsypt, HMierL, o^naKOse, nojiHoe npaBo 
Tpe6oBaTB ofiiHBJieHiH eiiy HMeHH Kas^ftro couHHiejEH hjih nepe- 
Boji;qHRa, Bi npoHSBeji^eHiflX'b soeFo fiyxerE yoHoipino Hapymenie 

06lI^HX% yFOJIOBHUXl SaKOHOBl, HJIH CTpeHJIOHie Ri BpeAHofl ;^H 

oSn^aFO onoKOflcTBifl iiiJiH, ajia npeji^aHiH ofo oy^y^ hjih se ma 
y^pesA^Hia sa hhmi nojini^eficKaFO Ha^sopa, gmotph no oymecTsy 

BHH£I BFO. B'B nepBOMl CJiy^at HiTTi HHKaKOfi HySAH A^fiOTBOSaTb 

ceKpeTHUMH npeAHHcaHiHMH: h6o caMo co6oh) oh6Bhaho, ^to nesHH- 
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9B0H He MOSerL HH Bl KaKOMl OTHOHieHiH CJiyiBHTL HMl HH npe^- 

MOTowhy HH cpeACTBOMi Ki yKpuTix) ce6H OTi sacjiyseHHaFO s« 
o6s](HMi saKonam HaKasaHifl*^. 

HaxoAH, ^TO ^cym^eoTByDniHMH ysaKOHeHiflMH (nsBi^cTHoe yse 
qHTaTejiHHi MHtnie FocyA* cosi^Ta ot% 25 anptjiH 1828 FO^a ao- 

HOCi KeHSOpailH Ha aBtOpOBl) npHHHTEl yse AOOXaTO'IHUH M&pH 

MJis o6y8AaHiH HefijiaFOHaMipeHHux'b aBTopoBi h nsAaiejiefi", oco- 
6ufi KOMHTOTB nojiaFajii, qro ji,3ui HcnojiHeHifl o6xHBJieHHofl eiiy 
BHOoqaftmefi bojih ^ocTaeicH tojilko o6paTHTL BHHMaHie na to, 
?To6u BHHOBHue He MOFJiH H86iFaTb saojiyseHHaFO HMH HaKasaniJi 
HJIH HaABopa coKpuTieHi HHeHi oBOHxi OTi npaBHxejibCTBa''. A 
j^fl 8TOF0 KOMHTerE peROMeHAOBajii: ^npHBecxH bi a^Sctbo BstHit- 
•KasaHHoe nocxanoBJieHie Focy^. oostTa cKopi^flHiHMi, no bobmos- 
HOCTH, cocTaBJienieMi HaKasosi i^eHSopam, a iiesAy t^mi, na ceM« 
se ocHOBaHin, BMiflHTL HMi Bi ofiHsaHHocTL, xoTH HaoTHBiMH npeft- 



&8 PyOOSOB BOrATOTBO. 

OHcaHiAMH, qTo6u OHH co^HHeHiflxi, nosasuBaDiipixi ffjxi we- 
IjiaroHaMtpeHHUfiy EBBin^aJiH Bucmee naqajibCTBo''. 

J^ajibme cjit^OBaji'L siopofi ny hktb, noBTopABmii ^exupe HjHBva 
tTHOnieHiA B6HseHAop$a ki kh. JlHB6Hy orb 6 AHBaps 1831 r. 

Bi 8asJiK)?eHiH sanHcsH roBopHJiocB: „IIpH8HaBaH TaROBua yApu 
tOToposHocTH j^ocTaTO^HBiMH, 6681 sonoJiH6Hii[ x^6H8ypHaro ycTaBa^ 
M£i ocHtjiHBaeMCfl noBeprHjTb MHi^Hie Hame na BucoHaflmee yGMO- 
Tptsie B. n. BejiH^ecTBa. Ki Tony cHHTaeMi AOJiroii'L npHCOBOsy- 
HHTB, ?To, BHHRaa B'B npsHHHii HiKOTopuxi HeAopasyiiiHiS H npo- 
THBopi^iS Bi HcaojiHeHiH ycxaBa, mu He Mosem He OTHecTH nn 
ei^acTH Ki HejiooTaTRy bi rjEaBHOMii ynpaBieHiH i^eHsypu CBi^Hift 
• ucumlOH^eM^ pacnoAoo/ceniu yMoeh u o coomuoiuenisix'b MeMOp 
06cmoHmeJibcmeaMu epjMemi u cmpeMJieHieM'b Jiiodeu nedAatOHCLHrh' 
pennux^. J(jifl oxBpan^eHiH oero HeyAo6GXBa, mbi e^HHorjiacHO noia- 
raem, ^xo bi rjiaaHoe ynpaBjieme i^eHsypu HaAJiesajio 6hL onpe- 
A^jiHXL OBepxi qjieHOBi oxi MEHHcxepcxBi HHOGxpaHHuxi H BHyxpes- 
HHsi Atii, en^e qjieHa co cxopoHBi ine^a saH^iapMOBi'' *). 

28 iiapxa BeHEen^i^op^i npenpoBOAHjii r'b JiHBeHy aaneoRy ko- 
MHxexa, 01 Bucoqafimefl na nefi pe80Jiioi](ieS: ^hchojihhxl^. Ha cjii- 
XyDHpfi se jsfiWb no MHHHOxepcxBf HapoffHaro npoosinieHifl 6£ijik 
cAtianu Bci cooxBixcxByDn^iA pacnopfiseHin, a 31 iiapxa no^- 
XBepsAeHO Ri HeyRJiOEHOMy HcnojiHeHiH) MHtnie rocy^. cosixa 85 
anpiJifl 1828 r. o HeifeAJreHHOH's ^OHOCHxejOLLcxBi no na^aJiLCTBy 
Ha anxopoBi nefijiaroHaMipeHHBix'L co^HHenift... 

TaRHMi o6pa80Mi, na^ajio HOBaro ro^a npenoAHecJio noAapoRi, 
eABa JLTL He npeBOcxoAHu^ifi nepnufi: yoxaHOBHJiaoB e ^o chxi nopi 
cyniecxByv)iii(aH ABoiHan oxBi^xcxBeHHOoxb — i^ensopa e EsjcaxeiA, 
pH^ AOHOcoBi B08o6HOBHjicfl o'fc HOBofl 8Hepriefl HcnyraHHBtxi 
lenaopoBi, i^eHBypnoe b^aomcxbo HMijio ^Jtena oxi IQ oxj^iJieHin, 
Roxopufi BHOCHjri Bi Hero HOBUH SHaHia: „o HacxoHn^em paono- 
joseniH yMOBi h cooxHomeHiflxi nes^y o6cTOflxejiBcxBaMH BpeneHi 
H oxpeHJienieifi jiioAeS HeSjiaronaMtpeHEHXi'', — BHaEin^ vh nenajiofi 
fxeneHH onpe^i^jiBBniiH ^aJiLHifiniyK) A^HxejiBHOcxb sxoro y^esAenia... 

ITpeAoxaBExejieM'L in ox^iJieHiH bi rjiaBHOM'b ynpaBjreniH i^en- 
dypu 6eijii 6jiHsaflniiS noHomHERi BeHReH^op^a, — A. H. MopABH- 
HOBi, oMiHBBmifl yuepaiaro bi 1831 ro^y ^ORa **). CBtj^Hiic e 
Hem o^eHL cRy^Hu. Ecxb jiedib BipoHxie npe^noJiaraxB, hxo Ha- 
tROJEBRO OHi 6bijii HOHie xajiaHXJiEBi, ^^wh ero npeAmecxBeHHHRi, 
HaoxojuRO se 6iij[i senopEji^o^Hie ero. 

O^eHL xapaRxepHUMi ^aRxom, EjumoxpHpyDn^EiCB HacTpoeHie 
iSeHRenxop^a bi roAHHy nojibCRaro BosoxaniA, EBJiaexca HHi^HAeHTb m 
jq)aifofl IIoro;^HHa „Mapea IIocaj^HHi^a''. £(eH3ypoBaBEiifi ee C. T. Arm- 

*) „3anHCKa o ucHsypt ko;i;i. ace. <l>yKca**, 61 —65. 

**) flocntAHifl uian> Oona no oTHomeHlfo in> ;iHTepaTypt— 3aziep>KKa la 
jiea roAa (no 1833 r.) HaneqajaHiji ^fopH orb yMa". nonyweHHaro HM-b on. /1h- 
BCHa H cnpHiaHHaro noin> cyKHo („PyccK. Crap.^, 1903 r. VI, 645). 



TPBTBB OTA^JIBHIS E I](lH8yPA. 59 

sen, emfi b% KOHi^i aBryoTt 1 880 ro^a h6 Hamejii bobmoshumi He 
upoiiyoTHTb ee, ho bi ob^ti ona Buiiyn^eHa He 6jbua: ooTopoxHuft 
aBTopi ^^CeiiefiHofl xpoHHU* npiocTaHOBHJii BuaycKi bi bhxj 
i'^mcKHXi AHefl bo ^paeAiH, a saxftMi noAomjiH noJiBCEin Atja. 
ILeiaa ojiobchtl oi oe(Sji OTBiTCTBeHHOCTJb, AKcasoBi Hanncajis 
£eHKeHAop$y, h boti KaKofi otb^ti nojiyqHJii oti nero: 

«MHJiooTHB£ifi rocyxapb, Ceprift TflMO$toBHTb! HcKpeHHifime 
fijiaroAapi) Baoi, hhjioothbhA rocy^apL, aa AOBipie, OKasaHHoe MHt 

BaMH Wh HHOBMi, npH KOeifl B£I H8B0JIHJIH OpenpOBO^IHTB SO MHt 

dKseMiiJiHp'L iparejj^iH ^Mapea IIooaAHHiia HoBropoACsafl^, Hane^a- 
xaHHoS no j^osBoieHiK) Bameiiy, ho ne Bunyn^eHHoi bi cBtii no Ht- 
soTopoHy ooMHinii), a^x paspiineHiH Koero bu, HHJOCTHBufi rocy- 
Aap&y 0% corjiaoiH r. co^HHHTejiH oefl Tpare^iH^ onpamHBaeTe MHiniH 
Moero. ^ecTL HMii) Baoi yBiAOMHTB, ?to qienie cefi TpareAiH^ na- 

HHCaHHOfl Bl J!JJA OTJIHIHO 6jiaropOAHOMl H HOXBaJILHOMl, JI^OCTa- 

BHio MHi BOJiH^afimee yji^OBojibOTBie h hto h ne npe^BHsy hh- 
lero, xorymaro npenaTCTBOBaTB BimycRy OHofi b% npo^asy; ho 
B% yaaseHie npH^HHi, no6yAHBmHxi Baci, MBjiooTHBut rocyAapL^ 

o6paTHTB0H CI CHMl BOnpOCOMl RO HH^, H Ch CBOefi OTOpOHU HO- 

jaran 611 HeHSJiHmHHMi, e^ npedynpeotcdewie KaKoH-Hudydb ne- 
nptAmHocmu, otjiojbhtb o6HapoAOBaHie cero co^HHOHiH jxo nepeMtHu 
BUHiniHHXi cisyTHUxi o6oTOHTejiBGTBi>. IIpeAOCTaBjiflH, Bnpo^eMiy cie 
Moe MH^Hie Go6oTBeHHOMy BameMy ^xaroyoMOTptHiH), ^ecT& Hiite 
6uTt H np.» *). 

B'L KOH[(i roAa, 14 j(eKa6pH, no iiHHHCTepoTBy napoAHaro npo- 
tBtn][eHiH 6bijio CAiJiano pacnopHsenie, ?to6bi no HCTe^eHiH RasAaro 
Mi^cfli^a i^eHsypHue ROMHieru npe^cxaBJiHJtH bi III OTji^&ieHie CBt* 
j^Bui Hane^aTaHnBixi h ESAaHHuxi isypHajiaxi h aJiLMaHaxaxi^ 
cb osna^eHieif I TEnorps $iJB **). BipoHTHo, 8to 6um% onoco6i npo- 
BipRH B8;iiaTeiefl, He Bcer^a BO-Bpenn h aRRypaTHo HcnojiHHBniHXS 
sasoHi. 

SaROH^HMi o6dopi 1881 ro^^a romh^heihi dnHSOAom, BecbMa xa- 
pairepHUMib j^ia oi^tHRH snoxH h oh A^HTejiefi. 

Bi ^CtoepnoHi MepRypiH** ne iiajio nacMiinHJia Bctxi GiaxbH 
KopH ,,EcTeoTBeHHaA HCiopin ocxobi**. Ha^HHajiacB ona TaRi: 

.HeonpaBOAJEHBo oy^flTi cem shbothohi, ROTopoe aacjiyiSH- 
Baen vh CBirt ropasAO no^eTHiflmee iiicTO, HesejiH onpeA^ieHo 
eiiy Bi Rpyry o6HTaTejiefi bomjih. Cie neyBaseHie BaoTaBHJio nae- 

rXTL OCJIOBl HORaTL CHaOTLH HOffl paBJIH^HEIMH HaSBaHiaMH, 8aHM- 
•TBOBaHHEUCH y APyTHXl HapO^^OB'B. Bl OHXl-TO BH^axi MHorie 

texH aaHHMaDTi bbshuh iiicTa b% ceiTi^. J(a6u jryqme h nOApo6- 
Hie ysnaTb cie ffoCTonpnift^aTejiBHoe shbothoo, HaAo6HO cnaqaia 
HoanaROHHTBOH c% npoHCxoasA^HieMi ero, h BaniTHTB stROTopwi 
xpyiiH o6cTOHTejiBCTBa, RacannuacH jno ocjiobi Boo6mfi**. 



*) „PyccK. ApxHB-b-. 1873, XI, 02299-02300. 

**) ,C60pHHKT,', 220. i 



I 



^# pyOOROB BOrATOTBO. 

Saiitti nonaAaK)TC£ TaRia MicTa: 

„B(A no^TH ecieoTBOHcnuTaTeiH onHCusaDn Ham ooia, laRS 
sHBOTHoe ^eTBepoHoroe, ci a^hhhumh ymaiiH, h o6EisHOBeHHO t6- 
paro i^Bixa. Ho sasj^uS ^ejiOB^Ri, HMinnuS xoth MajiMmifl notsa- 
Hifl o6i oojiaxi, csaserb, too hh cipaa mepcTb, eh jifiEEnua. jhi, 
HH j^ase qoTupe hofh ho coorasjiflnirb BasHtfiniHxi npHitiTi, ■• 

KOTOpUMl JBHaDTOfl OCJIH''. 

^HiMex^Eifl HHcaiejiL ^jEVh roBopHTi, tto ocjia mobeho ysHaR 
Bsj^ajtH no 3ByKj, ^acio hmi HBAaBaexoMy, soTopufi Hxierb ooodeH- 
Hoe cxoACTBO Gi ja, ?to BHa^HTb no pyccRH da. Ho h cia npHMiTa 
He Bipna, h6o ecTB mhosbotbo oojiobi, Roiopue Hep^AKo RpHiar&: 
HThrml H7&w^!" *). 

BeHKeHAop^i cipamHO BOSMyrHjroH 8T0fi BiixoARofi h, npespt- 
BOTRfffiLE Hyuepi 01 CBOHHH OTMixRaifH Ri RH. JlHBeHy, HHcajii: 

y,S. nojiaraK), ^xo i^eHsopi, 0A06pHBmifi ri HaneqaTaHiio xaRoe 
Hi^oTo, AOJUEOHi 6hnh HaRasaHi, h noRopnifime npomy samy aaiT- 
JiocTL npHRasaiL o6iABHTb HBAaxejiK) „CtBepHaro MepRypin*^, ito, 
eejiH oHi OGM^JIHXCH Bnpe^B noMtmaxB bi cBoem sypnajii exam, 
exoAB uedAazoHaMThpeHHUH u depantR, xo eny 6jjifiTb sanpen^eH^ 
HB;^aHie OHaro..." **). 

TepiiHHi MHe6j[aroHaHipeHH£ifi^ bc^mi AOCxaxo^HO hcohi, eoiH 
xojiLRo Boo6u^6 BTO cjioBO Hosoxi npexeHj^osaxs Ha RaRofl-HH6yxi» 
cMucji'E. ?xo ise RacaexcH cjiOBa ^A^pBRifi^, xo bi 188 1 rony «h« 

HMtJIO 0C06£]ft CMUCJIl. 

HojiBCRiH A'^Jia yBOJiHHHJKH xpesosHoe cocxoHnie npaBsn^Hxi 
c^epi Ao xoro^ tto cjeobo ^a^Psocxl'' b'b npHioseHiH r% JiHxepa- 
xypHOMy npoHBBeAeHiio cxajio nojioisHxejiLHO ^OMHHHpyioniHM'b. »Hh- 
Rxo,— roBopHxi aHOHHMHufi aBxop^, — He o6paii^aj['& BEHManiH Haxo, 
copaBeffJiHBu HjiE HecnpaBej^jiEBu yRasaHia JiHxepaxypu; ao cyi^HO- 
oxH A^jia HHRXO He RaoajECH, h BCflRifi sajiOBajiCH xojibro na x^p- 

BOGXL. JI^epBOCXL 6UJISL jrK)6HMlIMl 06BHHHXeJ[BHUMl OJIOBOMIb 1W9 

BpeMeHH" ***). 

XL 

1832 roA'B OBHaMenoBajiGH Banpen^enieMi sypnajia ^EBponee^^'', 
EBWBaBmaroGH H. B. EHpieBORHHi. JIjisi xapaRxepHoxHKH ^^ftoxmfi 
III ox;^%jieEiH bi o6jraGXH ne^axH Hcxopin ^Eeponefiita^ RpalHe 
noy^HxejibHa. Hsi hoh o6n^eoxBO yBHA^jio, HaoROJiBRO oho ne rapaHXH- 
poBano oxi ooBepmeHHO npoHSBOJiBHUXi o6BHHeHifl. ^BipoflTHO, — 
HHcajEi HymRBHi JI^MHxpieBy, — bbi ebbojiexo yse BHaxB, too syp- 
Hajin^ ^Esponeem" Banpen^eHi BOJit^oxBie ^OHOca. KHpi^eBCRift, xt^* 



*) „Ci.BepH. MepKypiH", 1831 r., Ns 72. 
**) .jMcTopHM. CBtji'feHiJi ueHsypt btj PocciH**, 53. 
***} ^Uenaypa si uapcTsoeaHie HMnepaiopa HHKo;iaH I", „Pyc6K. ^rap.", 
1»#3 r., II, 307-308. 



TP1TI»I OTA^JQIBHIE H I^HByPA. 61 

pufl I cKpoMHufi RHpieBCRifly npeACTaBJieHi npaBHTesLOTBj cop- 

B8H10MI H flS06HHI^eMl! Bci BA^CB HaA^lOTCJI, ^TO OWL oopaBj^aeTCff 

1 iTo KJieBeTHHKH — HjiH, HO RpafiHefl Mipi, KJieBera — ycnososTOff h 
iyxen EaoSiHieHa" *). 

fiHKaKoft nofiij^u ffo6paro na^ajia Ha^i bjuihi, o^HaKO, He npo- 

H30IDJI0... 

Bote saxi pEcyeTos HcropiA sanpen^eHifl MEBponefii^a" no ^an- 

apxHsa III OTA^JieHifl. 
Ha^HHaeTOA ona Hs^^ajieKa. HepBofi fiyiiaroft wh „jt,ijA** noff- 
opHrHHajiLHoe nHOLxo. IIpHBOsy ero 6yKBajiLH0: 

^A. KomejieBi h B. Th- 

TOB% Bi C.-nerepfiyprt — hh- 

myTt ero 6j[ar. HsaHy Ba- 

GHjr&eBH^y KHpeeBCROMy b'b 

MoGSBy, Bi AOMi noMepaH< 

i](0Ba sa CyxapeBofi 6aniHeK). 

HHsenoAnHoaBmiecfl, He nony^afl HHKasoro OTBiTa orb r*Ha Kh- 

pAeBOKaro na MHoroEpaTHUH npeACTaBJieHiff, eiiy j^JianHun, Eaxo- 

jiflTcsL n KpaBHeMy hx% cosajitHiK) wh neofixoAHMOCTH o6ihbhtl 

eMy^ qTO, ecTLjiH bi npoAOJiseHie 15 ji^Eett, n^HTaa OTh cero 6iDjrH, 

OHM He HOJiy^aTE yAOBJieTBopHTejiBHaro on E. B. OTstia, to, 1-e 

npepBaTL BCi^ CHomeniH c% hhmi, 2. npe^aTb nposjiflTiK) h 8. bh- 

qepsHyTB ero eb% ?HCJia Hamt4x^. 

A. KomejieBi. 

B. TaxoBi". 
Ceepxy pyKOH) BeHKeHjiop$a HanHcano: cette lettre est tios 

intiressante a ce qu'il parroit voyer s'il est possible de savoir qui 
sout les individu et ce que cela pent §tre **). 

IIhgbho 3T0, oqeBHAHO, noaajno b% nepjinoTpaii^iiD bi toti ze 
AOBB H 6-ro se iiojiH 1827 r. BeHKeH^op^i uHcajii renepajiy A. 
A. BojiKOBy, Ha^ajiBHHKy 2 OKpyra (MOCEOBOKaro) sopoyca saH^ap- 

MOBl, ?T0 ,nO BCTptTHBmHMGH SpaflHO yBaSHTOJIbHKIMl 06CT0flTeJB- 

GTBaMi; BOGBifa JiK)6oauTHO 8HaTb, STO laEOBii oeS RepteBCEifl? 
sasyx) OHi HMieT'L o6iiiyK) penyTauiro, saEoro noBeAeniH, gi siuir 
HaxojKHTGH B% GBJiBJix'L H CHomefiiflxi?*' Bi BBffy BToro OHi npo- 
eHTL BoJiEOBa ^nopyiHTb 6jiaroBEAHoe h CKpuToe no oeiiy npe^- 
Mery pasBiAOBanie 6jiaroHaAesHOMy ^eJOBtsy^, soTopoMy BnyniHTB 
ysHaTB ^TO MosHo H KomejieBi h Thtob^ ***). 

O^eBH^HO, TaHHCTBeHHOGTB HHGBMa psGOBajia yso III OTA^Jie- 
moo EaKofl-HH6yAB spaMOJiBHufi saroBop'E... 

9 asryGTa nojiyqeni 6uji% otb^ti BojisoBa, soTopnit npHBOsy 
oojihoctbd: 



♦) „CoqHHeHifl«, VII, 463. 

**) ApXHBi> III OTA'feJieHiji c. e. H. B. KaHue/iflpiH, AtAO J^ 213, h. l-aii,. 
1 3BcneA., 1827 r., 6yMara >fe 1. 
") Ibidem, J* 2. 



62 PFCOKOS BOrATOTBO. 

^no npeAnHcaHiiD Bamero lip — sa orb 6 inju noffi }6 1411-]ii, o 
EBaHt BacHJiBeBflqt KupneecKOM^ cespeTHUJir pasBiAHBaHifl otkpbijih 
cjiiATK)ii^ee: ?to ohi hbi abophh'b OpiOBcsoft ryfiepnie, BocnHTEHi 
096HL xopomo, npio6ptji'& o6inHpH£i£ oBiAiHiji, ooHOBaTejieH'L h 
xase no^HTajicA rjiyfioROMiiojieHHUMi; orh poAj eMj 22 roi^a; HMi- 
hIa aa EHMi Bi o6iiieHi ci SpaTom h MaiepLK) ero BjiaAtHin co- 
OTOHTL AO 1500 aJhi'b; Bi 182:^ rojij nooTynsjn ohi b% ToojAap- 
CTBeHHBift ApxHBi HHOOTpaHHuxx jj^^jii asTyapljcoMi, BCRopi (sasi 
roBopflTL) 6fj(en npe^CTaBJieHi ki npoBSBOAOTBy bi DepeBOj^^HSH, 

SHTeJILCTBO HMieXl dA^CL B'E MoCRB'b, BIltCTi CB HaTep&K) OBOei), 

ROTopaH Bumjia bi samyiseGTBO bj^obod sa AiieRctA AHApeeBH^a 
EjiarHHa; Rpyn sBaROMCTBa ero coGTaBJio)Ti»: Cepri^fi AieKcaHApo- 

BH^^ Go60J[eBORifl (ao6o^BBlfi CHHI CoflllOHOBa^ HaXOftHTCA BMi^CTt 

Gi KHpieBCRHMi B^b HHocTpaHHOMi apxHB^), RBflSB Men^epcRifi, 
BjiaAHMip'E IlaBJiOBHHi Thtobx, A^poghmob'e^ HopoBi, ApSeneBi, 
AjieRGaflAP'b HBaHOBH^'E EomejieB'B h 2KHBoaHGei^i AprynoBi; riaB- 
HifimaJir gbhsl h ^aGTUJi noci^n^eHifl sani^eHBi h81 hhxi: ci Ck>6o- 
jieBGEHMi, MeniepcRHMi, OAoeBCRHM'b H Thtobum'b, a oco6jibbo ci 
nepBUMi, ROTopufi npitssaerb ri KHpteBGROMy no^TB eseAHOBHO 
H ^aoTO Biitcxi BBii3saK)Ti HSi ffOMa BepxanH; bb^b cero saRii)- 
qauTi, qio obh coAepsart qTO-xfl6o on Apyrnxi bi TafiHi, i^mi 
^ojiie, ?T0 H npH cit8;i;ax'B npoqsxi ero nociTBiejiefl ohi, Kh- 
pieBCRifl, Gi CodojeBCRHMii He pt^^RO, OT^^ajisflCB otb HBXi, pasro- 
BapHBaion o^hh wh OGo6ofi EOMHart; Bopo^eMX, cy^A no GRpoMHOMy 
o6pa8y HBBHH^ RpoTROMy EpaBy, oTjiaqHOiiy odpasoBanuD h j^o 
6poTi ero, Kapi^eBGRaro^ ri cbohmi jik)Abm'b, mosho botth orpa- 

HH^HTBGE BO MH^HiH Rl AypHHlfB erO Ra^eGTBaili; Bl OTHOBieHiH 

se saHjiTifi ero, oh'b HGRJUoqETejiBHO npHJieseHi ri qTeniH) cou* 
HeHifi jiyqmHX'B aBxopoBB, qtiti Bept^RO saHHMaeTCE h no EoqaH'B 
Aojiroe BpeMB; b-b pasroBopaxi se otpbibhctbixi h ocTpoyaiHuxi 
npHMiTsa BGRpa jiBdepajBaaB; OAsaRO se, BecBMa ocioposeEi, a 
^(pyrEX'B yBasHTejiBHux'B npHGipaGTii bi Hem Be bhaho h Biiis- 
AOBi vh ny6jiHHHUA H napTBRyjiflpHus utexa RpoMi Teaipa e xpy- 
sefl GBOEXi He HEterB. 

„^To opHHa^JiesHrB ao osBaneHHiix'B bi npeAnnGaHiE Bamero 
np — Ba A. KomejreBa h B. TaTOBa, ROTopue, RaRi h BEime yno- 
ifflflyTO, EaxoABTGE vh Rpyry RopoTRHXi BflaROEuxi Qi RnpteB- 
cRHMi: nepBufl hsi hexi cuei nojROBHHRa HsaHa PoA,ioHOBHqa, 
G'B Eaqajra Cujib b'b naseeROHi Ropnyct, bb 1823 roAy noory- 
EEJii Bi EHocTpaHEBifi apxHBi aRTyapiyGOMi; ho bi HUHimHeMib 
roAy nepemejiB bi HHOGrpaHHyio ROJUieriH) m> neTep6ypr6y a bto- 
pofl, paBHOHtpHo MOJioAofl HejioBtRi, GJiysHTi BB TOHi se apxHBft 
aRTyapiycoEB— BorB bgo to, hto tojibro mosho 6£ijio yanaTB o 
r-Bi KHpteBGROMB E CBH8BXI 8HaR0MGTBa ero* *). 



*) Ibidem, J* 5^ 



Bi BHA7 ^THxi j^aHHuxi, sa BctMH TpofiMH 6fii[jio jvpesi^eH^ 
^vadjnoAeHie". 

12 ceHTa6pA Bojikobi nHcajii Bohkohaop^j, 7T0 ^yoepAHiflme 

aejiaJl^L 6U npOHHRHJTb BI TaHHCTBeHHJK) CBBSL^ Ha6jII0AaeM£IXl, 

BO ^HCTon^Hj-b yse Bct bobmoshbia eiiy cpe;i[CTBa h npej^xorH^ h8% 
soTopux'B noji,% OAHHii'B, Bi BHA^ CBaTOBCTBa 6oraTofi HeBicTBi sa 
KRpieBCKarO; CBeAeHo sHasoMCTBO h ^ase ^pysecTBO ci ero Ea- 
MepAHHepoMi", a Hosaro HHqero otrputk He y^aeTOff, ^h TaSna er« 
oeTaexcx b% Tofi se HeHSBtcTHOcxH!^ „A no oeMy s, sasaH^HBaji'E 
reHepajKi, — noRopniinie npomy Bame lip — bo pasptmHTB MHt: 
J10JI3EH0 XH npoAoxacaTb na^'b KHpieBcsHMi cie otoxb A^XBHaTHoe, 
HO Bi npoqemi no BHAHMOuy 6e8'b-ycniniHoe HafixDAOHie; hxh esexH 
6hi so HaoTOAH^eMy toxhroA BasHocxH npe^MeTy aosboxoho 6hxo 
MHi nociynHTL h^croxbro ciitxie, to RaRiH 6bi bi cemi aocxtA* 
Hejfi cxyqai hofl a ynoTpe6HTB Mtpu? — HaqaxLCTBOHHoe Bame t 
eem paspimeme Axa mohx t^icb Heo6xoAHMie, ^to oho 6jjsfiTh 
uiafe ox ysHTb ypoROMi h Bnpe^L npH ^o;^o6HHX•L cxyqaxxi* *). 

noBHAHuoify, js,^JLO xaRi h RonqHXOCB XHOiL Ha^^sopoMi, Bl Ha- 
j^exsAt, oAHaRO, oxRpBiTL ^TaHHOTBeHHyK) GBASb" MoxoAuxi aRxya- 
piycoBt. 

Ho B0r& BOSHHRaOTL GHOBa RaRaH-TO TaHHCTBeHHOCTB... 10 iK)HX 

1S28 r. AGsypHufl renepaxi rxaBHaro niTa6a, A. H. IIoTanoBi (hsi 
xarepA y TpoflHOsa Baxa npH p. Kapacy), ceRp^exHO coo6n],aeirb Ha- 
xoAflnieMycH Tam se BoHReHAop^y RoniK) ce nncLMa H. B. Eh- 
piescRaro hsi Mockbu, oti 23 Max 1828 r., ri B. II. TxTOsyBi^ 
IIeTep6ypni h yB^AOMXxeT'L, qxo HaqaxBHHR'E rxaBHaro niTa6a ero 
BexHqecTBa, ren.-aA. ]lfl6R^%, npocHT'b o6paTHTL BHHiiaHie Ha hhobmo, 
ysHaxL o6% ynoKHHaeiiOM'L bi neni npoHcmecTBiH h o6o Boeicx 
BnoGxtAOTBiH coo6niHTB eMy axh AORxaAa rocyAapx) **). BeHReH- 
xop^ii OTOoxaxi dxy 6yMary bm^ct^ oi nHOLMOMi vh IleTepSyprE 
Kl $0Ry. 

BoTi qxo nHcaxt H. B. KHpteBCRifi THTOBy: 

M^BTaTL OAHOMy THTOBy H HHEOMy HO HORaSUBaTB. 

„BoTi qxo cxyHHXOGb: Bqepa, T.e., b'e noHeA^xLHHRi, npHXOAHTi 
BaGHxift PoHaxHHi ***) ri CexHBaHOBCEOMy ****) h OTAaexi eMy na 
;iMH noroAHHa hegbmo, ROTopoe npocHTB OMy AOGTaBHTb qpesi nt- 

CROXBRO qaCOB'B. CeXHBaHOBCRifl, npHMtTH ero paSGXpOeHHBlfl BHA^i 

8a6xaropa8GyAHXi OTneoTH OHoe ciD se MHHyTy; nncBifO paGne^a- 
TaxH H HamxH b% ohomi, qxo ohii HaiitpeHi saoTptXHTBox b:b 
AcxaHEHH* *****) H npoq., h npoq. HoroAHHi ciro se MHHyry ci 



*) Ibidem, >fe 8. 
**) Ibidem. J^a 9. 

***) flpisiTeJib Koiue;ieBa, IloroAHHa h Ap. 
*•♦*) MocKOBCKifl THnorpa4)i>, TOBapHim> hxt». 
"**■•*♦*) HiitHie OcraHKHHo. 



C4 pyOOSOB BOFATOIBO. 

MJVJ nocBasajii k% IIIjJiBrHHy *), BMn y Hero 18 KasasoBi 
H 6pocHj[Cfi B% AoTaHRHHO, TRKi GoOpajii coTHH) — ^ffpyrjH) pa6«- 
uoi H Hy HCKaTL BaoHJiifl no Bceiiy oa^, hii^6T£, mofiTh h ho 
HaxoAHTL. Bi aTO BpeMA IQeBupeBii ysnaBi 061 aiOMi, oinpa- 
BJiaeTCfl Ty^a se h y caniixi Bopon HaxoAHrE secqacTHaro... so- 
Topufi i^ijiexoHesi oinpaBJUEeTCJir ;i;oMOfi. UleBupeBi casaerB er# 
Ba ApossH H BeseTh ffOMofi. Tor;^a IIoroAHHi nocjii TH^eTHuxB 
HOHGBOBi BOBBpan^aoTca Ki ce6t, Haxo^j^Bxi Tami MepTBeAa h Be- 
36X1 ero (o^HTaa cie b'b o6fl8aHHO0TB) k% IIIyjiBrHHy. Bci npocATi 
ero noTymHTB jsi^Jio; ho oh:b oTKasLiBaexcff, roBopn, hxo oho gjihih- 
KOifB rjiacHO H AOJDESHO 6bixb paoopxoBaHO FojiHi^uHy **), S. oiD 
HHHyxy HHcajii Ki 3HHaH;i;^ ***), ^to6u OHa sacxynHJiacB h np#- 
eHJia ero He aoboahxb ]is> cy^a. 

,TenepB Boxit b'b ^ewb a^jio: BacHJiifi nBcajiB xony HtcsojiBXO 
AHeS SI HnsojiaK) ***^) hto-xo, Bofb b^gxb. He roBopHXi in oh'b 
cBoeifB HaMi^peHiH? Ecjih a^^, xo Hnsojiai B86tj[eHRxcji h nocsa- 
^evh GDAa, H xor^a npon^aS Haj^esAU h nyxemoGXBie, h bgo. HxasB 
BaMii GJitAyerB Gem jiijvk HOJi^axB h GxapaxBGH ero GnpoBa^nxB 
B'B JlK)6eK%. Egjlh se ohi ysHaexx HaHipeniH, xo nosaaaxB evy 
cie H yni^pflXB ero, ^xo h8B aioro HH^ero ne BudAexx; h6o mh sjitcB 
BGe nocxaBHMi Bepxi ahomi, a ao 6^ji,u ho AonyGXHHB. npom^aflxe, 
sanrpa nojij^nmB noApo6Hoe Hsetcxie BGix'B noGJii^^cxBiaxB* *****). 

7 iujiH ^oEi GOO^majiB Bojisosy, ^xo noGUjiaexi exy hhcbmo 
KHpieBGsaro, soxopoe ^^bb pasHBixB oxHomeniHX'B^ xpe6yexB oooSen- 
Haro BHHHaHiH HafijUD^axejiBHOfi nojoiHiiiH, h xtaii 6oj[te, "^xo npo- 

HliGaSHBIJi BB OHOMB 06GX0BXeJIBGTBa ;i;0GeJlt He AOXOJljHJIH 0$$B- 

iliajiBHUtf'B o6pa80MB Ao CBt;i;tHiH npaBHiejiBGXBa, n npocHXB yBt- 
AOMHXB 060 BGOMB, Hxo yji;acxca yanaxB no axoMy noBO^y ******). tje - 
pesB He^tJiK) saviHABmifi BojisoBa noJiEOBHasB Etra^eBB ;^oho- 
6HJIB, ^xo BaGHJiiS PosajTHHB pimnjiB aacxptjiHXBCfl noAB Bsi^- 
mewh cosHaHiH neBoaHOSHOGXH oxA^JiaxBGH oxb GSBepnuxB npeA~ 
:ioseHifi cBoeS MaqHXH, ho goo6iii,hbb o6b axoMB oxi^y, soxoparo 
He xoxijB xi^MB OGsop6HXB; aaxtttB Bce paasasaHHoe KflpteBGSHMB 
BuojiHi noffXBepsAajiOGB. myjiBrHHB hogbahjib PosajiHHa na Tsep- 
GKyD GBiasyio, rflfk ohx npoGHAtjuB HeA^^JiK), nosa ne olijib ocsofio- 

ZiieHB KH. ^OJIH^HHHMB *******). 

Bee axo 6ujio Goo6n^eHO BeHseH;i;op$y h JI^Hdnqy, h, noBBja;?- 

MOlfy, A^JIO OHHXB-XaSH SOHqHJrOGB HH^tMB. 



*) MocKOBCKitt o6epi-iiOJiHUi()iifeflCTep'b. 
**) Kh. JX. B. ro;iHUbiHT>, MOCKOBCKift reHepa;ii>-ry6epHaTop'b. 
**♦) Kh. 3. A. BojiKOHCKasi. 

****) HHKo;iaft Po)KaAHHi> co6Hpa;ic5i txarb 3a rpaHHqy bi Manecfut pe- 
■eTHTopa. 

***♦*; Ibid Wo 9. 
******) Ibidem, >fe 10. 
♦•*****) Ibidem, Ws 11. 



TPBTba OTA^JIBHIl H ip!H87PA. t$ 

Bi KOHi^t 1831 roAa EHpieBCSOMy fiwio ^ase ^aHo npaBO la 
HBABHie Bi MooBBi eaeMioii^Haro sypHajia .EBponeeAi^, ito, 
Bnpo^eMi, eii^e He osHaTOAo oEOH^aHm o^eiOBi ci lU OTAtjoLeHiem, 
Ha^BTBixi Bi 1827 r.: paspimeHie sypnajiOBi jihibl c% 1832 roxa 
6BIJI0 nocraBJieHO bi saBECHMOOTb orb oapaBOKi o 6jiaroBaAes- 
HOCTH, AaBBBinHxcB III OT^JieHieifL. Jfi Tixi nopi A'^Jia 8th boshh- 
sajra H pimajiHCL MHEHCTepoTBOsii npooBi^n^eHifl, soTopoe HHorAa 
jramB sanpainHBajio nojiHAii) no MicTj SHTejiiiOTBa npocHrejui- 
H^aTeiA. 

nepBBit BHBapBOBifi HOMepi ^EBponeflAa'', sapy^EBinarocA oo- 
rjiaoieMi JKyHmExi JBTepaTypHiix'B ohjii *), naqRHajicE nporpanHot 
cTBTBefl H. EHpieBcsaro: ^JI^eBETHaj^i^aTBift sisi''. IIpHHi^esa ki 
nepBUMi onuTam $fijioco(|)CKOft soHCTpyKipH pyccKOfl HCTopiH, 
OHB yBaauBajia na OTptmeHHOOTL pyccKaro nponuiaro on o6niaro 
xoAa BcevipHaro HOTopH^ecKaro pasBHTis^ bbki hb pesyjibTaTi 
HeAOOTBTKa y naci ffyzoBHoS aHTH^Hofi Byuiypa. IIo nHtHlio 6y- 
;iyB^aro cjiaBAHo^Hjia, hbmi Heo6xoAHMO 6£ijio ycBoeHie coBpexeH- 
Haro any eBponeicsaro ponaHTH^ecEaro pejiHrioaHaro HaoTpoeHUi, 
Heo6xoAHifo, KaBi HenpeiiiHHoe ycjiOBie Hamero BoeMipHOHCTO- 
pH^eosaro 6yAyn^aro. Micxo aiofl pafioTu RHpteBOEaro Bi o6ii^eKi 
xo;(i pasBHTifl pyccKofl HCTopa^ecEoS muoxh xopomo ysasaHO n. 
H. Mhjedbobhmi *), H noTOMy b ne 6yAy ooTaHaBJiEBBTiiOfl sa Bet 

Bl 8T0MI OTHOmeBiE. CKBSy TOIBKO, ?T0 BBa^eflie OEB EEftxa 

jiEiEii jpfl rtxi, BTo QOJiy^EJii B03M0BCB0CTB npo^ecTb OKOH'iaBie %K 
vh TpeTBefl BsssBt ^EBpoaefii^a^ **). JI^ie rtxi ofla, AtftOTBETejibBo, 
6ujia ^Ecrro nojiEtEqeoEoS cTaT&efl, eo e to BOBce eo ^npejiocyAE- 
xejuflaro^ xapaETepa. Ajih qBTaBmBXi ise jieeib Eanajio (bi 
nepBoi SEESst) oeb 6£Uia ooBepmeEEO se Ecsa ***). Ti nox- 

TaOOBKE OJEOB'B, KOTOpHE BBMtTEJI'B HEEOJiafi I, HOSEO O^^JIBTb, 

Dosajiyfi, EO se cxiAOBajio, noTOny hto hucjil aBTopa fiuxa ^a- 
jieEa OTi co^yBCTBia peBOJ[K)^iE ****). 

?T0 6£iJio Bcjii^i sa BiixoAOMi EepBaro EyMepa— cBaaaTB nosa 



*) nyuiKRHii nHcajii> H. M. HsbiKosy 18 HOii6p5i 1831 r.: ^FlosApaBJi 
BCK) 6paTiio cb poxcAeBJeMi> „EBponettua''. roTOBi>, cb Moeft cropoHu, cjiyxcHTb 
BaMb M%Mi> yroAHo, npoaof) h cthxhmh, no cob'^cth h npoTHB-b cob'^cth*. 
l^CoHHHeHiH*, VII, 444). 

**) ^FjiaBHUii TeqeHisi pyccKofl HcropHq. ifbicnM', t. I. M. 1898 r. 370—374 
***) Ona, KaHcercB, Be 6biJia Bbinymeaa vh cBtrb, xoth h nojiy<iHJia paspk- 
■eHie iteaaypbi ua Kaxcjiyio H3b CBoaxi> CTared. HenoAHbifl esi 9K3eifn;iiipi> 
HiffteTCfl Bii AxaAeMiH HayKi>. Bo BCflKOMi> cjiy^a'fe, eoiH rpeTbH KHH)KKa h 6faiJKi 
BbinymeHa, a Be To;ibKO noAapeea 6;ih3khmi> Apy3bflMi> HSAarejiii, to ee pasbnic 
Ha«iaAa 4>6BpaJii], t. e., KorAa y}Ke of(OMm<.iacb bcji nepenHCxa III OTA^jieHlii. 
KpOMt Toro, Bb 6yMararb TOJibKO h ynoMHeaercfl nepBbiB noMepii .EBponeBiia*. 
****) Bii >& 2-Mi> ^AestiTHaAuaTbifl Btx-b" ae noMtmeab. Oa-b paaptuitirb 
veaaopoMii 25 siaBapH 1832 roAa. 

***'^^ HsL a noATacoBKa aeB-fepau. Hanpantpb, BJiacra nocTaBa^a aaarb pa- 
BeacTsa MewAy noHfliieifb .acKycao* a ^acKyccTBeaao*. V KapteBCxaro bt«- 
. poc, y 6eaKeaAop4>a aepsoe. 

Jft 10. Otx&tb I. 5 



66 PyOGSOfl BOrATGTBO. 

HeBOBMOJKHO. MosHO TOJiBRO ope^nojiaraTL, qxo „EBpoaeen;ib'^ 
nonajn h bo ABopeiJCE, Kj^ft npoHHKi ^epes'L JEyEOBORaro, poff- 
cTBeHHHRa KipteBCEOMj^ nymKHHa e Cmephobj — 8to crb oahoA 
cTopoHu. C% jipyrofi — S8i dpeboaemux'l eeso ^oEyMesroB^ eoso, 
HTO ^ysoBcsifiy EanpEMipi*, sHajii o aoboc% sa ^EBponeeui^ e, 
no BceS BipoETHOCTE, jiiOBocB BjAFapEEa. HeEBBi^CTBO, HTO HanEcajii 
noGji^AHifi no noBOAj „EBponeSi][a'', eo b% „Atjif o ^CiBepsofl 
nqejit'' ecTB ero nacbMo orE 25 EEBaps 1830 r. o% npEio- 
seBiem ji^oBoca Ea ajiLnaBan i.JI^eBBfluf'' e EMeEEo sa CTaTBD o 
Eem KEpteBORaro. 

Ho lasi EJiE flsa^e, rocy^apB npo^ejii ^JleBETEamaTufl BiKi^'... 

A coBepmeHEO j&kxjtfiwhj ^to rpoMi rpasyjii bobco se ES'B-Ba 
^J^eBETBaOTaTaro B*Ka**, a E8i sa CTaTBE „rope oti yMa — Ea 
MocKOBGKOEi TeaTpt", ropasAO 6ojAe nosETHofi i](ep6epcTByK)niefi 

KJIESt fl, KOEeqHO, 0<I6flB 06EAB0fi, „J[eBflTBaAI^aTUMl BiKOMl^ 

jiEEiL npEspuBajTECB nepe^T^ looyAapeMi... Botl Konei^ dxcfi 
CTaTBE: 

mHo jik)6obl Ki EEOGTpassoMy Be AO^SEO CMimEBaTB 01 npE- 
oxpacTioEi Ki EBooTpaBi^aMi; eojiE nepsaE nojiessa, sasi Aopora 
Ki npocBtn^eBiK), to nocjitji^see, 6e3i BCEsaro coMBiBiE, e Bpeji^Bo, 
E GM^niEO, fl ;iocto3ho semyToqBaro npoxEBOA^^fioTBiE. H6o^ — se 
roBopE yse o&h btoe'e, hto eb'b ^ecETE EBoaeEi^eBi, npoMiflEB- 

EIEXl GB06 Ore^eGTBO Ea PoCgIK), pi^ffKO Bafl^eTGE OffEE'L npocBi" 

E^eBEufi, — 6ojiLniaE "^aGTB tbri EaauBaeMux'B EEOCTpaniceBi se 
pOBEBTCE ch BanE ^(aace e HtcTOEi CBoero posAeslE; ose poffE- 

JIEGB B'E PoGGIe, BOGEBTaBBI Bl HOJiypyCGREXl 06£I?aEX%, 06pa80- 

Basu TaRse noBopxEOGTSo e OTjraqaiDTCE oti Ropeflaux'B aKExe- 

Jiefi TOJILRO GBOHE'L He3HaHbeM^ pyCCKaZO H3UKa fl flflOCTpaEfliim^ 

OROEqaflieE'E ^aMEJiifi. 3ro EeaflaaLe ESHRa eGTeGTBeEEO j^iiaeTi 
EXi qysEME noGpeAE pyGGREXi fl o6paByeT:L iiesAy eehe h 
RopesuME SExejiEME GOBepmeflflo oco6eBflLiE OTEomesiE. Oteo- 
mesiE Gifl, BctifL ehi 6oj[te ejie MeBi^e o6E^iE, po2BAaKiTi MesAy 
SHEE o6ii;ie EHxepeGBi, e noTony BaciaBJiEiOTB exi cxo^ietbge MesJty 
co5oK), noEoraxb Apyr'E J^pyry, e se yGJioBjiEBaEGB ji^i^ficTBOBaTB sa 
OAEO. TaRi GaEoe Heanaube Hsuna GJiyacarb a^e eexi napojieMb^ 
no ROTopoMy ohe yBEaioTi Apy^*^ Apyra, a seAOCTaiOR'L npocBtn^e- 
BiE Bamero saGTaejifleTi bbcb GMtmEeaTB EBOGTpaflEoe ci eeo- 
OTpaBaaEH, RBRi pe6eE0R'E GMi^mEBaeTi yqaTejiE ci sayROK) e bi 
ynt GBoeMi BO yuterb oT^tJiflTb noBETia o6i yqeEOGXE orB Rpyr- 

JIBIXl OqROBl fl SeJOLOBRflXli ABEseBifi*' *). 

KoBeqno, bto 6uj[0 cyry6oi AepBOCTBD, Ror^a bo rjiaai samero. 
ynpasjiefliE gtoejh JlEBeHu, HeGcejiLpoABi, EeBReEji;op$ii, Kbe- 
RpflELi et tntti qnanti. 

5 ^eBpajiE BeHResffop^i npe^nflcuBajTB BojiROBy ^co6paTB 



*) ^EBponeeu-b** 1832 r., I 140—141. 



TPBTLB OTA«JIKHIB H ipHSyPA. 67 

QOffl pyBOJO" ^OKOJIB B08M0SH0 Bl HeiipOAOJISHTeJIBBOXl BpeM6HH, 

jifisi AOoaAa rocjAapi) HunepaTopy'', noApo6HUfl CBij^iHui o no- 
BejB;eHiH, o6pa8t shshh h HUCJiefi e o obasbxi KHpteBOsaro, h, „RaKi 
HseicTBO, TFO OHi IsAHJi sa rpaHHi^y, to bi Baxoe hmohho 
Bpexfl, Tjilk H AOJiro jih Haxo^HJicfl bi qy»HXi RpaflZT)" *). noBH- 
AHMOMy, Heo6xoAHM£i 6BIJIH AaHHUfl ;ii;jiA coGTaBJieHiA ^opMajiLHaro 
o6BiiHHTej[BHaro aRTa, vjifk 6eijio 6£i ysasaHO Ha aoBpes^esie yjna 
H xapasTepa KHpt6B(;itaro, c&isABBniaro bi 6yfiHyK) Espoay. 

Ho Ha cjiiAyDH^ifi se a^hb hbicjiii dia fiujia ooiaBjieHa, ^to bh;i;ho 
HSi cj[iAyK>ii^aro HHCBMa BeHKOHjiop^a kh. JlBBeny 7 ^eBpajui: 
„rocy;](apL HMnepaTopi, npoHHTaBi bi JS& 1 HSj^aBaeiiaro bi Mockb^ 
HBaHOM'b EwprbeecnuMb sypnajta nOAi* HasBaEiem „£Bponeei^i'' 
craTLK) JI,e6RmHadv,amhLil 6KbK%^ hsbojihji'b o6paTHTb Ha OHyx) oco- 
6oe Cbob BBHuaHle. Ero BeJiHiecTBO hbbojihjii HafiTH, ^xo Bot CTaTBH 
€iH ecTL HE *?T0 EHoe, jsEKi pascysAeHie o Bucmeft noAETEKt, xote 
vh Ha^ajii OHofi coHEHETeJib fl yTBepsAaen, qTO oei roBopEn se 
o noJiETERi, a o jjEiepaxypt. — Ho ciOErb o6paTETi> tojilko e^ro- 
Topoe BEEMasie, qxcfiii BE^tTL, ^xo coqEHExejiB, paacys^aE 6yj^T0 
6u jiBxepaxypt, pasyutexi coaoiii'E EEoe; "^xo eoa'b cjioBOM^b npo- 
eevbiufiHie owh aoEHMaexi ceoSody^ qxo drbnmeAbHocmb paayMa ossa- 
^aexi y Hero peeoAioi^m, a tocKyeno omucKannaH cepeduna he ^xo 
HEoe, KaK'L KOHemumyi^iH. IIoceMy Ero BeJiatiecxBO esbojiexi ebxo- 
;^EXB, ?xo cxaxBfl ciE Be AOJiseEcxBOBaja 6uTh ^osBOJteHa bb syp* 
Hajit jYExepaxypHOM'b, bi RaROBOMi Bocapen^eno noMtmaxB ?xo- 
jh6o nojEXERiy s RaKi, GBepx'L xoro, OHan cxaxbE, ne BSHpas Ea 
«E EaEBHOGXL, EHoaHa Bi ^yxt caEOMii Ee6j[aroEai[tpeflHOM'L, xo n 
He cji^AOBajio i](6H3ypt ohoS sponycRaxB. Jl^ajiie, b% xoS se REESRi 
EBponefli](a Focy^i^apB HEnepaxopi esbojiejii saiitxEXB bi cxaxBi 
«rope oxi yMa' caMyi) senpEJiE^EyH) e EenpECXoflHyK) Buxo^Ry Ea 
4m&rh EaxoAam^ExcE b'b PoooiE EHOcxpaHi^eBi, bt* nponycRt roxo- 
'pofl iieEaypa yse coBepmeHHO BEHOBHa. 

„Ero BejiERecxBo o cexi saMtqaniEX'B Cboexi noBejiii'B Mst 
coo6niEXB Bamefl CsixjiocTE, ci> tI^mx, ^xo6'b Bei esbojiejie o6paxEXB 
BEROEBoe B3BiCRaBie Ha i^eHdopa, npoEycxBBmaro osHa^eHHyio RHEHsy 
•EBponefii^a", e Aa6u ESAame OEaro sypHaja 6bijio Ea 6yAyn(ee Bpe- 
ME BocnpenieEO, xerx RaRi* Es^axejiB, r. KHp^eBCRifl, o6flapyHajii 
'Ce6fl ^ejiOBtROM'B se6jiaroM£iciiEii(E9i'B e He6jiaroHaAe3KHBiEi. 

^Btttcxt ci xtMi Ero BejEqecxey yroABO, naSti sa Cy^yniee 
BpeME Be 6UJIH A03B0J[EeMfai HUKaRie HOBue sypnajiBi, 6evh oco6aro 
Buco^aSniaro paapimeHiE, h Aa6Bi nps EcapamEBaaiE xaicoro pas- 
pimeEia Cujlo npeAcxaBJiEeMO Ero BejiEHecTsy noApofiHoe ESJioace- 
Hie npeAMexoBx, AOJaeHcxBywmHxx bxoaexb bi cuoxaBii upeAEO- 
jiaraeMaro aypnajia, e oSoxoaxe-iBEHa cstA^Hia o6x ESAaxejit** **). 

*) Ibidem, Ms 13. 

**) ibidem , >f2 14. C'b omH6KaMH npHBeACHO b-b cTatbt ^UeHsypa bt> uap- 
CTBOBaoie HMnep. HHKOJiaa P, ,Pyc. Crap.', 1903 r., H, 314—315. 



68 PyOOKOB BOPATOTBO. 

Repeal AeH&, 9 ^eapajiA, BeHseH^op^i oiAmiUL% c^^jtaTb Jh- 
Beny h o6iiiiA jKasaHifl o MOOKOBCRofi sjpHanHOTHKi^: 

,,Pa8CMaTpHBas sypHaJifir, E3;i;aBaeMEie bi Mocsei^ a hboaho- 
BpaxHo HMin ojij^afl saM'bTffTb pacnojioxceHie HSAaxejiefi ohbixi 
K'h EjifiBWh caHaro Bpej^aaro JiH6epaja[H3iia. Bi gbhi^ OTHomeHiH oco- 
6eHHo o6paTHji[H noe BEHMaaie sypHaju ^Tejiecsoni^ h ^Tejie- 
rpa$i^, HBj^aBaeMue HaAes;i[HHBiM'B h IIojieBBiMi. Bi asypHajiaxib 
Ex% HacTO noiii^iii;aH)TCfl CTaTbH, nHcaHHua bi ji^yxi BeoLMa HeAo6po- 
nautpeHHOMi h Koxopuff, ooo6eHHO npn HUHiniHHxi o6oTO£iTejti»- 
cTBaxi, MorfTi nooejiHTB BpeAHUs noHHTia bx jMazi hojuoa^ixi 
juohqA, BcerAa totobuxi, no HeonuTHOCTH OBoefi, npHHarb Boasara 
po^a BnenaiJitHia. xaKHxi saniqaHiax'L a c^ejii j^onvom, coo((- 
H^HTB Bamefi GBiiJiocTH a o6paTHTB oco6eHaoe Bame BEHHaaie na 
HenoBBOJETejiLHoe nocjia6jieHie mocsobckhxi i^eHdopoBi, Koxopue, 
cyAa no nponycKaeMuui hmh cxaxbaifB, bjia bobco ne nesyxca o6% 
HcnojuHeHiH cbohxi o6a3aHHOcxefi, hjih ae HHtioxi aysBuxi ji,isi 
cero cnoco6Bocxe0. IIo cemi yBajBeaiaMi, a ocutjiBBaiocb asiao- 
SEXB Bamefl CstxjiooxE Moe MBiaie, hxo Be ssjiflBiBEHi 6£ijro 6u 
c^ijiaxL HOCKOBCKO0 i^eEsypt cxposafimee noAXBepsAeEie o BEEHa 
xejiLEOMi B seocjD[a6EOM'B Ea6j[K);](eBiE ea sa BEixo^an^EMU Bi Mocsat 
acypEaJtaiffl^ *). 

^TejiecKoni*' h MOOKOBCKifl ^TeJierpa^ib'' cxoaia, SEa^Exi, Ha 
o^epeftB... 

Otl roEepaJia BojiKoaa HEEaKEXi CBi;i;tEifi o KEpieBosoui 
6oj[Lme Be nocxynajio, e sa axom ^a^jio^ apxEBa KOE^aexca. Ho 

fle KOE^EJEOCb A^XO SEdBE. 

3aHEGJ[6Bie EEpieBCEaro bi paspa^i E66jiaroHaM£peBHHX'L b 
Ee6jiaroBaAesE£ix'b oooSeaao noAiScxfioaajio Ea HysoBCKaro, oeo- 
co6oxBOBaBmaro pasptmeBiH) sypaajia. IIo CBEAtxejibcxBy A. n. 
EjiarEBofi^ ofii eosbojiejix ceSi BupasEXBca npoA'B HaKOJiaeMi I,^ 
^xo BE KBpteacKaro pyqaexca. „A sa xe6a kxo nopy^Bxca?" — bob- 
pasEJi'E rocy^apB. JKysoBCKifl noojii axoro csasajica 6ojibBfiiHi» 
HMnepaTpBi^a AjieKcaEApa 6eoAopoBEa ynoxpe6flaa cBoe nocpex- 
BEqecxBO. ipHy, nopa MapEXLca", — csaBan rocyAapb, BcxptoflBi^ 
SCyKOBCKaro, a ofiaajix ero **). 

Ho ^ysoBCKiS ae orpafla^EJica dxaM'b. Byjuyqa ea^e bi 189# 
ro^y OKJieBexaai ByjirapaauMi, oai saajii, Kasi 6Bicxpo Mosao 
noxepaxB npecxasi npa ABopt, 6j[aroffapa BeEEesj^op^y, e noxcTky 
BBicxynEJEi c% BaniExot REpteacEaro, Eoxopaa 6ujia, pasyMiexea, 
a caHOsan^axofi. Oai oAaoBpeiieaBO aanacajn nac&Ma HasoJiai) I 
fl aaqajibaBKy IE ox^tjieaia, apeAcxasjiaioa^ia 6oj[baiofl aaxeperL 
AJia xapasxepacxBEB Easi aaoxa, xaKi e oxA^jibauxi jieji,%. 



*) ,UeH3ypa Bb uapcTBOBanie HMnep. HuKOJiafl I*, — »Pyc. Cxap.*, 19t3 r.» 
H, 312-^13. 
♦*) H, Bapcy-Koet, »)KH3Hb h xpyAW M. n. IloroAHBa*, IV, 10—11. 



TPITEB OTA'&JIBHII H IPH87PA. 69 

OHama o nepsoMi nHCBMi. AosasaBi nojiHyi) HecocTOflxejiB- 
sotTB o6BHHeHifi KHpteBOKaro b% sejiaHiH savacEHpoBaTB ^noco- 
^ieft nojiHTHRy h OKasaiL Messy oxposi o Heo6xoAHMOGTH rohoth- 
TyipH, JKyBOBcsifi npo^i^oJisaeTT: „He HMiir bosmosbhooth ysasaTL 
Hft nocxyosH, o6BHHfli)Ti maUuuH HaMThpeuiH. TaKoe o6BHHeHie 
lerKo, a onpaBKamji npoTHBi Hero 6litb He nosen. Moibho otbI- 
^an: h ne UMnio saux^ naMrbpemU, Kto se noB%pHT& na ojkobo? 
MosHO npeAcxaBHTB bi OBHj^i^TejiBOTBO HenopoHHyi) shbhb obok). 
Ho H ona yse HSAaJieKa o^epHena h HOApuxa. Hxo se ocxaexcji 
^lijiaxB ^ecxHOMy "lejioBiKy, h r^i ^osEexi HaflxH ohi y6&BHii^e? 
npHMipi nepeji^i rjiasanH. RHpteBcxifl, mojioaoA ^leJiOBisi, ^Hcxufi 
eoBepmoHHO, c% Haj^es^oK) npio6pioxH xopomee hma, fiepexoH aa 
nepo H xo^exi 6bixl anxopon vh fijiaropoAHOMi sHa^eHiH axoro 
ciiOBa. H KB nepBux'B cxpoEaxi ero HaxoffHxi 3Aoe naMrbpenie. 
Kxo npo^Hxaexx axn cxpoKH 6es% npeAytfia^eHin npoxHB^b aBxopa, 
Toxi, soHe^Ho, He Hafii^exi bi hhxi cero xafiHaro aJioro HaMipe- 
Hin. Ho yse axoxi aBxopi npe^oxaBJieHi BasfL, saR% 'leJiOBiR'B 

(JeSHpaBCXBeHHUfi, H OB'S, HeHdBiCXHBiS JIHHHO BaMiy He HMterB 

•peftcxBa cRaaaxB HHROiiy hh o^Horo ojiOBa bi cBoe onpaB^aHie, 
yse ooysAeH^b nepej^B BepxoBHuifB cyAHJinmeM^B, nepe^'B Bbhihmi 
MHiHien. 

,9 Ha j^pHue nocxynRH ero hhrxo yRaaaxB He Mosexi, hxi^ ho 
<{iuo H Hixi; HO yse na oepBOMi mary Aopora ero ROH^ena. 
JIjm Bac^B OHi He xojibro ^ysofi, ho Bpe^HuS. OahoB 6jiarooxH Ba- 
mefl AOJiSHO npHQHGaxB xojibro xo, tfo ero ne nocxHrjio HHRaRoe 
HaRasame. Ho rjiaBHoe neo^acxie cosepniHJOCB: FocyAapB, npe^cxa- 
BHxejiB aaROHa, ojitAcxBeHHO cam aanoH'B, HaHHenoBaji'B ero yse 
BHHOBHsdi. Ha qxo se nocjiysHJiH euy ABaAn;axL hjixb jAtl ne- 

nopO^HOfi SH8HH? H Ha HTO MOSOXl B006H^e CJiySHXB HOHOpo^HaJI 

JCHBHB, eojiH ona b% MHnyxy Mosexi 6iixb onpoRHHyxa Rje- 
Beroft?" *). 

HecoMH^HHO, ycxavH HyROBCRaro roBopHJO ace pyccRoe o6H^e- 
«TBO, H noxoHy axo cxtjioe hhcbmo HMiexi cyn^ecxBeHHoe ana- 
^enie **). 

BeHReHffop^y ^yROBORift imcajEi en^e piaqe: 

^EojTH 6u npes^e coBepmeHin HaRaaaniH najTB aaxopoMi hjh 
spei^e AOBeAefiiH ao cB^A^HiH rooyj^apn Hunepaxopa o xhhmoS 
BHHi ero 6UJI0 noxpetioBano oxi nero RaRoe*HH6yj(B otfiHCHenie, 
to owhy BipoflXHO, Hamejn 6u onocofii onpaa^^axBCji: ho axoro ne 
€ff^aHO, h HOJ[o;^ofl nejiOBiRi, hh o^hhhi nooxynRom bi sh8hh 



*) .Pyc. ApxHBT*', 1896 r., I, 119. 

**) O HeMi> >KyKOBCKift nnca/n* H. B. KHptescKOMy: „H yxce nHca/n ki 
fOcyAapK) H o TBoeMi> >KypHajit, h o Te6'b. CKaaaji-b MHtnie CBoe na qHcrory. 
OTB^Ta He HMtK) H, BtponTHO, He 6yAy Hiftrb, ho hto HaAo6Ho 6hiao cxaaaTb, 
TO CKasano* (B. MjiCKoecKiu, „5paTbfl KHp-feeBcide, xcHSHb h rpyAu hxi>", Cn6., 
TdW r., 39). 



70 pyOOKOB BOrATClBO. 

He sacjiyaEHBaBniiJl HapeKanifl, o6iflBjreH'L Teneps tij6j[e^eo SJiona- 

„BjJij^E fijEHSKHKi eifj OBoficTBeHHHSOJfL, sHaii ero npespacHUs 
CBOflcTBa, SHafl coBepmeHHO bgk) ero shshb dotth on soJiufiejiH 
Ao TenepemHefi mhhjtbi, a Do^ejii ceds o6fl8aHHU]rE j^axb sa Hero 
TO o($i£OHeHie, Koroparo otl Hero He noTpe6oBaj[H, h BCTyDHTBCfl 
nepe^'L BarnHxi BUCOEonpeBooxoffHrejiBCTBOJf i, ecjiH ne sa ero sf p- 
HajEi, KOTopui yse He cyniecTByerb, to, no Kpaflneft ui]^i, sa 
^eoTB ero, ocEop6j[eHHyio 6e3i BCHKaro oo CTopoHu ero npocxynKa. 

^HtTl OTpOKH, CKOJItB 6jl OHa HpOOTO HH 6hlJLB, HaHHCaHa, KO- 

Topofi 6bi hojibbh 6UJE0 ECTOJiROBaTB caHBiKi rH6eji[&H£iMi odpasoMi^ 
ecjiH BMi^cTO cjiOBi, ynoTpedjieHHuxi aBTopom, BU^yiiaTB APyna 
h, npoAHOJiosHBi Bi> aBTopi ;iypHoe naiiipeHie, sacraBHTb ero ro- 
BopHTB He TO, 9T0 jtyMaJn OHi, a TO, ^To dacTaBJKflemB ero Ay- 
MaTB. RiTL HOJiHTBBT, ROTopaH TasHifB oSpasoMi HO 6Hj[a 6hL npe- 
BpanieHa bi> Coroxyjreme. 

„8to h c^tjiaHo GO OTaTBOK) KHpieBCKaro. JI^yMavTi, ?to hoa'b 
HiKOTopuHH BupaseniflMH, HHi ynoTpefijieHHUMH bi oTaTBi^ Hane- 
^aTaHHofi, Ha^ofiHO pasyHiTB jsjpjria, TafiHBiH, ;^aion(iH ohuicb oo- 

BOi^Hl HHOfi H BpeAHUfl CMUOJl'E. ?T0 SO MOFJIO SaCTaBHTB 9T0 HO- 

nyiiaTL? EoMy aBTopi OTHpHJui cbok) TafinyP H r^i j^oRasaTejubCTBa, 
TTO OHi HBciji'B TaKOo Haxipeme? 

„... KjioBeTaTB Ha HaHipeHie jierso h Bcer^a bupoj^ho mekjiB' 
BeTHHsa; h6o ^iwh mosho samHTHTBCH npoTHBi EJieBeTU ero? 
MosHo npocTO CKasaTB*. r ne uMifbA% mozo uaMrbpeniH^ nomopoe Murb 
npunuctaeaioim; ho sto se noB^pHTi na ojeobo h Tji^i b3Htb ^OKa- 
saTOJiBCTBi? Ho H KJieBeTHHRi TaRse yTBepasffaerB CBoe 6e8i ffORa- 
saTOJiBCTBi, H eHy BipATB Ha cjioBO. IIo^eMy se tote, k^o y6H- 
BaeTi TafiHO ^ysyn ^ootb, HHten npaso Ha ^oBipeHHOOTB; a toti, 
^BH ^ecTB y6HTa, 6031 BCHRofi san^HTu nepoAi aaROHOMi, ne HMieT'B 
HH rojioca, HH cpe^icTBa sa^HTHTB CBOK) ly^myK) sparoi^iHHOCTB, 
Ao6poe HMji? no^eMy cjroBy, npoHSHeceHHOHy RjEeBeTHHROifB Ses'B 
AORaaaTejiBCTBa: om a.wdfbil — aojisho b^^phtb, a cjioBy, npoHSHecoH- 

HOMy OfiBHHeHHHMi: H He SAOdrbU—E BtpHTB HO AOJSHO" *). 

HeH8BtOTHO, OTBi^aJIl JIH BeHReHffOp^'B HyROBOROHy, H eCJIH A&> TO 

^TO OTBi^ajii. GLsBiCTHO JiHniB, qTo OE'b npe^JiosHJii nocjii^ SToro Kh- 
pteBCROMy j^aTB oSiHOHeniH, RaRin toti HafiffeTi Heo6xoAHHBiHH. 
KHpi^eBORift HeHe^JKeHHO ofipaTHJUcn ri BeHRenxop^y ci OC060& sa- 
HHORofl, ROTopyK) HaHHcajTB OMy ^aa^aeBi, xopomo snaBmifi na^ajiB- 
HHRa in OTA^JieHiH en^e npes^e no BoeHHofi ojiys6t h ^acTBD no 
xacoHCRoft Jiosi. Mucjih, BupaseHHBifl vh sanHCRt, npHHa^JiesarL 
oaMOMy RHpieBOROHy. IlepeBeAeHHafl ci ^panaysoRaro hbi RHHrH 
RH. H. C. ParapHHa („Oeuvres choisies de Pierre Tchadatef* (1862 r.), 
OHa npeACTaBJUieT'B Tose 6ojiBniofi HHTepeci. 



*) Ibidem., 114—115 



TPBTBB OTA^JIBHIB H ipHSyPA. 71 

nosopaaoB BOJ[ft rooyAapA, npievjifl ero BepxoBHBift cja'l, Kb- 
pteBOsifl npoGHrE EeflsenAop^a BucjiymaTB, OAHaso, ero h j^ojio- 
SHTB Towb rocjAapH). Aajite ohi o6i^ii^aerb hsjeoshtb «bgk) cobo- 
synHOcn cborxi Bosdpiflifi na ion npe^BieTi, EOToparo owl HEmh 
socHjJicA Bi cBoewh sypEBJit^. TaifBy HesAy npo^HMi, roBopHToa: 

„?T0 se KacaeTCA iieHA, to boti hoa huojib noiEOCTBK). Ka- 

KOBO 6k[ HH 6H10 A^fiOTBHTeJIBHOe AOCTOHHCTBO paSlH^HElXl eBpo- 

neflcKHXi BaKOHOAaTejiLCTBi^ Kasi Boi^ coij^iajEBHUfl $opsi£i, obh 
iipeACTaBjiiiK)rB Heo6xoAHHiiUi cjitACTBk Aftjiaro pjar^a npoABiAyn^HXi 
yojLOBifl, KOTopuMi Ku ocTajiHOB ^ysAu, H nodTOity OHH He MoryT:E 
noAxoAHTB Hajfi HHKOHMi o6pa80M'B. BojEBine Toro: fiy^y^in mhofo 
QOsaAH EapoiiH bi namefi iXHBHJiHsai^iH h HMis en^e bi HaniEXi 

COSOTBeHHHXl J^lpeXJlfimHX% MHOSeCTBO TOrO, 7T0, O^OBHAHO, OEOH- 

HaxejiBHO HCcoBMi^GTHMO CI DOApasaHieifB eBponeficKHB[:E y^peas^e- 
HurifE, Hu AOJisBBi AyMaiB jiHiBB TOHi, hto6:e HSBJie^B ESI ca- 
XEXi Ge6E Tt 6jiara, KOTopunH mbi npHSBaHu nojiBBOBaiBCfl coBpe- 
MeHeMi. IIpesAe Bcero mh aojishu no8a6oTHTBCfl o pacnpocipaHe- 
hIh cepBesHaro h 8ApaBaro (forte) KJiacGHqecsaro o6pa80BaHifl. Oho 
6yAerL saHMCTBOBaHo He ci BepxymeK:E coBpeMeHHofi eBponeficEofi 
^HBHJlH3a^iH, HO Hsi dHoxH npe^niecTBynii^eft, npoH8BeAniefi Bce to, 

qXO eCTB A^fiOTBHTOJIBHO AO^parO BI COBpeHCeHHOS AHBHJIHBaiUH. 

Bon nepBoe, qero h sejiaio ji^jis Moefi poahhbt. Sax^Mi s sejuaio 

OCBOfioSAOHiH KpeCTBHHl, TaSl SaSl C^HTaiO, TTO 3X0 Heo6xoAH][oe 

ycjiOBie Bcasaro noGJiiAyK>n^&i'0 pasBHTin ji,JUi naci h oGo6eHHO pas- 
BHTifl HpaBGTBeHHaro. GTOTaio, hto Bi HaGTOHn^ee BpeHH BCflKifl H3- 
niHenifl bi daEonaxi, sasui 6bi npaBBxejKBCTBO hh npeAnpHHHHajio, 
ocxaHyTGH 6e8ajiOAHBii(H ao xixi nopi*, noKa mbi fiy^eicL naxo- 
AHTBCH noAi BJUHHieMi Bne^axjiiHiS, OGxaBifleHux'b bi naniHX'B 
yuazi spiJiHio^eM'B padGXBa, naGi oi ^i^xcxna OEpysanmaro: jihhib 
ero nocxeneHHoe yHH^xosenie Mosexi G^iJaxB naGi Gnoco6HE[MH 
BOcnojiBdOBaxBGJi ApyrHHH npeo6pa80BaHijarME, KOxopuH namH rocy- 
ffapH Bi GBoefi HyApocxH HaflAyxx yAo6H£i3iH GA^jiaxB. IIojiaraK), ?xo 
HcnojiHeHie sasoHOBi, kbei 6u HyApBi ohh hh 6£ijih, ho Hosexi 
HHSorAa 6iiiTh cooxBtxoxBeHHUM'B HaMipoHlD BaKOHOAaxejui, eojiH oho 
oyAexi nopy^eno jibahhi, gi mojioeomi sopmhjq[hi](u BDHxaBmHH'B 

BCeBOBMOSHUfl MUGJIH HepaBeHCXBd, eCSH BCi^ BiXBH aAMHHHGxpaipH 

6yAyT% Bpyqenu noAAAHHUMi, Gi E0Ju6ej[H GBoeft ocBoeHHHKi co 
Bcasaro po^a HeGnpaBOAJtHBOcxBio. 

... i^He CB noJiEXH^ecEOfi, ho gi nuojiHiitei EBponoi xoxtjui a 
jcxaHOBHXB y HacB 6ojite xicnyK) gbhbb, h bxo, noiarai), jicho 
BHAHO Hdi Depnaro BunycEa iioero sypHajia. Egjih 6bi mh^ no3BO- 
jieno 6ujio npoAOJisaxB, a 6u noDUxajiGfl nosasaxB hohmi qHxaxe- 
jiflm, HTO jifls. Haoi uin nnofi eojihxhsh, spoiii HayEH, ^xo 6031 
BBBicxEBncb npeABapHxejiBEUX'b OBiA^Hifi oaMHfl MyApiiifl h 6^aro- 
sejiaxeJiBHUfl Mtpu npaBExeuGTBa BcerAa ocxaEyxGH EenpsxisEMu, 
H HaHJiy^Eiia Eaxipesia rooyAapa BGerAa 6yAyxx napajiHdOBaHu wh 



TB pyOOKOB BOTATOTBO. 

lenojKHeHiH cBoeui. SaTim a 6u noaBirajica jsfikTh hmi noHfltb, 
no oaHoe rjaBHoe ajih, Haoi 8T0— OTAaTB caHHHi ce6i oT^en o 
HameMi co^iaJIBHOM^ nojioseHiH, A&6U mbi anajKH, vb EaKOMi aojoto- 
seniH Mu HazonHMOjar no OTHomeniK) si £Bponi; xasi Kasi jmmh 
TaKHiTL odpasoHi Mu ysHaeici, tfo Ham cjiiAT^Ti saHxcTBOBaTB y 
EQEj m£0 AOJiSHO OGiaBaTbCfl Hasfb ^ysAO** '"). 

CsasaHHaro Sbiio aobojibho, ^toSu BeHEeHAop^i noHJUn, Kasi 
yOnaceni^ dBUi KHpteBcsiS. dxoro j6ta^6Hifl He mofjih noxojie- 
6aTB Apynfl Hioia sanHCKH, A^ficTBHTeJiLHO, npiHTHUH BeHKeHffop^y, 
KaRi npeACTaBHTOJiD MnopHAKa^. KHpieBCKifi xoxijn HOTHHHaro npo- 
oBimeHifl, KaKi Ha^aia, KopoHHum oSpasoxi HiHjmn^aro cyn^ecTsy- 
K)Epft ysjiaAi* shbhh; xot^jei ero b% to BpeHJi, Kor^a, no npeRpacHOHy 
BupaseHiio HesHTeHRa, — ^TpeSoBajiH, vro6Bi jiHTepaxypa npoiiBi- 
Tajia, HO HHKTO 6bi HH^ero ne nHcaji'B hh b% nposi, hh bi crnxaxi; 
Tpe6oBaj[H, ?To6£[ yqsjiH saRi mosho Jiy^me, ho no6u yqanue ho 
paBHBimjiHJiH... Tpe6oBajiH orb lOHonrecxBa, Tro6£i oho y^HJiocB mhofo 
h npH TOMi iiexaHH^ecRH, ho ^1061 oho ho ^nrajio RHHrb h he- 
RaRi He CM^jio AyMaTb^ ^to js,jls rocy^apcTBa nojieBHie^ ecm ero 
rpasAAHe 6yAyrb hm^tb OBixjiyK) rojiOBy, bh^cto cBiTjnixi nyro- 

BHITL Ha liyHAHpi^ **). 3tO-J[H He 6h[JlA HCTHHHaH BJIOHaMipeHHOCTb 

H A^psoGTL?!. 3a KHpteBGRHHi fiButi y^pes^eHi nojiHSieficRifi Ha^- 
Bopi, a Ror^a, bi 1834 r., cocTOHsnieHy npH mogrobcroxi booh- 
Hoxi reHepaJi'B-ry6epHaTopi, THryinpHOMy coBtiHERy AHApoooBy 
paspinieHO 6UJ10 HBAaBaTb ^MocROBORifl HafijnoAaTeiB" h xo^aTaS- 
OTBO ero yTBopsAOHO rocyAapen 6qq% RaRHxi 6u to hh 6UJI0 sa- 
Mi^aHiS H orpaHEqenifl, HBAaTejri) ooo6niHjra HenpeifiHHoe TpeGoBanie 
HCRjiio^HTB HBi nporpanMu sypnajia hxh Hb. RHpieBCRaro ***).., 

Repeal mecxB AHefi nocjii saRpBirin ^EBponefli^a'' no HHHHCTep- 
cTBy HapoAHaro npocBin^eniH 6£ijio cAi^JKaHO pacnopflsenie, tooSbi 
npH HcnpaniHBaHiH paBpimeniH na HBAanie hob^xi sypHajiOBi 6hULE 
npeACTaBjifleHu „o6cTOHTejiLHUH cBiA^Hi^ cnooodnocTHXi HBAaxeJui 
H HpaBOTBeHHoS ero 6jiaroHaAesHOCTH^ ****y 

JBi TOHi se 1832 r. MocROBCRifi i^eHBopi C. T. Arobrobi 6ha% 
npHBHani BenReHAop^oxi ^ne HMi^io^Hifb jiJia BBanifl ero cnoGo6- 
HOCTeft" H noTosiy yBOJieni orb aojishocth *****), a HSBioTHufi nena- 
BHCTHHR'b „rH6ej[bHHXi cTpeiiJieHlfi SanaAa"" — B. E. JI^aiL Buneci 
RpynnyK) nepeApnry sa oboe tojibro tto HBAaHHUH ^PyccRiH ORasRH 
RasaRa BjnaAHMipa JlyrancRaro^, nepenojHeHHBiH npeAaHHO0Tbi> 
eoBpeneHHOHy pesHMy... B% OBoesii AOHeoeniH 6iiBmeMy bi oti- 
isA^ Ha^ajibHHRy III OTA^JieHiH MopABHHOB'b nnoajEi: i^naAiJiajia 



♦) .Pyc. ApxHB-b*, 1896, VIII, 577-578, 579. 
*♦) .JlHeBHHJCb", ,Pyc. Ciap/, 1889 r., VIII, 270-271. 
***) »LleH3ypa bt» uapcTBOBanie HMnep. HHKo;iaH I",— „Pyc. Ctap.", 1908 r., 
■I, 590. 

****) „C6opHHKi*', 221. 
**♦**) ,Pyc. Crap.". 1903 r., II, 315. 



TPITBB OTAAJUHIB H ipH87PA. 7t 

7 Haci myiiy KHHSsa^ nponyn^eHHaii i^eHsypoH), HaneiaTaHHaa k 
flocTynHBmafl bi npoffasy. Sarjiaaie en: ^PyccKui csasKH Kasasa 
JLyraHosaro". KHHssa HaneqaxaHa oauuii'L npocTun ojiorOHi, 

BOOJIHi npHOaOC06j[eHH£IM'L AIJI HHSmEXl KJiaOOOBl, JSfiSL KyDAOBl, 

GojiAarb H npHCJiyrv. Bi neS coj^epsaToa HaoM^niKH Haqi npaBH- 
TejacTBOMi (!!), sajio6£i aa ropecTHoe noJioseHie cojiAATa h np. jl 
npHHflJTb CM^jiooTL noAHecTH ee ero BejiH<iecTBy, BOTopuft npHKa- 
sajDCL apecTosaTL coqHHHxejifl h bbatb ero 6yMarH jifin pascMOTptHiJi. 
SI TenepB saEHxancB dTHMH 6yMaraMH^ '*'). 27 osxaSpa Aajia ape- 
cTOBajiH, HO, He Hatj^H vh fiynaraxi ero HH^ero ooMHHTeJUBHaro, bi 
Ton se jsfiEh 0CB060AHJIH H OKasajiE, ?to „0JiyHaS axon ne 6jj[firB 
Hiiixb HHKaRHXi Bpe^Huxi nocj[t;^GXBifi H BjriflHifl Ha 6yji:yn](H0CTB 
ero, H ^xo xopomaA cjiyaB6a ero bo Bpeiifl BOBCxania b% Ilojibnii 
ero HMDepaxopcEoiiy sejiH^ecxBy HSBtcxHa^ **). Hepesi ^eBJiTk Jitxi, 
Kasi yBH^HMi ^ajiBine, fijKaroHaiitpeHHiflniit Aajtb en^e pasi oxoi- 
KHyjicfl ci in oxA^JieHieiii. 

B'B KOHi^t osxA6pE MopABHHOBi iiHoajii BeHKeH;i(op$y: ^ceroAHs 
yxpom npsBBaji Mena vh ce6i rooy^apB h nepeftajii mh^ oo?h- 
neHie 06% Hiinepaxopi AjieKcaHApi. Oho danpen^eHO Bj^ch h, 
oftHaso, ^Hxaexcfl bi ropoA*)^. Ero BOJUHHecxBO nopy^HJii iini nocxa- 
paxBCH^ qxo6Bi xi BKseKnJiHpu, npo Koxopue h Mpry ysnaxb, 6hjd[ 
H3%axH MVh o6pameHia** ***). 

n, He OMOxpH Ha BCD axy BHeprH^Hyio A^xejiBHOoxB, Haxo^HJuroL 
eme juoj^h, o6BHHHBniie 6eHKeHAop$a h JlEBOHa vh onacHom... 668- 
AtfioxBiH. no;^ 1 AHBapH 1833 r. npHBepsenei^i BCHKaro ^aBJieHifl, — 
JIhsobi saDHcaii bi cBoem ^JtHeBEHKi**: ^MHEHCxepcxBO Eapoj^Earo 
npooB^H^eEiE eo o6j[aAaj[o (vh 1832 r.) ffooxaxo^sofi BEepriefi, 9xo6h 
o6y8ffaxL nepioAH^eoKiE Hdj^aEin, soxopuE EaiajiE ne^axaxL EdBJie- 
lefliE EBi oxaxefl, ooj^epsaHiE oanoro aEXEMOHapxE^eoKaro e npo- 
THBEaro oanoAepasaBiK). TaflsaE nojisipE ci en ebeume e xafiouMH 
i^eEsopaifE ci OBoefi cxopoEu Ai^ficxBOBajia bi oeHi Basfloxi ojiy- 
Hat eecbMa shao. Cam rpa^i BeHKeE^op^i Baxi 6yAxo eexoaejice 
noAifc ofiaaEieicL bxexi nEoaKi; moseo onaoaxBCE noojiiAoxBii axoS 

He6peSE00XS" **^*). OSEaEOHEBniECB 01 JIEISOCXBK) OaMOrO J^EBOBa, 01 

saEHHaeMmi emi cjyse6flii]fi nojiosesioEi e ci ero AHeBEHKom, 
xozBO KaxeropETOCKE yTBepisffaxB, ?xo oei Buosasan snicB eb 
T02LK0 CBoe xsiEie, a xEtaie ssa^ExejiBEofi ^aoxE xorAaniEeS 6i>- 
poEpaxiE... J(a, oee Eaxo^ia pyocKyK) npeooy pacnyn^eEHofi e 



*) „Pyc. ApxHB-b*, 1886, XI, 412. 

**) B. fioAt. ,ABTo6iorpa(|)HHecKa5i sanHCKa"— ,Pyc. Crap." 1878 r., V, 16S 
H irbAO apxHBa III. Ota. c. e. h. b. k. Mb 69, 5 sKcn., 1833 r. 
****) „Pyc. Apx/, 1886 r., XI, 411. no Bcefl atpoflTHOCTH, ptMb naen* o&h 
ycraBHofl rpaMort, HaneMaraHHofl bi> BapuiaB-b, ch npeAHOiosieifb AHApen Fo- 
poAHCKaro, Bi 1831 r: 06i> yHHHTOHceHiH h HS-bHTiH en h31 o6pameBifi pascKa- 
MHo BO n rouh KHHrH IIlHAbAepa o HHKonat I, crp. 390—391. 

♦•♦*) n. r. Aueon, ./teeBHHK-b", ,Pyc. Ciap.-, 1900 r., IV, 128—129. 



74 PyOOKOB BOrATCTBO* 

jiBiAJiacb, TSKHMi o6pa80Mi, plus royaliste, que le roi: 10 Hoafipff 
BeHEem^op^i ^sa otjih^hbia sacjiyrfl rocyftapK) h OTeqecTey" Chui'h 
BOBBei^eHi Bi rpa^cEoe pocciflcRofi HHaepiH aootohhctbo, KOTopoe no 
ero npocB6i, bi BEj^y HeEH^Hifl cHHOBefl^ 6huio pacnpoorpaHeHO na 
ero poAHoro njDteHflHHHEa. ^eBESOMi rep6a HHSOJiaB I H86paji'L „Per> 
s^yerance**... 



XII. 

Bi npaETHE^ m 0TAiJi6Hi)i 1833 roA'B nu^im He OTM^^eHi, 
HO cam no ce6i aj^a jiHTepaTypu HMiJn Basnoe sHaqenie: 21 napTa 
EH. JiHBeHa CMiHEJH C. C. ynapoBi, ooHOBaTejiB hjih, B^psi^e — 
nepBBifi xeopeTHE'b Bceft TorAainHefi oncTeMU, chmbojiu soto- 
pofi: npaBOciafiie, caHOAepsaBie h napoAHOCTB — saciy^KeHHO dujin 
AaHU eiiy aobhsom'l sajioBaHHaro rpa^oEaro rep6a. Bi oanoHiHa- 
muii CBoefl A^flxejiBHOCTH hobliA „npocBtni;eHHuft'' xHEHOTpi o6pa- 
THJiCH El AeHsypHUHi soHHTeTaxi CI cjiiAyBon^Hm BaMi^aiejiB- 

HUMl I](HpEyjQ[flpOH'b: „HaX0Sy HySHBIMl nOCTaBHTb AeH8ypHlIH1» 
EOMHTeTaMl Ha BHA'B, lT06'b Bl JlfkiCTElBTh CBOHXl OHH HeySJIOHHO 

GJitAOBajiH saEi Bucoqafime yiBepsAeHHOMy yciaBy o uteHdypt, 
Tasi H Bc^Mi npeAHHoaHiflHi h pacnopflseHiflHi, EOxopuH aahh 
noojii o6HapoAOBaHiH ycTasa. Ha HSAaBaeMBiH y naci EHHrH s npen- 
Hyn^ecTBeHHo na noBpeiceHHBiH co^HHeHia 6yAy h ofipaio^aTB no- 
CTOHHHoe BHHsiaHie. H JKejiai), ^toCbi ho tojkbeo no coAepsaniK) e 
Ayxy cBoeify cm HSAamji He sasjiioqajiH bi ce6i nnqero Hecoo6pa8- 
Haro ci ixeHsypHUMH npaBHjraMH, ho nmo&b mom onhixh u usjiO' 
o/cenie coomethmcmeoedjiUf no eosMOoicnoemu^ mpedoeaniRM'hn'pibJiUKiK 
u dAazonpucmoilHOcmu^ da6u eoseucumb u odjiazopodumb ciw om- 
pacAb Hameii cJioeecHOcmu** *). 

dioro OAHoro 6£ijio 6£i yse AOCTaxo^no, qTo6u CEasaxB oi yBft< 
peHHOCTBH) BOBposAeniH AHeA niHmEOBa, CTaBHBmaro wh o6h- 
BaHHOcTB i^ensypi yjiy^menie ^cjioBecHOCTH poccifioEofi''. BcEopiYBa- 
poBy npHmjiocL BucEasaTBCH h no noBOAy h^ceojilehzi xoaa- 
TaficTBi paspimeHiH AomeBuxi nepioAH^ecEHXi HSAftHift. IIo 
8T0My o^eHB BaiRHOiiy HueHHO Bi PocciH Bonpocy hhhhctp'l nojia- 
rajn^ qio „a6iq&buh noBpeHeHHHH HSAaniH Ttm neyMicTHie Hunty 
^To BEyci vh qTeHii) h, Boo6me, jTHTepaxypHaH AtaxejibHocxB, 
Eoxopue npesA® BasjiioqajiHCB bi rpaHHi^axi cocjroBifl BucmExi, 
HueHHO Bx HacxoHn];ee BpevH nepemjiH vh cpeAHie sJiaccBi h npe- 
A^JiBi cboh pacHpocxpaHflDxi daoice a&Ji^o. BnpoqeiCE, He8aBHCHM0 
oxi dxoS nojiEXH^ecsoft HecoBiitcxHOcxH A^nieBofi JiHxepaxypu aji' 
napoAa, ona ne xojrbEO He npHHOCHxi cyiuecxBeHHofi hojilbki hcxhh- 



*) „lIeH3ypa bi uapcTBoeaHie Hwnep. HHKOAafl I*, ,Pyc. Crap.', 1903 r.. 
Ill, 572—573. 



TPBTBB OTff^JIBHIB H I^BHSyPA. 75 

HUM'S ycnixaM'B yxa h DpocBimeHi^r, ho, nanpoTHBi Toro, csop^e 
cjtysHTi npenflTCTBieMi ohbimi; bo Bpejii Bxofi jiaTepaTypu co- 
BHaDTCH 6jraroM£icjiHmie jtioah Aaise bi Ttxi CTpaaaxi, r^i oaa 
BOBHHKJia H yTBepjiHjracB; h6o JierRoe Dpio6ptTeHie HenojiHuxi CBt- 
;^Hil HHorHXi npeAMexaxi oTKjroHHeT'L oti HsyqeHift ocHoaa- 
lejLhEUTL H pacnpocTpaHflerB noBepxHocTHUJi nosHaHia, a, giAji^ 
BaTenbHo, H BecT> Bpe^i ohuxi. Flo ghmi coo6paseHiflM'L rjiaBHoe 
ynpaBieme i^eHsypBi 6ujio yStmAeno h BBiroAaMH rocyjcapcTBen • 
HUHH, H Buro^^aifH oaMoro npooain^eHi)! bi Heo6xo;iHuocTH otkjio- 
HHTB BBe^eHie y Haci ^enieBiixi npocTOHapoAHnxi sypnajioBi" *). 

BoTh KTO HBjiHjiGfl BO FJiaBt opraHB, HanpaBJTHBmaro j^yxoBHyx) 
sHBHb pyccsaro o6jD^eGTBa... Mort jih ero oons's c% in oxA^jreHieMi 
He nyraTB nenaTt? 

B% 1834 r. norHfii EaBoer^a j^MocsoBOsifi Tejrerpa^i*' H. A. 
IIoiieBoro. HoTopiH ero rnSejiH 6BiJia ynce He pasii pascEasaHa oi 
6ojiiimHMH HJiH MeHbmHMH noApo6HOGTflMH, H HOTOiiy A He 6yAy Ha 
HeS oGxaHaBjiHBaTBGA, TiMi 6ojEie, ^o ci m oTAijieHieHi ona ne 

HaXOXHTGH Bl TtOHOS 0BH8H **). 

Ho OGTaBJIHH Bl GTOpOHt 06GT0HTeJILGTBa SaKpBITiH ^MOCROB- 

cKaro Tejierpa^a'^; a g^htbio 6e8yGJiOBHO neofixoAHMBiHi osHaso- 
MHT& ^HTaTejifl npesffe BGero gi o^Hofi GTaTBeS ^.Tejrerpa^a*', o 
Koropofl Bci HOTopHKH JTHTepaTypEi H Sioppa^u noJieBoro He yno- 
MHHajiH. A OHa BeoBMa xapaETepna, 0G06eHH0 b% cbabh go Bciifb 

lilCE^ HTO ^HTaTOJIB ySHBeiTL H81 HacTOHn^efi Moefi pa6oTiii. 

9to — ^Biorpa^ia'' Ha^aJiBHHRa 2 (MOCKOBcsaro) ospyra kod- 
nyca sanaapMOBi, renepajia Bojikobb, o EOTopoMi y naci yse 
ynovHHajiooi>. Cefi GiapaTeaBHO saHAapMCTBOBasmift GcpaTHHBi 
BeHBeHAop^a yMep'E bi Gepe^HHi^ Iiohh 1833 ro^a, h opasy se vh 
iDHBCKofi SHHSBt i^Tejierpa^a" no^BJiAeTGH o6mHpHafl do TorAam- 

HHlfE paSMipaMI GTBTItH Sa nOAUHGBK) A, B. ^jIpeBHBH CTOJIHI^a 

Hama onjiaKHBaeTi Eon^HHy DpeAanHaro, B^pnaro roGy^apeaa GJiyrn 
H ffo6paro ^ejiOBisal'' — tbei Ha^HHairaGB gtbtbh HeHSBicTHaro 
BBTopa. KoHei^ se en 6ujrh, noBHAHMony, npeAHaaHa^eHi ]i,3lk 
j&bxjifiEbi BJiaGTeft vh noiHofl 6jiaroHasiipeHHOCTH Hs^aTejiH acyp- 
Haia. BoTi oHi: ^PoggIio ibgto ynpesaior& fe HeaiseGTBt h Aftse 
BapBapGTBi. BGt roGy^apcTBa ojAjijKTh 6uctphmh maraicH na- 
npaajieHiio Bi^jsa; Bci napoAKi aoABHraB>TCH k% GOBepmeHGTBy; pyG- 
esie OAHH qyji^aiOTGfl npocBin^eHin, oeraBaaGB HenoABHSHBiMH hb 
aaiaTCSoB CBoefi rpaHHat''... Tbeobu pHTopH^eGEiJi ^Hrypu, bbo- 
ffeHHHH Bi xo^y eBponeScEHMH j[H6epaj[aMH e SeanpeoiaHHO hmh 



*) Ibidem., 586. 

**) Cm. E. iftfaHOtf*— .McTopiH pyccKofl kphthkh", q. I— II, Cn6., 1898; M. Oy- 
xoMAUHon — .M3c;itA0BaHifl h crarbH no pyc. /iHTepaTypt HnpocBtmeHiio",T. II, 
Cn6., 1889; Kc, J/o^etfof*—, 3anHCKH*, Cn6., 1888 r.; H. ^-.H. A. riojieBofl"— 
„Pyc. Crap.", 1903 r., II; „UeH3ypa bi uapcTBOBanie HMnep. HHKOJiaji I"— „Pyc. 
Ciap.". 1903 r., III. 



r 



74 PyOOROB BOrATOTBO. 

HOBTopjieMUfl, He TOKsio B% pasroBopaxi, ho h bi couneHiicn 
izi; HO pyccRie ctojib se paBHo;iyniHU si ynpeRau's;, rbki k n 
•OBiTaifE HOBuxi MyApei^OBi H npeo6pa80BaTejieJl HapojtOFE... 
OciaBBTe pyccKHZi bi c^aoTJiBBOMi Hxi 3a6j[ysAeHiH... PyccEie 
eoxpaHjarDTX Tenjiyx) Bipy cbohxi npe^KOBi; pyconie xpaxu cboh 
nocBsmwyn EiiBHOHy Bory, a ho tjAhhuhi TBapam, Moryii^e- 

•TBOVB erO COTBOpeHHUH'B'' *)... 

npH cBixt BTofl cTaTLH, o^oHL noHpaBHBBieficA BeHKeHj^op^y, 
eii^e HCHie no8AHi^fimee ero saoTynHH^ecTBO sa IIoJieBoro nepe^i 
JBapoBuifL. 

TenepB a zo^y Ha6pooaTb h^okojilko ^epTO^eE'b ffaiBHitmefi 
6iorpa$iH IIojieBoro, HazoAHBrnarocA no caiiofi CMepTH bi ^loSpicn 
OTHomeHiflxi ci in OT^iJieHieMi. 

H BasHo 8T0 noTOHy, too, Gy^y^H vh CBoe BpesiA nepeAOBmrt 
lejEOBiKOMi, IIojieBofi jTOJifleTOfl xopomefi nxaiooTpaiqefi ohjui in 
OT^Jieem... 

Bi apxHBi m OTAixeHifl ecTB o^oHb jiiio6onuTHoe jsfkjo „no sa- 
HHCKt jTHTepaTopa HHEOJiafl IIoxeBoro o sejiaHiH ero uHcaTB hgto- 
pix) IleTpa BejiHRaro*. He noxBayncB ^ocTaTOTHuifE vicTOHi, h ho 
Mory npHBecTH BecBxa xapaKTepHyio j^jia. onycTHBmaroca IIoxeBoro 
sanHORy ero, r^t ohi HHROJiafl I-ro yaoAo6xflerB IleTpy BexR- 
ROMy... JtoRyMeHTB aiOTL npoHSBowTE ^HeTy^^ee BneqaTxinie. 
[BooxHt jiceHi o6pa8'E cxoMxeHHaro ^chshbk) ^exoBiRa, roTOBaro 
noxaaiL h npecMURaTBCA y Hon Tftxi xio^^efi, ROTopuxi eme TaRi 
Heji[aBHO OHi Mox^axHBO npodHpaxi... rocy^apB ne paspirnHXi no- 
xOBOMy saHflTiS vh rocyAapcTBenBuxi apxHBaxi, He zexan ^ony- 
CRaTL Tyj^a Roro 6u to hh 6uxo, Rpoiii IlyniRHHa. Aoboah o Hey- 
^art xoAaTaJBcTBa ao cBiA^HiH IIoxeBoro, BeHReHffop^'L b% o^eHL 
xacROBEixi BBipaseniJixi OTAanaxi ^oxsHoe ero ^npocBin^eHHOiiy 
yiiy^ H .rxydoRHSii nosHaHiHiii'' h Ao6aBXflX'&: ^^BnpoqeMi, ecxH 6s 
npH HonoxHeHiH Bamero HaiiipeHifl, npeAOTasHxacB BaMi HaAo6- 

HOCTB HM^TB TO HXH ApyPOe CBtA^Hle OT^^XBHO, — TO Bl TaROlTb 

•xyqai h noRopHiflme Baci npomy othoohtboh ro hh^ h 6i2tb yni- 
peHHiiMi, qTO Bbi Bcep^a HaflAeTe MeHfl potobumi BaH'b coffifioTBO- 
BaTB, — H BuicTi CI T^Hi A GOBepmeHHO yBipeHi, hto h rooy^apB 
HMnepaTopiy Bcep^a ^ORpoBHTexBCTByK)^^fi 6xarHK'B Ha^HHanliuii, 
iBiHBHrB oopxacie na AOcraBxenie Bam tAxb OBiffiHifi, RaRin Bu 
upHSHaeTe aj^a oe6fl HeoSxoAHMBiMH'' **). 

ynapoBi HaxosHxi na IIoxeBOPO oTpamnoe js^jui XHTepaTopa 
laRasanie: ne cMiTB noAHHCUBaTB nnrAi CBoero HiceHH, h bthh 
Xanax's, Rone^HO, i^ensyp^ carte blanche bo BceBOSMOSHoifB npH- 
TicHeniH, a BeHReH^op^'B, noxBsyxcB opysieHB YsapoBa se» ycTa- 
HOBHX'B nopHAOR'B i^eHBypoBaHifl cTaTeJl IIoxeBoro bi m OTffixeHiH, 



*) .MocKOBCKifl Teyierpa^-b" 1833 r. N^ 12, iioHb, 517—533. 
*♦) fl-fejio, isfe 55, 2 sKcneA., 1836 r. 



TPBTBB OTAfiJIBHIB H I^BHSyPl. 77 

^eHi cam H. A. oiasBaJiofl OAo6pHTej[BHo *). Ei BTOiiy se ape- 
MeHH OTHOOHTCA oj[tA7K)n^ifi pasosasi Ko. A. IIojieBoro. 

^HMnepaTopi HHEOJiafi ^acTO noci^n^ajn Mockbj, h ero no^i 
Boer^a conpoBOSAstJi'^ rp. A. X. EeHBOHAop^i. Bi o^hhi bsi tb- 
KHXi npiidAOBi rpa^i onpooHJH y cocTOflBmaro ape ero Kani^e- 
jEflpiH ^HBOBHHBa, saHBBiaBinaro bi Mocbb^ aojishoctb neflsopa 
nepio^B'iecsHX'L HSAaBifi: i»A ^to noA^jEusaeTi IIojieBoft? KaKi 

TSEBerh OHl?" HbAOSbO SautTflTL, ^TO ^HHOBBBK'B 6US% SB MHOFO 

jiixi npes^e sHasoHi ci HBEOJiaeiii AjieKcteBH^eMi, ho bi odhcbi- 
BaoMoe MHOi) BpeMA OHB no^TH He BHABJiHCb. Ha Boapoci rpa^a 
OHi oTBi^ajn: „nojieBoi saBiAUBaerb pe^asiuefi He6oj[i>moro 
nepioAH^ecKaro HSAafliH „}KHBonHGHoe 06o3piHie'' h nHmoTi tbhi 
HpeEpacHBifl OTBTbH^. BLiBffliA HpH dTOMi moorobckIS oSepi-HOiTHi^ifi- 
Meficxepi^ renepajii obhtbi E. BejiH^eoiBa, JI. M. I(uHCEiB^ DpH6a- 

BHJIl Gl» CBOefi OTOpOHU, HTO OHl, HO 06fl8aHH0GTH Ha6jIK)AaX SB 

BCi^MH HOCTyHEaMH H. A. 11., He Hoserb cKasaib o neui HH^ero, 
Epoifb Ao6paro: IIojieBofi sHBerb thxo, CEpoMHO, tpjahtgh h pt^EO 
noEasuBaeTCH Bt oGn^ecTsi^. „A ^to se 8to sa sypaajn, soToparo 
peABETopoMi nojieBofi" **)? cnpoGHjn rpa^i BeHEenj^op^i y CBoero 

THHOBHHSa. TOTB BBIHyjI'b H81 CBOerO HOpi^eJIH JUBCTEH „KbB0- 

HHCHaro 06o8p'&Hifl^ h, npeAciaBJiflH nxi rpa(j^y, cEasa^i: ^Botl 
HBAaaie IIojieBoro. Ilpomy Bame ciflTejiBCXBO o6paTHTB BHHuaHie 
Ha cTaTbK) ^naMATHHEi Ilerpy BejiHEOMy bi nerepdypri^^, h bu 
€orjiacHTecB co mhok), ^xo HejiBSH hhcbtb 6jiaroHaMtpeHHte h jiyqme^. 
Ppa^i npoG^sajn yEasaHHyio eHy ctbtlx), h ohb npoH8BeJia hb 
Hero TBRoe fijiaronpiflTHoe BnenaTJiiHie, qro owb BocEJiHEHyji'L: „fl 
oefi^aci QpeACTBBJiio dio rocyAapK) HMnepaTopjl'' H ci jihgteohi 
Bi pjEi 0Hi> ymejii bo BHyxpeHHifl eombbtu ABopiia, a ^epe8'B 

HiCEOJIBEO BpeneHH B08BpaTHJ[0H Ch BBCeJIBIM'B JIHI^OMl* H OEaaaJn 

CBoeny ^HHOBHHEy: ^rocy^apB HMnepaTopi ^peaBu^aflHO AOBOJieHi 
craTBei) o IleTpt BejiHEOMi h nopy^Hjn mhA hsibbhtb cBoe 6jiaro- 
BOJieBie 8a Hee aBTopy. OrnpaBBie cefl^aoi se ^ejiBA'^erepA ci 
npHsaaaHiem vh IIojieBOJfy, qTo6u obi HeueAJieHHo npii^xajrL eg 
MHt. HaAo6HO nopaAOBBTB ero!** ***) 

BcEopi EeHEeHAop^i yoxpoHjii TaEi, ^xo HsEOjial I noci^xHji'L 
nepBoe npeAOTaBJieme xojiiiEO ^xo HanHcaHHaro IIojueBUMi ^A^ 
AyniEH pycoEaro ^jioxa*' h jih^ho OAo6pHJii ei npoACxaBJieHii) 
^llapamy CH6Hpfl?Ey'', OEOH^axejiBHO nopBEBmyi) oxHomeHiB HesAy 
eaoHMi BBTopoMi H Tepi^eHOMiy BiJiHHCEHHi H ApyrHMH. Bon qxo 
SHoajii H. A. CBoeiiy 6paxy: „Bqepa rpa^i A. X. noBBasi mbbb 
SIB ce6i. — ^FocyAapB 6jiaroAapHx% bbci; BQji^s.'b cEaaaxB BaMx, qxo 



*) ../tHesHHKT, H. A. riojieBoro''— „HcTop. BtCTH.". 188S r., Ill, IV. 
♦*) Stotb Bonpocb yKaafaiBaerb, hto III OTAt;ieHie He yHpe>KAajro aa 
FloxeBfaiMB HH ceKpeTHaro, hh ABHaro HaAsopa, HHane oho, KOHeqno, anajio 6iii • 
€F« cxpuTOM-b peAaKTHpOBaHiH oprana. 
♦**) „3anHCKH", 359-360. 



78 pyCOKOB BOrATOTBO. 

OHt HHROrjD(a He COMH^BaJIGJi Bl Heo6lJEHOBeHHUXl j^apoBaHiflxi Ba- 

mHxi, HO He tipe^HojiarajTi, bx sacb TaRoro cneHH^ecKaro HCKycoTBa. 
Owb npocurm eactj npuKasweaemd 6(uvh niicamb dAR meampa. Jl^a- 
Baflxe MHt Bce, ^to bbi HaaHmeTe, Tocyi^apii can 6j]i<d^-h Bce «ifl- 
TaTB^... Tasi n MHOsecTBo Apyroro jiecTflaro roBopHJH MHt rpa^i 
A. X., ofiHajii, pacj^tJioBajii neHH h iiotomi Bpy <ihj[i mh^ SoraiBifi 
6pHJjiaHT0BHfi nepcieHB (ero i^tHHTt obojo 2,500 py6.)'* *). 

RpoMt nepcTHH, SAtcB bbsho o6paTHTi> BHHKaflie na DOA^HHeme 
HHcaTejiflJIojieBoro j^eHsopy-rocyAapio: aio sHa^iHTejiKHO jMtpBJio 
peTHBocTB yBapoBa H cA^jiaHO 6ujiOy pasyHteTCH, ne 6e3i» coatoa 
BeHEOH^op^a... 

O^eBHAHO, nocji'& Bcero axoro IIojiteBofi Hon cKasaiB, ^to ^hojih- 

IQfl 06X0J][HTCH Cb BBMl, EaKl MBBHCTpii HpOCB^H^eHifl, a ;i;t8CTBH- 

TejiBHufi MHHHCTpi opocBt 111.6 hIh, saEi nOJIHaiff" **). 

Bi HHBapt 1841 r. Uojesoft, 6jiaroAapfl rjraBHOuy na^aJiBHHsy 
in oTAi^JieHi^, nojiy^HJH yace coBepmeHHO oTKpoBeHHyio cyocHAiio. 
BeHEeHAop^i HSBtmajHi ero: ^FocyAapB HMnepaxopi, ysnaBi o 
dojEi^BHeHHOMi HOJioaceHiH Bameii'b h o Hi^soxopofl cieaeHH HyHABi» 
B'E soTopoS Bu Haxoj^HiecB, BceMHjTOOTEB'bfinie noB^Jii^TB cohbbo- 
jiEJii HeiceAJieHHO BBi^^axb Bau'B deih mucRKu py6. acHFH. bi e^QHo- 
BpeMeHHoe BcnoMoniecTBOBaHie" ***). 

Bi „jiHeBHHEt" HojieBoro, nncaHHOMt, no caoBaM'B ero cuna, 
BOBce He ]i,jLR ne^BTH n, Bou6nxe, He j^jih ^ysHxi rjiaax, ecTB en^e 
H Apyrie $aETii. Bi soBiit 1843 r. oh^ OTpaniHo Hysii,aj[CH h 
6uji% noJiosHTeJibHO 6jih30EI s'b noJiHOMy padaopeeiH). R boti, 
noA'B 14 H0fl6pH IIojieBoS sanBcuBaeTi: ^PtmEJicH nocjiaTB Ha- 
Tamy ri JI. B. ****) npocHTb 500 pyejefl**. nHTtcoTi py6jrefl Bt 
TOTi «e jneHB 6hjih npHCjaHw ^****). 

Kasii;oHy hgho, <ito IIojiefiOMy npnxoiiHJiocB OTajianHBaiB BeH- 
EeH^op^y 8a Bct ero mhjiocth, ho, Eoaequo, He ^enBraMH, a Tiwb^ 
1T0 Bcero ftopoate ^ecxHOMy HHcaiejiK), — cBo6ofliofi oBoero caoBa, 
BparB ero bi cbohxx ^SaaHCEaxi" npaifo roBopHxi, ?xo „6eH- 

EOHAOp^l He 0AHH1> paSl, BO BpeHH CBOHXl flpitBAOBl Bl MoCEBy, 

npHBBiBajirb ero js/h ce6t, pascyHAajn ci hhmi o^eHB JiB)6e8HO o 
pasBux'b npoAMexaxi, nopyHaji% cocmae^Hmb cmambu n Dpe6uBaHiH 
rocyjapa bi MocEBt" ******). HsBtcxHO xaEae, ixo bi> ojihhi npit«A* 
rocyAapH bx MocEBy IIojieBofl 6hijvh npHSBaHi BeHKeHAop^o^i h 
eny Dopy^eHo fiujio cocxaBHXB saoqHO cxaxBio o npe6£iBaHiH ro- 



*) Ibidem., 446. 
**) Ibidem., 361. 

***) flt;io Ks 110, 2 SKcii. 1841 r. 

****) J\. B. fly6e;ib'n>— H3BtcTHMft coxpyAHHin. BeHKeHAop(|)a, bt> arc epeMJi— 
ynpaBJifliomifi III OTAtjieHieMi) h HaqajibHHKi) mrada Kopnyca xcaHAapMOB'b. O 
HeMi> noroBopHM'b HH>Ke. 
**♦**> „McTop. BtcTH.-, 1888 r., IV, 183. 
*****#>! ,3anHCKH". 384. 



TPBTLB OTA^JIBHIE H I^BH37PA. 79 

cyAapfl Bi HHSHeMi-HoBropoA^^. IIoGiiaHHaa v% ^MocEOBCRifl Bi- 
j^oMOCTH* Hapo^HO jiflsi OTBO^ia rjTasi pe^aKiUH hbi HnsHaro, oHa 
6£ij[a Hane^aTana *),., 

O&h oTHomeHiflX'b in OTA^JieHifl Ei HoaeBOMy DOCJii ciiepTH 
BeHKeH^op^a (1844 r.) CKaseHi ^^ajiLine. 

XIII. 

noAo6Ho 1833 roA7> 1835-uft He osHauoHOBajicJi HH^iu'L; ao- 
Ao6ho 1834-My, 1836-ufi npHHecb rH6ejiB BToporo HOOKOBCKaro syp- 
Hajia — ^Tejiecsoni''. HHTepecyion^HxcA aTHHi sypHaioui, ero H3- 
AaTeJuem, HaAesAHHUMi, h aBTopoMi npecTynHofl ciaTbH — ^aa^ae- 
BUMi, OTCLiJiaK) KT* cBoefi cTBLThi: ^^aaj^aeBi h Haii;esAHH'b'' vh 
IX — XII KHHaeKi ,Mipa Boactaro** sa xeKymift ^OJ^x. 

Hs'b ApyrHxi maroBi III oxAi^JieHifl sa 1836 toa'b ynoMAHy o 
J^Byx•^. 

20 anpiJifl ysapOBi, bi BHj^y OTHomeHiA BenEeHAop^a, npH'* 
Easajii: ^se aojisho 6uti> nponycsaeMO ueHsypoH) hb oj^aoro npoHS- 
Bej^eHifl Eoro-jiH6o hsii hhhobhheob'b saHAapHCEaro Eopnyca, Jiei6i- 
TB. KaBEaaoEO-ropcsaro nojiyaoEajipoHa h oo6. sohboa FocyAapfl 
Hunepaxopa, Gesi npeAsapHxejiLHaro pasptmeHm me^a saHAap- 
MOBi HJH HaqajiBHHBa ero raxaCa** **). 

HsB^cxHufl MpaEo6ici MarHHi^sifl HaiiHcaJi'L EHHry: ^HacxaBH- 
xejiLHBifi oxpEiBOEi H81 coBpeueHBoft HCTopiff SanaAHOfl Eeponu, 
OTspuBaDmifi HcxHHHyio npeqEHy 6tACXBifl, ee xepaanmnxi, jpiB 
npeAocxepeseHiff hojioauxi JUD^efi h yiiOBi, eme ne sapaiEeHHux'B 
HHOseMHOfi xojiepoK) Ayxa BpeMeHH". BeHEenAop^'b ptinHJii, mo 
B'B axoMi coHHHeHiH roBopHxcA npe^Mexaxi, soxopuxi HOJiOAesH 
nojiesBi^e He SHaxB BOBce, h hxo oea, <!Hxafl axo 6jiaroHaM^peHHoe 
GOHHHeHie, HafiA^xi bi HeMi HSJioseHie xasHxi BpeAHuxi MHtHifl, 
o soxopuxi AO xoro BpeneHH ocxaBaJiacB, iioacexi 6uxi>, B'B co- 
sepmeHHofi HeHSBtcxHOcx?. RHHia ne 6ujlb Haneqaxaea ***). 

Bi J^ 240 „G.-nexep6yprcEHX'B BtAOMOCxefl" 6i)iJia Haneqaxana 
cxaxBfl noEymefiiH na shshb ^pasi^yscsaro sopojia. BenKeHAop^'b 
HeMeA^ieHHo coo6ii;hji'b yaapoBy, qxo naxoAHXi ^HenpHJiHqHBiM'b 
noHi^n;eHie noAodHBrxi H3Btcxifi bi BiAOMOcxflxi, oco6eHHO npa- 

BHXeJIBGXBOH'B HSAaBaeMBIXl^ SOXOpBIfl paCXOAflXCA B'B CXOJIB 6OJIB- 

mowh EOJoiH^ecxBt nesAy cpeAHHMi EJiaccoMi jiDAe^'", n npocHai 
npHHAXB uifu El opeAynpesEA^HiK) ne^axaHia xasHXi „cxaxefi, eo- 
TopBiir, He npHHOCA HHKaEofi noj[B8U^ Moryxi 6bixb BpeAHBi b:e 
QBOHXi nocatAcxBiflxx** ****). 



*) .Pyc. Crap.", 1892 r., V, 237. 

♦*) „C60pBHKT,«, 227. 

*•*) ,M. JI. MarHHUKifl bt, 1812—1844 r."— „Pyc. Crap.", 1875 r. XII, 647. 
****) Uenaypa wb uapcraoBaHie HMnep< HnKOJiaa I, „Pyc. Ciap.", 1903 r., 
IV, 166. 



80 PFOOKOB BOrATOTBO. 

JI^OBOJIBHO EHXepeCHOe A^JO B03HHKJI0 HOCJlt nOSapa 3HIIHfllO 

XBopAa. B% KaHi^ejiflpiH HOosoBOsaro reHepaji'b-ry6epHaTopa, kh. \ 
B. TojiHi^uHa, ejiysHJn ntoifl CxpoHHJioBi*, 06jiaj](aBniifl 8HaqHTeju>- 

HUMl CaTHpH^eCEHMl TajiaHTOMl, T. 6. TOfi CTOpOHOfi AyXOBHOJl 

A^axejibHOOTH, ROTopaji coBepmeHHO He npHseaBajiacB bosmoshoS 
Bi onHcuBaeMyK) mhok> anoxy. Bi nosapt o6bhhajih HeocMOTpH- 
xejoiBHaro HHHHCTpa ^Bopa eh. BojiKOHCKaro. Ctpomhjiobi HanHcaii 
no 8T0My cjiy^ai) 6acHK), na^HHaBmyiocH xaKi: 

Bom, kohckou c6pyeio yKpaiueHHbifl, 
Ctohjitj h t. n, 

no OTdUBy noroAHHa^ caxHpa 6uj[a oqeHB sjiafl h MixEaa. Re- 
peal HiCEOlBRO BpeM6HH BeHSeHJ^Op^l C006ni;HJl'L EH. TOJIHI^UHy 

OGo6oe noBejitHie oxucsaxB aBxcpa, saKOBaxB ero h ^ocxaBEXB bi 
IlexpoaaBJioBCEyK) EptnocxB. Ehasb sHajii aBxopa. Ohi npHSBajn 
GxpoMEjiOBa h noEasajii eHy rposHyK) 6yMary. i,BorB, — cEasaji* 
EHflSB, — BoFB Aaexi BdHi, MOJio^iBiH'B; xdJiaHxu^ a Bu o6pan^aexe 
Hxi oe6t BO Bpej^ii! IlHinH na m6hh, a axo... ne xpoHB. Hy, tto 
eojiH B xe6fl nonnno? Th norndi h HSi-aa ^ero? — Hsi-sa spacHaro 
ejnoBi^a! Cxynafi c^fl^aci j^OMofl, y xe5A, BtpHo, ecxB en^e ?xo sa- 
npeiueHHoe, ynHTrosB; Moryxi naspuxB sanj^apMU, xorj^a h a ne 
cnacy, cxynaft csoptfl"!. TtMi Bce h eoh^hjiocb. m oxAtjeHiw 
6ujio coo6ii;eHO, tio aBxopa HaflxH He Moryxi *). 

8x0X1 HHii^HAeHxi o^eHB xapasxepeni: A^ise xasie jud^h, sasi eh. 
FoJini^HH'B, Bi odH^eHi HecoMHtHHue npHBepseHi^bi oyn^ecxBOBaB- 
maro pesnua, noHHHajiH HcxHHHyio pojiB in ox^tjieHifl h, pnosyH 
oo6cxBeHHB[M'B onoEoflcxfileii'B, cnacajiH oxi Hero o6bhhh6muxi. 



XIV. 

npesEAe, ^Mi npoAOJisaxB cxporo xpoHOiorH^ecEoe HSJioseHie, x 
nosHasoMJiK) ^ExaxejiH oi ^Hrypofi renepajia Jleonxin BaoHJiBeBK^ 
J(y6ejiBxa, Eoxopufi cxanoBHJiGfl Bce saicixHte h rposHie. 

Bi 1807 r. "iQXEipHaAQaxHjiitxHiB J(y6ej[Bxi 6uJL'b npoHSBeAeHi vb 
BpanopmBBH IlGEOBCEaro Q^xoxnaro nojisa. Bb ^BaAixaxuxi ro^axi owl 
6hi]i% ^jienoMi AByxi HacoHCSHXi Jiosi h, ecjotH BipnxB Tpeqy, c^b- 
xajicfl ^oj^HBifB hb'b nepBBixi EpHsyHOB'B-j[H6epajioB'B BB IOjbhoS ap- 
kIh^. Kor^a apecxoBajin yiacxHHSOBi naxesa na Cenaxcsofi nxo- 
n^aAH, Bci, no cjioBaHi Fpeqa, cnpanHBajiH: ^qxo se ne Sepyn 
JyfiejiBxa?** *). Bb 1829 r., 6yffyqH yae EOMaHfliEpom CxapoocEOjB- 
cEaro ntxoxnaro nojiEa^oHi BumeJTB bi oxcxaBsy no neAopasyitt* 

HiHM'B CB HaqajJtBHHEOlfB J^HBHSiH, a Bl> CJI'I^Ay^^e^'B TOJSJ HOCXynHJLS 

BB saHAapMGEifi EopnyGi AesypHBiifB nixa6'B-o4)Hi^epoM'B h yse k# 

*) .CBtxyi. KH. fl. B. roflHUbiH-b BB 1820— 43 IT.**,— ,Pyc. CTap.",l«89r.,V)L 
**) .SaoMCKH*, 380. 



TFBTSB OTffAJUIHIl H I^H87PA. 81 

pasoTaBajioii oi BeHKeHxop^oMi. KopoTKO, ho oieHL apEO o6pHeo- 
Ban ero repAeHi: „J||j6eji&Ti — ^jEHao opHrHHajiBHoe; ohi HaBipno 
jMHie Bcero TperiiAro h b<Axi Tpexi OTAiJieHii co66TBeHHofi sash 
i^ejEflpiH. Hcxy^aAoe jshi^o ero, OTTtneHHoe ajehhhumh CBtiJiuMK 
jcaMH, ycTaiHfi BBrjuijiCEi ooo6eHHO putbhhu Ha n^eBaxi h Ha 267 

HCHO CBHA^TeJILOTBOBaJIHy — 9T0 MHOrO CTpaOTOJl 6opOJIOCB Bl 8T0f 

^py;^H, npoj^^e rtni rojiy6ofl xyH^i^pi noSftAHn, hjih xy^me — 
HaxpujEi Boe, ?T0 Taifi 6ujio. HepTU ero hm^jih ito-to BOJiHLe ■ 
xase jiHOLe, t. e. BupasajiH TOHsyx) oxumjieHocTB xho^huxi 8Bi- 
pefl; BKiort yiuoHHHBOOTB H 8aHoc«iHBooTB. Owl 6uji'b Bcer^a yn- 

THBl* *). 

Egjih ary oi^HKy npHBHaiL Aase He6e8npHCTpacTHofl, to sip- 
HOGTb OH ycTaHaBJiHBaeTCA TOT^aci no cpaBHeHin 01 npyrofi^ oAt- 
xaHHofl HejiOBtKOM:E, EorrnHKi oi^iHHTB Ay6exi>xa Hnaie, Sjiaro^apH 
XiaMerpajiBHO QpoTHBoaojuosHUM'B 01 FepaeHoirB HipoBoasptHiflMi. fl 
roBopK) n. KapaTurHHt. ,^3x0 6ujia, — nHmen ohi, BOHeqHo, to 
cjoBi cBoero OTE^a, — saMiqaxejiBHaH jih^hoctb bo xHorHxi otho- 
meHijix'B: npeKpacHO o6padOBaHHuS, nposopaHBufl, yiiHBiS h othd^b 
He sjioi AjniH lexoBiEi, ohi, no aojubhooth, hmi daHHsiaeiioS, m 
orqaoTH no napysHooTH, 6uj[i npe^HeTOifB ysaoa axh 6oj[BniHH0TBa 
SHTexei nexepSypra. Ero xy^ooi^aBoe jihao^ cb ajhehumh oiAmui 
ycaHHy npHoxajiBHufi Bsriflx^ 6ojihmtti% cipiix'B rjiaai hm^jih bi 
•e6i> TTo-xo BOJiHBe. HpoHH^ecBaH ycMt^nsa h H8BHxexBHO0XB npn 
pasroBopt CB AonparnHBaeMUHi nyrajiH; ho js,jia jrHxepaxopoBi, ap- 
THOxoBiy xyAosHHKOB'B H, BOo6ii^e, MBpHEixi rpasftaHi JI. B. 6hlXh 
^eJiOBtKi npHBtxjiHBEift, laoKOBuJl H o6fl8axeJKBHufi'' **). no OJIOBam 
KooxoBiapoBa, Jl^ydejiBXi— BupasaaoB neptAso bi BBicmei oxeneHH 
MHrKO H Boe npHTOBapHBan: „icofi ji,o6^u& Apyn^^ ^.jiobso i^Hxnpo- 
BajfB Bi noAXBepsAenie gbohxi ojiobi xioxa nai cBan^eHHaro nnoa- 

HUr, Vh EOXOpOMl 6uJL'h, nOBHAHHOMy, O^eHB OBiAJil^'^y H HCKyOHO 
XOBHJIl Ha CJIOBaXl** ***). 

He xyApeHo, ^xo XooxoeBOidfl, BHAiBmiJl JI,y6ejiBxa na Aonpo- 
taxi no A^Jiy nexpameBi^eBi, naBUBajii ero ^npenpiflXHUHi 9ex<^ 
BiKOMi* ♦**♦). JyCejiBxi, A*ficxBHxejiBHo, yjfijrB o6BopoasHTB cxo- 
BaxH... 

KaEofl ysaoi, Bxftoxi 01 xftifB, BHymaxi 8x0x1 npHcnonaxHT- 
uifl ^ejiOB^Ki juoAHMi, HM^BmHK'B B08M0SH0CXB ^yBOXBOBaxB ce6a 
BHi o$epEi ero cneivi^HqecKaro BJiLiHiH, xosno bha^xb h81 paa- 
•Baaa B. A. EoEopena. RorAa ohi, no cosixy OAHoro npinxeJKH, 
•xnpaBHjDtoH HEHecxR BH8Hx% BoocHJiBHOKy reHopajiy, He paa'B jmn 
# HeMi onpamHBaBmexyy Kasi hobomi nexep6yprcK0X'B oxsya- 
n[HKi, xo xojiBKO HoiBjn Bora nooEopie BepnyxBOH aomoS. 



*) .BhiJioe H Aymw", 1879, q. IV, 172. 

**) i^BeHKeHAOp^j-b H Jly6eflbrb*— ^McTop. Btcra.', 1887 r., X, 174. 
**^ H. E, KomoMapim, ,ABTo6iorpa4)iH'— ,Pyc. Mucjib* 1885 r. V, 127. 
<**•) A. 27. JMtwwKOOT,— ,e. M. flocTOCBCKlfl^,— ,Pyc. Ciap." 1881 r., Ill, «08. 
Ji 10. Ovji^jih i. 



82 PJroOKOl BOrATOIBO. 

I 

iHca - j(y6eiBn npHHHMaen ero otm^hho jLacsoBOi yron^aeT^ 
enrapoS, pasonpaniHBaerb o A^jian, pacToqaerox b% jnD6e8HoeT£xi 
I Ha npon^aHBe cnpamHBaerb: „Hy, qro, r. EoRopesi, noj^ saKHn 
Bne^aTaiHieMi bh on xesui yxoffHre?'' — .YBaseHie %% Bameiij 
npeBooxoAHTejiBCTBy o6fl8iiBaen ^ MeHfl roBopHTL orspoBeHHO''... — 
^Hy, HTO se?** — „B£i HSBOJOiTe 6uBaTB Ha npeffcraBaeHiiixi Sana? 
Bi sjiiTKy JiLBa BXOAHH Saifi, TJU^wn no rpHBi i^apa saipeS, h 
nySjiHKa c% saMEpanieifb JKD^yeTCs aiHifL spijHDteM'b. Ho RaEOBo 
tiiffHOMy Sany? Koho^ho, ohi npo oe6fl tojdlbro h AyMaen: ^ynecH 
Bon nooKopte'*! *) 

CBHpj^nooTB jl|^y6ejaTa 3% cbabh ci HapyzHoft y^HBocTBi) h o6- 
xoffHTenHocTBK) AaiaeMy bi neTep6yprcK0]f'b o6o](ecTBft nposBinqe 
le g6n6ral Double* — „jiyKaB£ifl reHepan'' ♦*). IIoTOMy 6jiaroffiTejiB- 
•TByeMfiie sm IIoJieBoS, Fpe^^b h ;q). HasiiaaAH ero ^^ejiOBisom, 

KaKHXl Hen HOrO"* — ^JICHO. JICHO H TO^ HTO JlflULO JKyKOBOSOMy nOBOAl 

tEasan o Jij6eshTi: 

,EbiTb Moxcen, ohi He Bckin» yroACifb. 
B'bAb 9T0 o6mifl Haiui» yjntAii. 
Ho Ao6p'b OHb, qecreiTb, 6jiaropoAeBi>, 
BoTb nepeneHb ero Bctxi» x^jn* ♦**) 

^JlyKaBBifl roHepajii* 6wi% Haiypa ne coBcim o6BiRHOBeHHaji. 
OveBHAHO, Tarn, BHyrps, y Hero Sujko tto-to, ^to, npHspirroe MyH-^ 
Xipom, ocraJiocBy Hoserb 6£itb, HeHSBicTHinn coBpeMeHHHEam h 
KOTOHOTBy. lAwb HHaie o6i4iCHHTB Tasyi), HanpHHipi, hojiou: bh- 
xaBan B08Harpaaji;eHie cbohmi areHTBHi, J(y6ejarL Bcer^a npHAep- 
SHBaicfl i^^pi KpaTHfiizi 3-m; „b% naiiaTL TpH^^iaiH cepe6peH- 
HHsoB'&!''noHCHfljn oHi, myxH, bi spyry KoporsHxi 8HaR0x&iX'& ****). 
TL, BBi^aBaji njiaTy aa ^ohoci, Jly6ej[&n non^eqHHaMH HHorj^a ynxx 
mnioHOBB, npoifumjuiBmHn RjieBeTofl... *****). Hsi nHcem ero sl 
seni BHAHO, tfo ohi pu^aJKi, mw Ha RapTHHy BpnJuiOBa, H8o6pa- 
xann^yK) pacDHiie CDacHTOjifl ««***«j -qqq ^^q noATBepswaexi cnpa- 
Be^iHBOCTB npeAHOjoseHiA o 6ypft oTpaoxefl, cAiJiaHHaro Fepi^eHom, 
Tixi repE^eHom, ROToparo Ay6ejii»T& HasuBajCL nMepsaBiteMi* h ws 
ROToparo He SHajii bi cbohu rpoMaAHun jiicazi TaRoro „raAm^ 
Aepena, Ha ROiopoMi 6u ero hob^chtb* *******)... 

6eHReHAop$a ]lj6ej[hTh cTaBHJi!B o^ohb bucoro, roBopn: aro— 
^TOiOBiRi anreJiLCRoS Ao6poTu''. EorAa ero naipoHi yissan aa 



*) ,Pyc. Apx.**, 1892 r., VIA, 491. 

**) Kh. H. G. roAuvMw,, .JIbh co6biTifi h3t> Moefl jkhshh'— .Pyc.J Ciap.*, 
IMO r., XI, 378. 

***) E, Myf^^^\ .-H. B. ity6ejibTk*— ,Pyc, Ctap/, 1888 r., XI, 497. 
*♦♦♦) .McTop. BtcTH.*, 1887 r., X, 172. 
♦♦♦••> Xedenon, .Oiyqafl bt, neTep6yprfe bt» 1848 r.*— ,Pyc. Crap.', 1190 r.,. 
VII, 299. 

**♦*♦*) ,Pyc. Cxap.-, 1888 r., XI, 510—511. 
*'»'*^*») E, B, GeMt9aH0€%, ^3anHCKH-, .Pyc. Ctap.', 1880 r., VI, 309. 



TFBTSl OTff^JIBHIB H I^IHSyPA. 13 

rpaHHi^y, ]i,f6eihTb luaKajii, a xeni nHoasi: „tu BHaemB, AyneHLBa, 
«aKi H jek)6jik) Moero rpa^a, h Bon BHAHrb, hto sa KasAuS vo^ 
«ro HHBHH ji OT^ajKb 6u roffi OBoefi''. Y TepueHa ecTii onHcaflie 
OAHoS BeoLMa xapaKiepHoS ci^eHu vh npieHHofi BeHK6HAop$a. 

Ki nooiiiAH6My npninejii npeACTaBHTLOfl KasoS to renepan 
nepe^i omisffOMi cbohki Ha Bofiay. Ero bctp^thji'l JI. B. „J(y- 
^enxi, BUOJEymajii oi pejtHriosHUH'b BHHMaHieMi 8Ty ^inh h^ na- 
KJioHflob hAokojilko B'b BHasi yBaseHlfl, BumeJii h ^epesib MHHyTy 

BOBBpaTHJIOff. 

, — rpa$i, — oKasan ohi renepajiy — HOKpeHHO iBAjA&n, iro 
96 HMieTi BpeMOHH npsHJiTL B. np-BO. Ohi Baci 6jiaroj(apHTb h 
nopyTOJTb HHi nosejiaTB Bam oHaoTJKnaro nyiH.— IIpH aroHi JI|y- 
tfejELTb paonpocTep'L pyRH, odHajii h ^Ba pasa KOOHyjKoa h^okh le- 
Hepajia cbohmh ycaEH'' *). 

3jme nuBM roBopHJra, tfo le g£ii6ral Donble, 6yAy^B cam 
«eoLMa H BeoBMa nopffAO^HBUfb JioBejiaooxi, npHHHHajii HHor^^a he- 
THMHHui nopy^emji h CBoero „rpa$a^. BeHseH^op^'L i^hhji'b 6e8- 
npe^iJiBHyK) npeAaHHOOTL „cBoefi npaBofi pyxH'' — no ero co6cTBeH- 
HOMy BupaseHiD, h „OBoefl fojiobu^ — no nHftHii) coBpexeHHHSOBi. 
Kor^a HHKOjrafl I SHaJii J(y6ej[&Ta en^e oneEB Majio, ohi noBtpHJKi 
xaEoS-TO Ea Eero saxoSi e CKasaii o cBoexi EeyAOBoncTBin rpa^y. 
J,j6eja/rb npocEJLi ffOBecTE ao OBiA^BiE rocy^apE o sejasiE noj^aTb 
SI OTCiaBKy. „Ha cjiiA7K>ii^B A^hb rpa^i, OKOHqEBi BuooqaflmiS 
Aoua^K, ffojiosAJTB ero BeJiE^ecTBy aasBjieEie J(y6ejii»Ta e, ^epsa 
B% pysaxi ]Sfii 6jubve^ hojiosejii o;i^sy eb'b eexi ee otojh, npE 
€j[0Baxi, — ,T0 Ee yroAEO n 6jj[,erh bemi noAEEcaTB ero OTCTaeKy*. 
Ha Bonpoci 2ice rooy^apE o co^epsaElE Apyrofi 6yMars rpa^i ot- 
BixEjEi: ,a 8T0 hoe OTCTaBsa, ecjiE bu xy noAEEmeTe*' **),.. O^oeb 
••Ropo rocyAapL yse roBopEJii, tto ee y Eoro uirb ^ooTEToqEO 
AeEen, eto6h noAKynETB JI|y6ejEi»Ta. Bapo^ejci, o ^eoTEOOTE Mai- 
EiE RpaflEe pasEopi^EBUf, e eore Ein aseeuxi RaTeropeqecRs 

iipEOOeffEHETLOE Rl OffEOXy E81 SflXl. 

Bi 1837 r. AyfiejEBTi 6ujn> yse sa^aJibEEROxi niTa6a Ropayoa 
BaEAapxoBi, T. e. ctojib se npHfiiEseHHiiiMi ri BeEReEffop^y qejo- 
BiRi^ RERi E prpeRTopi Rani^ejiflpiE III 0Tji(ijieEiE, A. H. MopABE- 
EOBi; AAse 6ojiBQie, noTOMy ?to HSBicTHO AOBOJiLEO MEoro ojiyqaoBi, 
Ror^a ]s!b3i9iMM III OTA^JieHiE pacnopasajKCE se ^aRiEqecRifi AapeR- 
Topi REHi^ejiEpiH, a jiyRaBui roEepajn-xaiopi. 9to sflaiifl e ehofae 
ofipanvuiECL npaMo Ri BaqajiLEHRy miafiy ci hj^jlauil, BOBoe ero, 
Bi cyn^EOCTH, He RacaBmHMECE. 

TaRi, B'L 1837 r. uooTyEHjn A. A. KpaeBCRifi, npeACTaBHBi py- 
ROEECB ^yROfiCRaro ji,JLSL i^SCypnajra MEHECTepoxBa HapoAHaro II po- 
cBin^eEiE'* Ee bi i^eEsypy, A&se Ee bi» lil oiA^jresie, a npocTo 



*) .B6i;ioe H flyMW-, 1879 r, «f. IV, 177. 
**) ,Pyc. Cxap.-, 1888 r., XI, 492—493. 



84 P700K0B BOrATOTBO. 

Jij6eJhTj repeal M. M. IIonoBa. 9to 6hjih ^HepTH HoropiH roey- 
AapcTBa poccificsaro^, t. e. naoxi A^irrejiBHOCTH JiCyKOBCKaro, KaKS 
HacTafiHHsa i^ecapeBH^a AieKcaHApa HHsojiaeBH^ia. 

5 oeHTfl6pfl Ay6eJiLTi nHcajii IIonoBy: 

tfS. HH^ero He ^HTajii npeKpaoHie btoS ciaiBH h npomy Ban, 
poAHofl M0& MnxaHJit MaK0HMOBH«, upHHflTB Ha ce6fl xpyffiE no-- 
6jiaro;^apHTL r-Ha KpaeBCKaro sa AOoraBJieHie xHi yffOBonoTBiJi 
npoHecTL HOBufi npespacHuS ipyxi HyROBOKaro. no6jiarOAapHT« 
ero H sa osasuBaeiiyK) hhi Msi AostpeHHOOTB, sa KOTopyn fl ao** 
seHi OTHJiaTHTb exy otkpobbhhoctbk). 

«CTaTBfl 668yo20BHo npeKpaoHa, ho 6yAen jih cyn^ecTBeHHaa 
nojiBsa, esejiH ee HaneiaiaioTi? Bonpoci btotb Aijai) no AByH^ 
npH^HHaMi. Bo-nepBuxiy m!o6u bha^tb bgd spaoory h noiiBax 
BToro oo^HHeniH, nysHO snaTB TsepAo HOTopiK) rooy^apcTBa Poccift- 
CKaro; a saKi, vh HecqaeiiK), HeiiHorie y Haci ee sHaioirEy — to 
OTaTBa 8Ta ajui HeMHornn 6jjifiTh noHHTHa. Bo-Biopun, ona. 
oKan^HBaeTOJi nepBUMi namecTBieMi Earufl. B^ab TyrB mosho cKa- 
saTB: no ycaHi xeKiio, vh porb He nonajio! Biopoi Hafiirt btofo 
laTapHHa, en^e 6ojAe ysacHfiifi, KorAa, nocii naAOHiii Kiesa, to- 
OTOHBie PoociH 6ujio oaMoe 6iACTBeHHoe, KorAa shbho saBHAO- 
saJiH onoKoficTBiD jc^epiBBixi, saKi roBopHu jLiTonHoei^B, KorAa 

flpOOJiaBB, MVh J[D6bH Kl PoociH, HSHypeHHOft, 6e8JIK>AH0t, noiHoi 

rpo6oBi H pasBajiHHiy aojisohi 6ajL% ixaiB vh cxaaB BaTueBi, a. 
ouHa cBoero nocjiaTB ki OsTaio, — h juuAe ovh dToro ysacHaro- 
BpexoHH AO na^ajia ooBo6osAOHiH Hamero oie^eoTBa, KorAapaTHiu 
AificTBur pocciHHi na^HHaDTOH npoTHBi mofojeobi, RorAa no6iAH 
HamH npocjraBHJiH 6epera Henp^ABu h nojie KyjiHKOBO— coiHHHrexB 
cTaTBH ocraHaBJiHBaeTGH h, onHoaei TeicHfiiH BpexeHa 6uTa Poccii, 
He xo^exi roBopHTB o ea cb^tjuohb BpoMeHH, — sajiBl 

,»TenepB ABa ciOBa o 39ofi, 40, 40^ 41, 48* h 49' cTpaHHi(ax%. 
He AynaiD, ^to6£i noAo6HUH pasoyas^eHiH i^ensypa AOSBOJiHJia Han«- 
ttTaTB — H He coBiTyn npeAcxaBUiB vh i^enaypy cTaxBio q% bthmh. 
paaoya^eHiHMH,— OHH He BOAyn vh Ao6py. Bb hohxb noHjmHxi 
i^apB eoTB OTei^, noAAftHHue— ero a&th, a a^th HHsorAa ne aojishm 
pascyiq^aTB o cbohxb poAHiejuarxB — Hna^e y naoi 6yAeTi& ^^panius, 
noranan ^pampa. 

«Botb, moS Apyn, xoe xHinie, — 6paHHTe hjih xBauxe neHS^ 
saKi BaMB yroAHo, h ho xenie 6yAy 6jiaroAapeHB r-ny EpaeBcsoxy 
H 8a AocraBjieHHoe xni yAOBOjiBCTBie, h aa ero eo xni AOBipe»- 

HOOTB* *). 

3to naoBxo yAHBHrejiBHo tohho h iipKO pncyen ^jiyKaBaM- 



^ .Pyc. CrapHHa'', 1903r., Xn,596. nepyiIy6ejibTanpHHaAAe)iniTb aBomM- 
Baa craibfl o6-b HMnepaipHut EjiHsasert bb >fe 5 .JiHTep. npH6aB. kb Pyc. 
Mhb.' 3a 1831 r. 



TPBT&B OTA«J[BHIE B I^IEBTPA. t5 

iwHepajia*, Toro le g6n6ral Donble, soTopufi OTJiH^ajicA Heo6uBHO- 
BeHHuii!B juinheu% Htoao, oib aHrenosoS KpoTooTLi) h poabtojie- 
^MMWh noneqefliem nooajiEn nejiOBftKa aa rojii. 

Ho He Mente xapaKxepHo h nHOBiio M. M. IIonoBa ki BpaeB- 
^KOiiy, xoTopoMj owh noGiuaJii h BumenpHBeAeHHoe: 

„VLn nocujiaeiiofi saiiHOKH JI. B. bu HSBOJiHTe yBHAiTB, okouko 
t>Hi 6jiaroAapeHi BaMi sa Bamy AOBipeHHOCTE Ki sexy. 7aoboji&- 
CTBie ero, no npo^TeHiH oiaTbH JKyKOBOsaro, Csuio Tasi BejrasOi 
uxi iiHJiii H Ao6poAyniHBi crpoHBB, KOTopiiJi OHi Ha6pooajn. Bon 
nHcaTen h Bon kphthk'e: o^hhi Apyroro otohti! GjiyHHJioob to, 
lero BasoTCA en^e ho 6hUL0 y Haci... CTaxLi B. A. ojrt^oBajio 
Heiipeii4^HH0 saxBaTETB nosAHifiinee BpeMfl. Haiajo asBBBH Hamero 
HapoAa, ooHcaHHoe coqHHHTejieiii, ootl caiiafl xy^as nojoBHHa 
dTofl shshh: a oB4^TJioe-TO, 6j[eoTflBtee — cKpuTO. JlyHme Cuao 60. 
E9jifi>Th HCTopii) 01 BpeMOHi loaHHa m TO HjiH HioxoJEBKo npesffe, 
^81 Haqajia, ^Awh Hanajio 6e8ib npoAOJiseHiH. TyTi oaho oropqe- 
Bde, Tyn Eivh toto, tto MHpHn Haci 0% npeAsaMH n cyAB6oD. 
A BaKi ojiaAoxi 6u3i'h 6u ero rojocE laiii, r^i oHi Mon ^6h 

6VLTh B OTpaABHl! 

,...fl Hapo^flo paonpoorpaHBDOB, hto5£i hh bu, he B. A. ho 
]ipflH4fAH Ki AypHOMy saiit^aHifl xoero 6jiaropoAHaro roHepaia. 
Ohi oax!B onacajioji nepoAaiB Ban 8th xbeojib: exy 6eiio 6fii o^ohb 
]ipHCEop6HO noTopBTB fl HeMHoroB Bi mh^hIh JEyROBCBaro. Obi 
xorijBCB 6iU0y ^.To6'h bu OTocjtajiH OTaTLio bi i^ensypy, xaRi OHa 
^CTB, 6e8i ero saiiiMaHifi, xot&ii ho cnopflTB hh npoiHBi nero. 
IfoserB 6uTB, a bshjii Ha oe6H jinmHee, ho h 8a BacrB o5ohxi 
yBftpnii^ ^To Bam ho npHAerB h na xhojib, hto6i bi sthxi 
OTBpoBeHHUx!B H cjiEHiRoirB onpaBOAJiHBux'B BaM^^^aHiflX'B He 6hjio 
GTOJiBxo se 6j[aroHaM4^peHHOOTH, oboabbo yxa h Bxyoa. 

„Si 0Ba8aj[[i JI. B.y vto uomjao 8anHCKy ero xi Bam, ^to ho 
OHHMy c% Baoi BOJiH, ecjEH B8AyMaeTe nepe^aTB ee JRyxoBCKOMy. 
2 yBipeni, tto aboo m% naoi, y xoToparo HeocTaHercH hoajihh- 
HHxa 8T0fl 8anHC£H, 6yAyTi BasHAOBarB TpexBeiiy. Mai en^e xopomo: 
BH npo^Tore OAHi Ha6pocaHH£iH nacxopo muojih renepajra, a h, 
xpoHi 8Toro, BOJii pasroBopi 0% hexi bi cnacTJiBByK) MBHyry ero 
TajiaHTa. CiaTBH B. A. Taxi nonpasHJiaoB eiiy, no oh!b npnmejn 
HMeHHO RB to HOJioseHiey xoTopoe BOByxi BAOXHOBOHiem. RoMy 
se ona He noflpaBHTCB?^ *). 

9to hbcbxo xapaxTepEO bi AByxi OTHomeniBXi: xaxi cpoAoxBO 
n AOCTBseHix) onpeAiJieHHOfl m oxAijieHiem u/kjiu h xasi cbh- 
X^TejiBOTBO cxpamHaro npaBOTBeHEaro naAeniH qeiOBixa, xoTopufi 
SiUTBiABOBTB jiftTB TOMy HaBBA^ y^HTOJEem EijiHHcxaro, HHCaB- 



*) libdem, 598—599. CraTbii }KyKOBCKaro bi> .}KypHajrb Mhb. Hap. Hpo- 
€iitmeHi5i', K0He4H0, ae 6iiijia nocnt sroro HaneqaraHa. 



t% PFOOKOB BOrATCXBO*. 



maro. b% 8to BpeMA IlaHaeBy: ^shbm na]uiT& o HonoB^^ nsorxati 
He Hsrjiaj^TCfl kvl xoero oepffi^a^.,. 
Oh nonoBUMi Mu en^e bctp^thmoa... 



Mmx. /leMice. 



(pKOHHauie ojifbdyerm)-. 



KPACHbia CH-BFL. 



KajVb npHJiHB'B Morynifi, 

UlejTB H meji'B HapoAl>^. 

Ob ;i'bTCRH-HCHOfl B'&poiK^ 

Bee BnepeA'B, snepe^^. 

^Tod'h Bpara cbo6oau 

IIopasHTb b'b 6ok), 
HecTB OAHO opysKBe — 

IIpaBory cbok)... 

B'bjiutt, Henopo^iHUfi 

CnibrB RpyroM'B aexcajTB,^ 

BOBAyXI), HyTb MOpOBHHft, 

Ejie TpeneTaJTb... 
B^pyrb — pHflt aajinoB'b rpanyjix. 

M'bTOR'B 6HJUh npHi^Ji'B: 

KaRi» noi^T> 6ypefi jmcTbH, 
IlajiH rpyAH rhjvbl 

Tyno BBop'B ycxaBa 

B'b o6arpeHHUja cH^rb, 

Mu CTOflJIH, MOJIHa... 

MHrb 0AHH1>, HJIb B'&Rb? 

— KaHHX, HTO TH CA'i^ajrb?! 
IIpAHacb, cjiOBHo Taib, 






KPACHUft OHI^rb. 87 

1 

Boxcbiiro npoRjiHTbA 

CRpoemb JiE nenaTb? 

Snafi: noRaifbcTL bi msmaxb 
Kanjifl RpoBH ecTby 

MuCJIb OKHy MH He^TKBWb — 

ITpo cBaiyK) liecTb! 

y npecTOJia Bora, 

Bi* yTpo padCRHxi wbrhf 

Bee MH BHA'&Tb cTaHein> 

KpacHud, RpacHHft CH'i^rbl 

■. H. 



* 



Eh MyacoMT) nHpy. 



L 

Hb'B BC'&X'B (5e8CMHCJieHHO-OTBpaTHTejIBHHX'& RapTHHl> BOftHH, 
BHA'i^HHHX'B MHOK), CaMHMH »CeCTORHMH H OeSCMNCJieHHHMH Ra- 

xeyTca uwh rby ixeHrpaJiBHHMH (f)HrypaMH ROTopni'B 6hjie 
RHTat}ii[H. MH'b Ra»ceTCH, si uorh 6u HafiTH npHHHHy hjih i^'bJiB 
CTpaAamft anoHiteB'B h pyccRHX'B: nepBHe pni^apcRn - rppAO 
no^aBJiajiH cboh ctohh h ynHpajm bo hmh oBJiaA'i^Bine^ hmk 
EjievLy BTopne — noKopno, ne cm'&h ponraTb h ^ajioBarrBCfl, 
crpaAajiH sa to, hto cjiamROii'L ^ojiro TepnijiH CBoe paCcTBO. 
A RHTa^^H?.. S^'i^cb Combine Bcero CTpc^ajiH h fhCjih cTapHRH, 
«eBiii,HfflEr H fl'feTH. 3a HbH rp-fexH? J^Jisi ^bero c^acTba?... 

ToTb yroji'b Man^mypiH, r^t nponiJia RpoBaBaa nojioca 6iSTVh 
M onycTomenifl, Hacejieni* ohchb rycTO — napoaoM'B BecejiHM'B m 

HaHBHHM'b, RaKlt ^X^bTH, H KSiKb A'^TH ^6 6e3aaiI^HTHHM'B H 6e8- 

noMoiAHUMi>. He BHaio, Mo^erb 6uTh, 3a HOjiojiroe BpeMH MOHX'b 
crpaHCTBOBaHi^ no HecnacTHo^ cTpan'i a ycn^ji'b saifbTHTb jiHinb 

B£r6lIIHlfl ({)0pMH »H8HH RHTaiKl^eB'B; HO TJlfk 6u H HH BCTp'fa- 

HaJiCA (Tb HHMH, B'b ropoAax'b jiH, wb myMHOfi n (5ojiTJiHBott 
TOJin*]^, HJIH B'b AepeBHflX'b aa noJieBUMH paGoraMn, — BesA'i^ ohh 
npoHSBOAHJiH Ha MeHH BnenaTJi'J^Hie KaRHXii-To BspocjiHX'b A^- 
Tefly AoGpoAyniHHX'b, nanBHHX'b n 3a(5aBHKXi>. BnpoHeicb, i: 
OHH Ha Hacb, He BoeHHux'b, cMOTp'bJiH TOfice, RaKii Ha A'^Tefl... 
Moe noHBJieHie cpeAH eutl BcerAa BUSHBajio Cb nx'b cropoHH 
ocrpoe, HeyAepHCHMoe JHofioimTCTBo; ohh cMorp'kncH na Menn bo 
Bcb rjiasa, n];ynajiH mok) OAe^CAy, 3a6pacHBajiH mohh nenoHHT- 

HUMH MH'fa BOnpOCaMH, BHAHMO - OCTpHJIH Ha MO^ CHOTb H XO- 
XOTaJIH. H CTOHJIO UE'h npoH3HecTH RaR0e-HH(5yAB RHiaJKCKO^ 

npHB'i^TCTBie, RaR'b ohh npnxoAHjiH B'b HeonHcyeMHft, coBep- 
meHHO A'^TCRiK Bocxoprb. Rasajiocb, HM'b 6ujio CTpaHHO h aa- 
CaBHo, ^TO A, TaRoe Hecypaanoe h Rypbesnoe cyiii;ecTBo, coBci^irb 
H8T» Apyroro Mipa, Mory npoHSHecTH nx'b poAHoe, RHTaKcRoe 

CJIOBO. BtpOHTHO, nOHilTiK) „HH0CTpaHei^* B'b nx'b aSHR* OTBt- 

^aeirb cjiobo, cooTB'feTCTByioiuee crapHHHOMy pyccROMy ^ffhMeit'b*... 



r 



B!B qysoMi' aHpy. 89 

Kor;](a Si nonaJi'B bti KnTaiiCRi^ TeaTp^b, to bch TeaTpajibHafl 
^(JcraHOBRa o^enb hchbo HanoMHnjia awh ci^eHy H3'b Moero jih- 
iieKaro fltxcTBa, — KaK'b mh, peO^Ta, jiaaajiH nyCjiH^Hoe „npeA- 
eraBJieHie". IlepeAi* ci^eHo^ noM'&iuajiCH opRecTp'b: HeJios'bs'b 
/(BaAi^aTb cepbesHux'B Rnratti^eBi* npHTaniHJiH cioaa RaRiATO 
TaGypexRH, CROBopoAU, aocrh, npopBaHHUft pyccRiii (3apa6aHi>, 
JUWm, CBHCTRH H ci> Heo6HRHOBeHHHMi> ycepAieMi>, HO Ges'B 
BCflRaro TOJiRy, cTynajiH, bbohhjih, cbhct&jih. H noATb aTOTi> aRROM- 
naEHMOHrb na ci^eH'b, o6cTaBJieHHoa npHMHTHBHHMH RyjiHcaMH, 
HanajiocB A'^ttcTBie. K-h To:in± CTaTHCTOBi), H3o6pa»eaBinHX'b boK- 
CKO, KdJi'b noACHUJiii MH'fe 6HBmi^ CO MHoa nepeBOA^HRi>, BHmejr& 
HanajibHHR'B, — RaRoe-TO Heo6HRHOBeHHoe cyiuecrso, cb RpacHott 

6opOAO]K He06liRH0B6HH0t! JULVLEhL, BOCb Bl) ApRHX'b nopb^Xl}^ CB 

rpoMaAHUMi), Cojibme ero caMoro, Me^OM'b. K'b neicy, cTpaeno 
Aepraa pyRoflt, noAomeji'B ct> noRjionaMH ero opyHtenocea'b, — 
.noflBeJTb ROHfl'', noHCHHJi'b MH'b nepeBOAHHRi>. Ha'iajibHHR'& 
noflHHJTb npasyH) Hory h noflnpHrnyifb,— c^jtb na jiomaAb — 
H noToiTb Bce BpeMA ABHPajicii no cAOH'fa, npHcbaan h no^npn- 
rHBaa» KB,Kb 6yAT0 H B'b caMOMi} fffbjvh CHJIA Ha cbAJrb. noTOMi 
BHCROHHJi'b Ha cqcHy npyro:^, eme Cojrfee necrpufl Hana^ib- 
HHR'bj-tOTOTb Toace npHrajiii h npncbflaji'b, ho jijih nym^fi hji- 
jiK)8iH 'bxaJi'B BepiOMOb Ha najiR'b... H ofiepHyjicfl, nocMoxp'bJi'b 
Ha ny6jiHRy: RHTalSi^H, ne cbo:ia rjiaa'b, cmotp'&jih na cqeBy, h 

6UJI0 BHAHO, HTO OHH HCnUTUBaX)Tl> xyAO^KecTBeHHoe Ha^asKAO- 

Hie. KoFAa HanaJibHHR'b Bepxoicb na najiR'b npoHsnecb dhcrjih- 
Buwh rojiocoM'B p'i^Hb R'B Bof)CRy, nyCjiHRa rpoMorJiacHo'BKpa- 
3HJia CBoe OAo6peHie. IIoToirb npoHanecb p-j^Hb Apyrott nanajib- 
HHR'B, H o6a OHK OTb'bxajiH B'B cTopoHy. ToFAa H3'B opRecTpa^ 

npH OT^a^HHOM'B CTyR'b H 8B0H'ib, BHJl'bd'B '^OJIOB'bR'B, OA'^TU^ B'B 
CHHee CB RaRO^-TO HaAHHCBK) BO BCK) CUHHy, BCraJI'B na OAHO 

ROJi'&HO^ npHaoHCHJi'B R^ HJioHy na uoAoCie py»cbH najiRy, HaA'ib- 
jiHjica Ha oAHoro na^aJibHHRa h npoHsnecB npoTHmno; »ny-y-y*... 
IIoTOM-B HairfenHJioa Ha Apyroro h onaiB— ^ny-y-y"... HanajiB- 
HHRH noBajiHJiKCB Ha seMJiK), AOJiro ApBirajiH HoraMH h ynepjin. 
A cxp'bJiHBinaro cxBaTHJiH jiidah hs-b Bo^csa h ysejiH, npn ^ewb 
OAHHi> Hail EHXii 06'BACHHJi'B uy6jiJiiK% HTO BJioAtK) ce^^acB mt 
orpyfiarB roaoBy... H Bce qto npoHcxoAHJio npn caMOM'B nanpa- 
^eHHoifB BHHMaHiH spHTejie^, paapasHBrnHXCH oT^aaHHUMH Rpn- 
RaBCH OAofipeniH h conyBCTBia, ROPAa yGnrue na^iaJiBHHRH noA- 
HajiECb H pacRjiaHflJiHCb CB HyOjiHROt!. IlBeca ROH^HJiacb; OHa 
HaauBajiacb: ^KoBapHoe yOlficTBO anaMeHHTHX'B renepajioBB JIe 
H Cya*. 

Jlfl, H ^ooCmfiy A'^i^TCRia HepTO^:Rn paBcunaHH BCDAy b'b xch8hh 

KHTafil](eB'B. BOTB, BaSRHO HABT'B yiHTejIB CB CepbeBHHM'B, 8a- 

AyifHHBHM'B JiHi^oMT*, — H Ha cpo Hocy RpacyiDTca o^RH CB rpo- 
MaAHUMH, coBepmeHHo RpyrjiHMH cTORjiaMH Ha'B caMaro npo- 



DO PyOOSOl BOrATCTfiO. 

CTOrO CTBRJia. OhH ny^RHU TOJIBRO AJIH Sa^HOCTH, ajih tofo^ 

^to6h bc* BHA*JiBr, HTO HAerB nejioB'bK'B yneHHtt... Botb (|)aH8a 
seicjieA'bjiBqa: bi^ fiojibmo^ rjiHHHHOi! REAR'b, rjx'h xo3hhhi> 
AepatHTb Banacb boan, HenpeirbHHo njiaBaiorB nyiueHHHa hitb 
TyAa MajieHBRiii pu6RH, h bc*]^ ct&hh (f)aH3H yB'bmaHH repoH- 
^ecRHMH RapTHHaMH, HanHcaHHHMH coBC'bM'b A'bTCROl! pyRofl H 
H3o6pa»<aK)ii^HMH ppaHAioBHHX'B, ' Heo6uRHOBeHHurB (5oraTHpeft, 

IipOJlBJIiIK)II^HXl>, BnpO^eiTB, CBOK) OTBaPy H MOIAB He Vb 60H)%'b 

HenpiHTejieiTL, a bi> RaRHX'b-TO HpeBBUiaKHO BaROBupHcrux'E Tan- 
i^axii. a uoMHK) RapTHHy, FA'b canaa RpynHaH({)Hrypa, H3o6pa:KeH- 
Haa B'B npo(|)nJiB, Hiffajia ABa rjiada: oahhi> y Hoca, ApyrotI orojio 
yxa. JlfiJisREO 6htb, xynosRmLKby HapncoBaBi* npo(|)HJiB ci> oahehi^ 
raaaoMi*, Gkjtb CMyiueH'B H60»cHAaHHHMi> eoofipamemeM'^, RaR% 
xce 8T0 y repoH MomerB 6utb tojibro oahh^ rjias'B, h cnacTJiHBo 
BfeimeJOTB uBTi saTpyAHeHifl. KorAa h yRasajTB Ha Hecoo6pa8HOCTB 
wb RapiHHt KHTafli^y-nepeBOAHHRy, oht* mh* xojioaho oTstTHJiTb: 

— KHTa£tCRa caicHd 6ojiBinoK RanHTaHi» RpHBO^ eibrB... 

BoTB, HaRonei^'B, apRo h necrpo pacRpameHHaa RyiinpHH, — 
BTb nefi nepeA^y rjiaBHHM'B SAameM'By fa'^^ cxoaorB FHncoBue 
(OFH H noJiyOoFH, ecTB eiAe h Apyroe dAaeie, n3o6pa»aK)i^ee 
maii cefiji ROHiomnx) FnncoBHXib me jxomaAe^ co Bceft c6pyeil. 
•to— Ha cjiynaa, ecjiH 6h CoFaM-B nonaAoSHJiocB RyAa-HH(5yAB 

(TB'bdAHTB, IlepCA'B BXOAOM'B B'B RyMHpHK), Ha Ca^eHB 0TB HBFO, 

cA'b^aHa HeGoJiBmaH RBaApaTHan cri^Ha, to^ho cooTB'bTCTByniAaH 
paaMtpaiiH 8T0My BXo;iy. 3to aji^ tofo, hto6h ne moft» npo- 

HHRHyTB B'B RyMHpHK) 3JI0fi AyX'^- JIh)AH H A06pHe JiyXH MO- 

rjTB 6jiaFonojiyHHo oCoAth crhfly, a 3Jiofi AyxT>, B3AyMaB'B no- 
nacTB BB BaupeiHoe ifbcTO h nwhn bosmo^hoctb jierbTB jihhib 
no npflMOft JiHHiH ct> cfeBepa, tojibro pa306BeTB o6'b nee jioC'b... 

H OHCHB aCHBO nOMHH) OAHOFO MOJIOAOFO, JltTB 25, RHTafil^ay 
XOBAHHa $aH3H B'B OAHOlfB FOpOAR'l^^ 3aH>IT0^ HaiHHM'B OTpH- 
AOM'B. 3t0 OHJTB BHCORift H B'B CBOCM'B pOA* RpaCHBtltt CyC^BCRTB 
<yB yMHHMH FJia3aMH H HpeSBH^afiHO npiaTHHM'B, MflFRHM'B FOJIO- 

•OM'B. Owh 6H-TB y»te OTAOM-B coMeflcTBa, HO no xapaRxepy h 

HaRJIOHHOCTHMTb COBC'feM'B HO OTJIH^aJICfl On> MaJIOHBRaFO Fpfl3- 

Haro RHTafiHBHRa, HcnojiHaBmaro na eFo ABop-b ofiHsaHHOCTB 

HaA3HpaTeJia naA'B AByMH CBHHBHMH H HX'B MHOFO^HCJieHHHM'B 

ceMefiCTBOM'B. 06a ohh oAHHaROBo cepAHJiHCB H HaAyBajiH FyfiH, 

•CJIH RT0-HH(5yAB FOBOpHJI'B HO HX'B aApOCy CpaHHOe CJIOBO 
^y^HRaHB* (RpOJIHR'B), OAHHaROBO 6hJIH JIH)6onHTHH H Ha- 
SBHHj CB OAHHaROBHMT> pBeHieM'B COOnpaJIH ROJIJieRAil) RapTH- 

HOR'B CB OpocaeMHX'B HaMH nannpocHHX'B RopoCoR'B. CTapmift 
rA*"To AocrajTB RHraflcRifi caMoy^HTejiB pyccRaro HBtiRa, — h 
Hy«H0 6hjio bha*tb cfo BocTopn> h yAHBJieme, ROFAa oh'b 
BpoH3HocHjrB MH^b no caiioyHHTejiK) KaKoe-HH6yAB HCEOBepRan- 
Hte pyccRoe cjiobo, a a yFaAHBajTB eFO BHaneme h yKastiBajiB 



Bi qysoirE nHpy. 91 

Ba ododHaHaeMU^ hmx npenMeTi>... MjiaAmiK o6u^ho ctoaji's 
TfTb »ce, xjionajTB b'b jiajiomn n BHSHcaji'L; RorAa h yRasusaji'b 
B'fepHo, H ciapajiCH noBTopHTb pyccKoe cjiobo. 06a ohh, KaK'b, 
BnpoHeMT», H Bct KHTalluu, no oTHomeHiro Kb rfeM'B, kto hx-l 
He oOHHcajTB H ne Tporajrb, Chjih oneHB npeziynpeAHTejibHu h 
j[io6edHH, H aro EXb atejiaeie yroAHTb, oRaaaTb ycjiyry, CA'bJiaTb 
npiHTHoe TOMy, rto nwb HpateTCJi, 6hjio xaE'B HaHBHo, raR'b 

A^^TCRH MHJIO... 

KoFAa Mu nepeM'bHHJiH RBapTHpy, h b'b nTb (|)aH8'b noce- 
JUHJiHCB RasaRH, MJia^nieMy oSopBajiH yxo sa nonHTRH 8aiii;HTnTB 
BBtpeflHHX'B ero noneHeHiio nopoc^TB, ROTopnx'B o^eHb CRopo 
nepep'fasaJiH, a crapmift aoji^chb Chjii> yflxH hbb CBoeK (|)aH3u. 
HoTOMii^MH'b roBopHJiH, ^ITO ero noflMajiH rflt-TO bb roparB, 
3ftiiofl03pHJiH B'B mnioHCTB* H— 3apy6HJiH mamRaMH... 

Jlo BOflHH 3TH A'&TH MHpHO ROnomHJIHCB Ha CBOHXB HaSII^' 

HiccB MHHiaTiopHHX'B HojiflXB, BnpaH^HBaa RyRypyay h yHHBep- 
«ajiBHoe pacrenie raojiHH'B, AaBaBmKl nnmy h hmb caMHM'B, h 
HXB CROTy, roAHBmitlaH h na todjihpo, h Ha RpoBJiH, h na hs- 
ropoAH. Hmh 6hjih aaHHTH Bcfe CROJiBRO-HHOyAb yAo6HHe aJI^ 
RyjiBTypH aTHXB pacTenifi yrojiRH, h, TaRB RaRi* naHCAOMy xo- 
aanny, npH bhcorom'b — jiJisi nacB, pyccRHXB, yAHBHTeJibHOMb h 
HtnOHilTHOM'B— coBepmeHCTBi 9Toa RyjibTypH, Ohjtb Hy«eHB 

JIHIDB OHeHb HeOojIbmOlK RJIOHBR'B SCMJIH, ^HJIH ohh OHOHb T'bCHO, 

Apyrb Apyry ne Mtman, ho h ho OAOJiataacb. Bcfe noTpe6HOCTH 
RasKA&ro ceMofiCTBa mopjih 6htb yAOBJiexBopeHH AOManiHHMH* 
cpeACTBaira, h6o RajKAHft aomb npeACTasjajiB H3B ceCa nojiHyio- 
^amy, h um'b ne Gujio hh nymAH, hh oxotu 3HaR0MHTbCH cb 
TbifB MipoMB, HTO «se»ajiB sa oROJiHueiS hxb AepesHH, h no- 
TOMy B'B Hxi> crpaFb He 6UJ10 jsfiLme AoporB,— Ohjih TOjibROda- 
pocmiH yace TponHHRH. 

H BOTB, BB TOTB yrOJIB, TA'fe OHH SCHJIH TaRI> . rfeOHO, TOR'B 

jHtAHo, npanuiH cb AByxB cxopoHB ^yade h rpyCHe jiioah, Ra- 
saBmiecH no CBoeft cHJit h CHJi'b cbohxb opyAiK B3aHM0HCTpe6- 
JKHia rnranraMH bb cpaBHeHin cb hhmh, 6e3o6HAHHMH h (563no- 
Mon^HUMH, H saB^sajiH MemAy co6o^ ApaRy ne na hchbhb, a na^ 
•icepTB, He o6paniaH HHRaRoro BHHManiH na RonomaiuHXCH y 

HTB HOPB JIDAHHieR'B, Ha HXB aCHJIHU^a, Ha HXB naiHHH... 



11. 

BecHOD H ji'&TOM'B 1904 FOAa H "ibdAHJiB no TopaMB Man- 
^«ypiH CB Raaa^beft AHBHsieia renepajia y., cocraBJiflBmett 
]q>a^Hiii Ji'bBUfl ({)jiaHrB pyccRo^ apMin h HiirbBmefl cbok) 6a3y 
•EBHajia B'B ManeHBRoicB H HHHTomnoM'B ropoAnmRt Calt-(|)y-i](3H^ 
HtTOiCB BB ropoAHHiR'h noCojiBHie— Afi-MHH'fc. B'B Caft-4>y-i^8^ 



'92 pyOCKOB BOrATOTBO. 

MH npi'bxajiH paHHefl BecHofl, RorA& tojibro ^to Ha'^HHajiH te- 
jieH'bTL JiBsmxEUx RHTaiKcRiH naniHH h i^b'I^h bi> srhoj RaRia-Tt 
AepeobA, caaomB BacunaHHHH H'bHCHHMH h (5jiaroyxaHHHMH 6*6- 
jiHMH KB'bTaMH. Haci> BCTp'bTHJia myMHafl TOJina jiioOonHTHUx'B 
RHTai^aeB'b, H ropoAnmRo oRasajiCA hojihhm'b Becejioft a xjio- 
noraHBofl mHaHH. Ha apyroft jieBh mu orryAa yfexaJiH, ocrra- 
BBBi* TdLVCh HacTb orpflAa, h Korjia. Hepesii H'&cROJibRo AHe^ sep- 
HyjiHCb oOpaTHO, ropoAHOiRo noRaaaJica naMt yrpioMHM'B, ony- 
crbBmHM'B... Hhuh ^slesu, Rasajiocb, (5ujih coBctMi> (5poineHH 
xoBHCBaMH, H B'b n^^i) OyMamsHH oRHa y^e rjuiji'hjio Heno> 
npaBHMoe paadopeeie: Bce TB,wb, BHyxpH, (5ujio nepeJiOMaHo, hcro- 
BepRaHo, pad(5HT0. Bhjio bhaho^ hto raiiTb xoBfl^HH^aJin hbh-to 
^y^ia, rpyfitw h BpaJKAe^HHa pyRH... H ^tM-b AOJibme mh 
^HjiH BT> ropoAHmR'fa, rbMi) nenajibHibe h nenajibHte rjiHJi'bm» 
OKb... KHTafii^bi 6'J^;RajiH ciy ceMbfliin, co Bci^Mi>, hto mo^cho 
6ujio yHecTH, B'b ropn, ocTaejiHH cboh <{)aH3H Ha nponaBOjrb 
cyKb6hi. H Bce Cojibme h 6ojibine CTaHOBHJiocb 8a6ponieHHbix'b 
H orpa6jieHHHxi> (J)aH3'b, h CRopo ropoAHuiRo onycrbjrb coBep- 
meHHO. IIojiH BOKpyrh Hero 6ujih BEJTonxaHH h o6e8o6pa9KeHH 
H Ha HRXi) nacjiHCb RaaaARin JiomaAH. FoBopHJin, hto np^Hyii^iecx 
B'b ropax'b RHTaflqu rojioAaioTb h yMBpaioirb cb rojiOAy, ho 
dTH paaroBopu hhrofo ne Tporajin: RasaRH cb'bjiH Bch aanacH 
RHTa^AeBT} H Tenepb caMH roJioAajiH, TaRi* RaRi^ h B'b Aane- 
RHX'b A^pBBHflX'b He ocTaBaJiocb y^e HHiero, hto mo^ho 6hjio 
6u ci>'facTb, H cb 4)ypa»cHpoBOR'b ohh Haiqe Bcero BosBpaiqajiHCb 
cb nycTHMH pyRaMH. 

KoFAa MH oTapaBjiAJiHCb RyAa-HH6yAb na peRorHocqHpoBRy, 
Hu HaxoAHJiH Bcip'&^aBmiecH naii'b no nyxH AepeBenbRH h 
OAHHORiH ^SLEShL TOHcc coBepuieHHO onycT'&BmHMH: npn naineirB 
npnCjiH^eHiH Bcb RHTaflqH^ orb iiajia ao sejiHRa, 6pocHB'b bco 
CBoe Ao6po» 6'&^cajiH B'b ropn. 

IlepBoe BpeMfl A'i^^CTBift ahbhbIh renepajia y., RyAa 6v hh 
HanpaBJiflJiHCb en otphah, mu BCioAy bha^jih na BepniHHax'b 
conoR'b H rpefine^ oahhorIh nepHHH (f)HrypRiT, OTieiJiHBO bbi- 
pHcoBHBaBiuiHCH Ha (f^osi^ He(5a. 8to cosepqaJiH name ABHHte- 
Bie RHTai^qH. CnaHajia dTH (|)HrypRH BHSHBajiH TOJibRo xnyTRH 
H ocTpoTH RasaROBii, HOTOM'b HdAO'bJiH, cTajiH ^MOBojiHTb Fjiaaa'', 
a Hocjrb jifiyx'b neoHCHAaHHHX'b HanaAeniK ^nonqes'b^ Bcfa p%- 
mHjiH, HTO 9T0 — mnioHH, h, HaROHeq-b, renepajib oTAajib npn- 
Ras'b BCHRyK) TaRyiD (|)HrypRy „cHHMaTb* cb ropH, ecjiH ToaibRO 
ee MO^Ho AocTaTb pyaceftHHM'b BHCTp'fejioMi>. Mo«eTb Cfcirb, cpeAH 
HHX'b H A'&^CT'BHTejibHo HonaAajiHCb AHOHCRie mnioHU, ho h h6 
AyMaK), HTo6u innioHT» noRasuBajiCH na BepmHHb ropu TaRit or- 

RPUTO, TaR'b B£I8UBaK)IIi;e, ROFAa MOHCHO CUJIO cnp^TaTbCH Ha TOtt 

^eBepmHH'b saRaMenb hjih Aepeso. OAHaxcAH, nocji'b npHRasa, 
KaaaHi^ oTp^Ai*, npn RoropoM'b 6u3rb h h, yBHA'b^n'b na rojiott 



&*& ^7S0Ml nHP7. 9S* 

HeBHCOROtt ropKfa, coBcfaifB 6jiH8R0, CHA^maro Ha RoproHRax'B 
KHTattx^a. H Aame paacMorp'i^jrL, hto owh KypHTB hs'b ^uinHHott 
KHTaiQcKOtt TpyORH. 8to 6ujio TaR'b npocTO H MHpHo, ^rro cHaiajia, 
nomyxHBi* no ero a^pecy, 0Tp^Ai> npo'bxajrB mhmo, He bcqomhub'b 
npHRasa, ho hotom'b ocraHOBHJica h ptmnji'b ero ^CHHTb*. Bti- 
SBajui Tpext Jiy^nnHxt cxp'bJiROB'B, h ycrpoaaocb nbHTo bti 
poA'i^ cocTHdamH. CHanajia BHCTptjiHji'b oahhb h He nonaJi'b, 
8aTi^Mi> Apyroft H TpeTifl — ct> •rbM'B «e peayjibTaTOM'b. KHxaei^'b 
Bce npoAOJimajiob CH:i'bT& b'b npexcHeK nos'i, ToabRo oxBejrb bi* 
ciopoHy xpyOKy, — o^cbhaho, oh-b ne noHHMajTb, B'b ^ewb fl'bJio, 
H CB HHxepecoiTb Ha6jiK)Aaji'b sa RaaaRaMH. 0(|)Hi](ep'b, na^ajib- 
mncb oxp^Aft) pascepAHJiGA, BusBaji'b eii^e cxp'bJiROFb h Beji'bji'b 
HMii Bucxp'bjiHXb Bi> RHxafli^a sajinoM'b. Sajia^ rp^Hyji'b ne- 
cxpoftHO, H ^epnafl (|)HrypRa MOMenxajibHO nc^esjia. Bhurb jisl 
RHxaeiTb ySHTb, hjih npocxo cRaxHJicn oxb cxpaxa Ha Apyryio 
CTopofiy ropH, h ne snaK). 

^epes'b HeAtJiH) nocJit xoro, KaKb 6HJrb oxAami npHRas'b 
yCHHiiaxb^, ifH ysRB He BHA'&JiH Oojrbe na Bepmunax'b rop'b. 

^SLTb HepHHXTb (|)Hryp0R'b H CROpO yCtAHJIHCh, HXO 9X0, A^fi- 

oxBHxeJibHO, 6ujiH CBoero poAa mnioHu, xojibro ne ^hohcro^ 
cjij3R6hL, a AoOpoBOJibitu: ohh cji'^ahjih 8a ABH»eHieMi> pyc- 

CRHX1> H AftBajIH 8HaXb oCl^ ViTh npH6jIH^eHiH HaXOAHIUHMCH 

no Aoporib AepeBHHMi>. Ho opraHnaoBaH'b 8xoxi» Mnpnutl Aosop'b 
Oujvb OHeHb HecoBepmeHHO, h rnHxejin nojiynajin npoAynpeat- 
AeHiH cjmmROM'b hosaho: caMH ohh ycn'&BajiH cRpHXbCH, ho 
npjarraxb h yBoanxb HMyu];ecxBO 6u:io ysKe no8AHO. A ROPAa na- 
CjiioAeHiH Cb ropob cxajiH onacHHMH, mh ^acxo sacxaBaJiH rh* 
Tafii^eB'b BpacnJiox'b... 

' Mh pacnojiarajmcb B'b nycxHX'b ({)aH3ax'by rA'b eii^e na oiar*]^ 
rop'i^'b oroHb h no Bcett oficxaHOBKb 6hjio bhaho, hxo nexBepxb 
"^aca HaaaAi* 8A'6cb paaurpHBajiRCb mhphbih ceueHBHH ci^eHH. 
KadaRH mapHJiH no cyHAyRatCb h jiapHM'b, OpaJiH Bce, ixo 
MO«Ho Ohjio (Tb'facxb HJIH CRopMHXb jiomaAHM'b, OpajiH AasRe 
pasJiHHHBiH RHxaiKcRifl 6e8A'bJiyniRH, coBepmenHo nwb Henyac- 
HHH, — 6ojibnie!o nacxbio Baxibicb, ^xo6h na Apyrott «e achb bh- 
fipocHXb na Aopory, RaRi> jmnmnio oCysy jiJisi sanopeHHaro h 
Ges'b xoro ^rohh". Jlonajiacb Me6ejib, h HBrb nea CRjiaAHBaJiHCb 
KocrpH. H Bce axo Ai^jiajioeb co sjiocxbK) roaoAHaro ^eaoB'bRa^ 
o6o3JieHHaro en];e h nocxoHHHHMH HeyAanaiiH, rjiaBHyx) npn- 

HHHy ROXOpHX'b OHb BHAiUI'b Bl> RHXa^AaXl): 8X0 nOXOMy HHOHI^I 

TaR'b xopomo BcerAa ocB'&AOMJieHK o npnCjiHHceHiH pyccRHX'b h 
BcerAa Bcxp'&^aK>X7> hxti ct> ^npeBocxoAHHMH CHJiaMH'', hxo hm'b^ 
nmioHATb BpafiCAefiHue pyccRHM'b RHxalluH, Roxopuxi> xyxi> xaR'b 

MHOrO H CJI'^AHXb 8a ROTOpHMH H'bXl> HHRaRO^ B03M0»CH0CXH. 

A Bpa^Ae^HBiH lyBCXBa RHxafii](eB'b R'b pyccRHM'b, h Bb 
ocoOeHHocxH R'b Ra3aRaMi>, 6hjih o^enb o^cbhahh h noHaiHH:: 



'94 pyCCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

-CojijbmHHCTBO Ka3aR0BT> Cujio pa8Bpaii;eH0 eii^e b^l ui^ejxunjmym 
KETatiCKyiD KaMnamH) h npnBURJio OMorp'bTb Ha Rirra^eBib, 
KaKTb Ha no6'fe»c;^eHHHX'b 6yHT0Bm;HK0B'b, a na KTb Ao6po, Kan* 
Ha saKOHHyH) aoOhhy noCiAHTejia. H, KOHeHHo, KHraflaH Chjik 

3aHHTepeC0BaHH B'B TOM'B, HTOCH HUOHI^H BOSMOfiCHO CKOp'&e BH- 
TfeCHHJIH H3T> HXl TOpOflOBTb H CeJTb pyCCKHX-b, H HOMOraJIil 

nepBHM'B, OTKaBHBa^cb on> BcaKHXT> ycjiyn* BTopiiM'b. Y hhx'b 
^KjiH oHeHb coJiHAHHH ooaoBaHlH AJiH TaRoro npeAHOTreHiii: a 
noMHK), ch RaRHMi) yBajKeHleM'B n CjiaroAapnocTBK) roBopsji^ 
061) HnoHuaxi» xodAHH'B Hameft (t)aHdH vb Catl-({)y-i;3H, Ror^a 
MH BanajiH 9TorB ropoA'B Tor^acL ace nocj!* yxo^a noHeny t# 
-OTcryniiBniHX'b orryAa «noHneBi». Ohh HH^ero ne TponyjiH Kb 
ero (f)aH8'b h ne tojibro He xpeCoBajiH orb nero npoBianra, h« 
^me H HaRopMHJiH ero h a^jih eny pnca h MHca pflsi ero r« 

JIOAHOtI CeMbH... 

A RaaaKH... fl homhr) ci^eny, Ror^a nejioBtKb aecaxb nasa- 
KOBi}, ycjiHxaB'b Ry^axTaHbe Rypi» na ABop'b oahhoro cTOHBmett 
4)aHdH, ocaAHJiu ee cb i^tjibx) nepeJiOBHTb Ryp'b h nomapHTb, 
H'bTb JiH Bi) EeH H eii^e RaRoro A0(5pa, h HeoHCHAanno HaTRHy 
jiHCb Ha conpoTHBJieHie RHratlCRHX'b eaO-b. BiHX'b CaOi bhch- 
najia i^'bjiaH TOJina, Tome leJioB'feK'b AOCATb. Tyrb 6hjih h era- 
^)yxH, H MOJioABW, Aa«e a*bohrh. Be* Offh 6hjih Boopy«eHN 
HJiH najiRaMH^ hjih npeAMeTaMH nxi> AOMamnefl yrsapH. Oh* 
RpnnaJiH, MaxaJiH cBOHM'b opymieM'B, — cjiobomi>, BHRaaHBaxH 
TBepAoe HaM'bpeHie dau^Hu^aibCH ao nocji*AHefl RpatlHocTU. 
%3aRH CHE'iajia on'bniHJiH 6hui0f ho noroM'b xpa6po OpocHJiHCb 
B-b axaRy. BaipemajiH BHCTptJiH... 

IIoMHK) a H Apyryro caeny, RorAa RaBaRH Becejio onpoRHAK- 
BajiH H pa36HBaJiH rHncoBUA H3o6pa»eeHiH 6oroBi> bi* RyMHpH*, 
BT) Tott HaAeatA*, ^To Bi> liXh pacRpameHHHX'b yTpo6ax'b cnpn- 
Tano HT0-HH(5yAb x^-feHHoe. A KaROft to RHTaeuT>, cxapHfl h c#- 
jiHAHHja, AOJiacHo 6HTb — MOHax'b, CToaJii> TyTb ate H, MOJi^a, He 

<5M'bH BMimaTbCa, CMOip'fejI'b Ha VLTb A*Jio... 

C'b Te^eHieM'b BpeMenn aia BBaHMHaa Bpa«Aaj Rone^mo, 
Bce oCocTpHJiacb h oOocrpaJiacb. Bee name h name pyccRie jio- 

«HJIH H RHBHEJIH mniOHOBB, HO 3a TO OCBiAOMJieHHOCTb aOOHHeB'b 

o6o BceMTi H HX'b yB^peHHocTb B'b cBOHX'b A*^cTBiax'b craH^- 

BUJlKCh BCe yAHBHTeJIbH'fee H yAHBHTeJIbHie. KHTaflUH MCTHJIH 

pyccRHMT> He TOjibRO 8THMH ycjiyraiiH HX'b Bpary,— OHH mcthjih 
npH RaacAOML'b yAofinoM'b cJiy^at, sacTaBaa jih ta* B'b Jiicy 
Tojinofl OAHHORaro RaBaRa hjih naxoAa saCHTaro, OesaoMom- 
naro pyccRaro panenaro... PaByMieTca, Bcfe t* cjiynan BBtp- 
cTBa HaA'b panemiMH, hto npHimcHBajiHCb anoHi^aifb, a*Jio 
pyRT* oajioOjieHHHX'B RHTattAeB-b, ne HM'feromHX'b HHOtt bo3MO»- 
HOCTH oTOMCTHTb 3a Bc4 CBOH o6hah, yHHaceHia, crpazianiH. M 
Hirb B'b BTHXi. cjiynaax-b HHsiero hh BOBMyrHieJibHaro, bh 



Bl ^yJEOMl IIHP7. S5 

jAHBHTejiBHaro, — yaHBHTeJiBHte rb, He tok'l yMci» ptflKie cjiy- 
^an, ROFAa RHraftifH yRpHBajie b'b cbohxi (|)aH8ax'B OTcraBinHX'B 
H.1H 8a(5j[yAHBinHXCH pa8B'b;tHE[K0Bi>, ORadUBajiH noMoii^b na- 

JUHlfB paHOHUM'B. 

Bojrbe aRTHBHue bz^ RHTatii^eBX, roJioAHHe h pa33opeHHHe, 
nonojiHAjiH co6ofl xyHrydCRia inafiRH. H mhopo padcapamHBaji'B 

np0HCX0HCA6HiH BTHXl) JReCTORHX'b H BM'bcrb Cl» ThUTh Tpy- 
CJIHBUX1> OaflA'B, H BCb, RTO BHajTB HX'B, FOBOpHJIH Un% HTO 

iixi» npeo6jiaAaH)mi^ ROHTHHreHTB— HiieHHo 8th rojioAHHe h 
pa38opeHHHe Bzra^i^H, BUHy^AenHHe BH6HpaTi> oaho vi3i> AByxK 
yMHp|iTB CB rojioAy* hjih hath Ha GoJibmyiD Aopory. B'B na^aji'b 
Bo^HH xynryaaxi* hohth cobc&mb ne 6hjio ctinniHO, ho cb 
TeTOHieMi> BpeiieHH^ — no whph Toro, RaRB see Cojrbe h Oojrbe 
paaaop^jiacB Hec^acTflaH MyRAeHCKaa npoBHHixiH, — roBopHTB • 
Hnxx crajiH Bce ^an^e h ^ame. A noTOM'B na^ajiHCB yxce h 

CTU^IRHCIbHHMH... Ho aTOHMIipOBHBHpOBaHHOe OHOJTieHie, COCTaBHB- 

ineeCH hbi^ Mnpnaro h 6edo6HAHaro HaceJiemH, npHHyHCAeHHaro 

B3JITBCH 3a Opy^Kle TOJIBRO BB BHAy HeHdO'bXCHOfi FOJIOAHOfi 

cMepTH^ Morjio HanaAaTB tojibro Hsx-sa yrjia h npn nepBHXi» 
JRO BHCTp'bJiaxB pyccRHX'B (3'bxcajio b'b caiiott ahro^ naHHR'b. 
JCa^aRH ^OBHJIH Hxi> ^FOJiHBftH pyRaMH" H TO caMH pacHpaB- 

JIHJIHCB CB HJI'i^HHHRaMH, TO npOACTaBJIAJIH RHTa^CRHBTB BJia- 

CTHM'B. A rh, RaR-B npeAcraBHTejH npaBHTOJibCTBa, oO^saHHaro 
AepaeaTB cipori^ HeHTpajmrerB, npoABapHrejibHo noMopnB'B hxb 

B'B TlOpBlfb H HSHypHBB JROCTORHMH HHTRaMH, ny6jIHHH0 py- 
ClfJIH HMB rOJIOBH. 

Ha xaRoiTB hmohho (f)OHb pasurpajiacB hohth na MonxB rjia- 
aax-B oAHa RHralicRafl Apana, ROTopyio a h xo^y 8a*cb paa- 
cRaBaiB. 



m. 

IIpH AHBHBiH renepajia Y. 6hjio nerHpe nepenoA^HRa. ^Boe 
H8i> EHXBy pyccRie, judi^sRSLJOLCh BceFAa OKOJio iHTaOa, a ABOe 

ApyrHXB, RHTafllJH, 3KHJIH COJIbHie y HaCB,— T. e. npn. OTp^A* 

Kpacnaro Kpecra. KHTaeAB nocrapme npoBOAHJn> ci naiiH see 
cBoe Bpeiia, ROFAa Fonepajiy ne TpeCoBaJiHCb ero ycjiyrn, a 
Mo;ioAon A^JiBJiB CBOH AOcyFH Me«Ay HaMH H o6o3flofl npH- 

C-lJFufl. 

Orapmaro sBajiH HBafiB HBaHH^B. CoCcTBeHHo, HacToamee 
ero HMH Ohjio lOaHB-Raft-mHH'B, ho bto ajihhhoo wiobo RaaaRH 
nepoAtJiajiH bb HBana Kamnna, a hotom-b AaJiH cojiHAHOMy h 
BceFAa cepBesHOMy Rnrafii^y otioctbo, nasBaBB ero HBaHUiew'B. 
9to Cujtb BaAyM^HBHtl H ne^ajiBHtia HeJioBtRB, RasaBiniflcH 
coBepmoHHO paBHOAyniHHM'B ro Bceny, ^rro 6h hh npoHoxoAHJio 
jiepeAi> ero FjiaBaiiH. KaBajiocB, y nero 6HJia RaRaa-TO eojibmaa 



96 PyOCROB BOFATOTBO. 

I 

ffyiia, 6oJibinaa 3a6oTa, okojio KOTopoft BeprfcuHCb Bcfc ero 

MHCJIH H Vh CpaBHeHiH Cl> ROTOpO^ BCe, ^0 OHli BHA'I^JI'B Rpy- 

roMi>, GuJio 'iy;RHM'B^ AaJieRHMi. h HeHHTepecHHMi>. Ofli» hh cb 

R-feMt He CXOAHJICH, HHROFAa He myTHJTB H, nOBHAHMOMy, TOJIbRO 

y HacB, r/rb k'b HeMy TaKi> hphbhrjih, hto hohth ho saMt^ajiH 
ero, HyBCTBOBaJTb ce6a cnoKOftno h yAoOHO. Bujiij ohb RaRoro- 
To TeMHO-^eJiTaro i^Btxa, cb Cojibiuhmh ^epHKMH rjiaaaMH n 
rpoMaAHott TojiCToft RocofJ, Bb ROTopoft cepefipHJiHCB y«e CfeAH© 

BOJIOCU. H TOJIbRO no aTHM'B C'&AU^'B BOJIOCaM'B MOXCHO 61IJIO 

noAyMaxb, hto ohb yme noacHJioft: cpeAH RHTafli^eBi> ecTb TOJibRO 
^tTH, cTapHRH H JiH'iHocTH HeonpeA*JieHHaro Boapacra, <roto- 

pHMl} Cb OAEIHaROBOK B'bpOflTHOCTbK) MOHCHO A&Tb H ABaAl^^aTb, 
B COpORl JltTb... 

itpyrofit nep^BOA^HR-b, CH-HHHT>-^xyH'b hjih npocTO T^xyn-b, 

XaR'b ero AJIH RpaXROCTH dBaJIH, OUJI'b RpHKJIHBHl! H nOABH»- 

Hofi cyfi'beRTb — Hairfexb RHTaftaeB^b, ROTopHX-b Rocnyjiacb Ryjib- 
Typa^ Haca»AaeMaii pyccRHMH aBaHnopncraMH, HaBOAHHBmHMH 
paflioH'b HcejitsHoft Aoporn. Offb oneHb JirofiHJi'b pyccRin 6paHHHa 
CJiOBa, ROTopuMH ycHamajTb cbok) p'b^ib, HHROFAa He paBCxaBaJicji 

Ch HaratiROfl H Yi'h RHTafll^aM'b OTHOCHJICil CBHCORa, Gh BBAOM'b 

co6cTBeHHaro npeBocxoACTsa h Aa»te Bpa«Ae6H0. OH'b cthah^icji 
Toro, HTO oH^ RHTaei^"b, H noJibsoBajica bc^rhmb cjiynaeMTj tio- 
KasaTb, TOO Bci ero cHMnaiiH na CToponi pyccRHX'b, h ^rrt 
TOJIbRO 8a HeAOcyroMi> OH*b He ycniJiTb nepoMtHHTb Btpy. Pyc 
omvLWb oHb jxbCTHJTb, npHCJiyHCHBaJiCH R'b oij^HAepaMi) H Aa?Ke r'e 
npocTUM'b KaaaicaM'b h cb BHAHMHM'b yAOBOJibCTBieMi> npncyT- 
CTBOBajib Ha ^acTHX'b y nacb Wh otpha* aRBeRyx^iflxi*, rotophm-b 
noABeprajiHCb set RHTafli^H, noneMy-Jinfio noAOBptsaeiiHe btb. 
mnioHCTBt. HBana HBaHH^a oHb onenb HeAOJiioCjiHBajrb, — oh-b 
naBHAOBajTb AOBtpiro, rotopkm'b iiojiBaoBajica cTapHR^B y rene- 
pajia, H He mopb nepenapHBaTb coBepmeHHbdmaro paBHOAymia 
H HeBHHMaHiH cTapHRa Ri> ero 8aAHpaK)ii];Mm> BHXOAKaM'b. 

lOpRitt ^XyHl>, OneBHAHO, 6HJrb HeCJIOaCHHfl H BHOJIHiy 
nOHATHH^ THITb, — paBBpaiaeHHKtt MaJIb^HHIRa, CJIHIHROML'B 

paHO nonaBmift hoab BJiiame BspocjiHX'B npoxBOCTOB'b. 3a to 
CTeneHHHfi HBaHi> HBaHHTB 6um> nJisi mchh o^eHB hhtc- 
peceHB: hb'b ero aaAyM^HBHXT) rpycTHHX'B rjiaa^B, RaaajiocB 
MHt, cMOTpijia Ha mohh Ta TaHHCTBeHHaa RHTaflcRaa Aynia, 
KOTopott a HHRaRi> He Mori* yjioBHTb Fb A^TCRHX-B H Rypbes- 
nuTb BfliinHHrb (|)opMax'b RHTaHcRO^ acHBHH. 9to Chjio ^to-to 
^«Aoe, AaJi6Koe, CTapoe, MoaceTb 6HTb — j\dMe HeAOcxynHoe 
MoeMy noHHMaHiro. ^eMb OHb rpycrnrb, ^n-o AynaeTB, RorAa 
CMOTpHTb Ha Bce TO, HTo Hacb ORpyjKaerb, na nacb cannx-b, na 
MeHA?... 

H HbcROJiBRo paB'B HHTajicH BaBHsaTb (Tb HHMb pasroBopi*, 

HO OHb OTBt^aJI'b MHfe TaRb paBHOAyniHO, TaR'b HeCJIOMCHO, ^TO 



xMjrfc AByxi — TperB cjiobx a ofipuBajTB oboh paacnpocH. H 
TttjnbKo pa3i» OHi» cain> saAaJi'b Mffb Bonpocb: 

— HHeRi ♦) — Taio>, }i9LJieK(hjs,2LJieK0. PyocKa— Tani, naJieKo- 
MfiJieKo. 3A^wb BOdHa? 3aTbirB RHraflcRa (|)aHda hcth, Hanaa — 
ydHBafi? 

H He Mon> o6'i>HCHETb eny aroro TaRi, ttoOh ohi nonajn. 
Ho MGTb 6iurB HeiipiaTeHi> ynpeR'B, BBy^aBmifi b'b ero Bonpo- 
cb, H a CRaaajTb: 

— He BHaiD. fl — AORTop'b, a — ^ne npHHeirb... 

— A...— oKasaJTB owb paBHOflynrao. — A A^Hbrn TBoa iiHoro- 
MBoro... 

Ilocji'i^ aroro paaroBopa a nyBCTBOBaa'B ce6a HenpiaTHo 
BcaRifi pas!), Ror;^a HsaH'B HBaHOBHH'B cMOrp'bjrL Ha Meea cbo- 
KMH HepHHMH FJiyOoRHMH raasaMH: awh Rasaaocb, hto Aynia, 
ROTopaa CMOTpHTB Hdi) BRThi HacTpoeHa BpaacAe6H6 ko ub% 
^«OMy, H HTo MH Bct flJiH Hea— RaRoe-To CTHxifiHoe, npHAa- 
BHBmee ee bjio, cb ROTopHMt y Hen HtrB chjtb CopoTbca... 

noToicB uwh BcexaRH yAaaocB co^TifCb cb hhm'b 6jiHace. 
TaRi> RaRt y nacB Ohjio mhofo OBoCoflnaro BpeMCHH, a p4- 
JOHji'B Hsy^aTb RHraftcRift asHR'b, h MOHM'b y^HxejieM'b 6Hjrb 
BBaHTi HBaHOBHH'b. OhTj yRasHBaa'b na npeAMeT-b h upoiiBHocHjrb 
•ro RHTaflCRoe HaaBanie, a a noBTopaji'b. CKopo a nay^naca 
CKaaflHBaTb i^tjiHa (|)pa3H, n ^wb 6oabme cTanoBHaca y 
Mena sanacb caoBi? h (|)pa3'b, rfeM'b MeH-fee h MeHte a ^bctbo- 
BajTb ero HenpiaBHb. 9th cJiOBa h (|)pa3H, nonaTHbia naM'b 060- 
MM-b, cSjiHacajiH Hacb, h a, yM'feromiW cKa3aTb roc-hto na ero 
poAHOM^b asHK*, yace ne Rasajica eny TaRHMi* nyatHM'b, RaRi> 
MpeatAe. H mh* nyAHJiocb, hto b'b TeMHort ero raa3i> a nanH- 
Han paBCnpaxb RaRia-TO HeacHua, neyaoBHMHa o^eprama... 

Offb TA^-To AOCTaJiTb ToacTyro RHTaficRyi) RHHry h p'bmHJTB 
•Oynaib Mena ^reHiiD h nncbMy. Kflara 6Haa cipanHaa: ee 
HyacHO 6uJio HHraxb cb noca'fe;iHeft cxpaHHuu, h crpo^ncH bb 
Hett man ne ropHsoHTaabHo, a CBepxy BHHBTb. H Bca ona 6wib, 
sanoaeeHa crpaHHHMH SHa^RaMH, TaHHCTBeHHHMH h caoacHHMH. 
A 3a BTolt CTpaHHoft, necrpoft h TaHHCTBenHofl BHtmnocrbK) 
CRpHBajiacb Ranaa-TO MHcab, ^yacaa, ApesHaa, poAHBmaaca 
THca^LH atrb naaaAB, ho h Teaepb ne norepaBinaa CBoeft CBt- 
acecTH H BHanema. 

HBany HBanoBii^y, bh;ihmo, nonpaBHaacb noHTHreabHocTb h 
yAHBaenie, crb rotophmh a nepeBopa^HsaaB Manue ancTH 
crpaHHott RHHrn. Ohb BBaaii ee y Meaa h cRa3aai>: 

— BoabHo yMHfcitt RHaacKa, y^eHufl. Caymafi... 
OxBepHya'B aaAHioi) oSaoatRy h CTaaB HHTaib, BOAa naab- 

i^eiTb CBepxy bhhbb no cxpaHHAi. T^HiaaB ohb napacii'feB'B, 



♦) HnoBem». 
}i 10. Or^tj-B I. 



98 P70CB0B BOFATOZBO. 

noiTH irfcjrb thxhitb, rjiyOoKawb h aaAUxaDxi^HMCfl ro.iocoM'B 
H THXOHBKO KA^iajicH Bib TaKTb CB06My irkmi). TucflHH jrbrb 
laKb ^HTOJiH, ^HTajm ary cauyiD KHHry, yrjij6juisicb bi> 8TR 
caMUH Mucjm. 

Ohi> Tas'B yBJieKCH Hremeirb^ ^rro ne daiebTHjrb, icaK'b h 
yme^i'B otb Hero, h o^myjiCH tojibko TOPAa, Kor^a ero okjihr- 
Hyjra: 

— dfil KepeBOA^HKHl.. K'h renepajiy. 

Oh'b caoxHJTb RHHry, nojiojRHJTB ee da naayxy h nonjiejica 
Kb renepajiy — ^AonpanmBaTb terhtb ;Re, RaKb owb, KHTafii;eBi>, 
Ha KOTopux'B Kaaani^ pa8i>'b3A'B HaTOJiKHyjiCA rA'ib-Hii6yAb bi* 
ropaxi> H KOTopiix'B Tenepb noAoap'i^BaDirb b'b nmioHCTB'b h 
cyAHTB- Momerb Ouxb, htb h He noB^CHTB, ho 6HTb Hara^aiiH 
BO BCHROMi> cjiyqa-fe CyAypb. 



IV. 

Bb cpeAHHt Man, RorAa bch ic^cTHOCTb Rpyroicb Catl-(()y- 
A8U 6ujidL onycTomeHa, h bi* ahbhsIh hohbhjich roJiOAHuft 
TBijf'b, renepajTb J. p'ibniHJrb nepenecTH 6a3y cBoex'b pa3B:bA0^> 
HHXb 3RCRypcifi Bb Apyrofl ropoAOR'b— Ali-MHHb. Ohi> Haxo- 
AHJiCH BTb 50 Bepcraxii OTb Cafi-(|)y-rt3H, B-b Md^cTHOcrn, ta^ 
TOjibRO pa3i> nponuiH pyccRin Bo2cRa h PA'b, noaroiiy, mo»cho 
Chjio mHTb 6oJLbe chtho, H*3rb B'b Caft-(|)y-a3H. KorAa HSB'b- 
cTie nepeic'bH'Jb 6a3H pacnpocrpaHHjiocb no jiarepi), Bct no- 
Becejrbjm... JI,a;Re HBanb HBanoBHib— h xorb, naR'b 6yATo, oCpa- 
AOBajica nepeABH»eHi]D n Becb Benepb HaKaeyH'b BucrynJieHiH 

HaXOAHJICH B'b RaROMOb-TO CTpaHHOM'b BOJIHema: MHOrO X0AHJI1, 

MHoro RypHJiit, He oTB'bqaji'b na sonpocu caHHrapoB-b, to^cbo ne 
cjiHmaJi'b HXb. OOuHHufl ypoR'b RHTatlcRaro H8£iRa ne uorh 
cocTOHTbCH: HnaHb IlBaHOSH^b saAyMHBajiCA, roBopvLm> nenno- 
naA'b. O^eBHAHO, eny Cujio ne ao ypoRa. Bee dxo mohh oneHb 

yAHBJIHJIO: H TaRb npHBHRl) BHA'bTb ero CnORO^HUMb, paBHo- 

xyniHUMi)... H Ror^a oht> cjiy^aflno cMoxptJib na mohh, h 
onHTb BHA'b'irb B'b epo pjiaBax'b He to HenpiA3Hb, ne to RaRoe- 
TO xojioAHoe, 6e3yHacTHoe pasHOAynrie, hto-to Aaaenoe h ny- 

moe, H OOHTb OH'b MH'b RaSaJICH TaRHMb OAHHORHMb, HOAaBJieH- 

HHM'b RaRofl-TO 6ojibmoft 3a6oTOfi. H, rohohho, cnpocHTb ert, 
noHeny OH'b TaR-b BOJiHyeTcn, a He piinHJicii. 

yTpoMT> Becejio BfciCTynHJiH B'b noxoAb. /l^opopa, no ROTopoft 
BKTHHyjiacb BM'beti ahbhsIh, nijia Me»cAy BecejiHXb, sejienux'b 
H Ry;ipHBKXi> popoKx, n^eApo sajiHTtix'b CB'bTOMb; cojmimiRt 

CB'&THJIO TaRl MHPRO H JiaCROBO, He 6UJI0 AAIRO 06hHH0K HUJIH, 

TaR-b RaK'b B^epa Ciurb aohcab, — cjioBoicb, Bce papMonnpoBajio 
ch HaniHMb BecejiHMT) HacTpoenieMb h ycHJiHBajio epo. KaaaRH 



Bi Hrxou% nipy. 99 

"bxajiH He Bi» aKcneAHi^ix)^ fa'I^ o6A8aTejibHO ffkcROJiBKo nejie- 
s'^R'B AOJi^HH norH6&yTb, a tojibro h^h^jih cTapyx), HaAO'ibB- 
myio n paadopeHHyx) KsapTHpy na HOByio, oOHJiBHyio h Herpo- 
Hyryio, r^t h hm^ caMHM'B Cy^erB Jiy^me, h ta* nonpaBarcH 
H Hx-b oTomaBmie ^kohh**. 

Oip^A'B KpacHaro Kpecra ABnrajiCH Me»cAy AHBH8ieft h o6a* 
soMi). Cx HaMH 'bxajiH o6a KHra^ua h ^eTHpe RasaRa, cocra- 

B^BBJUEXTy BSLJII'b ROHBOtt. OaHFB H3'1> EHXl) San'bjTb TOHRHM^ 

rojiocROM'B Ha BecewiH^^ ho neToponjinBHtt mothb'b: 

j,FacKpacoTKa AKyjiMHa — 
Hhcto nroAa-MajiHHa, 

CjiaAKiH MapMajiaAi)"... 

„CjiaARift MapMajiaA'B'*, — noATHHyjiTb eMy Apyroit 6acR0M'b. 
„Cjia,^Rifi MapMajiaAi>!" — npon'bjm o6a BMtcrfe h rohhhjih, 

OAHH-B — BHCOROfi H SaMHpaiOmeK TCHOpOBOa HOTROfl, ApyrOfi— 
hh8rhmi> h Tosae SaMHpaiOIU.HM'B 6aCR0MI>. 

HeMyApaa n'feceHRa cb H6MyApHMT> poahhm'b HantBOMi> 
T:oH:e o^enb noAXOAHjia Kb HacTpoeniio. H axo ninie, h aro 
coJiHue, H 3e-ieHb— Bce HanoMUHaJio hto-to AaJieRoe, poAHoe, 
BHSLiBajio MHJiUH BocnoMHHaHiH, MHJiue o6pa8H. 

Mh ocTasJifljiH pa38opeHBHK H onycTomeHBHH naiiH Rpatt, 
TA* H Tenepb yjKe yMapaiorB cb rojioAy ero xoaaeBa, npots- 
^ajiH MHMO orpa6jieHHHX7> naMK (|)aH3'B, BUTOirraHHHX'B na- 
inHMH JiomaABMH nojieiS, ho HaMi) ne 6ujio ao Bcero aioro 
HHRaRoro AtJia. Mh ne BHHOBaTH bT) 3tomi>, — nacB npHrnajiH 
ciojia He 8a'rfeM'B, htoCh yMepexB sa^cb ci> rojioAa, h y nacrb 
ee 6HJI0 Bu6opa: "j^xaTB cioAa, hjih ne txaTb. JJfiL, HaRonei^'B, h 
HaA'B HaMH bhchtb Ta me CMepxB... A ytpo npeKpacHoe, mh 
^bAGM-B He B'B cpaacenie, h ceflnacB xaK'B xopomo BcnoMHHt- 
^TCfl HaniH ;ia*ieKia cTaHHi^H, namn ropn, Hame nefio... 

„9-3X'b, KpacoTKa AkyjiHHa 
BcK) ciaHHuy yAMBH;ia, 
PacnorfeuiMJia../' 

BHBOAHTb 0AHH1> AP66e35KamHM'B TCHOpKOMTi. JPacnOTtmHJia... ** — 

noAxeaTHBaeTB Apyroft, 

y H3jioMaHHHXT> BopoTB nycTott (|)aH8H BajiHBaeTCfl, jiaerB 
fia npoxoA^iaee mhmo bohhctbo JioxMaTan co6a^eHKa, h a cJiHmy 
aa cofioW BocKJiHi^anie: 

— CKaacM, nojKajiyflCTa: coBcfeM'B no-pyccRH JiaerB, crepBa! 

Ax-B TH... 

a ±jiy pfl;ioM'B CB HfianoM'B HBaHOBH^eM'B. Oh'b, RaRB 6yAT0, 
no npeatneMy cepbeaeH'B, sa^iyM^HB'B h paBHOAymeHX. "huevh 
MOJi^a Ha noHypoft jiomaAR'fe h to^ho ne bhahtb ©thxtj 
Hec^iacTHHX'B oOrop'fejiHX'B (J)aH3B. Ha hcbhcorom^j nepeBajit, 

7* 



100 P700S01 BOrAfOTBO. 

•i> KOToparo oTKpHJiacb HemnpoKaa naHopana bcc rbx* m& 
BecejiBix'B, cTb MHrKHMH o^epraHiHMH, ropoKii, owb Bjipyrb rpo- 
HyjTb MOHH 8a pyKy h noRasaji'B Ha cHHt»myi) B^aJiH Bep- 

niHHy. 

— Bnjptnib? — cnpocHJii> ohtb.— Btv conKy « anatt. Bm- 

•OKia? 

O-b nocMorptJTB ea liena, h bt* ero rjia8axi> 6jiecHyjio m?o- 

10 npocToe h noHHTHoe... 

— BtlCOKaa,— OTBtTHJrB H. 

Ohi> noMOJi^aJiT> h on^ciB cnpocHJiii: 

— Tboh cTopona... fa* tboh 6a6a h pe6HTitinKH... taKott 
oosRa ecTb? 

H nOHHJI-B... 

— EcTB... ToJibKo noHH«e... Taw'b, BHaHHTB, TBoa (J)aH3a? 
H onaTb oflb BarjiaHyjib Ha Mena, — n Bupaatenie ero raaib- 

«Hao yate coBcbii'b acHo h nonaTHO. H, jiojisreo 6uTh, owb bh- 
^^iai), ^TO a noHHMaK) ero: TaK'b acHO h npHBtTJiHBO •h'b 
yaHOflyaca. 

-^ ^a, TRMTi!.. 

HeperopoAKa, BcerAa cxoaBmaa MeacAy naMH, ynaaa, h mh^ 
KOTopHxii paHbme paBA^Jiaao HesooOpaaHMO rponaAHoe paacroa- 
Hie namnxTb Mipocoaepi^aHifJ, txaan Tenepb paAOM^b ii noHHMaaH 
Apyr-b Apyra. H a BHA'bJi'b, ^to mh— He pyccKiJl h KHiaei^'b, a 
npocTo ABa ^eaoBtKa, cBaaaHHHe ch ApyrnMH aioAbMH h aeMaett 
coBepmeHHo OAHHaKOBHMa h npocTHMH, ^eaoBt^ecKHMH HyB- 
cTBaMH... H KorAa a cjiynaflHo BsraaHyai* na TopHaBmie hb^b 
seMaH ^epHHe oeroptane cxoaCn, ocxaTKH HCAaBHO cropiB- 
niefi (J)aH8B[, aTo CoabHo yKoaoao Moe cepAi^e. H oHb saM'feTHa'b 
dTO H, yKasaB'b onaTB na cHH'&ioiixyH) BAaan Bepmnny, CRasaa'b:. 

— TaMb, BtpHO, Toace pyccKa 6ujvb... 

Mh paBroBopnaHCb, h ohi> pa3CRa3aai> mh^, ^to ero ceifba, 
acHBymaa TaMb, y CHHeft ropH, cocTonrB H3b aceHti, Asyx-b 
cHHOBefl, MaaeHbKoa Ao^epn h oma. Oahhb CHH'b y Hero we- 
narb, h y Hero y we ecTb MaaeHbKid — botb TaKOfl — peCeno^eKb, 
KOTopHfl nnmHTB, KaKb KomKa. A oiei^b y nero yace catnofl, 
Apaxaufli, Becb rpaceica h raynHfl-nperaynHtt: Hnqero ae no- 
HHMaerB... 3eMaH y nero Maao, Bspocaue ceihobbh crb neti 
npeKpacHo cnpaBaaroTca,— h KorAa pyccKie ^hhobhhkh co6h- 
paan napoAb jiJisi paCoTH na acea'J^dHoi^ Aoporj^, ohh BsaaH u 
HBana HBanoBHHa, xotb CMy h HeaantMii 6Hao h ne xorbaocb 
yxoAHTB H8b cBoefl AepeBHH. A KorAa nanaaacB BOilHa, ero 
sacTaBHan cayacHTB nepoBOAHHKOM'B, noxoMy hto ohx aynme 
ApyrHXb Hay^aaca roBopHXb no-pyccKH. H ceicbH cBoen oh-b. 
He BHAaa'b yace uiauxi* naxb a-fexii... 



wL waoM& imtr. 101 



r. 

CntmHTb 6wio HORyiia, Heaa^'i^iirB 6ujio yroMJurrB aoma- 
jtefiy — H noTOiiy na CHBaR'B ocTanoBHJiHCB paso, ^aca Brb Tpn. 
H ocTaHOBHJiHCB He Bi> jiepeBH'&, RaRii 8T0 Boer^a Ai^Jiaiiocb 
paHBiney a snOpajiH BecejiyiD nojiHHRy bi> Ji'bcy, bcd noRpn- 
TjD ciTHHMH HpHcaMH, nozTB FopRoS, Bau^HmaBinefi ee otb map- 
Raro cojiHi^a. Y Rpaa hojiheu CTOHJia icajieHBRaa RyMHpHH h 
4>aHda — AOJiHCHO 6htb, MOHaxoB'B. 06a RHrafii^a-nepeBOAHHRa 
TOJiROBaJiH BOBjri^ Hen (tb MOHaxaiiH, pascnpaniHBaH, no npHRa- 
saHiD reHepajia, o tom'b, h'^tb jih s i'6cb 6jih8ro anoni^eB'B, 
H HTO Boo6ii];e o hek'b cjinniHO. Gs'hjifbmsi nojiyHHJiHCB caMHA 
npiHTHiM, — o6'B HnoHi^arB sjifkch h cjiuxobtb He cjiHxaTB. 

CRopo BacTynajra wb Jitcy Tonopn, h b-b pasHHX'B M'j^cTax'B 
nojiaHH noABHJiHCB AHMRH. Mu, RaRHb BcePAa, pacnojioacHjiHCB 
vh vfiwrph AHBHsiH, H HaniH caHHrapH TOHce pa8Bo;iHJiH ofohb, 
roTOBHJiH ^qafl. Ham-B crapmii! Bpa^B, floCpoAyniHHfl CTapHRi), 
RpynHHd H HeyRJiDJRiQ, onenB HanoMHHaBmitt CBoeiK ())Hrypoft 
orapyio ropnjiJiy, Jieataj-B Ha cnnfffe, CMOTptji'B na He6o h ro- 

— KaRoe ceroAHfl npeRpacHoe cHHee neCo. HojiaHa TO«e ch- 

HflA OTB HpnCOB'B, H Ra^eTCH, HTO 8T0 OTCBib^HBaeTT» Ha Heft 

HeCo. 

— JIfi BH noarB, Genop-B KapjiH^TBl — yjiH6Hyjicfl a. 

— BoTB oCjia^Ro njiHBerB h Taeri. — h Ramexca, ^pto oh^ 
T»eTi> npocTO OTB yAOBOJiBCTBlH, OTB HacJia«fleHia... IIpeRpacHO, 

FpHTOpifi IleTpOBH^'B... 

— BeJiHROJitnHo, ©e^op'B KapjiHH'B... 

H jierB pa^^oiCB cbbhiitb. KpyroiifB Chjtb Becejii£K fomohii; 
3B0HR0 RpH^aji'B HxyHTb, nepecHHaa pt^B otCophhmh pyraTeaiB- 
cTBaifH, H Ha MFHOBeme Bce saTHXJio— nocji'6 tofo, RaRi> Fene- 

paJTB FA'b-TO 6JIH8R0 OTB HaCB RpHRHyjTB XpHnJIHlfB FOJIO 

<x)m>: 

— SaxRHHTe 9T0My HtejrroMy AypaRy rjioTRy!.. Y Mena hto- 
6hL 6e8'B MaTepn!.. 

y HameFo Rocxpa BOSHjica cb ^a^HHRaMH tojicth^ caHH- 

Tapi>, PH60II H pU^itt. H H BCnOMHHJTBy RaR7> OEHb Ha-AHflX'B 

pascRasHBajTB mh'6 ne^ajiBHyio ncTopiio tomI), noHeny ohi> 
notxaji'B Ha BOfiny. Eotb y hofo mwh, bi SapafiCR*, ^OHa** 
<ohi> BHTamHJTB HB^B 6yMajKHHRa, HTO xpaHHJica y Hero sa 
rpyflH, flB* MajieHBRHX'B (|)OTOFpa(|)HHecRHX'B Rapxo^RH H no- 
RaBajTB MHt: „9to botb b-b npo^HJiB, a 8to— bi naTypajiBHyw 
BejiH^iHHy''), H RaR^B-TO padi> owh noccopHJiCH CB HOB H ero- 
pana npHrpoaHai), ^ro yt^eTB Ha Bofiny. Ypposa e% h#- 



1#2 pyocKei bopatctbo. 

jttficTBOBajia, H OHi), KBLKb My^KHHHa, ^^ojiHteH-B 6hjii> ybxaTb- 
Kor jifiL yfe3«ajn>, h OHTb nJiaKaji'b, h ona njiaKajia, h CMeprb 
le lorfejiocb ixaib, ho Chjio y«i> cth/iho ocraTbcn... „TaKi: h 
yfeiajTB", KOHHHJi'B OHX H cKOH(|)y«eHHo yjiHfinyjiCH. 

— KaK-b AtJia, OCHQ-b npOKO(J)bHH'b? — KpHKHyjI-b SI eMV. 

— KaK-b canca etJia, — OTB'bTHJi'b ohi>. — Ceft^acb CKHnnTb. 

— IIpeKpacHO... H HHKaKoro nopxa, KpoMt naio, MH-fc ceft- 
^acB He Ha;io, — Hanaji-b 6hjio Be^op-b KapjioBHH'b h ne koh- 
imji'b. Becb roMOHi MHpnaro Jiarepn noKpHJi'b Bjipyr'b CTpan- 

HHtt ^ByK'b: TO^HO KTOTO CpOCHJI'b Ha ^cjitaHyio KpbEuiy 

ropcTb KaMHeft. Bee MOMCHTajibHO cmojikjto... UpofflyM'feji'b jrfecb 

KOpOTKO H CTpaHHO, He TaK^b, KaKTb HiyMHTb 0Tb Biipa... 

fl npofloji«caji'b jieHcaxb... H noHiiMajTb B-b rjiyCHBrfe jxymUr 
^To 9T0 aajiiTL, H 6jiH3Kifi, HO 9T0 Chjio TaK'b Hejitno, xaKT* He- 

03RHAaHH0, HTO H He BtpHJIl* H SRJJfiLJThy ^TO fiy^eTb flaJIbHie. 
npOmJIO H-feCKOJIbKO MFHOBeHifi a6cOJIH)THOft THHIHHH — H OHHTt 

rt me BByKH, to^ho kto ropcT>iMH 6pocaji'b KaMHH na Hcen-bs- 
HHe JiHCTH... H Bflpyrb — ptsKiU, npoH3HTejibHHfi KpHK'b.., Cpasy 
noAHffJica HeBtpoaTHHft myM'b, — see aaKpHHajio, aaABHrajiocb, 
saG'bra^o. H BCKOHHJiTb, cepjme y Mena, homhio, aaMep-io, h 
npe3KTO, ^tM-b a ycniji'b cooCpasHib ^IT0-HH(iyJ^b, mchh GMHJia 
TOJina KaaaKOB'b, cb KpHKOM'b OtwcaBmnxTj Kyj^a-ro. KaK'b moji- 
Hia, vb Moefi rojioB'fe CBepKHyjia Mucjib: ^Cxp-fejiaioTb bi> 
Hacil" — H Mena oxBaTHjrb yata(?b, OTHaaHHHfl, nesHHocHMHtt, 
oBJia^Bmift BC'&M'b MOHM'b rfejioM'b. H TO»ce saKpuHajn? h no- 
O'&xeajrb, yBjieKaeMErtt TOJinoft. A 3a naMH, 6jih3ko-6jih3KO, cxy- 

^aJIH KaMHH no ^eJrfeSHHM'b JIHCXaM'b H COBCfeM'b pHJlOM-b, 

Ha^Tb yxoMTb, pa8;^aBaJIH^'- KaKie-io BBBnsrHBaHin, KopoTKin h 
ptaicia, TOHHO fiHCTpo npoBOiiHJiH HHJiofl HO Mcejitay. 

...H o^nyjica bi Jitcy, — AepeBba pasfinJiH TOJiny, h a ocTa^jica 
eflHHTb. fl noHajr-b, hto 3to 6HJia naHHKa, h ^to hhohuh cxpt- 
jiaDTb B-b HacTb CTb TOft TopKH, y noflHO«ia KOTopott MH 6hjih. 
Sepme y Mena oriaaHHo 6HJiocb, ciy^ajio bT) BHCKax'b, ho a 
Tenepb CujTb bh* ToanH h Mor^b coo6pajKaTb. BHCTptJibi rpe- 
ifbaH no npeacHeny, h CHJi'b cjinrneHij Busvb, ho ne xaKofl 
pi^BKift, KaK'b noKasajiocb CHanaaa. Hto-to maenaao no aKCTbflMi, 
TO^Ho TAt-To BTb BtTKaxi* 3anyTajiacb h Cnjiacb nxHi^a... ^to 
jC&aaTb?.. fl c^taaffb nfecKoabKo niaroBi* no lony HanpaBJieHiKs 
KyjD[a MU 6"fe«aaH, h yBHA'fea'b KaaaKa, KaK'b-ro CTpanno npncjio- 
HHBmaroca K'b ^epeBy. Onb CToaaTb, corHyBniHCb, hh3ko ony- 
CTHB'b roaoBy h ynnpaacb Bt ^epeBO nae^oMi?. OziHa pyKa 
BHcfeaa, KaK'b naexb... H no^omea'b K'b Heify. 

— Hto th?.. 

][0TOMi> Tponyai* ero 3a naeno, flepeyaT). On-b nomeBeab- 
ayaca, nae^o aacKoabanao no Aepeny BHEs-b, — h oHb, KaK'b 
ji'bmoK'b, CBaaHaca Ha seMaio. H ToabKo xenepb a yBHJit^a'b, 



vf» ^ysoHi mpy. lOS 

•qTo 9Wb B'b KpoBH. SI uoujyueLji'h nyjibCB — CieHin apTepiii 
He 6HJI0 cjiHniHo. 9to Meaa Hcnyrajio: a cxBaTHJTB flpyryw 
pyKy — TaMi> Toace Hiaraero He Chjio... y6HTHfi... fl nocMOTptJi'B 
HE xaufi: aTo 6HJrb nam'B RasaR'B, tcxtb caMuD, ^rro ^ajsena 

H^JTB TeHOpKOMl> ^AKyJIHHy"... ^TO-TO CB BHarOM-b 3BaKHy;i« 

pnjioirb CO liHofi, hotom'b To^e (tb bhsfobtb, ho MarRo, to^h« 
xjDOHHyB'B, nxjiennyjiocB B'B RasaRa. H bcro^hjtb h noC'b- 
atan-... 

...H 6'hmsjrbj HaTHRancb na Aep^BBH, Kdju'b Bffpyrb mohh 

•CTaHOBHJTB He TO RpHRT>, He TO CT0H1>: 

— SeuJiHKb... Ilap^... 

H oCepHyjicH. B'B H'bcROJiBRnx'B maraxi* orB HeHS cTa- 
pa<scH npHHOAHaTBCH CB seMJiH RaaaRii. Jlnqo ero 6ujio Ra- 
Roro-To CHHeBaTo-aeMJiHCTaro i^BtTa, rjiaaa — mnpoRO pacKpH- 
Tue, HO HH'iero He BupaJKaBmle^ O'&JiecoBaTHe... 

— BosBMH Mena cb cofiofl... Ilapa, roJiyCyniRa... 

Mffj^ He 6UJI0 AO Hero HHRaRoro jyhjieLy h 6kjio nenpiflTHe 

H AOCa^HO, ^ITO OWb MeHH OCTanOBHJTB. 0h7> CMOTp'bJI'B Ha 

Mena StjiecosaTHMH rJiaaaMH h, ynepmncB oflHolt pynofi B'B 
3eMJi», Apyrofi mapHJTB y ceOa na rpyflH. 

— TpH py6jM ^aMi*, CoJiBme H'feTy... He cnoKHHB... rojiy- 
Cymna, ne cnoRHHL... 

Oh-b Chjtb paHeHi> BT»Hory h, aoji;kho 6htb, aojifo hojib'b — 
da HHKB OHJia j^HHHaa nojioca npHMHTOft TpasH. Hs'b hofh 
TeKJia RpoBB, H a TpacyiniaMHca pyRaicH craji'B pascTerHBaTB 
eny nrraHH. 

— Onocjit 8T0, onocji'b... — aaroBopHJi'B ohb. — YfiAeM'b 
CRopibe... 

— HHHero, — CRaaaji-B a ApoMcam.HM'B roaocoM'B. — HHHero... 
JlByifB cicepTaM'B ne 6HBaTB... H xchbo nepesaacy, a to RpoBB 

SL Koe-KAKb nepeBasaJi'B eMy RpoBOTonamyio pany, h »to 
HeifHoro ycnoROHao Haci> oCohx'b. 

— BoTB H HpeRpacHO, — cRaaajTB a yace eoji'fee tbop/ihm'b 
roaocoiTB. — Tenepb noil^eM'B. IlycRaa hi-b cTptJiaiorB. IlycRalt, 

"^OprB CB HHMH... 

Owb o^HajTB icena, h mei cb Tpy^OM'B noAHaaacb cb somjih 
H saROBuaajiH... On'b CHJTb Taacea'B, h man mh MeA*iieHHo, ae 
a ^BGTBOBajTB, RaR'B npoxo;a;Hai> Mott CTpax'B h ycnoRaaBajiock 
6b]oiii;eeca cepOTe. 

— IIhtb xoHy, — npomenraJi'B RaaaKi). 

— TepnH, Cparb... fl Toate xony. 

...H He Mory ceflnacB coofipaanrB, ;aoaro jh mh man TaRHU-B 
#6pa8oin>, odnaBmHCB, aaBHpya MeacjQr AepesBaMH n npoAHpaacb 
CKB03B RycTapHHRH. BHCTpbaH 3a HamHMH cnnnaMH CTanoBH- 
aiicb Bce p-feace h p-feate, naRonei^'B, cMoaRjiH coBctM'B, a mk 



104 PyOOKOI BOrATOTBO. 

■ 

B06 mjiH Baepem*, HBHeMoraa ofb jRa^cAu... HaROHea'b, HaSpejcs 
Ha r;iy6oRift h o6pBiBHCTHft osparb, na AHi^ Roroparo, kul% 
MO}KHO 6wio paBrjiAzrbxb crbobb j^epesBH, TOJinoft ct(M[jih jio- 
maj^H H JiioAH. 3to Oeuih ^HaniH^... Ha jiirb ospara 6'b«ax& 
pyiefi, MyTHKfi H rpHBHun, H MH o6a, jiHmb TOJiBRO Ao6pa- 
JiHCb Ao Hero, npe»Ae Bcero naAHO npHnajm ri rpaBHOt 
boa'6-.. 

GeAop-L KapjioBHHii, fiji-baHHtJ, ocynyBmifica, Chjtb szri^M 
H nepeBHsuBajiii paHeHnxi). Boaji'b nero cha'^jtb na Ropro^- 
KaxT> HBanii HBaHHH7», TOHce 6jrhjXB.u1i, h Becb iipo^Rajii, TaK> 
HTo ero npanaH pyna, o6MOTaHHaH 6'hmiwb gb'^jkewl 6hhtoia 
H jie»caBmaH y Hero na rojt^hhx'b, nptirajia. Fjiaaa ero 6hjh 
saRpuTH, H iiHinajTb ohi> TA^eJio h nacxo, RaRi ycTaBmas m- 
6aRa. B'b naHHR'b obte Chji'b paHOHB b'b pyRy. 

IIORa MU BOSHJIHCb Cb paHeHHMH, BUHCHHOIOCb, HTO HnOHIfH, 

BUdBaB'b naHHRy bi> Hame&rb jiarep'6, ymjiHi noTony tto ssb 
6wio o^eHb icajio. H Tor^acb :Re aa aTEMi> AOHecemeirb rtne- 
pa;rb orziaji'b npHRaa^ rb BucTynjieHiD. 



yi. 

Hepes'b ABa naca mh y^e naxoAHJiHCb vh MaJieHbROtt xepe- 
BymRt, BepcTaxi B'b narn orb BJionoJiynHOtt Becejiofl noJiflHss. 
OaHsa, ROTopyi) mh sannjiH, noxo^HJia na Jiaaaperb: m> Heft na 
Ranax'b Jie»eaJio 23 paHenHxi*. BeAopi KapjiOBHHii, xpoMan, 

CyeTHJICH OROJIO KHX-b H TOBOpHJTb RaHCflOMy: 

— HH^ero, nycT^RH, RTb CBaflbet saacHBerb. He poCift, napn. 
fl cocTaBJiHJi'b cnncoR'b paHeeHX-b, hto6h coofimHTb vh 

iiiTa6'b, cROJibRO Haifb HyncHO nocHJiOR'b h HocHJibiiprROB%, h 
cROJibRo paHeECux'b Moryrb "bxaTb Bepxoirb. Ha /iBop'b caHH- 
TapH p'bsajiH Capana, fotobh 6ojibHUM'b yncHHb. Ohh na iw- 
pe6o^ nepeCnpajiH B&b noApofinocTH Heo^acTbA, h bi> nrb pas- 
roBop-b TO H ja;i^jio BMiinHBajica HxyHi^, noBHAHMOMy, cosep- 
meHHO onpaBHBmittcH orb crpaxa. Kpnia n CRBepHOCJiOBfl, OHib 
paacRadUBaJi'b, ^ro BHAtJiB nnoHi^eB'b cobc'6mi> 6jih8ro, BOTb 
TSLKh, H He TOJibKO HO CTpyciUTb, a jidLSRB noRaaaji'b hmi» Ry- 
RHm'b^ a KOFAa ohh jsfism sa 3to sajnrb no neny no ojiHOMy, 
CAivjiaJTb B'b HX'b GTopoHy HenpncToi^Hoe irbjiOABH^eHie. Hsaffb 
HBanoBHH'b CHA'bJi'b, c^RaBmHCb, B'b yrjiy ABopa, no npemHeicy 
Aep»caji'b na ROJi'^HHX'b paneHyio pyny h Bce enie ApoxcajTb. On 
ero npeacnea cojraAHOCTH h cepbeanocTH ne ociajiocb h cji'i^Aft — 
R^b BejiHROMy 3JiopaACTBy Hj^yna. H H'bcROJibRo paaTi noAXOAVJK 

R'b HOMy, HO OH'b CMOTp'kirb Ha MOHH TB.K'b HCaJI06H0 H uyrjiHBt, 

«iTo H He p^majiCH aaroBopHTb cb hhmi>, h TOJibKo cnpamuBajRb: 

— KaR'b pyRa? 



B% ^ymowh oBPr. 105 

Chhook^ 6ujrb koh^bhii, h MHi^ Hy»HO Cujzo sath. 

— 9fi, nepeBOAHHKHl— KpHKHyJTB KTO-TO Ha ffBopi, KOTOa « 

ounmiBajTB jihctkh 6yMarH. — renepajrb TpeCyeTB. ByaePB sairt 
ceftHacB, CBOJiOHaMX... 

B'h mraO'b a aacraji'b TaKyro CEteny. Ha KftHaxt 4)aHBH, no;^- 
xcaBii noA'b ceda hofh h ynnpaHCb pynaMH b'b fie^pa, cnjifhjvh 
penepaji'b Y., KopoTKili n tojicthQ, KaKT> ^KyKTb, HepHHfl h 3a- 
roptjiHfl. Ohi> 6ujvb 6e3T> cropTyKa, b'b oOToft pyOaxt, pascxer- 
Hyrofi Ha MOZHaTOfl rpy^H. IlepeA'B hhm'b gtoajih nepeBOA^HRE — 

^XyWhy Ha BUTHTKKJ, HO BOeHHOMy^ H HBaHl> IlBaHOBH^TL, M- 

rayBiHHCb h iipnAepHcnBan sAopoBott pyKOlt CojibHyK). 

— Baci> He AJiH dToro naHHiiajiH, acojithh MopAH, npeAa- 
xejiH!— KpHTiajTB Ha HHX'b reHepajiTi.— HBTb-Ba BacT>, Hst-sanoA- 
jiei^OB'B, ^opTb anaerb hto. Y Mena— cmotph! Bcjih eme paB'b, 
i^epeMOHHTbcfl He 6yAy, «hbo BSAepny. Y MeHH — HHRyAa Be 
y6^»cHinb... no nojicoTfirb RaxcAOMyl—yme cnoKoflH^e AotiasHJTb 

OWh, 

KlSTMUfiL CTOHJIH HH SRKBhL, HH MepTBU. HBaHli HBaHOBHH'b, 

BnpoHeifb, AposRajTb, RaRi* 6yAT0, iceHbine, li^ifb iipe»A6, b» 
HxyHi>, 6j]'kAHHfl, pacrepHHHHfl, 6ujrb onenb SRBLJioKb. 

— CrapHK'b paneHi, — cRasajTb a renepajiy. — Moxcerb OtiTb, 

MOflCHO OCBOCOAHTb? 

Fenepajii* cepAHTO nocMorp'ba'b na Mena, xoT'bjTb 6hjio sa- 
KpHHaib, HO paaAyMajTb h MaxnyjTb pyRoB. 

— 9, ryMaHHOCTb... Hy, CTapHRy— nojiOBHny. DoBtpbre mh*, 

MOaOAOfi HOJIOB'feR'b, He H31 KpOBO^KaAHOCTH A meCTOR'b. 3aR0- 

HOBi» BOflHH He 8a6HBafiTe!.. H ne 3a6HBaflTe, — BApyrb bobbh- 
CHJTb offb rojiocb, — HTO Oojibine BamaxT) BaMt^anift a ne n«- 
TepnjiK)!.. Hto BaM*b yroAHO?.. 

IIoRa H pascRasMBaa'b, aa^'feirb a npameji'b B'b nrTaOi), re- 
HepajTB ycnoROHJiCH coBepmeHHo h, Heo^cHAaHHO nepedHB'b Mena, 
cRaaajTb, o6paii];aacb R'b nojin'h o^Hi^epoB'b: 

— CeflnacL 5Ke napaAHTb bbboab R'b RyMnpnt h nottMaTb 

TfeX'b ffBJTb CBOJIO^ea, MOHaXOB'b. BBAepHyTb CeB'b paBFOBO- 

poB'b— Tyrb ^Ke, na Bopoxax'b HopTOBOfl RynnpHH... 

OneBHAHO, npeAHoaarajiocb, ^xo MonaxH anajiH o Cjihboctm 
anoHi^eB-b h nrpajiH HM'b B'b pyRy .. 

IlepeBOAHHRH Bepnyancb R'b naM-b hosaho BenepoM-b, RorAa 
y«e <5TeMH*ao, h mh cb GeAopoM'b KapaoBH^eirb, HanopifHB'b 
H yaoacHB-b cnaxb paneHHX'b, cHAian na ABopt, yacHHaan h Ha 
BC^ aaAH RosiBieHTHpoBaaH ^HeoacHAanHoe HanaAenie*'. Ilep- 
BuiTb npHme-Tb HxyH'b. Oht», no o6HRHOBeHiK), BHpyraaca cna- 
ndJiSL, noxoM'b nonpo6oBaa'b nomyTHTb, ho ne BBrrepn'fea'b h 
BApyn> pacnaaRaaca. H naaRaa^ ohi* coBcfeicjb no-AtTCRM, 
RaR'b HaRasaHHHia pe6eH0RT>, — BCxaHnHBaai>, mnHraa'b hocomt>... 

— HHHero, — xoAa, noAomea'b R'b neny Ge.lop'b Kapae- 



!•€ P700K01 BOrATOTBO. 

BH^t.— Hiriero, He poCttt: ao cBS,jxb6u.,. TpHropift HeTpOBH^'B, 
Haz^o euy j^aTb ^ero-HH6y;u>, nycKaft ycnoKOHTca. 

H npHHecB KanjiHy Hananaji'B bii cTaRaHi» cb bojkoK ic nojx- 
Hecb ^xyHy. Ciy^a syCaMii o Kpal! cTaKana ic ofiJiHsaacb, offb 

BHimJTB. 

HBaerb HBaHOBHH'B nonjomejiB npnMo kT) naMi*, npoTHHyjTb 
MH'i^ 6ojihKj¥) pyRy, ci> ROTopolt cnoJiBJia noBABKa, h cKaBajif> 

•XpHBHCTO: 

H nepeBaaaji'B. Offb 6HJi'b yrpi)Mi>, He ;a[po>Kan'B Cojrbe h 
Kaaajica coBepmeHHo cnoKOftnuM'B. Kor^a a B3r«iiHHyji'b Ha Hero, 
H MH BcrpiTHJiHCb TJiasaMH, a onHTb yBH^ijit BTb HHX'B iipe«- 
HH)H) HenpiflSHb, eme Cojiie ocTpyio h BaMtTHyH), h^mb paHbme. 
JlerKO paneHtift KaaaKB, Btinojianiifi hs-b <|)aH3H aaKypHTb y 
Kocrpa TpyfiKy, cnpocHJiB ero rpy6o: 

— BcHnajiH?.. Majio, aojihcho, ecjiH xoAHniL. A BOffb ckojibko 
HapojEjy HB-B-aa nacB, noaJiectoB'B, nepenopiHJio. 

— TaK-B H HaAo! — BzipyrB KpHKHyji-B HBaH'B HBanoBH^B, 
SMpBaBi* y MCHH pyKy. — Tan^ ii Ha^o: ne ji^bb nysROti bcmjih!.. 

— ^To?.. AxB TH, KocaH Mopzi;a, — BapeB'fejTB Chjio KasaRi) h 
noraajica cb BeicjiH, ho 0e;xopB KapjioBHTB ^0J^6'fe«caJI'B k*b 
Heny h ofixBaTHjTB 3a TajiiH): 

— HHHero, HHTOro... IlepecTaHBTe, rocnojia, nepecxaHBTt*. 
9to npoilAeTB. 



V]I. 

Ha Apyroft ^chb name iiyTemeciBie y:Ke ne HMtJio xaKort 
Becejiaro h iipiaTHaro BH^a, KaK'B HaKanyHi. IIpaBfla, nepsaa 
cothh BHcrynHJia, no oOHKHOBeniK), cb rHraHbeM-B h ntHBeiTB, 

HO y HaCl>, BB XB0CT6 KOJIOHHU, BCh dUJin MOcTI^aJIHBH n c<- 

cpeflOToneHH. Bb nameM'B OTpaflt ne xBaia^io Ka^^ana, kb k*- 

TOpOMy BC* npHBHKJIH H KOTOpHft 6hJ1'B y5Ke HJieFOM-B Hafflcft 
HOXOAHOft CbMBH. 3*^ HaMH HeCJIH paHeHHXB, H KTOTO HBB HHX b 
CTOnaJTB npOTOHCHO H rpOMKO... 

HBaHT> HBanoBHTB niejTB n'femKOM'B h TaiuHJii. cbok) .^io- 
maAB vb noBOj^y. KoPAa mh ocxaHaBJiHBajiHCB ajih cm'^hh ho- 

CHJIBni;HROBT>, OHB JIO^HJICH Ha SeMJIK), Ha ;KHBOrB, HJIH iipiic- 

jiOHJiJiCH Bepxneft ^acxBio cniiHn Kh Aepeny. CtcxB hjiu jic^ib 
Ha CHHHy OHTb He MOPB. Hxyn-B, xoHce saM^xHo cxpaAaBmin, 
marajTB CoApte h na ocxanoBKax'B BHGnpaJiB noryme xpaBv h 
My«ecxBeHHO ca^HJica — HenpeMinno na BHAy y Bctx'B. 

J5BHraJIHCB MeAJieHHO, cb naCTHMH OCXaHOBKaWLH — JlJUl CM-feHH 
HOCHJIBmHROBB^ AJIA OXAHXa paHeHUMl), ROTOpHXB XOmHHJIO 0X1> 

Ra^RH. Oahhb h3'b HHX'B yMepB Aoporoft, H KaBaRH, Hecnrie er© 



TpyH-b, name npocHJiH OTfluxa h CM'i^HU, yslipaa, ^rro ohi. th- 
mejtby KEK'b cBHHi^OBHfi... Kt> Be^epy orb Hero crajio iiaxHyrh, m 

HtCHJIBmHKH CM-feHaJIHCb nOMHHyTHO. 

XoTii 0Tb Mtcxa Hamero HOHJiera ;^o ,Att-MHHa Oujio Bcero 
jiHinb 20 — 25 Bepcrb, mh He j^ohijih ao Hero sa ^enb, a ocra- 
HOBHjiHCb Ho^eBaTb Bt TOpeByiHK'fe B-b 5 Bepciax'b OT'b ropo^a. 
jlHBHdifl ytxajia BnepeA'b, btj ropoAT*; xyAa-Hce noipeCoBajiH ii 
oCoHxi* nepeeoAHHKOB'b, TaK'b KEK'b npcACTOHJia saKynKa npo- 
BiaETa H (|)ypa»ca h, cjiiAOBaTejibHo, MHoro oC'bacHemfl cl kh- 
xa^iiaMH. 

A MH npitxajiH bi> An-MUHb TOjibKo bij noJijeHb. PaHCHHX'b 
Bi> Ton Hce AeHb OTnpaBHJin B^b JIaoHH'b, MeprBaro noxopoHii jih. 
OcTajiHCb OAHH TOJibKO 3AopoBHe, HacjiajKAaBiniecH nocji-fe aoji- 
rofl 3KH3HH BnporojiOAb oCHJiieM'b hjioaobI) seMHHX'L, — H Be^e- 
poMt MH ch GeAopoM'b KapjioBH^eM'b 6hjih npHrjiamenH mra- 
6owb nocJiyraaTb nojiKOByx) MysHKy. MysHKaHTH B^b cyMepitax'b 
MflPRaro BeceHHflro Benepa HrpaxHH Becejine Mapmn, saAyM^R- 
BHe BajibCH... 

HecnacTie Chjio aafiHTo... 



vni. 

nocjrb MysHKH mh cb GeAopoM'b KapjioBnieMb cha'^jiu bit 

OTBeAeHHOft HaM'b HHCTOft H npOCTOpHOft (|)aH3'fe H HHCaJIH OT- 

^erti. BoBJi'b nacb CTOHji-b tojicthH KHTaein>, xoaaiiH'b (|)aH3H, 
KypHBHiill H3'b AJiHHHOfl TpyCKH H noMHHyTHO oCMaxHBaBmifica 
B'bepoM'by H CMOTptjTb, KaKi H HHiny. KorAa h ocTanaBJinBajicH, 
offb Btipaxcaji-b, KaK'b Morb, CBoe yAHBjieme h oAo6peHie h cb 
iio^THTeJibHocTbD pascMaTpHBajTb nepo. HoTOM'b npHTamnjix 
TBTpaAb H 3acTaBHjrb nacb HanncaTb B'b nelt HT0-HH6yAb na 
naMATb. fl He 3Hajn>, hto eMy HanHcaxb, h nepeAa.n'b TeipaAfc 
GeAopy KapjioBHHy. Totb nocMorp'feJi'b na MeHii, sacMtajica h 
BHBejTb: „a Bacb jiio6jik) JiBDCoBbio fipaxa, a MOHcei-b CHXb — 
eme Htncfffeft". KHxaei^'b 3aKHBaji'b rojiOBOft, sacM'feajica h no- 
Rasa^Tb eMy OoJibmoK najieuib, B'b 3HaK'b CBoef! djiaroAapHOCTH, 
noTOMi> npHHecb KHcxoHKy H xynib, BSHJXb y Menn ox^exHHft 
wiHCTOK'b H xoHce HEUHcajTb Ha HeM'b HTO xo no-CBoeMy. H noKa- 
sdLSTb eMy 3a 9xo CBOfi 6ojibinoll najieu'b. 

OfiM'bH'b JIK)8e3H0CXHMH He KOHHHJICfl HE exoM^b: KHxaeuii 

BHxamiTji'b HSTb-sa noHca CBoft B^ep'b h pacKpHJii* ero nepeAb 
HEMH. Ha HeM'b ($HJm H3o6pa;KeHu RaKie-xo .ii;b'6xbi h nxHua. 
KHxaeETb BaxjionnyjTb ero h pacRpuJi'b cHOBa, -— h na 9xoxi> pasi. 

HU yBHA^JIH rpy60 HaMajieBEHHHH HenpHJIHIHHH RapXHHRH. 

Kffraeixii xoxoxajii h xHRai-b naJibB(eM'b B'b Handoji'te nnKanx- 
HHH Mibcxa pHcyHKa. 



1#8 PrOOKOl BOFATOTBO. 

— Borb CaJioBHHicb, — sacM'J^JiCH BeAopi, KapjioBH«». — 
IIo^iH B'hjib^ noTOMCTBa y Hero, kblkl necRy, a ^^a moh- 
'Maeicji... 

KHTaeunb Gh^tb o^ohb AOBOJieH'B 9^^eRT0M'L, RoropBill nponi- 
BejTB ero B'&ep'B. Hto6h ornjiaTHTb eicy, mh o6a BuraiiQUH 
^MicH H noiMwajiH. y ©eflopa KapjioBH^a ^acH Oujin cb tioeirb, — 
■ RHTaem> 6wvb jiOBOsiewh HecRasaHHo. B&b RHTatti^H noneicy- 
TO ^esBH^aflHo jii)6htb ^acH,— Ra«eTca, flaHce fiojibme, "vbwh 
MTb Ji¥)6im> Hanm MaJieHBRie rEMHssHCTH. 

dra npoi^e^ypa oSiffena jiDCesHOCTHMH npoji^ojixcajiacb 6m, 
Kone^nBEo, h em,e, ecjiH 6u ea ho npepsajio no^BJieme IlBasa 
HBaHOBHHa. Owh i^'fejiuft j^euh 6ujrb saHHTb h Tenepb Rasajicji 

yTOMJieHHHMl) AO HOJIbdA. IIodAopoBajicfl OWb Cb HaMH o^eHb 

yTOMJieHHHM'b, oxpHnniHiirb rojiocoM'b, ho Ror^a yBHA'fcjrb toji- 
-CTaro xo3HHHa, Bce ero yTOMJieHie Hciesjio cpasy. Offb hto-t# 
daKpHHajii>, saRHBaJiii rojioBOfi, aaMaxaJTL pyRaMH h 6pocHjrcfl 
KTy HOMy. Torb nocMOTp'feji'b Ha Hero cna^ajia crb neAoyirk- 
HieiTb, noTOM'b ysnaji'b h TO^e daRpHHajrb h saMaxajrb pjKaini. 
H HHRorAa He BH^'feJi'b Cojiie CypHoft BcrpiTiH crapHX^b aaaiio- 

MHX'b... 

Kor^a ROHHHJIHCb CypHblH npHB'&TCTBifly RHTaftAH ymJIH BT* 

tJOciflHiOR) ROMHaTy — noroBopHTb. FoBopHJiH OHH He^ojiro, H 
Kor^a HBaH'b HBanoBH^'b BHmejTb Kb naM'b, OH'b 6ujrb •^•Bb 
paBCTpoeHb H one^ajieHT>. 

— Hy, TTO? — cnpocHJi'b si ero. 

— Xopomo Hhrb,— oTB'feTHJi'b oHb.— Hama AepeBHJi pyMRa 
MHoro-MHoro, uoa (|)aH3a — «rH... 

— A ceMbfl?.. 

— He 3Hat!... H — He 3Haft, ohi>— He sHafi.,. Bhmch! 
Oht> npoTHHyjTb mh* CojibHyK) pyRy. 

H nonpaBHJiT:) cCHsniyiocii noBHSRy. Offb CMorp'fejrb Kyiia- 
TO B-b yroji'b H He aaMt^aji'b, hto a y»ce ROHHHJi'b nepeB4»Ry, 
a Bce flep^KajTb pyRy BHTanyroi!. 

— Mo^erb Chtb, xoHemb 'fecTb?— cnpocHJiT, a. 

— Majio-Majio...— oTBtTHJi-b OHb paBHo^yniHo. 

noiBi), OH'b BdHJTb MOHH 3a pyRy H OTBOJTb B'b yr#Ji^ 
4)aHaH. ,H noflfly, — cRasajTb oHb... JSfl AepesHH xpzwaTb as, h 
n ycirhjo yipoM'b BepnyTbca. Ecjih onosAaio, a renepajrb norpt- 
♦yerb, cRa^cH, hto bto th Mena Ryj^a-HHOysb nocjiajrb. Xopom^?** 

H corJiacHJica, h ohi ymeji^b. 



h% inrM6u'b nary. i^f 



IX. 

yTpOMI> Hsafi'L HsaHOBHSLl} BepHyjICH. ^MCTBHieJIbHOCTb, KO- 

TopyR) oBTb Hamejni b'b cBoefl Aop^BH'b, 6HJia caMaii ne^axb* 
Haa: ts noJiOBUHa AepeBHH, rA'& CTOHJia ero (|)6ffl3a, dHjia co;ft- 
»eHa, a Apyran cosepmeHHO nycxa, — Tan's He Cujio hh 

KMTaHueB'B, HH pyCCRHX'b. 3X0 BHa^HJIO, ^ITO BCb KHTa^UU 

6'bmajiu B'b ropH h He CM'JbJiH BepnyTsca E.Q32ijiT>. HBan'B Hea- 
HOBHHT> He sHajTB, vjxh HXTi HCRaTB, a TaRi> KaRi> 6huio yme yipo, 
BepnyjicH bi* Att-MUHB. ^neMi^ oH^b xoahjii* no ropoAy» paauc* 
KHBajTb 3HaR0MHxi> H pascnpamHBaji'b nxi>, a Be^epoirb onaib 
aaflBHJi'b MH^, HTo Ha hohb y^Aexb. H TaRi> xpn ho'ih noA'b paA'b 
yxoOTJTL offb— OHCHb HCxyAajiTb, aaMtxHo noc'feA'bJii>- noHCKa 

<£UH, nOBHAHMOMy, TU^eTHH... 

A B'b HeTBepxyD no'ib eny neJibSH 6uno yfixn: Ha yxpo Ha- 
sHa^ena 6ujia 3RcneAH£(ijar, n HBan'B HBaHOBH^'b B'b nexupe naca 
xojiJKeH'b CNJi'b BU'6xaxb c:b oxpHAOH'b B'b noxoA'b. 

OxpHA'b, npH ROTOpOMl) CUJIH H M£I Cb GSAOpOMli KapJIOBH— 

leM'b, ABHHyjicfl KaR-b pas'b no xott Aopor-fe, npH Roxopoft cxoajia 
sjionojiyHHaa AepenymKa. Ona 6HJia pacnoJioHcena no CeperaM'b 
lecejiol!, npRO CjiecrfeBmefl na cojiHq'b pt^RH— h na OAHOM-b 
6epery ctoajio H'ibCROJibRo pasOHXHX'b, o6e3o6pa^eHHHX'b 
^ansii, a na ApyroM'b xopnajin h3Ii nepnott bcmjih oOrop'bjiue 
•TOJiCu. JlfiSL xaRHX'b CT0Ji6a, cxoHBmnx'b y caMaro Cepera k 
orpaxcaBmnxGH B'b pt^R'b, 6buiH coeAHHOHH nepeRJiaAHHOtt, h 
Ha He^ BHC'bJi'b xpyn'B RaxaiSi^a... 

KOFASt MU BepHyjIHCB H3'b dRCHeAHI^iH HasaAHb B'b At!- 

MUHb, ropoA'b nepe^HBaji'b xy ^e caMyio aBOJiDi^iH); hx^ 
H npeflCHHH Hama pe3HAeHi;]ji; Cal}-(|)y-i^3£i. KHxa^i^u icajio 
HO Majiy yxoAHJiH H3'b Hero, 3aRpKBaii cboh ^MaraBHHH*' h sa- 
xojiaHHBaa rJ)aH3H, — h cRopo yjini^H ropoARa cxajiH oacHBjiaxbca 
TOJiBRo BBHRaHBeM'b Ronuxi> Ra3ai](RHX'b jiomaAelS Aa RpynHHM'b 
H rpydtiM'b pyccRHM'b pasroBopoM^b. H onaxb mh cxajiH nyB- 
eTBOBaxB HeAOcxaxoR'b (()ypaHca h npoBianxa... 

^H3Hb TORJia MOHOXOHHO H CRyHHO,— OXpilA'b OTAHXa^Tb, 

jmoHAH He ABHPajiHCb snepeA'B, h hobocx^mh, pa3Hoo6pa3HB- 
mHKH namy msBHb, 6hjih Jinnib Bce yHani;aBniiHca cooOnieniH 
# TOicb, ^xo RHxa^uEi oxHocaxca R'b HaM'b Bce Bpa^A^^H'^e h 
Bpa»eAe6H'6e. To pascRadUBajiH, RaR'b RHxajauu, nottnaB'b wb 
jrbcy daCayAHBmaroca RasaRa, nocji'^ caMHX'b AHRHX'b My^H- 
TOJibcxB'b, yCHJiH ero, xo — RaR'b npnmejTb B'b Afi-MtiHb RaaaR'b- 
^ypasKHp-b Cb Bnp'bauflHHM'b aatiROM'b, xo eni;e Hxo-HH6yAb B'b 
cTOJih ace yxtniHxejiBHOM'b Ayx'b... Cxajio onacHO oxxoAHib opb- 
ropoAa Fb Ji'i^c'b bi> neOojibmoK ROMnamn. H, HaRoneicb, cxa^a 



110 pyC6K0J BOrATCTBO. 

HSBtcTHo, 'iTO KiiTatlqu BctxTi, HonaAaBinHxcfl HMt Bi* pyKH. 
HcryTL HCHBbeMTb Ha Kocrpaxt, h hto noHBHJiHCb inatoH xyH- 
ryaoB-L. 

X. 

Mh TOJibKo HTO BUKynajiHCB Bi> 6Kcrpott H xojio;iHoit rop- 
Hoa ptHK'fe H mjiH noJieMX AOMOfi. BuJTb Be^iepx,— coJiHi^e ysKh 
KOCHyjiocB RpaeirB jjfii^Bhes'h, noKpuBaBmHX'L BepmHHy ropu, 
H rAt-To rjiyxo cronajia HcaCa. noant KynaHba nyBCTBOBajiach 
KaKEH-TO oco6eHHaH JierKocTb h 6o;^pocTb, h o(|)Hqep'b, KynaB- 
unUcH ci> HaMH h Bce Bpeifa nepenii Thwb npHCTaBaBmia Kb 

HaMIi, HT06fcI MH HanHCajIH CMy CBHA^TeJIbCTBO, HTO OHli 60JieffB 

AHseHTepiefi, h hto CMy Heo6xoAHMO rocnarajibHoe jitneHie, ro- 
BopnJTb xenepb o tomI), KaRi* xopomi* b'b Manqmypin Boa^iyx'b 
H KaK-b xopomo 6ujio (5u no»HTb xyrb Ha Aa^b. 

Ha noji'b, no RotopoMy mu huih, ctohjio oahhoroc Cojibinoe 
AepeBo, H noAb HHM'b mh yBEAajiH HeCojibmyio RynRy Raaa- 
ROBi) - ^lejiOB'feK'b nHTHaAi];aTb. Ohh ctoajih nJioTHo, RpyatROMi, 
H HTOTO He TO A'feJiajiH, He TO paacMaTpHBajiH, MOJina, cocpe- 

AOTO^eHHO. 

— 4to-6h OHH MorjiH TaM-b A*JiaTL? — cnpocHjTb GeAopij 
KapjioBHTb. 

— A AaBe^a AByxi no^oapHTejibHHX'b RHTaflqeB'b noftMaJiH, — 

oC'bHCHHJl'b 0(|)HI^ep'b. — /t0JI»CH0 6UTb, 3R3eRyu;iH) npOH3BOAHTT>. 

HaAO 6h noB^cHTb, Aa renepaji'b ceroAHH B'b xopomeMi* na- 
cTpoeniH — seji'feji'b TOJibRO nocieraTb. 

KorAa MH noAomjiH 6jiHHce, oRaaajiocb, hto o(J)Huep'B 
npaBX. Ha-b rbcnaro Rpy^cRa aohochjich cjiaCnfl, CBHCT^mifl 
BByR'b HJieTH, eme RaRie-TO crpaHHHe 3ByRH, noxoHcie na xjiio- 
naHbe boah, h p'fesRifit, OTpHBHCTHft, HeMHoro xpHnjiHft no-iy- 
menoTb: 

— He CjiyAH... He OjiyAH... 

EMy BTopHji'b HHBRitt cAep«aHHHl! rojioct: 

— CeMCHTT> HHTb... COMOHTb meCTb... 

A TOJina xpaHHJia rjiyOoRoe MOJiname. TojibRo BpeMH orb 
speMCHH a cjinmaji'b rjiySoRift BBAOx'b — TaRTb BSAHxaenib, 
KorAa AOJiro CAepmHBaeiub AHxaHie h Cojibme He MO»cemb ero 
cnep«HBaTb... 

— CeMCHrb BOCeMb... ceMCHX-b A^BHTb... 

lUarax'b B'b hhth orb KaaaROB^b croHJi'b cTapHR'b-RHiaeu'b 
CO cBHBaHHHMH HasaA'b pyRaMH. OflTb 6HJi'b cornyBmiUcH, Ma- 
.leHbRla H coBepmeHHO cfeAoft ch HB^Kejira-C'bJioll tohroA rocoH 
H pbAKHMH, AJiHHHHMH BOJiocaMH Ha BepxHet! ry6'6, noxo- 
'/KHMH Ha ycH Mop»ca. FojiOBa ero Tpncjiacb, rjiaaa 6hjih aa- 
KpHTH, II Ha jiHu* 6hjio HeAoyMtme... KaaajiocL, on-b npncjiy- 



FL lySOMI^ nHFT. Ill 

HIIBajIOH KI) CTpaHHHM'B 8ByKaMl» H CHJIHJICH nOHATb, HTO OHH 

iioryrB sHaHHTb. 

8R3eRyi^ui nuia cbohm'b nopjiAKOMnb, h, HaROHei^'b, CHHTan- 
milt y^apH npoHSHecb, noBucHS'b rojiocb, noHXH RpHRHyBT>: 

— Cto! 

Tojina BaABHraJiacb, saroBopujia. 

— Hafl, 3flOXT>... 

— Hy, OHH, napfl^ ^cHBy^ie, "ito tboh RoniRa. H oAHosa 
BHiiaab... 

0»;hbhjich h crapHRx: hto-to sadopMOTaJn*, saRHBajni rojio- 
BoK H sacii'i^Jica HecjinmHHM'L crapHecRHifB CM'bxoMi>, tohho 
oOpaflOBajiM, HTO cTpaHHoe MOJiHame h CTpaHHHe sByRH koh- 

HHJIHCb. 

Ki* Heicy noAomeJi'b Ra3aRi> cb ujietbio, BcnoT'&Bmi^ h pac- 
RpacH-bBmiltCA^ cb cABKHyrofl na saTuaoR'b ({)ypaHCRo^, h pas- 
BJiaaji'b eny pyRH. CiapHR-b cb yAOBOJibCTBieM'b BHTHHyjrb htl 
Bi CTopoHH H aacM'bAJicA eii;e CHJibHJbe. KasaRi) cb CpesrjiH- 
Bofi MHHolt BaflJTb 8a BopoTb BFO CHHe^ rpasHoK py6axH H no- 
Tau^Hji-b R-b ji^epesy, Bb Tojiay. 

— IIofifleMTe, noilAeMxe, — saxoponHJica OcAop'b KapjioBHH'b 
H (JHcipo nomeji'b no Aoport. A h ne Morb yfti^: Mena npo- 
THB-b BOJiH MHyjio Kb flepoBy HeyAepacHMoe JiioSontiTCTBo — 
nocMorp'feTb, HTo taMTb AtJiaeicH. H npoTHCKajicH oKBosb Tojiny 

KaaaK-b, yjiepMCHBaa pyKOft crapHKa sa bopothhkx ero py- 
6axH, HeoHCHAaHHO h CHcipo y^apHJi-b Horoft no ero HoraMb. 

CiapHK-b CSaJIHJICa HH^ROMTb Ha SeMJIK), HO TOT^acb-me CHCTpo, 

TOHHO Ha npy^KHH'fe, noBepnyjica Ha cnnny h cfeji'b. Ohi Bce 
eiue cifibHJiCH h, KHBan ro.iOBOtt na npHraiAHBmaro ero cD^a 
KaaaRa, Bce htoto HHrajica cxaaaTb cKBosb AyniHBinift er# 

CMtx-b, HO He MOIli... 

— Ha-b yna BHSKHJib,— CKaaa^Tb kto-to. 

— Hn'iero, cefinacb npHAeT'b Bb yMX... — OTBiTHJib Ka- 
aaRb Cb HJieTbK). — IIonpHAepMCH-Ka ero, nap^, 3a njie^iH. 

CTapHKa OHHTb OnpOKHHyJIH HaB3HH^Ib. OAHHb H3b RaaaROB'b 

upHHcaji'b ero njienn m^h BeMJi'b, a Apyroft Cucrpo cTamnji'b cb 
Hero mnpoKie mTaHH. Tijio y CTapHKa Ctuio KaRoro-To moRo- 
♦laAHaro uB'bTa, coBcfeM'b ne noxo^cee na nejiOBt^ecRoe... Onb 
nepecTaji'b 6u.tio CMtflXbca, ^^h xpyAOMi*, yunpancb noAfiopoA- 
KOM^ B'b seMjiK), noAHHab rojioBy, nocMorp'fejib B-b HeAoyM*HiH 
Ha KasaROBb, na Mena cbohmh MyxHEiMiT 6'^jiecoBaTEiMH rjia- 

BaMH, HO nOTOM'b OHHTb MOTHyJIb TOJIOBOfl H OHHTb 3aCM'ibAJICH... 

HerpoMRitt, ho ptSRift cBHCTb ii eme Apyroft crpaHHHft 

3ByK'b... 

~~" 1 a3b<>* 

Ha moRojiaAHOM'b Tfejit aerjia Ctjiaa y3Kaa noaiocRa, to^h© 
<5yMa«HaH JienTa... 



112 P700BOJI BOfATOTBO. 

OrapHK'b AepHyjicH Bc6in» t6jiom'b, en^e Bfione noAHas^^ 
FOJioBy. Fjiaaa ero 6hjih Tenepb mnpoKO pacKpHTU n, Rasajiocb^ 
■06'tobjm en^e 6ojr6e, Kan^b 6yAT0 Ha hexi^ Oujih 6'bJiBMa... 

OnflXb cBHCTb— H Ha Tkjio Jierjia Apyraa nooiocRa fiyicanr, 
H^pecbKHiHCB ci> nepBOJS... 

— JSfiSi... 

IS. BApyrB — KprofL, HeneJioB'JbHecRiflj HeoiiHoyeiio-y«aoHult 
KpHRi}, ROTopHft H cefiHacB, Korfia A nnmy 06'b btom-b, tse- 
mmrb vb mohx'b ymaxii... 



XI. 

dry HOHb MH'b CHHJiHCB CTpaniHue chu. To a BHjri^jrb, yto 

HH 060flA6HH, OKpyHCeHH CO BC'JbX'b CTOpOHIfe H CTOHH'B Ry^Ott 

ii> ROTJioBHHb H sRjieM.'h. KasaRH, Gji'^AHHe, TpAcyH^ecfl, croArib 
eoTHAMH B-B HOJiHOMii HopflAR*, RaRT* Ha HapaA*, CB pasBepHv- 

TUMH, XJIOnaiDIUHMH OTB B^Tpa dHaMOHaMH. Ob Tpexb CT0p0Hl>, 

no T^ewb AoporaM-b, npHOjiHataroTCH r-b bbmb SByRH nepe- 
exp-fejiRH: TO oTCTynarorb, TtcHRMue A^oH^aMH, naniH BacTaBH. 
3aHATH Bcfe TpH AopoFH, H HaM^b (Jojibme ffferb BHXOAa... Orpi- 

JIAJOrb BCe CjIHHCe H CjIH^CO, H SByRH BHCTpijIOB'B, RopoTRie H 

paBHOAymHfcie, cipaHHo oTTtHHBDTCH o6iii;hmt» MOJiHaHieM'b, yAH- 
BHiejibHolJ, MepTBoft ramHHoft. H BApyrb rto-to RpHRnyji'b 

HeecreCTBeHHHM'b, BBOHHIHiHM'b rOJIOCOMl*: 

— Bpaxi^H! CajiameM'b b'b nocjitAHiA paB-b... 

H oTRyAa-TO BsajiHCb rapMOHHRa h CyCeH-b, h bc* RpyroM-b 
3anjiAcajiH, Tonona no seuJih h burphrhbha: ^Botb KaRi>t 
BoTb RaRxL." IIjiHiny h a, m tohco Rpnny: „Borb RaR-b! Borb 
RBR-b!.." A y^cb Ha ropt bhahh AnoHCRifl nyniRH, bhahh ^ep- 
HUH hxI) acepjia, oGpaiAeHHtia npHMO na nacb... 

To MHt CHHJIOCb, ^TO H Ha HepeBaBOHHOMTb UyHRTfe — H HC 

Mory cnpaBHTbCH c^b pafioToft. PaneHHX'b CTonrb RpyroM-b rrb- 
Jioe noJiHHme, 11 Bci ohh, RpoBaBtie, THnyrb mbha Kh ceOt, 
RpHHarb, H H80 Bctx'b JibeTCH RpoBb H py^bHMHj acypna, Oi- 
acHT'b no BOMJit noA'b HoraMH. H moh hofh CKOjibBHTb B'b rpasH, 
H caM-b a Becb MORpufi orb RpoBH... H yacb 6jih3R0 Ciryrb 
RasaRH cb GedyMHHM'b RpHROAfb H ce^iacb Haci> Bcbx'b com- 
nyrb, a a He Mory CABHHyTbca cii MtcTa. H hto-to BHBacnrb 
RpyroM-b, RaR'b nnjia no ace-Tfesy... 

To BHA'ba'b a, hto a npHB^BaHb R-b Aepeny, y mohxi> hoft* 
Jieacarb Apona, h KXb paaacHraerb corHyBmiftca RHTaei^'b. Ttao 
y aero xeMHoe, moRoaaAnaro i^BtTa, n na newh HaRaeenn 
Gtana 6yMaacHHa aeHTOHRH. HaRaeenn OH'b naoxo, h B^Tep-B 
HrpaeTb ROHuaiin. A Rpyroifb Rpn'^HTb h naamerb ifbaaa 
toana RpHBaaion^HXca RHxaMiiteB'b, roanxi), ci» moRoaaAHHMH 



vh ^ysoHi nHpy. 113 

TbjiaMH, TO»ee noRpBrruMH 6'j^JiHBfH noJiocRaMH. H wb isTb BO'Jb 
H pasCHpaio oTA'&^bHue kphre^ oT'ieTJiHBo sHPOBapHBaiouiLe Moe 
HMa: ,rpHropill!., rparopifi!.. FpHropifi!.." 

OtTB 9THXT> KpHKOBTb fl HpOCHnaiOCb H BH»Cy, ^TO HaZlO MHOtt 

Bi» nojiyMpaR'& HaKJioHHJicH IlBae'b HBaHOBHHi>, A^praerB sa Moe 

— FpiiropH! FpHTopH! 

H BCRHRHBaK) K, He HOSHMa^^ H&i HBy JIH H BH^y CFO HJUE 

OTO nponojiacaeicii coffB, cnparnHBaio: 

— ^To? Hto TeOi? 

— BcTaBa^, FpHropiT... BciaBatl! 

KpHR-L pa36yAHJii> Ge^opa KapjioBH^a, h oepb, RaRi* yro- 

P'bjIHfl, CnpHrHYJI'B CB RaHl». 

— no«api>? A? noacapB? 

HfiaH'L HBaHOBHHi) npoAOcUHcaji-B Rpn^aTb, RaRi cyMacmeAini*, 
H TanyTb Memi sa pvRy... 

— FpHropH... FparopH... Eofl^ieM'B... JI-fe^iH MajioMajio... 

H noHTH ManiHHaJibHo noBHHOBajica eny, h o^b BHTamnji* 
MeHH Ha ABopB. Ha flBop-fe rop'feji'b RocTep-b h ocBtmaJxt 
TOJiny coHHHx-b caHHxapoB'b, HaRJiOHHBmiixca naA^ HiMB-ro, 
jieHcaii^iiM'b Ha bomji']^, Bosji'b caMaro ophh. MBaHi> HBanoBH^TB 
npHTamHJ'b MCHH RTb RocTpy H TOJiRHyji-b Ha jie^caBmitt Ha 
aeMJit npeflMeTB. 9to Chjio rojioe, TCMHoe ^eJioB-fe^ecRoe 
rfejio, RaaaBineecH npn CB-ferfe RocTpa TeMHo-OpoHsoBHM'b. fl 
HaRJiOHHJicH, ;ipo3Ka, H HamynaJiB njie^o, — ^xojioAHoe h crojibb- 
Koe. fl noAHHJi'b rojioBy jieacaBmaro h — y8Hajn> CTapHRa, ro- 
Toparo RaaaRH 6hjih Be^epoMB. H rojioBa CtiJia ysRe xojioAHaa, 
7AJKeJiaH. 

— MepTBHfi...— cRaaajTb a, BBApornyBB. 

HBaHB HBanoBK^Tb bhcoro noAnpurHyjiB, xjionHyjii> JianoHHiiH 
no 6e;ipaM'L h BaRpH^ajii) ahro, npoHBHTejibHo... CaHHTapH 
oTmaTHyjiHCb orb nero bx cxopony... A ohb 6HCTpo HaRJioHHJica 
Kb Tpyny, onaTb noAnpurHyji'b, h onaTb BaBHtUB, Ero kphrb 
xcjiOAHJiB cepAAe... Koca y nero pacipenajiacb, h bojiocu, 
XJiHHHHe a rycTHe, RaRB aeencRie^ paBcnnajiHCb no cdeh'^. 

— Ara...— pasAajiCH BApyrB hsb tojidh caHHTapoBB hb- 
eiitniJiHBHfi rojiocB 9xyHa. — Ara... Ilanama — ^ihrh-hhrh... 
^AOXJia nanama... 

HxyHTb, no oCuRHOBemro, npH6aBHJi'b pyraiejibCTBo h aa- 
cifi^HJica. HBaHB HBaHOBH^B 6HCTpo noBepnyjiCH h^ lieTnyBniHeB 
BTb ero CTopoHy, oOiHMii pyRaMH BA'bnHJicH euy bb jihi^o. 
^yHB 3aBH3acajn>, RaRi> nopocenoRx... Ohh RJiyCROUB noBajm- 

JTHCb Ha BeMJIK). CaHHTapH, TO^HO BB OAtH^HeHiH, CMOTptJOOl 

aa HHxx, RaTaK)iAHXCH no BeMJi'b. OeAopB KapjioBHHB, b% 
MHOMB 6'bJib'b, GpocHJicH paBHHMaTb... H To:Ke... 

MoH pyRH nyrajiHCb b'b BOJiocaxii HBana HBasoBH^n, 

n 10. OTAin I. 8 



114 pyOOROl BOrATOTBO. 

BiraHcaBoiaro h peB'bBmaro, RaKi> 3B'&pb. Koe-KaRi> mh paa^anH 
6ro CTHCHyrtie pyKH h ocbo6o;ihjih ^xyna, — totb, BHpBaBmHCb, 
Ha HeTBepeHbKax'B ©pKHyjit bx TeMHOxy. 

... ZtHeM'B HBaa-L HBanoBHHii ynecB cb AByna ;q)yrHMH 
KHiafti^aMH Tpyn'b CBoero oma— h Oojibme btb oxpiiA* ero 
HHKTO He BHAaJix. B:b cjiiAVioniyK) flo^ib croptjia 6oraT&a 
(|)aH3a, TA'fe nowfemajiCH reHepajn> ch cbohmx fflTafioMX, — h 

BCfe ptlUHJIH, HTO 8T0 HfiaH'b HBaHOBm'b OTOMCTHJI'b pyCCKHMT>, 

H HTO OHi>, Bipoaxflo, Eepemeji'b na cJiymOy K'b anoHitaM'b. 



XII. 

IlponiJio ABt HeA'fcJiH, — HeaHTj HsaHOBHTb hctobte* CeacjitAHO. 
H MH y^ce cxajiH saGuBaxb o neM'b, xaRi) KaR'b axH jiB'h ne- 
A'&JiH 6UJIH nojiHH pasB'bAo^HEix'b aRcneAHqlfl h HHHxnb Rpo- 
BaBux-B coGuxil!, h ji'hjiai, Ea.wh 6uJio MHoro. 

B-b OAHy H3'b pasBl^AOR'b mh noneMy-xo npocxoajiH i^'fejiHxi> 
ZjBa AHfl B'b rjiyxoft MajienbROitt AepeBymht, JieataBmefi bi> ob- 
part, cpeAH bhcorhx'b h Mpa^HHX'b rop-b, xohho bT) rojioau*. 

XoxtaOCb RaR-b MOHCHO CROpte BUJltaXb HB'b 9X0tt AHpH, H bc* 

6hjih OHeab AOBOJibHH, RorAa 6hjii> 06'bflBJieH'b npHRaai* bh- 
cxynJieniH. BucxynjieHie ohjio HaBHaneHo pano, B'b xpn cb 
nojioBiiHOitt naca yxpa, h mh cb GeAopoM-b KapjiOBH^eM'b 
yjierJiHCb cnaxb, JiHuib xojibRO cxeMHtjio. 

HoHbK) MCHH paaCyAHJi-b ^efl-xo y^ci, ynenb BHaROMHfi 
menoxT»: ^rparopifl... rpiiropili...** Kxo-xo B'b xeMHoxt mapnjrb 
no KanaM-b pyKaMH, aaA^saa moh hofh. H namynaji-b BoaJit ce6a 

CHH^KH H HHpKHyJTb. IlepeAO MHOft CXOilJI'b HBaHI* HsaHOBHI'b. 

H aajKer'b CBfe^Ry. HfiaH'b HsaHOBH^'b CHJibHo HSM'bHHjicH — 
noxvA'bJi'b, noxeMH'feji'b, h rjiaaa y nero cxajiH eme Cojibuie h 
rjiy6;Ke. BoJibHaa pyRa fiHJia Roe-RaR'b oOMOxana rpaaHott 
xpanRofl. 

— Fa* th nponaAajiTj?— CQpocHJi'b a h no npnBH'iR'b, 
atBaa, Baajib ero CojibHyio pyRy, ^xo6h nepeMtnaxb noBasRy* — 
CMOxpH, RaR'b rp^BHo... PasB'b xaR-b mohcho? 

— FpHropH... — aaroBopiiJi'b oH'b nienoxoMi>, BHpHBaa pyRy. — 
CRop'bft chj^jiditi^ Becb KpacHHlS Kpecxi> cbAJia^... CxynajK 
Aopora... 

— Hxo xaRoe? Sa^tM^? 

— H 3Haa... J^opora Afl-MHHb He xoah, xa Aopora (offb no- 
Radajii) HanpaBJieaie) hoxoah^ hah xa Aopora... CRopM... Hhromj 
He roBopH. 

— Jla saH^M-b? Sa^iM-b? 

— a 3Hafl... yxoAH: 6YneTb jiy^me. 3xo a xeCt — cnacnCo... 



Bi ^JXOHi nnpy. 115 

TeCi, oHTb (oH-b yKaaajTb na cn^maro 0e;topa KapjiOBHHa)... 
Upomaft, FpHropH, cbfljiaft cKoptft... 

Owb He flajit MH* nepeB^aaib pyKy, noTyiirajiT> cBt^TKy h 
Hc^eai). fl CHOBa sa^er-b cB'b^Ky h paaCyflirjit GeAopa Kap- 
jioBH^a. ToTT>, BHCJiymaB'b MeH5T, saflyMajicH. Bhjio bhaho, hto 
npoHcinecTBie ero BcxpeBomHJio. 

— 3HaeTe, hto?— cKaaaji'b oH-b.—Ho^iH) Ha nacB HanaayrB 
anoHi^H, H HBanx HBaHOBH^T> p'tmnjiB Hacb cb BaMH npe^ynpe- 
AHTB, HTo6u uhL BHCpajiHCb oTcioAa HO AoCpy, no BAopoBy. fl 
AyMaK), 3X0 owb ace HanoHi^eB'bTO npHBejix— Bce b'b oTMecTKy. 
A HaMi> cb BaMH He 3a ^^to mcthtb, noHEMaexe? Btacaxb ri 
renepajiy, CKaaaxb, a xo h b^b caMOMX nfkji'h nopxTb BHaerb hxo 
BHflAerb... 

Obi> Cticxpo oA^Jic^H, aasKer-b (|)0Hapb h ymejTb. H xoate 
OA^Jica H BHineji'b bo ABopii. Ho^b Cujia xeMHaH-xeMHan, cb 
OojibmHMH BBtsAaMH Ha He6'fe, MHraBniHMH HepoBHo H xpeBoacHo. 
KpyroMi) cxoaji-b 3boht> oxij KpHKa jiarymeK'b, nenpepHBHuft, 
HaaofiJiHBHf! H pa3Apa5KaH)ii;ifl. Ha ropaxi) KpH^iaJiH KaKia-xo 
HOHHua nxHUjH... „HaAo cbA-iaxb, — noAyMaji-b a:— ecjiH h b-b 
caMOMT* A'feJi'b HanaAyT'b, KyAa ki* Hopxy bi* axaKyro xeMCHb 
cyHembCfl...' H paBOyAHJix caHHxapoBT> h Bejitji'b hmt* roxo- 
BHXbca B^b nyxb. 

QeAop-b KapjioBH^-b Bepayjica oxt> renepajia, neAOBOJibHutt 
H cepAHTHft. 

— Fenepaji'b ko BcfeM-b ^epxiiMT* nocjiaji-b, — cooOimuii) 
OHi).— 06o3JiHJica, ^xo paaOyAHJiH. 06o3Baji'b nacb xpycaMH h 
^SafiaMH H CKaaaji'b, hxo mbi bT) chh b^phmT). FoBopHX'b, ^xo 
KpyroMi> aacxaBH h AoaopH, h ^xo mh MomeM-b cnaxb cnoKotlHO 
H He M^maxb jijj^yvuwb,,, BypOoH'b, Hopx-b ero Aepn... cBHHHHa... 
He B'bpio a ero sacxaBaMi) h A03opavn>I 

Mh Bce-Hce piinHJiH fibixb Ha roxoBi, BejitjiH co6paxb Bce 
J^o6po H sacxaBBJiH Aeacypnxb, BMtcxo oAHoro, AByx'b canirxa- 
poBTj. Bcfe ocxajibHue aoji^khh 6hjih cnaxb, He pasAtBaacb. Mh 
TOJKe, He paaA'bBaacb, yjierjiacb na Kanaxi,, ho cnaxb ne Morjin. 
Ha ABopt eiu;e mohcho 6hjio npH CBtxt 3B'b3A'b paajia^axb 
o^epxaeia npeAMexoBi>, ho bi (J)aH3'fe 6bijio coBepmeaHO leMHo... 

GeAopi) KapjioBH^i) Bopo^ajica cb 6oKy na OoK-b h hhx- 

— He Mory, — ne BHxepn'feji'b ohi>, HaK0He^•b.— Borocb.. 
06a3axejibH0 ^xo-HH6yAb cjiynnxca... 

H, KaKTb fyATo B^b oxB'fexT>, TA'fe-xo Ha ropi npoKaxHjica 
no Jiicy BHCxp'bji'b. HeMHoro noroAH, OyxnyjiH cpa3y Asa 
HOBHXi> BKcxpijia. H HO ycn'feaH mh bcko^hxb h aaace^ib 
CB-fe^y, KaK'b sarpeM'feji'b na rop-b sajinT), sax-feM-b Apyroft, B'b 
jxpyvowh Mtcxt, era,e h eme. Sajinn Ohjih cxpofiiHHe, ne/paa- 
-cHnaiomieca — cxp'fejiaJiH, oneBHAHO, anonqH. B'b AepeBHt aaKpn- 

8* 



116 pyCOKOB BOrATCTBO. 

^ajin, 8a6'i^rajiH, aacyeTiiJincb, h sbohko h OTieTjiHBo pa3AaJiH0i> 
HepBHHe BByKH poHCKa, Hrpasraaro xpesory. A sajinH bc% npn- 
6jiH»cajiHCb, CTaHOBJicb rpoMie k rpoBH'be. 

Mh ctohjih Ha flBopi, Bct Bt Ky^t. 6eAopT> KapjioBHHi^ 
Aep^Kajii: MCHH 3a pyKy h ApoJKaji'B. 

— TeMHo, HH ^opra He bhoto, — Jienexaji-b ohi*. — Ceflqack^ 
BopsyTCH B'b AepeBHK)... noHeMT) paaCepyrb, hto mh KpacHuft 
Kpecrb... IlepeKOJiioTi), Bcbx'b nepeKOJiiorB. 

Ho a no^eMy-TO ne ^yBCTBOBajii> na aTOT'b paa-B cxpaxa, — y 
MeHH, HanpoTHB'L, noaBHJiocb KaKoe-TO Heji'bno-CM'feniJiHBoe Ha- 
CTpoenie, h mh* Bce xorfejiocb CKaaaxb 6eAopy KapjioBHHy: 
„HH^ero, napH, ne poO'bfl: jxo CBa^bOH aaacHBei'b..." ^oporH, 
Ha KOTopyiD yKasHBajiTi HaaHi) HBanoBH^'b, h ne snajii), h naM'b 
ocraBajiocb CHA'bTb na ABopt (|)aH8H. FAt-To o^enb 6jiH3Ka 
pasAajiocb npoTaacHoe h cnoKollHoe BocKJiHuanie: 

— CO-O-OTHH... 

H 3a HHM'b KOpOTKOe H OTpHBHCTOe: 

— IIjih! 

HecTpoflHO paBctinaJica pyccKift aaJin-B. npoTpemajii* aajin'B 
H B^ ApyroM-b KOHU'b AepeBymKH, noTOM'b onaib: „Co-o-OTHa... 
hjih!** 3aB5i3ajiocb cpaateflie. 

BcnHXHyjia rA'fe-TO (J)aH3a — h Harm* ABop-b ocBiTHJica ipe- 

nemymHM'b poBOBaTBiMx CBtTOM-b. noTOMx saropijiocb Ha 

• ApyroM'b Kpaio agpgbhh, h neo^cHAaHHO, ^pKo h 6hctpo, 

BacTasHB-b Hacb BSAporHyTb, BcnHXHyjia (|)aH3a, cocfeAHan ci> 

HameM. JIomaAH saOHJiiicb... 

— KpacHHtt Kpecrb, — KpHKHyjii kto-to naM'b B'b Bopora. — 
CKoptfl na 6ojibmyK) Aopory... CKoptit, BCKanb! 



xm. 

B'b iroji'fe, KorAa renepaji'b y. sa KaKyio-TO KOHTysix) ycirfejrs 
nojiyHHTb noBHrnenie h KOMaHAOBaji'b y;Ke OojibmHM'b oxpa- 
AOMi>, TA*, KpoM'b ero KaBanbeW ahbhsIh, Chjio eme H'bcKOJibKO 
OaTapefl h H'fecKOJibKO noJiKOB'b n'fexoTK, naM'b npHmjiocb y^a- 
CTBOBaTb B'b fiojibinoM'b cpaHceniH — yace ki* cfeBepy on» Aft- 
MHHH, aaHHTaro anoHuaMH. 

Mh ch GcAopoMT* KapjioBHHeMi pacnojio«HJiHCb Ha nojuiH'b, 
Ha Cepery p*^kh, mbhcay JiHHiefl 6oa h pesepnaMH. K^ naM'b 
HenpepHBHHM'b noxoKOM'b npHHOCHjiH paneHHX'b— H mh, nacRopo 
nepeBHsaB'b, TOT^acb-^e oxapaBJiajiH HX-b Aajibme, B'b tujtb. 
Mhmo Hacb npoxoAHJiH BiiepeA'b qtnH cip'bJiKOB'b, eJie 

HAyiH.HX'b, yCTaJTHX-b, nOKpHTHX-b CJIOeM'b ^teJITOfl UHJIH. OflH 

Cb no.iHOHH Ohjih Ha Horax'b (a xenepb yme Be^ep'fejio); AHeMib. 
HX'b, maraBoiHX'b no nnJibHott Aopori^, :RecTORo najiHJXo x'iiTHeft: 



# 



^ 



Bi qysoMi nHP7. 117 

cdXHi^e, a Tenepb, bm'&cto OTAHxa, hxt> PHajiH bi> 6o1K. VLm^ 
HaBcrpiny hccjih croHymax'B, xpnnaiuHX'B, aajiHTHX'b KpoBbio 
paHeHHXT>, — H Hxi) nfkuJL MOJi^a, Hexora pasMHKajiHCB, hto6h 
AaTb Aopory, h cMURajiHCB onATb... 

Mu pa6oTaJin, h seMJia BOKpyp'b nacb 6HJia noRpura RpoBa- 

BUMH 06pUBRaMH 6'bJIbH H Ohhtob^, mapHRdMH BaTU^ HanHTaH- 

HUMH RpoBbK). H pyRn HamH TOJKe 6umi b'b RpoBH, sacoxmeflt 
Bume RHCTeK n em;e jiHnKoSt na najibqaxi>, h mh He mofjih 

HaflTH CB060IlE0ti MHHyTH HX'b BHMHTb. PaHeHHe CTOHaJIH H RpH- 

^aJiH B'bHamHX'b pyRaxi>, ToponHJiH nacb h CpaeHJiHCb, ecjiH hmx 
AOJiro npHxoAHJiocb SRjx^Th oqepe^H. H mh caMH ToponHJincb, 

6HCTpO BaRpHBafl CJIOilMK MapJIH OTBpaiHTejIbHHH, RpyrjiHfl, 

HepHHH flHpH Ha HX'b rijiax'b... 

Ha MHHyxy npHTOR'b paneHHX'b npeKpainjica, h n chjTh 
OTAoxnyTb H paacMaTpHBaji'b cboh pyRH, na ROTopux'b pacTpe- 
CRajiacb 3acoxmaa RpoBb. H hh o ^eMi* He AyMaji'b, RpoM'b 

©THX-b MeJIRHX"b HBBHJIHCTHX'b TpeU];HHT>— H BApyPb SaMCp'b 
^fTh CXpaXa, yCJIbimaB'b SHaROMUlB OT^aHHHHK RpHRK 

— rparopHl.. rpHropn! 

H BCROHHJI'b. VLBSiWb HBaHOBHH'b CTOHJI'b npOTHB'b MeHH Ha 

Aopor'fe, CO cBHsaHHHMH 8a cnnHofl pyRaMH. H ydnajib ero 
TOJibRo no RpHRy H ^Hrypt, — h BM-fecTo JiHi^a y Hero Chjio ^cto- 
To pacnyxinee, oiBpaTHxejibHoe, CarpoBoe, B'b ^ewb HejibSH Chjio 
paaoCpaxb hh rjiaa-b, hh Hoca. Ero Tojicxyio AJiHHHyro Rocy Aep^RajTb 
B'b pyRax'b HxyH-b, CHA^Bmia na JiomaAH. HxyH'b CM'bajiCH h 

RpHHaJI-b MH'fe ^XOXO, HO H BHA^^I* rpHMBCH Ha CFO JIHI^t, 

BH^'&H'b, KS^Kb pacRpKBaexcH ero porb h ocRajiHBaioxcfl acejixue 
8y6u, HO BByROBii He cjiHxaji'b coBepmeHHo. H noA^'&aeaji'b r'b 

HHITB. 

— ninioH-b... a HoftMaji-b, — roBopHJXb Hxyffb.— HnoHCRa 
mnioH'b BaHbRa. CMOxpn... • 

Offb noRa3ajii> na npHBHsaHHuft R'b cl^A^ny rjiiheeuA niecxi> 
cb (|)JiaroM'b jjpRO-RpacHaro uB'bxa oh ysRoft 6'bjioft Rat!M0fl[. 

— rpHropn!— aaRpHHaji'b onaxb HBan-b HBanoBH^'b. — IlycxH... 
Hxyffb Aepnyji'b ero 3a Rocy h samjienaji'b HoraMH no 

6oRaMi> JiomaAH. 

— Hj:iH, HAH, anoHCKa mnloH'b... 

B'b 3xy caMyi) MHHyxy npHHecjiH panenaro o(J)Hi^epa, roxo- 
pHft eme 8a H'fecROJibRO caaten-b, yBHAaB'b Mena, saRpHnaji'b: 

— ^ORXop'b, rojiyfi^HR'b.., HepeBaatHxe CRop'fel!... FoJiyC^HR'b, 
HoreRaK) RpoBbio... IIojihii canorn... 

a, ch RaMHCM'b na cepAi^'fe, oxBepnyjica oxi> RHxafluieB'b h 
HomejTb R'b HeMy. HBaH'b HBanoBH^'b RpHRHyjxb MH'fe eme pas'b: 
^rpHropn!..* — aHxyH'b 8axoxoxaji'b h aaroBopHJi'b no-RHxallcRH. 

J o(|)H^epa oRaaajiHCb upoCnxH oOt hofh — aojihcho 6HXb, oAHOfi 
Hyflell. PaHKH 6hjih MajieHbRin h coBepmeHHO cyxia, — oH'b He 



118 pyOOKOl BOrATOTBO. 

noTepHJTB HH RanjiH RpoBn, xoth eMy h Kaaajiocb, hto oh*^ 
HcreRaerB KpoBbio. Kopa^ h nepeBasaji'b ero h nocMOTp'6jii> Ha 
Aopory, KHTafli^eBt y^te He Ohjio BH;^Ho. 

Ha apyroft flenb HBany HBaHOBH^iy oTpyOnJiH rojioBy. KaaaKv 
BHA'&Bmifi RaBflb^ roBopHJi'b MHt, ^To rojioBy HBana HBaHOBHHa 
xoribjiH Bi) HaBHAanie npo'iKMb •MHpHHM'b sRUTejiHWh** noB'^cnTb 
3a Kocy Ha A^peBt, ho He mofjih aToro cA'feJiaTb noTOMy, hto 
KOCH Ha rojiOB'b ne oKaaaJiocb: ee bck) noBUAepraji'b Hxyni)... 

Hto crajiocb cb caMHMb ^xynoMi), h ne SHaio: "^Lepesi* Asa 
AHA MUCb GeAopoM'bKapjioBHHeM'bHaBcerAa noKHHyjiH oTpajxi*. 
H cjiHmaji'b TOJibRO, hto sa noHMRy mnioHa reHepajii) iioB'b- 
cHjTb eny reoprieBCRitl Rpecrb... ' 

rpMropifi EtJiopti^HiN. 



K^ xapaKTepHCTHK'fe odmeeiBeHHaro 
flBHaceaifl oTeTajiuxT) eipaHT). 



npHCTjnafl Bi HacTOfln^efl cTaTLft si xapasTepHOTHRt HiKOTO- 
puxi CTopoHi oCn^ecTBeHHaro ABHseHiji«Bi BenrpiH h HiajiiH, n 
^BCTByn noTpe6HO0TL bbiachhtii o6ii^iS omucjii h snaqeHie H36paH- 
Hofi HHOH) TeHBi. Bi Bamefi jCHiepaTypi sasx-TO ne npuuRmo ooTa- 

HEBiEHBaTL MBOFO BHHHaHifl Ha J^eHORpaTH^eCROMl ABHSeHlH BTHn 

erpaBi. Bi caHOHi A^jit, neify y hhxi yvHTiiCA? Jtpyroe ij^jlo — 
aHFJiiftoRoe, HijieaRoe, ^paHityscRoe j^BBsesie. y pa6o9Hxi napiifi 
8TBXI GTpaHi o6mHpHiift onuTi, ciporo Bupa6oTaHHaA h BUAepsaH- 
HBfl TaRTHRa, 6oraTafl b cjiaBsaA HCTopiii, HaROHeAi, o6cTOflTeji[BHai[ 
TeopeTE^ecRBA o6ocHOBRa npaRTB^ecRHXi Tpe6oBaBift b cpeACTBi 
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8THXI OTpaaaxi. 

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124 P70GB01 BOrAT«TBO. 

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npH nepBoifb se cBoeni saposAeHiH. IIpesAe sanHTajiHSMi craBHJTB 
BO BsaHMHyK) saBHCHHOCTJb pasjiH^HUA OTji^bjihEus xosflScTBa BHyrpH 
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pasHofi Mipi onpoAi^JiHiocB nponopi](ioHa;iBHoe oooTHomeme nojio- 

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s^aTejiBHuxi, paspymHiejiBHuxi, tomheixi ero GTopoH'B... 

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Kl ZAPARTEPUOTHKfi OBII^EOTBBHHArO ABHSEHUT. 121 

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122 P700K01 BOrATOTBO. 

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Rl X^PARTSPHGTHR'fi OBH^OT^IHHATO ABHSBHI0. 1B3 

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114 P70CK0B BOrATGTBO. 

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CoKi 6ujio 611^ MoserL 6&iTb, MOHBine, ecsa 6u ^am;e sarJiflAHBaJiH 
Bi JitTOiiHCH o6ii(ecTBeHHaro ffBExeHiA He tojilko TasHZi crpaHt, 
KaK'f Anririff h repifamji, bo h TaRHzi, baki, HanpsHtpi, Ben- 
rpifl HJiH HTajiifl... H bi& stohi — cmbigji'b Tesiu, H36paHHofi HaMH 
^Jisi HacTOJiiiiefi cxaxBH. 



no o6m;6Mj cEJiajny cBoefi xosffflcTBeHHoft shshh Benrpiji bo 
MHoroMi HanoMHHaerE PocciK). Bo-nepBUXi,^ sto — OTpana no npe- 
HMyn^ecTBy seMJie^tjiLiecKafl; o6pa6oTsa seiiJiH (BKiio^aji oioAajiio- 
Hue npoMUGJiu) saHEHaerb 6oj[te 62-xi npoi^eHTOBi HacejieHifl. 
BeHrepcsaa HH^ycTpiH B!b 0611^0111 pasBHTa BecLMa cj[a6o (bi pas- 

JH^HUXl 06jiaCTBX'B C06cTBeHH0 THKl HasuBaeMofi npOMiimJieHHOCTH 

pa6oTaeTi neMHorflMi [;6oj[te 5 npooteHTOBi HaoeJieHia) h pascHH- 
Tana eohtb HcsJiD^HTejiLHO h Boeutjio na BHyxpeHHifi puEOBi. 
Be6ej[B HasBajii j^ase oAnas^^ii BeHrpin ^HOJiyBapBapcKofl cxpa- 
Hofl''. HacTOHn^afl, coBpeMeHHan KanHTajiHCTE^eosafl npoMumjieH- 
HOCTB cymecTByen bi Benrpin RaKHX'b-HH6yj(B 35—40 zivh. Ona 
nepecasena cio^a Hsi-sa rpaHHoiBi h jub^joq no jinqHOHy cooTasy npeff*- 
npHHHMaTejuefi ^o cbtl nopi HBJiaeTCH rjiaBHUMi o6pa80Hi a^jiomi 
pys'E HHOCTpaHi^eBi. H 9to He CHOxpfl Ha to, ^to BenrepcKoe npa^ 

BEXeJIBCTBO CTpeuIETCA BCtME CHJiaMH COS^aTB pH^l ^COGCTBeHHUX'b'' 

Kpynnuxi HHAyoTpiajiBHfirx'B i^eHTpoBi; ne cHOTpa na to, ^to npe^- 
npEHHMaTejiBGKifi EanETajii HHKorAa He BGTpt^aji'B oTsasa b!b hoa- 

XepSEt E nOEpOBHXeJlBGTBi^ CO GTOpOHH BJiaCTE, 0G06eEB0, eCJIE 

A^Jio sacajioGB cosAasiH ejih BBCAeHifl bi OTpaH*]^ EaEofi-HE6yAB so- 
Bofi oxpacjiE npoMBimjieHHaro jijbjidi. EjiaroAapn dioiiy, nojiyujiGfl 
ycEjieHHiifi npHJiHB'B Bx CTpaHy HSOOTpaHHBixi sanHTa^OBi, npe- 
HMymecTBeHHO hbi AbgtpIe e Fe'pxaHiE. Ho 3Te EHOCTpanHue Ea- 
HBTajTBT ycTpoMjiEJiHGB B% cxpaHy, pysoBOAEMue riraBHUlfB 06pa80M'B 

^HGTO GECEyJIETEBHUMH H SOMMep^eCEEMH I^tilflME. HerO-J[fl6o EpyU- 

Haro Bi o6jiaGTE npoESBOACTBa ose ho^te ^toho GOBAajiE. noiieiTB 
Hxi A^ATejrBEocTH 6£ijia rjiaBHUHi odpaaoHi CTOJifli^a, Tj^i 6jq[E8O0tb 
El npaBETejiBCTBy c% ero n^eApoxaME e hejiogteme Jiy^me Bcero h 
nponKe scero rapaHTHpoBaJia ycni^xi. KpoMi Toro, wb pasHUXi ni- 
cxaxi CTpanu, OGo6eHHO na rpaHHi^'b ci ABCTpiet, o6pa80BajiCH 
en^e pea'b HedoJiBmExi EHAycxpiajiBHfirx'B oasHCOB^B. Boti h b(A 
pesyjiBTaxBi ycHJieHHBix'B 8a6orB e xjionorB. 

CaMo codoft pasyMteTGE, ?to onjia^EBajii Bce 3T0 noEpoBE- 
xeJiBCTBO saoExajiy es'b cBoeS Ton^efi moeiebi TpyAEE^flcE A^P^BOfl- 
OEiB JiOAB. 06iAHtHie ero mjio BnepeA'B# 6iiGTpuHfl maraME, Ti^Mi 
iojLiQy qxo JotflEBEAaixiE) (j(>eoAaJiBBaro nopEAsa e EptaocTEOfi saBH- 
CEMOCTE BenrepcEie specTBEBe OHJiaTEJiE AoporoS i^sofl 8e- 



SI XAPAKTIPHOTER^ Ofill^BOTBBHHArO ffBH2SBHlil. 125 

MOjiiiHofi 8Koapo^pia^iH *). CiioHeHBHe ,co Bctx^B oxopoHi Kpyn- 

BUMH nOMiOTI»AME HarBaXOBl, CTpaAdfl OTh MftjIOBeMejIBfl, OTb 

TflscKBX'b apeflAHuxi ycjioBiS, ovh aaAOJiseHBocTH h no^aTHoro 
PHOTa — speoTBflHe pasaopfljiflci, HaocaMH yoTpeMJisjiBCb b% ropoAa. 
Ho Taui, BOJitji^c'EBie iiajiaro pasBHria HHAyoxpiH, hxi xfffiuih la se 
flys^a H TO se rope. 

JipSiA% JIH, — rOBOpHTl OAHHl H81 KpynHUXi ^Tejiefi co- 

BpemeHEaro BenrepcRaro pa6o9aro j^Hseniff, dpscrb FapaMH,— 
BpAA"^ JIH B% KaEofi-HH6yAB ffpypofi cTpast lasi njiozo onj[a- 
iHBaDTCA paCoviff pyKH h Tasi MajEo 8aiii.Hm.aK)TC4i HHTepecu pa6o- 
HHXi, KaKi Bi BeHrpiH. JKejiaioiiiie 6isaTi> OTi A^peseHCKofi 
HysAu H CTpeMfliD^iecfl bi cxojiHuy A^peBOHCiue pa6o?ie, o6pa- 
syji AOOTaxo^Hyi) peaepBHyi) pa6o?yD apMiiD, touko hopjih y^op- 
saTB Ha caMofi HHSKofi ciyneHH BapaSoTHyi) njiaxy h o6nuii ycjro- 
bIh Tpyna". 

TaKHMi ofipasoMi, BeHrepcsifi KanHTajiH8M'& paBBepTUBajoti, ito 
BaBUBaercH, «B0 bck)" cboh leMHUH, MpaqHsui CTopoHU, 6e3ape- 

HflTOTBeRHO paSBHBaJIl CBOK) paapyHIHTeJIbHyH) JS,^TejLhEOCTh, ^TO 

se saoaeroH coBHAaxejiEHoS cTopoHu, TO ci 8thmio6ctohj[o ^THxa**... 
^Tafl OHHcame nojioseniH Macci BeHrepcsaro Hapo^a, HOBOJibHo 
xo^excH BOGKJiHRByTL, BcnoMHBafl Hamy MHorocTpaABUHyio po^HHy: 
mntato nomine, de te fabula narratnri — nepeMtHH mmh hmh, h 
osaaKa roBopHTca o Te6'b. 

J(a H OAHa JIH BeHrpifl? IIojiosHaii, ^o BeHrpiH en^e 0JiHmKOM% 
HOJioj^aH cxpana, noAo6Ho PocoiH (^TUCH^ejitTHflH moh OTpoKOBHi];a!^ 
Kas'& BOGKJiHi^aeT'B OAHHi Hdi HauiHxi nodioBx), HTO OHa en^e bch 
wh 6yAyn];eMi. Ho boti npe^i* naxH CTapaa cTpaHa, Ha^'B koto- 
pofl npoHecjiocB 6ojiie Asyxi THcnqejiiTifi i^HBHJiHaaiUH, — HTajiin. 
Bi JiHiift BOHeiuaHCSHxi h renydacKHxi Kyni^OBi ona eme^ mojkho 
CKaaaTB, bi neaanaMHTHUH BpeMena BuoTynnjia na apeny MipoBoro 
pHHKa. H qTO se? Mu bhahmi bi HTajiin Ty se 6e80TpaAHyio 
KapTHHy: KaaHTaj[H8M'& paaaHBaeTCH, ho o% npeofijiaAaHietfi OTpn- 
j^axeji&Huxi OTopoHi na^ib nojiosHTejiLHUMH, paapyniHTejibHaro bjiih* 

HIH Ha^l OOBHffaTejISHUMl. 

M^naAOKi oejiLCKaro xoanficTBa h o6pa80BaHie soHejiBHaro 
npojieTapiaia — roBopHTi ^sioBanH Jlep^a — jubljie tojihoki ki 
ycHjiOHiK) npoMiuHJieHHoS j^iHTejiBHOcxH; noAi BjiinnieirL 8Toro 
•6pa80BajiHCB oTA^JisHue BasHue npoHuniJieHHHe ii^eHTpu, Kasi 
MHJiaHi, TypHHi, Benei^H h t. n.; ho hh ^o ciiiniHoro 



*) rio AaiiHbiMi> Stat. Monatsschrift s-h 1890 r. bb pyKaxi. 230 q. cocpeji*- 
i#«iMBa;iocb no4TH qexbipe MH;i,iioHa ioxos-b (ioxi==0.52 acc), bt* cpeAHCM-b OTfc 
I XO 9 T. Aec. Ha KaiKAaro; Aa;ite, oKono 14V« mhji;i. ioxoB-b 6ujio bi pyKax-fc 
i^H^jiHSHTejibHO 5,200 B;iai. (6o;i-fee q-feMi no 1V« thc. acc. na KaiKAaro). M vh 
T we BpeMfl 6bi/io 6ojite IVj mhji/i. KpecTbflHCKHXi> xoa^ftcTB-b, h3t» Koropbix-b 
MSMcjiDe BAanliJio MeHte, qtM-b 2Vt ^ec. scm/ih. 



126 PyCOKOB BOrATCTBO. 

HHSRafl 8apa6oTHaA ujiaTa, hh noKpoBHiejiBCTBeBHiiii nomjraHu 
He 6uj[H ffo cBxi nopi b'l goctobhIh oosaatb ji^ificTfiHTeJiBHoe npo- 
i^B^TaHie HHA7CTpiH; aTony aojishul 6eij[h chjilho npenjiTCTBO- 
BaTL, Bo-nepBuxi, sejitocTaTOBi KanHiajiOB'B e HeBipnocTL Hn 
noHtn](6HiA, a Bo-BTopuxi, sarpaHEqEa^ EOHKyppeHi^ifi e ^acxue 
spHdHCU... HTajriE, BCJitAciBie HeAOCTaTO^Haro aKonoME^ecEafO 

paSBHTiE, — KOTOpOe OT^aOTE 6uJIOO6y0J[OBJieSO SBBBeBBOCTLlO CTa- 
PUXB XOBEfiCTBeHHUX'E ^OpMB, — ECnBlTUBaeTb Ha CeOt JIEHIB OT- 

6jQ[ecRi» sanHTajiBCTHqecKaro pasBBTia ^pyraxi CTpani''. 

npH TBEEXl JCJIOBiEXl nOHETHa OTHOCHieJIBHaE CEJia 06j[0MK0B% 

ctaparo ^eoi^ojibHaro CTpoE— spynHUX'L 8eMJieBjiaj(tjimeB'&. 

^Ci oAHofi CTopoHu — qflTaeMi HU J Ojihbao MaJiaro;p[ — 

HUL HHteMl BCeMOrjE^JK) SeHeJEBHyK) peHTy, BJiaCTHO J(HSTyX)- 

E^yjK) CBOE ycJiOBiE; c% jipyrofi — cjia6Bifi, paxETEqecKiS, cbjilbo 
pa8Apo6jieflBi)ifi saQETajii, eo CMiiOH^ifi BCTynEXL ci npeffCTafiETe- 
jiEMH seMeJiBHofi peHTH Bi B6JiBKyK) 8K0S0MflqecsyK) 6opi»6y E 
GxpejiEiiiiScE naBepcTBTB cBoe camofi 6e8GOBtcTHofl aRcnjiyaTaiueft 
paeoqaxB**. 

TaEHMl 06pa80M!E, ej][Ba jib MOXHO COHSiBaTBCE BX npEJOSH- 

MOCTE KO Bcefi MiajiiE Tofl xapaETepBCTEKE, KOTopyK) ;(aerb co6- 

CTBeHHO X08EfiCTBeHB0My nOJIOKeHilO Cfll^BJliE ESB'bCTHUfi HECaTeJIb 

CajibBiojiB (Le latifundium Sicilien et son mode d*exploitation"): 

EMeHHO, ITO BB Bei^ ^BCt BOpOKE H TeMH&Ifl CTOpOHBI KaQETa- 
JIBSMa BUpOCJIE Ha CTapOMl ^eOJiaJILHOM'E CTBOJit E sacxaBEJiE 

Bapofli — Bi ocoCeEHOCTE ace EpeciBEHCTBO — BUHOCET'B EB ce6t 

rfleXB paSOMl o6oEXI BTEXB peSBMOBB*'. „IIpflXOAETCE SaKJIfOqBTB — 

HHHieT'B ffpyrofl asTopi *), qxo — 6bitb MoacerB, B-brB j^pyroft 
TBEofi GTpaBu Bi EfipoBt, T^t 6fai 6ujiE 6oi'be oqeBEAHH E 6ojiie 
rjiy6oKE Bct Tt 6tACTBiE^ EOTopuE EBJiEioTGE dJieMeBTaME o6o- 
cxpeflflaro coAiajBHaro Boopoca. B% HxajiiE, MoacerB 6iiITb, 6ojiie, 

q^Ml Tflfi, 6bI to HE 6bIJ0, npOEBJIEK)TGH GaMUE GJOSHBIE yppO- 

acaion^iE npoSjiSHbi npecTynflocTE, npoGTETji^iE, anBrpai^ifi, nayne- 
pHSMa, fleBtsecTBa, ^ESEqecRofi ^^erpa^auiE pacH e orpoMBofl 

CMepTHOCTE..." 

IIo^xeHEBift aBXopi, noBE^flMOMy He sBaexi Pogcie ejte 8a6u- 
Baex^ Bed... Hsaqe obb ne Gsasajn 6£i GBoero ^Gojiie, qtjfB tji,^ 

6u TO be 6BIJI0...'' 

Ho, 6bixb Mosexi>, BGi axE 6i]ifirBUi cyxB EBJieBin BpeHeBBUE 
E npexoAEH^iE? Mo»erB 6bixb, gee — jubeib HeB86'bsBBiE opB- 
saAJiesEOGXE nepsoBaqajiBBBixi Gxynesefi paaBBxis sanExajiEB- 
Ha; E noxoMy ami GyacAeno otxo^btb bi Bt^EocTB no u^pk to- 
ro, KaKi HxajiBflHcsifi KanExajiEdH'B 6yj^exi noAHEMaxBGE no a&^b- 



*) Nap. Colajani ,La question agraire en Sicie*. Cp. ero jkc KHHry: ,In 
Sicilia. Gli avvinementi ele cose" (Roma 1894). 



Kl XAPAKTBPHOTHEfi OBIIlEOTBBHHArO ABBSSBUr. 127 

flifiniHHX BOcxoffHniHM'& cTyneBAMX CBoefl BeB86isflofl, onpeAiJiKeB- 

BOA ^flMMaBeBTBLIVB*' aaKOBftHB 8B0JIH}qiH. 

7bkiI ecjiH enpRmambCH oti> A'b^cxBBTejibHocTH xota 6u hoa'b 
otflb caHUXi* paAysBuxi npopo^ecTB'b OTBOCBxejibBO 6yAyB^aro Be 
TpyABO, TO yumu orb A'i^ficTBflTejiBBOOTB BeJibSJi... TaHi, r^i Teo- 
peTBsn Be TepauTii bb Ba HBByxy sHBofi cbbbh ch npaRTB^eosofi 
paSoTofi, Ch BenocpeAGTBeBBoS sh3hi>k)» cb toS jia6opaTopiefi, bi 
soTopofi TBopBTC^r BCTopiflj—TaHi Ai^ftcTBBTeJTBBOGTb ese^acBo B 
eseMBByTBO BanoMBBaei'B o 606*6; TaHi Tpy^BO yjiOBJieTBopBTbCfl 
pojiLK) CTpayca^ npBqynKaro rojiOBy boa^ Kpujio b BaBBBO Boo6pa- 
saion^aro ce6fl bi 6e30Qaci?ocTB; Taiii c% BeospoAOJiBMofl cb- 
xofi iipo6BBaeTX ceOt lopory Tpeseoe OTHomoflie Ri AtficrBB- 
TejiBBOCTB. BoTh Boqeuy, bm^gto posoBuxi BaAesai aa 6'jjkjm,ia 
nepeMtBU, Bama asTOpu 6oj[%e ckjiobbbi paacMaTpBBaTB Be5j[aro- 
npiBTHoe cooTBomeBie nojioBHTejrbBLix'B h OTpBEiaTejibBUXi CTopoBi 
sanBxajKBaMa, EaE% TBaB^ecKyio ^^epiy Bcero i^nsjia xosafloTBeBBoA 
SBOJiniiiB BearpiB b HxajiiB, saKi* npBBaA^eacBOCTb ae toS bjb 
Apyroft cmyneuu bxi 8ROBOMflieGKaro pasBBTiH, a caMOro muna 
8Toro pasBBTiB. 

Bote ^to roBopBii, BanpBvtpi, o5'b HTaiiB CTopoBsifi Ha6jiK)- 
ffaTejiii, repMaBCRift MapKcucTb IIojib 3pHcrE („Sociales aus Italien* 
Bi cfiopBHEt «Das neue Jabrhandert^): 

^Hnn^eTa cejiBCEaro BaGejeaiB Bcerjia BBJiaeTCH cnyiBBROU'E 
RaiiBTaj[B3Ma b% nepioAi ero dhoctb. Eojib 6u BBsycTpiB bcbei- 

TUBBJia GBJLfluS BOA'beM'E, TO MOSBO 6uJI0 6I1I J^yMaTL, ^TO 9T0 

BBJieBie BpexoABm;ee, b ?to ci noAi>eMOM'B npoMumjieflBoS sbsbb 
BaGxynBTi b mr GipaBu jiyqmiB BpeMeaa. Ho bo TaRX o6ctobti> 
A^jo ch HxajiieS. Bi cymBOGTH, mm BCTptiaeMi bi es npoMum- 
jieBBOCTB aaoTOfl... HaGTbio OBa arHui o6fl3afla GBoeMy BCTopB- 
^ecROMy nojioaeBiH), Touy, tto Hrajiia cjibbiromi n(^3AH0 (?) 
BUGTynBJia Ba BGeMipHufi puaoRi b bo o6;iaAaeT'E xaRBuB 
npoBMyoieGTBaHB, 6jiaroAapB ROTopuHi osa Morjia 6u 0T6BTb y 
Apyraxi OTpaai Bxi RjiieBTOBi. Hto »e RacaeTGB BHyxpeHBaro 
puBRa, TO sji.'kch efi noBcioAy CTaBBXi npenBXcxfiifl 6tAH0GX& 
Bapo^a". 

TeopexHRaai ^GaMO^OBjitiomaro RanaxajieaMa/ ci. xo^rh sptBia 
Roxopux'b RaaBxajiBsifB bb bi RaRHxi BBtmBBxi puBRaxi Be 
BysAaexc4sr, b6o Gam GBOBifE pasBBxieM'B cosAaeT'B GeOt puHORx 

B, XaRl CRaSaXB, MOSeXX BBXaibCB GOUCTBeBBUMB CORaMB, — aXBHt 

TeopexHRasfB, ROBeqao^ AOJXflbi noRaaaxbCB GipaHBu^B axB Gnosa 
n. dpBcxa, MapRGBCxa *) b b'l xo se BpeifB pascyxABiomaro o 



♦) KaKT» HSBtcTHO, fl. 3pHCTa „nocTiir/ia" He occ6eHHo ahbho HeoxcHiiaH- 
TaB MeTaM0p(|}03a: h31> Ji'^earo MapKCHcra oHt npeeparHACfl bi> peneraxa, co- 
TpyAHHKa fapACHa h K^ 



128 PyCOSOB BOrATOTBO. 

BHtmHeMl pUHKt, RaSl „HapOAHHK!b^. Hiil A HanOMHK) JIHIDL CJIOBa 

K. MapEca: 

„HHA7GTpiajisHaA 6ypsfa8iji Hosexi rocuo^cTBOBaTb tojoibbo 
TaM'B, T]ifi cospeMeHHafl HHjiyGTpiii npeo6pa30Baja cooTBticTBeHHO 

^BOHMl nOrpe6HOCTJIBi'b BOt OTHOmeHifl 006CTBeHH0CTH: 9Ty OHJIJ 

HHAycTpifl M0S6TI npio6ptcTH moAbtco maM%, zdn OHa sasoeBaja 
BoeMipHufi puHOKi, n6o Ha^ioHaJII>HBIfl rpaHHi^u ji;jifl .en pasBHxiH 

Hxasi, Bi HTaiiiH, Kasi bi; BeHrpis, hu sani^aeMi ycHJieHHoe 
pasBHTie caaiBix'b ptsKHxi ^opm saaaiajiHGTHiecRoft dscnjiyaTaaiiy 

npH MHBHMaJBBOIil paaBHllH TtTh BjliflHlS SaSHTaJIRSUa, KOTOpUA 

BZOAflXTi Bi GOOTaBi aoHflTifl 061 ^HGHOJiHeHiH KaaHTajiBSuoii'B ero 
HOTopHvecKod mhcgIh* — no^roTOBJieHU HOBofi o6ii^ecTBeHHofi $op- 

MaipH. Bl CBH3H Gl aiEMl HaXOi^HTGfl H CHJa OCXaTKOBl (j^eOAaJIbHO- 

ooHtn^H^L^ro GTpoff, Tasx ^To npo HxajiiK) mosho Gsasaib no^xH 
Gi xim se npaBOM'&, sas'B h npo BenrpiR), hxo bi Heft .roGoox- 
cxByDn^HACB KJiaGGOfii'E jiBJi^exGA He GxojDtbso 6yp»ya3iH, gkoji&ko 
npeAGxaBHxejiH KpynHaro seMJiieBJiaflitHia** (N Z. 1897 — 98, 
JsS 22). 

H xaMi, H aj^GL 6ypsyaBiH pexHaa jiehib bi HcsaniH npoxeB^ 
^ioHHUxi MipoQpifixid, neoxoxHO BUGxynaexi bi EaqeGXBli 6opD- 
n^efiGH GHJiii npoxHB'B ^eo.'^ajibHO-fiDpoKpaxfl^eoEHXi na^ajii h ho- 
BOJUboxayexG)! no 6oJii>inefi qacxH xtaii», iro, npHGJiyaKnBaHGb si 

BUGOIHMX^ GHtniHXl HaEBHiaib GBOe Ha HH3QIHXI yGHJieHHOfi HXl 8K0- 

luyaxaiuefi^ yGHJOLeHHUMi na ehxi ^asjieHieMi. 

Bee 8X0, Rasi mu bhahmx, ao nopasHxejiLHOcxH HanoMHHaexi Hamy 
poRHyH) pyccEyro ;^ftflcxBHIeJIBHOGXI>... y HaGi xoJiLEO BGe 8X0 npo- 
■cxoAHXi B% en^e 6ojiiie oxEpoBeHHOMi h HenpHspameHHOMi bha^. 

a He 8HaK) jiy^med HJIJIK)Gxpa^iH ajih xapaExepnGXHEH pyGGEaro 
KaoHxajiRSMa h pycGSOfi 6yp2sya8i0, Easi xa opm, EOxopoS npe- 
^BajioGb j^BcepocciflGEoe Kyne^eGXBO* bo speMH xoproBO-npoMuin- 
jieHHoS BHG^raBEH fii HHSHeHi-HoBropoAt, Eor^a apMapo^Hue xysH 

H CHpSSeBOfi SOHHXeXl (GI HeH8HftHHBIM1> CaSBOS MopOSOBfillfb BO 

rjiaBt) GHpaBJiflJiH HMeHHHBi GBoero GepAOia h GBoero sapiiaHa, npn- 
HHHajiH GanoBHBixi roGxefl, npoHanoGHJiH xopacecxBeHHUH, jiHEynn^e- 
■06'bAHfiia pi^^H, noGJiysBBmiH M. FopbEOuy o6pa3i^OMi a-ia Ttxi fhm- 
HOBi pyGCEoS 6ypsya8iH, Eoxopue ohi BSJia^uBaexi bi yGxa oji- 
Horo H8I repoeFB poMana ,,6oMa FopAieB'b^, bo apeMH nspymu 
^HMeHHXUxi rpasAAHi''. IIoMHHxe JiH, sasi Hamyxtjia xor^a o^na 
181 HHseropoAGSHxi raaexi HHGnpEpOBaHHoS xtifB se 6HpseBU9ii 
xoHHxexoMi Gxaxbefi, nepe^HGJurBmefi bg^^ ^yA^Ga, EoxopuA yseao* 
AapHJio Hameft poAHHi^ ^BGepocGificEoe EyneneGxao'', h b'b saEJinio- 
■ie BOGSJiHi^aBHieS b% GaM08a6BeHiH, ?xo oho ,,BGe Mosexi''! B% 
wiowh BOGEiHi^aHiH ojiHi^exBopHexGH A^fl JteHff Boe, xaEi GEaaaxb, 
xyxoBHoe nyxpo Hamefl oxeqeGxaenHoS 6yp3Bya8iH. 9xo bogsjihii»- 
■ie HOBOJiBEO BEisuaaexi b% naiiaxB APyryio, aHajiorH^Hyx) $paay 



Kl XAPAKTBPHOTHK^ OBII^BOTBBHHArO JlfiETStiBUi, 129 

v^pyroro BupasHTem ^jbctbi h ^ajiBifi 6ypsya8iH, $paHiiy8csar« 
a66aTa CLefleca: „ito laRoe ceflqaoi TpeiBe ooojiOBie? — Hhhto. — 

^ftMl OHO AOJISHO 6UTB? — BCfbM^'^. 

KaRi noxosH h KaKi, bi to se Bpemi, rj[y6oKO He noxoxH 
XBi 8TH ^opuyjiu! KasHxi j^na pasjinqHUXi thhs hobojibho bubbi- 

BaDTB OHi B% B006paseHiHl H y^HBHTeUHO JIH? OAHa B81 8THX% 

$opMyjii — BtAi* 8T0 no^TH He^JieHopasA^jiBHEiS BByKi, spyrafl — 
^opHyjia BOJiHKoS HaxBHraBmeflcH TpaHc^opMaiUH, TpedoBaeie caHoft 
sopeHHofl nepeoTpofiKH Bctxi o6meoTBeHHEix'E oxHomeHiS. O^na 
BupasaerE nyBciBa 6ypaBya8iHy npHcaoco6HBnieficii ki oTapuMi 06- 
i^eoTB6HHO-HOTopHqecKHMi HaACTpoflsan; 6ypsya8iH, KOTopaa jub^xb 
B% HOjieHrE yMHpaflifl 6K)poKpaTH8tfa 6jB,erh „j[H6epajiBHoft noHe- 
BOJii*' H OTaHen lan^HTbOH b% xboct6 o6nieoTBeHHaro ABHsemii; 
xpyran — ^yBGraa 6ypsya8iH, coBHann^efi obod oHJiy^ obod cho- 
006HOCTB ABHraib ropaMHy ynpaBJiHib napoAOMi h rocyAapcTBom, 
BecTH 8a co6ofl Maccu h ne npHcnoco6j[aTi>CH> a npHcnoGo6jiHTB. 
Bi TO canoe BpenH, Kor^a CBo6oAOJiK)6HBiiift ^paHi^ydOKifl 6yp- 
sya roBopBTi, ?to» tojibro paapyniHB'b ao ocHOBaHin ^eo^aJiB- 
HuS CTpofiy OHB GfftjiaeTCH ^BciMi'', pycGEifl 6ypsyS npeAHO^H- 
TaerL ao noojiiAHeft boshoshocth norjiHAUBaTb Ha saAHie xo^u > 
BuxoAu KaHiiejiHpifi^ AenapTaMesTOBi h MHHHcrepGTBi, Tjs,i cwfiTh 
yse TaKi mhofo «gbohxi JiroAefi^, BuxoAi](eBi HS'b Toft ase Gpexu 
DpsHxi ]s,^ijifiBT> H BopoTHJii — H, HoxjioaEiBafl Gefifl HO Tyro na- 
Ha6HT0My KapMaey, oaMOAOBOJibHO BOGKJiHi^aeTi: ^boti OHa, MoniHa- 
MaTymKal Bee Hosert''!.. 

IIpaBAa, y naci ogtb ho Majio JiDAeft, nojiaranmHX'E, ^to eon 
Ha ^3anaAf , bi „EBpon'&" 6ypsya8iH Gurpajia orpoMHyD TBop^e- 
•Kyio pojib H BaxBaTHjia He tojibko ^asTn^eGKyK), ho h HAeSnyn 
rereHoniK) Ha^i o6iiiecTBeHHiiMi ABHsemeMi, to h y naoi a&s^ 
ll^epyHOBiii h KajryaaeBEi, sas'B ohh nosa hh rpy6u h hh CHimHU, 
OAHaso, HecoMHi^HHo 6yAyTi HHtib CBOD I, Sturm und Drang Periode*. 
dio npopo^ecTBO BnepBue 6bijio BucKasaHo eiue b% Ha^ajii SO-xi rr. *) 
H no oie BpeHH Sjiaronojoty^HO saoti CBoero ocyn^ecTBJieHiir. IIpH 
Bc^xi noAoCHBixi npopoqecTBaxi 8a6iiiBaK)T!B, ^0 8th anaxoriH 01 
.EBponoft" rptmarb oahhhi h t^hi se. JIioah daOsiBararB, ^t» 
•CTB Espona h Eepona, hto 6ypsya8ifi BenrpiH h HTajiin yase He 
Ta, HTO 6ypiBya8iH $paHi^H h AHrjiin, qTO oxenoHL xiD6epajui8Ma 
iypsyasiH bobgo ho octb KaRoe to MHCTHqecRoe cboAotbo, bi onpe- 
A^xeHHoft A03ft „BHyTpeHHe-npHGyn](ee" GypacyasiH, RaRi TaROBofi, 
JTO, HanpoTHBi, CTeneflB en jiH6epaxH8Ma (hxh oh peaRiuoHHOCTH) 



*) HpoHisi HCTopiH*. oKOJio Toro Hce BpeMeHn costmaHie MocKOscKHrb ^a.^ 
piiKaHTOBi>, npHrAauieHHoe npaBHTenbCTBOMi* BbicKaaaTbcn cBOHX'b noTpe6B»- 
cmxi* H Hy)KAarb, BbicTaBH;io Bb nepByio rojiosy... OTirfeHy sanpemeHifl csy- 
fKaTb Bb MocKBy-ptxy OT6pocbi h HewHcroTbi cb <^a6pHKb. Flo HCTHHt Stow 
md Drang — 6ypHoe CTpeMAenie saraAHTb h aacopHib Bce Kpyro»rb ce6}i. 
J6 10. (hfiM-h I. 9 



130 P700K0I BOFATOTBO. 

eoTb flBJieHie npoHSBOAHaro, BTopH^Haro xapaKxepa, qxo OHOBaBHOHn 
OTE i^tjiaro pflfta yojiOBiS BpeiieHH h MicTa, a noxoMy MiEflexcs He 

TOJILEO OrL CTpaHfil El CTpaHil, HO H 0Tb O^HOi HCTOpH^eCKOft BOOXH 

Ki ApyroS. H ecjiH 6hL Hamn oxothhkh oipoHTL anajioriH h npopo^e- 
OTBa Ha 6yAyn(ee He safiuBajiH axoro, to ohr yBH^^ilJiH 6hL, tto bi 

CBHSH CI HtEOTOpUMH 0C06eHH0CTflHH 8KOHOMH?eOKarO paSBHliH 

o6j[hk'l CypsyasiH noojitffOBaTejibHo KiHHexcH ki xyxnieMy, hb^h- 
HBH 0Tb AHFJiiH H $paHi](iH H HepexoAH ^epesi FepMaHiK) h Ab- 
CTpii) El BeHrpiH^ HxajiiH, BHJiOTb ffo ^pyrnxi crpaHi, soTopuH. 
Bi BTOMi oTHomeHiH HBjifliDTCH ji(O0TO&HfiiMi ^yBilHiaHieifi BAaniH^; 
qro, HeaaBHOHHO on 9thxi HtcTHuxi ooo6eHHOCTe&, h bi oCh^omi 
HacrpoefliH BceeBponeflcBoS 6ypsya8iH ooBepmaercH saMixHaH bbo- 
JlK)^iH BnpaBO. A noxoMy ohh hohhjih 6u, tto HMeHHO xenepb Me- 
Hte, HiMi Eorffa jih6o, mosho osH^^axB bi BEOHOHH^eosR oxcxajioS 
cxpani BBOJiioaiH KojiynaeBuxi h PasyBaeBuxi bi cxopoHy .fiyp- 
Huxi oxpenjieflifi^. Ecih qaoxB CypsyasiH no Ejxjii h fiy^exi cjia6o 

nOAntBaXb HOBUMI HtCHHMl JIH6epaJIB8Ma| to BI MHHHMajlI>H0& ffOSt 

H CI BoerAamaeS totobhocxbe) noBepHyxb HasaAi, bi bojioxoS b^ei 
6v)poEpaxH<iecEofl oxpanu. H bi bxohi HH^ero nixi yABBHxeiBHaro 
j^fl xorOy ^eft spyroBopi ne orpaHH^HBaexcH Hcropiefl tbei nasu- 
BaoMuxi ^saacGHqecsHxi* cxpani EaoHxajtHSMa. HpaB^a^ Benrpin 
H Hxajiifl — cxpaHU soHcxflxyiyoHHiiH. Ho AOoxaxo^HO BcnoMHHXb, 
KBEifl Mtpu 6ujiH npHHHTLi BO BpoMfl pasrapa arpapnaro ABHseniH 
Bi CHUHJiiH npoTHBi TaMOHiHBXi fasci, consoBi pa6ouxi H specTLAHi, 

Tro6£I BUflOHHJIOGb, AO EBBOfl CXeHeHH yptSBHO nOJIbSOBaHie 8THMH 

KOHCTHTyaioHHUMH rapaHxiaHH, sasi He soHcxHxyi^ioHHo mosho ho- 
CTyaaTb npn btoB soHCTHxyqiH ci pa6oqejH['b jidaohi, ao ebeoS 
cxeneBH npocxo h aerEO QpeBpan^aexcfl m soHCXHxyi^ia bi xasHXi 
cjiy^aaxi bi neroAHufi jihgxi 6yMarH. Eabb jih ho en^e pasHxexb- 
Hte npHMipi BeHrpiH. Bi axoft ,EOHcxBxyi](ioHHof cxpani He 
Toxbso pa6o?ie h Epecxbane oxcxpaHeHu oxi EOHxpoxH hbai rocy- 
AapcTBeHHBiMH a^Jiaxh: Bi Hefi specTbBHe He HMtoxi AAS® npana 
soajiBHift; hxi cok)3£i pacnycEaK)xca, coSpaHia pasroHHnxeH; sa 
cxaqEH BXi HaEaauBafoxi, hxi rasexu cHcxeMaxH^eoEH EOHij^HCEyuTCJi; 
npoBOABXcH qflcxo EptaocTflHqecEie sasoBu o naftut na cexbCEia 
paCoxu, saEOHUy ebsi ab^ ebojih boabi noxosie na naniH oxe^e- 
OTBeHBue npoeRXU crH6aHifl OaTpasoBii bi 6apaHi& pora, bi poA^^ 
TBEi HamyHtBinaro bi CBoe BpeMH npoeKxa capaxoBCEaro npcABO- 
AHxejiH ABopflHcxBa r. KpHBcsaro. Ht^ixo aHajKorH^Hoe dxoMy hohho 
HaftxH pasBt xoxbEo Bi HHuxi CaxEaHCEHxi rocyAapcTBaxi, ta^ 
XH6epajiH8M'b 6yMasHuxi EOHCTHxyuifi caMi no ce6i, a $asxH?e- 
CEoe caMOAepsasie MHororojiOBofi 6K)pospaTHqeGsofi rHApu cano no 
ce6t. 3x0X1 nopBAOEi no cyn^ecxBy jijhuA ysi He xasi ac^cbi 
oxi nopBAsa ntsoxopuxi nojiHTHqecEH Aope^opMeHHUX'b cxpani, lAt 
Cypsjasifl, coScxBeHBO roBopa, aabho niftexi cbod „HeHHcaHHyio 
EOHCTHxji^iK)'^. IIpH BceS rH6E0CXH H npHcnoco6xBeMOcxH ^HCXO 6y- 



Kl ZAPA&TEPHOTHKft Ofill^SCTfiEdHArO ^BH/'BEHIfl. 131 

uasHiixi BOHCTHT71U& Ki HHiepecaM'L chjibhuxi Mipa, HeDHcaHHafl 
KOHCTflTji^ifl BoexaKH eiG(e yAo6Hie j^ npoi^BiiaHia h aKcaaiya- 
Tai^. 



nepezo;(HHi TenepL ki zapasTepHCTHBil pa6o^aro ABHsemA 
HasBaHHim OTpani, npn ^omi npej^ocTaeHM'b gjiobo caMHMi ero y^a- 
oTHHKaMi: ^BnjiOTB J^o caMaro HeAaBHOTO BpeiieHH — roBopHn 9. 
FapaMH Bi yse i^HTHpoBaHHoS Bume OTaTi>ii — bi BenrpiH mosho 

6LIJI0 rOBOpHTL ABHSemH TOJIBKO Cpe^H OAHHXl HHAycTpiajiiiHun 

pa6oqHX!b. IIo8TOMy ABHsenie orpaHH^HBajiooB noqiH Hcsjin^HTeJiiiHO 
nojieMi KpynHoS HHAycTpifl EyAaDemra h HiisoTopiixi npoBHHi^iajiB- 
Huxi ropoAOBi''. 

EoBhiK H^eH 6ujD[H saHeceHu CD^a, saEi h caiia EHj^ycipiff, hbi 
sa rpaHHi^Ei, BMiort cl HilMeiqLHMH pa6o?HMH. IIoaTOMy MapECHCT- 
€Bafl ;(OKTpHHa — oco6eHHO oepBoe BpeMji — npoi^Btxajia bi BeHrpiH 
vh ea ?HCTo E^ueufioi ^Ofni, co BciMH eji chjibhumh h cjia6uMH 

CTOpOHaMH. JiHinb BOOCJli^^GTBiH Ha^aXOfl MeAJieHHBlft H ipyi^HEifl 

npoi^ecoi eji nepepaCoxKH npHMiHHrejiBHo si MtcTHUMi yojioBiflHi, 
nponeoci, en^e jifiuieKO He saEOH^iEBinificfl h no Haciofln^ee BpeicA. 
BeHrepcsifl npojoteiapiarE npeAoiaBJifljn djotaroAapHyn no^sy ^a 
pacnpocTpaHeeifl hobuxi HAefl, sasi hosho bhaI^tii bsi npej^HAy- 
B^aro; sea o6cTaHOBsa ero shshh ecTecTBeHHO BusuBajia hoji^oboju- 
OTBO cBOHMi nojioseHleMi H onnosHidoHHoe HacTpoenie. 

„H TasHHi ofipaaoMi bi Teqenie MHorHxi JiirB vb ByAanemri 
H HisoTopiiixi ;ipyrHxi HH^yoTpiajiBHfiix'b oasHcaxi boshhsjio otho- 
CHTejiBHo GHJLHoe npojieiapcBoe jpHseeie. Ho bi CHJiy oahoS aioft 
BaMEHyTocTH VL orpaHHqeHHUX'B MicTHuxi paMEax'b oho He MOrjIO 
opiofipilcTH 6ojibHioe SHa^oHie. Bjiaroxapfl 6e3o6pa3HOMy H86Hpa- 
TejLHOMy npaay h xasoicy se BaEOHOAaxejiBGTBy o neiaxH h god- 
Baxi, y pa5oqaro sjaGGa 6£ijia OTHflxa bobmoshogtb BBiGTynnrB bi 

eAHHOMl BeJIHSOMl, OXBaTUBaDH^eMl BGK) GXpaey ^BHSeHiH. KpoMi 

Toro, 8T0TI pa6o^ifi EJiaccL no^ia He hm^jh HHsaEoro coapHEOcHOBeniH 
ci OGTajiLHoS oTpaHofl; OTcyTCiBOBajio npo^Hoe h mapoBoe oghobb- 
Hie, Ha EOTopoMi MOSHO 6bijio 6hL yiBepAHTL pu^arB jps 6ojiile 
Bpynnuxi A^SoTBiS''... .IIpH oiHOGHTejiBHo en^e GJia6oMi HHAy- 
GxpiajiBHOifB pafio^eHi ABHsenlH — HHinerB spyroft npaBOstpHO- 
MapEGHGTGEift BBTopi CTBTBH , Von der Bauembewegung in Ungarn*' 
Bi ^Neue Zeit" — ba^cb hh gi ^Befi GiopoHU ne mopjih npH- 

HATB Bl OepBeSl XOTA 6u, HaopHMtp'B, HOHBITBy HATH HyxeMl, BB16- 

paHHUMi 6ejiBrifluaMH — renepajiBHyK) ciaqEy j^jla saBoeeaHiH BGeo6- 
m^aro HsSHpaTejiBHaro npaBa, — hjih se eohepobbtb myMHoe ABHse- 
senie bi nojiBsy Toro se ^Bceo6n^aro H86HpaTej[BHaro npana na 
aBGTpiflcBiS oCpasei^'B^. 

BtHMI ^BETOMl H 06'BHGHaeTCfly ^TO GHyGTfi HiEOTOpOO BpOMH 

TBEi MHoro o6iii(aBniee bi Ha^ajii cbohmi 6ucTpiiM'B pooTom Befl- 

9* 



188 PTCOKOB lOPATOTBO. 

reposoe pa6o^ee ABHsenie sanuio KaKi 6yAT0 Ha speHS bi xyiot 
nepeyjioEi... 

„Tasi H ocTaBajiOGL noiHTH^ecsoe ABHseHie HHAycipiajiJbHux'B pa- 
do^Hn 6681 cyn^eoTBeHHaro SHaqeHifl, He oHOTpa Ha 6jiaropoAHf»^ 
He OTCTynaiantyio nepe^ sepiBaMH pa6oTy MHorHxi canooTBepseH- 
Huzi JiDAeS, CTOHBrnHxi BO rjiaBi napriH. HopMajiBHoe nojiHTHie- 
CEoe ABHsesie Mosexi pasBBBaTLca h ao^htloh }io6iji,% juamb xam^ 
Tjki eoTB AOCTaToqHO ho^bu js,ilsi paomepeHiH ero npoaaraHAHCT- 
0S0& ^iflTejiBHOOTH, r^t vecTb ji^OGTaToqHO-niHposoe noopHii^e j^a 
6htbi, ho HHSOFAa He iSkWh, r]i!b oho^ 6jiaroAapH rocnoACTByDJDOLHMi 
Bi OTpani ycjiOBiflifL^ HsojUHpoBaHO bi nisoTopoS rbcHO orpaHH- 
^eHHofi o6j[acTH. TaifL y Hero OTHHia boshoshoctl saBoeBaxL fi^a. 
OBOHXi HAefl i^tjiufl orpoHHUfl MaccH HaceJieHin; h ocjih 6u ]iflMe 

RCTOpH^eCSiS BOdpaCTl ABHSenifl HSXipHJICJI A^CJITHJltTiflMH, 0H« 

BtHHO 6yAeTi xoAHTB Bi A^TCKHX'L ^anxMasaxi h HHKorj^a ne Hci^i- 
jUTCfl OTi 6ojii8Hefi, cBoficTBOHHBix'L pe6Aqi>eMy BOspacTy. Tasiji 
6ojii8HH, KOHe^HO, npHoyn^H BcaRoft napxlH npH ea BOSHHSHOBeniH; 
HO oui GKopo HcqedaK)xi, ecjH Ha jdlhuo HMiexc^ h bosmoshocxl, 
H cnoco6HOcxB Bce ki 6ojii>meMy h 6ojii»nieMy pacniHpeHlK)". 

Tjsib He Bxoro Hixi, xani ABHsenie Jierso OKa8BiBaexoH vh aa- 
oxoi, a ero ,,stxcsifl 6oji'63hh'' npHHHicanxi saxASHyK) $opMy. 

„TaKi 61JJ10 H 8Ai^CB. PasAopLi h pacapa, pa8iie;^aflHBinie HAefi- 
Hux'L SpaxBOBi — axH 6oJit8HH A^xcxBa namefl napxiH — c% xe^eHieM^L 
BpeMOHH He yueHBrnajiHCb, a Boe yqan^ajiHCB h o6ocxpflJiHCB. Hxi 
ojiiAyoTi paBCMaxpHBaxB, ecjiH mosho xasi BupasHXLCA, KaKi pas- 
pHseflie HaKonjiflioiiiarocfl He^OBOJibcxBa MajiuMH ycntxaMH napxii. 
HoxEHHuxi npH^HHi He^^ocxaxo^HocxH axHXi ycntxoBi He BHanxi 
H o6bhhhk)xi sa hhxi BsaHMHO Apyn Apyra... Tasi* HoxpaxHJiHC^ 
noHanpacHy hjih ocxaBHJiH 6opi>6y MHorifi jiyqiniH chju"... 

HeBOJiBHo npHXOAflxi bi rojiOBy oooxBixcxBOHHUH anajioriH h8s 
pycGsoS A'^floxBBxejiBHOGXH; H HeBOJiBHO GnpamHBaeniB cefia: ne xon 

Se JIH CaMUfl HGXO^HHKl H HaHIHXl ^^OMamBBXl A'^JI^Hift Ha ,60J[B- 

mHHGXBo'' H ^MOHBHiHHGXBO^? He HOKyGcxBeHHoe JIH orpaHHveHie 
c^epu pa6ox£i h Mexo^^oBi ea Gos^ajiH axoxi saGxoft h, ^aoxBD, 
Aase npoi^eGOH pasjoseHifl? A ecjiH xasi, to He hgho jih, Tr# 
eAHHGXBeHHoe JiiKapoxBo saRjiioqaexoH bi xoki, qxo6£i pa86HTi^ 
ysKifl AomaxHqeGEiH paMKH h xilm GaMUKi yoHJiHXB h hhxm- 

CHBHOGXB, H 8RCTeHGHBH0GXB ^BBSeHiH? 

npHMipi BenrpiH Kasi nejiBBa 6oiie noiCTBepsAAexi nhwai 
ooo6paseHiH. IIoojiyinaeMi no axony noBo^y FapaiiH. 

,Bi xo BpeMH, Rasi noiosenie ^jdli bi GXOJiHail 6ujio x^ 
xaRoS oxeneHH neyx^mHxejiBHBiiciy b'b nepeBHil noi^xoBjiHiacB 
no^Ba AJui 6oJiBmoro ^BHseHia oejiBOEHxi pa6oxHHKOB'L... ToBapnnpi 
H81 GXOJiHi^u HexHoro Ba6oxHJiHGB npoBHHiuH; sasexGfl, ohx 
xose He oHH^ajiH MHoraro oxi ^aHXHSOjiJieEXHBHoxcKaro EpeGXBai- 
OKaro ^epena'^. njianoMipHofl arnxai^iH b% A^peBHt ne Morjia 



Kl ZAPAKTflPH0TnK1& OBnpCTBIHEArO ^HSEHIiT. 183 

#iiTB H pin. HamHMH arHTaTopaHH-'aTHTaTopaMH npoTEFb co6- 

•TBeHHOS BOJIH — flBHJIHOB npaBHTOJIBCTBO H nOHtn^HEH''. 

IIpHTiicHeHifl noMin^HEOBi BusBajiH i^ijiuS pfl|(i arpapHEixi 
BOJiHeHifi, 6e8nopsffsoBi, ycMHpeHiS; ^hojio hte poojio h poojio; 
■oxBHJiHCL nepBBie specTBAHcsie oodsii; BeHrepoKoe npaBHTQJiLCTBo 
pasocjiajio BJiaoTflMi oespeTHuS i^HpKyjiflpB o „m7shi^kohi oBoe- 



BOliH"^ 



••• 



Ki ?6M7 se npHBejio Bce 8T0?JI|a si Tony, tto ^BHseHie, cna- 
^axa HOGHBmee MicTHuS xapasrepi, Boe paspooTajiooBy inHpHJiocb, 
I, HaKOHei](i, OTjtjkJihnus crpyflsH ero cjihjehob bb o^^ho mnpoEO- 
saxBaTUBaion^ee le^eHie. 

^EcTeCTBeHHO, ^TO npH TaKHXB yOJIOBUIXB HOBUfl H^^eH, KaKHMB 

<(hto hh 6ujio cnoco6oMB nona^^as bb cpe^iy cojibceexb pa6oTHH- 
EOBB, HrpajiH pojiB HCEpUy 6pomeHHo& bb nopoxB. Cb o^ynieBJie- 
HieMB XBaTajiHOB sa hhxb cejiBCsie paSoTHHEe: Bcsopi 6ojiBmaji 
^aoTB HXB 6hLM BUHrpaHa WB HameS napTin. 9to npoHHSHOBeHie 
HamHXB HAeS bb A^peBHD coBepmHJiOGB HesaiiiTHO; bb thuih. 
XoTfl H BaMtqajiH o6ii^ee 6poseHie h ne^^OBOJiBCTBO, ho He ji,jyL9Lju, 
iTO ^HseHie cj^^jajiocB otojib onpej^JieHHo napTiSHunB. J(ase 
TOBapHH^H H8B oTOJiHiiH 611JIH nopas6H£iy sorffa 8T0TB xapasTepB 
XBBseHiff BuciynHiB Ha ob^tb BosiS no ojiy^aiD OTEpHTaro bob- 
xyn^eHur, npoBoi^BpoBaHHarOi oorjiacHo npeAnncaHlK) cBepxy, Bjra- 
«THMH... nepe;i;B naHH neosHAAHB^ noflBHJHOB specTBune^ soiopue 
He Tonso BucEasBiBajiH BamH njsfiE, ho ^^MoTBExejiBHO npoBOAHJiH 
HXB BB SH3HB. IIpH HOGJii^oBaBmeMB sa BOSMyn^eHieiiB npoi^ecci 
Bct 6hua HsyMJieHii npn BH^t Toro, bb sasofl hchooth h ncTOTi 

BHftj^pHJIHGB HOBUe BSVJlBJlfil BB „aHTHSOJ[JieETHBHCTCEiS KpeOTBHHCSlfi 

TOpenB"... 

3Kfi8hb, saKB 8T0 ^acTO cjiy^raeTOH, 8acTajia BpacnjioxB sa6H- 
HeTHyD ffOETpHHy. Ho EB ^ecTH BenrepcsHXB A^TeJieS nysHO 

•SaSaTB, HTO OHH BOEOpi BHflJIH TOIOCy Ji;iflCTBHTejIBHOOTH. 

^GEopo 6i>ijro 8aMiiiieH0— roBopHTB FapaMH — tto, ho Mipi Toro, 
saEB saBoeBUBajracB A^peBHH, OTEpuBajiaoB h bobmoshoctb j^s 
EpynHuxB ycoixoBB Bcero ^BRsemH, h BOEopi na^ajiaoB njiano- 
MipHaH arHTai^H bb nepeBHii cb i^tjiBK) HcnojiBBOBaTB bb HHiep^ 
«axB HameS napxiH Bceo6s(ee neAOBOiBOTBO^. 

Bb caMOMB j^tjit, cb pacrnHpenieMB ^HseHifl B08paojia h ero 

HHTeHCHBHOCTB. AAMHHHCTpaTHBHUH HipU B£IHyj(HJrH SpeCTBHHB Mt- 

i^TaMH SB cTOJiEHOBeHiflMB CB BO&CEaMH, MicTaMH SB saiiiHi 
HBHfiixB opraHH8ai^i& TaflHUHH. Haoh Bceo6s(e& cTaiSH jiflK saBoe- 
BaHiH noJiHTH^eoEHXB npaBB, npesAe ctojib XEMepH^Han, nojty^ajia 
HOByio CHJiy H HOBue HiaHCu, HO BB to se BpeMfl npio6pij[a h 
HOByiD $opHy: i^tjiuS pn^B specTBflHCSHXB EonrpeccoBB pimnjiB, 
^»o 8a6acTOBEa cojebceexb pa6o^HXB bb pa8rapB oTpa^Hofl nopii 

tiy^OTB CaMUHB ^BOTBHTeJDfBHUIfB yjl(apOMB JXfiSl BeHrepCSaTO ffBO- 

pHHCTBa, HMtomaro e^Ba jih ho HaH6ojiie cHJiBHoe BjriHHie na 8a 



134 P700S0S BOrATOTBO. 

ROHOAaxejibOTBO. HaKOHei^i, ci pacoiHpeHieii'L paSoTU cpejqi spe- 
CTLAHCTBa A^peBHfl Majio no Majiy nepeciaeTi 6hiTh noGTaBii(Hi^e& 
„iiiTpeSK6pexepoB'B'', o6opBaHHiui h tojioahux^ 6tji.HAK0Bi, ro- 
TOBBixi pa6oTaTB 8a Mtj^Hue rpomH h G6HBaK)mBX'z> 8apa6oTHyK> 
njiaxy opraHHsoBaHHuxi paSo^Hxi. HanpoTHBi, bi uoojifiAHee 
BpeMfl ByAaneniTi Mon oA^jiaTLCA apenoS spynBBixi yjiH^nuxi 
;(eMOBCTpai^i& 6e8pa6oTfluxiy TpefioBaBinHXi Boeo6maro H86Hpa- 
TeiLHaro npaBa h pa6oTL]... 

Bi 8T0MI OTHomeHiH GorjiacHU i^ase BGi soppeGnoni^eBTU 
opxoAOKcajiBHO-MapKHCTGKaro „Neue Zeif*, pexaKTHpyeHaro K. EayT- 

•Bojiie jifijXTM AecflTHJiiTifi — nnmerh oabhi hsi hhxi — Hama 
napm bi BearpiH 6£iJia noxosa na cjo[a6oe TeiuuqHoe pacrenie; 
eojEH se OHa bi Gaicoe noGJitj^eee BpeMfl, HaKonem, HauHaeTi 
pa8BHBaTBGa cHjiBHte H, Bi Ka^ecTBt npeffCTaBHTeJibHHi](£i pa6o^aro 
KJO[acGa, npio6piTaerB maHGu Bcsopi saHflXB ly se nosHiuD bi 
nojniTHHecKofl shshh GxpaHu, KaKyio 8aHHMaK)rE poAGTBeHHUA 
naprifl bi sanaAHuxi Gipanaxi, — to dXHici ona bi HOHajioft cxe- 
neHH o6fldaHa 6£ioTpo spinnymeHy EpecTbflHGKOMy ABHaeHin". 
Jifijroiy He Menie peBHOGXHufl MapscHGTi, IIojib dnrejUiMaHi, pi- 
maexcA no axony noBo^y Aase na caMU£ mHposifl o6o6ii^eHifl h 
npopo^ecxBa. 3aBoeBaHie j^lk hobbixi H^efl HHAyGxpiajiLHaro npo- 
jiexapiaxa — roBopBxi ohi — npHHaJio nanpaejieHie CBoero nyxH ox^ 
Banana ki BooxoRy. KpeoxLAHGRoe ABHsenie bi BeHrpiH jifiQTh 
Han npaBO HaxinxBGH, ?xo oooxBtxcxBeHHoe xeneHie cojibcko-xo- 
seftGXBeHHaro npojiexapiaxa oxKpoexi GBoe mecxBie oi npoxHBono- 
lOSHofl GxopoHu — G-L BOGXOKB Ha BanaAi"*. 

OAHaRO, B% BH^y HOBaro HanpaBjieHifl npaRXH^eGRofl a^tojeb- 
HOOTH noxpe6oBaj[OGB OA^^JiaxB Roe-RaRifi nepeGxpo&KH h fl aor- 
xpHHi. BonpeRH xo^h^hmi MapRGHcxGRHMi BsrjDij^airL peaRI^OH- 

HOGXH RpeOXBilHGXBa, GTpeMflll^arOGJI HOBOpOXHXB HaSaj^'L ;;E0J[eCO 
HOXOpiH^, 061 „HAiOXH8Mi ^epeBHH^ H X. U.] BOHpORH HO^XBa- 

HeHHOMy y Ille^^jie ojioBOHRy 061 ^aHXHROJuieRXHBHGXGRom 
KpecTBHHCROMi ^epeoil''; BonpeRH, naROHei^'B, gtojib se sHaiieHH- 
xony nojioseHix) ^aGcajifl peaRiiioHHOMi xapaRxepi ^ase xaRoro 
njieniH, RaRi RpeGXBHHGRin boBhbi — BonpeRH BGeiiy axoHy, Benrep- 
GRie MapRGHGxu Bi arpapHoiTB Bonpooi aaHflJiH coBepmeHHo HHyD 
noBHioi). Ohh nojiaranxi, ^xo, roBops GJioBanH xoro se Fa- 
pavHy „]^UL RasAaro nenpeAyfiteAeHHaro ^ejiOBiRa AOJrsHa 6Bn^ 
TBepj^o yoxanoBJieHa GjA;^H)n^afl rgxrhb: o6HxaxejiH A^poBeHB gtojie 
se Majio saGxpaxoBaHU on ROueRXHBHCXGRaro sffik, RaRi h jn)6oft 
181 ApyrHXi xpyipiiKHXGH GioeBi ^ejioBiqeGXBa''. 



*) Cm. .Die Feldarbeiterbewegung in Ungarn', N. Z., 1893— 94. Ms 33.— Paul 
Engelmann, ,Zwei sozialdemokratische Bauern-Kongresse", N. Z., 1896—97, 
>fe 26.— ae, Von der Bauernbewegung in Ungarn, N. Z., 1897—98 M 22. 



Kl XAPAKTEPHOTHfifi OBII^OTBEHHArO ABHlBEHia. 135 

CorjiaoHo saxBJieHiio Ha oxapon Byi^anemTOKOHi napreftrari 
Apyroro BHi^naro coiQan-AeMOKpaTa, A. Ca6o, aajiBJieHiK), He 
BUBBaBmeicy ope^^H OKpyasaioii^HXi HH^ero, KpoHt OAo6peHijr, 
vOmHfiaiDTOJi Bci rb, bto pascHaTpHBaerb pa6otifl Bbnpooi, sasi 
9T0-T0 HOBoe. dia 6opii6a Tasi se ciapa, Kani h oaiia qacTHac 
Go6cTBeHHOOTB. dia 6opB6a ci xe^eHien BpeifenH jramB nepeHi- 
HAjia CBOH $opMU. KpeoTbAHosiii boShu Bi XYI B^^i noffi npe^- 

BOAHTeJIbCTBOHl AojCU, — BOflHil, KOTOpUH Bl mSOJiaZl paOHHOEI- 

BamrB, KaKi Hiqio yasaoHoe, — 6uxe Tasse HHqilMi hhumi, sasi 
6opL6oft TpyseHHKOBi npoTHBi BHaTH, yrHexeHHHxi npoTHBi yrHe- 
Taxejiei*'... 

HaROHei^']^, Ha tohi se napieflrart, nojiynBHieMi npHBix- 
CTBOHHUH oHCLMa QTh dfireiBca, KayxoKaro h ap-> 6hiJio ptmeHO ne- 
peHHenoBaxB ^BeHrepcsyi) couiajn-A^MOKpaxH^ecKyio pa6oHyio nap- 
xi»** npocxo wh ^BeHrepoEyK) coipajn-AexoEpaTHiecRyi) napxiro* — 
Bi BHAy xoro, mo xepMHHi „pa6o«iaii'' Mosexi 6eixs noHaxi Ha- 
cejieHieMi bi xom OMucjii, ^o napxin san^Hii^aexi jibhil HHxe- 
"pec&i HHffycTpiajiBHaro npoiexapiaxa. 9xo, na Hami Barjuffi, ^ase 
Hepea^ypi... 

Hxasi, BenrepoKie A^xejiH npHinjiH si y6isAeHiio, ^xo hh- 
KOHMi o6pa80H'L He HysHO Hpe;(cxaBjiflT& ropoACKHMi pado^RH'L 

HTL HHXepeCU H HXl A^JIO ^Ml-XO 060C06j[eHHIIMl H OaHOflOBJlto- 

H^Hi. Heo6xo;i;HMOy nanpoxEBi, noj^iepsHBaxb ajih hhxi Mjijmj¥) 
HXi Ho^exHyK) MHCoiK) — 611XB JiHEii HepeffOBfiiMi QxpflAOMi Bcero 
xpyA^H^arooH napoAft, ero aBanrapAOMi^ DpeAcxaBHxeJieiii h Bupa- 
eHxeJieMi ero HHxepecoBi, HysA*^ h naposAaioiiiiHZOH oxpeMJieHiS. 
Boxi ?eMy y^Hxi nacB, Mes^y npo^Hm, npHMtpi BeHrpin, h boxi 
^o HaHH Hepi^AKO HrnopHpyexoH, djiaroAftpn xony, ^xo mh 6ojiBme 
Bcero o6pan^aeMi& BHHHaHie na npnirbpfii nepeffOBun oxpani, rffi 
PHnepxpo^iH HHAyoxpiH na o^exi seMJieAiJiiA ecxeoxBenHO o6paxHaa 
$a6pH9HO-8aBOACKofi npojiexapiaxi fl ho^xh eAHHOxBeHHufl, h bo 
BCJiKOifi ojiymi ptmHxejiBHO npeo6jB[aAaDii^ifl BJieMeHxi ABHse- 
hIh. TaMi qacxB Mosexi 6iixb howh OesomHSo^HO npHHHMaeMa 
sa i^iJioe, — BA^CB se axo Mosexi BeoxH jibhib ki oaHim nesejia- 

XeUHUMB HOOJliACXBiHH'B. M HpaBEJIBHUH HyXB, Ha KOXOpBiS KB 

9X0111 Boopoci cxajto Benrepcsoe ABHsenie, ojiysHxi sajioroMi xoro, 
Tro oHo HofiA^^ BnepeAi, neoiioxpfl na BOt xt HOKJuioqHxeJiBHO 
xpyAViiUi ycJDLOBiH, npH soxopuzi eiiy cysjieno pasBHBaxBOH. A xa- 
KOBH dXH yojiOBifl, MH jierso yBHAHMiy eojiH oxi cxaparo ByAa- 
nenixoBaro Konrpeooa nepeHecenoH kb HOBOicy, oocjitAHeMy (o^e- 
TOKB OAHHHaAHaxoMy) roAH^HOiiy Konrpecoy BenrepGEofl pa6oTOfi nap- 
xifty npoHGxoAHBmeMy xasse bb ByAaoemxt. 

J(OKJiaAB i^eHxpajiBHaro EOMHxexa napxiH Konrpecoy a&^tb osa- 
xyn, HO HOJiHyD sapxHHy xofi secxosocxH, My^HxejiBcxBa h hhbooxh, 
OB xoxopuMH Benrepcsoe npaBHxejiBoxBO npeojAAyexB Benrepcsoe 
pa6o?ee ABHsenie. IIo cjiOBaMB AOBJiaAa, ne Henie 181 co6paHiA 



1S6 PyOOKOE lOrAYGTB*. 

6suLE sanpeii^eHu. Sanpen^eme o6oGHOBUBaj[OGB o6iiKHOBeHHO cjiA- 
X7K)mefl JiaEOHH^ecKoS ^pasoS: ^Htoi Heo6xoj^HMooTH, hto6£i no;^- 
crpesaTejiH SeanosoHJiH MHpojiK)6HBoe Hacejieeie^. TaKem seo5pa- 
•om npeGJiiA7K)TGfl napTifiHUfl raseTU. ^Nepszawa^, i^eHTpajiBHEiS 
6yffaiieinT0KiS opraHi, H8AaDI^iftca no-B6HrepcE3 h no-H^Mei^LB, 
BUA^psajii 12 cy;(e6H£ixi npoi^eccoBi no ^^tjasii ne^aiH, eiiy en^e 
HpeACTOHTB 7; pyiiuHCKifl ^Adeyeral" npecjEt^^oBajicfl cy^OMi t, 
6ep6cKi& ^Narodna Retsch'' 28 pasi; npn btomi pasc^eii He npi- 
BJiTBi BO BHHMaflie npHFOBopu 8a saHATie nojEHTHKoS (Politisieren), 
KOTopuMi noABeprJiHCL rjiaBHBm oSpasoKi raseTu npo^ecoionau- 
MUTb coDdOBi. Oco6eHHo secTOEHMi H cHcxeMaTHHecEHMi npeoxk- 
AOBaHiAMi noABepraoTCfl ABHsenie cejiBCKO-xosfl&CTBeHEBiz'B pa6o- 
iHxi. FpoMaji^Hajr ctb^eb bo BpeMH saxBii 1898 r. 6ujia Bajisra 
BpoBBK), H cneuiajiLHufl spftnooTHHqeoEifl „8asoHi J^opaHLH'' sanpeTHjii 
OTa^SH cejiBCEO-xosjiScTBeHEKix'B pa6o9HXi Boo6ii(e. Bi 1903 roxy, 
Korj^a OHOBa Ha^aaacB TaEax cia^Ea, btotb aasoHi Seuti npHMft- 

I^Hl Ch 663n0II(ajl(H0D CTporOCTBK). COTHH SH6I(0Bl AOJESHBI 6I1IJUI 

ot6utb 30-th AHOBHoe TnpeaiHoe saEjnD^eHie h oothh paSo^Hxi 
saHAapMU saoTBBHjiH pa6oTaTL; ne cKOTpn hb bto, BoaoxajtH thga'u 
eejiLCEBxi pa6oTOxi h oeojio 10,000 ^eji. ffo6HJiHCB noBBimeHiji sa- 
pa6oTflofi njiBTU. O^ohl Coshmoe ?hcio hjiohobi napriH 6ujih nos- 
BeprHyTH AonesHUMi mTpa^am ejih jEHmeHiK) cbo6o;^ei aa eodAa^m 
u eoejieHenie e^ cmaHny ^aSpuHHUx^ padoHux^h ujiu nodMacmepbe9%. 
Bi oSmem axon As^eEo He nojiHSiS chhogei HaEasaHifl sasjuo- 
^MTb 25,827 Ep. ffeHesHux'B mxpa^OBi, paBHuxi 2,583 ahhmi jih- 
meniH obo6oau, h, spoiii xoro, 13 Jitxi 6 m. 14 AHefl TDpenHaro 
BBEJiio^eHiH. HaEasaHifl aa y^acxie hi oxa^si bo BpeMH SEaxBu cD^ft 
He npn^HCJieHu; sa nee npHcyisiAeHO bi o6H][e& cjioshocxh ne Me- 
Hie 25 s.^Th xnpeMHaro saEJiiD^eHlfl. He CMoxpn na xasifl npeojrt- 
XOBanifl, ABHsenie bi BenrpiH nenpepuBHO pacxexi. 



OCpaxHMCfl El o68opy ntooxopuxi cxoponi o6ii(ecTBeHHaro xbh- 
senifl Bi HxajiiH. IlepBoe, ^xo npH axoMi 6pocaeTCfl wh riasa — 8t« 
xa pojEL, soTopyx) nrpaxa b% ;i;BHaeHiH HHxejiJiHreHiufl. 

Bi dxoHi oTHomeHiH HHxepecna xa xapaExepncxHEa, soxopas 
^aexi HTaxBHHCEOMy ABHseHiia (ocoSenHO bi nepBuxi cxaAiaxi ero 
paBBHxifl) JIjsioBaHH JlepAa *). Jlep^^a — npaBOBtpnuft MapECHcrb. 
M Uy BnpoqeMi, naMipeHHO nHXHpyeMi MapECHoxoBi, Tro6u hxi obh- 
XixejiLoxBO 6Huro y6iAHxeji£>H0 h ajmc ho pa8i^jiflK)H][HX'L naniHMHi- 
Hifl. Hxo se Kacaexcfl xo oorjiacHiixi oi naMH, xo rm% mh peso- 
MOHAyeMi sas^^S paai npHHHMaxb bo BHEManie oBoefipaBHyi) Maps- 
oHGXCEys) npHSMy, cebosb soxopyx) y i^HXHpyeMux'L aaxopoBi ;[^ojishh 
npexoMJuixBOfl BnoTOXJiiHifl shshh, h fftxaxb oooxBixcxBenHyi) no- 
npaBEy — wh oahhxi oxy^aflxi nyxeMi H8Bxe^eHifl Eopnfl AoxsHoft 



^) Der sozialismus in Italien**. 



vh XAPAKTBPHorHSft OBimoTBiHHAro ABHaoiHur. 197 

oTeneHH, bi ffpyrnxi — n7TeH'& yMHOseHuar. Bi HacTHOcTii, oyii(«- 
cTBOBanie ^npHaMH** ho cjitAyerE saduBaiB, Eorj^a pi^L nofij^en 
ofii HHTeJursreHiUH, h6o npeyMOHbineHie en pojotH, csenrHqeoisoe i 
^eaMipHO-HpoHR^eoKoe si neS OTHomeHie eoiB HacjiiACTBeHHut 
rpixi BecBua h BeGBMa MHorHXi napKOHciOBi. 

^CoipajiHSHi — ^roBopHTi J^siOBaHH Jlep^a npo nepBus ^asu er« 
isyii^eoTBOBaHifl kb HiajiiH— Hiiijii coBepmeHHo asaAeniqecEifl xa- 
pasTepi. 9to Sejjte HiKOToparo poAa SHJueTaHTRSMi (?!), noraio- 
n^aBmiS sepTBH caMOOTBepseHifl h fftSoTBeHHofl BHepriH 6e8i box- 
Karo HJiH no^TH 6e8i BOAsaro BJiiJiHiji na MaooEi. Pa6oqi& otohjh 
B% cTopoHii, HacrpoeHHuS BpaasAefiHO Hie paBHOAymHO, xaEi hto 
HTajiiii npe^cTaBJifljia co6oft apiJiHii^e, ooBepmeHHO oiJiH^Hoe on 
^HseHifl Bi ffpynixi EyjiBTypHiixi rooyAapoTBaxi — sptjiHo^e co- 
]^ajiH0TH<i6CKofl paSo^efl napTin, cocTaBJieHHofl no^rra HCKJiDqHTejiBM 

H8l OffEHXl SypsyaSHEIX'L dJieMeHTOB'L*. 

KaKi BH;p[Te, Jlep^a 8a6ujrE, hto He bi o^Hofl HTajiiH saHi- 
Mann^ee ero ABHseHie xasse sBjiflJiooB Ha nepBuxi 'nopaxi h bi 
Te^enie o^enb j^ojraro BpeneHH ooxaBajiocB Te^enieMi, cocraBJieH- 
HHm ^noqTH HOBJiD^HTejibHo'' m% oTn^enenneBi npHBHAernpoBaH- 
HHXi uaoooBi — ^0 He ifbrnajio eMy HHor^a ooopraHHSOBUBaTBOJi 

Wh GHJiy, nanOJIHflBinyiD BOCB I^HBHJ[H80BaHH£I& Mipi rpOMOMl OBOHXl 

j^BiS. H eojiH 6£i Jlepj^a o6i btomi bohomhhji'b, to ohi, Kone^HO, 
He npeMHHyjii 6u nocTaBHTB Bonpoci: ^tni o6'BflCHHTB aiy ooo- 
6eHH0CTB ^HseniH oxoxajiuxi oxpani? On KasHXi rjiy6se aesa- 
n^Hxi oco6eHHOCTefl xoaaflcTBeHHaro cxpoH, o6ii][hx'& ^jslh dTHxi 
crpani, aaBHOHTb sma ocofieHHocTL? A pasi nocTaBHBmn btoti 
BonpoGi, Jlepffa, Kone^Ho, yBBA^jii 6u, ?to eojTH xaMi j^Hsenie 
OKpameno BHavHiexBHofl pojiLD^ KoxopyK) bi Hem nrpajia hbtojijih- 
reHiqir, to bi js:pjTnrb cTpanaxi 6uBajiH^ no EpafiHeft Mipil, ot- 

A^JtBHHe MOMOHTH HpHJIHBa (h OT^IHBa) HHTeJIJIHreHTHUXl OHJIi; a 

spoMi Toro, oHi yBHjD^&ii 6u, ?T0, Bi o6n^eMi, HMeHHO noojit^Hee 
BpeMff OTMi^eHO AJiH Bctxi Boo6ii^e EyjiBxypHiixi CTpani yoHieH- 

HUMl XHTOXtHieMl HHXeJIJIHreHXHHX'b OHJIl El HOBUMl HAeHlll. 

3x0 $asxi, o6paTHBniifl na oe6fl cepBesHoe BHHMaHie MHorHXi pa- 
6o?HXi napxifl. Bonpooi o BHa^eniH xasi HaauBaetfux'B intellectuek 
ojiysHTB yse h6jiosomi paa^opa Mes^y padJiHqHiiMH ^pasiiiflUH bo 
^paHipn; na xeny o pojiH bi napxiH ^Akademiker^ bi FepiiaHix 
ycHJieHHo npennpaDxcH Ha ^aoxHuxi h 0611110% napxefixaraxi. H 
xaMi, H 8A^0B C08;(aexoji i^aa jiHxepaxypa axoro Bonpooa. OxoDffa 
yase moxho BuoEasaxB ;i(oraj^Ry, qxo, BilpoflXHO, coBpeMeHHSifl $a- 
8H01 GoipajEBHoS aB0JiK>i^iH EBpoHBi Ha^HHaexi o6HapyHHBaxB ti ae 
oaMUH HepxBi, EoxopiiH xapasxepHayioxi co6oft ecn ^aaHcu, 6e§k 
^Hsjn ooipajiBHoS dBOJDoiqH Htaoxopuxi oxcxajiHXi cxpani. 

B% canon ^tjii, Htm ofJiHCHHioxi xeopexHEH yoHjieHHoe ox- 
na^eHie HHxeueExyajiBHBixi chji naiuH oxi anaMeHH 6ypsya8HO- 
sanHxajiHcxHHecEaro peauma h npHxosi Hxi bi npoxHBonojiosHMt 



188 PyOCKOS BOrATOTBO. 

jiarepL? J(a rtHii ?to xenepB Bce cHibHie h OHJiBHie pasBepTH- 
BaiDTCfl ^npoTHBoptqiji" KaiiHTajiHCTHqeoKaro cTpos; qxo ^HOxopH^e- 
OKaji MHocifl" ero EOH^aexcxr; ito ogjih paeBine ^ypsyadHO-KHOHra- 
jiHCTH^eosafl o6ojio?Ka, noAo6HO osopjiyni op^xa, co^ikflcTBOBajia 
oospiBaHiK) sepna — pasBBBaioni^HxcjT npoHSBOAHTejiBHuxi ou'Ly to 
TenepB ona CAaBjiHBaeT'L ero, npeAGxaBJuieTi nonixy ero AajiBHift- 
meMy pasBHTiK) h noTOHy AOJisHa paonacTLoa. ^^Hsi $opMU paaBH- 
Tiff npoHSBOj^HTejibHux'b cHJii KanHTajiHSMi cTaHOBHTOff Hxi yaaMH''. 
HxaE^, ecjiH mh pasBHTie npOHSBOAHTejiBHUxi chjii HasOBen codep- 
otcauieMh xoBfl&oTBeHHofi 8B0XK)i;iH, a ooi^iajibHyH) o6ojroqsy'-xapaR- 
xepi ynpaBxeHifl apoHSBOAOTBOui, OTHomeHiff oo6cTBeHHOOTH h pao* 
npe;(tj[eHi« — $opHoS, to hh nojiyqEMi ojitAyiontyK) ^opHyjEHpoBSj 
BumeosasaHHaro: Kor^a ' $opMa xoBH&CTBeHHaro oTpofl ji^OGTHrajia 
KaKGHMyica rapicoHiH gi ero GOAepsEaHieifL, to HHTeJiJiRreHuiA Morjia 
He tojebro sa GTpaxi (h ne tojibso 8a „npe8piHH£i& HexajiJii")^ a 
H 8a ooBiGTB BUGTynaTB Gi anojDLorieS oyn^eGTBynni^aro 6ypsya8Haro 
OTpofl. HanpoTHBi, ^ini 6oxie HapymaeTGfl dTa rapicoHifl, ^iM'& 
6ojD[te $opMa pasBHsaeTGA bi yn^ep6i GO^epaicaHix), Tin pimHTeJiB- 
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Biixi Goi^iaxBHuxi ^opMi *). Ho OTEOineHie Meag(y ^opMofi h go- 
ffepsaHiem xoBEflGTBeHHaro GTpoE ogtb sejiEqEHa aepeHiHHafl. 

IlepeHiflHOfi BOJIE^BSOfl EBJIEeTGE GTenOHB TffTOTtHifl EHTeJIJIH- 

^eE^iH Ki npoTEBonojioaHHicB npEEi^nnam — EHj^EBEAyajiHdMa h 

S0JIJieETEBH81ia. 

KacaE se rflnoTeda eGTeoTBeEflo BOSEEsaerB bi sainem yiii^y 

eGJIE MBI BE^ljEHl J^i — TpE GTpaSU, Vh SOTOpBlXl 8a BGO BpeME flXl 

npioSn^efllE ki GOBpeHeEHoS SypsyassoS syjiBTypi EErejUEreHTHiui 

GBJILI EBJIEJIEGB EeO^BiqaflSO BEAEUMl ^aKTOpOMl CO^iaJ[EGTfl^eGKa^O 

E peBOJiK)iuoEEaro ^HseEia? Ilpea^e BGero eGTeGTBOEEO npeffDO- 

JIOSETB, ^TO BeGB HEKJIl X08Ji&GTBeEB0fl BBOJIIOniE BTEXl CTpaEl Xa- 

paKTepEsyeTCir npeo6jiaji;aEieM'B (popM^ KanHTajiEGTE^eGEoS dEGHJtya- 
TaiiiE Eaj^i codepoicanieM^ npoTesaion^aro bi btexi pansaxi npo- 
neoGa pasBETiE npoESBOAHTejrBSBEX'B gejii. Ho emoeso bto mh e 

KOEGTaTEpOBaJE ffJIE OTCTaXBIXl OTpaEl, KOr^a rOBOpEJIS, HTO Bl 

8TEXI GTpaEaxi HaEHeflie 6jiaroEpiflTEo oxHomeEie Mes^y OTpEi^a- 

TeJIBEBIME E HOJIOHETejIBSHLUE, paBpymaiOlIl^EME E OOBH^^aTeJIBHlIMH, 

OBiTJIBlME E TeMEJUME GTOpOEBME KanHTajTEBMa. CTeneHib TEroxiHiE 

EBTeJUEreEuiE si eobum'b aHTE-6ypsya8Eim E^eEMi (onETB-xaBE 
caeteris paribus) o6paTHO nponopi^ioEaxBsa nojosETejiBEUMi e 
npuMO nponopiuosajiBEa oxpEi^aTeJiBHUHi GTopoEaHi KanETaxESHa, 
EXE EflUHE oxoBaME, o6paTEO HpoEopiuosaxBfla rapMOEiE MejBjty 
^opHofl H GOAepxasien ooBpeMeEEaro xoBEflGTBesEaro oTpoE. 
Tasoea, KaisexcE heII, ^opnyxflpoBKa^ EaE6oxie y^OBxeTBopH-^ 



*) KoHeHHo, npH BceMi» stomI) pascyHCAeniH KaxcAuO pa3i> Mo;ma;iHBO noA- 
pasyMtBaercsi: caeteris paribus (npn paBeHCTBt npoHHXii yc;iOBifl). 



K'B XAPAKTEPHGTRKft OBIipiOTfiEHHArO ;i;BHX£BUr. 189 

xejiLHO oxBETUBaioii^aii cyu^ecTBeHHUfl o6m\B ^epxu i^ijiaro psAa 

o6]I][60TBeHHUX'b ^aKTOBl. IIO^TH BC% HepeADBMH SaHHTaJIHOTH^e- 

CKUi cipaHLi nepesHBajTH Bpeaifl, xasi oKasaiL, HCTopHqecKHXi Hue- 
HHHi 6yps7a8iH» Koi^a oea, „bo ufibrh ue^exjih h chjibi^ Bucxy- 
naia, KaKi HCTopHTOcsH-nporpecoHBHufi ^asTopi, 6oraTaji He tojibko 

MaTepJajKLHUMH, HO 9 HHiejIJieSTyaJIBHUUH CpeAGTBaMH. RaOHTaJIHdMl, 

soHe^Ho, Bcer^a HOTomajii h pa8pymajii> cxapue xosflftcTBeHHHe 

yCTOH, HO pA^^OHl CI BTHMl OHl H COSHAfiUH — COBHAajIl ropaSffO 

6ojLie npocTopHoe, CBtiJioe h spacHBoe o6ni;ecTBeHHoe sffaHie. II 
niK'B 6oji'6e OHJLHa fiiua Sypsyaaifl cbook) TBop^ecsoio pojiBiD^ 
^im 6ojiLin6 bhs^bjiocl na B03Be;a;eHH0Mi eio ^yHAaiieHTi 6jia- 
rocoGTOHHie i^tjiuxi 6oj[i>niHxi cjioeBi HacejieHin, — Tim spi^n^e, 
riwh BAopoBie 6bijih KopHH, Koxopue ona nycKajia b% cipaHil, 
Ttn HesaBHCHMie h Horyn^ecTBeHflie ^yBciBOBajia ona ce6H, t^mi 
GBo6oAOJiH)6HBte BucTynajia ona npoxHBi ^eoAajiLHuxi npHBHjre- 
rifl H 6]DpoKpaTHqeosHxi ysi. H pysa 061 pysy Cb jiu6epaAU3MOM^ 
6ypsya8iH nua dypotcyaanocmb JiiOAefl jo[H6epaj[BH£ixi npo^ecoifl, 
TpySeHHKOB'L HHTeJIJIHreHTHBIXl peMeGJii. Paci^BtTi TBopqecsHxi 
CTopoHi EanHTaxHSMa oojitHJifljii nHTejiJiHreHi](iK) CTpaHu h npHEO- 
BUfiajii ee si TpiyM^ajiBHoS sojiecHHi^t 6ypsya8iH. JIdah, ne aa- 
6£iBaBnii6 Rai-sa fijiecTHiiiaro BHtmn^ro nospoBa HtsoTopuxi oy- 
n^ecTBeHHuxi hbihhobi HOBaro nopHAKa, abjehjihcb noHGTHHi 
^fiijruHH BopoHaMH". Tpe6oBajiaGB oco6eHHO BBicoKan HpaBCTBOH- 

BASL HyTBOOTB, 0C06eHHaiI yMGTBeHHail GHJia H npOHHI^aTeJIBHOCTBy 

Tro6u njiHTB ^npoTHBi xe^eHifl", ^xofiu ox^axB cboh chjiu Ha 
GJiyseHie pa6oq[eMy JiD^y, Koxopufi bi cpaBHeniH g'l ^HOCHxejuiMH 
i^HBHJiHaaiUH", 6ypHya8HUMH sjiacGaMH) Eaaajicji npeAGxaBExeJieifB 
rpy6o& $H8H?ecK0fl chjiu, ho sasjiDiaBrnHMi bi Ge6i HHKasHxrB sa- 
AaxKOBi BBicmefi syjiBxypu. H jiHmB noa^Hte MHpaasi na^ajii paa- 
ciHBaxBGH, o6GxoHTeJiBGTBa GKJEaAUBaxBCfl HHaie, pojifl nepeMib- 

HHTBGil. 

Hna^e ji^kno o6ctoajio b'l cxpanaxi hhoS ^opuaipH — Gxpanaxi 
ipOxcxajiux'B^, cxpanaxi-AanHHi^axiy oxpanaxi, vh KoxopEixi pas- 
BHxie eodepotcanifi coi^iajiBHofi bbojidiuh bA^ho oxoxaBajio ottb pas- 
BHxiH en aHTaroHHGXH^ecKHXi (po;pM%, S^icB fiypsyasiji Buoxynajota 
B% spaflHe HenpHrjiHAHom bha&> 6oJiie Boero, KaEi caHan 6e88a- 
oxiH^HBan XHii^HHi](a; GoaHAaHie eio hobbixi hcxo^hhsobi, hobbixi 
yoxoeBi SB8HH HaGejieniH b%«[ho oxcxaBajio oxi noApHBamH Gxa- 
pux'B, meAmaro yGSopeHHsm xeMnoHi; 6ypsya8iH 6ojiBme 
oxHHMajia y cxpanu, ^!kwh OAapnjia ee, cia xaEHMi ofipasoMi spy- 
rom ce6fl rjiyxoe, noAaBJieHHoe neAOBOJiBGXBO. 8xo Jinmajio ee 
T09EH onopu Vh is^^Tisx'h GJDLOHXi HaGejieniJi h npHHyacA&^o si 
xioHOny Gonay gi npomiH napasHXH^eoEHMH ajieMenxaHH, 6K)po- 
Epaxieft H AAse, no bobmoshogxh, gi o6jiOMEaMH $eoAaJ[BHaro abo- 
piHGXBa, sasi HH xpyAHO 6HJ10 mhpojii)6hbo paaA^Ji^TB 01 hogjiIIa-' 
HHn 6DpoBpaxHqeoEiH H^OApoxu. 7se 8xhmi ona 6fiU[a Gnooo6Ha 



140 pyOOKOB BOFATOTBO. 

ocsop6HTB H oTTOiKHyrb OTi oe6fl ;i;ase He ooo6eHHO HSOiKpeHHoe 
HpaecTBeHHoe ^ybctbo. Ho es HHTepecu oiajiKHBaJiHCB oi HHrepe- 
caMH HHTejUTHrefli^iH h 6ojiie HenocpeAOTBeHHum ofipason. ^im 
MOHie co8HAaK)np[ui djreMeHTOxi ABJiajiacB Sypsyasifl, Tim Meeie 
Hyxg^ajacB ona bi HHTejuesTi, KaR'L cjiy8e6H0Mi opyjpH, Tin 
MeHLmiS onpoci npej^iABJiffjia ona na piiHRt na yMCTBeHHBiS ipy^i. 
C% ApyroS cTopoHBi, ^iMi fioJEBine ABJiajiacB 6ypHya8iA chioS 
paspymaDii^eS^ t^mi 6oJi4Sie ooRpan^ajia OHa cnpooi na HHTejuH- 
reHTHuS Tpy;(i co CTopoHu ne KanHTajiHOTH^ecBHX'b gjeoobi o6ii^e- 
OTBa, — ?eMy HJiJiiocTpauiH mh en^e yBH;^Hsfb HHse. HaBonei^'E, ojrt- 
xyoTi y^ecTL en^e oaho BaisHoe yojOBie: nepe^B HHTejiJiHreHiaeft 
CTpaHi, nosi^Hie npiofin^HBniHXCiar si CypsyasHofi ^HBHJ[H8a^iH, 
OTOffjii Bcer^a yse roxoBuS onuTi nepe^OBuxi cxpaHi, roroBaji 
BpHTHsa Hzi BHyTpeHHHxi, cKpBiTLixi, HO Tiwh 6ojLie ooaoHun 
6ojii8Hefi H H8BI. He Myxpeno, ^to bi BH^y Boefl coBOKyjiHocTH 
8TBXI yojioBifi HHTeJiJiHreHiufl cipaHi lasoro oo^ioHaJ[lHa^o Tina 
ci oaMaro Havrajia aBHjiacB aocTaBn^flaeS rjiaBHuxi saApoBi Bee- 
B08U0SHUXI AeMOKpaTHqecKHxi H HAeajiHCTH^ecKHXi Dpeofipaso- 
BaTejiBHuxi Te^eHifl. 

XapasiepHOTHKa, EOTopyD Jlep^a jifiL&n nojioseHix) vh SLTajiiH 
HHTejiJiHreHTHaro npojieraplaTa, BeoBiia jnofionnTna. Oea npeEpaoHO 
HjijiH)CTpBpyen» HamH o6iiua noioseHifl. Caifo co6o& noHATHO, vto 
paBBHTie oTpHi^aTejiLHuxi cTopoHi KanHTa;iH8Ma Ha c^erb nojroaEH- 
xeiBHuxi BupasaeTCA, Mes^y npo^HM'B, bi tomi, hto KOJiB^eGTBO 
CB060AHBIXI, HesaHflTuxi paSoHHxi ohjtb — pesepBHan pa6o?ajr 
apMiH — pacTerE OTHOCHTejiBHO 6£iOTp'6e, a o6e8ae?eHHas pa6oTO& 
apMifi Tpy^a — oTHOCHTejiBHO He^JieHHile. H 8to othochtoh ho 
TOJiBKO El py^HOMy, $H8HiieGE0My, ho H El yUGTBeHHOliy Tpjjij. 
^KpaflHe MHoro^HCJieHHO^, no cBHAiiejiiiOTBy namero aBTopa, bi 
HTajrin ^npeAcraBjieHi TaEse Apyrofi bh^ npoJieTapiaTa^ ofinapysH- 
Baioni^ifi nocTOHHHyx) TeHAeH^ilo ei ^HCJieHHOMy BospacTaHiio: 910 
HHTejrjEHreHTHEiS npojioTapiaTi. MexEan 6ypsya8ifl h MejiEie te- 
uj[eM9Lji!kj[h^a cTaBarb cBoe qecT0JiK)6ie vh tomi, 910611 jxIbTH hxi 
BaHfljiH EaEyK)-JiH6o B81 jiH6epajiiiHiixi npo^eocifi. OiqacTH 061- 
HCHflexGH 8T0 T^Mi, iTo OHH HO oco6eHHO Haj^%K)TCH Ha 6yAyn^- 
HOGTB OBoero npoMucjia hjih CBoero HMiniii, oxqacxH npocTO h81 
npeApaBcyAsa, 6yAT0 qejiOBtey, 0Ha6aBeHHOMy ^hojioicomi hjih th- 
TyjEOHi, Boe jryqme yAaexcH, qim npo^HMi oMepTHUMi... Ecjih 
BonoMHBTB o6I^iH co^iaJ[I>HHfl OTHOHieHiH GTpaHU H MajiosyjiBxyp • 

HOGTB HaGGB, TO 6jJl<dTh JlOrSO HOHHTB, HTO dTH MOJIO^Bie JUO^H, 
EOTopue Bl XaEOMl rpOMaAHOMl qHCJli^ BHHyS^eHU nyGEaTBOH Vb 

WB noroHK) sa MiiCTaMH h sapafioTEom, 6yAyqH HeGnoGo6H£iMH bme 
He sejrafl h^^th no oti^obgehhi SHSHeHHUHi j^oporani, cnaqaia 
fiuGTpo npoi^aiDrB HajieHBEoe Hacjii^^GTBo, eou oho 6biio, a noxi 
EOHei^ BnaAaiyn bi Hys^y h Bunysi^aiDTOA AOBOJiBOTBOBaTBw 
GaMBmi sajiEHMi ypoBHem Gyn^eoTBOBaHin''. 



&!» XAPAKTBPHCTHM OBIIMBOTfiBHHArO ABESBHIA. 1^1 

Xpyrofl asTopi, Ojibh^o Majiaro^^H, *) pacyji KapTHny cHi^HJufl- 
cKaro KpecTi»JiHosaro BosoxaHijiy sasjiDqaen Tasi: 

«Mh BiQiikja, iTo Bct riaeu arHTaiUH Gujih AOKTopa» a^eo- 
Kaiu, npo^eooopa, — cjiobohi^ npeACTaBHiejifl Toro sjiacca, Koropufi 
MOSHO oxapaRTepnaoBaTb yAaiHHMi BupaseflleMi AAava CMHia: 
,,KJueHTej(a dypsyasiH''. yxaoHufl asoHOMH^eoKift bphshci, nepe- 
BCBBaeMBifl TenepL HTajodeS, nopasHJii nn OHibHi^e, ^tii% Koro- 
sb6o. HamH yHBBepcHTeTu eseroAHo Bu6pac£iBaiorE esi cbohu 
crbHi orpoMBufl KOBTHHreHxi 6e8pa6oTEuxi h AesJiaccflpoBaHBiixi... 
Hama BSAycTpia, Eama paxHTflqecBaA BOMMepiufl flxi> 6oj[ie ee 
norxon^aerb... HxaxuiHCEaa dypsyasiB, noTpaceflHafl spHSBCOM'&y 

B% KOHa^ KOBI^OBl HO Bl OOCTOflfliH BOA^epSBBaTB OBOE C06cTBeB- 

HUE speaiypBi, e ohe, A^jsjuacoEpoBaHEue axeMeflXEi coBpeiieBHaro 
o6n^ecTBa, HaxoAflCB 6e^% pafioiju e npeApaonoxoseflsue^ xasEMi 
o6pa30H%, K'b peaoxiDAiH, noAaaAaiQT'E eoa'b BJiiflflie coiUaxECTE- 
^eoBBXi EAefly e, Ae<iepTEpyE Ea'L peaob'b 6ypaEya3flaro Kxacoa, 
ycrpeHXEDTCE ei npoxexapiaxy e npo6jK)xi ero noAHaxb''. 

HtKOxopufl aflaxoriE ci Poccieft EanpaEiEBanxcE caME co6ofl e 
SA^cb. MHOFEMiy BtpoflXEO, naMEXEB xa xpaBXE Ea EBxexxEreBiiix), 
soxopax 6£ixa sa^axa bi 80 x'K ro^axi peaKi^ioflflofi npeocofi. IIo- 
^EXECB KpflSE 061 onacEOGXH, soxopoft ypposaexi rocyA&p- 
cxBy o6sapysEiBineecE nepenpoEaBOAciBO EflxexxEreniUE, qpea- 

MlpEOe E0Xfl46CXB0 Be^^OyqEBmHXCE, EXH XOXX E AOy^EBEIEXCEy 

flo He o6eaEe(ieEH£u:i bi aiaxepiaxBHOMi oxHomeHiE moxo- 
Auxi xtoA^fl. IlaMflXBU npoeKxu ooEpan^eHiE ?EOxa yEEBep- 
CExexoBi^ Aonyn^eEiE bi yqe6H£iE aafie^efliE XEmb a^toS 6xaro- 
poAHUxi E 6orax£ix'& po^Exexefl, e xoMy noAo6EBi6, nopofl eme 
6oxie Hexilaue e yxoHEHBue nxaau Bupeaxb axo (x. e. EHXexxE- 
^eB^iK)) ci KopHeMi. yxoHE^eosie— noxoMy ^xo e caxoMy rocy- 
AapcxBy, E EacaxcAaeHOMy e]ii> BaoExaxBdMy, e cpeAHEJCi sxaccani 
Boo6n^e Beo6xoAEM£i AbxoBEie EHxexxEresxHue pa6oxHEKE. A jifi- 
meBU EBxexxEreHXHHe pa6oxflSKE xoxbko xorxa, KorAa exi msofo, 
Korxa npeAxpxceEie EHxexxEreHXEaro xpy^a npeBumaexi onpoci, 
Korxa KOHsyppeHiUE jiesAy En^yn^EME pa6ox£i BexExa. IIpE Bcefi 
HenaBECXE ki EHTexxEreBi^iE, ebri noxaxEHeoKoS CExil, peaKiuoH- 
KME cflxu caME BbiEyx^eHH ooaAaBaxb e Bapan^BaxB xoxi sxacci 
xx)Ae&y Koxopufl cocxaaxxexi rxaaflufi soEXEEreflxi aepeAOBoro bs 
o6n^ecxBeflEO-noxEXEqecKOH'& cuueii ^MHOXxn^aro npoxexapiaxa'' — 
ofipaaoBaflEBixi paaBOUHAOB'B. H axoxi Kxacci, xe BSEpax Ea nepio- 
AxqeoKE B08o6HOBXXDntyK)cfl peaKi^ioflHyK) xpaBXD, Bce paoxen e pa- 
cxexi, yoEXEBaxoB e ycEXEBaxcB. H axoxi sxaocL He Koxsexi Ee be- 
AtxBy TTO Bi xo canoe BpeME, KorAa MHorie ero coqxeEU oeaxti 6%di» 
pa6oxu, Kor^a aa exi xpy^i sixi cnpooa^ bi xo se caMoe BpeMX 
cooxBtocxBeflBux noxpefiHooxE Haocu EacexeBix ocxaexcx HeyAOBxe- 



*) .La revolution proletarienne en Sicile^. 



142 PyOOROB BOfATCTBO. 

TBOpeHHBUfH. OhH IipeEpaCHO nOHHMaDTl, ^T0» 6y^ 60J[BinHHCTBO Tpy- 

^n^arocfl KJiacca xot& HeMHoasKo nodora^e, xotl fleMHosRO npooBt- 
n^eHHie h syjiBTypHte — KaEoe 6u MOMeHTajiBHo nojiy^HJiocB ysejiHie- 
Hie cnpoca Ha xpy^'^ yqHTejiefi, ^^oRxopoBi, aABOsaTOBi h t. n.l Co6- 
cTBeHHBiS EpoBHufi HHTepecb TOJiEaeTL Hxi El Hapoffy H CiaBHTl 
vh aHTaroHHSHi ci napasHTHqecsHMH aJieMeHTaaiH o6]i^ecTBa| hcto- 
]i(aK)ii^HUH HapoAHEifi opraHHSui. Bi HacTOflo^ee BpeMJi bth pasHO- 
^BHHue ajiejieHTBi bi oco6eHHOGTH rpyiiDHpyiDTOA Bospyn opra- 
HOBi Mi^cTHaro oaMoynpaBjieHia. Ha bth opraeu 6K)pospaTiff AOJisna 
611 jia B03JDL0SHTB BHa^HTejiBHyK) ^OJIK) xjiOBOTi EaEi pasi uo yAo- 
BJieTBopeniH) HacTOflxejiBBtflinHzi noTp66HOGTefl HacejieHiii: HapoAHas 
MeAHiinHa, msojiLHoe a^JIO, AoposHoe a^jlo^ npoAOBOJEBCTfiie h t. o. 

ECJIH npH6aBHTIi OlOJ^a BCeBOSMOSHUa OIJ^tHO^HBIII H CTaTHCTH«ieCEiA 
pa60T£I, He06X0AHMlIfl M^ MaJIO-MajECEH pai^iOHajIBHOfl UOCTaHOBEH 

BasHtflmHX'B $yHSi;ifi seMCXBa, to oTaneTi acho^ hto 8aciA&H)iiUe 
Vh ynpaBaxi noMtiii;HEH HyaAftK)TOfl b% i^tjiofl Maccb pa6oTHHSOB:L 
00 cnei^iajiBHoS noAroTOBEofl h ci xaKflMH HesHaiHrejiLHHMH no- 
Tpe6H0CTflMH, ^o6£i yAOBJieTBopflTCfl cspoMHUMi seKCEHMi xsa- 

lOBaHBeMl. npH HeBOSHOSHOGTH JI,JLSi SeHCEHXl .SaAUEOBl'' 

€EOJibso-HH6yAi» cepsedHaro EOHxpoJiA HaAi BcticH cxopoHaMH aroi 
AiflTeJiBHOCTH, npiofiptTaexi oGo6oe BHaqeaie Ao6pocoBtCTuocTB 
cjiysamExi. H ne BHsa no^TeHHux'B aeMCSHxi A^^xejieft hjih 
^OTuoBi ropoAa^, tto bc^mi 8Thmi Tpe6oBaHiflM'B — AonieBHana, 

■OJIHaA A06pOCOBtOTHOOTB H IIIHpOSail OOArOTOBEa — yAOBJieTfiOpBDrB 

juoAtf, 90 upon. EOTopuxi caMue HenpiflTHue h HeHaBHCTHue 
peaEi^ioHHufl npecct ajieiieHTU. IIpH Bcem HepacnojioseHiH es 
nocjT'bAHBH'L fipuzodumcH nojiii80BaTbC)i hxi yczyraMH, npuxodumcK 
BOJiefi-HeBOJieS h aoAiHHATbCA — no Epa&Hefl Mtpi, ao HaBiciHoft 
creneHH — hxi BJiiflHiio. Bojite BucoEifl yiccTBeHHuS ypoBOHBH 6ea- 
ynpeqnaji HpaBCTBeHHocxB — oHau, ci EoiopuKH HejiBaa He c«or- 

TaTBGH... 

Bi CBoe BpoHH HaAtjiajia HHoro myiiy pi^B canapcEaro BHi^e- 
ry6epHaTopa, EOTopufl o6paTHjiii BHHMaHie aenGsaro co6paHifl na to^ 

^0 BB aeMCEEXB A^JiaXB, nOMHMO BJliHBifi ^JIHDCB IipaBHTeJIBCTBeHHUXl 

H npeAGTaBHTejiefi MtcxHuxB o6faiBaTejiefi'', aaMi^aeTCH en^e ^BJiinHie 
TpeTBHro BJieMeHTa^, ^EOTopufi GocTOHTi H81 oco6efl, o6jiaAaK)ii^xi 
6oJiBinnMB saDaGOMi nayqauxi xeopeTHqeGEHXi nosHaHifi, soxopuji 
noAHHuaiox'B h aaaoeBUBanxi hmb aBXopHxexi bb HtcxEOMB o6iiie- 
GTBby Eep^AEO AocxaBjTflff xopxecxBO oTBjieqeHHOMy npHHi^Hny hbab 
npaExsqeGEEHH AasauMH*. 

£ro BjiiflHie He opeAy HoxptHO aasoHOMB, GqHxanmaro rapanxiefi 
ycnimHaro xeqeHia aeaiGSHxi a'^jib pimann^yK) pojB xojibso AByxx 
nepBuxB dJieMeHxoBB; (f»aETHqecEH pacxyniiee BJiiflHie en^e ^TpexBEro" 
Vh ero rjiaaaxB BBjiflexGa qtMB-xo qyxB-qyxB He BpoAt o6xoAa aa- 
Eona. 

^CjiyqaexoH — GEop6tjr'B ohi — ^xo npeACxaBHxejH ooGJiOBifi, 6evh 



Rli XAPAKTEPHGTHK'fi OBDIEOTBEHHArO ^HSEHIA. 143 

^ooraTO^HO npOBipeHHHxi ocHOBaHifly BHeMJnon cjiobj HTejutHieH- 
TOBiy xoTJi 6u TO 611JIH He 6oJ[ie, saRi BOJibHOHaeHHue 0JIy3BaI^ie 
vh ynpaBt, jiHmB BOjiA^TBie cglijikh na Haysj hjih Ha noy^eeie 
raseTHuxi hih sypHanHun HHcaTejiefl. BHimmS bej^i bthxi 
oJiOBi saHaHiBBi, HO BHyTpeHHiS — ^pesaTi onacHOOTflMH**. 

IIpeACTaBHTeJiH TpeiBflro 8jieM6HTa jiejtorL bi yuan pasjiHi- 
H£iH ^rpedii"! KOTopHH, npaBxa, ^hochti JiHniL ^aHTaoTH^eoKiS 
xapaKTepi*^, ho, no oTHomeHiio si EOTopuMi, t^hi h6 HOHilei 

HeJIBBH 3a6BIBaTB, ^TO OHi — ,ffOHyOTflBl Bl OOHOBaHiH HOJIHTH^eOKia 

TeHj^eH^iH•* — MoryrB HHtTb ^BpeAHyn OTopoHy*. . 

H 8T0TI ^TpeTiS BJieMeHTi'', soHe^HO, chahti ho bi o^^hoitb 
TOJiBRo sencTBily r^i OWL noqeMT-TO ocoCohho 6pocHJD[OH Bi rjrasa 
caiiapoKOMy „HeffpeMaHHOHy osy*. Ohi Besj^i. OfipasoBaHHufl 
pasHO^HHei^i, pa6oTHHEi Boix% BHAOBi HHTejiJiHreHTHux'L peMeon 

fiUpOOl Bl 06HIHpHIlfi o6n^eOTBeHHBlft CJIOfl, CHJILHBiS OBOOt yMCTBOH- 
HOfi H HpaBOTBeHHOft 8H6priefl, BHeqaTJETOJIbHOOTLD, HO;(BHSHOCTLX), 

HHHiaaTHBoS — i^tjiuHi pflAOKi Ka^ecTBX, Kasi Hejibsa 6ojrie hoa- 
xoAfln^Hxi^ A^a poJiH asTHBHoS Hj^eajiHCTHiecBofl ,,6ai^HJiJiu'. Ilopa 
3T0 BucsaaaTB hcho h oneTjHBo. HejbBH saspHBaTB rjiasa na ;^t&- 

CTBHTOJIBHOCTL, HOAl T^Ml Dpej^JIOrOMl, ^TO HHTeJIJIHreHI^iH HO 

npeAciaBJUfleTi co6ok) nero^To i^tiBHaro, h6o, AecKaxB, BCJiRifi Kxaccb 
HMien GBOD HHTeuHreHiuD. KoHeqeo, HHiejUHTeHiiiA cootohtb He 

OHJIOmB HBl j»HOBUXl JODJlfii'^, HO paSB^ XOTH 6bI HHAyCTplaJIBUUfi 

npoJieTapiaTb cogtohtb cnjioniB bsi TasoBuxi? Bi KaisAOHi KJiaooi 
«CTB OBOH j(H$$epeHi^HpoBKa, CBOH BepxH H HHsa, TflHyn^ie Bi pas- 

HUH GTOpOHU. B'L GBH8H SaSl Gl BTHHl, TaKl H Gl ^pyrHMH HpH- 

^HHanH sasA^d KJiacci ^aeiTB napTHsaHOBi pasHUMi Te^eHiairL 

2CH8HH. HHTeJIJIHreHTHUe pa8H0V[HHI^BI OCTaDTCH, BO BGAKOMl GJiy- 

^ai, GBoeo6pa8HO& ooi^iajiBHofl exflHEi^efl, HecoMHtHHoft oSmecTBeH- 
H0& GHJiofi, HaGTpoeHie soTopoft He GjyqafiHaE^ a BHOJiHi onpe- 
j^jieHHajf j^JiE AaHHoS CTpanbi e ^aHHofl shoxe nepeutHHaH bbjole- 
YHHa: 8T0 Tose rHpa na ^aniRt 6*60081, g'l KOTopofl Heo6xoAEMo 
c^ExaTBCH. Mu 8Toro A^jiaxB He xot^jie, Sohgb ^caMo6uTSHqecTBa^, 
xaKi saRi-Ae Vh Ttxi Gxpanaxi 3anaAEofi EBponu, na KOTopuxi 
soHi^eHTpHpoBajiOGB Hame BHEHaHie, mu ne noAMtqajiH anajiorE?- 

HHIX'B HBJieHifl... 

Ho MBi TeaepB beaem'b, qio e bii ^Eeponf Toase EaiiioTGE 
cipanu, r^t „EHTeJiJiEreHuifl^ nrpajia o^obb h o<ieHB BHj^Hyio pojiB. 
TasoBa xote 6&1 HiajiiE. S^toB ne jiEmBHafL 6yji;erB OTMtTETb, ^to 
ojiOBO ^BsiejiJiHreHi^ia^ MOseTi 6bitb noHSMaeMO He tojibko bh^ 

GMHGJI'fl OG06ofl 8S0H0MHqeCE0fl EaxeropiH (TpyJSeHEEE EHTeJIJIEreHT- 

EHxi peMOGJH, npeAGTEBETejiE CQei^iajiBHo-yMCTBeHHaro xpyj^a), a h 
Bi cvBiOJii^ saxeroplH Ej];eojiorEqecsod, sasi oosHaTejiBHifiniaH, Has- 
6ojiie padBHTEE yMGieeHHO e HpaBOTBesHo ^acxB HaAiE. 06a bxe 
noHflxia Macxo GMtmEBaioxoa bi BEj^y xoro, ^xo ohh oxBaxuBaiaxnb 
OTEaGXE (ho He BQOJiHi) GOBHaAaiomia aBJienia echshh. HaH6ojiBmi& 



144 PyOCKOB BOrATOTBO. 

KOHTHHreHrb ^HHieAJHreHi^iH'' bo BTopoMi CMHOJiii ojiOBa npeagiie 
Boero AOoiaBjiJieicfl ^HHTexjiHreHiiieft' bi nepBOMi oMuojiil. Ho e% 
He& 6ucTpo npHcoeAHHJiK)TCfl Be toju^ro nfi^Th Tpy^^fln^excfl Kxac- 
^OBiy a H JiJOjsfi Apyroro po^a, — oxn^eiieHi^u 6ypsyadHuxi cJioeBs 
•6ii(ecTBa, CHJioK) yna h ^yscTBa noffaaBmiecfl sa^'b cbohmi kjibooo- 
BUMi nojtoJBeHieafi, hbai ofiBi^nuHH HHrepecaMH, aaneTHraiCH h npe^- 
paacyAKaMH CBoero KJiacca. 

JIcD6onuTeHi ci dxofi to^ikh spiaiA oKOxpi, EOTopuS npoHBBo- 
.i^VTi HHH^iaTopaMl H pyKOBOffHiejiflMi KpecTBirHCKO-pa6oqaro oh- 
IHJiificKaro ABHaseHifl Ojihhao MajiaroAH. 

„60CK0 — ^M0JI0J(03 HHHOBHHS'b Hdl IlajiepMOy GJiySHBmifi KOHTOp- 

miHSOMX Bi ToproBOMi aom£; Ad-<&ejD[HHe — 6uBini& ^hhobhhki npe- 
^eKTypBi: Bap6aT0 — ^Aosiopx hbi Piano dei Greci; MonxajiLTO — a^BO- 
Kaxi. npeActji;aTejL iascio (coioaa) b'b Kaxno6ej[xo 6iijii aABOEar^ 
Ahtohhho CKyxiepH; bi CoHMaTHHO-KajiBAsepo — 6iiBinl& EOMMy- 
HajibHufi oeKpexapB FpacGB; bi KacxejibxepMHHH — nxKOUHBifl yHSTeji^ 
l^sysenDe BHBOHa. Bi fasci npBHHBfajiH yqacxie He xojibko speoxb- 
HHe H pa6o^ie, ho h hhofo pasHaro po^a ojiyaa^Hxi, cxyABHxoBs 
H jifiiMe HHHOBHHBOB'by cooxofliaHxi Ha rocy^apcxBeHHofi H o6iiie- 
exBOHHod cjiys6i. HsBicxHO, nanpHHipi, KaKi oahhi MHpoBot 
cyffBff cHcxeMaxH«ieoEH coBtxoBajii pafio^Hifb — KOHeqHO, aoa'b cespe-- 
xoMi — saDHcuBaxLCii Bi fasci. Jlipyroft HxeHi MarHoxpaxypiii HHiBmit 
(K>6oTBeHHOd cocxoxHie, BBimeJi'L b'l oxoxasEy, hxo6iiI nocBfliHXL ce6A 
Aixy nponaraHAu. npB6aBHM'& ei dxoiiy, ^xo wh xo se Bpeiur bi 
•Hi^HjiifiGSHxi yHHBepcHxexaxi MHorie npo^eccopa npoaoBiAOBajui 
•o^iaJ[H8Ml ci Bbicoxbi EaeeApu. Meji^Hi^HHCEifi ^asyjiLxexi bi Ila- 

JiepHO dBIJIl I^tjIHSOHl OOlUaJIHCXR^eCSHMl... 

Ho axoro en^e Maxo. SHaMenaxejiLHO APyroe JiBJieme. Cpexi 
BOsasoBi cHi^HjiiftcEaro ABHseaiji ciiAy^Ti oxm ixHXL — tfjiaro^aps 
•BoeS ^HCJieHHOoxH OHH HMtoxi BasHoe SHaqoHie — 6oraxiixi 006- 
•XBeEHHSOBi. Tasi, B'L KaHHsaaxH npeaHAenxoMi fascio Sujii 6ora- 
xiflmift oo6cxBeHHHS'L Faaxano Pasa, nosepxBOBaBmifl CBoe 6<i- 
oxoAHie MS ooiUajiHCXH^ecsaro Atxa. Bi KacxexbxepMHHH npo- 
MB7SiJi% Bci CBOH cHMHaxiH A^jiy ;ipyrofl 6oraxBit ooScxBeHHHSx, 
•HHi oeHaxopa ^pan^ecso Hepei^i JIo - Bya. CpeAH HaH6oxfte 
asxHBHuxi MOJiOABixi j^tflxejiefi, Koxopue, nesAy npo^HKi, 6oxbMe 
Boero noHorajiH napxiH h cbohmh ^^eHesHUMH op^soxBaicH, 6hUi% 
MOJioAofi 6apoH% KojiBHaro, KHflSB Ae-BouHa, o;^hbi evl HaHfiojiie 
CoraxBixi ^jiohobi cHi](HJiificKofl ^eo^aJiBHofl apHcxospaxin, h MHori^ 
Hpyrie" *). 



'^) Cp. TaKXce PoccH XDie Bewegung in Sizilien". O tomi> xce csHA'^Tejb- 
OTByerb h KoJiaJtaHH: cjrbAyerb saM^THTb, «ito He Majio opraHHaaTOpoe'b coiosoBfc 
■pHHaAJiewHTb Ki) 6yp)Kya3HOMy K^iaccy; HtKOTopue OHeHb cocT05iTe;ibHbie (agiaib- 
liini), KaKi> BajiepHHH; Koe-KaKie qpesBbiHatiHO 6oraTfaie npHHaA^e)Ka'rb ki» buo- 
■len apHCTOKparlH, Kaxi* MapKH3i> Aie-MoHTdiiaAxciape h KH5i3b AH-Kyro. («fai 
Sldlia-, 18). 



lit XiPA^TEPHOTHK-B OBmEOrBBHHArO ^BHWEaifl. 145 

Ilpn aioai'E TaKi h BCDOMHHaeTCA Hame xosAenie bi HapoA'B, 
TX'^ To.'se Ha psAy ci pasHoqHHi^aMH 6e33aBtTHO OTJiaBajrHCB A'i^Jiy 
H ^Eaionueofl fl;BopaHe** — MHpoBue oyji;i»H, 6oraTsie noMtmHKH, rene- 
pajibCKiH H ceHaTopcEiH jijtTH, o^Haepbi apuiH h $jiOTaH t. q., ht. n, 
H Ki HHifL BQOJiHt npHMtHHMu GiioBa, KOTopufl Aaxe Tasofi npaBo^ 
BipsuS MapsoHcrB, Kasi MajiaroAH, roBopHn o6i HTajibAHCKHXi^ 
„HHTeji JHreniaxi • : 

„CpeAH 8THXI lOHuxi A^ATejieS, koho^ho, 6lijih npeRpacHH& 
THHu, — o5pa80BaHHue, HGTHHHue pui^apH ryMaHHOCTH^. 

njioxa se 6yneTh Ta Teopin, soiopaA He oi^tHHH aojishum^ 

oSpaSOJfE 8THX1> SHdHeHHUXl ^aSTOBl. 



HaMi ocTajiocB pascMOipiTb HCTopiio oiHomeHifi MescAy HTaJiBflH- 
OKoS HHTeJiJiHreHiiiefl h ropoACKHifL pa6oqHM'E ABHseHieMi. 

GoBpeveHHafl pa6oqaA napTifl bi* Hrajiifl npoHSomjia hsi cjriAHifl 

AByXl OTA'^JIBHO B03HHBniBXl napTifl. OAHa EB% EETh 6BiJia HesaBH- 

OHMofi napxiefl ca&iHXi pa^o^HXi, Apyraa — coi^iajiHCTHqecEofl nap* 
Tiefi, cocTaBjieHHofi hsi oSpasoBaHHuxiL jhoa^S) OTm,eneHi](eBi npHBH- 
jerHpoBaHHuxi KJiaccoBi. 

^To sacaeTCJi nepeofi, to boti ^to pascKasHBaeTi o neS Jl^isio- 
BaHH JlepAa. 

„9ra pa6oqa£ napTiji, KOTopaa bi RopoTKifl cpoci mhofo pasi 
Mi^HHja H cBoe HHH^ H CBOH) HporpaMMy, HBttjia BecLBia cymecTBeH- 
Hoe SBaqenie. Oaa yoxpaHoajia opraHHdai^iH cpeAB pa6oqHXi pas- 
iHqHHxi BepxHe-HTajii>HHCKHX'L ropoAOB'E, noompjijia ri oCpasoBa- 
hIk) paSoqAXi coioaoB'L h cyniecTBeHHO paCoTajia naAi hxi yRpi- 
HJieHieMi, opraoHaoBLiBajia CTaqRH h saHBMajiaGB MHorHMH Bonpo- 
caMH qHCTO npaRTHqecKaro xapasTepa, HaA'B rotoplimh HHBorAa ne 
8aj(yifUBajiGfl couiaJiHGrL AORxpHHepi^. 

TaRHMH apRHMH RpaGRaMH OHBGUBaeTl JlepAa AOGTOHHGTBa BTO& 

napTiH. Ho y Hero se mu BOTptqaeifE b'l Bucmefi GieaeHH ogto- 
posHUA H GAepsaHHBiA yRaaafliJi b na Apyryio GTopoHy iieAajiH. 
ORasuBaeiGfl, qxo nporpauua STofl pa6oqefi napxiH „npH GBoefi ne- 
aoJiHOTi H HeflCHocTH Buijia HGHO BupaseBHuS opaKTHqeGKiS 
xapaRTep'L, Tpe6yfl HeaoGpeACTBeHHuxi 8Jio6oAHeBBUx'B pe^opm 
B'L nojibsy pa6oqaro HaceJieHiA h BUGxaBJiAA oghobhoo hojio- 
seHie — noAAepscHBaxb npH noJiHTHqecRHXi BuSopaxi tojbro 
TaRHXi RaHAHAs^TOBi, ROTopue GauH npHHaAJiesarb Kh pa6oqeMy 
Rjiaccy*. 

TaRHMi ofipaaosfL, AOGxaroqeo agho, qio bto ABHsenie hoghjio 
ysRO-npaRTHqeGRifl xapaRTepi, aoAo6HO GiapouT aarjiiftGROMy TpaAG'b- 
DHioHBBMy; qio SROHOMRqecRaH opraHHsaiiiA h GTaqRHam 6ujih ero 
rjiaBHbiMH opyAiAMH; qxo oho xapaRiepHaoBajiOGb HdBtGXHofi npo^ec* 
GioBajii>HO-pa6oqeS HGRjxiDqHTejibHOGXbio... Mu bhahmi, qxo JlepAa, 
ynpeRaBQiifi GOi^iajiHGXOBi-HHTejrjiHreHTOB'L b'l ^aRaAeMnqaoGXH^ h 
Aase RaRom xo ^HEAJie^TdkETadiiA**^ He GMOxpA na npHSHaHie aa hhmh 

H 10. OrjiMh I. 10 



146 P70GB0B BOrATCTBO. 

^noABHroBi oaMOOTBepseHlfl h AMcTBeHHofl dHepriH*', — qro »Ton& 
oaMufi Jlepj^a jijeuteKO ho Tasi cTporo othochtoa k% HesaBHCHiioft 
napxiH... TtM'B i^iHHi^e, OAHaso, bi HaniHxi rjiasax'B, set ero npH- 
BHafiiji^ KOTopiui 8acTaBJ[flK)rL c^HTaxB HeAOCTaTO^HO 6e8npHOTpa- 
CTHUMi ero OTHomeHie k'b jifiju'h bthmi ajieMeHTaifB HTajiLHHosaro 
j^Hsemfl. OKasuBaexcff, Mes^j npoqEMi, qxo h coiUajiH8M'& sxot 
paSo^efi napxiH 6uji% Becbua npo6j[eMaxH7ecKHM'B. 

,Ci MHorHX'B cxopoHi — npoAOJEsaexi JLepAa— axa pa6o?aH napxia 
BucxaBJiflJiacL, Rasi peaK^ifl npoxEBi ^HCxo-xeopexEHecsaro Haapas- 
jxeHiff nepBKtxi HainHxi napxiiHux'B nponaraeAHCxoBi. Bi a^Boxbh- 
xejEBHOcxH OHa Sujia He tto HHoe, KaKi ecxecxBeHHoe Bupasesie 
HBHtHHBniHxcA aKOHOMHqecKHX'B ycjDtoBJfi cxpaHU H npoHsomjDia nOHXH 
TTO HesaBHCHMO on BUBeseHHUxi Hsisa rpanHixii coi^iajHCXH^e- 
osHXi H^efi. KoHe^Ho, Hisoxopue HeacHO ^opMyjrHpoBaHHue bi 
efl nporpaMHi npHHi^Hnu moxho pascMaxpHBaxL, KaKi oxpasenie 

AOKXpHHl, pacnpOCXpaHflBHIHCH Bl MaCCt JIDABMH HaniEXl BSrJJi- 

AOBi; oAHaKo, HecoMHtHHO, qxo, b'b Koqui kohaobi, pa6o?afl napiifl 
He 6uj[a HH ooi^iajiHcxHqeosofiy hh ^ase AfixHiii[ei['B coiuajiHSHa. Ona 
6£iJia npocxo skhbum'l BupasenieMi xosflflcxBeHHaro rnexa^ soxopuft 
AeHL 0X0 AHA cxaHOBHJicff Bi HxajilH HeBBiHOCHMte. Ofla nocxynajia 
Bi xtoHOMi cMucJii cjiOBa coo6pa3Ho iiapscoBCKouy a^opHBMy: 
„ocBo6oacAdHie pa6oHHX'E aojisho 6uxi» js.inou'h caiiBXi pa6o?HX'E'', 
H A^psajiacB aaMBHyxo, oxcxpaHflacB oxi Boasaro o6n(eHiA, Kasi 
ci i^tjnjMH napxiHMH, xaB'B h cb oxa'^jibbbimh JiHi^aMHy ecjiH ohh ho 
npHBaAJiesajiH z% pa6o7eMy sjiaccy^... 

HeBOJibHo H SA^CB npHXOAAXi Ha naMflXB anaJiorHqHBiH HBJieHix 

H81> pyCCKOfi A^fiCTBEXeJIBHOCXH... 

Mb[ aaaeHiy qxo noBonAy HtKOxopaa ckiohhocxb bi xasoro poAa 
ysKofi npasxH^HocxH h npo^eccioHaiBHoft saMSHyxooxH saiitqaJiacB 
cpeAH pa6o?eS apHcxoKpaxin, cpeAH jiynme onjia^HBaeMofi, KBajiH^^HAH- 
pOBaHHoS ?acxH pa6o^HX'B. H — ^xo OGo6eHHO HHxepecHO — iiexoBas 

H0KiIK)?HX6JIBHOCXB dXHX'B HSOpaHHHBOB'B HpOJiexapiaxa XOABEO OA* 

HBHi CBOHMi OGxpleMi HanpaBjeHa BBepxi, b'b cxopony HHxeJixH- 
^eH^iH^ ApyrHMi se — bbhsi, b'b cxopony Heo6y^eHHiix'B pa6o^HX'L 
H vh oco6eHHOCXH KpecxBJiHiB. XaB'B, H. KojiaflaHH, Mex^Ay npo- 
CTMi, nnmexi: 

,»HaniH pa6otie — ropoAcsie h HHAycxpiaJiBHue — saBi axo yse 
6hjio 8aM*^eH0 npo$eocopoMi Hhtxh bx , Revue (i'6conomie politique" 
m. ,3CHAa, — He tojebbo iiajip^HCJieHHEi, ho h coGxaBJ[aK)x*B ao Ha- 
cxoan^aro BpejieHH apHCxoBpaxiio xpyAa, soxopaa ci npeHe6pese- 

HieifB OXHOGHXCfl SI rpOHaAHOfl MaGCJ^ fipeGXBHHIB". 

Hi<{xo noAo6Hoe — yBBi! — BGxpi^aexon HHorAa bi hhuxx pa6o- 
^Hxi Bpyraxi h y naci. Aase bi cxaqaaxi HHorAa npoflBJunrrcH 
soh^jihbxu; cb oahoA oxopoHsi, cxoflxi Bi sa^eGXBi 6oj[ie asxEB- 
Haro dJieiieHxa noGxoHHHue sBajH^Hc^HpoBaHHue ^afipn^Hue pa- 
6otie, 01 BueoBHM'B ypoBHem noxpe6HOcxefi (^nixHfijieTa, naiLvo, 



R% X^PAKTEPHOTHKIft OBII];tiGTB£HHArO ABHSBHIff. 147 

rrfuioniH, HOGOBLie nJiaTEH, ^aou, iitxoBoe sHiiHee njraT&e — hscto 
no nocj[i;i(He& MOAi*)> oi ApyroS cTopoHu, npocifiie pa6o?ie, nepe- 
so^eBaBmie, <[to HasfiiBaeToir, npflMO h81 no^i ooxh jubl noA's pysBe, 
jE^TOMi qacTO BOBBpan^aiontieoa bi A^peBHE HnpHBUKmie Ki mhhh- 
MjMy noTpe6HOGTefi („jianTH, rpyduA JioxMOTbfl, sMicTO 0AesAU| 
nycTue n^H h t. noji,.), a noTOMy c6HBaH)ii](ie sapafioTHyi) njiaiy. H 
BOTE nepBue rjufl^flTi na Bxopuxi cBucoKa, soByTi , A^peBeH ii^h- 
Hofl^, „8HM0BajiaMH'', ^ctpuHH^ HJifl npocTO ^jaaTAMH"; nocjEiffHie 
se ^cnBTdLvyn nepBK'B oqeBHj^HO BasHaBmHMHCJi^... 

BoBHHKaeTX Bonpoci, RasyD se laKTHRy ycsoHJia ce6i EHTeji- 
jEHreHTHaa $paK^iff bi HiajiiH k'b 8T0My ysKO-aKOH OMH^ecKOMy Te- 
^eflin? KaKifl gjioshjehcii OTHomeHiA Mesj^y AByMJi 8thmh o6iii[ecT- 
BeHHUME cHjuaMH? RaKOBi Shji'l pesyjiBTarb hxi ct ojiKHOBeBiE na 
oj^Hofi E Tofi se ECTopE^ecRoft apoEt E RaRyK) pojiB curpajia npE 
BTom ESTejEJiEresTEaE ^paEi^ifl? 

KaRi GBEAtTejiBGTByeT'& Jlep^a, oRasajiooB Bon hto: seaaBEGEHaE 
pa6o?aA napiifl „8apo^JiaGi» ch orpasE^eEsuHi nosEMasieui npE- 
HEfl'b E oGEOBasifi xoBEflcTBesHaro rseia, c% TyHaflfliui'b e se- 
oupeji^i^JiesEUMi RpExepieMi wsi npeAOTOEn^efi A'^ETejBSOGTE e 
EaG^ETUBaJia bi cboex:e pE^axi GJEEmRoiii Majio EesaBEGEMuxi e 
o6pa80BaBsuxi dieMeHTOBi, hto6h oprasE^eGRE paaBEBaTBCE bi 

nOJISOTi GEJIl, RaRl 8T0 Seo6xOAEHO A^E AOGTESeniE AOGTaTOH- 

Earo bjiIehIe sa xoa'b a^jii. Beijio ecxeGTBesEO e JEorE^no, qTO 
npes^e BGero co GTopoEBi coixiajiflGTOBi 6Bijia cA^jraEa nouBiTRa 
Ri G6jmsesix)... Ohe nLiTajiEGb npEBJie^B ri Ge6t pa6oHyD nap 
TiD, qTo6jBi o6pa80BaTB BM^GTi G's EeD eduHyx) napxiio... 9to 
6ujL9k AOJiraE e - sejierRaE pa6oTa, ROTopaE, EaROEeui, 6jbijia npE- 
seAefla ki> ROEqy ycEJiiEHH saniExi EflxejiJiEreBTfltSniExiL TOBa- 
pEH^eft*'. 

IlMeHSO, Ba MaHxyasGROiCL 06'BeAEBExejiLEOM'L ROErpeGGib 
(1886 r.) 6ujio nojioseEO sa^ajio o6jiEseEiK), a sa reEy88CR0H'B 
^1892 r.) A'^^o 8aBepniEJioci> o6pa80BaHieM'E eASEoS ^Partito socia- 
lista italiano". 

^0% axExi nop'L e RopnopaxsBHo-npo^eGGioEajiLEoe pa6o^ee 
ABEsesie ogbo6oaejiogb ox% xoro ysRaro, Mejio^Earo Ayxa, roxo- 
puEi paEBme xapaRxepEsoBajiOGB. Xoxe, gi OAEofi GXopoEu, npE 
ESBicxEHXi yGJioBiExi — EBceHqp, npeAHOJiaraH AOGxaxo^syK) eie- 
poxy E rjy6EHy pyROBOAEn^Exi BarjiEAOB'b — RopnopaxEBESMi mo- 
sex:B npEHOGEXB qpesBBi^afiHO 6ojihmjJO nojiBsy aRosoME^eGROiiy 
pasBExiD pa6o?aro RjiacGa, sa xo o6Biqso oe:l MOsex'B bbipoaexbge — 
E, AiflcxBflxejiBBO, BuposAaexGE—Bi 6opB6y EGRjinqExejrBEO sa npo- 
^ecGioEajiBEue ESxepeGu, RoxopaE OGJiafijiEexi e paspymaexi xo 
qyBcxBO GOJiEAapEOcxE, Roxopoe aojiseo 06'LeAEflEXB BGtx% pa6ox- 
HEROB'B fies'b paajiE^iE". 

En^e nosEXBo, RorAa gxexI&eo BOSEERinee GpeAE caMEXi pa6o- 
'^Exi ABHiEesie saneqaxJitBO sa nepBuxi noparB ysooxBD e oaeo- 

10* 



148 pyCCKOB BOrATOTBO. 

CTOpOHHOCTBK); HO KOTJlfiL HHTejIJIHr6HTH£ie pyKOBOAHTeJIE ABHSeHUf^ 

6oraTi>ie SHaKOMCTBOv^ ch onhiTOVL^h 3aaaAHot Euponu, BMtcio 
Toro, hto6li pacmapaTb xapasTepi ABaseeiff, cavH ero cy- 
SHBaK)T'B, dxa TasTHKa AOJisBa noABeprflyTbcx p^niHTejibHoiiy 
ocjT&neEm. A nes^y t^^'b, saKi mei xopomo SHaeici, h bto cjiy- 
laeTCH Eept;^Ko. 

KoseqHO, bi FepvaBin asoHOMBqecsas opraHB3ai:[ifl h aKOHOiiH* 
qecsafl 6opb6a, KOTopua oj^ho BpeiiA 6ajiE OTitcfleHBi sa sajiHift 
njiaH'L paarapoMi nojHTBqecRofl pa6oTu, xeaepB bhobb bpothokb- 
BaK)TCfl BaepeAi. KoHeqHO, rpoMBAHoe dHaqenie ^bcto dEOHOMHqe- 
CKHXi opraHHsaaiB sosasaeo h 6ejibriflcRHMi, h aHrjificsHM'E pa6o- 
^HMi ABHxeHieHi. Ho Hejbs^ se 3a6EjBaTL GBoeo6pa3iH xosbSct- 
BeHBUxi ycjiOBifi axaxi cTpaBi. Cxaqeqaoe, npo^eccioHaJiBfloe, bo- 
0611(6; qncTO dKOBOMHqecKoe ABHseHie, bi ero ysKO-apaKTflqecsBX'B 
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*) SHaveme seMJieA'^Jiifl h AepesHH b-l xosAJtCTseHHOM-b opraHM3Mt HrajiiH 
npesocxoAHO BbificHeHO si KHHrt Gerolamo Gatti, Agricoltura e socialismo,. 
Milano-Palermo, 1900), hs-b KOTopoO mu h eepeMi sry uHxaty. 

**) Cm. o6t» stomtj, nanp., y Gino Muriaidi, .L'organisation ^conomique 
des metayers et des petits propri^taires". 



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SH8HB HacTOjiBRo se S9LJIKJJ0, RBR'B H HaeMHbie pa6oqie*'. 9to BasHO, 
MeacAy npoHHMi, h noTOMy, qxo npH raRofi opraaHsai^iH, „HaeHHue 
oejiBCRO-xosHflGTBeHHbie pa6oqie ne pnGByioxTiy qxo bb cjiyqat cxaqRH 
]i6J[Rie co6cxBeHHHRH corjiacaxcH, Ha 6o.ibiiii& hjih MeHbmifl cpoRi, 
aaHiHHXB HXB Ha npepBaHHofl pa6oT!b. OqeHB boshosho, qxo y Ht- 



Kl XAFAETEPHOTHB'fi OBIUBCTBBHHArO ABH;KEHIfl. 158 

iCOTOpuXl MeJCKHXl C06CTBeBHHK0B'b dyAeTb HiCROJIBRO OB06oi(HUX'E 

AHefl BO Bpetffl saTB£j, nepio^a HaH6ojite 6j[aronpiflTHaro, ROHeqHO, 
j^x doj^oGheixi CTaqeKi; Haj^o nocTaBHTb ]i!kjio TaRi, m!o6u 7 hexi 

He flBHJFOCB HGKymefliA BOCnOIBSOBaTbOfl BTHICB ;i^OCyrOM'L H HBllt' 
HHTB HaeUHUII'L pa6o^HM'L^. 

Ci Apyrofl OTopoHBi, He Menie seJiaTeJiBHO^ qTo6Bi HaeMHue pa- 

^O^ie BXOJKHJIH Bl RpeCTBAHCRiil OpraHHSai^iH, XOTH 6(1 qHCTO 9R0- 

HOHHqecRifl, HaHpBHtpi, ROonepai^iH, hto ci 7hcto xoafltcTBeHHofi 
T07RH sptHiH BOBoe He 6jjifiTh HeHopMajiBHocTBK): „npH y^acTlH 
HI HHXi HaeMHUxi pa6oqHX'E, 8TH y^pesj^enifl, OGo6eHHO noTpe6H- 
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jyqniHM'B i^^HaHi npeAsieTu HeDOcpeffCTBeHHaro noTpe6jieHiH, RaRi, 

HanpHM'bpi, HBHCb H BHHO^. 

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onepai^iH. «CaMO co6ofl pasynteTCH, ^^o bth Roonepai^m aojishu 
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^eAHHCTBeHHa^ nfl^Jlh nOGJltAHEXl— dTO JtOCTaSHTB y^aCTHHRaMl HXl 

TO He6ojiBmoe ROJiRqeoTBo BBiro^'B, ROTopoe AOciaTO^HO, qTo6£j sa* 
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npHHi^HHi Roonepams, RaRi Gyn^oGTBOBaHie ^seJiTuxi GHHAHRa- 

TOBl^ — npHHIKHn'B J^HSeHiH GHHAHRajiBHaro. 

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fiaeMHUMH pa60HHMH. dHa^HTl, OHH G06CTBeHHHRH HB HO GBOBliy 

Bia6opy: bto mpazuHecKan neo6xodiiMocmb\ 6ynyqH no cyn^ecTBy naBii- 

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G06CTBBHHHRaMH''. 

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l^jEBHHaro noApasjKtjieHifl BHyTpn (j^e^epaiiiH: ^Basno laRse, ttoSu 
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nJ[BIBaJIHGB Bl RHXl, HB TepHJIH 6u GBOBS ^HSiOflOHiH. Bl CaHOMl 
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TOJBRO G'B TOUH SpiniH GOI^aJIBHOfly HO 0006bHHO Vh OTHOHIBHiH 



156 PyOOKOB BOrATOTBO. 

yqacTOK'b cjiHrnKOin 6ojD[i>mofl A^s Toro, ?to6u BceccbJio ero „7TS- 

JKHSHpOBATL C06CTBeHHIiIMl ipyj^OMl H TpjAOMl CBOefl CBUBH*, VTO 

^seMJieAiJiB^ecKie pa6oTHHSH aojishu bcdaj, r^t 8to bosmosbo^ 
ji(o6HBaTi>cA nojiy^eHifl vb ROJiJieKTHBHyH) apeH^y seiiejib, npHflaAJiO' 
san^Hxi rocy^apcTByy KOMMyat hjih 6jiaroTBopETeJikHKiMi y^pe- 
sA^bIhm'l^, h ^to, HasoHeiii, ^Hai^oaajibHufl cespeiapiarb aoi- 
seai noAAepsEBaTb h noompaTL otipasoBaaie Koonepai^iS pa6oTHH- 

ROBl AJIH HCnOJIHeHiH 06lI(eCTB6HH£IXl paOOTl H AJIfl BKcniyaTaiQH 
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Bee dTO — mara bi tomi se sanpaBJieHiB, bi saKOifE 6iiijia co- 
cTaBJieaa peBOJiioAiic nepaaro 6ojiOH0Karo soarpecca. Bee axo no- 
sasHBaeTi, HacsojiBKO jiainHJiaoL npecTHsa ciapaa MapKCHcrciuui 
arpapaaa AorMa, saneqaxjitHHaa cRpuTofi EpecTBaHO$o6ieS. He^ero 
H roBopHTb, ?T0 oaa ynopao OTOxanBaia cBoe cyn^eoTBoaaaie h ae 
cffaBajiacB ^apoMi. Bopii6a ci aeiD 6bijio AOJiraa, a ao caxi nopi 
He BnoJHt saKoaqajiaoB. Baepaue, tto HasuBaeica, ^BSJioxajio Jie;^* 
CTHxifiHoe cHi^HJiiflcsoe arpapaoe ^aseaie. HcTopa^ecKoe saa^e- 
ale ero noaxoMy qpesBU^AflHo Basao. ^CoapeMeaHoe pa6o^ee jibh- 
aceaie — nacaji'L no aiOMy noBOJiy MajraroAH — fiujio ao caxi nopi 
no^TH HCKJiioqHTejiBHO A^jiOMi HHAycTpiajELHaTO aacejieHia; ABHse- 
Hie Bi CaixajiiH auABHraerL Ha apeay oejiBcsqe nacejieHie a 6pocaeTi 
TaKHMi o6pa80Mi HoayK) rapio aa atcu coipajiBHaro Bonpoca. 9to abh- 
seaie, 6htl uosen, aBJiaeica AJora seujieAtJiB^eGKaro ABHxeHia Ti^Mi 
se caMEiMi, nivLi* aBHJiacB napascsaa ROMMyaa — A^a HHAycxpiajTB- 
Haro^. H BOTB, ctojib sasaoe coSuTie, o^aaRo se, sacTarjio npa oBoeH'L 
aaposAeala Bpacnioxiy mosho cRaaaxB, bck) opraaaaoBaHHyK) arajiB- 
flHCRyK) napxiK). Totb se caaufl MajraroAH paacRaauaaerB o&h 
BTOMi ^peaBu^afiHo noy^axejiBBO... a ai to se apeaa aeMHOSRO 
Haaaao. Jifino Raa-B paai npoacxoABJio aa reayadCRoifE Roarpeooi 
1892 r. BO apeaa cjiiaaia b'b o^ay napxia) ynoMaayxofi BBime aaxeji- 
jEHreaxHofl ^paai^ia a opraaaaoaaaaBix'b m^ aRoaoiiaqecRofl 6opB6u 
paSo^Hxi. npacyTCTBoaaBniie aa Roarpecci 6bijib, Bupo^em, ao- 
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cxpiajTBEBie neHxpu HaH6ojiie doraxBixi npoMumjieHHuxi npoaaa- 
lUfl: dMHJiiH B JIoMfiapAia. Ha^o nojraraxB, qxo bc^ rjaxtJiB aa 
RpecxBBBcxBo, enifi Be o6paxaBnieeoa bi npojexapiaxi, saai aa 
6e8HaAesao oxcxajiyK) ROBcepBaTaaayio Maccy. H boxi ri hbm% 
BApyn „npamjio aasicxie o aeosBAaHHOMi npB6uxiH aicROJiBRax'B 
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jXfUTh ^ejioBiaa — PapadajiBAB Bocro a eapoai KoiBaaro. Haxeji- 
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BopajiE xixi fasci, Roxopue aai yAaiocB opraaBaoBaxB a roto- 
pue yse aac^axiiBajiH b^crojibro tucbii'b HjeaoBi; ooo6niaa o6'b 
axoH'B, obb BoaBtn^ajia aacxynjieBie ROJioccajiBBaro ABaseaia. CjEy* 
maa axi, mbi, otjh^bo aaaionue, aaRaxi ycajiifi aaai cxobjio no- 



S'B XAPAKTfiPHOTHKS OBU^EOTbEHHArO ABHSEHIA. 157 

^BHHjTB ABHseHie cpe;^ canoro nepeAOBoro npojieTapiaxa BepxHefl 
HxajiiH, — Mu jjiBi6ajiHCB, AJMaji o JiereHAapHoS gejA BOo6paseHiA 

S^tcB nopasaeTi, soHe^HO, He to, ^to j^soe lOHomet-ooi^iajfH- 
CTOBi, 6htb MOsex'B, fltflcTBHTejiiiHO DpeyBejiH^HBajiH — BnpoqeMi, 
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maacH na yjia^y, ero npo^HOCTt h t. n. 3a*ci> ropasAO xapaKiep- 
Hte HaoxpoeHie CTapuxi, HCflEiTaHHuxii A'^aieJiefl, He osHAaeinHXTi 
HHqero DaAo6Haro tomj, qio hmi pascsaBUBajiH, h sax^Mi Buayx- 
AeHBUxi, noAo6HO Majiaro^B, cosHaTBon: ^OAsaKO, HicROJiLKO Mi- 
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roBopHjiH Hani ABa mojioauxi A^Tejur...** 

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soTopuH „6uTh Mosexi, flBjTflioTCH AJi^ cejiBCKsro HacejieHia Ttui> 
Kidy qiMi napHHsciMH KOMMyaa Cujia a^a ropoAcsoro...'' 

OicioAa HOBidfl ypoRii — He xaRi cjitno BtpHxs b'l RafiHHexHua 
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SH8BH H qyxRo OTSUBaxLCH Ha Bct 8apoxAAK)nuecH Bl Hefi HOBUe 
saapocu, hobuh aoxpe6fiocTF. Tojibro npn axoK'E ycjoBin mosho 
HATH He Bi xBOoi'b co6uTifi, a BuepeAH hxi. 

TaROBl OAHHl EZT> OGHOBHUXl BUBOAOBl, ROTOpLlfl CaM^ C06ofi 

HanpamHBaeTGH nocjii aRCRypcin bi o6jiacTB o6mecTBeHHaro abh- 
seaiH ^oTGiajiBixi GxpaH'B^'. 

BHKTdp-b HepHOB-b. 



3A CTAJIOMT). 

Omepki. 



C-B yTpa THHyjio xojiojikom'b, h no He6y Me^^JieHHo uxhmk 
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i^0M'I> 6'feroM'b. 

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najiH njiTHcaHceHHUMH npocMOJieHHHMH KHyTaMH h CoMCap^H- 
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XHBx Ha seMJit naJiRy h.tih Ro^Ry, npHrajia ^epea-b nee — see 
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IlacryxH nacjiH KpecxbancKoe cxaAO AepeBHH CBHXHe Kjiiohh, 
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Bo^. 3a apoHNMii nojieMib onaxb mjia Ranana, a 3a RanaBOfi 8&- 
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K 



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6apCK0Ml> KJIITHy. 

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a OBI^H, KOTOpHM'B U0JX1> BOTJiaMH M^CTa He XBaiHJIO, CTOJIUH- 

jiHCB HeOojiBinHMH KpyraMH na cojiHeMHOMi> npHneKi h npn- 

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pasAHinajicH, AOCTaJi^B ii3'B-3a njieTHa nyiOK'B jihr-b, nap'feaaji'B 

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CTajTB OTBHBaTBCfl Ha npoBBHuie. 

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pyCjieil TpHCxa Aenenb; no B'B AepeBH'fe A^HbrH y Hero bubiu- 

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H CBHHefl CBOHX'B COJIAaTB BHB'feTpHJrB AO TOFO, ^TO OH* CTajIH 

• noxoAHTb Ha rioH-B. 

— 3anocTHJi'B th CBOHX'B CBHHefl, HcRapioTCRifl! — ^lacTO bh- 
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cTOHui;ee hm'&jio majio i^'^hk. 

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.H ecjiH 6t> ApRyjiaa cb Ahthxphctom'b HByBt^HjiH y Hero Ha 



PyCOKOB BOrATCTBO. 

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cb pyRaMii H HoraMH bt> 6apcKon 3K0H0MiH; onpaBAbi6ajii> h 
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AHBmyK) lyaee aKOHOMiio h MHTbCMi, h KaTanbeM'b, Ha npasax'B 

paBHOfl BOHHCTByromeil CTOpOHH. 



Ki> nojiAHE) OTT> 3H0H TpyflHo ciajio AHinaTB. Bce noMteji- 
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ciapofl AOMOTKaHHOfl pyCaxH h CHHHX'b xyAHX'b mraHOB'b; He 
6HJI0 HH JianTeft, hh nopTflHOKij, hh Kapxyaa, h Bce Jitio offb 
nacb cb HenoKpHTOfl rojioBoft. 

OAHH'b CHBOTb He CAaBajica hh MyxaMTb, hh cojinqy h ne- 
vTOMHMo ujiejTh JiaoTH, HOKypHBaa ipyOoHKy h nocM-feHBaacb 
HaA'b noAnacKOM'b, 3jio6ho it hchctobo HepiwxaBraeM'b Myxii 
H wapy, H ciaAO, h njioxoe cBoe oA^aHie, h bck) cbok) rope- 

MU<IHyK) HCHBHb. 

— H ^To TM, OHJibKa, Bce HenpiHTHHX'b npH3biBaenib? — 
AoCpoAyniHO o6paiii.ajicfl CHBoi'b K'b AHTHxpHciy. — He jijoOjik) 
H hxtj!.. Ha TO H Ji^feTo, HToO-b BcaKifi raA'b hjioahjich... 
HaAO H iLWh noBJiacTBOBaib. Bbi Hx-b Aa^BHie, ohh ri* BaM^b, kt> 
KpoBH-To, xy^e H jinaHyrb, a a, Borb, He xporaio — na MeHfl h 
He npHcaAyrb... Ha-Ka bottj, TpyCo^KH noKypa, HX-b ahmomi>- 
To OTmnCerb. 

— Hy, Te6a K'b ^opiy ct tbohmT) MyxoMopoM-b! -OTKasajica 

AHTHXpHCTT).— A TO A^^, A'feAyniKa!— HepeAyMaJTb OHT:. 

CwBOTb yacT> npoTanyji'b 6hjio pyny cb TpyOKofl, ho BApyrb 
cnoxBaTHJica h OHcxpo oTAepny-Tb HaaaA'b. 

— /I,aa, Aa:a, A^AyniKa!.. KorAa nocyjiHJTB, Aasaft, CTapufi 
Hoprb!~CM*acb, HacTaHBaji-b AHTHxpncrb. 

— He AaM'b,— pirnHJi-b CnBorb. — Tti onaTb ee na n^ejib- 
miKTy BaKHHenib, MaxaflJiH^'b pyraTbca CyAerb. Hy, hto aP^b- 
HHTb crapHKa? 

AHTHxpHcrb noBepnyjica K'b njieTHH) h cTajn* rjiaA'feTb CKBOBb 
crapHfl xBopocTb na nnejibHHK'b. 

Ha n^eJibHHK'b cTapHK'b AApian-b MnxaftJioBH^Tb MaaJica cb^ 
poaMH. Hto-to y aero He JiaAHJiocB, ohti MeTajica no nacbRt,. 



3A cta;^om%. 161 

BBOEHJit B'b nycToe BeApo, Maxajii> no BosAyxy poeBHefi, upH- 
BaaaHHott Kib AJiHsnoMy mecTy. 

— Be* 9TH CTdpHKH TaKie AypaKH, norjifl^y a! — aaiuiH)- 

XHJTB AHTHXpHCT'b.— BtAb HH^erO HO CMHCJIHTT>, ^TO GMy CB 

POAMH-TO A'bJiaTb! 

B'B xy ;Ke MHHyiy Ahthxphctt> HupHyjit K'b seMJit, HaT>i 
nyjix Ra(|)TaHKmKo Ha rojioBy h sBMepiy: npHMo HaAi> hhm'b sa- 
Kpy«HjiCH H sapeBtJiB poft. HecM-feTHaa OHJia n^ejiB Kanajiacb 
H njiacajia B'b BOSAyx-fe. II^ejiH aasHJiHCb b'b rycTOfl jihctb'6 
BexjiH, n RasaJiocb, ^xo oh*]^ ocMaxpiiBaH)xi> Ra^AU^ JiHcxHR'b h 
Ka»AyK> B-fexciRy Aepesa. MeAJieHHo, cjiobho Mcajita pascxaibca 

CB BeXJIOK, BH6paJICH pott Ha BHIiyCK'B, SaKpyHCHOICH HaAB RO- 

CMaxofl rojioBoH CHBOxa, nepecxaBmaro nJiecxH JianxH a cha'^b- 
Biaro HenoABH^flo, noABHHyjiCH no naHaBt h cb rjiyxEM-B cxy- 
KOBTB Bap'bHJi'B ESiji,j> rpaHflUMB cxoJiCoM'b; noxoM'b nqejiu cbh- 
jncb x'bcH'be, h3&i1shhjih pnxM'b ABH^eHin h^ Bce npnOaBJiiiH h 
npHOaBJiHii CRopocxH, noxflHyjiH bb nojie. 

C-TbAOMB 3a poeMT>, CB poeBHett bb pyRaxT* xaatejio nepe- 
jT^s-B ^epoB'B HJiexeHB n^ejiaK'B AApianx MnxaftJioBH^B; CNffeniHO 
sarpeOaa pyRaMH h ABHraa njie^oMB, npo6':b7KajrB ohb aa poeMi) 
caatCHB 20, ocxaHOBHJicH H njiioHyji'B, 6arpoBHit oxb HeroAOBa- 
HiH. Pott cRpujicfl Hdi) FJiaB'B. CxapHRB HaRHflyjiCH Ha nacxy- 
xob'b: 

— ToJIbRO BaMB XyXI> H M'feCXO CXOHXb! BtAb SaMOpHJIH 

cROXHHy, He acpaMoiH! J],eHb-AeHbCROtt Ha cxottJit cxoaxB... Co- 
rpyAHXB H cxohxb!.. CorpyAaxB h cxohxt*!.. HxoOb y BacB 
pyRH H HOFH nooxcoxjiH, CescoB'bcxHHe! 

— Te6a, — Aatt FocnoAH, — crph)^hjio-6h! — cb yd'feacAeHieM'B 
HpoHBHecB ApRyjiatt. 

— JJfl, B'hAB raAi>, MnxaflJiHi'B, bb noJi'b-xo! — mhpojih>6hbo 
yroBapHBaJi'B cxapHRa Chboxb. — Hemxo MoacHo bb axaRyio :Ka- 
pHHb CROXHHy yAep^caxb bt> nojcb?.. Ka6H BOAa Omia, a xo 
KaRiH HamH nojin? A xyxB xeC'b cxpoRa eme... 

— OxT> HacTb axo y xeCn pofl-xo y me jib?.. C-cxapHtt Ay- 
paK^!— cq'bnHJicH Ahxhxphcxb h, Bapyr'b p'bsRO nepoM'bHHB'B 
TOHX, ROBapHo H cJiauiaBO npoxjinyjib: — PoesB-xo hxo y xe6H, 
A^AyniRa! MOAy! yjiBCBB-xo! 

MnxattJiHTB, CJIOBHO na HBy saBHA^BB He^acxyK) CHJiy, 6e3B 
AaJibH'fettmHX'b pasroBopoBTi, nocntniHO saRapa^Rajica ^epe3B 
njiexcHb, npoBoacaoMtitt bjioOhhmb xoxoxoM-b Aaxaxpacxa. 

— Hy, ^xo oOHHcaemb cxapHKa?— ocxaaoBHJib nojaacRa Ch- 
boxt>. — KaKott XH, OHJibRa, BpeAHxejibHHfl! Oxb qtoto owb h 
8JIHXCH Ha HacB: ero rope 6epexB, oxb xy;ioro-xo cjioBa... 

— J^-feAyniRa, noroHHM'b CROTHny K'b KojiRaw-B. Mul xaMi* 
pott-xo HattACMB, OoJibme eny ctcxb nerAtl — npeAJioa^HJiB Ah- 

rHXpHCXT>. 
X 10. Ox^iU'i. I. 11 



162 PyCCKOB BOrXTCTBO, 

— Hy, HaflAeM-B, — AonycTHJi-B CHBon., — hto mh cb 
]s!hiLB!rh Oynewbl Ka6H mu xoi^HTb aa hhm'b ymtjiH? 

— Mh He yMteM'b? Mh Jiy^me 3Toro craparo conjiHRa ty- 
licbeBrLl — BooAymeBHJiCH Ahthxpecti>. — Ho TaKi) RaKT> He 6um 
HH Majitfimefi BtpoaiHocTH, HTO npoeKTB ero Mo«eTi> ocyme- 

CTBHTbCa, AHTHXpHCTl*, OTh CKyKH, HaAyMaJIt HOApaSHHTb Ap- 

Kyjiaa. 

— Mh poa aaJioBHMt, nocaAHMij wb yjiefi, — nanajTb paacwi- 
3HBaTb noAnacoK'B, — oht* HaMi* HapoHTB poeBi*... nenBKOB'B cto... 
cTaHeMi> MeA'B npoAaBaxB. 51 6yjjj rjiaBHHMB, a bh y MeHH Wb 
paOoTHHRaxt... H can^b yliAy B-h ropoA'b! 

— TaM'b Te6a AaBHo ^KAyrbl — OTOBBaJiCH ApRyjiaft. 

— Eme BB ropoA'b! — BosMyTHJiCH h Chbot'b. — Hto th wh 
ropoAt Ji'bjia.nh CyAerab? 

— fl 3HaH) iToI— npoAOJimaji'B AHTHxpacrB. — 9to bh, cto- 
pne nepTH, He anaeTe, a a aaaK)... H?.. H 6yAy cnaTb ao !• 
^acoBi... yrpoMV, noTOM'b BCTany, aoftAyBT>TpaRTHp'b, cnpomy... 
Hy, Hero a cnpomy, cRaaHBafliel 

CTapHKit aaMHJiHCb. ApRyjiatl npnnoMHHJi'b cjiyatfiy. 

— Ko(|)iH) craKaH'b? — npoHBHecb OH'b, — y nacb nopyiHR'B 
BefiMapHTj 6hjib, Torb Bce, RaRB BCTanerb... 

— Ko(|)iio BTy ciaRaHB? — oii HeAoyMtaieMb, He pa3CjiHmaBT>, 
nepefiHJi'b Hl>CRojibRo oaaAa^enHHtt AHTHxpncTTb. — Sa^'bM'b a 
Wh ciaRaH'b RO(|)iio cnpomy? 3to hto TaRoe, Ko^il^f 0! aio— a 
3HaK), 9T0 Bii Haf! RJiflAyTb! /I,a eme ohi> ropbRiia. B-ax-b th! A 
eu^e HcRapioTCRitt!.. H cnpomy: „nojioBoflI noAafi mh* 6yTHJiKy 
Bo;iKH H napy A'^BORt!" 

y cTapHROBB Boofipa^eHbe ne nocn'tsajio aa fincTpoft p^Hbro 

AHTHXpHCia, H OHH Cb HailBHHM'b BHHMaHbeM'b CJI'^AHJIH 8a 

paBCRaBOM^b, RaRB aa CRaaRott, a y AHTHxpncTa pasroptjiHCb 
rjiaaa, h OH'b saRaTHBajica hhcto A^TCRHM'b cMi^xoMi*. 

— Ba\rb H BHCTpoK) Ha nHeJibBHRi H36eHKy h sacraBJiio 
poH RapayjiHTb h MH'b Aenbrn bt* ropoA'b BHCHJiaTb. 

— Th, nojio^HMTj, ^ero-^ero, a ^u^ejii*" to AOBOJibHo Bt 
ocTpori paaBOAemb, — ocep^HJica, naRonei^'b, ApRyjiaft. — 8to, mh- 
jiHfi, TH He o6mojibhjich, BXh TaM'b ch Bamero 6paTa xoTb B-feHH- 
ROMTb CMeTafi... HarjiflA'bJica al 

— He uoTRewb mh xoAHTb aa n^eJiaMH, — cn^bmnjrb noMH- 

pHTb HX'b CHBOT-b, — HOHerO, CTaJIO-fiHTb, H TOJIROBaTb; CJIOBa MH 

TaRoro He anaeMB. 

— /ta B^A^ TH roBopHJi-b, y Bacb bi> ceMbt Chjih n^ejiH? — 

HanOMHHJll. AHTHXpHCTb. 

— TaRTi TO — B'b coMbli!.. TorAa eme ji^ajisi Crena ssaurh 
finji-b... ToT-b anajiii! Y Toro, CnBajio, BcerAa Bcero MHoro... h 
poeBTj, H MOAy, H BomHHH... OceHbK), CHBajio, HOAp^Hcerb w 

BepXEHXl. RpeCTOBTb, KaAOHRH AB'fe Cb yjIbH BOabMOTb; BeCHOft 



3A cta;];omi. 1€3 

BHCTaBJiflTb 6yjierh H3T> OMmaHHKa— onaxb ao hjith! Oim» 
pt^erb Cojibine loro! 

— j^o naTH?! — co^yBCTBeHHO oiosBajica ApKyjiafl. * 

— Hero 9T0 ao iwth? — nojiioOonHTCTBOBaji'b AHTHxpHcrb. 

— Hero y nneji-b? Me;iy! — paacKaaHBajii CnBorb, yBJieKaac* 
BocnoMHHaHiHMH. — C-b oceHH noAP'^Hcerb, a K*b BecH* onarb 
MO usnm HacTpoflTb! 

— Me-e^y? 3to Becnofi, Koraa hx-b hbt* H36eHKH TacKaiorb? 

— HaTb, TH He rjiyxofl? FoBopaTb, KaK-b cTanerb BecHoft 
noA^Hmaxb, a y EHX-b on^Tb uejxh ao nmm; ABa pasa b-b roAy 
H piaajib... He KaKi) y Apyrnxix: h ocenbio-TO noMOjiHTb He- 
^ero... 

— Ha... KaKofi me nyrb mca'b BecHott? — HeAoyMtBaji'b Ah- 
"THxpHCTb.—OTKyAa »e OH'fe ero BOShuyrby 3HM0lt bx H36eHE'fe, 
e»cejiH owh ch ocohh uoAP'^saji'b? Eu^e HMb h casiHifb 3HMy-To 
icTb HaAo. 

— CTajio-6uTb — B03bMyTbI.. Mo3Ke, BX ceCt sanacaJOTb... Si 
pa3B'b 3HaH)?.. Ka6H h nneJiHRi^ enji^b... 

— Jlsi MHoro jiH nnejia Kb ceOt 3anacerb? Kanjiio KaKyio 

HH6yAb... ^a TH CaMTj BHA^JTb, ^TO BeCHOti OQHTb MeA^ MO 

naTH? 

— 3HaM0, caM-b! He BHAajii> 6h — He roBopHJUi... OH-b eme, 
noKoiaHHK'b, fiHBaJio, noA30Berb Hacb: „BHnib, poCaTKH, sHMHifi- 
To MeAOKT) noTycKJiM, a nocjiame!" 

AHTHXpHCTb 3aAyMajica. 

— HypaKH-To! To-ocnoAH, KaKie AypaKH-TO npeHCAe ChjihI— 
Aa^e cb co6oji'b3HOBaHieM'b 3aKaHajrb ohi> rojioBoli. — Oh-b, — 
M^A^ CTena-TO tboQ, — TaKoK me jxy^a.Kb 6hurb, kb^kb h th: OH-b 
nporjiJiAHT'b KOTopHe yjibH oceHbio, He noApi^erb Hx-b, Aa h 
AynaeTTj, tto 9to n^iejiw 3a 3HMy HaiacKajiH... hjih Bacb na- 

POHHO MOpOHHT'b, a TH, BOT'b 30 JI-feTb, H noMHHmb Bce! 

— JtypaKH npe^KAe 6ujih, a y AypaKOB-b-To Bcero baobojib 
Chjio; KdiKTb HHEimHie yMHHe, pa3yBniH-pa3A'feBinH, ne ch- 
A*JiH... — norjiHAHBaa na rojina hofh AHTHxpncTa, nporoBopMJi'b 

CHBOTb. 

— KaKTb-^e He AypaKH-To?— npHHHMaa na CBOfl c^erb na- 
MeK-b, BcnHXflyji'b AHTHxpncT'b.— Bh roBopHTe, y Bacb bt* Bh- 
pro^t myTOBKH njiaBajiH... Hto-^k'b HHH^e ne njianaDrb? 

— H nJiaBBjiHl — Cb yO'bsKAeHie.vL'b yAOCTOBtpHJib Chbott>. — 
BHBajio, BOTTb— btj cejife B^AB coBctwrb: hoaij Kpy^fl, noA^b 
t5aHaMH... uoHm BenepoM-b, a arfe mHmHrH... TaK'b mnpoKosa- 

AHH 6a6H, KOCMaTHH, — H HJiaBaJOTb... 
— CaM-b BHA'fcjI'b? 

— He oAHH-b pa3'b BHA'feJi'b! Pa3'b h KHpimHeMTb sanycTHjrb 
wh Hee, TaK'b KHpnHH'b-oT'b j^ojienlMrb jjp hojiobheu BnpDHa, 
M, HasaAi*, Aa MH'b no rjiasyl.. CoBcfeM-b 6ujio OKpHB'fejTb. 

1]* 



>i 



164 PyOOKOB BOPATOTBO. 

— Be* BHAtJiH... — noMOJiHaBT>, npoAOJiflftajit Chbot-b: — Boh^ 
nerpoBH^ij, — yKaaaJTB oht* na ApKyjiaa, — bt> Cafffe oAHy sazBa- 

THJTb... 

— Kaicb Tu ee aaxBaTHjrb, HcKapioTCKiK? — cb Tpyjxowh 
y^epHCHBafl CM'&x'b, cnpocHJi'B AnTHxpHcrb. 

— He CojibHo B-fenb H cMepKJiocb Toriia,— np^roBopHJTb Ap- 
zyjaH, oOpaiuaflCb kt> CuBory, — Tpy6Ky a B-b 6aH'fe aaCajTb, no- 
mejTb, a ona Ha noJiK'b h jiencHTb, rojiaa!.. H xBOCTb, kslkt^ y 
pu6u... 

— Jt^BKH 8T0 Oea^i'feJibHH^ajiH, Aa 6a6u MOJioAua! Oh*, 
npoRjiHTufl, H lenepb, ^to A*-iaK)rb... A bh... ax-b bh! 

— JlSi BtAb He MBI OAHH! Bcfe BHA^JIH! — B-b 0AHH1» rojiocb 
SpHRHyJIH CXapHRH. 

— Mu pas'b pu6y CponHJiH, cb Fajio^Koa noKoflHHM'b, — 
fiaHajii> paacKaauBaib ApKyjiafi. — Offb b'l aaOpoAi* mejrb, a — 
Cb KomejieM-b; nuMajiH myny, a ee bi* Koniejib cnpflxajTb... He- 
penawjiH Ha Apyryro CTopoHy, Ka-aK-b rst* KycTOB'b kto bt> 
BOAy nuiennerb, a y iieHa luyKa b-l Komeji'b h saKpn^ajia: ^^yl 
MaMa!"... BpocHJiH mbi 6peAeHb h Romejib, h pu6y9 h py6axH, 

HyTb 3RKBU AOMOQ HaPHmOM'b Aofi'brjiHl 

— Borocb Si 9Tofl He^MCTH, CtAu! — iipKBHajica CnBorb. — 
SM'feeB'b eiAe Oorocb, — ne ymoBi, a Borb, hto no Honairb Cb 
Ma3apoKT> *) jieTaioTb,— Aa noKoflHHKOB'b... aTHXT) Oojbme Bcera 
6oK>cb... H unewh h to oahhi* bi^ Hd6'b ho ocTanycb. Fjiasa 
jionHH!.. Bi} noji'b HHHero n oahhii, a B-b H86'b Goiocb. 

— 9-9! — nepeOHJi'b ApKyjiatt, — th ^toIH— xaK'b 6oi)Cb no- 
KofiHHKOB'b! H HX-b xaKi* CoDCh— xyjKO HeBHaft Hero... Paai^ na 
cJiyHcOt, KaKOfl cjiy^afl Btimeji-b? ilocTaBHJiH Mena Kb nacoBHt 
noKoltHHKa KapayjiHTb; eme pasBOAHmitt cnpocHjT>: kto, ro-^ 

BOpHTT>, He OOHTCa? A H HpOMOJIHajI'b. IIOTOMy, COOCTBeHHO, 

CKawH, HTO 6oHmbca,--HapoqHo nocTaBarb... Mfl"fe h Aocrajiocbl 
IlocTaBHJiH BeqepoM'b, Aa eme naKaauBaioT'b: nTU, roBoparb, 
neTpoBT>, eacejiH oroHb racnyTb 6yAerb, nonpaBb*. A nero „no- 
npaBb**? -Cb HeroAOBanieM-b norjiaA'bJi'b na nacTyxoB'b Apny- 
jiafl. — H H caMT), HesHal! ^khbtj ctok), neBHaf!— noKoflHHK'b-mef 
Hy xoponio, — ceet AyMaw, — h TeOi nonpaBJiio!.. A KapayjibHHft 
AOM'b 6uji'b aTaK-b orb nacoBHH, nepeaij njiomaAb, B-b noji- 
Bepcrb... H, KaK-b CMepmiocb, Opocnji'b noKoftHHKa, afliia — Ta- 
rawa K'b KapayjibHOMy AOMy, zia y oKoniKa h Bcxaji'b... TaK-b h 
TO 6oK)Cb!.. JXo noJiHOHH npocToaji-b, cjiHniy— BCTaroTT), HAyrb^ 

MCHH ClffeHHTb... HaAO 6h Mflt XOTb BHCpeA'b IIXT* HATH, a H 

6oH)Cb! HoHb — Te-eMb, rjiaa-b BtiKOJiHmb .. Buhijih ohh, nnyrb, h 

H Cb HHMH pHAOMT) HAy. Jt0X0AHMT> AO ^aCOBHH, CMOTpK) — OPHH 

Htrb, Borb PA* 6'bAaTo!Hy, KaKi* Cb noKOflHHKOM-b hto CA^Jia^ 



*) iCnaA6Hiae. 



3 k OTAAOMl. 16& 

jiocb,— sanopiDT'B! „ IleTpoBt! • — cnpamHBaioTB: „TyrB •?— Tyrt, 
nojTb! „^a TPo-acB y tbOh ophh H*rB?'' — ^a tojibko cefiiaci 
noracb, a bu h H;ieTe... Hy, HH^ero BoeiaKH, o6oinJiocb 6jiaro- 
noJiy^Ho. 

— Hto-^'b a He Ooiocb hh nepiefi, hh noKoKHZKOBi>? — no- 
XBaJiHJicH AHTHxpHCTB. — CKOJibKO pasoBii Ha MasapKaxT) Ct JIO- 
ma^BMH ojiHH'B Ho^eBaji'B; HH^ero He BHAajH). H na cnopii 
(JpaJica B'B i^epKBH oahht> nepenoHeBaTb, ^a noo'b ne nycTHjrb... 
Jti^yniKa!— oCpaTHJicH oh-b Kh CHBOTy:— a nepiea th BHA'feJi'B? 

— Hy, tcCh, OHJiHnnKa, Kb myxy, fla h cb p'bHaMH cb 
•9THMH. H 061) TiMa;^ H noMHHaTb ne jik)6jik). Hero Mejiemb?! 

— A TH, HcKapioTCKijtt, BHA'bJI'b? 

— Koro? 

— Hepxefi. 

— CnacH, Focno/iH!— cepOTTo npoMOJiBHJi'b ApKyjiafi h ne- 
peRpecTHJic^. 

— CaMoro HenpiaxejiH ne BHAajn*, — npnnoMHHjrb Chbotb, — 
a cjitATb ero BHA'bJi'B. 

— Hy, paacKasHBaa, KaK-b BH^t'bJi'b! — ci> jiioConHTCTBOM'b 
MporoBopHJi'b OHJiBnuRa. 

— Ha KBKb BHA^JTb?... J],aBHo 6ujJo: B'B 6apcKH npaBa...— 
HeToponacb, nanaji-b CnBorb, — nocjiajii) Mena CTapocra, 3axapi> 
TtpacJ)!), Ha ryMHo nocMOiptTb, cnonti totobh jih, a B'B ho^b-to 
nopoma ynajia... Hiiy h no ryMny,— ab* Ky^H cojiomh CHtroirb 
aanopomeHH, a om cb ny^H na Ky^y h nepemejii). 

— H caM-B TyTB? 

— CaMoro He Chjio. FoBopK), cjrfeAB tojibko 6hjii>. 

— KaKofl-»e cJi'feA'B? — ;ionpamHBaji'B Ahthxphctb. 

— TaK-B CB Korr^MH... B'B pojsfk HTH^bflro, tojibko arpo- 

— TaKX aTO (|)HjiHHi>! BtAB oh-b OoJiBmymifi, cb OBi^y... 

^"bTOCB-TO H B'B KoJIRaXT) nUMaJ!!)! 

— Hy, Te6a, OHjinnnKal— HeJ^0B0JIbH0 oTosBajica Chbotb. — 
Hto hh CKajKemB, Bce th no CBoewy neperoBapHBaeniB... yneH'B 

<<50J[BH0. 

4>iiJiHnnRa saAyMajicn Tpeno^cHO h T^^ejio: ^ecTORan n cRy- 
nan, ho nojinan CBoeoCpasHot! h TaHHCTBeHHoiQi KpacoTH, hchbhb. 
Ha ROTopyx) orji5iAHBajiHCB cxapHRH, esiy npeAciaBJiHJiacB, RaRik 
nHJiBHaji, A^HHHaH n CKyiHafl Aopora B'B cTonn. 

— J^'bAyniRa,— nporoBopHJi-B Ahthxphctb,— botb, B'B nncaniH 
<5Ra3aHo: ny^eca (Jhjih... OT^ero HMH^e ntrB?.. H-6h nociiorp'fejrB... 
BoAHJTB H cji'fenoro Kyaio no MonacTHpaifB— h TaM-B nnqero 
ffbTB. Hnrai HHHHe HH^ero H"ferB!~6e3HaAe5KH0 aaRJiDHHJTB 
JiajiBHHR'B. — Th, fl'bjiyniRa, bha*JI'b hjao? 

— HyAO?.. H'bTB, He BHAaji-B h ^yAa. 



1C6 pyOOKOB BOFATOTBO. 

HacTyxH, o^eBHAHO, nojx'b hjaom-b noApaayMtBajui nt- 
^wo Oojrbe cjio^Hoe, h^m-b .mnpoKoaaAHHinHinHrH". 

— A TH, HcKapioTCKitt? 

— H... BCHKHXi HyAecB narjiHAijiCK. Botb nonaAenib. 
Ha cjiy»c6y, yBHAHmb Taw-B ^yAeca-To, — cooCmifjrB ApKy- 
Jiafl; HO no yHHJiOMy Tony ero pt^H bhaho 6hjio, ^to owh 
roBopHTB He Ttx-B ^yAecaxt, o KOToptix'b cnpaniHBaeTii Oh- 
jiHimRa. 

— y HacB BB ceMbt Ctijio-raKH ^yAo! — ohhtb AoCpoco- 

BiCTHO BCnOMHHJTB ChBOTB, — TOJIbKO H paSCKasaTb BOTTb, HTO K 

Kb HCMy, He cyMtH)... BHAHmb th: 6hjih y nacB TapaKanti h 
KypH... HtrB, noroAH, ao Kypi>-TO AaJieKo eme! TapaKanH 6hjih.*.. 

— K-KyA-Aa?J — BHesanno npepBajn> cBOfl paacKaat Chbot-b, 

SaMtTHB'B, HTO, HOA'B myMOKt HXt eecfeAH, OAHa MOJIOAeHbKaa 

6ypaH KopoBa OTAtJinjiacb otti cTa;ta h nanpaBHJiacb BAOJib Ka- 
HaBH. — C)HJiHnnKa! JIaft efl! 

— Moji^iH. He BaMaH ea! — oTB'feTHJi'b Ahthxphct-b, h rjiaaa- 
ero aarop^JiHCb neAoOpHMt orneMi). 

KopoBa MeAJieHHO noABnraJiacb no KanaBt, KaKb 6yAT0 ct> 
caMHMH CjiaronaM'bpeHHHMH i^'&jihmh, h BApyri) Bb ojiKOWb 
MtcTt, TA'fe Kanasa Cnjia noMejib^e, lopKHyjia bhhb'b h, cicfeniHa 
noArHfiaa norn, AyMa^, ^rro laK'B en He BaMtTJirb, pHCbio ny- 
CTHJiacb no Any KanaBti; oxO'feHcaB'b cameHb copoK^b, ona bh- 
jitajia Ha npoTHBonojio^cHyio ciopony, na CapcKifi BMnycKt, ff 
nocni^niHo h wsaAHO, cTapaacb bobmomcho Gojite saxBaTHBaxb^ 
pTOM-b, npHHflJiacb 3a BHCOKyio H coHHyK) Tpany. 

AHTHxpHcrb BB^JTB BB pyKH Ay^HHRy, nepoKHHyjib ^epes'b 
njie^o AJiHHHHlt H TojiCTHfi KHyTb H HanpaBHjicfl, He Toponacb, 
Ki> KopoBi; TaM'b, TA'fe OHa nepejiiana nepes'b KanaBy, Ah- 

THXpHCTb fipOCHJI-B Ay^HHKy Ha BeMJIK) H BSHJITb KHyTb B^B npa- 

syro pyKy. KopoBa KocHJiacb na nacTyxa 6ojibmHMH cepbesHHMH 
rjiaaaMH h Bce ToponjiHBo xBaxaJia ipaBy h TOJibKo, KorAa Ah- 
THxpHCT-b npnOjiHBHJicH ca«eHb na nsTb, ona MOTHyJiacB na- 
saATb BAOJib KanaBH, ho bii xy-Mce MKHyxy AHTHxpHcrb otbojib 
pysy c'h KHyTOM-b bb CTopony, CA'feJiaji'b eK) xapaKiepHoe h pia- 
Koe ABHMteme, h laacejiHtt KHyrB, cBHBaacb KpynnHMH Kojib- 
i^aMH, no6'fe«ajii> BCJitA'B 3a KopoBof!, xJionHyji-B, KaK'B hb'b 
peBOJibBepa, h KopoBa bch Hsornyjiacb n doKOM-b noHecJiacb k's 
CTaAJ. AnrnxpHcrB noM^ajica sa neH, na fitry, paai* sa paaoMx, 
jiobko nocHJiaa KnyTOM'b, h nocjit Ka^iAaro yAapa na 6oKy y 
KopoBH BHcxynajia xoHKaa KpacHaa nojiocKa. IIoKa KopoBa ne- 
peSHpajiacb o6paTHo ^epeax KanaBV, Ahthxprct'b noAHflJiob npH- 
uaceHHyio Ay6HflKy, cyHyjii> KHyxoBiime aa onoacKy, cjiobhji'b 
oAHon pyKofJ KopoBy 3a xbocx'B h na^aji'b BKaaAHBaxb eti no 
6oKaM'b. 

Koposa Heciacb k^ cxany, Ahthxphcti> — aa hbK ii jiyniiJii^ 



8A OTAAOMl. 167 

ae M« pefipaM'b no ocTpoK, ci> bhcoko BHCTynaBinHicH Maiuia- 
MBMKf cnnH*]^; JiynHJii) cnjiena, coBepmeHHo He coo6pa- 
maacb C7> CHJioft y^apoBOb, h RopoBa, HaROHei][i>, BH^HJiacb naii 

OaJTb H OCTaHOBHJiaCb. 

AHTHXpHCTTB OTOmeJTB 0Tb Hea Ca5KeHH Ha ^CTUpe, H CHOBa, 

Mvcejio H 8B0HR0, Baxo^HJi'B nacTymiK RnyrB. 

— He CyjieniB? He OyAemb?— cnpamnBaJi'B Ahthxphctb. 
KopoBa CTOAJia MOJi^a, ne ineBejiHCb h ne npo6yH 6'6maTb, 

TOJibRo BCfl ;ipo»ajia: hs'b 6ojibmiiTh h rpotrhxI) rjias^ en 

OiHJIbHO TeRJIH cjiesu. 

— XopomeHbRO, xopomenbRo ee, 6jiyjiKJo\ Hmb eft fiojibine 
BCJ^x^ naflo! — noRpHRHBajii CHBorb. — JSflsi aioro oht* xoponrb. 
Jl'bjibHHft napEHHiRa, — oOpaTHJica owb Kb ApRyjiaro, — h ne co- 
Hypn: rji'h h TRHCTCJi,— HUH^e Aenb-To — ron'b, — «hbo bcro^htb! 
SI ffhrocb cii MH^ypol! 0(|)OHHHHM'b nacb — BaMaajicn! Bi ro- 
peHb HaCanoBaJiH CROTHny. KaRii npHcaaerb— TaRi^ h aaxpa- 
iiHTrb... H H— Ha Hero ^JIHJ^a! A b'^ab CROTiiHa tojibro btopo h 
jRAeTb.' ycnyjiH nacryxn, cea^acB— aftAa na 6apcRyio cTopoHy! 

— CynpoTHB-b BeTaHH-noROftHHRa ne HaxaMCHBajib a na- 
cryxoB-b, — OTOBBaJica ApRyjiafll, — totb, CHBajio, ao toA cieneHH 
aynHTb — AyOoByio AyOHHRy b-b Jiti^ba paaoOberb. Eme napHHin- 
RoiTb fl c-b HRM^b 3a HepeB'&cbeM'b xaOyni) nacb: encejiH RaRaa 
6yAeTB Jioma^ib fijiyAHTb, oH-b ee pacneTJiHT-b npoMeatAy Ay- 
<JoBT> H A-AaBafl!.. JXo TOfi nopti noperb, Ror^a Maco RjioHbaiiH 
HOJieTHTbl.. A TO pas'b y nacb b'b craA* Roaejib noHOMapeB'b, — 
6;iyAHa-ace 6hurb.,. cb OoJibniymHMH poraMH, — botb, moK Be- 
Tana 8a6Hai> eny pora B-b Rpy^y, rsl hoat* 6pi)X0M'b y nero 
coJiOMy H pasjKerb, h ao toA crenenH oH'b ero npomapna'b, ^ro 
o6a raasa Jionnyjin y Rosaa! CnacH6o, TorAa TaTapHH-b npo- 
txaa'b, RynHJTb ero y nacb sa 40 Ron., noHOMapro cRaaajiH — 
Vb fffccy ocTajica... H,oJiro mu Torjia CoaJiHCb, Aa airb, laR-b 
MHRTo H He AOBHaaca. 

— HtTb, H aTorb AtoBHtift! — oAofipna'b CiiBOTb AHTHipHcia. — 
Ijcrb6'b BTb nojit — mh no RonHaMii naceMi*... noAH-Ra ex Apy- 
miTb: He BH6benib CKOTHHy-To, a y aioro h ho noAXOAarb... 
ToJibRO BHRHOTb, a yacb oh* AoraAHBaroica, hto hmti OyAerb. 

— KaRofl nacxyx'b! — npeneCpeacHTeabHo cnopaji'b ApRyaafl, — 
oaopHHR'b xeMHHl^. Eiue th Cb HHM'b Aonacemb ao 6tAU... Hh- 
PA* B^AB ero He Aep»caTi>: na CapcROMX ABop'6, cRasHBarorb, 
o6e3baH'i^ roaoBy OTopsajTb... BapHH'b-To rpeRy 25 p. aanjiaiHa'b 
9a oOeBbaay. 

— J^a B^Ab, IleTpoBHH'b, OHO H ca^AOBaao TaRi>... Ona B'bjxh 
Ha Bd^Ai>My noMaxaBaexi); a, KSJU'b yBHAaJii), hhao oCMepx. Bo 
9B!h H TO npoRJiaxaa MCiHTca: 6yAT0 cToarb oRoao Aa roao- 
loft TpaceTb... BoH)Cb a ee— CiAH. HpentAe bx noat HH^ero He 



168 P700K0n BOFATCTBO 

60HJICH, Tenepb h bi> noji'6 6ok)ci>: ey, kslkl BupBerc^, a& np(Hb- 
ffCHTb nojieMi)? H H He HCHJieni>! 

— Ha Tpofli^y, th ryjiaxb xo^HJi'b. — npoflOJi«aJi'B ApKj- 
jiafi,— OHJiHnaKa-To y Emcjih, nerrapsHKa, secb Aeroxb yny- 
CTHJTb: Eaiejia-TO 'feAerb — ApeMJierL, a oh'b, npoKJUiTHfl, Hse 
p;KH BHnoji3'B, Aa RpaHTu-TO y 6oHeia> h OTBepeyjTB .. Tasi 
axoTb AeroTb b-b Tpn KJirona h CBHmeTL Ha Aopory! 

— H MHoro BHreKJio?— CB coCojitaHOBanieifb ocBtAOMnjieji 
Chbotb. 

— Becb ynycTHJi'B! — paAOCTHo cooOmajTB ApKyjiafi. — Mnt oib 
ropu-To BHAHO 612J10: Ao caHoK Ao MnxaStJioBRH Bce 'bA^rB, Be 
ocTaHaBJiHBaeTCfl. 

— ^aiB, jioniaAB-To AynaeTB: hto xaKoe? Hto AaJiBme, Tt 
JierHe? — nomyTHJi'B Chbotb. — fla th, HexpoBHH'B, ^tpo at 
CKpH^aji'B eMy? 

— ^a MHi, ^iTO 6ojibHo HyjKHO? Mh* Embjih-to He csaTb, 
He 6paTB. 

Chbotb saAyMajiCH. Eny majiRo 6hjio AerrnpHHRa Eifejni 
H HanpacHo npojiHioro jierrsi, ho xoTtJiocb b-b to Hce Bpeus 
aacTynHTbCfl sa noAnacRa. 

— BoJIBHO B^A^ neTpOBH^T>, OHH, AerwipHHRH-To, SeMJUl 

Aa He(|)Tb B'b AeroTb MimaioTB. BoBce b^ab CMOJiy-To nept- 
cTajiH bobhtb! — nporoBopHjn> OH'b, naRonei^'b. 

— Te6a ne nepecnopHmb! - iipeHeOpeatHTejibHo Maxnyj* 
pyROfl ApRyjiat!. 

— HapoA"B-orB HHH^e RaRott ciaji-b! — npoAOJi»aJii» Ch- 
botb. —IlapHHniRa OH'B 60l}Ritt, CMeTJIHBHi}... Ra^KAUlt Ha CM'bX'B 

h cMynaeTb. Hay^HTb— hhkofo HtTB... a boht>, nocTOMT>, hbij 
JKyROBa BopH ero Cb coCoft h ynanHJiH. Hy, ne anajTB h, dt- 
Ti'i^M'B npi'id^cajiH: otb poAy ne jiHpajica, a hitb naRjia/n- 
6h!.. DponaAeTb napHHmRa! H ero Hcajiiro: a h noy^ Rorjia 
H nopyraio, Aa, — naAo a*Jio roBopHTB,— hto a caM-B BHaro? He 
Mory HHHero si eMy paaiacHHTb. 

— Hy, AOCRaatiBaft npo nyAo!— hoaoHa^, cRaaajTb Ahth- 

XpHCTB. 

— Hpo HyAO? JIaAHo... — oxotho corjiacHJicH Chbotb, — sa- 
^ajTB, TaRii AOCRa^Ky. Eme ao A'bJie^a a^Jio-to Ohjio, BMtcrb 
Bcb MH ^HJiH, B'B ceMb*]^. BojiBHiaH y nacB ceMbH 6HJia, 26 
HejioB'feR'B 3a cTOJi'B caAHJiocb... H TaRie y nacb xapaRaHH 6hjih, 
^To H3'B H86h BHTKHBajiH; xyme Hamero HHPA'b h ho 6umo: 
5ftcH0Ta, rpH3Hma, 0Ae5Ka naBajiena, peCaTHmeRij — yftMa... h 
TapaRaHH! CnaTb ne AaBajiH, tbk'b Bcero h 06'B'bAHTE: to ecTt, 
CBaacH HejioB'feRa, Aa hojiohch k'b naM'B na hohl, — ao mocjiobii 
o6rjio»cyTB... botb RaRol! TapaRaffB etOTb! TapaRanti,— ohh xy»e 
(Jjioxt, xyme rjiohob'b, xy5Ke Bmefi; ohk RaRt RycaioTb? ElRypy- 
TO, RaR'b HoatHHAaMH, cptsaioTb, Oojia^RH nocjit hhx'b... 



3 A CTA^HOMl. 169 

BaOyniKa 6biJia y Hacb GeKJia, cto jificsiTh ro^OBTb mchjie, 
BOTb OHa H Saerb: „CTapHKT>! th-6u xotb Bora-To o6pa3Hjn>: y 
HacB, 6aeTi>, h Bora-TO TapaKaHH cbtjiH... IloMnpaTb Mni 
<5Kopo— nojioHcarB He noAi* oOpaaa, a noAt lapaKaHOB'B". A 
A'biiyiuKa Ahhchmx: ^KaKT), CaeTt, ero o6pa3HTb, Koraa atofi 
He^HCTH y HacT> He ecTb HHOJia? Ohh ero on^Tb o6'yhjisjTb\ 
Ha/jo TapaKanoB'b HasecTH, KB,Kh hh to, — onocjia ToroBora 06- 
paaiiTb. ^-na!.. A cTapHKT> OH'b DpasujibHHft Chji-b, flijiyinKa-TO 

OHHCHM-b, Ha CJIOBt BtpHHli; CKa^KeTb, KBiKh HO^teMTb OXpt- 

jiceTB. npHmejrb BCKopi nocji'fe Toro TaTapHHTB-KOHOBajrs, Offb 
y Hero nopomKOB-B na pyOjieBKy BSiiji-b... na py6jieBKy! Bi rfe 
nopH py6jieBKH-T0 He KaK^b hohhc Chjih, Aopo«e ;xeHbrH-T0 
<Jhjih. . BoTb a H He Mory paacKaaaTb, KaK'L 9to roBopHJiH 
Torfla, — aaTpyAHHJiCH CuBorb: — ^ecKaxb, fljia Bora Mopy noKy- 
najiH, a y TaxapHHa, y coOaKH. K-b stouj nyi^o-xo KaK-B-TO u 

JBIiXOAHJIO. 

— IIoroAH! fl anaio! ~ nepeOHJTb Ahthxphotb, y Koioparo 
BooCpajKeHbe ^ajieKo onepejiHjio MeflJieHHyro p'fe^b ciapHKa. — 
Bh h HampajiHCb Mopy-TO? 0K0Ji'bjn> y sacb kto? 

— Kto y HacB okoji^jtb?— Boapa3Hjn> Chbotb, — hhkto ne 
^^KOJiijH), He CL Hero h oKoji'bTb-To: oCManyji-b KOHOBajTLl M'fcjiy, 

BHOTO, A^JTb BM-feCTO MOpa. TaKB OHHTb TapaKaHH H OCTaJIHCb. 

JIaAHO. OcxajiHCb h ocTajiHCb... Bb ceMb'fe-To y Hacb Bce »ce- 
HaTbie Cojibme Ohjih, Aa peOaTHniKH, aa BoroMi^-TO xoAHTb h 
HeKOMy: TOMy HOJiban, Apyrofl ne CMHCJiarb; a a napHHniKOM'B 
<5Hjn> MOJiOAeHbKHMi), Bb TBOK) oopy. IIoAomeji'b paaB k'b 
KioTK'fe, rjiaMty, CTeiuia-xo bb oCpaaax'B hoChth, a aa cTeKJiaMH 
OT-THXi) TapaKa-anoB-B!.. BorB, a BaaJiB Bora-To^ Aa na ^^Bopij h 

BHHeCB... TapaKMHOB-B KypaMTs H BHipacB Ha CHtn,; KypH-TO 

TapaRasoB'B h noKaeBajiH. Kypn!.. H nwb BbicbinajiB Tapana- 
flOBB, owh hxtj h cB'bJiH... Mhofo y nacB KypB Chjio, 6a6H hm'b 
MtcHTB aaCHBajiH, OH* H paAH TapaKanaiCB-To: a hm'b HXTb 

CHUJII), a OH* HXB KJIK)K)TB... KypH-TO TapaKaHOBB! 

— JJ^tAyniKa! — Tepaa Tepntnie, nepeCnji'B Ahthxphctb, — 
cKoaBKo paa-B a xeCt roBopHJi'b, htoOh th, KaKT> TeTepes-B, 
OAHO cjioBo He TpocTHaB? „Kypbi — TapaKanoB'B, Kypti— TapaKa- 
H0Bi»", CKaaaTT'b paa'b h OyAerb! FoBopHaTs a Tedt, nan Htrb? 

— Hy, TaK'b H cKaauBaTb a TeCt ne cTany! — o6HA*Jica Ch- 
BOTb:— KaKof! y^HTeab Baaacal Bce ne no neM-B... KaKx yMii), 
TaK-B H cKaaHBaiD. , 

— Hy, KypH TapaKanoB'B CB'^an,— noAornajiTb Ahthxphctb* 
CTapHKa, — BajiaW, hto hotom'b Cbiao. 

— . Hotom'b mo^othtb noman, — noKopno npoAoaman'B Ch- 
botb, aafiHBaa ToaBKO hto AaHHoe 06'femaHie, — noBO^epy noraa- 
M'hjrb a Bi> oGpaaax'By oiiaTB noano TapaKanoBB! H nvh onaTB 
icypaMB. KypH-TO... k-xmi>... Aa...— Chbotb noKocHaca aa Ahth- 



!?• fyOOSOB BOrATCTBO. 

zpHcra, — A&— araKii botb, ee^'i^jiH bi> n^h, BchTh TapasaHOBr^ 
H neperacKajTb... Bctx-b nepesejTB! Borb, TyrB icairb-To Hy;xo-TO 
M CKJiaAiiBajm: pyOjiesKy, AecRaTb, ji2l2r — raTKOFb He 6uJio, a 
TjTb H TaKb nepeBajHCb... Hy, jxt^yniKa noasajTB h3t> KpeMe- 
aoKB jRHBOiiHCiia: 3a TpH pyCjiA rpn oOpasa ohi» HairB noao- 

•lOTHJTb H JIHRH fiOBUA HaQHCaJTb, H CTeRJIO BCTaBHJTB... a HO- 

Tom en^e bi> ocenb... 

— BoccMb?! — HBynneHHO nepecnpocHJTb, He pasofipaB'b, Ah- 

'MXpHCTb. 

— He Boceiib, a bi* ocenb, no oceHH, h ocrajibHHfl abIv 
■KOHU o6pa3H;iH... 

CirbiiuiEBiitt AHTHxpHCTb saKpbui'b jiHqo pyRasiH h saTpflCCii 
•Tb CM'bxa. 

— Jl'hjjjmKSL, atflyniKa! — npoMOJiBHjrb offb tohkhml rojie- 
•oiTb, cRBoab cjxesH, — ^Hy, h ^j^o-»ce!.. Caifb TapaRanoB'b nepeia- 
CKajiT)! 51 AyMaji^b xoTb, tto BOceMb y sacrb He TOJibRo Tapana- 
HOB'b, a H Kyp-b-TO... a-a!.. 

— OHjiHnnKa! fl Te6a Ha^Hy xpenaTb— Oyjjemb syCH cica- 

JIHTb, HaA'b H^M-b He CJI'bA'b! — npHrp03H.Tb CUBOTb. 

— TpenaJio-TO xoponi'b! — npoAOJiwaji'b ciri^HTbc^ AHTH- 
xpHCTb.— H BdiCb o6oHXT> Cb HcKapioTCKHM'b, saxony, sactKy 
KByrowb, RaRik ^ane 6ypemRy; o6a bh HoraMH noAQopnenu — 
HHHero MH* He noAtJiaeTe! 

— CnacTbe TBoe, OnjinniiRa, hto th cnpoTa, ' JioCoBofi: He 
AOJiro TeC* BOJibHHHaTb. OxRaaajiocb-CH oti* tcOh ofinecTBo: oao- 
pyemb th na cbok) rojioBy, OTHaaHHHft. IIjioxo TeCt Oy^erb 
Cb TBOHMi) xapaxTepoMi) Bi* cojiAaTax'b...HHRoroTHHe6oHnibcx, 
HaAO BcbMi* 3y6u CRajinmb, HH^ero ne npHsnaemb!.. H hto aa 
napoAH TaRie nomjiH, — cb HeAoyMimeM'b nporoBopHjrb Ch- 
BOTi), — ^RaR'b Mu atii-iH? CTpax-b 6u:vh bT) napoa*, CTapHR0Bi> 
cjiymajiH, a dTo, BHUib, cBHneHOR'b coBcbifb, a Bcb y Hero Ay- 
paRH, A& Bce He no homI)... 

— Ha cJiyacOt BHnpaBflTbl — bjioOho uporoBopnJi'b ApRy- 
Jtafi. — TaM^b He aTaRie ne BtiptiBaioTCH: kslkl HaHnyrb nojji*- 
BaTb noA'b cajiasRH... 

— JIfi. 8a ^To MeHH TaMT> noAJi'bBaTb cTanyrb?! — ^Boany- 

THJICH nOAnaCORI), — a JIOBRift, nOHilTJIHBHfi... H CJIOBOCHOCTb H 

ceftnacb noHHTafi bck) anaio: JiiTocb nacjiH mh cb coJiAaTOM'b 
KoHeiROBHM'b. OH'b MHi Bce pascKaaajTb. 

— TaM'b H aa qro 6bH)rb, n hh aa ^to fibrorb. 

— Mhofo Te6H 6HJIII, HcKapioTCKifl? — noJHodontrrcTBOBajTb 

AHTHXpHCTI*. 

— Borb CROjiLRo Chjih, — oTRpoBeHHO npnaflajica ApRyjiaft, — 
eace«iH-6u Bct no6oH Aa B'b oahhts AeHb, oti> Menn paant Jie- 
HemRa B'b JiaAOHb ocTaJiacb!.. Hy, Aa yacb h h AaJTb HHOJcy — 
ApyroMy... BuBajin AoaojibHti. 

_ • « 



8 A T A fl M %. 1 71 

— Saqi^M'B 6bK)TB? 

— BaTtnTB, HTO y^iarB... Bes'b (Jhtlh Koro BuyHHinB? 
Hib npHiffepy, TH craflo nacemb? TlonpoCyfi, CKOTHny ne 6ett» 
MEoro-Jib nanacemb? Hacy ne nponacemb— fla eKomuuyl Hero 
6tt Hazio? BHjrb-6H KopMT>, a B'hjub coJiAarb— nejioB'feK'b, y Her# 
icero MHoro na ynt. reHepaji-b, fiHBajio, upi'hjsfiTh, na^nerb 
lacTb crporaTb: ^E^cejiH, roBopHTb, a yanaio, ^rro bh cojiAaTa 
naJibqeMTj TponyjiH, uon'b cyjxi>\ Bti AHCi^HnjiBHapHHft OaTajibOH'b!* 
A, uemjiy npo^HM'b, npHroHaTb TeOi Taxapx, ^yBann*, nojia- 
KOB'by acHAOB-b, Hama AepeBenmHHa Toace KpyroM-b— 6pK)xo... Hy, 
nocTpoHmb Hxii, CKOMaHAyemb: p-paBHHflCb! — h cjiiAOBaerb, 
Tro-6'b pora jih, BSBOA'b jih, noJiK-b jih xotl Becb, set, KaKi* n# 
HHTKt, BHcrpoiiJiHCb, hto6h, BHa^HT'b, ^cpeB^b xpeTbaTO ^ejio- 
B^Ka y HexBepraro xoJibKo KOH^HK'b Hoca bhaho 6hjio... H KaK'b 
cKOMaH;iyK)xi>:— CMHp-pno-a! — hxoOh Bce yMepjio!.. Boxi> h 

yCXanOBb HX-b CJI'feAyromHM'b nopaAKOM'b AOOpHMb CJXOBOM'b. 

B'hffb He cxaAo: orpyAHJi-b, xjionnyjii) KnyxoM-b, h cxojrrb, KaK'b 
MMi* HaAO. Tyxi> xh AecaxoK-b ycxpoHJi-b, H^emb BnepeAT*, a 
noBaAH yacb Hxo-HH6yAb paacxpoHJiocb... y nacb nopy^HK'b 
AranieBb 9xaK'b-xo BHAyMaji'b o6yHaTb: Ohjich — Chjich, naxb 
naca ipn: „Hy, hxo, HexpoBb, cnpamnBaexb, B'feAb npHBH- 
Kai)Xb?'"A a eny: — Eacejra, roBopio, Bame fijiaropoAie, saBxpa 
Hi'b Ha cMoxpy? ^TaK-b KaKt-ace?' cnpamHBaexi*. — jJoaBOJibxe, 
roBopi), a HX'b Aocxasaxb cxany, B-b oahht, MOMeHXi> nofiMyxb. 
^Hy, KaK'b xoqembi" roBopHXT>; cfejTb B-b cxya'b, CMoxpnxb. fl 
saniea'b cb Ji'bBaro (|)JiaHra, js,b, atBOMy (|)aaHroBOMy Ka-aKi* u^ 
^ejiiDCXH noABeai*, HAy KOb npaBOMy ^aanroBOMy, a y nena 
4)poHrb-OTb, KaK'b cxpyna, naxaraxca! Cpasy B-b noHaxie bo- 
mui. 

— PaBopaaca!— BnoaroJioca npoHsnecb AHXHxpHcrb. 

— Hopy^HK'b BefiMapHb CHJTb,— ae oCpamaa BHHMania na 
AnxHxpHcxa, npoAoaacajH) ApKyaatt, — y-yx-b A*JibHHfl! Cynpo- 
THBT* ero HHKXO coaAaxa HsyB'b^HXb ae Morb: aa yneabH MHor# 
M ae paaroBapHBaeTb, noAoftAerb, Aacx'b pas-b B-b pnao, raaAH — 
ayCx aa noa^b BHaexaxb. 

— H Bce Bpemb!— cAepacaaao saM'fexHa'b AaxaxpacTb, — ae 
3a y^eabe 6bexe: ^axb, cKaBHaaioxi* npo aamy Maaocxb. ByxH- 
jiohhhkh! 

— 3a CyxHJKH— 9X0 fioabme cb paxaaKOBb, — xaaABOKpoaao 
yAOCxoB'bpHjrb ApKyaafi, — BOTb M'feca^aHe c6opH nomaa; ay, 
xyrb, A'feficxBHxeabHo, naoxofi yaxep'b-o^Hi^ep'b cb pHaa no 
KpacaeabKofi ae BHfiberb, noxoMy oa'b cefl^acb ns'b ceMbH, Aa 
onaxb B-b .ceMbiD, KaK'b-aaKaK'b BHBeaexb... Jlamb ApyroMy ce- 
MHmHHK'b: ^npaaecH fiyxHaKy boakh, AecaxoK'b nanapocb, a* 
wfijm AByrpHBeaHHia!" Hecexi>. 

— H Hxo axo X66a, noAaei^a, aa Bofla'b ae yxaonaaa?! — crb 



172 pyOGKOB BOrATGTBO. 

HCKpeHHHlTB HerOflOBaHieM'b BCKpHHaJI-b AHTHXpHCT'B, — Hy, 

Ha MOH ayOH... Sl-6u TeCt aajn JIoBiy! fl-6H JIoBny-To He xpo- 
BjJVby a ysRTy TH y ueEn ^hbo^ ne BupBajica-6H! 

— JIficyrh TyrB na BoflH-fe BcnoMHHaTb, — HaxMypHJica Apny- 

Jiaft,— Ha BOflH'fe-TO TaKl* BOtx-B BHBttpHT'b, ^TO He BHafl, KB.K'b I 

acHB'B ocTaneinbCH... cjiaBa tojibko, hto xoAHinb. Otb cpa«eHbeB'^ 

CTOJIbKO HapOJ^'B He CKOMJlteTb, CKOJIbKO OTb nOXOHOBt; TOJlbKO 

Ha npHBa.in> npH^enib, na^Henib namy BapHTb, a xyrb TpeBora! 
Hy, KOTJiH onpoKHHyT'b, 0% rHHJioro-TO cyxapa MHoro ne naxo- 
;iHmb. Ha BoKnt-To a can-b Bce y Bora cMepTH npocHJit: h8- 
Maajica, chjih nisTB h h'^tb!— 6e3Hafle«Ho aaBunoHHJrb Apxy- 
Jiaft, H zia»ce jihi^o ero noOji-feflHiJio. 

— A-a! He KaaceTca? TaKT^ Bacb h naflo. He Aepnrecb, 6y- 
tujiohhhkh! — paAOBajica Ahthxphctb. 

— Hero Tti noHHMaemb?— npeneOpeacHTeJibHo oTBtTHirb Ap- 
Kyjiafl,— AJiH BacT> Mce Cbrorb: KOTopHfi cojijiarb cb noHHTieMB, 
caMi> npociTTB, ^TToC-B noHaiue eny BBBtniHBajiH... JKejiaerB 
e^KejiH AoftTH Ao Bcero... Kojih tu xo^eniB snaTb, — KOTopHfi H8*k 
yHTep'B-o(|)Hi^epoB'B ne 6Berb, totb aascerfla caMKft nacroHiiplt 

My^HTOJIb H eCTb. 

— JlsL, KOJiH He 6berby ^'hwh me owh eaMyqaxB? - cb neflo 
yM'feHieMBxnpocHJi'B Ahthxphctb. — JIaftcH, ckojibko Ayni* yroAHo! 

— y^eHbeiTb noftMerb...— HeoxoTHO nporoBopnjiB ApKyjiafl, — 
mryKa ecxb TaKaa... ysHaemb boti». 

— JJfiL TH cRajKH! Hero i,y3Haenib-y3Haenib**? Hio 9T0 tblrbji 
da niTyKa? — saBOJiHOBajica Ahthxphctb. 

— MamHHKa ct^B?— nonpofioBaji'b oTra^aTb Chbotb, a&bh« 
y«e nepecTaBmilt hjiccth Jianrn h cjiymaBmifi cb BCJiH^aft- 

IHHMB BHHMameMB. 

— H^Ty. HiTB TaKoa MamnHKH, — no npeacHeMy neoxoiBO 
roBopHJi'B ApKyjiafl, — ecTb y^enbe TaKoe: 6'hrb Ha Miscri^. Cko- 
MaHAyroTB, CTajio Chtb, ^CtroMT) Ma-apniB!** h BaJinfi BciM'B 

4)p0HT0MB... a Ha OUROWh MiCTt. 

— O-o! — nepefiHJiB AHTHxpncrB,— ny, mchh sthitb ho flot- 
Memb: h jiecsvrb BepcTB npoOtryl Mohh hhkto ho o6'b»cHrB. 
CnpocH A^flyniKy CHBOxa. 

— He noHHMaeniB th oToro!— cb jiocdijioti KpHKHyjiT) Ap- 
Kyjial!: — HOKyAa Oi^KaTb-To! Ha oahom^ M'fecT'fe C'feryrb! 

— H Ha OAHOMB, Bce paBHO, noetry! TaaAH botb! — oxoTne 
BHBBajica AHTHxpHcrB.— KoMaHAyfi! 

AHTHxpHCTi> BCTajTB HcpeAB HacTyxaMH Ha BunycKi, ApKy- 
j[a^ aaopajiT* bo Bce ropjio: ^BtroM'B Maapm'Bl'— h nacrynw- 
HOKB noneccH KpyroM'B no HefiojiBmofl njiomaAK*. 

— CtoI!! CtoA! ili-AyfiHHa! J^s, nenrro bto na oahomb m^ct*?! 
Hmb BanjiacajiB! — ci> npeap'bflieM'B saKpHHajTB ApKyjiafl. 

Koe-KaKB OH-B ycTanoBHJTB AHTHxpncTa, oC'bhchhji'b eny, 



dA OTAAOMt. 173 

"WO HaAO AtjiaTb, h OnjinnnKa noe^HcajTb „Ha Mtcyrfe**. IIpo- 
6i^sRB,wb MHHyTB jsfiCHThy om> BHpyrajiaa h ctji'B, oaa/ja- 

— Th hto CTaJiT)? Th ;ioHCHAafl[cfl KOMaH;^^! yqyaji-B, bhaho, 
^wh naxnerb? — nocMtaBajica ApKyjiafl:— B-feMcaib-To a h caMi> 
He xyMce JiioAefi npo6iry... JIioot 6'feryrB, h a Ctry, 6iry h 
AOCtry. y Otra-TO Konei^'b bhaho, a na oahom'l-to MtcTt 
KOHi^a-To ee BHAaTb... J]fi B'b atapHHbl Jl^a, cb niHHejiiiMH! A 
yHTep'b-o(|)Hi^ep'b— eny hto?— 3Haa ceCi nocTaHBaerb... H ne 
jiroCarb cojiAaTH aioro Otra Ha m^ct*, xojiepa-6H ero pacnopa- 
SHJia. 

— Mero Tyrb jiio6HTb... ^a, saqtM-b 3T0, IleTpoBH^rb?— ci> 
orpaAaHieMb Bb rojiock, coBepmeHHo noAasJieHHHSt, cnpocHJib 

CHBOTb. 

— H no^eM-b H 3HaH>, aa^M'b? Cxajio 6HTb, HyjKHo, kojih na- 
^ajibCTBo AOBBOJiaeTb... Jinn nocjiymaHia; AHcuHHJiHHa, 3Ha^HTb- 
Ha TO H cojiaaT^HHa: Bce Tepanl y nacb Chuth yHTep'b-o(|)H- 
i^ep-b MaKOBTj, — H o3opHHK'b-ate! — BHBajio, B'b KasapMi, 
nocji'b saHHTieBi), nero TOJibKo ne BHAyMaerb! R/b naMi), SHaemb, 
wb CHM6HpcKift TO nojiKi Bce noJi^iKOB'b Aa HCHAOB'b npH- 
CHJiarorb... A naniHHCKHXb — TyAH, Bb Hojibmy; Toate copiyiorB, 
AJiH BCH^ecKaro RacaHbH... H hojiarh bth cb mHAaMH ho 
ApyacHH. BoTb, Ham'b MaKOBb nocTaBHTb noJiaKOB'b Ha neTBe- 
peHbKH H Ha RaacAaro nojinna no mzjiy BepxoMi> nocaAHTb... 
Ha eme KOMaHAyerb: Borb to A^JiaH, Aa BOT'b 3to A'bJiafi... 
TaK-b HTO, 6paTeqb tm moA, bch KaaapMa hh^o CpwineHbKH co 
CMtxy HaAopBerb!.. Cji'fe3yrb ^chah cb nojiHKOB'b, nojiaKH, KaK'b 
jiHcrb Ha AcpeB'b B'b etrep'b Tpiicyxca, KOTopHe — n.iaHyrbI.. 
BoTb 0H1> AorJiflAurb, Koropbin BaajiaKaji-b, noAoftAerb Kh neMy^ 
Aa CO Bcero pas&iaxy xJiecTb no n^oKt: ^Botl h'^chk)'*!..— h sa- 
HoeTb. Jl^a xjiecTb no Apyrofl: «nofl Becejitfl"!.. H BeceJi'bflt. 

*HJiHnnKa BosOyacAOHHO epsajii* na Mtcrb, meBCJiHJi'b ry- 
CaMd H HTO-TO 6HCTpo-6HCTpo monTaJi'b npo ce6H. 

— He 6yAyTb naAO mhoA osoposaTbl—nporoBopHJi'b on-b pi- 
niHTe.ibHo, KorAa 3aM0jiqaji'b ApKyjiafl. 

— 9to KaK'b?— nocMOTp'ftji'b oht> na nero. 

— He dyAyxij! 

CuBOTb, BrJiflA'feBniHCb B'b 3acB'bTHBniiecH, KaK'b y boji- 
^eHKa, rjia3a OHJiHnnKH, HeoacHAaHflo, cb noJiHUM-b yOtacA©- 
Hieifb, corjiacHJica Cb HiiMib. 

— B"bpHo, IleTpoBHTb: He 6yAyTT> naA'b HHM-b... Hrabynero 
rjia3a-To... KaK'b na npoBojioKaxb... HtTb, B'b npeacHie roAa Ta- 
RHXi> po6arb He 6hjioI— AoOaBHJi'b CTapHKb. 

— ToJibKO y Hero h p'biefl: .B'b npeacnie roAa*,— hcao- 
BOJibHo, HO cojihaho, KaK'b Bspocjibifi, npor«»BopHjn> OHJiHnnKa,— 
^IbH 6h KopoBa Mu^ajia, a TBoa 6u MOiiiajial Bu KaK'b acujin to? 



174 PTOOKOB BOFATCTBO. 

Bi> cyMepKH MHMO neHbRa 6e3'b manoiTB xoakwih! /Khbh^ 
mmin — yr.ia He najfcHJiH^ xaKB h oKOjrbexe aa cra^oifb. Ify' m 
ii 9TaRi> 6y;xy?!. 

— Hy, He aiaK-B, xairb bt* ocrporb crmemb. 

— Jlyqme bi> ocxpori, aynme Bt Bo;iy, Aa ne KaKi» biH 

— MojiOA'B eme cyAHTL-ro Haci>; xoTb 6h arairb-To npoatai*. 
Ma;io Tu coBa;iCH BesA'b? Ha 6apcRHXi» ABopaxi* ne Aep»aT¥... 
3a xopomiHy bhaho, A'baa? Bi> uoHacTHpb loxce nome.a'b, cm- 
caTBCH... Xe! Tpn, MTO-Jib, ah«-to npocnaci».Jic5fl? Te6a orryAa 
KaiTb? IlajiKOfl asH 8a bojioch? 

— HeOocb, MH-iLifl Mofi,--no npeacHeMy paacyAHxejibHO bob- 

pa3HJIl> AHTHXpHCTL, — OTTVAa BOTb XaKHXb, KaKlj BH, H HaJIKOfi, 

X 3a BonocH, a Moao;ioro ae noroHHTb; xanb si 3a ifibcHirb 
Ha&braacH, Kan^b 6op3ofl KoGejib. Cairb a He cxaJiiy «HTb! Pa3- 
cepAHJicji! H sa^'bM'b nomeA'b B^b KOHacxLipb? 

Pt^b <I)HJ1HIIIIKH p-feSKO H3U"feHHaaCb, OHT. BaXOpOIlHJICJi, 

cjiOBa y Hero ne nocn'bBajiH sa mhcjiakh^ oht* ycxasujica rjia- 
MMH BT* OAHy xoHKy, He MHraa, h cxajib cjierKa 3aHRaxbCA. 

— YMHHKOB'b xo flay^axb yMy-pasysiy mhofo, xojibKO h 
Tpocxaxi>: «pa6oxafl— ne Ji'feflHCb!'' A cnpocHXb-6H, rjsfk pa- 
6oxaxb? a BOTb da 15 py6;iefl .Tbxo nacy, paaB* h oa*- 
Hycb, Aa npoKopMJiFiCb ro;!!, 3a 15 py6jefi?!. Har.iHA'J^^cH 
H Ha Bame «HXbe: My:K«KH — oBUfi n oBUfi; Boxb c&mhh nora- 
mm oBqu! IlHcapHniKa h^h ypaAHH^mmKa npii^A^Tb, cxapn- 
KOBi) BCH^ecKH pyraexb, xaicb bt> ptiJio h .itBexb, a ohh eiiy: 
„rocnoAHHi> ypHaHHKb*. A KoxopHe coBC'feM'b AypaKH: „Bame 
^jiaropoAie*. Ilpa, en-Bory! He npaBAa, ^xojhV!. H roc- 
no:ia xo>Ke... H h rociioAb mhofo nepeBHAaJi'b... K"b nameMy 
rpa(|)y BT> KOHxopy sa jKajioBaHbeM-b apiiAemb: ^Me.iKHX'bHtrb", 
a Kpynnux'b, bhaho, hc 6iiBajio, — hjih: „6apHfla AOMa H'fexi, 
iuiK)HH yBesb**... BaGeHKaM'b na ^khuxb* no xpH ca^teHH JiHm- 
KOB'b Ha ocbMHHHHK-b uaMtpHBawrb... HapHHcaroxit 3a ACHbrn, 
a oxAaK)XT> rHKJiUMb cnxueM'b. PaC^yrHHKaM'b xyxjiyio coJioHnny Aa 
Kanycxy ch ^epBHMHBapHXb... Hy, cojiOHHHa... a ^ero cxohxt> Kany- 
cxa?.. fl cb KysbMofl, cJilinHMb, xoaHjn> no MonacxupHMb, vjisimy: 
Boxb HKOHa HyAOXBopnaa, sacxynHHi^a, BCb Kb Hen HAyib, h 
HHiAie, H rocnoAa, h MyacHKH. J^yMaio ce6'fe: OHa Koro 3Haexi», 
xoro H noMHJiyexb; ryOepnaxop'b Hii'iero ceC* He BHnpocHXb, 
a HHmeMy, M0»texT>, noAacxb... Boxb a h nomeji'b bt> nocjiym- 
hhkh: 6yAy OAHOMy Bory cjiyjKHXb! H ne cnacaxbca no 
inejn>, — hxo mh* criacaxbc;i, mh* fiojibine, 'iiM'b jhoahmtb, ne 
HyatHo!.. H Bory cjiy^cnxb xoxtob... ^a h norjw^i'bjTb, KaKoiiy 
xaMt 6ory-xo cjiyncaxb... Hy, Aa 9xo Menn ne Kacaexca: ohh m 
B-h oxBtrfe... Ha KaaancKyK) KpecxHuft xoai* Ctui'b, hkohj^ hoa- 
HHMajiH, BT) aceacKitt MOHacxtipb uocHJiH... 9xoro HapoAa Ba- 
ixajio! CojiAaxH npHniJiH. FyfiepHaxopi, Aa ABa apxiepea n*in- 



3A OTAJHOMX. l?i 

Kowb mjiH... A MeHH MOHaxH Hayiaiorb: „th, roBopart, %mtMm 
cnpamHBaTb craHyrb, roBopH, hto HCu-bJieHi^ CHBarorb**. 

OHjmnnKa norjia^^'feji'b na nacTyxoBT>. 

~ A HCi^'fejieHifi He CHBaerLl— co 3Jio6oJi b'b rojiocb nojt- 
cHHJn> oH'b: — IlpeHCAe, roBoparL, CHeajiH... KorAa y BacT> b% 
BBpioHi mHmHrii njiasajiH. 

— BOTB, HAGM'B Cb HKOHOft 60JIbUI0fl AOpOFOfi, — npOHOJI^taJKb 

AHTHxpHCT'B, — MysHKa HrpaeTL, MOHamKH xopomo nororb, xbo- 
ipuTh Ha Aopory BHHocarb, cnacnrejieil *) MHoro, — B&k bi* 30- 
j[(yrb, — KaK'B poma, Baepe^H inyMHn>... IIIjiH-mJiH BTaKt-TO, 
BApyrL: cioil! Hto TaKoe? A 9To nonepeK'b qyrynKH nepexoOTTb, 
a ert npo6tHcaTb speMH, HKony-To h npiociaHOBHJiH. Botb co- 
rpyflHJiHCb Bct, KaKi* Hame CTaAO, fla h nocranBaiorb... 
Hero OHH cxajiH?! — iiotth aaKpHHaJi'b OnjinnnKa: — Kaiia 
DXHiuKa ^yryHKa... a Hci^ijieHlH! 

CHBOTb co^yBCTBeHHo nepexBaTHji-b neroAyiomitt BarjiaAi* 
<l>H.iiHnnKH. 

— H-Aa!.. IIhbo jAaJiocb, KBacb He yAajica, — npHMHpHTejibBo 
npoHsaecb OH'b. 

— A ^yryHKa HAerb cefi-fe, nonuxHBaeTb h ne y^BaHHTca! — 
paacKaaHBajiT) AHTHxpacrb. — H-6h, apxiepeeM'b Chjitj hjih ry- 
iepBaTopoM'b, a-6H, Bce pasHO, nomeji'b! H HKony Bejii^Jiij 6n 
HecTH, KorAa ^yAOTBopnaa... H paacepAHJical — saKJUo^HJi-b <I>h- 
XHnnKa, — h npaMo ch Mojie(5cTBia AOMOtt ymejrb. II noApacHHRTb 
nwb CpocHji'b. Xp-feH-b Ha piAbKy Mtnaib — TOJibKO speMa xe- 

pHTb. 

CoJIHUe AftBHO CKJIOHHJIOCb Cli HOJIAeH'b, H XtHH OT'b HJieTHJI 
yKpUvlH KOpOB'b K OBeA'b. KopOBH CTOHJIH CMHpHO, JltHHBO HO- 

MaxHBaa XBOCiaMU, a obuh noAHHMajiHCb He6ojibniHMH rpyn- 
naMH H acajioOHo fijieaJiH, He cm'^a, CesT* npHBH^Haro mejr- 
KaHba nacTymbHX'b KHyios'L, xpoHyTbCii bi> nyTb. HafijieaBmHCb 
AC CHTa, OAHa Ky^Ka iiOKopno yKjiaAWBajiacb na ^otahxi,", k 
cjitAOM'b sa Heft noAHHMajiacb phaomx Apyraa h xaKHce na- 
CTofi^HBO, HecrpofiHo, paoHorojioco npocHjiacb bi nojie. 
IlepBHfl na o^e^bH ^KajioCu OToasajica AnTHxpHcrb. 

— Hy, BOTb ^To, CTapHKH! Tporaibca naAo; Be^ep-b. Obi^h 
npocHTca! — CKasaji-b oHb, noAHHMaacb. 

ApKyjiait JitHHBO norjiHAiJi'b na cojiHue. 

— '^aca TpH, Cojibme He OyAeT-b!— onpeA'feJiHJi'b ohtj.— Mh*, 
nojio^KHM-b, rnaib HeKyAa,— cb HenaBHCTbH) Bsrjianyji'b OH'b ea 

CBOHX-b rieH'b, — MOeli-TO ^OpiOBOfl CKOTHH'fe Bce paBHO, TA* HH 

Top^aTb... HoA-AOXHyTb 6h HM-b BC'fcM'b, Aa H Cb xosHeBaiiifl 
Mofl o6H^afl: aan'bM'b CKOTHny A^p^Kaxb, KorAa nacTH nerA*?! 

— 0Bei^i>-6H, eaceJiH no Bceft no coB'fecTH, naAO-On rnaib, — 



*) XopyrBH. 



176 pycoBoa bofatctbo. 

npaanajica CHBorbj — a KopoBi> h TpeBowHTb He^ero: noacajiyfi^ 
nujib-To MtcH Ha napy.. JSjbl eme sacrpoHaTca!.. Botb Baxojio- 
acaeT'b, - o6T>'hdjx^uKii flonofl npotflyrb, — jiyHine mh bii fiapcKie 
KojiKH 3aKaT»MT>!.. H-fla, H H3i>-da Hy«oro cnaceaba rptx-B ea 
aymy npHflHwaenib, a ^ero noA'feJiaemb, kofm ckothb* cb ro- 
jioAy H 6oKa-TO cmHJio... CMorptTb— KasHa! 

^HJinnQRa onnxb yci^Jica Ha aeMJiK) h o6xBaTHJi'B ROjrbHa 
pyKaMH. 

— Bce-(5H HHHero, — noMOjnaB-b, BosBpaTH-ncH oH-b ktb npe- 
«HeJtt Tejit, — Ka6H snaTb, hto Ha tomt> cB'brt Oynerb? J5jw 
^ero MU a^i'bcb ^hbom b? Borb th, A'fej^ymRa, bcd »cH3Hb cra^o 
nponacb, a maM^ hto xeC-b 6yAerb? — h bt> TOCKJiHsux'b cjio- 
Baxi} OHJinaHKH HyBCTBOBajiacb HeAoroBopeHHan mucjib, hto 
seMHotl noABHrb nejioBtKa ne Moacerb orpaHmHBaTbCfl Kpy- 
roM'b noBceAaeBHHX-b 3a6orb. 

— IIjIOXO, 6paT Tb!— OTB'bTHJI'b CHBOTb* — Fp'feniHHK'b B'feAb! He 

noxBaji^Tb... OnflTb yanaTbHejibBii... — saMajiCH offb:— norJiHAtjn>' 
a Ha HXHie-To nop^AKH 

— JSjdL TH npo Koro? — yAHBJieHHo nepecnpocHJn> Oh 

JIHUHRa. 

— Ha TOMT» CBtrb-To, nor.iaA'fe^i'b h, KaKij pacnopHHtaioTca, — 
HeBOBMyTHMO npoAOJiHcajiij CiiBOTb, He cHHiaa HyacHHsrb no- 

flCHHTb, ^TO BfbJlO 6mJI0 BO CH'fe. — IIo OCeHH JI'bTOCb, — HC TO Ha 

MHTpeBT> AGHb, He TO Ha MHxattJioB'b, TOJibKO, noMHR), B"b npasA- 
HHK'b, — noAXBaxHJiH MeHfl HenpiHiejiH noAT> pyKH h AaBatt 
BOAHTb!.. Bee no KaKHM-b-To ^opHH^aMl>, Aa no KoppHAopairb, Aa 
no JitcTHHaaM'b.,, npHBeAyTT> BT> TopHHi^y H GpocHrbi — Crofi 
Tyrb! — y^cb a cTOK)-cToio... HaKOHei^-b Toro, npHBeJiH Kb 
caMOM^.. K'b ciMOMy rjiaBHOMy... CaAHTb b'b Kpecjit, sa 
Be-ieHUMTi CTOJioM'b... Ctj poraMHl.. TJiasa 6oJibmyiiue, Kpac- 
Huel Ka-aKT* B3r;iHHerb na Mena, Aa TaKi* ch cepA^eM'b: — 
Her«>AeH'b!! — 3aKpH^a.Tb h pyKofl Maxnyji'b... Ohh Meaa no 
met. Cett^facb ynepexb, ne Bpy! BnAHnib tu? HoaaTb TO«e 
HaAO, HTO K'b Heaiy. B^Ab rp'bniHHK'b a, 6paTi>, h-h-h!— aaicjii)- 
HHJI'b Chbotii. 

— Hy, noroAH ace! — sjiopaAHO nporoBopaJTb OaJinnnKa: — 
8T0 TeC-fe TOJibKO OTcpo^Ky AaJiH, a npHAerb npoMa, — npn- 
MyTx! 

IIoBHAHMOMy, CHBorb H caM'b AonycKaji'b sosMoatHOCTb xa- 
Koro ToaKosama... 

— To-To, KaR-b 6h ho Toro, — nporoBopHJib oH'b, — B-b-flpy- 
rofl-To paai/? 3xt>, BOARy Ou HaAo OpocHTb HHTb, cnaca'^ca 6b[ 
HaAoI JJfl KaKT, Opociitab? IIpHroHHnib Borb, 6a6e^rkH py- 
raiorca: cKOTHay ne naKopMHan, Aa naceaiii njioxo. A KaK-b ee 
nacTH ay^me, na nauiaxx-ro noanxV?.. KycROM-b Koparb!.. 
Boe-To y Meaa 6oaHTbl CTaptia B'b At a cxajib, j^neuiy 



SACTA^OMX. 177 

Hsfitraiocfc, a ho^bk) chr mh* H'brb... H Bce mh* cryAeno. 
Bon, BHiiBK) a noji6yTHJiKH, ca^y he saBajieHKt: Tenjio Mffb; 
^BtmjiH HrpaioTi, hthuh noi)TT>!.. 9-3xt>, OHJianaKa! MlojiojioPl 
t^tBTb, HH o6i> ^eMi) n He jiynajTb: He BEjiBJUb, kslkij ciapocTB- 
To BozioniJia. H^tl xysae na cBtrb oAHHOKOMy! He cjiymafl th 
iMfKoro: noKa MOjiofleebKift, h^h b-b a^xba, b-b ceMbro, orb o6- 
^eena He 0T6HBaflCH. Fjihah, iio oceHH rycH Jieiarorb: KaKie 
aprejfM Haca;iyrb! Hmx ^rro aepna-To HyMtHO? A kopm^tch h, 

Kjm Hlfb HaAO, BCi npHJieiHTb, a KOXOpHft Ot6hJICH OAHH-b, — 

TOTb ym'b, roBopH npHMo, nponaji-b! 

€>HJiHnnKa ho^th He cjiymaji'b CTapHKa: rjiaaa y Hero nepe- 
KoeMJiHCb, Koma Ha cKyjiax'b HaTanyjiacb, — oH-b rjiyOoKO aaay- 
MajiM. 

— TaKT) 3a cranoMT* h npoxoflHTb bck) acHSHb?— nepecnpo- 
CHJii OHT> cepbesHo. — yCHTb Korcf, J12L orpaOHTb — H TO jiy^me! 

Fojiocb y MajibHHKa jiporHyji-b. 

— HtTb, Mo^cHO yaaaTb, Jinn ^ero mh acHBeifb! — ptmn- 
TexbHo H Becejio BocKJiwKHyjrb owb. — Ilacb a wb npo- 
ni3iou*b ro;iy Ft xMHxaflJioBKt, ko mh* Bce MOJioAeHbKit! 6a- 
pKffb Ha pt^Ky cb yAOHKaMH npHxoAHJi-b. „fl, roBopHTb, sorb 
npoyiycb ceicb Jiirb, a noTOM^b eiu,e oflTb, Toraa Bce 6yAy 
anarb**. H ewy roBopio: a e^eJiH mh* Cojibme HH^ero ne a*- 
-JiaTb, TOJibKO yHHTbca? B'b ABa roAa BHyvy a 9To Bce? Oh-b 
cifibeTca: „th, roBopHTB, He tojibko B'B ABa roAa, a h HHKorAa 
n% BHyHHiHB**. Hero ofb noHHMaeTB?! B-b AByx'B roAax-B MHoro 
BpeMeHH... Bce trb botb mo«ho, crajio 6htb, ysnaTb, aji-h nero 
MH rnHBeifbl 

— KaK-b ' HeMoacHo?! O'leHb Aaace npocTo! — nporoBopnji'B 
GwBorb, noAHHMaacb. — 3-bx'b, CaTiomKa, tto 8to? CnHna-To, 
cHHal He pasornycB. — Bajinfl-Ka botb,~hxo IleTpoBHHT> hh 
cwufRefTby — CB npaBaro (|)JiaHra, a h ohhtb, no ciapHKOBCKH, baojib 
KAHaBu noflAy •- ToHce, — rjiynuft! — ^A'feJio ne Majioe: Hanpaso TeCt 
xjriUSa, Haji'bBo TpaBa, a B'b cepeAK'b mh no hhji^, kblkt^ no 
yjHi^, rojioAHyK) CKOTHHy AeHB-AenbCKOft, BsaA'B-BnepeA'B, 

rOEMeiCB... KaHCAUft 9TaK'B-T0 BHAyMatll Mh bot-b BHAyMajiH... 

BoTb tojibko hhkto y ckothhm na yM* ne dHJi-B: hto ona oO^b 

flftt-B AynaeTB? H xaK'B noJiararo, xopomaro cobc^itb Majio... 

Idau^ejiKajiH j^jmsHhie RHyTu, CTaAO Tponyjiocb wb lEyrb, h 

i7a«TyxK noozjiH aa cTaAOin». 

A. H. rionos-b. 



X- It. OTjctjt I. lii 



„no 



paenopjimeHiK) 



" *). 



II y a oppression lorsq'ane loi viole 

les droits naturels, civils et politiqnes 

qu'elle doit garantir. La resistance a 

Toppression est la consequence de toHs 

les autres droits de rhomme et du 

citoyen*. 

(Konaopca). 

1. 

BpHTaHCKafl HHnepia A&^eKo He offHopo^Ha no cBoeny coeTasy. 
Mbi BEjijnth TjTb ;^eH0KpaTH7eGKifl ^effepaTHBHUJi peony6i[HKH, saKi 
KaHgAa hjih ABOTpaiasiir, KopoHHUJi sojiohIh, Kasi HHAin, vh ko- 
Topmi BHiie-KopojiL, Bi cyn^HOCTH, aBTOKpaTb, saTtMi spome^Hfur, 
apxan^ecKifl, caMoynpaBJiflioiii;iacfl HapoAHOcTH, saKi naHKOiidHH h 
ap. MajieHLRifi ocipoBi Mani, BepcTi 12 b% rnHpany h Bepcrb 
15 Bi AJiJLBj, — HMieTi oo6oTBeHHufi napjianeHTiy c% ji^jna naia- 
TaMH H ch o6ji3aT6jiLHOfi oaHsoieft Kas^aro saKOHa nyTem pe^e- 
peHj^yHa. Tasofi se napjianeHTb, ho 6e8i pe^epeHsyiia, mu naxo- 
jSflMi> Ha Kpome^HOMi TpHHHj^aj^i y 6eperoB'B lOsnofl AnepHKH, Tor^a 
KaKi ocTpoBosi Bap6aA00'b, Tose npHna^JiesaniiS ki rpynni An- 
THJ[BCKHXi ooTpoBOBi, HHieTi TOJiLKO coBin^aTejiitHoe Go6paHle, Vh 
KOTopoHi .^acTB HpeACTaBHTeJiefi HasHa^aexcfl sopoHOfi (ry6epHaT0- 
poHi). 

Ho KaKi HH pasjiH^HO y^acTie HaceJieHifl B'b Bupa6oTKi saso- 
HOB'B, Bi oficyHj^eniH dioj^sexa h fb soHxpoji^ na^'B HcnoJiHHTeJiB- 



*) Bi >& 8 „PyccKaro BorarcTBa^ h o6tuiajn> B03BpaTHTbc$i ki> o63opy kobuxi* 
HHOCTpaHHbixi> KHHri> o PocciH. Bct asTopbi 6oJite HJIH Mente noApo6Bo ocra- 
HaBJiHBaioTCfl Ha (t)aKrk cymecTB0BaHi» aAMHHHCTpaTHBHO<i ccujikh, Kain* na oa- 
HOMi> Ha-b HaH6o;ite nopasHTe^bHUX-b AOKaaarejibCTB'b OTcytcTBin 3JieMeHTapHbixi> 
rapaHTift jihiihocth. TaKi* kslki* y MeHfl no aroMy noBOAy um^iotcr co6cTBeHHbi5i 
Ha6;iK)AeHifi, to h ptiUHji-b coBepmeHHO yKJioHHTbcii oti> HHOcrpaHHbix'b aBTO- 
poB-b H He no;ib30BaTbC5i hxi HAAiocrpauiflMH. <I>aKTy, KOTopue qniaTejib naft- 
Aerb B-b 9Tofl cTaibt, HSBjieqenbi hsi* mohxi> crapbixi* sanHCHUX'b KHHXcem*. 
BxoMy Maiepiajiy 15—16 /itrb; ho, kt. conca/i-feHiio, oht> eme ne CTajii aoctoji- 
HieM-b omotcueutato npouiJiaro, Kaxi), Hanp., Kptnocruoe npaBO. /loJiMcen-b hsbh- 
HHTbcn TaKHce npeAi* HHTaTe;i$iMH 3a HtcKOJibKo necrpbift xapaicrep-b nncbMa. 



10 PAcnoPXMiHi». 1T9 

mov) BJiacTBio, Botoxy, bo Bcixi eAHHHuiaxi, BXOAanpizi bi ooorasK 
BpHraHOKofi HMnepiH, uu HaxoffHHi ojiho o6iiiee. BcDjo^y rapann* 
poBaHu offHH H Ti SO ocHOBHiiJi npaBa rpaacffaHHHa. Ha ocipoBi 
MdHi, BaRi Bi AnrjiiHy Ha Bap6aAooii, Basi bi Kajasyri, bib 
TacMaHiH, KaBi Ha ManTi, naoejieHie bojii»ho ^^yiiaTB, Basi oho 
xo^erE, Moasen BnpaacaxB 6e8npenjiTCTBeHH0 cboh mucjih vb ne- 

^aTE HJIH Ha HJiaT^Opif^ H He TOJU>KO HMfteTB OpaSO HCnOBi^UBaTL 

jcaKyH) xo^oTB Bipy (oTapyio hjih bhobb npHAyMaHHyio), ho h nepexo- 
XHTi H81 OAHofi Bi ffpyryx) h y6iasAaTB Apyrnxi. SaTim BCDxy 
rpasj^ane nojiBsyiOTCii oj^HHasoBofi cbo6oaoS nepeABBsseHin. ?to6u 
noixaib HBi BenrajiiH b% Kanasy, bi ABOTpaJiiio hjolh bi AnrJiiK), — 
He HaffO^HO HHsaRoro nacnopTa. JIh^hoctb h acHJiHnite HMtDTi ojqi- 
HaBOBUH rapaHTin bo bc^xi KOHi^axi BpHTaHCKofi HiinepiH, nesa- 
BHOHMO OTh Toro, HacROJiBKO BOJiBKO y^aoije HaoeneHiH b% saso- 
HowTOJiLHofi pa6oTt. Ha MajiBTt, KaKi h b% AnrJiiH, npasHieJiB- 
OTBO He HMien* npana BaspuTB HenpiHTHyi) eny rasexy, BopBaiLOH 
Bi ^acTHoe SHJiHHi^e 6631 TO^Haro nooiaHOBJieHiH odhmuazo cyj^a, 

EJSE BilCJiaTB aAMHHHOTpaTHBflBIMl HOpHAKOHl SOrO-HH6yAB. BcD^y 

cy^i coBepmeHHO HesaBHCHHi on aAMHHHCTpai^iH. AnoHqaHEHS, 
]fajiBTiei^'&, MaHKOMdHi hjih TyseneAi PajusnyTaHU OAHnaKOBO Moryn 
XOBftpHTB CBOH TaSHu no7T%, HOTOM^ 9T0 ^aoTHafl HepeHHosa He- 
npHBOCHOBena. B% BpHTaHCKofi HHiApiH qacTHoe hhobmo — cbhtuhh. 
>8thmi o6iHGHHeTOH o;^Ha ?epTa, KOTopaa hogtoheho ohjibho nopa- 
scaerB 8;^ob pyccRHXi: bi AHrjdH ^eHBrH h ^okh nepeoujiaDTCH 
h% npocTBixi HHOBnaxB; Tor^a KaKi mbi, BCJii^^rcTBie xoro, qTO soh- 
BepTB HOserB BCBpuTB He TOJiBKo affpecaTB, — c^HxaeMi Heo6xoAH- 

HBIlfB CipaXOBaTB BGHKOe CBOJIBBO HH6yffB BaSHOe A^H HaOl HHCBHO, 

(ornpaBHTeJiB pasoyasAaeTB Tasi: „Ha, ^oprB ci To6ofi; ^niafi; ho 
TOXBBO, cmotph!— OT^afl**)! 

J(pyrHMH cjioBaHH, Bce oRasaHHoe osna^aerB, hto na bcomi npo- 
THseniH BpHiaHCRofi HMnepin rpasAancRifl npasa Bcero nacejieHiH 
OAHHaEOBO rapaHTHpoBanu TpeMH xapTiHMH: „Magna Charta'', ^Habeas 
Corpus'' H ^Bill of Rights'*. Hhkto He mosoti 6utb BaAepaaHi, noca- 
seni VL TDpBHy, jiBmeHi HMyn^ecTsa hjih HsrHaHi 6e8'B^ npnroBopa 
paBHBixs (t. e. npncHSHBixi), cocTaBJieHHaro na ooHOBaniH toyhuxi 
saROHOBi cTpanu (t. e. TaKHxi^ soTopue Bupa6oTaHu h npHHHTu 
^uufHMi HacejieHieMi). TaKi rjiacHTB ochobhoS naparpa^i xapxiH, 
BBipBaHHofi 6apoHaMH y KopojiH B'B 1215 roffy. J(pyrofi nyHsrB ro- 
BopniTB, Hjo HajiOFH MoryrB 6utb najioseHs tojebro cs corjiaciH 
caHoro HaceneHifl. AnrjiH^aHe ohohb ropji^HTCfl axofl xapTiefi. Ka- 
s^yK) oy66oTy b% sajiax'B BpHTaHCKaro Mysea mo»cho bh^^tb rpynnu 
MajieHBRHXi MajiB^raROBi. Ohb npEXOAHTi, hto6bi nocMOxptTB Ha 
CTapuS, cMopn^HBiniSoH nepraMeHTi, saKjno^aion^iS bi ce6% ochobs 
BOJiBHOCTefl 6pHTaHGKaro napoj^a. ManBHHRH cjiumarB bi mROJit 
npo BTOTi* AORyMeHTB, saRi TOJIBKO Hay^axcH a35yKi. JteBHTHjiixHiS 
JiajiB^HKi noApo6Ho pascRaserB, BaRi •itxaxHCB 6apoHBi Ha ooxpoBi^ 

12* 



!&• PsreoKoi iorATon«. 

Ha TeMst, MexAy CrafiHei h Bhhabopomi, uki sopou BUByssens 
Shai npHHJiTB Bot njHiCTH xapfiB, Easi noTOMi Bi 64^ineHCTB^ 
<poeaJi«fl Ha seiijii) h bi fiescHJiBHofi JipocTH rpusi ZBopoon v 
•ojiony. ,Ohh (t. e. 6apoHu) nocaAHJiH Ha^o mhoS APyrnx'L Kopo- 
Jiei^f — Tasi KpHqajTE loaHHi. J^ftjio bi tohi, ito 6apoHEi, He xo- 
BftpaJi ojioBy Kopojiir, nasHa^BJiH komhtbti hbi injBaroaTH Herupexi 
^ejOBtsi, KOTopue aojshu 6uj[h cJiiAHTB sa Ttm, Tro6£i nyHBT» 
xapriH HcnoJiHirjiHoi*. Bi cjiyqaft Hapymenia rpaiiOTH, 6apoHii aojishh 

6hJ[H O&bflBHTL KOpOJIlO BOSHy. 

„HejiLBA CHOxpi^Tii Ges'B rjiy5oKaro ^yBCiBa 6jLST0T0jAma, — roBO- 
pm aHFjiificKifi HoropHKi-paAHKajTB, — Ha btovl oaMufi speBHiS na- 

USmEKh aHFJlifiGROfi 0BO60ff£I. HS'L Bi^Ra Bl B^Bl naTpiOTEI BH- 

j^ixE B*b 8Tofi xapriH ocHOBy namnxi BOJiBHOoieft... BapoHJU Buro* 
BapHBaxH BOUHOOTH He TOJXbKo ji^JisL 066a, HO H JCJCH Bcero Hapofta' *y 
„KaKi BeJiHEi 6uJL'h Torj^a (1215 r.) consi iies^y pasJiH^iHEiiiH 
sjia^oanH Hacej[eHi«! — BocsJiHi^aeT'L hctophk'l anrjiificsofl KOHCTHry 
qiH. — Ilaparpa^u BeAi^KoU Xapmiu rapaHTHpyiorL Bce to, pa;^H ^ero 
JOD^ MEBjTh o6n^ecTBaMH. YcTaHOBJieHi aBTopHTen cy;^a, HesaBH- 
CHMaro on npoHSBOJia KopojiH. 06e3De«ieHu npana xh^hocth h ra 
paHTHpoBaHa oti ROH^HCKai^iH co6oTBeHHOCTb. ^l^ana nenpHKOGHOBeH- 
HoeTb HHOGTpani^y h ToproBOiiy foctk). BapoHU bi 9Tofi xapTin 
OTsagajiHCB OTi MHOseoTBa npHBHJieriS, crbGHHTejibHUxi j^jui ooTaib- 
Horo HacejieHiH. Xapiin rapaHTHpoBajia ji;ase KptnocTHOMy (bond- 
maH) npoffyKTi ero xpy^a **). Bnepsue b% JitTOHHGHXi Boeiiip* 
Hoft H6TopiH rpa;^aHCKaH BoflHasaBOH^HJiacb AoroBopom bi noxBsy 

TftXl HeC^aOTHUX'L Rpi^HOGTHUX'B, KOTOpUMl, BGJitACTBle SgAHOCTB 

H BJiacT0XX)6iH, JipEcjmjiTh ^esoBi^ecBofl npspoAt, — ^o rtxi nops 
OTMSHBajiH B% OGHOBHuxi HOjioBi^^ecKHrB HpaBaxi" ***). 

BTopofi HO BasHocTH AOKyHeHTi, rapaHTHpyDH^ift bo Boefi Bpv* 
TaH^Kofi HMHepiH npaBa jih^hogth 9to — Habeas Corpus Act, HpHHjr- 
Tfiii B% 1679 r. IIo axoiiy sasony sanepsaHHufi no npHBadaHii) ko- 

POJA HJIH GyjPiH EEiQTb HpaBO Tpe60BaTL, qT06u CMOTpHTeXb TDpBMH 

BVijn on oyj^a „writ ot Habeas Corpus**, t. e. npHKaai ^ocTaBHTb 
8aKXK>7eHHaro bi oy;^. Gy^ba oOflaaHi no]i;h oTpaxoici HaEasaniiE 
xau cifOTpHTejH) 8Torb npHKaai. Habeas Corpus rapaHTHpyexi sa- 
KxnieHHOMy, BO-nepBuxi, to, ^to ero ne 6yAyrb HopHTb jt^onvo bs 
npexnapHTejibHoirb 3asjrK)?eHiH, a BO-BTopuxi — rjiacHoe ojitj^CTBie y 
MaraerpaTa h TaRoft ne rjiacHuft sekohhuS cy^i, t. e. gi yqaciien 
npHtffXHEixi. Habeas Corpus Act OTHHjrb y aHrJiifioKHXi sopoxeft 
BOMOKHOOTb HerxaoHofi paonpaBU g'l xioj^biiH HesaBHCHvaro ofipaaa 

*) F. R. Green, .A short History ot the English People* (OAHOTOiiHoe 
HaAawie 1876 r.), p. 123-124. 

**) FloAnHcaBuiie xapriio ol55!3aAHCb Aarb cBOHM-b (|)epMepaMT> TaKiH >Ke Bo/ib- 
BOCTM, Kafcifl BuroeapRBa.iH y KopoJi$r a/ih cefin. 

*^*) Henry Hallam. ,The Constitutional History ot England*. KoMniKT' 
Moe M3AaHie W.)% r., p. p. 276—277. 



10 PA.onopnHHif». Itl 

xuojieft. »npi noopeAGTBt aioro aRia, — roBopHT% BHaiieHMTufi laro- 
PHk:l, — cBo6oAa sasAsro aHTjnraaHHHa rapaHTapoeaHa, Hacsoj&so avo 
Mosen oA^iiaTB sasoHi. IIoGJii 1679 r. KopoiH He Horju yse 
^iojiBine, npH ^flcTBiH Habeas Corpus, MopHTb hi TDpBicaxib Hesa- 
BHCHMUxi jiD^efi. 06BHHjieMaro b'l noj[HTHqeoKOHi npeoTjnjieHii H6- 
o6xoAHMO 6uxo npe^aTL oy^y npHCASHBin laKi se osopo (qiaperL 
2 — 3 MicflAa), KaKi h noAoaptBaeHaro vb yrojiOBHOHi A^ri* *). 

Hto6£[ HMl^Tb B03]I02BH0CTI» paonpaBHTbOA 668npenflTOTBeHHO Gl 
nOJIHTHqeOSHMH npOTHBHHKaMH, npaBHTeJIBCTBO AOJISHO 6ujio npeX" 

BapHiejibHO A^^HTLCA BpeHeHHOfi OTM^HBi Hubeos Corpus. Kopox& 
He HHterB npaBa oA&iaTb axo. Oml^HHrB Habeas Corpus Mosein 
TOjibKO cam napjiaMeHTE. J^pyrHMH cjEOBaMH, 8to osHa^aerE, vro 
o6iflBHTi» yoHJieHHyK) oxpany Mosen tojbko cano nacejieHie ^epen 
nocpeACTBO Bu6opHuxi npeAOTaBHiejieS cbohxi. Bi ooBpeHeHHofl 
AflrjEiH, Kor^a napjiaHeHTB HBJiHeTOH BLipasHTejieMi sejiaHift cTpaHif^ 
BTO HeB03M0SH0. OTMiHa Bi AHFJiiH Habeas Corpus 6ujia toxbko 
aipH Feopri III, b% 1794 r., bi Aope^opMeHHOHi napjiaiieHTi, npi 
TOMi xeppopHSOBaHHOMi ^paHi^ysoKoft peBOJiiouiefi. Kopojib ao6hjioh 
BpeMeHHofl OTMiHu saKOHa. PesyjUiTaTJU nepe^HCJieHBi i^THpoBas- 

HHMl yse aHTJEifiOBHHl HOTOpHKOMl. BOSI npeyBBJIHHeHUI MOSHO 

cKasaTb, qTO bi npoAOJiseHie hAokojiibkhxi jAtl bi Ahfjuh oBHpin- 
OTBOBaJia GHOTeMa 6iJB[aro Teppopa. HaqajiHGB npoGspHmuH. IIpaBH- 

TejaCTBO Ha6HJ[0 TDpUlU GBOHHH nOJ[HTHqeGKHHH npOTHBHHKaMM. He- 

jiOBiKi HesaBHCHMaro oOpasa MucjEefi hope eseMHHyxHO a^axb 
apecTa. 3a KaasAum maroHi ero gji^ahjih mnioHu, nHCBMa ero 
BospHBajiHCb Ha noqii. He n^awJiaoB ^ase gbhtootb AOManiHn*o 
o^ara. HpaBHTeJiibGTBO g^hjio pas^^opu nea^y qjieHaiiH cf^iuH, bo»- 
«TaHOBj[HJio poAHTejieS npoTHBi A^xefi, Tpe6oBaj[0, qTo6u KaJB;piS 
j^ohoghjtb Ha cBoero 6paTa hjih Apyra. Do cjiOBaHi ^osca, npaBH- 
Tejn»GTBo HaK&iJiocL 8aMHpHTB CTpany, ecjiH eiiy yAacxcx opaBpa- 

THXB BCiXl Bl HHSBH8HXOpOB%, HiniOHOBl H AOHOGHHKOBi; ipOADO- 

^urajiOGL, qxo oxi^i aojishu aohoghxi. Ha A^xefl, a 6paxBH — tjy- 
JBHXB arenxaif H-npoBOBaxopaif H a^h yspi^njieHiH maxaDn^arocH xpona 
Teopra HI... EpanHxejibcxBO ynoTpe6HJ[o BCi^ yoHjdH, qxo6u aasaxb 
pon neqaxH... Oho npecjitAOBajio jifiote Bjia^tjiBiteBi khhshhtl ja- 
HOKi, ecJiH x6 npoAaBaJiH naM^JiexU; HenpinxHBie npaBHxejafny. 
nojiHXHqecRie consu h Go6paHiA Cujlb cxporo BOGnpen^enu. Saa- 
Aufi nonyjuipHufi o6n^eGXBeHH£ifi jt^Texb naxoAHJiGH vh 6e8npepiiB- 
HOfl onacHOCXH. GofipaniH pa8roHHj[HCL BoeHHOfl chjioS. npaBH9eji&- 
OTBO GOAepsajio nasajioBaHiH noji^HH^a mnioHOB's. Eo^eflHH, roon- 
HHi^i H Kxy6Bi BHml^ areHxaaiH, noACxpeKaxejiflMH h AOHo^qHsam, 
.■epeAaBaBHiHHH h HSBpan^aBniHHH saiBAufl pasroBopi. 

«Kxo HenaBHAHXi axy rnyGHyx) Boflny, — roBopHjii #0Bt&, — bh 
MpesHpaexi npaBHxeiBOXBO, onHpawn^eeoH na noAJtuxi Mfluo^matowhj 



*) B M c k 1 e, Hlftory of Civilization in IngUnd, v. I, p. 3M. 



182 pyOOKOl BOrATOTBO. 

MOserL nonacTB bi TiopBMy. Jiflurb odasuBaen bi Tasiir aooxv 
rpas^aH^E He TepntTs, a o6paTHTEoa si spa&Heiiy cpeffCTBy, k^ 
OBameHHOMy npaBy MaieKa** *). 

Bon uro o^HaweTi OTMtaa HaJjeas Corpus Act. 

TpeTifi aRT%, oxpaHflron^ift rpaa:iiaHCKyK> GBo5oAy Ha BceirB npo- 
THseniH BpHTEHOKoft HMDepiH, 8T0 — Bill of Bights, yBtH^aBmifl pe- 
BOJLDi^ii) 1688 r. Ohi noATBep^Hjn npaso .Hapoi^a ^epea'L ero 
npe^cTaBHTejiefi HasHaqaTs Koponefl h bobboj^htb Ha ipoHi, Koro 

Hafij^yTl He06X0ffHMUMX" **). JIopJ^H H 06mHHH Bl COBOKynHOCTH, — 

roBopHTCH J^aJItme bi Bill of Rights, — ho^^oSho TOMy, KaKt vl 
TasHX'L Gjy^afiX'L nocxynajiH hxi npe^KH, ci» q&iBK) aan^HTHTb ap^b- 
Hifl npana gboh HBOJibHOCTH, o6'bflBJiHH)T'B: 1) Cyn^ectByioii^ee 6yffT0- 
6h npaBO iipiOGTaHaBJiHBaTb ^^flGiBie saso hob's KopojieBGEOio BJiaoTbio 
0681 comaGiA napjiaMeHTa npoTHBHo sasoHaifb. 2) Cyn^ecTByniaee 
6y;^o 6bi npaBO KopojieBGKofi BjracTH ocBo6osAaTL orb A^flGTBin sa* 

SOHOBl HJIH OTL HCHOJIHeHiH HX1>, KaS'B ffOHyGKaJEOGb H Jl^HSJLOCh 

vh nocj[tj]^Hee Bpena, npoTHBHO saEOBaii'!*. 3) Y^ipesA^Hie HOBaro 
^yxoBHaro hjih BGHKaro j^pyroro Gyica npoTHBHo aaEOHaifb h bjeo- 
Bpe^HO. 4) BcHBoe BSHHanie genera j^jih Haj^o6HOGTe9 sopoHu ho^i^b 
npejUJioroM'b KopoJieBGKofi npeporaTHBu, dest paapimeHlH napia- 
MeHTa, Tasace KaEi h BSHManie na 6oji'6e ^ojirifi cpoKi, HeseJUH 
6ujio yRasano^ npoTHBHO saKOHaii'L. JI,ajrbme BuroBapHBaeTGH npaBO 
oeiHixifl KopojiK) E sasBJiHeTGfl, ^To npeGjfj^AOEaHie sa hhxi — npo- 
THBOsaKOHHO. Bi oj^HHajmaTOM'B nyHKit BupaseHO Tpe6oBaHie 
cBo6oAHaro HsfipamH dphch3BH£IX'&. ^JLnqa, Bu6paHH£[H bi npncflSR- 
HHe HO npoi^eGGaMi o roGyAapcTBOHHOfl HSH^Ht, j^ojisHU 6iiTB ue- 
HaMH o6ni;HH'b''. 

Bc% nepe^HGJieHHBis xapiis GOGTaBjaioT'b^ tbei CEasaxb^ $yH- 
AaveHT'L rpasj^aHCTBeHHocTH. HacejieHle coGiaBHUxi ^aGxeS Bpn- 
TaHGEofi HMnepin HOJEerb 6bitl npeffCTaBJieHO napjiaMeHTOM'L, HMtio- 

HXni SOHTpOJB Haj^'b MHHHCTepCTBOMl, EBEl B'B HoBOfi SojaHAlH^ 

HiH se TOJiBEO coBtn^aTejibHUMi Go6paHieM'B c% H^EOTopuHH mie- 
HaHi no HasHaqeHiiQ, EaBi na MajLL'rt, ho bgk>j!j ^^yHAaMeHTib 
rpasAanoTBeHHOGTH'' oj^hhi h totb se. Hh'ito laEi ne BOJiHyers 
anrnqaHi, saEi Hapymenie npaBHTejEbCTBOHi, xoth 6u qysHMi, 
OAHofi Hsi npHBHJieriS, rapaHTHpoBaHHLix'B Magna Charta, Habeas 
Corpus Act H Bill of Rights. HarjiH^^HUMi npHMlipoiii Moserb Giy- 
SHTi^ nJ^tJio dArapa", nooJiyasHBrnee b% sHa^HTeJibHOfl GieneHi npH- 
^HHot TOMy, ?To 6oj[bmaH nyfijiHEa B'B AnrjiiH ooqyBOTBeHHo ot- 
Heoiaeb si losHO-a^pHEanoBofi BOflni. Ta qacTb neqaTH, EOTopoft 
nyxna 6£iJia Boftna, snajia, qT6 GHJibHte Boero BbisoBeTi neroj^OBa- 
Hie B* AnraiH. Borb noqeaiy wh 1898 r. b% Times^ bi Daily Mail 



*) Backle, .History of Civilization in England" (h3a. 1902), v. I, p. p^ 
494-496. 

♦*) Green, .History of the English People", p. 672. 



no PACUOPH2BBHI10. 183 

H Bi Daily Teh(jraph aoABHjiHOb chjikho cocraBJieHHiaA TejierpaMM u 
fork IoraHec6ypra o6i j,yxaoHOMi h 6e3npHM'bpHOHi HapymeHin ne- 
npHRocHOBeHHOCTH sHJiHiAa aHFjiHHaHHHa d^rapa". Atjio HSJiarajiocb 
TaKi. nojiHi^efioKifi nsHo-a^pHKaHCKofl pecnyfijiHKH Asoneci, „He 
jvAsL Bi pysan cy^efinaro nocTaHasjieHifl, HO^bK), BJioiiHJica Vh 
KBapTHpy MHpHaro aHrjnqaHHHa, HHseHepa dnirapa''. HKorAa HHJse- 
Hepi, „nojiBay«[ci» cbohmi HeorbeMjieafuifi npaBOni, rapaHTHpoBaH- 
BHM'L BejiHKofi Xapiiefi''^ CTaii Ban^Hn^aTb cboS ceneflHBifi o^an, — 
J^KOHecL BUXBaTHjii peBOJiBBepi H y^HJii d^rapa. Goo6n(eHie bu- 
BBaio HacTOHmyD 6ypK) bi AerjiiH. Ha MHTHHraxi h bi rasexax'L 
Tpe6oBaj[Oci>, qTo6ij aHrjiificsoe apasHTejbCTBO GMejio ^ojiHrapxiio 
Kpiorepa", r^t bobmoxho TaKoe ysacHoe npeoiynjieHie, RaKi 6e8- 
saKOHBoe noJiHi^eflcRoe BTopsesie Ho^bio wh ^acTHyiD BBapinpy 
MBpnaro oduBaxejifl. Eojibmaa ny6jiHRa co^yBCTBOBajia Boflat, no- 
Tony HTO c^HTajia ee 6opb6ofl bi san^Hxy ochobsuxi rpaasAaHcsHxi 
npaB'b, KOTopuA aerjiHqaHHHy neoOxoAHMu, xaKi Bosj^yxi hjih Xjit6i. 
BnocJitACTBiH CTaJio BSBtcTHO, HTO A^jo 061 y6iftcTB'6 d^rapa oo* 
BepmoHHO He Btpno 6bijio BdjotoseHo ^naTpioTHqecKHiiH'' raseTaiiH. 
8xrapi — rpy6i]ft rpoMHJia, npoMunuLABmift to rpaSesom, to my- 
lepoTBOMi Ha npincKaxi, b'l nbHHOMi bha^ saTiflJi'L Apaay bi sa- 
6aRi ci ApyrHMi rpoMHJioft h yjiosHJEi ero saiiepTBO. Saxtm obi 
6pocHJica 6tauiiTii, sa dArapom norHajcji noJiHqefioKifi J^soHocb, 

KOTOpuft A^BCTBHieJIbHO BOpBaJIGH Bl KBapTHpy, HO Ha TO^HOHl 

ooBOBaHiH sBBOHa, ?T0 HenpHSOOHOBeHHocTH SHJiHo^a HiTi, KorAa 
npecjitAyiOTi y6ifl]^y. dArapi, bhah HeMHHyeiiocTb apecTa, cxBaTHjn 
MOWh H HBiTajiGH y6HTb JI,soEeca; ho TOJbKO paHHjii ero. TorAa 
nojnmeficKifi, 8ani;Hn;aH0B, BucTptjiHJii hbi pesoJiBBepa h y6HJii 
3Arapa. AHrjiificRafl ny6j[HRa TorAa ne Bnaia bthxi noApo6HOGTefi 
H eoBepmeHHO HORpeHHo neroAOBaia no noBOAy OTcyTCTBiH bi 
TpaHCBaajit oohobhbix'e rapanTifi rpaii^aHCRofi gbo6oau. 



II. 

MexoAH HBi noJoaceHifi, HSJioseHHiix'L hi Magfia Gharta, Habeas 
Corpus Act H Bill of Eights, — anrjiH^aHe coBepmeHHO He Moryxi 
neHHnib A&se OAHy ^opuy HaRasaHiH, o% ROTopofi eseAHeBHufi ot- 

BtTl A^^BHO cpOAHHJIl HaOl. H TOBOpK) O&h aAMHHHGTpaTHBHOfi 

G«HJuA. npHnoMHHaK) cjiiAyH)n^ifl aHORAOTHqeGRifi GJiy^afi. Ha napo- 
xoA^ Hsi rnfipajiTapa bi TaHsep% h noBnaROMHjiGJi o% cxapun, 
jAaJHBmHMCH oTh A'bJi^ bji8PA»hm8Homi HBi Kponepa. BiiicTi oi 
HiiTL Mu npoA^JiaJiH Ha Apyi'ofi a^hb Bce to, qxo noJiaraeTCH a^- 
jia»> TypHCTaMi wh TaH»ept: BCRapa6RajD[HCL no oxRocy xoxHa ai 
ltm46m: BarunyjiH ^pesi JiyHBy b'l ABepax'L b% xeiiHyK) h BOHD^yio 
Tjopfcuy, BOTopaH npiBOAHTi Bi ysaci aHrjcHqani, xoth ona hh- 
Htxi He xyse TDpevi bi ToMGRt hjih HHSHe-YARHGRi (h roBopv 



184 preosoi bofatovbo. 

KOHi^t BOOMHAecaTuxi roAOBi); ciftsAUH he Hyxaxi no MOf^tm, 
T. e. nJOCKOMj no6epesBX) ao aPobehi'l paBBUHHi pHMcsaro mo- 
OTa; norjui(&[H Ha coko (puHKi^) Ha sauHHaTeJiefi antft h np. Ova- 
peHBsift Kji8pAacHM8H% en^e HasaHyHi ysHajn, hto a pycosit, h 

BOTB CI Ti^Xl nopi OWh BOe AABHJICA KaSHHl TO BOHpOOOMl, KO- 

Topufi nooTOJiHHO sacTpaBajii y Hero b% ropjii. CiapHS'L, hobbjp- 
MOHy, ropiiji'L sejiaHieu'L ysnaTB qTO-To; ho see ho pimaacH. Ba- 

KOHem, Kl KOHAy BTOporO AHA, KJiapj^SHlfdHl HO BUAopsaifL H 

noGjit AJiHHHBix'b npoAHoxoBiS Haqajii: 

— IIosajiyftcTa, iipooTHTe, ho MHi tbki xo^otch paspinnrB 
OffHHi Bonpooi! EcJH npe^nojioseHie, Koiopoe dasiDqaerM wb 
Moem Bonpoct, ne Bipno, nro no Bceft BtpoHTHOCTH Tas'L, h6o obo 
Tasi oTpaHHO A^H anrjiH^aHHHa, — to hsbhhhiocb aapanie. H OTU0ff> 
He xoTi^Jii 6u saftiTL Hai^ionajiBHoe ^yBCTBO... 

TaxExi BCTynHTejfBHUx'L npe^JioseHifi 6ujio c^jiaHO Q^t^Bh 
HHoro. K piniHTejiLHo Be moti hohhtb, no Aynaen Moft •TaparL 
H nonpocHJii ero Cutb HOHte. 

— GKasHTe HH%, — BHnaJiHJi'By HaKOHei^'B, KJidpASHHaHB, — HeyaaiH 

Bl POCCIH A^flCTBBTeJIBHO eCTB aAMHHHCTpaTHBHaH CGUJKa^ KOVO- 

pofi H ^HxajTB Bi oAHofi SHHrt? He npas^a jih, npo nee BUAyiiaiH 
anrjiificsie ^jiobi^bi naTaKOBi'' {catchpenny, t. e. cencaiuoHBtte 
raseTHue penopTepu)? — H OTBtTHjii , ?to aAMHHHcrpaTHBHaH mm jsa 
oyn^ecTByerB ne tojibbo b% niUKOM'B BOo6paxeHiH raseT^HSOB^. 

— AynaeTe jih B£i cBasaTB, — OTasB to^ho $opMyjKHpoBaTB tfa 
pHKi, qTO Ha Bameft poAHHft oouJiaDTi XDAefi, KOTopuxi ee- 
BOtMS HHKorAa He oyAHJiH h sa ROTopuMH npHCffSHHa He 
npHBHajiH npeoTynxeniH? Sna^HrB jih bto, ^to jid^h ccuxaDXM 
Ha ooHOBaniH noAOspiHUi?'— H OTBtTHJii yTBep^HTejiBHO h n^peirt- 
HHJii pasroBopi. 

TeaepB btotb HaieBBsifi annsoA'B no accoi^iaipH BusBan ape^o 
HHOK) HtoKOjiBKo sapTHHi. Mflft npHuoMHHaiOTGfl, npescAo B«ero, 
ABa nojoLOTHa, KOTopuH H BH^i^Jii Bi TdfiiOBOKoft rajuepet, bi Ioh- 
XOHi. Ha OAHOMi nojioTHi H8o6pa3BeHBi rpe^ecKie iohohih h ^- 
BymKH, KOTopBixi OB Hjia^eiiB npoBosaDTfc HaTepH h otiim wh 
6apKt. 3to — o6ei?hhh sepTsu, nocujiaeMUH aeHHHHaHH na 06TpoB<i 
RpHTB, Ha ciiA6Hie MBHOTanpy. Apyraa KapxHHa, HanncaHHaff 
YoTCOMi, HBo6pajsaeTB ypoAJiHBoe a^thh^o naaH^an^ BucMaipa- 
Baion^ee cb napanoTa BHOcciflcsaro jradnpHHTa cboio AoSu^y, bo- 
Topyi) eny aojishli AOCTaBHXB. Bb 3thxb KapiBHaxB mohh oopa- 
saeTB He 6ed8a6oTHOGTB lOHomefi h a^bb, o6peqeHHBixB hh rHfies; 

He SeCTOBOGTB MHHOTaBpa, BUHHCaHHarO YOTGOlfB GB HeodMfilM- 
BOHHOfl CHJiOft, a OTOyXOTBie $HrypB, 8a6£IT£IXB XyAOSHHKaHH. Bl 
lOHHaXB, BipOHTHO, y MBHOTaBpa 6UJIH CBOH AOBtpeHHBie, WHM- 

HHKH qTO JIH, soTopue 0T6HpaiH DHomefl H A^BB AJH sepiMi. 
Ohh, aojisho 6mtb, bojih ohh«kh h sa yaepAie, BtpoaxHO, noxyvun 



16 PACoopjiSEsm. 185 

noJioseHHiui Harpaffu ots MnHOTaBpa. SRpenfii noMoruH 9thmi xo- 
BipeEHHiCL H B% xpanaxi noy^ajiHy qro BjacTb j^THii^a IlaBH^aB — 
on 3eBoa *). noABHn Teaea, soTopufi npHBeJii bi Tasoft bo- 
OTopn AeHHflHi, noBeppE, BipoflTHO, vh cTpamnoe OT^aaBie Aoat- 
peHEfiixi MHHOTaBpa h spei^OBi. Mosho jijuwh, ecjiH 6u que 
3HajiH aapaate o HanlipeHiH Tesea, sorAa ohi otj[i aa 6apK79 ^^^ 
nocTapajiHCB 6u Buj^aTB ero cBoeiiy narpoHy a 6j[aro^TeJDD. Bon 
OTCjTOTfiie dTHxi-To ^Hpypi Meaa nopasaen aa aapTHHaxi Bepai- 
Xsoneca h YoTca. JtoB^ipeHEjuxi MaHOTaspa a othdab ae H8o6pa- 
3aJi 6u, 6yj^> a xyAOSEHSOHi, SBtpoaa secTOKHiia. IIo acefi Bft- 
poaTBOCTH, ope^B aazi 6iijih naace AofipoAymaue, ceaeftaiie jidab, 
jii)6BBinie OBoax'b ji/ktei a noroMy cnoKoftHo npaaocaBoiie bi sepTsy 
coTaa ^ysBxi. 

Tenepb nosBOJiK) ce6i npasecTa j^ai KapTaau Udi> anoxa, 6oxte 
ooBpeMeaaofi aaai. HaSpocaau oat y aeaa b% cxapofi sanacaol 
saaauct BocenBaAi^aTB Jiin Toay aasaA^, bi 1887 r. «ByTupsB^. 
no caaeiiy Ee6y, eo^e ae npio6ptBnieMy JiiTBDi) rjiy6aay, aooaToa 
6&iua o6jiaKa. Oaa to cnjiaBJiaioTca ai KOMnaRTayn cipoBatyn 
Maccy, KOTopaa^ gaapuBaa cojiai^e, saoTaBJiaeTL lyacTBOBaTb ae- 
ceaaifi xojioaoki, to paspuaaKyrca vl BE]ilk 6iauxi ayoKOBi aam. 
Ha TDpeMBOHi lu^opi BLiGTpoBJracB apecTaBTu. Ha ^oat maposo 
paoaaxayTuxi BopoTi be^ibu: rpoMaj^aufi o6pa8'b, b% soiotoA part, 
yfipaaaoft i^tTaaa a aojioKOjiBaoe pacnarie, aapaooBaaaoe aa no- 
jioTBi a Bupidaaaoe no KOBTypy. Y brobu atcKOJEiao cBanxeaaB- 
SOB'L Bi ofijia^eaia. Jltaaa CTopoaa j^Bopa saaaTa apecTaaTaiia. 
Jly^a aeceaaaro cojiaqa Becejio ocain^aDn nepeSpaTua o% aaae- 
Bofi rojioBu. B% ciipoi TOJint cjiHmea'L cjiepsaaaufi roBopi a tb- 
xiS SBoai i^nefi^ aorAa KT0-aB6yA[» nepecTyaan ci aora aa aory. 
nepBEifi ^jfaara saaaaa 6a6u. Oat cToan k% aaai cnaaofiy Tasib 

9T0 BEABU TOJIBBO 6!bjD[Ue EJiaTKB A& Ci^pHO XaJIBTU CI OABEMl EMM 

AByaa TyaaiiB asi sejiTaro bjie qepaaro cyaaa. 3a 6a6aMa au- 
cTpoBjiaGb A^Tfl yroaoBBBixi, a jiajiLme OTAtJiBBofi rpynnot mh, 
soTopuMi npeAOTOBTL nyTi» k% MaEOTaapy. I^eaTpi aaaaMaen aa- 
qajiBCTBO B% napasauxi MyaAapaxi ci KopoTeEBKaiia ^aig^onuun 
H B% caepaanB^xi aa cojiai^i 6oT$opTax%, saTtm otoetl kob- 
BoSBBie yBTepi-o^aiiepsr. Hsi oaoai BToporo a TpeTi»aro aTaisa 
TDpoMBaro sopnyoa, OBpyacaDa^aro ABopi, aai sa piimeTOsi aanxy 
BHraaABiBaiOTL 6pET£ia fojobbi ^^BaEAaJiBBuxi''^ ayAJiaTBie nepeoe- 
MeRUfiiy ccuJiaeaBie no nparoaopy o6nxecTBa, JiuiiSonuTBua JOB^a 
seBniBB'L... 

Haiaaocb icojie6cTBie. B% aosAyxt aacTpyBxaoB roxy6oBaiiia 



'^) .Si la peste, — roBopH;ii> fevibBeuitt, — avoit des jarretieres, des cordons 
et des pensions a donner, il est des th^oiogiens assez vils, et des jturisoottkid- 
tes assez bas, pour soutenir que ie regne de la peste est de droit divin; et 
que se soustraire ^ ses malignes influences, cest se rendre coupable au pre- 
mier chef (De I'Esprit. Discours III. OeuYres complet. V. I, 518. MaiiaHie 1776 r.). 



18€ P700K01 BOrATOTBO. 

BOJiHu Afiina. 3anaxjio mjsjaeou%. JliBufl ^Jiann naun specTHTLoii. 
BEicosift cipoSHiifi KaTopsHHBi, CI 6opoAKoS, sasi y reepHxa IV, 
nepeSpHTuS h sasoBanHuft, rop^qo mojihtoii, noAHflBi rjiasa si 
He6y. MajiL^HK'L Jiirh ^exupnaAi^aTHy Tose n6pe6pHTuft h Tose b^ 
saHAajiaxii, 6iiicTpo KpeciHTOA h i^apanaeTb noTOMi o6e8o6paseH- 
Hyio 6pHTBofi rojiOBy. JlHiiia, — 6ojii>in6K) ^acTi»K) — oaicHfl o6BiKHOBeH- 
HUA, 6y;^HHqH£iH. FpyfiBiff, SBipcKia BBipaseniji bh^hu, tojibko BaK'b 
piffKui HCKJiioqeHiir. Bi oco6eHHOGTH 6y;(HH<iHi>i h Ao6poAyinHu jnroa 
speoTLffHi^ soTopuxi MOSHO ysHaxii cpasy bi TOJini, se cMOTpa 
Ha xajiaxu, saHAajiBi h nepe6pHTUA rojioBU... 

Bi TOJini sanjiasajii pe6eH0K%. BuHecjia ero na pysaxi ^- 
BO^sa JutrB ABiHajq^aTH. Pe6eH0K'b 6ojit3H6HHiiifi, sejeHuS, bi Kpac- 
Hoft rapycHoS mano^st oi sncTO^Koft. C'&j^eHBsifi CBfln^eHHRBi o6- 
paTHJDfCfl SI apeoxaHTaicb cl npoaoBii(BK). Ohi AOKasuBajii hmi, 
TOO OHH j^ojisHu 6hn!h npHSHaxejELHu Haqajri»cxBy „8a 8xh ysu h 
GxiHu", KoxopuH oxpaHJiioxi apecxaHxoBi oxi HOBHX'B npecxynjie* 
His. IttDH H xiopBiia, xasHici o6pa30Mi, Aaj^yxi bosuoshocxl sa- 

ai^OMy „DOMHpHXBCH CO CBOOK) COBtCXBR)' H CXaXb HOBUMH JIlO^lfH... 

3aBTpa oxKpBiBaexcH naBHrauiji, e iiocEOBCKift ^ueHxpajn" ox* 
npaBJiHexi „no a^^ihehoS j^opori'' nepByio napxiK) bi Ch6hpk. Yro- 
jioBHue apecxaHXH, Koxopue nofliiyxi sasxpa na bocxoki, b^^ ocy- 
SAOHLi cyAOMi npHCHSHuxi. GpeAH hhxi ecxB, BtpoaxHO, sepxBM 
cyAe6Hi>ix'L oniH6oKi. TasoBi, nanp., Ao6po;iymHMfi Majiopocci Han- 
qaft, Mofi seMJiHKi, Bi HeBHHOBHOCXH Koxoparo fl y66asAeH'L. Ho Boe 
ace axHxi njojsfiA cyAHJiH 12 SeanpRoxpacxHuxi npHcaSHUxi, bi 
nacHOMi cyA^, bi npncyxcxBiH ny6jiHSH. Bi sainefi rpydnt 6ojite 
nflXHAecHXH qejiOBtei; mbi Bci^ Ejifiu% xose Ha bocxosi, a ntsoxo- 
pue— Ha o^eHb ^ajieKifi ctBepo-BO0XOK%; ho hhkxo hsi naci le 
ocysAeH'B cyAOH'L npncjisHBixi, Aa h BOo6n;6 HHsaKHMi cy^oifb. 

HaCL BCtXl OXnpaBJIHDXl ^a^MHHHGXpaXHBHO*'. 

Jl^ajEbnie ^HxaxejiL nafiA^xi Hcxopiio oahoB 6poniBopBi, Bunyn^eH- 
HoS xenepb oi 6jiaroci[OBeHiH iieHsypBi h npoAaiomefloa bo Bctxi 
MarasHHax'L no AByrpHBeHHOny; a nesAy xtm BoceHHaOT&Tb jAn 
xoMy Hasa^i b'l xofi rpyanl^, Koxopyio h onHcajn, 6eijih jidah, ace- 
cxoKO nonjaxHBmieoH sa aty HHeHHo SHHSsy. 

npHBexy BxopyK) KapxHHy. Ha nycxuHHoft ctBepHoft pisi, paa- 
jEBmefioH Ha 6e3KOHeqHoe npocxpancxBO, nuxxHXi napoxo^. Ohi 
xan^Hxi sa co6ok) Ha ajihhhox'l Kanaxt spuxyio 6ap}By bi BHji;ii 
rpoMa^^Haro KypaxHHRa. dxa ^nocyAHHa" ji^fiJieKO ne xaR'B HSHn^na^ 
RaK% xa 6apBa, vh Koxopoft na KapxHHt BepHi-JI|soHeca oxopas- 
iB«fT% Ki MHHoxaBpy DHomefi h a^bi, xoxh HasHa^enie oaho h 
xo S6. Hai-aa ptmexKH KypHXHEsa cjiumnxcH Becejraft, sapasHxejiBHiift 
MOJiOAoft CMixi, a aopofi — cxpoSHoe ninie. HpeAHOJosHMi, Mh- 
Hoxanpi SHBexi xenepB He vh KHocoiScBom jia6HpHHXft, a b% xa- 
BHXi Hi^cxaxi, BHRi ospyrH HapuMCBifi, BepeaoBCBifi, Typyzan- 

Cldfl, BepXOHHCBiff, BHJIDflCRiS, KoJIHHOBIS^ ho SH8HepaA0CXH0CTB> 



so PAcnopffacBHiio. 187 

HOBBXEMOHj, coBepmeHHO 6e8npHTOHHajr, eojiH 6yAeTi ynyn^eHi nsi 
BKAa BospaoTi HaxoAxn^Hxcx bi luiiTKi. Tam tojibko ABa toxo- 
BiKa, soTopuMi 8a TpHAi^aTB. Bet ocTaxbHBie — Moxose 25 jAvb. 
OffHofi— ceMHaAqaTB jrtTi, ^ByHi Maxb^HBam tojibro ?to HonoxHH- 
JI06B mecTHaAaaTL. 

III. 

Kto BUAynajn ocys;neHie coBijiKy 6e8i samHTu, 6e8i cy^a sa 
yfiisji^eHi^; Ty aAMHHHCTpaTHBHy» ooujiKy^ KOTopyi) bha'I^jih vh ne- 
AaBHee BpeHJi? Tbepi, noBHAHnoxy, csJoiofleHi npHnHcaTB ^botb 
s8o6piT6HiJi HJiHy TO^H^e, o^HOBJieHiA CTaparo o6Ei?afl, — CBoeny 
SAOiy, npe^'B KOTopnici ohi TaKi npesjiOHaeTCii. Bo bcakomi cxy- 
vai, HanoxeoHy I npHHa^jiesHT'B a^opEBMi: j, Deportation c'est le 
meiUeur systfeme a purger le monde ancien en peuplant nn nou- 
vean" (ocujisa — jiyqmee cpe^CTBO HacejiaTB HOBufi Mipi, oqniiiaji 
OTapufi). K:b ^ecTH Tbepa nysHo cKasaTB, tto ohi HeoAo6pHTejiBHO 
OTHOCHTOH Ki cBooMy repoD 8a npenefipeseHie Kh cyAe6HBiM'B $op- 
MaibHOOTflifBy Kor;^a ji^tjio nixo o pacnpaBt cb noxHTH^iecsHM'b npo- 
THBHHKOM'b. HcTopHKi BUACHjierb — ^ne^axbHuir nocjiiji^cTBiir, npoHo- 
xoASQ^ifl OT'b HapymeHiA o6£[qHBixi $opMi cy^a. Kor^a cBJin^eHHUH 
^opifu, rapaHTHpyDnuH o6BHHfleMOMy HexHi^enpifliHOCTb oy^a, He 
co6xK)AeHu, o6n];60TBy rpoBHTi oanafl cepbe8Haii onacHOoxb^ *). 
C!o6cTBeHHO roBopfl, Hanoxeofli I yoniji'b TOXbKo aAHEHBOTpaTHB- 
mM% nopiTAKOH'b paacrp^aTb repAora dflrieHcsaro ^a Ha6HTb 
TDpbMU. BoftHu noMimaxE eiiy BaHflTbOfl couxKaMH. A^opHBicb Ha- 
noxeoHa I, laKHHi o6pa80M'b, npHMiiHHX'b na npasTHsft toxbko era 
nxeif xHHHKi HanoxeoHi III. 7 nacb Aoxro h ynopno nepeHHiiaxH 
Bee ypo^^inBoe h OTSHBmee Ha 3anaj^, a 0010111 ynopHo oiOTai- 
BaxH dTo, Kasi rxy6oKo caifofiuTHoe. Bi oBoe BpeiiJi n^eApHH* 
CKift reHepaxi-Maiopi BpHTuS nocuxaxi ki IlepGHHbH bi IlapHacb 
^MHOBHHROBX H8y?aTb — „le meiUeuF systeme a purger le monde 
aaeieo"*. H ooBepmeHHO HanpacHo! AAHHHHCTpaTHBHaH ccuxsa — 
Hame rxy6oEO Hai^onaxbHoe H8o6pftTeHie h mnpoKO npaKTBKOBaxaob. 
efl^e Bi XYI BiKi, xoth naBUBaxacb. Tor^a anojioil. Besi cyjija, na 
oeHOBaHiH noxHTH^ecKaro AOHOoa IleTpa BoxBiHi^a^ 6iixi passopeHi^ 
ropoxib. TorAamHie oxpaHHrexn ne Morxk npooTHTb OK|>aHHt ea oa- 

MoiSMTHOCTH, KaK'b 8T0 nOBTOpHXOCb nOTOMl ^epOBl 335 xtTl. npH 

flaaHi m pycoKie He HorxH ^ase KHpnH^efl toxkomi o6xEHraTb; ho- 
flpB HBant lY noxHTH^eoKifl npeCjrtAOBaHlH npoOy^XH Ayxi H80- 
ipftTOHin: onpHHHHa npHxyHaxa o6sHraTb... He KHpnnqH, snpo^eHi, 
a teiUKHHy. 3anoA08ptHHuxi vh Ha6xaroHaAesHOCTH HOsropoA- 
» — ^nuTaxH H xcrxH sasoD-TO cooTaBHOX) MyxpooTix) orneHHot^ 



♦) Tkmrs, ^Mistolre chi Censultit et de rEmpirC, Hvre XVUI, p. 674 (hs- 
IMS r.). 



I8t PjrOOKOl lOFATOnie. 

soTopyi) jiiTonHoem HamiBaen nodatcapojn'' *). Xuesifl okjmubbi 
(SomnHxi HMnepifl BoerAa cofixasHffjH noKiOHHHKOBib ooyiqidBUi 
tfesi cjAa — noojiaTL Tj^a HSOJit^^OBaTejieS. Taxi, Hanojeosi ID 
o6jno6oBajii FBiaHy. 9th oKpaHHu HHor^^a Tasi j[,aJieKo oveToan, 
HTO oTnpaBjAeMuxi Ty^a HeBOJEbHjazi HsojAAOBaTeJiefi 8a6MBaac. 
IIpH EjrasaBeTt Tn^OTHO pasuoKHBajiH bi KaH^aTEt h b% Asyvtiot 
o6jiacTH oocjiaHHiiixi Tyj^a npH BHpoHl^ 668% oyii^a. BipdjiTHo, jin 
yonimHooTH posucsoB'L nocujiajiH na OKpaHHU hobuxi ooiULHUDb. 
Bi Cpe^He-KojiuifCKi, Haap., CTpaAajii h yiiepi bi i^apcTBOBaMe 
EiHsaBeTu HsrHaHHHKi rpa^i Fojiobbhhi, 6fiiBiiiit Ba6HHeT%-]ai- 
HHCTpi, sa KOTopuMii cjiiffOBajia sena ero. YoTHoe npeAama na- 

CHTl Taill, ^TO Bl npaSAHHIHUe AHH 60JILHOrO CHJOfi npsBoxiUH 9§» 

AepKOBL, ^xo6u TaHi Tepn^TB nopyrame h cjiymaTB^ KaKi 

^eHHHSl, no OSOH^aHiH JIHTypriH, ^HiaeTl 06BHHHTeXI»HH& 

ero H npHroBopi, cooxaBJieHHufi sojiHTHieoKHiiH BparaiiH. 

Ho FojiOBKHHi 6ujL% emfij cpaBEHxejiBHo, pi^Kofi h pamaft 
JiaoTO^Kofi. BucuisH 6ea'L oy^a CTajiE mnpoKO npaKTHSOBanax ti 
xpHjmaTBixi roAOBi npomjiaro BiKa. HHTaxejiH SHaioTi, KOHano, 
sa saKie HH^T02EH£ie npooTynKH npEMiHflJiaoB Tor^a Bapa. JlepMOH- 
TOBa, Hanp., oinpaBEJiH sa KaBsasi sa otexe, soTopue mosho i»- 
nepB naflTE bi Jix)6oft xpecTOHaTin. Fepi^eHi pascsasBiBaen, aa vo 
ero BucJiaxE b% HoBropoffi, xote npoesTEpoBajiooB oeetb ero cft- 
npaBETB wh BflXKy. Kor^a Fepi^eEa npflBeajiE b% SAasie y ]|fa[- 
Horo Hocxa, nesAy nfloaxejieiii e oahemi esi tohobi Tperuope 
oxAi^ieEiE, HisiHirb r. CaxxuHCKEHi, npoHBomejii xaKofi jpaion, 
Koxopufi EdJioseHi Bi aBxo6iorpa$iE ^Buxoe s AyMii'^. 

— H ooBepmeHHO EHqero Ee nosEMax), — cxasaxi Fepi^aa^. — 
3a qxo mohe bsexe? 

— He noHEMaexe? — axo-xo e ejioxo!.. Boe nojsxEsa, ^ aepa- 
oyAH, E Boe bo Bpe^i npaBExexBCXBy! BorE e aofobopexecb; mum 
Baci ouuxi He nayuxi? Ho^eiiy bh SHaexe^ tto b% iHoji ibskj 
Eoxopue ci BaME xoxKyioxi, hI^xi BCExift pasi KaBoro-EH6yxB m^- 
saBDiay KoxopHfi lyqme Ee npooExi, Kasi ^epesi MHEyxy ipmn 

€wda 0% i^OEOGOMl. 

— ExeJIE BH MOSeXe MEt oOiECSSXB, HTO boo 8T0 S]iaVB&, 

Bu MesE o^eEB ofiflsexe, e xovaK) ce6i roxoay e EEsaKi we ■•- 
HEMax), Ky^a Be^yxi^ BaniE oxoaa exe Ea ixo HaMesaxyrB. 

— Ryna Be^yx'L?.. Xm!.. Hy, a osasExe, axunaxE bh, «• y 
Ceeeto Mocxa 6yA0HEEBi yfiEXi e orpafixxi eou^ ^axoBisa? 

— CxBimaxi,-— oxBi^^axi e npeEaEBHO. 

— H Moxcexi noBxopaxE? 

— KasexcE, ^xo noBxopEXi. 

— Ob pasoyag^eEiEME, e latf 

— BipoflXHo. 



) 0QAo§%9n, HtTopiH FocciH, T. VI, CTp. 174. 



■0 PAC1OPXSHI0. I8f 

— Ob saKHMi se pascysAeHinH? — Bon^ ona HasiOHHOCTL k% 
napniaHii) npaBHiejiBeTBa. Csasy BaM*b onpoBeHHO, oaho Aftxaen 

veeTK, 8T0 Bame HOspeHHee ooBHasie, h oho 67^0x1 HaBipno 
po ipa^OMi (BeHKeHAop^OMi) b% ooo6pa»eHi6. 

— IIoHHjyfiTe — csaaajii a, — Kasoe Tjra oosHaHie? 061 aioft 
nwMfiK roBopHJii BeoL ropoffi, roBopuH b% KaHi^exjipii MEHHorep- 
#sa, Bi jiaBsaxi. ?T0-se xyn yAHBnejiBHaro, ^to h k roBopHJn 
•fc 89011% npoHomecTBii? 

— PaarjianieHie josruxi h BpoAHuxi cjijxobi ecTB npeciy- 
i#, HeTepnHMoe saROHan. 

— Bh MeHa o6BHHJieTe, hh^ saseTO^, bi tomi, no « Buj^y- 
9T0 A^o? 

— Bi ;^OKJia;^Hofi aannoKt osasaHO tojlbko, ^0 bbi cnoco66TBO- 
pacnpooTpaHeHii) Tasoro BpeffHaro cjiyxa. Ho^to nocJitAOBajra 

peBOJDipji BoaBpainieHiH saoi bi BflTRy. — Hepes'b ffBa aha Fep- 
i^&mk BHBBajiB K% ]i,j6eMvrf. 

— 3. Bdjn, renepaJTB, csasy to, — Ham'L Fepi^eHi, — ^to csa- 
sajn yse r. CaxTUHCKOMy, a ho nory ce6i npeAoiaBHTB, qroCu 

MMn BilCJiaJIH T02ER0 da TO, ?T0 fl UOBTOpHJI'b yjiH^Huft Qiyxi, SO- 

Topnfi, SOHO^HO, BBi oxBimajra npeiEj^e hohji, a noserb 6fiiTB, TaKse 
patexatUBajEH, san x. 

— Aa, X GJiBiman h roBopHJii o&l aTOH'L h Tyrb mu paBHu; 
HO MTL r^i HaqHHaeToa pasHHi^a: — «, noBTopsH 8Ty HeJitnooTB, 
SJHJMT, ^TO dxoro HHSorxa ne 6£U0y a bh hsi aToro cjiyxa cAi- 

JMXM nOBOffl 06BHHeHij| BCefi nOJIHIUH. 3tO boo HOOUOTHaH OTpaCTK 

de Mnigrer le goayernement, CTpacTB, pasBHTan bi Baci bo Bctxi, 
rocsoxay naryfiHHHi opHMipoM'b 3anai(a. 7 Haci He to, ^to ho 
^Sp$MiQM, Tjs!k npaBHTOJiBCTBo Ha Hoasaxi CL napTiHMH, rffi ero Ta- 
vh rpflSH; y naci ynpaBJioHie omeHecKoe^ Bce jiciJiaeTCJi Rasb 
[o seiefiHi^e. — 3a Tim ^epesi h^ckojibko xneft Fepi^ena bh- 
Kh oaMOMy BeHseHAop$y, soTopuft osoHqaTOJiBHO oBasaxB, 
iT# BflTKa daHlHOHa HoBropoAom. 

— nOBBOJIBTe MHft OTKpOBOHHO OKasaTB, — OTBiTHJTB TepD^eHl, — 

^M ^ase Bi eito HHnyTy h ho Hory b^phtb, HTodB ne 6euo 
JCiyvot npHqHHu MoeS ooeush. Bi 1835 r. a 6£iJ[i oocjiani no jfibJij 
■pawnncAy Ha soTopom BOBce ho 6ia%\ TenepB h HaKasuBancB 
M tiyxi, KOTopoMi roBopHJTB B60B ropoj^! CTpaHHas oyAB6a! *). 
Fepi^OHi OTnpaBHJioH vl HoBropoj^i, r^t, ojiysa cob%thhvo]1'b 
Ty6epHoxaro npasjieHiH, HaxoffHXCH y comozo eeSsi uoji^ HerjiaoHuifB 
MgpopoH. Repeal ^Ba ro^a mojioaoS CajiTusoBi Gujii OTHpaBxeni 
B& BaTKy aa paacaaai, nponyn^oHHuft T^enaypoft. Ero hhh oTRpiuo 
•oiSon HOBuft, j^HHHHft H yBu! He OKOH^eHHBiS en^e ohhcosb hh- 
•■NUiet, nepBORiactHuxi h iiajieHBRHxi, aanaBiDHxi yse npoHHoe 
HOJOseBJe FB jiHTepaTypft h tojcbko mto en^e Ha^HHans^HXi, ot- 



^) ^BbMoe H jiyMw*, «iacTb III, rAasa XXV. 



190 pyecBOi jsofatotbo. 

npaBJieHHUxi 668S oy^a hjih no napoAii Ha ejA^ sa .ospa- 

Ob Te^eHiem BpeneHH ociusa 6e8i eyj^a yeejiH^HBaja^ib w- 
cjieHHo. Bi cepeAHHt npomjiaro Bi^Ka cocjiaHHue aAVHHHOTpaTD- 
HiiHi nopjiABOMi HanpaBjiJiXHOBy rjiaBHHHi o6pa80Mi, Ha ospaHHH 
EfiponeflcKofi PoccIh: b% BaiKy, IlepMF., ApxaHrejiBCL, Boioi?^, 
IleTpoBaBOAOK'b h np. Bi cenHAdCATun roffaxi, BMicro ry6epH- 
cKHxi ropoffOBi, cocjiaHHuxi CTaJiH HanpaBJi4rrL b% yiB^Hue ropo^a 
H cejia. Tor^a nojiBHjiHCb kojeohIh bi Koji^, IlHHert, IIIeHKypcsi 
H np. 3aTt]fi TeneHle HanpasHJiocib b% 3anaAHyx> Ch6hpi», a no- 
TOHi — VL BocToqayx). CnepBa Bfii6HpajiH0B ropoffa, BaBi EHHceScKK, 
A^HHCKi, HJIH KaKi oejio TyHsa, HpKyTcsofi ry6., t. e. MicTa, 
cpaBHHTejiBHO cHOOHBiH. IIoTOMi noHBHJHCB BpeMeHHHe sacejib- 
mHKH Bi TypyxaHOKi, bi cejian no TyHrysKt, b% KHpenoson 
ospyrt) a ^ajiie — h b'l AKyTcsoS ofiiacTH. Bi Hanajit BOOBniie- 
cATbix'L ro^OBi noAHOBOiibHue TypHCTu OTnpaBJLfljiHCL B'L AKyrcHyD 
oojiacTB, a B'L oco6eHHOTH B% ospyrH BepxoflHcsiS h KojEUMcdfl, 
B% BBji,t piAKaro HCKJiioqeHiff. C'l cepeAHHU BOOLUHAecHTfiix'L ro- 
^OB'L cTBjiH nooLiJiaTL Ha KojiBiMy i^tjniiCH napTlHMH. Ki TOMy xe 

BpeMOHH HBUiHHJICA H CpOBl affMHHHCTpaTHBHOft CCUJIKH. IIpH Jlo- 

pECL'MejiHKOBi ee orpaHH^HJiH nsuhio roAanH; ho b'l 1887 r. na- 
^ajiHCL npHroBopu na 8, a noroafL h na aochtl jAtl. Ecjh He 
omH(5aH)CL, o^^Hi^iajLHO h ao chxi nopi cqHxaJiooL, qro 6oj[Lme, 
HiifL Ha nflTB jvbvh, nejiLSfl oxnpaBHTL 6e8'L oy^a bi couJiKy. To- 
BopflTx, y Haci HByqajiii y HanojieoHa lU coBpeMOHHyH) cHcieHy 

affMHHHGTpaTHBHOfi CCLIilBH. MbI BH^^JIH, ?T0 HanpaCHO nepBOHGTBO H80- 

6piTeHiji CHCTeMBi ycTynaeioi Sana^y. AAMHHHCTpaTHBHaH oojuixa — 
eAHHCTBeHHLifi npoAyKTi ^rfiBJioro danaAa**, ao ROToparo y naoi 
Ao6pajiHCL CBOHH'L yMOMi. Ho ecjiH Aase IlepoHHLH yqHJTL .rene- 
pajDCL-iiaiopa BpHxaro*', to y«ieHEKi npeBBomejii y^HxeiH. IIpH Ha- 

nOJieOHt III, BCerO Sa 18 JltTl, aAMHHHCTpaTHBHBIM'L nopHAKOHi 

coojiaHo 1200 qejiOB^Ki. Y Haci tojilko bi o^ny Ch6hpl cocjano 
fies'L cyaa bi 1894 r.— 21 ^., bt. 1895 r.— 48, b% 1896 r.— 5S, 
Bx 1897 r.— 117, B'L 1898 r.— 47, bi 1899 e,— 49, b-l 1900 r.— 
49, B'L 1901 r.— 88, bi 1902 r.— 115, bi> 1903 r.-910 **). 

IIpeAGTaBJiJierL jib a^Jio Pepi^eHa, cocjiaHHaro sa pasroBopi, hju 
Xftjio GajiTLisoBa, OTnpaBJieHHaro sa nponynxeHHBift DieHsypoft pas- 

'') HaaoBy To;ibKO HtcKOJibKO HMCH-b: llJeBMeHKO, KocTOMapoe-b, flocToee- 
CKifl, AxmapyMOBTs, O/iemeeB-b, MuxaflJiOB-b, MepHbiiueBCKifl, LUanoBT*, HaynoBi,, 
Haphhucbi, JleBHTOB-b, XyjwKOBT>, npbiHCOB-b, flKyeoBHqi-MejibuiHH-b, Kopo- 
;ieHKo, E;inaTbeBCKifl, Mamerb, HnoBJieBi-BoryqapcKifl, Boropas-b-TaH-b, Ctpo- 
uieBCKifl H jip. flajibHiji OKpaHBbi H3c;itiioBaHbi nojiHeBo;ibHbiMH TypHcraifii: 
noraHHHbiMi (MoHrojii«), JIflpHHueBUMT>, KjicMCHUOM-b, CtpomcBCKHM-b (HKyru), 
BoropaaoM-b (nyKMH), KpoJicMi, (6ypflTu), UlTepHfieproM-b (CaxajiHB-b). TpyxM 
3TH outHCHbi no iiocTOHHCTBy yqeHHMH Bcero Mipa. 

**) UH<{)pbI 3TH B3flTbI Hai, TOJIbKO 410 BUUieflUieft KBHm fl. H. MHMOMOBa: 

, Russia and its Crisis", Chicago, 1905, p. 517. 



so FkOMOTMmMEUO. 191 

<3Ka8'& — Kasoe-HH^yAB HORJin^eHie, ^abho OTomexmee bi o6xaen 

npeAftHifi. Bo3MOSHO jih 6ujio AOBTopeme qero-HH6yxb n«ffo6- 
fraro? OrBtTOHi nooiyiBHTi HoropiA o^hoS tfpomnpu. 



1\\ 

IIpeAO MHOK) ;^Ba nepeBOAa hoa'b pasHSMH HasBaHijiifH oahoS k 
ToS se HtHeniRofl fipomnpsn. 06a nepeBo^a bbjuhjih ci 6jiarocjio- 
BBHifl T^enaypu npoBHHiiiiajiBHaro ropo^a. diy i^eHsypy a xo- 
pomo dHaio na ooHOBaniH HHorojitTHflro oauTa. Oaa — eBoero 
po^a — aacTtHOK'L jijifn MiciHofi neqaTH. Bi Hem sajii- 

HHJEH CaM^A 6e806HJ^BUJi CiaTLH, BUqepKHBaJIHCL HeHSBiCTHO 
Ha KaKOX'L OCHOBaHin^ no B;](0XH0B6HiK), OTJ^tjlLHUa $pa8£i 

H GJioBa. Tani 6Lijn> nensopx, BuqepKHyfimiS EVh ctbtbh cjA- 
jijtomjJD xapaKTepHCTHsy Oeo^ana IIpoKonoBHqa: ^F&ofane est 
peut-6tre le seul sur lequel Pierre lo Grand s'est tromp6, 
c'etait une canaille intelligente et je crois qu'il ne croyait a rien, 
ni a Dieu, ni au diable" (t. e. „0eo$aHX, 6uTb MOserB, ewHCTBeH- 
Hufi qeJioBiK%, bi KoxopoMi Ilexpi BejiHKift oniH6cH. 3to Sbijh 
yMHufi Mepsasei^'B, B^pojiTHO, He sipHfimifi he bi Bora, hh bi 
^opTa"). nieHsop'b He Hor% hobbojihtb OTosBaTLCA Heo;i[o6pHTeJiBHo 
o JiHi^^, oOJieqeHHOMi ^oB^pieifB nanajibCTBa, xoth axo jihi^o shjio 
ABtcTH JiiTh TOMy HaBa^i H xoTfl xapaKTepHCTHsa CA^JiaHa Hhro- 
jiaeiTE I. 9x011 oaMufl i^ensopi nepeAaBajii RoppesTypu nocjian- 
HBixi eiiy oTaxefl saHi^apiicKOMy nojiBOBHHKy. 

H Boii ch 6jiarocjiOBjieHiH npoBHHixiajiLHaro sacx^HKa bbixo- 
jiflTh xenepB ^sa nepeBO^a „MaHH$ecxa'' MapKca h dsrejiTica. A He- 
SAy TiMi; RaRyK) ne^ajiLHyio ncxopiio bi CBii8H ci xasofi 6poHiK)- 
pofi H 3HaH)! B% 1885 r. bi npoBHHi^iajibHOMi> ropo^t E., oxcxoa- 
n^eifE Bi, HtcROJibSHXi ^acaxi otl xoro i^enxpa, r^t oxne^axani 
xenepB ^MaHH^ecxx'', Asa yqeHHKa M^cxBaro peajiBHaro yqEun^a 
{oAHOMy 6hLJL0 Jitxi 17, Apyi'OMy Jitxi 1 8) ao6£ijih BaRHifB-TO o6pa- 
80MI 8xy 6pomx)py, Koxopaa rorj^a eme ne HOCHJia i^ensopcKaro 
6jiarocjioBeHiA. IIpo^HxajiH MajiB^HSH EHESRy h oxajiH ^pacnpo- 
CTpaHHXb'* ee. G% axofi i^tjibio DepenncaJiH ee h BOcnpoHSBejiH na 
canoA'bJiBHOM'B reRTorpa^i^. ^bb axaeMnjuipa poB^ajiH rflicHaBHCT- 
RaMi, xpH HJiH Hexupe aHaROMUMi. o6HBaxejiflMi, jubl h^crojibro 
RHHseR'B xoBapHniaHi-cxyAeHxaifB, paHBme ROH^HBmHMi xose ca- 
noe yqefiHoe saBeAenie h npiixaBniHM'B H31 xexHOJiornqecEaro hh- 
oxHxyxa Ha JitxHia BaRaqiH. SaxtMi jrfcxo roh^hjioob, cxyAenxu 
pasii^xajHCB; bo aa xo b% E. npitxaji'B ea cj[ys6y vojioaoS sbh- 
AapHGRifi mxafic'B-poxMHGTp'B A.; sejiaBiniS BUABHHyxBCff. Popoir^ E. 
6ajn, B% xo Bpenfl caMuft Mnpnuft n cnoRoflHuft, xnnB^HBift riyxofi 
oxenHofl yrojii. IIpHniJiOGB HCKaxB i^i^Jiyso SHMy h Beony, noRy^a 
RaRHMi-xo oSpaaoMi bi nat hjih b'b iioHt 1884 r., inTa6c'B-poT- 



192 P7MK0I BOrAfCPBt. 

]U€Tp7 Jl. nonajicil saoajieHHufl, flCTpensHHiiift BXdemiupi oxreKTo- 
ppa^HpoBaHHaro ^MaHH^ecTa*'. En^e ^epesi jifit hju tph He^tju 
wh MicTHofi TnpBMi, nepecxpoeHHofi hsi ^lacTHaro aseHCBaro nan- 
oioHa, nojTOHXHCL HeBHAaHHue j^o Tin nopi ^nojiHTHiiecKie*. Ape- 
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Aoro syn^Hsa, ToproBaBmaro npn Manamt jAcomi, nHCbMOBo- 
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IlyHSTaiiH o6BHHeHiji 6ujlo ^xpaHeme JiHTepaTypfii", ^cocTaajreHle 
60o(Sii^eoTBa^y opraHHsaniff ^THnorpa^iH^ (t. e. resTorpa^a). IIhcl- 

MOBOAHTeJIK npHBJtesaJICA, RaKl „Z08JIHHI, SOBCnHpaTHBHOt KBap* 

npH* (^(pyrHiiH cJiOBaMH, y Hero oHHiiajii KOMHaiy o^hhi hbi 
peajmoTOBi). J^jui resTorpa^a aysHu sejotaTHHi, rjiHiiepHHi h aHH- 

JIHHOBUfl KpaCBH. Bce aiO BOn^H 6e806H;i(H£U, EOTOpUS 1C03BB0 Ky- 

nwih y jiK)6oro AporHCTa. Ho apecTOBajiH h npo^aBi^a MOOsaTexBHoA 
jiaBKH, saKi MCoyMunixeHHHKa". Bi TDpLMft, nepecTpoeHHofi H8i 
^acTHaro seHosaro naHcioHa, Ha6pajiooK ^ejiOBiKi 18 noJiBTHqecKHn 
B% Bospacrt on 15 jrtrb. Bi 8to Bpeux x npitzaxi na jrtTO vt 
E. H sasAufi A^HB cjiiiniajiiy ?to „8a6paj[H eu^e*. IIlTafiei-poTicHCTpi 
J,. 6£m ?eoTOjix)6HB'B h nevrajTB o „6ojihmeu% npoi^eocf , koto- 
piifi ycipoHTB. Ho Wh nepecxpoeHHOifB naHciOHt fiujn Hapo^B Bce 
cjramRon dhuA h cjehoikoiii 6e8o6HAHkfi ji^n i^npoi^ecca''. 3to 
noHHMai'B H JI,. noHaAo6HjiocB nocaAHTB Koro-HH6yAB xotb oi sa- 
KHMi-HEfiyAB o5n^eoTBeHHUMi nojEOSOHieifB. CpeAH Man^HKOBB^ 
KOTopuxi HaxBaxajiH 8pfl, 6uj[H ]i(Ba ci ap^hhumh, MeJiKHirH na- 
TypaMH. Oahhi hbi^ hhxi, X — ifi, 6uji% npocro HeyHHufi, 6e8B0JiBHHl, 
saxKift Tpyci. Apyrofl, N ^- Tose xpyci, ho o^esB coocodHuft^ 
xaae TaxaHTXHBiifl, yMHiifi h axoft. Eiiy-TO nepBOny npHinxa mbicxb 
ovresTorpa^HpoBaTB 6poniK)py, a xasi xaKi owh muijn OTXH?Hyi> 
naKOTB, TO noKHHXi, Koicy poBAaxi 8K8eMiuiffpEi. Ha bthxi DHomei 
mraficB-poTMHcrpi cxaxi A^fl<^i^BOBaTB cnepBa yrposaiiH, a hotomb 
BoeyxaicH. MoxoAue xidah cxaxH ^oxspoBeHHE^axB''. 7 MeHfl xpa- 
HHTca Juo6onuxHu& AOKyiieHTB, noKasHHoe hhobmo X — aro, npHOxaH- 
Boe HaicB yase bi ByxapsaxB. « A 6uj['b apecTOBasB, — ^saexcA X — ift. 
OnHttiiBaxB BaifB ci^eHU BuniiXBiBaHiji, BanyrHBaHiii h x. n. — sl h& 
fiyxy, xaRB saKi oni xopomo BBstoxHu EaasAOiiy H8b bbcb; ho to, 
«o Ha BspoGjiaro, BAopoBaro ^exoBiKa ho oBaBaxo 6u bxIhhui, na 
MHi ho Morxo He oxpasHXBGH caMUMB rH6eiBHEiiii o6pa80]rB. Bu- 
meAHiH Ha CBo6oAy noGxi naxHMtcH^Haro BaKJiD^eHiH, x 6hurh 
BooxHt yBftpeni, ?to H86aBHjiiOH otb Kaxoprn h paAOBaxoir. Ho axo 
6buo Ha nepBBixi Dopaxi. J^oxro ofinaHUBaxB oaicoro oete, ycno- 
BOHBaxB HejEinuMH a$opH8MaiiH 6hxo HeBOBMOSHO. Haq[anoB icy- 
^hIh, BusuBaeMHifl yrp£i8eHifl]cH GOBioxH, soxopua BospaGxaxH no 
1iipi BOBBpan^enifl ooBHaHia, OBxaA^Basmaro mhok). S. totobb 6iijn» 
HaAtxaxB MaGcy hh gb h^mb Be GOo6pa8Huxi nocxynROBB... KaBB. 



' no PAonopflSBHnb. 193 

Hfl CTpaHHOy HO H Gnoco6eH'L 6£ijrL XOAHT& Ri saHAapvam, bi 

SOTOpBlXl, XOTJi H BHJ^JTL 6jlHXafliny]0. npHVHHJ MOHXl HecwcTit, 

ICRU'B K9KI 6y^o 6u yTinieHiii; oi HenoHflTHHMi kjia veHJi ipi- 

HH8M0MI, ff OMIxJICJI HEAl T^ICB, HeMJ HOAaBHO nOKJIOHJIJ[0fl. 8t0 

6£uo cocTOHHie HBCTjnjLeBHoe, EBKoe-To BBfftBaTencTBO nhffii ca- 
MHMi cofioD... 9to HMiJio CBOH cjiiffCTBifl; MHi ooBlTOBaJiH ixan 
vb XapiKOBi, r^t 6u x Mon naflTH ce61 aojubhoctb, KOHe^no, no 
npoTOKi^iH xapuoBCKBX'b saHAapMOBi. S. 6u cojirajn, roBcpx, mo 
H He BHajii, qTO hjsho 6ujio cAtjiaTb, ^to6u ](o6ht&ch Tasofi npo- 
T^KiUH, HO H notxajii (npH qem sanity, ^o Kan canal eia no- 
iBjuuk^ Tasi H noGjiftAynmix moh AtficTBin ho (5bmh y mohh npo- 
aBJEOflieMi oBo6oAHoft bojih; na ckojibko h juiv) anajEHSBpoBaTi 
ce6fl, — 8T0 6ujio OAHO BBi ABJieHift rHnHOTHBua)... npomjio Hioni^a 

IBB. BipOflTHO, H He HpOBBJIflJIl 03BHAaeHUXl Cn0006flOCTefl: MiCTB 

MHi He ABBasH. MesAy xtMi ocTaBaTBCB ;^ajiie bi Xap^KOBi ffjrji 
tfeHfl 6ujio He bobmosho. 06niecTBeflHoe MHtnie ueflMHJio MeHfl 
6e8aon^aAHo. SI 6i2Eaji% bi E., npecji'^jnyeMufi npHspaKaiiH, ooB^^a- 
BaenuMH npecxyaHoft coBtcibio''... JIjih xapasTepHCTHKH X. h Mora 
(iu npHOasBTB en^e cjit^yioii^ee. 3a%ji% h ero en^e c% AixoTBa. BiiicTft 
Mu nocxynHJiH bi npHroTOBHxejiBHBifl Kjaoci, ho ohi BacHAiJCfl 
noTOHi Bi HtsoTopuxi Kiiaccaxi H oTOTajTb. Kor^a m npitxajii hb 
jiiTo vh E., — X-ifl cBA^Jii yse bi TiopbMi h npo Hero xoahjth He 
xopomie oiyxB, KOTopuMi h HHKasi ne xotIjii BtpHTib. 3aTi]fi 
X. BunyoTHjiH na nopysH. PoBopHJUH npo Hero coBciMi ne xopomo. 
Hs'b ciapuxi ero snaKOHBixi on nero ne OTBepnyjicH touko m 
OAHHi. Oe% npHxoAHJii KO MBt, njiasasi naBBpuAii kjuijkmi, ito 
ero OKJieBexajiH, h, rofab a ero ycnosoHBaji'L, nuTajicji i^ijioaan 
pysH. Bee bto npoHBBOAHjio na neHH Tssejioe, HenpiflTHOe sneva- 
TJiiHie; ho h ynpesaai canoro ce6a sa bto. MhI He BlpHJiocb, ^ro 
Moft TOBapHHii A^TCTBa — npeAaxejib. YAHBHTeJibHa ncnxojioria <iejio- 
Bftsa! ToTB cavufl X-ifi, KOTopuS njiasajii npe^o mhox) h 6j[aro- 
l^apHJii, vro H oAHBi He OTBepHyjucH on nero, — OTnpaBJMJicji „vb 
panopTOu'' na hohx se ki mTa6'b-poTMHGTpy X 

H TBKi saHAapMGKifl o^Hi^epi ciajii A^AoTBOBaTb Ha X-aro i Ha 
N yrpoBanH h nocyjiaMH. Ao6hjioh ohi tbehxi pesyjiKTaTOBi. 
MoJOEOffue JUQAH gobmIgtho gtbjih HBGaTB GBoeo6paBHyK> ^HGTOpil)^, 
BHOCfl xy^a JLhxji^ cjiyxi h yaoMHHaa, Koro xoJbKO bbbjih. 
IIoApo6HO pascsaBaHO 611IJ10, r^i aogxbjih aBxopu „MaHH|»ecrfc*^ 
sas'b OHH ero resxerpa^epoBajiH, Sony nepe^aBaiH BKBeiinJixpii 

S npH EBKHXl 06GX0BXeJbGXBaXl. IIoXBHJIHGb I^ljIUJI FJiaBU XOMl, 
SaSl rHMHaBHGXKH H peaJIHGXEI HHXaJIH BHtCXi ^MaHHij^eGXl''; 1X0 

spn 9X0111 roBopHJiH H Kasit niaHiii cxpoHJiHGB. naifaxb y If 
6uj[a yAHBHxejiBHaB, h ohi npHnoMHHaji% a^chxkh ^aMHJiifi. HGxopia 
paspocJiacB h npeBpaxHJiacB bi odienHcxyK) pyKonHCB, da Koxopyn 
xpoHorpa^u nojiy^ajiH ^noJiHexHuft*' roHopapi. B% aombxi j bhb- 
soMBixi N BGxp'bqaji'b Jiwflfiiy hmohi Eoxopux% eny HHorfta noieny 

}k 10. OxAtji-b T. 13 



194 P700EOB BOrATOXBO. 

jih6o He HaauBUH. N onHCuaan bi Men^afiniHxi no;(po6EO0Tflr& 
MJ% JLBujBLf a HHorAa, xasi. oriHiHufl pHcoBajii>ii^HBi, Ha navBTb 
BpHjiarajn k% ^HCTopiH'' hxi nopxperiii. BipoaTHo, lasoe ycepflie 
HpasHJioob ]l.j HO eiiy wa. ^npoAecca'' hjshbi 6uja jidab ci 06- 

HieOTBeHHBIMl nOJIOSOHieMl. HjSHO 6uJL0 BUCTaBHTL, TTO nBTHftK- 

jqaTBJiiTHifl rHBaadHGTBH toa^ko |,cji6aoe opy^ie^^ sepTsu b% py- 
sax% .onuTHuxi BOsasoBi'*. Ho nt h ebki HafixH tbrbxi „bo- 
zaKOBi'' bx rxyxoM'B, cohhomi h mbphomi oTeDHOMi yrjiy, KaKBHi 
61^^% Bi 1884 r. £.? 3a6pajiH ciyAeHiOBi, npitxaBmBXi na jAto. 
Eo, Bi soHj^t EOfli^oBi, Boi ofiBBHOHiB, ecjiH HO c^HTaiB ^xapftSTe- 

pHCTHKl'', OA^JiaHHEIXl Bl ^HCTOpiH^ XpOHOrpa^aMH, OBOj^HXHCB K% 

nojiyqeHix) resTorpafj^apoBaHHaro 8E3eMiijijipa „MaHfl$ecTa* h bi 
OTBBBy coo6n^HTB, Sony 6pomK>pa 6&ijia nepe^aHa j^ajiEine. 

PoBCB B% neqaTHuxi BOTopHqeoKHxi AOsyMeBTaxi, othoobii^hxgs 
K% niecTHj^ecHTUBi roABMi, B Bej^BBHo Hamejii spaflHe j[K)60DiiiTB0e 

AtjIO BUCBIJIKi aAHHHHCTpaTHBHUail HOpBABOlfL B31 HepHHrOBa 

fltsoero Cxeaafla Hoca. AtJio bto ho Tasofi cTenoHH xk)6odutho, 
^TO npHBeAy OTTy^a aobojilho 6ojii»niyK) BUAepssy. 

^HepHHroBCKifi rpasAancBifi ry6epHaTopi 6 $eBpaiB 1860 r. 

AOBOCHJIl MBBBCTpy BHyTpeHHHX'b A'bll, ^TO ^0016^0116 ffO MBBH- 

ciepcTBa cjDiyxH o c6opflniaxi hojioauxi jw^efi bi KBapiBpt ooe- 
paxopa qepHHroBCBofi Bpa^edaofl ynpaBEi CxenaHa Hoca — capaBe^- 
jiHBu. Bi 1862 r., paHHei) BeoBOD, no oojiy^eHBuifB orb nojiHi^iH 
yKaaafliiiMi, ry6epflaTopi nparjiainajii Hoca b BBymajii eMy, qio 
c6opBma, bb bobxi BupaxajiHCB 6i>i TaK% HaauBaenuB najiopoccifi- 
ckIb cTpeMJieaiB, hh noji.'b BaKHMi bhaomi TepoBMii He 6yAyTi, aa 
?T0 Hoci yBtpajn, wro 6iiBiDie y Hero nodTBiejiH ne HMtjiH hh- 

BBKOfi Bl 03HaqeBH0IIX Ayxt D^tJIHy H BMtCTt 6l>m HOJIOHeBl Bcoiiy 

BTony Roaeax. CTpevjieBifi Kpyssa, cofiapaBniarocB y Hoca h aa- 
BUBaBDiarocB Bi nySjiBBt, bi bba^ HacMtmsH, KypeneMz, Bupasa- 
jiBCb T'bMi, qTO yqaBCTBOBaBmia bi aeM'E Jiaua hochjib specTbBHCsyi) 
o^esAy H BaaaMajHCb ntHien HajiopoGciflcKBxi ntcoH'b. Ho MajioBy 
coqyscTBiK), Gi KaKHBii 6B]jia Bcxptqeau noAo6a£ifl buxoabh, h b% 
OGo6eaaoGTa no aaqTosaocTB Baaqeaia h Btca bi qi»Bxi> jih6o rxa- 
saxi jiBux, 6uBaBniHxi y Hoca, ryCepaaxopi cqejii tofab bosmos- 
HUMi orpaaaqaTbCB sanpen^eaieHi cosuBaTB y ce6B hoao6buxi 
rocrefl *); Ttan se bbi caxi nocjitAaaxi, KOTopuxi BCiptqajii aa 
yjiRUt Bi MBJiopoccificBofi oAesA'b; ry6epBaTop'B CA'i^JiajrB y ce6fl b% 
Ka^aaeTt aerjiaoayi) rojiOBOifoflKy. Bi» A6Ba6pt 1862 r. ^epaaroB- 
CBifi JsaBAapMCKifi mTaCi-o^aqepi o6\EBBjn>, mo y Hoca 6uBai>Ti 



*) lUexipHHCKift npyAeBTOBi> bi» cBoeMi» .ycraB'b' o 6AaronpHCTOflaoirb 
o6biBaTe;it:fl bi* ceoeft whshh noBeAeHiH cHHCXOAHTejibHte. CeMHaAuarafl crarbfi 
„ycTaBa" rjiacHrb: .IltTb h CBHcxaTb (ao ae rpoMorjiacao) ne B036pau5ieTCfl, h6o 
cie oaaaqaerb yAOBO/ibCTBie. JXJin aawa;ibCTBa xce hhhto CTOJib ae npinTHO, Kan 
esKejiH noA^HaeaHbie, deai) yauJiocTH a bo BceMi» pacnojioxcacb aa boak) oaaro, 
BpeMfl npoBOAHTb* (CoepeMeuHtM HdtuAtJi), 



no PAonoPASBHiK). 195 

«xoji6Hiaa KOJio^x^ JiDsefl, BCjA^OTBie vero ry6epHaTopi cHOBa 
npHFjianiaji'L ki €e6i Hoca, h bi xpeTifi pasi npHSUBajii* ki ce6t, 
Kor^a noiy^HJii sanpooi rb'b HBHEOxepcTBa h bi o6a dXH pasa noff« 
TBep;^Hjii eny to^ ^to 6iijio cKasaHo bi nepBufi paai, npn ^eu 
Hoci ffajEi CJIOBO OTCTpaHHTL noBOffi KL noAo6Er£U['b HapeKaHieii%. 
noctn^eHiflxi se ero HiKOTopuMH JiHi^aifH ohi o6iflCHHjix 
npoGTLiMi Q0Cii'6ACTBieHi j^ojiroBpeMeHHaro ero npeSuBanifl bi ?ep- 
HiroBi H o6mHpHUM'E Kpyrou BHasoHCTBa. Ki axoiiy ry6epBaTopi 
jipHCOBOKynHJii, no, no ero MHtHiK), nojiesHO 6hUL0 6u orpaHHqHTBCfl 
Bi OTHomeHiH Hoca CAiJiaHHUMi eiiy BHymeHieM'B, h6o HHaqe oh'l 
H JiHi^a, ero nocin^aBmifl, j^ooTHrHyn He^ajiHHofl, no BpaflHefi ntpi 
sejiaeHOfi huh, i^jlh— npio6ptTeHiH KaRoro-jiH6o SBaqeHui. IIpeaKAe 
cero qepHHroBCRifi zanAapMOsifl niTa6i-o$Hi(ep'E 12 HHBapn 1863 r. 
eespeTHOK) sanHCKOK) aohochjii^ ?to bi uoe^ 1862 r. bi r. Hep- 
HHroBt HiKOTopue H8i ^BopflHi, no npHM^py cxyAOHTOBi siescsaro 
yBBBepoHTeia, saqajiH xoabtb bi nai^ioHajiBHUxi MajiopocciicRHX'L 
socTK)Max>, KOTopue naA^BajiH h cocxoflmie na cjiys5i ^hhobbbkh. 
BcitACTBie cerOy no coBtn^afliH ci Ba^ajBEHKoiii ryGepsiH, coo6- 
n^eso upeActAaxejiflifB npHcyxcxBeHBux'L Mtcxi, qxo6u obh ne ao- 

BBOXflJIH nOABtAOMCTBeBHUMl HMl UHOBEHKaifL XOAHXb Bl HeopH- 
CBOeHHOU OAi^flBiHy C% XtMl, 11X0 eCJIH ROMy-Ifl6o» OAtXOMy Bl KO- 

OTioMi npoGxojiDAHBa, 6yAexi osasaHa nojim^eflcKHinH cjrysRxejiHiiH 
neeno/cAueocmb^ mo vfcaAodu na smo dydyrm ocmaejinmbCH 6ejh enu- 
ManiH. 9tok) mtpoBQ 6ujio npespameBO Homeflie HaaioaajibHoft 
OAesAU. BooojiiACXBiH AoanaHo, qxo onepaxop'b Hooi npeHHiraJii 
Ki^ oe6t MOJiOAuxx JiDAefl, 6es% pasjeqifl cocxobhIa, jiHoib 6u 
rocxb 6ujD[i OAtrb vh naqioHaisHEiS socxiosci, h BBitssajri ci HHifL 
sa ropoA*^! rAi pacKJiaAUBajiH ofobl, sapajiH na najio^Eax'B cajio, 
iiHJiH, atJiH MajopoccificBix nai^ioHajiLHijfl ntcBH, AesjiaifHpoBajiH 
OTBXH nieBqeHKa, ho Bi qem saKJinqajiHCB hxi xojikh — HeHSBtcxHO, 
s xasi saEi Bce 9X0 BejiocL bi cespext, xo HaqajibHHEi ry6epHiE 
noxpefioBajn ei ce6t Hoca h 061^80^1 eaiy, mo cBaHAajiBHue no- 
^xynsH *) ero BJieEyxi sa co6ok) HeBuroAHoe MHtaie hbmii aa- 
vuibcxBa, H qxo ecjiH n sa chmi wl ero Esapxapi 6yAyxi co6h- 
paxbOE MOJiOAue jhoue bi naxopoccificEHxi BocxioMaxii, xo aj^a npe- 
EpanteniE cero 6yAyxi npHHExiii OoJi^e cepbesHUE Mtpu. Docjit 
axoro Hocb npespaxEJii na siEOxopoe BpeME cboe BaropoAHUE 
nporyjSE e co6flpaHie mojloabixi JiioAeft, ho HasBajii cbod EBap- 
THpy EypeEOMi, BucxaBHJi'b Ha cxiat jsoihsi^bii Eoxop jfl noctxH- 

TOEH EypOHE 6bIJ[E 06E8aEU EJEEOXb HeJIElE AMI>rE, E CBepxi ED^eEa 

npEeEJn HaAQHCb: ^Kxo sype AyAO^Ky, xofi ejeah Eoniflsy, a exo 
jiOEoqy, xoft abh EoniiEF, aji' Aofiparo j^ij^". 

Bi 8aEJiK)qeHie qepHEroBCsiS mxaSb-o^sqepi o6iEGEHji'b, no 
TEEi EEEi noctxExejiE EypoHE 6e8apecxaHHO yBejiH^HBaioTCE, xo 



*) T. e. wapeEbe ^Ha najioiKaxb^ cana h ntnie MaAopocciflCKHXb ntceub?! 

13* 



196 pyOOKOI BOrATOTBO. 

]I02;B0 SaUD^HTB, ^TO nOOTJIIKH Hoca MOryT^b HMiTB ATPHUX KO- 

CJefl^ACTBi^, a noroMj xoAaTafioTBOBajii o nepeBOAl Hoca, Hasusaji 
ero rjiaBHBiMi npexBOffHTejieM'L ofin^ecTBa Maiopocco^HJEOBi, la 
oiys67 wh omdaAeuHUH BejiHKopocciflcKifl ry6epHiH, vfl/k HaiuoHan- 
HOCTL ero He 6yAeT'b HMtTb noffpasaTejiefi'' *). 

HTaK'b, aAMHHHCTpaTHBHafl ocujua 8a npHCTpacTie ki cajiy, .sa- 
lEapeHHOMy sa najro^Kax'B", k% ]iajiopocci&oKHii% ntcEswh m ke 
ROOTDiiy MnpocTOJiH)AHHOB'E''I EojiH 6hi He ^(paiiaTHqeoRifi KOHemt, 
TO Boe 8T0 jt/kJLo MOSHO 6ujio 6fii npHHflTL 8a myroHHyi) napoAii>. 
H 8HaH) TaKofi se npoi^ecci: „ji!bJ[o o e — ckom'b yKpaHHCKon 

KpySKt^. IIOAHflTO OHO 6UJI0 niTa6l-pOTMHCTpO]ll JI, — oft H npH- 

ooeAHHeno hmi bi A^jiy o fipomupKi, H8AaHHofi TenepL ci 6jiaro- 
CJiOBOHifl ueHdypu. 

Bi KKBSHux'L ropo^an, a vh oco5eHHOCTH wh rjEyxHXi, — wh to 
BpeiiH, T. e. JiiTi ABaAnaTL Tony Ha8aA'B, mosho 6£ijio BCTptTHTb 
iiHoro TaBHXi JuoAeft, sasi CxeaaHi Hocb. „RpecTi»HHCKyio oj^e- 
asAy^y Bnpo^eMi, ohh hoghjeh pt^KO, paset MeiKoaoMtcTHue 8eirjie> 
BJiaA^jimKr. Bee dxo 6k[J1'l HapoA'B o^eHB xopomifl, oiieHB cepj^ei- 
Huft H Bi Bucmefi CTeneHH 6e8o6HAHufl. yspaHHCKiH CHiinaTiH au- 
pasajiHGK, rjiaBHUMi ofipaaoHi, bi npeAno^TeHin najiopyccKaro 
ASBiia, B% sanHCUBamH napoAHux'b CKasoBi h noroBoposi h b% 
ropa^eft jao6BE'js,% noasm IIIeBqeHKO. A Kasi TenepB hohhk) He- 
MOJioAoro yse npi^TeiH, KoxopEift hoctoahho ^eKJiaMBpoBan o^sy 
H Ty se noaiiy MajiopyoGKaro noaxa h nocTOSHHo sajiHBajicA ejie- 
8aMH, Kor^a aoxoahjii ao cthxobi: 

„3acHyjia BKpafiiHa, 
Bypb5iH0Mi> yKpHJiacb, uBiJibio 3aiiBi;ia, 
Bi> KajiiO}Ki, Bi> 6ojiOTi cepue npornofliJia 
I Bi* AynAO xojiojiHe raAK)K'b uanycTHJia, 
A AiTRMii HaAiflK) B-b cTeny OAAaAa. 

A HaAiflK) 
Birepii no nojiK) pasBiHB-b, 
Xbhjisi MopeNfb posHecjia^. 

HacKOXBKo noHHBTcn, Bci dTH yKpaHHGEie HapoAHHKH npHHax- 
xesaiH Kk ojroK), soTopufi aHrjiH^aHe Ha8BajiH 6u ^middle classes'*. 
EujiH TyTx Bpa^Hy MOJiKie 8aMJieBjiaAiJii>i;tf, cespexapH BcsKaro 
poAa, iBa — TpH yqHTeJifl h np. He sbsk), sas^ Teneps, ho Tor^a 
cpejiH yspaBHiieB'& HexBSJi 611010 coBepmeHHO BCTptTHTb p'a6oqaro. 

Tasie HapoAHHEH - yKpaHHUu 6uj[h h bi E. H Ha hhxi ocTa- 
HOBHJii CBoe BHHMa^ saHAapucKifi niTa6ci •poTMHCTp'b JI^. B'b nep- 
BjJD rojiOBy, Kasi sepiBa, y Hero, o^esHAHO, ctohjii h^kto M-i(i. 
A noHHD c% paHH^ro A'i^TCTBa axy asoaeHTpHYHyK) $Hrypy. Ilojiy- 
<IHB'E o6pa80BaHie b% AyxoBHofi auAeHiH, M., OAnaKO, He nomeis 

B% GBHmeHHHKH, a 6UJIII aaXBaiOHl HapOAHHieCKHlll yKpaHHOKHMS 



♦) PyccKaH HCTOpHMecKaa 6n6MoTtKz >k 5, cip. 169- 171. 



so PAcnaPAaBBHiio. 197 

jCMxeiden meoTKffecATux'& foaobi. Ohi nomejiit no AepesHflHi 

•06HpftT& CSaSKH, norOBOpKH H DOGJIOBHAU. B& CHeiUaJE^HOft 8TH0- 

rpa^BHeoKofi jiHTepaTypi hhji M. xopomo hbbIctho h nojiLsyeTOJi 
Taum se noveTOUi, sasi hhji 6oj[ie MOJio^aro co6HpaTejifl na- 
poABofi jiHTepaTypu — MaHsypu. dartifL na M. o6pymHJiooL sa- 
soe-TO orpamHoe ceiiefiHoe Heo^aoTBe. On% nocejiHicii b% E., ot- 
spun sffioB KHHSHBifi MarasHHi H nopasajii ofiuBaTejiefi aKoi^eH- 

TpH^HOCTLK) OBOHXl MBHepi H Cn0C06a TOprOBJIH. Owh SHJIl ooBep- 

meHHO OAHHi; Bi saKyni npn narasHHt, h cax% oTpiiDajn oeSi o6tA'& 
no oo6cTBeHHUK% pei^enTam. IIo BocKpeoeHLflMi no Aopori, Beftyo^efi 
181 BaropoAHOfl pon^Hy mosho 6ujio BBjslkrh BuooKyv), ne 6pHTyD $h- 
rypy, vh HSJiOMaHHofi mjifloiy yBHTofi pasjiH^HuiiH TpaBaitn, vl 
Tonjion naiBTOy ne enoTpa na dshoo jiIto, <y& HavHHyrofi sen- 
cKoft mani) na njie^axi. To M. BOBBpan^ajrcn hbi saropo^Hoft 
tsoKypclH. TpaBU) soTopux oe% oofipajii^ — on BapHjn aoTom. 
Rorj^a naffi oTennuKi ropoffom npoHOOUOH jiHBenL, M., coBop- 
meHHO rojnifl, ci npocTuneft na njieun, buzo^hjii hbi cBoero 
saKyTKa h oTaHOBSJicn no^i BOAOCTOHnyi) Tpy6y, hsi KOTopofi 6HJia 
Bo^a. 3to 6uia ero oo6oTBeHHaa nanepa (SpaTB Aymi. Ecjih bi 
iiaraBHHi saxoAHjrE nosynaiejiB, to hbi sasyTKa paB^aBajicji 6aci: 

— Horo Tpe6a? 

noEynaiejiB OTBi^ajEi. 
. — inyKaflre, j[iioiejiL« na nojifiii(iI[(T. e. noHn^HTe na nojiKt), — 
«0BiT0Bajr& M. — Kpewn ohi npej^jiaran Bciiii, ;(ase coBepmeHHO 

HeSHaKOHam. ToprOBJUIy BtpOJITHO, ho npHHOOHJia HHKaKHX'B ffOXO- 

^OBi, HO H norpefiHOCTefi y M. ho 6£Xjio HHsaKHzx. Ha 8Ty BROuen- 
TpH^Hyi) $Hrypy Haa&moH A., Kasi na ^Boa^s yKpanHcxaro 
spysKa'*, Kone^iHO, ^pesojiDi^ionHaTO*. Y M— i^a CA^ajin o6£ick'e — 
nnero ho HanuiH. Aase JI^. y6iAHJ[Cfl, ^o nejiBBfl apeoTOBaTL vejio- 
BiKa TOJiLKO sa BKGi^enTpHqHOCTb Manepi, sa to^ nro owh jifitm^jh 
jiin Tony HaBBAi xoffHjrb no jsfipeBwwk h sanncuBajii cubkh. 
Tor^a J(. HaMtTHJi'L Apyroe xhi^o, o^ienL nonyjrspnaro b% E. Bpan 
M — va, TOHce ,yKpaHHi^a^. B% oBoefi t^HCiopiH^ N ooo6inHJii, tto 
nocxaxi M — ^^y no no^ift rejcrorpa^HpoBaHHufl avBennjEHpi ^Mani- 
^aoTa'', H, spoMi xoro, npHfiannxi eiae, ^o BpaH'B „H600MHiHHiift 
•oi^axHcn'^. M — n apecTOBaxn. Kpoiit oroBopa N, cy^eoTBOBaxo 
en^e oaho ofiBBnenie. 7 M — ^a fiaxi rHMnadH^ecsifi TOBapHiai 
Ton — eBCRift, soropufi bi Hawaii oeiuAeoATuxi ro^oBi (5pooHXi 
ynraepcHTen h ymexi ^bi napoff^''. 

Ton — oBcsifl lepoBi ro;^ coBepmenHo^ paBonapoBaxca, HBBi- 
pHXOiiy HBHepBHH^axcffy HO 6ax% yse ^Hexer^BHafi'*. HawxaoL 
ysacnax apamb. K% HpaBCTBeHHEim CTpaffaHiflni npH6aBHxacB ot- 
iiajiHHax HHUJ^eTa. Ton— eBOsift roxoffaxi no HtcKOXLSo ^Heft. Bi 
MEHyry orqaxHin ohi BonoMHHXi o oboohi rHMHaBH^ecRom TOBa- 
pHH^i H nonpoGHXi npHOXBTL eny 15 py6. M — ^i o^ixaxi bto. 
^epoBi Tpn HXH verupe xioai^a Ton — OBosifi ne BUffepsaxi h bb- 



198 P700E0B BOrATOTBO. 

cTptJoucir. Bo Bpeiu oSiicxa y M — ^» Hanura nomoBjio kbhteit- 
ipi> H no Hefi BiuOHBJiocL, mo BpaTL ^noMoran peBOJUDi^OHepy^ 
SBBmeiiy Ha HeieraxBHom noioBeHia''. S. o^eEh xopomo sHais 
M — w; BMicrft ci hhmi mu norom shjih bi Mocsb^ cTpancTBO* 
BaJiH BMtcTft se Ao HpsyTCBa. Mu o6cysvaj[H «3[^jio o e — ckhu 
spysRan", h ji AonoAJiHHHO SHaiD, hto uuKaKua^ dpyzua^ o6BHHe- 
His, KpoHi HaaBaHHuxi, b% M — iiy iipeffiiiBJieHO ho 6ujio. Ttm 
He MOHte ero ABa ci nojiOBHHoft row Aopsaji bi npoABapHrejEb- 
HOjn BaKJiDqefliH. I[eHTpajii>HaJi $Hrypa js,zk ^npoqecca" 6ujia Hafl- 
AeHa. HysHo 6fiuo Ha6paTL ^coyifuiDJieHHHKOBi*. H jl(. hexoahjii 

HXl. Bl ^HCJli nOAOtiHUXl OqyTHJICJI H aBTOpi 8THXI CTp0K%. Kasib 

HH ycepxoTBOBan A- (ohi sapaHie Hantqan npn Aonpocax'b, la 
isKOJUKO JitTi KaToprH noflA^n sasAufl)>HO .npoiiecca^ coaffaTb 6EU0 
He H8!b ^ero. GjrtACTBie 6pomDpiy KOTopoe hochte rpoMKoe Ba- 
SBaHie vJliio e — ckhxx pesoJiDi^ioHHUxi KpysKaxi'', KOH^iHiOGb 
aAMHHHcrpaTHBHuifi HopjiAKOMi. Bi BocTo^Hyv Ch6hpb nomJiH: 
ceMB ^eJiOBiEi cpoKOM'b Ha 5 lArh KasAuift, qeiBipe ^ejioBtsa — 
Ha TpexjiiTHifl cpoB'B. Jl^Ba ^ejioBisa oTnpasHJiHCB -bi 3. Gh6hpi», 
cposoMi Ha TpH roAa. Hioro — nRmbdecftrm mpu roA& cciubh Vh 
Ch6hpb 6e8i cyAa sa 6poniK)py, KOTopyi) TenepB mosho EyaHTb 
sa AByrpBBeHHufi. JI,o 8Toro ocysAennue npocHAl^H bi oahho^- 
HOMi npeABapHTeJiLHOMi saKJin^eHiH cpoEOMi orb 6 H^CHi^eBi jss> 
2Vs jAtl. HysHO AyvaiB, ?to sapAapMCKifi mi^ci-poTHHCTpi Ji,. 
He coo6n^HJ[i HH^ero tomi, sasi eny noMoraju „xpoHorpa$u^. 
Ohh Tose, vh BQjaKOKj cBoeny paso^apoBaHiio, noman bi Ch6hp& 
cpoKOMi Ha TpH roAa. X — it, Bnpo^eM'b, npo6iim b% ccujiKi ne 
AOJU'o: ero BOSBpaTHjiH paHLme cpoBa; ho na poAHHt on Hero or- 
BepHyjiHCB pimHreJibHo b(A, X — ifi BTopH^HO „6tsaji'B^ bi Kane- 
HeAi^noAOJUtOKi, Tjsjk ynepi otl paspusa oepAi^a. 

TenepB, noojii hphbu^bh cMOTpiiB na ajieiieHTapHUH npana ^e* 
jLOBiKa H Ha npaBooyAie 01 aHriiflcKofi to^bh spftHia, Bce bto 
„Aijro* MHt EaseroH ahbhmi ao nejitnocTH. Mohh nopasaerb tbeso 
TOTB naHHiecKifl CTpaxi, EOTopufi HarHajE'b TorAa na npoBHH- 
iQaiLHufi ropoAB asaHAapM'E. MaccoBue h 6e3npH^HHHue apecTH 
BOBMyii^ajiH Bcixi, HO npoTecTOBajiH TOJiBKo HOTHXOHLKy. JIdah, sa- 
HHMaBmie xopomee o6ii^ecTBeHHoe nojioseHie b% Hameni yi^SA^, 
T. e. KpynHBie BOMJieBxaAtiBAEi, KOTopue Acuse na j[icTHHi](6 ciy^ 
xetfHofi iepapxiH ctohjih ropasAO Bume KaKoro-TO niTa6ci-poTirH-> 
OTpa,— TenepB TpeneTajin npoA'b hhmi. JI^. nojiyuji'b CraHHCJiaBa sa 
ycepAie. & AocKazsy TefcepL HOTopii) r-na A. Ohb tbei se nejiina^ 
EBBi Boe ,A^o^. Hepeaib roAi ohi apecTOBajii eAHHOTBeHHaro 
ouna o^eHB fioraTofi seiiJieBiaAi^JiHi^fii namero e — osaro ytsAa — 
C — aro. Ona coBepmeHHO noTopHJia roJiOBy. ^ — a npoAJiosHJii bu- 
nyoTHTB MOJOAoro ^eJiOBisa sa BSflTKy bi oto tuch^i py6jiefi. 
BeBi BiAona cuna, Bone^HO, MaTb BCTynHJia bi ynopHuS Topn 
H cfiHJia BBHTsy AO HHTH TucH^'b py6. HepoBi TpH Miciii^a ropoA- 



no PAonoPHSiHiK). 199 

oKofi rojioBa n — thhi sacTajii y oBoefi sohei Jl — qy en flagrant 
d61it. ICaHAapxcKiS o^Hi^epi 6tsa2[i repeal okho, 6eai nyBAHpa 
I naniajioHi. Myan tjtl se Burnajii xeny. Hepeai ^aoi, so- 
He«o, ootiuTia aHajii bocb ropo^'b, a repeal aohb — aecb ytSAS* 
SCena saH^^apMcsaro o^Hixepa npHmjia bi jrpocTL. Oea anajia o 
BBHTsi H, IT0611 OTOMOTHTB Mysy, j^oHeojia Ha Hero. r-Ha A. He 
OTffajiH noAi oy^i; ho nepenejiH tojbko b% Apyrofi ropoAi; a aa- 
Tim Bce 611J10 8a6iiT0... F-hi A., sajBeicH, h TenepB saHHiiaeirB 
^nooTi'' (bo bchkoms cjiyvat, saHHiian TpH ro^a Toity na- 
aaj^i) Bi oj^HOM'B H81 60JIB01HXI DSHuxi ropoKOBi. RaRie-TO npo- 
i^eccu oHi coBj^aen Teaepb? Bcd aiy HCiopii) h cooSmaio Ha ocho- 
BaniH AO.'iyiieHTajiBHuxi j^anHuxi. Bet OBHAtxejiH, eon He ohib* 
6aK)0By en^e shbu. 

V. 

Kacaacb BJiiHHifl HsrHaHui, Fepi^eHX vb oahom utcii ro- 
BopHrB: 

^TDpLHa H ooHJiRa Bi MOioffuxi Jitoaxi, BOBpeMeHa Aymnaro 
H oiparo roHeniji, ^pesBu^aSHO 6jEaroTBopHu; sto saKajn — oah% 
ejia6BiH opraHHsaiUH CHHpaiOTCH TDpbxofi, Ti, y KOTopuxi 6opi»6a 
6fiiJia MHMOJieTHiiiii DHomecKHMi nopuBoui, a ne lajiaHTOMi, BHy- 
TpeHHefl Heo6xoAHHOCTi>K). CoBHanie oTspuTaro npecjriAOBaHifl noA- 
xepsHBaeiTB sejiaHie npoTHBOAificTBoaaTB^ yABOOHHaA onacHOOXB 
npiy^aexi k% BUAepsst, o6pa8ye'rB noBeAenie. BceaTO BanHxaexiy 
paaciBBaen, paaApajEaen, oepAHn, h Ha KOJiOAHHKa, hxh cocjian- 
Haro qani;e naxoABTi nHHyTu 6inieHCTBa, "Sim yronHTejiiiHiie ^aoa 
paBHOMipHaro, o6e3CHJ[HBaK)n^aro oT^aaHia jnoAefi noTepaHHUxi na 
bojA Bi nomjiofi h THsejoLofi cpeA^^ *). Ci PepD^eHoifb oorjaoarcfl 
HtoOTopue H8i rtxi, KOTopue BHaDTi, HTO TaRoe 6UTB nyrenie- 

OTBeHHHKOMl H dTHOrpa^OMX HOHeBOJli. HnOPAa CCBIJEKa, Bl 000* 

6eHH0CTH Ha A&AOsiH ospaHHu, ABJUiJiacB mKOJiofl, npaBAa, o^ohb 
•ypoBofl. JIh^ho h BGHOMHHax) HHTB xi^Ti, npoBeAOHHuxi B% Hsyi- 
oiofi o6jiacTHy (Seal HenaBHOTH. Ho mosho jth aafiuTJb Bcixi Tixi» 
KOTopuxi HBioHaja H HCKOBepKajra oouiKa, Buoocaia aossHeHHEie 
oosH, a HHOFAa — ^Aaxe achoctl yiia? BojuiACTBie OTcyTCTBiJi y naoi 
Habeas Corpus Act, apecTOBaHHiifi MoseTi cha^tb b% npeABapH- 
TeuHOMi oAHHOHHom aauio^eHiH aba h a^so Tpn roAa. Yaiit H 
XH^HO BHaio MHoro cxymeBi, sorAa nocxi TaKoro aaEXD^eHin ot- 
npaBXHXH B% aAXHHHCTpaTHBHyx) oouxRy He xioAefl, a pasBaxBHi, 
jwh KOTopuxx noraci bi TDpLict. Bi oAHofi napiiH 00 hhod 6£ixo 
HioEOXbso AynieBHO-6oxi>Huxi. Hbi XDA^fi Heo6iiKHOBeHHO cepAev- 
raxi, ci mnpoKHm Kpyroaopon, ci hchhxs, cBixxuMi ymoxs 
OHH npoBpaTHXHCL B% upa^HurB, 8X06HUXI, xynmi naHiaKOBS, 

*) „Bu;ioe h AyMU*, qacTb IV, rjiaea XXX. .He RauiH*. 



200 P70CE0B BOrATGTBO. 

flOMimaHHim hs H^ei, KOTopas motmAj noBvinoMy, sapo^dTMc 
toiBKO B% Mosry KaKoro-HHdyxb xHKaro o6cKypaHTa. Bot&, Haap., 
IL A. M — HI, KOTopiift B^ cevHAecjiTim TO]^hrb 6hijn» npenoxaBa- 
jtM%vk HCTopiH Bi PMinejiiieBCKoft rHKHaain. Bo BpeiieHa IlaHD- 
TBHiOHHu ero OTBpaBBJH B% EHHceftcKjK) r76epHii), OTKjXA om 
BOSBpaTHXCfl vb 1882 hjut 1883 roAy. Hepesi rojci ero onjiTL ape- 
erosaiH. 3a hto hmohho, j naci bi napriH hhkto ho snajn. Fo- 
BopHJU» HTO .ropoxoBoe najn»To'' AOfiecjio, tto bhaIio, Eaai M — m 
Ha Go6opHofi HjiOH^aAH 6eciA0Bajii ci ^HeierajLHum'', apecio- 
BaHHum BDOCJitA<^BiHy HO OTpHi^aBmBMi xasi 6ectffy» Tasib h 

BHaSOMCTBO. Bo BCHKOMl CJIjqat, M'Hl HpOCHAtJIl Bl OAHHOV- 

HOMi sauD^eHiH ABa c% hojiobhhok) roj^a. Bi 9to BpenH owb CTan 
npoflBjiHTB npHBHaKH ATioeBHofi 6oj['b8HH. IlGHxiaTpbt npHSHaiH ero 
noMimaHHUHi, ho M — hi BceiaKH ornpaBHJicH bi BocToiHyi) Ch6hpb 
Ha veTupe ro^a h mejrE co hhoS ao camoro UpsjTCsa. M — hi 
oiHTan ce6H uotom kohi rpe^ecKHxi HMnepaTopoBi, soropue ocTa- 

BHIH HaCJrtACTBO Vh HHTHaimaTB HEJUliOHOBl. Hto6£I OBJIHAtTb 

9THMH xaaHTajiaMH, cocTaBHJiacB ^maflxa hsi raxapi h eBpeeBi*, 
KOTopaa, CHCTeiiaTHqeoKH, bi opoAOJiseHie pji^a b^bobi, HCTpe6jiaia 
Bctxi MjJECEHxi HpeACTaBHTejiefl poAa M — obi. HcTpedjeeie npoHS- 
BOAHioob, rjiaBHEiMi ofipasoifL, „y5iflcTB0]ci Ha pascTOHHiH'', „npi 
noMon^H MarHeTHBHa''. Hhijmi npeAOTaeHTeJum ^AanajiH HDxaTB 
HamarapHfiift cnnpTi, EOTopufi sanacKyAHAi bck) hxi MOsroByv 
ofiojiOHKy'', APyi'HXi — .KacTpnpoBajiH* saBHMi-To oco6iiImi „BeH- 
repcKHMi cqoco6om'e'', na paacTOHHiH, ^npH homoh^i MarHeTHSiia''. 
7 xeHH xpaHHTCH soma j[rK)6onuTHaro AOKyHeHTa^ aApeconaHHaro 
^HaHajiBHEsy HpKyrcKaro saHAapHcaaro oKpyra'' h cocTaBJieaHaro 
M — OMi Bi HOHL 01 18 Ha 19 ceETHfipa 1887 r.Bi Kaiiept npEyr- 
osofi TDpBMu. Bi AoayneHTi HSJiaraeTCfl HCTopia po^a M — b%. 
^JttffL Mofi H CHHi ero, — HHraerB M — hi, — 6hjih ynepmBJieHH 
OAHHi Ha 47 roAy, a Apyrofl — 21 rosy cBoefi shbhh; otoi^ hoI, 
Ha ^TO y iceHH ecTb AOCTaTo^HO ocaeaTejibHUH npn^HHu npoAHo- 
jiaraiBy yitepi ropaBAO paate Toro opoKa, KaaoBofl cyjiHJiH eicy 
6ojiie qtvi KptHKift opraHHBMi h BAopoBBo; hbi Hamero poAA, 
EOTopufl 6BUI saoeJiHTejEL KpuMa h no6epe3EB6BX Hepnaro Mopa h 
noAHjicji i^tjitXMH GOTHHMH H TUCH^aMH oeMefi| ocTajocB BOCBiia ho- 
MHoro, 6jiaroA&pH i^ijiOMy paAy y6ificTB'B h Apyrnx'B ne Meaie ne- 
6iaroBBAH£ix'B cpeAOTBi: abah moS yirep'B 6eBAi^TeH'B, Maspo, 
MaspoBiaBO, MaapoKopAaio, By^HJio, HpasjiHAH, Kajta^aTH, Uojie- 
TaKH *) H MH. Apyrie yMHpajiH, He ocTaBJiaH nacJii^AHHKOB'B bi to 



*) OAHa H3T» THiiHqHbixi> Mcprb 6o;it3HH M— Ha 3T0— „BhiHCKHBaHie poi- 
CTBeHHHKOB'b". ycjiiiimaBi> qbK)-HH6yAb (t)aMH;iiK> Bi nepBbil! pa3i>, ohi> cpasy, 
eoiH BTb Heft 6iM'b SHaKOMbil! aeyfchf cnpamHBa;ii>: „Bfai poACTBeHHHK'b TaKOMy- 
TO?" EaiH cnpomeHHUfi oTstnaji-b: „Htrb, bt* rjiasa ne BHAa;ii>", M— ht> aBTo- 
pHTeTHO sa^BJisijrb: „ifferb, bu poACTBeHHHK-b, n Bawb roBopio aio". M na ocho- 

BIHIh C03ByMifl OTHOCH/ICfl Cb AOB-fepieMB HJIH nOAOSpHTenbHO KB BOBOMy 4eji«- 



no PAonoPASiHOO. 201 

9f9UM, saKi paHLme cenBH ex% i^BtJiH h mhoshucl; j^'pjnsi oomli 
BHMHpajiH oTi BCflsaro poj][a6oj[i8H6fi, He CBofloTBeHHim Hn opr»* 
nsnam h sj^opoBBD, KOTopoe npesffe bxo^^hjio j Bcixi b% no- 

•JIOBHI^. OTHOCHTeJTBHO MOOfi CeMLI rOOnOffa 8TH npeffnpHHflJiH ni" 

jDift pxAi opraHHBOBaHHuxi nonuTOK'B, rjiaBHuifb o6pa8ou% no- 
Tony, ^To Mu Bi HCTopin BToro neoHacTHaro oocTosHia CTapmaji 
nsui. Eme bi Kptmy, rffi ^iI^aHe h Taiapu, pyKOBOAHMue espe- 
jiMH, coB^aJiH Moeft cecTpi 6ojit8Hi, KOTopaa Tenepb BUJUMaoB b% 
npHnaAKi na^^y^efi SojiisBH (^to noAo6HU& ^aKra — ne 6peA'B pas- 
•TpooHHaro BOofipaseHifl roBopHn HCTopifl MHorHxi namBn nepB- 
■£1X1 6ojii8Hefly UHsymecTBa h t. a.); Apyryx) oecipy na TpexLem 
roAy ex SH8HH OMepxejiBHo HcnyraxH, ^to aaxo ociaHOBsy pocTa 
yMCTBennuxi chjh h nojiHyi) saTynixocTB; TpoTLX) oecrpy rtxi 
se npieMaMH aobojih uo^th ao aHeBpHsiia. ?to Kacaeicx no Menfl 
s Moero tipaia, npienu hxi HicKoxLXO 6uxh HHue, rxaBEBUfi o6pa- 
BOMi, noTOMy, ^TO Mu MysoKaa xhhui h ^ase 3% HesAopoBoui co- 
•TOflHiH onaoHBi AJiA o6oKpaBniHxi Mofl poA^/ He roBopa o ni- 
xoMi pfl^i nosymeHifi na namy sHSHb, ?to Bupaacajioob vb c6pa- 
•HBHHiH Haci ci BucoTL 01 npH^HHOHieMi BCflKBro po^a ysi^ifi, 
noABeAeHioMi naci no^i BcasiJi HBHypflTexBBUA 6oxi3HH, ^to y 
xenx npoflBHxooB b% XExopa^oiiHocTH 3 — 4-x'BJiiTit a y6paTaAajio 
Bi MOJiOAOCTH xyAoco^ie h rHofiHuft napuBi Ha JierxoMi (HCKyo- 

•TBeHHocTL ooBHAaHifl BOToparo MOrJIH 6ll AASd Bl HaCTOHD^ee 

BpeMH VOHCTaTHpOBaTb Ti Bpa^H, KOTOpBie Bl MOOlfL npHCyTCTBUI 

jAfHira ero). HacToan^ee BpoMS — Bpenji BCKpuTin HesaxoHHOCTH 
o6j[aAftHiH 8TH1IH rocnoAaMn namero coctohhuI) h ohh, sasi mhI 

nOTOH HBBiCTHO, npH6trjlH Kl pi^mHTeXLHUMl Mipaii'L HCKOpeHeHiH 

samero po^a. BpaTa Moero sa nooJiiAHie roAu aobojih ohh, nyxexi 

OKaiHBaHiA CipOD, AO COCTOHHifl UiAHOKpaOHarO, HTO H xh^ho bh- 

X^i Bs 86 roAy^ BO BpeuH Hamero ci hrmi CBHAamH, — ^a aio 
XiflcTByeTx xpafiHe paspyniHTexBHO na opraHHSMi h hcto^hhki 
scjiXHX'b cuepTexBHuxi 6oxi8Hefi; Menfl sse piniHXH ohh yHH^TO- 
sHTb ynpon^eHHUHi cnooo6oHi BXOA^fioTBa''. M — b% npocHXi y 
xaHAapMcxaro noxKOBEHsa samHTu Ha BpeHs shbhh bi Gh6hpi. 
^0A06Haii npoob6a^ — npoAoxsaei'b M — hi^ — noTomy yse y Mi- 
rra, tto CH6Hpb wl Te^eflie njbjiUTh A^cflTKOB'b xirb fiuxa ape- 
HOK) H86ieHiji uoero poAa, o ^eu% EpacHoptwBO oBHAiiexbOTByerb 

TOn $aKT&9 TOO H8l meCTH XHnifl MOHXI fiXHBSHX'b pOACTBOHHE- 



mtKj. IlyreMi* „BbiHCKHBaHJsi poACTBeHHHKOBi>", M — H-b, HOCHTe;ib rpeMecKoft 
^laifHfliH, npHiueA-b Kb aamiioHeRiiOi <ito ohi> npAMoit noTOMOKi> GrenaHa PasHHt 
N C. )K]ocTa. 

— C/iyuiaftre, 6eperHTecb samero poACTBeHHHKa ILlHiifioBCKaro,— cxaaajn 
MRt M— ffb.— Oflb BaiTb BBeACTb nofli Moarb MbiJio**.— ^ 3Ha;ii> ywe M— na, 
modfTouy ne CKasa/iii eMy, <ito y mchh ntrb HHKaKoro pOACTBeHHHKa IUhajiob- 
Mcaro, H BOo6me He AyMaio, hto iCT0-HH6yAb rairb KosapHo nOKyiuajicfi 
■a MeHii. 



202 PrOCEOB BOrATCIBO. 

KOBi, sojioionpoMHiDjeHHiisoBi BeH8pj(aEH, He oenMoch mocoro, 
I saThm jBtpeHHOCTB, ^to Bpani Moero poj(a h ceuhm He ocn- 

BMTb MeHH HH Bl HpsyTClOft TDpbllt, HH B% CCfiUSi F& 

SI He Morj 8a6iiTb oahj Hon, xorx m rbx'b aopi npomjio 
yse MHoro Jitn. Mh HoqeBUH b% arani sa HflZHe-YARMCKOHi. 
Bi cociAHefl Eaicepi cxumeni 6un bbohi i^aefi yrojiOBHuxifc. 
HepBii paaBHHTHJiHCB coBepmeHHO, h AHsie soniMapii saBHjnr Menn. 
Haca vh ^na hou MeHH pasfiyAHjii M — b%, JtesaBndft pwon eo 
MHofl Ha Hapaxi. IIpH CBtrt noJiHOft JijHii a BEjf^'h 6ojildi7I> 
^epHji) 6opoAy ero h cBepsaDn^ie, rji76oKO cHAnmie lepHEie riaaa. 

— Kan 6paTa, h npomj naci, ne onnre, — Havajn ohi <» 

XPOSBK) Bl rOJIOCi. — fl BHai), HTO CerOAHH HOHIK) OHH BaMUmiHDTl 

no-TO. He cHHTe, jHOJifliD Baci. XoTHTe, 6yAe][% pasroBapHsaTb o 
7eMi-HH6yAi>. H pascKasy Bam Koe-qTO. 

noAl no;(ymKofl y M — na xesajn donniofi hohi h MOJiOTon 
^yHTOBi vh 10. 3x0 OHi B03HJII Bcer^^i ci cofioK) ffa cjiy^aft, ecjni 
HanaAyrb ohu. M — hi AtficTBHrejiLHO .pascsaaaji'b me^ Koe-^ro': 
AO yxpa H cjiuman AHKifl tipe^i npo TanHCTBeHHyi) TaftHy, npe- 
cjEtAyioniyK) hotomkobi rpe^ecsHXi HvnepaTopoBi M — vl. Ha 6oib- 
Hiie, pasBHHqeHHue nepsu; na ^ejiOBiKa, Koropufi caMi» ffocHAtiCH 
XO rajUDi^HHaiUS, KasHH'b eujn cjiymaTejiK M — na, — pascKaBi ffbfi- 
cTBOsaji'B yApy^aioiue. S. ^yBCTBOBajn ^kohok'b'', nojqcaTUBaioniificH 
Ki Topjry H AOJiseHX Oujl'b ynoTpe6j[HTL b(A ycHJUH, vro6ii ne sa- 
KpH^aTB, He Ha^aTL 6HTi>ciT rojroBofi o napu... 

M — Ha CBHA^TejibCTBOBajiH Bpa^H Bi HpKyxcBi H npHsnajra ero 
coBepmeHHO noMimaHHUHi; ho, t^hi ho Menie, ohi bbishjte cboh 
^exupe roAa Vh BajiarancKi h xojtlko noojit osoHqaniH cposa 
BOBBpaxHJicfi B% OAeccy. Ohi ne BUSAopoBiji'E h koh^hjii* noJinHifb 
HjuoxHSHOMi. HpeAo hhok) Bcxaexi ffpyran sepxBa ccujikh: hoj[o- 
xoft, ffBaimaxHJitxHiS cxy^eHX'L xapBBOBcsaro yHHBepcHxexa H — ift, 
SHSHepaAOcxHufl, OjiecxHin^ft, xajiaHXJEHBiift, noHaBmifi bi AaJbHift, 
riyzofl BaraflHxaficBifi yjiycb, flKyxosaro OKpyra, HsyxcKofl o6ia- 
exH. B% i^npHJioseHiH ki BcenoAAaHHifiineHy ox?exy h. a* ^bT*- 
OKaro ry6epHaxopa' sa 1885 r. *) roBopHxoa: „rocyAapcxBeH- 
Hue npeoxynHHKH, saKx nposHBaiDii^e bi r. flsyxcKi, xasi h bi 
apo^Hxi ropoAaxi h oexeninxi o6jiacxH, HHKaKHxi onpeAi^eHHUxi 
BaHHxifi He HMiDxi, H noxoMy Hi^Koxopue hbi hhxi nojiLsyiDXCH 
oxi sasHu AeHesHtXMx nooo6ieM'B bi pasmi^pi 9 py6. b'b Micai^. 
SaiiKHyxaH shbhb ociubhuxi axofi saxeropin, xoxa h naxoAHXi^ 
eoAtflcxBie vl BsaHMonoiioniH, ho AOSBOJienHBifi hmi saKOHOMi Rpyn 
A^axejiLHOoxH cjiHrnBOMi orpaHH^eni, ?xo6fii naxoAHXb ce6i onpoos, 
H B% 6ojii»inHHCXBi OHH HpexepniBanrb Kpafineio Hnn^exy^. 

,,RpaflHDD HHH^exy'', Koxopyio cnpaBeAJiHBo oxMinaerb ry6ep- 



,063opTi HKyrcKOfl o6jiacTR aa 1885 r.** HKyrcK-b, 1887 r., cip. 56. 



no PAcnoPHSBHiD. 203 

HaTopi, Bi Moe BpeMjf, t. e. vb nepio^t 1887—1891 r.r., ocujib- 
Hue Aase RojrtXMCKaro oKpyra He to hto nepeaocHjiH JierEO, a 
npocTO He saMi^ajiH, eoJiH psAoxi 6uj[h TOBapniuH. Becb ysaci 

CCUJIKH Vh flEJTCRyK) 06j[aCTL ^JBCTBOBaJCH Bl OAHHOqeCTB'6, B% 

rjiyxom „Hacjierf , r^i, KpoMi nHTH-ioecTH HHopomeBi, He roBO- 
pjinpxi no-pyocKH, — hhkofo Eim. Ecjih npH6aBHTK vh dTOMy ot- 
cyrcTBie Ha^eiiqi^Ei Bu6paTbCH Kor^a HH6yjiL (en ntn y cocjraoHUX'L 
no ojjij), TO HOSHO noHHTb OT^ajiHie, oxBaTUBann^ee jiymy. Bi 
HaHfiojiie AHKOtti H oypoBOMi 0Kpyr6 HEyTCEoft oSjiacxH, b% Eo- 
jaivcsoMi, — TOBapHH^H BHa^HJiH Bce. Gyn^ecTBOBajia HpaBCTBOHHaji 
axMOc^epa, soxopan ho iP^aBajia ojiafioBOJiBHuifL onycTHTBCA coBep- 
meHHO. Tasofi aTMOC^epu He 6hjio bx ^AJii^HeMi EaraHHTat, Ey^a 
nooajTb n — ^ifi. Ohi 6wl% o^hhi, coBepmeHHO oshh'l na hhopo j^Het 
nyxH EpyroMi, 6081 Ha^ea^u B£i6paTLCfl. Bi XXXQ n'boHi cBoefl 
^soMeAiH^ BOJiHsifi $jropeHTHHei^i onHcuBaerb ^antenora", toti 
spyn^ a^a^ r^l^ rptoiHHEH BuepajtH, saE'b ^nysupBEH^ bi rpoiiaj^aofi 
jiBffHHi. Bx xpeTBefi nioHi onHoiiiBaeTOfl ^girone", rjii rp-bmnH- 
soBi npecj[iffyK)n uockhtu h ocu. BaraHHTaScKifi yjiyo'b, axo — 
antenora SHMofi h girone — jiiTOKi. n-ifi Cb OTq[aflHiff, qTo6u HHtxb 
BoaJii ceSfl sHBoe oymecTBo, — seHHJicfl na HsyTEi. Hepesi naxb 
jsirb ^BiBmifi TOBapHn^i Il-aro no yHHsepcHTeTy, Boanpan^aHCb nsx 
KojibiMCEaro ospyra vh Poociio, npeAiipHHHJii hsi flsyTcsa noisAKy 
vh BaraHHTaficEift yjiyci. „fl yBHAajii HsyTa, — paacEasuBaerb 3tot% 
nyxemecTBeHHHS'b, — ho TOJibso oi 6opoAofi. — To 6iiJVh U ifi. Bi 
nprt Haci BCTpiiHjia flsyxEa, He noHHxaDn^afl hh oJiOBa no pyc- 
CSH, — ^iBena Il-aro. Tpoe HEyxflTi HcnyraHHo, Eas'b HuniEH, hot- 
HyjiHCb sa KaMejieEi. Menfl nopasHJio, ^to moS, Bor^a-TO 6jiecTfln^ifi^ 
TaxaHTJiHBJbift, TOBapnn^'b He TOJibso pasy^HJicfl roBopHTb no pyccEH, 
HO OTBUEi coBepmeHHO OTi Bcero, HHxepecyioii^aro naci. A saro- 
BapHBajii nameMi npomjiOMX, o 6y;^ynieMi, — U-ifi 6^% cosep- 
meHHO paBHOAymeH'b. H nposHji'b bi k)pt6 osojio neffi^jiH. Uoxoirb 
y»e n-iS HioEOJibRo ^OTTanj'b''. Ilepei^'b orbtsAOM'b ohi cEasafli 
MHfc ^sHaeoib, MHi^, 6parb, EpumEa TyTi. Caxoe ysacnoe ne to, 
HTO H pasy^HJioH no-pyoosH h noTepHJii Boasifi HHTepecb s'b rhhi^; 
He TO, HTO seHHJicJi na Hsyrst h Hanjio^^HJH HEyrflxi, a to, ^to 
Aaace eo cnm He BHsy nponiJiaro. Cnepaa mh^ cnnjiHCb jeoeiuh, 
Qxojuai, sapsie caopu: Tenepb h BHssy bo oni, ^to nyisHO o6ifa< 

SaTb DpTy, BU^HCTHTb ^XOTOHl^ (XJI^Bl) HJIH npopy^HTb HOBUfi 

^oflfioHi^ (npopy6b) na osept''. 

npHBOAy eme j^aa neraTHBa h orpanH^ycb. npeas^e Bcero oj^hi 

H8% MOHXb TOBapHn][efl so SHBHH Bl Cpejl(He-KOJIEIMCSi H — ^ifl. 



SM fJOCMOm BOrATCZBO. 



VL 

nin^on Hamero xnui 6utu b% CpexHe-KoimcKi mbmmmm 
TftHi. Ki ero i[paB;piBtm h maHUBBUMi o^epEan xrara b» 
^npoiiaAHHCKi'' M OTCEuaD ^nraTeiefi. He mta hxi noxi PT^^B* 
x npHBexy BUAepxEj nn mohxi codcxBeHHuxi sairtTOBi. ^Mu 
npiixan jrtroHi 1888 r. h OTyruBeb v% xason se nojioseHUi, 
%AVf> PodflHsoBi nocji spjineHiii. He 6umo j eaci he KBaprspv 
HH sanacoBi hb shmj, hh xpoBi, Bce aro naso 6ujio .AOcotBan'*, 
BiipaxagcB no HiCTHOMj, Bo-nepsuxi, caiioicj, noTOMj no jrtTom 
Bce HBcejieHie 6ujio hb npoMBician, b, Bo-BTopuxi, bi cavoe so- 
poTBoe BpeMB, noTOHy hto fiujia face cepewHa Idju, tbki no 
lepesi MtcBm mofjih xbbtbtb Moposii... UpesAO Bcero mu npHSx- 

MECh Sa CiBOBOCl JSfiH 6jJI,YmMT% KOBOS, SOTOpue AOXSBU 6jBJTk 

EBMi AocraBiBTb ApoBa B31 Jitca. BH6pa;iH m&i wb clHOEOca rpo- 
MaAHHfl c€Ul^umep^ (noeMBuft ^jn), sa BaB6oxte BOBBEimeHHon 
Mtcrt ero coopjAHJiH maxann, Bosxi KOToparo 6bixo oraBme. Bi 
nars hbcobi yipa Bct, KpoMt oabofo, jxoahxb hb pa6oT7. Hbbib 
Kocnoifu 6bixh cuicLi) eBponeficKHX'L ci asiaTCKBMB. Kocbtb npH- 

XOAHXOCB Wh HtKOTOpUXl ntCTaXl MeBCAJ BOYKaMB, BO KOliflB Bl 
pSBBOfi, XOXOABOfl BOAi. HaiBB KOCapB 6UXH Ha CXBBf: BTXeTH, 

xepeBBHOKie SHrexB, soTopue na saHBKyxax'L, aia otauxb ot% 
yflBBepcHTercBBxi jieEi^ifl, npHHHMaxHOJb 8a Bocy b xoahjb ci Bet 
•I sanpaBCKBMB KOCi^aMH ^wh nepBoS pyst''. 3a to .rpoMBABxii- 
wjaa!* 6iUB TBDH^Hue npeACTaBHiexH ropoAa: cxa6ocBJUHue, nepB- 
Hue, BHBorAa Be AepsaBmie rpa6exb bi pyxaxi. Ha boxuhcbhxi 
xyraxi npHxoAHTCB sazAyi) oxansy oBomeBHofi xpaBu Haff^BaTb 
hb Koxi, BOTKHyTufi Bi KOYEy, HHBqe ctHo CFHierb. Pa6oTai)n(ei[y 

BpHXOABTCB BCe BpOHB OTOBTB BOfTB BO BOBCl Bl BOA%- H, B6 

OMorpB HB TBsexBiB yoiOBlB, pa6oTa mxa Bacexo, oi ntcHBini h 
myTBaMB. Ki ABinaAi^aTB ^acaxi ahb Bct Ha«Hai>n norxajtiiBaTB 
hb «niTa6i-KBapTHpy*, t. e. bb majiami, BOTopufl oT0TOflx% on 
MioTB pa6oTii HB Bepoiy. Bon, HasoHei^y noBasajicB aumoki h 
rxyxo nepeEBTHicB no xyry ssyBi Buoiptxa, BOsdyj^ABB Heo6iiEHO- 
BOBByi) cynBTOxy cpeAH ^aoEi, BBBniBxcB hbai oaepon. 3a bh- 
•rpixoM'B nocxiAOBBJTL .^xan', t. e. rpoMBAHufl i^BiiHofi map^, 
npBBBBBBHufi EX mooTy. 9to EameBapi sobotx o6^aTL. Meai) 
o6iAA OTOBB HecxosHo: BapeaaB pu6a 6e8i xxt6a h EBpHH^HEit 
vaft 6e8i caxapa. Tbei ebex cbohxi hoboaobi y hboi enite tofab 
He 6uxo, TO pii6a, 6oxBmeK) hbctlk), 6uxa AyxoBBTBJi. Eaie xyate 

(UBaXOy EOFAB H TBEOft pu6a HO yABBaXOCL AOCTBTb, EOFAB BpflXO- 
ABXOGb AOBOXbCTBOBBTBCB OXOHBHOfi. HtO 8T0 6uxa SB OXeBBBBl 

JRorAB ee BEiTacEHsaxB bbi xoaeh, Bci oTBopa^BsaxH boou. Ohb 

BOB OCXBBXa H BOEpUTB HXiceBbD naXbl^B HB BOXTOpB. ll^&mfifi^ 



no PAcnoPAsiBiK). SOI 

• 

Him oyHjTL ee b% KOTejrt, KameBapi nojiocKajii ee vh 08ep» 
OKOJO nojrjqaoa. Bow Ha WJieKOMi npooxpaHoxBi noKpEiBajiacik 
Tor«a OTBpaTHjiHoio MyTLK). Ho pafioTa BacxaaMjia text h xaKoe 
Maco. noGJii ofitj^a — oxahxi b% toci, a r^M% onaxB na pa6oxy 
;^o nosflHaro Beqepa, noKa na^B osepoMi saBOJEjexcfl xyiiaHi mo- 
AoqEfiUfL noKpBiBajioMi H CMOJiKHyxi KpEKJiBBus rarapu. Torj^a 
BHcxp-fcjn onaxb csHeajix Bctxi %% yacHHy, t. e. ra xofl «e pu64 
HJH ojieHHHt ^ Ki xoMy S6 MpnE^flOMy qaro... A noxoMX cohx, rjiy- 
CoKift, oxBaxHBaDB^fl MFHOBeHHO, xaKi TTO naweoiK Ha ojieHiD 
™*yPL Ka» ^OJ^cxptJ[eHHHft 3a ctHOKOcom— Kjaj^sa nenea. Bhjii 
Bt Cpe;^He•KoJD[HMCK•L Korffaio cocjiaHi cKoneiti, Koxopaft CEacxe- 
pBJii OKOJUo ffByxi xucEqi KBpEBqefl-CHpita (rjiBHa 8J^*CK EJioxaa, 
GMtmaHa ci ejomi, xaxi wo kbpeh^e Be BH;^epICHBaH)xl o6»e- 
raBiiB). IIoxoMi cKonqa nepeBeiE 3% OjreKMBHCKi, a KBpnEqB Jie 
saiE Ceai ynoxpeSjieBiE. Mm exi CByaBjifl b saxiEJiE cjeosbxl 

HBl BEXl ne^KB, BMtCXO A^peBBBEHXl KaMeJILBOB*, KOXOpHME 
OXOEJBIOXCB 06HBaXeJIE. TOXI XOBapBE^l, KoxopoMy npewosBJiE 

6hxb neqHEKOMi, BEBorAa Be bbotjii ;^a»e, KaKt b» mraffyx-E. 

Jlfi BCerO ByKHO 6UJI0 A0X0J^BXI. CBOBMX yMOMX. PyKOBOACXBOlIX 

cjysBjiB qepxeacE ai $E3bk4 TaBO. ^neqEBRi** (^o xoro oai bb- 
BicxeB'i 6ajL7> jioa% KJiE«iKofl „JlBxepaxypa**) ocxajicE bx ^opoJ^4, 
a ocxajTBBHe ytxajE b% ji-fecx aanacaxbCB ffpoBanE aa 8EMy. C% 
OOToi neqKoft ^JEaxepaxypa** npoaosBJicB ^at ae^ijiB. Eny Byaao 
(Jhjo oanoiiy e ao^y xacKaxB, MicBXi rjEHy, xacKaxB aa njieqaxi 
KBpEBqE E X. n. EcjiE MosHo xaKi BHpasBXBCB, 3X0 6Hjia „xeope- 
TEqecKBE* ne^Ba, ^paB;^a, atcBojiBBo KpEao6oKaE, 6pK)xaxaB; ho 
neisa, Koxopyio Be xojiiKo mosho 6hjio xoebtb, bo Koxopaa eme 
xaaaja mbofo xenjra. IleqHBKi cxajii eoxomi cneuiajracxoEi, c$op- 
MBpoaajii aa 6jji,jmii ^o;^^ apxejiL, ji^uuBmjjo KBpnBqE, bbi koxo- 
ptixi cxaaajii bc^mi xoBapHn;eMi saBiBHu, pyccsia ne^KB, roi- 
JiaflAKB B np. Bc4 oat 6ujib aa ohbbi JIaJ^^: BeyKJiwxiB, BtcKOJikKO 
KpBBo6oKiB („JlBxepaxypa" BBiaKi ae Mon BupaSoxaxt ce6* pa6oqifl 
rjiasoMtpi), HO rptjB xopomo. ^;^4 xox% 6apflx, Eoxopuft Bocnoex* 
wBEpaaqByio** apxejiil HyacBO ce64 npe;icxaBBXfc ^poMaJ^ByK) Biry, 
B% Koxopofi MtcBxi rjTBHy 60CHME HoraME, sacyqaai mxaHH ffo 
KOJitai E o6ji*nBB*B xtjio rpjiaBK), qTo6u hb xast BycaaB KOMapti, 
^exupe apxejiBQ^EBa, Easi exi HaBueajiB. Tan KaK% cpe^E bexi 
wa jiexa^BSBKa, xo ohe Bejijxi ropaqift cnopi o xom, KaBBM-B 
oSpaaoMi nepexoj^ax'B bi „Mipi* nepBoo6pa8H „boj[b", „cy^^ecxBy- 
B)n^ie no«o6Bo KaHXOBCBEM'B Dingen ;^JB cefia e b% ct6*". B^pyrB 
^laxepaxypa^, i^BXflpoBaamiS aa naMBXB ;i;jib AOKasaxejiBCXBa caoero 
MfltBiB ^TpaacaeBiieBxajiBayK) jiorHKy* ai ^o;^JIBBHflB*, b% 6yKaaiB- 
HOMi CHucjii onyocatxcB e^ zpHSb bsi aMnapaeB'B b roaopaxi: 
— A qio, rocno^a, rjiaaa roxoea? 

3a6uxa Mexa^EaEKa, e BaqBEaexoB ^opxEpoBsa KEpnEqefi, npe- 
puBaeiiaB BEorj^a ropBKofi xajio6oft o^soro bbi AHOoyxaExoBi: 



206 P700K0I BOFATOTBO. 

— Focnoffa, YMeBu $opMa sBpim^eMS noAasuacb! To ecT&, 

KBpnH^l Be BUXOABTl '''). 

GaHUMX TBseJiuMi BpexeBeHi (iBUia AOin^an, iiojuipHaa, fies- 
eojiHe^HaB sBMa. Tasejia oaa 6£ua Be TtMi| ^o npsBOOBJia 
01 C060& xpoHBqecsoe rojiOAaaie (aio Kasi-TO Be saiii^aJiooB 
GOBepnieBBo), a Ttn, no bi cypoBjK) ABjXMiCB^Bji) nojoup- 

BJD BO^B OC06eBBO HyBOTBOBajiaOB nOJIflaJi OTOpsaBBOCTB 0T1B 

Bcero Mipa. EiBBCTseBBaB obbbe^ noqia — npaxoABJifk paai bi ^e- 
TBipe MtcBi^a. Bb 6e8B0BeHByK) aojuipByK) bohb, sor^a sa yxsqax^ 

OOTBB %8A0BBIXB COGbKI nO^BBHaJlB BOfl (SOJIUMCKifl co6aBB He 

yiitDTi jubbtb: cat, BtpoflTBO, botobbb npBpyqeBBuxi bojibobb), 
HBorie BBi TOBapBD^efi BaHBBajifl qyABTB, a Apy rie — aaroBapflBaiBCff. 
EcjDLB 611 Be TtcBaB Apysfia, CBBBUBaBmafl Tor^a TOBapB^eA, mbo- 
rie Be BBiAepsajiB 6iii nepBofi bbhu, 1888 — 89 r., Kor^a 611x0 oco- 
6eBB0 njioxo. IIotomi BapoAi npBBusx b^csoxbko. Hto6u npana- 
coBi XBaTHjio Ba BCD 8BMy, 06^8311 oOBtiOMi ycTaBOBxeBi 6biis 
^6iofl,xerb'' y a xpaaBTexeni ero Bu6paxH AO^P'bflinaro vh Mipi qe- 
xoBtRa, BO 6e3noii].aABaro, kofab a'^JIO KacaxocB oCn^ecTBeBBaro 
Ao6pa. OrB Bero mu eJseABeBBO cxuniaxB cxobo M6K)AserB* bk 
BHAt CBoero poAa memento. ny6xBaa noHOXOse (t. e. Boxopofi se 
BBHyxo en^e 22 roAa) to b ji!bJio 6poABxa no „CT0X0B0fl* bi no- 
BCBaxi GitcTBoro. Tasi b BHJsy npeAO hboio aiy B86y, bxb „IIa- 

BXOBCBifi AOMl^, CB BaMepSBIflMB CTiflaMB, &h XBABBBMB, BIltCTO 
OKOHB, OTOaXBOMyK) 6pK)XaTbI3l'B, KpBB060BBMl> KaMeXBKOMl (OABO 

B8B nepBuxi opofl8BeAeHid ^JlBTepaTypu'*) EABBOTseBBaB ]ie6exB — 

paXBTB^BUfiy CaBOAtXBBBlfi CTOXl, yCTpoeflBBiA TBEl CXpaBBO, HTO 

BB CI Toro BB CB cero BApyn naAaxi rpyABX), t e. CTOxemBBi^ef, 
fla noxi>« CesperB 6iiixi totb, 9to CTOxemHBi^a noAA^psHBaxacB 

BOS&aSfB Bl BBAt 6yKB£I X, CBBSaBBUHB peMemsaMB TBKB, ^TO OBB 

fice cooxsaxB. Ctoxb nospurB o6BiABAMB, oGrxoAaHBUMB koctbmb, 

Ben UTOfi CBOBOpOAKOS, CB BaCTUBBIBlIB CXOBMB OXeBBBFO B K06fiIXBarO 

BSBpa najibaa bb noxTopa. Ha noxy — rpxab no kox'^bb. Tam xe- 
saxB KptoKO npHMepamie rb noxy syxoBBue ocxaiKB: xbocxu x 
roxoBu BexBHB B oMyxefi, sogxb, KxoqbB oxeBBefi mepcxB b np. 
Tyxi* se ^cxapocxa", bb rpoMaABoi MtxoBofi manEt b bi ctpoS 
OABopBABt, nepeniHxofl bbb apecxaBTosaro xaxaxa^ xn^axexBBO cpi- 
BUBaexB 0% oxeflbefi xymfl BecB sapi fla CBtqs. 

— Ambkcbb'b (x. e. cxapyxa, xbkb ospeoxBXB TOBapsnia), — jifii 
Bu 611 ocxaBBJifl BeMBoro sepa: mbco coBctm cyxoe. 

— A COXHD^e BBMOfi BasaXBXCB, BU q^Ml ABB MiOBI^a OCBi- 

B^axBCB 6yAexe: naxBaeaiB, qxo xb? — oxBUBaexcx Ahbbcbbb. 

K% Koaqy bbbu moxoabb nySxBKa xacBaxa cBt^B, oxxbxui 
Abbbcbbomb, qxo6B]... ibcTB BXB. ICasAyH) BOAixK) Ahbbcbbi co6b- 



♦) Jlioneo. ,Ha KpafiHeMB ctBepo-BocroKt Ch6bph'', Cn6., 1895 r., op. 
181—183. 



no PACOOPHSSHIK). 20T 

pajn OXOAIC7 AJiA ofioysAeBiji GDAaseia, t. e., TOiHie, ji,3isi BOTHpo- 
BaHifl cospan^efliA eseAHeBHUXi nopuifi ojieHHHu h pufiti. Oahh 
TepniTb He mofjih 8THXi co6paHifl, noTOMj no ohh OTpusajiH oti 
saBflTifl (sHMOK) DflTL — HiecTB ^ejiOBiKi jcHJieHHO ^jiBHrajiH HayEy^'t 

SaKl BpOHBBHpOBaJIH Ti, KOTOpUe CI RHHSCEaUH 6UJIH Bl ROH- 

Tpan). Apyrie — noTOMy, iro na hhxx Boer^a niJia ^i^h cospa- 

— IlpeRpaoHO, AvARCiiHi! — Bee coKpam^aTb ^a ooRpamaTL! — 
BHiiajiHji'L pas'L TOBapHH^i ci pasApaseHHUMi anneTHTOMi.-— Ho 
ecTL BtAB minimum ^au, A&Ji>me ROToparo hate HeRy^a. Mu yse 
AaBHO CTOEMi Ha minimnm't. 

— Hi^n, MOSHO H AAJi^nie hate, — ne OMymaECL, OTsiTHJii 
AvHRCHHi:— en^e ecTB xpoHHqecRoe cocTOJiHie soporojiOAB. 3to 
HysHO BOTHpoBftTb Tenepb. — „Bi)AseTi* ORpujiHjii Aase OAHoroBs:^ 
TOBapsn^efi h ohi fiocni^jn ero vb BBpmaxi, a& ^n^e Bi MajiopycoRsxi: 

„Ofl, CKyjvKery, Hauii* 6K)A3KeTy, 
Jluxo HaMi> 3i> T06010: 
Tu sanyraB-b uacb eHpeaHTOM-b "^ 
3'b My6oM'b, cb rojiOBOK). 



BcflKift Aaneub Kpuse nuKy, 
5Iki> npo Hacb aa^ye... 
Tyjie MyiKa, mo 3'b aprejiH 
Bi/ibifl CBirb KenKye. 

llJJIblft Tbl^KiieHb, MOB-b Ti aJIUAHJ, 

Bi> .riaB/iOBCKOM'b^ 6;iyKaeM'b, 
Jlst-h Hajibi6aTb luo noicru 
nUbHO Bci uiyKaeM'b'*... 

H T. A. RyueTOBi ABaAi^axL. Botb 8Ta-T0 nopa h acooi^lH- 
pyercfl y MeHH ci BOcooMHHaflieiii A — cromi. TIo^e Tpexjiti- 
Hee OAHHOHHoe saRJin^eHie, Ry^a on ooaajii no BocenHaAaaTOMy 
roAy> npenpaTHJio ero bi noJiHaro ManiaRa. Obi i^i^AUME eeAiJiBMH 

MOn CHAtTB Bl CBOefi BOHDqefi, AO HeBtpOHTHOCTH rpflSHofi, AUM- 

Hofi H xojiOAHOfl K)pTt H Bco BpeMA nHcaxb. Ob'l 6ujii» MaHiaRi- 
rpa^OMaHi. Hero tojilro h ^eMi tojibro ne nncaji'L ohx? Pyo- 
CRyi) ECTopiK) no OTapuMi RajieHAapflm, no oco6oMy^ co6cTBeHBO]iy 
BJiasy E MeTOAy, aaTtiii— ^aHTacTHqecRin noaMU, cxasRE, noni- 
CTEy ^eiBeTOHH, naBi^BHHbie nameft TeRyn^efl ROjruECRoft shshbk). 
Oni saAyMaji lOMopHCTEnecRifi sypBajii KoAUMa e BanojiBEji'B 
ero BecB orB sarojiOBRa ao 06'BEBJieHifl. CooraBBBi RHHSRy, A — ifi 
ooCHpajn Haci bi ^IlaBJioBCRifi aomi* e ^BTajii bbmi cBofi asyp- 
HajTB T02Re orB sarojiOBRa ao oSiBBjeBlfi. HysHO npeACTaBHTB oe6i 
oSopBaHByx), rpHBHyi) ^nrypy, 01 BCRjiORO^eHHUME sharhme py- 

CHME BOJIOCaMH, O'B 6e8yMHIiIME TyORJIUME CtpUMH TJiaaaME^ ROTO- 

*) Utnbio. 



201 PFOOEOl BOrATOXBO. 

pair, 8axj[e6uBaiio]b, ^iTaen RojiuMy. H — cKift npHHHMajicji xoxo- 
TaTB 6e8yMHiiiii'L, A^peBJiHHUMi CMtxoMi, Kor^a ^BTan gboi 
ocTpoTEi. H BTon CMtxi 6Hjrb cxymaiexefi so HSAepraBBuii'L, «ia- 
(iuMi HepBaHi (k% KOHi^y 8HIIU HepBH y MHorHxi cHJii^o pat- 
•TpaBBajiHcib, H 6bijib j^tate HCxepEVHue). M£i ojiymajiH S—oKaro ot- 
^acTH B8i sajiocTH^ OT^acTH noTOMy, qTO HHaqe obi boo paBHd 
o6oniejii 6u Bctxi b bb xoiiy ^ETajoLi 6u aam cbok) KoAUMy. 

S. — CXift, SaS'L B M — hi, BOH^HXI UOXHUMI BAiOTHSIIOMl. 



VII. 

nocjoftAHift HeraTHBi. To 6bixo bi Mapii 1888 r. vh Kasapiiaxi 
B% AxyTCKi^, ri^i mu ^oHBAajiHCB, noxyAa aacL nomjnorL bi 
CpeAHoKojiuaiCK'L. Ki Hani oo6pajiBCb MtcxHue TOBapHii^H, ai< 
KOTopuxi MBi, BumeAHiie Bcero tojilso ro^'B xoaiy HasaA'^ hsi 

MOCKBU, BBJIBJIHCL CBtoHMB JIK)ABMB. BuJIO BeCOJlO. IltjIB, BXyTEXB. 

Bi qaci Ho^H B^pyn oxBopHJiacB AsepB. Bdissaxi Baxofi-To qeio- 
BiBi B'L my6t, HasHflyxoft noB^pxi 6iJiBB. To diijn oj^ehi h31 
couxBfliix'L r — Hi; HO B OFO HO ysBajn: AO xaxofi cxeaeHH xbi^o 
ero 6ujio 6xi^AH0 h BcxaseHO ysacoMi. Ohi cxpeMHxexBHO bcko- 
^HJii Ha Hapu, 3a6HJiCB bi yroji'B h aaj^posajti bcImi xixoMi. 

— ^TO ci bbmbV — cnpocujiH ero. 

— CnpBHiixe mchb! — damenxajn ohx: — b y6HJi'B qejiOBixa! 
Bci BCKoiBJiB CB Mioxi H MBHyxu A^t cxoBJiB^ Baxi oxaiiefli- 

xue. Bci no6jiiAHtjiB, xaxi F — hi, ho toxbbo bx rjiasaxi ho €Bi- 
THXCdi xaxol ysaci. 

— Koro BBi y6Hju? — onpooxxi^ HaxoBei^; kto-xo. 

— K— ^a! 

YsacB yBejiBiHXCdi. Ci oahoI hvb 6apBiBB cxixaxcdi HepBHHt 
npHnaj^oKi. Ha •« xBapxapi shjii K — ^k h xaici se onax'b iia- 
xeflBxil cuBi CapuHB, rjit6yniKa. 

K — i^i 6u]L% TOBapin^i, BOdBpan^aBmiScx hsi Cp«AHe*KojiiaioKa, 
r^i OHi SHXi coBepmtBBO oabbi, bi Poccin. A ero BH^ix'B ahx 
8a ABB ^0 cMopxB. Qb% nopaaBjn MeHx CBoen MpaqaocxBi) B paBBO- 
Aymien xo Boeiiy. Oabhoiboxbo bi CpeAHe-KojiuMCKt nopoAHio 
Bi Bern TBseioe oxBpan^OHle xi shbhh (fiuxo esy jiIti 27 — 28, 
He 6oJiBme). 06mecxB0 xBroxBxo ero. Oai MorB jiesaxB Moxia 
i^tjiul a^hb, 8a6EiiBi npo "bAy* Tojibxo no HaxMypeHHBiii'B 6poBXi» 
BHAHO 6uj[0, iTO Bi TOJioBt HieBexBxcB xaxaa-xo TBseiair, 6a»- 
oxpaABBB, xaxi noxxpsai ho4B, Ay^a. Kofab Bci ymjiH xi hbhi 
Bi xMapMU, K — i;* ociajica Aona. Ci hhui ooxaBBXH I' — hb, 
in:o6Bi xoTi npBcxoxpiJi'L 8a TOBapxn^eii'B. 

— BdAopi! — xpEXByjn, BaxoH•^l, oahbi hbi xxyxcxExi tobb- 
paniefi, xoxopul cba*xi y naci. — Ha Moaarfc 6htbI F — hi crpa- 
Aaexi ^axJII)^HHa^ixMH. Eiiy noxaBaJiooB! 



V. 



no PAcnoPASEHiH). 209 

— HtTi! a caMt BH^^tjii! — csasajii F — Ht. — y6HTi. Cst^a no- 
Tyzjia. K sasoFE ee... Paea na jmu/b. 

Bnocji^j^cTBiH HU ysHaiH Bot aoApo6HO0TH ap&mh. 

— XoHemb nocMOTptTF* xoft peBOJiBBepi? — cnpocHji'L BHesanee 
K — ^l r — Ha. y K — h^l 6ajn> xopomifl, fiojiLinofi peBOJiLBepi, oh- 
eTeMBi GMflTa h BeooeHa. F — hi ^ocTajii peBOJibBepi, noBepxiJii 
6apa6aH'L h j&bjijiJics, hto ohi ne sapflseHi. 

— Hy, ^i^JIbca! — cEaaajii K — n%. F — hx Ha^ftJIHJICJ^ bi ct^ekj 
H CTajii H^eJiKaTL KypKOMi. CAtJian'L ohi 9to pasi XBa^itaTL. 

— Jl^afi-Ka peBOJiBBep'L Qjojifil nocMOTpio, xopomo jih oifasaHiI — 
csasajTE K — ^•B. 

Owh BZBJL'b peBOJiBBep'L H nepeFHyjii, Kasi axo ^dtaeTCH bi 
opysiH aTofl cHCTeMfiiy KorAa nysHO ocuoTpiTB 6apa6aH'L . bjih sa- 
pji;^HTB. F — HI Bi aTO BpeMfl noAomejEi na MEHyiy ri Ki^iejiBKy, 
«rro6i>i noA^aBHTb ApoBi. f 

— BosbMH, — cnoKoflHO CKaBajn K — i^t, noAanafl peBOJiBBepi, — 
By, nj^jiBOfl OHflTB. Jl^a hto tu bi oiiHRy Bcel IltJiBOJor bi MeHfl. 
BpHMO Bi rjiasiy boti Tasi. ^apB! 

F — HI HJ^ejiKHyjn KypKOMi. FpflHyjiri; BucTpiii. CBtqa noTyxjia. 
Jtposa OTi ysaca, F — hi saserB ee. E — i^'b jiesaiB MepTBufl. Ha 
jiHi(t^ noAi rjiasoM'B bhj^h^jiocb KposaBoe hhtho. CiiepTB 6HJia mo- 
MeHTajiBHaa. Ha ry6axi jiesajia yjiiBi6Ra. K — i^i bi to BpeM^r, 
Kasi F — HI noAomejiB ki KaHOJiBKy, ycnin bjioshtb b'B 6apa- 
oaHi naxpoHi (e;a(HHCTBeHHBi&, BMtBmificH y Hero). OiBpan^eHie si 
^HSHH 6hjio TaKi BBJiHSO^ ^To ftase BOSBpan^enie bi PocgIk) ne 
AtgcTBOBajEO. HeBOjiBHLifi j6iiufiL B'B Ty se ho^b hbhjech Bl nojiH- 
JSXK). Ha Apyrofi se ;n;eHB ero ocbo6oahjih. Eme ^epesi Asa jmn 
MHMO sasapH'^ Ha ^pobhhx'b npoBesjiH BUKpameHHuft oxpofi rpofii 
c% rtJioMi K — n;a... 

S. xoT^Jii en^e cRasaTB npo cTpamnuH ^pauBi h Tpare^in, bu- 
pocTaBmifl na noqBi ccujirh. Oco6eHHO 61^211, 6orarB noTpflGaK)niHiiH 
TpareAi^MH 1889 r., ho cxaTBH hoh OTpamno paspoojiacB h saittTRH 
npHHHJiH yse ojihhirom'b neoTpuft bhai*. BorB no^eiiy nocTapaiocB 
noABecTH o6niie htofh. 

H BB!6paJ[B ai^MHHHCTpaTHBHyK) COHJIRy TOMOfi CTaTBH, HOTOliy 

qTO OHa flBJiHJiacB HaHfiojite hprhmi ;i;oRa8aTejiBCTBOii'B OTcyTCTBin 
BJieiieHTapHBix'B rapaHTifi jxh^hogth y nao'B. Ha no^Bt oynneoTBOBa- 
hIh a;i;MHHHCTpaTHBHoft ccHJiRH BupocTaji'B B'B PoccIh TaRoft npo- 
038011, npe^i ROTopuMB B'B oatneHtfllH ocTaHaBJHBaiOTGH saaaj^HO- 
eBponeficRie Ha6jiEo;i;aTejrH. CocioHHie^ cqacTie, cnoRoftcTBie, cpeji;- 

CTBa RB Cyn^eCTBOaaaiK) COXOHB ThlQSLTh MHpHUXB JlK)Jl,ei HaXOJ^HJHCB 

Bi saBHCHaiocTH orB npoHSBOJfa ej^HHHqHux'B jiH^HOCTefi, npe^GTa- 
Bjr^BHiHxi ce6t saROH'B He HHa^e, RaRi co6cTBeHHofi ^aHTasiefi, 
BdJioseHHofl B'B sanyMepoBaHHofi 6yMari. R roBopnji'B tojibro • 
ccuEK^ BB Ch6hpb. Bb EsponeflcROfi Poccm hsb oahofo ropoAaB'B 

K 10. OTA-feJl 1. 14 



210 P700K0B BOrATOTBO. 

ffpjrofi BBiCBuaiH Aase He sa 6poiirK)py, paapi^nieHBjK) leaepb i^es- 
sypofl. He i^epeiioHEJiaoL hh ci aji[BOKaTaMV, hh ci BpaqaMHi hh 
01 JiHTepaTopaMH, hh o'l jDAbUH, o6jie?eHHEiMH AOBipieM'b o6n^e- 
CTBa. IIpocjiiAHTe no raaeiaxi 3a t^^mi, ?to iBopHJiocb HeAasHO b'& 

Oj^eOCt! ECJIH He SiepeilOHHJEHOB Ch JIDJ^BUH, HMilOmHliH BHAHOe o6- 

H^eoTBeHHoe nojioseaie, to mosho ce6i npeACxaBHTb, Kas'L noory- 
najui Gi pa6o?HMH hjih Mtn^aHaMH (o KpeoTLSHau yse ne ro- 
Bopio). 

K no3BOjirK) oe6i npHBeoxH Hicsoji&KO sojiosenift, ciaBmHU 
aatfyqEofi hothho& b% aanaAHoft Espoat, ho cocTaejiHnm.HX'L noKyAa 
eisie pia desideria y nacB. Bos&ny sth a36yHHUH hcthhbi, RaK% 
oHi $opMyaepoBaHEi y KoH^opca. 

„TaBi KaKi ic&JiBK) BOflsaro nojiHTH^ecKaro coeAHHeHin JinA^ft 
jiBJiHeTCH sejiaHie oxpanHTB npasa eoxeoxBeHHfiur, rpaxj^aBCsifl h 
nojiHTHqecKiH^ to bth npasa ;n;ojiSHU ABHTbCH ochoboS o6ii^ecTBeH- 
Haro AoroBopa. JJ^eKjiapanin ^mux^ npae^ doAOKma npedmecmeoeamh 
KOHcmumyiiiu, KOTopafl rapaHTHpyers hm'l HenpHKOCHOBeHHOcxB. 
IIpaBa ^ejiOBtsa eoTecTBeHHuir, rpasAAHCKifl h nojiHTHHecRiH cyn: 
CBo6oAay 6e8onacHOCTb, paBeHCTBO npe^i BaBOHOMi, coCcTBennocTB, 
o6ii;ecTBeHHaH rapaHxifl h conpoTHBJieBie npoH3BOJiy. 

PaBOHOTBO COOTOHTl B'B TOMl, ^T0 EhMJIjai HOJIlSyeTCH COBBf- 

meHHO OAHHaKOBUMH npaBasiB. 

CBoSoAa cocTOHTi Bi npaBt a^JI&ti» Bce, hto ho BpeAHTi npa- 
BaM'L APyrHxi jiK)Aefi. TaKHMi o6pa30Mi, ecTecTBeHHoe npaso Kaa- 
Aaro orpaHHqeno tojibko t^mi se npanoMi, rapaHTHpoBanHUMi 
ooTajibEBiifL qjienaMi oSiuecxBa. 

KasAufi HOJioBtE'L BOjeni BupasaxB cboh mbicjih h MHiHui. 
CBo6oAa ne^aTH (pasHO saKi h Apyrifl cpeAcxBa paarjiainaTB cboh 
kucjih) He MOserB 6uTb sanpen^eHa, npiocxaHOSjieHa na BpexH 
HJIH orpaHHqeHa. KaxA^B rpasAaHHHi BOJieei cjii^AOBaTb si^pi, 
KaEyn cam H36epeTi. 

Be3onacHOCTB coctohti bi tomi, qTo o6mecTBo rapaHTHpyeii 
EasAOMy HenpHEOCHOBeHHocTb ero jih^hocth, HMyii^ecTBa h npaBi. 
Hhsto ho MoseTi 611ITB apecTOBaHi, nocaaen'L bi Tiopbuy h na- 
EasaH'b HHa^e, Easi no cyAy paBHUXi (t. e. npHc^xHuxx), na 
ocHOBaHin ToqHux'E sasoHOB'B, HSAaHHLixi do npecmynjieniH. BcflEoe 
HHoe A^ftcTBie aAMHHHCTpauiH npoTHBi rpaacA&HHHa cocTaBJiHerb 
npoHaBOJii H He3aE0HH0. JIioAH, H8AaK)ii](ie npoHdBOJibHUfl pacnopE- 
senifl HJOLH HcaojiHEK)iii;ie sxi^ — noAJiesaTi cyAy h HaEasaHix). Ta- 
Sony se cyAy noAJtesaxi ny6jiHi;HCTu, eoeibmy^oWfie aAMHHHcxpaiUH 
npfl6iraTB B'B npoHSBOJiy. FpasA^He so Bcfaxi noAo6HUX'B cjiy- 
^asxi He TOJiBEO He o6E3afi&i noBHHOBaTbCE npoHSBOJiy, ho HMi^nTi 
sasoHHoe npano conpoTHBJiETBCfl'' *). 



*) UHTHpyio n« Louis Blam, .Histoire de la Revolution Fran9aise', Livre 
IX, chap. ▼. 



no PAcnorasiBin. 211 

3a OTO Jiin cnniKOMi, Roropua npomjni oi Tixi nopi^ xaKi 
snepBue c^opMyjiHpoBaHH 8th nojioseHiJi, — bi hexi BHeoeHU no- 
npaBKV. OahoS eb% caMuxi rJiaBHuxi ABxaeTca tO| qro o6ii^ecTBO 
JIOJESHO rapaHTHpoBaxB Kasj^oMj coueay npaBO na ipjAi h Ha 
npoATSTu ero. OpjAiJi npoHSBOACTBa, nxa aioro^ aojishu 6utb.ao- 
OTOflHieifB Bcero ofin^ecTBa, a He OTfftJiBHux'B jihi^. ?to xe sa- 
caeioa BarjufAOBi KoHffopod, to ohh ho tojibko npHHXTu lenepi^ 
BO Bcixi npaBOBuxi cTpanaxi, xaxi paAHRajiaMH, TaKi h xoHcep- 
BaTopanHy HO oTajH Tam Aase a86yqHoft HeTHHofl. Bojii^cTBie npn- 
Bii^sn vh a86yRi rpas;AaHCTBeHHOCTH, anrjiHiaHHH'B KOHcepeaTopi 
ojioxo BipHn Aase, sor^a cxamwrL npo saHAapMOKie o6biorh, 
spo npoAOJisHTejiBHoe OHAtHie h npo coujirh ^no pacnopji- 
jceHiD* *). 

— 3aqiMi TOJiROBaTB npo gbstoctb ceMefinaro o^ara, — ^roBopHn 
ROHcepBaTopi anrjiH^aHHHi, — ecjiH noqiio ro MHi vb aomi noryrL 
BopsaxiiGS saHAapMU^ aanoAOspHBinie mob mucau, boSth bi cnajiLH» 
Hoefi soHH, nepepuTB Bci 6yMarH h npo^HiaTB Bci hhthmhua 
HHCBMa? MoH HBJiiflHiA seH^, Ror^a OHa 6£ijia en^e uoefi neBicTofl; 
saiim coo6n^eHie en o tomi, tto ona sflfivh peCeHxa, Bce canoe 
HHTHMHoe H ^oporoe 6jnfin npocMaTpHBaiBcn uoctopohhhmh jidabmh. 
Ba^tM'B BocnnTUBaTB combd, ecjin nas^oe MrHOBesie Mosexi „no* 
AyTB BiTopi orB nycTUHH'', RaRi wb RHHri loBa, n ynqaxB noero 
cuna Hxn ao^b na Rpafi cBtra, aa noJinpHufi RpyrB. Cy^BSa noeft 
ceMBH aaBHCHTB scenijio OTB npo^eccionaxBHaro CHRO^aHTa, ro- 
Topufl, qTo6u BUABHHyTBcn, He ooTaHOBHTGfl nepo^'B MHoroqncjieH- 
HUMH sepTBann. Sa^tn'B rouhtb co6cTBeHHO0TB, eojin n ne nory 
iSTpoHTB njiaHOBi Ha 6yAyniee, ecjin toti se nponaBOJH b'b m6oi 
KOMOHTB uoserB OToSpaTB y neHfl deai cy^a to, tto n cofinpaji'B 
roAann. A — qexoBtRi, noaTony noe HeoTienjienoe npaso ho tojibro 
xynaTB, ho n BupasaTB moh mugjih BCJiyxi, bgo paano Racax)TGn jih 
oni BonpocoBi joLHTepaTypu, nojiHTHRH, rocyAapcTBeHHaro xoanficTBa 
nxn Btpu. EcjiH n G^HTaK) mucjib BtpHoB, to moH ^0A^^, a ne to, 
^TO npaaOy yStsicaTB ApyrnxB b% tomi, qro n npnanaiD hothhoS. 
EcjH MHi dwaoKyyrm, hto n oniHfiarocB, — a corjiamycB; no cnjofl, 
a B'B oco6eHHOcTn HacHJiieM'B^ Menn hbrto ne aaGTaBHTB npHanaTB 



*) Bt> ojieccKHXT> raaeiax-b neMaTa;iocb cflocTaHOBJieHie BpeMeflHaro rcHC- 
pa;i'b*ry6epRaTopa» aa M 382 CaBrycia 18-ro ahh 1905 r.). Bt> HeMT> iHTaeMi, 
>fe}KAy npoHHMi: 1) cOuiTpacfoBaTfa BeHuiona BcKKepa B'b 3,000 py6. 2) Ha 
HeABHxcHMoe HMymecTBO, npHHaAJiexcamee BenuioHy BeKKepy, saKJiioMaiGiiieecH 
B'b xaq-fe Ns 15, h aoxoau cb Hero, HaAowHTb ceKBecrp-b Ha Bce BpeMH boch- 
Haro nojioxceniff. 3) BeniiioHa BeKKepa, xceny ero Jleio, 12 Antmnww dont J[io6y 
(xypcHB-b Mod) BbicjiaTb H3i> r. OAeccfai h e^i rpaAona^a^ibCTBa h ybsAa Ha Bce 
Bp€uii BoeHHaro nojioxceHiH B'b MornJieBCKyio ry6epHiK}». 

AnrAHMaHHH'b, HHTaioiuifl B'b xaprin 1215 roAa: cHhkto He Mosxen* 6biTb 
jmmtvk-h HMymecTBa hah HarnaH-b HHane, xaK'b na ocHOBaniH TOHHUX'b 3aK0B0B> 
CTpaHbi, no npHroBopy, BbiHeceHHomy AB'^HaAuarbio paBHUMH, t. e. npHc$i>K- 
«UMH», — ^AOAxceH'b cMHTaib cpacHopsiHceHie aa J^ 382 > — HestpojiTHbiMt. 

14* 



212 PyOOROB BOrATOTBO. 

CtjiuMiy ^TO MHi Kascercfl ^epHimi. 06iaecTB0 bosmosho toibko 
Tor^a, Rorxa b% Hem KptnoKi npHHi^Hii'L aaKOHHOCTH. Ho to, ^to 
TaEoe aasoHHOCTB, onpeA^JtAen He OT^tJiLHoe jihi^o hjih rpynoa 
Hxi, a Bce oSn^ecTBO. Fpasi^aHe o6fl8aHu no;(^HHflTLCfl tojibeo xa- 
KHMi saKOHam, Koropue caiiH BupatfoTaJiH h npHHflJiH hjisl 

TaRi pasoya^^aeTi soHcepBaTopi aHrjiH^aHHHi. Ohi npH6aBHrL 
en^e, ^to yqeaie nysHO HaqEHaxB BoerAa e^ asdynu. dio BtpHO, 

KBEl Bl npHMOKl, TaSl H Bl HepeHOOHOMl CMUCJlt. HHRaKOe BOS- 

posAeHie cxpaHu HeBOSMOSHO 6effE npHSHaHia, npesAe Boero, aadynu 
^aotcdanemseHHocmu, t. e. ochobhuxi leJiOBtqecRHXi npasi. Kor^a 
OHa Ao6uTa^ Bce ocxaaBHoe 6BiCTpo h ecTecTBeHHO ^npHJiinHTCA*'^ 
caKo. 

AioHeo. 



CTMXOTBOPEHIH. 

I. 

KsKTy coJiHi^e, MHt TBOH yjiH6Ka Aoporal 

Th BBrji^Hemb BeceJio— a nuTKy aafitiBaio*.. 

Ho TBep»ce h ocrptft h jiesBea He aeaio, 

HtM'b fijiecKt onelt TBOHXt nepeAi* JIH^OM'b spara. 

To — ocKopfiJieHHaa flymn TBoefi cBiiTHHa 
YjiaJi,ET-h, 6e3M0JiBHa^, KaKT> ropAa^ SB'feBAa... 
fl BTaflHt yMHJieHi>, Te6'b Mojiiocb xorAa: 
H HeHaBHAHmb xu, h JnoCnmb, KaKTb 6orHHA! 

11. 

CHOBa Bi> nyxb-Aopory, cxapHfi BtpHHfl Apyn>? — 
3ojioxH5i rpesN, bhaho, jirajiH naM-b, 
^TO 3a Haniefl ABepbio cmojikjih ctohu Bbior'b, 
OxAOXHyxb nopa H8MyHeHHKMi> kocxami*. 

Hajiextjia 6ypa, c^cajia cxpaxoMi> rpy;xb... 
rpo3HKft MpaKi) KpyroMTj... Ho xfci cHjibHa Ayinoft, 
CNffejio XH cxo^xb yMtenib noA'b rpoBofl: 
C^iacxjiHB'b, Kxo cb xoOoft cBepmaexi> »«h8hh nyib! 

1905, 5IHBapb. 

n. fl. 



CHJIfaBECTPO BOHnyPH, 

PoMaH'b. SpKOAe FtteoAbma. 
riepeeoirb cb HTa;ibsiHCKaro M. T. 



y. 

OAHa;KAH CHjiBBecTpo no3AH0 Be^epoiTb BOdBpan^ajioi ao- 
MO]ft. Korjta oh'b BOiiiejii> bo abop'b, ero nopasHJi'B CHJibHuft 
niyMt. CxyK-B nfimaromnx-B cryjibeBi* npepHBaji'B oT^aaHHHe 
KpHKH OHJiHiprru, Boft OTi](a H rojioca ^^ysenne h Knapu. 

CHJibBecrpo 6HCTpo otbophjtb flBepb. KaKi* pasi* Bt btotb 
MoiieHTb MaTb cxsaTHJia MysKa 3a rnHBopoTB. 

Ha nojiy sajinjiHCb pasOHTHa xapejiKH h onpoKHHyTHe CTyjibH, 
a cpe;iH mix-b Oejinnnra npecjitnoBajia cBoero My^ta, KOToptift 
6uJVh nbaHT>, h peB-hjii,, KaK-b peCeHOK'B, npn Ka^AOMTb HOBOifb 
yAapt. Cuacaacb orb »ceHH, ohT) XBaTajTb CTyjiba h xapejiKH, 
Beprfejn> hmh B'b Boaayxt h Cpocaji'b na noJiT*. Jl^atyaenne h 
Kjiapa nuTajiHCb ocTaflOBHTb iiaxb; ho etmencTBO ysejiH- 
HHBajio ea ciijibi: ona BHpuBajiacb hsI) pyR'b CHHa h, Oarpo- 
Bail orb rrtBa, on^Tb KHj^ajiacb Kh Mymy. 

— Pa^tH Bora, CnjibBecTpo, ne bxo4», — KpHKHyjia Kjiapa, 
yBHAaBT* 6paTa. 

CHJIbBOCTpO CpOCHJICa K'h MaTepH, HO CHJIbHHft J^ap'b B'b 

rpy^b JiHiHHjrb ero AHxania. 

— Th To^e, — HSCTynjieHHO Kpn^ajia ona, Koraa ij^yaenne 
y^anocb, HaKOHem>, KpiiiKO ofinaTb ee. Ona noBHCJia y Hero na 
pyKaxTb H crapajiacb Horoft y^apHTb Myata, KOTopufl: bhb- 
^icaji-b, XBaTaacb pyKaMH aa ynm h 6e;^pa, «K5o6eHHO nocTpa- 
AaBmiH B'b 6opb6*. Ha MiiHyiy Boi^apHJiocb Mojraame. Bci 

(IhJIH HCTOmeHH. 

IlbaHBtft cTapHK'b oCepnyjica Kb Mcent h KpHKHyji-b: 

— ycnoKoflcfl »ce, HaKoneiybl 

— ycnoKOHTbCfl! — H OejiHUHTa ociaBHJia B'b pyKax'b ^y- 
aenne kjiohkh cBoero pyKaBa. 

Ciopoxcb npHcbjTb H cbe^KHJica B'b o«cH;iaHiH HOBaro y;iapa. 



214 P700K0B BOfATGTBO. 

Ho y^api) nonajii> bii CHJibBecrpo, KOTopufi CpocHJica iieiKAy 
HHMH. 3to 6u^i> ;KecroRi(t yAapx bt> JiHqo, kskx Gjato paaOKB* 
Hiitt eny ^epeirb. 

Kapjio BoHAypH jusLJVh, BcuiunHBaa: 

— B^AHHfi CHJIBBeCTpo! 

— HHHero, HHHero,— ycnoKOHffb CmibBecTpo cecTpy, noA(5*- 
xcaBmyB ki> neMy. 

— CKopte! Boah! KoMnpeccb... Ohtj yMperb eme... nec^a- 
CTHHfi... A, neroAafl... Tenepb TBoa onepeAb... a y«e AaBHo co- 
Oapajiacb noroBopHTb ci> to6ojd. Th Aywaenib, hto a HHHero 
He BH»cy... KojiH jmii na to nomjio, mu uoroBopHM'b. KyAa tu 
A'IbBaemb CBotl 8apa6oTORi>? ynJiaTHJii) tu iiHt sa cxoji'b ii aa 
KBapTHpy? 

CnjibsecTpo AaBHo ynce »cAaJib axoft cqeHu, ho oh'B He 
npeABHA'&Ji'b Toil oGcraHOBKH, bi* Koxopoft ona npoHso^A^^- 
4>ejiHi3;HTa aojito cAep«HBaJiacb, h Tenepb HSJiHBajia cBoe nero- 
AOBaHie. 

— CeroAHa 14:-oe, a atajioBaHbe th nojiy^HJii 1-ro. Fa* 
AeHbrn? KyAa th Hx^b AtBaJit? fl snaK), KyAa... th OTAajib nrb 
cBoefl coAepataHKt. JIjlsi nea ecib, a ynjiaiHTb aa ctojitj ne- 
HtM^! Bop'b!.. TH caM-b KpaAenib, a eiu,e KOHipojiep-b. 

CHJibBecrpo no6a'bAHi'''ii>. Ofl-b A^^cTBHTejibHO He sanJiaTHJi'b 
KaTepH, TaKi* kslki^ BepTa ajminKOMi) Aoporo oi^i^HUJia cBoe npo- 
menie. Oht> ne Mori> Aaace noMoraib 6ojibme A*TaM'b Maypn- 
Kia BepoaH. Tenepb ero ocRop6aaaH, h owl ne Morb Aa^e 8a- 
mnmaTbca. Eiiy Onao ctbiaho h OoabHO orb cosHama cBoero 6e3- 
OHaia. 

j]|acy8enne OTomeai> bi> cTopony: caoBa MaTepn vb neu'b 
BoaOyAHan oTBpauneHie. Kapao CesciiHcaeHHo cMOxp'ba'b Ha aceny 
n HHHero ne noHRMaai*. 

OeaHDiHTa no^yBCTBOBaaa, mto a^^th cMOTparb na nee ct> 
•TBpauxenieM'b, n, sanoa^aBb, npHCansnaacb R'b Myacy. 

— BcTSHb! HAH cnaTb!— Ofla noTa^^Haa ero aa nHAHcaKi>. 

— Ocrasb ero! — CTporo CRaaaai) /l^TKyaenne; ero roaocb Apo- 
SKhJTb oTb HeroAOBania. 

<l>eaHn;HTa noBepnyaacb R'b neny: 

— Th KaRij CMtemb TaK-b Kpn^aTb! — BocRanRayaa ona h 
BHmaa Hai> KyxHH. 

Kaapa npepBaaa Taaeeaoe Moananie. 

— TeOt He CoabHO? — cnpocnaa ona y CnabBecTpo. 

— Htrb. Ho paacRaacH ate, hto Tyrb nponaoniao? 

— nana npHmeai* aomo^ nbannfi. 

— fl He HbHH'b,— npo6opMOTaai> CTapHRi>. 

— HtTb, HtTb, — ycnoROHaa ero Kaapa; ona ne xorfeaa noAH- 
uaib paaroBOpb h raaaana npocHaa ^aeyaenne ynecTH oTAa 
na Bepxi). 



OHJEbBlOTPO B0HA7PH. 215 

^myaenne Hanaji'L yroBapHBaib OTi^a. 

— IIofl;^H, KOJiH xo^enib, caMt Tjija. Si ci> aTOft KOJi;^yHbett 
He jwry.- PyKH npo^b! OoraBb mshh. Mh* h SAtcb xopomo: a 
8yAy BAicb cnaxb. 

— Hah cnaTb! — HacxaHBajii, flmysenne; eMy Bcerfla npHxo- 
AHJiocb yjiaHCHBaTb ceMeflHue pasAopu. 

— Ona tcTb MeHfl rjiaaaMH, 9Ta KOJi^yHba. 

— BcraHb we! 

— OciaBb MeHfl... HJiH A npoKJiany TeCa... ne myiH cb ot- 
^ou'b. SAtcb xopomo, H H B^tcb ocTanycb. 

J^mysenue npnaoj^HflJi'L ero h TOJiKHyjTB kt^ j^Bepn. 
OrapHR'B cA'bjiaji'b HtcROJibRo maroB'b h nanpaBHJiCH Kii bh- 
xofly; oHi p'bmHJi'b jie^b bi MepTBenKoft. 

— TaM'b oieHb xopomo. 

Oht* He xorfeji'b 6oJibme BHfltTb ary KOJiaynbio h npeflno- 
^Hixaji-b oOmecTBO nepiBHX'b. 

— H ocxanycb sjxhohL Tboh Maib... noHHMaemb jih... tboh 
iiaTb... 6ojibme a HHHero ne CKawy... ho ocjih a noxepaio 
KorAa-HH6yAb Tepninie... 9to — KO«iayHbal.. aAi... th bh- 
fl'feji'B... HS-b ea raaa-b cohhtch sm,i>„. TBoa Maxb... AOBoabHol.. 
He HaAotAaft mh^... MepxBHO Aofipu... oi> hhmh xopomo... Yxoah, 
HXH a npoKJiany xe6a. 

CH.ibBecxpo H Knapa ocxajiHCb oahh. 

— 3x0 ywacHo! 

— Ho KaK'b 9X0 Hanajiocb? 

— Haua Hameji-b Mtcxo, ta* Maxb xpaHHXi> A^Hbrn, OHTb 
Bsaa'b HX^b ce6t h nanHJica... npoAcxaBb ceO'b, KaK'b MaMa pas- 
cepAHaacb!.. 

— OhI) yAapHJiTj ee b-b caMoe cepAi^e, — cT) rope\^bio CKasa.ii'b 

QHJIbBeCTpO. 

— H KaKoft eme yAapi*!.. 

— 3to bhaho 6hjio. 

— Ona HHKorAa eme ne ycxpannaaa xaKHX^ cKaHAajioBTi. 

— CnacH6o h na xom-b! 

— Ofla Hacb yCberb KorAa-HH6yAb. 

— Be npHAexca nocaAHXb bi> KJitiKy. 

— Th BHAHmb, jiy^me 6Hao yfliH oxcioAa. 

— TBoa npaBAa. 

— Jl^Htyaenne, OAHaKO, yAHBHxejibHO xepn'baHBHtt nejioBtK'b: 
TH cjiHmnmb? — owb Bce emie boshxch ci> oxqoii'b. 

CHJibBecxpo npHKocnyaca pyKOfl Kb smnj. Oh'b ^yBCXBosajit 
CHabHyH) 6ojiL. 

— Te64 en;e CojibHo; noaBOJib, a bhmok) xeOt jihi^o BOAott. 
CHJibBecxpo Cujio HOJioBRo nepoAi) Kjiapov). <E>ejmitHxa pacKpnaa 
oeroAHa xafiny, Koxopyro caMi) oht> HHKorAa ne paBCKaaajTB 6h 
cecrpi. 9ro 6Haa nepnaa xaftna, Koxopyio ohi* CKpuJiB oxTb nea. 



216 pyOCKOS BOrATOTBO. 

— 3aBTpa SI uoHjjy HCKaTb KBaprHpy,— CKaaajia Kjiapa: — co- 

rjiaceHTi? 

CHJibBecrpo noryiiHJica. ^enerL y Hero ho^th He 6hjio, a 
•ffB RosisRewb 6ujvb ynJiaTHTb naTepn: 3a KBapTHpy nywHO 
tujio nJiaTHTB BnepeAi*. 

— A iicHBrH? — cnpocHJi-b ConbBecTpo. 
lOiapa nocMorp'fajia Ha Hero ci> BOJiHeHieMi>. 

— Cjiymaft! Ectl cpeACTBo! 

— JtOCTaTb?! 8t0 HeMHCJIHMO. 

— HtTi. Ho a BOBbMy KBapTHpy na cBoe hmh. 

— Th? 

— fl. 

— y Te6a ecTb n±wb ynJiaTHTb? 

— ECTb. 

Ona yjiH6Hyjiacby BaM'^THBb y;iHBJieHHoe jihi^o fipaia. 

— H BHajia, HTO pano hjih hobaho npHAeTCH 3to c^ibjiaTb, h 
«6eperjia BOceMbAecarb jinpi*... 

CHjibBecTpo npepBajTb ee: 

— CnacHOo. He xo^y. 

— HoHeify? H nanHMaio Ksaprnpy h cAaio Te6'6 BHaHMff 
ROMHaTy... TH uwh aa Hee 6yAemb njiaTHTb, Borb h Bce. 

— HiTb, — nOBTOpHJI'b CHJIbBeCTpO, — HtT'b! 

— jUa, no^eMy? — nJiaHymEMii roJiocoM'b cnpocHjia Kjiapa. — 
f[ npenJiaraio orb Bcero cepAua. 

— CnacnOo. Ho h ho Mory corjiacHTbca. 

— BtAb THBOBbMemb y Koro-HH6yAb? 

CHJibBecrpo TepniTb ne Morb 6paTb BsattMH. Offb BHA'tJib 

Bl) BTOMb KOnea'b CBOeK HesaBHCHMOCTH. Owb BBAOXHyJTb. 

— 3to ynpaMCTBo!.. B'b axourb sRe ffferb HH'iero Aypnoro. 

— Ho y Mena neHiMx ynjiaxHTb MaTepH. 

— H 6epy Bce Ha ceOa. A B'b KOHi^'fe Miciii^a... 
CnjibBecTpo yjiHCnyjica. 

— Th He yM^enib c^HTaTb... SA^cb Hymno Aaxb 50 jiHpb, 
Ha KBapTHpy 30 jinpb, a icTb xoMce ny^Ho? 

Kjiapa He noAyMajia 061* aTOM^. CnjibBecTpo ptniHJicH. 

— H nonpomy BsaftMbi y Fotth. 

— HiTi, flirb, — HeoacHAaHHo saBOJiHOBajiacb Kjiapa, — th ne 
AOJi^effb 6paTb y Fotth: cthaho, 

CHJibBecTpo 6hjii> Tponyrb, hto cecTpa TaKTb aaCoTHTca 
ero necTH. 

— 9to HeoOxoAHMo, Kjiapa. 

— HtTbl CRasaTb, hto y MaTepw ecTb ACHbrn, h ona HXb 
«paHeTi>! 9T0 noBopi)! 

CHJibBecTpo ouHTb npHKOCHyjicH pyKOtt K-b nHJiaBineiiy 
JiHuy. 

B'b 9Ty MHHyTy OejiHijHTa BoniJia B'b KyxHK). Ona no^zoimia 



CflJILBBCTPO BOHJ^yPH. 217 

K'B CTOJiy, B8AJia Jianny b, He CRa8aBi> hh cjiosa, ymjia, ocra- 
BHS-L A*Teft Bi> TOMHork CHJiBBecTpo BCEHXHyjii), Kjiapa 3A- 
GiyrbiiJiacb. 

— Mh o6'h 9T0M'b aaBTpa noroBopHM'b eme, — CKaaajia oHa. 

— CnacHCo, cnacnCo, — npomenrajit CnjiLBecTpo, ufb- 
Jiya cecTpy. 

^epesi) mnpoKO pacRpHToe orho cnajiBHH BXOAHjia B'b rom- 
HaTy npoxjiaj^HaH THxaa hohb. IIoAHHBniHCb Hasepxii, Chjib- 
BecTpo, He pa3;rfeBaach, GpocHjica na nocxejiB. Jlyma ero CtiJia 
npecuHneHa neHasHcrbK) ri> MaTepn n Kb Beprb. KypTHdaHRa 
Tenepb, B'i^poiiTHO^ OTAHxasa hjih Hc^ajia hobhx'b Apyse^- Ohb 
Kb net! He nnrajib 6ojibine AOB-i^pin, xota ymejrb orb Hea scero 
Asa "^aca TOMy Hada;^>. Ohh ceroAHH Bid'^crb ymzHajiH. Beprb 
xortjiocb HenpeM^HHO npnroTOBHTb caMoft ojih Hero yacHH-b, h 
no cjiy^aro npasAHHRa CajibBecTpo j^ojimen'b 6Hjrb npHHecTH 
GBo£t flceJiyAOR^b B'b mepxBy jnofiosHofl haahjijiIh. YsKRWb 6burh 

O^eHb CRBepHHfl, XOTfl H CTOHJTb CHJIbBeCTpO ^CTHpex^b OTeft 

3apa6oTRa. Bepra xorbjia bthmi* nyieMi) pasorptTb ero ^ys- 
cTBa, a QWb nojisReEb 6wrb Tenepb MOJi'ia nepenocHTb ocRop- 
fijieniH MaTepH. Ho Bani BepiH oHi> He Mor'b Oojibme nocu- 
JiaTb xjitfia fl'bTHM'b BepojiH, ne Morb ^apHTb Kjiap-fe ixB'hTOB'b, 
He HM'feji'b lecTHpft B03JiH)6jieHH0K, RaRi> ABrycia,.. Owb na^M- 
Hanij ee HenaBHA^Tb. CeroflHH oH-b BaM^THJi'b, "^to ona crapa 
H 6e3o6pa3Ha; B-b nepBHfi pas-b OHb yBHii'feji'b en Mopni;HEaj, 
npHTopnyK) ny^py. KaRi)OHi> 6Hjrb rjiyn-b! KaR-b jioBRa Bra 5KeH- 
H^HHal OHb 6HJi'b ocji'l^njieHb eD. 

Obj> Bce eme nyBCTBOBaji'b na jihu;* yAap'B Maxepn. Bi> 
nepBufl MOMeHTb on-b AyMajib, ^ito ona pa36HJia eny nepemb. 
OHb BCTaji-b C"b nocxejiH, o6BH3aji'b ceC'fe roJiOBy h in;eRy mor- 
pHMi> noJioieHi^eM'b h ycfejica y oRna. 

BHJia 6e3jiyHHaa HO^b, h sb^bah apRO CjiecTfejiH. BflHsy 
npocTHpajiocb RjiaA6Hiu;e ct> ero pHAaMH RHriapHCOB'b, Mpanop- 

HHXI) naMHTHHROB'b H RaMHelt. FA't-TO TpeHljajI'b CBepnORIi. 

B-b MepTBeqRoit nepi^aji-b cjiafiHii oroneR'b; oh'b RaR-b 6yAT0 
CTopoacHJii> TpynH. IIoA'b CBOAaMH nopiHROBi) rfeHH cryiu;ajiHCb; 
HbcR0.3bR0 6'bjiocH'bacHHX'b naM^THHROBTb npoptsKBajiH TbMy: 
etjibiH (|)HrypH npocTHpajiH cboh pyRH ci> npoRJiaxieMTb hjih 
CT> MOJib6oK) HaA'b TfecHHBrnHMHCH Kb WRWb RpecTaMH H rpyAoft 
KSMneH. Gt> RJiaACniqa necjio BanaxoM'b cp'i^BaHHHX'b i^'bTOB'b, 
ne^ajibHO yMHpaBniHX'b na MorHJiaxi). 3to 6uoi:> Banax^b cjiaAo- 
CTpacTHoiK >KH3HH Ha BeMJi-j^, FJiyxo nomnpaBnieSl xpyQU jmjieli, 
EopHBH BtTpa npHBo;iHJiH B-b ABHHteHie MeTajiJiHHecRie jihctbh 

BtHROBT), H B'b TaROft MOMOHTb Cb HOJIH MepTBHXTb AOHOCHJIM • 

rjiyxofi myM'b h mypmaHbe, RaR-b 6yAT0 meBejiHJiHCb rocth 
H yAapHjiHCb Apyn> o Apyra. 

CnabBecTpo He saM^^ajTb HH^iero. Oh'b cjihhirom'b npHBHR-b 



n 



218 ' pyOOROB BOrATOTBO. 

Ki> Rjiaii6Hiuy H TenepB Hacjia^j^ajiCH jmmh oB^kmeoTbw 

HO^H. 

YnjiaTHTb Maxepa? ho jxjia stoto nyacHo ;^ocTaTb aeHerii. 
FoTTH H rapoHTTb, FapoHT-b H FoTTH— ;^pyroro Bti6opa ne 6hjio. 
Ho FapoHTi* GhuiTy HHHce ero^ a Fotth otdisrh 6u Bume, ecjiH 6u 
CHJibBecTpo oOpaTHJicH R'B HCMy da uoMoinibK). H'&Tb BuxoAa! 
firo yrbmajia JiHmb Ao6poTa Kjiapn; hbii jiioObh Kb HeMy ona 
xoTlbJia noHcepTBOBaTb Bcbiin cbohmh cGepe^emHMH: npeAan- 
HocTb cecTpH jBejiH^Hjia ero OoApocrb. 

CHJibBeoTpo nepeOHpaji'b Bt naMATH scbxi^ cbobx'b cocjiy- 
5KHBD[eB'b: AHpeKTopij, cjiyHcamie B'b KOHTopt, HaABHpaxejiH, paCo- 
^ie, T0M60JIH, Bepojia, MapRHHH, HceHu^nHH^ hojioauh h cTapua, 

OTBpaTHTeJIbHHH H npHBJieRaTeJIbHUH,— BeCb 3T0TI> MaJieHBKifl Mip^ 

j[h6o HCHaBHA'bji'b ero, jih(3o He HHTepecoBajica nwb. He CMOxpA 

Ha TO, ^TO 0H1> eHCeAHeBHO CTaJIRHBajICA C% 3THMH JHOAbMH, OH'B 

He MOPB noHiiTb BTb] owb noHHMajii> jmnib Ta^HUH cTpaAanln 

FapOHXa H AByCMHCJieHHHa OCTpOTH liyHC^HH'b, nOCTOHHHO Ha- 

xoAHBmHXCH B'B oCusfiCTB'h ;KeHiii;nH'b, rotophh HX'b B036y»cnaJiH 
H npHBJieRajiH. 

OcBo6oAHBniHCb oT-b <E)ejiHUHTn, CHJibBecTpo nonaji'b hoat* 
BJiiHeie BepTH. PaHbme OH'B 6Hjrb nrpyniKOtt B'b cHJibHHX'B 
pyRaxi) MarepH, Teaepb hmi> pacnopHSKajincB nyxjiuH paaBpax- 
HHH pyRH npoAaBmnqu. Cboh) uoTpe6HOCTb B'B jih)6bh, B'b 
ApyatCi H B'B oOmeniH oh-b noAaBHJTB bb HHTepecaxi^ cjijwCh, 
H TenepB eny ne y Koro Ojemo HCKarb noMoma, oh-b AOJiateHB 
Ohji'b nepenocHTB ocRopOjiema h 6hjii> TaR'B ^e 6'hjifiKhf kblkb 
H paHbme. CnJiBBecrpo noHyBCTBOBaji-B ce6H neBHHHo yraeTen- 

HIiMjb>.> 

EMy noRaaajiocb, hto rto-to boshtch y BoporB, ho ohi> ne 

06paTHJI'B Ha 9T0 BHHMaHiH. 

y Hero He 6hjio Apysefl; TenepB oh-b tojibro aairbTHJi'B 3to, 

TaR'B KBLKh EySRJSfiiJlCA B'B APyP'i^- OhB XBaCTaJICfl CBOeti APy^^^OK) 

R'B Fotth, ho na caMoifB Khsrh HX'B Apy^^a cBOAHJiacB R'B bocho- 
MHHaHlHM'B o6b yAapax'B, ROTopue OH'B nojiynaJi'B B'B mRojrb. 
Ycjiyra, oRaaaHHaa eMy Fotth, cRopte oxjiaAHJia HX'B Apy»6y, 

H BCb HX'B OTHOmemH OrpaHHHHBaJIHCB npHB'bTCTBlaMH H pyRO- 

HOHcaTloM'B. MaTb HasBajia ero BopoMi.; Bcb CRasajiH 6Hi hto 
ona npana. JIfl, h caM'B ohb npHsnaBajTB aTo. 

Ho Bce sue owb 6ujrb HeBHHen'B. Bro npecJi'bAOBajiH hb'b 
saBHCTH. EMy Bck saBHAOBajiH. Ohh He noJiynnJiH oOpasoBaEOH, 
RaR'B OH'B. 9to— ByjiBrapHHe jik)ah. Y Hero TpeOyiorB AenerB 

B'B TO BpeMH, RaR'B OH'B COAOpatHT'B TaRyio HHTOpeCHyi) 3KeH- 

uiHHy. TaM'B, noBume, ero noHHJiH 6u. Ho ecjiH 6h Taii'B ysnaJXH^ 

TTO, HB'B 3a yAOBOJIbCTBifl 6HTb dJiarOpOAHHIfb JI;Di^0BHH- 

ROM'b, OH'B He MO^eTB yuJiaTHTb aa ctoji'b h RBaprnpyl^^^eJio- 
B'feK'b H3i> xopomefl ceMBH AftHce He AynaeTB 06'b btoitb, ']^orb, 

A 

at 



OflJIbBBCXPO BOBAyPM. 219 

J|«cy8enne ittflCTBHTeiTBHO cHacxJiHB'B. Y Hero ecTb ApysB^v h 
OHH jiio6aTT> ero sa CHJiy h jio6po;Qrmie; eny He npHXo^xnTca 
At>JiaTi> aojifh: cbohm'b <))H3HHecRHMi> Tpjuowh owb aapaOoTbi- 
Baerb OoJiBme, ntM'b CHJibBecrpo HHTejuiHreHTHKM'b TpyAOin>, 
Aa Kb TOMy aKe Aarycra ne tsjcb «aAHa, KaKt Bepia... 
Ho CnjibBecTpo hh 3a hto ne corjiacHJiCH 6h BaeaTb y Opara 
neuejTb. Ohij CKopte npHHa-Tb 6h npeAJiomeme Kjiapu. Oh^ pt- 
mHJii> He BHA'^Tb Cojibnie BapTu. HHROPAa! IIsii-Ba nea oHb aoji- 
^KCH-b nojib30BaTbC5i cfiepe^eniHMH cecxpH?!. II CajibBecTp^ 
ynpeKajii* ce6a, hto jj^onmeE-b cpaBHHBaib 3Ty nopciHyR) hcch- 
lUHHy cb '^HCTHM'b oGpadOMb cecipu... Mo;kho nonpocHTb npn- 
6aBKH HcajioBaHb^. ^npeKTopi), naB'bpHoe, y;Ke oniBJUJVb ero 
AoOpocoB-fecTHocTb. Oflb npHHOCHTi> BaBOAy Oojibinyio nojibsy h 
yBCjiHiHji'b npnOHJib oOmecTBa 6ojibme, "qtM'b na ACBflHOCTo 
nnp-h B-b M-fecanT). On'b noroBopHTb o6i> aiOMb ch Fotth. 

HoHeMHory ohi> ycnoKOHjica. OflTb onaTb HaMOHHJiTb nojio- 
TeHi^e H noJioacHjn* na BSAyBinyrocn meny. KorAa oHb doahh- 
MancA, eMy noKasajiocb, ^to bii rfeHii KHnapHcoBi> ^Hcrpo iipo- 
MejibKHyjia KaKaa-To (|)Hrypa. 

Onb nocMoxp'bji'b h3i> oRna, ho HHKoro ne daMbTHJii). B&iy, 

BtpOflTHO, nO^yAHJIOCb. KtO ptniHTCH HO^bK) noflTH Ha KJiaA- 

6iiiue?.. Euy ne xori^Jiocb cnaib. Onb crajvb MeHTaxb jik)6bh 
H, HceJian oTornaib MHCJib Bepit, KOTopaii nacToll^HBO bo3- 
Bpamajiacb ki> neMy, AyMaJib J^tnt, rapAaApHTxt h Apy- 
PflX'b paOoTHHuax'b, bI) KOTopHXi> 6uJio cTOJibKo npHBJieKaTejib- 
naro. On'b BcaoBfflHJi'b TanHCTBeHHyio CjiiAHocTb fltBU, CKpH- 
Baiomyio noAT* HeBiiBHon BHtraHOcxbio Ooji'teHeflHyH) HyBCTBen- 
Hoc5Xb; saraAOHHoe Jinqo FapAaApHxxH, BcerAa cxporoe h cno- 
KodHoe, 6e3i> ABHaceHin h 6e3i> yjiuOicH, EB,Kb 6yAT0 3xo JiHao 
xuiBerb OAHOK) atHBHbK), a JierRo noAA&H>iueeca judCbh xi^Jio — 
ApyroK). Eny R<i8ajiocb, ^ito on'b Mor-b 6h CBoefl cxpacxbK> 
oacHBHXb CeBynacTHoe jmu,o axoro c(|)HHRca, <ixo eMy yAacxcA 
Hcniixb BCD ^amy HacjiasKAeHUi wb 06'bBxiflX'b 6jrhjsfioti rojiyCo- 
i\ia8ofi ^-JbBH. KaRi) H nojiarajiocb npeAcxaBHxeJiio BHcmaro 
Rjiacca, owb Bnjvkjrb Bb pafioTflHuaxi) TOJibiio xibjio. MenxH o 
Tkn'h yxi^majiH ero, h ohi> daOuBaji'b Maxb h HaneceHHoe eny 
ocRop6JieHie. 

Ho Ha RjiaA^Eiu'lb 6HJVb KaRoli-xo nejioB'bK'b. Bi> aroub 
HeJibdA 6ujio coMHtBaxbCA. CnjibBecxpo ycjiumajiii Aaace ocro- 
po5KHHe marH. Offb BHcynyji'b Omjio rojioBy H31> onna, ho 
6ucxpo oxoxyniiJi'b nasaAi)- HensB'bcxHHfl crosiJVb h CMOxp'bJi'b 
Ha OKHO Kjiapu. CnpHxaBmncb bo MpaR'b ROMnaxH, CHJibBecxpo 
MOPb HaGjiDAaxb, ocxaBaacb Heda&fib^eHHUMb. Ohi> ox6pocHJi'b 
Bi) cxopoHy nojioxenqe h mpfijrby aaxaHBii AHxame. On'b ne 
6oflJicH MepxBeAOB'b. Ho MejioB'i^^ecRaH (|)Hrypa BHHsy Rasajiacb 



220 P70CE01 BOrATGTBO. 

6My BHA'bHieM'B. Bee 6hjio he 3anop'b, daOop'b 6u:vb BUCOKb, 
KTO me Morb npoCpaTbca? 

OAHaKO saraAO^HHft npHspaR'b iiBHrajicfl. Ohi> ji'b JiajTB RaKie-TO 
anaKH, Kaicb 6yjsjo npnrjianiaH Koro-TO, ho totb He xorfejrb no- 
BHHOBaTbCH. CffJibBecTpo He MOPB BucyHHTb TojioBj. HflaHe ero 
aaM^THjiH 6h. Ho botb, rtHb ycnoKOHJiacb. CejibBecrpo yc-iH- 
majTb JierRifl cRpnirb. 3toti> 3ByKi> eny 6ujrB xopomo BHaROM'b. 
3to oTRpHBajiH KajiHTRy Bi> BopoTax-b RJiaflfiflma. TtHB co- 
cRo.ib8Hjjia cb CBoero Mibcra h npH6jiH3Hnacb ri> Kjiap'b. fl,a, 
TyTB Cbuia OHal Ona mjia uejuieEEO h ocropowHo. TtHb xorbjia 
ee ofiHHTb. Ona yRJioHH/iacb. CajibBecrpo ycjibiniaji'b menoTB: 

— H^Tb, He 3;^'bcb, — h ohh MOjna y^ajinjiHCb fb ajTJier) 
H HC^eaji^r nocpeAH H'bifux'B MorHJiT> bt» t&hh RHaapHC0BT>. 

Cn.TibBecTpo Chjtb xaRi* BSBOJiHOBan-B, tto ne 6hjii> b'b co- 

CTOHHIh AyMaTb HH ^eiffB. Owh qyBCTBOBaJI'b TOJIbRO, ^TO y 

Hero noAeprHBaerca jihi^o. 

„H'fcrB, He BAicb" — cjioBa BepxH btj ycTaxi* KjiapH. 3th 
caoBa c,iiy«HJiH npojioroM'b. Hto OyaerB flajibme? 

Tenepb ohh oOHHMajiHCb. Fa*? CpoOT MorHjn>!.. Ohb nyB- 
cTBOBauTb noTpefinocTb Kpn^axb h ho mof-b ABHHyTbca. 9to 

ywaCflo! 3to CB^TOTaTCTBO — BCTpi^aTbCH Cl> JIIoCOBHHKOM'b BAtCb, 

cpeflH MorHJi'b! JIacRH b-b r^apcxBt y«aca, ;KH3Hb bt^ uapcTB* 
ciiepTH. 

CnjibBecTpo JioBEJib Bcfe 3ByKH. Tenepb ohT) cjiHrnajit 
meJiecTB KHnapncoB'b, Spai^aHbe iieTajiJiHHecKHX'b BtHROBb. 
Onb ^yBCTBOBajTb sanaxi, i^BtTOBX, yMnpaBninxi* na etnoirb 
MpaMopt. Offb ^jBCTBOBajib Bce, Hero paHbme He saM-b^ajib. 
Owb 6Hjn> oxBaneHTj yncacoM'b RJiaflGnma. Owb cosnaBaJTb 
aTOTb xojiOAHbift HeHapymeHHHft Mnp-b h 6oHJica cReJieTOBT>, 
Cjiy^K^aiouxHX'b oroHbROBb, Boa Btxpa. npoptsHBaBmia Tbwy 
noA'b nopTHRaMH cTaTyn KasajiHCb hchshmh: oh* MOjrajiHCb h 
yrpojKajiH npoRJiarieMb. Offb BH^'feJib y»ce, KaRT> t^hh ABHra- 
JiHCb BOKpyr-b RpecTOB-b. KjianCHinie hchjio, MepTBODtH boc- 

KpecaJIH... ITpHBHfl'fcHiH CKJIOHHJIHCb Rb HaMaTHHRaM'b... 

— He Bflicb! 

Tjifb Hce? Ha MpaMopHoft n-jiHrb, bI) ajijiet, hjih Ha seMJi*, 
noA'b KOTopoft eme He paajioHtHJica HOAaBHo sapHTBrii Tpynij? 
H 9T0 Kjiapa! Kjiapa, npoHSHocHBrnaa rb 5Ke cJiOBa, hto ii 
BepTa; Kjiapa, ctojib ace pasBpainoHHaa, RaRi> h Jl'hBSL, ctojib 
3Ke xoJioAHaa B-b .hioCbh, RaRT* FapAaApHTra! Ona npoAanajia 
ee(5a cpeAH MorHJi'b, ne nyBCTBya hh oTBpameHia, hh cipaxa! 
H OHa MorjiaTaRT) npnTBoparbca, hto hhrto ne noAOsptBajib!.. 
rioA'b ea ycTaJioft anaTmnoft Hapya«HOCTb» CRpHBajica pasBparb, 
noA'b ea cnoRoftcTBioM'b — ROBapnoe jinqeMipie. KaR'b Bce 9to 
HOBtpoaTHo! OAHaRo Offb He omnfica. Offb acHO h tohho cjih- 
niaab ea rojiocb: 



OHJIBBECTPO BOH^yPH. 221 

— HirB, He BA'bcb. 

A offBl Kto OHt? KaKi) ohi> BomeJii>? KaKt oh-b ptmnjicii 
HCRaTb HO'ibH) jik)6bh Ha Rjia/i6Hu;'k? 

CHJIbSeCTpO XOTtJIl> 6HJI0 CnyCTHTBCJI BHHS'b. Ho He MOr'b 

ptmHTbCH. Oht* OoHJica yanaib see. MaTb MOHceTt npocnyTbOH, 
ysHaib, bij hcmi* a^JIO. Ofla noToni'L Oy^eTb npecjiiAOBarb 
Kjiapy. Ona ono3opim> cecrpy. Moacerb CuTb, eoTb eme na- 

Ae«i;ta: BtpOHTHO, OWb OniHOCH. Oh'B ho XOTtJI'b BtpHTb, hto 

Kjiapa sAtcb, TaKi) 6jih3ko — OTAaexcH B03Jiio6jieHHOMy. 

B^pyrb Bx HeMi> Bcnaxnyjia BnacTHan noTpeOeocTb ysnaTb 
Bce Bi> TOHHOCTH. Oe'l ocTopoatHo cnycTHjicfl bbhsij h now- 
mejr'b k-b ABepn. JSfieiph 6HJia nojiyoTKpHTa. 

— SHaHHTL, npasAa! 

Ci> KJiaAfiniiia AOHOCHJiHCb 3ByKU MeTajuiHiecRHX'b b'j^hkob'b. 
Oht* ocTajiCH HenoABHatHo CTOiiTb y ABepH. 

9to He nepBoe HO^noe cBiiAaHie. Ecjih 6h 6hjio TEKb, 
GmibBecTpo BHrnejii* 6h, namejiB hxi> h noM'bmaJi'b. Ho 
9T0 He nepBaii BCTptna! Kjiapa cjiHmK0Mi> cnoKofiHo noniJia 
KB neny, owh ee cjiHniKOM'b yB'tpenno jKAajix. Tenepb yme 
no3AHo! Kjiapa a^bho norafijia. BtAb ne ajih paaroBopoBB ace 
jih)Obh ohh HOHbD BCTp'feHaioTca Ha KJiaAOHiu'b! KaKaa xht- 
pocTb! MepTBei^H ne paacKaacyrb, a acHBHe ne AoraAaioTca: 
cjiHUiKOM'B HyAOBHmna TaKaa JiioCoBb! CHjibBecTpo BcnoMHHJi'b 
AHh A^TCTBa. Ohb BcnoMHHJiB, KaKB oflt cb ApoacbK) II CL 
poCocTbK) ocTaHaBJiHBajicfl Ha noport MepTBei^KoH bt* to BpeMa, 
KaicTj JlTRyseune h Kjiapa Oeane^iHO nrpajiH epeAH TpynoB'b... 
3oJioTHCTHe BOJiocH Kjiapbi pasBtBajiHCb, KorAa ona co CMi- 
xomtj KpyacHJiacb B0Kpyri> rpoOoB'b. Ona HHKorAa ne Oo^jiacb 
MepTBeqKofl. Tenepb en bojiocm Tanace npHKacaioTCH K^b mo- 
rnjit: ona JieatHTb b'b oOBHxiHX'b MyatHHHbi. Ona nepeMinnjia 
jiHnib nrpy h npoAaexB ce6H bi> t^hh HaArpo6flHxi> naMHT- 

HHROBB. 

CajibBecTpo acHo npeACTaBJiajiT> cefit bto 3p*jiHui;e, h ero 
cepA^e TOMHJiocb otb CTpaxa h or^iaama: pyinnjiacb ero Bipa, 
acepTBeflHHK'b Shjit, pasGHTb... 

Ha KJiaAfiHiAt naxjio MycKycoMT», h CnjibBecTpo nanpaaceHHO 
Br.TiiiAHBajica bb hohhoA MpaKij, KaKi, CyATO oacHAajiTb noaBJie- 
Hia ^BJioB-feKa, KOTopHfl paonpocTpanaji'b 9Torb CTpanHuft, noji- 
HHft CTpacTH aanax'B. Oh'B cTanx B'B ABepax'B h naKJiOHUJica 
BnepeAB. KaKaa THmnna, KaKoe MOJi^aHiel Oho ne napymajiocB 
;iaace niejiecTOMB bIshkobb h TpemanieM'B CBt^KH. 

Ero He THHyjio AajiBine. Thm-b rocnoACTBOBaJia cji'fenaa pas- 
HOAynmaa CMepTb; TaM-L rocnoACTBOBaji-B yacacB, CKpHBaBmill 
cBaTOTaTCTBeHHyio jiK)(5oBb KjiapH. 

HocJiHinaJiHCb marn. OcTopoacHHe Jieme marn. On'b cnpa- 
Taaca B'b KoppHAopi. B'b ABopaxB noHBHJica CHJiyai^ KnapH. 



222 pyocEOB BorATCXBO. 

Ona npocROJibdHyjia memo nero. OnjibBecTpo He mejioxHyji'^H. 
Ofla GesmyMHo noAH^^iacb no ^rhcTEmi'h. Hanepxy thxo otbo- 
pHJiacb iiBepb H HaCTynnjia ixojiHaa THmiiHa* 

CocTO^Hie HenoABHHCHOcTH, ROTopoe CHJibBecrpo paHbme ee 
MOFb noOopoTb, cM'bHHJiocb wb CHJiy peaKi^iH cxpacTHHM'b ace- 
aiaBieii'b yBHA'^^Tb My^^HHy. CHJibBecxpo BuC'hsRaji'h Ha yjiBuy. 
Ofl'b yBHA*Jii> yflajiaBmarocH no j^oport B'b ropojui nejioBtKa. 
CHJibBecrpo nocji'i^AOBaji'b sa HHM'b. Toi'b ocTanoBHjicfl. Ero 
jiHqo osapHJocb CBd^TOirb: ohI) aaRypnBaji'b nannpocy. Chjil- 
BecTpo noCjitAH'feJi'b. CnoRoflCTBie h paBHOflymie aioro nejic- 
Btoa, oCojibCTHBiuaro Kjiapy, npHBOflHJiH ero B'b Hscry- 
iweHie. Sna^HTb, Tyrb fituia JierRaa noe-bAa* ROTopan ne Boa- 
Hyerb, ROTopyio npesHparorb. Oht> cnpHrHyji-b crb Aoporn Ha 
jiyrb H 6pocHJicfl 6t«aTb. Oht> xorbjTb onepeAHib HeanaROMAa 
H yBHA'fexb ero jihixo. OHTb cnpHiajicfl aa AepeBOM-b, crsojTb 
ROToparo BOdBumaJicH na caMOMi Rpaio Aoporn, h aacTHJi'b B'b 
omiiAaHiH. HeanaKOMei^'b nopoBHHjica cb HHM'b, h CnjibBecrpo 
Cb TpyAOMTb yAepacajTb RpHR-b. ToTb o6epHyacH, ho B'b TCMHOTb 
He BaM'bTHJTb ycxpeMJieHHux'b na nero yacacnHxi* rjias'b. Offb 
cnoROftHO npoAOJiacajTb CBoft nyTb. CnjibBecTpo onaib 6pocHjrca 
BnepeAi*, eMy eme paa-b yAajiocb yBHA'bTb jihuo JiiofioBHHKa 
CBoeft cecrpH. He Ch-io HHRaRoro coMH-fem^: to 611:1% Fotth. 

Oht* He ocTanoBHJi'b ero. Y nero ne XBaiHJio ajih btofo cm*- 
jiocTH. Fotth Ohjii* TaR-b cnoRoen'b, tslkt^ caMoyBtpeH'b, ^to 
CnjibBecTpo He Morb 6h cb HH»rb roBopnib. Ho RorAa Fotth 
HC^eaij, CiuTbBecTpo noHHR'b rojiOBOft h nponsHecb Bcjiyx'b: 

— 9t0 CJIHHIROM'b. — H BapH^aJTb. 

BeacepAeTOHe! Ohh ho BnaioT'b hh n-feiKHOCTH, hh aoctohh- 

CTBa, HH ^ajIOCTH! OHb CopOJICH^ OHl) CTpeMHJICH BHpBaTbCH H3'B 

CBoeft cpeAH, TA'b CTOjjbRO rpasH h yHHXceHiH. 3to MaTb bo 
BceM'b BHHOBaTa. Osa npiy^Hjia Kjiapy JiraTb. Oaa HHRorAa 
He npomajia, h 9to CA'bJiajio Ao^b jini^eM'bpHofl. HAiorb- 
oreiTb HHRorAa hh homii ho 3a6oTHjicH, a MaTb MorJia Ecbx'b 
Hx-b noryCHTb. Kanott y«cacx! CHJibBecrpo HaA^HJicH y«e, hto 
HacTynHJio BpoMa ^khtl cb aoctohhctbomT), h Tenepb TaRoe no- 
aopHoe naAeHie... H Fotth!.. ofl'b, o^obhaho, p'bmHjrb, ^rro B'b 
AOMt BoHAypH, KaR-b H Ha BaBOA*, „mo»:ho Bce, ho tojilro 

OCTOpOHCHO". Ofl'b BHA'fejI'b, Ofl'b CM'fejI'b BHA'feTb B'b Kjiap'fe TOJIbRO 

Tfejio. OOHTaTOJiH BepxHHro BTaMca 6epyTb ajih flacjiaHCAeHia 
acefliixHH'b 3A'fecb, BflHsy. CnjibBecTpo, Kjiapa — Bce 9to jiioah 

HHBOB-b. y HHX'b whTh HeCTH. OflH COTBOpeHH :!Jia TOFO, ^ITOOli 

AOCTaBJiHTb yAOBOJibCTBie BucniHM'b. Kjiapa, aTo— paCHna Ces'b 
HMeHH; oHa AOJiatna aafiaBJiHTb CRyqaroinaro 6apHfla. 

Tenepb oH-b nona.i'b, rto 6HJia Ta noApyra, npo ROTopyio 
FCnapa ne paa'b roBopHJia OMy; ofl'b nonaji'b. nciOMy Kjiapa 
TaRT> paAa 6HJia, RorAa Fotth AocTaBHJi'b eMy M-bcTo: bto 6iwia 



OHJIBBBCTPO BOHjUyPB. 223 

ea no(J*;ia. Oh-l aA^cb eii npn^eM'b. Bee, ^ito obtb nojiy^Hjrb, 
Bce, ^ero oht> AOCTHrL, aro — ^'bHa 3a en JiacRH. 9to y^cacHo! 
Eo^e H'JbcRaiiBKO nacoB'b TOMy HaaaAir oHa npeAJiarajia eiiy 
CBOH cOepemenU. Koee^Ho, 9to Aenbra Fotth, 6HTb Moaterb, 
TO, ^To OHa BupyHHJia aa npo^aHcy cBoero rfejia... CnJibBecTpo 
HaAajii* wh nponacTb. Ero Bcb RenaBi/tjj.'hjm, owh JiHniHJrb 
xji'b6a A*Teft BepoJiH, offB npecji'bAOBaji'b JiDAett — bo hmh nero? 

Hy^HO HM'bTb CMibjlOCTb Ha3BaTb BeiAH CBOHMH HMOBaMH: OITB 

HcnojiHajn> poJib niiiioHa. Oht> A'fe.ttaji'b 3to noxoMy, hto Kjiapa 
■poAaBajia ce6a Fotth. 9to yme cjninK0MT>! 

Ho H'bTb! He san'bM'b OTHaHBaxbca! Eysimo, no KpaflHett 
Mtpt, cnacTH HecTb cecTpH, Hy;KHo o6AyMaTb njiaHi* AtflcTBift. 
He njiaRaTb sy^Ho, a A'^ftcTBosaTb... On'b BepnyjicA na RJiaA- 
finme. JIfl,, FoTTH AOJi«eH'b 6yAeTi> JKenHTbca aa Knapi. Ohi. 
aacTaBHTb ero cA'i^JiaTb dTO. Owb seBOJibHO BcnoMHHJi'b, kblki^ 
Kjiapa no yTpaif'b »ajiyeTCH, hto He Bucnajiacb, h yjiuGHyjic^. 

— EcjiH a BHflAy saMym'b, a 6yAy cnaTb ao ACcaTH 
lacoBib, — roBopHJia ona. 

^KoHe^iHO, eft lorAa ne npHAeTca npoBOAHTb no^efl na 
luiaAOHmf . 

CHJibBecTpo njiaRajTb orb ropecxH. Ohi> oOAyMajrb cboH n«)iaHi» 
jltftcTBifl: npeatAe Bcero 0TRa«eTca orb MicTa Ronrpojiepa, aacxa- 
BHrb FoTTH «eHHTbca Ha Kjiapi, noxoM-b ybAexij HCRaxb c^acxba 
HJiH ynepexb ^CesTb nosopa h cxpaAama na nyacott cxopoHt. Ceft- 
^acTb ^e 0Hi> nepeM'bHHJib cBoe p'^meHie. OxRasaxbc^a oxi> 
cjiyatCH — He HMtexi> cmhcjib: opHAexca ofiTiacHnxb — no- 
HeMy, npHAexca paacRaaaxb Bce poAHxejiainb, onoaopwxb Kjiapy. 
•fl'b AOJi«eHi> cnacxH ee, ho xaR'b, hxoOh hhrxo HHqero ne anajTb, 
n oHi* AOJi^eH'b Bce axo CA'i^Jiaxb caM^b, Oes'b Hbett (Ju to hh 

tUJlO nOMOU^H. 

Offb noHTH ycnoROHJica, o6cyHCAaa CBott njiaa-b, ho B'b 
ero Aymt po»cAajiacb HenaBHCTb R-b rfeMi*, rto yHH3Hjrb ero 
ropAocxb H Btpy, R-b xi^M'b, rto oOManyjTb ero ys'tpeHHocxb, 
'fro OHT. caMOCXoaxejibHO BH6HJica hi> jiioah,— rti oOaxaxejiaM'b 
BepxHaro axaaea. 8xo CbEJia 6e3o6HAHaa HenaBiTcxb cJiaOaro ^ejio- 
B'feRa, poCRaa HenaBHcxb, Roropaa ne ocM'fejHBaeTca npo- 
aauTbca B-b RaROM^JinCo A'feKcTBiH. Ewy Raaajiocb, hto oht> 6y- 
^erb ocTopoaceH'b, na canoMi* ate A'feJi'fe fioajica. 01 ohti CyAerb 
•^eHb ocTopoacoH'b, He noAAacTca 6e8i^tjibHUMi> nopuBaM'b rfi'^Ba, 
0HT> noAaBHTb CBOH) Tope^b. CnJibBecTpo npoHHRajica ynaace- 
HieMT> R-b ceCt: Jinnrb cHJibHHe jiioah yM'troxx BJiaA'feTb co6oh). 

HacxynHJio yTpo. CnjibBecxpo bcd Ho^ib ne cMURajn> rjiaax. 
OH'b nocMoxp'bJi'b Ha ce6a Bib sepRajio h yBHA'feJi'B 6ojn>nioft 
cHHaR-b noA'b rjiaaaMH. Eny cxa,7io cxhaho. Ob xaRHMT> jihi^omt* 
ne BOd>7oacHO aBHXbca na saBoAi*. OH'b ycjiHmajii> marn Kjiapn; 
OHa ocTanoBHjiacb nepeAi> ero ABepbio. 



224 pyCCKOB BOrATOTBO. 

— CHJibBecTpo!— no3Bajia oea. 

Obi> He 0T]U[HKHy<iiCfl: ona 6e3noROHTCfl aa Hero, He crpaAajUt 
iH owb Ho^BK) nocjit R^epaniHHro yjiapa, ne Cojient jih ohtj? 
Oaa noBBajia ero rpoM'ie. 

— CnjiBBecTpo! 

— Hto Te6'b? 

— KaKT> TH ce6a ^yBCTByemb? 

— HeAypHo. 

— MoaCHO BOtiTH? 

CepAi^e ero cryiajio. 

— BoKah, ecjiH xoHeuib. 

Kjiapa HsyMHJiacb, yBHAH ero OA'fexHM'b bb nocrejiH. 

— Th He cnajTb? — cnpocHjia ona h xoTfejia nojioacHTb pjrKy 
Ha ero rojioBy. Ho ohi> oroABKHyjica. 

— Htrb. fl He cnaJiB. 

Kjiapa nocMOTp-J^jia na nero cbohmh ycxajiHMH rJiaaaMH. 

— a CHA^dTb y OKHa. 

Ona npoMOJiiaJia. 

— BCK) HO^b. 

Oa'b HcnMTyiome nocMorp'feji'B na nee. Ho A'feBymKa ocTMa- 

.HaCb BnOJIH-fe CnOKOflHOK). 

— A TH? 

— HoHOMy TH Mena o6i> stomb cnpamHBaemb? 
^CKOJIbKO cnoKoflCTBia!** 

— BeacTHAHHi^a, — npomenTaji'b CwjibBecTpo. 

Ona 6e3HaAemeo Maxeyjia pyKoff. Fjiaaa CnjibBeoTpo nanoji- 
UHJiHCb cJieaaiMH. Oaa npHcbJia k^ HOMy na RposaTb h o6HAJia 
ero. OH'b He yKJiOHHjica OT'b JiacKH. 

— a iiyMaji'b, ^To cb yMa coflAy, — HtajioBajica ohb. 

— B-feAHHft CHJIbBeCTpol 

— A th! th?I 

— OH'b oe^majTb meflHTboa. 

— OaT> oOiimaji'bl Ho KorAa OH'b aTo CA^Jiaerb? 

— CKopo, — CKaaaJia Kjiapa.— Ohb BHaeTt, hto HyacHO Topo- 
UHTbca, HHa^e na axo oOpaxarb BHHManie. — Ona noKpacnijia B-b 
nepBHa pas'b. 

VI. 
ToTTH 6ujrh OJiaropoAHHtt ^ejioBtK'b. Kjiapa npaBHJiacb euy, 

H OH'b AMCTBHTOJIbHO C06HpaJICH Ha Hett ^eHHTbCH. OH'b OTKJia- 
AHBaJI-b A03b CBaAb6H JIHOIb HSI) 6oa3HH TH'feBa poAHTejiofi. 

Tenepb ny^KHO Ohjio TopouHTbca, h Fotth p'feniHJica. 

CnjibBecTpo HH^'bM'b ne oOnapy^HBajTb CBoero neyAOBOJib- 
cTBia H npoAOJi5Kajrb xoAHTb na cjiyac6y, ne CMOTpa na CBoe ot- 
Bpamenie ki> nefl. Oht> MymecTBeHHO BCTynnji'b b-b oC'bacHeHie 



OHJIBBVCTPO BOB^^yPH. 225 

•i» ToTTH, HO BBTkwb ero 8HeprLa ocjiaCJia: oh'b nojiy^Hjrb 
torjiacie Fotth noTOMy, hto totb caiTB co6HpajiCA cfltoaTb npeji- 
JiOHceHie. 

Bee «e CHJibBecTpo ^yBCTBOBaJit y;ioBJieTBopeHie. OejiHi^Hxa, 
Mapjio H ^^yaenae He 3HaJiH HcropiH dTott jiioSbh h npHnHCHBajiH 
aro HeoacHAaHHoe c^acTbe BjriHHiio CnJiMecTpo Ha roTTH. TRe- 
mwx'b KajRuuti BeHep'B npnxoAHJTb Kb hhm'l, i^'fajioBaji'B npn 
Bcirb Kjiapy, ho jiHmb oana OejiHi^Hxa piraajiacb roBopETb euy 
^Tu^. Kjiapa ocTaBajiacb paBHOAymHofi. Koriia CnJibBecTpo n«- 
peAajTb eft, ttpo TorrH corjiaceBnb ^teHHTbCH, oHa ne o6Hapy«HJia 
••Jibmoro j^OBOJibCTBa. 

— Ofl'b MB* cTOJibKo paa-B oCtmaji'b,— cKaaajia ona. 
JSfiTRe 3% jieuh noMOJiBKH OHa He BOjiHOBajiacb. Cnfl^bBecTp* 

HefloyMtfiaJiii. Kjiapa 6ujia tbrt* me cnoKoflna h Ceane^Ha, KHrjb 
wh Ty naMflTHyio Ho^b, Do Be^epaAfb ona npoBo«ajia cBoero 
ateHHxa. Kor^a ona BHxoflHJia cb hhmi>, CnjibBecTpo bchomh- 
HajTb, KaKi> cnoKodHO Fotth yxoAH-Tb nocji* Toro cBH^ianiH: rt 
3Re yB'bpeHHHe, MeAJienHue marn. Kor^a Knapa BOBBpaii^ajiacb, 
•Ha aaoHpajia ^Bepb ct> rhwh «e cnoKoflcTBieM'B, hto h Tor^ia, 
•fla Boo;iynieBJiajiacb, Jinmb Kor^a Aynajia o Ovflymnx'b y;io- 
BOJibCTBiflX'b, njiaTbiix-b, o nparoirfeHHocTflXi). Fjiaaa en o«h- 
BajiH, H CHJibBecTpo fltjiajiocb nenpiHTHO. HeyateJiH, b'b btom-b 
•a eflHHCTBeBHa^ i^'fejib? 

OejiHi^HTa TaK-b CtiJia nopamena Bchwb cjiyiHBmHMCH, ^iro 
8a6Hjia Aa»ce npo flo.nr'b CnjibBecTpo. Ho oht* noMHHJii> en ocKop- 
•HTejibBHH cjioBa H MOJiqajn*, noTOMy ^ro He HMtJib jieRerb. 
Owb He 3Hajii>, RBR'B BuflTH HB'B KpHTH^ecRaro nojionteHUi, K 
^BCTBOBaji-b ce6ii aocToflHHMTb npesptmH. 

Ha saBOA'b oH^b TaRsee ne HaxoAHJii> Gojibme yAOBJieTBopeHia 
IwpBHX'b ABett. Ofl'b ^ncTo CMOTp'bjrb Ha CBOi) o6mHTyi) noay- 
MeHTOM'b ({)ypa»eRy h na BumHToe cepe6poKi> cjiobo, Roxopoe 
paHbme A'l^^ajio ero c^acTJiflBbEifb. P'bniHTejibHO, ero cjiyscGa 
xe npeAcraBJifleT'b HH^ero xopomaro. 

— CROJIbRO ilinHROB'b? 

— KyAa OTnpaBJiHiorb? 

— Bame iluh? 

CROJIbRO OTBtTCTBeHBOCTH, RaROtt HCTOHHHR'B HeHaBHCTH B& 

9rnxi> npocTux'b Bonpocax^b! 

Ero ORpv«a.io noJiHoe pasHOAyniie. Hhrto ho HHrepecoBajicji 
Min>. PaOoqie bha^JIh b-b bomb npenHTCTBie, ROTopoe hbao npe- 
•AOJi'bTb. Ero oOMaHUBajiH, npoTHBi) nero ycTpaHBajiH sarosopH. 
Ho y Hero yme ne 6ujio czjib GoporbCH hh ci> '^wb, Aa z He 
fTOHJio TpyAa. PaAH ^ero? paAH t4x'b, rto ho aaMt^ajnb 
MfMe ero npeAaHHocTH, rto ho OTAanajiT^ AOJistHofi Aaen er^ 

BOCOHTaHilO H nopyHHJTb OMy TaRLl AByCMUCJieHHHH oCHBaHHOCTH? 

pajDiH Ttx'B, rto He cyMtji-b oTJix'^uiTb ero cecTpH ott* saBOA- 

H 10. OTM,in I. 15 



226 PFOOSOB BOfATOTBO. 

CRHX1> pafiOTHHU'B, H CMOXp'J^'b HE Hee, JIHOIb KaRl) Ha HCTO^- 

ERKh HyscTBeHHaro HacjiaatcAeHm? IIpaBAa, Fotth meHHTca h& 
Kjiap'b; ho TyrL He jijdCobb. Owl ne yBa:KaeTi> en. Owb not* 
BOJi^eTB ee yHH^axb. Hhrto hb'b ero poACTBeHHHKOB'b ho ashjior 

HaB'bCTHTB CeMbD BOHAypH, HHRTO He C'leJI'L HyHCHHM'B flfiime 
nOBHaROMHTBCH Cl> KjiapO^. OhH nOA^HHHJIHCb BUdopy FOTTM^. 
RaRl> nOA^^HHlDTCH HeHd6'l^»(H0My HeCHaCTbK); OHH CHHTaJIH BTOfJk 

6pB,Kh no8opoMi>, — HTo 6oJibme Bcero BOSMyii^aJio CHjibBeoxp«. 
FapoHTB yr&majTb ero. CHJibBecTpo Bce eny paacRadajiii h 
RajKAEift j^eHb ;RajiOBajiCfl eMy na hobhh o6hau. Hhch^aa Map- 
KHHH TaRMce npHcyTCTBOBajit npH paaroBop*. Oai* onaxb pa6o- 
lajTb Ha aaBOA* h cxaji'b hohth ApyroM^b Ronrpojiepa. Hxi* c&n^ 
3HJia Ta ci^eHa, tto 6ujia BeHepoMi> Ha yjmi;^. CHJibBOcrpo 
GHaiaJia R0Jie6aj[CH craxb ApyroMi> nejioB'bRa, Koxopn^i XBa- 

CTaJICH TfeM-b, ^TO OH-b — ^epHOpaCOHlfl. Tenepb OH'b HHCTHHRTHBHa 

HCR&a'b onopH z HaxoAHJTb ee B-b rpy6oK necTHOcTH h neaasH- 
cHMOM^b xapaKTept MapRHHH. 

0AHaHCA£2 CHJibBeCTpo ci> rope^bK) roBopHjii> c^b hsitl ^ 
npeACTonmefi CBaABet. 

— Ofla TmecjiaBHa, RaR-b h bh,— npepBan'b ero MapRHHH. — 
JB^a, RaR'b BH,— noBTopzjTb offb, BHAH, HTo CujibBecTpo naxMy^ 
pHJiCH. — H BaM'b Hcejiai) Ao6pa h Mory Cnxb oxKpoBeHHHMv 
IIoHOMy BH He cxajiH paOoHHMTb? 

— fl noJiyHflJH* ofipaaoBaHie,— oxB'fexHJi'b CiiJibBecxpo. 

— OneHb He6ojibnioe. flo xoro neCojibmoe, ^xo bh ho it- 
HHJiH Aa^e, RaRyH) pa6oxy npeAJio^HJiH BaMT>. 

— 8x0 — cjiyac6a necxnaro nejioBtRa, h 9toi o AocxaxoHHo. 

— JSfi, necxHaro nejiOBtRa, ho rnycHaa cJiy^KCa. Bh My- 
MajiH, ^xo xoaaoBa Bacb 6yAyxi> ciaxaxb cboum'B nejioBt- 
ROM-b? Ho rto^eMy ohh ne nooaAHJiH B'b 9xy CyARy Roro-HH6y» 
HBi) CBOHXi)? Ohh BdfljiH C'bAHiiRa, hxo6h cxopomHXb 6'hjifla- 

ROB'b, H BH ORasajIHCb JlflSL 9T0T0 nOAXOAHU^HMl* ^OJIOBi^ROMX. 

Bh corJiacELUHCb cjiy^cnxb opyAieM-b B'b hxt* pyRax-b... JSfil w 
Bama cecxpa noxo»ca Ha Bacb. Ona ne noJiio6iiJia pa6oHaro, ohk 
He HMi^Jia Aocxaxo^Ho My^ecxBa, ^npo6H oOpe^ib ceCa na xpyat- 
ByK) ^HdHb, oHa xoxi^jia HacJia?KAB.xbCH... h boxi>... 

Ohh saBxpaRajiH bb axo BpeMa: CnjibBecxpo — na cxoji'b, n#- 
RpHxoM'b dtJioft caji(|)eTRofi, a MapRHHH - na cRaMee^R* h ^jiti 
xjrb6'b cb cajioM'b. 

— TtMlj GOJlte yAHBHTCJIbHO, HXO BH He 8JIH, — 3aRJI10HHJI% 

MapKHHH. GHJibBecxpo He anaji'b, hto oxB'fexHXb. 

Pafio^ia cRaaajii* xo, ^lo ohi> caM-b AyMajii>. OH'b AynajTb 
xaR'b cb. xoro BpeMCHH, RaR'b no^yBcxBOBaji-b, hxo naxpoHH ox- 
HocHxca R'b ero ceMb'b ch iipeap'bHieM'b. 

— Bh cepAHxecb? — cnpooHJi'b MapRHHH, ne nonaBij tr© 
MOJi^ania. — fl roBopio oxRpoBeHHo. Mh BcxptxHJiHCb, rofm 



CHJIBBfiCTPO BOHjG(yPH. 227 

■cKaJiH sapafioTRa. no3»te a noMorx BhWb c;r^aTi> xoponne 
sfbjio. a ayMaro, hto 9Toro AocTaTO^HO, htoCh cxaTb jipjBbOML. 

— KOHe^HO, — OTB'feTHJI'B CnJIbBeCTpO. — Ho BH CJIHmKOM* 

onBocTopoHHe CMOipHie Ha Beusji: ct> saineft to^kh apiHin... 
CHJibBecTpo em;e ^yscTBOBaJi'B ceda cBaaaHHHMi* cl bh«- 

JHHM'B KJiaCCOM'B o6iu,ecTBa. 

— CT) KaKofi TOHKH BpiHia? 

— Cb To^KH apima paCoHHX'B. 

— HenpaBAa. M acHBy oothi>, a hh cb Khuiy ne csaaacnb... 
51 Ha6jiK)flaK) h moji^. fl ^K^y, ^ttoOh... — oh'b npepsajTb gb^h 
pt^b. 

— FoBopHTe me. 

— BeanojieBHO. Bh Mena ne noftMeTe. 

— Bh cHHTaexe Mesa nypaKOM-b,— ocKopCnjica KOHTpojiep'fc. 
MapRHHH sacMivajica. 

— Htrb, BH MOJioAH H He cTpaAajiH. 
ToTb ate ynpcKi) ji'hJiBjrh eny FapoHTB. 

— He cTpaAajTb? H Bt nocjitAHee BpeMa flOCTaTo^Ho nept- 
imvuvb, ^to6h CTaib aptjiHM'b nejioB'feKOM'b. 

— JldL, BH craHOBHTecb oHHTH'be. H bto BHaty. 

— To ecTb? 

— Bu y^mecb AyMaTb. 

— A BH? Bh yace nay^HJiHCb? 

— JJfi3R0 yace. Ecib oaho peMecJio, cTpaniHoe AJia rhi/^, 

KTO XOTiJIIi 6h, HT06h OtAHaKH SKViJlK B'b HCB'feaceCTB'fe. fl BHaJTfc 

#ro cb A^TCTBa. 

-- KaKoe peMecjio? 

— THnorpa(|)CKoe. SL Chjitj HaeopmHROM-b. PyKH nepeCH- 
paiorb mpH^Tb, a caoBa Bp-fesHBaioTca B"l naMaTb. HoToirb 
pyRH paBCHBaBOTb caoBa, ho MHoan ocxaioTca. 

— IIoHeMy ace bh Tenepb ^epHopaOo^ill? 

— Ho HeBoa'fe. 

— KaRi) TaRTi? 

— H y6Hai> ^eaoB'bRa, — cRasaa'b MapRHHw. 
CnabBecTpo c^b yAHBaemeM'b nocMOTp'fea'b Ha Hero. 

— JIioAH HaRaaajiH Meaa o^ienb aerno. H ptniHa'b caMi) jia- 
Kaaaxb ce6a. — Ohi* aacMtaaca h noTOM'b cepbeano cnpocna'b. 

— Bacb aTO yAHBaaerb? fl — ^ecTHHft neaoB'feR'b. 

— Ho no^eMy ace... 

— H Ona'b BaKCaeHT)... a peBHHB'b h noTepaai) roaoBy.. a 
He Mory ceCt npocTHTb aioro. 

— SA^cb aroro hhrto ne anaerb? 

— Hhrto... axo Cnao AaaeRo OTCioAa. Ecaz (5h a ocraaca 
Ha6opmHKOMT>, MH'fe npHHiaocb 6h CTaaKHBaTbca ct> aioAbM¥, 
ROTopne BHaiorb Moe npomaoe. Kto HHCyAb cnpocna'b 6h Mena: 
"feMapRHHH, noMHHHib?.." HtTb, H npeAHo^HTaio acHTb TaR-b. H 

IB* 



dS8 PyOOROB BOrATOTBO. 

BpHXo»ty, yxowy, Kor^a xo^y. Hhkto He HHrepecyeTC^ mhoh. 

3jia A HHROMy He JXhJlSiV) H »CEBy si) HenSB'^CTHOCTH. 

MapKHHH npoflOJi^ajiT) aasTpaKaTb. CnjibBecTpo y;iHBJifljieH, 
irro BOBjrb Hero cumTb yfiifli^a, h owb ne zcnHTHBaerb mi- 
juiKoro yjKaca. 

MapKHHH, cnpocHJTb: 

— Bh pacKaHBaeTecb, hto cBaaajiHCB co mhod? 

— Htrb, HTO bh! mh ocTaneMca ApysbaMH. 

— fl B'b BTOMTb yfi-fepeffB. Tenepb mh jiojitrbu ocraTbcc 

— IIo^eMy Tenepb? A paHbme? 

— PaHbrae a 6h saMt HH^ero He paacKaaaji'b. Banrb TOf- 

9ReCTBeHHH{} TKTJJTh MHt He HpaBHJICa. PdHbHie BH CTapaJIHOb 

6HTb npiflTHHM'b OTpeKTopy. Tenepb bh — cb naMH. 8to irbcw 
BaM'B Cojibme noAXOAnrb. 

CHJibBecTpo oTB'feTHJi'b (|)pa3ofl: 

— H Bceraa 3Hajn> jinnib oaho MtcTo: m^cto AOJira. 

— 0, KOHeHHo! 

— Bh, Ka^ceica, AynaeTe, hto a HSMtHHaca? 

OCH^Hoe HejiOB'bpie BOSBpaTHJiocb k-b CnnbBecTpo. Oht> no- 

CMOTptjIT* Ha MapKHHH, KOTOpHfi CHOKOflHO npOAOJIJKajTb 'fcCTb. 

PaBAajica dBOHB ROJioROJia, npHBHBaBmi^i rb paCorb. MapRHHH 
HOAHaaca h npoTaHyaB pyRy CnabBecTpo: 

— Bcero xopomaro! 

CnabBecTpo ocraaca oahhb h saAyMajica. 

Oh-b h caMT> HyscTBOBaji'b, ^to HSMtHnaca. Y Hero cnaaa 
Mwiena cb raasB. IlocToaHHHa yHHacema, rotophx'b ho nyBCTBt- 
BaaH poAHTean, ho ROTopna TaRB yaasaaaH CnabBecTpo, ca*- 
jiaaH ero Coate OTSHBqnBHMB rb nyacHMi. CTpaAafliaiiB. 
}Kh3hb pacRpnaa nepeAB hhmb cboh CRop6HHa cTpasHi^u. 
Ohb yBHA'ba'B BORpyrB ce6a rope h CTpaAaaia. Oh^b no- 
Haaii, HTO HyacHO npomaxb aiOAaM-B hxb caa6ooTH h hhsocth, 
noTOMy ^To HXTi ocBani;aerB CTpaAanie. Oh'b BosBHcnaca naAifc 
rfecHHMT> MaaeHBRHM'B Mi PRO MB, FA* rocHOACTBOBaaH rpyCaa 
BaacTb c|>eaHunT{i h TU];ecaaBHHa Me^TH mRoabHHRa. 

Ohb HcnHTaaT> A^tlcTBHTeaBHoe rope h TenepB HCRaa% 
jipyatCu, HyBCTBOBaaT> ce6a fipaxoM'B yrneTeHHHXB, RaR'B b% 
TOTB ACHB, ROFAa cosHaaB Heo6xoAHMOCTB acHTb caMocToaieab- 
HO. OH'B HCRaaB cocrpaAaHia, TSiKb RaR'B ero CTpeMaefiia r'b 
BaacTH ocTaaHCB 6e3ycn'&niHHMH. Oh'b CBaanaca bhh3B h Rpn- 
^aaB yrneTeHHHMB h CMHpeHHHMB: ^noAHMHie Mona! a TaRB ace 
yTHCTeHB, RaR'B H BH*, HO BB Aynit coHcaa'feaB o6b 3T0MB na- 
xeHiH H He Tepaa'B HaAeacAH onaTB noAHaTbca... 

Ho BB raaaaxB paCo^nx'b ohb ne HaM^HHaca. HanpoTHBB, 
mwb TenepB nopoAHHaca cb Fotth, h axo OROHqareaBHo npa- 
•o^ABHnao ero r'b rocnoACTByDn^eMy Raaccy. Ero oiA'bJixJiA 



GHjiBBjacTPO BOfl;^ypH. 229 

«7b HHxi> eiue 6oJii>mafl nponacxb, H'^M'b paHbme. Ohh He 
BHaJiH ero cTpaAaniff, z HenaBHA'bjiH ^ecTOJiio6HBaro h 6e3»ca- 
jocTHaro KOHi^ojiepa. Pa6oHie ero HenaBHA'tJiH, a rb, Kb komj 
♦Ht cTpeMHjicH, ero npeanpajiH — h oht> bt> cBoeMi* oAHHo^ecxBt 
majicH Bi) oTHaaaiH ki> cbohmI) eAHHCTBeHHUMi> AByu^ 
JipyBbaM'b, MapKHHH h FapoHry. 

Ci> BepxoH 0Hi> 6oJibme ne pa8roBapHBaJii>. BocnoMHHame 
« ea jiacRax'b npoCy^Kjiajio bi* neM^b HOBoe ;KejiaHie JiacKH, h« 
He npoAa^KHoG, He jiacKH KypTHaaHKH. Owb nyBCTBOBaji'b no- 
1 peOHocTb Bi* MtencKott jik)6bh h ne aeaJTb, fa* ee HaflTH. K-b pa- 
CoTHHqaM'b OHb Teaepb othochjich HHa^e. OhT) ^Kajiiji'b HX'b, Offb 
roTOB'b CbDi'b co^THCb ci> hhmh: naAenie KJiapu bobbhchjio hx% 
Bi> ero rjiadaxii. Ho poCocrb h ropAOCTb ocTanaBJinBajiH ero. 

MesKAy Tbwh, jieuh cBaAk<3H npnCjiHiKajicji. IlpuCaii^cajicfl 
MHb, KOFAa OejiHi^HTa AOJiHCHa Ctuia noHyBCTBOBaib yAOBJit- 
!iBopeHie CBoeS Me^TU. 

— CBHHbHl — roBopHJia MaTb no aApecy poACTBeHHHKOB'b 

5KeHHXa. — MOJKHO JKHTb H Oe31> HHXli. HaM'b He^erO CTHABTbCH, 

cjiana Bory. Ho ocjih ohh npHAyrb noTOM-b, a hxtb nporoHw. 

FOTTH TaiWKe TOpOHHJICH. 

— Korzia th CyAemb Moefi sKenofl, Bce bto HSMinHTca. 

— Th AyMaenib? Ohh TaKi) ynpHMU. 

— TorAa MH yCTpOHMCa OTA^JIbHO OTb HHX1>. 

^ejiHUHTa 6ujia Toro me MHtHia. 

Orei^b He paaroBapHBaji'b, owl Jinmb HadJuoAajii) h nan'bBajnb 
10 poMaHCb HB-b „HaByxoAOHOCopa", to Mapini> Hs-b ^IlypH- 
TaH-b". Jtacyaenae 6hjii> neAOBOJien'b aTHM-b 6paK0Mi>. Ohi> oahh* 
ocM'bJiHBajicH BupancaTb 3T0 Bcjiyxx. Oaiy Gujtl AeMOKpaTb m 
xoTbjn> (5h BHAaTb Kjiapy aa sAopoBaro, cHjibnaro paConaro, 
6e3'b iipereHBifi. Poahtcjih Fotth eny ne npaBHJiHCb. Hero ohh 
HBaHHTca, axH... CnJibBecTpo TaK'b yasBjinjiH ero cyatAeniH, Hxt 
oH-b 6HJrb no^TH AOBOJicH'b OpaKOMT). Bce me Aynaji-b CHJib- 
BecTpo, CBaAbOa Kjiapn OyAeT'b nHmnbiM'b npaBAHeoTBOM-b, 
AocTotou:MT> Tott poAHH, KOTopyK) npiofipiiajia ceMbH BoHAypn. 

Ho Fotth sa ntcKOJibKo AHen ao B^HHaHiH cAtJiaji^b aai- 
AyioHUH pacnopa^enia: btj i;epKBH hhkofo h31> poAnHXi* He 
6yAerb, npn Btn^iaHiH 6yAyTi> npncyTcxBOBaTb jinnib CBHAi- 
TejiH H CHJibBecTpo; HHKaKoro TopHcecTsa, HHKaKoro myna; 
ABt KapeTH, roTOBHH K'b mecTH ^acaMTj yTpa; AopoatHoe njiaibt; 
jfflmb TOJibKO KOHHHTca oOpaA'b Btn^aHia, HOBoOpa^HHO no4- 
Aypb Ha BOKBaJii* h OTnpaBaxca cb nepBHM'b >Ke notsAOMi. 

CHJibBecrpo 6hjii> BoaMymen^b. Ohh c^Hraiorb eiy cBaAbOy 
noBopoMi)? 9to — npecTynjicHie, KOTopoe ny^Ho cKpHBaxb? U# 
0Hi> He cM'bJii> conpoTHBaaTbca: Bit ero naMHTH mHBa fiujut 
ci^^ena na KJiaA<^HHi;'b. Maxb me HH^ero ne BHajia; ona MeTajui 
rpoMU H mojihIh. Ona roxoBa Cnjia saAyninxb noJiOBHHy ^em- 



280 P7C0&OB BOrATOTBO. 

Bt«[ecKaro poAa. CrapHKi* cTapajica ee ycnoKOHTb: ona erne hc- 

HOpTHTB BCe, OHa flOJI^KHa AepataTbCH Cl> flOCTORHCTBOM'L. IltjTKa 

CKaaaTb, RaRan SHaTHaa poAH^! 

— PaAH Bora, paflH Bora, — CTOHaji-B 6'hjiMhiA CTapHKi>. 

Ho HH^TO He noMorajio. Ona nenpcM'feHHO nofiflerx b'l i^ep- 
KOBb. Ona yace RynHJia jiJisi KnapH noABtne^Hoe nJiaTbe. lUecrib 
JliBymeRTb aoji«hh[ conpoBOMCAaTb fleB-fecTy. HcoCxoahmo noc- 
jiaTb npnrjiameHiH bo bcj^ 6H)po noxopoHHHX'L npou^eccift h 
BC'i^M'b MyHHqMnajibHMM'b cJiy^aiuHM-b. ^B^naAi^aTb KapeTB A-ia 
rocTefi. Oea HaA'tnerb acejiTyio meJiROByio roOKy h Hepnyio niJinny 
Cb nepoMTj. IIoTOMi AOMa ymzwh ch risotto h ^eTbipbMa hbaM- 
KaMH. Ha CTOJit 6yA©Tb cxoflTb rnraHTCRifl nnporb. KorAa ero 
paapiacyrb, B'b HCMOb ORaatexcH nnacb cb npHBbTCTBenHHM'j^ 

nHCbMOMI). 

Kapjio BoMypH AOJiH^eH'b fiuji'b cxaTb nocpeAHHROMT*. Ofl'b ot- 
HpaBHJica R'b 6yAyii;eMy sflTro, npocHJi'b ero, ho eeaycniniHo. 
Offb nenajibHO Bepnyjica aomoA. 

— On-b CRaaaji^b: hjih TaK'b, hjih Hunero. 

— TorAa — HH^ero. 

— HpeRpacHo! A noroMTb? 

OeJiHi^HTa Majio-noMajiy ycnoROHJiacb. Ea ajisEHOcrb BsaJia 
BBepxT*. Ona OTRaaajiacb orb Bcero. Ett yAaJiocb npoAaTb C-knoe 
HJiaTbe KjiapH KaKOft-To niBei, ROTopaa saajiacb npnroTOBHTb 
MorpeCaJibHoe njiaibe AJia yMepmeft na ah^xT) CoraToft A'^BymRH. 
Ona OTRasajiacb awk© orb y«HHa, xoxa 3T0 6hjio ocoGeHHo 
Macejio, TaR'b RaRi* ona caMa npHAyMajia (|)opMy h yKpameeia 
AJia nHpora. 

yrpioMaa, cepAHTaH,OHa nocToasHO npiiAHpaJiacb ocb Kjiapt 
AO caMaro nocji'feAHaro AHa h nepecxajia pasroBapHBaxb (yb 
FoxxH, RoxopHfi npHXBopHJica, ^ixo HH^ero ne saM-fe^aexi*. 

DocjifeAHioiD Ho^b HaRaHyfl'fe CBaAbOn Kjiapa cnajia, RaKii hh 
B'b HeM'b HH 6HBajio. CHJibBecxpo ace ne cMHKaji-b rjias'b. Ofl-b 
Aojiro CHA'fejrb y ORHa h cMoxpbJi'b Ha RjiaA6Hiii;e. Tarn norH6jia 
tro cecxpa. TaM'b ABa whcsiujx xoMy naaaA'b oht* noxepaji'b cbo» 
Btpy... Cecxpa npoBOAHXT> nocjitAHioK) HOHb noA'b poAHxeJib- 
•RHMi) RpoBOM-b. TcHcpb eMy HeBa^iMTb BA^cb ocxaBaxbca, Oh-b 
•Kopo yflAexi> oxcroAa. Owh 6J^,eTb SAicb cjiHrnKOM-b oahhorT). 

ORxaOpbORiK Biiep'b myMiJiTb, KHnapacH h rHpjiaHAH BiH- 
ROB'b ApomajiH. Ta ace MpaMopnaa pyRa ROMy-xo yrpoacajia, 
•cBtmeHHaa CjitAHHM'b CBixoM'b aynu. CBep^OR'b fiojibme ne 
TpemaJi'b. 

EM:y Raaajiocb, ^ixo Kuapa Bce eme xan-b, bx oOTbaxiax-b He- 
dHaROMi^a. OhI) xaR^b jiH)6HJi'b ee! 

Be yHHacajiH, ona 6Hjia acepxBo£t. TojibRO CHJibBecxpd no- 
■maji'b 8X0. Owb HH^ero He cA'J^JiaJiT>, ^xo6h oSedne^uaxb M 
c^aoTbe. Ha ero cxooi* cxoaji-b OyRexib 6ijiHX'b i^BtxoB-b, npnroxt- 



OHnBSOTPO BOHffFPH. 231 

jieHHHft HMi> jifla HOBo6pa^HOfl. Ofl'b BBHjTb ero Bt pyKH K 
fliaAHO 6AHXB.jiT> sanax'B i^'I^tob'b. 

IlycTB Cyaymee ey^jex-B Kjiapn TaKHii'B «e 6'fejiHM'b h nesa- 

■JTTHeHHHMT), KSiKb H CyKeTb, KOTOpHl! OH'B nOHeceTB BaBTpa KB 

ajrrapK)! 

Cjie3H CHJiBBecrpo naAajiH na i^b^th. OH'B nocTaBHJi'B na, 
li^bcTO OyKerB h aaCoTJiHBO noKptiJi'b ero tohko^ 6yMarofl, ^o6h 
■pefloxpaHHTB orB paapyniHTeJibHaro BJiiJiHia BosAyxa. 

Ha Bapt OHB (Shjib y«e ojsfkvb. ^epHufi (|)paK'B cHfliJTB na 
newh whmKowhy ho RaaancH eMy BepxoM'B coBepmeHCTBa. Kjiapa 
H^oryiajia Bib ABepb. 

— Tu rOTOB-B? 

— BxoAH. 

OB'h BSHJTh ee aa pyRH, noiJc&JioBaJi'B bt> rojioBy h b'b jihi^o. 
*C;ie8N KaTHJiHCB y Hero HSt rjias'b. Kjiapa Barji^nyjia Ha nero 
<rb yABBJieHieMi>. 

— ^To H:e TH njianeiHb?— cnpocHJia ona ero. 

— HoflAeMT*,— cKaaajn) OH'B, oBJiaA^Bi. co6oi). 

BHHsy HXi> ^KflaJia Kapexa. Fotth no-fexajTB bt> Mepiio oahh*. 

OhH OOH^JIHOB CB pOAHUMH. ClIJIBBeCTpO OUJTB He'iaJieHl), RaR'B 

la noxopoHaxi>, Kjiapa MOJinajia: OHa Aynajia o npcACTOHii^eH'B 
nyTemecTBiH. 

Fotth h ero ApysbH oHCHAajiH hx-b b'b uepKBH. Ohh 6hjih 
•^eHB CKpoMHO oa^th; Fotth 6ujrb bt> Aopo«HOM'B uJiaTbi. 

Kjiapa 6HJia o^eHb xopoma b'b cBoet! MajieHBRo£t iuJiHn'6, 
wb ByajiH H B'B cbpoiTB njiaTB'k, ROTopoe 6HJI0 ett r'b JiHqy. 

CHJiBBecrpo CHjII) O^OHB CMtmOHB b'b CBOOM'B TOpHteCTBeHHOM'b 

4)paR']^. Ohb ^yBCTBOBajTB 9T0 H BaMiTHJTB yjibiCRy Ha ycraxB 

dJieraHTHUX'B, XOTH H CRpOMHO OA'i^TEIX'B MOJIOANX'B JIlOAeff. 

OH'B cosHaBaji'B ce6H Rpa^ne oahhorhitb; Aa»e 6yKeTi>, 
KOTopuK OH'B opociTJi'B cjioBaMH, HO opHHaA^e^tajiB 6ojiBnie eMy. 
Owh AaJTB ero lOiap'fe, h hhrto ho saM'feTHJi'B, ^rro hmchho ohtb 
■pHHecB OTOTB 6yRerB. 

B'B iqepRBH HHRoro He 6hjio. Jlnnib Tpn-HOTupe Ha6o»cHHJi 
orapymRH cha'^jih Ha CRaMBHX'B z cb JHoConHTCTBOMB CMorp'b- 
JIM Ha MOJiOABixi). Ohh noAonum R'B ajiTapio: meniix'B, neB'bcTa 
H oBHA^TeJiH BnepeAH, CnjibBecTpo csaAH. Cynpyrn npeRjioHH- 

JLU ROJTi^fiH. 

CBHA'i^TejiH cTajiH no CTopoHaM'B. CnjiBBecTpo ocTajica 0AHHi>y 
ji euy RaBAJiocb, ^^ito Kjiapa ORpymena ^yacHMH, nonajia B'B 
njpfeffB. Ona ymjia B'B Apyrott Mip'B, h ohtb ocTajica oahh-b co 
^Boefi ne^aJii»K). 

BApyrTb y j[Bepefl: nocJiHmajica myM'B. lIIeH «eHHxa no- 
scfiacH'bjia. Oh^b ycjiBEmaji'B fojiocb Ocjihi^htu. 

B'B caMoic^ A'b^iri^, ^^to 6HJia ona. 

— Fa* HOBOfipa'iHHe? H— MaTb! — RpHRHyjia ona cJiywR'b, ro • 



232 F7C0K0B BOrATClBO. 

rophiVL nojiy^HJTb orb Fotth crporoe npH&asaHie hhkofo Be 
BnycKaTb. CjiyncRa y^ep^HBajTB ee, h inyiin> yBejiH^iHBaacji. 
HafioacBH^ crapyniRH (tb JiHaeirbpHoit ii XHTpofi yjiu6Kofi cxi- 

BApyrB cjiyacRa noiuiTHjiCH Ha nojii>, h Teiqa ch TpiyM({)OMb 
Bonma w> uepKOBb Kh cBoeMi» jkcjitoitb imaTb'b h bi* Majie]&- 
jKofl ^epHOfi mJULirb, r;rb rop;io RojiHxaJiocL 6oJibmoe nepo. 

— y({)x! — 0T;iuinajiacb oHa, npHfijiHSBBniHCb kb ajrrapi) w 
■peRJioHflji ROjrbHH. Bcb npnTBopHJiocb^ hto He aa&rb^aiorb ex. 

Ho Kor;ic: uepeMOHin ROH^ujiacb, OHa cb pi^mnreJibHuiff^ 
BHAOM'b OpocHJiacb Kb K.7ap'6, noRpujia en jmi^o noi^'bJiyHiai, 
H o6epHyj[acb K'b cynpyry, Roropufi Mpa^mo riLSiji'hjrb Ha hm. 

— 9to Moe npaBo, aoporoa Mofl! Ona BBunJia orc^Aa. — 
OHJiHUHTa yRaaajia pyRon Ha cBofi acneorb. 

noTOMi> OHa ropAO RHBHyjia rojioBoft GBHAl^TeJUiifb, Roropne 

C'b HaCM^nUIHBOlS HOHTHTeJILHOCTbJO OTB'&THJIH Ott Ha HORJIOVb, 

K ymjia. 

CHJibBeorpo roTOB-b 6Hjn> njiaRaib orb CTHfla... Bet nanpa- 
BHJiHCb Ki> BKxoAy. CBHA'^TejiH noa'6jioBaJiH pyRy Kjiapu k 
•AHHb H3'b HHxi> noMori* eH cbcTb Bi) Rapery. CnjibBecift 
y^a^iocb eme pasx noi^l^jioBaTb cecTpy. C'b Fotth ohh Tt»« 

•CH^JIHCb. 

— IIpocTH,— npomerrrajTb CHJibBecrpo. 

JIomanH TpOHyjiHCb, Kjiapa Bucynyjiacb hbtj oRoniRa. 

— Addio, CnjibBecTpo, — h uojiojxue npHBiTJiKBO MaxnyjH 
©My pyROfi. CBHAtTejiH oOepnyjiHCb R-b CHJibBecTpo. 

— XIpomafiTe, r-H-b BoHAypn. 

— IIpoiAaflTe CHHbop'b! 

KapeTa ybxa^ra, h CaJibBecTpo ocTajicH oAHffb. lIocjrbAMe 
HpocTH Kjiapti 6bLJio ofipameHO K'b HOMy. BuTb moxcct^ fffet- 
cTBHiejibHo nocjitjHee? On'b nocMoip'fejrb BORpyrb ce6a, h ei^ 
erajio cthaho aa CBoft ^lepnHK ^^paRTb, TaR-b nejioBRo BHCte- 
oiifl Ha HeMi). 

HyacHO Chjio OTnpaBHTbca AOMOfi, nepeoA^Tbca h notoH Bta 
aaBOA^b B-b CBOH) CyAKy. Kjiapa bx 9To BpeMH CyAerb M^arbM 
BTb no-feBA*; OHa yxoAHJia b% Apyrofl nip-b, ROTopHfl saRpuBaji^ 

MepeAB HHW-b CBOH ABepH. Ofi'b BCnOMHHJTb TOlTb, HTO C^HT«Un> 

ce6H paflbine cBHsaHHHM'b cb TbM'b MipoM'b, H ropbRo aacirt- 

^JICH. Ofi'b BCnOMHHJTb CBOO A'^TCTBO, CBOH MCHTU, TOTb 4#Hfc, 

RorAa BTb nepBHfl paB-b c'feji'b na rHMHaBHiecKyio cRa^bX), h <rb 
HenaBHCTbio npoRJiajii, 3Torb AeHb... 

KoFAa CHJibBecTpo yBHA^JTb, HaRoneit'b, TapoHTa, offb ■•- 
fyBCTBOBajTb oOjier^enie. Stotx |)a6oiifl[ 6u:rb ero HCTUBHbnrb 
^pyroM-b, ero yTimemeM'b. 

— Bh npHHecjiH ROH^ORTH?— cnpocHJi'b, yjiHfiaiiCb, naflaaf a- 
xejifc. 



OHJnbBBOTPO BOHJ^yPff. 23S 

— BxoAHTe! Ca;iHTecb! a xo^ paacKasaTb BaiCL Bce, ^wt 

tUMO. 

— MHt? 

— KoHe^HO, BaMX. Kony «e hhomj? 

— Hy, y BacB seceJiHH BtcTH. A a jidOjik) rope. H jidCjiw 
yvbmaTb; 9to— Moa cnei^iajibHOCTb. 

— Bh mh* 6jiH«e, HivM-b oTei^Tb, — cKaaajrb CHJibBecxpo b% 

MOpUB'b H'b^KHOCTH. 

FapoHTb nocMOTp'fcjrb Ha Hero h yBHfltJi'b ero HSMy^eHHot 
jiuiio GO cjrb^aMH cjieai). 

— Otii Bcero cepflnia, flnra Moel — h ohi noirfejioBajrb er# 
BT> rojioBy, Aynaa, CuTb Moaterb, tto cKopte BHAHnj nepejrfc 
•060K) cbiHa, HemeJiH (3paTa. 

— Ona ytxajia. Tenepb y Mena HHKoro ntrb. 

— Ona BepHerca. 

— KoHe^Ho. Ho a norepa-Tb ee. Ecjih 6h bh BHAtJiH?.. B« 
OKpyacHJiH, efi KJiaaaaHCb, a Mfffe... fl CToajrb B-b cropoffh... 
Meaa He aaii'biajiH... fl CHJi-b flonymcH'b Kb BtHi^y, Kas* 
■peflcxaBHTeab T'bx'b, Koro xortan aaOtrrb... Moa ICuapa Tenept — 
•HHbopa FoTTH, a a, CnabBecTpo BoHj[ypH, — cuhi> Mornjibn^Hut 
H paOoTHHqH. IIoBipbTe, a HHKorAa He CTpaAaax TaKX. Ki»- 
He^HO, a Mory BCTptnaTbca cb neio. Ho KaK'b? KaK'b hbb- 
Miift, KaKTb HHsrroacecTBo; a TaKHMT) 6Hjrb h Oy^y. 

— Ho, r-ffb KOHTpoaep'b! — ynpeKHyanb najtairpaTejib ct> ot- 
rtHKOM'b HpoeiH. 

— Bh CMteTecb na^o mhok), h bm iipasH. 

— H He CMtiocb. fl HanoMHHaio saMi*, ^rro paHbrae bh c^m- 
Tajm ce6H BHine Hac"b, a Tenepb cjiHinK0MT> yHHHcaere c«(5a. 
yHHatenie — na^e ropAocra. Bh BcerAa npeyBe-mi^HBaeTe. 

— fl CHJTb CJIHmKOM'b MMOfl-b. 

— JIa... BaMi> He npaBHJiocb, Kor^a a roBopn.a'b BaMX »t#. 
Bh h Tenepb eme mojioah. 

— MapKHHH Qi> BaMH He corjiaoeH'b, 

— H oH-b TOJRe npaBT*. 

— fl yace cTaorb neaoBisKOMTb, Apyrb MOft. 

— HoHeny ace bh OTnaHBaeTecb? 

— rapoHTb, He paacyacAafire! fl Hiij,y yr-bnieHia... fl CTpajiaj*... 
fl HyatjaiDCb B-b apysbax-b. ByflbTe Ao6pH co mhok). Bh h Map - 
KHHH — eAHHCTBeHHHe JiK);iH, Kh KOTopHM^b a Mory oSpaTHiboa 
aa MOAAepacROK). 

— Xopomo H TO, HTO BH ssLwhvKJm, ^rro cpeflH Hacb 

^#CTHHe JIIOAH. 

HaAsiipaTejib 6hijrb ceroAHa <e3acaJiocTeHi>. 
. — Bh — aaoJtt ^eaoBtK'bl — CKasajrb CnabBecTpo. 
rapoHTb yjiH6Hyjica. 



t 



224 PyOOBOB BOrATOTBO. 

— B-feOToe jsjiTSil H xoTtjrb 6h, hto6h rope ctojio hcto^- 
MiROM'B Bamefl chjih. 

-- Oca ym,na, FapoHTB, h ne BepneTc^, — 0TBi\THJii> Chji^- 
•ecrpo, KOTopHfi Bce AyMajn> o TOM'S me. 

CTapHKT> neqaJIBHO OTB'feTHJI'b. 

— TojibKO MepTBeuH ne Boaspama botch. 

— OhH CHaCTJIHBH. 

— HnoFAa MH* Toace TaK^B KaateTC^. 

— A MOH MaTb! EcjiH 6h bh bha^JIh! fl nyTb ne njiaKajn> 

•Tt CTH^a. H flOJIWeffB ChJIB HSBHHHTbCa 3a Hee. CBHA'bTeJIll 
Mfb^JIHCb. 

— Ee TOJiKajia MaTepHHCKan jiioOoBb. 

— KaKaa jiH)6oBb! 3to en HOBan io6Ka, aTa vHcacHaa roCKa! 
HsB-Ba MaTepH mm scerAa 0TpaAaeMT>. Hto saHec^aoTbe — HMtTb 
TaRyx) MaTb... 

— MaTepH Hejibsa njioxo orsbiBaTbCH. Jlynme MOJi^aTb,— 
■pepsaJTb ero rapoHTB. 

B-b ero ynpeKi ^yBCTBOBajiacb TaKa^ rope^t, ^to Chjuj- 
BecTpo aaMOJiqajTB. rapoHTi> nocTafinjiB ce6a bx npHM'bp:b 

9THMK CJIOBaMli: 0HT> HHROFAa He maJIOBaJICH Ha CBOK) MaTb. 

— Bh BHAHTe... H Tenepb oahhorb... 

— Bh H paHbine 6hjih oahhorh. 

— A Kjiapa... 

— CKaMCHTe: bh AaBHO yHCb saMttHJiH, hto mh BAiicb He 

•Cfe BOpH H MOmeHHHKH? 

CnJibBecTpo noTvnHJica. 

— Bh Oojibine MCHa ne cnpamHBaeTe, ^ecTeH'b jih Torb hjii 
j^pyrofi paCo^ift. Bh Cojibine He oTaBHTe TaRHxi* BonpocoB'b. Bh 
•MOTpHTe Ha Hacb crb cocTpaAaHieMi>, a He cb HenaBHCTbio. 
Orajio 6HTb, bh lenepb ne oahhorh. Totl, rto cTpaAaerb, 
HM'feerb BcerAa TOBapniAefl, TaKB KaR-b crpaAanie A^Jiaerb ji»- 
Aefl 6paTbHMH. Mena SAtcb jik)6hti>, xoth a HHROMy He roBO- 
pHJiTb CBOOMT* Topt. Banie^rope TaRoe ace, Ran-b h Moe. Ta- 
ROMT* ropi He roBoparb, 3THX'b cTpaAaailt hhrto ne BHAHrb. He- 
BociiHTaHHHe JiK)AH HemyTca, RorAa ^yBCTByrorb ayAT*. Bjiaro- 
BocHHTaHHHe HG A'feJiaK)Ti> BToro, xoTH syA'b H HMi* HenpiaTeHB. 
Mo cTpaAanie A'feJiaerb ^eJiOB^Ra AoOpte. CeroAna bh ne npo- 
PHajiH 6h Bepojiy, bh orpaHH^HJiHCb 6h ynpeRaMH h yrpoaaMH, 
m ero a'^th Chjih 6h chth, a Ha saBOA'fe 6hjio 6h, 6HTb MOHterb, 

•AHMMl) BOpOMB MeHbine. 

CHJibBecTpo noRanajiB rojioBoK. 

FapoHrb npoAOJiMcaJii* roBopiiTb c^b mapoMii. 

— Bh AyMaeTe, hto momcho en jiok) HCRopeHHTb 3Jio? ToJibK« 
'Mtpn'BHieM'b H MOJi^ajiHBHM'b conpoTHBJienieM'b mohcho yjiyiniHib 

>Ae0. OrpaAanie Hay^HTB Bacb 3T0My. 
CnjibBecTpo BaAyMaJica. CTapHRi. TaRi* Majio y^HJica, h TaRi* 



CHJIBBBGTPO BOfiAVPH. 28 & 

xtpoaio BflaeTb ^ciisHb. CHJibBecxpo ne mopl npoHHKHyTbca 

MHCJEblD CTapHKa, HO CMJ KaSaJIOCb, ^TO OWb cjimnHTb caMjr 

iioTHHy. OhI) BHaji-b paHbme JiHmb Mejiida ctpacTH h TmecjiaBie, 
Tenepb orb Hero TpeCosajiH BticoKaro nojiexa mhcjih. Eny 
6HJI0 jiHEib acHO, qTO oHb — »cepTBa HecnpaBeAJiHBocTH, hto 

OHB— HeJIOBiKTb, OTOpBaHHHU OTTb HOHBH, CTpeMHBmiUCH Kb CHJIb- 

HHM'b H OTBeprnyTuft hmh. H B-b hcmi* roBopHJio HyBCTBO npo- 
Tecra npoTHB-b xaKoro noJio^KeniH. B'b neMTb KHntjia neHaBHCTb 
H, 3a6HBafl cjioBa FapoHxa, ohi* onaTb Bepnyjica Kt cbohm's 

npeHCHUMT) MHC.lAM'b. 

— H He SHaio, He Mory noHflXb... fl SHa© JiHinb, hto h o^h- 
hokij, h He no ceoeft bkh* — m>i{ bto BHHa, He aHaio. Bhtb 
MO^ceTTj, BC'fex'b. a BcerAa noBHHOBajica. Mh* roBopHJiH „y^HCb*, 
H « y^HJioa; na^AH", h h MCAaji-b; „rHH ciiHHy", n a rnyji'b; 
„6yAb KOHxpojiepoM'b*, h h cxaji'b mnioHOM'b. 3xo ne no Moea 
BHffb. ^TO MHi 6hjio A'feJiaxb? He uori> me a nepeM'hHnxb 
poAHxejiefi. 

— HiTX,— CKaaaJiTj FapoHX-b, — ho bh aojimchh Glijih 6MXb 

CKpOMHte. 

— Ofln caMH MCHH xojiKajiH BBepxT). H ne anajii*, ^xo 3X0 
oniHOKa. 

HpHBpaxHHK'b npiiHeci> CHJibBecxpo nncbMo oxt> AHpeKxopa. 
ITpoHHxaB'b nacbMO, CnJibBecxpo npoxnnyji'b ero HaASiipaxejiK)- 

— ^Hxaflxe,— cKaaajHi owl cb rope^bio. 

Fapoflx-b BHHMaxeJibHo npoHHxaJi'b ii BOBBpaxHJi'b o6paxflo. 

— Bh Momexe 6HXb AOBOJibHH. 

— /toBOJieHi>? H AoOpocoB'bcxHO cjiymy, h ohtj Hamejn> bo8- 
MoacHocxb yBeJiH^HXb MHt McajiOBaHbe. Ho no^eMy KaK'b pa3i> 
xenepb? HoxoMy, ^xo a — niypHH-b Toxth. 

— Bu sacJiyMCHJiH narpaAy, h 3xoro AOCxaxoHHo. 

— „y Mena OyAexii OoJite cboCoah", — noAyMajiii CnjibBecxpo, 
nepe^HxaBT* nncbMO. — Ohij no8ApaBJiaexT> Mena... oxo — na- 
cM'bniRa! 

— Bh ceroAHa nopaAOHHHfl CKenxHK'b. 

— Ofl'b TosRQ upnxBopajica, ^xo ne 3Haexi> HH^ero, h xo- 
«e CHHxajii> 9xy cnaAbfiy noaopoirb. HoneMy Hce xenepb no3- 
jipaBJiaexTb Mena? — Bh noMHHxe cjiOBa 3HaMeHHxaro MocKaV 
Oht> CKaaajiT): „yBH, 'ixo cA'feJiaHo, xo cA'feJiaHo". 

CHJibBecxpo yjiHCnyjica. 

— Offb, BtpoaxHO, 6ozxca, hxo a (5yAy cJiy:Kiixb xenepb mc- 
Hte AoCpocoBicxHO, H'feM'b paHbme, h cxapaexca Mena 3aAo6pHTf». 

— Oxoxa BaM'b AyMaxb oCt axoM^b. Cxapaflxecb Jiynme a*- 
jiaib JiK)AaM'b Ao6po. 

— J^tjiaxb Aofipo? KoMy? Hhkxo ne xo^exi) co mhoh) HM^xb 

— Moatexii 6HXb, bh hh cl Khwh ne xoxHxe... 



236 pyooKOi BorATCTBo 

CHjiBBecTpo HyTb 6hjio He cooCmHjrb FapoHry, ^rro ob* ■•- 
Moraji-b ijiTHiTb BepojiH. 

BocnoMHHaBie o6'b dTOM'B CjiaropoAHOirB nocrynid^ 6iu» of» 
jiy^niHM'B yrfemeHieiTL bT) dTorrb nenajibSHfi ACHb. Offb ^vooa- 
MOBSLJTb, HTO TaK'b Majio cA*Jiaji'b ajm bthi'b flixett, h c* or- 
spaiqeHieM'B bcuomhhjii> npo cbok) cbasl ci> paBBpaTHoU ape- 
flaBmni^eft Ta6aKy. 

Ohh npoAOJi«ajiH paaroBapHBais. TapoHTTb npoBeji*B y Btn 
Vb GyjiK-h noTTH qijiHa ;ieHb. 

IIodHce npHmejTb h MapKHHH. OhI) He 3aAaBajii» CnJibBMip* 
BonpoooBx. droTb 6paK'b He npasHJica CHJibBecrpo, h MapuHtr 

He JHoOhJIIj rOBOpHTb Ha BTJ TeMy. 

BenepoMTb ohh BM^bcrb oxnpaBHJiHCb aomoIJ. y Bopon mxi* 

BCTp'felHJI'b AHpeKTOpt. Ofl-B HOCMOTp'fejrb Ha HHX'b H HOSBaJfl 

KOHTpojiepa. 

— BoHAypn! Bh noJiyHHJiH Moe nacbMo? 

— J^a! CnacH6o!— OTBiTHjTb CnjibBecTpo. 

— Bti nojibByeiecb flaniHMi> AOBtpieMi. HocTapaflTeok m 
BupeAb onpaBAHsaTb ero. 

TlHpeKTopTb cjyhjidjTb oOiuift noMOHL. PafioHie chhjih mwi- 
HH. CHJibBecrpo npECoeAHHHJiCH Kh TOBapHmaM*b. Oh-b OWTh 
CjrbAeH'b. Bcb cjiHinajm cjioBa AapeKTopa, h CHJibBecTpo hjb- 
cTBOBaji'b ce6a onoaopeHHUM'b. BMy xorfejiocb ckphtbch. Pa- 
60 Hie CO 3jiocTbK) rJi^At^H Ha Hero, KaK*b (SyATo cnpamHBajm, 
He aacjiy^HJi'b jih ohx 9to AOB-fepie hoboh) acecTOKOcrbio. Map- 
KHHH H FapoHTb noHHJiH ero ^yBcxBa h Apy^ecRH saajiH «r# 
uojvb pyKH, ^ttoCh HOKaaaTb BcbM-b, hto ohh jhoChtb CjMb- 
Becipo. 

CnjibBecTpo xorfejiocb KpHKHyTb paConHM^b: 

— H HH^ero fie CAtjiajib... HHHero Aypnoro... a Taicaji ;Ke 
^epTBa, KaKi* h bh. TaKoK ^e yrneTenHH^t.. H dapaOafUDaii 
jiHmb CBoK xji'bG'b. noui;aAHTe moh^!.. 

Pa6oHie Cmjih yAHBJieHH. KoHTpojiep^b hnxoahjix hoa'b fj- 

Ky Cb JIlOAbMHy KOTOpUXX OHH 3HaJIH H JIK)6HJIH. Offb dhOb 

OjTbAeflt H cMyn^eH'b. Ero jihi^o BHpa;Kajio yHHHie h crpaw- 
fiie. Tpoe jipyseK buhijih aa BopoTa, h aa hhmh ycTpeMHMH 
H'fejiiia ^ejiOBtHecKitt noioK'b. 

Ha uoporb xaCaHHott JiaBOHEH CHA^Jia Bepxa. 

CHjibBecTpo apHTBopHJiCH, HTO He BHAHTb ea. 

Mhmo Hero npomjiH JI'bBa, ^bHSOJinna h Jlanna. 

— Addio, A'feBymKHl— npHBticTBOBajTb HXTb TapoHTb. 

— Addio! — OTB^THJIH pa6oTHHii[H H yjubiOnyjiHCb Tp#irb n- 
BapHUj^aM'b. 



•aJbfiBOTPO BOHAFPH. . 237 



ya. 

QHJibBecTpo TOCROBajTB. Oh'b He Morb HH^ero 8a6uTb, He Morb 
ytnoKOHTbCH. JJacyaenne nHxajicH ero paasjie^b h noBejTb 
BT> BocKpeceHbe bi* KaOa^eKT). CHJibBecxpo B-b nepBHtt pas-b na- 
wijiCA ao nbflHy. BcK) HO^b ohi ^fcajioBajicH h cTonajib, a na 
yrpo BCTaji'b eme 6ojrbe ne^iajibHHfl:, ^tM-bpaHbrae, nnoiuifljic^, 
Mjpo Cojibme HHTb HHKorOT ne 6y;ieTb. 

JSfltysenae npHsejrb bt> KaCa^eR-b xaKHce h ABryciy. rpar[io3- 
HaH,BecejiaH j^-feByniKa onapoBajia CnjibBecTpo; oht. ci> yjjHBJie- 
HieM-b CMOTp'Jkjrb, KaK-b 3Ta KpomKa xaKi* yntJio yKpomaerb tk- 
raHTa-6paTa, h cpaBHHBaji-b ee ci> MajieHbKHMH A*TbMH, Be;iy- 

■(HEH Ha npHBildIT MOUlHUX'b 6brR0Bl>. 

OejiHi^HTa saMiTHJia, hto CnjibBecxpo nbaffb^ ho npHXBopn- 
Jiaeb, Hxo Hmero ne bhahtt>. C'b xtx-b nopi, RaRii CHJibBecxpo 
sapaOoxHBaji'b ^exHpe JinpH bi flenb, OeJiai^Hxa eny MHoroe 
npoii^ajia. Ona co6Hpajiacb ero ntennxb h HCRaJia noAXOAHmyio 
HeB-fecxy. Kjiapa CAtJiajia OjiecxHmyio napxiro, hxo 6h hh tobo- 
pHJiH. Tenepb o'lepeflb aa cHHOM'b. Ona xoxtjia naflxH eny 
xaRyio 5KeHy, Roxopaa cjiyraajiacb 6h ea h noMorjia 6h ett 
y^epacaxb CnjibBecxpo bi> cBoetl BJiacxH. Tenepb nocjit cBaabOfci 
K/iapH, Sojibme, I'bM'b ROPAa 6h xo hh 6ujio, ona naA'^Hjiacb 
ocymecxBHXb cboh nenxH. Eft bcbjio: cxapHft ROJinera Boh- 
AjpH Aoranajioa, HanoHeitb, ywepexb, h Kapjio co ahh na AOHb 
auajTb noBHrnenia. C6epe»teHiH OejiHaHXH yBejiHHHBajiHCb, xaR^b 
KAR^b CHHOBbH eiS xenepb nnnero ho cxohjih. 

Csopo HacxynHXT> BpoMa, RorAa OejiHi^Hxa eaceAHOBHo 6y- 
X6Tb HOCHXb CBOK) acojixyio loOKy H MajieHbRyro mjiany cb 
Bepoicb; xenepb ona OA'bBajia ax^b Jinmb no BOCRpecenbHM'b. 

OejiHAHxa yate naM-bXHJia HOBtcxy ajih ctina: Ao^b cyAofi- 
Htro upHcxana. Eh oxeqb 6tijrb bshxo^hhr'b, cxajio Cuxb, nap- 
RH BaoJiH'b npHJiH^nan. IIpHcxaB'b xoponHJica BUAaxb 3a- 
uymii CBOH) AOHb, xaR'b RaKi* ona Oujia o^eHb HeRpacHBa. 
3x0 nocjitAHee oOcxoaxeJibcxBo xome npaBHJiocb Oojihi^ht*. Y 
xaRHXii A'fcBymeRb whTb CoJibmnx'b npexeHSifi. Oahhmt> cjio- 
BQWb^ OHjiHi](Hxa HaA'^HJiacb BCKop'b HpHcoeAHHHTb xopomea 
HpHAaHoe Rb CBOHiirb c6epe»ceHiHM'b h cosAaxb HacxoHui;ee 60- 
paxcTBo. IIoaxoMy ona npomajia CnJibBecxpo Bcb ero rptxH, (Joacb 
•TTOJiRHyib ero oxb ceOa. Oaa CuJia HeaoBoabna JJatyaennOj^xa 
xoTb oxBJiORaexii 6paxa oxi» OjiaropoAHaro cxpeMJienia R'b 60- 
raxcxBy h BJienexi ero bt* cpeAy paCo^nx-b: OHa ne saMt^ajia^ 
'WO B^b Aynrb CnjibBecxpo npoHCXoAHxi* nepejioMi*. 

CiHJibBecxpo ate npoAOJiHcaji'b CRy^axb. On-b coBepmajTb no 
Bt^MpaMX AJiHHHHH npopyjiRH H Ao nodAHel! HOHH ocxaBajica 



238 P700KOB BOrATOTEO. 

HHor;ia bi> ropoACKOM'b ca^y, fa* npoBejrb hohe nocJi'1^ <J*r- 
erBa m-b hoat* poAHTejibCRaro npoBa. Ohi> BCTpt^ajiT* ntir& 
BJiK)6jieHHHfl[ napH, h hxt* oO^bn'ruL h THxie pasroBopu BoaOyjK- 
AajiH BT* HeMi> :KejiaHie jih)6bh. 

OAHaatAH OH-B BCTptTHjrB BTi caAY FapAajipHTTy h oct&mo- 
BBji-B ee. Btijia yate ho^ib. 

— KyAa BH? 

— FyjiaK). 

— HoflAeMTe BMicrb. 

— Ct yAOBojibCTBieM'b. 

OflH HanpaBHJiHCB Bii TtHHCTyio ajuieio. CnJibBecTpo b«k9M- 
eiiJi-B Bce, HTo eiiy pascKasHBajiH o ero cnyTHHi^*. 

— H »HBy BAtcB no Ojihbocth. 

— 9to AajeKo ottb aaBOAa? 

— O^eHB. 

— Bh atHBexe OAHa? 

— Co MHofl cecTpa. 

— Mojioate BacB? 

— MajieHBKaa. Efl Aecaxb JiirB. 

— A pOAHTeJIH? 

— TojibKo cecTpa. 

— Bh ee ocTaBJiaeie OAHy? 

— Belt aafioTHTCfl coctAfta. 

Ohi* Bsaji-B FapAaApHTTy noAi> pyny. Osa yjiHfinyjiacb. 

— ^TO CKaaaJTB 6h AHpeKTopi», ecjiH 6h nacB BA'fecB yBH- 

A'fejTB? 

— HtO a BSLlSTb JIK)60BHHK'B. 

FapAaApnTTa aacMiiiJiacB. 

— JO^a, JiDjiR oCbiKHOBeHHo TaKB paacy^AaioTB. 
CnwibBecTpo 6HJi'h BosCyHCAeffB npHKOcnoBenieMB kt> Httn- 

CKOMy T^jiy. 

— A noHOMv Cu 9T0My h ee 6htb npaBAOfi? — cnpo«Hjn> 
owb ee. 

FapAaApHTTa ne cpaay OTBtTHJia. 

— BaM'B HpaBHTca /t^Ba,— CKasajia ona. 

— Kto BaMB cKasajii* aio? 
H saM'J^THJia. 

— 9to HeBipHO. 

— H'bTB ym*B, mh HHKorAa ne oniHCaeMCH. 

— A ecjiH 6h h TaK'B?— nomyrHJTB CwjiBBecTpo. 

— Ona KpacHBaa A'feBymKa, — cepBeano aaM^Tnjia Fap^aA- 
pHTTa. 

— Ho TH eme KpacHB^e. 

— 9to BcerAa TaKi* roBoparB. 

Ohh npHcbjiH. Ona Haiajia ean'bBaTB ne^aJiBHyio n'ibceBRy, 
HCRa^aa cjioBa h nepeBHpaa kothbI). CnjiBBecrpo ^yBCTBOBa^ii, 



CHJII^BBCTPO B0HA7PB. 239 

^TTO y Hero cjKHMaeiM ropjio. Owb nojioacHJi'b pyKy na cnHHmr 
cRanettKH^ h FapAaApHTra npHsajiacb ri> Heny. Chjibboctpo no- 
n-fejioBa jTb ee Bt ineKv. Ona He o6opBa»iia ^aace csoefi nicHH. 
Toraa oh'l o6Esijrb ee h npHMHyjTB kt* cedi. Ona ne npoxHBH- 
jiacb H npoAOJimaJia n'feTb. 

— BdLWb HpaBHTca btsl ntcna? 

— Th Mfffe euie 6ojibnie npaBHiULCii, — CAaBJieHHtiifb rojit- 
•OMT) OTBiTHJit CHJibBecTpo H KpiuKo norc'fejiOBajrb ee. HoHeify 

TN MOJIHHnib?— yAHBBJICa OHT). 

Ona noTHHyjia ero 3a ycb. 

— Dx'b, r-ffb KOHTpojiep'b, — CKaaajia ona Ces-b BwiKaro bh- 
pa»eHifl. noTOMt ocBofioAHJiacb hb-b ero oO-bfliTifl h noAHHJiacb. 

— Ilopa HOTH. 

— H npoBO^y TeCa. — H, sawfeTHB'b, ^to ona ne^OBOJibHa, 
OFb npH6aBH.Ti'b: — JJfi ABepn. 

Oh'b xoorhji'b BBflTb ee uoji,i> pyny, OHa yKjioHHJiacb. 

— He HaAO. 

FapAaApHTTa on^Tb na^ajia roBopHTb npo Jl'bBy, 

— A BHaeTe, cKOJibKO eft jrferb? 

— He 3HaK). 

— Efl sa TpHAUaTb. 

— He Moaterb 6HTb! 

— Hepsaro ona HM-fejia TpHHaAqaxb ji^ti^ TOMy HasaAi*. 

— Koro nepBaro?.. 

. — Pe6eHKa... orb MacHUKa. 

— y JX^bBK 6Hjrb pefieHOKT)? 

— HiiTb... MHCHHKTbj—cnoKofiHo HOJicHHJia FapAaAPHTxa. — 
©B» yO'hmajia cb hemb, KorAa ett 6hjio 16 jitTb, noTOMt y 
Hea 6hjio eme ABoe A'^xefli. 

— TojKe OT-b MaCHHKa? 

— He AYMaK)... y nea Oturb eme B'b aTO Bpena KaKoft-Tt 
cepjKaHTb. 

— CKOJibKO Mte y Hea nx-b 6hjio? — BOCKJiHKHyji'b^ Cbmb- 
Becxpo. 

TapAaApHTTa sacMiaJiacb: 

— TaKia nec^acxba y Bctx'b 6biBaiDxi>. 

— A lOjiia? — noHHxepecoBajica CnjibBecxpo. 

— fl iioHewL'b anaro. 

— A JljbaBOJiHHa? 

— Oea ^Hcxa, KaK'b MaAOHea, — cepbeano oxB^HJia Mfk- 
BymKa. 

Ohh noAomjiH Kb ABepn. 

— Addio! — CKaaajia ona, npoxanyBB eny pyKy. 

— H KTb xe6t aaftAy na MHHyxy. 

— Hixx. TaMB — oecxpa. 

— Hxo aa CtAa! 51 nocnmy neAOJiro. 



240 P70CS0B BOrATOTBO. 

— JIa 3aHi^Mi> Ban's? 

CHjoLbBecrpo nacraHBaJTB, yTBepHc^afl, tfo 7 Hen ckxht^ 
JBo6oBHUKT>, H noTOMy oHa He xoierb BnycTHTb ero. 
Ona oae^ajiHJiacb. 

— fl «HBy Bi* MaHcapjTb, — CKaaajia ona. — Mh ohohb 6tAHM. 
Ohh Moji^a cxajiH noAHHMaTbCH no jvhcTEBu.'b, HaRoneirB, osa 

•cranoBHJiacb nepeAT> evibkoVL ABepbX) h thxo npoHSHecjia: 

— MoH cecTpa HcnyraeTCH. OHa HHKorAa He BHAa.ia ucbr 
m> uyTR^EROtL. Mh 3aBTpa ysHz^HMC^. 

Bb esi rojioc'b 3ByHajii> crpaxi*. Ho CHjibBecxpo ne b^phjk. 

— Mh CRaHceMX eft, hto a— tboA poiiCTBenHHRi , npitoaB- 
adtt n8i> AnepHRH, — B03pa8HJii> ohT), cM'bJiCb, h TOJiKayjub ;iBepb. 

Ohi> yBHA'bJi'b npe;!!* co6ok) pe6eHRa cb saAyM^uBHM'b jet xy- 

XUlCb JIHI](OM'by OCB^U^eHHHBTb OapOK) GOJXbHIHX'b HepHHTb FJiaSl. 

Sro nopasHJia rojiosa a'^^bohrh cb p'^arhmh BOJiocaim nenejift- 
Haro i];B^Ta. 

— Kto aio?— cnpocHjia ona. 

— 9to h, JIioe(w!— oTRJiHRHyjiaob cecxpa. 

— OtHero xaK'b hosaho? — ynpeKHyjia ee A'tBo^uta. 

— IIo3AHo?I PaHbuie oOHRHOBeHHaro. 

— Btflb y»te HOHb. 

— JIeu crajiH Ropo^e, rojiyO^HR-b. IIpH6jiH«aeTca SHica. 
CHJibBecTpo cHAJi'b nuiaay h ocMOTp-bjioH, cMyuneHHHfi dTHM-b 

jaaoioroM'b. Jl'bBO'iRa ynopno rjMA'fejia Ha nero. BiASOcrb oScra- 
HOBRH ero xpoHyjia. 

— npH6jiHHtaeTca 3HMa, — Cb rpycTbH) noBTopHJia MapU. 
Ci* RaRHM'b yyKSiCowb oni^ mjiyTb shmh m> axofl Od^AHoiS Ran- 

HarbnoA'b caMoa Rpnnietil 

CHJibsecrpo bi* nepBHtt paai BHA'feJi'b HacToamyi) HHmcry 
CrapHia sanaB-J^cb cRpHBajrb OAHHCTBenHyK) BposaTb, fa'^ bh- 
Mofl cecrpH corptBajiH Apyrx Apyra cbohmx rbJioM'b. JlaiiDa 
•JiaSo ocBtnxajia cTOjrb, ocraBJUia yr;iH h cboah RaMopRH b% 
BJiacTH MpaRa. 

H'bBOHRa npHcjajibHo cMoip'fejia na CHJibBecxpo, h offb mo- 
^BCTBOBaji'b crpaxTb. PaCoTHHi^a 6HJia npana: eiiy He cJii^AOBajit 

■pHXOAHTb CK)Aa. 

— CaAHTecb, — CRa3ajia FapAaApHTra, npeAJiaraa eny cryjTb 

— 51 Topoajiiocb. CaacHOo. 9ro Baina cecxpa? 

— JSfi. Oaa — xopoman A^Bo^Ra. IIpasAa, Jlioqia? 

y CnjibBecrpo MejibRHyjia c^acTJiEBaa MHCJib, h ohi» crh 
■BHCRaHHOEO BtTKjiHBocTbH) o6paTHjicH Ri> pe6eHRy: 

— a npHffleJib npHFjiacHTb Bacxb npnaaTb y^acrie Wh b«- 
•KpecHoft nporyjEt. Mapin To«e noflAerb. 

Jlioaia B3rjiHHyjia na crapmyi) cecrpy. 

— Kto-bto? — cnpocHJia oHa. 

— 9to — ^Apyrb, — ycnoROHJia ee cecxpa. 



GHJIBBBCTPO BOH^ITPH. 341 

— CorjiacHU? 

PeOeHOR'B oQHTb BonpocHTejibHo nocMOTp^jTB Ha cecrpy. 

— IloCJiaro^apH ero. 

— CnaoHOo, — CKaaajia n^BO^Ka. 

— 3E3.m\Tbf p'bineHo! 

CHJibBecTpo HanpaBHJicji Kb BHXO^y. Mapla nonuiaero ipo- 

BOAHTb. 

— KyAa TH Haenib, Mapin? — ooTaHOBHJia A*BO^Ka. 

— 51 He yxoHcy. 

— He yxoAH. 

— Htrb, ffbTL. 

Bt KoppHAop* Mapia mennyjia CnjibBecTpo: 

— IIpomaflTe. 

— H3BHHH MeH^! H He 3Hajrb. 

— CnacHOo 3a nparjianieHie, — CRasaJia ona h6hctpo noi^i^ 
jK>Bajia ero. 

— Upomatt. 

— Mapin! — 3Bajia ee JIioiqH. 

— Addio. JXo saBipa. 

CHJlbBeCTpO CnyCTHJICH BHZBT). OhI* HCnHTHBaJIb SRSJlOCTh. 

^H8Hb noKasajia e&iy oAHy hb^b cbohxt* pan^, h oh'b ne mopb 
saOuTb CAeny B*b MaecapA*... Ohi* BcaoMHHjrb o A^MX-b H'hBu, 
o Hesi^AOMUX'b MajieHbRHX'b C03AaHiAX'b, poahbhthxcji 6e8X 
HMeHH H He BHaBmnx'b MaTepH. ^TaKin nec^acTbH y BC'bx'b 6BiBa- 
DTb", — cKa3a;ia Mapin. B-b BOoSpa^temH MejibKHyjia acKerH- 
^ecKan HapyMCHocTb jltBH, oTAaBaBmeflca to iiHCHHKy, to cep- 
JicaHTy H MHOPHM'b ApyrHM'b. JIio6oBb e1^ npHHHHHJia CTpaAaeifl 
OepeMeHHOCTH h no3opT>. Sa^bM'b me ona Ai^jiajia 8to? Fap- 
AaApHTTa cTKiiHJiacb cBoefi cecTpn h cnpHBaJia otb nen cboh 
jii)6oBHUA noxoxcAeHiH. Ho ecJiH ona c^Hiajia j[Tb nosopHHMH, 
Bai-feM-b «e ona rptmnjia? CHJibBecrpo noHHifajrb Tenepb, no- 
^ewy jiHAO FapAaApHTTH ocTaBajiocb TaKHMi* OeBy^acTHHM'B, 
KOFAa oHi* o6HHMajrb ee. nepezn> Hero croiUTB o6pa3i» cecTpu 
Vb yOorofit MaHcapA'b. B'b ero oS'bHTinx'b ona Aynajia o iHcrolt 
X'bBCTBbHHott jiacR'b JIioqiH. %o sacTaBJifljio ee ncRaTb jik)6bh7 
Ona B-bAb He npoAasajia ce6ii: oht> TOJibRO hto BHA'i^'b ea hh- 
Mtery. CHJibsecrpo noHHMajTb Bepxy. Ho FapAaApHTia? Ona B'hffk 
9rb TaRHiTb yBameHieiiCi> |othochtch r'b AoOpoA'^TOJiH Jlf>XBO- 

JULHU... 

Ohx HeBojibHo BcnoMHHJi'b cMyrjioe jihi^o h aneprH^Hue 
^epHHe FJiada bto^ A'i^ByniRH. 

Hocjib nepsaro nacM'feaiJiHBaro npHBi^TCTBin ona 6ojibm« h« 
•6paiAajia Ha nero BHnManU. TojibRO OTa eAHHCTBeHHo HHcrafl 
jrbBymRa bx pa6o^e(! cpeA'b ne HHrepecoBajiacb hmi>. Ona c^h- 
•fajia ero BparoM*b... Owh — ROHipojiep-b, jidOobhhr'b RypTHsaHRH, 
m ona ne MOHceTb OTHocHTbCH R'B neny (yh AOB^pieirb. Rto ba- 

>& 10. OTM^JLh I. 16 



242 P70CK0B BOrATCIBO. 

cjTjmETh ea jidCobl? He owb, KOHe^HO, ho h hhrto h9L xo- 
siewb. Mo^eTB 6HTb, KaRolS HHdyAb RyKyBeune, TOJibKO 6ojrbea 
yuKuH, H'bM'B ero 6paTi>. H oH^b, CHJibBecrpo, Mon> 6h noRO- 
pHTb ee, ecjiH 6u He 8Th nerupe luiacca rHMHaain, oOpaTHB- 
fflie ero bi> opyaie xoaaeBi* npoTHBT> pa6oHHX'B. CHJibBecrpo to- 
nepb AOcaAOBaji'b Ha to, ^rhwh oOKKHOBeHHO rop^HJiCH. 

Ohi* on^Tb naiaji'b AynaTb o MajieBbROfl JlDqiH. Kaide CTpaH- 
Hue, BcnyraBHue rjiasa y dTOfi ji^bohrbI Eb o6pas'b ii'bniajrb 
eMy MenraTb o FapAajipHTTt. Ohii 6ujrb jB'bpeH'b, ^rro Fapiiafl- 
pHTTa Oyi^eTb npHBajiJieataxb any, ecjiH ohi> aaxo^erb, ho npH 
HucjiH Hefi OHb BcnoMHHa;ii> JlDi];iK), h ero oxBaxuBajio ^b- 

CTBO maJIOCTH. 

Ha cjife^yromifiAeHb, bi* cy66oTy, OHb pano npHmeorb na sa- 
BOAT>. Owh xoTtJi'b jBHA'bTb MapiK) H OofljicH, ^To oHa npHiierb 
paHbme ero. Ho oea npHniJia noB^ne ofiuKHOBeHHaro. CHJibeecrpo 
CTOHJi'b BOSJi'b 6yARHy H MHtfo Hepo npoxoAHJiu Bch pa6oTHHqu. 
Osiy saM'&THJi'b, HTO J^bHBOJiHHa 6uJia o^cHb Mpa'^Ha, He cirbB- 
jiacb H HH cb R'bM'b He RjiaBHJiacb. ^-bBa euj yjifai6ayjiacb. dra 
yjiu6Ka noRasa-iacb OMy npnTBopnot); OHb BcnoMHHjrb en npo- 
mjioe H CT) oTBpameHieM'b nocMorp-bjrb Ha nee. HaR0He^'b, no- 
REBajTacb MapiH. Ona npooiJia mhmo, h no en cypoBOMy JiHuy npo- 
C'b^tajia ^yTb BaMtTHan yjiHORa. 

— Addio, mmjibb!— npomeniaji'b owb e^. 
rapAaapHTTa He OTB^THJia. 

CHJiLBecTpo Bomeanj B'b 6yARy. HacH npoTORajiH MOAJieHHO 
H oAHoo6pa3Ho. HyBCTBOBBJicH 8a[iaxT> XHMH^ecRHX'b Hcnape- 
Hit). Jld-b BaBOAa AOHOcHJicfl Hecxponnbiti ryjvb... 

Kh HCMy nocry^ajiHCb. Ohi noAHajrb rjiaaa h ysHA'fejrb 
I^bBBOJiHHy. Ona noAajia eny na^Ky 6yMarb h Bumjia. Ohb 
yBHA^Ji'b HB-b ORBa^ RaRT* OHa HaopaBUJiacb B'b ROHTopy. Oaib 
xoT'bJi'b BepHyxb ee, hto6h nocjiaxb AnpeRTopy HeAi-ibHHft or- 

HOTb, HO p'bOIBJI'b CaMl» OTnpBBHTbCH HaBOpXl). IIpHBeAfl B'B HO- 

pBAORT) CBOH CHera H nojiK)6uBaB[nHCb na cxpo^HH^ pHA'B 
iiH({)p'b H 6yRBT>, CnJibBecxpo cBepnyji'b 6yMarH h noBBajrb 
FapoHxa. 

— H AOJiJReH'b oTHecTH HflBepxT) BXH 6yMarH, — CRaaaJTb owb 
eMy.— B'b cjiyna'b ayacAu noaoBHTO MenH. 

rapoan> oRaauBaJiij eMy RamAyio cy66oxy 9xy ycjiyry. 

— ByAbxe cuoRonHhil H OyAy BAtcb,— oxBtxEJib paOonifi. 
CiiJibBecxpo noAHHJiCH bo Bxopofl OTaHCb. B'b nepoAHe^ hh- 

Roro He 6HJI0. OH'b xoxfeji'b y»ce nocxyqaxb btj ABepb, ho ocxa- 
HOBHJicH, nopa^eHHuft cxpaHHfaiM'b myMOM'b. Mohcbo 6hjio no- 
Ay warb, HXO B'b RMMHaXt JHpeRXOpa ACpyTCH. OH'b CJUifflaJTb 

rayxin BocRJiHixaBin h mywb 6opb6u. 

CHJiiBecxpo cxaJTb npncJiyniHBaTbCH, He cMtn hh oxBopHXb 
ABepb, HH yflxH. Kioto ynaji'b na nojn>. JtBepb OHCxpo oxBopHJiacb, 



k. 



CfRJILBBOTPO BOHffyPH. 248 

H KB'h ROMHaTH CTpeMHT6JIBH0 BUfi'bXCaJia JlbSTBOJIRESL. Ba BOJIOCU 

6ujivi pacTpenaHU. Fjiasa nuJiajiH. Ona TBHReJio AHmajia. Chjib- 
BecTpo yBHA'bJTBy ^iTO AHpeRTop'b noAHHMaeTCH cb nojiy h HiiteirB 
o^KH. T^Bepb BaTBopHJiacs. 

/l^bHBOJiHHa H CifJibBecTpo BBrjiHHyjiH Kpyvb Ha Apyra. Ona 
ORop'be CM'b^Jiacby H'birb cepAHJiacb. 

KoHTpojiepi> BHeprH^HO nporaeyji-b eft pyny. 

— BpaBo!— CKaaajTb offb ea. Ona noAajia eny pyKy, h4- 
CROJibRo yAHBJieHHaH, H paozoxorajiacb: 

— Offb ynajit, RaR'b MtmoR'b op*xoB'B. 
CHJibBecrpo To^Ke sacM'bAJicH. 

— 8Ta cBHSbH npecjitayerb neHH y:Re ABa irbcai^a. 

— OH*b eme ycjiHmHrbl 

— Bee paBHo! Ohx cjiHinajrb h xyAmee, — npH6aBHJia ona 
Cb HpoHieft. — Ax-b, Aftj 9T0 Momerb CROMnpoMexTHpoBaTb r-Ha 
KOHTpojiepa... 

— Bm JiiofiHTe myTHTb. 

— PaBB'b BU He ROHTpoJiepT>? 

— a XaROt! 3Re 6'bAHHK'b, KaKli H BH. HhRTO HBl* Bacb He 

XOHeTT> nOHflTb 9T0... 

Bi) ea AopBRHX'b rjiaaaxii MejibRHyjrb Tenjiutt JiyTb. 

— Hy... nOMHpHMCH. 

— Mh yjKe noMHpHjiHCB,— cRaaaji-b CnjibBecTpo, onaTb npo- 
TAPHBan ef! pyRy. 

^b^BOJinHa noAospiiTeJibHo nocMorp'bjia na Hero. 

— ByAbxe ocTopoHCHu. H-to myxoR'b He jhoOjid. 

— fl axo BHA'i^Ji'b, — yJiH6Hyjica CHJibBecrpo. 

— IIoMHHTe «el 

— Xopomo. 

CHJibBecrpo ocrajica OAHffb. Ohi* ho SESjrb, HTOA'^aTb, ho, 
HaROHeai), p'binHJicH h nocxyiaji'b B'b Asepb. 

— BottAHTe. Bh 8A*cb AaBHO? — copocHJTb AHpeRTop-b Cb 

OepAHTUH'b JIHI];OMl. 

CHJibBecrpo noqyBCTBOBaji'b bx ce6t AcpsKyio HrpHBOCTb: ero 
^apasHJi'b npHM'bp'b /l^bHBOJiHHii. 

— JlfiL. a mjxBijrb, noRa BHflAerb pa6oTHHi^a. 
^HpoRTop-b nocEOTp'bji'b Ha Hero Hd^b-sa OHROB'b. CHJibBecxpo 

BHAepiKaji'b BBPJiAA'b: HajioHbRitt leJioB'bK'b 6ujii> b'b ero py- 
Rax'b. 

— ^aBafixe CDAa, — npoxflnyjib AHpoRxop'b pyRy sac^eraMH, 
Ero najibi](H APOHcajiH. CHJibBecxpo roxoanb 6hurb CM'bHXbCH. 

— cMtmoR'b Cb optxaMH», — BcnoMHHjn> offb. 

— Xopomo, — cRa3ajn> AHpeRTop-b, npo6t«aBi> rjiaaaMH ox- 
Herh, H HoapaBHjTb na Hocy ohrh. 

JlO CBHAaHbH. 

— Ilpomaflxe, T'E'h AHpeRxop-b. 

16* 



244 P70CK0B BOri.TGTBO. 

SaTBopHFB 3a C060K) jisephj CEJibBecrpo aajtyiiaAca bm:^ 
CBoefl HOBofi uoaviuLell. Obi> cscerB KopafijiH. Ero oponuiu 
Me^Tu, ero crpeMJieHie Kb noBHrnemi), ero pa6cTB0 — ^Bce 6hjk> 
KOHHeno. Ofl^B HyBCTBOsajTb ce6H JiepRo. IIpHine;rb nacrb pac- 
imaTu. Oh'b CpocHJix bhsob'b o6HTaTejiAan> sepxHaro aTasa. Bcx> 
AP73bH: FapoHTB, MapKHHH, jMapin, /(bHBOJiHHa, — bc% osh iq>8- 
HaAJie»arB kb KJiaccy yrHeTaeMux'B; ofb 6y;ierb cb hhxh. 

Ohi> Bomeai) bi> 6yzacy, 6pocHjn» Ha ctoitb cbod ((KipMeH- 
nyi) ^Jypa^cKy h noBBajiT* TapoHxa. 

— Bh nojibsyerecb CojibrnHM-b aBTopHreroirb cpe^H pa6o- 
hextj. OKaatHie mh* ycjiyry, CKaatHTe HMt, ^n-o h npaEjmmewb 
BHnoJiHHTb CBOfl jiojiTb, HO nycTb OHH He BopyDTb. 3to TflSeJIO 
H flji^ HHX'b, H jiJU{ MeHii. CA*JiaeTe bh qto? . 

FapoHTB AoOpoflymHO yjoiSnyJicji. 

— PeOeHOKt! 

— DoHeMy? 

— fl BHHcy, HTO Bcer^a emu* npaBi>. 

— B-b HCM-b? 

— C^HTaa Bacb xopomHM'b ^ejioB'feKOM'b... 

— Bh Be KOHHHJIH. 

— Bu noAOdp'bBaere, hto s ^QTMairb: nJio^H na^aDT^ h*- 
AajieKo oTb AepeBa... 

— Mo«eTb (Jhtb. 

— Hjih, hto njioflN Bcer^a coapiBaDrb. 

— Hjih? 

— Hjm, HTo BH BJiioOJieHH.., He npanx jih a? 

— A BH KaKTi flyMaeie? 
06a aacM'bHJiHCb. 

— a, BHaHHTb, yraAajii>. 

— Hto? 

— Ona TOJibKo HTO nponuia... Bch roprnrb. 

— KtoV 

— He 3Haio. 

FapoHTb noAMHrHyjn) OMy rjiasoM'b. 

— Bacb ceroflHH noHHTb Hejib3H... 
CnjibBecrpo cm'^jich BM'bcT'b cb HHirb. 

— Bch KpacHaa h yjiHOaeicH, — cnadajTb FapoHrb. 

— Ho KTO? 

— Bh He snaere? Ho bh MOJiofleE;^! Ona — ^^ecisaH ^- 
ByniRa. 

CHJibBecTpo no:Kajrb njienaMH. 

— A H TO HHHero He saM'bnaJi'b, — cic^hjica Han^HpaTen. 

— fla He^ero (Jhjio h saM'feHaTb. 

— KaKTbTaK'b? 

— Hnnero H-bTb. 

— JljBime Ha;ie^;iH? 



OHJKLBBOTPO B0Hffl7PH. 245 

— fla. 

— TiM-B xyme jisisi Bacb. 

— yB-feparo Bacb... fl HHKorAa He jiyusjrb o nea. 

FapOHTB, OieBHAHO, COMH'^BaJICil. 

CHJibBecTpo, A'i^^cTBHTeJibHo, paHbme He ^ynaji'b o /^hbo- 
JDiHb, HO nojifb BuiHHieMb pasroBopa cxaji'b AynaTb. 

Oh^ BcePAa HHiepecoBajioii J^b^BOJiHHo^ Menbine, h^mx ;Q)y- 
FffMH. Ho Bi* 8Torb ABEb ^bABOJiHHa npo6yAHJia B-b Heifb My»ee- 
OTBo, BijpBajia ero Ks^b anaTiH, bx Roropo^ OHb naxonHJica co 
BpeMOHH cBaAbdH. Biiy nplHTHH Ohjih npeAnojio^enia ciapHKa. 
FapoHTb — yMHHtt HejioBtK'b H p-feflKO omHfiaeTCH. Bwkorh 
cb Thwhy CHJibBecTpo Kasajiocby ^rro Jl^biiBOJinHa BHme ero. Ona 
6HJia KanaH-TO HeAOCTyaeaH, h, Ay Man o Heft, oHb ne MeiTajTb o 
aerKofi MiiMOJieTHOl! noOiA* h ^yBCTBOBaJi'b, hto caMT> cxa- 
HOBHTCH Jiy^nne h ^ecTHte, flaace nna^e othochtch Kh Tap- 
flaApHirb. 

FapAaApHTia ne Hasnaiajia e&iy CBHAaHbH, ho Be^epoifb 
GfuibBecrpo ^^ajib ee bt* ca^y. Ofla, A'^ftcTBHTOJibHo, npHmjia. 

— Bh flOBOJibHH MOHMT* noBeAeHieMT>? H cTaparocb ne kom- 
BpoMerrnpoBaTb Bacb. 

— OqoHb AOBOJieffb, — cKaaaji-b CHJibBecrpo. Oh'b ne 6Hjrb 
TiiCb BGceJVb^ RaRT* B^epa. 

— Hto cb BaMH? — cnpocHJia Mapin, saMiTHFb nepeM^Hy. 

— HH'iero. 

— Bh RaRi> 6yAT0 ne^ajibHH. 

— H me Cb T060K). 

— ^To H AJiH Bacb?! MajiOHbRoe paaBjie^eme. 

— HoB-bpHo, Mapia! 

— Bh o^oHb jiK)6e3HH. 

— a B'lepa coacaji'feji'b, hto aamejTb Ri* xeOi. 

— JIioniiH o^eHb AOBOJibna nparjiaineHieM'b. 

— B^AHoe AHTa! 

— 9to — coRpoBHiii,eI — Cb H'batHocTbio CRasajia rapAaApmrra. — 
Ona cepbesHa h Ao6pa... cMOTpHTb sa xoaaftcTBOirb... yxaacH- 
saerb 3a mhod... npHHocHTb uwb i^b'^th... Hto 6hjio 6h co 
MHon 6e8'b hohI 

MapiH 6HJia BSBOJiHOBaHa. Fjiasa CjmcThjiBy h xojioahoo 
xnnfi BooAymeBHJiocb h yjinOajiocb. BApyrb ona onarb onena- 
iouacb. 

— EcjiH 6h ona 8Hajia!... H ynepjia 6h OTb cxHAa. 
CHJibBecxpo xox^jTb 6hjio cnpocHXb, noHeny ona i!bri> OoHXoa 

eMxpH, HO yAopacajicH. 

— Ona ce6t xenepb niberb roOny hst* cxapHXT» xpanoRb. 

— IIoHOMy XH He noembP — enpocHJib ornb. 

— A BSLWb HpaBHXCa? 

— fla. Hoi!, noatajiyflcia. 



246 P700B0B BOriTOTBO. 

EBcy xoT^jiocb pa3({yAHTb wb ce6i mejiame, 6uBmee TaKHirb 

OHJIBHEIMT* Biepa. 

FapAaz^pHTra san'bJia, ho Ha Hero irhme ho npoasejio o^H^ae- 
Maro AMcTBiA. 

— noflAOMii Bi> pon^y, — npefljioacHJTB offb. 

Oea oxoTHO corjiacHJiacb, h ohh yrjiyOnjiHCb bt* caLj^>^ ne- 
pexoAHBini^ bt^ HacTOHii;yD pomy. 

FapAc^pHira npnmajiaob u^eKOft rt> ero ii^eR'b. 

— Bh ceroAHH MHoro ayMajiH o Jl;hB'hl 

— Hh MHHyTH. fl Bce AyMaji-b o TeOt. 

— Henpasfla! 

Ona noi^'bjiOBajia ero. 

— HpHcaAeM'b ea Tpasy, — cRaaajTb CHJibBecxpo. Ohh ycbjiHCb 
HE fftKOTopoMi> paacToafliH Apyrb orb Apyra. BcKopt FapAa- 
ApHTxa pacTiiHyjiacb na ipas'^ h aan'&jia. B'b TeMHorb rjiasa es 
djiecrkim h BHSHBaniAe CMOTp'bJiH na CnjibBecTpo. 

B'b Heifb y^e HaiaJin roBopHTb cxpacTH... 

— nopa AOMoft. II08AH0. 

Ohh noAHHjiHCb h, oOnflBmHCb, nomjm. 

— Th mohh jii)6Hinb?— cnpocHJia ona ero nocjri^ ncmr$,TO 
MOJiHaniH. 

— OneHb. 

— PaAOCTb Moa!.. B'b kohe;* KonqoB'b, — noAyMaBi, npHOa- 
BHJia OHa: — «HByrb TOJibKo oAHH'b paa^b... Y HacTb H-ferb Apyr- 

HXb yAOBOJIbCTBIlBy— H eH JIHI^O OMpaHHJIOCb. 

CHJibBecTpo no^yBCTBOBajTb ^ajiocTb. Tenepb oKh nojiyHHjrb 
oTBibTb na 8aHHMaBmii2 ero Biepa Bonpocrb. 

,y Hacb ffbrb ApyrHXTi yAOBOJibCTBifl*. A 9to yAOBOJibCTBie 
HH^ero He cxoHTb... JIk)ah Hiniyrb HacjiajKAeHlfl h Oepyrb nx'b, 
Tfffk mo;kho... 

IIpH oB'hTh ^onapH CHJibBecTpo nocMoxptJi'b na Mapk). JIhao 
e^ OHHTb crajio xojioahhmi> h sRjifuio ysne noi^'bJiyH JIsoAiH. 
CnJibBecrpo no^yBCTBOBaji'b dpaxcKyio npHBaaaHHOCTb Kh drofi 
AtBymK-fe. Offb nonaJTb, hto FapAa^ipHTTa T^iroxHTca CBOHiTb 
noBopoM'b H Hy»cAaeTca B'b yrbmeHlH. 

— 3aBTpa H Bacb 6yAy «AaTb B'b 10 ^acoBb na BORdaji'fc,— 
CRaaajTb GHJibBecxpo. — Mh no'^AeM'b sa ropoAB. «IlH>qiH OylJfiTh 
pBETb i^B'bTH. Th B'i^A^ nx'b JiJD6mnh. 

— 3aBTpa Hy«HO Ohtb OjiaropaayMHHMH. 

— Kone^Ho. Mh OyAeM'b poAHreJiaMH JI]D^iH. 

— A ecJiH KT0-HH6yAb Bacb yBHAurb cb naMH? 

— Kto axo „BH**? — Cb ynpcKOM'b cnpocHJTb CHJibBecrpo.— 

FOBOpH MH'b „TH*. 

FapAaApHTTa yjiHCnyjiacb h noKpacH'&jia. 

— Tenepb a He Mory. 

— Th AoJisKHa npHBHKHyxb. 



cnnBioTPO BOH;prpH. 247 

— HonHTarocL. 

— Hto me TH xoTfejia cKasarb? 

— EcjiH KT0-HH6yflb xeOa ys^jiwrb ci> HaiiH... 

— Hto 3a 6*Aal H xaKOfl ate (JtAHHK'B, KaKX h th, h mh 
JiDfiHiTb ^^pyr-b APyra. KaKoe KOMy no qtoto a^jio! 

CHJibBecrpo BupBBmrb ynee CKaaaHHyK) ceroAHH MKCjQa> 

— Jly^me, ecJiH On JIboi^h He 6hjio. 

— Zta. Bfcuio 6h jiyHme. 

— KaRii no3AHo! ^to OHa CRa:KeTb? 
Oaa saroponHJiacb h ycRopnjia marH. 

— H noflAy OAHa... HsBHHHTe... 

— HaBHHHre?! 

— Hbbhhh. 

Ohh paacTaJiHCb. G^JibBecTpo ^yBCTBOBaji'b eiqe ea JiacRH. 
BMy xortjiocb Rynnrb una Jlroi^ia loORy. Offb h paHbme ay- 
Haji'B o6'b &rowb. Ho xeaepb Oohjica cbohiix noAapROin> ooRop- 
6HTb rapAaapHTTy: no«ajiyfl, noAynaerb, ^ro BOSHarpaacAeme. 
Jly^me Rynirrb i^B'feTOB'b, exo AocxaBHnb eft yAOBOjibcxBie. 



yiii. 

FapAaAPHxxa 6HJia CeBRone^Ho paAa ero noAapRy. 'Cnjib- 
Becxpo BcnoMHHJi'b, RaR'b Aoporo eny cxohjih noi^ijiyH BepxH, 
H caiTb yAHBUJicji CBoeft npemHett rjiynocxH. Obj> XBacxajica 
eiqe axoft cBHSbio, BOoOpaTKan, hxo oHa B08BHniaexi> ero n A'^- 

Jiaerb nopHAOHHHlCb neJIOB'bROM'b Ch HSHCRaHHHM'b BRyCOMli! 

Ha BORdajrb 6hjio mhofo napoAy. CHJibBecxpo ncRaJTb Ba- 
roHi> xpexb^ro Rjiacca h mhmoxoaom'b sarjiiiHyjrb B'b nepBHft 
Rjiaccii. Esfy noRaaajiocb, tto ohi> biiahxi> ThWb Kjiapy, 
y^baacaioii^yi) B'b aa^orIh neaHaROMHH oxpaHH. 

^AddiO, CHJIbBBCXpo!*'— BCnOMHHJI'b Offb H nOHHR'b rOJIOBOfl. 

K'b ero pyR'6 npHRocnyjiacb MaJieHbRaa xojioAHaH py^Ra. 

— B'b RaRoa BaroHii mn caACM'b? — cnpocHJia ero JIioi^ui, 

— CiDAa! — On-b ycaAiurb ee B'b Baron-b 3-ro RJiacca, no- 
scori) BOftXH MapiH h nocJi'bAOBajrb 3a hhmh. 

— 3A'bcb xopomo, nenpaBAa jih? — cnpocHJi'b offb HX'b, h 
Apysba yjiHCnyjiHCb Apyrb Apyry. 

'Bxaxb 6hjio neAajioRO, ho CnjibBecxpo ycniji-b B'b RopoxRoe 
BpeMH MHoroMy naynnxb cecxep-b. Onb nainejrb OjiaroAapnyi) 
H BHHMaxejibHyK) ayAHxopiK); cecxpH Bca^ecRH BHpaaca^iH eny 
CBoe yAHBJienie. 

— Crojibro rhhtb xh npo^inxajTb! 

— He MaJio, — CRpoMHO oxb^xhjtb CHJibBecxpo. 



Stt pyOOSOB BOrATOTBO. 

Ohh roBopHJiH Apyn> jxpyry th; CHjibBecrpo yfituHJTB htb^ 
^no poACTBeHHHRaifb He noAo6aerb roBopHTb ^bu**. 

Jla^Re JIdiUh npHBUKJia R'b neMy, xotsi ee oneHb Tpy^Ho 6hui^ 
npHpy^HTb. Ona ycrynHJia jifhib nocjit Toro, KaKi> oht> orjiajTb 
ce6a Bi> en nojiHoe pacuopAxceme h OTB'b'^ajrb Ha Bck BonpocH. 
Bee B086y«;iajio ea Jii)6oiiiiTCTBo, no noBOAy Bcero OHa ipefio- 
Bajia oG'BflCHeHifl. 

Ha nepBoi^ CTaH^m nyncHO 6hjio co^th. JlDipii cb neyAo- 

BOJIBCTBieE'B HORHHyjia BaroHb. 

— Tenepb no3a6oTHMCA o 6y;iymeM'b, — cRasajii* CHJUbBecrpo. — 
3aRa»ceMi> wb pecTopan'b y^HHi», OTopaBHMca lyzarb, a Be^e- 
poMi> nepeA^ otb'&3aomi> noy^HHaeirb. 

Cecrpu p'bmiLiiH, tto 3to — npeRpacHaa mhcjil. OHHHaniJin 
pecTopaHi>, cocraBHJiH MeHH) h nonuiH Ha JiyrB. Ha BosAyrb 
«IIi)i4h oHHTb crajia pe6eHRoarB. Eh rjiasa cysHJiHCb, Jinqo no- 
TepAHo 6ojrbdHeHHoe CTap^ecKoe BHpaaKeme. Oea BupBaJia cbob 
py^Ky H3i> pyKH CHJibBecrpo H CTpiJioa OpocHJiacb B'b noae. 
CKopo ona sepnyjiacb, pacRpacH'bBniaACfl, CHacTJinBaa, jto- 
BOJibHan. BBUia ocenb, h i^Bi^TOB'b y^e h6 6ujio, ona naxoAHJia 
JEHmb RpacHue h ^eJiTue jincTbH. 

CnjibBecTpo H MapiH nuiH MeAJienno h thxo. JlncTbH ycrajio 
naflajiH (yh ^epeBbeB^b Ha iponHHRy. 

— KaR'b xopomo 3;i'fecb! CROJn>RO BOSAyxa! — ^roBopnjia Tap- 
AAApHTTa, B3AHX&S noJiHOH) ppyAbio. 

— OcoHb y«e... ne^ajibHaa ocenb, — 3aM'feTHjrb MejiaHxojm- 
^ecRH CHJibBecrpo. 

— H^Ti*. 3A*cb npeRpacHo! fl 6h xorhjia Bcer^a atHXb Kb 
AepoBHi, cpoAH JiyroBi*. B'b ropoA* cRyrao. 

— TeCt 6u H 3Atcb HaAoiJio. BAicb cjiHniROM'b oaho- 
o6pa8Ho. Hhrofo ne BHAnmb, ne cb R'&irb noroBopnTb. 

— 9to He BaacHO. 3AopoBHfi BOSAyxi*, HHCTan BOAa, neMHoro 
nHH^H TaRofi Xie, RaRx h bb ropoA'i^> h mo»cho ycxpoHTbCH npe- 
KpacHo. SAtcb HejioBiR'b CBo6oAeHb... A noroM-b Ho^n>... — Ona 
ayRano yjiHOnyjiacb h npH«ajiacb rx neny. — Xopomo cna-a 
Ha CB'ib^eMi> c'^H'b... 

CnjibBecTpo nocMOTptJTb eft B'b rJiaBa. 

— H BcerAa MOHTajia oOb axoirb, — npnOaBHJia ona. 
JlE)i^ia onaxb npnG'bHcajia. Ona nanuia hj^crojibro itB'6T0Bi>. 
Ona AaJia hx'b cecTp'b. Mapia xorbjia HX'b npHnmnjiHTb R'b 

RopcaHty. CnjibBecTpo npoAJioxcHJi'b 6hjio eft cbok) noMonjjb. Ho 
Jlioi^fl 6HJia BA'bcb. 

— CnacnOo! — cRaBajia rapAaAPHTra:— a cana cnpaBJiiocb. 
KorAa A*BOHRa onaTb yO'tacajia, ona saii'tTHJia: 

— Hy«Ho 6HTb 6jiaropa3yMHHM'b.— B'b en rojioct BBy^ajio 
cojRajT&Hie. 

— Th npaBa. Mh npHmjiH ciQAa jifla Jlroi^iH. 



OHJIBBfOTPO JBbHffFPH. 849 

Ohh npHcfejiH Ha TpaB'fe no^-B Ry6owb. 

JlroirfH p-bBBHjiacL: to npncaatHBajiaob Kh EHMt, to yetrajia. 
Ona 6HJia bch vh noTy, rjiasa rop'&JiH secejiBeiirB h aaAopoiTL, 
CHJia TO^iHO coBcbMt flpyraH Jlroipfl. 

MapiH padCRasHBajia cBoe npomjioe. 3to Oujtb He HHTepeo- 
HHtt, 6e8CEfldHHfl paBCRas'B, Fi^'b MajieHbKiH npoHcmecxBiH 6hjih 
OojiBmHMH co6HTmMH, MaJieHBRiH padBJie^eniH 6oJibmHMH yAO- 
BOJibCTBiHMH, 6ojibniaH HHmeTa MajienbRHMrb jmrneHieifb. 

OHa nocTOAHHO BOSBpan^ajiacb k^b o;iHOMy h TOMy «e: eft 
xortjiocb 6ji HCHTb BTb ^^epeBH*. 

Me^ra o ;^epeBHt fiHJia jiJisi hch Menroft o jiio6bh. Poamen- 
naa ajih BOJibHofl ^hshh na JiOH'b npnpoAU h jvih ^^yBCTBeH- 
HKX'b Hacjia»c;i6HUt, ona CpomeHa 6HJia cyA^OoJ^ b^b ropo;^» k 
TaroTHJiacb aTHMi>. 

CnjibBecrpo o6i>ACHHJi'b ceO'fa dTH ne^TH en HepaaBHTOcTBi), 
HO H caMX HyBCTBOBajTB cefia BA^Cb flpyrnM-B ^ejioBiKOMTb. 
KjiaaOHme, ceMeflcTBo BoH^ypH, nepeacHTHa cTpaAama — Bce 
tTo Kasajiocb ^ajieKHM'B. Bcero h&crojibro lacoB'B, RaRi> orb 
noRHHyji'b ropoAb, a OyiiTo oHb y»e oTTy^a ^aBHHM'b-flaBHo. Knapa 
Bcer^a OHjia JKCHOflt Fotth, a Jlroi^ia h Mapin — ^apysba yate 
AecflTRH ffferb. Ohb HyBCTBOBajoPB cefin cnoKoftHO h xopomo 

B'B HOBOfl ofiCTaHOBKi. 

HaROHei^, A^BOHRa yroMHJiacb h npajierjia Ha TpaBiBosjit 
BspocjiHX'B. Ona npHHecjia mhofo i];b'6tob'b h^ nepeCHpan nrb, 
pa3CRa3HBajia cboh npHRjno^eHiH. Ona BHA'bJia ^epBHRa h TperB 
an^epHi^T*: ab* cb xBocxaMH, a xperbH Cea-b XBocTa. JlepBaji 
HmepHi^a ee Hcnyrajia. Ona xorfejia yCiataTb, ho CTajio cthaho. 
SaROH^HBi* CBott paacRa'i'B, ona saAyMajiacB. 

— KaR-B xopomo!— npepBSJia ona CBoe Mojraame. 

— Th Toace xorfejia 6h «HTb BTb flepeBfffc?— cnpocmrb Chjib- 
Bocrpo. 

— O^eHbl Ho aTo ne BOBMoacHo. 

— IIo^eMy? 

— B-b AcpeBHfe acHByrb TOJibRO Cora^H. 

Maplfl H CHJibBecxpo sacM'i^jmcb. Mapin oti'bacHHJia, vb ^em 

— JI'feTOM'b fioraTHe acHJibipi HnatHHX'b axaaceft yi^8)Rax)T% 
B^ AepeBHK), noaxoMy OHa h AyMaerb, hto B'b AepeBH* ni^Ti^ 

6'bAHHROB'b. 

— KoHe^iHo, — cepbesHo CRaaajia JIioi4h 

— B'b ropoflt TOHce xopomo, — aaMiTHJib CnjiBBecTpo. 
' — ^To ace Tami* xopomaro? 

— EcTb mnpoRia yjinrtu, RapexH, RpacHBBie AOMa... 

9to He yOtAHJio Jlroi^iro. BApyrb ona BCRpHRnyjia. ORaaaJiooB, 
OHa paaopsajia cBoe BOCRpecHoe njiaTbe. KaRoe nec^acrbe! Bn 
JDBi^o BHpaacajio 6edROHeHHoe rope. 



/ 



250 PyOOKOB BOrATOTBO. 

— KaKt aTO cjiyHHJiocb?— cnpocHJia Mapin. 

— HesHaiD, — oTBtTHJia Jlroqin. 

— He CTOHTB oropnaTbca. Mo:kho KynHTb Apyroe, — ycno- 
ROHJii> ee GHJiBBecTpo. 

JH^tBOHKa nenaJibHo cMOTptjia Ha cBoe njiaxbe. 

— 3aBTpa KynHM-B ;^pyroe. HoByro, xopomyio loOKy. 

— IIpaBAa? 

— IIpaBAa. 

JIH)^iA oOHHJia ero h noi^jioBaJia. CHJibBecTpo Chji'b ipo- 
Hyrb. /I^'^BoiRa ycyfajiacb ^emjxy ehmti h Mapiefl h ofin^jia HTb. 

— IIo^eMy TH He ^ceHnmbCJi Ha Mapin? — cnpocHJia ona.— 
Mh ^hjih 6h BwbcTh h itSjia^K wh aepeBHio. 

Ofla pimnaa, hto CzjibBecTpo oAHH'b hs'B rtrb c^acrjiHB- 
JSfiWbt ROTopne nojib3yH)TCA JiSi^e^. Mapin noRpacE'bJia h sa- 
ortHHHBo CMOTpiJia Ha cyxofl CBepHyBmiftCH jihctt>, ynaBimfi 
BOBJi'b Hen. Mncjib cecTpn Rasajiacb e^ a6cypAHol^. CHJibBecrpo 
TaRHce cMyTHJic«. PeCeHOR'b ne hohhjtb hxi» ciiymieHiH, h He- 
jiOBROCTb npoAOjimajiacb ne^ojiro. 

CHJibBecxpo o6Hfljn> A^Bo^Ry h craji'b cb hch) paaroBapH- 
BaTb. MapiH To:Re BCTaBHJia H'bcROJibRo cjioB^b, h Bcb pascMtfl- 
jiHCb. 06iiufl cMi^X'B paac'b^Ji'b CMymenie. 

— Th rojiOAHa? — cnpocHJiij CHJibBecrpo. 

— O^eKb, — oTBtTHaa Jlioi^ia. 

Ohh HanpaBHjiHCb K'b peciopany. Jbouxsi no6'6»ajia Ghjio 
BnepeA'b, ho OticTpo Bepnyjiacb. 

— TaiTb jiioahI— cooOmHJia ona. 

— Fa*? 

— Bx pecTopaHt. TaM-b ^bHBOJiHHa. 
CHJibBecrpo BBAporHyji-b. 

— Cti RhM-b? — cnpocHJia Mapia. 

— Ct) OjitAHof! A*ByniR0ft, ^rro oAHaatAH 6HJia y nacb. 

— A*Ba, — noacHHJia FapAaApHTTa. 

— H ein;e ABoe Mym^HH'b. 

— Kto ;Ke 8T0 Momerb 6HTb? — cnpocHjrb CHJibBecrpo. 

— HoflABM'b B'h Apyroft pecTopaHi>. 

— TeO* HenpiHTHO? 

— Mh^-to Hmero. H o xeOt aafio^ycb. 

— EcJiH TaRTb, TO noflAeMi* TyAa. 

Bi* ROHi^'b ROHqoB'b, BT> upaB* me ohi A^JiaTb, ^rro eiiy 
yroAHO? 

KorAa OHH Bonum bt^ crojioByio, cpaay Boi^apHJiocb MOJi^ame. 
B&b 6ujiH nopameHH. 

— 3ApaBCTByflTe, Apys^n! — RpHRHyjrb CnJibBecTpo. 

JSfioe Myat^HHb 6HJIH MapRHHH H oAHHb MOJiOAott pafioHift 
no^TTHTejibHO noiiHaBmiflcH npn bha* ROHipojiepa. 
- He OeanoROflTecb, — cRaaajrb eny CnjibBecxpo. 



OHUBBOTPO BOHAyPH. 251 

— KaKHUH CyAbOaMH? — BOCKJIHKHyjI'B MapRHHH. 

— PH6aRi> pnOaKa BUjiiaTb Hd^ajieRa. 

JKeHii^HHH TaR^e nosAopoBaJiHCb. J]['&Ba h J[(bABOJiHHa no- 
i^JioBajm JIdiui). 

— JlsL caAHTecb ate! — iipoAOJi«ajn> CnjibBecTpo.— JtJin Haci 
y«e roTOBH npH6opH. 

Ohi> no«ajn> pyRy Jltoi, ^baBOJiHE* h pa6oHeify. J^'^bsl 
ABycMHCJieHHo yjiBiOnyjiacb. 

— CABHfleMi> HamH ctojih, — ^npeAJioatHjrb MapRHHH. 

— npeRpacHo! 

Ohh nepecxaBHjiH ctojih h ycJ^HCb. 

— KaRoeciacTbe!— oSpaTHJiacb^tBaR'b Mapin. — BjiaroAapa 
TeCt, r-H'b BoHAypH Cb naMH. 

JIhuo MapiH crajio onaxb xojtoaheiitb. 

— 9to moh aacjiyra, — RpHRHyjia Jlroi^ia.— CnjibBecrpo — Moft 
Apyn>. Ohi* mohh npHrjiacHJii>; npaBAa, CHJibBecrpo? 

— IIpaBAa, npaBAa. 

Bcb sacM'J^jiHCb. J][bHB0JiHHa ycaAHJia JIioniiH) Bosji'b ce6H. 
CnjibBecTpo noMicTHJica cb Apyrofl cropoHH, Mapin paAOM'b ch 

HHUl), a Jl^'bBa CI> MapRHHH H MOJIOA^BTb pado^HMIi npOTHB-b HHX'b. 
KtO HSl) HHX'b CB HeiD BT) CBAdH? CHJIbBOCTpO HHRaKl) He MOri* 

yrsMTb. MapRHHH? Ho dio RasaJiocb eMy HeBosMoatHHM'b. 
noHeicy fice MapRHHH npnniejrB CH)Aa? dTo^TaR^b ne noxoaee na 
Hero. Ohb BcerAa npeAno^iHraerb oAHHO^ecTBO. 

Ohh roBopHjiH Bck BwhcTh, padCRaauB&H, RaR'b npoBejiH 
ABBb. HeTBopo Apy3ett Ha sapi oTnpaBHJincb aa ropoA'B n'i^niROM'b. 
Bujio npoxjiaAHO, h ohh He yroMHJiHCb. TaRajz npory.iiRa — 
6ojibnioe HacjiaacAeme. 

— A MH npiixajiH no acairbBHoft Aoport!— BOCRJiHRHyjia 

CnjibBecTpo saM'bTHjrb^ hto mojioao^ paCo^fl scAerB, htoOh 
J3,'ibBa ofipaTHJia na nero BHHManie. Y nero 6bliio neAOBojibHoe 
JiHqo, H OHi> RHCJio yjiuOajiCH. Ohobhaho, paBHOAyniie Jl'hBH 
06'BHCHHJiocb npHcyTCTBieM'b CnjibBecTpo. KoHrpojiepB 6iurb 
nojn^n^eH'b. PaSo^i^ aaroBopHJiB, acejian HanoMHHTb o ceO'b. 

— CRopo npHAyrb ocxajibHHe. 

— OcTajibHue? — cnpocHJia cb yAHBJiemeBfB Mapin. 

— ^a... BoTB yBHAHTe... 

— HtrB! He roBopnre... tcc... oto ciopnpHBB, — npepBajin ero, 
cM'^ACBy Apyrie. 

Oahh'B MapRHHH 6hjib yrpiDM'B h ne^me RaR'b 6yAro ^iM-B-TO 
one^aJien-B. Oh-b naRJionnJica rb FapAaApHTT* h mennyji-B efl: 

— CRaacHre eny, ^rro, MoacerB Ohtb, h TomCojih npHAerb. 
Maplfl npeAynpeAHJia RoHTpojiepa. 

— nycTb npHxoAHTB, — OTB'bTHJi'b CHJibBecTpo H CesneHHo 
yjraOHyjiCH. 



252 P7CCS0B BOrATOIBO. 

Uojs,dLjia ynnRWh. Bo'h 6u3nL fojioahh h Ha6pocHJiHCb sa 
SHiuy. J^bABOjiHHa pasp'&sajia Miico ajih JIiui^iH. Mojioao^ pa- 
6o^ill pyraji-B xoaaHHa, ^to ohi> MeOTeHHo uomeTb. MapKHHH 
o6paTHJi'B BHHMaHie cbohx'b coci^A^^ na JljbHBOJiHHyi cb whssrr 

HOCTbK) 3a60THBniy]DCfl JIlDIUU. 

— HacToaman MaTb, — CKaaajib CnJibBecTpo, h set cornar 

CHJIZCb. 

K-B Ca^IiBeCTpO BCt OTHOCHJIHCb OHeHb nO^THTeJIbHO. Ct* 

B[HM'b coFJiamajiHCb, ero cjiymajiH. Owb Cujvb aeHTpoirb 
o6ii](ecTBa. JIjouxh Bocxniiiajiacb y^KHUOM'b. JSfime cajiaTb! Aa^ce 
AeccepTb! Eh paAOCTb Bcfexi saCaBJiiiJia. 

TIl'bBa 'hJiSi Majio. OHa RHAaJia BpeMJi orb BpeneHH TOMHue 
Bdopu Ha CHJibBecTpo, HceMaHEUiacb b KoneTHH^ajia. Mapin ne 
3aM*^ajia aioro h ^acro atajia pyny CnjibBecrpo, HanoMHHaa 
eny, hto ona bosji* Hero. 

KorAa o6mecTBo yme koh'muio ywHHaTb, y BxoAa nocjm- 
majica myii'b. 

— BoTb ohh! — BocKJiHRHyjiii pa6oHia. 

BoniJia JIanKa ct> tojicthitb CTapHiKOM'b. 3a neio JJ^jize- 
nafl Hora cb Tom6ojih, ycTajiHM'b n noKpuTUM'b nKJibK). CnJib- 
BecTpo noAaJii> OMy pyny, rjiaaa /HbaBOJiHHH oAofipHJm ero, 

H OWh nOHyBCTBOBaJIli Ce6il JlbBOMl*. SA'&Cb OTHOCHJIHCb Kb 

HCMy cb no^TOHieM'b, sjsfbcb 6hjio ero m^cto. Oh-b nyBCTBOBajii 
cefiH BHme Apyrnx'b, h bto onbaH^Jio ero. HacoBofi apniH xo- 
MOB-b craji-b Bo rjiafit HX'b Henpinrejieft. 

— BnepoA'b! — roBopnjiH rjiaaa J^basojiHHH, Bnyinaa eiiy 
xaocb pasJiHiHHX'b mejiaai^t. OhI) saOmi'b Mapiio h JI^e^Ik), sar 
6iijrb A*By, 6HBinyE) y«te B-b oC'bHTiax'b mojioaofo paOonaro; 
Bh6hLJib Jlanny, CHA'feBniyH) na KOJitHax-b cBoero CTapa^Ka, 
6poA«Haro ToproBi^a CaninaKaMH, Koroparo ona cjiy^afino noA- 
i^taHJia H cHHTaJia cbohmI) CyAyiiCHM'b My^Keicb. On'b 8a6Burb 
J][jiHHHyK) Hory, yxaTRHBaBmyi) aa Jlioi^ie^ h noBBmyK ee be- 
Rowb; 8a6ujrb Tom6ojih, nojiocRaBinaro ceC'h ropjio 6ojibniHMH 

FJIOTKaMH BHHa. OhI> BHA'&JI'b .SHmb yJIH^Ry TIlbflBOJIHHH, MpaH- 

floe jiHi^o MapRHHH H T'ibx'b, RTO 6opojicfl cb o6iii;HM'b BparoiTb, 
m, noAHHBniHCb co cTaKaHoirb Bi) pyK'b, BOCiumRHyji'b: 

— Jlja BApaBCTByoT'b OpaiCTBo paCoiHX'b! 
PaBAajiHCb annjiOAHCMeHTH. 

— Xopomo CRasaHO, — mennyjia JlaoRa CBoeny o6o«aTeji». 
MapRHHH noAHHJicH, noAomeji'b Kb CnjibBecTpo h thxo 

•apocHJi-b: 

— Ito Cb BaMH ceroAHa? 

— H roBopH) TO, HTO AyMai). 

— Bh pacKaerecb. 

— HHROFAa. 

— Mh noTOMi> noroBopHM'b oO'b aroii'b. 



OHJILBEGTPO BOEflJ^lL. 293 

— OXOTHO. 

CnjibBecTpo onbAHtjTB, xota He BHriHjrb h CTaRana BHHa. 
Offh Mfloro roBopHJii> o cnpaBeAJiHBocxH, oO'b yHH^ceniH, • 
6'fcAHOCTif, TaflHtix'b npecTynjiefliflX'L; ero BooaymeBJiajiH 

FJiada Jl^b^BOJIHHH. 

— 9to ^paB;^a, npasAa!— roBopnjiH 8th rjiaaa. MeacAy TfeM-B, 
BHHO ORaaaJio cBoe AMcxBie ea Bcbxi* npHcyrcTByioiiiHX'B. J^tBa 
yjiH6ajiacb CnjibBecTpo h o6HHMaJia mojioaofo pa6o^aro. JXji^b- 
Haa Hora sacTaBJiHjia JIiouIk) hhtb bhho n sanjieTaDu^iiMCH 
A3HK0M'B pascKasBiBajia MapiH o RaKHX'B-TO ApysbJix'B, nancHB- 
niHXT) 6acHOCjioBHHA 6oraTCTBa. IIpoAaBeu'B CaniMaKOB'B Geasa- 
criH^HBO meKOTajit JIanKy. 

MapKHHH, CmibBecTpo h ^b^BOJiHHa cepb68H0 noroBopHJiH 

UeSRJlJ CO60IO H BHmJIH HS'b TpaKTHpa. 

— KyAa OHH uomjiH? — cnpocHJia Mapia. 

— BOFB HX-b BtAaerb, — OTB-feTHJIH efl. 

MapiH BHOHJia euie cTaRaHi> BHHa h ycnoROKjiacb. Kor^a 
Tpoe ApysefJ BepnyjiHCb, Bct Clijeh ysae nb«HH... Mapin ntjia, 
paacTerHyB-b BopoTi* pyCaniRH; ea jihuo Chjio oieHb CJitAHo. 
^jiHHHa^ Hora npHAepHCHBajia Tom6ojih, naAaBmaro co CTyjia. 
JlioDiiH HcnyraHHo cMOTptJia na oTBpaTHTejibHyio ci^eny. 

— Bhahtc! — CKaaaji'b MapRHHH CnJibBecTpo. 

— 9to He no hxt* bkh*, — Boapaanjia JtbaBOJinna. 
CnjibBecTpo Biy nepBuft pasi* bha'^jiii cbohxi* TOBapniAett 

IlbHHUMH. 

— ymacHo! — BSAOXHyjrb oh'b. 

— Gh aXHMH JIIOAbMH HH^CrO HeJIbSH nOA^JiaTb, — OTB'feTHJIl 

MapRHHH. — npeAJio5KHTe HM-b BH6parb MeacAy 6opb6oK) h bh- 

HHBROJa,— OHH DpeAHO^TyTb BLinHBRy. 

— Th He BtpHHib B'b JiioAea,— cRaaajia eiiy JtbHBOJiHHa. — 
Ohh He HcnopqeHH. 

— H BoapoAHTCH, — yB'bpeHHo npoHsnecyb CHjibsecTpo. ^H^ba- 

30JIHHa COFJiaCHJiaCb Cb HHSi'b. 

Mapia, maxaacb, noAomjia R-b BoHAypn. 

— Fjl* TH CHJI'b? 

— Mbi nporyjiHBajiHCb B'b caAy. 

— Oxqero th ne noaeajTb Mena? 

— Cmotph! — OH-b yRaaaji-b MapiH Ha JIK)^ilo. ^tBO^Ra Apo- 
»ajia BCfhwh rhjiowb. 

— Hto Cb T0601)? TeCt AypHo? Hto cb toCod? — saBojiHOBa- 
jHCb Apyaba. 

— BojibHO, — npomenTajia A*Bo^Ka. 

— TA-b? 

— SAtcb H BAicb, — OHa yRaaaua Ha atHBOTb h Kocnyjiacb 

f JRO^ BHCROBIi. 

— Ee naaoHJiH, — cepAHTO aaM'&xHJi'b MapRHHH. 



254 P700K0B BOriiTOTBO. 

— KaKOfl nevofffiA 8to c;rfejiaJi'B? 

HhKTO He OTB'bTHJrb. 

— Oaa BUQHJia oreoIH pDMKolt 6oJiLm6|— coo6iaHJia nocjrb 
HibROToparo MOJiqanifl ^JiHHHafl Hora. 

— KojiAjebii!— npoCypHajTb MapKHHH, ho Ta npHTBopHJiacSy 

HTO He CJIUnXHTB. 

Jl'bBOHKa cTOHajia. CHJOLbBecrpo hoahhji'b ee h Bunecb Hd'B 
TpaRTHpa Ha BosjxyTh. 

— Btj^Hafl Mo^! Tefiiv CojibHO. Qjjfkoh xoponio. CiioTpn, 
CKOJibKo aB'bTOBT>I Fjxh Tofit CojibHO. 3Atcb? Xoiemb caaTb? 

^jiHBHafl Hora 6ujia He;ioBOJibHa. 

— CiojibRo myna H3i>-3a JinniHeft pdmrh BHHa! — Bopnajia 
oHa. 

MapiA nocji'6;ioBajia aa CHJibBecrpo, bch bti cjiedaxi^. 

— yxoAHl TH nbana, — CRaaaji'B eft Ronrpojiep'b cb OTBpa- 
u^OBieM'b. 

Oaa norepajia bi> ero rjiasax'b BCHRyH) npeJiecTb. 

— IloHeMy TM ymeji^? 

— MojiiH, — rpyOo oTB'bTHjrb OH^b eft. 

OhI) He HOFB npocTHTb eft, HTO OHa noBBOJiHJia nanoHTb 
JIk)u1k). 

K-b neny noAomjia /(bHBOJiHHa. 

— no3BOJibTe MH-b OTHecTH ee naBepx'B. Si ee paafliny, h 
OHa OTAoxHerb. 9ro cRopo npoftAerb. 

Oaa Bsajia Jlioi^iK) aa pyRH. CajibBecTpo nocjiibjioBaji'b sa 
HOH). Ohh noiiHHJiMCb no cupoft ji'bcTaHq'b so BTopoft aTancB. 
<JIioaiH ApeMajia, h bojioch ea CB-bniHBajiHCb BanBi. Xt^^BOJinaa 
Oepewao aecjia ee a-b cbohxi> caJibHux'b pyRaxi>.Oaa yjio:RHJia 
ee B'b nocTejib, caajia cb aea njiaxbe h paacxerayjia py6aniRy. 
JlH'Ula jie^ajia, xy;iaa, aenoABH^caaa, RaRT> Tpyni, noKpuTan 
cniHToK) HSB TpHnoKB pyOameaROft, yRpameaaoft 6ojibnioft 6yR- 

BOft L. 

— BtflHoe AHTfl! B-feAaoe cosAaaie! — npomenTajia ^baso- 
jiHHa.— KaR-b OHa xy^al 

Oaa CMaiiiBajia bhcrh Jlsoi^in xojioAHoft BOAoft. CHJibBecrpo 
CB H'^^KaocTbD cjrhnviJi'b 3a ea iiBHHceaiaMH. Hxb paaA'baajQLO 
TOJibRo HCTon^eaHoe rbJio A'bBO^RH, h CajibBecTpo HyBcraoBamb 
oe6a 6e3K0He'iB0 Gjihskhm'b Kb 3T0ft ;Keaii;Ha^, CBaBaanoft ci> 

HHMB qyBCTBOlTb majiocTH. 

FapaaApHTTa Bce eu;e njiaaajia bb caAy. MapRHHH Moji^ia 
CMOTp'bJi'b Ha aee. 

— H oneab Hec^acraa,— cRaaajia oaa. 

— Tbi Tenepb jiHinb aro 3aM'bTHJial.. 

— Ohb lieflH He JiioOtiTb. 

— A TU? 

— a?.. TA* ;t*Ba? 



OHJILBBOtPO B0HA7PH. 255 

— Ona TaMi»... a'fejiyeTCJi. 

— BeacTH^HHaa! 
MapKHHs sacucbHJiCii. 

— Oaa xopoino A'bJiaerB, — npo;tojiHcajia FapAaApHTra, — n 
To«e TaKt 6yAy nocTynaib. 

— A ^TO TH AC CHxt nopt A'feJiajia? 

Mapia padApa»ceHHo noAHAJia rojioey h, Bcrp'ibTHB'b npoHH- 
HecKili B3rjiJiAi> MapRHHz, onaxb sanJiaKajia. 

— fl o^eflb HecqacTHa, 

— Mh Bcb HeciacTHH,— CRaaajni npo ceCa MapRHHH. 

— Fa* cecTpa?.. fl xoiy ee BHAtTb. 

— Tti Tenepb TOJibKo BcnoMHHJia o Hefl? 

Ofla xoTJbJia no^TH HaBepxi*, ho MapKHHH yAep^a^ii ee. 

— Ofla cnnrb. He TpeBojKb ee. 

— ToTRdL « noflAy K-b ApyrHM-B,— H oHa BanpaBHJiacb k'b 
rpaKTnpy. MapKHHH npoBOAHJi'b ee rjiasaMH h, nocMoxp'bB'b Ha 
OKHO BToporo aiaaca, nosBaji-b BoHAypn. 

CHJibBecTpo noRasajic^ bi* OKH'b. 

— 4to cb Jliouieil? 

— Jly^me. Ona cniiT'b. H HAy bkhb-b. 

Ofli) npHCoeAHHHJiaH K'b MapKHHH. Md'b pecropaHa aohoch- 
jiocb HecTpo^Hoe n'bme. 

— BtAHa^ AtBOHKa! KaK-B ona xyAa! 

— Bcb A'bTH paOoHHX'b xaKOBu,— cKaaajiB MapKHHH. 

— ^b^BOJiHHa yKa^HBaexB 8a Heio, RaKiv Maxb. 

— Ona — aHrejiBH APiri) Bctx'b crpaAaioiuux'bHCM'bJiHX'b, — 
noABepAHJiB MapKHHH.— JlHsa yM^exi> yxtmnxb h noAAcpacaxb 
Bit 6opb6:&. 

— Oaa BcePAa 6HJia xaKan? 

— BcerAa. 

— Bopei^'b 3a ocBoOoHtAeniel — saAyMHHBo npoHsnecb Cnjib- 
Becxpo. 

— ^a... CTpacxHHft... HeMHoro cjitnofi: ona cjinmKOM'b AoOpa 
H MOJioAa. 

— Bh He pasA'feJiHexe en Btpn bi> ocBo6o^AeHie? 

— DoHeMy »te?.. Ho xojibKo jxjia ceCn, a He ajih Apyrnx'b. 

— He noHHJiai). 

MapKHHH yKaaajiTi pyKott na xpaKXHpii. 

— Myac^HHu — pa6u OeacxuAHux'b «ceHn;HHi»... iKenmnHH — 

JRHBOXHHH... y UBTh WbVb HJIJIlUdil!. 

— Bu HaAtexecb na CyAyn^ee? 

— ^a!.. HO H He jBHHcy ero... Ynpex^ MHoro noKOJiimft 
npescAe, ^'hwb Bce BSM'bHHxcH. 

— Bt> BameM'b HeB'hpiH MHoro BtpH, — cRasaji'b CnJibBecxpo, — 
Bipa AOcxaBji^exB yxtmeaie. 

MapKHHH rpycxHo yjiHCnyjica. 



366 P70CK01 BOriiTOTBO. 

— Jla... HaAe«Aa» oto — paAOCTb. 

— Bh y«e AasHO teki* ^yMaere? 

— Co BpeMCHH OCBOGOTRAeHlH Hdl) TIOpbMU. 

CHJibBecTpo BonpocHiejihHo nocifOTp'bjn> Ha Hero. 

— C-b TbTb nopT> A crajit ;ipyrHMT> ^eJiOBtRoirb. H aaCiMib 
Bce H noMHHJii> TOJibRo TO, HCMy nay^iHJica bi» THnorpa^iH.. . 
BaMi) Tpy;iHO noHHXb, ^to mohcotb c^'feJiaTL cb ^e-iOBtKoicB 
co3HaHie, ^rro oht* y6HJn> Apyroro. fl He cyntK) BaM'b axo oO-b- 
HCHHTb... BHAHTe JiH... ecjiH 6u BU paHHJiH HejioB'biecKoe rhjio, 
BU nojiio6H;iH 6h hotomI) 3To tj^jio, ero 6ojih, bh nojiK)6HJiE 6i£ 
ero, noTOMy ^to acaji-feJiH 6h... 3ro— ne npocxo aauiocTb... 3ro— 
HTo-To Apyroe... H ne Mory oO-b^cHHTb BaM'b... H noTOMTi yrpM- 

SeHiH COB'bCTH, My^HTeJIbHLIH, HCOTBHSHbU... OHH XJieUiyTb, KaKl* 

CffTb... Bh MeHH noHHJiH? 

— 3x0 yacacfloe cxpaAanie, — aaM'bxHjTb CHJibBecrpo. 

— KoHe^HO... Pa^ocxb h rope — acHSHb. 

— Bacb xpyflHO nonaxb. 

— He xaK-b jerKo, Jier^e nannxbCH flo nbHHy. 

— JIbl, — CiuibBecxpo oiiaxb BcnoMHHJTb ci^eHy B'b petiO" 
paH'b. — 5KajiKo, hxo 6'hiifihLe TEKb OesoOpasHH. 

— A 6oraxHe! y hhxi> xojibKO Bce maxo-KpHTO. 

— Bh AyMaexe? 
MapKHHH aacH'bHJiCH: 

— PaacKaMCHxe HM'b Moe nponuioe, — ohh Ha30ByTi> u^bsk 

TeiiHHM'b, nOAOapHXeJIbHHM'b neJIOB'bKOM'b H CKa«yTl>, HTO s. 

JiOBJiK) pnfiy Bi* MyxHofl boa*— 
CnjibBecxpo yjiHOnyjiCH. 

— IIoaxoMy a h ;KHBy oahhi>. 

J^b^BOJiHHa CHA'bJia y oKna. MapicHHH, saiclbTHB'b ee, Hcny- 
raHHo npomenxaji'b: 

— Ona cjiHraajia? 

— PasBt oHa He anaerb? — cnpocHJi'b CHJibBecrrpo. 

— 0, efl H 6h HHKorAa ne Morb 6h cKaaaxb... 

H Ha ero Jinq-b onaxb no^BHJiocb cRop6Hoe BHpa^eme, sa- 
MtneHHoe CnJibBecxpo panbrne bt* xpaKTHpt. 

— KoxopHfi ^acb? — THXo cnpocHJia J^bHBOJiHHa. 

— IIoBAHo. Ee nopa y»ce pasfiyAHXb. 

— H'bxT>, R'hThl fl ee nonecy na pyKaxii... ceft^acB « ©• 
•A*Hy. 

— HoflAeM'b, nocMOTpHMT> Ha HamHX'b cnyxHHKOT'b, — np#w»- 

XHJI'b MapRHHH. 

— Ohh, B'bpoHXHo, ycnyjiH. Hxo-ro ne cjiHxaxb HX'b. 

Ohh BonuiH B-b xpanxEp-b. Hhrofo ho 6hjio, KpoM* MOJiOAoro 
pa6oqaro h FapAaApHTXH. JljinHHan Hora ynejia cl co6oi» 
^tBy; pa6oHifl h FapAaApHTxa yxtmajiH Apyn> Apyra. 

— He cxtcHaflxecb, — cKaaaji'b, cidfj^cb, CnjibBecxpo. 



OHJILBIOTPO BOH^^H. 217 

— 9to— Moa acesHX's, — Top»cecTBeHHo saaBHJia Mapia. 

— UosjipdLBJism BacB,— cKasaJii) MapnuHH. 

Ohh 611JIH nbHHu H CHA'bJiH, oOHHsniHCb. CHJibBecTpo oOpa- 

IHJICH Kl> MapRHHH. 

— Jlioi^ii) npHfleica na ho^b KyAa Rii6yjib yBecTH. 

— KoHe^HO. Ofia CyACT'b HOHeBaTi> y JIhsh. 

— y /IjbflBOJIHHH? 

— J^a. Ona corjiaoHTCH. 

— Ona «HBerb oOTa? 

— Ob MaxepbH). O^eHb AoOpaa crapyniKa. 
J^b^BOjiHHa cnycTHJiacb bbhsii cb Jlsoi^jeio na pyRazi). 

— H nofiAy Bnepefl'b. 

MapRHHH RpHKHyji'b ^KeHHxy H HeB'bcrb: 

— [loAHHMatlTecb! Mh onodAaeMi» na no'baA'b. 

— Hfly, — OTB'feTHJi'b pa6oHl», bshbii FapflaApHTTy noA'b pyKy. 
06ii^ecTBo ABHHyjiocb bi* nyrb bt^ H'bcROJibKO HHoicb no- 

fajjjsrb, ^'bwb HBHJiocb CK)Aa. 

Jlrorjia npoceyjiacb, Korna noia^'b yme Tponyjica. Ooa 
pacKpHJia Ha MHHyxy rjiasa h lOT^acb ohhtb sanpHJia hx'B. 
BHJia y^ee noiTH HOib. J[^bHBOJiHHa paaroBapHBajia cb MapRHHH. 
rap^aApHTTa h pafioqift ntjiH, a CHJibBecTpo cMOTptji'b vh 
oRomRO Ha MejibRaBmiH jiepeBbH h ^ynajTb o bcomI) nepe^KHTOMii 
3a BTOTb AeHb. Tenepb OH'b "HeiiHoro «ajrfejn>, hto npoHanecb 
CBOD p-b^b, HO ^KOJianie 6iiTb canoMy ce6ib rocnoAHHoifb OpaJio 

BepX'b... Offb XOrfejI'b 6HTb CHJIbHHM'b H 6pOCHTbCH Bf* fiHTBy 

CO BHaMeneM'b yrHexenHHX'b bI) pyR*. Meac^y hhmh — noRop- 
HHMH H HOB'b^ecTBeHHUMH — 0H*b HyBCTBOBaji'b ce6H ropoeicb, M 
ero HOTupe RJiacca rHMHaain on^ixb noJiy^ajiH BHa^eme. OH'b 
Me^raji'b yme o 6appHRaz(ax'b... BAOXHOBJieHHKiS noi:('&jiyeMi> 
flbHBOJiHHH, OHb BOAOTb HapoAi*... R'b Hofiiflt... Ona CyAerb 
OA^P^ftHa, B'b STOwb 6u3rb yB'bpeH'b Aa^e MapRHHH... Thchhh 
pyR'b nporarHBaioToa R'b neMy... Oht> ocBofioAHTejib... Ohi>, cHH'b 
Hapona... 

OH'b noHyBCTBOBajfb na ceO'fe THacecTb. 9to CHJia Jlroi^ia. 
Ona CMOTp'fejra na nero nbiiHHMH rjiaaaMH, CTpanno Buji'h- 
JT^iBniHMHCH na MajiOHbROM'b CTpaAajib^ecROM'b JiH^HR'b. Fap- 
xaApHTTa o^HHMajiacb co CBOHii'b meHHxoMT). CnjibBecTpo no- 
^yBCTBOBaJi'b acajiocTb; mohth ero norycRfffejiH, h B'b Hen* 
aaroBopHJia jiHOib npnpoAHaa AoCpoTa. HyacHo cnacTH 9Toro p«- 
<eHRa, cecTpa ero noryOarb. CeroAHnmHitt A^Hb ne npoAB*- 
HtaeTb HH^ero AoOparo. 

— Xo^emb ocxaTbca co mhod? — cnpocHjni CnjibBCCTpo. 

— J{sLy HaBcerAa. 

— A Cb /l^bHBOJIHHOfl? 

— ToJKe. 

— A Cb Mapiefl? 

H 10. Or^tab I. 17 



258 P70CS0B BOrATOlBO. 

— Hirb. JlyHine cb to6oio. 

— a Cyay npHXOAHTb Ka«AHa Aenb. 

— Xopomo. 

— Th CyAenib saHHMaTbCH, pa6oTaTb... 

— Aa. 

— Tli mohh jiroCHinb? 

OHa oxBaTHJia cbohmh xyAeHbRHMH py^icaMH ero mei), npH- 
TflHyjia Ki> ce6'b h KptoRo noq'bjioBajia. Otb fleii naxno euie 

BHH0M1>. 

MapKHHH nonpocHji'B /l^bABOjiHHy BSiiTb A'i^BOHKy Ri> ce(Hk. 

— fl 6epy pacxoAH na ce6H, — npHOaBHjTb CnjibBecTpo. 

— no^cMy 3Ke? Mm Bci... 

— Htrb y^'B, HSBHHHTe! Ona — Moa, h a caiiB xony eft 
noMoraTb. 

MapKHHH He BOBpamajTb. JIioqlA nojiomnjia rojioBy na pyui 
CnjibBecTpo H saceyjia. Oht* saGoTJiHBO hojio^chjui en ro- 
jiOBKy KB 066*6 Ha rpyAb, 6oACb, htoGu tojiirh no'bBAa h« 
padOyAHjiH ea. Bb ero ne^TaxB ara MajieHbRaa CB'bTJiaa rojioBRa 
npeo6pa«ajiacb... 9ro Kjiapa oTAuxajia y Hero na rpy^H. Er# 
Knapa — onarbAHTH... h ona He pascTaHercH cb hhmb... 

Ohm comjiH cb aotB^a. Jlnsa noAooiJia rb FapAaApHTrt: 

— fl BOBbMy JIioi^iK) KB cefi*, — cRaaajia ona. 

MapiH He ocM-kJiHJiacb npoxecTOBaTb h TojibRo cnpocHJia: 

— A saBTpa? 

— SaBTpa nocMoxpHMB. 

CHjibBecipo nosBajTB HSBoa^HRa h ycaAHjTB vh Rapeiy JIhbj 
H peOeHKa. 

— Addio, CflJibBecTpo! 

— Ho saBTpa. 

— Addio. 

MajieHBKaH pyiRa Bucynyjiacb hbb ORomKa, na noAo6ie 
py^KH Kjiapu, TOJibRo ueHbme h 6e8B RojieuB^ 8to Tponyjitt 
GaJibBecTpo. Ohb npocTHJica n nomejiB pnAOMB cb MapKHHH. 
MapLH ocBo6oAHjjacb h3b oCBAila paOo'iaro h noAonuoLa rb roh- 
Tpojiepy. Ona HCMHoro npoTpesBHJiacb. 

— IIpocTH Menn! — CKaaajia ona. 

— JIaAHO, — OTBtTHJIB, CM-feaCb, CHJIbBeCTpO. 

— Ohb oCtmaJiB aceHHibca na MHt. 

— DpeKpacHo. 

— Tu He CepABTHIbCH? 

— HHCROJIbKO. 

— Mu ociaeMCfl ApysbHMH? 

— KoHe^Ho. 

— Ilpomaft. CnacHOo sa nporyjiRy. 

CHJibBecxpo yfiHA^JiB, rhrb paCo^K BomejiB bb aoits 
Bicbcrb Cb Mapiefit. 



ABX OSOPBH I OT£IAA. 35f 

/ 

— Bee pasHo, — noAyMajii» ohi».— JIdi^Ih te^wb Oojibine He 
4jff,eTb. 

{OKOHHanie cAtbdt^efm). 



it 



J(hh cKopCn H CTHAa!.. CHCHMaiorb ropjio cjiesu, — 
MH'b CTUAHO 3a Te6^, B03JiK)6jieHHuft Hapo;i'B! 
TsiKb cKopo oTi^B'bjiH Me^aHJtt iipKHxi) poau, 
TaKi) OHi> A&JieKii onaiB, cnacHTejihHuM hcxoa'b! 
H (rb CojibK) BHmy a, ^to HaAii TBoeft flymoD 
Eme npocxepia hohb, BHTaiorb sjiue chh, 

H TH He BKmmb nXX, — ^yKpHTMX'b TCMHOTOID, — 
BceCHJIbHUX'L XHIUHHROB'B pOJlHMOfl CTOpOHu! 

Ha HEXT* nojiBBJicsi'6'b TH Mory^el! CypeK Mm;eHM[, 
Hsi* HcaJiRaro pa6a 6ot!i;oM'i> CBo6oAHUin> CTajii>... 
Ho TH Ha cjiaCaro Hanajii* 6e3i> co»aJi'bHBH, 
Th y nec^acTHaro MJiaAeHi^eBi> pacTepaaJii! 
IIoBopa, cKopCn ahh... 

n. ii 



If* 



H3T> KpeeTLflHCKHxt HacTpoeHift- 



I. 

MockobckU evh3jsj». 

— Tor^a JiBHjicfl aeMcsifi Ha^ajiBHHKi, co6pajrL ^epejK) «oxflM, 
MicTHUXi 6oraqefl h CTapmHHj. Ilocjiajui AOHOffleme, sj^a cjit- 
fj&n. IIoTOMi cosBajn cejbCKifi cxoai, iobophte npflMo: .Ecjik 
oonaAyxoA Bam 6paTi>A KpaMapeHSH, H36efiTe hxi!" — Tjvh saniy- 
m^jib: ^Sa ?to?^ — ^Uiui^i! Mojiqaxb, He pasroBapHBaii*!..'' 

MesAJ r&MX, no OKpyrt nofflejii cjyxx, ciajH ki hami ab- 
JUITBCJr JUOAH H8l pasHBixi Bojiocxefi. — ^UpoooTB Baoi aoKopHO 
opilxaTB npHroBopi nHcaii*!^ — H eesAt nociaHOBJiflJiH to ze o 
seMJit H co6paHifl aapoAHuxi npeACTaBHiejiefi''... 
i CilsAi saotAaeii noAi MookboS bi cejiBCKofl MioTHocxv. 
yqacTBjKxrB 6oai>nie cxa A^JieraxoBi hsi ABaA^aTH dbth pyccEHxi 
ry6epHifi. BojiLmafl ^acTB BejHKopoociiry eci^ 6tjiopyccu h iiaio- 
pyccu. EHopoAAeBi nirE he oahopo. £ctl Hic&ojiLKO raseTHUXx 
soppeonoBA6HTOBi, oespeTapefl h np. 

MtoTOMi co6paHifl ojijwkrh 6oji&mofi CTapufi capaS, yKpoiiHO 
pacnojioseHHufi bi ciopoai on Aoporn. He CMOTpfl na nojuopaoia 
npacyTCTByDmexi, b% capat nojiHaa THmHHa. ny6jiHKa cjiymaen 
AOKJiaAi ci HanpaseHHUMi BHHMaHieHX. Meorie BOTaaH ci Mtcia 
H noAomjiH El caMOMy ciojiy. Apyrie chaati hb HMnpoBBSHpoBaH- 
mui GsaMBBXi Hsi Aocosx, nojiosenauxi fla qyp6aHii h Koe-xaEi 

OPh6hTIIXI FBOBAiiMH. OrpOMHOe 60JILniHHCTB0 Bl BBICOKHXl CBUO- 

raxiy noAA^BKaxii h KOcoBopoTsaxi. Y mhophxi OAesAa coBciu 
ctapaa, Bi saajiaTEaxi. PyEH y sctxi o6pociiH noaoaflMH h xBepAU, 
KaKi sejiiao. II],eEH o6BiTpeH£i h men oosKseHU otb pa6oTiii no as 

COJIHI^eMl H OTEpUTUMl He6oil'E. MiCTaMH BCTpi^^aDTCJI CJiaBHBIff MO- 

jiOAUfl iiHua, OTspuTue bsohau, HaaoMHHa]oui.ie yqan^yiocii mojio- 
AesB. Ho y 6ojiLmHHGTBa mHposifl 6opoAiJ» ^acio noAepayiiiiA opo- 
otA^K), rjiasa y hhxi oypoBue h jio6'e bi MopmHBaxi. Bc6 jtoj^aii 
H cjyfflaDrB, sasi bi i^epEBH. H, ne CMorpfl Ha y6oryK) o6cTaHOBEy^ 

C06paHie JlfiLUlETL SaSOfl-TO OC06o3 TOpseCTBeHHOCILD, H BRCOEaa 



n» BPBGTBAHCKim HAGTPOSHlft. 26 1 

KfWMm oapaff, npoptsaHHaH B-b pasHuxx HanpaBJieHiffxi TOHsniH 
«i!po!ivjraMH, noxosa na oorpufl sjnojrs roTH^eosaro xpaira. 

— Tor^a npitxajti HenpeHiHHuS ^JieHi, — npojuojisaerb opa- 
Topi, — co6pajri Bufiopnuxi oti Bctxi i^ecATH BOJOCTefi Ha Hamet 
oejTBOKofi Djron^aAE „n3Ui ycoBepmeHCTsoBaHiH npHroBopoBi". — ^IIh- 
mHTe, — roBopHTE, — tojibko MtcTHuxi Hys;][axx, HanpvMipi, o 
npHptsRi Burona. He BCTynaflTecb bi BucoEia ^jia!..'' 

— He Ha^o!.. — HepHofiopoAufi MyiSHKx^ cTOffn^ifl bi nepe^HeicE 
psjijf BeoiBHffaHHO BnWHsaeTCff bi pi?B opaiopa. 7 nero rojiaxr 
rpyxB, orpoMHaff iioxsaTaff rojiOBa. PyKaea y Hero aacy^eHu, sasi 
6yxT0 6u oHi npBroTOBHJiGff r^ RaBofi-TO cntmHofi pa6oT%. H. 
riajijr na nero, jr BCDOMEHas) RpujiaToe cjiobo ojiHoro Moero 8Ha- 
ROHaa H8X caparoBCRHXi RpecTLSHi: ^Ry^^iaTue aaBopomnjiHOB...' 

— MicTHUH sysAU 6fiiJio npes;i;e o6oys^aTL, — sanBJiHerE qepHO- 
6opoAHfi. — TenepB ne BpeMH. HaHi, 6£itl MOseTi, 6ojiLH£e, iro 
Hame oieiecTBO rH6HeTi, 7%mi hmi... nponaAaerb oho h ^OMa, h 
Ha nojii... ^SAHTB Ha naci, ffymarb, ofiAHpaiOTX, RaKi 6isKj, hgtbsjjotl 

HeBHHHUX'L JIlDItefl!.. 

PojiOGx y ?epHo6opoffaro sanaiBTOBufi, ci Ha^puBOMi, rJiasa 
ropm Mpa^HBiHi orneMi. T^t s. BHfftJii 8Ty sjiOBtiiiyio $h- 
rypy? H Bnpyn. iih% BcnoifHHaeTCii napnaccEifi CajiOHi, bonhmo^ 
HO JoTHo HOJio^oro xy^osHHRa Jla^opTa: TOJina haoti bi jioxmotbhx!b 
H mepcTHHBixi ROJinaRaxi, 6ocHRoifi hjih b% ffepeBHHHUx'B JianrflX'B. 
T Bctxi ROjiBH, ROG£r, aBejitsHUJ! najiRH. Baepe;][H orpoMHan ?epH0- 
6opo;^afl $Hrypa c% sejitsHuiffH BHJiaMH bi pyRaxi. H na be- 
jrax^B 6oj[TaeTGH RaRofl-TO ysaoHufi, 6e8$opMeHHiiifl, RpoBaBHfl 
jrocRyTT... 

— JteaOTaTB hhti. npHroBopoB-E, — npoa;ojrKaeT% fliORjranqHRi h 
noxHHiiaerE go cTOjia na^Ry Gtpuxi j^oRyMeHTOBt. — Crojibro tu- 
GH?i noAHHGefl, a GRpinjieHBi ne^aTHUH. Jlmjsji npHxoAHJiH GjTHniRon 
ea 60 BepcTi. A to no6ftry'rL gi rogobhiih, no joport ptRa. 06- 
xoxHTB rpe6jiK) Aa^^eRO h neRorj^a. Bote ohh GRHnyri o^^es^y h ne- 
peniHByn na namy GTopony. B% nem, iraTB poAHjra, npHxoAHn 

nOffnHGUBaTLGH... 

— H3i j^pyrHxi BOJiooTefi Haci 8Bajr7, na uu Gtoffa yixajiH. 
n XAse Ha BORsajTi hbhi Tpn no;^nHGRH npHHeojTH on hobuxi 
o6n^eGTBi: „7to ^jih RpeGTLHHCRaro godbb bu n^iaTB 6yneTe, uu 
sapaHie oorjraCHu h bo Bceaii tomi onopnTB h hporogjiobhtb ne 
fiyieM-B". 

— Bi Hameft ryfiepHin to ae oanoe, — roBopHTi ffpyroft ;^e- 
jrerarB. — 78HajiH npo yRa8i h8x raserB h oti so6pHxi JIK)J^efl, go- 
6paiHGB o6GyARTB npoTHBi 8Toro. CTapmHHa sanpeTHJH h ypH^HHR'B 
noTOvy-si. Tyrh bc<& BCTpeneHyjrHCB. Eoqeaiy GRpuBaioTBy hjth, ho- 
JBOTi, ji8UR0iff'B npH6ajiTUBaK)rB?.. BoTi 6yAyrB Hapo^BHe B£i6op- 
Hue. Ha^o cb^xbtbge Ham b% cbjA XoMyTaxi. Cefi^aGB GTapmHHa 
nocjiaii K% 8etfOROMy Hapo^naro. 78HajiH npo namx BHTepeoi. Hpi- 



262 P700K0B BOrATOTBO. 

ixui K% Ham hi ^eiupe ?aoa jTpa, sacTai'B naoi ciuiii^iix%, ■a- 
ixajTB, Roae^HO, vh dzonouuo^ ei 6apEHy. 

— UssnercB bi> BOoeMb ^acoei, HanBTaBmHOB dEOHOMH^ecuMi' 
AyxoiTB, a MOseTi h inaicnaHCBHm... 

ny6j[Hsa OMteroB. — HaBiciHO, CTaRaHHBSH ohh, — npo/^OJisaen 
opaTopi, — ?ysoe bbho OTaKanaMH nhioTh^ on bojuocthofo cyj^BHXO 
caiiaro aeiiCKaro... 

— BeJiijii Ham aeMcsiS oo6paTbCH vl EiaccB, — npoj^ojisaerB 
opao'opi, — Bi BOMCEyK) y^HjiHiiiy. Mu bcxoahmi bi EJiaccb h pi- 
mfljrH: nojtHi^iK) ne nycEaiB. TaKHxi CMijiBixi joojifit nooiaBHiH y 
IBepeS, He nycEaiB h tojileo. CTpasHHEH He yxowTi. 

— Iloqeicy ne nyoEaeie naoi? — IIoToicy, mei ne apeciaHTH w 
He HHOHi^u, ?ero bbmi naj^o na naineici^ oxo^t?.. MoserB, nam 
paAOOTH npHBeai na^ajiBHHEi^, jiacEOBufi iiaHH^ecn. 

— TyTi npHXOAHrE seHCEifi. — „noEopH6flme npomy Ban He 
BOJiHOBaTBCA^. — A 9T0 HpaBj^a, qio ecTL i^apcEifl yEaai on 18 $e- 
Bpajia? Ilo^eny bu CEpuBajiH Herupe vicjma?.. 

— ^IlHcapH oBoero cnpocHxe, no^eiiy oh'b ne o6iHCHHjrB**.-'8fl, 
HHcapH CK)Aa.— A nHoapB yStssajii co oxoji;a... A aevcEiS epe^hte: 
.HeBOJiHOBaTBcat.. BcnoMHHTe coclA^fl BamHxi, cejio maxoBO. Tpx 
ro^a TOMy Hasaji;^ npninjia na hhxi bohhoebh cHJia, paafiHJia, Hsy* 
BiHHJia. H Ban to se fiy^erB. ?iMi CMyTy aaBOjpiB, xenepB Ta- 
soe BpeMH, na^o aa OTe^ecieo otohtb!..'' 

— S. Bnepe^H ctohjii^ h oiBi^ax) ei neicy: — il corjiacenrB 
CTOHTB, ho ecjiH H Ha^y, HOTom MOH ^th HotAyrL no6HpaTBeH. 
7 Baci^ oo6aEi MHoro, a specTBHHam hoabtb ne^ero... 

— TyTB OHi paaoepqajix: „OTBecTH ero ei ABepnm^. — & ore- 
mejuh man JCh ^^Bepam, na voe m^oto BCTynHjn ffpyrot lOBapHn^^ 
Mosen roBopHTB ern^ xjien^i^e mohh. Tbeb y naoi^ 6ujio c^op* 

HHpOBBHO, nOEa OHl HfaMHaHGEHMl^ HBJIHBaiOH. 

— A aeiccEifl ohhtb roBopHTi: „Bam Jiyqnie hojioshtbcc na 
HacB. 7 Mena octb ;^HffH, anaTHufl canoBHHE'B. Owh cocTaBHn ^s 

BBCl MHJIOCTHBBI& HpOOEn, ^T06£I HpHlfipHO HOpeceJIHTB BaOl HE 

EaaeHHUfl aeiijiHy on ooTBopeniH iiipa HHEim ne naxaHHiia. Tbm^ 
OTpoesoro Jiioj MHoro. M jcaace BajEesHHEi no bocbhh caseHi**. 

— A Mofi TOBapHH^ roBopHn: — He xothto jih bei cbmh, roonoxa 
WopHHe, 8Ton Ba^esHHsi Eop^eBaiB? Y naci r tbei ensHN 
Tpeoianl 

HoBufi opaTopi 6ucTpo BCRaRHBaerb na oRaHLD. Ohi TOHXift 
H ajiofl, Vh pi^H BOJinyeTca h ohjibho paaiiaxHBaerB pyRaiiH. 

— SeiicRifi HaqajELHHRi, rbri ^npefi, — RpH^Hrb ohi, — Ha6oxtx<^ 
orB Hero. Toxbro aotshhch, peBMH peBem... Mh j^oshxh ao ROBii[a. 
AaxBme asHiB Henim. Y Bcero Hapo^a aeicexLHaH 6oxi8HB. Beaj^ft 
oiiyTa aprapnan. — Ouh npOHSHOOHTB aptapnaHy a ne azpapnan, — He 
opeag^e acero CBo6oAa, Bceo6n(ifl h paBHufi nparoBopi^, aasoHOxa- 
TexBHufi paa6opi... 



H81 EPflOTBflHGKHXl HACTPOlHlfl. 263 

OjfMVb opaiopi OMftHJien jffjvovo. Bci ohh pasoKasiiBaDn 

HByiCHTeJIBHHil BemH. 

— 7 HaOl A^OiSTTb npiirOBOpOBl, — rOBOpHTl 0AHH%^ — B006MB 

■oojiajiH KL KOMHTerL MHHHOTpoBi, a jifiSk sa^^epsaHu... 

— Bi HameMi ylsAi 6bijio ootipanie, mecTbffecflTi ynojiHOMO- 
veHHuxi^. nojiHi^iii nepenHoajia, ho specTLflHe onasajracb pasot- 
ncB... 

— 7 Haoi vh KpysKi j^Ba^qaTb ^a ^eioBiica, mosho 6u ^Bi- 
OTH, HO 8T0 Hosa. Toso Bu6Hpa6M% He spa. Jlpyrie 6uBBxm 601- 
TyHH... Ho eojiH yro^Ho, sa HaicH hatbcoti npHOxaHyn... 

— 7 Had Bi OffHHHa^tqaTH yisAaxi opraHHsaipH, rojiBBue 
KpeoTuiHe. TojiLso xenepB OTajiH HHTejunreHi^iK) npHBJieKaTB, a& ona 
■ffOTi Tyro... 

— 7 Haci 6ujio co6paHie b% Herupecra ^ejiOBiKi hbo 
Boixi ceJThf p4^inHJiH: nepe^aTB bcd seicjUD bi pysH napoj^a. 

— 7 Haoi 6uio oxojsfiEinfi b% iuitb tuch^i qejEOBtsi, vh ro- 
poA%, y seiiCEaro j^oiiy. IIpo^HTaJiR neTHixis), corjiacHJiHCB, Bi]6paiH 
ynojiHOMO^eHHaro. A ohi lenepB bi XapBKOBOKot TX>pBMi Kaaen- 

HHXl 6jI0XlS0pMHrB... 

He MOHie nopasHrejiBHEui BemH ohh pasoKasuBaDn xaxe- 

piaXBHOITB COOTOHHiH AepeBHH. 

— Heyposafi y naoi^. JIpoBue na TpaBy orochjeh. Eonet Kop- 

HHTB He^Ml, OaMBHl TOJIO^l. JI^ilH MpyH, HapOffl nyXHeTB, MH- 
XOCTUHK) HeKOMy HOAaBaXB... 

— 7 HacB Apyrofl foa'b no^aTH ne njiaTHTB. npo6oBajiH xyAofiy 
vpo^aBaTB, HHKTO HOKyaaTB He cMien. Eohtch KyjiaKH. TenepB 
HesaTB nepecrajiH. 

— Ay HacB Ha6epyn HeAOHMiqHROBi wh xojioAHy, a ohh He 

BXOAHTB BOi. JleOHTCEifl H UOttjlfiTh K% OTapmHHt, TSO HO XBaTaOTB 

Micia Hxi caAHTB... — ^HysHO jih etb oa^HTB! nycTB nooroHTi, He 
BexHRH 6apu!'' — Ci t%mi h Ha6BK)TB Hxi B% xojiOAHy, Kasi oryp- 
^oBi Vh KaARy) H ABopn saMKnyrB. CToftTe Tavi! 

CpeffH A^JieraTOBi ecTB jsjBoe yBi^niixi. 7 o^Horo OTptsaHU no 

JIOKOTB O&k pyEH, OHl HOTepHJIl HXl Ha $a6pHKi, HOA'B MaXOBUlll 

ROxecoMi. 7 Apyroro napajH^HBiH Horn, h ohi Eoe-RaEi^ HOJisaen 
HO BOMjit npH HOMOHiH ffByxi socTHJieS. Ohh npHCJiaHH GDAa^ Bi- 
poHTHO, EaKB Hecnooo6Hiie ei to8 OTpi^i^HoS seHJieA^JiBHecsot pa- 
6oi4, EOTopaH TenepB ehhhti bo Botxi Bonqaxi Pycn. Bupo^en, 

H SaMi^aJTB, ^TO yBt^HUe ^aCXO CTaHOBHTCH AepeBeHOSHHH HHTeX- 

XHTOHTaHH. Pa6oTocnooo6HocTB, HOEHHyBi pyEH, yxoAHTi^ Bi ro- 
xoBy, H $H8H9ecEifl Tpy^i aaiitHfleTCfl HTenieHi^ h pasMBnnxenieM'B. 
HoBTopjieToa orapan HCTopia HrnaTifl Jloftoxu h Thxo Ao-5pare. 

EespyEifi A^xerarB bbixoahtb Bnepe^i. On% ne mosoti A^jiaxB 
secTOBi. Ebttb MOserB, nodTOny pftqB ero nuien MejpieumAA h 
TopsecTBeHHiit xapaETepi. 

— HiiiK) ^eoTB npiBiTOTBOBaTB nepBoe aofipanie speoTBHH- 



204 P700S0B BOFATOIBO. 

ttoxi J^euJt9aovL f^ Bejuocaro x^a seiua pyccsot. H 
Hepe^aTb co6paHiD on hm6hh nocjuuBmEXi mohji ToaapHii^efi ofinpA 
■OA^eMi, 8HepriK) h cuy ABHseaia, KOTopoe oxaamjo Hamy x^- 
porjK) cTpaaj. HaTasaa rHeia, Kaai Tjraa CTpyaa, Bon-Bors 
ofiopeerca. Ohh npocHJU Jieaa nepeAa7i> Ban xy atpy, Ty Haj(e- 
sxy, H «o5fii He safiuBai^ Haai RpecTBJiHaMi, hto Baci 120 lou- 
juoHOBi, H Jierso mbi Moxeai otii1hhti» Bce aioe hbai HaMH... 

— GpaBHHBaa pasHHiiy rasen ^Guhi OreneoTBa' h ,pJ(eH]>'', npo- 
6HJEH nepeAait totl njiesoBi, soioparo aoctoIhu 8th caMOsaaHEMe 
aycToxBajiBi. Kaaoe npaso HMiDTL Kypcsie Ka6aT9HKH bjh pasHiie 
AM&iiH KapjiBi roBopBTb orb specTBaECKaro HMeEH? H npocHJU iieHJi 
nepewTB nopEi^iHie HepBUM'b coxBEBaMi h xyiEraHaiii, ho Biipa- 
BHTb nojUHEBoe j^OBlpie HHTejiErefliUE, samEMi ectehhumi pM^- 
Tejraifi. Ecjih Hani coeABEBTLca ci EamEMH yH6HUMH OpaTLaiui 
an EHTejJiHreBTOBXy to e^Ba jte HaflAOTca cEja, aoTopaa npe/iib 
HaMH H6 ycTyaHTE. 

n76iHKapyKonjiemeTE. — Ypa! — OTpeMHrejibHO BOCKJiHi^aeirL ^ep- 
Ho6opo;i(ufi. — Tenepa Bce noEajEH. GTyAeHiu, rojioBu kjibae sa eexi, 
6oj[i>nie HEvero!.. 

Sl He oacEAaxi on arofi ^epnofl ^Hrypsr lasoro ascnaHCHBHaro 
ffOBtpia Ki ^yqenun 6paTLaMi^. Ho a BcnoMHHaio sai cbohxi 
BOJiscRHxi Ba6jiiDAeHift, tto TepMHHi: ^CTyAOHTi'' TepaeTi CBot 
y^e6Bufi xapaBxepi h npeapaii^aeTca wh nojiHTH^ecsyK) KaTeropii). 
SHTOJiaxi aijaro paffa cejienifl rosoparE, tto ohh ^noBepcTa- 
xscB Wh ^^jifiwra*", 

Meag^y npo^EMi, sa HeBoaon sacTasofi OTapasE roBopan to se 
MMOe coaBaxexLHofi pa6o^eft iioxoAesEE. 

Bi cexi HsaHOBsi Biopofi, BaxamoBcsaro yta^a, bi moomi npa- 
eyTGTBiE 6oxBmofl cexbcaifi xopi, qexoBiKi> oaoxo BOCBMHAecaTH, 
o6oero noxa, noAi ynpaBxeflieax pereHTa h ci aESOMaaHHMeHTon 
cspanoKi, TopsecTBeHflo pacn^Bax'b Haai^cTHyK) cTyAeH^ecfiyx) nicHi): 
„Taaiy r^t thhhbiS Byxaai co KaaanKofi ptaoS"... KorAa TOHBie 
seHcaie roxoca cxaxa ci aaffopoM'b h OAynxeBxeHieMi buboaetb npa- 
ntsi: ^BepenyMi, Bepevyvi, a cxyAeHTi!**, MHt npEmxocb apsa- 
HaTBy ^TO xo^aqee onpeAtxeaie, coe;i;HHax)mee KpecTBaHcayK) moxo- 
Aesb CO CTyAeHTaiiH, HMierb aa co6ofl HiKOTopua ocHOBasia. Oh 
ApyroS cxopoHu, icory coo6ii(flTB cxtAyion^ifl^ coBepmeHHo AOOToaip- 
flufi ^aarL. Hai cexeaia n., pacnoxoseHHaro wh rxyxofi wcth 
IleTpoBCEaro yia^a, npitxaxo wh xoproBoe cexo JI. bhtb HexoBiai 
EcaaTb, zd% aanucueaiomcH 6^ cmydeni^u. — ^Taaie, rOBOpaTi, CTy- 
]ffiEVi,hif KOTopue 6yBTyK)Tca, a npE tomi A^HBrE aa apeB^y boxhti 
yfiaBXHTB"... 

Kocxi 6e3pyEaro Bumexi nosflxofi KpecTBaflEHi, oA^xBift at- 
CKOXBKo xynme o6n(aro ypoBaa, no npo^eccia caAOBOA*^ h hxot- 
HHBx, h npoHBHeci npeKpacByx), TB^axexBHO ofiffyHaEEji) pt^B. 

— Ectb npoeaPB, — cxaaaxi obi, — ^to6u a^tb npasa 6ora^am 



HBl SPBGTBflHOEHX'L HAOTPOEaift. 265 

« HapoAT HH^ero. BoflxecL axoro. Ecjih TenepL njioxo, Torj^a 67- 
A6T1 cTOEparb xyse. IIoTOMy ^hhobhhbi He laisi j^epsHTCAt sa cBoe, 
JUKI 6ora9i h Bci ero AOMO^ajQ^i^u. Aase, kochhcb j^jio ao seiuiH, 
etTL HBi KpecTBAHi, EOTopue iipHBynHJiH y^acTKH, OHH roBopATE: y 
laci eoTB 86iftJifl, a ao APjrHXi HaMi A^Jia HirE. H, HaapHMtpi, vb 
Hec^acTHofi AerJiiH GBo6oAa TaKaji, soiopofi en^e tojilko na^H- 
■aeMi Me^TaiB, a seicjUD npos'bBajiH, lenepB h oropoAOB'L h^tl. 
EojiH H Mu nposiBaeMi Tenepb, to Ha ipHCTa n^rh, ^a h HEKorffa 
He HonpaBHMi. Eorxa Ha^HyTca Bu6opu^ to HaMi 6yAen jiobko Ha 
MpeABu6opHiiX'B coBtn^anijixi saflBHTE cbok) bojoo, ^to mu ao6h- 
laeMCA Bceo6n^aro, a^^a Bctxi paBHaro iipaBa. Koho^ho, y Ti^xi, Kie 
Ha^i HaMH, eoTL TaKaa AyMsa, hto6i c^iJiaTB Bii6opu thxo aa rn- 
AeHLKo, 6e8i JiHHiHfiro pasroBopa, KaEi y IQeB^eHKH cEasano: „Ha 
BCHxi HdiiEaxi BCH MOBqarE, 60 6jiaroAeHCTBy]orE''... A TOJibEO mh^ 
BeaoMHHaeTCA xoxjiaqEan npHCEasEa, EaE!b ^ejioBiKi chajix go CTOJiSa 
BepeBo^sy, a na sepeBOiS'^ 6ujie npHBHsaHBi bojibi, a sa BOJiaHH 
6iixa noB03Ea. HejiBSH npoian^HTL sepeBEy, ttoGbi BicicTt He npomjiH 
I BOJi£i H B08X. A 6e8i BOJEOBi o^Ha BopeBEa He CTOHTB HH^ero. 

— TaEi J ate c6hj[ocb y Haci wh ^epHBroBCEofl ry6epHiH. Fyfiep- 
HaTopi aparjiacHJix Bu6HpaTb A^ayTaTOBi bi EOMMHcciio no EpecTBAH- 
•Eoiiy HOJioseniK), r^t sacixBiorb CTHHiHHCsifl h IIJieBe. TaEie Apy8^E»H 

SpeCTBHHCSie, ?T0 0A06pflK)Tl EpeCTBHHCEyiO 060C06jieHH0CTL Vh 6e8- 

npasiH H 6e83eMejikt. Oti EasAofi bojiocth B£i6pajiH no ABoe ynoji- 
HOMO^eHHuxi. A AecHTEa ABa yaojiHOMO^eHHuxi otb EasAftro ytoAa 
BLifipaJiH no TpH A^iiyTaTa, Bcero 45 AonyraTOBi otb 15 yi^sAosi. 
Oahofo ryCepnaTop'b He xot^ji'b noBBaiB, oahofo apecTOBajii, a en^e 
MecTB no HaaHa^enii). A EorAa ryfiepnaTopi oTajHi hmi roBopHTB 
• •lapux'L cocjioBHux'b npasaxi, ohh h cjiymaTB ne BaxoTiJLH. 

— «9th saEOHu, roBopHTi, ByaEHo a&bho bi apxHBy CAaTB. A 
eejra bu OAo6pfleTe naniH ota^jibhuji npana, to bobbmhto hxi ce66, 
a Hani Aafixe o6n]JH, mh Botxi paBHUfl!" — A noTOMi nanncajiH 

HQTRUJJOy HT06'B AATB SeHJUO BCtli'B HapOAaMl, JtTO 6u HH 6hLJl%, 

espeHMiy noaHBam h Apyrn^'B, kto xo^erE. H o6ntee oGpasoBanie 
Ha rocyAapcTBeHHuS c^eTi, EaE'E oCmjJO hobhhhootb. H bbeoho^ 
AaTejiEHoe codpanie. IIoAajiH ryfiepnaTopy, a owl ^HTaTB He CTaji, 
a CTaji'E roBopsTB nanpoTHBi. TyTi oaiiuS cTapufi cEasaJii: „Mu 
He A^^ aTHxi ptqefi npitsacajiH, naMi 8th pi^H a^bho HaAoian. 
IIofiA^MTe^ jiHineHB, OTcioAa"'!.. jQ[,a TaE'E Bci h ynuiH, tojibeo mecTB 
Haana^eHHHxi ocTajiHCB... 

HacTpoenle co6paHlH pacTerE. Co Bcixi CToponi Tpe6yDrE 
•JOBa, jiepe6HBaK)Ti> APjr^ Apyra, roBopHTE no ABoe. UpeAciAATexL 

BCe BpeHH 3B0HHrE Bl EOIOEOJE^HKl, HO CI TpyAOMl UOAA^piEH- 

BaeTi neooxoAHMBifi nopHAOEi. 

— Kto pa6oTaerEy Aoaseni nosHnaTB uxoah. Kto h^ti, liycTB 
roxoAaeTi. A y naci HaoSopoTi, na pe8HH0Bux!E xnHnaxi, i8AHT& 
ta rpaHHi^y, TpyAom tuch^i pyE:E HaniHXi 6paTBeBi^... 



266 P70CS01 BOriiTOTBO. 

— TpjAHO npHXOABTCfl SHTB. Mu uasuH, npOOHlH, HO 6e9^ 

wca%nx% nocjrtffCTBifl. TenepB npHxoAHTCJi npHUTB Apyrui MipH... 

— Ha VTO Ham nepecejieHie? MysHKi JierHn bi nponacTB, 
Tasi cojiOMBHofi H6 aoAAepsHnib... 

— Ha^ajf&CTBa cjEmsoMi hhofo: seiicBie, jcflAHHRH, crpasHHSH, 
CTapniHHUi coTCKie, ne nepe^TeniB: nycTb oahh HapoAHue npexcra- 
BHTejiH pacaopHsaioTCfl! 

BcEasHBaerE Kasofi-To pacTpenaHHufl napeHB ooBCtMi nepBo6i]T- 
fiaro BHAa h aaHBJSHerL: 

— On Hona EpecTBHHaMi eni^e xyse, h^mi on soMOKaro. 
OTspiMacb qafiHan, crajn tdABib. EsaHrejiie Mimaen ^BTaTB: ,He 
Bamero yMa**! ycTpoBJH caeETasjib, npoHasejiH TeaTpx, cTaji ro- 
BopHTb: OTToro H AOB^B HB HffeTi, Hapji2BaeTecL B% xapH. ^CKasaHO, 
roBopHTi, OTAaBaftre RecapeBO Recapi)'', a caHi najEOSBii Ha ffft- 
BOKi Hajion», no nojiTHHHBKy Ch rojiOBbi. Kasofl se bi btomi secapB? 

3to saroBopHJiH napoAHUH HiApa, bhjiotl ao caMun sacrtHiH- 

BUX% B 6e8CJI0BeGHlIX'E. 

G% OTRpuTiH sacbAAHiH npomjio mecTB ^acoBi, a BucRasajioo^ 
He 6ojiie ^eTsepiH npHcyTCTBynnurxi. He CMOTps na neoB HHTepe<n 
HXi pascRasoBi, co6paHie HaqBHaerb oOHapysHBaTB Heiepni^Hie. — 
yBpeHH Aoporo, — pasAaioTCH rojioca, — naflo npHcrynHTb Ri npo- 
rpaMMt'' — „Bjji,eMi% aaciA^TB chjiobib, — npeAJiarawn cainie peTH- 
Bue,— 01 yTpa h ao yipa. Kto snaerB, yAaciCH-jiH eo^e pasi co- 
fipaxBCfl". 

HepBBie xpn nyHRTa nporpauMBi npoxoffHTB 6£iCTpo h effHHO- 
rxaoHO. Bo6 hobuh jih^huh npana, comb cbo6oa'B, ^eTBipe xBOCTa 
H8BicTHofi H36HpaTejiBHofl ^opiiyjiBi, saROHOAaTeJiBHoe co6paHie. Pa- 

BBHCTBO HSUROBl H Hai^iOHaJIBHOCTefi. Tt Se HavaJia H BI ]l60TH01l1b 

ynpaBJieHiH. HnRaRofl aAMBHHCTpai^iH, RpoMi Bu6opHo8 na cpoRB, 
B£i6opHiiie oy^BH, HOJTHAiH no HaaHaieHin otb icicTHofl BBi6opHot 
BJiacTH H npo^an h npo^an. JI|ase naparpa^i: 6e8i paaxH^in no- 
jiOBi — npoxoAHTB CB HOjiHBiH'B eAHHOAymieMi. Oahhi crapHRi MO- 
THBHpyeTi SBHCRoe paBHonpafiie opHrHHajiBHUMH apryMeHraiiH. — 
„Mii xoTHMi aenejiBHaro Ha^^Jia na seHCRyio Aymy. EoJiBme aioro 
npaea h^^tb. OciajiBHUH npasa bi npHJioseHin''... 

XoxjiB[ Tpe6yK)rB o6jiacTHoro canoynpaBJieHiH. „HaMi 6ojihti 
HaniE HysA^ no nojiooaici^, no o6jiacTHM'B". Bornne roBopHXB 06% 
o6jiiacTHXi HeROMy, h6o aa axoifi aaMi^aiejiBHOMi oiiaAi HiT% 
HHRoro, RpoMi pycGRHXiy Hsi HOjioBBHu ryfiepnift, ofiosHa^enHUX'B 
Bi noioseHin FocyAapcTBenHoB Jlyici. 

BonpocB HapoAHOMi o6pa80BaHiH npoxoAHTB Toxe rjiiupso. 
06n(ee, oSnaaxejiBHoe, 6e8nj[aTHoe, no pacniHpeHHofi nporpanirt, 
RopiiesRa A^Tefi b% mnojiaxx. OTMinBTB SaROHi Boisifi ooBcim, 
HJiH no sejuaflin poAHxejiefl. Jl^ase oTMtHBTB 75 h %. Co B&kTh cto- 
pofli cunJTOTCH Ao6aBO?HUH apeAXoaceHiH, OBHA^TeJiBCTByiDn^iH 

TOMl, ^TO HBAl dTHHl BOHpOCOMl MHOFO H TflXBTeXBHO AyiCaiOtfc. 



H81> KPBOTBilHCBHXl HACTPOflHifi. 2(57 

CBflaaTb Hiraniee o6pa80BaHie ci opej^HHrn, a ope^Hee oi bhc- 
mHHi. 06ji8aTejn>HiiS yqefiHufi BOspacTi ao 13 Jiin. nflTHJiiTHiS 
tpovh HHameS msojiu. — Eaxofi oi isasoJiiTKa paeoTHBBi, touko 
j6HBaTb ero! — Mpa^HO saaBJi^ren qepHoSopoffuft mjshei o% rojofi 
rpyj^iK) H TOT^aoi ase BupaaEaerB sejianie, ^To6fii rooyj^apcTBO njtk- 
BaJio OTHneHAiH Boi^m onoco6HU]i'b a^tami, asoJiaDmHirL npo^oJi- 
saxB o6pa80BaHie, aa^h ho npona^ajiH pyocsie Tajianra. 

Co6paHie BoeTasH iipoAOJisaer& npoffBjiflTL neTepniHie. — ^Jta- 
Baixe roBopHTb o seMJi'b^! — pasAaDToa roiooa. — H6o ^seMejiLHafl 
6oJit8HL^ GOciaBJiiierE iieHipajiBHyK) og& Boero dToro coBtmaHin. 

Bonpooi KasoHHofi seiiJii npoxoAHrE o^eHB 6uGTpo. — To Hama 
KasHa, — BasBUDTB ei pasHHX'B cTopoHi. — Ta seujifl a^a naoi^ a 
He Mfisi syai^OBi 6pai!B ee oi Topry. — ,H KocTpoMCKOfi ry6epHiH — 
BaflBJiflen oahhi A^jeraTi, — laBoro-To ytsAa, xaKoro to cejia. Y nacE 

SeMIH TOJIbKO no OABOfi AOCHTHHi. ^atipHKl Hftn, OAHO KpeCTBflH- 

OTBO, a BevjiHiDKa njEOxoHiiKaff. CeS ro^i cam BTopofl ne npsffeTi. 
KpyroMi paci seiiJifl jjs/kjihEhs. Mu bbahmi, npeBpaoHue jyra 
crflHBsioTi 6evh bcbboA bojibbu, jitoi coxHer&, a ecjiH noTpasa, to 
npHXOAHTB CTpijiOKi H 6epeT& ci Haci nojiHufl mxpa^'B. TaEHM'L 
xoBJificTBOMi BaHHMaTbOfl HOJiBur. Ha^o yAi^jiibHyK) BOMjiD npHoaooo- 

6HTb BpeCTbflHaMl''. 

— AparyHii! — pasAaeroa go ABopa npeAOCTeperanmiB ospBRi. 
7 Boporb H Ha nepeKpecTRi ctohti jidah ^na cTpeMi**. 9to ohh 
noAaDTi OBoS roJiooi. IIo OojilhioS Aoporft, oaseHHX'b b'b A^yx- 
OTaxi, MeAJieHHO npoissaerb aoKaApoHi Aparyni. Oh'l THBeroH, 
Bon SHaerb OTsy^a, ajhhhoA, ysKofi h npHMofi jenroft. IlepeAHiii 
lomaAH npH6j[BaEaioTCfl R-b 6oBOBofi AoposEi.'-CBepHerb, hih ne 
CBepserb? — Bci naaa HanpHaseHHO ojiiAHrb sa ABHsenieMi BcaA- 

HHROBl. 

— IlporyjiHBaioTCfl ohb! — Ba^oxi o6jer^eHiH BtipsajiGH Hai uo- 
jiyTopaGxa rpyAefl. AparyHH npoixajiH aoBopoTi. Majio no vajiy 
aoKaApoHi GHOJiai bbbbi, no osaTy mnpoRofl jiios6hhii, h GspuJiOH 
H8i BHAy. B'b rjiy6HBt Aoporn noRaaajicH BTopofi aosaApoHi, no- 
TOMi Tperifi. 06a npoixajiH mhmo. IIotomi oabhi BepnyjcH h xasse 
xoAxeHHO npoi^xajii naaaA'b. 

Benepi ctohti nyAHOft RpacoTu. Thxo, hcho. JlerEaa poca lo- 
SHTGfl Ha xpaBy h na iHCTbH mojkoabixi Repeal. Butb mosbti, ara 
spaooTa Hcsymaerb saBajopix) npoAOJsaTb obod nporyny. MicTO 
oo6paHiH Bii6paHo ne 6eai jiyKaBaro paaoneTa bi i^OHTpi 
pacHOioseHUi APAryncBHX'b nojiBOBi, h A^ase hbi ABepeft oapan 
jorRo paajiH^HTb na Rpuniax'b 6jiHsa&niHX'b e^&l cTpi^HHue anaqRH, 
yEaauBannue ^hojio pacRBapxHpoBaHHiix'b jiomaAeft, JiersHMH mapH- 
saMH, nJiBBHO pacRa^HBaDn^HMHOH na tohshx'e GOJiOHeHHBix'b sry- 
Taxi... 

CoBin^aBie a&bho B08o6HOBHJ[oob. Bonpoci o aeMJii BoaSyasAaerb 



set PyOOSOB BOrATCTBO. 

TftKofl HHTepecB, ^0 HHKaKifl onaceHiii nocropoHHJiro HamecTBiJi 
He MoryTi sarjiyniHTB ero. 

— OGiflBHTB BCK) seMjiK) Bid^imQU% HapoAa. Kto pafioraen 
CBOHMH TpyAaMH, njcRaft nojuyiaerb y macron. OcTajn>Haff otxoxkts 
SJifl o6maro BJiajitei^. 

npe^JioseHie npoxoAHTX bi nojiHom eAHHOiymiH. nojrraBHH , 
^epHHFOBi^u H xepooHaii ooAHepasHBaKXTB ero en^e peBHOCTHie 06' 

laHEHRBOBl BeJIBKOpyCCOBl. t 

BoapoGi Kas'B-TO can co6ofi cboahtcs ki caMOHy n^esorxH- 
BOMy nyHSTy: BUKyni ^acTHOBJiaiitJbqecKHX'B seiiejib. 

Met npHmjiocB wb oahoxi o?eHi> no^TeHBOMi co6paHiH j[H5e- 
pajiBBux'B seMjreBJiajitjiLi^eBi pascKasBiBaTB RpecTBHECRom ju^nxe- 
HiH no BHAtHHUMi MHOK) npHMipaxi. KoF^a fl KOCHyjiGff arpapHofi 
BporpaMMu, cjiymaTeJiH npepsaJiH neHfl eAHHO^yniHUMi BonpocoirE: 

— A npH3HaK)rb jib ohh BURjwh? 

S. MOFE TOJILKO CKaSaXL, ^TO « JIH^HO IipHBHai) BUKyiTL. 

TeiiepB 0Ba3BTBaeTGj]r, ?to 6oj[Bniaa ?acTB ?jeHOBi> csAznfiL 
OTHioj^B Be padA'i^jBeirB voero BBrjia^a Ha Beni^B. 

— KaKoft BfciKyni? — saBBjaeTi ojiEWh sa jupjTmn>, — Seujui — 
Bosifi Aapi, Basi B03;iyx'B hjih cb^ti^. Koiiy cbojibso nysHo, toitb 

HyCTB H BOSBMeTlI 

— Mu KpecTBBHe npH soMJii, a jiBopffHe npn ABopt, a sevjur 
npHAaxoKi. HaMi seMJiB. a bmi ORJia^'B. 

— SeHJOfK) j[H)ji;h ne po6hj[h. Bora hjih ]ijx% CbhtoS. Ee saxBa- 
xano RHHSBJiiiiH, Aa rpa^avH. 8to Haii;o napymHTB. IlepeniejrL vh 
spyryio npo^ecciio, Tor^a ORjiaAit, semiH He Ha^o. RvBHeixyy cto- 
Jiapy, njioTHHRy. 

— Hama co6cTBeHHafl bohjih!.. Crojibro mu aanJiaTHJiH bi bh^ 
BURynnux'B njiareset. TeiiepB pasBt cb noxin^HROBi noTpe6oBaTB 
BBiRyn'B. 

npe^jioaceHie HpaBHTCH mhofhitb. Ohh npej^JiaFaioTB oToOpaTB y 

nOSftn^HROBB HHBeHTapB H GOOTaBHTB Rpe^HTHUfi RaHHTaJTB X^H 
CCy^lB 6tAHUM'B RpeCTBHHaHl. 

ApyFie npeAJiaFaioTi o6nt%e: bbhtb y 6oFa?efi ^acTB hxi Rann- 
Tajiy H ynjiaTHTB hbb hofo FOcyAapcTBeHHue HaiOFH. 
Pi^iH npoTHBi BBiRyna cTaHOBSTCH Boe cTpacTHie. 

— f laqtMB BURynaTB seujiJOy mh He npo^aBaJiH ee. Mu ee x^^ho 
ORyQHJiH pa6oToio sa 6e86ojKHyH) ixtny. Ectb xyTopa, bhmoh) DoseH- 
ia;HHa nv FpEBOEHHRy, a JitTOXB h no BOCRpeceHBHirB pafioTaDTB. 

— BfaiRyni veHH BosnymaerB, — saaBJiHerB HenpHMHpHHufi fo- 
locB. — ToT'B, RTO ycTpaHBaerB bbi HapoffHofl «h8hh CRa^Ry cb 
npenaTCTBiHMH, nepes'B 6apBepB... BcnoMHHTe, RaRi Hamnx'B 6a6y- 
nieRX V npo6a6ymeR'B HpoAasajiH bb upnuB^j r'b mapa^any, sacTa- 

IJIHJIH HJ^eHROB'B FpyABR) ROpMHTB. 3x0 paSBt HO BHRyUB? 3tO RpO- 

BaeuA ButRyiFB. Bo^RaMH RpoBB npojiHBajiH. HeysejiH emfi 6oirh 



H81 KPBOT&flHOKHXl HAOTFOSHlft. 28 

80J«Ta? A JijHme no Moeiiy: ^BcraHb, japooHHCb, naxapi»-Apyr&, pa- 
9orHH-Ka cHBHy. BpocB Ha BpeMfl CBofi njiyi-L h Bosbiin itydHHy*^... 

— BpaBo!— KpH^arb co bcIxi cxopoHi, pysoajieii^yirL h to- 
naDTB HoranH; He cMOTpx Ha mHainie u^j^aijutaejiEj Tpe6yDii^ar« 
QAepxaHHocTH. 

HisoTopue roAOoa, o^HaKO, HaqHHaioTi BUCJBasuBaTECjr sa bu- 
syni. IlepBufl rojoci noAaen TOJCosiKi syjibTypHaro o6jih<im[, b% 
BopoTHHisaxi H nHAsaKi. 9to — 6£iBinit bojocthoS HHcapb, HUHi 
rjaoHufl orb Bpeoi&HHi h ^ohi aeiicsofi ynpaB&i. 

— Kas'b se fies'b BUKyna? — roBopHxi 0H!L.-*$a6pHKa h soMJifl 
OABHaKOBoe cpe^CTBO. Mflorie noMlnuiKH nepesynHJiH cbok) aejcjiK). 

ny6jHKa npHHHMaen dTH apryiieHTU oieHb xojioaho. 

— HaBtpHoe, cam BJiaAtJieiti, — roBopHTi noil coc^a^,- no Ha- 

JUtiK) BHAHO. 

Bi co6paHiH eoTL en^e HtcKOJibBO TasHX^E A^JieraTOBi b% bo- 
poTHH^jcaxi. Ohh roBopflTi no pasHUMi Boapocam^ ho ho hojib- 
ayioTCA oco6um:e BjiiaBieni. 

EeaHoriS specxBiiHHHi neji^JieHHO Bunojisaen na nepe^Hifl njiani, 
nepe6HpaH koctujiamh. Owl npoH8HocHTi cboio pi^b, nojyjiesa 

Ha SOMJli H paCEHHyBl BpOSB OBOH AJIHHHUA A^peBHHHUH OflOpU. JL 

ny6jiHsa ctohti Ha oKaM&axi h cmotphti Ha nero bhhbi. H ho- 
BOJBHO coo6pasaD, Kasoro Tpy^a eiiy aojksho 6iuio ctohtb ao- 
6paTBCH 01 AAJidKaro lora ao Mockbu. 

— Mu He HMtem npaBCTBeHHaro npana, — thxo roBopHTi ohi, — 
BupsaTB y Hux^ H8i pysi Bxi HHTaHie H BufipocHTb Hxi Ha yjiBi^y. 
AaTB HMi HOXBSHeHHyio neHciio. ITyoTB Tose SHByxx... 

— AaTb neHoiK) no xpHora py6jie8 bi ro^i, — corjiamaeTCB qep- 

HHTOBCBifly — OKOJEBSO HpHrOffHO JLJLK 6ez6ijSJiOi SH3HH SyiBTypHarO 

^ejOBtKa. 

Ha^HHaexcH oseoTo^eHHuA cnopi. Oco6eHHo pidsin pi^H paa- 

^^UDTCH npOTHBl ABOpHHCKHXl JiaTB^yHJUfl. 

— H SHBy Bi ceJienia Orpaxa, rpa^a ***, ho tojbko ?bh ot- 
pa^a, He nama, a ero. Ohx HMteTi naiiHie spyrom Moero KOMa. 
EypHi^y npornaTB Ha boaohoA — Ha^o A^HBrn njaiHTB. Bi cejeaiH 
XBt AepBBH, o^Ha jiflsi naci, Apyras jx,ji& Hero, h non'B oco6ufi, a 
ejiys6a Ba^HHaeTCH c% aochth qacoBi. Ilepe^'B iiepKOBBD OHi no- 
OTaBHai KaTepHHy, cbok> „npaj[io6HTej[BHHi](y''9 k% oe6±, SHaHiHTB, 
rpyAHMH, a si nanepTH saftOMi. BusynnTBCH y nero tojibko qe- 
Tsepo MorjEH, a mu Bce b% sa6ajit. TenepB y nero eciB 300,000 
XecHTHHi. KaE'B eicy Busyni njiaTHTB, OTsy^a xaEyi) yfiny A^nen 

BSHTB? 

— Mu TOse nonHHifb, OT&yAa ohh somjih nojuynajH, — HOAxsa- 
Tiuaen Apyrofl. — ^EsaxepHHa jijbl IlaBeji'B xucHqaiiH jifiCHmH% pas- 
xanajiH... JS^apoHi nojiyiHjiH, bx daHBaxi sa 6ojrBniiH AeHBUi saJKO- 
JKHJCH Aft nepeaajiosHjiH, a sa 9xo se en^e BUEyni. H xasi ohh 
BoenojiBsoBajiHCB. A Jiyqme 6aHE0Biie EpeAHXH Ha ce6H nepenaxB. 



270 FTOOSOB BOrATOXBO. 

Bonpoei nepezo^pm bi BHsynj MejocBXs Bjtaxftflift b MIKmb 
EpecTKBHCKiru yqacTROBi. 

— He Haj(o BUKjaa, — saBBjrBDTfc BenpBMBpHBue. — Rto xotb 

XBBimaTB A^C^ITflHl BjnBJn, TO Be MOBOJIflCTHBH pyEBMB. OfK Tpj- 

M,OB% BpaBeABUxi Be BazBBemb naian xaBeBBun. 

— KtO XOTb UMTh AeCflTBfll» SyflBJIl, — ^SBBBlBeTl B)SaBBfl% XO- 

xojn,^^TO sa ^yicofl Tpy^i. y xeBJi ecTL AdCBTBBa syujeBBaB, m. 
Be CTOD 8a Bee. 

O^BWh EVh BOBOJiscKBX% xejieFBTOBi BeMeAi^BBO flxen XBAflie. 

— AtAi Mot ABaAUBTB JitTL soBBii rpomi vt rpomy, syBBJib 
95 xecBTBBi seBXB. M&i AOBOJibBO flOJBdOBajiBCb ex>, TenepLOTXiU> 
ee Bi sevejibBufi $obai, bb o6iayi) nojiiiBy... He bbj^o BHsyaaL 

Ho lepBBroBCKiA itexeran^ bo xoqen ycTyaaTB. — H rpB ry- 
6epBiB fltmKOBi bcxoabxi, - coo6BiaeT% obi,— ^epBaroBCKyi), Bo- 
poHescsyK), TaB6oBCKyK>. HamB KpecibflBe bo OAanrcjr bb 6e8Bu- 
Eyai. HaapflBtpi, Bi ycBaBCEOni yisAt MysBBB Becb ckoti Bpo- 
Xaxfl na npBQxaTy ri 6aflB0BCKRB'E. Kto pasbme moxoko nuM%. re- 
nepb Be BBien, a^tb Ton^am^, sa to c% seMxei). CTaayn sap- 
Tomsy BoaaTb, ab tbbi cupjD, kbki optmsB, bi pon b 6po* 
caion, — Tasi BcromajuB. Uxo bxi bo cjiacTb npiy^Bxa, a sysjiii. 
A Tenepb ohb nonojiLSOBaTBCB ae ycnixn, a bu y bbxi tfeai bu- 
Byna OTaHBeMi. 6i aroBi bI^ti onpaBeAJiHBOCTB. Haci TenepB vb 

paSBBIXl BtCTaXl BaaUBaiOTl XpB0T0J»D6flB0e BOBBCTBO, BBBl flOp- 

BNie xpHGTiafle. — to bsbi bbao bo otfobbtb^ a npio6ptTaTB oto- 

POBBBBOBI. A TBEl HHOrBXl OTFOHflBl. 

Caopi pasropaoTCB. HtsoTopue opeAxaraDn ynxaTBTs Bcft 
^RpeABTU^, T. e. 6aBE0BCRie aojifb, TBroTiiomie bb ^acTBOsjiajitxL- 
qecRBxi seMXBXiy bo 6oxie ooToposBue npoAOJisavn sacTaBBBTB 
BB BURyai. 

— HejiiBB Be njiBTBTB, — ^ffORBBUBaerE dsbbbb'b. — 7 bboi bo 
npoBeAeiDL tbri. Y bbce RpecTbBBe xotbti, ^to Ba^o, bjibtbtb, bo 
TOXbRO BBAO c6hti» iitsy. 

— EcjiB B saBAy ABB py6xB, — apryHeBTBpyen Apyroft, oubtl 
DSBBBHi, — ^to 6epy ce6i. RaxAufi ciapaeTCB cbmi a'a ce6B. Ho- 

BTOMy BBAO yBJiaiBTB HjmSi AOBBrB. 

CpeABBB napTiB npeAJiaraeTi ROMnpovBcci^ MBBBvaxBBiifi bu- 

Eyai AO HBTBAeCBTB BXB AO Oia AeGBTBBl BXB Se AO AOCBTB Til- 

CBqi> py6jiefi Ho yMipeBBofi oi^iBRt ecTecTBOBBofi ctobmoczb 

dOBJIB. 

Ho BenpBHBpBBHe BacxaBBaioTB sa cBoeBi. 

— Xopomo, qxo tojibro BeMJiro, — apoBBqecRB roBopBTi oabb%, — 
a ecxB 6hL saxBaiHJiB cBtrB, BOSAyxi, BOAy, tbr'b toso BURyaaTb?.. 
Ho ecxB rto bsi 6iAHBixi> RysBxi A^CBTBay bxb AB'b, eto y Bero 
OTSepeTi?.. EBy en^e flpfl6aBBTCB. A ecjiB cto bxb ab^otb i^bm- 

TBBl, TBROS RpeOTBBBBBl OH^e XySO BOBtlUBRa. 

— HoxBO cnopHTB, — npeAAaraen, BBROBei^iy bobuA roxon, — 



Wh SPBCXbABOKHXl BAOTPOBH18. 271 

BO Bceni* CBixi 8to caMoe Tpy^Hoe o semii. Bon BEi6epeMi Hapoi^- 
hiix:e npejiCTaBBTejiefl bx sasoHOAaTejibHoe co6paBiey njcsafl crosapE- 
BaDTCfl Mes^y co6oS h ptmanrB, Raxi Jiyqme. 

Ha ABopt AasHO CTeMHtjio, ho bi 8tomi ciapoMi capai 6£ijio 
6u HecBoeBpoMeHHO sase^B oroHb. CoBtn^aBie npoAOJDKaeTcfl 3% 
T^uEOT^ H JBi^a opaiopoBi ejie BuoxynaioT'E hsi rycrtnn^eS iirjiii. 

— Koro npHHHHaTb bi ^JieHU, — aoAHHifaen Bonpoci ^epHHro- 
Bei^i, — Haci noBa ABajmaib hjih TpHAi^aTB Tuoavhy HH^TOsHafl 
ropcTO^Ka. HysHO npHBjueKaTb hbofexi. Tpe6yeTCA jiobsoctb, no- 
XHTHsa. HeJiBSA 6681, yiia. 

— KpeoTBflHi npHHHHaTB, ApyrHXi He hbao, — padAaxrroE 
roxoca. 

— HHTeXXHreHTOB'B npHEHMaTB^ ropOAGKEXl E A^peBeHCKEXx!.. 

npeAXoaseaie o6i EHTexxHreHTaxi npoxoAHTi 6e8i BOdpasenifi. 

— A npEHEMaTB XE soMJieBxaAtjiBi^eBi? — cnpamEBaerB sa- 

Eofl-TO se coBotMi yBtpeHflut roxooi. — Ectb xioah no- 
xesHuel.. 

— He Ha^o noMtniESOBi^ — spE^arb oo Bctxi ciopOEi^ — „xBaxH 
Tpasy Bi CTory, a 6apflHa bi rpo6y^. 

HaseEbKiS nosExoft RpecTbEEEH'b bbixoaetb snepeAi. 

— Paaobie fiuBanirb ropnoAa, — saEBXEeTi obi. — H EMtio ^^eoTb 

6BZTb noTOMEOMi 6apcKaro qexoBtsa orb noxsoBHEKa HeoxexH. M&i 
noMEBHi'b, KaRi OEX EocTpaAaxi, E dflaem 8a ^to. 3a to caHoe, 
^ero E MU Tenepb AO^EBaeMCE. H 6pa'rb ero 6bixi qecxHufi ro* 
cnoAEBi, BCK) 8eMXH) OTAaxi MyaEKaHi 6091 KontfiKE. HaAO pa86i- 
paTb HO no coGTOEHiK) rxEAE, a no qexoBisy. 

Bonpocb copBaE'b s ocxaBxeH'b 0TspbiTbiM:b sa paspimeHie 

MftCTflhlXl COBtfliaBifi. 

— FopoAGKHxi pa6o<iEx:b npEBxesaTb, — npoAxaraerb roxoci. 

— ropoAcaie pa6oqie — aamfl Cpaxba, — OTBt^awTi ex pasEbixi 

CTopofli, — OHB Tasie ase ipyAEniie... 

Kro-TO npeAxaraeii pesoxioaiio: 

„ToxbKo Bi coK)3t E cojiBAapHocTE 0% pa6oqE]ifl RpecTbflEe 
Moryrb Ao6ETbCE ocBo6osAefliE''. 

Oaebx ESI EBTexxEreuTOB'b Dpo6yeTb pasBEBaTb nepeAX co6pa- 
HieMi Toqsy sptBiE 6e88eMexbBaro nporpecca, ho ho EMlerb 
ycntxa. H6o BxtcTo 6e88exexbEaro nporpecoa co6paEie HacTaHBaeTi 
Ha eaaioHajiEsaaiE seMXB. 

HHTexxEreETi roBOpflrb ajihheo, e co6pasie oxymaerB ho 6e8X 
HeiepatHiE. 

BpeMeHaMH HeasAy opaTopoHX h oxymaTexxxE saBasuBaDTOE 
OTA^XbHue AiaJiorE. 

— Bu xoTET©, rocnoAa, — roBoparb opaiopi, — nepeAaxb bc» 

BOMXi) Bx pyKE BapoAa. S. ae npEAan BTOny oco6aro BEaqesiE. 
HaapEHtp'b, $a6pBKH e saBOAu nejihss nepeAaxb. Graxo 6uTb, h 
aexxD xasse... 



I 



I 



272 PyOGKOB BOrATOTBO. 

— Ox^ero crajEO 6iiTi>? — BOBpasaerE roiooi mvb Toimi. — Bu 
He 61 Toro BOHaa aamjiH. Ha^ajiH oi MOHbinaro, a nepeinn m 
6ojn>inoMj... Bu HaHHBTe on seiiJiH, a nepefl^^Hie Vh $a6pH- 
Saul... 

— Egjdeh nepe^aTB KpeoTBiiHan bcd o6pa6oTaHHyjK> bomji), xa- 
safl ecTB wh PoGciH, — npo/^ojisaeTi opaTopi, — Ha usatk) ajwkj 
npH^eTCfl He 6oj[i»nie o^hoS ^^cjiTHHii npH6aBKH... 

— Hnvero, Hani xBaTHTi, — yonoKOHxeJiBHo coo6ii^aeTi totl ace 
rojioci. — Bu cqHTafiTe jiy^me no hhohj: npnifipHo, specTBHHe 
•AH7 ^acTB paCoTann Ha cBoeft seiijii, Apyryi) Ha apeH^oBaHHofty 
a TpeTBi) B% rocnoACKHXi asoHOiiijix'B. Ha^o nepeAaiB KpecTBaHan 
Bct TpH lacTH. EoiLme Toro, ckojilso ecTB seitsH, lui He 
HH^em... 

— mM% CTaneTB 6%AHufl specTBHHHH'B o6pa6aTUBaTb yBejiH^en- 
HuS HaA^jiii? — Bonpomaen opaxopi, — y nero HHBeHTapn He ZBa- 

THTl... 

— HaflAeTCjr, — ynopno B08pa»aera totl se rojioot. — B% 
apenjiy 6epe]f'B, ^a naxoAHHi, H'bMi naxaiB. ^jisi oo6oTBeHHofi KaK% 
He HaSTH?.. 

— E 8Hax), — apo^^ojisaeTL opaiopi, — MHOrie h81 Baci ctoxti 
sa noseiiejiBHyi) o6niHHy. A bi cyn^HOCTH, o6n^HHy oosAajia saana 
XJiH RpyroBoft nopysH npn ynjiail no/^aiefl. Mnorie KpecTBAHe xo- 
THrb padpyniHTL o6iii;HHy... 

Bi pa8HBixi soHAaxB co6paBiH pas^i^aeTGH ponoTi. 

— noTOMi MOXHO CyjteTB yCTpOHTB HOByiO o6^^HHy, CBO6OX- 

Hyio, — ycnoKOHTejiLHO coo6ii;ae'n opaxopi. — H xose npHSHax) npe- 
Htfyn^ecxBO o6mHHHaro BjiaA'i^HiH... 

Ohi Ha<iHHaerB aobojibho noApo6HO ooHCBiBaxb npeHMyn^eeiia 
o6n;HHHaro BjraA^EiH semiefi. 

Co6paHie ycDOKOHBaexcji. 

HaqHHaDxcfl nocJiiAHiH pt^H. 

— noqxHXB naMflXB BCixi sepxBi BoxaBaHiem^ — npe^JiaraeTB 
rojioci. B% capai coBepmeHHo xeicHO. Tojibko cjiuhiho^ Kasi bm 
iiaoca 6ucxpo BCSoqHJia Ha Horn. 

— IIosApaBJUD Bac:B c% nepBuui BcepocciftcRHMi ooBin^aHieM^K 
KpecxBHHi, — roBopHXi IIpeJ^ctJ^axeJ!B, — JKejiaio Bam BepHyxBM 
eioAa ci HOBUMH oxpHAaMH. EasAOMy BepnyxBCH KopnycHum xo- 

MaHABpOMl. 

— Ypa!.. 

TenepB c^HmKOMi noa^HO jifls KaKoft-JiH6o onaoHocxH. Co6paHie 
spgiiBxi H pysonjieniexi, ne oxicHHHOB. Bopoxa eapaa oxRpuBa- 
lOTCH, H rpynaa xenHuxi npHspaKOBi HaiHHaex% Hc^esaxB b# 

TaH^. 



■ 

i 



qxO BCTfc HOlHaA. HW 

BHctJiHqt... a oaa nonb Koaea'b oiajia xaKott peJiariosHott. 
rocno;iH iHcyce Xpncre! 

— nepecTaHLTe BonHTb! Bi^jib aTo hh k^b ^bm y ne Beflerb. He 
•JrbflyerB noMHHaTb HMeHH FocnoAa Bcye... Hto Cfl'fejia.Tia 
Miomejib? 

— Ona, (IpsyMHaH, y6Hjia BcfexTj,— BupBajiocb y UpiimKH.— 
Bctxi) y6Hjia, r. nacTopx... nocyAiJie, KaKoe eec^acTie! CaMa «e, 
HecqacTHoe cosAanie, eziBa numerb, a ocTaJiacb HeBpeOTMoft, 
Bc-fe TRe ocTa.:ibHHe... ax-b, Hapb HeSecBufl! 

Cepzme FoTxojibj^a ea MHHyry ocTanoBHJiocb b^ rpyan. 

— y-6H-jia? -iipojieneraji-b OH^b, ocraHOBUBniHCb h c»cHMaa 
cepzme pyKOK). — MioTi^eJib?.. Bu He niVTHTe? OnoMHHTecb, ^to 
bh roBopHTe! 

— JI,a, na, jia,— sapujuajia^eHiuHHa, — aio B^pao, r. iiaciop'b, 
KJianycb rocn(W)M'b h CnacHxejieMi,, npas^al Ona yMHinjieHHO 
HanycTiiJiayrapy h OTpaBHJia bcio ceMbio — Mywa h fltTeft. Bcfe ipoe 
yMepjiH. ToJibKO CTapHK-b eme ^khbii, ho coBcfeMi) noM'bmajicflf, 
xoTa nepBuf! uon^sijrh kphki* h rthmti cnacb ce6si. JlK^^e, 

KOHe^HO, 6uJVb Hb^HTj, KaKT) CTCJIbKa, HH^cro He saMtTHJix; 
TaK'b BO XMOJIH) H yMopi). J^-fexH To«e HHHero He MOrJIH nOH^Tb, 

He BHajiH 6'hJiEuyi kpoihkh, ^to nponcxoAHTi). TaKia cJiaCeHb- 

KiH H HeC^aCTHHH... ^TO OHH MOFJIH C;^'fiJiaTb?.. liUJlO yHCe n03AH0, 

Koraa c6 b:«cajicH HapoATb h pacKpujiH Bcb OKna, hto6m paaornaTb 
crpamHMll yrap'b... IlpocTO Bara^Ka, KaK'b Morjia Bce eio ycrpoHTb 
CMepreJibHo GoJibHaa wefiuxHHa, npn CBoefl cJiaOocTH,— pacKajiHTb 
ne^Ky h aaKptiTb xpyfiy? Ona flOJiMCHa 6ujia pafioiaxb bthxo- 

MOJIKy, TallHO H-feCKOJIbKO AH^, HT06h npHrOTOBHTb BCe, H BOTb, 

Koraa Bch yjierjiHCb ceroAHa cnaxb, ona saTonHjia ne^Ky. 
CaMa OHa jie?Kajia bT) KOMHarls Mwne, r^'b AOKTop'b neji'bji'b 
j;ep»caTb okho Bcer^a oxKpuTHM'b, — h ocxajiacb i^tjia! 9xoro 
OHa He upeaycMoxp-fejia, nnaqe nnqero noHHXb nejibBH. Tenepb 
ona CH^nx-b Ha cBoeft nocxe.uH, CMoxpnx'b cxpamHUMHrjiaaaMn, 
Bce MOJiHxca h moji^hxT). H hh OAHoro npi!3HaKa pacKaflHia 
MJiH cxpaxa, r. nacxopi>!.. Ett noKaaa.iH MepxEHXi? fltxefl — 
^ance 6poBbio He noBejia. IIoBBaJiH nojiHuiio, flByx'b-xpex'b 
>?0Kxop0B'b. Ohh iTcnpo6oBajiH Bce, hxo bi> nejiOB'feqecKHX'b 

CHJiaXTj, HO MepXERXl He BOCKpeCHmb... ^XO JX'hjldiTh Cb 

MiomeJib?— cMOTpaxi) cb HonoyM'feHieM'b ^pyr-bHaflpyra, — hhkxo 
HH^eru He npnayMaexTj. Tyxi> ohh h nocjiaJiH yieua ki. saMTj, 
r. nacxopi>: MOJKex'b 6bixb, bh ^ixo HnOyAb iipeAnpHMexe... Tan^HXb 
ee B'b xiopbMy, KOHesLHo, Hejibsa: ona npH cMepxH... Hy, a 6e3'b 

BHCfejIIlAM A'feJIO He o6onAeXC>T. yfinXb CBOnXX COficXBCHHHX'b 

A'bTeft H Mya^a,— xoxfl oH'b 6u:i'h ii ne nacxoamilt, — B'bAb 9Xo, 
X'bftcxBHxe.nbHO, caMoe y;KacQoe npecxynJienie... He coniJia-JiH 
OHa ci> yMa, r. nacxopTj, KaK'b bh Aywaere? MoHcex^b 6HTb, 

n 



162 P700S01 BOrATCTfiO. 

CB JierKHxt eoji-fesHB CpocHjiacb B'broJioBy?B'bAt>9TOB03iioatH#... 
AxT>, Borne MOft, Boace moU, KaKan nojibsa ot's ea pejiHrios- 
HOCTH, ecjiH Tenepb oea 6yAeTB JiHineHa AfiWRc Mecraaro norpe- 
6ems{ H HaArpo6Haro cjioBa naAi* OTKpurofl Mornjiofi? 0, 

BOFL MOfl! 

OHa npoAOJimajia 6ojiTaTb. FoTXOJibA'B He npopoHHJi'b he 
cjioBa H He npeAJioJKHJi'b eft 6ojibine hh oahofo Bonpoca. PyKH 
ero Ce8noiiioii];HO 6ojiTajiHCb, ohi> 6um> coBepmenHo pa86HTL. 
TojibRO cepAUe neMiTJiocepABO 6HJiocb h cTy^ajio b'b BHCRarb. 
HepeA'B Tkwhy KaK'b boAth B-b aom'b, fa*, ne CMorpa na noBi- 
Hitl qacb, co6pajiacb TOJina, eABa cAep^HBaeMaa nojxni^eftCKHirb, 
roTXOjibAi> BBFJiHHyji'b Ha He6o. 9to 6ujrh Bonpomaiomifl, hh^^- 
mift Hero -TO bbfji^iaT), noHflTHHft TOJibKO enyoAHOMy. Korfla 

OHH npOTHCKHBaJIHCb CKBOBb TOJIUy, CTOaBHiyK) BIj KOppWAOpt S 

no ji'bcTHHi^'b KBapxHpH MioTi^ejib^ y nero MOJibRHyjia MucJib: 

^TOJDbKO OHBA'fecb He 6hjio FojibrH JTep'b!" EMy KaaaJiocb, hto 

B'b 8Ty MHHyTy BCTp'^Ha CT> Heio6iiJia6HCTpamHOMyHHTejibHoft. 

Bt> uojiBSLjrh OHH HamjiH Bce euj^e B'b 6ojibmoM'b 6e8nopHAR'b- 

nonUTRH OHCHBHTb JIlOABUFa MlOTI^OJIb H A'^TOft 6wm THXeTHM, 

CMepTb BG'hTb TpoHX'b 6HJia ROHCTaTHpoBana, H Tenepb co6Hpa- 
jracb nepeBesTH rfejia B'b ropoACRyio noROflHHi^Ryju. /IjoRTopb 
Jlepi) B03HJICH en^e co cTapHROAfb, RopHHBmHMCH B'b cyAoporax'b 
Ha nocTOJiH H 6opMOTaBniHM'b RaRiH-To HenoHHTHUJi cjiOBa. He 
cMorpH Ha mnpoRo oTRpBinia oRHa, B'b ROMHaTb HyBCTBOBaJicji enie 
yAyniJiHBHft sanax^b, ocTaBJiaBmift ropenb na xauKh h bi> 

rJIOTR'fe. OAHH'b BS'h ropOAOBHX'b npHHJ!JICa yAaJIHTb HB-b ROM- 

HaTH HenpomeHHHXTb nocfeTHTejiefl, a Apyroft y CTOjia coo6n;a«b 
THXRH-b roJiocaMT> CB'feA'bHia nojiHueficROMy o$Hi^epy, cocTaBJWB- 
HieMy npoTOROJTb. 

B'b coc^AHeft ROMHax'b, fa'^ npe^A6 ^KHJia Mni^e, Jie^uuia 6oJEb- 
Han. Oahhi» hbx Bpaneft, BacTtHHHBUfi, neyRJiiomift mojioaoII 
HeJioB'i^R'b B'b OHKarb, OTomeji^b orb ea RpoBaTH h HanpaBEjica 
Ki* ToTXOJibAy. Ha xoAy on-b npoOopMOTaji'b CBoe hma, horao- 

HHJICH h CRa3ajI7>: 

— Mh oneHb paAH, F. nacTop^b, ^ito bh SAtcb. Moaterb 
6hSTb, BaM-b yAacTca Ao6HTbca HeFo-HH6yAi> OTb 9toK MceH^^HHH. 

Ob HaMH OHa He rOBOpHTb. 

— Hy, HOFO Taii-b ente AoCHBaTbca? — pasAaJica ynpaicHtt, 
pasApawHTejibHHja FOJiocb AORTopa Jlepa, ycnoROHsmaro, naRo- 
Hem>, CTapHRa. — Puror religiosus — furor fanaticus,— bto hcho, 
RaR'b AGHb, h BCTp'tnaeTca Hame BceFo. 

ninpoRo paacTaBHB'b hofh h sajiomHB'b pyRH B'b RapManu 
6fjoKi>, oH'b CToajTb cb BJiHiTb BHpajReHieM'b, Ha RaRoe TOJibn 
Chjio chocoOho eFo RpacHoe, RpyFJioe jihi^o, h Opocajrb Ha Tot- 
xojibAa cBHp'bnHe bbfji^ah. Toti> cjieFRa cbe^HJica h Mojna 
noAomeJi'b R'b hoctojih 6ojibHoft. Ona Jieacajia na noAyniRax'b 



9T0 mOTh HOTHHA. H3 

CB MOJiHTBeHHKoiii> B'B pyRaxi>. Ha Topnaupix'B cRyjiaxx icepr- 
BeHHO 6jr6AHaro jiHuia BUji'^^JiiiJiROh npRO KpacHH^ n^xna; Gojib- 
mie> JiHxopaAOTiHo CjiecirbBniie, 6e8yMHBie rjiasa npHcxajibH* 
cMOTptJiH BTb npocTpaHCTBO. Btjiua ryCH CeanpepHBHo 6opMO- 
TajiH cjiOBa oTXOAHOfl mojihtbh: 

— rionuiH MH'b npaBe^HyK) cMepiB, h6o a Tsepiio B'bpx) b% 
TeCa H B'B Tbok) nenpejioncHyio cnpaBejuiHBOCTB!.. IlpocTH Bcb 
MOH nperp'j^meHifl pa^H KpoBH FocnoAa Hamero n CnacHrejiH!.. 
npHMH OTB MCHJi JKcpTBy, npHHeceHHyio Te64, H AaK CnOA06HTB- 
CH Hedecnaro 6jia»teHCTBal Amhhb... 

PoTxojiBA* CTHcnyji'B 3y6H, htoOh He BCKpHKHyTB. Ohb cxBa- 
THJiB 06-6 pyRH 60JIBH02 CBOHMH pyRaiiH H capocHJiB Apo»aB- 
HEMI*, nOJIHHMB CTpaAaHlH tojiocom'b: 

— Hto bh CA'feJiajiH? Sa^'feMB? 

He uojiyqHB'B oTBtTa, oht> noBTopHJi'B cBoft BonpocB eii;« 
<M> Oojihmnwb cTpanaHieMT) B'B rojiocb... Oaa cjieraa BSflpor- 
Hyjia, HO He ocTanoBHjia Bsopa Ha neMB, xota ohi> h cTapajicn 
aacraBHTb ee BcxptTHTbca cb HHBfB pjiadaMii... 

-— ...H60 a TBepAO B-bpK)... H npHMH »tepTBy, RanyK) a 
npHHecjia TeOt... — npoAOJiacajia ona 6opMOTaTb oTA'bJiBHHa cjioBa. 

— H capamHBaio, sa^-bMB bh 3To CA'bJiaJiH?— BocKJiHRHyjTB 

FOTXOJBA'B HCnOJIHeHHUMB CTpaxa H BM'ibCT'b nOBeJIHTeJIBHHirb 

TOHOMB, cacaB-B ea pyKH. — PasB* bh ne ysHaeie Meaa? Otb*- 
HaflTe Hce mh*. 

Bb nepBKn pasB bb rjiasaxB ea iieJiBRuyji'B upofijiecKB 
coBHania. 

— r. nacTopB,— npo6opMOTajia ona, — Aa, r. nacTop'B... 
Faaaa ea aeoacHAaHHo BCTp'ibTifaHCB ci ero rjiasaiiH; oHa 

flcnyrajiacB hxb BKpaaceHia, h sByRii ero rojioca oiosBaJica bb 
Hett. Bb jmi^t ea noaBHJiocb yAHBJieHie h HCiiyrB. 

— 3aH^MB CA'feaaJia? JJfi, B*Ab mh noflAeM-B ki* Bory bc4 

BMliCrfe. 

— 3HaeTe jih bh, ^to bh— yCifli^a, hto bh coBepmnjiK 
«aMoe crpaniHoe npecTynjieHie, RaRoe ecTb na seMJi'l^? Bh sa- 
iHJiH naxyio sanoB'^A^* yOnan cbohx'b jiireii h oTi^a Bamnxib 
orfeTefl. XoTtaH BH axoro? 

— J^si, a xoTiaa,— BoapasHaa oaa coBepmeHHo npocro ic 

<5e33ByHHO. 

— 3a^4M'B 5Ke? OnoMHHTecB! Bh ate SHaeie, hto neabaa 

j6HBaTb. 

— A HTo ate finao nna^e? — cnpocnaa ona ycxaao. — TenepB 

HMT} yroTOBaHo He6ecHoe (SaaatencTBO, HHa<ie ohh npoAoaataaE 

•h acHTB B'B rp'bx'b, norH6aH, h mh ne yBHA'i^JiHCB 6h CoaBine. 

H He xoriaa ocTaBJiaxB hx'b oahhxi>: Jliojifi — noTOMy, ^ro oh'b 

cTaHOBHaca Bce xyate h xyate, h a ne Moraa AonycTHTB, Tr#- 

11* 



164 pyOOEbl BOrATOTBO. 

6h oht> ocrajica Cb Mnqe; A^Tefi, — noTOMy, hto ohh nornfijir 

6bL. ECJIH OHa, RaRli 8T0 BHA'bJIE BCh, MOFJia TE^HO H30 AHA Bl» 

jieuh BCTp'i^^aTBCA CB JlK)Ae, noRa ^HJia y Baci>, e npHRHAu- 
Bajiacb pejiHPiosHO^ h 6oroMOJibHOt!... to mo^ho 6ujio ^K^aTb h 
caMaro xyAinaro. Oaa cxajia 6u o6MaHHBaTb Hy:Ka, RaR'B o6ica- 
HHBajia MeHH, Bacb h Becb CBtrb, ynopHJia 6u fltiefi rojio- 
AOM'b HJiH saROJiOTHJia no CMepTH. y^cb jiy^me TaR*b, Jiyime 
nycTb OHH CyAyTb co mhok); «IIjDAe n Bce eme judOjik), He cMoxpa 
Ha TO, HTO oH'b CTaJi-b xjsae. BtAb bh caMH roBopnJiH, r. na- 
CTopij, HTO Jiy^me paHbine yMepeTb, ^tM^b npoAOJi3KaTb hchth 
BO rp'bx'b. H SAl^cb, B^b RHHr* HanHcano to ace caMoe. Bh ro- 
BOpHJiH, ^TO 3a Bcfe rp-fexH Mo^HO BHMOJiHTb npoineHie, eCJIH 

TOJIbKO HCTHHHO H TBBpAO BtpHTb II nO(5TOAHHO OOpaiUaXb B30pH 

Ha CTpacTH iHcyca Xpacia. Bh roBopajiH, hto H^bTb TaRoro 
rptrnHHRa, htoOh, ocyac^eHHHfl na B'bHHyio MyRy, OH'b He Mon> 
nyTCM'b BtpH AocTHrflyxb B"b^Haro 6Jia?KeHCTBa, RaR-b HtRorAa. 
pasOollHHK'b Ha Rpecrb, yBtpoBaBmifl bo Xpacxa. A h tslkb 
MHoro MOjiHJiacb, r. nacropi): HastpHoe, mh Bcb nonajieMT> Ha 
ueOeca h yBHAHMi* ^yAeca pa^... JIioAe ne xorfeji-b noB'tHqaiLca 

CO MHOK) Ha MOCM'b CMepTHOMT) OAP't— 

Mhcjih ea cTajiH nyTaTbcii, rojiocb npepBajica. Ilocjiuma- 
JiHCb HCTepH^ecRiH pHAaHiH. Bo BpeMH riepepHBOB'b ona CHOBa 
npo5oBaJia MOjiHThCH, ho MOJiHTBa iioxoAHJia Ha croH-b. Hcxy- 
AaBmia, CJitAHHH pyRH ne mofjih Aop^aib MojiHTBCHHHR'b. 3a- 
AHXa^cb, ona jiHoinjiacb ^yncTB'b; na ryGaxT* en noRasaJiacb 

RpOBflHHCTafl Ill3Ha. 

rOTXOJIbATb C-b y^aCOIifb OTCROHHJI'b OT^b RpOBaTH. J^ORTOpii 

Jlep'b H Apyrofl Bpa^T) B-b OHRaxi) noAfitHcaJiH R-b 6ojibHoft 
oRaaaTb ett noMomb. OcxajibHHe npHcyTCTBoBaBinie nocntuiHJiH 
yflTH btj cocfeAHioK) ROMHaxy, FA* 6e3yMflHfl[ cxapHR'b cnaji'b 
Tenepb cnoROflHHM'b chomi*. Tpynn Ohjih ynecoHH, JiiofionHX- 
HHe HsrHaHu. IIojiHi^eflcRifl o(|)Huep'b cjioHCBJi'b cboh fiynarH h 

BCXaJI'b CO BSAOXOM^b: 

— Htrb Jiii y Bacb ch co6ok) BHna, Ynrepx-b? Mni Aypno, — 

CRasaJTb OH'b. 

FopoAOBofi BHxamHji'b HB-b OoROBOFo RapMaHa MyHAHpa njio- 
CRyK) OyxHJiRy. 

— Kt> Bamnafb ycjiyraM'b, r. o(J)Hi;ep'b. Hy h npoRJiHxa^ 
Hcxopin!.. FocnoA'b cyAeftcRHX'b mh ne cxaneMB OyAHXb. Uofitra 
HJIH CRpHxiH cymHocTH j^-hjiQ. CoflTbCH He^oro: Bce xmaxeJibHo 
saHeceno bii npoxoROJi'b, a c^b apecroM-b npiuexcH noAoacAaxb. 
EABa jiH 3xa oco6a npoacHBexi>... BjiaroAapn) Bacb, paA'b, ^xo 
npHroAHJiacb...— OH'b Ban.Tb oCpaxHo OyxHJRy cb bkhomi*. — He 
EyacHo JIH HaM'b eme BHCJiymaxb rocnoAi* Bpanefl, r. o(|)Huep'b?' 

IlojiHaeflcRin 6e'6T> cxtcHeHia 3'feBHyji'b. 
~ fla, Aa... 



^TO MOTh HOTHHA. 165 

•hi> BSLutTRjTh roTxojn>A&- BJT&ziHUiK, 6opacB CB npnnaii- 
icoM'L cjia6ocTH H daRycHB'B HHflCHiDiD ry6y, nacTop'B onycTHJiCA 
Ha njiereHNfl cyryji'L, npHHaBt HeecTecTseHHO-HaTJiHyToe nojio- 
meme. Horn ero flpoHtaJiH. 

— KanaH poKOsaji HCTopia, r. nacrop'B! npoHSBeneTB kojioc- 
cajibHoe BnenaTJi'fcHie. Kant past na pyRy BTHMt cbhh... 9T0fi 
CaHfl* coi^iajTb-x^eMOKpaTOB'L. 3th neroAHH, KoneHHO, HSBJieKyrb 
H8i> He« Buro;tH. Fotos'l Aep«aTi) napn, hto saBipa, n't nepe- 
40Bot! craTB* HXi jEipflHHoft FasexH noflBHTCii: „CMepTb i^i^Jiofi 
npoJieTapcKoft cbmbh orB rojiOAa* hjih HT0-HH6yAB bb btowl 
pon*. A BTi fltficTBHTejiBHOOTH fftjio JiHmB B'B pejiHrio3HoirB 
noifibmaTejiBCTB'b. rojio^t TyrB He MOHcerB 6htb h pi^H. 
Vjx'h CHBaen j^oKTop'B Jlep'B, Tan-B He roJioflaroTB... O^Ha 6oa3HB, 
HTo BTOTB HBflHHfl HeroAHft, esi JiioOoBHHK'B, HB HonaAeTB Ha 
He6o, ecjiH ona ce^nacB He BOBBMeTi* ero cyB co6ok)... Bh 
HJioxo cefiH ^yBCTByete, r. nacTop'B? 

— HtrB, HtrB. 

—. JJa, BacB 9T0, Kone^HO, paacrpoHJio, HanrB OparB fiojite 

npHBH^eH'B KTb TaKHM'B BemaM-B, XOT« H HaM-B JiyHHie 6HJI0 6h 
BaHHMaTBCH HtM'B-HH6yflB jipyrHMT*. 

Oh'B CHOBa atBHyJTB, SaKpHB'B Ha aTOTB paB'B pOTB pyKOD. 

3a'rtM'B, sarjianyB'B B'B cocfe^^Hroro KOMHaiy, r^t 6hjio Bce thxo, 
OH'B on^Tb BepnyjicH HaaaflX. 

— KcTaTH, r. nacTop'B, h xoT'feji'B noroBopHTB cb BaiiH 
HaeOTH* HacneTB aTOfi jierKOMHCJieHHOtt CaCoHKH, bshtoK saMH 

K'B CeO'b B'B ;^0M'B. 9T0tt HCTOpiH HaAO nOJIOHCHTB Konei^'B. 

Jt-feB^eHKa yOiraerB Tafteo hbt* Bamero AOMa Ka;KAyK> hohb h 
maTaeTca cb MyMc^innaMH. y Mena na 3tot'b chbtb ecTB B'bp- 
HHH CB'bA'feHiH. Mh aojihchm apecTOBaTB ee npn nepBOM'B me 
jjlo6nowb cjiy^at. Jly^me 6yAeTB, ecjiH bh npeABapHTeJiBHo 
nporoHHTe ee. CnacTH ee Hejiban: HcnopneHHaa naTypa... 5Kajib,HTo 
Bti BM'femajiHCb B'B 3T0 jitjio... A, rocnoAaspa^H HAyrB, HaKoneA'b! 
BomjiH AOKTopa, h oht> nomeji'b K'B hhm'b naBCTpt^y. 

— Hy, KaK'B, MHJiocTHBue rocyAapH? — ciipocHJi'B OH'B Hexep- 
iri^jiBBo. 

— yMHpaerb, — OTBtTHJIl. KOpOTKO AOKTOp-B JlepB H CTaJI'B 

xcKaTB CBOH) uijiany. 

— OnaTB MHJiocTb BoHcifl! — saM'feTHJi'B noJiHi^eftcKilt o^Hi^ep'B, 
^npaBJiHa cBoti MyHAHp'B. 

B-fejioKypHft Bpa^'B B'B OHKax'b noTep-B najiBueMB nepenocBe 
H He6pe»cH0 npoHsnecB: 

— yBaacaeMHfl collega AywaerB, ^to ona ae npo»cHBerB w 
xoHi^a AHa. H... a ae mofb 6h CRaaaTB... a dToro ne yTBepacAai), 
iiajieRo He yTBepacAas). Ho npoTHB'B ea nepeM'ibii^eHia B'B ape- 
craHTCRyK) CoabHHi^y mu ptniHTejibHO npoTecTyeii'B... Tenept 
ona criHTB, h mu MoaceM'B hath. 



1S6 P7GCS01 BOFATCTBO. 

— yflreppB, BH, SHaHHTb, ocraHerecb 3a'bcb oahh7> jiJUi 
naz^sopa. RpoM'i HSBi^CTHHX'b mi^by He nycRatlTe c»;ia hhropo... 
rocnoaa Bpa^H, 6jjjj>Te TaKT> jiK)6e3BH nozinncaTb axy fivMMy. 
#jiaBa Bory, Bce KOHieHO. — Owb HaABHHyji'L na jioC-b cb#w> 
KacRy. 

Bpa^H nojiiiHcajiH nojioJKft HHyio na ctoji'b Cywary, h octm- 
leftcKUtt o^mjfiyb cnparajrb ee Bt nopT(|)efijn>- Bet ycrajiH, 
xoriJTH cnaTb h coCpajiHCb yxo;iHTb. TopozjOBOfl oxAa-Tb ^ecre.. 
ToJibKO ToTXOjibfl'b He xporajica ci^ nicTa. 0(J)Hi;ep'b no;ioinejii> 
K'b HCMy. Eny noKaaajiocb, hto oetb criHTb, h xorhji'b TpoHvrb- 
ero aa njie^o; ho npn cjioBt: „r. nacrop'b", ToTxojibU'b nocM#- 
TptJTb Ha Hero acHBUM'b npncTaJibHHM-b BarjiiTAOMi). 

— H ocraHycb sji'bch; noflo«Ay, noKa ona npocHCTCH. Ecjih 
KoneiTb ea TaKT> OJinaoK'b, to si xo^y 6HTb npH neM-b. 

Bet Tpoe HeptmHTCJibHo neperjianyjiHCb. 

— SantMb «e, r. nacTop-b? — nocjit ntKOToparo HOJi^aHin 
enpocHJTb nojiHi^eflCKift, ch paacTaHOBKoft h ch oirfeHKOM'b. 
aBHaro neyAOBOJibCTBia. 

— H He Mory nonycTHTb, ^ttoSh ona ymjia oTciDAa, He 
pacRaHBmHCb. 

— He noHHMaro, r. nacTop'b... Bt^b Bacb Bceriia mokho 
no3BaTb BTb cjiynat KpaflnocTH. 

— H ocTaiocb BAtcb, r. o(|)Hqep'b. — Fcnocb ero nposBynaji'b 
cnoKoftHo H TBepjio. 

IIojiHueftCRifl no^aJii* ujienaMH, uomenTajica cb ropoAOBEiirb^ 
spHJiOHCHJi'b ABa najibi^a rI) K03HpbRy h nocjitAOBajii) 3a spa- 
^aMH, CpocHBii cb AOca;ioft: 

— KaRi HteJiaeTe, r. nacTop^! 

HaROHeu'b, Bce cthxjio. J]|Bepb aomr saxjionnyjiacb; na jjoimh 
saMOJiRJiH ToponjiHBHe inarH ymeAinnx'b. SanepeBi* ABepb 
Ha JitcTHHuy, ropoAOBOfl yniejn> B'b RyxHio h cnoRottHo 
yjiercH noAJi* cTapnRa, npoAOJiHcaBmaro Mnpno cnaxb na 
RpoBaTH, OTRyAa TOJibRo ^TO ynecJiH Tpyna ero cHHa h BHyRoe-b. 

FoTxoJibA'b CEH'hjTb y oTRpHxaro oRna, KyAa BpHBajica 
MarRitt B'feTep'b JitTneft hohh. Ero 6HJia jiHxopaAKa; ymaa'b 
oxBaTHBajib ero B'b THnmHt, npn BocnoMHHaHiH o Bceui>, tto 

HpOHBOniJXO SAtCb. HtCROJIbRO paST) OH-b BCTaBaJI-b, Ha UH- 

noHRax^b noAXOAHJTb Kb 6ojibHoft h npHCJiymHBajica K'b »» 
AHxaniK). 

HnorAa eMy Ra3ajiocb, hto ona ne AwnreT'b, h oht> naRjaco- 
najica kt> neti (yh 3aMHpaioiuHiirb cepjmeM'b. HtTb, ein;e «HBa, — 
ir, ycnoRoeHHHit, owb caAHaca na npestnee m^cto: Jiiinib 6h 
ToabRO He yMopaa 6e3'b noRaania, ne oSBHHHaa ero nepoAi^ 
BtHnHMi* CyAieft, 6yAT0 oht> BHymHa-b ef!, hto oahoK Btpa a 
juuOTBu AOOTaTOHHo, hto6h BOllTH B'b E^apoTBle neOecHoe, m 



^TO 10TB HOTHEA. 167 

npjs »TOM'b Mo»cHo rptiUHTb H fltJiaTb Bcc, HTO yroAHo... Bflpyrt 
cro oxBETHiTB cTparb, BJi BHCKaxT* BacTynajio H npoAOJiJKajio 
orynaTb: ^tu BHHOBarB, th BHHOBarb bo BceifB diOM'b y»ac%, 
BT> aTOMTb HyffOBHmHOM'B Hec^acTbH... Th... Ecjih 6u tm He 
aBHjica cb CBoefl nponoBtAbio, atoro 6u He cjiy^Hjiocb... Th na- 
■yrajn> H*H3My^Hjrb aiy yMHpaDmyio o^HAaBinefli ee aarpoC- 
Hod jKHBHbK); cxpax'B noMyTHJi'b eft paacyAOK'b, c^'i^jiaji'b (f)aHa 
THHHofi xaH»cefl H TOJiKHyji'b Ha Myate- b fltToyfijftcTBo"... ,Ho 
Bi^Ai> H He xortjii) 9Toro! — npoxecroBajio BHyTpn ero:— a xorfeji'b 
TOjibKo HayHHTb ee MOJrarbca, oTKpNTb eft BtHHyio HCTHHy, 
KaK-b TO noBejABaji-b mh* moK AOJirb**... HcTHHa?— Bflpyrbnpo- 
Hecjiocb BT) ero rojioBt. Ixo ecTb HCTHHa?.. OhT) cxBaTHJiCH 
^&hmm pyKaMH aa roptBinyro, KaKi h^b ornt, roJiOBy. Bo5Ke! 
He comeji-b jih oH-b cfb yMa? Oa-b, OH-b nepecTajii* noHHMaTb, 

^TO eCTb HCTHHa?.. OH'b BCKO^HJI'b, 6p0CHJICH Ha RaMeHHUH 
mCWI'b H CKJIOHHJTb TOJIOBy Ha pyKH: MOJIHTbCn! MoJIHTbC^... Ho 
paSBi OH'b M0«eTl> MOJIHTbCH? 

„Boxce Moft, BoHce, sa^'ibM'b ocxaBHJi'b Th MeH^I*" cTonajio 
B'b ero nymt. Ho TaK'b Mojinjica h BSHBajix ToTb, Kto He 

tUSrh CHHOM'b BoSKJHM'b, a ^eJIOB'&KOM'b, KajCb BCh. BHJia JIH 

HCTHHa TO, HTO OH'b cjiMmaji-b B^epa, Kor^a xpyA^iuiecH h 
#6peMeHeHHHe cjiymajiH HOBoe eBanrejiie cb OjiecT^mHMH oti> 
BocTopra rjiaaaMH? H-ih B-b ApyroM'b Micrt HafifleTi> ohi> ee, 
»Ty McejiaHHyi) HCTHHy? MoJiHTbcn! MoJiHTbca! Ho KOMy jkc? 
HeJiOBiKy B'bjib neJibSH MOJiHTbCii. H ohh roBopnrb: Bora bo- 
Boe ffbrb; Mipi>, 3to— -orpoMHaa MamHHa, ABHacymancH no b^h- 
HHiifb, HCHBM'j^HHHM'b saKOHaMii; Bce acHBerb H Bce padBHBaeTCJi; 
le 6hjio HHKaKoro Tnopua h KorAa-HHfiyAb ne CTaneT^b hh 
aeMJiH, HH HCJioBtKa. Bcfe ohh nponoB'fe;iyi)Ti> paanyio HCTHHy, 
H KajKAHft ocnapHBaeTb cbod, yB'bpeHHuft, hto ona eAHHCTBen- 
HaH, HeoOxoAHiiaH h npeKpacnan, h TOJibKo ona npiiBeAerb ki> 
Bt^HOMy fijiaacencTBy. Kto HS'b HHX'b npaB^? Kto eAHHCTBen- 
BHlt o6JiaAaTejib hcthhh? H ojumiy Jiii owb BJia^'^erb eio? 
CyiaecTByen jih HcxHHa BOo6iii;e? KaKan BOJiHyK>ii;aHCA cM'bna 
MHCjieft, Hepasp'J^nieHHHX'b, nepasp'j^mHMHX'b coMH'bHil! o6y- 
pesaeTB ero? OrKyfla najierbjiH oh* Bflpyri? San'bM'b Kpy- 
^KaTCH HaA'b HHBfb, Kajcb CTaa HcnyrannHXTb irrni^'b, aa- 

CXaBJIHH HyBCTBOBaTb XpeBOaCHHtt BBMaXIk CBOHXT) KpHJIbCBl)? 

Mto HapyiHHJio ero ropAHft noKofl?.. MojiHTbcn! MojiHTbca! Borb, 
KOTopoMy OH'b cjiyacHTb H BtpHTb, MoatCT'b BcpHyTb CMy no- 
Kofi, H H*rb noKOH Bffb Ero... MojiHTbca! Ho y nero HiT-b xe- 

Bepb HH OAHOft ACHOft MHCJIH, OH'b HC HaXOAHTb CoJi'be CBiia- 
BUX'b CJIOFb. 

Thchhh npoTHBopt^mBHX'b omymemfi BojiHOBajiH ero, h 
cBibrb KaKb 6h noAepnyjiCH JierKHM'L xyiiaHOM'b. H, RaKi* xojibKo 
OH'b xorfejiTb MOJiHTbCH, nepcA'b HHM'b BCTaBajia Fejibra JlepTb; 



I 

168 PFCOBOa BOFATCTBO. 

offb BRjxhjTh, KSLKb ocraHasJiHBaJiHCb Ha hbm'b ea ACHue, cn»- 
Ko^HHe rjiaae; cjiHmajii> en rojiocb, npHHHMaBmia raROfi jah- 
BlTTeJibHO ne^aJibHHt! oprbnoK'B, He cMoipn na to, hto oea ro- 
Bopnaa yB'ibpeHHO n TBep;to. H eny 6ujio ctujiiho nepeiH) Rett, 
nepeAi> btoI! H3uiHHi^efl, Bce me npoHHRmeflcfl AyxoifB BsaH- 

?T0 ecTb HCTHHa? ycjiumajTb OHb wb nepButt paaii cjiOBa 
HiijiaTa H3T> ycTb CTaparo rafle6ynia, h ero BOBMyiHJio aro Oo- 
roxyjibCTBo cJiyacHTeJiH ^epKBH, xoth bt. jiyurh cTapaK'b, na- 
Btpflo, xpaHH-Tb ^ecTHyiD, HeaoKOJieCHMyK) stpy, ho 6Hjrb fla- 
JiCKTi OTb MHCJiH HaBflBUBaTb 66 eHy HJiH Roiiy 6h to bh 
6ujio H c^HTaTb ee OeaycJioBHoft. 

BucBadaHHH^ hjkt He BHCRaBaHHUti, aTOTb Bonpocyb B'&^h# 
3ByHajii» B'b yraaxTj h Aynit FoTxoJibAa h bo Bceft ^yTaHH^•i 
ero HOBOft mH3HH; II ceroAHH ohI) BHesariHO npoOy^HJiCH 0b 
Heirb, TRevb n cBepjisjTb 6ro. ne AaBan horoh: hto ecTb HCTHHa? 
Hto ecTb HCTHHa? Bci ohh nponoBt^yiorb to, ^rro CHHTanrb 

HCTHHOl!, HJIH TO, HTO HM'b BHymHJIH, RaR^b HCTHHy. Kaac^Hfi 
B'bpHTb Bl> HBOCnopHMOCTb CeoeU HCTHHH, HO OHa HO o^Ha H Ta 

me: ncTHHa OTBepmoHHux-b n o663AOJieHHHXi> ne la, ^rro HCTHHa 
CHTiiix'b M SoraTux-b, HCTHHa paSoB-b - He HCTima rocaoA'b, h 
uemjiy nponoB'^AHHRaMH Bchj.'b HCTHH'b ecib Ao6pi:ie h 3Jiue, 
HH3Rie H B03BbimeHHb?e, /ItJio, cJitAOBaTejibHo, He bt* Bonpoct; 
cjiyatHrab JiH TH HCTHH-fe, hjih: hto th npH3Ha:rb 3a ncTHny, a 

TOJIbRO eAHHCTBeHHO B'b TOMbl ^TO TH 3a HOJIOB'feR'b? ^OJIO- 

BtR'b JIH TH BooOme Bi> HHcrfeftmeM'b h fijiaropoAH^flmeirb 
cMHCJit 3Toro cjioBa? EcjiH TaRi), TH AocTHr-bBeJiH^atlmaro, ^# 
AOCTynno nejioBtRy, h ne A0ji«eH'b TpeneiaTb hh nepeA^ Ra- 
Roft 6yAyiii,eft sKHBHbio. 

FoTxojibA'b cHOBa cacaji-b cboh bhcrk pyRaMH. Hto Bce 3t# 

BHaHHTbV FoBOpHTb JIH 8T0 A'^^lCTBHTejIbHO B'b HeMli... B'b HeMT>? 

H RaR'b nonajiH 9th ^yacAHa RanJiH B'b ero RpoBb? BjiaroAapa 
Kypiy BeJibMaHHy? BjiaroAapa FeJibrt Jlep-b? BjiaroAapa BctMi* 
coiHHeniHM'b, BanojiHHioiii.HM'b ero nHCbMOHBHtt CTOjrb, h 
HTeniK) HX'b B'b HOHHofl THiHH? BjiaroAapH coOHriHM'b uocjrbMr 
H6tt HO^H? Hjih 6jiaroAapa BooOme Bceny, hto oBTb nepentHJiT. 
^H3H^ecRH H HpaBCTseHHO 3a nocjitAHoe BpeMH? Ho TorAa' 
BHa'iHrb, Tan!) xortjTb caM'b Bori*, a caM'b ohi> He BHHOBarb. . 
Offb THXo 3acT0Hajn> h noHHR'b rojiOBoa. Ero BHeeanno oxBa- 
THJia rjiyCoRan yciaJiocTb. Tojibro 6h ho AyMaTb Cojibme, sm 
AyMaTb! OhI) cnb yMa co^Aerb, eoJiH CyAeiib npoAOJiHtaTb ny- 
MaTb... Ohti He Morb BHHocHTb 6oji'fee mapa HciyRa Bb BHCRax^b... 
ycHyTb! H Jiy^me 6h He apoSyatAaibca OoJibine!.. Ho Offb CHOBa 
BCTaJi'b, hto6h noAottTH kt* yMapaBineK h nocjiymaTb est AHxa- 
Hie. Bce ein;e acHsa h Bce eme cnHTb, — rjiy6oRO h RpiuR©. 
HnoPAa TOJIbRO hsi* otrphthxte> ryfi-b en BHpHBaJiCH THxifi ctohii 



TTO BOTB HOTUHA. 169 

HdlH OTpHBHCTOe CJIOBO. C^b TpeoeTOMTb yCJIHXaJIli rOTXOJIbJ5T> 

«ajio6y: 

— «H Biflb He Mcena xBOii, JIiaAe... no9TOMy... 

Ol roJiOBHott Cojibio H ;tpo7KaimiMii KOJiteflMH, Bepnyjicj! 
OH'b omynbK) naaaA-b h onycTHJicH na cTyjii* y OKHa. 

OffB npHCTajibHo BCMaxpHBajicH B-b TCMHory HOHH, npoptsH- 
BaBrayioM nepBHMH npe^paacB'feTHHMH jiyqaMH. Bcfe 8th 6h- 
cTpo npoHOCHBmiHca mhcjih poHjracb h nyTajiHCb B'b ero Moary. 
FoJioBa onycTHJiacb na rpyAb. Ero oxBaTHjia (J)H3H^ecKa« cjia- 
CocTb, H oH'b no^yBCTBOBajib ce6H CBoCoiiH'fee h Jierqe HteoTO- 

poe BpeM^ Offb CMOTptjI'b Bb TCMHOTy H npHCJiymHBajicH. Jl% 

cjiyxa AOHocHJicfl Jinmb mopoxb h KaKOlJ'To cjia6Hft mejiecTb. 
Bhjih jih to rojioca ho^h, hjih npnapa^HHrt inenon> BsyKOB'b, 
npo6y«AaromHxca no BpeMeHaMx uesRuy HeCom* h seMJieW, oco- 
<5eHH0 KorAa nafl'b flOMOMb B-feerb 'lepnoe KpHJio CMepTH? — owh 
He 3Hajib; xojioa'b CHOsa jieAeHHJib ero rfejio. UepeA'b HHM'b 
noflBJiiijiHCb npH8paHHb[£[ xtHH n 6e3MOJiBHo HCHesajiH. Owt cho* 
TpiJib Ha ehxij, HyBCTBy^, hto ero flaBurb hto-to crpaniHoe h 
THacejioe. 3auj;HmaTbca ne 6hjio CHJib, aa ohi> h ne xorfejib. 
FoTXOJibA'b noTepaji'b coBHame... 

OHb npocHyjiesr c^b Heo6b^cHHMHMb nyBCTBOwnb CTpaxa OTb 
iMLKoro-TO JierKaro npHKOCHOBeHia Kb ero njieqy. OH'b rtticxpo 
npoTepii rjiaaa... HeymejiH nepen'b HHirb Fejibra ♦TIepb? B'hjih 
9X0— He coHT): yjKe CtJiHtt AGHb. OH'b BCKO^HJib B'b TpeBort. 

— EcjiH BH xoTHxe noMOJiHTbCH cb KBJO, TO, AyMaio, Tenepb 
Bpeii^... — CKasajia ona cnoRottHo. 

OH'b CMOTp'fedib Ha nee eme Bb nojiy6e3co8HaTejibHOM'b co- 
CTOflHiH. KaK^b B'b TyMaH'fe, 3aM'bTHJib OH'b cyMacmeAinaro CTa- 
pHKa, pacnoJio^HBmarocH Ha CBoexM-b o6bi^HOMT> mI^ct*, ea OKH'fe, 
KaK'b 6yATo HH^ero ne cjiy^HJioct. CbeHcuBmHCb, cb o^KaMH B'b 
ojioB^HHOtt onpaB-fe Ha Ji6y, oH'b BEHMaiejibHo cMOTp'feJib Oesyii- 
HHMH r,iia3aMH Ha Bce npoHcxo;iHBmee BOKpyr'b nero, nepeOn- 
paa CBOH canoMtHHe HHcxpyMeHTH h KycKH komch. TojibKo HHorAa 
OH'b pacTepHHHO onycKajib BBop-b noAb hofh, to^ho Hcnaji'b 

AtTefi, HrpaBHIHXb 06HKH0BeHH0 Ha BTOM'b M'hCT'fe, H yAHB- 

juwiCH, HTO HX'b TaMb fl-ferb... Pa3AaJic>i nepBHfl yAapi> ere 

MOJIOTKa... 

y ABepH cocbAHefi KOMHaTH cTOHjib ropoAOBOfl, GTi BacnaH- 

HHM'b n yrpfOMHM'b JimXOWb. HS'b KOMHaXU AOHOCHJIHCb THxie, 

6oji'b3HeHHue ctohu; cb yjiHAH BpKBajincb pa8HOo6pa3HHe SByiui 
HpoCy^KAABmefiCH ^h3HH. 

— KaK'b nonajiH bh ciOAa... h B'b laKofi ^acb? — cnpocHj» 
ToTXojibAb Fejibry Jlep'b, eABa HanHHan npHXOAHTb B'b ce6H. 

— OTeub OKaaaji'b MH'fe, hto Bce aojixcho KOHHHTbca ceroAHH 
HOHbK). HyTb HacTynHJio yxpo, a m npHmjia. 

Ona HanpaBHJiacb Kb 6ojibHOft, h OH'b nocjibAOBaji'b 3a new. 



170 PyCCKOI BOFATCTBO. 

Euy 6hmo crmBMo, qro oea Hamjia ero coiiiuHirb... eiiy noKasa- 
viocb, "iTo 9T0fi A'i^ByniKH 0Hi> OjAerb BcerAa cruAHTbCfl. Off^ 
CTOfliTB Bifj^crb (Tb Heft y nocrejiH yicHpanniefl h ^7BCTB0B&.Tb, 
YTO ;xoJi»eEi> CRasaTb hto-to FejiBrb, ho ne sfiajTB xopomeHBKo, 
«m>?.. BApyrB oHb aaifbTHJiii, hto B8opi» cTeKjuHHurb rjiasi 
6oABHOfl ycrpeMHacii na Hero cb Bupa»ceHieMi> ropHHefi, nox- 
Hofl OTHaflHiH mo*tb6h. ^to eft nyacHO? He xonen jh onaBoajio- 
»HTb Ha Hero oTB^TCTBeHHocTb 3a Bce cjiyiHBmeecH? Ohi> bbap^ 
rnyji... Ea B3opi» hciuu!1> nero-To bt> HeMt, 6ujii> npHROBaHT> 
KT* HeMy. Oht* roTOBb Ctun* rpoMKo Kpn^aTb: Hferb! Htrt! 
H'brb! He a BHHOBaTb bt> aroM-b y«act! He na mh* rart- 
Tterb es\ npecrynjienie! 

— Bh XOTHTe MOJIHTbCH? — MCAJieHHO npOHBHeCTb OHb, HaKJIO- 

HHBmHCb Ri> Heft. PyCH esi 6edBy^Ho dameBejmJiHCb^ h oha 
He cnycRajia cb Hero rjiaaii... Yxcacb oxBaTUBajTb ero Bce 6ojibnie 
H 6o»ibnie. HHROFAa bT) »h3hh ohI) TaRii ne ^yBCTBOBaJib cBoett 
He;ioB*HecRoft cja(5ocTH, Rani* bt> axy MHnyTy. OH'b ne 6u.rb 
6oJvbe cBHiueHHHROM'b; eny Raaajiocb, hto ohi> BHe^anno ^ih- 
niefl'b cana, — Bcero, hto BOBBtimajio ero na^i TOJinoft, h tto 
•HT* crajii oAHHM'b Hs-b MajitiXT) cHxi*, Tpenemyiii.HXT> nepe^b 
•BOHifb BoroMi). BcHRoe coaeaHie npaBOTH Hcneajio Bb HeMb 
sa ary no^b. Offb pacTepnHHO CMOTpiJi'b BORpyrb, nma no- 
MomH. Tembra oToinjia B'b CTopony, h OH'b HCRajii> ee. 

— H ea He noHHMaio, — cRasajii* oH-b eft thxo h eeanoMomet. 
^tsyiuRa npiiOjiHBHJiacb h cRjoHMJiacb nazi'b ynnpaiomeft, iih- 
TaBineftCJi o^HiiTb ee 3a meio. Kasajiocb, ee BHeaanno oxBaTHJTb 
cTpaxT) nepe;t'b rfeM-b, ^to B'b Heft roTOB'b HSCjiRnyTb Hcio'iHHKb 
WH3HH, H ona BcfeMH CHJiaMH H^njinjiacb sa nee. Ea CTORJinH- 
HHe rjiasa fltJiajiHCb Bce nenoABH^H-fee, hbi* corfecHeHHOft rpyflH 
BUJiOTaJio OTptiBHCToe flHxame, no Hcxy.^aBniRM'b HjienaM'b npo- 
•*rajia Apomb. Hepes'b MHoyTy Fejibra cb ycHJiieM'b BHnpaMH- 
jiacb. 

— Ofla xonerb, ^ito6h bh oCimajiH eft, ^to OHa BoftAOTb 
Bb IlapcTBie He6ecHoe, — CRaBajia ona. 

FoTxojibA'b HeptmHTejibHO uoTynHJica. OetmaTb! B'b wy 

MHHyTy OHT> COTBOpHTi; Pp'feX'b, eCJIH C;i'fejiaeTb 3T0. PaSB* OHb 

XpHCTOCb, npocTHBmift pasCoftHHRa na Rpecrt h oC-feiAaBmift, 

^TO B'b TOT'b :Ke AGHb OH'b CyAOTb CT> HHM'b B'b paX)? A HTO 

CCJIH OHH, yTBep^Aaromie, ^to ntTb HHRaRoro He6a nocji-b 3T0ft 
BeMJiH, ijpaBN?.. Mhcjih ero cHOBa cxajiH nyTaTbCH. 

— HoRaftTecb! — npoiisnecb OH'b h BsrjiHHyji'b na HCRa«eHHoe 
•rpaxoM'b JiHi^o yMHpaioineft, pyRH Roiopoft Bce eme Aepacajia 
re;ibra,— Tenepb bh Ao.n5KHH noRaHTbca B'b CBoeM-b rp'bx'b. 

McnyraHHoe HsyMJieme noHBHJiocb na siEufb yMHpaioiAeff. 
Mto-to B'b poA* yjiHCRH HCRpHBHJio yrmi ea ' pra. fjiasa en 
Bce pacmHpajiHCb h ona, Raaajiocb, xorfejia cnpocHTb ero:— Ho- 



HTO ECTb HOTHHA. 171 

KaflTbCH? BT) HeMT)? H ;^0JIHCHa 6HJia CA'feJiaTB aTO h TaiwKe 
HoerynHJia 6h bo BcaKoe BpeMu.— Mo«erb Ohtb, OHTb npima- 
cftiBajTB eft CBOH coCcTBeHHHH My^iHTejiBHHa MHCJiH H nepe- 
HocHJi'b HX'b wb ineBeJiEBiniHca, ho hc npoHBHocHBmiH hh 3ByKa 
yoTa yMHparomeft. Ea TH«eJioe cocToaHie yreeTajio ero. Oh'b 
onycTHJicH Ha KOJi'feHH no ^pyryio cropony KpoBaTH h menrajni 
ett Ha yxo: 

— IIoKattTecb... noKafliecbl 

©TB'feTOM'b 6ujrb Bce Ton> ^e iiayMJieHHtift Bsr.iHA't h no- 
AoOie yjiHCKH. OHTb saMOJiKT). C'b bthmt* BsrJi^AOM'b n ci> ^TOti 
yjiHCKOfl 6ojibHaa ycHyjia. H Kor^a oht> p'feniHJi'b mojihtbch, 
FejiBra CA^Jiajia anaK'B pyKoft, hto Bce yjKe kohhcho. Oh'b hc xo- 
TfejTb B'bpHTb, HO oHa BaKpHjia TJiasa yconmeit h Bcxajia. 

— JlerKan cwepTb nocjib aojihixtj cxpaAaHitt h THHcejioft 
:kh3hh!— npoHBHecjia ona thxo. 

roTxoJibATj noAH^jicH. Owh cjio^KHJi'L Ha rpy^H nOXOJIOfltB- 
miH pyKH yMepnietl h npoBejii* pyKoro no cBoeMy Ji6y. Koh- 
HBHo! Bce KOH^eno! Ona He pacKa^jiacb, He iioHHjia Aa»«e, ^to 
A0Ji5KHa pacKaaTbCH. H TaKOBT> KOHeuT), — peayjibTarb npo6y- 
^AeHla H oOpameHiH, H'feM'b oht* tslkb ropAiivic^!.. Oh'b h caM'b 
Hft MorB MOJiHTBCH y 9Toro CMepTHaro oApa h MOJi^a ctohjit* 
B-B Horaxij KpoBaTH, rjiHAH Ha noKonnHuy. Ta^ ocTanoBHTCfl 
lenepB en OTJierbBman Aynia? Jlpjimewh jih oh'b ocyHtAftTb ee, 
iijiH 3aBH;ioBaTb efl? Oti> oxBaTHBiuaro ero xpeneia iiepeA'B Ta- 
HHCTBeHHoft, BtHHoll saraiiKoft ero mhcjih pasjiert^TiHCb B^b (^e3- 
nopiiAK'fe. Owh CKJioHHJiCH nepe.TB t^mT), HaATb H'feM'b HiiKaKa^ 
^eJiOBi^ecKan cHJia ne HMfterB h, nomajiyfl, He 6yAerb HMliTb 

B.naCTH, ^TO A'fejiaeTB paBHHMH CHJIbHHXT> H CJiaCHX'B, BlspyiO- 

lUHX'B H HeB'fepyromHX'b. B-b 3Ty MHHyxy OH'b saeHJi^ o oBoeM-b 
CBflH^eHHHqecKOM'b caH'fe, pejiHriH, cjiyjKHxejieM'b h nponoB'feA- 

HHKOM'B KOTOpoft OHJTB; OH'B AyMaJI'b T0.JIbK0 HHHTOMCeCTB'fe 

Bcero ^ejioBtnecTBa h o npoKJiHiin, THrorbioiueM'B naA'B hhm'b. 

9tO HHMT0»:eCTB0 H aTO IipOKJIHTie 3aCTaBJIJIK)TT> JIK)Aeft TO C'b 

ipycjiHBOf! 6e3HaAemHOCTbio yHHiKaibCH ;ipyr'b nepeAi* ;ipyroMT>, 

TO CHOBa BUnpHMJIHTbCH... 

BApyrB C'B yjiHi^H Aonecca KOJioKOJihHMft bboh-b; pofiKill 3a- 
TepaBffliftca Jiy^i) coJiHi^a cK0Jib3Hyjn> sM'feflKoft no MepTBOMy, 
Tenepb cnoKottHOMy h npoKpacHOMy, JiHuy yconmefi. FoTxcjibflTi 
cJierKa B3Apo^HyJI^. CeroAHH BOCKpeceHbe!.. KojioKojia npiisH- 
BaiorB B'B xpaMT). Ob fianiHH i^epKBH laKOBa naA'B (JeaMo.iBHHM'b 
ropoAOM'b necjiocb rrbHie, KaKi) n B'B to nepBoe BocKpecnoe 
yppo. Ha yjiHU'fe, ocBtn^enHoft apKHMH Jiy^aMH cojiHua, nrpajiii 
A'bTH, CB060AHHH orB niKojibHHX'b sanaxitt. BocKpecenbe! Oh'b 
AOJiacoHTb ceroAHH cKasaTB nponoBiAB cb i^epKOBHoft KaecApbi. 
Ho B'B cocToaniH jih oh'b? H hto oh'b cKamerB? B'B naMHTH ne 
coxj/aHHJiocB hh cjiOBa H3'B cooxaBJieHHoft BHepa nponoBbAi^- 



172 P7C0KOB BOrATCTBO. 

ToHHo Bce noracjio!.. B^epa! Eny Kaaajiocb, hto Me«Ay B^e- 
pamHKM'b H HacTOiimeiTB AHeifb nponuiH HezrbJiH... Ohib e^ 
ycHJiieMt OTopBajicH otb cbohxt» Mucjiefi h nepemejrb bt* ••- 
cijiHroi) KOMHaTy. Taii'B Tejibra, TaK«e cofipaBinaacH yflTH, paa- 
roBapHBajia eme B'b nojirojioca crb ropoAOBNMi>, noTTHTeJiBHt 
CTO^BniHM'b nepent nefl. ForxojiBzrB BsajTBCBoro mjiany. YiiapH 
MOJTOTKa cyMacmej^inaro, CHfl'feBniaro na noflOKOHHHK'b co cBoett 
paCoToft, cTynaJiH B'b ero vh rojioBi, npn^HEHA 4>H3H?ecKiH 
€TpaflaHia. 

— ByflbTe BflopoBH, — CKasaji'b OH'b h npoTOHyji'b reart 
PyKy. 

— fl Hjdy cb BaMH, — oTB^THJia ona thxo, OynTo 6oflcb paB- 
6yOTTb cnnmyK). 

Korfla OHH bhdijih Ha yjiHiiy h onyrHJiHCb cpeOT ^pwirf 
cojineHHaro CB'feTa npocnyBraaroca jina, ohtb Cb rope^bi) npo- 

— HTaKi, (|)peftJieftHT> Jlep'b, y bbcb ecTb Bcfe ocHOBann 
TopHcecTBOBBTF. Bh oKaBBJiHCb npaBH. H norepn'&jrb ^ecrome 
KpymeHie. ^lynme 6h mh* HiiKoraa He npiis^KaTb cn^a. 

Oht> noKaqajTb rojioBOtt cb BbrpawenieM'b THXOft rpycTH. 

— TopmecTBOBBTb! — nocMOTptjia ona Ha nero cb yKopiB- 
HoJt, — TOJibKo noTOMy, TTo a He Btpi) B'b Bamero Bora? Hto «• 
uoTRQWb MH, jiioziH, n'fejiaTb HHoe, KaR-B He nocTynBTb no CBoaiiy 
BHyTpeHHeMy yC-feMCfleHiio? Mh chjibho Hy^KnaencH B'b cHHtw- 
^tneniH flpyrb k-b flpyry. 

OnycTHB'b rojioBy, ona npoTiinyjia eMy pyny. 

— By;ibTe anopoBN. 

HIscKojibKo MrHOBenirt OH'b ;^ep«aJ^b ea pyRy B'b cB«el, 
jKeJiaa CKaBBTb eme ^to-to, ho ne naxoAHji'b noflxoAHin«rb 

CJIOBt. OhH paBCTBwIHCb. 



^ACTb II. 

XIV. 

CoCpaBmlecH B'b uepKBH npHxoHcane aobojibho kojifo mjwiK 
Hanajia cjiy«6H. Kaniop'b nrpaji'b na opranife ouny npeJiioAii* aa 
ApyroK, a n'feHie see eme ne na^HHajiocb. Cpe^H npHcyrcTByro- 
lUHX'b saMtTHo 6hjio H'bROTopoe OeanoRoficTBo. KoMMepiuH co- 
B'bTHHR'b, Ha sTiYTb pas-b B'b conpoBOMCiieHiH AOHepH H njie- 
MAHHHRa, TaRwe cHA'i^Jrb y^e na cBoewb M'bcTib. HaRoneiirb, 
OH'b BCTajTb H HanpaBHJiCH B'b piiBHHuy neperoBopHTb (yb kh- 
cxepoM'b. IIocjrbAHltf, BSBOJiHOBanHHt! n BoaCyHCAeHHUft, tojibro 
HTO Bepnyjica h3T> ropoAa h cooOmnji'b, hto coB'feTOBBJTb r. sa- 
cTopy, noxepHBineMy, noBHAHMOMy, BcaRoe noHJiTie o BpeiceHH, 



HTO BCTb HCTHHA. 17;^ 

BsjiTb BKHnaHCb H txaTb KaK'B MOJKHo CKopte. Ohtj h o6tiu;ajrB 
npl-fexaib HeweflJieHHo, pacnopaAHBOiHCb, ^to MoryxTb noKa 
Ha^HHaxb xopajTB, ho hto6h ntJiH He BHOpaHHoe B^epa: „Cno- 
KoflHU Bct Ji'bca", a ^XpricTocnb — moh eafle^K^a". B'b aTOM-b He 
6hjio 6h HHHero oco6eHHaro, ^to mopjio (5h oOpaTHTb Ha ce6K 
BBHMaHie, HO r. nacTop-b HMtJii) xaKoft CTpaHHHK BH^'b, roBo- 
pHJiT* TaKT> OeacBasHo, 6ujn> TaKi* CjitneH'b h pacxep^H'b, ^to 
A'fejiajiocb CTpaniHO. CjiyJKaHKa coofimnjia, ^to ero q-bjiyro HOHb 
He 6hjio ;^0Ma. A ^to eny npeAcronrb ceroAHH nponoBtAb, oht>, 
Kaaajiocb, coBepmoHHO BaCtiJiT), xoth h 3aM'bTHjn>: „^a, j^a, a 
CKaHcy nponoB-bflb... cKa»cy!** M npoHanecTb 3Th cjioBa KaKnMi>- 
To noHTH yrpoHcaroiuH NTb TOHOM'b, KaKi* 6ynT0 TOJibKo Tenepb 
BcnoMHHJi'b nponoBliAH. Etfy, Kucxepy, cTajio npiiMO crpamHO, 
H ohtj nocH'binHJi'b yflTH... Ho, botb, cjiHOieH'b myni* BKHna^a: 
aojiHCHo 6HTb, r. nacTopi): hjjkho nepeaaTb npHKaaaHie KaHTopy. 

EcjiH eMy, KHCTepy IIIthpT), flosBOJieno 6y;^erb noHTHiejib- 
Ho saMtTHTb, HTO npoHiJio yiKe floCpHX-b noji^aca CBepxT> no- 
jioaceHHaro speMeHH, to, MO^terb 6HTb, r. KOMMepuin coB'bTHHK'b 
BaJizierb jiy^mHM'b eg sanepHtHBaTb cefl^acb r. nacTopa... Kom- 
iiepqiH coB'bTHHK'b A'bflcTBHTejibHo ymejTb. OH'b flasce 060- 
;ip^iome yjiuCajiCH, Koraa Bepnyjica na CBoe M'fecTO, ^'hwh 
Jiynme Bcero ycnoKOHJi-b nyOjiHKy. KacTep'b coo6mHji'b o6'b 
BSM'bHeHiH xopajia, saHrpajii) opras'b, h MOJiHTBeHHHKH ci> my- 
MOM'b craJiH iiepejiHCTHBaTbca. Kaaajiocb, Bce BoniJio bi> o6hh- 
Hyjo KOJiero. 

Korfla FoTxojibA'b, B'b Tajiap* h 6'fejioM'b BopoTHHHK'b, Bameji'b 

113'bABepH pHBHHI^H, TO H'feKOTOpHX'b HOpaSHJIH CFO CJltflHOe JIHUO 

H anxopaAOHHO CjiecrbBmie rjiaaa; 6ojibinHHCTBO me e^Ba 
BsrjiHHyjio Ha Hero. Tojibko BajiecKa (J)OH'b-BHJiJiHHrb menHyjia 
norpysflBmeMycH B'b cooTB'bTCTBeHHoe MOJiHTBeHHoe HacTpoeHie 
coB'bTHHKy npaBJieHin: 

— He npaB^a-jiH, ceroflHH Kysen'b o^enb iiHTepecen'b? 

FyCepT'b BHjjiHHrb CA'fejiaji'b OTpHqaTejibHMH ^ecT'b npanoft 
pyKofl, oCTHeyTol! ^lepnofi nepqaTKofl h AepHcaBtnen 6jiecT^iu;ifl, 
KaK'b aepKajio, i^HJiHHAP'b; BOKpyrb ero pTa MejibKHyjio BHpa- 
5KeBie HeoAo6peHiH. 

Xopajn> KOH^njicH, h FoTxojibfl'b BeHjeH'b Bsomeji'b na Ka- 
eezipy. Ho, bbhel EsaHrejiie, hto6h npo^ecxb TCKcrb, cocTaBJiHB- 
niin iipeAMeTT* nponoBiAH, OH'b TaK»ce npo^ejn> He to m^cto, 
KaKoe HaM'bTHJi'b B^iepa, a ApoacamuM'b rojiocoM'b npoHanecb 
cJioBa H3'b nepBaro iiocjiamH kl KopHHOflHaM'b: „He mo^bt'b 
rjias'b CKaaaxb pyEcfe: a B'b Tefi-b He HysKAaioob, hjih rojiosa ho- 
raM'b: bh MH-fe ne sysuHhi**, h na^aji'b roBOpHTb, hto hhkto He 
AOJi^Kefl'b npeanpaTb Apyroro hjih jiyMaTb, hto mohcho oCoJlTHCb 
(5e3'b Hero. He aojijkhh bc* Al^JiaTb oaho h to H«e, a Ka5KAUfl» no 
CBoeMy npH3BaBiK) h cnocoOHOCTflirb, oOiisan-b cjiyMCHTb Apy- 



^ 



174 pyCCKOK BOFATCTBC. 



roMy. H6o Bcb jiK)AH--HJieHU oAHoro rbjia h xota 0TJiH?ai»TCA 
Jipyr'B 0Ti> Apyra, ho oAHsaKOBo h Ra'^cauft no cBoeiiy aojurhu 
cjiy«HTb BTOMy TtJiy. 

— TpyAHTbca, TpyAHTbCH, noKa CBixHrb cojiaqe, — npoAOJi- 
msijrh oeij, — BOTi> nepBa^ ocHOBa BC^Rofi xpHciiaHCRon »h8hh. 
FAt wbTb xpyAa, 6yAb to fioraraft hjih fitiiHHtt, Mync^HHa hjih 
HceHiuHHa, TaMi> Hirb h noApawama XpiiCTy. H TpyAHXbca bo 
iiMH jiio6Bif Ri) XpHCTy dnaHHTb TpyAHTbCfl BT> HHTepecaxi> Apy- 
riixii. XpncTiaHCRaa »H8Hb, 3to— AoCpoBOJibHoe cjiyaceme. „Pa6T> 
Aa BHaerb, hto iiepeA'B BoroM'b oht> ne pa6i>, a cboCoahhQ ne- 
jioB'hBi'hy cnaceHHun bo XpHcrb; rocnoAKiHi> aa SHaerb, hto h 
HaA'B BHM'b ecTb BjiaoTHTejib, KoeMy oht» cjiyacHTb**. TaKi na- 
cajii> anocTOJi'b IlaBejUi. H6o oCa AOJiHCHHAaTb 0T^eTi> FocnoAy 

Bly TOMI), KHKb HCnOJIHAJIII CBOfi AOJirb. R rOCIIOAb CyAHTb HC 

DO BucoROMy iiJiH HiiSKOMy BBaHiio HejioBl^Ra, j\.iisi Hero HM'berB 
BHaHCHie HO jihuo, a ero coB-fecTb. KorAa oTb OnJiHMOHa y6*b- 
;Kajii> ero pa6i>, to IIaBejn>, oOpaTHBmift pa6a, BepHyji-b ero r-l 
rocaoAHay, Aa6u paCij iicnojiHfljn> cboH AOJin>, HapymeHHHfl 
hmtj TaRij rpyfio, h B'b to «te Bpena BHymaJiTj ii rocnoAHHy 
xpHCTiaHCRia oOaaaHHOCTH no OTHomemio Kb pa6y. „Th npH- 
Menib ero, RaRTb Meea caMoro, — OHcaji'b ohtj OnjiHMOHy, — aecjia 
owb rrpHiHHHJi'b TeCi BpeAT>, hjih BHHOBarb nepeA'b to6oid, to 

Sa^TH 9T0 Mflli". 

— CflHCXojKA^Hie H npoLuenie! Borb nepnua ir BaacHtflmia 
xpHCTiaHCRia oGasaHHOCTH, iioporie moh. Ho npeatAe Bcero jhoCobl; 
1160 Bcb Mu — rpiniHHRH. To, HTO HHEt nponoB'feAy»TT> couiajiTj- 
AeiiORpaxH, cTpamHO oniHfioMHo h HencnojiHHMo: miRaRoro pa- 

BeHCTBa B'b HXT. CMtlCJI'fe OfclTb He M05KeT'b, IlOTOMy ^TO JIDAH 
C03AaHU He OAHHaROBHMK HO CBOHMl* Ra^ecTBaMx H cnocoOHo- 

CTaMT>, H 6HJI0 6h Heatno TpeCoBaTb otx BcfexTb oAHoro h Toro 
ace. KaatAHft AaerL TOJibRO to, hto MoaceTT> h hto ciiocoCeH'b 
AaTb. KaacAHft HJieH-b Moacerb TojibRO no cBoeny cjiyatHTb 
TtJiy. 

EcaH aa seMali ne MoateTi* 6uTb paBencxBa B'b ysROMb 
cMHCJi'li 9T0ro caoaa, to oOaaaTeabHo MoatoT-b h AOJiacao 6HTb 
Apyroe, H'hwh Tcnepb, h6o Tenepb y nacb onenb xyAO, h mh hc 
iTMl^eMb HHRaRoro npana naBHaaTb ce6a xpiicTlaHaMii KaacAuil^ 
A'feaaeT^, ^to Moacerb, ho AoaaceHi> A*«iiaTb B'b oCiuiix-b hhtc- 
pecaxTj — axo HeH3M'bHH0. A MHorie jih H3'b nacb MoryTb no- 
XBajiHTbca, HTO saCoTaTca Apyrnx-b, ane TOJibRoo ceO'bV Kaat- 
AHtt AOJiateH-b HM'bTb CBoe, htoOh ne 6HTb B'b TarocTb ApymM-b, 
immerb DaBejii,. Ho KaatjiHtt h3i> aacb, co BC'feM'b iiMymecTBOMi, 
^To HM'beTb, ecTb TOJibKo AOBtpoHflbitt OTb FocnoAa. MflorooOpa- 
8HHa CtACTBia cyaHTB nHcame TiMT> CoraiaM'b, hto naRanjuc- 
BaioT'b OoraTCTBa h nojibsyioTca hmh TOJibRO aji« ce6a; h oco- 
GeHHo rope rfeM'b, rto oOcHHTHBaerii paOoTOro, h6o oht> cTonTb 



HTO SOTb HOTHHA. 175 

«Boel! njiaTu. ^Hto bu CA'bjiajiH o^HOMy hsi* MeHbiuux'L 6parLeBii 

MOHXli, TO BH M'bJiaJIH Mh*". — ^rOBOpHTL XpHCTOCB. 

, BcHKift cjiyra — 6paTT>*, HUTaeM-B Muyace b-b TpeTbett KHHrt 
MoHcen, ApysbH mob! He cTporocTbK) h apoHSBOJiOM'B aojukhh mh 
ynpaBji^Tb iimh. „Th hc AOJi^KeHt npHTfccH^Tb hxi>*', cRaaaet 
Bi> nHcamH. H „TJbi He AoJi^eni) OTaycRaTb paCa cb nycTHMK 
pyKaMH, HO Aart eMy otb 0Bein> tbohx'b, otb ryMeBi>, ott> bhho 
rpazuBtHROBi); 1160 tu Aaenib h31> topo, '^'hwb fijiarocJioBHJii: 
TefiH FocnoAb, tbo^ Bopb!" nocTynaeMT> jih mh Bct corjiacHo 
8THirb aanoB'^A^M'b?.. TB.wb, fa'^ stHjiHiAa pado^Hxi* ne oTBt- 

HBLJDTh CaiiHITb CKpOMHHIfB TpeSOBaHi^M'B FHFieHH H HpaB- 

•TBeHHOCTH; FA'b HOJiy^aeBiapo coAepiKaHlH eABa xBaraerb Ha 
%8lmuh neoOxoAHMHH noTpe6HocTH, a »eHii][HH'B lyrb jih Be 
■piiHy;KAaK)rBKT>pa3BpaTy; FA'b h'^tb BOCRpecnaFo OTAHxa; fa'^ 

Bl> paCO^HX'b He BHAHT-B HH JUDAB^, HH OpaTbOBB, a TOJIbKO Opy- 

j^e oCoFameniH, — Tawnb ntTB xpncTiaHCTBa, Apy3ba moh! SA^cb 
He noHomerb 6jiaFOTBopHTejibHOCTb bo hmh xpHCTiaHCTBa; bo 
HiiH OFO FopasAO HeoOxoAHM'i^e paaOyAHTb coB'ibcTb nojibsyD- 

iqHXGA Hy^KHM'B TpyAOMB. 3tO npaBO H OOHSaHHOCTb 

RancAapo xpHCTiaHHHa, a t'^m'b (5oji'&e xpHcriaHCRaFO npono- 
B'bAHHRa! drorb npHBUBii xpncriaHCRoft cob'^cth rb npo- 
CyjRjiemD HecexcH lenepb FpodHUM'b, fpomobhitb pacRaTOBn> no 
Hameflt CTpan* h no Bceaiy RyjibiypHOMy iripy. Ohi* npHSH- 
Baerb ne Kb CjiaFOTBopHrejibHocTH, a Kb HcnojiHeniio AOJiFa. 
HpaBCTBOHHaH CHJia cjioBa Bomia Aojx^cna BOBA'^^CTBOBaTb: 
dTo — BaAana qepRBH h rbrb, rto e^ cjiy^HTB. H60 RaRaa nojiBsa 
B% MOJiHTB'b H B'B xoHCAeHiH 61} L^epROBB; HTo BHa^HTB Aa»ee 
JKHBHB, AajiORan otb Fp'bxa h bjioa'^^hhI^, ecjin cjioBa IlHcaHiH 
He cjiy«arB ro 6jiaFy MeHbniHXB CpaTbeB'by Mh ocyac;^aeirb h 
Mpecji'bAyeM'b comaji'B-AeMORpaTOB'B, BHCiaBJiaeiirB hxi* anrH- 
xpHCTaMH H 6yHT0Bii^HRaMH, npHBHBaeM'B Kb opy:KiK) npOTHBB 
HHX'B, TpeCyoMB Cojiie CTpornx'B BaROHOB-B, htoCh nopasHTB Hxt. 

Bo MHOrOMT> OHH AOCTOflHH OCy^AOHiH, BO MHOFOMB Bafijiy^- 

AaKxrca, h c5jrbAyen> 6opoTbca cb hhmh h oCpaayMJiJiTb HX'b. Ho 

Wb CymiHOCTH, Apy3bH moh, mh AOJiaCHH 6HTb HM1> 6JiaF0AapHH, 
HOTOMy HTO HX'b CTpaCTHaH aFHTaULH OTRpHJia HaMT* FJiaBa Ha 

70; Ha HTO MH He oCpau^ajiH BHHMaHia, ona aacraBHJia fiHTboi 
HamH cepAi^a h npoCyAHJia Hamn AyniH. Mh 6hjih cji'&nH — 
Tenepb mh npoap'JbjiH; mh 6hjih Tynn — Tenepb Ham;i cepAua 
#TRpHJIHCb AAH HamHXB SpaTbeBB. 

Ho He Bi) coiuaji'b-AeMORpaTOBib xothmi^ mh o6paTHTbCH, mh 

HOTJlWb 6hTB XpHCTiaHaMn B'B HCTHHHbflmeM'B CMHCJI'ib dTOFO 
•JIOBa, A'b^CTBOBaTb BO HMH eFO H nOMOFaiB HamHM'B OpaTBAM^, 

RaR'B 6paTbH. KoFAa mh ^yAOM'b nocTynaxb h ^HTb, KaRi* CRa- 
3aH0 B'B IlHcaHiHi TOFAa He fiyACTB HHRaRHX'B coqiaJi'B-AeM«- 
KpaTOBi>, JXPysbH moh! H botb nyxb, na ROOM'b mh xoTHM'b h 



176 PyOOEOB BOrATCTBO. 

AOJiatHH oAOjitTb Hxt! OTHHMeMi* y HKXt npeftnorb fljia boji- 
HeHil!, pa3A*JiHMT> see, hto HM'beMT>, Memay naniHMn 6paTMMH, 
BcnoMHHM'b cJioBa IlaBJia, ^to Bcfe Mbi — HJieHH o;^Horo TtJia, u 
HacTaHerB na aeM-Ht MHp'b h bt> neJioBliutx'B fijiaroBO-ieaie! 

AMHHb! 

FoTxojibfl'B cuycTHJicH cb Kaeeupa: H-fecKOJibKO pasb on-b HyB- 
CTBOBajiT, npHCTyaH rojioBOKpyHceeia. ObI) xoiliJi'b h jionmewh 
6hjii> CKasBTb ropasAO 6ojibine, ntMb cKaaajiij: ero BOJiHOBan'B 
U-bcUHft xaocb HecnpeA'bJieHHUx'b MucjiefJ, rfl-fe acHo 6hjio JiHinb 
ropa^ee meJiaHie, HCKaBmee Buxozia. CxpacTnaH yB^peHHOcrb, 
1T0 OHT) HaflA^Tb BTOT'b Baxo^Tb, oxBaTHJia cro, KaK'b HeOeCHHft 
oroHb. To, HTo cJiymaTejiH bt* npoAOJi^eHie nponoB'feAH iiepe- 
rjiflAHBajiHCb cb BupaHceHieM'b see BospacTaBmaro yziRBJieniH 
M HeAoyMtnifl na jinqax-b h cb CMyiu.eHieM'b h jnoOonHTCXBOMb 
orjiaAUBajiHCb Ha KOMMepuin: coB'feTflHKa (|)OH'b-BHJiJiHHra, ohi* 
raKme Majio BaM'fenaJi'b, KaK'b h to, hto nocji'bAHin y^Kc irb- 
CKOJibKo pasTj HeoAo6pHTej]bHo KamjiHJi'b h mapKajii> HoraMH, bh- 
.IHMO, roTOBHft ynra; ho, Kp'fenKo CTiicnyB'b ryOu, cb BHpa^Ke- 
HieMii OeaiioKoflcTBa B'b nagaxi), Bce 5Ke ocraBajiCH na Mtcrfe. 
ToTxojibA'b HH^ero He saM'feqaji'b, ho ecjiH 6m h SHaa-b, to BpjiAb 
JiH 9T0 CMyTHJio Ohi ero. Oht. ^lOJiHcen-b Ouji'b oOjier^HTb cboh) 
Ay my, ii HHKaKoe npoTHBOA'bflcTBie B'b Mipt He Morjo nonls- 
nxaxb CMy. Ho Tenepb chjih ocTasHJiH ero, h B'b to BpeM^, 
KaK'b opran'b cHOBa Ha^a.m> xopajii), oH'b npouieji'b HeiBepAHMH 
maraMH B'b pHBHaqy. Kona ci, nocjilJAHHMii sByKaMH opraea 
TYAa me Bomeji-b it KOMMepuin coB'ferHHKb, to OKaaanocb, «rro 
ToTXOJibA'b yTRfi ybxajib AOMOft. 

CTj HaXMypeHHUM'b JlCOM'b Cfejl'b BuJIJIHHr'b B'b CBOfl aKHnaJKTi, 

TA'b ero y«e mjxBJiii HajiecKa h njieM^HHHKb. 

— Hto 9T0, oAHaKo, aa nponoB-feAb, nana? — cKaaaJia Ba^iec- 
Ka. — KaKofl-To 6e3CBH3Bbifl Bsaop'b. Pobho hh^cfo Hejibaa 6ujio 
noHflTb. PejiHrioanaH ^aHTasin! MH'b He noHpaBHJiacb. He Mory 

nOHHTL, ^TO TH B'b HCfl Hameji'b. 

— A 3a Tofioft OH'b BceraKii ne yxajKHBaer'b, — saM'feTHJi'b co- 
litiTHHK'b npaB.ieniH (yh ^SBHTeJihHon yjiHfiKott. — Borb BpeHKen- 
Aop(|)b Ha 8T0 Macrepi)! Bnpo^eMb, a^ah, A'feCcTBHTeJibHO, 9To 
^HJia He HacTOHUiaa nponoB'feAb. Oea oTSHBaJiacb coBpeMeHHOft 
iiacTHpcKon AeMaroriell. Hocji'b Bcero, hto a cJiBimaji'b o Ky- 
yeH'b FoTXOJibAli ii ^ito Biijx'hJi'b caM'b, a mjiKjiiy coBCbM'b Apy- 
roro. HsT) ero noyieHia a Hiiqero ne BHHecb. CeroAHH noflAy R'b 
pe^epnen cjiy^K^^, mtoOh noAHflib CBoe penHriosHoe nacTpoeme. 

KoMMepuiH coB'bTHHK'b B'b npoAOJi^eHie Bcero nyTH Tepe- 
oK.Tb CBOH) BeJiHKOJi'feriuyio fiopoAy yKpamenHHMif nepcTHHMH 
iiavihiiaMH. Kto ero anaji-b, Mor'b no yjiuGR-b, MeJibKaBiueft bok- 
pyr'b ero pTa, ysnaTb, hto oHb B3B0JiH0BaH'b. Ho BpeMenaMb 
oHX Kycajii, ry<5H, ho He npoHBHOcHJi'b hh cjioBa. 



^TO SCTL HOTHHA. 177 

— Ueymejm Bce axo ;rbttCTBRTejQ>Ho HanHcaHo bi» CBaii^eH- 
HoiTB HHoaHiH?— cnpocHJia BajiecKa, Ranaji roJioBoft. — HHKorAa 
jie Morjia 6u noB'bpHTb. 

— IlHCbMa aaocTOJia IlaBJia h npo^ee, A'^ttcTBHTejibHO, cyu^e- 
CTByrorb, — aaM'&THJi'b coB'bTHHK'b. 

— TorjsjBL sL He noHHMai), sanlsM'b mh Bcer^a ccHJiaeMCH Ha 
BBanrejiie h xaKB Rpbnso jiepTKHMCH 3a Hero. B^ab vh ROHiri^ 
K0fli^0Bi> MOHCHo Bce AOKasaTb Ha ocHOBaniH ero. YncacHaH ne- 
nyxa! 

— MHJiaH BanecRa...— CRasaji'b ry6epTB BnjiJiHHrb ci ynpe- 

KOlfb H CMOpiI^HJI'B JIOO'B. 

— Hy, ROHCHHO, — ynpHMO npoAOJiHcajia ona. — Ero Bejune- 

CTBO,— 9T0 MHi TOBOpHJTb BpeHReHAOp(|)'b, — BO BpCMH npHBe- 

Aemn peRpyTOB'B r'S npacHrfe, ohhtb cRaaajrb, hto cojiiiaiH 

ffOJimHH 6UTb rOTOBH Kb 6opbfi^ Cl> BHyTpeHHHMl BpaFOlTb. A 
nOJTB HHMH 0H1> MOrb HOApasyM'bBaTb TOJIbRO Cdpajii* A^MORpa- 

TOBT*. Kyaeffb ace roTXOJibA'b xo^eTb y6tflHTb nacb, ^ro ohh 

UpaBH, HTO MH MOrJIH 6h y HHIT) MHoroMy noyHHTbCH H 

HTO btj cyinHocTH 9T0 xopomie, MHJiHe JiDAH. 9th-to AHRie 
sB'bpHl.. Yacb AftJiBme hath nejibBH. H npn tomT) roBopHirb 
TaR-b, TO^Ho AJM CtAnHxi* HH^ero ne A'^^aercH. fl eMy y«e 
oro pasiy roBopHJia, tto mh see js^2k<dwh jvisi HHX*b, a oHb 
Bospamaeorb: ^AflJieKo ne ;^ocTaTd^HO h He no HacTonmeMy*'!.. 
Mffb RaHcexcH, ohx c^HTaerb neoOxoAHMHarb sHCTpoHTb Mpa- 
MopHHe ABopAH AJiH OTHxi* CpaTbeB'b-nbHHHETb. J\9k H BoofiiAe. ro- 
BopHTb (yb AepROBHod RaeeApH o TaRHXi> Beiuaxi*, RaRi* B08Ha- 
rpaa^AftHie aa xpyAi* h nponee! Mat npaMo Chjio cthaho. BtAb 
OTo HenpHJiH^Ho. Snaemb ^to, Fyfiepr'b? Kyaenb ForxojibA'b 
paBoy^AOJi'b 6h coBC'bM'b HHa^e, ecjiH 6h He BHrneorb VL^'h OBoero 

COGJIOBIh. BjiaA'b^ OWh CBOHMI* CTapHM^b po:iOBHM'b HM'bHieMl> BTb 

Ra^ecTB'b OapoHa, oHb He crajrb 6h A'^&Tb rjiasRH aroMy mh- 
JEOMy HapoAy. 3to mh SHaeMib. Offb npocTO Bb onnosHAiH no- 
TOMy, HTO npHHyatiieHb Rop^HTb ns'b ceOn nacropa. 

Tyfieprb nomnnHBaJi'b cboh ysRla 6aReH6apAH ROHHHRaMH 
HajibAeB7>, daTHHyTHxi) b'b nepHHa nepnaTRH. 

— Th AOBOJibHo He CAepmana, MHJiaH RysHHa. Hejibaa Bce 
roBopHTb, HTO AyMaemb. B'b axoM'b CHJibHo npoBHHHJicH ceroAHH 
H TBott Ry3eHi> roTxojibAT>. Ho RaRott y Hero 6hjii> wcajiRift bhab? 

— JJ^a, coBcfeM-b MORpan RypHAa. CoBctM'b ne Torb Rpa- 
CHBHtt HOJioB'bR'b, RaRHMii RasajicH npe»ciie. 

— H Haxoacy, oAHaRo, MHJian BaJiecRa, hto tboo snaROMCTBo 
cb BpeHReHAop(|)OM'b CA'bJiaJio reCn BTb nocjrfeAHee BpewH... 

OROH^ame $pa3H 6hjio aarjiymeno cRpnnoM'b KOJiecb no 

rpaBiK) B'b BOpOTaX'b BHJIJIH H MaJIbHHineCRHM'b CM-feXOMT* Ba- 

JieCKH. 

12 



178 pyOOKOE BOrATOTBO. 

ToJibKO oKOJio Esrm HacoBi> Beiepa KOMMepAiH covhTBEKTB 
no3BOHnjii» y ^Bepe^ ForxoJibAa. 

IlacTop'b y»e AasHo noA«HAajn> ero h noroiiy BCTp'i^THJt'B 
cnoRo^HO. y BHJUiHHra xax^e 6huio AocraTOHHO speMeHH, ^nro- 
6h BnojiHib oBJiaA'^TB coCojD. Ki) ero o6'hjiy co6pajiHCL focth, h Ha 
8T0Ti> pad'B oKb noKasajTL ceCa Goji'be jii)6e8HUMi> h BHHHaTeJib- 
HHBi'B xoMHHOMi*, Tkwb KOFfla jih6o. Oh'b 6ujvh oHeHB ocTpoy- 
M eHi>, paasepTHBajTb mnpoRie njiann, KBsrb 6h HaMeRaa Ha cboh 
npoeKTu, paBBHBajTB nojiHTHHecRia nepcneRTHBH, o6HapyjRHBax 
ce6ji TOHRHM'b BHaTOROM'B nojiomeHifl JVkJVb, Ro BceMy roTOBiorb 
H p'ibniHTeJiBHUM'B. FocTH — (|)a6pHRaHTu iL3i> ApyrHxnb npoicHni- 
JieHHHX'b oRpyroB'b h HtcROJiBRo o(J)Hi^epoB'i> B'b ^HHax'B — pasa 
ABa annjioAHpoBajiH ero achhm'B h p'&mHTejibHHH'b BUBOA&in>, 
HTO eiine 6ojibme BOOAynieBJiHJio ero. BupoTOMii, h bhho 6ujio 
BeJiHROJi'fenHo... YTpeHHifi rHtBT> BnJiJiHHra Hcnes'L. 9toti> mo- 
jiOAOl! HejiOB'bR'B, FoTXOJiBA'B, OujTb pa3CTpoeHi>; nocji'6 TpeBoncHoff 
CescoHHoft HOHH, noJiHofl AymeBHHX'B BOJiHemt, noAi> Bne^ar- 
ji'ibHieM'B ropa h HHiii;eTu, B8omejii> oh'b Ha i^epROBHyio RaeeAPJ- 
Ero MHFRoe cepAne h HeA0CTaT0Ri> »cHTeflcRaro onnra nosBo- 
JiHJiH eiiy yBJieHBCA ao HMnpoBHsai^H; r'b cnacTLio, hhrto 
noTTH He noHHJTb ea, a& h cBWb FoTXojibA'B eABa jih BHOJiH'b 
co8HaBajii>, RaRyn coCcTBeHHo nporpaiciiy ohb xorbji'b pasBHTb... 
HeoOxoAHMO HaoraBHTb ero na nyrb HCTHHHHfii, h 8To rJiaBHoe. 
B'b K)HocTH y RaxcAaro dHBaiorb nponoB'bAHHHecRiH HaRJiOHHocTK. 
OH'B He paB'b aaM'j^^aji'B aro. 

— Th, rohohho, snaenib, aantM-b h npnniejrb, — cRasajTb rom- 
Mepi^H coB'bTHHR'b, onycRa^cb na aryjrb vb pa6o^eM'B Ra6HHeTik 
FoTXOJibAa. 

— no RpaftHett Mipi, Mory AoraAHBaibca. TeOt ne no cepAAy 

TO, ^TO A rOBOpHJI'b ceroAHH. 

BHJiJiHHrb noAHAjTB rjtasa. Ilocjrib oCnjibHHX'B hctbi» h 6e8- 
npepHBHaro paaroBopa oh7> nyBCTBOBajTB H'&RoropyK) ycrajiocTb. 
ycd^BniHCb noyAoOnte, OHb naM'bpoBajicfl cb hojihhm'b cnoROfi- 
CTBieM-B o6pa8yMHTB ropanyro, MOJiOAyio roJioBy. Ho aTon> tohi> 
ho noHpaBHJiCH eiiy. Hto bto: OTnopi) omHAaeMHM'B ynpeRaMi>: 

rOTOBHOC5TB npOTOCTOBaTB BCtMli CymOCTBOM'B, HJIH?.. 

— Th roBopHJTB necooTB'ibTCTBeHHO cbohitb ofiHsaHHocr^iirB, 

MHJIHfl FOTXOJIBA'B! 

— MHJiHtt JW3fiy a He Mory cjitAOBaTB tbohm-b nacTaBJie- 
HiHifB, RaRi* 6h nojiesHH OHH A*^H MOHH HH 6wia. H yme bu- 
mejTB B3T> noA^ oneRH h HHROMy, RpoM'b i^epRBH H Bora, ne 

06a3aHl> OTAaBaTB OT^OTB, RaRl) si HCnOJIHiHO CBO]ft AOJIFB. 

— CRaacHTe, noatajiyflcTa! K&Kiy 8to ropAo h nenpHciynHt. 
Bhjijihhfb bee eii],e coxpan^jTb xjiaAHORpoBie h, nprnuypHB- 

mHCB, CT> HtROTOpHM'B JDOOonHTCTBOMTb CMOTptJTB Ha FoT- 

xojiB^; onoRoftHO H HenoABH^cHO cHA'^Binaro na CBoeinb cTyjrb. 



^TO math HOTHHA. 179 

— H TH nojiaraemb, hto tboc uepKOBHoe Ha^ajibCTBo, noAi* 
^oneRolt'' Roero tei BceraKH OT^aoTH cocTOHHib, ocxaHeTCfl ao- 
BOJibHo TBoeK ceroAHHmHefl p'bHbi)?.. norony "iro B'bAb npoao- 
B'bjibK) ee HasBaTb HejibdH. 

— YBHAHlfb. 

— A TH... TH CaM-b ^OBOJieH'b CD? 

— Bhvh. 

• — A-a, ny... 

— H roBopHJi'b HeAOcraTOHHo acho h pibniHTejibHO m bhcka- 
dajii) JiHinb caMyjD HesHaHHTejibHyiD "lacTHqy Toro, ^ro lorbJiii. 
il caMTj eme ne noAroTOBJieH-b. 

KoMMepi^iH coB'bTHHK'b onycTHjrb rojioBy. 

— BoTT> 8T0 HecTHol TyTb coCcTBeHHo H ROH^aeTCA Hama 
6ec'hjxsL, Th, A'bflcTBHTejibHo, ne noAroTOBJieHi>, Moi^ MHJiHtt. 
Boji'be Toro: rpycTHHft onnrb h TaacejiHH npoHcmecTBia 
noBeprjiH Te6^ bi> coMH'bHie h sacraBJiAioTb norpacaTb name 
o6ii;ecTBeHHoe SAame. 3to noHATHo, secbMa qohatho. H »ee 
OTHomycb KT) coGHTiHifb 6e3'b BcaRaro TparadMa. ^o CHX'b 

UOpi) TH BUA'^JI'b H dHaJI'b HCHBHb O^eHb MajIO; n03T0My-TO 

Te61v H npHX0A>aT7> bI) rojiosy paasHA Heo^KHAaHHOCTH. Th 
vG'bAHJica, HTO He Bce xopomo na seMjrfe... Tohho aji« nacb 
caKHxi) aTO He acHO, mbjihA TorxojibA'b! C-b Bo«bea no 
Mou^bJD Bce AOJiatHO notlTH H iioflAeTb Kh jiynmeMy, HacROJibRo 
8T0 B03MO«Ho iipH HecoBepiueHCTBt Mipa, — HO CO BpeMe- 
aewb H no aaROHHOMy nyTH. H HCRpeHHifl Apyn> coi^iajibHaro 
aaROHOAaxeJibCTBa, oho upHnecjio HaBn> yace MHoro Ao6pa. IIoai^ 
BJiiflHieM'b cJiy^aj^HHX'b AJienili B'b hchbhh h ^acTo bhmh- 
mJieHHHX'b pa8CRa30Bi>, th cpasy cTaJi'b neAOB^pHHBHM'b h 
bi> cBoeMi)^ rH'^BoiTb npodyacAeHHOMi), cocTpaAaniH Bce cBanH- 
Baeuib BT> oAHy Ry^y. MojioAOMy, jierROMHCJienHOMy nejioBiRy, 

ROHeHHO, 3T0 UpOCTHTeJIbHO, HO TH — CB^meHHHR-b, MOfl Apyrx; 

fia Te^*^ jiemssTb THsejiaH oTB'i^TCTBeHHocrb, th ne AOJi:KeHa> 
noAAaBaTbCH cjia6ocTH. Cjiymaa Te6ji ceroAH^, moskho 6hjio 
noAynaTb, tto th oAHH'b Bs^h AeMaroroBi) Bb Tajiap'b, pasmH- 
raiomHXb Teuepb, K-b BeJiHROMy oropneHiio upaBHrejibCTBa h 
Bcbxi) SApaBOMHCJiiini.HX'b JiioAefi, HenaBHCTb B'b npoMHmjieH- 
HHXb oKpyrax'b h B'b Cojibmnx'b ropoAax'b npoTHBi) seMJieBJia- 
A'l^bueB'b H (|)a6pHKaHT0B'b. Beperncb! He cji'bAyeT'b myTHTb CTb 
orfleid'b. Te6'b H3BicTH0, hto aA'b Moacerb cjiyacHTb jrfeRapcTBOirb, 
RoiAa oHb ynoTpe6jiaercfl B'b MHHHMaJibHHX'b Aosax'b. Th pas- 
cHnaemb h padOpHdrHsaemb ero BORpyrb ce6fl, tohho HM'ibemb 
jvbJio cb 6e3BpeAHHMH AyniHCTHMH Beu^ecTBaiftH. Ha nepBHtt 
pa3'b Mory npHnncaTb 3to TBoeny MHHyTHOMy HacTpoemD h npo- 
CTHTb TeOii: HauiH Rp'bnRia fojiobu 3Al\cb He TaRb OHcrpo 
BocnjiaMeHHioTCH, cjiaBa Bory! — ho na CyAymee BpeMH th aoji- 

12* 



180 P70QE01 BOrATOTBO. 

^eHib TBepAo noMHHTb, ^ITO TH dnfbch noGTaBJieHii nponoB^Aif- 
BETb CJI060 Bo»ie, a He Bupa»caTb cBoe HeroAosaHie hjih cRop6f> 
no noBOAy HenpiHTHaro noaomemsi jt&jtb. CeroAHH th 3a6Hjrb, 
Tji'h TH «HBeinb, roTxojn>A'B!-—8aKOHqHjrB BHJiJiHHrb oreiecKH^ 
CjiarocRJioHHUM'b tohoitb h, BcraB'b, nojiOHCHJTB pyRy na njie^o 
^oTxoJ^>;^a• 

nocjid^AHiK cJiyniajTb eroMOJiia, hjiotho c»caBi> ryCuHMi^pHO 
noKa^HBan rojioBOft. FopbRan CRjiaAKa BORpyrb pra CRop^e 
BHpasKajia OesROHeHHyio rpycTb, nencejiH paBj^paxcenie h yapiiM- 
cTBo. Offb TOHHO roBopHJi'b ceOti TyTb corjiameHie HeiiHCJiHico; 
hsl h bobmo^ho jui OHO BooOu^e? 

— Bjiarojiapi) Te6a, a^ah, aa AoOpHfl costrb, — cRasaji'b 
ToTxoJibffb, — Ho TH oniHfiaembCH bo mh*. 51 TBepAO ctod na 
no^iBt pejiHriH, Ror^a roBopro to, hto BHCRaaaji'B ceroAHa. Th 
coBepmeHHO HenpaBHJibHO cyAHmb o daAanax'B coBpeHeHHaro 
AyxoBeHCTBa. Oho He aoji«ho Cojibme ocTaBaTbca CesA'bHTejib- 

BUWb, CTOHTb BI) CTOpOH*, 6HTb 6e3BOJIbHHMl> OpyAieMT. OHpe- 

jifkjieERoU nojiHTHiecRott napTiH hjih oTAtjibHofl RjiaccoBOd 
rpynnH. Eny nejibSH y»ce orpaHH^HBaTboa TOJibRO oahhmi> hb- 
jio«eHieirb CB^uj^eHHaro nHcama. H 6opK)Cb crh EsaHrejiieirb 
B-b pyRaxi, HO Ooprocb. 

— Hy, Aa BH Bct MOJiOAHO, ^ecT0JiK)6HBHe HOBaTopH BTb pa- 
cfkTb crapaeTOCb CA'bJiaTbCH coBpeMennHMH JlroTepaMHl — Bacidv- 
siJicA BHJiJiHHr'b, CTb BaM'bTHHM'b paBApa^BHleM'b.— 9to HBB'&CTHO. 
Ho, noAo6Ho JIioTepy, bh aoji:rhh Aep»caTbCH h coBpeMeHHOcTH: 

B'&AB OH*b HHCaJTb BI) CBOe BpOMH UpOTHB'b B03MyTHBmHZCH 

KpecTbHffb. Tenepb Apyria BpeMena, Apyrie npaBH. 

— CoBepmeHHo BtpHO, A«Aa. H HMeHHo noBTony mh 
:ioji:khh Tenepb 6HTb A'^TeJibHHMH h nponoB'&AHBaTb bi^ 
cMHCJi'b nepBuxi) xpHCTiani). BpeMH BnojiiH':^ nasp'^jio. H, htoOh 

UpeAOTBpaTHTb BBpHBT), BCJOAy nOArOTOBJUHDllUaCH yjKC BTHXO- 

MOjiRy, MH AOJimHH FOBopHTb CHJibHHM'b Mipa cero: o6pa3yMb- 
Tdcb, noRa eu;e He nosAHo; nacxaji'b "^acb jx'hjvh; cjioBaiin He 
yAepacaTb Cojibrae bi* ysA* rojioAHyio Maccy. 
BnjiJiHHrb HeTepntoHBO noMcajib HJie^aMH. 

— OOhhhhh (|)pa3Hl HpeacAe th Ayna^i h roBopHJii* HHane. 

— ^a, HO B^Ab TH CaMT> CRasaJTb, AAA^7 ^TO H He BHaJTb 

HCH8HH. H npeTepn'bJTb BceB03Mo;KHHH BHyxpeHHifl npeBpan^eHiH 
H Bce en;e ne AomeJi'b ao Rorn^a. Ho a na HCTHHHOM'b nyTH — 
3T0 H ^yBCTByro, a BHaro. y«e HHROMy ne yAacTca coBpaTHTb 
Meaa. Th roBopnmb ofii* oTA'I^JibHHX'b ({)aRTax'B, o UHMOJieTHOirb 
HacTpoeHiH. H'brb^ jsfkjio HAerb o 6ojrbe cyu^ecTBeHHoifb: oG'b 
o6pau];eHiH jroAett; ho o6paTHTb xothmi* mh He Kh coipajiHBMy 
H He R-B ABMaroriH, RaRi» th roBopnmb, a Kb HCXHHHOMy y^e- 
hIk) Incyca XpacTa. FocyAapcTBO Hasaa^HJio Mena oahrmi h81» 
cjiyacHTejieft h nponoB'bAHHROB'b, RaRi» a nojiarajrb, BHafcoMaro 



i 



^TO BCIL HOTHHA. 181 

Hffb yneHlff, h a ^epHcaJica aopmi* h nocraHOBJieHift i^epRBH. 
TenepB h Bosspamaiocb kt^ HCTo^sHRy, Hro6H o^LHCTHTbca fb 
Heifb, h6o TOJibRo Bi) HeM'b Hame Hci^'&jieHie— hhh'j^ h bo B'bsiB. 
BtKOBTb. H 3T0 MOG yO^i^AeHie A 6yAy npoBo^HTb Beazyb; r^'b 
H KaKi> Mory, Cyziy (SopoTbca ch BpaacAeOflUM'b Bory coi^iajina- 
uowb H cb ydKHM'b napTittHHMi> AoriiaTHSMOM'b Hamefi coBpe- 
MeHHoK njiyxoKpaiiH. H npoaptJi'b, AHfla, h xony hath no ao- 
pori, yRadaHHot! mh'^ mohm'b XpHCTOM^b. 
BHJumHT'b onycTHJi'B rojioBy. 

— MeHTbi! — cKasaJi'b oh-b, KaKB 6h npo ce6a. — Si laKB h 
jiyuajTb, 3to oco6eHHOCTb BeHAeHOBi>; Kb cnacrbK), He onacHaa. 
Ho a pacRaHsaDCb, hto BHasajiB Te6a cioAa. Th 3jshch He na 
CBoeirb M'jbcirfe. 

— Mo^erb 6HTb, a^a^- BuBaan ^acH h ahh, ROPAa h uwk 
Rasaaocb to nee... Ho xenepb a 6jiaroAapeffb Te6'b nan, ay^une, 
TOMy, 'iBHM'b ca'ibnuM'b opyAieirb tu 6ujrh. Qjsfbcb Aoaaceai a 
nepejRHTb nepioAB HCKymema h npocB'^Taema, hto6u acHo no- 
HaTb caMoro ceOa. KaRaa noabsa bb B'j^pi^, He noAseprai)- 
lUfiUca HHRaRHM'b HcnHiaHiaMB h coOaaaHaifb? H ToabRo 
3A'bcb 3aBoeBaai> oboh) B'bpy h eaceAHOBHo A&abme 6yAy saBoe- 
BHBaTb ee. ToabRo TOPAa ona h 6yAerb CaapocaoBemeM'b h cnaofik. 
KaRia BeanKia oCasaHHOCTH Haaapaerb Ha Hacb xpHCTiancTBo; 
Bi) KaRia CMyTHua coMH'bHia oho iioBeppaerb, na RaRie no- 
CTyHRH, npoTHBopi^HaiAie nacro HarnHMB HaRaoHHocTaMi> h ate- 
aaaiaM'b, oho BHHyacAaeirb, a nocTHP'b ToabRo lenepb h, mo- 
aterb 6HTb, BTb CyAymoMB mh* npeAcronrb yanaTb eme 60- 
alie yacacHoe h My^areabHoe. Ho axo ne CTpaniHTL iieaa. 
H HameaTb, HaKoneq'b, no^By, RyAa Mory CpocHTb cBoft aRopb. . 
He u'i^mBA MHt hath cbooio Aopopol!. 

Toaocb FoTXOJibAa sBy^aa'b hoab rohcub mhpro h ffbatno, 
BHyTpeHHifl cBtrb npeoOpasHa'b epo nepTH. Owb nporsiEyjrb Bna- 
aHHPy pyRy, ho totb ne aaMtTHaB naH ne xoTia'b saMtTHTb ee. 

Offb xoAHai) BsaAB h BnepeAi) cb HaxMypeHHHMB aOoBCb, 
daaoacHBB pyRH 3a cnnny, HanpacHO cxapaacb Raaaxbca cno- 
ROfiHHM'b. Offb xorfevTb 6h yB^^pHTb ce6a, ^rro Bce bto a^^ctbh- 
TeabHO He hto HHoe, RaRB (|)aHTa3iH h neacHua Menru iDHoft, 
nnaRofl poaoBu^ ho HyBcxBOBaax^ ^to nepeAB hhmb yppoataiou^e 

HeoaCHAaHHO BHpOCb OnaCHHtt npOTHBHERB TaMB, PA'b OHB Ha- 

A'i^aaca BCTp'ibTHTb A'^Hxeabaapo coDdHHRa. EcaH Oh aTorb 
opOHb PoptaB He njia sTwrb xopotuu(rb jjfbjrbl Ho, necoMHtHHO. 
Moa^Ho eme npHBaenb Kb cejSli 3topo AoOpoAyniHapo MenraTeaa, 
Moatepb CbiTb, ne acecTOKocfbio h yppoaaMH, a RaRHMH-EraCyAB 
ApyPHMH cpeACTBaMH; bo BcaKOM'b caynat, na^Ao ocTopoacHo 
uoAXOAHTb Kb A*Jiy H He paBApaataTb epo. 

— HpeRpacHO,— cRaaaa-b ohb, MHnyry cnycTa, — ho. Kb co. 
5Ka.i:bfliio, mu ho MomeMB B^Ab BepnyTbca Kb nepBoOHy'oMj. 



18S rwccwom norATcrso. 

ipHorutHCiBy, Ksjpb tu menBirb 6h, umjoA TmxoMhm^ Tarb 
HaniBaeicaii comanbHafl nacTb ynemA Hobsto 3aBrbTa, ro 

H JlilulO npHBOAHM&fl 9B AOKftSaTeJIbCTBO 4>^HaTHKaifH, C^ 

fiTBincTBOBaJia npsMHTHBHOify cociofliiii) BocioKa xoro spe- 

MCHH, R OqeHb TpyAHO IipHirbHHTb 66 Teuepb RTb HaiUHirB CJIOJR' 

HuirB ycjQ[OBunrB no^TH iicByrb Tticsrrh jvbrh KyjibTypHofi p&- 
6orH« Mh H31 EBanreJiiii m (MKeirb ycBOHTb TOjibKO ero HpaBCTBeH- 
Hyi> H pejmriodHyi) cropoHy, — Bbm> ^ro «e sicbo, Kairb iieHB. 

rOTXOJDb/rB nOKAHaJTB FOilOBOfi. 

— dfli^eb HC uomeTb 6htl Toro hjih jpyroro. Ojmy nacTb 
Hejn>3H OTA'bJiHTb OTb jspjTOiA. A ecjiH paajorbJieme Oiuro 6u 

BOOMOJRHO, TO FA^^ »e HEHaJIO H Tirt^ ROHeiTB? Mu JIOJIXBH, 
HJIH BDOJIHi^ CTOflTb Ha nOHFJ^ XpHCTiaHCTBa^ lUUTb JHIHTB TOMy 

HoBHfl 3aBlyrB, ejth He croATb na net!; TperbHTo noaKMRemji 
6uTb He uoTKerh. Hanm hpothbhhkh, npaBu Kor^a ynpeicaiyrb 

HftCB BB TOlTb, TTO MH BHSpaHBaeiTb Ce&k H81> XpHCllaHCTBa 

TOjn>KO npHTO^iHoe jiasi co6cTBeHHaro yAOBosbCTBiii h coCcTBeH- 
BHTb norpedHOcrefi... BojiBniHX'B CJiarb namefi RyjibTypnofl pa- 
6oTU, MHJiufi jsfljsfi.., sLj ROHe^Ho, He orpHi^aK); ho pasBb ohh 6uini 
6u BOdMO«HH 668% xpHCiiaHCTBa? H noHOMy »e ohh aojukhu 
Bflpyrb CTaTb bb npoTHBopb^e cb Hmn>? Tor^a KyjrtTjrpa He 
tuATOf a sLOTRh H BHpoHCAeHie. H'^T-b, MHJiufi AflAA, Bib 8T0 yC'b- 
;KHn^e nanpacHo npHHeTCH TenepB name RopHCTOJii)6ie. B'bi- 
Ho-HejioBbHecRoe coAepmanie EBanrejiU ne 3aBHCHTi> hh otb 
onpeA'bJieHHHX'B ycJioBilt, hh otb irbcra h BpeMOHH; oho npn- 

M'bHHMO RO BCJiRHM'b yClOBiHM'B H RO BCJ^MB BbRaiTB ^eJIOB'b- 

necTBa. 

Mh — ^jieHH OOToro h Toro ;Ke rfejia, h hhoahhi> ^ieHT> He aoji- 
^KeHt MHHTb ceta BHHie Apyroro, rbMi) nane HSBJieRaTb h3t> nero 
nojibay, My^HTB hjih npesnpaTb... PasBt to, ^to iiponoB'bAHBajrB 
XpkcTocb 6'bAHHM'b pnCaRaMB h peMecjieHHHKaM'B na Feneca- 
percROMB osep^b, ohb ne cRasajn* 6h Tenepb ({)a6pHHHHm> pa6o- 
HHiTb H HOjieHmnKaMii? H o6pameHie ero "Kh HMymHMB He no^xo- 
AHTB JiH Cojibme R'b coBpeMeHHHMi> (JoranaM'b? H*Tb h H'ibrb, jxhah, 
MipTb, He CMorpH na bcd namy RyjibTypnyi) paOory, see toti> 
>Ke, HO Tenepb owh ctohtx hojtb sHaMeHeifb Rpecra. Mh ne 
HyHCAaeMC£[ hh Vh RaROMii xpncTiancTB'b — ^no BpeMenn. HaH'B 
Hy^HO JiHmb ^ecTHoe naMtpeme BC'bx'b 6e3npHCTpacTH0 h fftn- 
TOJibHO jiK)6HTb, »cHTb H HOCTynaTb HO EsaHrejiiio. H Toraa mu 
no0i^itHMi>. 

BHJUiHHrb yme H'bGROjibKO paa'b oCnapy^HBaji'b anaRH pa- 
CTymaro HeTepntrnji. 

— HoBaa rjiana Tsoefl nponoBijiH! — npo6opMOTajiT> oh-l^ 
HaKOHei^i>, CB ;iocaflOfi. — H 3to Bce, tto th Moacemb mh4 CRa- 
aaTb? CjioBa h cjioBa! Hsbhhh, ecjiH cero^HA y MenH Hi^rb Oojibme 
BpeMOHH cjiymaTb TeCn. fl rjiy6oRo yBtpeni*, hto pano hjth 



^TO lOTfc FGTHHA. 183 

no3AHO TH calf's ysHAHniB, hto Cb xaRHMH Me^raMH Ha jxbjrk 
xajiexo He yH^ieniB. Bee, hto th roBopnji'b, — ne hobo, h no^Tb 
rxaBHUMH nyHRTaMH loi, RoneHHo^ Bch oxotho no^nHmeMCH. 
Ho CB noAo6HUMH padPOBopaMH mo»cho TonraTBca tojibro Ha 
^moich M'&CTJ^. Ko Bceny, ^rro mu c^i^ajiH y»ee iuhh pa6o^uEnL'B 
M ^rro BiipeAb p'i^mnjiH jxtjien^h, tu, RaHceTCH, oTHOcnnibCH crb npe- 
HeCpejKemeifB. BirbcTO Toro, ^to6h nocToanHo oCpamaTb na oto 
HTB^BHHMaHie, TH Ojjpsxnh H nHTaenib aji^HocTb ^cTBepraro co- 
c^roBifl. 3to rhiTB Cojrbe onacHo, hto nponoB* Jib hcxo^ht'l otb Ay- 
xoBHaro JiHi^a. IIotomx xeCt bto caifOMy cTaHeirb kcho. CeroAHa 
ct To6oft He^ero paaroBapHBaTb. K yxoacy, ho c^mraio CBoeio 
o6A8aHHOCTbK) eme pasi* nanoMHHTb: 6eperHCb! Th Hrpaemb 
crb orHeMT>... JIfi CBHflania npn eojiie 6jiaronpiaTHHX'b oOcroa- 
xejibCTBax'b! 

OHt KKBEyjvb roTxpJibAy H, He noAanaa pyRH, BnmejTB, bh- 

2](HM0, BBBOJIHOBaHHHfl. 

IlocJit ero yxoj^a FoTxojib^i'b npocToaji'b niROTopoe BpeMa y 
oRHa, npnmaBniHCB ropfl^HM-b Ji6owb Kb cTeRJiy h fjihah na 
yracaBHiift Aghb. Ohb BaRpHJTb rjiasa, RorAa Bsopi. ero ynaji-B 
na crporomyiocfl i^epROBB. TenepB ohi, MoacerB Ohtb, AtcTBH- 
TeJiBHO HHRor^a He BBOfl^erB na Raee^py, eanH BceMorymift 
BHJiJmHrB fie aaxonerB 3Toro. H (vb ceroABainHHro akh hx-b 
AoporH CyjiyrB pacxoAHTbca Bce Cojibme h OoJiBine. CrpaHHO, 

OH'B He HyBCTBOBaJI'B npH BTOM'B HHRaROFO COXCajri^HlJI, HHRaROlft 

6oJin, xoTfl eny RasajiocB, ^ro tojibro TenepB ohx mof^b 6h mo- 
jiHTBCfl, Ror^a TeLK'b mhofo cBajiHJiocB crb ero ziyniH h ohi> 
HyBCTBOBaji'B ce6a TaRx cBo6oflHO... Eny cTpacTHo aaxorfejiocB 
6htb crb HOJiOB'bROM'b, cnoco6HHMi> BHCJiymaTB h hohjitb ero. 
HyBCTBO oAHHonecTBa npHBOflHJio ero bt» rpycrnoe nacTpoeme. 
BMy, HHJiaBineMy TaROia ropa^eft jiio6obbk) ri> jmjism h Ro 

BC'ibH'B CTpa^aiOnmifB (JpaTBHM'B, He R'B ROMy 06paTHTLC£[fft'B 

ROMy? Hpica, nocjrb B^epanmeia OTBpaTHrejiBHofi HCTopin, sa- 
nepjiacB coBopmeHHO h He nycRaerB ero R'B ceCt. Ona eme 
^HOAocraTo^Ho ycnoROHjiacB, hto6h bha^tb ero", CRasaaia ona 
eMy ^epesx ABepB. Oh-b saM'bTHJrB, hto ona MOJiHJiacB, He ne- 
pecraBafl, TaRx ycepAHO h crpacTHO, ^ro oh-b npHmejTB bt* y«ac'B. 
A oHa (jHjia caMoe fijmsRoe eicy cym;ecTBo! Kb BHJijnmraM'B owb 
He pi^mEJiCH 6h noflTH cercAH« — MoacerB 6htb, h HHRorAa. A 
RaRoe y^acrie BcrptTHjTB 6h OH'B y cboexx TOBapnmei! no 
cJiyMcOt? MeilHepTB ne noHHJrb (5h ero, B-bpoaiHo, coBC'feM'B, 

HJIH JiaCROBO H 3a60TJIHBO HOnpOCHJI'B He ROMIipOMeTTHpOBaTb 

ceCa; FaAeCym'B, xoTa h noxjionajTB 6h ero no njieny ct> rpy- 
CoBaToft BecejiocTBiD h nocoB'^TOBajTB He Tep^Tb xopomaro pac- 
noao^ReHifl Ayxa, ho nacroHnitaro noHHMaHiii topo, ^nio npoHc- 
xoAHTB y Hero b-b Ayurb h wnerb BHxoAa, BpHAi> Jra nameji'B 
6h y Hero. 9totb AoOpaRfB Bce afce HcneneffB hb-b 'CoJi'he rpy- 



184 P7O0KO1 BOrATOTBO. 

6aro ribcra. Ha Apyrnrb eiine iceHibe mosho pa8CHETi£BaT&: 
cynepib-HHTeHAaHTB, HanpHirbpi>, orajTB 6h TpycAHBo apeAOcre- 
peraTb ero, HaroBopiurb 5h THcany nonmocrefl, ne noH^B^ 
jsfkJidL H He yucEEWh ce6% Ha^o jih roBopHTb aa kjih npo- 

THBl... 

A Bdb ero 6'hjjEHe b CojibHHe? Oht> hmi> AOJimeffb npHHo* 
CHTb yrbmeme, a He acAaib ero otb hhxi>. Bro MHCJib nepe- 
HecjiacB iTB Kypry BeJibnaHHy. Ho ohi» noRa'^LaoTB roaoBOft. He 
cMorpfl Ha Bce, hx'b pasA&iHJia nponacTb Aa»e h lenepb. A 
FeJibra? BtpoaTHO, hhrto ne noHAJTb 6h ero t!BR1> xopomo, RaK'b 
oHa; HO Bi* TO sue Bpeii^, Curb Ho^cerB, oh'l hh nepoAi* K^irb 
He cHHpHjicA 6u TaKii neoxoTHo, naK-B nepeA'B nefl. II bot%, 

OAHHT)... 0AHH1>I 

OhB CbjTB Sa nHCBMeHHUM CTOJTB H CHOBa paCRpHJI'B KHHry^. 

HacrynHjiH cyMepRH, h Ha jjimnfb Biy 9totb BOCRpecmffi Bebop's 
6UJ10 thxo Fotxojiba^ ne noABHrajiCA BnepeAi> bb cBoeirb 
^remH H Aaaite He daifj^Haji'B, ^ro crajio y»ce o^ohb TeMHo. 
CepAixe ero hujio otb nenoHATHol! rpycTH h H'6»caott tocrh no 

poAHffb, xaRB o ^eicB to HeSOSBpaTHO nOTOpaHHOlfB. 

Kto-to THXO AepnyjTB rojiorojib^hicb y BxoAa, TaKi> thxo, 
HTo npHCJiyra b^b RyxH'b ne cjiHxajia BBOHRa; neped'B MHHyry 

3B0H0R'B SaaBeH'bJTB CHOBa. H'ibCROABRO BpeMOHH cnycTfl cjiy- 

acaHRa nocry^ajia b^l ABopB RaOnneTa. 

— r. nacTop'B, BacyB cnpamHBaDTi. 

Co B^epamHiiro se^epa ona zdM^HHJia cboS tohb; ona ro- 
BopHjia Tenepb c% hhm'b ho to sacT^H^HBo^ ne to AepdRo. 
FoTxojibAB HyBCTBOBajTB, HTO OHa HOTepHJia R-B HOMy AOBi^pie. 

He A03KHAaHCb OTB'^Ta^ ona BnycTHJia nocbTHTOJiH h saTBo- 

pHJia 8a HHM'B ABepB. POTXOJIBA'B nOAHHJICfl H, K'b CBOCMy H3y- 

hjiohIk), yanajTB bi* TOMHoft, cor6eHHOti (|)Hryp'6, poORO ocTano- 
BHBmeflca y BxoAa, naTepa BeneAHRTa ferejiepa. 

— J^oOpHfi Be^epi)! — CMymenno npojieneTajTBOHt. Fotxojiba'b 

OTB'tTHJI'B Ha npHBtTB H HpHCaBHJI'B: 

— IlaBHHHTe, a ceftnacB aaacry Jiaiiny. 
Ho TOTB, noHTH yMojiaiomo, npepBaJTB ero: 

— Ax-B, npomy BacB, ne naAO... ecJiH tojibro ho saTpyAHHTB 
BacB... H xorfejTB 6h... Mfffe jierne b-b TOMHorfe... Moacenb 6htb, bh 
nosBOJiHTe... raR-B Jiynme ^yBCTByeTca...— Fojiocb ero sBynaJi'B 
en^e 6oJi'Jbe cimpeHHO h RpoTRO, H'birb npencAe. Ohi>, Raaajiocb, 
ein;e Coji'be cornyjica. 

— KsKb xoTHTe, — OTBtTHJiTb FoTxojibA'b. — CaAHTOCb, no«a- 
Jiyflcra. Hto npHBejio Baci ro mh*? 

— BjiaroAapi), 6jiaroAapi)... 

Oh1> IxpHC^JTb na CTyjTB, Bl> H'bROTOpOM'B paSCTOHHlH OTB 
FOTXOJIbAa, HO nOTOM'b BCTaJTB H nepeCTaBHJTB CTyJI'B H'i^ROJIBRO 

Cjmme, BtpojiTHo, htoOh ne roBopHTb cjinmROM-B rpoMRO. 3a- 



HTO BOTB HCTHHl. 185 

Thwb ycbJiCH TaKTi; TTO cjia6uft CBtrb, npoHHKaBmifl eu^e ne 
peBi oRomRO, He naAajrb na ero jihi^o. 

— H xorbJii> 6u... y MeH» OojiBma^ npocbOa... cTpaa- 

Ha^... HO... eCJIH TO, HTO MHib OKSLSBJLR, CnpaBOWIHBO... — OH'B CH- 

mhjTb, ciuioHHBmncb Bnepejn>, ch onynieHHUMH rjiaaaMs; 
najiBi^H pyKb OeanoRottHo ABBrajiHCb... 

— FoBopHTe ate, npomy Bacb, — noompajit ero roTxojiB;!^!), — 
eaiH a Mory ^^wh Eiii6yjxh noMOHb Baic^b... 

IlaTepii cjierRa BsnoxHyjii). 

— Mh* cRasajiE^ — aaroBopHJiTb on-b menoTOM-b, — hto bh 
crporUt K HenpeRJioHHutt any^Hrejib Bamefi i^epRBH, r. na- 
CTopi}^ ropasAO 6oji'be cTporifl, mhu% Apyrie. II HiceHHO no- 
aroMy... h xorbji'b 6u... Bh SHaere, h npHnaAJie^y Kb Apyroify 

HCnOB^A^iK), COCTOK) Aa^6 CBiIIIieHHHROMl» H, CO(SCTBeHHO, He 

AOJi»eH'B 6wrb 6u... Ho sji'hch y MeHH h^t'b TOBapHii^e]^ no 
CJiyntOt. Jla H H He xorbji-b 6h hath rtb R0My-HH6yAb Apyroiiy 
AJiA... HcnoB'bAH... H Jionsaewh o6paTHTbCJi K'b Baicb: HHa^e 
HcnoB'bAb He Raaajiacbfin ich^ npaBHJibHoa, ne rhwh, hto uwh 
BysRBo. H xoTbJi'b 6u cjinmaTb MH'bHie JiHi^a, ne SHaioiAaro 
iieHH BOBce, He iiHraioiAaro ro mh'^ hh HenaBHCTH, hh CHMna- 
Tin, HO cnpaBOAJiKBaro... h cTporaro cyAbH, cepbesHo othoca- 
lAarocH Kb ceCt h ApyrHM-b. IIpn BTOiffb, a AyMaro, pejiHria 
He Moa^erb cjiy^KHTb npeuOTiCTBieM'b, xaR-b RaR'b npn BCHRott 

MO^HO nOAXOAHTb K'b HOJIOBtoy Cb BHCORHM'b HpaBCTBeH- 

HUirb MacmTaOoM'b. H RaR'b paaii oirb HOJiOB'bRa Apyro]^ Bl^pn 
H xorbji'b 6h ycjiumaTb, RaR'b OH'B cMorpHTb na uoPL cjiynal^, 
H RaR'b 0u nociynHJTb ohii na MoeMi> ifbcrb. R ne anaio... 
Baifb, ROHe^Ho, KaateiCH oneHb cTpaHHHMi>... ho 9to TaR-b 06- 
Jier^HTb MeHH, n h 6uirb 6u BhWb oHOHb 6jiaroAapeHi>, ecjin 
6h bh HHCTocepAeHHo, jio coBicTH, crporo h fieanomaAHo... 
Mory H roBopHTb, r. nacropi)? 

— KoHO'iHo, Moacere. BjiaroAapio Baci> aa AOBtpie, oho A'b- 
Jiaerb MH'b ^ecTb, h h nociapaDCb onpaBAaTb ero. 

Fojiocb FoTXOJibAa cjierRa Apoacajrb. HcnoB'bAb, npnanaHie! 
U OTb cBflu^eHHHRa, npHHaAJieacaiAaro R'b jipyroU i^epRBH! Ho 
He aTo BOJiHOBajio ero. Offb AywajTb: AOCTOHFb jih 6HTb ero 
cyAbeit? MoaceTb jih ocifbjiHBaTbCfl na axo? PaaB'b caMi» offb 
He cjiaO'b, He ROJieCjieTCH h ho rp'bmeffb? 

BeneAHRTb Ferejiep'b aaroBopHJiii, h bi* cjioBax'b ero asy- 
^ajio RaRb 6u noAaBJiennoe pnA^^e. 

— Bh noMHHTe ly A*BymKy, R'b CMeprHOMy o;^py Roropott 
BH noasajin bh m ena TorAa, ne npaBAa-JiH? H npHinejrb cjihih- 
RoiTb no3AHO H He aacTajTb en yaee B'b schbhx'b. noTOM:b ee 
cxopoHHJiH. Bra A^ByniRa... bhahto jih... axa A'^symRa— icoii 
;ioHb. 

9th cjiOBa cjiextJiH cb ero ycrb, RaR'b BaAox'b, h oAHOBpe- 



18S pjeoKOi BOTATon*. 

MeHfio oH'B ycrpcMHirB cboh nojmue crpaxa rjiasa Ha roTxojib;ia. 
llepBoe MTHOBeme totl ^yrb He BCROHHjrb, ho npHHyAflurb cefta 
ooraTbCH Ha Brfecrfe, hto6h eme 6ojiBnie He HcnyraTB !m)ro 
nejiosi^Ra. h 6e8i> Toro HanyranHaro cbohitb co6oTBeHHBDCT» 
My^HTejiBHHMT> npH3HaHieM'b. H, KaRT> 6h oHHyBHiHCB 0Tb rjiy- 
CoKaro, (5oJi'b8HeHHaro omymeHin, owb thxo noBTopHJii>: 

— Bama flo^ib... 

— jI% npH3Haiocb, — OTBtTHjTb, B3jxoxHyBi>, naTepi> H BHTepT> 
JioO'b 6oJibmHM'b 6yMamHHM'b njiaTKOMTb, Vh RpacHUX'b kjAt- 
Kax-B.— Bh He npeiinojiarajiH h He noaoaptBajm atoro, ne 
apaBjia jih? JSfl, h KaK'b mofjih bh 3To npeAnojio»tiiTb? Btub 
oHa (iHJia npoTecraHTKa... IlacTopTb raj^eOyui'b... ;iyMaiu, Bcer^a 
■offosp'bBaji'b Koe-^rro, — ne Bce, kohohho, HHane ohi» naMeK- 
lyji'b 6h mh*, ho HtTb.. xoTH y nero Tanie sopRle rjiaaa, 
offb BH^yarrb Bce. K^ TOMy »ce ohb xaR-b ;^o6p'b... h npomaerb 
Bce... Bce ^ejTOB'b^ecRoe. Ho^tomv to a h ne nomeji'b RiHeify... 
H He Haxo^cy Oojibme uoroh, h ho Mory Cojibme oahhtj HOCHTb 
CBOK) TaWny b^ ceC-fe. Ohi* crajn, 6hi onpaBflHBaTb h yrfemaTb 
MeHH, ROHe^Ho; h bto 3Haio: oH-b cjiHmROMT> cjiaC-b co bc^mh 
cTpa«AymHMH h npocHni,HMH... ohh npHMo 3.ioynoTpe6Jifliorb ero 
cJiafiocTbH). Ho BK... H xorbjii) 6h pa^CRa3aTb BaMi>, RaRi* Bce 
cjiy^HJiocb, noTOMy ^to .iojihchh «e bh Bce snaTb npe^K/je, H'twh 

CyflHTb. 

Ohl MHJi'b Bi> pyRax^b nJiaTORi), npo^ojiSRaH cboi) pib^b: 

— 9to 6ujlo Wb apyroM-B ropoA*, b-b RaROM'b — Bce paBHo. 
H npi'&xajrb Ty^a coBC'bM'b mojioaum'b CBHiAeHHHROifBy onenb 
yO'bHCAeHHUM'B, HcnojiHeHHUMT> ofhh ri* cBoett CBHni;eHH0tt 3a- 
AaH'ib H HerepnHMaro npedp'bHiH ro B&bwb HHOB'kpiiaMi>. H 
6hLJVh BHRapieicb npn crapoM^ nprnoACROirb cB^inieHHHRis b'b 
MaJieHbROM'b RaTOJiHH:ecROM'b npnxo^ri^, cpe^H RopenHoro npo- 
TecTaHTCRaro nacejieHiH... coBepmenHo RaR'b sjsfkch. Ho TOPAa h 
ciHTaJTB CBoett Bucmed oOasaHHocrbio cnoco6cTBOBaTb pacnm- 
pemi) H yBejiHHeHiH) Moe£t MajienbRotl o6qi;hhh: vhjih tojibro 
MOJi iiepROBb H Morjia cnacrn Ayiny< H h nanajTb cbod npo- 

CB*THTeJIbHyi) A*HTeJIbHOCTb. H He 3Hajn>, RaRT> yAOBJIOTBOpHTb 
CBOK) SKSLSRJiy HJIOAOTBOpHarO BJliflHiH BB JlJTh RaTOJIHHeCROtt 

AepRBH, H HCRajTb BCiOAy npHJio«eHiii... 

Cb rbMH ^e HaM'^peniflMn npnmeji'b ^ h... r'b OAHOft vfb- 
Bynncb. Ona Sbuia yHHrejibHHi^a MysHRH, cb TpyAom* AoOHBaB- 
mafl oBo£t cRyAHHt! KycoKb xjr66a... H3'b xopomett ceMbH, ho 
paHO ocHporbBman h Ces'b cpeACTB'B... Ona 6ujia npeAocraBjiena 
]fCRJiK)^iHTeJiBHO caMofi 006*6... 6UJIS, Ao6pa h pejiFrio3Ha... ho 
TiporecraHTRa, cjrbAOBaTejibHo, no mohitb noHHTiHif^ Toraa —- 
ppoAHaH epoTHHRa. H h npHJio«Hjrb Bch crapaHiH, ^rro6u o6pa- 
THTb... cnacTH ee. He jjjubjd, ^ttoOh ct> canaro na^ajia rtb ropa- 
^leMy mejiaHiK) cAitoaTb ee npHiacTHoft ro 6jiaraM'B nameft i][epRBH 



^TO mOTh HOTHHA. 187 

npxcoeflHEHjiocb euie Apyroe... B'bpoiiTHo, nocxeneHHO Asa »ce- 
jiamH cjiHJiHCb BO OAHHO. To 6HJI0 HpRoe ujiBMHy BcnKXHyBmee 
B* Moefl nymt h oxBaTHBniee xaicace h ea jiyniy. Bhtb uomevb, 
HoOecHuft H 3eMHofl oroHB HaxoziHTca BooCiAe bi* OoJii^e t&ohoK 

CBHBH, H*MT> 06HKH0BeHH0 flyMaiOTT), — HC 3HaH). B'fepHO TOJIbKO 

TO, 1T0 H oBJiafl'feji'L ei), npejRAe h^mij aro mh* camoMy cTajio 
HOBHWb, H Mort TpeCoBaTb OTb HM Bcero. TpeOoBaTb? HtrB. 
Tpe<k)BaHia He 6hjio, 6ujio mejianie h HcnojiHOHie ero, cjiHBiniiica 
Birbcrb f BupBaBmi^c^, RaKi> njiaica, n yHHHTo»cHBinm Bce... 
JlaTepi* pasBepHyjTB njiaTOR'B h onpaTajTB Ha MHayry cBoe 
jiHi^o. Owb ropBRo puziajinb. Sarbifb, HBM'bHHBmHMCH, npepn- 

BHOTHICB rOJIOCOAfB upo^ojiHcaji'L: 

— H Qyjij RpaTORt. Btflb 9T0 TaRan npocraa HCTopia... ic 
He p*flRafl... a flooTHr'b i^^jih. OHa noMajiacb MoeMy oCpame- 
Hi» — H CTajia RaTOJiHHRon. A jiJia Mena... Oojibme... B'b 
ouMffb npeRpacHHfi ^eHb oHa 6pocHjiacb R'b mohitb HoraMi) u 
coo6ui[HJia... cRasaJia... H He noMHH) yHce, RaR^b ona mh'6 9to CRa- 
sajia, H ^ero ona orb Menn Tpe6oBajia Tor^a... Aa h TpeCoBajia 
jih Hero - nnCyAb? PasB*, 6HTb MomeTb, TOJibRO, hpoCh mh 
ynepjiH bm^ct*. Hn^ero apyroro, co6oTBeHHo, h He ocra- 
Bajiocb: H 6hLJrh cBHH^eHHHROM^ H He uoTTi CA'bjiaTb ee hoct- 
Hoft jKeHolf!. Mo^ cMepTHuft rp'bx'b uwk uovb 6uTh ornyuieHii. 
Ho ecjiH 6h mohh Aa^Ke ocyAHjra, 3To ho homofjio 6h eft, 
Hec^acTHoft. y MCHH 6hjio fljia nen (JaHajibHoe vrfemeHie... hto 
a He ocraBJiK) ea... hto neCo npocTHTb EAWh naniH rptxH, ecjiH 
OTHUH'b MH 6jjieu% jRHTb, KaRT* pacRaaBHiieca h coRpymaio- 
u^ieca rp^mnHRH, h nocBaTHMi* 9KH3Hb noRaaniH) k fijiaroTBopH- 
wgjibHHMin A'fejiaM'b... H nponee B'b ^tom-b poA*. MipcRoe h Ay- 
xoBHoe Bce onarb nepeMimajiocb, ho a xopomo BHA'b^'b, hto 
BToro eft HeAOCTaTOHHo h ne Bepnerb eft noRoa. Mh* noRaaa- 
Jiocb, HTO B'b ea Ayniy BRpajiocb npeap'bHie ro MH'fe, RorAa a 
HH^ero He namejTb eft cRaaaxb h xorbjn ycnoROHTb TojibRo 
AemeBUMH, noinjiHMH yB'bpemaMn. Ona aanepjia, noHHRJia h 
Ha Apyroft Aenb Hc^esjia... 

IlaTep'b Bcraji'b h nepBHUMH, mapRaDmnMH maraifH upo- 
Hiejica paaa ABa no ROMHarb. IloTOM'b ocTanoBHJica, rjiyCoRo 
BBAoxnyji'b h go cTOHOM'b cHOBa onycTHJica na CBoe ifJbCTO. 

-— H ona HHHero ne coo6uxHJia BiiWb o ceOt? — cnpocHJfb 
FoTXOJibAT* Hepea-b MHHyTy. Kaaajiocb, naiep-b aaCHJi'b, hto eme 
He OROHHHJTb cBoeFO paacRasa. 

— 0, Aa... Aa, — OTBbTHJi'b owb, — Ho Bb nncbifb 6hjio tojibro, 
HTo6u a ue HCRajTb ea, TaR'b RaR'b ne HaftAy. B'b o6in;eM'b, 6uao 
RopoTRoe, xojioAHoe, npoiiiajibHoe nncbMo. H nonaji'b, hto my- 
6oBb ea RO uwh nponuia, h hto ona AaBHo ropbRo pacRaajiacb 
BO BceMi>... BnaoTb ao o6pan{eHia; ona Morjia noAoap'bBaTb, hto 
a ycrpoHJi'b Boe 9T0 eAHHCTBOHHO AJiH Toro, HTo6u aaBJiOHb h 



188 P700K01 BOriTOTBO. 

o6ojn>cTHTb ee. H, a'^^ctiJ^jibho, noRaaajiCAi eft cjiaduMi* ir 
MajoroAyrnHHifB bi> nocji'bAHee Hame oBHAame^ a aio— cMeprejiB- 
Huft yAapi* jiJifl jiidCbh. H hohaji'l, hto ;ieHerB oHa TaR^e He 
BOdbMerb orb MeHfl, xoth h 6HJia bi> Kpa^HeS G'^ahocth: aToro 
He nosBoaiiijia efl ropAOCTb... Ona HcnedJia. IIoBivpHTe jih, bt» 
TiepBoe BpeifH a no'iyscTBOBajTb jublskb RaRoe-ro oOjierHeme. fffl 
Toro H fiujiii HHHTo^ceH'b. Mh'j^ RasaJiocb, HTO cb Monxi) ujie'Vb 
cBajurjiocb nnmejioe 6p6Mfl, h rp'bx'b MeHbme merh mok> Aymj- 
B'b cyi^HOGTH, 8T0 6h;iio cosHaHie, hto nponaji'b crpaxi* nepeA'B 
orjiacRoft H nocji'bACTBiHMH Hoero nocTynRa. Ho 3T0 nyBCTBo 
H86aBJieHlH jiJiRjioch He aojito CrpacTb h pacRaflme, Bcesos- 
ifOHCHHe ynpoRH caMOMy ceC'b h cosHanie bhhh, Tii^eTHo ycMH- 
pflOMHe noRaAHieMii, My^HJiH moh^; a 6hjii> 6jih80R1> Kb or^a- 
ahId... H HaBOAHJi'b cnpaBRH oOi) ne^, ho oEh ne ^ajm HHRa- 
RHXTb peayjibTaTOB'b. TorAa a oTRpHjica cBoeiiy ^yxoBmiRy. 
ToTb oTHeccH R'b Moeiiy npH3HaBiio laRi* hhfro h chhcxoak- 
TeabHo, ^rro a ne no^yBC5TBOBajrb o6jierHeHia orb CBoeft hcho- 
BdbAH. Kpoirb ofiuHHOiS aneTHMbH h HacraBJOteHiA, hto si bt* cbo- 
eifb SBaHin AOJisceHii crporo oTHOCHTbca Kb HcnoJiHemx) o6fi- 
daHHOcrefit h Kb canoMy 066*6, owb ne anaji'b, ^iro CRasaxb uak. 
Jlfl, H 1T0 Mo»CHo 6UJI0 CA'bjiaTb Ha oaicoHi) jjfkjrhl PasB'b ao- 
HecTH 060 MH'b enncRony, RaRHb neAocTOflHoirb CBjm^eHHHRib, 
H xpeOoBaTb Moero HCKJUD^eHia? Ha 9to oH'b ne ptmnjica (Jh, 
:is. 11 enHCRon'b He yBOJinJii* 6u Menn. TaRHM'b oCpasoM'b, see 
ocrajiccb no ciapoMy. Bee, hto caMT> a uovb npHAynarb pfin 
B^mmaro cBoero noRanHia, — bto cTaxb caMHiix pesHOCTHHM'b 

H HeyXOMHMHM'b CBAU^eHHHROM'b, RaROFO MO^RHO 6UJI0 Ce6^ 
TOJIbRO npeACTaBHTb, Bl 0C06eHH0CTH BT) A'^&X'b MHJiocepAiA. Ho 

8T0 He npHHOCHJio MH'b cnoRO]QcTBiH, He AaBaJio yMHpoTBopeHi^. 
Co8HaBie bhhu ho noRHAajio Menn, HanpoTHBi*, AaBiuio Bce 
Gojibme H Cojibine, ne CMOTpa na mojihtbu h pacRanie. Taxi> 
npoxoAHtiiH roAH, h h HHHero ne SEBJVb o6i> HCHedHyBmett... 
CpeAH OAHooCpaaifl oGcraHOBRii nocxeneHHO 6jrhjiM'bJio bocho- 
iiHHaHie ne^ h 060 bcomx npoHcmeAineM'b. H uoiuiajicn He 
o6paiii,aTb Gojibme HHOB'J^pi^eB'b h ocTaJiCH TBepA'b h nenpeRJio- 
Eewb Bb aToifb p'fameHiH... ^H8Hb moh TORjia bx hojihom^ oah- 
HO^ecTBt. H coBcfeMTb 8apHjicH Bi cBOH RHHrH... BApyr^b, ne- 
pesT* MHoro ji'hrby a iiojiynajTb HSBtcTie oTb TOJtt, ROTopyio 
cA'bJiaji'b H c^acTJiHBOft, H HecHacTHoU, — xaRTi roBopHJia ona 
caMa B'b CBoeMi) nHCbM'6. IlHCbMO 6HJI0 HanHcano 8a mhofo 
jitT'b paHbine, H'bM'b nHcaBmaa ynepjia B'b HHmeTrb h ropfe, 
eAB^i AaB'b ^HSHb cBoeny pe6eHRy... HHCbMo aio, HannoaHHoe, 

BibpOHTHO, B'b npOABHA'bHlH 6jIH8ROt! CHepTH, BI> THTReJLOiL 

jiJia Hea MOMeHTi^, 6ujio HaltAeHo AoCpHMH 6'i^AHflRaMH, npuD- 
THBmHMH ciipoxRy, B'b RapMaH^b oAHoro HBi) ocraBmnxcH uoarh 
MaTepH njiaTbeBT). Foa^ sa toaomx nepemHBajiH ohh AteoHRt 



qTO IBOTb HCTHHA. I8l> 

QjiaTJbfl Hdi* en rapAopoCa. H ohh nepecJiajiH MH'b orapoe 
nHCbMo, Bifbcrb crb padCRaaoifB o cjiynHBHieMCJi. Hto a 0Tei;i» 
peCeHsa, RoiopoMy ohh saMtaHJiH poAHTOJiefi, ohh He jiora^u- 
BajiHCB. Hhrto h6 3Hajii>, HTo yiiepmaH 6HJia RaTOJiKHKa, h 
ocTaBmittoH peOenoR'By MOtt pe6eH0Ri>, Ohjtb Kpen^en'B no npoTe- 
cTaHTCROMj o6pHAy... Ohh h ho npeflcraBJiHJiH ceCt, RaRt Bce no- 
pasHJio MCHH. H3i> Moero HCRyccTBeHHaro cnoRottCTBla a cHosa 
fiuji-b OpomeHb B'B Ces^Hy 3a6oTB, cxpaxa h coMH'i^Hitt... Gawb 
He no;to3ptBaH, h cjicbnajicfl yOifiqet! jik)6hmo]Q acenmiHHu! 0, 
BoHce, RaRii Bce Rpn^a^io h cronajio bo MHb, KhKb yno- 
CHJio MOH CHJIH. Bi> TakiH MHHyTH nocTHPaemb Tmeiy CBamen- 

HHieCRarO BHCOROM-bpin H CXaHOBHnibCH HH^TOHCH'bfimHM'b H3'L 
CHepTHHXl>, Hyac;iaH)iaHMCH Bl> Bo^RbeMl* MHJIOCepAiH^^'faCROJIbRO 

Hej^^Jib H 6ujrb coBepmeHHO paaOnrb, He 8HaJi'b, hto A'bJiaTb, 
codHaBaa, hto hhrto Mwh noMOHb ne mohcotb. noTOMT> y Mena 
aBHaocb ropHHoe meaanie 6b[Tb Taiiii, rA'b MofI peOeHORi), hchtb 
CB HHicb... B6aH3H CBoepo pofioHRa. 3to aceaanie He noRH^aao 
MeHH. fl A*aaai> Bce, htoOh Meaa nepeBean CK)Aa, h 3to yAa- 
aocb, xoxa h ho CRopo... H npi'bxaa'b cK)Aa h Hameaii cbok) 
AOHi. Ona uoxoAHaa aa MaTb, KAKb no^Ra na pacnycTHBml^ca 
^B'bT0R•b, H He noAOBptBaaa, rto a, He AyMaaa, hto cBoeit* 
acHSHbH) ona o6a3aHa iiooMy cMeprsotiy rp'bxy. H HyBCTBOBaai>^ 
RaR'b 8T0 CaaronpiaTHo, h ocieperaaca HapymHXb ea noROft nan 
OTKpuTb ROMy 6u TO HH 6uao CBOH) Ta^Hy. H c6aH3Haca ci» 
Heft, RaR'b ^tpyrx h AyxoBHufi nacTHpb ea noRoflaoft MaTepn. 

KaRTj TaROBOtl, 6Hai> npHHHTb H aiOAbMH, BHpOCTHBmHMH 06- ?T0 

iiacb 6Haa RaioaH^Ra, cTaao, RoneHHo, H3B'i^CTH09 ho a ne Ay- 
iiaat o6i> ofipamenia Aonepn. HanpoTHB'b: no Moewy, a u TorAa 
coBepniHai> xaacRyio aecnpaBeAaHBOCTb, sacTaBaBi^ Maxb nswb- 
HHTb cBoeM B'&p*]^ ToabRo noTOMy, ^TO OHa aK)6Haa Mena. MH'b 
RaaaaocB, hto a Mory saraaAHTb cboio BHay, ecaa oTpeRycb orb 
BaiaHia aa Aymy AOHopa, xoTa, coOcTBeaflo, h mopb 6h TpeCo- 
BaTb ea ofipan^eaia... H B'feAi> npaxoAarb B'B roaoay TaRia ray- 
HHH, aea'bnHa Mucaa! IIoB'bpHTe an, a A'^^cTBHTeabao naxo- 
AHai) yrbmeHie bi. tomi, hto ptmHaca TaR-b bocth ceCa. H 
rpyOo Hapymaa-b oboh o(5a3aHHocTH, RaR'b RaToaHnecRifli caa- 
n^eHHHR'b, HO, RaR'b ^eaoB-feRi), — Bipna'b, hto coBepmaio aRTi^ 
HCRynaeHia, h6o 3a cboh nocTynRH Aoaaceab 6Ha'b caiiCb CTporo 
Rapaib ce6a. H CHHiaab, hto TaRoe caMo6H<ieBaHie saraaAHTi^ 

XOTb OT^aCTH MOH CTapHO Tp^XH, H HaXOAHa'b OTpaAy B'B CBOeiTB 

cosHaxeabHOM'b nenpaBaabHOM'b oCpaa-fc aMctbiA. jj^a, RaR'b 
ToabKo HH 3a6ayacAaroTca aioAHl HeaoB-h^ecRaa Ay ma TaRoft 
aaCapHHT'b, Aaace caiiaa cnoRoiBHaa h caMaa npocxaa ci> BUAy. 
H He noHHMaa'b, hto cosnaHie bhhh eme Ooabme yrHOTaao 
Me Ha, HTO a B3BaaHBaa'b aa ce6a eiQ;e hobko coMHbHia n cxpaxn. 
Ob TeneaieM'b BpeMOHH AoaacHH 6ium h caMoft MaxHabA*]^ hphath 



99 PyOOSOB BOFATOTBO. ^ 

Bi> rojioBy pasjiHHHUH mkcjih, cnocoCnua napyniHTB en noKOft. 
He 6biJio H HeAOcraTKa, wb Ao6po»ejiaTejn>HHX'B cocbAKajcb, icy- 
HiiBmHxi> H ee, h ei! npieMHHX'B poAHreJie^ BHymeHiaMH, hto 
oHa AOji^Ba npHH^Tb peJiHrii) cBoett MarepH^ pa3T> Ta 6HJia 

RaTOJIHHKa. BTb 9THX1> CJiy^BHTb JSKTb MH* npHXOflHJIOCb BOBpa- 

5KaTb, ycnoKOHBaTb h b'b to me BpeMH crapaTbca He BHAaxb ce<5a. 
Mh^ TaR-B xoribjiocb CA'iuiaTb ^iro-HnOyAB JVin 3to^ A'bBymicH, 
TaK'b xoorbjiocb MHorony Hay^HTb ee, noAHarb ao Oo.n'be bhco- 
R0&, HesaBHCHMOjK ^H3hh! Ho caifa oea ee xoT'bjia jiSime h BHaTb, 
KTo H ;iJiA HeH, ^ito6h OHa Morjia npHHHMaxb mok) noMom;b. 

Cjiy«HTeJIb APyrofl[ i;epKBH, CJltAOBaTeJIbHO— HH^TO. IIOBBOJIHTb 

ce6^ noJibaoBaTbCfl mohmh 6jiaroA'^HiHMH — SHa^iHjio ooa^h- 
BHTbca MH'b ix'bJiHKOM'b, a 8Toro OHa He xorj^jia; bb vjiyOBWb 
AyniH ee BJieimo Kb ga peJiHrin^ h oHa npHMo-raRH OoflJiacb 

RaXOJIHI^HBMa. CTpaHHO, HO HeCOMHi^HHO, HTO y JiiOTepaHb RaKaH- 
TO HHCTHHKTHBHaH 60H8Hb RaTOJIHI^HdMB, nOAA6p»HBaeM&H CpeA" 

HeB'feROBUMH, HOJiHHMH TBiAwb, JiereHAaMH. IIo yO'^Hc^ieBii), uo 
jB[o6po^ BOji'b HJiH Hail 6jiaroAapHOCTH ro mh'6, ona ne xorbjia 
M'^HATb pejiHrii), HO MeTrajia oCi) aTOMx paAH CBoeH iiaxepH. 
TaRHMi) odpaBOM'b, nanajiacb y Hen AjnieBHaH 6opb6a. Ona 
R0Jie6ajiacb Me»CAy BnyrpeHHHM'b y6'b»AeHieM'b h HyBCTBOirb 
AOJira, a Tyrb eme rpyOna cocbAKH h RyMymKH, cHHTasmia 
ce6a B'b npaB'6 bo Bceiiii KonaTbcn, BcnAy BifbrnHBaxbCH, okhh- 
MajiH noROtt y 6'6AHaro coBAaHln. Ona He Morjia OTHecTHCb ro 
BceMy cb BUCOTH pasBHToro yifa; bto 6ujio ahta napo^a, oea 
BHpocjia cpejiH cyeB'bpHux'B npeApascyAROB'b. H Ror;ia nacTopx 
FaAefiynrb hjih h xorbjiH paacbHTb en neocHOBaTejibHHH Tpe- 
BorH (mh o6a c^iHTajiH hxi* HBjiHmHHMH), OHa BcerAa AyMajia 
^10 Ra^KAHfi wd'b Hacb cTapaercfl TOJibso ji:ui ceOn, h HacTonm^aro 
yrbmeHin mh A&Tb e^ ee mofjih. BAoCaBORB, pane JiHmHBmHCb 
CBOHxi npioMHux'b poAHTeJiejS:, ona caMa AOJi^KHa 6ujia ao6u- 
BaTb ceGt xjitG'b Taatejiofi paCorolt, h xorbjia aToro. Hnane h 
oxoTHO HBCaBHJnb 6h h ee oti> TpyAa! HpeBM-bpHufi TpyATb hb- 
Hypajii* ee, a OHa h tbrt> Chjib ho ns^b Rp1bnRHxi>. B'b cBoeS 
ropAocTH ona npHJiarajia Bcb CTapaHiA> hto6h ho npnG'braTb ri^ 
cTopoHHe^ noMou^H, cRop^e caMa noMorajia npypHMX. JSflj a uorb 
6u eio ropAHTbCH... h bch ona OHJia B'b naxb, RaRi> AB'b rbhjih 
BOAH. TyTb OHa eme noJiioOHJia onenb CTporaro npoTecTanra, 
CHHa RHCTepa, h nojiH)6HJia RaR-b paa-b bi> to BpeMH, RorAa hohth 
Ha noJioBHHy y^e p'femnjiacb cA^JiaTbca RaTojiHHRol! Oea ysli- 
pajia, HTO MBTb npHxoAHJia R'b Heft HOHbio niiCRoabRO paa'b h 
Tpe6oBajia npHHAib en B'fepy. H botb, RorAa na^ajiacb 5KecT0Raa 
AymeBHan upaMa, coBepmeHHO HcrepaaBinaa 6*AHyfo A'bByraRy!.. 
Ho R'b HeMy paacRasHBaK) a BaM'b set hoapoChocth? ByAbTe 

CHHCXOAHTeJIbHH RO MH'fe. Y MPHa BOB CflyTaJIOCb Bl> FOJIOB't, H 

coBepmeflHo bbChjix, ^rro Bce 9To MosKerb 6LiTb jxjisi Bacb hh- 



qXO EOTh HOTHHA. 191 

CKOJiBKO He HHTepecHO, H "iTO MHOFoe BH caiCH y^Ke BHaOTe... 
Ohe 6uGTpo npHfijiHmajiacb K'b KOHiiiy cb CBoett 6ojvbsEh¥} 
cepAua, B HHRTO He MorB noiiOHb em... Ofla ynepjia h noxopo- 
Hena, KBJsrb npoTecraHTRa... 0% rjbx'b nopT> HRaHc^HlS A6Hb ho- 
jDQCb Ha ea MOPHJi'i^; 6peMH »ch8hh, T^»cRoe jiflR iieHA ysa% 
AasHO, CA'itoajiocb hohth HeBHHocHMHM'b. H 6e3iipepuBH0, He- 
ycraHHO a cnpamHBaio ce6a: jjfiJLSRbWb jih a ocTaBaxbCH cba- 

Ii;eHHHKOMl», KaTOJIH^eCRHM'B CBJlIII^eHHHROM'b, — ROF^a HOmy B'B 

ceO'b cMepTHH^ rp'bx'b h MOJiiocb na MorHJi'b nporecTaHTRH, 
CBoe^ AOHepH? a He ofipaTHJiB ee, a cothh pa3i> yroBapHBajTb 
ee ocraTbCA npoTecxaHTROfi, u nocji'b axoro a Bce me RaTOjiH- 
qecRi^ CBHu^eHHHR'b? To, HTO A CA'hjiaLji'b, Mo»HO onpaBAaxb k 
HOHidLTb no HejiOB'bHecTBy, h cb Bucme^ tohrh sp'bHiH Mott 
]iocTynoRi> HesaBHCHMHfi H noxBajibHHfit. ToTb, RTo cyAHTB jno- 
jxeH He no h^ A^jiani), a no no6y^;ieHiHM'b Morb 6u upo- 
cTHTb mohh; uo AOJi^eHi> JIH caMi> ocTaBaTbCH cjiy:»KHTejieM% 
i^epRBH? H dTO My^HTb MeHH, He Aaerb uwh uokoa h npHBeji« 

lieHA Kh BaM'b. PaSB'b He rp'bX'b, BI) MOeMl) CBHlUeHHH^eCROM'b 

caH'^, BHHOCBTb TdLRiA TepaamH? He AOJi»ceH*B jih a c^aTb CBoa 
nacTHpcRiH o6H3aHBocTH cBoeMy jiyxoBHOMy HaiajibCTBy hjhk 

yfiTH BB MOHaCTbJpb H HOCBHTHTb HOKailHiK) OCTaXOR'b AHeft 
CBOHX-bV 

BoTb HTo A xorfejTb 6h paaxacHHTb h otb Bacb, Kan^k 

CBflmeHHHKTb 0Tb CBHmeHHHRa, MJIJ OTB^Ta. HtO CfltJiaJIH 6h BU 

Ha MoeMTj M'fecTb? KaR'b cy^HTb CTporifi cJiy^KHieJib Apyrott 
i^epRBH MoeM-b noBeAenlH? Bh CKamexe MH'b, Ohtb Momerb: 
ecjiH BU caMH He yB'bpeHU bb cbooj^ npaBorib n BOo6ui;e coMffb- 
BaeTecb, saROHHO jih HocHre cbo» cBHmeBHHHecRifi can-b, — t# 
jiy^me oiRaaaTbca orb Hero. 3to BlipHO. Ho He saOyAbTe, ^rro 
B'h MoeMB nojio»eeHiH a Mory CA'^aib mhofo Ao6pa, h Mod 
MajieHbid^ npHxoA^ jnD6HTB Menn h ho Mo^erb 6e3'b mohji 
oCol^THCB. FoAH cjinniRoirb or&cHo cnajum nacb h, MoaeeTb 6HTb, 
6jiaroAapH MH'b, mh, 3aTepHBmaHca ropcro^Ra, ^hbomi* 3A'i^cb ci> 
ApyPHMH peJinriHMH bI) mhp*^ h corjiaciH, a 3To ho najio h He 
Bchwh AaercA. He bchrIIK cBHiii;eHHnR'b Morb 6h Ao6HTbca Ta- 
Koro pe3yjibTaTa, h 6e3i> xnacroBCTBa cRa^y, ^to Mory cA'l^aTb 
Bjl'hch MHoro Ao6pa a^h cbohxI) npnxo^KaH'b. FocnoAb ^acTo bei- 
(^Hpaerb neAocrottHoe opyAie ajih HcnojiHeniH CBoed cBHTott 

BOJIH. M nOTOMy-TO... BHAHTe JIH, A H R0Jie6jIH)Cb. H 8X0 He HBl 

cTpaxa H He HBi^-sa cbohxT) nacxupcRHX'b npaBii^ o Bo^ce, 

WhThl Bo MH'6 Hi^Tl> HH BJiaCX0JII06lA^ HH C03HaHiH CHJIU... Ho A 

He MOpy 6HTb c^acTJiHBHM'b, ecjiH He HyBCTByro cefia Aocxoft- 
HHH'b cBoero 3BaHiH? HnorAa Mwh RascexcH, ^xo a ho AOJi»eHi» 
yxoAHTb H o6AQss'b TopH^Tb Bce paAH cBoero npHxoAa, He 
cifoxpa Ha coMH'bHiH h MyRH; rjsfb FocnoAb nocxaBHJTb mohh, 

XaiTb A H AOJI^ROHB CJiy^HTb AO nocjr&AHHPO H3AHXaHlH... H 



192 pyOOKOB BOTATOTBO. 

BOTB H He Bi> cHJiax'B p'bmHTb caii'B, npHmeJTb si* BaM'b h... 
noBTopHH) Bce OAHo H TO xco. 6u BHaeTe y9Re AocTaTOHHo. Bu 
caicH CBameHHHRi> h Mo:ReTe cRasaTb mhI^, jiojimewb jih a ocm- 
BaxbCH Ha CBoeM'B nocTyP 

Oh% daMOJiHajTb B'b KBHeMO^eniH, h ero ;io6pue, nenajibmie 
rjiasa ycrpeMHJiHCb co CTpaxoMi> Ha FoTxojibAa, noAHaBma- 
rooH ci> M'bcTay ttoCh ycnoROHTb cBoe BHyxpeHHee BoJiHe- 
Hie. Obtb noAomeJTb Kb oRHy h RaicB 6h BCMaxpHBajicH b^ 
cnycKaBinyrocH HOHb. Ciaio xaKi* tcmho, hto coOecbAHHKH mofjth 
paajiH^aTb tojibko KOHxypH Jipyrx flpyra. HiKoropoe npeicH 
fljiHJiocb MOJi^anie. SartM'B ToTxojibA'B, rJiyOoKo TpoHyrfcifi, 6jih3ko 
noAomejTb k^ BeneAHRTy rere,iiepy h noJioacHJi'b eMy oO-fe pyKH 
Ha imeHH. 

— Bh HCTHHHHtt CBflmeHHHR'b, — CRasaJIT) OHT> THXEMX, APO- 

^KamHiTb rojiocoM'B, — noTOMy hto bh HCTflHHtili HejioBtR-b. Ocra- 
BafiTecb TaiTB, fa^ nocTaBHJTb Bacb FocnoAb! IIpoAOJincaflTe 
A'bficTBOBaTb^ npoAOJi»ea£tTe cxpaAaxb! Bama :rh8hl — noRaAHie 
Bama A'i^HrejibHOCTb — narpaAa. Y Menn 6ojibine Henero cRa- 
saTb BaitCb. 
2 Hbii rpyAH BeneAHRTa ferejiepa BHpBajiocb pHAame. Oaik 

CXBaTHJTb pyRH FoTXOJIbAa H BT> BOJIHeHLH nOAHBCB 6h HX'B R'b 

CBOHifb ryfiaifb, ecjm 6h totb ho bocupothbhjich. ^ojiro owb 

HO MOrb BHFOBOpHTb HH CJIOBa. KoPAa SKB, HaROHei^'B, OBJia- 
Ai^JTb C060% OWb TOJIbRO cnpocHJTb: 

— 3to cepBCBHO, nacrop'b BeHAeffb? 9to — Bame csiiToe y<J*- 
»cA6Hie? 

— JSfi, cepbesHo h Moe cbhtoc yfitatAeme. 

— BjiaroAapro Bacb. 
Eme MHHyTy Aep»cajii> offb pyRH ToTxcjibAa bt» cbohx'b py- 

Rax^b, BarbM'b MeAJieHHO BcraJi'B. Onb RaRnb 6yAT0 BupocB npo- 
THB'b npcMCHHro, H Bccb Apo^ajiTb, TOHHO OTb paAOCTHaro 0«H- 
:iafliH Hjm MSHOBaBinaro HanpHHcenia. 

— H HAy, — CRaaajTb ohi>,— crioRoflHofi ho^h. Eme paa-b (Jaa- 
roAapK) Bacb, nacTop'b BenAearb. Bh chajih cb uoefit AyniH 
6ojibmyH) T^mecTb. Mnib 6hjio 6h ropbRo h Tsimejio padcraTbCH 
ci> MorHJiofli Moeft Ao^epn. JJoflpofl hohhI 

Ohti BHineJi'b CBoett 6HCTpoM mapRaioiAei^ noxoARoK. 

FoTxojibAb CMOTp'feji'b ewy BCjrbA'^i k^r^b nejioB'iR'b, OAep- 
acaBmia Ha^•b coOoi^TpyAHyif) noCtAy- Ha Aynit ero crajio 
CBiTJite. He naTepi> AOJiaceHTb OjiaroAapHTb ero, a, HaoCopoTi*, 
OHT) AOJiateH'b fijiaroAapHTb ero. 



Ha deanpocBtTHOMi) nym. 

I. 

„Majio ycirtxa 6yj^eTi HutiL Ta niKOJia, bi Koiopyio ahta oe- 
pexoAHTb H8i AOMa, Kasrs H3i paa bi a^'B, h HS'b EOTopofi oho 
4imiTh AOMO&, Kasi hui Tensaro a;^a,iBi soTopoMi eoe xenHO, 
^jsffo, HenoHHTHO, Bi cBtTJiuS paS^ rj^t Bce floflo, hohhtho h 
6JIH8K0 cepAi^T) a no^TH xasoe Bne^aiJitHie ^o^iSHa npou3BOAHTi> 
mROJia Ha AHTfl-MajiopocciflHHHa, sorj^a oho HaqHHaexi nocta^aTB 
aro cTpaHHoe Micro, b'l ROTopou'L oahom'l tojibso B'b i^:&j[om'& cejit 

H rOBOpflTl Ha HenOHflTHOMl JEOBIRi. JlHTJf, HO GJLUniaBmH ;][OMa EZ 

oAHoro BejDtHRopyccKaro cjiOBa, Ha^HHaoTi b% msojit ch nepsaro 2Ke 
;i^HH jiOMaTL Ha BejiHKopyccEifi JEa^i, h ;^o6po 6h en^e Ha ^hcto- 
BejiHKOpyccKifiy a to na tote OTspaTHTejiBHuS saproHi, ROTopuS 
Biipa6aTHBaeTCfl y aiaJiooSpasHaro Majiopocca npn CTapaniH roBO- 
pBTB no-BejiHROpyccRH. TaRas mROJia crs nepBaro se aha, h BeoBMa 
HejracROBo, HanoMHHrB pe6eHRy, ?to ohi ho AOMa, h, 6681 coMHt- 
bIh, noRazseTOfl OMy 6jrotd. Ecjih Tanan BiROJia ho nycTHxi* Ropnefi 
Bi Hapoji^HyK) a:H3HL h ho npHHeceTi ajih hoh nojuesHLixi nJiOAOBrs, 
TO ^eacy se s^tcb yj^HBJiATLCH? HHa^e h 6bitb ho Hoxexi. TaRaA 
mROJia, BonepBEixib, ropasji^o hhso napo^a: tto xe sHaiHii ona cb 
CBoeio coTHex) luoxo BayneHHxrB cjiobi nepe^^i tod 6e8ROHeHHO- 
Tji[y6oROK), 3RHBOI0 H HOJiHOK) pi^qBD, ROTopyx) BBrpa6oTajii H BUCTpa- 
xaJii ce6i napoA'B bi npo^ojixeHie TLicjiHeji'&Tifl; BO-BTopuxi, xaRan 
mROJia 6e8CHjiBHa, noTOMy qTo ona ho ctpohtb paaBHTin ahxath na 

eAHHCTBOHHOfl lUOAOTBOpHOfi AyinOBHOfi HO^B^ — Ha HapOAHOft pt^H H 

Ba OTpaBHBiaeMCfl b% hoS napoAHOHi qyBCTBi; Bi-TpexBHxi, HaRO 
861(1, xaRafl HiROxa fiesnoxesHa: pe66H0R'B 1^e toxbro bxoahxi b'b 
nee hs^b c^epBi coBepmeHHo ^ys^ofl, ho ji buxoahxib hb'b ne^ wh 
Ty se ^ysAyx) eS o^epy. CRopo obi nosaouBaeTB h^croxbro jsjd- 

CflTROBl BOXHROpyCORHX'B CXOB'B, ROTOpUlfB BUyqHXCII Bl HIROXt, a 

BHifacTi CI rbiiii no8a6HBaeT:B h T'b noHBTin, ROTopuA Guxh r'b 
Bsath npHBflsaHH. UapoAHiift asbiri h napoAHan shbhb cHOBa OBxa- 
jf^BMOTTh ero Ayniox) h saxEBaxxTB h BarxasHBaffixi bchroo Baenax- 
xiHie mROXH, eavb Hi^xo coBopmeHHo hmi nyasAoe. ^to se ca^- 
aaxa mRoxa? Xyse, Him HHHerol Ofla na h^ckoxbro xixi BaA^r 
J6 10. OTA&r& n. 1 



2 P700KOB BOrATGTBO. 

sajia ecTeoTBeHHoe paaBHTie ahtath; ooxaeTca, npas^^a, rpaxoTHOi 
HJSHy sjmaQ oRasaTB, nojijrpaMOTHOCTB, h to ho BoerAa, h Mosen^ 
npHroj^HTLca Ki Tony, ^Tofiu Ha noiiy-pyocKOMi naptqiH HanHcarb 
KasjD-HHfijjOib flfieAj; ^yniy se ^ejioBtsa Tasas msojia He paasB- 
Baeii, a nopTHn... BejiHsopyocKaH... rpauoTa HenpeiiiHHo norH6' 
Hen 6631 BCHsaro Ao6paro cjit^a bi MajiopocoiflcKOMi cejii^^. 

3th ojroBa MorjTi npHsecTH b'b jAHBJieHie jihii['e, ne sHaEOMEixi* 
ei nojioseHieM'b msojiLHaro ji^jla bi YRpaHHi h nojiaraK)n](Hn» 
qTO Bi dTofi 66jiacTH o6ctohti TaMi Bce 6ji[aronoj[yqHo, t. e. le 
xyse, ^tm bi BeJiHKopocciH, h ne tojilso npHsecTH bi y^^HBJieHie^ 
a H npocTO nosasaTbCA npeysejinqeHieMi, AOBeAeHHUMi ao a6cypAa. 
A nesAy TiscB cjiOBa axn npHHaj^jiesaTi :iHi;y, Bucosaa aBTopvreT- 
HOCTL KOToparo B'B nej^arorH^ecRHX'B Bonpocax'b HaxoAHicx bh^ bgji- 
Karo coMHtHin: asTopoicE hxi HBjfleTCH K. X YrnHHCKifi *). Mnt- 
Hie TaBoro neAarora He MOseTt He B086yAHxi> BHHMaHifl xtm 6«- 
j[te, ^To saTpoHyTuS hmi Bonpoci HBJUieTCH BoapocoifL orpoMHol 
BascHOCTH. Bi caaiosfB A'^Jit: yspaHHAeBi B'l PoccIh 23 — 25 hhi- 

JliOHOB'B, H eCJIH YrnHHCKift npaSl, to 8Ha^HTl» STH HHilJliOHU He 

TOJibSO jiHrnemi Heo6xoAHMtflinaro cpeAoiBa npocB^nieHiii — aopji- 
AO^Hofl niKOJiu, HO eme h noABeprajiHCB bi xeneHie MHorflXii jie- 
CHTKOBi jL^Th BJiiflHiio yqpesAeHia, EOTopoe A^jiaexi „xyse, ^twL 
HB^iero'', Tasi sasi ^saAepxHBaeT'E na HtcROJibso jitTi ecTeoTBOH- 
HOe pasBHiie ahthth", a Aymy ^ejioBtRa „He pasBHBaerby a nop- 
THTi''. Hhbiuh CJioBaifH: ecjiH yniHHGRifi npaBi, to see ao chx% 
Hop's A'^JiaBmeecjar bi c$ept Hapo^Haro oSpasoBamH b% YRpaHHt 
HBJiHeTCH A&se He HyjieHi, a MiiHycoMX Bt A^iit HapoAHaro passs- 
xiH. EcxecTBeHHo uoaioMy acejianie npoBtpHXb MHteie ymHHCRaro. 
Ho, npexA^ ^tni mu nepeflAeMi ri pascMoiptHiK) Bonpoca ne 
cyn^ecTBy, cqATaeHi He jihhihhm'b OTMtxHTb SA'i^c^ ^to, roBops Ta* 
RHMi o6pa30M'b, 7mHHCRifi GOBctui He CujL'h OAHBORi. HaoGopoTi, 

Mu BEAHMi, ^TO Bi» TOMi se HdHpaBJieHiH BUCRasaiCH UtjIBlfl pHA^ 

ApyrHXi HOAaroroBi h pasJiH^Huxi ROMneTeHTHbixi jihi^'b, a TaRase 
seiiCTBi H HHBixi ofioieGTBeHHbixi y^pesAenifl. 

Bonpoci HeooxoAHHOcTH yqHTb yspaHBaeBi na hxi poahom:^ 

HBURt GAtjaJlGH TaRHMl, UOBnABUOHy, SaiiyTailHIiIUl JIHmii BHOCJltA- 

gtbIh, nepBOHa^aibBO He OB'S He B036yacAaj['B HHRaRHX'b coMHtHiS, 
TaRi AJifl Bctxi Raaajiocjb npocT&iMi h hghumi, ^to o6y<iaTb A'i^xel 

HyiRHO Ha TOMX* HBBIRt, Ha RaROafE OHH rOBOpfllli. JI,J|fl B08M0SH0CTH 

TaRoro o6yqeBiH naqajiH GoaAaBaxtca h yqe6aHRH — eme go BTopoft 
QOjioBHHKi SO-xii roAOfi'B XIX B.; ape^EAe BGero axo 6eiIjih 6yRBapH 
h rhhsrh AiiH mROJiLHaro qxenifl: Kyjinma (abu, 1857 h 1861), IIIeB- 
qoHRa (1861), A36yRa no moioa* 3ojioxoBa (1861), IIIeflROBCRaro 



*) yiuHHCKlfl, rieAarorHHecKaH notajiKa no liiBefluapiH. }KypHa;ii> Mhhhct. 
HapoAH. npocBtmcHifl, 1863, flHsapb, ota. HI, 13—14; nepeneqaraHHo a* «0- 
6paHiH neaarorHq. cowHHeHifl* yiuHHCKaro, Cn., 1875, cxp. 379—380. 



HA BBSnPOOBI^THOMl UYTW. 5 

<1860, 1861), ram jKa (1861), HoKeHfta (1862), wAn apHeveTHSH: 
Moposa (1862) h KoHHccRaro (1863), cBfln^. HCTopifl OaaTOBHia 
(1863) H np. „OcH0Ba'' noiiicTHiia pa;^ oTaxefi sasi no hoboat 
y^efiHHKOBi, Tasi h BOo6iiie flo Bonpocy o asuRi msojibHaro npe- 
nojuaBaHk (aiesAy npo^HMi — cTaTLfl KocTOMapoBa). IIpaKTHqeoRH 
upHjiarajiHOb vh jifbij axn 7qe6HHKB h Boo6nie npHHi^Hnu o6yqe- 
Hia Ha po^HOM'L HsuB'b wh BoaHnBaBrnHxi 01 1859 r., cnepBa vh 
RieBt, a aaTtui h bi Apyran M^oTaxi, BocRpecHBixi h esejiHeB- 
Huxi mROJiaxly ocHOBusaBrnHXCA cTyAeHTaifH-yRpaHHqaMH h ffpyrHUH 
jiHi^aMH, a TaRse h bo Bpeji eHHofi He^arorHqecRoS mROJit bi RieBi. 
Bi 1862 — 1863 rr. BBiABHHyjiGfl Boapooi o Hapoj^Hom o6pa80BaHiH 
Ha loro H o'&Bepo-aaaaA'l^ PoccIh, h MtcTHue nej^arorn BucRadUBa* 
jinch 8a BBe^eHie HapoAHUXi asurobi^, bi tomi qHOJit h yRpaHH- 
-GRaro, Bi mROJiBi. 3aJiBjieHiH wh aiOMi CHUoji'b mu bh^hmi bi sa- 
HBGRaxi ae^aroroBi BHJieHCRaro h RiencRaro yqefiHuxi ORpyroBi, 
nosi^H^eHHEJXi bi ^SaMiqaHiflxi na npoeRxi yoTaBa o6ii^eo6pa80- 
BaTejubHuxi yqefiBuxi saBeAeniS h Ha npoeRTi oSn^aro nuHa Ha- 
poj^Huxi J^Esaim,'h'* (1862). 

HaH6ojite acho ocBtTHJH btoti BonpocB, e% to^sh sptnifl ne- 
:;arorH?eGRoA^ nejuarorH RieBCicaro yqe6Haro ORpyra. XXo^ith Bot thm- 
HaaiH noAajiH sA'bcb rojioca B:b nojibsy aapoAHuxi hsbirobi — 
^xopyccRaro h oco6eHHO yspaHHCRaro, npn qeMi o6cTOflTejiiBHie 
roBopHTi no 3T0Hy noBOAy: coBtrB 2 -ft RieBCRofl rHMHasin h ah- 

peRTOpi SHTOMipCROfi rHMHaslH r. npHCTIOR'B. GOBiTh rHSffHaalH 

^qHTaerB HeBOSMOSHUMi HarjiflAHoe o6yqeHi6 6evh napoAHaro aauRa, 
a noTOMy Haxo^HTB Heo6xojtHMLiMi „HaqHHaTL HarjAjajHoe o6yqeHie 
a ■epBOHaqajii»Hyio rpaHOTy na MioTHOMi HapoiJ^HOMi flsuRt'*. 

r. npHCTK)Ri npe^JaraeTi BHEMaiejiBHO o6cyAHTb Bonpoci: ,,He 
^y^BTL JiH ycatmH'be hath o6yqeHie a^'i^niHHro napojua, ecjiH na- 
qaiL yqHTL ero rpaMoii ne na BejiHRopyccROMi^ a Ha Majiopyo- 
csoMi Hapt^iH, na ROTopoMi ohi HayqHJCH otl OTAa h juaiepH 
n^^pBOMy jieneTy, h hotomii nojiyqHi'B nepaua qeJOBtqecRin nona- 
Tia**? Ha Bonpoci aioi^ oHi oxBtqaeTt yraepAHTejifcHO h npoeR- 
THpyerL ji,jib msoJi'L rhhfh a^h RJiaccHaro qreHin ch yRpaHHORHMi 

4IBBIR0MI. 

Jtpyrol! ne^arorL, r. BeccejB, BnocjtACTBiH qjieni yqenaro ro- 
MHTera MHHHCTepcTBa napo^Haro npocBtmeHin, bi CTBTbt: ^MtcT- 
Hufi ajeMeHTi Bt oSyqeHin" (aypnajii „yqHTejit** 1862, cxp. 839, 
8fS, 949 H CJit^.)! BLicRaaajn noJoseHie, qxo o6iiie6 oOpaaoBanie 
(>e3T, cnopH Ra m^ctbhA ajreMeHTi h© bo3mo3Kbo, h Haxo;^0Ji'B ne- 
o()xoAHaihitt'B, qTo6u 6Li;ia ^cocraBiieHa RHHra UJis qxeHifl h na Ma- 

jrOpOCCiftCROMl A3UK*, KOTOpofl, XOTH 6h HftCR0Jn>K0 CHOCBOft, flO 

^jflxi; nopt y Hacx ne cymeciByerL, xaR'fe qio bx Majropoccin bt, 
npHxoACKHXi If ytajtHuxi yqajamaxi ne no qeny h yqHTt j-feTeft 
poaHOtfv H3HEy. A m odynamb naiiod^ podnoMy fiauKy^ snauurm 
iH€ doseoAHmb paaeueambCR mucau Twpodnou, Bctui jiyxoBaBTMi. oh- 

1* 



4 PycOfiOl SOFATCTBO. 

JiaMib HapoAa^ doa^Bn ocTaBjflTB napoAi vl hootcmihhoh HiaAes- 
^ecTBl. EcjEH 2se M£i Ha^HBifB o67qaTL Hapoi^i He ero ususj, a- 
xoTb caxoMy cpoABOMj, 6jiHsafitn6M7, to cji(tjiaeM'b en^e xjxe: Mhi 
u30pa1nuM^ caMOcmoHtneAbHoe yMemeeuHoe paaaumie napoda, Mhc 
u36pamuM^ sew dyxoeuyio vpupody eio^. 

Bi TO se Bpeiiii 84 yqHTexH sieBcsHXi esexHeBHux'b r bock- 
pecHuii mKOJH (nexAj npo^HMi n. ^joBHCKiS^ B. Abtohobr^i, 
M. J^paronaHOBi) noAajH bi c.-neTep6yproEiS soMHTert rpaxor- 
HOCTH MOTHBBpoBaHHoe saflBjeflle Heo6xoffHMOCTH npeDOAaBafliii fi& 

JKpaHHCKOlCl B3URt Bl UIKOjA. KOMHT6TI OTHOCJI El aiOMJ O^eHK 

co^jBCTBeHHO H B0d6jjifl]i'b Bi noAJiexan^HXi c^epaxi cooTBtTCT- 
BjDmee xoAaTaflcTBO, ho oho ocTajiocb despeajjibTaTHUM'L *). B% 

TOSe BpeMfl KOMHTOTl Ed}S,M% wCOHCOKl pyCCKHXl H MaJIOpOCCiflCSHXl 
KHHr%, 0;(06peHHUX'& KOMHTeTOlfL rpaMOTHOCTH JIM HapoAHuxs 

j^HTeJiefl H niKOjx h ji^jih napoAHaro qieHiji **). 

TorAa se noBBHjiacB h uHTHpoBaHHan HaMH Bume cTaTLH ymHH- 
csarOy a ApyroS noAaroi^, B. H. Boaobobobi, pa36HpaH ***) hhimejir 
myio Bi BflJiBHi Bi 1863 r. KHHry ajih napoAHLixi mKOJii BHJieHCEaro 
yqefiflaro OKpyra, bi Koiopofi 6jujio ao^tmeHO HeSounioe soxHqe- 
CTBO jiaTepiaj3[a no-6t4iopyccKH, BucKaaajicji sa HeooxoAHMOCTE kom- 
CHHHpoBaTB Bi 8jreMeHTapHofi KBBrt A^fl ^TefliB: o6ii^eo6pa80Ba- 
TejTBHufl MaTepiajii cb HapoAHUMi, 3a h^cthbiS ajieiteHrB h MtcTHoe 
Haptqie, ACtse ecjiH oho pyccsoe, nojiaran^ mo Ha homi AOJisaa 
6UTB HaaHcana, no KpaflHeft Mtpt, ipeTB msojiBHofi khefh au 
qTeHifl. 

Bonpoci 6biji'b HOCTaBJieHi coBepmeHHO npasHJiBHO — Ha ae^aro- 
rB^ecKyio no^iey f, KasasocB, AOJiaceBi 6bij'b h paapiniHTBCfl y^o- 
BJieTBopHiejiBHO. K'B coxaji<6Hiio Ti^, KOMy cie 6bijio hjsho, ceft^aci 
se ocjiosHHJH ero BBeAOHieifB bi js.'^jlo nocTopoHHiix'B mothbobi, 
rjiaBHuifB oCpadOMi noJtHTflqecEHXB. HanajiocB dTO co6cTBeHno em^e 
CB E3AaHifl nepBofl yEpaHflCRofl a86yEH — .FpaMaTEH** KyjiHma (1857): 
noJBCsie aoMt^HSH-spiaocTHHEH cA^JiajiH na Hee a^^hocb^ 6yAT0 
ona npH8BiBaeTL si rafiAaiiai^Eofi pisHi^, h EHHSsa 6ujDia sanpe^ena 
aAMBHHCTpaiuefly — HnpoqeMi, na jitBOMi 6epery JlHtnpa oaa npo- 
AaBBjiacB AOBOJiBHO CB060AH0. SaTtifB noBBHJHCB ne^axHue aobocu 
na wCenapaxHSM'B" yEpaHHi^eBi. Bi aepBLift pasi axo cjiobo csasaHO 
6aJio eBpeftcsofi ra36Tofl ^CIoh'b'', a saxini ^MocsoBCEin Btj^o^o- 

CTH'' H ^PyCCElft BtCTHHK'B'' HOAXBaXEJIH 3X0 06BHHeHie, AOnOJIHHB'B 

*) Cm. 061 9T0Mi>: ^, Ilpomononoei, HcTOpifl C.-nerepCyprcKaro KOMHTCTa' 
rpaMOTHOCTHi cocTOflBuiaro npH HvfnepaTOpcKOM'b Bo;ibHO-9KOHOMHHecKOM'b 06- 
mecTBt (Cn6., 1898), cxp. 20, 79 — 84. Tore Mce MHtHia pcwH yxpaHHCKaro 
5i3UKa BB lUKOAt AAA yKpaHHueBit Aep}Kajicfl KOMHTerb h bi> 1894 r., — cm. crp. 
125—127 TOfl «e khhfh. 

**) Ibid., 276 - 283. Ghhcokb BbiAep)KaAi> qerbipe HSAamji, yxpaHHCKHrb kkhfi* 
BK/iioqeHo 6w;io B-b Hero AOBO/ibHO MHoro, nanp., B-b 6eAJieTpHCTHqecK0Mi> oTAtJit- 

MHCnO yKpaHHCKHXl> KHHrb paBHJlJIOCb HHCViy KWAVh pyCCKHXB. 

***) .>KypHa;rb Mhhhct. Hap. flpocBtmeHiJi", 1863, Mafl, ota. V, 90 — 101^ 



HA BB3nPOCB%TaOMl n^TH. 5 

ero APJTHMi: ^TO yRpaHHi^Bi h nojiLCRie naHu-noBcxaHi^u ^ijtb jih 
He OAHO H Tose^ ee cxoTpx ea to, tto HiieHHo noJibOKie noM<6> 
JUHKH sacBivajiH HSBi^cTHaro H. H. IIsporoBa, Torjia none^HiejiH 
KieBCEaro y?e6Haro ORpyra, a xaRse h pasJiH^^Him bhoiuhxi ssn,T» 
a^MHHHcrpaipH, saj[o6aMH h ;ii[OHOcaHH Ha yRpaHHOsiii avpojs^Eusi 
msojiu H BucMtHBajiH Bi CBOHxi opraHaxi yRpaHHORyi) JiHrepa- 
Typy. BTopofl CHjiofl, noAHflBinefloa npoTHBi axHxi inROJTB, 6u]io 
Bucmee ^yxoBeHCTBO, OGo6eBHO MirrponojiHT'b HcHAopi, 6uBinift 
cnepsa b'l KieBi, a saT^ui bi IleTepSyprt, — ci 8Tofl oropoHu 

yKpaHHCRiH mROJIbI 06BHHilJIHCI> Vh BOJIi>HO;^yifOTBt, HepejlIHri08H0CTH 

H np. BcEopt (bt> 1862) Bct BocRpecHua mROJSu b% PogoIh 6uj[h 
aaRpioTEi no o^BBHeniH) bi Hedjarona^esBOOTH, a hbi BpeneH* 
Hofi ne^arorHqecRofi birojibi b BOo6ii(e hbi mROJii 6hurh HsrHaHi 
yRpaHHCRifi a3BiRi. Bi hobomi> htrojilhomi ycTaBi cjiOBa .OTe^e- 

GTBeHHHS flSURl^ 6uJIH BaHtHeHU CJIOBaMH ^pycCRift flSHR'b" 

(npenoj^aBaHiA). HtROTopue hsi A^BTejiefi yRpaHHORHX'E BOCRpec 

EUTh niROJIl (GTpOHHH'fc, KOHHCCRifl H ApO 6UJIB BUCJiaHU Ha 

ctBepi *). BoDpocE 6uj[ii c;i;BHHyTi> ch HaAJiesas^aro M<6cTa Ha 
nojiHTH^iecRyH) no^sy, r bi 1863 r. nocji^AOBaJO saiipeiiieflie yRpaHH- 
CR0& JiHTepaiypu, RpoMi^ npoHSBeAenifi HsaniHofl cjiob6chocth, »vpo- 
oycROMi-seEEarx Ha MajsopoccificROMi sdUK^ RaR% ;^yxoBHaro co- 
.^epsaHi^r, xasi yqe6Hux'& h B0o6H^e Hasna^aeMuxi js,3lb nepBOHa- 
^ajFLHaro qTenia Hapo^a, (npHRaaaHo 6hjio) npiocTanoBHTtca* **). 

C% STOrO BpeMBHE RpHRH GO GTOpOHU OXpaHHieJILHOfl npOCGU 

06^ yRpaHHGROMi cenapaTHSMi h yRpaHHGRoS xjonoManiH no^HH- 

MBilHCL RaS^ufi paSl, RaRl T0.1I»R0 BOSHHRaJT'L B'L neqBTH BonpoGi 
06I1 yRpaHHGROMl SidhljA BT> BIROJlt. OGTaBJIflfl Bl CTOpOHi 8TH 
UJOJSLU OXpaHHTeJILHOfi npOHHI^aTeJEBHOGTH, DepefiAOMi Rl pasGMo- 

TptHiK) Toro, ^TO BucRasaHO 6EIJI0 no HHTepecyion^eMy naGi Bonpocy 
JHOHLMH, sHaBuiHMH jD^tjio H npaBHJiLHO GTaBBBHiHifH ero Ha ne^aro- 
rE^ecKyio noHBy, npH ^eni, RoneiHo, 6yJ^eM'L OTMi^aTL JiHroB 60- 
jte sna^HTejiiiHoe h Gym^eGTBeHHoe. 

B% 1862—1864 rr. M. 11. JparoMaHOBi, no8»e npo^eccopi 
RieBCRaro yHBBepcHxeTa h HSB^GTHufl y^eHufl, npHHHHaj7i y^aoxie 
wh npenoji;aBaHiH b^ RieBCRHXx BOORpeGEHXi h BpeiieHHofi ne^a- 
rorH'iieGRofl mROJEaxi. IIpaRTHRa j^i^jra ySi^Hjia ero bi Heo6xo;tH- 
MOCTH yRpaHHGRaro fl3£iRa npn o6y^eHiH Hapo;i;a h oboh vmgjue no 
dTOMy BonpoGy ohx HBJtoasBJi'b vh cxaxLt, Hane^axanHofi bi 1865 r. 
vh „C.-nexep6yprcRHXi BfejiOMOGxaxi" (JSToJvfs 317, 318) h saxiu'E 
Bi GxaxLflxi Bi xoS-me radext: „3eM0XBo h Mtcxnufi ajieaceHn b% 
HapoKHOM'L o6pa30BaHiH* H ^Ilej^aroriTqeGRoe SHaqeHie MajiopyGCRaro 



*) rioiipodHOCTH CM. BT> CT. ,yKpaiHUfl": .,AHTpaKrb B iCTOpii yKpaiHO(})i;ib- 
CTBa". (FIpaBna, 1876, Ns 12, crp. 471 h cjitii.), a 7aK>he bi BwmeynoMJiHyToft 
.HcTopiH C.-neTep6. Komht. TpaM ', crp. 18, 79. 

**) Cm. 3T0 pacnop5i)K€Hie bi. Knurt r, Jhw^-c: .,9noxa ueF?ypH'.'xi. pe(}).ipMi% 
.302— .304. 



tf PyOOBOfl BOrATCTBO. 

iisuKa'' (1866, J^ 93); ba^ci* 6usi> npeACTaBJseBi uii Tasse 9 
njnaHi KBHrH aji^ mBOibHaro ^reHiir, ocHOBaHHHft Ha npHHi^irt: 
en H8BtcTHaro e'b HeHSBioTHOMy. Ho hoboaj 9thx'l cTaiefi Bib 
rowh ze BanpaBJieHiH BUcsaBaiHCB (bi to& se rasert) h ABa sei^a: 
r. SaspescBiA h 6ap. Kop^i (bi craTbt „3esiCKifi Bonpoci''). TUspa 
H ocHOBaTeiiBHte paaiACHeHO sto a^jio bi APjrofl oraTbt Ap^oiia- 
HOBa H ero seHu, HaneqaTaHHoS (sa noAaHCbn JI. J(.) bi j»Bi- 
eTHHRt EBponu'' (187^ YIII): ,,HapoABUA Hapiqifl h MtcTHHff 
dieuewTh B% o6yqeHiH^y TflA npHBeAeni 6iui h ofisopi MHtHii la 
Bonpooy ^paHAyacEHn h H^Mei^Kflxi jqesuxi h neAaroroBi. 

flo HaB6oj[te oficroirrejiBHOMy pascMOTptHiD noABepn 3T#Hr 
Bonpoci AparoMaHOBi bi oraTbt ^HapoAHl mKOJiH'', rAt a^ho^ 
TaKse HHoro MaTepiajia h a^ui HCTopin ji^jla. yRasuBan ba^cs la 
njoxyK) nocTaHOBRy aapoAHaro o6pa30BaBii[ BOo6ii^e b'l PoctiB^ 

OHl rOBOpHTl», MOSAy npO^HMi: „Vi% TaEOft 6tA^ CO mROMMB, 

o6mefl ji^a Bceft PocciH, y Haci bi yRpaHHi npHcoeAHHfleTca BB^e 
•BOfl oco6afl. y Ha<rL ci canaro naqajia yqan na qysom hsurI, bo 
RHHram, He npHcnocofijseHHUMi ri Hamefi cTpant h shbhh. Sto 
6iAft TBRax, ROTopaa TAHercA abghtrh Jitrb h oaiia no ce6b mb- 
sen nocTaBHTB nami napoAi^ nosaAH ho^th Bctoi napoAOBi pya- 
cRaro rocyAapoTBa. H HMeHHo aiofl 6tAu He xothtl bha^tb hb 
TOJTBRO npaBAmui c^epu, ho Aftse h fiojiBmafl qacTB xixi, ROTopue 
3a6oTflTCfl Bi PoocIh HapoAHOMi npoeni^nieHiH, RaRB nanp., romh- 
xeTu rpaMOTHOCTB, neAarorHqecRis o6ii^ecTBa, raseTu h seMOTBa. 
Oahh He XOTHPB cosHaTBCfl, a Apyne npflMO 6ohtc)i oRaaaTB, qio 
nami napoAi* A^AcTBHTejiBHO ne noHHuaeTB, rbri cji^jijeTb, mRoxb- 
naro ssuRa, ROTopufi qtiii AsuiBme, rtm see 6ojLtQ craHOBHTCH 
H8i OM^maHHaro i^epROBHo - pyccRaro HpxMO BejiHROpyccRHM'b'^ 
(cTp. 143). no noBOAy sarjiaBifi pacnpocTpaHeHHux'B wb to Bpe]i» 
RHHn juiB mROJiBHaro qTeHia obi roBopHTi: ,PoAHoe cjiobo", „PoA' 
Hoft idpi''! — npeRpacHUii ojhobb. Ho ROMy poAHbia? BejiHRopyccait^ 
HJiH yRpaHHi^aHi? Hto OAHony poAHoe, to j^jui Apyroro HBjifleTo« 
qyaHni". (Cxp. 153) *). Or% HaxoAHTB, qio «Heo6xoAHMO pasBMO- 

TptTB Bl HOApoCHOGTflXl TaROe BBJIHROe rOpe HapOAHOe, RBRl H6- 

AOOTBTOEi xopomeS h OBoefi hirojiu^ Heo6xoAHMO pasiACHHTB ero 

MHOSeCTBOJil OTA'&JIBHblXl npHM^pOBl, ^T06hl J^JIK RBSAaro CA^Jia- 

JiocB oqeBHAHUMi, qro xaEi* Aa^i^nie shtb HeBOBMOSHO*' (cip. ItO^ 
PasoHOTp^BB BonpocB, fiacROviBBo nosBOJiHJiH eny naxepiajiu, bh% 



*) CpaBH. MHtHie OAHoro KpecTbflHHBa H3T> no;iTaBCK. ry6.: ^FlpewAe ntiiv 
ycrpaHBaTb aprenH nyxcHo aarb o6pa30BaHie h— ;iyquie h npexcAe ecero— hi pot- 
Hoif-b nsbiK-h; cjitjiyerh CAt;iaTb yqe^HHKH B-b uiKO^naxb AOCTvnHbiifH noHBiia- 
HiK) KpecnbHHCKHx-b Attefl, a to iipocro ciaHOBHTCH CTpanHWMi>: Ma;ib4HKy Sjitrb 
jiaiOTi* ,Haiue poAHoe" (BapaHosa), Koiopoe ecib bt> cymnocTH ae Hauie pOA- 
■oe, a „Haiue MyMcoe", noioMy mto yqeHHKb HHiaerb Kaide-TO um, cym>, yx- 
■arb, Ky;ie65iKa h t. n., to, nero OH-b HHKorAa ne c;ibixani> h hc cjiuiiiHrb Kpy- 
roMb ceCfl". .XyTopflHHHb", 1900, M 61. CKoppecnoHAenuiH H3b TaAHHa). 



QA BBSnPCCB^THOMl aTTH. / 

UpBXOJ^HT^ K'E TOMJ BUBOAy> ^TO „BHKOrj^a HO MO^SOTl 6UTB SH- 

uoi HayiHofl mKOJiBi Bi YspaHHt 6e3i yKpaHBCRaro sszuksl*" (cTp. 208), 
a 6e8i TasoS hikojim HeBOSMOSHO canoe j],tjio HapoAHaro npocBt- 

Mh yse ynoMHHajH, ^to BSBtcTHuJI seMCKifl A^^ejib no Hapo^- 
HOMy o6pa80BaHf]D 6ap. H. A. Kop^i BuoRasajicji bi> noJiBsy BBe- 
Mfima. yKpaHHCKaro lisuKa bx msojiy no noBO^y CTaiefi J(paroMa- 
BOBa. Bi j^pyroiii Mtcrt, bi cboomi .Oxqerb qjiena AjiescaBApoB- 
•Karo jtsAaro y^HJiBn^Haro coBtxa" (^868), ohi paj^ou^h apHMi- 
pOBx yJ^ocTOB'6paeT'^, ^to yKpaHBCKift pe6eH0K'L He SHaeTi Toro 
ASBiKa, Ha KOTopoM-L ero fiyffyTX ofiyiaxB. (Cxp. 87 — 88). Bi 
CBoeMi pyK0B0ACTB<6 j^jEii sencKHXi rJiacHuxt h napoAHUxi yin- 
Tojefi: ^PyccsaA naqajiBHaa msojia*, 6ap. Kop^i mKOJiy ci pya- 
esHUi fldUKOMi. cpej^B yKpaeHi^eB'B iipHpaBHHBaeTi ki mROJii^ cpe^H 
HHopo;^^eBl (cxp. 44), a o nocj4fl;Heft roBopHTL cjit^yDn^ee: »Pyc- 
csaji mKOJia ajia HHopo^meB'B othk);i;b He ;][0JiSHa nocHraxB Ha Ha- 
i^oHajiBHyK) oco6i> HHopoflji^eB'b H Bce, qxo efl J^opo^o: peJiHria, o6u- 
^aH HHopoAuee'E jiojureu ocxaiBCH HenpnKOCHOBeHHUMH, EZUKh 
iHopo^ueBi Tj^ojiseHi Ha&XH ni^CTO vh pyccKoil HHopoA^ecKofl msojit, 
HacKOJiBKO OHi He noM'bmaex'b HByqeniio bmh pyocKaro ASEiKa (?); 
H^CHH H HGTopH^ecsie pascsasu^ xoxa 6bi nocj[t;iHie h coBepmaiHCB 
Ha pyccKOHi sBust, j^ojTSHu HaQoacHHaxB HHopoffi^aMi npe;ii[a- 
Hinxi ETh HaiqoHajiBHOCXH, ji^JLE xoro, ?xo6u Hai^iOHajiBHoe ^bctbo 

mX'h 6UJI0 BHt BCHROfi OHaCHOCTH Bl pyCGROfi HIROJI'b, ROXOpafl HBH- 

jiacB 6u B% rjiaaaxi HHopoAi^eB'B y^pesjienieKX, BociiHXLiBa£)n](HM'B 
;^i^xeS bi yBaxeniH ro bcaroS Hai^ionajiLHOcxH h o6y?aioo;HM'b pyc- 
GROxy HsuRy, RaRi xaROMy^ 6e8i Roxoparo HeBOSMOSHO o6ofixBCB 

HHOpOAI^aMX, SHBymiHMl Bl PoCCiH, H ROXOpBlft CO MHOrHMH iioseTi. 

GonepHH^axB b'b 6oraxcxBft h Rpacoxt. Tojibro xa pyccRas mROja, 
KOTopaa noflAexi xaRHU nyxem, j^OBejiexx HHxoMi^eB'B cbohxi a^ 
jio6bh Ri PoGciH^ RaRi oxe^ecxay, wh Roxopom BceMy pasHomie- 
MeHHOHy HacejieHiK) ;i;umHXCH JierRo* *). 

He 6j]ifi¥i\ ocxaHaBjiHBaxBCH Ha MHoro^HCJieHHuxi cxaxB^xi, 
nonBHBmHxcx no saHHMann^euy Haoi Boapocy bi pyccRofi h yRpaiH- 
cRofl Hpecct H p'fcmaBmHxi ero bi xovb se HanpaBieniH, RaR'B k 
QOHHeHOBaHHHe aaxopu; oxMixHM'B jibhib, ^xo hbi 8xhx% cxaxei 
vh pyccRofi sypHajiHcxHRi HaH6ojiie HHxepecHafl npHnaAJiesHX'B 
A. H. E$BBfeHRo: ^MajiopyccRiS hsuri bi napo^HoS mROJit'' *^). 

Ci 1870 r. Bonpoci dxoxi 6his% hoamxi h seMCXBOBi'B. Fjiao- 
Hufi H. KoHcxaHXHHOBH^i BHeoi Bi HepuuzoecKoe yrbsdnoe aoMCRoe 
co6paHie npeffJioseHie xoAaxaficxBOBaxB npe^'B npaBBxejiBoxBOMi o 



*) .PyccKaa na^anbHafl iiiKOJia*, hsa. V, 1876, CTp. 191 — 192. 
**) ,C;iOBo*, 1881, X? 1. riepeneqaraHa bo BTOpoMi> TOMt c6opHHKa crareA 
r )KH E4)HMeHK0 ,K)}KHaH PycbV B'b yKpaHHCKOfl npeccb cm. crarbio r. fl.Bap- 
TOBoro ,HKa Tenepb HapOAHH uiKOJia Ha BKpaJHi' (,>Kht3 i cjiobo', 1896V, 

BMJflJia H OTAt;TbHOfl KHHNCKOfl. 



8 P7CGK0B BOrATOTBO. 

npanaxi ^Mi^cTHaro Hapivn'' npH npeDOAaBaniH hi msojit h ysa- 
8aj[> Ha TO, TTO pyccKift muR'h „BOBGe uo^tk nenoHJiTeHi j^i& hh- 
muLTh KpecTBflHOKHxi Majfb^FKOBi^. Co6paHie nocTaHOBHJio BoaOf - 

^HTL XOAaraflCTBO *). 

Bx> 1881 roAT Boapoci stote noj^HSTb 6ujr& h bi& HepnuzoecKOM-b 
zy6epHCK0M'h seucTBi. IIlKOiBHaji KOMMHCcifl Bi CB06MI AORiaxft 
ysaauBaia na Heo6xoi(HMocTi», «o6£i ,iipH opraHHsaipH msojn 6Bijff 
npHHATu BO BEHMEHie KaRx 8THorpa$H^ecKiH oco6eHHOCTH Haceje- 
Hi)T, npH p-bmeHiH Bonpoca na KaEom JiBfiiKi aojksbo BecTHCb npe- 
noAaBanie, TaE'B h oco6eHHOCTH MiciHaro 6uTa h npHpo^cu nps: 
GOCTaBjBEeHiH Maxepiajia n^jitL y^e5Hfiixi KHHn''. HdrHanie hbi msojiu 
poAHoro ABUsa y^amnxcA h o5y<[eHie hxi Ba pyccKon ,npHBO- 
AHTL, Bo-nepBBixi, Ki saTpy^HeHiAM'b HHCTO yqe6Haro cBotcTBa... h, 
BO-BTopuxi, ycTaHaBjiHBaerE HBBicTHufl paBxasi Mesj(y ceMBei) m 
msojiox) H yBexHHHBaeTi wh HacejieHiH MicTHOcxefi topb Bpex% 
noxyo6pa80BaBiii, soTopufl OTpasaeTCJf na bcabovx, sto, npHHABi 

rjXJIflSL CeMBt H 06HSH0BeHH0S o6cTaHOBK'6 $opifu, He HaaOJIHHeTl 

Hxi HOBUMi coAepsanieMi''. 3evcKoe cotipanie nocTaHOBEXO xe- 
AataficTBOBaTb: ^o ;ii;oiiyiiieHiH Hapo^Haro Mi^CTHaro hbeiiui bi oikoxe- 
Hoe npenoj^aBaHie h o paspimeHiH HBAanin y^e^HHSOBi, cocTaBxeH- 
HHXi, corxacHo 3Tofi noTpe6HOGTH; Ha napoAHOvi hbiuA'' '^*). 

OTBiTa he xo^aTaScTBO He 6uxo noxyqeno HHKaKoro, h btoti 
Bonpoci. 6£rxi bhobl no^nHATi ^epHHroBcsHMH seimaifH. rxacHufl 
H. J[. OparE BucTynnxi ci ^OKxa^OM'B „0 ;](0nyHi;eHiH HapoAHaro 
HBEiKa BX HapoAHyio niKoxy^, wh KoxopoMi naxoAHxi Heo6xoAHVofi 
aiy Mipy, npn ^eMi onHpaxca Kasx na HpasTHsy A%xa, Tasx e na 

pffffX MHtHift aBTOpHTeTHBIXl Bl BOnpOCt XHI](X. Ji^OKXaj^l BTOTl fiuXE 

aoj[;ii;epsaH'B ry6epHCBofi BeiccEoS ynpaBofi h nocTaHOBxenieifx Sop- 
^eucKa?o BfiMCTBa, h b% 1900 r. no HeMi 6hxo B036yx;^eHO coot- 
BtTCTBy^mee xo^aTaflcTBO, Koxopoe Tasse ocraexca J^o chxi nopi 
fiesi oxBtxa ***). 

XepconcHoc i joepncsoe seiicxBO hoahaxo xote He Bonpocx no 
HHHuiaxHBi^ citB^a Hapo^^Huxx y^Hxexefl^ npoTTCXOAHBinaro wh 1881 r. 
no;^^ pyK0B0ji;cTB0H'E H. A. Kop^a, h Ha BoaSysi^eHHoe seMCSHMi 
cofipanieMX xoffaxaflcxBO xasKe ne 6hxo who oxBtxa ****). Anaxo- 
TH^iHoe xo^xaflcTBO, no aoBxaji;y rx. II. A. Sexenaro (Bnocxt^tcxBin 
roponcKofl roxoBa r. O^eccH), 6hxo B086y»AeHO bi 1895 r. h 
eMuaeeympadcKHM^ seMCXBOMX *****). 



*) Vepmnoeem, „Bonpoc'b o H2poAHOMT> flswKt m. uiKOJit". (,lO>KHfaifl 3anH- 
CKH„, 1904, Kol2). 

' •'. Cm. omerb o nepHHroBCKOM-b ry6epHCK0Mi aeMCKOMii co6paHiH cecciH 
1880 r., cocTOJiBiueMCJi bt> HHeapt 1881 r., crp. 664—666 h 206. 

**^*) „CTeHorpa4)HqecKifl orqerb sacfejiaHifl qepHwroBCKaro ry6. aeMCKaro co- 
^paniH XXXVI oqepeiiHOfl cecciH 1900 r"., crp. 490-514;— MepHHroBem> „Bon- 

pOCT> O HapOlHOM'b JI3bIKt BTj lUKOJlf („10)KHhIfl sanHCKH", 1904, Ns 12). 

***'') ^CeopHHi-cb xepcoHCKaro seMCTBa", 1901, Mafl, seMCKaji xpoHHKa, 212. 
*****) „>KypHa;n> ejiHcaBerrpaflCKaro jrbsaHaro aeMCKaro co6paHifl 1895 r.". 



BA BBdHPOOBftTHOM'B nFTB. 9 

Bi ^wAtnaecKOM^ rySepncROMi seiicTBi Bonpoci o BBeAeniH 
yKpaHHGKaro xsuEa bi> msojiy 6ujrh daTpoHyxi b% 1900 ro^y no 
noBOAy na^aBiff wh mKOJiu BBBn, ffocTynHBizi BaoejEeBis) no 
jiBJbiKy H coj^epsaBiK), rji. B. H. JleoBTOBflqeMi, KOTopum Baitifb 
H 6ujii npe^CTaBJieBi coSpaBiH) AORjraji>: ^Ri Bonpocy o cocraBjie- 
BiB yqefiflBKOBi aji' cojilckbxi msojii IIojiTaBCROft ry6.' (Dojtt. 1901). 
AoKJiaji^'b axon HBjiBeTCjr Jiyqni?ir& bbi Bcero, ^to 6hj[o aaho no 
8T0My Bonpooy bi seiicKot jrarepaTypt. noApo6HO ysasasx spejCB, 
npoHoxoffamifi otl ^yseflduvBoS mKOJiu, r. JleoBTOBHqi BBicicasBi- 
BaeTCA sa BBOj^eBie bi niKOJiy yspaBHCBaro B8£rKa. Rasi BsuRa npe- 
no^aBaBiff, sa AonyBxenie vh inBOjry ynpaBBCEBxi yqe6BBK0Bi b 
ApyrBxi KBBn b aa OTMtHy oyniecTByK)m;Hxi orpaBBqeBift yspaBs- 
iSKaro cjioBa *). Bonpoci 3totb paacMaTpBBajicff bi ry6epBGR0MX 
co6paBiH wb AeRa6pt 1904 r., b co6paHie corjiaoBJioci* ci nose- 
JiaBljiifH r. JleOBTOBBHa, nocxaBBBi Bonpoci ooScxBesBO o ffanst 
npenoffaBaBiB xaKBici o6pa80Mi: ^iiajiopyccKifl aburi bi mROJit 
AOJCBCBi 6iiXB nocxaBJiOBi^ Be xojilro RaRi noMoraiomift o6'BflCBe- 
B\v), HO RaRi BsyqaeifHffl Ba pB^y ci rocyAapcxBeHHUifB. IIoichmo 
Toro nej^arornqecRaro sBaqeBiB, rbrob Mosexi bm^tb hjih ycn*]^!!!- 
Haro xoj?a yqeHin: po;nBoll bbhrx, ecxL erofi b ffpyraa cxopoBa — 
HpaBCTBeHHO-BOGBBxaxejiBHaB: Bayqesie po^nsofi pi^qs bi niROjit aa- 
CTaBHxi Atxefi yBBsaxB xoxi bburi, ROxopMfl ecxL i^ocxoBBie ero 
ceMiH, B Be crapaxBCB, aR0-6H bo bmb jroaHoft RyjitxypBocxB, ro- 

BOpHXB BB RBROMl XO ROBepRBBBOHl SidhlK^y OXHaJlOBBOVB BBaqB- 

xejBBO oxi poffBoro b eme 6ojr6e Be jiomejimewh ji,o npasBJiBBOfi 
pyccKofi ptqB. Bi BBsy axHxi moxbbObi, Go6paBie noGxasoBBJio 
xoAaxaScxBOBaxB o Aonyn^eHiH npaBa aeMGXBaMB bbojcbxb b'b birojiB" 
hh9 Rypci Bayqeflie MajiopyccRaro naiiKa, npoBOna aio aayqeHie 
qepeai bgh) uiROJiy* **j. 

Jb* ropojcEiB jijuH xaRae BejiasHO (bx nacxoHin'^M'B ^0J^y) bbbh- 
JiFCB axBMi BonpocoifB. Bb oAHOifB B3i> sacbAasift noAmaecKou jtjMU 
e;tBHorjiacBO, 6e8X npejtBapwxejiBBBixx npeHifl, B036ya^eBO xojiKxafl- 
cxBO, qxofifii B'B yqpesi^aeMofi ^yMofi raROJit bmobb H. II. Koxjir- 
peBCRaro o6yqeBie npoB3Boj^HjiOGB xbrhmt ofipaaoMx: A) Upeno- 
AaBaBie rpaMOXBi ^ojdlsebo BaqBBaxBCB cb o6yqeBiii qxeBiio a nwcBMy 
Ba MajiopyGCROifB hbuvA no MajLopycGRBHB fiyRBap^M'B b RBBraifB 
XJiB qxeaiB. 2) Upenoj^aBaBie aaRosa Boscin h apneMexBEB j^ojiirho 
npoBGXO^^XB xaRsce na iiajiopyGGROMX BauR'f^, no MajiopyGGRBH'B 
yqe^BBRaHB. B% oGo6eBHOGXB axo npejiGxaBJiBexcH Heo6xoji;BMBiM'B 
B'B npenonaBaain aaRosa BoaciB, Roxopuft, no CBoeiiy BjiiBBiro Ba 
i^ymeBBoe pasBBxie yqaniBXCB, xpe6yexx rbrx mo»bo fiojite flo- 
cxynnaro j^jls ;^ixeft Bajio«eBiB. 3) 06yqeBiio qxeaiio b nBGBMy no 



*) HHHce Mbi ocTaHaBJiHBaeuci! noApo6Hte Ha HtKOTOpwx-b nyHKraxi. aioro 
HHTepecHaro AOKJiaAa. 

**) „KieBCKaJi CiapHHa*, 1905, I, floKyMeirrbi, HastcTiJi h saMtncH, 32. 



If PyCCKOa BOFATCTBO. 

pyccEouy HauRj aojusho BaqRHaxBCH co 2-ro rojia o6yqeHifl v •o- 
•TaBjiJiTi) OTA^JiLHiifl Heo6xoffHMKi9 H BaiBHEifl np6;iMen. 4) 06y> 
^leHie pojiHBOBi^A^Hiio h ecTecTBOSHaHii) aojisebo BaHHsaTBCJt 
iBy^eHifl 6jiH8Kofi yqesHBy m'6ctbocth h npBpo;i£i HepHOseMBoft 
joou H Bi jcajiBBiSmeii'b npoxoBCAeBis oxBaTUBaxb xapasxepj 
•co6eHBocTB K)sao9 PycH, ea ^usaqecBofi apapoAu, Obitobeixi, 
asoflOMB^ecKBXi B BCTopBqecEHX'E yCiiOBiS npomjiofl b coBpeiieBBoA 
SB3BH ea BacejieBia. 5) Ilpa osBaBOMxefliB yqan;Bxoa c% pycoKoA 
jBiepaTypofi, yqaxeJiH aojisbu aBaKOHBib hxi b c% xyqmBMi o#- 
pasiiaMB JBTepaxypBi MajopyccKofi^ *). 

Odeccnafi i^yMa paacMOiptjia jq;oKJiaAi» ropoACSOio rojroBBi Q. A» 
SoJieBarOy AOKasuBaiomifl, mto ^MicTBOicy yuiejiK) dpbxoabtoh npe- 
oAOJiiBaTk BeBtpoflTBLia saTpyAHeaia jiase iipa odyqeaiH pjccROJtf 
6yKBapio, Tasi saK% cpasy-se MajiopyccEifl peCeflOS'E HaxaJiBflBaeTOJi aa 
lenoBBTBBia, xoxa b npocxua mx BeJBSopyooa cjiobb^, npa leii^ 
•yn^ecTByDB^ia kbbfh ms. niEOit]>Baro qxeaia ae oopaaianrL bhh- 
Maaia aa MtcxBua ByjiBxypaua, reorpa^aqecEia b Bcxopflnecsia 
•coCeaaocxa; AOEJiaAHHE'E npacoeAflflaexca si MBiaiK) YmBBCsarr 
• MajiopyccEofi mEOJii a yEasuBaerL aa xo, hxo coBpeMeaaaa 
•ncxeMa npenoAaBaaia ae j^ajia Bflqero A^^e Bfi^ (nocxaBxesflofi 
(Dpospaxiefl) j^tjia— acoaiiBJiauiB MaxopoccoB'b ci BexBsopoccaMB **). 
no aiOMy j(OEJia;iy BosOysAeao xo;iaxaJBcTBo 061 oxMiai aanpe- 
BieaiS yEpaaaosaro cxoaa^ Aonymeaia bi msoxbBBia (a aapox- 
Bua) 5B6jioxeEii y?e6BHE0B'B a saflri ^Jia qxeaia aa yEpasBCSOMi 
aaust, Aonyfl^eaia xoxa 6u ofiiacHeflifi yqaxexa no yspaaBOEBy 
i,ecxH-6Bi Be oEaaajiocb BoaMoacBBiMi aeoxB b% maojiaxi ace npe- 
BOABBaaie aa MaxopyccEOMi aauEt, a pycosifl aasEi c^'i^xaxb o«« 
6uMi npoAMexoMi npeaoAaBaaia" ***), 

SaxiMi A^ficxBoaaBmie ci 1902 r. cexBOEO-xoaaflcxBeBBue so- 
HBxexu xasise ae npornxB memo axoro Bonpoca. KoHHxexu «#- 
muncKtHy depdHHCKiU, anaubeecTiiu, jiydencKiH^ noAmaeociii, jm:- 
•ui^niu, HepuuzoacKia, KonomoncKiu, eoponeofceKiU Bucsaaajiflcb b% 
TOMi ase BaapaajieBiB, aaxo;^ aeoSxoAaauMi BBO^eaie, ai xofi bjii 
iflofl $opMt, Bi aapo^ayx) maojiy yEpaaaoEaro aauEa. 3% aoexb- 
xaxi* axBXi EOMBxexoBi yaaauBaexca aa Henoui^pBua xpy;^B0«Ta 
•6yqeBia iiixeS aa ijxowb asBiEt, a xasse a aa to, hxo coapt- 
Meaaaa maojia ae caoco6aa pasBBXb xk)6ob& at aaauiK), caifOo6pa- 
aoBaaiH) (xoxaacEifi EOMBxexi), qio npeueOpeaEeaie RapoAauanb 
aauEOMi BoposAftex'L BOBOJibao BeyBaxeaie a ei caMOMy aapoxy^ 
roBopameMy aa btoh'l bbue^ ***») 



*) ^KiCBCKie Otkjihkh*, 4 anptjin 1905, Mi? 94 

**) ^KieecKaa CrapHHa', 1904, iloKyMCHThi, HastcTifl h sawtTKH, 23—27. 
***) ^KieBCKaa CrapHHa*, 1905, HI, JloKyu., H3b. h saMtTKH, 259—260. 
♦***) Cm. CBOA'b MHlHifl KOMHTeiOB'b BT> CTaibt F. MepHHroBua. „Hap 
osuK-k BT» uiKo;it H KHHrfe**. („KD)KHbiH 3aiiKCKH", 1904, Ne 25). 



BA BESOPOOBftTHOM'L I17IH. 11 

B& 1903 r. 6uBmifl b*l IleTepSypri TexHH^ecKifi Q'hi^]l,^» Ha- 
m%M% wjXEuwh BOo6iae BBeAeaie HapoAHaro JisuKa bi^ nepBona- 
lauHoe npeao;^aBaHie *). 

HasoHei^, b^b canoe nooJi^AHee ppeMA coBirb xapBsoBCKaro 
jHiBepcHTBTa, npHHflBi .SanHOKj'', Bupa6oTaHHyK) KOMifHcciefl apo- 
^e«oopoBi jEHBepcHTeTa no Bonpocy o saiipemeHiH yKpanHCKaro 
muEA, e^i^HHprjiacHo BucsasajQicji npoTHBi cxicHeHlfl yKpaHHcsaro 
ejiOBa H MeacAy npo^HM'B nocxaHOBBjn: ^He KacaacB Bonpoca o 
sBhoA npenoAaBaniH bi nepBOHaqasBHoA msojrt bi najiopoccifi- 
GKHzi ryCepfliflxi, Tasi Kasi stotl Bonpoci coBepmeHHo hsijitb 
HffB o6oysj^eHiH, cob^^te bo bcakomi cjiyqai naxoAHTi HeofixoAH- 
Mtm, qTo6Bi Bi HaqajiBHUxi msojiaxi bx MtcTHOoTflxi ci Majio- 
poeciflcKHMi HacejDLeHieMi 6lixo BBeAeHO odyqeeie MajiopocciflcROHy 
9TeHix) H nBCLKy h qTo6£[ npeAOCTaBJEeno 6bijio npaBO QOMin^aTB 
wh pycoKHXi yqe6BHKaxi nepoBOAu h o6'BACHeHiA icajioaoHJiTfiux'B 
XXfl A^Teft iiajiopoGcoBi pyooKHXi cjiobi h BEipasenifi, paBHOsas's 
HBAftBaTB na MajropyccKom asuKi jiHTepaTypniiA xpecTOHaxiH h 
xpyrix neAarornqecKiji nooo6ia" **). 

dia craTBff yxe 6£iJia npHroxoBJieHa si neqaxB, Kor^a r^ 
^IIojixaBmHB'b'' noABHJiacB saanoEa, noAHHHaa bi soMHxerL mhhu- 

CXpOB'B 50-H) BOCnHXaHHHKaMH OAHOfi y^HxejiBOBofi ceMHHapiH Ha 

K)ri PoociH^ roBopnniiaA o Hys^axi yKpaHHcsofi hikojibi. Hb'b hoa- 
HRaaBiBHX'B BaancRy 6ojAe 10 Aynii 6ujih yse napoAHBiMH yqnxe- 

XHMH, a COOXaBl HXl no npOHOXOSA^HiK) XaEOBi: 25 EpeCXBHH'B, 

17 xoaaKOBi^ h np. Ohh npRXOAHxi si BUBOAy^ m^xo yspaHHcsan 
HapoAHaH msojBEa AOCXHrnexi xeJiaxejiBHuxi pesyirBxaxoBi xojibso 
TOFAa, sorAa npenoAaBaHie vh nefi 6yAexi BecxHCB na HSBist 
yspavHosoMi'' ***). 

JI. 

TasBMi oSpasoMi mu bhahmi^ qxo i^iJEui psA*^ neAaroroBi, 
seMtTBi, ropoACBHXi AyMi H Apy^flxi yqpesAenift BLicsaaajiCH vh 
xoHi se nfxi, xasi h 7inHHcsifl, x. e. oxpHixaxejtBHO no oxho- 
■leHii) si cyiii[eoxByK)B][6ft aji^ yspaBBi^eBi qyjKeHSuqHofi msoji h 
8a taifiHy en msojiofl ci yspaHHcsHM'B asbisomi npeaoAaBaHiA. 
Heo5xoAHMOCXB axoro Buxesaexi npeisAe Bcero hbi <|»asxa nenoHiiT- 



*) Ibid., CTp. 9. 
**) ,3anHCKa no Bonpocy o iiensypt KHHri> na Ma;iopyccKOM'b flSbiKf . 

XapbK., 1905, OTAtJIbH. 0TTHCK1>, CTp. 15. 

*♦•) Cm. .nojiTasuiHEy** orb 6 Mas 1905 r., N? 117, „Jlio6onbiTHbift noicy- 
Menrb*, xpoMt Toro, ram roBopHTCfi: ,,Kain> cpeACTBa BcnoiioraTeAbHbiii m 
■epexoAHbiff Ki> 6o;ite uiHpOKOfl nocraHOBKt h codAauiio HaiiiOHajibHofl uikoxu, 
c^iHTaeM'b HeodxcAHMbiM-b BBeAenie B-b Kypcb cpeAHHXi) ytie6HbU['b aaseAenift h 
•co6eHHO TaKHXi, OTKyAa BbixoAfln* 3rHHTe;iH rjm HapoAHOft uikojiu, Kaici* OTAtAb- 
■faix-b npeAMeroB-b npenoAaBaeifl: a) yxpaHHCKaro ^auKa, 6) HCTOpiH yKpaHHCKoA 
/mTeparypbi, b) Hcropin VKpaHHU^. 



12 rrooKom BorAtcno. 

BOCTs mojiLiiBKy-TKpaHHi^ pyccsaro BBina, ea matofon Bexerea 
Bi BacTOBmee BpeMB o6jqeEJ6. 

Ho XtflCTBBTeABO XE aTB fleOOHBTBOCTb TER BeJHKB? 

?T06U OTBftTBTb BE 9T0TI BOOpOCl, 06paTBBGB K ^BTaV&v K& 

TOMj METepiaiy, soropHi jmoTh Ban mcoiBBiie y^efiBBn m eo- 
oOmeBiB, saKi neuTBUB, rasi b BBCbMeBBUs, paanqBHTL 
o rowky KtLK% noBBvanrcB 9TB yqe6flBKB x^TLVB-yBpaBHKaxB. 
J(jM npBiripa B03BMexi nepsEur qerupe CTpou oiboI 
nonyjurpBtfiniBrL 6aceBi KpuxoBa, BonaxaDmeftcB qyrb Be v% 

SaXJlOft IBSOJIbBOfi bbbjdA *) — .JlBITBIBa B BOJn^*. 

JlnryiiiKa, ea xyry ysHirtBiiiii BOJia, 

Sarifljia caua bi* AopoAcre-fe cb hhmi» cpaBHsiTbcii: 

Chra aaBHCTJiHsa 6u.ia,— 

H Hy TonopmRTbCfi, nuxTtrb h Haaysarbcsi. 

PascBOTpflB'L aro ciobo sa cjobomx. 

JiHiymna, a no-yKpaBacKH— i*ca(5a. 

//a ^</?^« Pjccidfi ^^« Ha3UBaeTCff iio-yspaBHCBB JtyKa, a 
yspaBHCKoe c;iobo .7^2 3HaqHT%: a) jitci Ba BBBBBi, 6) melons: 
TasBMX o6pa30Bi ;iJiH yspaBHcsaro mBOibBBsa BupaseBie na Ayzy 
6yjen pasBOCHjiBBO pyccKBMi: na Jithcy bjh na u^eACKTb^ t. e. 
6jjieTh KasaTBCB Becoo6pa3BOCTLK); Kpoxt Toro npasBJia yspaBH- 
CBaro cBiiOHeBiB rpe6jwyrh bx 8tobi naAeact ^opvu: Ma Ayai. 

YeudTbeuiu^ a no-yspaBBCKB — vodanxiemu. 

SamthHja — ao-yKpaHHCEH eumiHAa, emada,ia, soMipujiacb. 

B^ dopodcmetb, Jl^opodcmeo no yspaHBCKH — ozpftdmcmby zAadKicnu. 
KpoMt Toro BO-yRpaBHCEV BejiBSx cpaBHBTBCff e^ neMh^ a jiBmL 
^apiBBBTBC^ HUM*" (xBopBT. naji;.) 

C^ — Bo-yBpaBBCKH 5. 

CpaeuHmbCfi — apiouKmucH. 

Ona — eona, 

3aeucmjiuea — aastcdwi^a^ aaadpa. 

Eujia—6y.xa. 

TonopvifiLmbCH —nundwHumucK, naduMamucR. 

IIuxmTbmb — nyxmimu^ nyxnamu. 

HadyeambCH ^naduMamucH. 

H Tasi, oKaBUBaercBy qxo ecjiH ocxaBHTb bi cxopoai ^BaxxBi 
noBTopeBBHft coioat u h ^bb npeji;jiora na e 6^, — hbi ocTaJbBHn 
17 cjioBi nonjji£pH'6finieS bi mROJrax'E 6acBB JiHinL ipB bo CBoexy 
HanBcaHiH) 6y;ii;yTi noHBTHu BamoHy niROJiLBflBy: cajia, eojui, nuMb^ 
npB qoMi ABa nocjiij^BiB BBiroBapsBanTCB noyspaHHCKB BBane, ntvi 
no-pycoKB. H bi TaEoxi poffi^ bch 6acBB js,o ROBi^a. 

Kasj^a^ CTpaHTTiia o6pam^aK)mHxcB b% mROJii yqe6BBR0B'& mo- 
HeTT> CJ17HHTB TaRRvx jKe TO^iHo npHMi^poMi. BodBMen, HaBp., 



*) Cm. Hanp., ^ByKsapb*' rr. Thxomhpobwxtj, hsa. 147-e, MocKsa, 19#3, 
Tp. 30. 



HA BESaPOCB^THOMl flyTH, 13^ 

4-y]* E 5-K) GTpaHHau 6yKBapa Thzomhpobuxx, r^t noMimefiu 
ejiOBa ji,iUL caMUxi Ha^ajibHim yopasHeHifi bi ^TeniH. He oqH- 
Tail cjioroBi H noBTopeniS, mei HaxoAHMi laui 36 cjiobi, h 
U9h BHxi deadnamb nenoHflTHBi Hamejiy Ha^iflHaDn^eiiy yqeHBO 
msoJBHHRy (ay, Mama, ifaMama^ Cama, cyMa, cyma, Man, Ma- 
lama, majiami, nxjia, yiojia, oycjio, ypa, Mopi, poMi, copi, coopa, 
poei, pycjio, mapi), a ns% ocxaji&HBm 16 dojiBmaji qacTb blifo- 
BapHBaeTca HHa^e. H axo cb nepsaro se ypoEa! 

En^e xyse nojoasenie, KorAa BcxptqaDxcfl cjiosa npHOjiHSHxejiBHO 
OAHOBByHHua cb yspaHHcsHMH, HO Huiiomiji coBepmeHHO hhoo sHa- 
qeHie, Haap. pyccKoe cjiobo ^uap^ sna^HrL no-^spaHHCRH — caoU^ 
AWMKa — KypHxejiLHaa xpy6Ka, Ayua — axo, HmAwH — cKoponocrnac* 
Hufi, pyccRoe ypodAueuu^ no-yRpaHHcsoMy npoHSHomeHiio ypodAu^ 
6Ma — dHauTi KpacHBuft H Hp. H np. Haui npHHOKHHaexcji OAHa 
y^HTejiiHHixa-BejuiEopyccsa, soxopa^, aonaBi^ bi msojiy bi yRpaHHt, 
no Ha^ajiy Rpaflne BOBMy^ajiaGB xynocxBK) h rjiynocxLX) cbohx'l 
y^eHHROBi, npHBOAH dxoMy H HpHMtpu. ^Hxajia OHa, Hanp., ci 
HEM H RSRofi xo pascRasi H BcxptxHJiacii xatf I $paBa: , Kpacaaa 
poaca BucxasHJiacB hsi RajraxRH^. 

— K npej^cxaBbxe ce6'6, RaR'b MHt ohh axo aepeAajH? — Hero- 
AOBaia yHflxejibfiHi^a. — S. ne Mory pascKaaaxL axo no-HXHeiiy, ho 

CMBICJIX lOThy ?X0 RXO'XO pBaJIl I^BtoU H BUHHMaJIl H31 ROmejILRdt 

Ilepe^^a^a afiiAJiacb oqeBHJXHO HOJitaofi, a MexAy x'bMi yqeHHRB 
no-CBoeiiy 6bijih npasu. KpacuuH — HO-yRpaHHCRH anaqaxii RpacE- 
Bufi, pooica — poaa hjih MajoLbsa, ncuiumKa — KomejieRi, xaRBMi o6pa- 
BOMi cpHBeAeHHafl ^pasa Morjia 6uxi> noHAXofi hjih bii xaROMib 
cMucjii: RpaoHBafl poaa (MajiBBa) BucxaBEjiacB hsi RomejBKa. 

Hy3KH0 en^e npHHHXb bo BEHManie, qxo npH paaHHut CRjiOEOHia 
H cnpEHeHlS Bi cpaBUHBaeMUXi asBisaxB pyccRaa rjiarojBHaH 
^opxa sBy^Hxi EHor^^a RaRi yRpanHCRoe cyii^ecxBHxejiBHoe hjih 
npHJiaraxejiBHoe, najo^esi cyH^ecxsHxejiBHaro — RaRi rjiarojii h up., 
Hanp., pyccRoe npomeyOiaiee BpeMH oxi rjiarojia hhxb — nuA% oj^ho- 

SBy^HO CB yRpaHHCRElCB Cyn^eCXBBXeJIBHBIM'B ntA — poA'B HH3RL?:M> 

aajiaxeS, 3aHtHHK)Hi;Hxi bi xaxaxi RpoBaxn; poj^nxeiiBHBift naj(eKi> 
pyccRaro cyn^ecxfiBxeJiBHaro nacxB — nacmu 6y;^exi yRpaHBCRHJiH 
yqeHHRanH noHHXHO jihuib RaRi HeonpeA'bjeHHoe HaRjioneHie rjia- 
roJia nacmu (aacxB croxi, nanp.) h np. 3axpyii;HeHiH, cosAaBaeMBiH 
BciMH xaRHXH co3ByqiflXH, ropaa^o ana^HxeJiBHte xixi, RoxopBiH 

EpOECXOAHXI^ OXl HeCXOACXBa OJEOBl, OXHOCJin^HXCa Rl OAHOVy H 

TOxy se noHExii). Hni^fl npe^'B co6ok) npocxo HeanaROMoe cjiobo, 
y^eHHR'B ecxecxBeHHO sejiaexi yanaxB ero 3Ha?6Hie, ^ba'I^cb ase 

OJIOBO, nOBHJ^EXOMy, BHaROMO, Ha^l HEICB EB^erO SaAyMBIBaXBCJT, 

yqeHBRi xpa6po ?HxaerB ^ajiie b, ROHe^EO, xepaexi cmucxi npo- 
HHTaHHaro, oeo ape^cxaBJifleTCH eiiy RaRoioxo cTpaHHOio GeacMUCJur- 
nfifOy Ba^opoMi oJOBi, He oxHOCHH^HxcH Apyn Ri jOipyry, H RorAa> 
y^eBBK'B, BtpH aBxopHxexy RHHrn, h nuxaexcH Bce se paao6paxB c;^ 



r. 



14 pyOOKOB BOrATOTBO. 

B% atoHii Ha6opt c(5HBaK)iuHxi» ero cjobi, noAUCSHBaeT'L oSuese- 
BiK, Morymifl, no ero HHtHiro, Easi-HH6yAB CBHsaTB kxi, Tor/^a j 
Hero, npH Maji&ixi ero SHaHiaxi h pasBHTiH, B03HHsax)TL osuust 
Hei'ftnEiH H ^aHTaoiffqecKifl noCTpoeHifl, HH^yTB ne noxosix va 
CKasaHHoe b'b SHHrf *). 

J[o KaKoS CTeneHH aeji'&nocTH h ^aHTacTHqHOCTH MoryrE xoxo- 
jum dTH uocTpoesiH, mozho 6£ixo 6ii noKasaxb Ha vacct 4»asT0Bi, 

BBHTUXl B8^ XH3HH mKOJEUT. BOTl KOe-^TO. 

Bo 2-fl ^acTH „Poja;Horo cjioBa" YraHHCKaro ecTb CTaTeflsa 
^YTOTOa** (cTp. 45-H, 63 TO Bdji,.): ^Ch^hti BacH na 6epe»Ky^ 
CMOTpHTB OHX, saKi jTo^KH B% npyj^t EfBEipsaioTca'' H npov. 
Jlajibine pascKaauBaeTCH, KaK'B ,,CTaj[i Baca yTO^eRi KJiHEaxB: yxR, 
yra!" h np. Cefiqaci ae noojii aioro paacKasa ojitayiOTi ipn cra- 
TefisE rycHxi ci sapTHHSoff, H3o6pasaioniefi dTHXi nrHqi. Tne 
HHKi, TpexiB roA'B yqan^iflca b% inKO.it, nepeAaji'B pascKaai 061 
yxRaxi xaKHMi o6pa80M'i>: 

— CBAiJift BaoBKa na 6epe3i xa npynHjia 6j[oxh xa m;e S jraenta: 
«Tio! XK)! asi 8;^opoBi, — naqe rycH! **). 

B% oepeBojii na pyccRifl asusi axo sHaqHxi: ^Cn^xa Bagh- 
XHca Ba 6epery h Buronajia H81 OAeacABi 6jlox%, ^a eii^e h py- 
raexca: „TidI tio! (Bupa^Keaie, o6o8Haqaioii^e9 sj^'bcB cHJiBHoe yAHB- 
xeeie) KaKia Oojitinia, — cjhobho rycfl!** 

3xa y^BBBxejiBHaa nepejiaqa npoqaxaHHaro noxyqaxacL Mt 
J^yI)I^HM'B o6pa30Mx: Bacn, Bacbna — noyKpaHHCKH Hiia He Mya- 
«Koro, a xeHCKaro poxa— BacHXHca; npy^^ — no-yKpaHBCKH nasH- 
Baexca cmae] ho pyccKoe cjobo npyd^ no cosByqiro HanoMHHaexx 
Hameiiy inKOiifcHHKy rjarojii npydumu — flsroaaxb aai ojifixjm Ha- 
ctsoMKixi; ymu, ymu HaaovHHaxo xasse ao cosayqiio mio, mw, a 
paj^OMi Haxcaisn^iaca sarxaBia h KapxHHKa ci rycavH nojicKaaaiH 
•paBHeaie 6jiox%, aBHsmaxca Bcxt^i 3a rxaroxoMi npydumu^ %% 
9X0K) noqxeHHOD nxBi^eio. 

6xaro;](apa Hena6tsH0cxH no;^o6Haro yxaBXHBaaia OMucxa vpo- 
qaxaHHaro, Mes^y yqeHHKaMH h npeno^aBaxexaMH npoHcxoji^an 
B*qHHa HeAopaByM-feHia. ^axaroxi, naap., cxaxbio Kopoai, a bi 
He8 $pa3y: „HanteMca mm xeajiaro napnoto Mojoxa npaMO h3%- 
no js;h KopoBLi". Ilpa nepecKaai yqeHHBi asxaraexx: 

— EcxB xaKia sopoBU, Koxopua jisjoi'h „BHce napeae moxoko''. 
y;^OBJIeHHHfl yqaxexb cnparaBBaexx: 

— r^t He xu BHA^xi xaKHxi EopoBi, Boxopua A^DXi ne vap- 

Hoe MOXOSO? 

Ha axo yqeHHKx oxatqaexx, qxo xaKHxi Kopoax oh-b bhu*!* 
Be3A*, h y Haci, mox%, xaxia, a boxi xtxx, y KoxopHXi napHXca 



*) B. J^eoMno6UH^. Ki> Bonpocy o cocraB^ieHiH yqe6BHK0B'b juia cenboaun 
iiJKo;i-b no;iTaBCKOfl ry6., CTp. lO. 

**) BiAt>xiecwuu. HapoAonpocsiTHi khhikkh (JlJTepaTypHO-HayKOBHfl 
.HHK, 1901, XII, 115. 



HA BB8nPO0B«THOM1» ti^TH. 15 

HOIOKO ftieiMO Bl SHBOTi, — TBRHXl OHl He BH^aJIl... Jl'tiJIO Bl TOMl, 

^ro pjooKoe gjiobo napnoe yqeHBEi hohajii kski jKpaHHORoe leA- 
pme, T. e. KHnn^eHoe *). 

Hjih Bon en^e sapTHHRa ci Haxypu H31 shbhh oahoS mKOJUi 
Hi^SHHCRaro yiSAa. 

IIpiiasaeTi bi mROJiy BHoneRTopi h npHRaauBaerB y^eHH- 
Ravb ^HxaTB qTO-TO Ed>% oiROJiLHod zpecTOMaxiH. ^.mSJDTb OHHCaHid 
il^RBH, HaHHHaiomeecA ^pasofl: „KorAa tu Bitsxaemi. bi ropoffi 
BJi cejio, ?To npesAe Bcero Te6'b 6pocaeTCfl bi rjiasa? — I^epROBB... 
loioROJi&HK) TLi emjd BepoTU sa ab^ saBHAiJn^..*^ ""*)• no npo^xemH 
y^eHHRH fie mofjih nepecRasaxb, h HHcneRXOpi noKoraexi awh Ha- 
soAAn^HXH BoapocaMH: 

— Hy, ORasHxe, ^xo 6pocaexos bi rjiaaa, Ror;^a bu Bitssaexe 
Bi cejio? 

yqieHHRH no;ii;yMaj!H h oxb^^xejih: 

— Co6aRH. 

nocjii jf^ojirHH nepecnpocoBi y^ieHHRH Ha3BajiH, HaROHen^i, 

liepROBB. 

— Hxo ae BH BHffHxe npea^e Bcero bi itepRBH? 

— Ba6iB xa AiB^ax y 6a6HHi^i, — oiBtqaioTX fl;4iH (SKenmHE^ h • 
A'l^ByineRi bi npHXBopt). 

HHcneRXopi na^HHaexi yse cepABTbCH, ho Bce xe npoAOJ- 
jtaexi Ao6HBaxBCfl CBOero. 

— A Ha ixepRBH BBime Bcero — qxo bbi BEAHxe? 

— BaHDl (RyaOJIl) — XOpOMl OXBtxHJIH yqeHHRH. 

— Ha qxo OHH, — CMtH)Tca naAO mho9, ^xo jib? — pacRpaqajica 
oa y^HxejEBEHuy HHcneRxop'L. — Easan mohbx'k 6uxi» 6aHA na 

^9PRBH? 

IIoao6hbix'B npHHipoBi Hejiopasyu^HiS nex^y y^eHHRaxE i 
yvHxeJiHMH E BOo6iiie yAHBExejrbHtfimHK'B no cBoefl Heooo6pa3HooxH 
o6i»ECHeHifi pyecRBxi cjiobi h BupaseHifi moscho 6bijio 6u npn- 
Bf^cxH MHoacecxBO ***). CoBepineHHO ecrecxBeHHO noaxoMy, ecjiE b% 



♦) ^FleiiarorHqecKafl xpOHHKa'', 1879, >6 4. Ci> lora PocciH. 
**) CrareAKa Po>k AecTseucKaro, — mo>kho nattTH bi> pasjiHHHUX'b xpecro- 

♦**) Una UHTepecyioiuHXCfl noM'feiuaeM'b sA'bcb Koe hto h3t» nauiero coCcrseH- 
naro aanaca, a TaKMce h h31> Marepiajia yHce ony6<iHKOBaHHaro (cm. BapTOBHfi« 
f8). BnepeAU mu cTasHM-b pyccKoe caobo, sarfeM-b oaho hjih HtcKOJibKO er« 
o6bflCHeHifl, CAt;iaHHbixb yHCHHKaMH h, iiaKoueub, Bb CKo6Kaxb, nepeBOAb 
STHX-b o6bHCHeHifl no-pyccKH. flpeAynpeMCAaeMb. hto He;itnocTb yqeHHqecKHXb 
o6b5irHeHiJt bo MHorHxi cnynsMX-b, raK-b cKaaaib, ^Huib KawymaflCfl, h6o Bb 

«B>KA0M1> OTA'^JIbHOMb CJiyHa^ pe6eH0Kl> HMtAb B-b CBOCM-b COdCTBeHHOM-b flSblK'b 

ocHOBaHie HMeHHo A.i$i TaKoro, a He HHoro o6bflCHeHiR; KoneuHO, sto bi» cbom 
•MepeAb He HCKJiioMaerb bo3mo}khocth o6bflCHeHifl, CAt^aHHbixb np$iMO nayraAb 

90 CTOpOHbl yMeHHKOBl>, OT4a5IBIllHXC5I Bl> B03M03KHOCTH pa306paTbCfI Bl* nyTa- 

«H(it HenoHflTHbix'b cjiOBi H npHHHuiuHXOi 3a yraAbiBaHie: asocb nonaAy KaK'b 

paS-b Ha TO, MTO Hy>KHO! 

J&iadi— KAaAKa (y3Kit) mocthki> qepesb pynefl). 



l^ PyOOKOa BOrATOTBO. 

nHcmeHHHX'E pa6oTaxi jqeHHSOBi nociOflHHo noaaA&K)Tcrv^Tajud^ 
Haap., nepjii: ^Bhjiu — TpasoffABaH aHBOTflaa**, ,CjHBa— moaoha- 
uoe (bm. njiOAOBoe) A^poBo" h np. 

Ho dTHMH TpjABOCTJiMH ^^0 He orpaHHqHBaexcfl. rpaxxaTHsa 

r.\ynocim — hk hc nyiH Hinoro (Bpeusr, Koraa HH4ero He cjiuiuho; cpaBH. 
lAyna HW—rjiyxasi HOHb). 

IleHwca — ncHbOK, oneHbKH, nina (rieHb, rpH6T> Agaricus melleus Wahl., ntwa). 

Mypaeeu — xcypaeejib (ixypaBAb). 

Upu6hiM> — npH6yjiH (npH6biJiH). 

IllMeAt'-XidJtb, uieHe^ii (x&rfejib, lUHHCAb). 

BtbKu — flK Bitep Bie; hk xto Bwpe, abk bik BH)KHBe (KorAa Bterb BtTepi>; 
ec;iH KTO yuperb, to b^kt* OT)KHjn>). 

Bodoeopofm— BOny B03HTb (Boanrb BOAy). 

Kyctm—Kunycta; xara nycTKa (Kanycia; nycraa U36a). 

Eponvb — iirHiui; poi; KOpOTKe mo He6yAb (niHua; porb; HT0-HH6yAb ko- 
poTKoe). 

YicaiiKa — KasKa (cKasKa). 

KOAOKOA^ — flK mo KOJlIOTb (KOFAa MTO-;IH6o KOJIflTb). 

ByxaMKa — nxH^Ka; ua xchto njiyroM sa^iiauHMi 6yKapK)Tb (nTH4Ka; oco6un 
poji-b BcnamKH noAi) po>Kb). 

JlyHu—TdM, AC Jiyqye (xaMi*, fa* Jiynme). • 

^ Ba6oHKa—)KmK2.\ 6a;io*iKa; 6a6KH pocryrb na mnHAi (sKCHrnHHa; crenHOA 
OBparb; pOA'b pacTenifl). 

IlAomadb — AomKa (AocKa). 

/JCyrnKo — THXo; )KapKo; Ay6H myMJiHib (thxo; )KapKo; Ay6bi myujirb). 

Oko.u) Aunu^KOJio OKa JiixaioTb, xonyxb yKycHiH (BOKpyrb r.iaaa Jieiaiorb 
>Ke.iafl yKycHTb). 

y.tumKar--mro; yjiiK; AiB4HHy sByib; ak nTHUfl jiitae (/I'feTo; y.iefi; hmh a1i- 
BymKH; no;ierb nTHuw). 

npyd%—i{K BOAa npyAKO Aac la KpyiHTbca (BOAOBoporb). 

CypoKb — ;io naia (^lonaia). 

JB;.?t»— jiK co6aKa icTb, hk xto iac (ec/iH co6aKa ten; ecjin kto tAex-b). 

PoM<a— jiomHHa; Aom (:io>K6HHa, AOKAb). 

IHe.iKa—no moKax 6*ioTb (6bK)rb no meKaMT>). 

TyAoeune — ak aaTyjjHioTb (KorAa aacJiOHHiorb). 

Bo6^ — Bor; xxopHK; MnpsaK (Borb, xopein*, HepBsiKii). 

iZfw— miiKa, 3y6H (meiKa, 3y6bi). 

BpeoHo—nK pi3yH sapiwe a6o najieub d6ipBe (ec;iH ptab bt* }KHB0Tt h.ih. 
HapuBT* Ha najibut). 

Sxo—jiHXo; XBOpHfl Ka>Ke: ex! (6tAa; 6oAbHOJt roBopHrb: axi*!) 

MeAh—uijib, MiAb; mo Me;iiOTb (Me;ib; MtAb; to hto Mennvb). 

Eoich^^K KTO icTb (ecJ!H KTo-HH6yAb 'kerb). 

KaneAXt—siK xto TKanye (ecjiH KT0-HH6yAb TKaHTb). 

Aucim—nK Kro icTb, to ft aicT (ecjiH kto-;ih6o tcrb, tott* h aHcrb). 

lUopoKh—mdJiidi (maxTa). 

HunOOHUKh—lOVi, mo mKypH 4HHHTb (tOTT> KTO BbiAt/ibiBaerb komch). 

^ujiume — 3a;ii3o (}KewTfe3o). 

Comu — HHMH opK>Tb (hmh namyrb). 

Itisa—wi qemyxb, to bo;iocch Jiise (KorAa npHtiecbiBawTb, Bbi;ia3JiTb bo— 

AOCbl). 

Mopnoeh — m*hco xcapeae ()KapeHoe mhco). 
Bet 3TH od-bflCHeBiii AaHbi ynamHAiHcsi nepBuft roAi*. 
Cm. erne craTbK) r. B. Zl-pa: „B. M. MapKeBH»n> B-b po^H ce;ibCKaro ncAa— 
rora". (Kjcbck. CTapHHa, 1884, XII, 75). 



HA BSBnPOOBSTHOVl n7TH. 17 

H CHHTascHOi flsuKOB'b pjccRaro H yspaffHGKaro passflTCH He Me- 
Hie, HtMi jiescHKa. Tasi, oAHosHaqan^ie rjiarojiiii h npejiJiorK 
ynpaBjiflK>Ti bi hhxi pasHUMH aaAexaHH; bi odoHxi JisuKaxi eoTL 
^opaibi H ofiopoTU, He npacjoiie ApyroMj, h up. Kori(a, Haap., 
yspaHHCsiB pe6eH0S'& qexaeTi: „OHa aoniJia sa boaoA'', — 9to eny 
KaseTGH cMtniHUMi, TaRi KaKi no-yspaBHCKH mosbo csasaTB toj[i>ko 
no eodi/j a aa eodoU SHaqBTi, ^to ee noHecJio no TeqeHiio boj^bi. 
MeTa^opicu h npoqie o6pa3U h yspameHiH npH6aBJiAK)Ti hobua 
TpyAHocTH HI noHHMaHiD pyccKofi ptqe: j^tjio bi nunaat, saAHHMi 
yMOHi RptaoKi, y6HTL Bpt^Ma, Bbimejn B31 ce6fl, croptjia go CTUAa, 
CMOTpBTL GeBTflOpeMi, boAth bo BsycL H np., H np. — BGt dTH ape- 
KpacHuit BupasefllH flBJiflfoxcH npaqBHofi hoctobbheixi MjqemS 
yqeHBKOBi h yqaxejieft, — laKi Tpy^HO hxi o6iJiCHHTB. 

Ki aToaiy Heo6xoAHMO erne npH6aBHTk, qxo A^se o6iiiiH o6oHn 
flsusaxi cJiOBa, sa Kpaflne HajiUMH HCKJnqeHiBHH, BurosapHBanTCA 
yKpaHBuaHH GOBctMi HBaqe: o HBSorAa Be BuroBapflBaexcH sasi 
«, <? = 3, tt = 3ByKf cpeAHeMy Mear^y « h w; « HHRor^a ne npo- 

HBBOCBXCa BaKX ^ H BMeHHO Bl KOBI^t CJOBl BLirOBapBBaeTCH 

saKi* HOJiyrjiacHaH, cpeAflHH icesAy o e y: 2 = jiaxBHCKOMy h; ^ 
orpoMHoe 6ojibinBHcxBO yspaHBi^eB'L coBctm He BuroBapHBaexi, 
saM^BflH ero BBjBaiiH x, xe, n bjih m h np. IIodxoMy ptqji roBO- 
pnoiaro no-pyccRH yqaxeJiH RaxexcH aameMy yqeHHRy Kpafiae 
cxpaflflOK) H HeaoBBXBOK) jifikSi% TOFAa, Ror^a cjiOBa h mooh 6\i 

6uXb QOHflXHU. HaCROJILRO dTO BasaO, — MBI CaMH OXJIBqHO BBaeifb 

Ha itxi npHMtpaxi, Ror^a ^eJiOBtRi xoxa 6u h xopomo meop$- 
munecKu saaioii^ifl BHOcxpaHHufi hsuri, BnepBBie noaa^aexi cpe^H 
aKJAe^> roBopHB^HXi Ha 3X0HI HBBiRt: nepBoe h HBorAa ^ojuroe 
BpeMH OHi coBepmeHflo He bi cogxohbIh pa3JiHqaxb AAse ox^tjiB- 
Huxi cjioBi. Dpiyqeaie se yqeflBROBi npn neflin rbhfh h oxB'b- 
xaxi* Ki BejiBRupyccROMy BuroBopy — axo npoGxo saxopra aj^h 
yRpaaHGRaro pe6eBRa, h CRasaxB npaaHjibHO no-pycGRH xaRyio npo« 
cxyio ^pasy, RaRx: ^aoAafixe orypqoBi'* HBJiBexcji ajih Bero Rpafiae 
saxpyABBxexBBUHi, xaRi RaRi oh'b sa^cl AOJiseni BuroBopHXE 
HBaqe qtm HaaacaHO, utjiBixi hhxb sByROBi (Aaa o, e, z u e). 

HaRoaeax, HejiBan ne yaoMHHyxB 0611 yAapeflin, bi orpoMBon 
6ojiBHiHBCXBt GJiyqaeBi^ HeoABBaROBOifi bi odoexB HsuRaxi, — 06- 
exoHxejiBGXBO oco6eHflO HeyAo6Hoe npn sayqaBaaiH cxbxobi. 

JI,o cBxi nopi MBI roBopHJH JianiB pycGRoui asuRt. Ho b% 
HiROJit^ CI nepsaro se roAa, HaqflBaexcH h HByqeHJe HSBiRa i^ep- 
ROBBO-cjiaBflHCRaro, BBJBiomaroGii o6B3axejiBHBiH'B npeAvexoifB ji,jui 
napoABoi nxRoju. J^jia pyccRaro pe6eHRa Hsy^eHie axoro npeAnexa 

BBAeXCH XaRBMl 06pa30U'B, qxo I^epROBHO CiaBflBCRiH CJIOBa H B£I- 

paseflifl oSxHCBJiioxcH HSBfROJfB, noHHXHUMX pe6eBRy, xaRi RaRi 
pe6eH0Ri caMi ero yaoxpedjiaexi; a^h pe6eHRa se yRpaaHCRaro 
Atjio npoHcxoABXi HBaqe. 06yqeHie aojsbo aecxHCB no pyccRH, 
BBaqaxi b i^epROBHO-cjtaBBBGRiH ojioBa h BBipaseniir yqenBRi jipj- 

}i 10. Ota^jtb II. 2 



18 PyOOKOB BOrATOTBO. 

seHi jiftTB nepeAABaib Tasse no-pjccsn; ho 8tb£L pyccsaxB 
BupaseHifl ohi He ooHHMaer&yTaKi sasi roBopBTi gbohmi asusoMi; 
QoaxoMj npaxoAHTGH A'^jiaxb t&si: nepeBp;i;H u.-ojiaBHHCKyH) $pa3j 
nopyccKH, nepeBOABTb saitMi h pyccKyio ^paay no-yRpaHHCKH, t. e. 
pe6eR0Ri AOJizeHi c% caMaro naqajia o6jqeHii[ cpasy Hsyqaxb jibb, 
fldUKa: oiiHHi HeHdBtcTHu8 npH noMom;? Apyi'oro HeHSBtcTHaro! 3, 
flonpoGHJii 6bi qHTaxeJifl upeACTaBOTb ce5'b, qxo ohi, He saan hh 
jiaxHHCKaro, hh ^^paHi^ydCRaro hsueobi, nayqaexi nepBufi npH ho- 
MOH^fl Bxoporo, aepeBoj(H Eaa^oe jiaxHHCBoe BLipasenie no-^pae 
i^yacKH, a sarbMi ^paai^fscKifl nepeBOAi*) ^To6hL hohhxb ero, eo^e 
H Qo-pyccKn! Mosao ci yetpeHHOcxbR) cKaaaxb, qxo js,nsi e^Ba na- 
y^HBinarocfl qaxaib yBpaBBCKaro msojibHHRa xpyAHOCXb i^epKOBHO- 
CJasHHCsaro Hsusa paeHOCHJibHa ipjAHOcxH. Koxopyn npHHUiocb 6u 
OAOJitsaxb MoeMy Bspocjio^y h o6pa30BaHsoMy qaxaxeJiK) npH Hsy- 
qeaiH jiaxBHCsaro JisbiKa i^o peaeaxy, yaoxpe6jfleMOHy bi napo^- 
Hufi msojit. Kasie oxi axoro nojiyqaioxcH pesfjibxaxu, cpe^H sa- 
KBX'E Hejitnocxefl bIi^ho nyxaioxca necqacxaue mKOJbHHSH npn axoft 
AByxcxeaeHHofi CHCxeait HsyqeBia jiBUsa, — hohhxho 6e8i noHCHeHift 

H npHM'bpOB'b. 

m. 

yKa^aHHUHH npenflxcxBJHMH na Alport si npooBiqeHii) nt 
orpauBqBBaioxcH xt xpyAHOcxH, KaRin npHxoAHXcH npeoAOJiiBaxb 
jRpaBHCRoMy HiRojibBHRy. Bi yqe6HHRaxx, C% KOXOpUMH OHl 
BMtexi jv^AOj qysA'b eny ne xoJibRo bburx, ho h coAepsanie, xaK& 
SBRi Becb yAo6Bufi Maxepiaji'b b^ hbxii npBcaoGo6jieH'L ho j^sm 
yRpaBHGRofl, a jljisl BejiHRopyccRofl HiROJibi *). Boxi, Hanp., ohhCb- 
lie poABHU. 

^HeBspaqna, HeRpaGHBa aama A^P^BeHbRa: Boe-rAt xopqarL 
OKOJio aoqepetjibixi 836% 6fpeBRB; pyMBflaa pacRHAaJsaGb pB6aHa 
CL CBOBMB BpRO RpaGBbiHH rhgxbmb; BHorAa A^p^BHBHufi ptoees'L 
(ptsBofl HBi A^peaa spyn bi pc»A'b $jara) padBtaaexGH HaA'& Rpu- 
meft 0% MoqajibBofi Jieaxofl, jib6o A^P^BBHflud ptsHoS Dtxymos'S 
TopqaxT. HBA'b GBttejiROft** (fl3i xpeGioMaxiH „PoAHHa** PaAonea- 
CRaro, 61). 

Hjih xaR^: 

^il'^peBBa FopKH — MOH poduna. Bcero b% a^P^bh* 20 hbSx. Oh* 



*) B-b AavihHtfiiiieM'b HSJiONceBiH mu pascMarpHBaeMi* coAep>KaH!e luKO/ib- 

■blXl* y4e6HHKOB'b TOJIbKO Cb H36paHHO0 HaMH TOMKH SptHISI. Mbl HC KH- 

caeMca rioaroMy rfexi* leHjieHuift ynpaBw 6jiaroMHHia h o6y3AaHifl, KoxopwMH npo- 

HHKHyTO n AaSJIfllOlUee 60JIbLUHHCTB0 0C06eHH0 HOBtnuinXli KHHri) JUia UIKOVIb- 

■aro qieHifl. Ct* arofl tomkh aptHia hohth act ynoTpe6;ifliomiJ!Cfl bt> lUKO/i'b 
KHHPH RJin K;iaccHaro MTenin npn mo aojdkhm 6biTb noABeprH}Tbi MsrHaHifo hsi* 
uesi — 6e3pa3;iHMH0, a/iH Koro 6bi m<o;ia hh npeAHaanaqajiacb, hto h 6yAerb, 
fcoHe^HO, CAt;iaHO bi* oOHoeAeuHou napoAHOfl uiKOJit. 



HA BlSnpOOB'ftTHOll'L hjtb. 19 

I 

aooTpoeHu H81 ejioBBixi H cocHOBuxi 6peBeHx. HeAaJieRO ott» ;i^e- 
peBHH Jiici Ba^HHaeTCfl MejiKHifB bjibhbeomi h oooHBSOMi. Mhofo 
^Jiefi H TOJiCTEixi coceHi... HO nonaAaiOTCff TaEse h 6ij[06TBon- 
HsiH 6epe3u h oohhu ci xpeneniyn^HaiH jihctlhuh'' *). 

Ho Bi^B 8T0 coBepmeHflo hjsjio flame jij peSeflsy: EamH zaTu 
He OTpoATOH H8i ejioBur& h cochobuxx 6peBeEi; ptiiefisoBi, b£i- 
ptsHBixi niTymROBi h MOHajfLHuxi jieHTB Ha HHxi Hin; crtHU 
HXi He ^epntiOTi, a 6'bjitK>Ti; 6epe3ii BOSJit hhxi ho Top^aTi, a 
paoxyrb bhidb eBua ^epeBbH, Bep6u h np.; ecjH octl Jiici, to ohi 
He eJioBuft H np., h np. ^to^ spoiii yaujiaro HOAoyMiHiH, mosotl 
BsiaBaTB Tasoe onHcaHie bi Aymt naoiero y^esasa? Paasi 8to ero 
poAHHa?.. Ho HHofl po^Hau vh sBHrt Hirb, h eicy npHsaauBaDTi 
c^HTan* cBoefl ly, soTopaa nojiaraeToa no nporpaMMt.. A no 8Tot 
nporpaMjii yse wb soaqt asrycTa Mopos'B CEOBUBaen seiijii), na- 
myn He ynoTpe6jiBioii^eflcH y naci coxofi, xjit6i cyman b% ho 
oynieoTByDii^Bxi y Haci OBHnaxi, noj^i obhmbiA TJLi6% namyn ae- 
saAOJiro nepe^'b nociaoMi... 

BoHi: 

,3aHHbKa y cjiomkh nonpurRBaerb...* 

BB^ajiH y flaci sauHLKy, ho hto Tasoe i^exo^sa'? H noHeiiy 
VHiAt Hixi BaAynqflBO caicBBinHxcH Bep6i, lx)nojiefi, rbjibhu? 
BoHi H8aa6mifl saHBLBa Me^iaerL: 

BOTb Ka6b1 MHt, SaftKt, My}KHMeHKOMl» 6blTb, 

Borb Ka6bi mh^, aaflx-h, B-b JianoTKaxi) xoAHTb, 
}KHTb 6hi MHt Aa rptTbCH B-b H36ymemrfe 
Co CBoefl xossiioiiJKOfl cbpenbKofl, 
riHporH 6bi MH'h tcTb, Aa Bce ci> xanycTKOio, 

riHpOrH 6bl CO C/iaAKOK) MOpKOBKOK); 

Ha nojiarflx-b SHMyuiKy npojiewHBaTb, 

IIo Moposuy B-b caHOHKax-b noKarbiBarb *^! 

Hy, pasBi ae yEpaHHCKift saBm Mon 6hi rasi MeqxarB npn 
OTcyxcTBiH jianTcfl, nHporoai ci MopsoBbio, nojiaTefl? JI,jih aaniero 
petieHEa, EOTopoMy BBstcTaa coBctMi Apyraa EapxHaa jebshh spe- 
CTi»BBHBa, 8TH 8afl?i»H Me^xaHbH sasyxcfl EaEofi-xo flecoo6pa3HocxbX). 
noxosBMX, HMi yqaxejiL yace o6iflCHBJii qxo xasoe ^jiaaoTSH'', ho 
Bi;[b BTO-se 6e3o6pa3Ho! Caaorn ropaaj^o yAo6flte h spacBste! A 

HHporH C% MOpBOBbH)! KbEX 8X0 ftOilSBO 6uxb BeBRycBo! Boxi 

ecjiH 6u BapeBBKH c% cupo]ii hjih ci BamnHSiBL. TaEi Ha nojiaxH 
lisyxx BBepxi, sasi aa qep^aEi? KaEi axo CMtmHo h HefAo6flo!.. 
^a H rJiyauS se axoxi saam!.. 

A Hxo 8X0 aa mxysH xaKiH tj^axi jiioah: ma, obcbhuh jieaemEH^ 
TOiOBHo, Tupa, Eyjie6asa? A capa^aai, EuEomaHSi, sa^raHi, ap- 



*) BynaKOffb. .B-b lUKOJit h AOMa"*, cm. crarbH: „Mofl pOAHHa'' h .OKpecr- 

aOCTH MOeJl pOAHHU*. 

♦*) yUIHHCKifl, POAHOe CAOBO, II, 95. 

2* 



20 P70CK0B BOrATOTBO. 

HABi — ^810 HTO Tasoe? noDTb sasijiTO noA6jiK>AHEUi QtcHH... Tasi^ 
BOTB Bce H KaseTCffy ?T0 aoA'B 6oJii>inHMi 6j[iOAOM'& jeacaii flioHs!.. 
Ho pasBi BOSMOXEO nojojBBTb 'ntcflio xoTfl 6u H noAi^ 6jik>ao? 
Bor& ecjH 6u ntjiH xoyiiid^t^, v^edpisKu, eecHHUKu, — Hy, bto jGqpy- 
roe A*Jio!.. 

„Paj(OHHi^a! 6a57niKa h Maicaina bshjh uewa h ABfxi oeciepik 
Ha KJi^nfiEmjdl,*^ Ho ^to Tasoe pajiOHHixa? yqesHKH ne BHaoTi, ;^a 
He BiA&oTi H yqexejib... Hpasj^ajiorL Kasoft-To cenHBi... H ysaoHO 
jiH)6flrL SHsiyl.. «Bi sHHsift xojeoai BCflsifl mojio^'i*''. A y aaci^ ro- 
BopaTi: „JI,iTH, a^th! Ao6pe Ban b Jiiii, a siMyBaiH — to ropH>- 
BaTfl!** *). 

„XojioAHaH 8HHa — SjiiaroAaTB". A y naci bc% sajiyK>TCH Ha xo- 

JEOAOyK) 8HMy: H TOQHTb He^tvi* H Hej^asHO po;^RB(nifioH TeJieHOKI^ 

Banepai, a MaTb hsi xaTBi He nycRaeii... Bet 6ohtcji bhmbi... 

3iipaBCTByfl, pyccKan mojioakb, 
PacKpacaBHiia Ayiua, 
51uiocH'b>KHaH ;ie6eAKa, 
SApascTByn, MaryuiKa 3HMaI 
3ApaBCTBy(l B-h btJioMi* capa(t)aH'fe 
Ha-b cepe6pflH0fl napqn, 
Ha TeGt ropHTb a;iMa3bi, 
C;iOBHO npKie jiy«iH... 
HaMi) He CTpauieH'b CHtr-b cypoBuii: 
€!> CHtroMi>— 6aTioiiiKa Mopo3i>, 
Hauj-b npHpoAHbifl, uaui'b AemeBbifl 
riapoxoA'b H napoBoa'b... 
Tbi y Hacb Kpaca h cjiasa, 
Hauia cH;ia h KasHa, 
Haiua Ao6pa5i aadasa, 
MoAOAeuKasi sHMa! **) 

MoserE 6£iti> dxo h xopomo Bce, ho y Hamero peSeHKa cn^ 
Bcero aToro qysAaro OMy xoiioj^a cxHHaerL xojioaomi jiymy... A 
TjTh eme r. PoimecTBeecKifl bi CBoeft ^PoaaHt" npHBO^HTi e ko- 
Hei^t 8Toro OTHXOTBopeHiff, OT6poineHHhifi EyHasoBUMi. 

CKopo MaCAeHHUU 6oftKOft 
SaKHIIHTb lUHpOKlft nHpi>, 
H 6AHHaMH, H HaCTOflKOft 

SaKyTHTb KpemeHbifl Mipi>. 
Hrpbi, 6paTCKi5i nonoflKH, 
Hacre^K-b AsepH h cepAua, 
riAfimyrb 6tiiieHbiH rpoflKH, 
CH'ferb TonoMa y KpuAbua (cxp. 103)... 

Tflit se 8T0 TaKi 6MBaen,? — onpocHTX Harai yqeHHKi nocit 
nepeBo^OBi h paBiacHeHift yqHTejiff. JI,a, ho xoporao h nojiojEenie- 
BToro yqHTejia: hbbojil BHtjxpaTfc b% cep;^Dia yqeaHKOBi cHHnaTiH. 

*) iltlH, A*™! XOpomO BaM-b AtlOM-b, a SHMOSaTb 9T0— 6'bACTBOBaTb. 

*♦) ByHaKoe%, .Bb lUKont h AOMa', I, 72. 



HA. BBBnPOOBSTHOMl UTTH. 21 

H6 TOJIBKO Bl MOpOSy H 8HM%, BO H Kl ^HaCTOisaHl', ^dpaTCKHVl 

noaofiKam* h ,6'bmeHiiiM'b TpoflsaM'B'', — EOTopua Hecyrb saEyTHB- 
mift Kpemenuft Mipi — KjAaP — He bi jBecejiHTejibHoe jh saBeAeme? 

POAHUA KapTEHKH... ffa, HO SOMy? 

JlyqmiH EHHrH js,iisi mEOJiBHaro Hieaifl bi sHaqHrejiBHofi xipi 
4ianojiHeHfii napoAHUMi pyccEHMi MaTepiajiOHi.: nocjiOBHn^aMH, nio- 
HHMH, cEasEaifH. Upiem coBepmeHHO paoioHajiiBHuft: axo jiHinb 
yBejiB^flBaen npHro^HOCTB sHHrH, npafijiHsaii ee si Bapoj^HOny 
noHHsiafliK) h Bsycy. Ho ohbtl xaEH Ri Easoify? Ki BeJiHEopyc- 
^SEOny? HTO-se EacaeTCH yEpaHHCEHXi A^TeS, to Htm 6ojiie na- 
Tepiaji AJiH HTeBiff cnex^B^aqecEH-BejiEEopycGEift, rbn ohi A^^iBme 
OTi Hxi noHHMaHifl H Bsyoa. Hsaqe h 6iiiTii He Moseii: ^tn 
6oJite MaTepiajn napoAHufi BeJiHEopyccEiB, Ttir^ 6oj[te bi Hem 
OTpasHJiHCb npspo^a, 6£i'rb h MipoBossptHie BejiHEopyocEie; ho y 
Hacb Bce 8T0 B^Ab HHoel TaEHMi odpaaoMi to, hto Boofin^e oocxaB- 
JiHerE AOCTOHHCTBo EHHrH A^H EJiacGHaro HxeniH, ajqih naci, npH 
cyo^ecTByioniHxi ycjiOBinxi^ ABjiHeTCH spynHurirb HeAOCTaTEOui! 
BoaBMeMi ji^JiE npHHtpa H31 TaEHXi sanrB ntcsojiBEO docjiobhi^i: 

^He yqacB h JiaaxH ne cnjieTeinB''. Butb mosoti, ho y naci 
He BBanT'b Tpy^Hoe hjih h^tb a^jio JianxH HjrecTL. 

i^XepsHOB sa comeBBEy, sa EpoByio HoseHBEy''. ^hy ho y Haci 
^epsaTGH sa njiyrB, a coxa y nacB coBcim ne spHBan, a npaMaa 

<yh paBBHJHBOfi Ha EOHI^i. 

,^T0 pyCCEOMy SAOpOBO, TO HtMIXy OMepTB^. nyCTHEH: H^MI^Ht 

y HacB SHByrB i^tjiBiHH EOJiodHMH E TaEi se, saEiH MBi^ namyrB 
H ctnrB, tAHTx Tt-se npoAysTU, ^T0 h mu iAHMi, h CMepxH hitb 
OTi 9Toro He duBaexB. 

A BOTB HocjioBHau, BBOAHHUH HBoi Bi o6jiaoTB reorpa^iHl 

lyCjiaBHa AcipaxaHB oceTpauH, a CndapB co6ojuimh''. Ho hto 
Tasoe AcTpaxaHB? A Ch6rpb y HacB cjiaBaa tojibeo EaToprofi. 

^Bojira Ao6paH jiomaAEa, — see cBesexB''. RaEB cTpanno Hass- 
BaDTi jiomaAell! Y BacB roBopaTi npocTo: cipuu^ zmduH.., 

He TOJiBEo BB nocjroBHi^axB, ho h BOo6n^e bb reorpa^E^ecEOMi 
OTA^Jit OTpaHHiiBi HcaempeHu Bojirofi, Osofi, CapaTOBOMB, MoceboS, 
KasaHBK), Tyjofi... JI^fltnpB h KieBB eAsa neJiBEHyTB, a& h to B'B 

TaSHXB CXaTBHXB, HTO HXB E HO HOflMeniB *). 

Cb HGTopiefl eme xyse. Botb, nanp., ,KHHra js,jui ireHia" 



*) A BOTb, una npHMtpa, oipbiBOKB hst. ciaibH: .Haiue oieqecTBO*: ,Bce 
HHceJieHie Poccih At;iHTCfl hh HtcKOJibKO n;ieMeHi>... FjiasHbifl Hs-b sthxI) n;ie- 
mchb: cjiaesiHCKoe, AHToecKoe, (t)HHCKoe h TarapcKoe. CjiaeflHCKoe n;ieAin caMoe 
iiHorotiHCJieHHoe h o6pa30BaHHoe; oho AtjiHTca Ha Asa HapOAa: pyccKHx-b r 
no;iHKOBT>. PyccKie noApasAtjiwiOTCii Ha BeAHKopyccosB, Majiopyccos-b h 6tjio- 
pyccoBi, KOTopbie... fobophtb OAHHM-b 5i3biKOMB H pasjiH^iaioTCfl Mcwjiy C06010 

JIHlUb HtKOTOpblMH o6bmaHMH, HeUHOrO CBOHMl BHtUJHHM-b BHAOM-b H pt^blO*. 
{OaHHUOBB H BorOHBJICHCKifl, KHHra BTOpafl AJM qTCHiff BB UepK.-npHXOA. lUKO- 

JiaxB. Cn6., 1899, cip. lia~114). 



S2 PF€GSOB BOrATOTBO. 

BapaHOBa (14-e hb^.): vl nefi Ha ABa](i^aTi> o^HOft orpaHHi^ icro- 
pH^eoBaro OTA^jia hh cjnosa o&h YspaHHi, ecjiH He o^HTaTL coo6- 
nieei;! o sieBCSOMi nepioAi, paacsaaaHHoifi Kasi ^acTb eeAunopy^- 
eKoH HCTopiH. B% »HoBOfi SHHrfi j^jiH KJiacGHaro h j^oManiHJiro ^re- 
hIh" EpMRHa H BoioTOBCsaro (2 e h3;f.) HOTopiH noceaiAeHa hhtk- 
V/dQBTh oAHa orpaHBi^a h o6i YspaHHi hh cjiOBa. Bi ,J(tTCKomk 
Mipi^'' yiiiHHCKaro (110 CTpaHHixi) to se, vro h j BapaHoaa. B% 
jyKHHri ji,jLK nepBOHaqajBHaro qreHia'' BoAOBosoBa bch Hama HCTopu 
npeACTaBiena najieHbKHM'B orpuBSOU'B Hdi »Tapaca B7JI>6&i'' Foroia^ 
Hsi 96 crpaHHiii, uocBamfiEEuvh (bx jifijTh MicTaxi) HCTopin v% 
SHHri IIojiHBaHOBa ^IlepBaH n^eJisa'' o naoi HH^ero. Hotth to »e 
H B% ,PoAHHf PaAOHescsaro h t. j^., h t. h. 

TaEHM'b oSpasoMi nami pe6eH0Ex osaauBaeTCH qejuoBisoirfc 
6e8i poAHHBi H HOTopin: paHbme ero poj^Hna noAHtHOHa BejiHSopyc- 
cKofl, Tenepb to sse canoe j^tjiaeroH ci HCTopieft. SHaKOMCiso q%> 
npomjEBitf'L cBoero Kpan, c% js^ksLiejihJLOGThJO npoAniecTBeHHHROBib, 
CTOJEB pasBHBaaon^ee o6n(eoTBeHHiiH qjBCTBa, npoSyacAann^ee cosDa- 
Hie ;^OJira npej^i coBpeMeHHUM'b o6ii^ecTB0Mi h SjAmHMH Hosoift- 
HiHiCHy — j[;jLa Hainero y^ioHHRa boii^b HeBOBMOSHas. yj^HBHrejiLHO ih, 

no 8TH 06lI^eGTBeHHBIH ^JBCTBa HO TOJIbKO HO paSBHBaiOTOHy HO pe- 

rpeocHpynrL bi napoA^ npn Aannofl o6cTaHOBKi? B^a^ h^tik HH^ero^ 
no Morjio 6hL ETh noAAepsHBaTb. 

IIpaBAa, HHorAa a'^J^ak>tci[ cjia6bifl hohbitkh AaTb qTO-jiH6o H8i 
6uTa h Aase HCTopiH 7spaHHbi, ho Bce dro Tasi hh^tosho, TaE'& 
TOHeTb Bi o6n^efl Macct qysAaro yBpaHHCSoMj pe6eHKy MaTepiajia! 

OrpLIBOK'b HB'b TorOJIH, OTpUBOKl HSl A. ToJECTOrO — 6jieCTHII(iH VL 

jtHTepaTypHOMi ornomeHiH Bemji, ho TaniH TpyAHUH jijlr noHHiiaHiH 
pe69HKa, AABO BHaKOMaro ci pyccsHifb HSEisoaiil Jl^a h mosho ih 
BHasoMHTb peCeHsa c% poAHBoft na nysoHi Hsusi, soTopufl hh- 

^iUT> He CBHSaHl C% BTOft pOAHHOS — HH OAHHlfb CHOBOMX, HH OAHHMl 

o5pa80if'b? HHKorAa laKoe anaKOMCTBO ne aaxpoHen cepAi^a pe6eHsa, 
He aaciaBHTi ero ]no6ETh poAHofi Kpafl! H ckojibso 6u hh novft- 
majiH Bi xaKHxi RHessaxi h3i^ ForoiTH hjih Koro 6u to hh 61120 
Ha pyccsoMi hbuk^, — Bce bto 6yAyTi^ MepxBHe, xojioAHue, nenys- 
Hue HaMi dByKH... 

Bopo'ieHi, BOTb H nieBHeHKO... EAHHOTBeHHBifi paai, npasAa, 1 
Aase no^eiiy-TO 6e8i o6oaHaqeHiH aaxopa, ho Boe se OTpbtBOKi 
EVh ^KaxepHBH'' *). Ho... ohi b% nepeBOA^ no-pycosH. Koneuo 

pyCOEHMl A'i^THM'b TaSl H HySHO, HO HamHlil... BiAB BTO Se HOJI- 

Hufi a6cypA'B, HarjiHAHaH, Tasi CKaaaxb, Hecoo6pa8HOCTb — ^HTaft 
CBoero poAHoro noaia, ho ne HHa^ie Kasi bi QepeBOA*]^ HeJiiaocTb 
Cb neAarorH^ecBofi to^kh apiHin, a (tb to^bh aptffia Hai^ionajibHaro 
qyBCTBa Bce bto EaseTCH npHHO BasHicb-TO HaAtBaTejtbCTBOifb!... **) 



*) TuxoMupoeu, .ByKBapb** (147-e H3fl.), 42. 
**) AHaAorHqHbie (t)aKTbi: .HaitMHiiKa^ IIIeBHeHKa sanpemena aaa UKOHb- 



HA BB8nP0CB«TH0Ml II7TH. 23 

A KSKOBU HHOFAa 6K[BaK)Tl CBi^2liHi)l HaCl Vh TaKl HaBU- 

BaeMuxi nJif^AOBhni'k^ CTaibAxi msojtbHHX'B RHHrB! Bon, nanp.^ 
OTaTeflsa: ^JltTHin saHHTia MajopoccoBi'^. CRasaBi o crpaAHoS nopi 
H ifOJiOTt>6t, aBTopi npoAOJisaeTi: 

„Ha 6aniTaHaxi Tose rhdhti jifkarejihEOCTh. Orposinue ap678£i, 

SOJrOTHCTBIA HJiEE H TUKBK COBCtlfL BBJIBJIBOB, COSptJIB^ H JieTRSVh 

Ha rpHAax%, npocH pa6oqHxi pjEi. IIoacojihjxh h ycaxafl kjkj- 
pysa BupooJiH bo bcd gbod BumnHj h AaJieKO bhahI^dtch CBOHVtH 
BepxymKaiiH. CTapuS otAofi cioposi, oxpaHnnn^ift 6aRqH, oi Ha- 
nycKHofi BasHOCTLK) noKpHEHBaeii Ha AepeBencRHXi pe6HTHmeKi, 
BuroHflH Bxi OTTyAa, Ha najieHLKie ujiyTHmsH xopomo ssaDTi, 
iTO A')^AKO HiyTHrB, — 6traioTB ch BeoejmuE KpHsaiiH no 6aniTaHy 
■ npeycepAHo Ha6HBax)Ti cboh KapManii h piM no^cojiHyxaiiH h 
orypaaiiH*' *) 

HHTepecHO BHaxB, KaKoe ffOBi^pie 6j]ijTh EiiiTB ei EHHrt HamH 

QIEOJIbHHEH, npO^HTaBl Bl Heft, 6yAT0 ap6y3BI, A^HH H TBIEBU 26- 

sarE Ha rpHAaxi, fiy^To pe6flTBmBaM'L AOSBOJEflDTi TOJinoft 6traTB 
no OamTany h 6yAT0 ohh Ha6HBaK)T'B ce5t EapHaHu h porL oryp- 
i^aHH (aepeapijiBiMH yse) bi to BpeMH, Eor^a eoiB on'bJiBie jiunn 
m ap6y8i>i h np.? 

Hjih botl, Hanp., bi EHHri BynasoBa j^Bi nisojit h AOMa** 
eoTB craTefiEa: ^Kasa^iecTBO h Majiopoooia^. Bote, Mex^y npo^HMi, 
^TO Tani roBopHTOJi: 

,Bo BpeMH TaTapoEaro pasBopeHiii na PycH fiujio MHoro joojifiik 
6e8A03[HBix'[., o6e3AOJieHHUxx. Tasie jik)ah, nposBaHHue EadasaiiH, 
oTajTH yxoAHTB Bi K)SHo-pyccEiH CTeoH. TaMi noA'B npeABOAHxejiB- 

OTBOMl BBl6opHUXl aTanaHOBl OHH C06EpaJIHCB Bi maflEH, ^o6ii 

saHHHaTBCJi paB^beni, rpa6eseMi h boAuok) ci xaTapaMH... PjiaB- 
HUH EasaicRiH nocejieHiH Cujeh no HHXHeiiy Te^eHix) ^ona h no 
3!H%apy. niaflsa aohcshxi EasaEOB'B, RaEX nafiix ESBioTHO, 8aBoe- 
Bajia CH6Hpcsoe napcTBO, a npn iiapt MnxaHJit GeoAopoBRqi Boi 
J(oHCRie EasaEH npHSHajiH na^'B co6oft BjacTB Mocebu. KasaRH, 
nocejiBBHiiecH no JI^Htnpy, o6pa80Baj!H MajiopocciflcEoe hjih YEpaHH- 
GEoe EasaqecTBO, h bch crpaEa, HacejieHHan hmh, ciajia HaauBaTBca 
MaiopoccieA. BeBceMefiHue-se (?I) yAajibi^u hsi MajiopoocificEHX'L 
sasaROBi CTajiH yxo^HTB Ha J^HtnpoBCEie ocxpoBa, HHse noporoBi, 
H BA^CB o6pa80BajiH y^ajioe Boennoe 6paxGXB0 — 3anoposcEyK) Ct^B. 
Maxopoccifl ao^pobojebho npHsnajia na^'B oo6ofl BJiacxB noJiBCEaro 



■uxi* 6H6;iioTe{C'b B-b opHrHHa/rb h aosBoneHa B-b nepeBOAt; „Ko53apb'' ajisi 
ce;ibCKHX'b 6H6/iioTeKi> aanpemenb no-yKpaHHCKH h AoiBOJieH'b B-b nepeBOA'b... 
Jlemo npo cbIt toyKVLA** He TOJibKo sanpemeHO a;ih 6H6inioTCKb, ho h He paa- 
ptuiaeTCsi AJifl neqaiH, KaK-b KHHXCKa HayqHO-nony.i5ipHa$i, a pyccKiA nepeBOAi 
Bi]iA6p)Ka;rb y>Ke 10-e h/ih 11-e HSAanie h AonymeHT) bo bcB 6H6AioTeKH h t. a. 
*) OduHtiom u BovoMAent.Kiti^ KHHra BTOpOH mvt qreHifl bi iiepKOBHo-npH- 
xoACKHX-b uiKOAarb. (Cn5., 1899), 137. 



24 PyCOKOB BOFATOIBO. 

Kopojiir, HO SanoposcKM Ctn h6 xoT^jira npvsaaTB atofl BJiacTH* 
H T. K. (^acTb II, H3ff. SO-e, 1903, CTp. 47—48). 

ETan, BEJXOAHTB, HTO yKpaHHGSifi Hapon 06pa80BaJ![CB H31 

maeai, BiiniejiniBXT>, o^eBHAHO, hs'b iieHTpaJiLHoft, mocrobcroS PfCH 
BO Bpeiffl xaTapcRaro pasaopeaifl; Buxoimu dTH no HactioHaJiBHOCTH 
TO se, ?T0 H AOHcsie KasasH,— o KaRom j[h6o aai^ioHajibHovi paa- 
iHHiH Hirb H piqe; mafisB aTH, saHHSfaflCB pasSoexi h rpaSeseirL, 
nocejiHJiHCB no jO^aiapy, — oqeBanno, Tarn paHBme hhrto ho shjii, — 
H TaRi RaRi OHt nasMBajiHCB MajiopocciAcRHMi KaaaqecTBOMi, to h 
cTpana nojoty^HJia hua Majiopoccm; acao: yRpanai^u BO^yTi ceoe 
npoHczosAeHie oti maflRB BejiBRopyccRHXi pa36oflHHROBi; rx tomj 

Se OHH GOTBOpHJIH H HSMtHy: BM^CTO TOrO, HTOSu nOROpCTBOBaTb 

MOOROBCROMy i^apK), OHH npHSHajiH HaA"^ co6ofl BjacTL nojibCRaro 
RopojiH. KieBCRifl h JiHTOBCRifl nepioAU aamefl HCTopia wa asTopa 
He cyn^ecTByjoTi; ho aa to SanopoiRCRaa Ct^b ORaauBaeTca cyn^ecT- 
ByiomeS en^e Ao coeAHHeHia cTpaeii ci noji>niefi h t. h. 

KpaflHHH HeBisecTBeHHOGTL aroS cTaTeflsH oqeBHAHa 6631 Aaii*- 
HtfiniHXi noircHeHiA;,HO CTaieARa, Rpoact Toro, eme h ocRopSHTeJLHa 
AJiH yRpaHHaeai, TaRi RaRi o nameMi Hapoj^t roBopHTca RaRi o 
mafiRt pa86oflHHROB'B^ ROTopofi OHi 6ujix 6yAT0 6k[ Bi TOTi nepioA'B, 
Ror^a OHi yse AaJi h BjiaAHiripa h Hpocjiasa, h asTopa „CjiOBa 
nojiRy HropeeoMi* h Apyrexi AtflTOJOteft RieacRaro nepio^a yRpaHH- 
OROfl HCTopin. 

^TO se Bi noAo6Huxi cjyqajixi ocxaeTca a^J'&tb y^HTOjno: h3- 
BpamaTB HOTBHy bb yro^y RHHrt hjih o6'BJiBHTL, ?T0 yqeSeaa RHHra 
roBopHTi HeopaBAy? Ilepaoe o^bbhaho neBOBMosHo; ho b^ab h bto- 
poe noApuaaexB atpy h bi RHHry, h bb mRojy... A aaxtxi eiae 

OAHO 06CT0HTeJ|[BCTB0: eCJIH B03M0SHU COCTaBHTeJIH mSOJIBHUl'B 

RHHrBy nHmynue TaRia oTaieflRH, to ROHe^HO, bobhoshu h y^H- 
Tejia, Btpamie bthmi RHHrauB, — RaRia-se cBtA'bHifl ocTaHyTca bi 
roJioBi y yqeHBROBi, RorAa TaRoft yqHTeJtB npo^TOTB ci hhhh no- 
Ao6HyiD cTaTeflay? 

EcTB enie oahhi aasHufl, cb Hamefi to^rh apiHia, HOAOOTaTORX 
KHHrB AJiH RJiacoHaro ^Tenia, oiMtqeHHufi BumeynoMaHyTUHX aor- 
JiaAoifB r. JleoHTOBH^ia, MHi^Hia Roxoparo, Raai aeaicRaro A^^Tejiay 
ooo6eHHO i^iHHBi B^B AaHHOMi cjiy^at. Obb roBopHTi: ^BasHtfi- 
niHMH se A^^^ RpecTBHHCRaro pe6eHRa aysHO npaaaaTB xt BHaaiai 
ROTopua HJIH noMoryxi HcnpaBBiB cyn^ecxayiomia y Hero Jiosaua 
nonaxia o npnpoA* h o6niecxBt, hjih npHroAflxca eny bb ero 6yAy- 
H^eft xpyAOBoft SH8HH. Ho AJiH xoro, qTo6Eii HaAJiesantHMfB o6pa3oifi 
GA^^jiaTB TaRofi Bu6opi, GOGTaBHxejiB y7e6HHRa aojisghi 6uxb xopomo 
oanaROMJieHi ch yGJiOBianH sh8hh, dBixom, iiipoBoaapiHieMB h 
npeApaacyAKaMH Toro naoeJieHia, ajih Roxoparo npeAnaaHa^aerB ohx 
CBOK) RHHry. Ci axo8 to?rh aptnia npHpoAoonncaxeJiBHua GxaxBH 
mROjibHaro yqe6HHRa aojishu 6uxb HanpaBJieHU vh onpoBepseHii) 
npeApaacyAROBi, cyn^ecxByDmnxi HMeHHo bi aahhoS irtcxHOCXH, a 



J 



H4 BHsnPOCBi&THOiii nyxH. 25 

He TAi-TO Bi OTji;ajceHfliixi ry6epHi«fX'B; arpoHOMnqecsifl, TexHH^e- 
OKiir B APirifl npasTH^ecKaro xapasrepa CTaTiH ^iojcshu AasaTL 
onHcaaiii jchhib TasHxx Byj[i>Tjpi h npoifucjiOBi, KOTopue pacnpo- 
CTpaeeBu bjih Horyn pasBHTBCJi bx AaHHofi nicTHOCTH oi ea kjih- 

MaTHqecKHSfH, nOtlBeHHUIfH H BKOHOMBqeCKHllH yCJIOBiflMfl; CXaTBH 

iDpHAH^ecKijf, — BEiBCBBDmiJi nojiosesie^ npaBa h o6B8aHHOCTH ^ejo- 
B^Ka wh o6mecTB'6, KaBHxi, ki cosaitHiio, Boo6]Ke oqeHb HenHoro 

Bl mSOJIbHBIX'L KHHraXl, TBKSe AOISHEI 6uTh n0A06paHU Vh COOT- 
B^TCTBIB CI DpHAHqeOKHMH BOBSptHiflMH H HpaBBMH HaOOJieHiB" 

(cTp. 2 — 3). A Meany i*mi b-b fftflcTBHxeJiB booth mu bhahmi cjit- 
Ayron^ee: ^GTaxbH npBponooHHcaTeJibHUH h 6e3CH0T6MHO noAo6paBij, 
H npHcnoco6jreHH k% ycjEOBiHifB ueHTpajii.HHXi ry6epHift, a ne IIoji- 
TaBGRofl: '^) AJTH HJurncTpai^iH o6oihxi noJioseHifl wh bhxi abidtch 
npHMfipii xapaRTepHue juh npHpoau Toro Kpan h ho BCTptiaio- 
HliecH y hbcb, a paafiBpaeMEie bi bthxi ctbtlbxi JOSHue BdrjiBim 
h npespaBcyjcKH bi 6ojiLHiHHCTBt cjiy^aeBi ne HMinTii pacnpocipa- 
BBBiH B% IIojiTaBCBoft ryfiepHlH. ^TO KacaeTGH arpoHOHHqeosHX'B h 
TexHRqecKHXi CTarefi bi yqe6HHBax'B, to, Sjaroffapn Boe Tony se 
OTpeMJieBiK) npHHopoBHTB HXi K% yojiOBiflHi i^eHTpajiBH&ix'L ry6ep- 
Hifi, OHi saiorE ajh TIoJiTaBOKofl ryfiepeiH h HeBtpHUH oaHcaHia, 
H HenpaBHjii>Hiie hjih HenysHue coB'bTu; peKOMeBAyexcjr, Haap., 
naxBTB noffi obhmuS xJit6'b neBajcojiro nepejTB nociBOMi, i^aeTCH 
OHHcaHie jiBHa Ha bojtokho h t. a." (cxp. 5 — 6). 

JlO CHXl nopi Mil rOBOpHJIH JIHHIB KHHTaXl JUIH ^TeHiH. Ho 

Bi niKOJii, spoMi yHedHHsoBi no SaRony Boirih), BOTopuxi mu He 
KacaeMCH, ynoTpe6jiHV)TCJi en^e apBGMeTH^ecKie saj^aqHHRH. Aocxa- 
to^ho GirJiaro npocMOTpa hxi TeRcxa, ^toSei y6'6AHTBOfl, ^o rbroS 
cTeoeHH ycjioBiH saji^aqx He cooiBiTcxByiorB HymAaicx mRoju. Co- 
BepmeHHO cnpaeeAJiHBO no dxoiiy noBo^y roBopHTi r. JleoHTOBH^i: 
^'^TO RacaeTCH apHeweTH^ecRHxi sajcaqx, to yojotOBiH exl cj^jio- 

BaXO 6ll 6paTB HSI MiOTHOfi RpeCTBHHOROfi SH8HH HB TBRifl OTHO- 

meniH, ci rotophmh yqeHHRami npH^eTOH cTajiRHBaTLCH bi exi 
'6yAyniefl opaRTH^ecRoft j(tHTejii»HOGTH, tbri rbri, bo 1-xi, saHHTe- 
pecoBaHHocTB yqaniHXGH pimeHieMi tbrhxi BaAa^i noAHHJia-6fii yc- 
nimHOOTb Hxi BaHHTiS, a bo 2-x'b, yiitTL paafiBpaTBCH bi btbxi 
cjnyqaHxi juih RpecTLBHi ooo6eHHO bbsho, a HapoAHas mROJia He 
pacnojraraeTE AocTaTO^HEiiii ROJinqecTBOMi BpoMeHH, qTo6Ei paBBHTB 

CnOC06HOCTB OAHHaROBO 6uOTpO H XOpOmO pimaTB BBAa^HBCHRarO 

po^a" (cTp. 4). A uennj Tim bi ;a^ftoTBHTejii»HOCTH ^yojioBiB sa- 
jiaqx, npejuiaraeMuxi yqeHHRaifL ceJiBCRoft mROJiu, qacTO bbjutdtch 
npHMipaME ojiyqaeB'L HeBOBxosHuxi He tojibro b% IIojiTaBORofi 
ry6epHiH, ho h bi cejiLCRoft shbhh BOo6me. YcjioBiH HiROTopsixi 
WKh HHxi no cBoeft HeoepBeBHOcTH h HOHysHocTH wsL npaRTH^e- 



* To, MTo 3iitcb H HH)Ke P. J1 eoHTOBHq-b poBopHTb o FloATaBCKofi ry6epHiH, 
npHMtHHMo, KOHeMHO, no<iTH Ko Bcefl TcppHTopiH yxpaHHCKaro HapoAa. 



t% pyCGKOB BOFjITOTBO. 

cKofi SH3HH He TOjn>KO OTHHsravTb y jslbrefi oxotj pft6oTaTi» Haj(^ 
HX'L paspimeHieiCL, ho h BuauBaDTL OMto'b'' (crp. 6). 

HejibSfi He npncoeAHHHTbCfl ki aroiiy mb^hIk). B-l caMOMi jsj^A, 
iTO KpoMi CMtxa, MoseTB Biii3BaTb y yqeHBKa napoAHofl msojiu b% 
yKpaBBi Tasafl, Hanp., sa^aqa: 

„IIacTyxa HaHBjiH nacTB 54 KopoBU, 56 OBem h 24 kobh h 
gaMaTH.iH" (EBTymeBCKiS, I, J* 576)... 

Bo-nepBHxi: rj^t y Haci b'b cejii mosho Ha6paTB 24 kosh? bo- 
BTopuxi: EasAuft Hami mEojibBHsi ouh^ho sHaen, tto EopoBi 
H oBeai HacyrE y naci ota%xi»ho. 

Hjb, Eanp., Tasoe ycjioBie: 

„nopTHoft RynBjTE KycoK'b 6apxaTa h pascqETajn. hto JiHsia 
.?Toro 6apxaTa ctohti 5 Kon*. (IHoxopi-Tpoi^Kift, JS6 178)... 

Ho KaKoA se nopiHofi 6j}ifiTh TpaTsrb Bpena Ha coBepmeHHO 
HenysHoe ji^s. nero BU^KHCJieHie ctohhocth jibhIh 6apxaTa? H He 
HanoMHHaDTb jih noffo6HBiJi saftaqH t% HSBicTHUJi ^pasH a^h nepe- 

BOAOBl Bl yqefiHHKaXl HHOCTpaHHUXl HBUROB'B, ni ^CEpOHHUft 

ojiOBi BCTptqaeTi na yjiHi^t 6oj[knioro rocnoAHHa'', ^npHieasBas 
co6aRa En^evb cjraAsift BHHorpaA^^, a „mii jidShmu b% MnnxeHt 
H HeBaBHAHMU Bi Apesieet''? 

Hjb botl y Toro se I^oxopl-Tpo^Ka^o: *). 

j,Bi rjiBBi TpoTbefi ERanrejii.'r ot^ loanna BftBoe Mente cth* 
xoBi, 9^M% Bi 14<fi r.i. EeaHrejia otl Mapsa, a b% SToft nocitx* 
He8 Ha 10 CT. 6ojite, qtHi Bi rjiaBt 10 ft EeaHrejiia orb JlysH, 
vh KOTopofi Ha 18 CT. Menle, ^iui, Bi nepsofl rjiast Toro s« 
EeaHrejiH, coAepsam^eS 80 gt. CapaniHBaeTGH, gkojilko ctexobi bi 
8*fi rji. EaanrejiiH on loan Ha?'' (M 142). d Tasaxi smta^i na 
CTHXH H rjiaeu TLo^spsixh HflTK niTyK^! 

A sasi 6JIH8KH ycjioBiH saAaqi ki Hamefi napoAHoft shbhhI 
Bon DpHMtpu (hb'b 1-fi qacTH EBTymeBCsaro): 

,RaAeTbi oTQpaBHJiHCb HBi IIeTep6ypra bi nexepro^i (M 201)... 
B'B KBapTEpt 34 cTyja: b% Bait AK)SHHa, bi ctojiobojB — 10, a boI 
OGTajiBHiiie CTyjLfl ctohte nopoBHy wh cnafhH'b h Ka6HHeTt... 
(M 234). Maj[i><iHKi cofipan bo BpeMH JiiTa 58 HactKOMKiT> n se- 
Jiaen nacaAHTb Bctxi BTax'b HactROMBixi na 6jjiaBRH (J\^ 382)... 
Ha 6aj[y 6UJ10 27 nys^HHi h 85 aav^; 18 ^ejioBtRi ne Tani^o- 
Baiio, a Bct ooTajtLHEie cocTaBHJiH RaApHJiL. Grojibko nap'L 6£ijo b% 

RaApHJTH H CROJIBRO HYS^KHX HO TaHI^OBaJO (4l3)? ]is>^h DOxy^HJia 

Bi npHAanoe on MaTepn... 36 jioxeRi 'lafiHuxi, 15 ctojiobbix'e, a 
Bc% ocTajDiBHUH A^ocepTHBifl (>6 435). y nep^aTO^HHRa 6hj[0 Bi Rap- 
TOBRi 72 napu nepnaTORi* {^ 520). Croxbro 6opAK)py nysHO Rf- 
HBTL AJifl ORJieflRH AByxi ROM Ban (Jsjo 697)... Hbi Bcero RjcEa 
BOJioTa... CA'bJKajiH 6pacjieTfii (JMs 722). 0161^1 Rynnxi Ao^epH aji' npn- 



*) ApHeMeTHqecidJS 3aAaHHHin> ajia yqeHHKOB-b, b. I, h3a. 11-e, 1903 r. 
201000—225000 3K3.). 



\ I 



HA BBBnPOCB^THOMl nVTH. 27 

xaaaro cepe^psHuzi Ben^eft, BicoMi 200 ^jhtobi, h sa 8tj no- 
KjnKy HCTpaTHJiT, 6000 py6jieft (Nk 960)... Ho CMepra 6aHKHpa 
ocTaJioci» (Kt 988)... HrpoKi otji-L Hrpaxb, HMtfl upa ce6t 76 py6. 
(y& 995)... Bii OAHOMi rocyjiapcTBt bga n'bxoTa cocroHTi H8i 388 

UOJIKOBl 11 Bl KaJKAOMl DOJIKT 2325 ^ej. nOCKOJILKO HeJIOBiK'L 

npHAeicA HasHa^flTb bi Kasiiufi uojiki, ecjUH nee 9to boScko 3a- 
xoTJiTii nepe^opMBpoeaTB bi 868 hojikobi (Nk 1011)? 

Ho AOBOJibHol.. SI AyvAK), ^TO y Moero ^HTaxejifl yase 8apa6Hio 
bx rjasaxi on axoro BHHerpera, na OMOxpa na xo, mo cjoBaAJifl 
Hero flBJijrioxcfl coBepmoHHO noHflXHBiMH. Ho bi KasoifB se nojto- 
2BeHiH BaxoAHXcH Hami y^eHHK'Ly ecjiH jijib Hero HenoHjixeHi h ca- 
Muft JidUEi saAaTL, h ecjiH Bct exn 6pacjiexu, Ka^exu, Ka6HHexb[, 
nexepro^br, A^cepxHUfl jioskh, saApHJiH, CopAnpu, ntxoxu, 6aa- 
KHpu H up.» H np. CTOJih SB ji,Jiai Hero aHaKOMUJi Beo^H, Kasi h kh- 
xaficsaff rpaMOxa? Kasi oh:l Mosexi^ xopomo ptmHXB sa^a^y, ecjin 
AJifl xoro jKBHiBy qxo6u ohi noHfljii ycjiOBie, Heo6xoAHMO He tojuso 
nepenecxH eny ^pasy aa ^pasoft na ero poAHofl hbbie;'^, ho en^e h 
noacHHXB — qxo dxo sa npeAMexBi o6o8HaqeHBi cJiOBaMH, noAo6HUMH 
BiimeopHBeAeHHUMi? H Ha npasxHS^ docxohhho opoHcxoAHxi xasi^ 
TTO At^e cnoco6Hue y^enHBH nyxanxcji npa ptmeniH saAaqa: b^ab 
AJU pe6eHEa H6o6xoabmo 6ojii>oio6 yiicxBeHHoe BaapAaseHie ji^E xoro^ 
HXo6u BO Bce BpeMfl ptmeHifl saAa^H yAepsHBaxi> bl roJiOBi ooox- 
HomeHie aahhsxi i^n^pi h nyxb, no soxopoMy ohi AOJiseHi hath 
Vh nojry^eHiio oxBixa; npH axom saxBaxuBaexcH o6BiSHOBeHHO Bce 
BHHMaHie yqan^arocHy a MesAy xiMi, npn xasHxi yojioBiaxi sa- 
AaT^, OHX AOJtseH'B en^e noMHHXL h ^xo sHa^axi Bcb x'l» xojibko 
qro ysHaHHKTji MyApeHUH ojioaa, npH xon se oxHOCJiniiacH si npeA- 
Mexafifb coBepmeHHO eiiy HeHSBtoxHUMi h aajk^khhi oxi ero asHS- 
HeflHaro o6HxoAa. He yAHBHxejiBHO nocjit axoro, ^xo HHorAa na ca- 
jcyD npocxyK), noBHAHMOMy, saAa^y xpaxHXCH Macca BpeiieHH, h sa- 
Aa<ia Bce ase pasptmaexcH cb xpyAOMi. 

^asxBi, npHBeAeHHKe HaifH bi npeAUAynnefl h HacxoanieA rjta- 
Bax%, caMH no ce6!b Aooxaxoqno KpacHoptqeBU, qxo6u ysasaxs He- 

OOOXOHXeJIBHOOXB COBpeiCeHHOft mSOJIBHOfl CHCXeiCU^ OCHOBaHHOft Ha 

oxpHi^aeiH asusa h atEHSHeHHofi o6cxaHOBRH yqaii^HXCX, x. e. hhbimh 
CAOBaxH, Ha oxpHuaHiH OGHOBHoro npHHAHna BCHEaro ofiyqeHiji: oxi 
HBBicxHaro H 6jiH8Karo hath ki HeHSBtcxHOMy H 6ojrte AaJioKOMy. 
Ho en^e HCHte o6HapyaKHTCH npeA'fc HanH nojioaseHie ji^kia nocjit 
paBOMOTpiHiar Tirh pesyjtLTaxoB^L, vh saKHici axa cHcxeiia npn- 

BOAHTl. 

E. rpMHseHKO. 

(OKOHHanie cArbdyemb), 



:28 pycoROi B')rATCTBO. 



JlHTepaiypa mojiohi>ixi> AeMOKpaiift. 

rJIABA I. 

TlepeMtmeHie uenrpa. — Hosafi AeMOKpaTiR. — ABCTpaAiAcKasi noasisi.— Ajiairb Fop- 
jloH-b H KsHAejivib. — MeTbipe 4)a3Hca aecTpajiiflCKOfi 3kh3hh h 6biTonHcaTe.iH HX-b. — 
PoMaHHCTbi ABCTpa;iiH.— MapKycb FOiapK-b.— „For the Term of his Natural Life". — 

KaTOp>KHblO (t)a3»C'b. 

I. 

Mai npHXOAHJocB yse buachxtb bi Bucmefi cieneHH HHTepec- 
Boe flBjiefiie, Ha6jiK)AaeMoe lenepb b'l BpHTaHcsoft HMnepiH: nepe- 
utn^eHie i^eHTpa BCJitAcxBie OTJiHsa BaH6ojD[te dHeprHqEuzi ajie 
]ieBTOB'&, Bi TOMi HHGji H i^BiTa upojieTapiaTay Ki nepH$epijiii'L> 
Bi caMoynpaBJiBioiiiiHCfl kojiohIh. ^Taui iioryqee ^lepeBO aerjio- 
caKcoHCKoi CB060AB1, B£i3BiBaBniee cnpaBeAJiBBuft BocTopn eme bi 
BBUBKJioneAHCTaxi, nyciBJio BejiHKOJi'baHBie no6irH. Ha BOBoft no^B^ 
reflifi anrjio-caKCOHcsofl pacu npoBSBJicji bi oosAaHiH hobuxi 
o6ii(ecTBeflflux'E $opMi, DopasBBinHxi CTapufl Mipi oAHBasoBO, Kass 

CBOeK) CMtjIOCTblO, TaKl H npaSTBHHOCTM)'' *). IIpfl^BHlI^ COffU- 

cTByioiaiH ^nepeMtmeHiK) i^eHTpa", HBoro^acjieHBKr. rjasBifiniiii hsi 
HRXi, BsoHOMBiecsiH, — KaKi ^pesiitpHoe pasBHTie 6HpseBoro sa- 
nHTBja^ noBBJieflie aa MipoBUXi puBsaxi, 6£iBinBxi sorAa-TO npo* 
MiiiiDJieHflEiMH BacoajirasiH AqrjiiH hobuxx moiiibbixx KOBKyppeBTOBi, 
TexBflqecKaBOTCTajiocTB fl np.y — no;ipo6HO pascHOTp'bfl&i vBODKorAa-TO 
Ha cTpaHBaaxi ^Pyccsaro BoraxcTBa''. rietTi aHrjuficKaro npoieTa- 
piaia Bi TpjAHyx) MHHyTy npeano^HTaeT'E hath bi cTopoHy HaniieHB- 
maro conpoTHBJieHiA, t. e., nepecejiHTBCii bi kojiohIh, ta^ ycjiOBifi rpy^a 
Tasi 6jaronpiBTHu h r^t TexHHqecsH o6yqeHH£iX'L pa6oTHHKOBi 
Bcrpt^aDTB ch pacnpocxepTBiMH o6xHTiHMH Bi ropoAaxi, a MycRy- 
jiHCTiixi» cHJiLHBixi JiiOAefi — Ha ^epnaxi. EaHaACKoe npaBHTejB- 
CTBO noGUJEaeTi cneAiajiBHUH mhogIh bi AnrjiiK) ci i^tjiLio noA6H- 
BaTB BHeprH^iHEixi JiDAeft k% oepecejieHiR). Bi aaoxy npoMunijieH- 
Haro RpHSHca, sasi. nanp., TenepL, Kor^a oKasuBaeTCH iiHoro 6eB- 
pa6oTHuxi, — BBJieHie ^oxJiHBa BaceJieHiB*' npHHHvaeTi nopasHTejiB- 
HBie padMtpBi. Ci oAHofl CTopoHUy aHrJEiAoKHM^L pa6oTHHKaMi ro- 
pasAO orer^e „chhtbch'' h notxaxB sa OReaai, ^tmi HtimaiCB, Haop. 

H^M 61^1-8118 rpaHTl ijlfiVb Vh nOBUi Vipi, RI ^ySHICL jkidaami, 
rOBOpnniHM'B na HeDOHHTHOM'B HSBIR^. AHFJIHqaHBHl ifferB'KX ,CB0- 
HMl^, Bl H^ROTOpOMl po^t Rl Ce6t AOMOfi. C'B APyrofi OTOpOHBI, 

6oraTue KJiaccBi, CTpamacB 6e8pa6oTHBix'B, ycHJieHHO hooh^phditb 



♦) ^ioueo. .OyepKH CoBpeMeHHOft AnrjiiH*. 



JIHTIPATyPA HOJIOABIXl jD^SMOKPATlfl. 29 

rtxi, EOTopue uoTjTh ycTpoan 8MBrpai;iK> bi isHpoKHXi pasMt- 
pasMtpax^L. 3tbmi o6xflCHiieTCJi Heo6KEHOBeHHufi no^erB, osaau-^ 
BaeaiBift xenepb ^renepajy'' Bjaoy hsi ApMiH CaaceHis i^apjiBiH 
jiOHAOHCRaro Chth, OTHOOHsinarocfl Bcer^a Bpasj^edHO wh Dpojiera- 
platy. ^FeBepajti'', KOToparo ne xasi aabho Ghth HasuBajio mapjia- 
TaHOHi H ascajrjaTaTopoMi AjnieBHaro ooffieMa b% Maccaxi, craHO- 
BHTGJi no^eTfiUMi rpasj^aHHHOMi sopnopaaifi. Jlopni-iiapi uonr 
HOCHTi eMy no^eTHBifi ABajtoiii. Byaoi o6'6mae'Fb BusesTH b% Ka- 
nwj H wh ABCTpaJiiK) cto TBiofqi 6e3pa6oTBBixi. IIosaBBAOBaBi ojiast 
.reHepaJia'', soHKyppBpjDmaB ci Apxiefi CnaceBia ^IlepKOBflaA- 
Apuia'' 6epeTGfl oiapaBBTS bi rojiobjb, ecjiB efi jumyrh judUhTEy 
oopoKi TUGB^'B oeMeftoTBi. MarflBTu 6BpaBB ycBJDieBflo craJEB boaqb- 
ouBaTb A^flbrB B I]i>3pBOBfloft ApiuB. B6apa6oTBEie— 6e3aosoflBU, h 
Gbtb jiy^Koie npe^ao^BTaerE BBtib bxi noj^ajiinie orB ce6H. 9mb- 
rpauix) ycrpoBjiB bi xaKBXi mBposBxi paaxtpaxi, hto aBrjiiBcRiji 
raaexu aadBJiB, se 6631 ooBOBaaiB^ Tpeaory. „Bb sameft crpaat 
ycTpaBBaioTi KOJioccajiBHoe KpoBonycKaHie'', — roBopBTi oat. — j,Qo 
BBBt jiaBwopffOBi, — nBfflyTB Daily News,— HpjiaBaia onycTtJia. 
IlBtTB eB BacejiefliB nepecejiBJicfl sa OReaei. Ha po^BBt ocTajiBCb 
iiBnib CTapBKB A& BajitEB. TenepB HacTynajia oqepeAB AarjiiB. 
JlasAiiopAbi B MarBaTU 6flpsB seJiaiOTi npeapaTBTB bbbu bi gbabb 
AJiB ^asaBOB-B bjib bi Bepen^asB ajtb KypoaaTOE'B... Bubosbti bi 
EOJDioBiB i^B'brB BacejDieBiB. Henon^Hux'B CTapBROBi b cj[a6oyMflux'B 
OGTaBJBioTB flaMi Ba paaBOAi*. *) „9&GaopTi cbjibhuxb jno^efl 
npouBtTaexi b odin^aerB npespaTHTbCB bi to, ^to aBfepHsaaDiu 
BaauBaioTi boom, — rOBopBrB pa^HEajiBBaB raseia Star. — IJepROB- 
BaH ApMlB ptmBjia aaTMBXB ApMiK) CoacefliB b-b ycBJiiB BUBoaa 
i^Btxa BacejieBiB b 6ep6T0B, bgjib Aa^yTi aobbfb, aepecejBTB b'b 
KaBBAy copofii TucBqi ceMeflGTB'B eseroABO. 06tniaflie aro — 

ysaCBOe. Bl GaMOM'B CSOpOMl BpeM6BB ABt ^apMlB^ BUTO^arB B3l 

AarjiiB bcso EpoBB b npeBpaiBrB Bami ocxpoBi bt* Apyryio HpjiaB- 
jsjiV), KaBBAa, Hobbb 3ejiaBAiB b AacTpajiiB BOJiyqarB kb^ti Bainero^ 
sacejieBiB. DpB coaMgtbIb ApxiB CaaceBiB b I^epsoBBoft ApniB 
AsrjiiB cEopo npeapaTBTGB bi rocBBxajiB ajib BeBSJit^BMEixi 6oj[b- 

BUX%, Ch OABOfl GTOpOBU B Bl yBOCeJIBTeJIBBOe MiGTO AJIB MBrBa- 

TOBi AeeexHaro puBEa, cb ApyroA. Mtcio EpeGTbBBi aafiMyTi $a- 
BBBU. (There will be phesants instead of peasants ♦)." 

HxaKi, rjiaBBBiMB ^^BEiopaMB OTJiBBa niBtTa BaoejieBiB oti i^ob- 
Tpa K% nepfl^eplBMi BpBxaBGKofi BuneplB bbjibdtcb npBqBBu asoBo- 
MB^eGEiB, ycBJiBBaiOB^iBGB Gi xeqeflieM'B BpeiieBB, no Mtpt pooxa 
6BpxeBoro sanBxajia. 

Saxtiii cjiiAyexi OTMixBXB enie pba'b aPTi^^^ ^aExopoBi^ 
BasBuxB, soFAa A^Jio babxi o GpeABBxi KJiaGcaxi. CjoebAyeix GEa 



•) Daily News, September, 28. 
♦*) Star, September., 29. 



30 PyOCKOl BOFATOTBO. 

sBTh cTpaoTR aHFJAnTaHi js,!, nepesBuseHiflifi, si MopK>, dphexd* 
irefliflifBy jiHRoft SH3BH Bi nOFOH'b 3a naTepiajibHUM'L 6jiarococT(Mi- 
HieM'L. ZioSHMoe qTeaie aHrJiRqaHi — nyTemecTBia. OrqeTu o hoboS 
nojiapHofl ascDejiHiiiB, o noxojtt bi Ta6eTfc, o6i Hscjtj^oBaHiflxi Ha 
6eperan JIo6i-Hopa' hjib qo KypyaaTydi bi HeHSBtcTHofi BpasHJiB- 
ORofi FaiaHi^ noBBiiJiiDTC^ npe»Jie Bcero Ha aHrjiiflcsBMi asbik^. H 

He CMOTpS Ba TO, ^TO RBBra CTOBTl OTl OAHOft AO ABJXl THHefi 

{10 — 20 py6) — OBa 6HCTpo pacKyaaetcH. 15i AarjiH ne toibro 
Boi qHTauTi h nepe^BTUBaiOTX no MBory pasi TaRiii RHHrH, saRi 
^IlyTeinecTBie BORpyn oB'fcTa Ha 5pHrb BuzAb'', JI^apBHaa mm 
„BneqaTJitHiB bi IOsboA AnepHRt*, ryM6oji>Ta (bzi mosho HailTH 
Bi Rasj^ofl qacTHoA 6B6jiioT6R'b), ho MBoro^iHOJieHHiixi ^HTaTeieft 

HaXOffBTL TaSSe HOCTOBBHO GeSXHTpOCXflblfl SavtTRH TypHCTOBl, Bl 

poflt; „Moe nyTeinecTBie on 6oxotx ^apafleci, qepesi CanTa 
Kpyi^i jifi Jia Ciepa h K >«ia6asca bi HRyBRya**. MBorHMi jb y Haci 
HSBtcTeHi TBRofi RanBTajibBufi Tpyjii, RBRi Haap., „HaTypajiHcn 
Ha AuasoBCRoft ptRt^, Baxca, nepeBeAeflBufl yse Jitr& copoRi 
TOMy Hasa^i h ao cbxi Dopi Be pacapojiaflHufl? Ha aHrjiiflcROMi 
ASLiRi jiBTepaTypa apo iiopcRiA QpBKJK)qeBifl h KopaSjieRpymeHiii — 
6e8R0HeqHa. Bi sapoaBuxi dajjiaAaxi h HtcHBXi — MOpe Hrpaerb 
BasflyK) pojib. Bi hbxi roBopBTca npo ntBJin^ijiCH bojihu, apo 
fliBpoKifl npocTopi oReana. 

.White waves heaving high, my boys, 
The good ship tight and free — 
The world of waters is our home, 
And merry men are we*, 

— roBopBTca wh Bap«»AHofl atcrit (r. e. ^PeoBxa, Rpyrom ntnjiTC* 

H BSAUMaDTCH BUCoRIH BOJIHU; Ropa6jib flami CB060Aefll H Rpt- 

ooRi. Mu Becejiu; Kecb boabuA opocTopi, — Bami AOMamaifi oqan*). 
OTapBHHBB 6aJiiiaAa, ci ROTopofl aarjiBqaBe SBaROVBTCB ci paHHBro 
A^^TCTBa roBopHTb apo MopcRie boxoau Ropcapa capa Pajib(f>a; npo 

TO, RBRl OBl On> BJlOCTH QOTOUBJIX CHrHHJIbHblfl ROJIOROJH fla ORajA 

HaqRaai, noABtm^^BBuft Tam a66aTOMi A^ep^poTORCRBm h RaRi 
cicijiBifi Ropcapi, fii>8BpaiiiaBCb ci 6oiaTnfi AO^uqefl, HacRoqHJi'b co- 
TOMi CO CBOBMi> RopaojieM'b Ba aiy caMyx) csajiy. Ci A'^TCTBa 
aHOBqaHe BaxoiBTi qapyiomyK) apejiecTb bi> npaqflofl ^ntcHt era- 
paro MBTpoca* EtJi^pMAKa. On ropAaro BapoAHaro rHMHa Ahfjub 
B'bexi IIpooTopoM^ oKeaaa b oaxBeTi cojieaod boaoS. 

When Britain first at Heaven's command 
Arose from out the azure main, 
This wi'S the charter of her land, 
Aud guardian angds s^mg the strain: 
Rule Britannia! Britmnia rules the waves! 
Britons never shall be slaves!" 

(t. e. „KorAa EpBTaHia no BOJit He6a noABBJacb hbai AasypeBUMX 
oseaHOMi, BTOTi AaHi> ed 6hiA% xapiieA bx ja'^J^^i ft aareJibE xpa- 



JIHTEPAXyPA liOJIO^BIXl ABHOKPATlfi. 31 

HHTeiH nponiJiH Hani^BLi: ,,BjiaGTByS, BpHTaHia! BpHiaHifl, BjiacTByt 
Ha BOJiHaxi. BpHiaBi^u HHBorffa ae aojishu 6bite» pa6aiiE!^). 

IIpHKj[K)qeHiA He tojibko Kopcapa capa PajuLij^a ho h ^pancnea 
Jtpasa hjih KyRa otohijih wh o5jiacT& 6aji;[aA'b h npejiaHiB. Kpyme- 
Hie 6ojD[i>nioro no^TOBaro napoxo^a, liner 'a, TenepB ptoe, Htm 
OTOJiKHOBeHie notaAOBi. IIotajiKy bi AecxpajiiH) mhmo Muca Ao6poft 
HaAesAu h BOSBpameHie b% Ahfjiik) mhmo Muca FopHa moseho to* 
nepB csepoiHTB bi cBoero po^a njiaByqefi rocTHHHi^t. IIpHKJiiOHeHUi 
otohtjih hi o6jiacTL HpeAaHiS, ho cTpacib k% nepeABHseHiflMi y 
anrjiBHaHi ne tojibko ociajiacB, ho en^e ycHjiHJiaGb. Bi HopT-oB'L- 
Gnefifli, Ha Kapan6csie ocTpoea, anrjinqaHe OTnpaBJiHiOTOH jiak yse- 
cejiHTejiBHofl nporyjiKB; ToproBUH A^Jia Tpe6fK)'rL hootohhho ^om- 
TaTL* fla HtoKOJibKO AHefl B'h AeasoHi, na Pio Thhto, qro6iii ho- 
TopoHHTB 01 rpysoM^L spacHaro Aepeaa hih hi I^iyAaAi BojiEBapi 
Ha OpHHORO. PoAHxejiH, npHHaAJiesaniie si cpeAHHM's EJiaccaMi, 

OTHpaBJIHEOTl CfiOHXl A^TeS, KOFAa HMl MBHOT'L Ji'hTh 20, HOHUTaTB 

•c^acTbe Ha ORpaHHax'B HMnepiB. TaMX mojioaoA ^ejiOBtRi b'b Te^e- 
Hie 10 — 12 jiirb BeAOTi THsejiyio, ho TaKi npEBJieRaTeJiBHyio ji^jir 
^HrjiH^aH'L, SHSHB ^epMopa, CKOTonpoMumjieHHBRa bjdih npiHCEaTejH. 
Ha OKpaHHU poAHTejH h poAOTBeHHHRH DocujraioT'B TaRse 6yfiHBm 

MOJIOAUXl JIK)Aefi, ABRHMl OHJiaMl ROTOPUXI B08M0SH0 paSBepHyTBGJI 

Ha poAHHt TOJiBKO B'B Mipt HpecTyHJieBifi. no xaRofl npH^HHi, Hanp., 
6£ijii OTnpaBjieH'B poabtojihmh bi AsoTpajiiio BeJinqaflinift noarB ro- 
JiOHiH — AAaM'B FopAOHi, o ROTopoMi AajiBme. 

, Across the trackless seas I go, 
No mater when or where; 
And tew my tuture lot will know, 
And fewer still will care. 



.iVly parents bid me cross the tlood, 
My Kindred frowned at me; 
Thy say I have belied my blood, 
And stained my pedigree". 



TaRi HHcajii FopAOHi npeAX OTitaAOMB bb ABCTpaiiio (bi 1853 r.) 
T, e. »fl njiBiBy aa 6e8ROHeqHUH Mopn, aeRSBtCTHO RyAa h RorAa. 
(HeMHorie yanaiorB npo mok) AaJiBBtdmyjo cyAi>6y; enie MeBBuie tb- 
uHxi) ROTopuxi axo 6yAerB saBBMaxb... PoAHue moh npHRaan- 
BajorB MHt nepecejiBXBCB; 6jiH^Rie — xMypExcH, aasHAtsB MeaB; ohh 
roBopaxB: — si onoaopHJi Hann poAB h naaBXHajii poAOCJiOBHyK)"). 

HtROxopue BBir xaRHXi MOJIOAUXB JiiOAefl BoaBpamatoxcH bb Ah- 
fjIk). Jlpyrie— ocxaioiCH sa hoboS poABH'b. Ha AaJieRHXB ospaHHaxB 
EpexaHCRofil HMnepin, xaRBMi oGpaaoMT, BaEonjiHexcH Bce 6oJiBme 
H 6ojiBme dHepFH^HBixi, cnoco6flhixB, chjibhiiIxb JiioAefl, BuuieAniHX'B 
Hai paaJTHqaLiXB RJiaccoBi aHFJiiflcRaro odn^ecxaa, ho yxpaxHBmHX'B 
coBepmeHHO na hoboS poABHt act EacxoBUH paarpaHHHeHiE. Bb 
naxBAecHXi* xpexBOMi roAy bi AacrpaJiiH na npiacRaxi pa6oxaji'F, 



32 PFooKOi BorATcmo. 

pHj^oifi 01 $epMepaifH, uoKHHysinHMH uojlsi, oi 6ftrjr£ii[H MaTpooaMH, 

01 paSHOmepCTHBIllH aBaHTDpHOiaifH HSI BOiXl OTpaHl, — MOJIOAOfl 

^ejiOBtRi, KOTopuft BnoojitAOTBiH 6uj['b npeMBepoMi BpHTanoKoft 
BMoepiB H HasBiBajicff JiopAom CojD[o6pH. 

Ha OKpaHHaxi BOspoAHJiacL HOBaji Aerjiiff, Sojifte MomHaff, ^wl 
OTapag. Osa Bupa6oTajia ajib oe6g hobbiS noorHTHqecKifi cTpofl, omI- 
JiocTbH) H A^BfOKpaTHqHooTBK) soToparo BocTopraioTCfl Bi oTapon 
Mipt. Kasi HSBtoTHO, Bi reojorHqeoKOMt OTBomefliB ABCTpajiis na 
HtcKojibso anoxi oTCTaja otb EspoaBi. TaM'L ecTB eme MJieKO- 
nBTanmifi, uaAymifl afl^a, pi>i6Ei, ^^iniamiji jierRHUH (Ceratodus 
Forsteri; bi Espoat HaxoAflTi tojilko b\ npcsofi ^opMaaiH kocth 
3Tofl ABOBEOAumaBineft pu5u), A^peBbB, oSpacuBaniaiii sopj. Canoe 
spyanoe MAeKonflxaioii^ee ABcrpajiiH — „He nayqEJiooB eo^e xoahtl 
fla qeTBepefibsaxi'', no BupaseaiK) povaHHCTa aHTHaoffOBi — FojiL^a 
BojibJiepByAa. Espona sajieso onepoAflJia ABCTpajiiD b% reojornqe- 
cROMi oTGiomeHiH; ho sa to ABCxpajiifl TaKi se A&ieso oaepeAHxa 
EBpoQy Bi OTHomeHiH nojiHTHqecsoMi. Crpoi hobuxx A^MOKpaTifl 

H CMtJIUe COOiaJIbHUe OnUTU, CAtjiaHHUe HtEOTOpBIMH hsi hhxx, 

ycBJOHHo HsyqajiHOb b% nocjitAHoe Bpexa. Bi AHrilH, bo ^paHoiH 
b bi FepMafliH — noasHJiocB Mfloro xopomexi KHHn no Bxoiiy bo- 
npocy, H HtBOTopufl HBi BHxi uepeBeAeHBi bjih HsxoseHu y Had. 
Ho Bi PocciH coBepmeHflo fleHsstcTHa jiHTepaxypa moioauxi a^mo- 
Kpatifl; MesAy Tftici, oaa cymecTByerB yse He oaho AecjiTHJitTie. 
Bi Heft oTpasBJiocB Bce npomjioe, npofiAOHHoe AeMOspaTiflMH h na- 
MtqeBU BAeaiu 6y;iyuiaro. A nocxapancB nosHaKOMHTB qHTaxejieft 
^FyccKazo Bozamcmea'' cb Hanfiojite spynHUMH JiBJiefliHMH bi axoft 
oGjiacTH H Haqny ci aBcrpajiiflcKoft JiHTepaTypu 

JI,<> DOCJiiAHHro BpeneHB, aa eAHHCTBeHHUMfB HcsjuoqeHiem, as- 
crpajiflcKoft noaaiH, HaBtBHHoft BenocpeACTBeHHo MtcTHUMH Hacxpoe- 
HiiiMH HJH MtcxHUHH HAeaJiaHH — Be cyn^ecTBOBajio, co6cxBeHHO ro- 
Bopa. ABcxpajificKift upaqHO-yHBijiBifi JiaHAma^x'B, cb aBsajRaraMH, 
^cajvBHUMH" AepeBBHMH, H ^noAarpocxBOJiBHHsaMH^ (Gouty-Stemmed 
tree), o6o3Haqaioa(eMH Jiose bbicokhxi ptsi; BHaMeHHXuH .BapocjA", 
bushes^ HBi sycxoBi mcuiau^ THBymiHca Ha coxbh Bepcn b oco- 
6eHH0 yApyqaK)D](iH cbohhi MepxBeaHBiM'B bhaomi nepecejeHi^eBB; 
cxeMaxHqaue itca, Kasi 6yAxo ci AeKaAeHxcsoft sapTHHu, ci He- 
noDHiHMH nxHuaMH H He naxHyn^BMH UBtxaMH; — secB bxoxi aexeAH- 
jDBiaiBHufl jiaHAma^xi xpexHqHaro nepioAa nanieji'B bi ascxpajift- 
csofl JiHxepaxypt ao nocjitAHflro BpeveHH tojbro oahofo iitBaa^ 
H xo BTopocxeaeHHaro — FeHpH KjapeHca RsHAeiCJH. HAeaju mojio- 
Aofl AeMOKpaxiH xose tojibro bb canoe nocitAHee BpeMfl cxa:iH bbi- 
paiKaxBCH Bi cxflsaxi na cxpaHQiiax'B Han6ojte opHFHHajBHaro 
■ xapaRxepnaro coBAania aBoxpajiflcKOfl JHxepaxypH — bb Sydney 
BuUvdn. 

Bi o.THOM'B B3i HaH6ojte nonyjHpHKirB aBcxpajfiftcEHXi poHa- 
HOBB, Bii ^It is never too late to mend* toxB cut^aa, saKi^ npiHCsa- 



JUTBPAXyPA UOJOJlUTh fl^tUOKPATlti. 33 

TeiH HdAajieKa coSHpanToa b% KaCaxi, OTspuTKift bx „6jm9kTh** 
TOJiBKO ^TO npiixaBinHM'B nepeceJieHiieMi, 7to6bi nocjiymaTB niaie 
■pHBOSHaro saBopoHKa (ascTpajiiflcKie isaBopoHEH — ae noDT%). 

TaKHifL Se ^npHBOSHBUfL SaBOpOHKOMl'' AO UOCJAjlfiSLTO BpeMOHHy 

8a 6AHHCTB6HHUMI HCUK)^eHieM'L^ ABJiJiJiaGL aBCTpanlficKafl noaaifl. 
IIoaTEi B'h OTpani aHTHnojD(OBi jAjib ^^ajieKji) poi(HHy h nepesHeaju 
6Tapiu[ Bne^aTJitHlii. TasoBi ^aBCTpajKificKifl 7opA0BoprL'' — ^apjiBS^L 
Xapnepi h JlioHejiB MaftsexB, aBxopi KpafiHe nonyjuipHaro b'l Ab- 
GTpajiiH cfiopHHKa OTflXOBi. ^ntcHH 6681 Hantaa^ (Songs without 
Music). TasoB^L BejiHqaflmift noaxi ABCTpajiiH — AAam JlaflflACH 

FopAOHl, XJAOSHEKl 01 RpyUHOfl H JipKO BLlpaX6HH0fl BHAHBH- 

AjaJibHGCTBK). FopAOHi — opHrHHaJiBHafl H thuh^ho aHrjiifioKafl Jon- 

HOCTL. 

TaKie, KaKi ob%, bi XVII Btsi oxaHOBHJiHCB TOBapHniaiiH $paH- 
cHca JXpasa, 6opo8AflJiH oKeaHX, oiBpuBajH hobua bcmjib, 6pajiH Ha 
a6opAaxi HcuaHCKie KopaSjiH h, bi soHi^t rohi^obi, cTaHOBHjiHCL 
repoaxH HapoAHUXi 6ajiJi[aAX. Bx XIX Bist laRie, saKX FopAOHi, 
jAajifijiHCB Bi HOBuji R3J[0HiH, BOOBajiH cb qepHBiMH, uepepiafiiBajiH 
nycTUHH Bi noRORaxx aa aojiOTOici. Bi AHrjiiH hmi TtcHO. RHny- 
^HMi, juvsMii'h oHJiaMi HerAt paaBepnyTLCJi. FopAoni 6uj['l ceihi 
anrjiificRaro ORoafipa. Gx paHHoS dhocth Ha noaia CMOTpijE ci 
ysaooMi, RaRi Ha Bupo^Ra, Roxopuft HecoiiHiHHo onoaopHxi oxa- 
pHHHiit poffi FopAOHOBi. MajiB^HRa y^ajKHJiH aa 6yftH£ifl Hpani Hai 
AByxi niROJix. Ohi jlio6bjl% JiomaAefl, 6tnieHyx) CRa^Ry ox rojiOBo- 
JxotfHUMH npeaaxoxBiflMH, co6aqBK) oxoxy, AopeBeHCRin npicapRH 
ex Exx HLJiHUMX paBFyjiOMXy cx 6ajiaraHaHH Ryjia^auxx 6oflaoBx. 
3a HpMapo^HyK) ncxopiio FopAOHx 6ujix paax apecxoBaHX h npH- 
cysAOHX Rx HenpoAOJi3RHxej[bHOMy xiopeifnoMy aaRj[K)?eHiK). PoAHue, 
qxo6u[ B36aBHTLcji oxx 6yflHaro cuHa, npe^JioaBHJiH eiiy n^pecejiHT&OH 

BX ABCXpaJliK). QOBBAHMOMy» CaMX FopAOHX C^HXaJIX OBOD SHaHB 

Hey;7.abineflcA h paaSHXoft. 

,1 once had talents fit to win 
Success in life's career; 
And if I chose a part of sin, 
My choice has cost me dear". 

UHoaxx OHX npe^x oxxtaAOMX bx ABCxpajEix) (x. e. „y HeHJi 
6hjih ROFAa-xo xajtanxu, ?xo6u ao6hxxch ycntxa bx snaHH; ecjiH a 
BuSpaxx nyxB rpixa, xo Mofl Bu6opx cxohjix iCHt Aoporo). Bx 1853 r. 
FopAOHx nepecejHJicfl bx ABCxpajiix) h ba^ol aoohxb jii^xx nposHix 
BX ^aapoojijixx", na rpoMaAHoS ^epifi, pa* cxyaRHjix yRpoxHxejieMX 
jomaAei. Sydney Bulletin jifiLJL% RaRX-xo apRoe onHcanie pa6oxHH- 
KOBX BX ^aapoGJiJixx''. HoByxx OHH coBepmeHHO oabhoro, Bepoxaxx 
BX ABaAAaxH Apyr* orL Apyra. Cx aapefl BHtaaaroxx obh, wo6u 

BUHCRHBaXB paOXepflBHiyiOOH BS RyCXaXX MOJIAU CROXHHy H XOJILRO 

«x aaRaxoMX BoaBpan^aK)TCii bx obod la^ypy. Bx xe^enie MHornxx 

^ 10. OTAti* H. '^ 



34 pyCCKOl BOFATOTBO. 

AHefi y pafioTHHsa Htii APjrHXi co6ectAHHKOBi, Kpoiii Go6aKH. 
9x0 — emfi 6oJiBmee oAHHoqecTBO, qtm y HamHxi ^aSanoPi, Ea- 
EHMH OHH 6BIJIH jiiTi copoKfc TOiiy HasaAi. Ho OTh 7a6aHOBi aB- 
OTpajiificRie oacTyxH OTJiH^aDTCs HeHSMtpHMO BHcmei) syjtLTypHOCTBK). 
Cpej^ aBCTpajiiftoKHxi nacTyxoBi mhofo Jiv>jifi% nojiy^HBmHX'L ot- 
iH^Hoe o6pa80BaHie, ho yi^ajiHBinHXCH bi nycTUHX) no liM'B hjih no 
^yrHMi coo6paseHiflM'£. Oahh hbi hexi y^aTca ynpasjuiTBCA ci 
6TaAaMH, ^To6u oxaTB caMffMi ^cKyoTepaMH^; Apyne — ne npnono- 
oo6hjihgi» b% MHpnoft, 6yAHHqHoft shbhh syjiBTypHoS CTpanu. jD[ase 
ope^H pflj^oBuxi nacTyxoBi nirh HerpauoTHUx'B. — Iloxnoe oahho- 
^ecTBO, sexaaie BEipBaTLCA hbi nycTUHH h ofiH'^HiiTL mohotohhoctb 
e< na myMHoe osHBJieHie, — no cjiOBam Sydney Bulletin, — o&hRKi- 
HAiDTL Bi 8HaqHTejo[i>Ho8 CTeneHH, noqexy hT> 1900 — L901 rr. an- 
BTpajiiftcKie BOJiOHTepu OTnpaBHJHOB Bi H)sHy]o A^pnsy. 

rop;^OHi He OTpeHHJicj] B£ipBaTi»cH B3i ^sapocjieft'' b'e ropo;!^. 
^HKaff, cypoBax SH3Hb HpaBHjaob eny. Sa^^ob, bi nycTuni, na^aj'E 
cuaABiBaTB OHi Tt cTHXOTBopeHifl, KOTopufl nocLijaji'E Bi neqarb 
aHOHHMflo. Ohh AocTaBHJin eMy cjiasy, Ror^a ropAOH-B He noAospi^ 
Bajii Aase 8Toro. ?to se BocniBai'L noaxi? JIomaAefi, 6i^nieHyn 
OKa<iKy, CM^JiyK) oxory^ sorAa BoaAHHSH nepecsaKHBaiorE qepe^ii 
aaSopu H pBii, onbAHeHHiiie oxoTHH^bHui noASJiHKOM'L „Taj[H-ro!^ 
PjiaBHuS c6opnTiK'E npoHSBeAeHifi FopAona coctohti m% ^othxo- 
TBopeHift, cjioseHHHX'B Ha no-iHOMB cKaEy" (Galloping rhymes). 
KasAufl aacTpaJiiei^'L SHaerB xoth 6bi h'6ckojibro cipoEB HdB nodMU 
,How we beat the Favonrite". 9to — pascRaai npo to, RaR^B ro- 
6ujia EseMina o6orHajia Ha CRaqRaxi Kjioyna. Cthxh — yAHBHrejiBHM 
no BBy^HOCTH, Rpacorb h cHJit. IIoarB nepe^aerB BneiaiJi'bHie 
ffaase cryRa rohutb: 

.And forcing the running, discarding all cunning, 
A length to the front went the rider in green; 
A long strip of stubble, and then the big double. 
Two stiff flights of rails with a quiekset between*. 

PyocRiS ^HxaxejiB 3HaeTi> no ci^eHt cRa»IeR^ wh Annrb Kapenu- 
H0&, qio H TaRyro xe^y M0»eTx HcnoJiBBOBaxB r)OJiBnioft xyAOSHHRB 
ffjia CHJIBH08 KapxHHH. IIoaMa FopAOHa roBopnxB MHoro aHrjiH^a- 
HHHy, npHXOAHmeaiy bb BocTopn otb oxaxefi CRasoBoB JomaAH; ho, 
AOJiaeHi coBHaxECff, ocxaBjraex'B coBepmenHO paBHOAyniHHM'B qejo- 
BtRa, HHRaRB He nocTHraromaro npniiiraxejiBHyK) CHjy CRa^ieR-b. 

FopAOHi A^caxB JitxB npoacHjii bb ^aapociHXB"; ho nanpacHO 
craJiH 6h mbi HCRais OTpaaceHie aBCxpaJiiftcRofl »H3HH bb nosiiaxi 
ero. Oh* cb OAHHaROBUM'B yAo6cTBOM'B MorjiH 6h 6mxb cjoacenH 
Bi Anrjin, rA'i^-HHfiyAB Wh rjiymn Kenxa hjih JeBonniijpa. Y Fop- 
AOHa ecxb uoaiia „Whispering in the Wattle Boughs" (UIouoxi 
BtxBefl), HO TO He oxpaateaie tojiocob'B aBi.ipaiiiitoRaro Jitca, a 
BOcnoMHHanifl neqajbflofl iohocxh h xocRa no poAHst H3rHaHHHRa. 
JpyraH noasia nariUBaeroH „Song of Autumn" (OceHHHH ntona); 



JIHTBPATyPA MOJOAUX'B ABMOKPATlfl. SS 

OHa HaBtffJia He aBCTpajiiflcKofl oceHsn, a paaiiHrmjieHiflMH o He- 
yi^aqno cjioxHBmeficff sh3hh. Bi noaMi npej^osasuBaeTOfl ciiepTB 
no«Ta. Ki oosajiiHiK), npeACRaaaHle cdujiocB: FopAOHi sacTpijrajiCA 
B% 1870 r., TpHAi^aTH cbmh jitrE oti posy. IIoaMU FopAOHa na 

nOMHHJH MHi B% H8BtGTH0Xl OTHOmeHiH npOHSBeAeHifl, KOTOpBIfl J! 

^BTajn jitTb BocoMHaAiiaTB TOMj Hasa^'B Bl pyKOnHOHOMl mYjLJO- 
Hoxi c6opHHRf , BuxoAHBmeu'L B'B HsyTCKOMi ospyri. Tyxi 6uja 
opoqyBOTBOBaHHHff cTEXOTBopeniJi, TajiaHTJiHBBie pascKasu; ho bc% 
OHH 6ujrB HastHEBi He OEpysaion^HMi, a ^ajieKofl poAHHoft. ABiopu — 
JRDXH, He HMtBmie Ha^esAU KorAa-JtHfio BOSBpaTHTBCH bi Esponeft- 
osyn Pocciv), — shjih xojibRO BOcnoMHHaHiflMH o opomjioM'B. H nysHo 
6mio TOJiBKo nopasETSGH, Ras'B HpKO B'B naMHTH 8T0 npomjioe, 
oT^tJieHHoe OTB HacTOflmaro npoAOJisHTejiBHBiMi oahho^hbimi sa- 

KJTlO^eHieM'B, XapBHOBCBHafB ^I^eHTpaJIOM'B^, KapoftH 6e8KOHe?HBIHH 

oBtrasfH... 

Bb Tpexi Tonaxi npoHSBeAeHifi FopAOHa ecTB tojibko mpu 
eTixoTBopeHiH, HaBtoHHBiH He AnrjiieA: „The Sick Stockrider's 
ReTiew*, „Kopa6jieKpynieHie" h ,Wolf and Hound" {BoAK^ u 
^ana: 6opB6a nesAy 6ynip8HAsepoMX, t. e. 6irji£iMi KaiopsHH- 

SOMB, H BBICJDliAHBHIHM'B erO COJASITOMB). 

B'B lOiBHofi ABCTpajiiH, BB MayHTB - Fasf6Bepi, nocTaBjieHi 
CBoeo6pa3HE>ifi naMHTHHsi FopAOHy: KaMOHHEiS oSejiHcsi oTiftqaevB 
Td ifbcTo, TAt nodxi B'B 1868 r. cBeprnHJH yAHBHrejiBHufl npu- 
xoKi Ha jiomaAH nepeai orpaAy h Tpen^HHy bb csajii bb 40 $. 
■HpHHofi. Hes'bpHBifi npusoEi, H BcaAHHKi nojieTtjLi 6bi BMicxfi 
c% jioinaABX) bi osepo, ci bucotu bi 200 ^yxosi. 

OxpaseHie aBCTpaJiiflcKofi shshh mu naxoAHifB BnepsBre vh 
npoHSBOAeHinxi necqacTHaro h 6ojKBHoro noaTa-neyAa^HHEa Fenpn 
KjrapeHca KeHAejiJia (1841 — 1882). Fefine sorAa-To saxtTHJii, qio 
noaiOBi MOSHo cpaBHHTB CB auhhhh: h Ti H Apyrifl xoponiH, KOFAa 
n^Aeoicarm na coAOMn. Hec^acTHBifi KeeAeJUiB nojiesajn na coJiOMi; 
HO npoHaaeAeHifi ero, oqoHB nonyjiHpHiJH xeaepb bi AacxpajiiH, 
P'^ASO noAHHHaioxcH HaA'B nocpeACXBeaHOCXBK). Iloaxy npnniJEocB 
Hpo3fl6axB Bi GojiBmoM'B ropoA^, na Kpome^Hofi npaBHxejiBGXBeHHOfl 
AOJUBHooxHy KoxopyK) OH'B HeHaBHAtji'B oxi BoefiAyniH H Roxopyn no- 
xepHJB noxoMi, noxoMy mo cxpaAaji cJia6ocxBK) ki BHHy. C&oh* 

qaJICH OHl B'B OXqaflBHofi HHOiext. C6opHHEH CXHXOXBOpeHifl KOH- 

AejiJiH HOCHTB HaaeaHia: ^JlacibH hs'b AscxpajiificKaro Ji'bca'l, ^IltcHH 
H noaMU^ H ^ntcHH HaB ropi''. Iloaxx 6epex'B HcsJiioqHxeJiBHO 
MtcTHMH xeMH, KAKB „CeHTH6pb BB AfloxpajiiH*, ^XflSHHa y Hep- 
Haro 6ojioxa'', ^CMepxB bx aapocjrnxB^. BopBCt nocejieHn;a cb ah- 
Eofi npHpoAofi nocBHD^eBa catfan 6ojiBinaH noa^a KenAeJiJifl — 
^Opapa*. 

To3fJieHie uo AS^JioKofl poAHHt, cxohu paaAanjieHHaro cyAB6o3 h 
tojitaHBK) cymecxBOBaHiH npeRpamanxcH bi aBCxpajiiflcEofli noaain 
BB caMoe noci^ABee BpeMH, EorAa na ci^eHy Bucxynaex'B snaHepa- 



I. 



3€ F700B01 BOrATOTBO, 

jsjocTBKE, Mory^aff, nojiHas SHnynzi ohjii noioAaff ^vnoKpaTis^ 
BoKpyn Sydney Bulletin, JiBJfliDiqarocji rJiaBHUMi BupasHTejotein^ 
cTpeMJieHiS bto8 j^eMOspaTiH, rpjfliiHpyeTCfl uexAa mojioaux^ 
noBTOBi rj[y6oKO naipoHajiBHUX'L n cosAaBmaxi ooBepmeHBO oco- 
6eflflufl saspi, ROTopufl ohh jhoSsti HasuBaTb wfiauaAaifB*. $opMa 
jcajio 8a6oTBTi noBTOBi. GaflTBM6BTajiBB0CTb Bin ?ysAa. OxoTBie 
Bcero OBB 6epyTCJi sa oaTapy. IIoaTfiE hbi msojiij Sydney BtUkHuy. 
BO npeflMyn^eoTBy, TeB^eBi^iosBu, noTOMy qTo bi mojioaoA ABCTpajix 
sojUTBHecKaji 6opii6a saBBicaen Bceo6fl^ee BBBMaHie. 

„0 People of this large 
Lone Land, where all is new 
Take care who has the charge 
Of making laws for you!* 

nflmeTB oabbi bsi saB6ojiie noayjffpBux'b oobtobi btoS ibroju 
FpBBi Po (t. 6. jyHapoA'^ flacejTBDB^ift rpoMaABfiifl b OABBORift bob- 

TBBeSTl, PAt BC6 BOBO, 6eperflCI> l4Xl, 06B8aBB0CTb BOTOptlTL 
COSAaBBTB Ji^JlSi T66b SaKOBBI*'). 

06i BTsxi noaraxi k cRajsy 6oiite noApo6flo AaJiLme, KOi^a^ 
BOCflyoB BCTOpiB Sydney Bulletin. 



lU. 

Jifi caMaro noojiiAHflro BpeMOBB no aBcrpajiiSoBBiii noaraici' 
tnJLO 6hL BpafiBe xpyAHO oocraBBTL C66'6 KaEoe-BB6yAi> npeAciaBJie- 
Bie BacTpoeBifl bjib 061 BAeajiaxi aBCxpajiifli^eBi. Oipaseflie^ 
aBCxpajiiflcKofl sbshb bi pasJiB^BKXx ^asBcaxi ea mbi aa to bbxo- 

ABHl Vh MtCTHBIX'E pOMBBaXX, BO BOTOpUMl MU MOSdMl BpOCXi- 

AHTB Bct HeTupe nepioAa pasBBiiB aBcipaxificBaro oSn^eoxBa. 

PaBBifl nepioAi, EOB^BsmiflcB nojuBtsa TOMy BaaajCB h oxomeA- 
mifi ooBepmeBBO bi o6jiacTB npeABBifl bxo — anoxa .BaxopsBoS 
ABCxpajiifl'^. To 6BIJ10 BpeMB, kofab BecB KOHTBfleBXi, a bi ocoSob- 
BOCXE ocxpoBa TacMaaiB b Hop^ojiBKi BBJiaJiBCb MicxaMB yacaca. 
KaxopsBaB cBcxeMa bo xojilko pas^BJia xbicb^b ^eioBi^eoEBxi cyme- 
cxBOBBBifl: npB OB oymecxBOBBBiB ABcxpajDiiB 6u;ia no^xa xasse 
6e8noje8Ba, kbei b CaxaJiBBi. Bapo^eii'B, cpasBBBaB ^ifiJieEis npe- 
ABBia BBOxpajiiAoEofi ookjikb ci pa8CBa8auB Kaxopri bb Caxa- 
XBBi, BysBo csasaxb, qio mbi BcexasB no6BjiB pesopA'B: bb Caxa- 
jtBBt ^ejiOBtqeoKafl jib^eocxb 6£iJ[a 6oj[sme pa8AaBieBa b paoxon- 
xafla, ^iMi Aase bb Hop$oJCBBt. ^RaxopsBufi nepioA'B'' bi ABCxpa- 
xiB Bc^eai 6e8CJiiAH0. Yse noiBt bb, KaKi xbhi cosfjib bc6 kb- 
aapiiii, yBB^xosEBJiB cxapue XDpeMBue apxasH, ?xo6bi b naHBXB 
He coxpaBBJiOGb. TacMBBifl xenepb caMoynpaBJEflK)niiftoB mxaxib Aexo- 
spaxB^eoKoS peony6xBEB. CxpaniBuft ocxpoBi Hop^ojiBEi xenepB 
V^xymiS cBAi, BBceJieBBiifl 800 eojiobboxobi. OoxpoBOEi xose 
BMiexi cBoe co6oxBeHBoe caiioynpaBjieBie. Kaxopra, oabheo, Bamia* 



JIHTBPATyPA KOJLQjmX'h ABMOKPATlff. 37 

oBoero 6uToiiHoaTej[fl bi jiH^i HaH6oji'6e TajiaHTJiHsaro nHoaTeia 
ABGTpajiin — Mapsjca RjiapKa. FjiaBHoe npoHSBeAeme ero — „For 
ilie Term of his Natural Life* (,Bi noKHSHeHHyi) itaTopry*) — poMaH% 
ucmopuHecKiU. Mapsjoi RjiapRi onHCUBaJii b'l 1873 r., Kor^a 
saiopra 6uj(a yse a^bho jHH^roseHa, spaBu TpH^T^aTUxi h copo- 
KOBun roAOBi. ^HxaTejiB AOJiseHi EiAth aio b% bejsj. Ho Tasi 
KaKi vh 1873 r. Shjih shbu emie repoH ponana; Tasi> saKi asTopi 
, Tn^aTejiBHO Hsy^HJTE ^^osyiceHTU h Hicra h xasi sasi ohi otfiaffaji'L 

<$OJIBniHM'L TajiaHTOMl H CHJIBHUMl B006paseHieM'L, TO JSfi^lM Vh 

OBoefi KHHTi nopasHTejiLHyK) RapTHHy. PoHani ,,For the Term of 
lii8 Natural Life*, no o6ii^eMy npHBHaHin, aa^ti Jiyqmee npe^cTaB- 
JieHie ^j^OHOTopHqeoRoft* ABcxpajiitf, ^iwh jSfio&iEE HOTopH^e- 
CRHXl ipyAOBi. 

Bxopofi nepioA'L aBcrpajuftcRoft shbhh bto— BpeHa enyomepo&hj 
T. e. EpyuHuxi seMjieBJiaAi^jbaeBi h c&OTonpoMUinjieHHHROBi. To- 
poAGRaa SH3HB^ ROTopas TBuepB B% ABCipajiiH norjion^aerb 6oj[l- 
myK) ^acTB dijiaro HacejieHiff,— Tor^a tojibko ^to en^e HaMi^^ajiacB. 
B^ ^sapocjurx'L'', AaJieRO ua rpaHHi^axi nycTUHH, BOTpt^ajiHCB 

^paHTO** CROTOnpOMUniJieHHHROBl, HMi^BIDHX'b no COTHi TUCfl^l 

OBem. Ha ^paH^H'' asi 6%jiuxi jooj^ei sarJiflji^uBajtH nopoS tojibro 
6ilrjiue RaTopsHHRH, „6ympaHAsepBi''. HocJiiAHie, vh cbok) o^epe^B, 
Tose ;z^aBHo yse OTomjtH bi o6jiaGTb npeAamfi^ ho bi CBoe speMS 
abhjihcb repoHMH MHorHxi poMaHOBi. Bi ceMHAeG£[T£ixi ro^axi 
aHFJiiflcRifl poHaHi hbi aBcxpajiificRofi shshh 6BijrE HeMucjiHM'L 
6esi» 6y^up^H^OKepoe^, }Kh8Hb ORyoxepoBi h xa anoxa, Rorj^a aB- 
cTpajiiAcRifl rasexu uojihu 6eijih pascRaBaiiH npo noxosAealfl maeRi 
GympdHA^epoBi h hxi ^RanHTauoB'B'' (aTaManoBi) MyHJ[aftTa, KejiJiH 
H Ap.— OTpasHJiacb Bceutjio bi poManaxt FeHpH EHHrcJtH h PojiL^a 
Bojiji;epByj(a (uceB^OHEHi ToMaca AjieRcauApa BpoyHa). TaROBu 
poMaHu: „6eoflrey Haralyn*, „The Hillyars and the Burtons**, 
„Robb©ry under Arms", „A Modern Buccaneer" h „The Squatter's 
Dream**, o Roiopuxi 6yAeTX CRasano oo;^po6HO ;i];ajiBme. 

Tpemia nepiojii'B aBCTpaiiflcRoft shbhh Ha^HHaexcfl oxRpBixieux, 
sojioxa B'L HaqaJEi nflXH^^ecHxux'E roji^OBi; xor^a go Boero Mipa 
yoxpeMHJiHCB Bi ABcxpajiiK) abghxrh xugh^'e npiHGRaxeJieS. B'L ny- 
GTUHt noHBHJiHCb ppoMaAHbie JiarepH. Ci nopasHxejiBHoS 6BiGTpo- 
Toft BupoGJiH ropoAa. KaEi Mejii»6ypHi. Sojioxas ropa^Ra namjia 
cBOHxi niBi^oBi Vh jrant PHjj;a (Never too late to Mend) h yno- 
MHHyxaro yae Poj[B$a Bojifl;epByji;a (A Canvas Town Ro- 
mance). 

3axtxB HacxyuHJi'B ^exBepxufl, coBpeMenHBifi nepioA'B. Anoxpa- 
jiificRaH AeMORpaxiA BCioAy BSHJia Bepxi, cxajia y BJiacxH h Bupa 
6oTajia pHjTB nopasHxejBHux'B no GictJiocxH h no npaxxH^iHOGXH sa- 
ROHOBi, GOGXaBJiHioniHXi npe^MBxi yABBJEeaiH a^h Bcero Mipa. 
ABcipajifiGRaH shbhb BHABHuyjia npeicBepoBX, HanaBniHX'B obok> 
JH*Hxe.TBHOCTB xpaKXHpmfiKaMH Vh AaJTBRHXi „8apocj!HXi*, ceHa- 



3t ryocsoi BoriTOtBO. 

TOpOBl, KOTOpUMl TOBapHmH npHHOCATl EdBtCTie o6i H36paHiH B% 

TO BpeMB, Kasi 6jA7nuft sasoHOAaTejiB .lesHxi bi Kopa6eji]bHOM% 
KOTJii H HaKjiaAUBaeTB sasjienKH. GenaTopi OBExaeTB pa6o^ifi i«- 
peABBKi H np^MO B3i HacTepcKoS, 5681 CDpTjsa^ ci sacyqeHHHMB 
pyKaBBMH p76axH, OTapaejifleTCB bi pax; my, Tjifk BOCTopiBeHHMe 
B86flpaTeJiH sffjTi orB Hero pi^n. ropoffcsas shbhb bi ABcrpaM 
Ha^HHaerB CHJibHO npeo6jiaAaTB sajiB cejiBCRofi. HisoTopue mTaTu, 
saKi BBSTopifl H HoBufi lOsHuS yajBCB, oTaHOBflTCfl npoMHmieH* 
HKMH i^eHTpaMH. Hapos^iaeTCfl Ha pajij ci hoboS pa6o?eft mp- 
Tiefi HOBaii, Kpaftne cBoeoCpasHaji aBcxpajiificEaA njiyTOspaxifl. Bte 
9T0 OTpaxaeTCH bi poManaxi ^TacHu'* (jiHTepaTypHufl nceBAOBii» 
MHCCHci KyBpepi): „Uncle Piper of Piper's Hill*, „The Tenaji«« 
of Portia James'^ h „In her Earliest youth", KaiiotfejiJiB Ilpex^: 
^Policy and Passion', ,The Romance of a Station" h J(»opAica 
drepTOHa (nceB^OHHirB mojioaoS BHcaTejiBHEi^u FojiBAHHr'E Bpafln). 
Ho Bi oco(5eHHOCTH nocji^AHifi nepioj^ aacTpajiiScEoft shshh oipa- 
8HJICE Ha CTpaHHaaxi Sydney Bulletin. KpynHUfl no pasMtpaifB 
XHTepaTypHUA npoHSBeAeHifl HcqesaioTi. CBoeo6pa8Hiifi h THnH^Hut 
sypnajii G03AaeTB ocoduft THni KopoxeHBKHXi noBtoieS, — B^A- 
letin's novels, — EaRi cos^ajTB oco6biS bea'b nodsiE. JIoBBaEOMflMCE 
xenepB ci BMAaio^HMHca 6£ixonEcaxejiEME sasAaro ebb ^exupoxB 
yEasaHHBixB nepio^oBi n cb EaE5oJiie TEOHqEUME poManaME. 

CaMBift TajiafiTJUEBufi poHaEECxi E ny6jiEip(rrb AacxpajnE^ •oi- 
xaBEilfi xaMi i^ijiyio msojiy, Mapsyci KjrapEB, po^HJiCE bb Iohao- 
si BB 1896 r. Oxei^B ero — aABOsaxB — oxjiE^aiCE aEcixeExpEqHHiia 
MasepaHE e jiExepaxypEHME BsycaME. TajiasTJiflBuft, o^ohb pas^ 
pasBEBmiflcE mejib^esb pocB bb Epyry cxapuxB xojiooxeeobb^ bm- 
EExaBHiEXCE BB xpafffliUEXB $EjEoco$iE XYIII Bisa. J(jiE ynpaxE«- 

hIe BB JiaXflHCKOMB EBUEt MajIB^HRy AABEJIH SayqflBaXB CXEXE ly- 

Epei^iE BB poA*: „Hinc Acherusia fit stultorum denique rita* (ixa- 
pue rjiyni^u cxanoBEXCE sepxsaHE cyeBtpifi), a ^paHi^yacKOiiy 
ESBiEy ero yqEJiE no „$EJioco$cEOMy cxoBapi)* BoJiBxepa* Meof^^ 
(iorpa^E^eeEEXB qepxB eh HaxoAEMB bb pascKast Mapsyca Kiapsa — 
„Human Repetends*. 

Kor^a Rjiapsy 6£iJio BOceMHaAaaxB jiixB, ynepB noojr&AEiff poA- 
exBeHHEEB ero, cxapuft A'A^t. MajiB^ESB ooxejice oaehb e bb 1864 r. 
BMHrpEposaJTB BB ABcxpajtiio, qxo6u xaMB nuxaxB c^acxBe. OnpeAixes- 
Baro njaEE y lOHoniE ne 6ujio. JlpyrB ahae^ sEBoiifi bb MexB- 
0ypH%, HameAB ji,jia RjapRa m^cxo bb 6asBi§; eo EOHXopn^KB hw 
xojiOAoro ^ejiOBtKa BumejiB coBepmesHO neyAa^Huft e ^epesi abe 

HiCEI^a OEB OCTEBEJIB GJiys6y. noSpOBEXeJIB, Se SEEE «o A^- 

jaxb CB KjiapEOMB, oxnpaBEJiB ero bb FjiaEop^E, he MexaEXUD", 
EaxoAEmyncE BepcxaxB bb xpexcxaxB oxb MeiB6ypEa, sa rpaBEii(% 
■ycTusE. 3xE ^Sheep-stations" cocxaBJiEJiE e cocxebjiedxb emfi 9B 
BHa^ExejiBHoft cxeneHE e xenepB oAHy hbb xapasxepEHXi qepx% 
aBcxpaiificRoft shbee. yAo6EiiE naxaxHUE seEjrE baojib ORpaES'B 



IHTIPATyPA HOJIOAUXl JP&iiOKPATlt, St 

MaTepHsa jlabylo yse paoxBaTaHU. Ra2BA£ifi mTarL^ npaB^a, Hvien 
en^e o6nrHpHHfl roojAapcTBeHHUJi deMJiH, ho 3to Tasiji leppHTopiH, 

KOTOpUfl KanHTaJIHGTU H6 HOSejiaJIH B8JITL, KaKl He npHrOffHHfl A^UI 

•6pa6oTKH. 

To — njcTHHH, nopocmiH kojidtomi h jpo^ijihbumi syoTapHH- 
KtMi Mojum^ coGToas^HMi E81 AJJiHHHaro, coBepmeHHO rojiaro CTe6jui 

Vk 80HTHK0MI KOSHCTEIX'B JTHCTBeBl HaBOpxy. MoSj^y KyCTapHH- 

KaMH, BO BpeMH KopoTRaio Aoxj^JiHBaro nepioAa, nojiBjiaeTCJi CuoTpo 
BEiropaDmaH oxi coJiHi^a ipaBa. TenepB oyoxuHH OAaexoH vh Haem 
y^acTEaMH, pasEHHE ]i;tjioMy y&SAy, A^fl Bunaca OBei^i. BesKO- 
se^Hoe npocxpaHGTBO wh j^ecflTEH Bepcn o6hocht:& npoBOJio^Hofi 
Haropoj^iK), xy^a saroHHDxi rpovaAHBifl oxsgi^a OBem. SfficB onft 
laeyxcH 6e8i BC^Raro HaASopa. Koe-r^i bi axHxi Hsropo- 
AHXi BupuxH apxeaiancKie kojioaiuj, h si hhmi caHH obi^ Ha- 
xoAflTi Jiopory. MamiiHa, npHBOAHMas bi ^BHseHie Bixpom, na- 
sa^HBaexx BOAy vh Kopuxa. Bepcxaxi bi ABaAii;axE ApyrE orb 
Apyra pa86pocaHBi oahhosIh H36£i o6i68A?hkobi, sHBymHxi bi 

■yCXMHi 6681 CeUBE, XOJIBSO CO CBOefi 6H6jliefi H MySHBaJILHBIMl 

ffn^HEOM'b. E^e ptoe BCxpi^aDxcH ABa — xpH AOHHsa BMicxt, rAi 
JCHBeTE rjiaBHufi ynpaBJiHuntLft. 3xo h eoxB ^cxaHiiifl''. *) KpoMi 
AOMHEa ynpaBjiJiioiaaro, 8AicL naxoAHXCfl rpoMaAHufi aM6ap'E au 
nepcxH H 6apasH Msi Eo^yio^eft apniH pa6oxHHEOBT>^ cxpHryniHXi 
•Bei^x (shearers). Bo speMH ceaona ohh hohbihiotcji na MCxaHiUH" 
apxejiEMH Wh ABBAiiaxL — xpHAii^axB "lejiOBiE^E, ci HOSHHii^aMH y nofloa 
I soxeji[EOtfi (billy) 8a njie^aHH. 3a apxejiBD cjiiAyK)Ti sohe, na- 
BBD^eHHue noxHXEaHH. „ Shearers'* — 8X0 Hamn KMBHue „HOJixaBi(ii''y 
ho tojibeo nojiy^aion^ie 6ojiBinyK) 8apa6oTHyK) njiaxy h o6jiaAaD- 

lUe BHOJIHi pa8BHXUHl CaH0C08HaHieM!L. BpOAH^e pa60XHHfiH EO- 

^K)xi Wh nycxBiHi^ noA^ oxspuxHMi He6oMi. $epMH oxoxoht^ 
Apyra oTb APyi^A HHorAa^Ha paaoxOHHin xpex^B — ^lexsipexi ahoS nyxn. 
TaREMi o6pa80H'&, apxejiB nepeoiEaexi SHa^ucxejiBHyK) ^aoTB Max*- 
pHsa, noABHraHCB ci c^Bepa na K)rB, H8i sapsaro RBEHcxdHAa^ 
ixi C680HI GxpHSEH oBoi^ Ha^HHaexcH pBHO, Wh yiiipeHHyK) Bes- 
lopuD. Hhue apxejiE nepenpaBJiEioxcH aaso wh HoByD SexanAiDy 
JKi ycntBaKXTB en^e saxBaxHXL ^oesoHi''. Pa6oxHHEi HOJiyqaexi 
■• $yHxy 8a cxo BucxpHseHHBix'B OBOi^i, npH qem wh aohb mo- 
sen BHcxpH^ OEOJEO BocBMEAecHXH OBoi^. 3x0 6poAflHee HacejieHie 
•urpajio BasHyK) pojiB bi HcxopiH ABoxpaxaaiH sanoojAAHee a^ohxh- 
jtTie. ^Shearers" o6i>eAEHEj[ECB bi oaehi rpoHaAHiifl, spinso cnio- 
^HEufl coDBi E cocxaBEJiH HApo pa6o^eS napxiH, noffB BxiHHieifB 
KOTopoS aBcxpaxificEie napjiaHeHxu npoBexE pEA^ eii'&xiiX'b 

(ttUI«ft. 



•) Cm. Al^HTt KtUn, Ueislation Ouyrifere et SoeWc en Australie^et NoureBc 



4t P700K0B BOrATGTBO. 



IV. 

Ho vh TO BpeMfl, Koi^a MapRjci Kjiapsi nonaxi na ^cTaHipi)'', 
ABHseHie en^e ho Ha^HHaJiocB. Bi nycTiiHi 6ujio npocTO y6ifiCTBeHH» 
•Bj^HO. Rjiapsi He jnD6MJL%^ saKi Fopj^OHi, jiomaAefi. AscTpajufi- 
okU laHjinia^Ti obood yHUJiocTBD HaroHfln na Hero oT^ajiHHyv 
TOCKj. OuuTh npeBpan^eHiH Kjiapsa vh xopomaro jnpaBJiflnn^ar* 
He jjifikjoa, saKi h nonuTsa o^iJiaTL hbx Hero soHTop^HKa. Map- 
Kje^L KjiapKi isecTOKO TOCKOBajii h sanojiHHJii 6oj[Lmofi ;(ocyn 
^renieMi, ho npeHHjHieoTBy ^paHajscRHXi aBTopoBi. BpeMH cm 
BpeiieHH HatssaJti BepxoMi na CTaH^iK) A-p'^ JIbdhhc^e, ascTpajiifi- 
BBoe HBAanie x-pa EpynoBa. Owh chj[i»ho hoaptshjica ci hojiojiceim% 
qejoEOBteOMi H yKasajFL eMy ^pyroe Trenie, KpoMi BajiLsasa, koto- 
piiMi RjiapKi yBJiesajicfl oco6eHHO chjibho. Uojul BjQHHieMX A-pa 
JOLBDHHoa, RjiapKi HOSHaKouHJicir ci Kohtomi, BnxnepoMi h $eftep- 
6axoMi. B% j^HeBHHsi MOJEO^oro qeJiOB^Ka mh HaxoAHMi Tasui 
bhhhckh: 

ipToHi „xopomaro o6n^ecTBa'', HefirpajTBHuA, 6e8CTpacTH£ift^ tohib 

yCJIOBHUXl HJLJLJOsiA H JI2BH, eCTB ^O0^O;^CTByK)^^fi, HOpMaJIBHUt 

TOHi Hamero Btsa — ^tohi, KaKHifB na^o roBopHTB He tojibko o jih- 
i^axi co6oTBeHHO-aojiHTHqecRHxi>, tto hohhtho cano co6ok), ho h 
Ben^axi MeTa$HBH?ecRHXi h nay^nuxi. 9TorB toh'b — bjio nanier^ 
BpeiieHH. IIpuapaK^, xaH3BecTB0 cocTaBMDTi cyt^uocmb namero 
BiBa; Hama nojTHTHKa, nama HpaBCTseHHOCTB, nama MeTa^HSHRa, 
nama nayRa — o^^hhi npnspaRi. Rto roBopHxi HHHi HCTHny, totb 
HeTepnHH'B, neBisjiHBi, 6e3HpaBGTBeHi. Ecmuna ji^hsl namero stRa 
trajia SeaHpaecmeeunocmbio^ . 

^HpaBCTBeHHa Huni offna jtosb, noxoHy tto ona o6xoAHn, 
yTaHBaeTE on o^eft cBiia bjio hcthhu, hjih, "tto to se, HCTHny 
8Jia^. 

„HayRa b% oys^HOCTH cBoefi c^'fiJuajJiacB TenepB 6e8Bpe;^H0K), ne 
H 6e8noJ0[e8HO]D HrpoK) paoTJitHnaro pasyMa, ona cxajia sanHMaTBCii 
ji^nsL SHBHHy AJiH ^ejiOBtRa 6e8pa3JiH^HiiiMn BOH^aMH^ a ecjiH RacaeTCJi 
HHorAa H BonpoGOBi BasHHxi, sHBorpenen^yn^Hxi, to othochtm 

Rl HHMl Ch TaRHM'B HHJ(H$$epeHTH3M0M!B^ CI TaRHMl XiaAHORpO- 

BieM'By nTO He npHBe;^eT% bi BOjiHOHie hh o^Horo qejioBtRa. Bea- 
^BCTseHHOCTB Bi rojioBt, xojiOAi Bi cepffi^i, OTCyXOTBie ^yBOTBa 
HGTHH£Z, — GJioBOMi, 6e8xapaRTepH0CTB cocTaBjiHeTi xenepB Heo6xo- 
OTMoe CBoflcTBO RaacHaro „HCTHHHaro", peKOMeH^yeMaro yqenaro... 
A yneHuS ci Heno^KyHHMiui'L qyBCTBOM'L hctehbi, c% xapaRTepoM^ 
ptmHTejBHUMi, BJiaraioniifi nepcTi cBofi npHMo bi 6ojifliiiyK) paHy, 
HopasaioniiS sjio bx ero Ropni, Hey;^epsHM0 HAyn^ifi na nyn 
OBOHXi HscjitAOBaHifi jsfi RpHSHca, js,o OROHqaTejiLHaro ptmeniH, — 
^jlteAaexcH npoRjaTii), ero o6'BaBaaK)rB FepocTpaTOiix**. 



JIHTBPiLTSrPA MOJIOAUXl ^HBHOSPATlfi. 41 

Csoeify j^pyry JlBUHHcy MapRyci KjrapKi nepejuajii cBoe sasi^T- 
fioe nejaHie: cTaTB uacaTejeHi. Oho ocymeoTBHJiocB b*e o^eHB 
<3KpoHHux'b pasMipaxi: ^-pi JIbdhhcl Hamejii ajts RjiapKa MajieHb- 
KyH), HO nocTOHHHyiD rasexy Melbourne Argus. Bpexi FapTi naqajii 
^mfi OKpoMHi^e—Hafiopii^HROHi B'L KajiH$opHGKofi rasoTi^ SojiomoA 
Bubm, KjiapKi yuepi o'leHB pano: eny e^sa 6UJ10 TpHsaaTB qeiupe 
roAa; ho KasyiD aecTpyD KapTHHy npe;i^CTaBJiHeT'B ero jiHTepaiypHiafl 
$opMyjiHpii! TyrL ^KpHTHsa CHCTeMii nosHTHBHoft ^hjioco^Ih KoHTa**' 
STHorpa^H^ecRie o^epKH ^ByAyn^HocTB aBCxpaJiiftcEoft pc^cu^, pflAi 
pisRHX'B TeojiorHqecRHxi naM^JietOBi ^IlHBHJiHBai^ifl 6e8'L o6HaHa*, 
pascRasBi, 6ojrBniofi poHaHi, fiesROHe^noe ^Hcao raaeTHuxi ^ojilo- 
TOHOBi, j^pana, nanmoMUMa (t. e. po^i onepeTRH oi RynieraxH 
Ha TeMU j^hh), „ncHxoJiorH?ecRifi onBiTi" Cannabis Indica, BHymen- 
HHft, BtpoHTHO, Teo^ErJOMt FoTBe. Hxo-HHfiyffB neoTpte 8Tor» 
jiHTepaTypnaro nacji'i^ACTBa Tpy;i;H0 C66'fi npescxaBHTB. MapRyoi 
KjrapRi HHRor^^a ne Hanncaji'B hh cxpoTOH, sa Roxopyn eHy npn- 
injiocB 611I RpacH^XB noxoMi; ho ohi HanoMHnajii ^eiOBiRa, 6e88a- 
60TH0 pa86pacuBaH)ii;aro bo Bot ciopoHu sojioxux MonexBr, hh- 
OROJTBRO He HHxepecyjiCB 'Au'h, Ry^a oH'fa ynaAyxx: ne jjcynan xomi, 
iTO, paoHiBBipiiBi HX'B Bi rpHBB, OHi ocxaexcH ptUIHXeJIBHO 6e8i 
Bcero. Ohi ri xoiiy se oxjin^ajiCH OGo6ofi HenaBHoxBiD co6HpaxB 

OBOfl GXaXBH c6opHHRaMH, HOaXOHy HX'B nySHO paSEIGRHBaXB Bl 

HyHepax'B cxapBixx sypnajioBi. EffHHCXBeHHoe ECRjno^enie — 6ojiBiQofi 
povaHi RjiapRa, Go6paHH£iil h BBinyiueHHufi oxji^&ibhhm'b HBAauieMi, 
Bnpo^eifi, He anxopomx, a ;q)y3BHMH ero. 

KjrapRi nepBBiS yRasaJi'B Ha Haposji[eHie HOBoft aBGxpajiifiGRot 
HaipH. ^0 xixi nopi npHHflxo 6£iJio CMOxpixB Ha ABGxpajia8ii), 
RaRi Ha anrjiificRyiD npoBHHi^iio, xojibro h^crojibro 6ojAe oxffajteH- 
HyK). MapRyoi RjiapR'B bh^'I^ji'b yace xor;i(a, ^xo mojioaoS aBGxpajiifi- 
6Roft .i^eHORpaxiH npej^cxoHxn^ mnpoRoe nojie AiaxeJiBHOGXH, h bo- 
OTopsEeHHo npHBtxGTBOBajEi ee. Ho Bi ABGxpaJiiH xor^a bi chjA 
6HJia napxiH nJiyxoRpaxH^eGRaH. KojiOHHsai^iH na^ajiacB gi xoro, 
^0 HtGROiBRO RpyDHBix'B RaHHxajiHGXOB'B pacxBaxajH Bct Jtyqiuiff 
seHJiH. IIpaBHxejiBGTBo AOGxaBjTHJio Houini^RaM'B j^emeBEifl Raxopz- 
HEifl xpy^i. O^ieHB qaoxo axH Rpynnue seMJieBjiaAtjiBi^ii 6bijih b*b 

TO se BpeiiH npaBHXeJOEBGXBeHHBrMH qHHOBHHRaMH H BaB^A^BaJIH RO- 

jiOHiflMH GGBij[BHO>nooeJ0[eHii;eBx. TaRHiii o6pa80MX, xpy^i ys'B hm% 
HHqero He gxohjii. Kor^a aBoxpajiifiGRin rojiohIh nojiy^HJiH caMoynpas- 
jienie, axH RpynHse soMieBxaAtjiBi^iii o^iyxBJiHGB xaRse y BJiaGXH. 

npOTHBl HHXl OnOJiqHJICH KjiapRl. Owh BBIBOAHJIl OTOJinOB'B o6H^e- 
OTBa Bl pflA^^ OexpoyMHBIXl H 3JIUXI GXaxefl, nOHBBBmHXGH Bl 

MeAbSypncKOMTy Apzycrb nojijh odniEMi sarjiaBieifB: „ HadjiD^eHiH $h- 
Ji0€0$a nepHnaxexHRa^. Ci RpynHuuH seMJieBJiaii^JiiBii^aMH sao^H^ 
6uxo AyzoBeHcxBo. Oho GocxaBHJio nacxoflHiifi saroBopi qt> niJLhm 
saxBaxHXB bi cboh pyRH Bcei^iJio a^jio napoj^Haro o6pa80BaHifl 
Bi ROJioHiffxi. KpyHHBie seMJieBjraAiJiBi^Bi nora^paEHBajiH AyxoBen- 



42 P7C0KOB BOrATOTBO. 

tTBO HI napjiaxeHii. BeaoTpamHiiMi BOVAeMi 6opaoB% ci Bi»p2(- 
jBHiiaHaMH flBHJiCjr Ton se KjiapRi. Ohi BucryaHn npoTSBi 
rxasu i^epKOBHoS napTiH, — iiejib6ypBcsaro enHcsona, — pznowh naif- 
^jieTOB'E nojs,i> HasBaHieMi ^I^HBHJiHBaiaA 6e8i ofinaBa'". EnHcioiA 
Bi Haqaii npo6oBajrB 6opoTLca Teopern^ecKH. Ohi otbAthjh ffByiui 
■aif$ji6TaMH; ho npoTHBEBKi oKasajicjr eny He no cHJiaifb. MapBy#s 
Kjapsi paaB&ijrB, sasi nyxi, apryjceExaipK) enHCKona h, saTftm, 
He nocKynHjcif Ha HacMimsH. Tor^a emcKoni npH6in Kh 6ojrifce 
jersoMy h yAo6HOMy caoco6y nojieMHSH. Ohi sejiin o6jiH9aTB vk 

lepRSaXl M6e3HpaBCTBeHHOCTL^ 06jH^HTeJIfl. JIoJIXHO 6lITb, bto ho- 

BOJio Ki Kpynnuxi HenpiBTKOCTan, noioiiy vo n^ysBH Kiapaa 
eoqjEE Heo6xoAHM£ixi BBicxynHTb CB Ban^QToft jiQ^Hofi 3SH8HH ny6jiH- 

Mapsycb KjiapRi cosabjii tote y;^BHTej[bHuS opHrHHaibflid 
THm eseHeAijii»Hoft aBcxpajriftosofi raseTu, ly^rnHMi npeAeraBi- 
Tejem Roioparo BBJAercH xenepb ^Sydney Bulletin*, coeffHHiiK)]^ 
B% ce6i H ^HGTO jiHTepaTypnufi sypnajii, h 6oeByiD raBery, h Kap- 
fHRBTypnufl jiHOTORi. ABGTpajiificRifl sypnaji bto, BBipaasaHc^ ^-' 
YypajibHO, — BoeHHHfl OTpajCB, saRjiD^aDnufi npeACTaBHTejiefi im- 
saro poj^a opysin. Tyn h aprHJiJiepiH, h nixora, h jensaii koh- 
HHi^a, A'^ficTByDH^aH naoROROMi. IIlHpoRaE noJiHTH^ieoRaji sh8Hi> bh- 
pa6oTaj[a BJiyio, 6e8nomM(Hy]o, cMijiyD noJiHTH^eoRyi) xappHxaTypy, 
KOTopoft sypnajn ycHJieHHO nojiLsyexcfl. 

Bi naM^Jiexaxi h fe ny6j[H]:(HcxH^ecRHX!L cxaxBEXi KiapBa na 
■epBufl njiam BHcxynaexi xy^osHHRi, xohriS h ocxpoyMHut la- 
(jnoj^axejoEL. Mhrporocbcomi ero 6iijl% MejiB6ypH*E, h RjiapRi Hsy- 
vjr& SH8H& ropoAa bx coBepmencxBt. Owl snan oxjih^ho, saiK 
BHcmyD cpe^y, xaRi h ^xapHRHHOBi'', x. e. aBcxpaiificRHXi ••- 
jiOTopoTiieBi, oxjiH^aDH^Hxcji oxi pyccRHX'B 6oJLhmei> ouiiownm, 
(ojiLmeD caiiocxoaxejibHOcxLDy co8HaHieMi cBoero qexoBiHecsaro 
j^ocTOHHCXBa H 0Boeo6pa8HoS op^aHH8a^iefi, tbri rbri ohh o6pa- 
ayDxi GBofi co6oxBeHHufi i^exi. RjiapR'L o6jiaAasi xaKHM% se yiii- 
liem A^JiaxB H&6jiiOAeHifl, rbrx h BajibsaRi (miiI bhahx% bto bk 
potfani For the term of his natural life)', ho o% ofiHAHoft paoxo^i- 
xejiBHOoxLK) 6e88a6oTHiiifi aBxopi pa86pac£iBajrL cboh o6pa8U h m^ 
6jDaAeHia bi nejiRHXi rasexnux'L cxaxMxi. Rorj^a eiiy nyofCHO 6ujn 
HHcaxb, RjiapRi 6pajn cboS Jiyqmifi Maxepiajii. Ecjh hosho Tas& 
Bupa8HXLCB, OHi He ocxaHBBjiHBajicji npe^'E xin, qxo6£i HspyfiiK 
^ocRy Hai jiparoAiHHaro noxHcaH^poBaro A^poBa jt^B npocToS ta- 
■saxH Bi 8aropoAKi jijis xejiaxi: bi RaRofi-HH6y;i(B rasexnofi trawl 
MU naxoAHMi Haxepiajii, Roxopufi, o^eBHAHO, 6hijs% npHroxoBMBft 
Mfin noBtcxHHjiH ;^jui poaiaHa. „Eojih 6&i RjiapRi ne yMep!L xaunn^ 
MOJiOAHMX, — roBopHxi aBcxpajiiflcRifl HcxopHRi JecMOHjTE Baflpra, — 
•HI, HecoxHtHHO, AAJii 6usi> xaRoft se nojiHiiS sooJiorfiqeBBit 
axjiaci nainefi ropoACRoS sbshh, rbri TsRepefi ajui JIoha^m 
ipHwaxuxx roiOBi*. 



JIHTSPATyPA MOJIOAUX'B AKMOSPATlfi. 43 

Hay^iaA ths'l BHHvaxejiBHO ascipajiifiGsyK) shshl, Rjiapsi He 

MOn He 06paTHTL BHHMaHifl Ha Hi ^epTU rp760CTH. SeCTOROCTH H 
^epCTBOOTH, ROTOpUXl 6liJL0 MHOPO HpeS^^ B'B M'&CTHOM'E 06li;e0TBi. 

Ha6jB[K);(ftTejiB0 EasaJiocB, qxo owh Hamejii npH^HHj. Mnoroe o5i- 
HCHJieTCffy — jijnskjii> KJiapsi, — CHCTeiiofi KaToppe, soTopan xasi 
^ojipo cjn^ecTBOBajia bi ipexi pjiaBHuxi KOJiOHiflXi. 

niecTBAecflTi jl^tl AnpjiiA OTnpaBJiHJia xy^a HeBOJiLHHqLH xe- 
pa0jiH. RpyoHBie ascTpajiificKie seaiJieBJiaAtjrBi^fii ycHJieHHO nporaxH 
MeTponojiiK) o&h ycHjieHiH ^ppysa^. 

^FjiaBHOfl 3a60T0S AhPJUH 6uJ10 BOSMOSHO OKOpie H86aBHTL€fl 
,6Tl JIHHIHHPO dpe^eHH H GBaJIHTb ePO, PAi UpHAeXCil, — POBOpHT'L 

aBexpaJiifiGEiS HOTopHRi FdTyafl. — Boh HCTopis gcbuikh ki Ham 
6pooaerB oieHi HeKpaGHBBiS GBtoi na Ha^ioHaJlI»HfiIfi xapasxepi 
AhpjiIh... roGy^apcTBo yGTanoBHJio npaBBjiBHyiD loppoBjiiD 6ijiiiMn 

HeBOJIBHHKaMH '*'). KaXOpSCHHRl GTaHOBHJIGfl pa6o^HM'B GROTOMl H 

Go6GTBeHHOGTLK) pocyjtapcTBa. YcjiyPH epo apoAaBaJiHCL gi ayR^ioHa. 
noRynaiejiL npio6ptTaji'B npaso nepenpoAaxB RaiopsHHRa Ha 

H8Bi^CTHLl8 GpORl HJiaHTaTOpy, ^afipHRaHTy H T. ;^ CpeAHHH CTOH- 

MOGTB RaTopsHHRa 6ujia HHTB ^yHTOBi. HGRycHHe MaGxepa, xy- 

AOSHHRH HJIH y^BieJIH HIJIH HO ABa^aaTH HATH $yHTOBl... OaHH'L 

HBi djiix-h oflTOBEixi HORynn^HROBi RaTopsHHROBi Bi noRasaHiHx^, 
AaHHBixi napjiaMeHTGRoft rommhggIh, asaiyeTGjr, ^to 6apumn epo 
GOBc^Mi He TaRi BeJiHRH, RaRi BHCTaBJieHO Bi pasexax'B! nA^^^ 
najo^aeTB, — BSAuxajii oh'l. — npsBAa, peiceGJieHHHRH bi xopomeirE 
Gnpoci, HO 6ap£imH, noJiy^aeMue otl hxi npo^asH, e^sa aoRpu- 
BaK)Ti> y6uTRH. napxiji noRynaeicfl ^ohtoicb^, BRJiD^an cjia6o- 
•HJLHux'B, GTapHROBi H Raj^Ri, a HXi npHXOAHTCA OTii;aBaTB sa 
;^apoMi''. 

noRyaajiHGB ne tojoebro pa6oTHHRH. Bi MejiB6ypH'fa, vh Ch^- 
Be'fi, B'b FofiapTi (bi TacManiH) shjih mhopIh ^BOJiBHua'' sen- 
H^HHu, ROTopBtH, pa86opaTi^B!L H GOGTapHBHiHGB, noKynojiu Ge6i My- 
ssefi vh RaTopsHuxi rojiohIhxi. Ecjih sena 6uj[a nejiiOBOJBHa My- 
sem, OHa OTnpaBXHJia epo Hada^i b*e RaxopsHyH) Rasapny. TaRoe 
noapanie ^ejiOBiqeGRHxi npaBi ne mopjio He OTpasHiBCH na xa- 
paRxepi HaGejieniH. H boxi RjiapRi saAyMajix HanHGaxB „HCxopH- 
^ecRifi poMaH'L'' h H8o6pa8HXB Bi Hen GHGxeuy RaxopPH e ggujirh. 
HysHo 6ujLQi Rpotfi xopo, HaBGePAa oxpannxB RaRyx) 6u xo hh 
faxo ^acxB ROHXHHeHxa, xoxH 6£i H ox^ajieHHyK), oxi npeBpan^ema 
Brb RaxopsHyD ROJioHiH). RjiapRi Gi yBJie^eHien BannjioH HOBoft 
pa6oxoS. Owh o6itxajii TaGManix) h Hop^ojiBRi^ pnuicfl bi apxi- 
laxi, onpamHBajii MHOPOiHGJieHHux'B GBHA^xexefi, h bi pesyxB- 
xaxi, B*E 1871, wh Australesian Jowrnal cxajii noflBJinxBOH poiiaHS 
^Bi noKHBHeHHyK) Raxoppy" („For the term ot his natural Uft"), 



*) HyjKHo noMHHTb, MTo At^io HACT-b o TpHAuaTuxi* FOAaxi*, speMeHaxb, 
K»T*pMff 6biJiH n GbijibeM-b nopocAH. 



44 



P700R0B BOFATCTBO. 



BOTopuft 6iiji[i saKOH^BHi TOJiLRO ?epe3*E TpH vojijBL, IIpoHdBeAeHie 

HM^XO KOJIOOOaJBEBHUft yontZl, RaSl Bl ABOTpaiiH, TaRl H B'b 
HUXl pOHaHOBl XIX BiRa. 



V. 

PoMani KjiapRa BnojiHi ^xeHAeHiUoBHuft'' wh tomi OHucjri, mo 
7 aBTopa 6£iJia coBepmeEHO oopeAiJieHHafl iitjiB, ROTopjD ohi k 
He AjMajii cRpiiBaTL. ^Bi poMasi^ x sejian BBicTaBHTL aHriiS- 
•Ryi) CHCT6M7 ccujiRH H pesjiiBTaTBi efl, — nHmerL KjiapRi vh npe- 
XHCJiOBiH Ri HBAaniD 1878 r. — H seiian noRaaaiB, ri RaRHMi 
ysacam npHBOAHn ccujiRa bi oT^^ajieHHBiA Hicia, r;^ HiTi 
o6ii^ecTBeHHaro ROHTpoJifl h r^i Bce BaBHcnrB 01% jiHHHaro npo- 
HBBOJia TDpeHn^HROBi... IIpaBffa, anrjiifiGROe npaBHrejTBOTBO npe- 
RpaTHJio TeaepB ccujiRy bi ABCTpajiix), ho Mexo^r^ BaRasaHix, no- 
posffeHHBifi Torj^a, Rorj^a ccujisa cocxaBjiajia ^aoTB ero, — ooxajiGjr. 
nopn Bjidfipi (Ha AHAaMaHGRHXi ocxpoBaxi) ABuercA TenepB 

HOBUM'B Hop^OJIBROH'B, HO TOJIBRO 01 RaiOpSHHRaHH HH^ifll^aMH, 

BMicTo aHrjiH^ani. <&paHi^ifl hm^oti obok) HoByD KajieffOHiK), vb 

ROTOpofi HeH86iSH0 AOJISHO HOBTOpHTBCH TO S6 CaMOO, HTO 6UJI0 

Bi TacManiH h bi Hop^ojiBRi*. 

Pepoft poMana RjiapRa — Pniapj^'B JijSBeAwhj MOJio^^ofi cuHi 6a- 
poHOTa, ocyacAeHi no oniH6Ri b'b nosRHSHOHHyK) Raiopry sa y6ift- 
CTBo, ROToparo He CBepmnju. KeJias cnacTH ?ecTB cBoefi naTepv, 
oHi He Mosexi HasBaiB ce6H h 6eperB BfincumjeHHoe hka Py^yca 
|,ayca. Abtop% onnouBaeTi njiaBanie RaTopsnaro Ropa6jiH b!b 
ABCTpajiiD. Jifijio npoHczoj^HTB Bi 1827 r. IlyTB jioshti Rpyrom 
M£ica Jlo6pofi Ha^esi^fii h npoAOJisaeTCA orojo mecTH ntcHi^eBi. 
^TenepB no^TOBufl napoxofl> ^ocTHraeTi CH^Hea bi 37 — 40 j^neft) 
nojiosenie RaiopsHHROB'B na Ropa6jii 6bijio cxpaniHO THsejioe. 
HHor^a 6ojr4e hojiobhhbi ^rpysa* norHfiajo bi nyiH. HaHonei^y 
Ropa6jiB HpH6£iji'B B'B TacMaHlio. IIpes;^e Bcero asTopx ODHCuBaerB 
RaiopaKHyiD TiopBuy bb Macquarie Harbour (na sana^HOMB 6epery 
TacManiH), na ocxpoBRt MapiH, hjih ^Aj^cRiA Bopoxa''. „J(HcnHnjiHHa 
BA'i^cB 6ujia xaRB cypoBa^ a shshb ao xoro ysacHa, ^T0 RaxopsHHRH 

pHCROBaJDtH BCiMl, qX06jU HSfiaBHXBOfl OXl EM, — rOBOpHXB RjiapRB. — 

Bb offHHB roj^B H8B 85 oncepxeS, 6£iBmHZB xaMB, xoJiBRo o;^Ha 
xpexB npoHSOHiJia otl ecxecxBeHHuxB npn^HRB. JlBaAii;axB gbmb 
^ejoB^RB yxonyjio, bocbmb — y6Hxu cjry^iaSHo, xpoHXB npHcxpiJHjiH 
cojiffaxu, a jf^BtnaAqaxB — y6Hxu xoBapHH^axH. Bb oi^hhb foa'b hbi 
182 RaxopasHHROB'B 169 Qhjih HaRasaHu njiexBMH. 3a ;i;ecHXB JiirL 
cymecTBOBaHifl hsb ^Aagrhxb BopoxB*" 6i^]saj[o 112 qeJiOBtRB^ h8*b 
Roxopbixi 62 6bijih Hafij^eHbi noxoMi yMepniHMH oxb rojroAa. He 
l^y^yvH BB oocxoHBiH BUHOGHXB Raxopry, apeoxanxBi npoAno^Hxajia 



, \ 



JIHTBPATypA tfOJIOABIXl AVMOKPATlS. 4&' 

37«De oMepTb Bi fioioxaxi, ^tsii shbhb bi tdplm^''. Bi Apyron 
Miort Kjiapsi ci nopasHTeJiLHiiMi peajinsiioHi onHCUsaeTi no- 
6*61% KaTopsHHKOBi. JifiBHTh ^ejiOBtsi cspujiHCB Bi „6yniax'B'', 
T. e. B'B AHSHXi sapocjiAXi. Hai hhxi qepeai ^sa Mt(Mri](a tojilko 
OAHHi j(o6pajicfl AO Apyroro 6epera TacHaHiH, r^t fiun apecTO- 
BaHi. OoxajiLHBie 6bijih jOhtbi H Cl!bAeHBI TOBapHD^aMH. 

PyccKaro HHTaTOJifl, BHaton^aro caxajiHHCRie HpasBi, xoxa 6u 
BO SHHraMi A. II. ^exosa hjih B. M. JI,opoineBa9a, bth cxpoKH ee- 
MorjTi npHBeoTH bi TaKofi ysaci, sasi aHrjinqaHi. no6trH Ka- 
TopsHBROBi Ha CaxajiHHt npoHCxoAHJiH eme npn 6ojite ysacHux'L 
yoiOBiflxi, qtMi Ha TaciiaHiH. IIOTpacaDmaH ^Oaopcsaa Hcxopui^ 
roBopHTi cjiyqaflxi jnoAOt^CTBa hb b% TpHAi^aTuxi roAaxi, a bi 
Hame BpeMH. B. M. J(opoineBHqi bi CBoefi xajifliHTJiBBofi BHHri 

^GaxaJKHHl^ Jl,MTh HtCSOJKLKO flpEHXl HOpTpeXOBl OHOpCKHXl JUO- 

AO^AOBi, soxopuxi OHi BHAtjii BO BpoMH noctn^BBifl KaxopsHaro ^ 
oerpoBa. 

TaoMaHiji xeiiepB i^Btxy^aH, cBo6oAHaH, caMoynpasjiHionitaflCfl 
K0Ji[0HiH ci aHeprHHHBiM'B, xajiaRXJiBBBiMi HacejeHieMi. ?xo xe Ra- 
caexca CaxajiHHa, xo xojibEo qHcxan cjiyqaflHOcxL BpeMOHHo ynpasA- 
HHJia cyn^eoxBOBaBmiS xbmi ba'b. 

Aope^opMesHafl AnrjiiH, oxA^JieBHaH oxi Haoxojin^aro spetfeHH, 
RaRi rji76oKofi nponacxbio, AByMH bbjihrhmh 6hjq[jihbh, npHseaBinHiiH 
Ki o6niecxBeHHofi A^^TeJibHOoxH MaccBi, — 8Hajia xojibro 6e8noii^aAHLiH 
HaRasaHiH a^h pasp'&nieBiH BasHux'L coi^iajibHuxx BonpocoB'B.^ 
GifepxHaH RasHb upBHtH^JiaGL xor^a sa i^tjiufi pBAi npecxynjieHiS, 
Bi xoH'b qecjii sa spasy. Bi to BpeMfl mnpoRO HpaRXHROBajiacL 

GCUJIRa Bl ABCXpajliK) MaJieHBRBXl HpecrynBHKOBl, A^BHXHJltXHHX'E 

H AocHXHjitxBHXi A^Tofl, yjiH^eHBLixi vh Rpast nJiaxRa bsx sap-/ 
nana hjih xjitOa ci aoxRa. BoJiJiHCb, uxo bsi MajieHbKaro BopHmRu 

BHpOOXeXl 60JII»in0fi BOpi, ROXOpufi He yAOBJieXBOpHXCA OAHHlil 

xjitdoMi, H CHimBJiH sapaH^e ynpaxaxL noxeni^iajiiiHaro opecxyaHHRa. 
Bi CBOOMi poMaHt KjiapRi H8o6paxaexi nofiHxi-IIiop'E bi Taojua- 
hIh, Tjijk HaxoAHJiacB HcnpaBHxejiBHaH ROJiOHiji aji^ MaJiojiixHEXi. 

y,B% yxpo Bi noSHXi-IIiopt cjiyqHJiOGL He6ojiL]noe npoHcmecxBie. ■ 
GxpoDTHBufi ABi^HaAi^axHJitxHiS BopHBiRa IlHxepi BpoyHi npurnyji'B 
CO CRajiu vh nope h yxonyjii Ha rjiasaxi y HaAsnpaxejiefi. TaRie- 
cjiyqan cxajiH noBxopflXLCH bi rojiobIh ocoSohho nacxo**. HaAanpa- 
xexB, BMtoxi ex RanHxaHOMi ^epepoMX (cMOxpHxejieMi), npocMaxpH- 
BaDxib ROHAyHXHuft CHHCORI MajieHBRaro caMoyfiifiABi. 

„JI^aAAaxaro HoaSpa, — HHxaDxx 0HH,-~8a fiesnopHAKH — ABtna- 
Ai^axB njiexefl. 24 BosfipA, aa a^P30Cxb 6ojii>HH?HOMy cjiysHxejix) — 
yifeHbmHTB Aio^y- ^exBepxaro A0Ra6pir, 8a noxBmteHie manRH y 
Apyroro apecxasxa — 12 njiexefi. 15 ABRadpn, 8a MOJi^anie na no->- 
BlpRt — ABa AHfl Bi Rapi^epi. 23 AeEa6pH, sa HapymoHie ahoah- 
njiHHU — ABa AHH Bi Rapqept. Boolmoxo HHBapii, 8a AepsocxB — IS 
■leTdfi. JI^BaAnaxaro HHBapsr, sa a^PBOotl — 12 njiexefi. 22 ^^eapajii, . 



46 PyOOKOI BOPATOTBO. 

sa AepsocTB — 12 njieTefl h na HeAi^Jio bi Kapi^epi. i Mapra, [sa 
AepaocTL — 20 Meiefl. 

— 9to 6ujio B^epa? — capocHjii KaDHTaHi $epepi. 

— TaKl TO^HO, — OTBtTHJTL HaASHpaTeiB. 

— H nOCJit 9T0P0, OHl, TM... TM... CAtjaJIl 8T0? 

— TaKX TO^HO. 

^UocjA o6iji,9L KauETaHi ^^epep'L OGMaTpHBajii xDpeiiHyK) insojiy. 
Boe 6UJI0 bx o6pa8i;oBOM'& nopjiAsi. Bi o6niHpHofi soMHaTt CBfln^eH- 
HHKi Mbkhhi pa3GKa3UBaj[i TOHi, Rasi XpHCTOci joedShjii Ma- 
JieHBRHxi A'fiTefi, a 8a oxtHofi 6ujs% ABopi, r^t HaASHpaTeiL oxny- 
osajii HMi i,i(Ba;maTb nJieTefl^. IIoKa KaDHxaHi ooMaTpHBajii o6pa3- 
i](OByK) KOJioniK), sena ero CeJiLBifl ocTaaa^acB Ha depery. Ha Tofi 
osajit, ci KOTopofi yTOHHjicji IlHTepi BpoyHi. 

^BApyrB HOJioAax seHn^Hsa ycjiuxajia po6sie marv. 06epHyB- 
HiHCB, OHa yBB;i;ajia MajieHLRaro, A^cflTHJi^THaro HaJiBq?Ka, ci manRoS 

Bl OJ^HOfi pjRt H CI MOJIOTROMI B'b APyrofi. BuJIO MHOFO naTBTH- 

^ecRaro bi MajieHLRofl ^nrypRt, oAtToft bi ctpoe njiaTi»e He no 
BOspacTy H A^psaBmefl mojiot'e, ojiHmRoiii TAsejiuB ji,jie Rpome^Hofl 
py^eHRH. 

— Hxo xe6t, RpofflRa? — cnpocHJia CflJii»BiH. 

— Mu asejiajiQ HocMOxptxi» na Hero, — CRasaJii Majib^HRi, pa- 
•RpiiBi mnpoRO rjiasa, Ror^a ycmxajii jiacROBuft rojiocE. 

— Ha Hero? Ha Roro? 

— Ha BpojHa, na xoro, Roxopiifl c^^ijiajii ^axo** cerofl;HH yxpoHi. 
Ohi 6uj[i flami xoBapHH^'E. H mu xoxhici nocMOxpixL, c^acxiHBoe 
iH y Hero xenepb jhi^o?.. 

„H8'L-8a yrjia BBimeji en^e MeHiniifi iiajiBqHRi, xose ci i&aD- 
Koft Bi oji^HoS pyRt H MOJioxoMi Bi j^pyrofl. 

— 9x0 — Bhijih, — o6'i>ac.HHJii'B nepBufi MajiB^HRi. 

^KoFAa CsJibBiK) nosBajiH, Toxmh n Bhjijih npRBOJiH b% Hcaoxne- 
Hie HJraHi, Koxopufi o6;[^yMUBaxH yse h^^groxbro Hej^i^xb. 

— TenepB a Mory cA*JaxL axo, — CRaBaxi Tommh. 

— By^exi o^eHB 6oxbho? — GnpoGHXi> Bhxxh, ne oxxH^aBmiSen 
xaROK) xpa6pocTBio, kbri ero xoBapHm^. 

— Htxi, Korj^a GtRyxi, xaRx 6oxBHte. 

— - BoiocB, ToMMH, xyxi xaRi rxy6oRo! He ^ORHJ^afl MeHir. 
'^fCxapmifi mexb^hri chaxii nxaxoRi ci meH h npHBXBaxi hmi 
eBOK) xtByx) pyRy ri npasofi xoBapHO^a. 

— Tenepb h xe6a He iiory ocxaBHXB, — cRaBaxi ohx. 

„H MaXBIHKH nOE^tXOBaXHCB H 6pOGHXHCB Bl MOpe. 

i^.-.B-b RHHraxi. oxMtxHXH co6Bixie. Hhrxo hmi ne saHHxepeco- 
BaxcH. JIoHfliOHCKiH xiopBMU HepeHOXHeHBi xaRHMH Bhxxh h Tohmh*. 

He BB ftaxeKofi TacMBHiH, a bx EBponeficKoft PocciH ro hhxh- 
jnecHXBixi roAOB-B npoHcxo;i,HjH ropaa^o 6ox"be ysRacHBiH HBxeflijr, 
ouHcaHHHir, MeaIJ^y npo^HMi, cBnopaanxexBHOK) npROCxBX) A. H. Fepi^e- 



•J 



JIHTSPAXyPA tfOJIOJ^UXl ABMOEPATlfi. 47 

lOMi (.Euioe H JlyHu'^, ^acTB II, rjiaea XII), a HMefiHO: 8a6HpaHie 

X^Teft B'b KaHTOHHCTU. 

yllpHBeJIH HaJIK)TOB*E H HOCTpOHJIH B'b npaSHJIItHilfi $pOHTl, — 

OHineTi TepAeHi. — 8to 6ujlo oaho hsi caMux'L yxacHuxi sp&iHii^x, 

KOTOpUfl fi BEAajTl — 6iffH£Ifl, 6i^AH£tfl A^THI MaJHiHERR AB^Ha^aTE, 

vpHHaAi^aTH nirh em,e Roi-KaBi AepsajHCb, ho MajinxKH boc&mh, 
xeoATH jiin... He Offfla ^epEan eectl h6 bubobbti xaKoro jsaca 

Ha XOJKGTli. 

^BjltAHUH, EBHypeHHUE, B% HeJIOBSHX'b, TOJICTLIXl GOJtAaTGKHX'b 

HiHHejiHX'b^ CI cTOHHHMi BopoTHHKOMi, ofipaH^aH KaBofi-TO 6e8no- 
MOH^Hufi isajtOGTHHfi BBrJiH^'b Ha rapHEsoHHBixi cojijifiLTt, rpy6» 
poBHEBmHX'B Exi; 6ixuH Tj6uy cHBie KpyrE noAi rjiasaME nosa- 
3H[Baj[H jiEXopaAsy hjie 8flo6i. H 8th 6ojiBHHfl A^TH 6e8i yxojua, 
5981 jiacKE, o6AyBaeHUH BixpoMi, KOTopufl 6e8npenETGTBefiHO jij&rh 

Cl JIOAOBHTarO MOpE, HIJIH Bl MOPEJiy... Mh^ XOTi^JI[OOL pUAATB, E 

lyBGTBOBaji'b, HTO He yj^epsyGB... KaEin ^yA0BHiij,3£iE npeoxyiuieHiE 

6«8Bt0XHO GXOpOHeHU B'B apXHSaXB... MbI Kl HEMB npEBBISJIE, 
OHH A^J[aJIECB 06£IAeHH0y A^JIAJIHCB EaRl HE B'B ^BMl HO 6uBaJI0, HE- 

siMi He saMtHeEHBiE, noxepEHEBiE 8a oxpamsofi ]i,aJihJO, 6e3BByqso 
8aMopeHHBifl Bi HtMBLXB KaHi(ejiEpGREX'B| oMyxaxi, HJIE saAepsRaH- 
JME nojiEi^eioROfi i^eHBypofi'*. 



VI. 

Kpafiee xapaRxepHo, qxo OABHaROBUE ycjioBiE 6e8npaBiE e no- 
HpaHiA ^eJiOBt^ecRofl joEqHocxH cos^aDx^B OAEHaROBUE yGJiOBiff, Boe 
paBHo, Ha CaxajiEHi jie ejie bi Gxpani aEXflno^OBi. Oj^na eb'b 
HaE6ojite 6jiaropoAHLix'B h npEBJieRaxeJiBHuxi qepxi bi xapaRxept 
anrjio-caRCOHGRaro sapoAa — rjiy6oRoe yBa^Eenie r*b HeHn](HHi§. HyB- 
cxBO 8X0 coBctH'b He xo, Hxo rajiaHXHaE ji]o6e8HOGXB ^paHiiydOBi, 
Bi cyn^HOGXH roBopE, ocRop6HxejiBHafl jijisl seHn^HHBi. Bi anrjio- 
caRcoHCROM'B Mipt RajRj^aE senn^HHa Haxoj^HXGE hoa'b 8anxExofi bg^x'b 

yS^HBl. dlEM'B 06XECHEeXCE, ^TO MOJIOABTE aHFJIEqaHRE He XOJTBRO 

gesSoESHeHHO nyxemecxByiorB o^Ht no AnrjiiE, ho oxnpaBJHnxGE 
xase BB HHAiio hjih b*b ^ajieRiH ROJioHiE. Hs'b ^yscxBa self-respect^ 
X. e. caMoyBaHceHiE, anrjiHqaHEH'B He npHGxaHexi rb nyxemecxByio- 

Hiefi OABHOROfi A^ByniRi GB HaBESHEBOfi jnD6e8HOGXBK) EJIE Gl Ha- 
XOVHBIXE ROJUHJIHMeHXaME; HO GO^XeXB CBOEMl Jl^OJiVOWh ASeHXeJIBM8Ha 

Ban^HXEXB ee otb npEGxaBanifi. M 8x0 EBJieHie HafijiDj^aexGE He 
TOJiBRO B*B AHrjriE, HO Bi CoeAEflesHux'B nixaxaxi E BO Bcixi 
6pExaHCREXB ROJOHiEX'B. Oxi[E?ExejiBHofi Hopxofi aBCxpajiiflcREX'B 
rpy6oBax£ix'B e EeoxecaEHBixB ^epnepoBi, npiECRaxejieS, nacxyxoFB 
xo3Ee EBXEexcii pui^apcRoe oxHonieHie Ri seBmBH'&. 06BECHEexoji 

J9X0, lieSAy npO^HEB, E X^HI, ^XO BGIi J^tficXBHXejIBHO CSJIBH&ie H 

csoSoAEue jirio;i;H BcerAa caHTEMeHTajiBHiii e mefrh ci 6e88aH^EX- 



48 PyCCKOE BOrATOTBO. 

B£U[B. ^ecTOKOCTB DO OTBomeBU) Ki oxa6uMi — o;xHa fl8i BaH6oiie- 
xapaKTepBHXi qepn pa6a h xpyca. 

GBCTeiia saioprB b CBBsasHoe ci aefi 6e3rpaBBqaoe opaBO 
npoBBBOJia ox oaboS CTopoBu B yBBHTOseflie jh^boctb — ci j^PJ- 
Fofl, — do^e y amAunam BuipaBBJiB OTJiB^BTejiBByK) ^epTj asrjio- 
•aKcofiCEaro xapa&iepa. Bi ABOTpajdB, BTb saiopsBttB nepio^, 
•oQAajEflCb coBepmeBBo ocofiiui oTBomeBia ki seflu^Bst, sasx bi Be- 
BOJiLBBui, KOTopuB Bc^eauB 6631 cji^Aft BMtcT^ CO ciaputti cipoejii. 

^rydepaaTopi TacMaBiB, — roBopBTi EjiapBi, — 6fiux pasBpar- 
BHKTi. Cbobmi noBe]^eBi6MTi OBI noAaBaji npBMtpi b(Awl j^yrBMi- 
YBBOBBBsau. KasAufi B8i BBxi A^pHajti y oe6B jiiD6oBflBi^efi 
saTop^BBBiiy. GBBcxoABiejibBocTB nocjitffBBZi AocTaBJUfjia Btf I o6jier- 
qeflie y^acTB; ei Apy^B ciopoBUy xoabjib yaopBue ojiyxB npo oe- 
ctobIb BpecjitAOBafliB BaxopacBBi^'B, AepsBysBiflxi ycaOBBTLCB on 
^BBOBBB^BBXi xaoKi'*. Ha CaxajiBfli qiepes'b ceMBAecBrE sirh, Eor^a 

OTl KaXOpSHUXl BpaSOBl Bl TaGMBBiB Be OCTBJIOCB B BOOnOMB- 

BBfliB, — A^jio npoBoxoABJio ropasAO nponie b OTsposeBBi^e. ^Rorxa 
npB6uBaexi napiifl sbbb^bi bi AjieBcaBApoBCEi, — BBoajTB ^e- 
xoBi, — TO ee, npeag^e Bcero^ TopsecTBeBBO EejijTh ci npBOTaflfl 
Bi TDpLHy. ^ean^BBU, corflyBmflCB uoKh xflseoTLio yajtOBi h eo- 
TOMORi, njieiyTCB no moooe, bbjiub, eme Be npameABiiF bi cefia 
on Mopcsoft 6oJi%8BBy a sa bbmh, EaEx sa apMapst 3l; BOMOAiaB- 

TBMB, B^iyTl IltjILIB TOJIBBI 6a6l, MySBROBl, pe6flTflmOKl B JIBI^X, 

npBqacTBBix'E Ei^EaBi](eji[BpiBM'&. RaprflBa, noxoisaB bb xoffi cejiBj^eft 
vh AjLEBiy Eor^a bcji^]S,i> sa pu6ofi BAyn i^tjiuB noJi^Bo^a kbtobi^ 
TiojieBefi B ^ejiB^BBOBi, sexaDmBxi nojiaROHBTLCB bkpbboS ce* 
xej^BoS. MysBEB ^0GeJlefiI^I BAyTi sa toxboS cl qeoTBHMB, npo* 
CTBitfB mucxbmb: BMi ByasBB xoBBSsa. Ba6H cmotpbtb, BirE jb bi 
BOBofl napiifl seacXB^eKi. IlBcapBin ise b BaASBpaTexBMi BysBu 
nAteouB'*. Ha Jtpyrofl a^bl npoBcxoABTE ^paoapeAixeBie'^ sbbofo 
rpysa*. 

Basj^BMeBOBa seiixfl (TacMaflifl) BBxaxacB iipeA^Bepieiii Eaxops- 
Baro aj^a. HeExoiii 6bixi ocTpoai Hop$oxLEi. H ynoMBBaxi yse, 
^TO xenepb bto — nBpBBift, offBBOKifi (6oxte tucb^b BeporB oti 
fiepera) Epome^Bufi ocTpoBOEi, bx 10 BepcirB bi mapBay b 6 b'l 
AXBBy, npej^cTaBXBDB^ifi cnxomBoS caA%. OcipoBi — HaxeBBEaa pec- 
ny6xBEa, bi^ EOTopofl Bci jifkAh pimaKMFCB Ba cxoa^, Bcim sace- 
xeBioMi (800 qexoBtei). FoAa abb TOMy saaaffB Bop^oxBSi^Bi no- 
cxaxB BBBBxeBie bi BMBepcEifi napxaveBT'B, ^to ecxB bki Be ycra- 
BOBBTi npaBBXBBaro napoxo^Baro coo6fl^eBiB ci CBABeem pa8:B b% 
ABB MtcBi^a, TO OBB noBejuyTi gneporoBopu o tomi ace oi Cooab- 

BOBBBIMB niTaTaMB. OCTpOBOBl BO BB BiyTEy COSBaOTl OBOK) BOBB- 
BBCBBOCTB B BapOAOnpBBCTBO CBOO SOXBeTB BpOBBBTB BaKXD^eBieil'B 

wiiesAyHapoABaro TpasTBTa' ciBexBBofi aBepBEBBCSofl pecny6xBSofi. . 
Bi KBTopsBBifi nepioA'B EpomeHBaa BOXBBaa Eoxoaia npeAora- 
Bxaxa ejAjsjiom,ii bb^i- 



JEHTEPATyPA iiOJUOjSfiiX'h ABMORrATlfi. 49 

itllpeffiAe Bcero 6pocajuici» bi rjiasa KaTopsHUfl EaaapHu, sani- 

MaBinifl HpOCTpaHCTBO Bl TpH aRpa H ORpyaceHHUfl BHCOSOfi CI^^HOt. 

Kasapniju BMtmajiH oti 700—900 ^ejiOBtRi. Bcero naocTpoBt 6ux% 
OKOJio 2000 ^eJOB^K^*'... — Taci uHrnexi b% cBoevB A&eBHHKt TDpeac- 
Hufi CBHiueHHHK'B, repo3 ponaHa Kjiapsa. — ^CeroAHA fl noctiEn 
Kasapxu H BosBpaTR.tcfi b% oTqaHHin. To, tio sl beji^^t,. He nox- 
xaeTCff onHcauiK). RaTopsHHSH, tojibeo ?to npHSuBmie nai AnrjiiH 
(ACTopiH MHorflxi H31 HHX'B oqieHb Tporaiejibsa), o6e8ytfjieH£i rpy- 
(uMH pyraieJiBCTBafiiH h fiedCTUAHBiM'E noBeAenieMi OTapuxi ape- 
CTaHTOBXy ^BjiHX)i]XHxcH dOAOHKaMH TfopoMi EtopTb-ApTypa (wh Tm- 
naHiH) H KosaTy-AfljiaHAa. CaKEJA MepasiH npeorynjieHiji OBepmaioTCMi 
jnyxKH paj];H. S^tcb KaxopacHHSH, jibbiki h noBeAOHie KOTopuzi Ha- 
iiOMHBaioTi> 6e3yMHuxi BajiJiaMa. Ohh yCnjiH cbohzi TOBapnmefl e 
XBacTaK)rb 9THi&i>. A pflAOMi ci hhmh — ^specTBHHe HBi AnrjiiH, to- 
GJiaHHue aa xj[t6Hue MHiesH, ejh pa6oTHHSH, Boropuxi npHrHaiH 
8a GTaqEE. Ki TOJnt npHMl^maHKi SHTafi^u hsi FoHi-RoHra, abk^ph 
H8i> HoBofi FojiiaHjpH, Herpu hsi BacTX-HHAin, rpeKH, sa^pu, iia- 
jafii^Eii, 6trji£ie coiiAara, haIotki, ffymeBHO-6ojiLHH[e, KapMaHn^HEH h 

EOHOEpaftM". 

TOMX, SaEl qyBGTBOBaJIH Ce6s EaTOpSHHEH Ha Hop^ojiBsi, 

MOxeT'B Aaxb up^AcxaBiieHie cjitAyiomax ciieHa. Bi saifept, nocjii 
HaEasaHiH njiexLMH, chaaxi xpn apecxaHxa: BjidEji'hy cxapHsi MyHH 
H J^ayaci. BjianAl^ npe^JiosHJi'b npoeExi, soxopufi AOJisenx eoh- 
^HXbCJi ycaixoMi, no EpaSaefl Mtpt jijisl AByxi y^iacxHBSOB'E. IIpo- 
eRXi 6hui'h ox«raHHHJbifl, npH6traj[fl si neMy Ha Hop^ojiLEi^ Ea- 
TopsHHEH xojiBEO Bi ojiy^at EpaftHOcxH. Ho no xDpevHOHy o6uHa]e 
^ring'' (rpyiioa hsi tpexi 3aEJ[H)qeHHiix'B) AOJUxeni 6hurh ocyn^e- 
exBBXB npoeExiy pasi sa Hero noAanajiH ABa rojioca. 

.KaEi Bct BejiHEifl H^eH, npoeExi Caji'h nopasHxejiBHO npofyrs. 
Bi xoxi se Beqepi, sor^a soH^HJiaGb noBi^pEa, BjotdBA'B Hepe^aJii 
TOBapHmaMi cojOMeHEy. Aayaci pasoApajii ee na xpn nepaBHiix 
^acxH, EoxopuH nepe^ajfi MyHH. C^acxjiHBi^eH'b — 6yAexi;, exo bbi- 
noD^Hxi A^HHHyio GOJiOHensy,— CEasajii cxapHEi. — Hy, pe6flxa, tji- 
■Hxe xpe6ifl. — ^C^aGXbe" saEJiD^ajiocB bi cBo6oA'b. Asa apecxanxa 
HMxan^HJiH spe6ifl h saxi^Mi BarjraHyjiH oahbi na Apyroro. ^G^acxBe'' 
•txajiocB Bi Mi^mEt. Casfaa AJiHHHafl coJiOMensa Bunaia na aojiio 
•rapHEa MyHH. PyEH BjiaHAa ffposajiH, Eor;ta ohi GpaBHHBaii cbok) 
•oAOHensy ci AOJiefi xoBapH^a. HaGxynnjio Moxqanie na niGEOJiBBo 
wPHOBeHiS. 

— H Buxan^HJTB oaiiyio sopoxByH). Tu, Bjibhai^ xoiseni ejA- 

jaXB „BXO*. 

— H pa^il — nGxaBRJn MyHH. 

nopaseHHufi yscacosfB, BjidHjrB ckhjtb cbod cojioMeHKy i ci 
mf oEJHxieMi Gxajii rpusxB pysy. Mynn BuxflHyjicH na Hapaxi. 

— Hy, xoBapHHii, h roxoei, — cEaaajTB OHi. 
JtposameS pyEofi Bji8hai oxBaxHJii JI,ay»ca sa pysani. 

H 10. OTAijTb n. 4 



50 PyOCKOB BOrATCTBO. 

— GfftJiaft TH „8To": TH — xpa6p*e Kenx, — cEaaaji'B oh%. 

— HtrE, Eivhl—OTBbTEH'h AaydCL^.soTopuft 6uJi% TaEi se 6jLi- 
jSfiET,, sasi ero TOBapHnrb. — S. no coBtcTH tab jjii sp66ifl. Tu can 
npeAJiosBjii nuTBTB c^acTbe. 

BAdEXh yctJiGfl Bi yrjij, csajn pojiobj pjKaMH h Kaqajics vn 

OTOpOHU Bl GTOpOBy. 

— He Mory! — csasajn obi, saKoaeai. — JIeji,o ero 6ujio 6ij[0, 
EaKi nojioTBO, H Mospo on cjiesx. 

— no^eiiy B&i MOAf BTe? — cnpocBJii MC^acTjiBBufi" MyBH. — H^HTe. 

2 rOTOBl... 

Ror^a BaA3BpaTej[B Ba Apyrofi jifiEh OTnepi KaMepy, owl yBH- 
Aajii fla flapaxi Tpyai saAymeBBaro Bo^bi) MyeB. 

— Mu TJiayjiB spe6ifi, EOTopufi AocTajicB eny, — Ba^aji'K Jlayaci, 
yKasuBafl Ba BjidBAa, npBsaBmarocB bi yrjiy. — fl dujii cBBAtrejieMi. 

— Te6fl Tose sa aro noBtcBTi, — CRasajn flaAaapaTejiB. 

— HaatiocL! — OTB^TflJii. Jtayaci. 

^DpoeETb saBJiiDqaeTCfl bi> G;ii^AyK)ii(eMi. %pe6ifl onpeA^Ji^Jii^, 
EOHy 6uTb yfiflTJUHi B, TaEBifi oGpasotfi, ocbo^oabtlcb orb sa- 
ToprB. BuTan^BBmifi AJiBBHyio coJioveBsy 6ujii bthmi cqacTJiflBiieii'&. 
Ero yfiBBBJiB. y^iflixefi 6uji, eto BUTacEBBajii cpeAsnK) cojiOMeBEy. 
Ero BtmajD[B. HecqacTBUMi cqaTaJCB Tperifl, — cBBAtxejiB. Rofle^HO, 
6uji'h cqacTjABufi maBcx, ^to b ero noBtcHii; bo cyAB6a ero see 
se npeACTaBjiBJiacb BeoapeA^jieflBofi^ *). 

RorAa ABCTpajriB Ao6HJiaci» nojiaaro caHOynpaBJueBiB, nepBUM'B 
AiiiOHi oBa nocntniBJia flsrjuaABTb Aase naMBTb o Eaxoprb b o 
coDpfl^eBBbixi ci Beio ysacaxi. DpaBHieJibCTBO TacMaBiH b Ho- 
Baro K);cBaro YdJibca pacaopflABJOCL noTonHTb Aaiee Bct xt eo- 

pa6jIB, fla EOTOpMXl BOSBJIfl GCbUrbBUXl. ToJIbSO OAHO cyABO ^Yc- 

ntxi'', EOTopoe pasbme 6ijjo npoAaao npeAopiBviqBBOMy anTpenpe- 
Bepy, B86'&rjio o6iiiefl yqacxa. BjiaAtj[t:'i;b Eopa6jifl noEasuBajii ero 

BX AflCTpajliB, EBEl ptAKOCTb. Ho BBA'b GyABa AO TaEOfi CTeDeflH 

6BiJi'b BeBaBBGTefl'b aacTpajiifliiaMX, ^to BoqbH), EorAa obo ctobjeo 
Ba peflAt Bi CBAHet, stoto nycTHJH ero eo ABy^ apopyfiBBiEBJib. 
BjiaAtJieix'b noABBJi'b Eopa6jib b nepeapaBBJiGB Ba Bexi bi Aarjiii), 
FAt Mpaqfloe. napycBoe cyABO AeMoaGxpapyeTcx AO cbxi iiopi. 

DpE noMoniB saTopiSHaro xpyAa bi ABGipaoiiB BaqeroBeyAa- 
jiocb cAtjiaTb. Bi AOHCTopBqeGEoe BpeMfl EOJioflifl Cum Be TOJibEO 



*) Bit 0(t)())Huia;ibH0Mi> oTMerb, HsaaHHOM-b bi* 1838 r. (Report of a Select 
Committee), oahhi> ns-b CBHatreirefl, cesim. BujibAM-b VjujaTOpHb rosopHTb: 
.KorAa nocjit 6yHTa na o. Hop(t)o;)bKt Bbi3biBa;iH ocy>KiieHHbixi> na CMepiHyio 
KasHb, OHH craHOBHAHCb Ha KOiitHH H 6;iaroAapH;iH Bora, mto H36aB;ifli0Tcsi. 
raKHMi* o6pa30Mi>, on> yxcacoBi> KaTopru. ripomeHHbie ^Ke CynroBiuHKH, nanpo- 

THBb, 6blJIH B-b OTqaHHlH, MTO OCTaiOTCfl Bly HCHBblXb H DJiaKaJIH. To 6blJI0 CaMOC 

yxcacHoe apt^iHuie, KOTopoe n Kor^a jih5o BHAtJib*. 

(LiHTHpoBano no npH;iO}KeHiio Kb MaKMHJiaHOBCKOMy HSAaHiio .For the 
Tenn of his Natural Life", London, 1899, p. 472). 



nTBPATJPHUfl HABJIIDABHIfl. 

^AOKi, HO H Aoporo ctodb^hmi yqpesAOHieM'B Ha npHAa^y. ^ejio- 
BiK% posAOHi AJiH CBo6o;^Bi H Hdi-DOA^ najiKH, HO npBsasy, HH- 
^ero He Moseii c^'fiJiaTL. IlajiKa 8a6HBae'rk HBHi^iaTHBy qejiOBisa 
HHAHBBAyajiiiHOGTB ero. noGJit yHHqToseaiH saTopre, ABcxpaiiifl pas* 
fiifjiacB CB HopasHTejiLHoft 6ucTpoTofi. npH cTapoHx nopHAKt He 
y^ajiocB HH?ero CAtjaTb ;iase hsb TaKoro 6ji[aroAaTHaro span, sasi 
TaoManiH. GBo6oAH£ie jidj^h, EoxopuMi asljih seHJiK) h boik), 6ucTpo 
^aceJiBJiH BnsTopiK) h HobuA lOsuufl yajibci. Bo BpeHena EaxoprH 
ry6epBaTopi yBipfljii, qxo bth ROJOHiH a6cojiK)THO HHsyAa He ro- 
AHTOH. Mu yBHAHMi HO poMaHaMB oepio^a aBGTpajiiAcsoi HOTopin, 
sasi 6opojiHCB CB npHpoAoS nepBue rojiohhctbi. PonaHi Mapnyca 
iUapKa npoHSBejfB rpoMaABoe sneqaxjii^Hie, KaRi btb ABcxpajiiH, 
Tas'B H Bi AarjiiH, h ycHJieHHO qETaeTCH ao chxi noptB. BHtcii ci 

TiXB, 3T0 — eAHHCTBeHHOe, BBimeAHiee OTAiJIBHUHX BSAaHieHl npoH3- 

BOAeHie HaH6oj['be Epynnaro nEcaxejiH ABcxpajiin. MapRyci Kjiapsi 
^KOHqajica bb 1884 r., xpHAUaxH bocbhh JitrB. TpaAHi^ia ero coxpa- 
SHJIHOB AO cuxi nopi Bi nepioAHqecRofi aBcxpajiiflcRofi JUHxepaxypi. 

AioHeo. 



JlHTepaiypHHa HadjiioAeHiH. 

<C6opHHKi> .SnaHiji", KHHrH 4—6; rr. KynpHH-b, ryceBT>-0peH6yprcKifl, Hafl- 
AeHOB-b H Mhphkobt»— .CTpant otuobt>" h r. AHjipeeB-b— o ,Bopt"). 

GaMofi SHaqHxeiBHofi BeniBK) bb 4 — 6 RHHrax'B „G6opHHRa'^ hb- 
jfaexca HecoMfl*HHo ^noeAHHOEx" r. KynpHHa... Kto ohh — axH jinvSy 
ROXopuM'B eme aa-AHJixB 6ujia BBtpeaa „qecxB PocciH'' Ba nojuxi 
AajieRofi MaHqsypiH? Htm ohh cBfisaHu MexA7 co6ofl? HtifB cbh- 
«aHfai c% ctpoft Maccofl, Koxopyio ohh aojihchu dnijia BecxH yMHpaxB 

„SA pOAHBy^? HtMB CaMH XHJTH, ROFAa rOTOBBJIHCB BB MBpHOe 
BpeiiH yM^XB yMHpaXB H BB qOMl BBA'^JITH CMLICJIB GBOefl FOXOBHOCXH 

^yMepexB, ROXAa npHKaacyxB**?. . Ha aiH Bonpocu npeacAe Bcero h 
oxBtqaexi aBxopi ^IIoeAqHRa^, Ha6jiK)AaxejiBHufi h ^pRift bb no- 
^po6HOCTflXB, BHjroxB AO HaAotAHBixB aoeRAOXOBi ^yoxaHOBjieHHaro 
o^pasaa'^, ROxopuMn saaBMaioxB ApyrB Apyr^ oro nepcoHaxH. 

Mtcxo A*ficxBifl ^IIoeABHRa** — oahhb H3B xtXB XBXBXB yroji- 
SOBB, TA^ o6£iBaTejiH, no rBnep6ojiHqecKOMy BBipaseaiio m^eApBHa, 
„co cRyRH pBexB**. 3x0 o6cxoflxejiBCXBO, ecxecxBeHHO, oxpajKaexcH 
Ha rajiJiepet A'^^CTByiOTUHxi jibi^b 3% ^IIoeABBKf h npHAaexi nep- 
conasaMB r. Kynpana bb hxt> noAo6paflHOCXH h^crojbro MyseS- 
.Hbifi xapaRxepB, saojiHt coBMicxnuuB, OAHaRo, o'b peaaBHOcxBD h 

4* 



h2 PyOCBOB BOrATCTTBO. 

npaBAHBOCTLK) Baxj(aro hsi hhxi bi OT^tjiLBOCTH. CpeAa vh ^Uoe- 
XBHKf — H6 cpeAflifi BopnajibHufi THni o^HuepcKofl cpeABi, EaxtoiB 

OHa dojlOtCna 6hiTh no JCMOBlBWh, H6H86tXHEIM'B AJIJi BCAEOfl BoeB- 

HOft cpeAU. 3ri)— ptsKO oapeatjiHBmiecA peayjLTaTu ecTecTBeBHar^ 
noA6opa, soTopufi b% N — ckomi nojisy, B3o6paxeBBOMi r. KynpH- 
BUHi, mejii ABjMJi njTBHH: kto Morby — jioahjii, h ocraBajiHCb 
TOJiBKo Tb, KTO Becnoco5efl*E 6ui'h BBsyAa 6%saTL, komj seKyAa 
HjiB flesaqiMi 6ujio 6tsaTLy wh po^t Cjibbu — KanHTBHa sogji% 
25 jAvb cjiys6u. 

JI,ajii»me BaqnaajiaGL poib ?bcto ccnxojiorHqecKaro noA^opa — y 
ooTaBmBXCJi b npBcaoco5flBinHXG£r. Bcb Bpaco^Bue ajieiieHTu sbbbb 

CflJIofi 06CT0JlTejlLCTB'Ey eCTeCTBeBflO, aSHyJIHpOBaJIflCk, B SBSBeBBUt 

yuaA'B onpeAtjiBJiB OABi^ BBsmiB cTopoBu ^ejiOBtqecsofl npspoABf. 
Bee, HTO caoco6flo 6hijio npBBflSBTb sbsbb b iiOAefi, bi „6epj[[ort* 
K— cKaro noJiKa bbsoabjio BCEJiDqBTejiLBa 6jraronp]BTByi) no^By 
B, KoaeqBO, pacuBtoajKO numfluii'E iiBtTEOMi... 

Ha ^OBt noBBjibBofi AorpaAauiB sbsbb, EOTopaB ynpaBjiBeTCB om,- 
BBMi npBfli^HnoH'L: ABflb Aa Boqb — cyTEB npoqb; bb ^oBt sasjiaTaBBoi 
BTSABi B nomiocTB, nuBBjiLBaro paaryjia b asapTBofi Brpu, bbbbm- 
Baro BeflaBBCTBBqecTBa bi OTBomeBiaxi JDAeft paeBuxi b OAB^a* 
jiaro osBtptBiB bi OTBomeHiBxi tbei BasuBaeMofi DOA^BBeBBO- 
CTB, — BBTopi ^UoeABBBa^ pa3BepTUBaen», paAB EOBTpacra, jiBqayv 
Apaxy CBoero iieBTpajiLBaro JiBiia — loflaro noAnopyqBEa PoBamoBa, 

KOTOpuft TOJIBEO IV. TOAB EaE'b nOEBByjfB oKaBeflEy KBAeTGEaro 

Eopnyca bi cMyxBofi yBtpeBBOCTF, qTO renepb-TO b BaqaeTCB 
AJiB Bero TO, qxo BasuBaeTCH ^BacxoBniefi'' sBSBbi). 

HecoMBtflBO, xyAosBBEi cAtjiajn yAaqBufi Bbi6opi neBrpajiL- 
Baro JiBQa mb cBoefl noBicTB. drsMi Bu6opoif'b ob'b ynpocTBJ'b 

(XOTB B Be BCerAB, — BO O&h 8T0MI BOBSe) CBCK) xyAOxecTBeBBy» 

BBAaqy b yoyry6BJi'b efl BByTpoBBifi BBxepeci. Fepofl ^noeABBsa" 
OTBDAB Be oxpBiiiaTejib B Be npoiecTaflrb bo bxb ebkbxi-jib^o 
BAeojrorBqecEBxi xpefioBaBifi Bbicmeft xaTeropiB. HaAiBaa noroBU, 

OHl BeCOHBiBBO paSCqETUBBJIl npBBBTb SBSflb, EdEl OBB eCTb, Jl9r 

MtpBB ee BBEaEBMi TeopeTBqecBBMi MacmTa6oMi, b — bi B3o6pa- 
seaiB r. KynpBfla — eny KasyxcB OAHsaEOBO npsBJiBEaTejibBUMB m 
aietra OTJiBHBTbCB bi 60K) ci BBimHBHB BparaHB, B mb^tb otje- 
qBTbCB npB ycMBpeBiB pa6oqBx*E OesoopBAKOBi „Ba 60^010111 sa- 

BOAf , KOrAB Ofll TBEl 8$$eSTflO, BOGJlt TBieTBUXl yroBapBBBBift, 

eEOMBBAyerb: ^IIpBico no TOJint, najbOa poTOK)... Poxa-a, bjibP ■ 

^CTO BUOTpiJIOBl'' TBEl SB 8$$eETB0 „COJIbK)TGB Wb OABBl**, 06e8- 

neqABBB any i,6jiaroAapBocTb saqajibCTBa b BarpaAy sa npnuipBoe 
MysecTBo"... Tepofi r. KynpBfla Menboie Bcero Gnoco6eflT 6UT& 
fioflaoMi BJEB pe^^opMBTopoMi; OBI npocTo cBsinaTflqBbifi no BBTjpt 
qejOBiEi, opeAflifl no cbobxi BpaBCTBOflflbiMi cBjiaifb, cam syx- 
Aav)B(iflcB Bi Toirb, qero ebei pasi Btrb bi ero sbbbb: bi bocbb- 
TBTexbEOMi B CTBMyji[BpyK)nieiii boba^ActbIb oEpysann^efl cpeAu. 



JlHTBPATyPHBIfl HABJUOAIBUI. S3 

9^911 H81 ero cooJifSHBi^eB^, hsi qecjia npio6ptefflHxi TpesBuft 
B'6riaff;h Ha seiUH, ai* MHayTf nbflHaro jinpHSMa apHBiTCTBjerL 
P^MamoBa CTBxavB: „JIk)6jik) bi Te6t a npomjioe cipaAaHBe h 
lOflOCTs yjiexi^Bnifio hok)'*. Ebitl Mosers, nooji'bAHift ^epesi ut- 
eEOJBKO JitrL caM'B npHBixcTBOBaJi'B 6hi RaRoro-HH6yAi» Apyroro 
,soAaopyqH&a PoMamoBa'' t^mh se CTHxaMH o ^npomJiOM'E cTpa-* 
X«HLH**. 9to 6oJisnie, qtki BipoflTHO. „Bi aaci qio-TO ecTB, 
Kasofl-TO BflyTpeHHifl cBirs... Ho bi Hamefl 6epjiort ero noracjirb^, 
TO<[HO xapaKTepHsjexi h anojiHt yaipeHHO npopoqerE PoMamoay 
HasaHCfiifi, A^poBHTuft h cjiyqaftHuft qjieai ^o6ii^ecTBa o^auepoai'' 
N — cKaro nojiKa... Ho nona axoro em,e E^vb — cnepxt aa noeAHHBi — 
HjiK, Btpate, y6iflcxB0 aa noejifiEjsA — ycxpaaajia B03MOsaocxj> 
«6fJTbca Mpaqausii npeACKasaaiaiii o HeHsOtsaoft ^erpaAaiiiH 
SBsaa repoH r. Kyapaaa— -a nma aepe^i aaua aenorameaaufi qe- 
jiOBtKi, Bi KOTopoMi ecxb eni;e ^BayxpeaaiS cBtxi**, o KasoMi 
roBopaxi HasaacKlB. H at axoMi Jiaqaaa Apa^a ^aacxaxyxsa^, 
Kas'L HMeayH)ri PoMaoioBa cocjiyiEaBE^u. Oai en^e ae bi cocxoaaia 
^xpesBo'' oxHocHXbca ki* sasaa; eMy eni^e aysaa ocMLicjieaHafl Kpa- 
coxa Bi xa3BH^ xoxH a ae 6orL atoxL sasoro Aocxoaacxaa; oai 
eia,e ae cnocofieai 6hxl cojia^xi a ae Myqaxbcn, sorAa Apjrie 
6lk)ti>; ae cnocoCeai 6e3i yapeKa coaicxH A'bJiBXb caoe speM a MesAy 
dy^eroMi a KapToqauMi cxoiiOMi, aas'L AofipuB a uarKift BtxEaai; 
ae caoco6eax 6eii npoxecxa npaaaxb hhsbi., bi> Koxopoft jidab, 
npexeaAyDn^ie aa pojiL aepauxi aonepoBt bi o6n^e2caxiH, c6a- 
aaiox'L mausa ci MBMoaAjH^Hxi aa BosapaxaoM'L nyxa aai ny6jiHq 
aaro AOMa, aaaaxaro aa atcKOJibKO qacos'L ^ceMbeS o^ai^epoai'', 
saKi spacaao Bupa»aexca soMaaAapi nojisa niyjibroBaqi... Fepofl 
r. Kynpaaa cibdikomi ae cxoe&i. MopajiBao a cjiamKOHi oahhoei, 
HTo6bi ae 6uxi> BOBjieqeaabSMX b% dxoxi o6axoAi- Oai cam yqa- 
GXByexi, Bi> aexpesBOMi) bba^, h% no6tAaoM'L Baaaxia ny6jiHqBaro 
AOMa ^Uljiefl^epma^ ci 06'baBJieBieM'B ero xa6y a^a acixi „mna- 
K0B%'', HO oait npaBHJibao oA'^aaaaexi caoe yqacxie a Baaexi, qxo 
8T0 apaaaaEH MopajibHofl raarpeau, oxi Koxopofi oai ae cnacexc^. 
H, yqacxBya b% noaofiEax'L a paaryjift, oai qyBcxByexi locsy u 
OTBpan^eaie so Bceiiy, bi qem yqaoxayexi no cBoefi fiesaojib- 

HOCTH... 

He Mosexi repofi r. Kyapaaa npaMapaxLca a cl cBoeft pojELSo 
HOJOBtEa, soxopoMy, no AOJiry cjiy«6Bi, ,Be nojiaraexca Ayv&Tb", 
KaEi Bupasaexca BixEaai. Meqxaxejib r. Kynpaaa toabi Meqxajn 
TOM'b Basaoui a^a^> ki soxopojuy oa'b roxoaaji'L Ge6a aa msojiL- 
aoft csaMeBE^. H BApyri oEaduaaexca , qxo BHEaEoro Banaaro 
AtJia OTh aero ae xpe6yexca, a xpe6yexca xojdleo, qxodbi oai yiitjoi^ 
He paacyiEAaxb a „Ma-ajiqax&''... 

H XCHTb X04y, HTOd-b MUCVIHTb H CTpaAaTb... 

r^fioparB aejiaqaflmifi noan Poccia, 6h)cxi Eoxoparo OAaai evl 



f>4 . pyOOKOB BOrATOTBO. 

repoBBi r. Ky npHHa npocTpijiEBaeiii bi Ra^ecTBt MBmeHH, He sHaji 
;i(ase, qefi aro 6k)cti... dxoro ^ejoB^^ecRaro c^acTBfl, ei^HHCTBOHHaro, 
KOTopoe 9BO8MOSB0'', He SHanrb repoH r. KynpHHa h He j^oiLxewh 
BHaiB A^A CBoero 6jiaronojiyqifl PoscamoB'K. KaKi mbi yse BHAt;iH^ 
repoS ^noeAHHsa'' OTHDABHe TeopeTHKi-HUCJiaTejiB. OflicaifE oce6t 
„sajo6Ho E spoTKO^, B'L vHHyxy Tflsejiuxi coxHtaiB, roBopHTb: 
„E BtAi» HHvero ne sHaio... HH^ero ne SBaio''. Oai He noBHHeHi 
B% T^xi spaco^Huxi Me^iaxi ^ejoBtsi, KOTopuxii nacjiasAaeTOH 
HasancKifi, HcnpaniHBaH ce6t cjiyse6Hiiie ornycKH cneAiajubHO aj^h 
Toro, nioChi hhtb h shtb BCKyccTBeHHO-Bosf^ysj^eHHofi Mucjibio Ha 
Bepxax'L ifipoBofi sh3hh B^ajiH on N — csaro nojisa... J^jih PoMa- 
moBa Bce aio 6bijio 611I en^e cl noii-ropH. On ^BOSBumeHHuxi 
M aTepifl**, on bughihx'b naTeropiS qejiOBtqecEHX'L chmbojobi Bipu, — 
HHa^e: ovh saBHpajibHux'B Hji^efi — PoifamoB'B nona en^e o^ieHL jsjai- 
Jiesx H ero raeierL Apyran Heo6xoAHMOCTL — Heo6xoAHMOCTii OTsa- 
saxBCH on npana AyMaiB h noHEHaxb Boo6n^e — bhjiotb ao Mejioqefi^ 
H3i KOXopKX'L CKJiaAUBaexoH ero coficxBeHHan shshs, noAciopyqHKa 
PoMamoBay h ci RoxopbiMH exy npHxoAHXcfi HMtxB j^tjio hso ahh 
Bi A^Hb. dxo H noHflXHO. Ki cqacxbV) hjih ki HecqaoxLK), ho on(h 
AoeuHvmb ^ejiOBisa HejBSH h HejBSH noxpe6oBaxi> oxi» qejOBtsa 
oxKasa oxi ^BosBumeHHUXi Maxepift* — ne 6ojiime. Eojih xeopis 
noxpe6yex% tojibko axoro nojiOBHHHaro oxsaaa, xo npasxHsa hghoji- 
HHxejieft ycoBepmencxByerL xeopiK) h noxpe6yexi>, paAH Bfln^efi na- 
AesHocxH^ nojiHaro oxsaaa Boo6me oxi bcheoA mucjh h BcsKoft 
RpBXHKH, xoxH 6u H Bi HHxepecaxi xoro A'^JiA, EOxopoMy cjiysaxi. 
npasxHKa SH8HR Bi ropoA")^} Roxoparo ntxi hh Ha RaRoft reorpa* 
^HqecRofl Rapxi, RaR'B BupasaexcH IBLypo^Ra bi .IIoeAHHRt'', He 
saMeAJiHJia, ROHeqiHO, onpasAaxb axy xeopeny npaRXH^ecRofi hghxo- 
JioriH, CO Bcim jiornqecRH BuxeRaion^ax'L npHHHsenieM'L shshr, He 
HCRJinqaH, Rone^no, h xoro^ qxo onpeA^JiflexcA xaHHCxBeHHUHi «jio- 
Bom: cjiys6a... Fepoft r. KynpHHa ne 6uji'b CRjioneH'L npeyxeHL- 
maxb axo xanHcxBeHHoe cxobo, RorAa nnepBEie HaAtBajn cboh no- 
roHu. Ho ORasajDfocB, hxo oho bi A^^flcTBHxejiBHOcxH npocxo chho- 
HHMi „cxpaxa". Bt N — cromi noJiRy ne oRaaajocL nnqero Apyroro. 
£cxB xoJiBRo crpaxi, ROxopBiil cqHxaexca saBOXBopuniefi CHJiofi h 
Roxopufl AOXOAHXi BX caMBix'B MJiaAinHX'B AO yjEaca nepeAB caiiUMi 
cxaprnHMi, Ha Roxoparo ohh rjunnfixiy „He Mopraa, eABa Auma, bu- 
xarHBaacB b% yataci bc4mi x4;jomi"... 9toxi cxpaxi, AoxoAa^^ift 
AO ysfioa, h cocxaBJUiJii eAHHCXBeHHufl iteneHxi, Roxopufl cooab- 
HHjii N— cRift nojiRi Bi OAHO I^tjoe—B-B xo, qxo ^HyacHo". Ha 
OAHOMi ROHi^t XOJIBRO qyBCXBOBajiH axon cosHAaBDmiB crpaxx, aa 
ApyroifB XOJIBRO BHymajH — bi HpoMesyxRaxi xezsAy nai^sAauH 
Bucmaro HaqajiBcxBa. 

Fepoft r. KynpHHa oRaaajicfl vesAy bxemh RpaflHHHH npeAtJia- 
mh: OHi Hon BHymaxB, ho ne HafiaBJieHi 6ujn oxi Heo6xoAHiio- 
6XH ^yBcxBOBaxB. Yse qepesi xpH ahh nocjit GBoero noHBjieHiH bi> 



,% 



JIHTIPATFPHIiUI HABJEDJ^EBIA. S& 

ncjisy OHi npHHysi^eHi 6ujri, no ero BupaseHin, ctoatb, ^sasi^ 
•njiesaHHiiifi^, oepeAi HejioB^ROMi, j soToparo Ha noroeax'L dujio 
^AHoft BBtsAoqsoB 6ojiLine, ^ix'b y Hero, PoMamoBa, t2lk% sasi^ 
nopyqHsy ApraKOBCROMy, ci soTopuM'L ohi oha's hbbo, B8AyMa- 
jocB oOflAi^TBCii, qTO ooAaopyqHRii HadBajn ero nopy^HROH'E 6evh 
iipH6aBRH cjoBa ^roonoi^HHi*. H 9X0 npo^oJisajiocB ao lirh nopi, 
BORa o6jiaAaTejiH JiRmHeft SBisAoqRH Ha noroHt ho „ocdkjsflji'h'* uoj^- 
nojiROBHHRi Jlexiy B'B Ra^ecTBt qejioBtRa, Hxtioiiiaro yse He sb^b- 
XO^iRy jiHniHK)!), a JiHinHifl npocstTE na noronaxx. 

IDHeai r. KyapHHa ne Mosei'L cpasy npHBHaxB 8To onpon^enie 
•Boefl RpacHBofi MOHTEi cjiyas6i B% pflAAzi apifiH. EipH cjy^at ohi 
■ ceftqaci npo6yeTi, noBHHjflCb npaBCTBeHHOMy tojihrt, o6iHGHHTb 
•BoeMy HaqajrsHiffRy, hto ^BBtpeHHHfi** eiiy, PoMamoey, pajnoBofl-Ta- 
TapBHi, ROTopuft HHqrero He noHHMaerB no-pyccRH, ho ROToparo sa 
npoBajTB Ha HcauTaHiH bi tohroctaxi coJinaTCRoS „cjiOBecHOCTH^ Bce- 
TaRH BeJitHO HOABeprHyTL BaRadaHiK), ne xaRi ysi BHHOBarB, ^o- 
611I OHy HysHO 6bijio rpoBHTb, ^to ohi „crHieT'B hoj^i pysLeM'L'', 
HO yjse nepBEiA cjioBa PoMamoBa o tomi, ?to TaTapHHi „HH?ero 
He QOHHMaerE no-pyocRH'', ORasuBaioTCH cjyiRefiHEiMX npocTynRoifi, 
MORyrL sa Go5ofl ORpHRi: „?to? PasroBapHBaTB? Ma-aji-qaTL!'' h 
apecTE sa oxcyTcxBie ^HacTOiiniHxi hohatIB o cjiy3Re6HOM'L AOJiri*, 
TaR'L RaR'B ^HacTOflniiii noHiiTiii o GJiyse6H0M'B AOJirf ero, Poiia- 

mOBBy 8aRJ[K)7aH)TGfl TOJDEbRO B% TOM'L, HT06u OHl ^MOJOL^aJH", XOV- 
Xa nOJIROBBHRl myjILrOBH^l ^paSHOCHTB*. 

Ohi AOJiseH'L ^MOjiHaTL'' H Tor^a, Rorxa na ero rjiaaaxi 6lk)ti 
fiesioTBtTHUxi juo^efl, BonpeRH npaMOMy sanpen^eHiio saRona — oahh- 
•TBBHHaro, B'b i^tJieGOo6pa8HOGTH ROToparo GOMH^BaDTGA nepconasBH 
r. KynpHHa. Oh'l ho o^hsbhi ^MOJi^aTL'' tojibro Tor^a, Ror^a na- 
pymaioTi saROHi noA^HHeHHue eny yHTep^- o^Hi^epui, ho h rt 
noBHHyioTCH ero BanpeH^eBiH), OTAaHHOMy ^HaBcerAa**, ci jt^yxL sa- 

HtTHOK) HaGMtnUTHBOIO "J JIU6kOV)*' I HaGTOJIBRO HMl RaxeTGH 8a6aBHlIM'L 

^MHHj!(aj[LHHR'L''-o$Hi][epi, nojiaraDn^ifi, ?to mosho o6oflTBGL „6e8i 
•Toro". „^acTo H8;^aJIH," bo BpeaiH no;iroTOBRH r'b GMOxpy, „PoMa- 
moBi Ha6jiioAaji'B, RaRi RaRofi-HHfiynB pasGBHptntBinifi poTHuS npR- 
HHuajcH xjiecTaTB no jiHi^aifB bg^xx gbohxi GOJUian no-onepeAHO, 
9rh jitaaro ao npaBaro ^jotanra. Cna'qajia 6e88ByqHBifl BBiiaxi pyRH 
H — TOJibRO cnyGTH ceRyHAy — cyxoS xpeGRi y^apa h onaxB, h 
OHHTL, H onHXL... Bi axoMi 611J10 MHOFO syxRaxo H OHepsHTen- 
Haro**... . 

He OGxaexGH jijBjse yxl^meHin AyMaxL, hto ohi cJiyqafiHO cxoix- 
HyjCH c% seGXORHMH oxi HpflpoA^ JiDABMH. Ilepe^'B HHxaxejien 
^noeAHHRa'' npoxoAHXi BepeHHi^eio ne seGXORie, a HOROBepRaHHue 

SH8HBK) JLJOJXJiy Gl paBJIR^HBIMl ^HGIOHl BBtBAO^GR'E H HpOGBtXOBl 

na noroHaxi, osecTo^^eeHKre Hys^ofi h xiiix, hto HasuBaKm M^JKya- 
6ofl*. Ohh secxoRH npex^e BGero noxoMy, ^xo xaRi eoxeoxBeHHO 

HipHXB XOK) Xe M'l^pOK), RBROS HMl HtpHTCff. CjIHBa HCRpeHHO BOB- 



56 pyOOKOJi BOrATOTBO. 

Myn^eH'b Tin, tto orb Hero, Cjihdli, mosho noTpe6oBaT& no ueiiy- 

To BHesanHOMy ^saapHsy'' npHSHafiiA jiHqHOCTH b'b cftpon Maxe- 

^. piajrt ero poTH: „yAapHTt ero, KaHajiLio, — bo cuts, — roBt- 

piTL CjlHBa. — Ht-t-'feTL... IIOMHJiyflTe — 0B% JIH^HOCTby OH'B ^6- 

soBiKbl Htn-ci, Bi upeaEHee BpeMii EEKaKHX'B JiEqEOCTeBi He 

6HJ0EO, H jyaHJH HXl, GKOTOBl, KaK'b CHAOpOBUX'L ROB'Ey a y Haci 

6ujLE H CeBacTonojib, h HTajibflHcsifl hoxoa'b, h Bcasair Tasan 
BoniB.'' — „ThL MeHH xoTb OTi cjiyH6u yBOJiLHAft, dHeprH^HO saKaH- 
UBaerE gbok) xHpa^y CjiHBa, a BceTasH, sor^a nepsaBei^ii axo sa- 
ciysHJi, H sarjiHHy exy £yAa cjiiji^yeT'Ll 8to BipHO**. 

H JiorHsa Ben^eS, Kone^HO, na cxopoHi CTaparo „6yp6oHa''. 
Kasi OHi, CjiHBa, Mosert BHesanHO, nocjit 25 jitTi cjiyH6u, c^h- 
TaiLCH ci jiHqHOGTbD BO BceBostfoacuuxi HHKH$opaxx H Ctpomxa- 
Haxi, sor^a ohi cavs, GjiHsa, He JiE^HocTb, y soTopoft eciL sa- 
isis 6u TO HH 6ujio ^npHposAeHBua^ npasa? EcTecxBeHHO, ^to axh 
Gjihbu Bci Bonpocu paspiniaioTCH o% hhcto TexsHqecKOfi cTopoHu; 
eoTecTBOHHO, ?T0 A^H Hero Bct cpeiicTBa xopome, qTo6iii ao6btlch 
^CTpoeBofi KpacoTu*', pa'ji ohh iitji6coo6pa3Hu. H, koho^ho, ero, 
GjIhbu, ^cpe^cTBa/ — cpe^CTBa BcnuTaHHUH, onpaBAaHHUsr hcto- 
piefi H CeBacTonojiH, h HTaJiUiHcsHxx hoxoaobi, h oxBepraxL hxi 

X02KH0 TOJILKO BO HMfl TOfi caMOfl B;i|;eOJIOriH, BO hmh Toro jl^OBtpiH 

Ri cosHaxejiBHoS mlicjih, jiio6BH KT> poAHH'b H OH HflxepecaHi, 
KOTopuxrb HHRorAa He noMumjiHJix CjiRBa, a eojiH 6u Mor% qohh- 
HTjrjixB, ROHe^Ho, o6o8Baii> 6u ^^FJioco^ieS** hjih ^qeuyxofi h HaH- 
Aparopiefl'^y no ero H3JiK)6jieHHOMy BupaseniK)... Tani, fa^ Mucjik 
HirHafla^ RaRi nt^xo noj^oapHxejiBHoe h seHaAeaKHoe, HHE^aKHXi 
»j[fliiHocxe6i,'^ ROHe^HO, He Mosexi 6uT:hy h cxHxiflHO-co6jiasHH- 
xejibHoe ^yBcxBo BJiacxH ne BcxptxHxi HHEaRoi cj^epssH he sHyxpH 
^ejiOBtRa — Bi npoqEuxi npio6ptTeHiflxi RyjiLxypw Ayxa, he ne- 
BHt. Fjitdi YcneHCRiS, onEcuBaE npenapEBaHie ocerpoB'E na pu6* 
EuxT> npoMUGjraxx, Aynaexi, ^xo, ecjiE 61.1 pB]6a 6£jjia 3% cocxoe- 
hIe RpE^axb, pBifiaRE ne 611IJIE 6u B'B cocxoEfliE npo^tJiBiBaxL 0% 
Hei) Bci xt secxoRiE onepai^in, ROxopBiH ohe npoAtjiiiiBaioxi. Ho 
Bi ^noeAEERf jiioAH, Ba ji^ojijo KOTopuxi. AOcxaioxGH MBBycLi ^e- 
jiOB^qecRaro Gyn^ecxBOBaHiE, BtuBi ne MeHLme, h^m% puoH na npo- 
Mucjiaxi, Roxopuxi roBopHxi rjtSTfe ycneBCRiS. H axo, ecxe- 
GTBOEHO, o6jierqaex'B BOdHoacBOCxs 6mxi> sbct^'Reme j^slmq e eo se- 
OTOREMi jm^flMi. myjiBroBflqi, ^paaaooH^ PoHamoBa, se GJiumfln 
HEqero, spoilt cBoero co6GXBeBBaro pacRaxHcxaro rojioca^ e OT^a* 
BaECL 6e8npenETcxBeEHO Ha bojik) cbohx'l coCcxfieHEux'L gjiobib, ogei- 
naexi ,,MajibqEmRy* e „sejixopoxaro nxeniia" BGeBosMOSBKiMH ocRop- 

KieEiEME^ HO XOJIBRO ffO Xtxi HOpi, HORa Ofll OXA^JieBl OX'b OCROp- 

6jifleMaro qejiOB^Ra oxcyxcxBieMi y nocji'i^jiHHro BBtmeHxi npoE- 
Bjienift MyRH. Bxa G^eBa — o^Ba HSt jiyqmHxi bt. noBtcTE — Bann- 
•aEa Gi Tofl Ha6jiK)AaxejiLHoCTkK), Roxopan GOGxaBJiflex'b OABy ebi^ 
Hafl6oj[ie i;%EH£ixi,noApo6EOGxefi bi A&poBaEiE aBXopa ^IIoeAEflRa'*. 



r 



r 

JIHTEPATyPHBIfl HAfiJlIOABHIff. 57 

My uroEHqi — kx cioBy aaictTHTii, Tose o^Ha hb's HaH6oj[%e apKHX'i> 
BBOAHux'E ^Hrypi Bi noBicTH r. EynpHHa, HtcsojibKO HanonHHan- 
n^aa MopuKOB'b CxaHDEOBH^a, — BHeaaoHO jina ce6A Ha^HHaeTX $u- 
9mmk TO, ^TO OHi ^tjraeTT., — noHUMamb J^ymeBHyK) Myay y ^ejio- 

Bisa, ROTOpufl AO CHXl QOpi eUJIl JJ^JIH HerO TOJIbKO 06ieKT0M% 

tiyae6Haro ^paaaoca''. H sto cpasy MtflaerL ;n[o6paro, bo ne^ajie- 
Earo aojKOBHHRa, cj^tjiaBmaro bck) cbod cjiyse6HyH) Kapi>epy ho 
aa cqerb Bu^aioiiiHXCA cnoco6HOCTefi, a sa cneri cBoero „8HaM6- 
HiTaro rojioca**: „vh rjiasaxi myjibrosH^ia nonepeiitHHO oxpaaHJiHGi* 
yXBBjreHie, cTpaxi, Tpesora, auajiocTL^: 

„^j, Hoprb... sasofi ae bu o6BA^HBufi... Jla caAHxecb se, qoprb 
BaG7> saAepa! Hy, Aft— Bct bbi bote Tasi. Fjaahto aa MeHA, saKi 
Ha SBtpji. Kpn^HTi, Moa'L, GTapufl xptHt 6e8i TOJiKy, 6e8i CMUCJua, 
qopxii 6h ero ap^^'^. A h, — rycTofi rojioGi saKOJuxaJica TenjiuMH 
BSBOJiHOBaHHUHH HOTaMH — a fi, efi 5ory, voft MBJIuft, jik)6jik) Baci 
Bctxi, KaKi CBOHxi A'l^TeS. ?To se, BU Ayvaere ne cxpaAaio ii 
i aa Baci? He 5oj[tK>? 3xi>, rocno^a, rocno^a, ne noEHMaexe bu 

I HHxaxeJii.) sone^Ho, bo Hutexi ocHOBaeia He b^phtb axoMy 

s BSBOJiHOBaHHOMy cxapHEy. EcjiH OHi, niyjiiroBHq'L, xpe6yexi, hto6u 

^MOJiQAesL'^ ^syfHJiH** cJnyxcaEH bi po^^ rpy6aro Cjibbu; ocjeh 
I oHi, inyjii>roBH«ix, HH^ero He HMtexi npoxEBi xoro, qxo6Bi na 

I Hero „2J0fffi"^ (xexHHqecEift TepMHEi) CHOxptjH, ^He Mopraa, e^Ba 

I A^ma, BuxjirHBaflCB bi yxact Bctm* xtjioMi**, xo axo BOBce He 

I HvasHO eMy canoiiy, lEyjLroBHiy, axo Hy»H0 „A*Jiy**, Eoxopony ohi 

I cjiysHXb no Htpt pasyMtnia. Apyroro cpe^cxBa ^c^ysHXb'' ohi He 

I SHaex'b H CBoe nenocpeAcxBeHHoe qeJiOBt^iecEoe qyacxBO npHHOCHXi. 

I Bh JEepxfiy cBHptnoMy MojQ[oxy ojiyse6Haro AOJira. 

BoaiieaAie npHxo;;Hxi neosHAaHHO, xoxh h no npaBHJiaMi» jio 
I raEH. Moxcho» sone^HO, oxpeqsca oxi c^acxba, saEi» noHHicaJii* 

ero nymKHHi,— c^acxLa „m£iojihxl h cxpa^axb**; mosebo aarjiymaxb 
Bi^ ce6t npaposA^HBoe qejioatsy qyaoxBO cocxpaAaaia; mosho saxb 
onojiOBHaeaHofl h ypiaaaaofl saaabX), He qyacxBya pa^ocxHaro co 
saaaia, ^xo A'^Jiaemb Epacaaoe, 6ojibnioe h bo^mi aysaoe A'^io, — ao 
aejibaa ocxaaoBaibca aa arom*. Ecxecxseaaa peaEi^ia. EcxecxaeHao, 
I Hxo repoaMi r. Kyapaaa ayseai EaROJ3-Ha6yAb aanofi, bi nepeaoo- 

aoMii HJiH 6ysBajibH0M^ c&iKioji'b, qxo6u autxb BoaaojEaocxb yflxa 
•XI caMHX'b ceCa. ABiopb „noeAaHRa" paoyexi — MacxepcKH pa- 
I ayexi: xoioaho aa flymt cxaHOBHxca — EapxaaH MopajibBaro h^ 

6uxia, Eoxoparo 2saiKAyr:b no BpeHeaaifb ero nepcoaasa. EAaaaAiii 
6tryxi» Bi ^aKHAeMiio**, Eoxopaa oxoABaaeii axi bi jihJLh oti 
^epaoS pa6oTEi; e^aaaHixM aaaLiEaioxca bi aBtpaaei^'by Bb po^t 
^noAnojiEOBHHKa Bpena^, eA^aam.! yxoAaxi bi cboA no.iyrapeMi, 
Vh poAt CHMaaxa^aaro CxejibEOscsiro. A Macca—ai caMuft aheU 
[ paaryjib. Cooxaixcxayioniia Eapxaau — caMua Macxepcsia bi nlloe- 

AHBEt^. SA'bcb ecxb Bce, ^xo Moxex7» npaAaxb apoHaqecsifi xapasxepi 



>> 



58 pyqoROB BoriTOTBO. 

BCflKHMl rOpAUICL OJIOBaMl HeJIOBtRt.OTM'bTHH'L TOJEBEO CJI^Af K)myD 

xeTajib. Bo BpeHfl npnoftEH PoMamoBi saxOAHTL b'b Tas'b HasuBaeMjn 
lyiiepTBei^KyiD* h sacTaeTi Tam abjx'b npocjiaBJieHHux'fc nuiHHm, 
KOTopue, Bi HOneHTi ero npHxojia, uhioTh no cTasaHy boj^kh 
^non'h cxysi TejtrH'' b'b Ea^ecTst aasycKH. 3to snaqHrb, mo ohh 
CL HajHTUMH CTasaHaMH AosBjiaDTCfl, RorAa no^i OEBaMH saoTy- 
VHTi saEafl-BH6yAi» lejiira, qioSu no STOuy yojOBJieflHOiiy cbv- 
Haiy BunHTB. Bes'h dTofl .sasycsH'' olbhctbo npioSptJio ajiji bhxi^ 
qepesqypi cEy^Hufi xapaEiepi... „A hsi ctojoboA (o^Huepcsaro 
eo6paHiji) bi 3to BpeiiA j^ohochjihcb CMflr^eHHue, darJijmeHBue 
•TtHaiiH H OTX Toro rapifOBBqfloneqajiBHue sByKH uepsoBBaro Ha- 
niBa, noxosaro na OTAajieBBoe norpe6ajii>Hoe nieie''... ^PouamoBi 
BcnjiecHyi'L pyEavH h cxsaTBJicii sa rojosy. ^Focaoffa/ pa|(H Bora, 
•cTaBLie: aio CTpamHo''... H aro, A^ficTBExejibHO, cTpaniHO, eciH 
HBSoro He nyraoTL, spoMi ^BucTBTyTOE'E'* h ^apaaopoBi^ b'e po^i 
PoMamoBa*... 

... BoTi oTBi^TE, EOTopuB A^^BTi aBTopi ^IIoeAHHsa^ Ha BO- 
ipoGi: ETO aTB JiioAB, fiOTopuMi 6hiJidL BBtpeHa „?ecTi> PocciH B% 
xajiesofi ManqsypiB, h ^tui ohh — Ei cBoeny co6oTBeHHOMy ho- 
e^acTBK) — SHJiH, sor^a fotobbjihol yM^iB yifEpaxB. 



II. 

Kasi MBi yse ynoHHHajiH, Bu5opoMi> AeHTpajiBBaro jHixa j^ms 
iBoero ^ynoej^HHEa*" r. RynpHBi oAHOBpeMeeao h yBpoGTHJEi, h 
ycjioHBHJi'B CBOK) xyAOxceoTBeHHyio aa^a^y. Ecjih 6bi aBiopx 
ylloeAHHKa^ SHBUMi MacinTa6oM'B ajh Eao6pa2KaeMofi cp^^u bu- 
tpajii 0EOJikEO-HH6y;(B Epynnaro ^ejoBiEa, xasi se cjoiyqaflHO 
•saaaBniarocj> bx o6mecTB'& o^nqepoBi N-cEaro nojEa^ sasx osa- 
aajiGH, aanp., HaaascKift, — ohi Mon, eoho^ho, cosaatb lEOJiaTejiB- 
Hoe AJifl xyAoacsHKa qyacxBO EOHipacTa,' ho axoTB EOHTpacTL ne 
6uji'B 6u A^cTaio^Ho yfi^AHTejiesi: ifes^y EpyauBiM'B h phaobumx 
BcerAa b npH bcbshxi ycjioBisxi ecTB cyiuecTBesHaa paaHHua. Ho 
BBBBi ^repoeu'B'' caMaro MajeBBEaro qejiostEa, g% ca»u»H iiajieHB- 
EBMH aaapocaMH, 6traK)ii;aro, Easi Bct, na BOKaajDfB bcebtb sBaHeaBuxi 
RpacoET), aaBBji^yioiuaro uaccasffpaKii sypBepoEaro noi^^As^, EOTopue 
eMy EBHcyTCH npeACTaBHiejiBMH ^EaEoro-xo HeiocxynHaro, HSWCEaH- 
Haro, BejiEEojiinHaro Mipa, r^t jBH3Hb — BiqHBift npaaAHEEi h xopse- 
•XBO*"; Gjitjiaai i^eaxpajiBBBiMi jihiiom^ bi paacsaat axoro aia- 
jieHBEaro qejoetsa, oxJinqaiontaroGa oxi ^pyrnxi tojibeo x^mi, 
«o Bi HeMi „qxo-xo ecxB**, ecxB EaEoft-xo BHyxpeHHifl CBtxi,— h 
x&Mi He MBHi^e GOBj^axB BpRoe qyBcxBo EOHxpacxa aftesAy HHafB h 
0RpysaK)ii];e8 GpeAofi, anaqBrB, Eone^BO^ noGxaBBXB gbod aa^a^y 
Bi HaH6oj[6e BuroAHUHy xoxhh ho JierEia, yGJioBia... Ho, Gi ji,^jrot 
•TOpoHu, Ha6paBi axBMi i^enxpajiBBBiHi jihuom'b nejiOBiEa bi 



JIHTEPATyPHUil HABJUDABHIff. 59 

nepioffi cTaHOBjreHiH, eojiH BocnojTBsoBaTBCfl 8thm'l Heysjiio- 
XHMi o6pa3?HKoai'b $HJioco|»cRofi TepMHHOJioriH, xyAosBHKi, ecTe- 
CTBOHHO, BaTpyjiHHJii CBOD xy^oKecTBeBByi) sajjcaqy. — Bee paBHO 
$OH'L B% ^QoeAHHRf A&BHTi co6ofi Bce ocTajiBHoe: ncHXOJiorH^e- 
CRaH npo6jieMay ROTopyK) OAflOBf eiieBflo xot^jde'e AaTi> bi cBoeMi 
^noeAHHRt*" r. KyopHBX, Bce paBHO cTymeBBiBaeTCJi, h BOJieft-se- 
BOJieft Ha nepB&ifl njotaHi BujuBHraexoff pflm oaHpoBuxi RapiEHx, 
KpynHaro JiHTepaxypHaro SHaqeHia ROTopux's caui aBTopi, ecTO- 
eTB6HH0, He nosejajii ofiesi^tHHTL. Ero repofi, CMtmHO Me^iaH)- 
mi& Ge6t Bx xpeTLeMi jiEu!h ^pasaMH, noHaAepraHHuuH hsi iieii- 
RocopiHuxi $paHuy3CRBxi poMaHOBi, no ntjiuaii qaoaux aaHHii 
BoapocoMi BaaHMHuxi OTHomefliflxi* MesAy t,^*^ h ^ne-a". Ho 
AJia ncHxojiorHqecRoS npo6jieMEj, Hsii^ioniefi ii[tjibK) H8o6paseHie ne- 
jiOBiRa im Werden, axoro He AOOTato^Ho: PoHamOBi BoexaRH ooxaexca 
xojiLRO noApo6HO0Ti>K) o6Hiefi sanpoBofi RapxHHu, — a j^a MHMOJiex- 
Haro anHsoAa (i,rop;^uff, BasHEia mucjih'' o xomx, ^xo bocb Hipi — 
3X0 co6cxBeHHoe „a* Me^xaxejia, npej^raecxByrox'E „paBHocy** ero co 
GXopoHu ElyjibroBH^a) axo cjiHmROM'B noApo6HO h HtcROJibRO yxo- 
MHxejibHo. — To se canoe npHXOAHXca cRasaxs h o ffpyrofi hchxojio- 
TH^ecRoft 3a;^aqft, Roxopy© nocxasHJix ce6t aBiopx ^HoeAHHRa", — 
KaxL aHajiHsi ^yncxBa j[ih)6bh, ocxaBaacb na oo^Bt sHSHeHHuxi $aB- 
xoBX, He npiyRpanreHHUxx HHRaRBHH HJiJiiodiaMH, x. e. na nowt 
qHcxo coRcyajibHaro BJie^eHia. 

EAHHCxBeHHuB njiK)Gi», ROxopBiS oRasajicH BX SH3HH cM^mnoro 
Me^ixaxejia (rx cjiosy saMtxHXb, ero HeHS&itHHua i^Hxaxu o cefi*!^ 
Hdx poiianoBX cjehiromx npecji^Ayioxx BHEManie ^Hxaxejia), dxo — 
RopoxRaa JiacRa co cxopoHu qysofl senu, oitapeHHofi, ho ^cxpan- 
Hoft* H ^HenoHHXHofi'' xeHH^HHH, CO cxpacxHoft aneprieS Bu6HBaK)- 
nieSca h3x 6epjiorH N — cRaro nojiRa... 3xoxx MHMOJiexHBift npocBixx 
BX 2KH8HH PovamoBa, npHBOAan^ifi ero bx ^^HHajit rx ^noeAHHRy** 
H CMepxH, jiaexx cjyqafl aexopy ^noe^HHRa*' noABeprHyxx aHajiHay 
qyBCXBO jih)6bh, bx ROxopoMX xo, qxo o6uRHOBeHHo noApasyait- 
BaexcH MOJiqa, BUABHoyxo coanaxejibHO Ha aepBufl nJiaax, RaRX 
Hi^^xo HenocxuffHoe h noxo&iy ne no^Jiesan^ee xa&H6 bx xyjioxe- 
HOMX npoHSBeAeniH... Mej ;[iyMaeMXy oj^naRO, ^xo anxopx, ocxaBaHox 

BHOJIHi UpaBUMX CX $HJI0C0$GK0fi XO^RH SptHia, HO OpaBX CX 9HCX0 

xyJ^OJKecTBeHHofl xo^rh sptHifl. Ero repofi h xeHmHHa, ROTopy» 
OHX j[io6hxx, Ha3£iBaK)xx GBoe RopoxRoe c^acxbe ^cRaasofl^: 

— 9to CKa3Ka! — npoiiienTa;n» oht* thxo, oahmmtj ABH)KeHieMT> pia. 
Hii, MH/ibiJ}, CKasKa... 

Ho Bt^x y CRasRH, RaRX corjiacHxca, roho^ho, anxopx ,IIo- 
eAHBRa'', ecxb cboS cxejix h cboh xyAOseciBeEHLia $opMii. Hejibac 
HaHHcaxb cHasRy, nojibsyacx hsuromx yqenofl cxaxbH ejslh yqefisHRa 
no $H3iojioriH. A anxopx „^oe;^HHRa•' HMeHHO 3X0 h npo6yexx 
•A^jraxx: pascRasaxb ORasRy 6e3X cRaso^Huxx ajienefixoBX. Bx f(*- 



•0 PyOOfiOll BOrATOTBO. 

ayjiBTaxt y qnTaiejiA ocTaeTca Bne^aTJi^Hie ncHxoJiorH^eoRoft ne- 
•OBuicTHvooTH; B08M0SH0 ^T0-HH6yAB Hsi ^Byxi: BJiH npH HaJIHl- 

AOCTB ^GKaSKH^ — TOTl* paSFOBOpi HeHUCJIHMl, SOTOpuS Be^yXl ?•< 

HamoBi H niypo^Ka, BoaiiyiuaioniaflCA t^mi, qro Mysi eS saj^aen 
^icepsKie'' Boapocu, ejih se ^csasKa*' HeBos^osaa npa HajEH^HOOTM 

TaSHXl pasrOBOpOB'B CL TO^KEMH Ha;^ OOOTBtTCXByiOniHllH i... C03- 

AaeTCfl Bne^aTJi^Hie BCKyccTBeBBaro, BaAyMaHHaro e b'l to se BpeHH 
JiHmeflHaro Kpacoxu o6Li4flot „GKa3SH''... 

Mu AyMaeMib, ^to da^a^a ncHxojioraqeGKaro nepecMOxpa pimeHifl 
BOflpoca o jik)6bh ojiosH'be, nt^ii aro nosasajiocb asiopy i,IIo- 
e^HHKa*... Ho 061 8T0MI Bi Apyroft paai. 

Ilpeji^e, qtMi nepefiTH Ki AOTajiABi'L, otm^thmi to, qTO Mtmaen 
qHTaxejiio ipIIoeAHBKa*, — qyBCTBo xojiOAKa, ex KOTopwiii aBTopi 
pascsasuBaen TflsejiuA hemji. CaMoro aBxopa b'b bthxi cjiyqaflxi 
He qyBCTByeTCA. KofleqHO, nejiLsa oaopHTL npoTHBi o6iu,efi MaHepu 
BHcaTejiH, Bejibdfl Tpe6oBaTi> OTh Hero H8JiR>6jieHHofl qHTaxeJieH'E 
MaHepu, HO HoasHOy HecoMHtHHO, sejiaTb, qT06i>i npHHAxaH Manepa 
6HJia iitjikHo-BbiAepHaHHofi. HejibSH cKasaTL, HanpHHtp'E, qTO as- 
Topi ^IIoeAHRKa^ HHKorAa Be BUABHraexca bi pascKast, KaKi aBiopi, 
CO cBoe§ jiflqaofl oatflKofl Toro, qeMi oh-e roBopnti. Oh'b, nanpn- 
Mtpi, HasuBaeTi o6cTaHOBRy ROMHaTu PoMamoBa „nomjio&''. 8to, 

KOHeqHO, He 06'LeETHBHBIJSi TepMHH'E OHHCaHiH. Ho eCJIH XyAOSHHKl 

BUABHraexcH b'l Mejioqaxi, to h^ti upaqBHU eny He BUABHraTbCx 
Bi spynHOMi H BaacHOMi, a ecjiH obi BceTasH He BUABHraexcH, to 
9T0 He MOJKeTi He npoHSBOAHTb BoeqaTJitBiH BdfitcTHaro paBHOAymiA 
Vh BaTponyTofl TeMt... HyacHO, KOHeqHO, AyMaTt, qxo bth cy6ieft- 
THBHUH xapaKTepHGTHKH Bi* MeJioqaxi — pe8yjii>TaTi> npoGToro Kop- 
pesTypHaro HeAOGMoxpa, coBepmeHHo TaKi ase, Kasi h opoTHBoptqifl 
Bi A^Tajiflxii, BpeMeBaMH BCTptqaioniiacfl bi hob^gth r. KyopHna, — 
Bi poAt Toro, naap., qTO noJiKOBofi aAiioTaHxi HMeByeTGA to ho- 
pyqHROMi ^eAopoBGRBHi, TO mTafici-RanHTaHOMi ^eAopoBGRHMi; 

MtGTO A'bfiGTBiA B% llOBtOTH HaSUBaeTGH TO POpOAOMl, TO M^GTeq- 

ROflfb H npoq. 

^To6u noROHqHTL GO BcbMi, qTO MtmaeTi qflTaTejiH) apKoS no* 
BtGTH r. KynpHHa, OTMtTHMib HeAOOTaToqHyD peajiLHOCTB h npo- 
THBoptqHBOGTb caifOHy ce6t — HasaHGRaro, npeACTaBjiHDniaro hobbiS 
BapiaHTi Ha TeMy ^Mepnaro MOHaxa' ^exoBa e b'l B8o6paseHiH 
r. KynpHHa BOcRjEi^aEODtaro: »0 paA0GTi>! 6osecTBeHHaa RpaGOTa 
aHSHH!" — xoTH OHX ubenvh HMeHHO AJiH Toro, qTo6u yTonext GOSHanie 
OTBpaTHTejibHq|i A'^ficTBRTejibHOGTH, ROTopaa ero ORpysaeT'B. IlpH 
TaRHxi ycjiooiax'B bo8^oxbo erbpumb^ qTo XHaHb Mooicerm 6uTb 
HpeRpaGHod, HO „6jiarOAapHaro BOGXopra'' nepoA'b ^npespaGHofi*' 
asHSHbK) noqyBGTBosaTb Heiibsa, — 6e8i> BHyTpeHHaro npoTHBoptqia. 

Eo^e Gyn^eGTBeHHte HeflCHOCTb bx o6pHCOBRt UlypoqRH... KorAa 
HOB'bGTb HeosHAaHHo 8aiwaHqHBaexca cMepTbD PoMamoBa na no- 
oAHHRt, ROTopud AOjoiKeHi. 6biai 6juTb npoGToi GHnyjiai^iefi AJ^'i) 



^ • 



JIHTlPATyPHlIJar HAB.lIK)ABHIfl. CI 



^OjrHCeHl 6UJ11> 61ITI npOCTUMl 06MtH0H'E BUCXp'^JIOBIi Ha Bosjiyxi, — 

YBxaTejiH ocTaHaBjCHBaeTi Bonpoci: kto ;se Haci^eHHpoBajii 9to y6ifl- 
•TBO?.. TaKi RaK'L jiioi^H, CjiaroHejiaTeJLHO HacTpoeHHue OTHOCHiejiBH* 
M«3TpaHHofi^ H ^HenoHATHofi*' Illf po^KHy xapaKTepBsyiQT'b ee, sasi aseH- 
niHHy, KOTopaA ^HHKorAa h hhsofo He jiR>6Hja, spoMt Ge6H^ (Ha- 

p aaHCRifl), H Tasi KaKi 9to ona npeAJioacHJia BNtcTO AyajiH oHify- 

jflixiio, He AonycsaH HHKaRHX'B pasiHCHflnii^HX'b BoopocoB'b co gto- 
poHu PoMamoBa („6bi HenpeMiHHO jiojixBa saBTpa CTptj^TbOff. Ho 
HH OAHHi Hdi BacL He 6yAerL paneHi... H^t'e^ ne cnpamHBaft 
MyKt, OHi BHaext. R see, Bce, Bce CAtJajia"), to y HHTaxejia hb- 
BOJTLHO cKjaAUBaexGH HpeAnojiojKeHie, ?to ohe h HBjiHeTCH hgthh- 
hum'l BHHOBHHKOui Bcero, ^xo npoH3oniJio. 9ro RaxexcH nasse 
HaH6ojite BtpoaxHHMX... Ho, ci apyroft cxopoHu, r. KynpHHi 
xaexi xaRiff yRasaHiH, ROXopuH, noBHAHMOMy, coBepmeHHo hcrjk)- 
nhioTh BoanoHHocTb 8xoro npeji;aojioseHiH... RoHe^HO, bosmokho 
•5iACHHXi> noApo6HOCxH nocjitAHeft cixeH£i cBBJiaHiii MeH^y Hly- 

I poqRoS H PoMamoBuaii xi^Mi, qxo bi Aynit Ulypo^KH Bce Bpenn 

SHJia H SHBexi HCRaxeJii>Hfln;a opHRJiioqeHifi. 3to bosmojrho... Ho 
RaRi xorj^a o6xhghhx&, qxo ona Be 6ujia xaRoft HCRaxejuHHiieB npn- 
RjiioqeHift H ocxpoTH aAiojrLxepHBixi oxHomeeift paHtme — ei ne- 

f pion'B Toro, qxo OHa naaHeaJia ^cRasRoft"? KaRi o6a.HCHBXfc, qxo 

o»a, 6ojii»nie Bcero cxpamact nojyrojiOAHofi ^ojh MaxepH — ^Bi x-fexi 
ycjioBiflxi, BTE. RoxopHxi OHa HHBexx — nepecxaexi ea 6ohti.c« b'b 
Toxi MOMeHxi, RorAa npHXOAHxi o^ManyxB PoMamoBa h no^cxa- 
bhxl ero nojoix nyjiio CBoero HeAajenaro Myaca?.. JonycxHXB h Bxy 
BOBMoaHocxL, BHa^Bxi, ROHe^HO, AonycxHXfc, HTO repoHHH r. Kyn- 

^ pHHa-;-HacTOflntifi reBifl 8Jia, ecjiH roBopHXB asuromi poManoB's, ro- 

xopsMH xaRi nponHxaHi repofi ^HoeAHHRa''. Ho Hlypo^Ra, ro- 
HeqnOy He .renift sjia', a noxoMy naMi Raxexca HecoMHtHHUM'B, 
qxo CO GxopoHu xyAOSHHRa xpefiynxcA RaRia-xo AoaojiHHTejUiHUH 

]I0AP06H0CXH Bl 06pHG0BRi^ BXOpOFO FJiaBHarO JIHI](a nOBtCTH... 

HepexoAH Rii ui^BBBiMi A^Tajifliix ^HoeAHHRa*', oxMtxHM'Sy qx* 

10BtGXI> E806HJiyeXl HHXepeOHUMH SaMtqaHiHIIfH OXHOGHXejTLHO He- 

jioqefi AymeBHofi shshh nepGonasefi ^HoeAHHRa'*; HanoMHBMi, na- 
npHuip'B, posLiCRi B'B CBoefi Aynity qxo HMeHHO — 8a6uxoe — 
•osAajio TO qyBGXBO xpeBorn, Roxopoe ntjiBiS a^hl He noRHAaexi 
PonamoBa (ont ycnoROHBaexcH xojtbro tofab, RorAa y6isAaexGff, 
Tro 8x0 wh HeMiocxaxoqnoe qyncxBO oxi HeflCHO-xpeBOSHofl ^pasii 
I Wb HBCbMi, ROxopoe OHt HOJiy^HJi'B), HJH xoxfl 6u 8aH%qaBie 

^GM'^niHoii'B, MOJiRoifB yBajROHiH'', Roxopoo qyBcxByen PoMamoBi 
vh nojiROBOMy aAiioxaHxy, yiition^eM y ce aoctohhctbomi hhtb BOARy 
y BOJTROBoro RouaHAHpa (PoMamoB'E BHaex'E, qxo ci ero cxopoHu 
9T0 — ^CM'bniHoe h HOJiRoe'* ysaseHie, ho BceTBRH qyBCTByex'B ero 
M qyBCTByexi. Aaae „8aBHGXi>" Ri xoMy, rxo Mon ero BHymnxB)... 

CaMO Go6ofi paByiffeexGH, qxo OTMtqeHHue Bume neAOcxaxRH b% 
•ipBCOBRft repoeBi, rbri ysce 6£ijio santqeHO, He MiiiiaK)Xi ^Hu- 



Ml PyOOKOB BOFATOTBO. 

eAHHRj** fiuTb OAHofi H81 cavuu sHaqHTejELHux'E Ben^efl bi TeKf- 
n^efl xjAOsecTBeHHofi jiHxepaTjpi. 



UI. 

y r. ryceBa-OpeH6yprcKaro pyccKaa coBpeMeHHOcis nojiy^aeTi 
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Hofl „CTpaHt oTi^oBi** HJiH, Toiate, KT. „cTpaH4 utTofl**, yrpoasaro- 
n^efi npHATH Ha caiiHy ^cipaHt otuobi". 

HejiibBfl 6ojibine njiuTh no Te^eaiK) co bc^hr. HejibsaS 6ojibme 

3KHTL Gl JIlOAbMH, KOTOpUe ROIOiyBCTBeHHO HMeeyioTX ce6A ^nojiBiiefi- 

CKHME Bora BumBflro"; BejobSH 6ojii>me noBTopaTb: ipBoaAaBre Bosie 
BoroBH, a KecapoBo — KecapK)*" n ne sHaib, ne saAyvuBaxbcji ca- 
MOMy: r^t se rpasb, pasAtJiBuma? xo, wio npeBaA^esan bii 
Aymt ^EoroBH'', oxi xoro rxo, corjraoBO xojiKOBaBid eaapiiaJibBaro 
Ha^ajbcxBa h aaxopoBi* BceBOBvoacHuxi „o5fl3axejibHuxi nocxaHO- 
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HtcxHOMj cxanoBOMy, oxqacxn IIlBpoKOdajiOBy? IIjibiTb no xeqeaiio, 
xoxH H npoxBBi rojioca CBSEueBBBqecRofl cob^gxb, 6bijio Mbiojiffvo, 
noKa Mojiqajiii ca:\iii nacoMbie. iEusHb umcorAa bo OTstqajia rojocy 
CBBBieBBHqecKoficoBtcxH, HO OBa BcexaEH AonycRajia BoauoHSBOcxb 
njiuxb no Teqeaiio, noRa MOJiqajiH xt, rxo Mori^ h ji^njiJSieB.'h 6hiAT> 
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B'E 6jiarocjiOBeHHOM'b flCaxBHUROMXi ytsAt CxapoMipcRoft ry^lepeiH 
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6e8co3HaxejbBaro XBopqecxBa Hcxopie h o6iii,HME CBJiaMB B3BJiBCb aa 
ea raraBxcRoe Ro;ieco, He noAoaptBaB, qxo Ro-neco axo BepiHTCiC 

XOJIbRO Bl OAHV CTOpOBy: RI. HXl $»TaJIbHOfl TB^eJIH. 9R0H0MHqe- 

CRaa Apasia, bx Roxopofi ohh Hrpa.irrf cbok) acecxoRyio pojit, paapo- 
cxajiacb Bii Apaay coaia-ibRyio, bx BeJiBRyio Apa^y npo6ya£AaK)maroc« 
cpeAH RpoBH H GJiie3i> Gos^aaiH BtRBMH yrHerae^()fi jiaqHOGxa'*... 

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H 0. HBaHT), rJiaBHoe AtflcxeyKimiee jihuo bi ,Cipaet oxaoBi* — 

GBBBXeHBHRX Cb qyXROfi GOB^GXbK), npSFJiymeBBofl 6UJI0fi 6e3M0JIB- 

HOGXbH) naGXBUy BHe3anao qyacTByexx, qxo h oxi» Hero xpefiyexca 
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BX ero Aynit. IlaqTO He TaaexT» ero bbbsi npoAOJi»axb KHXb no- 
cxapoBiy, BonpeRH ptmefliio no gobI^gxh, h on% bi* HtGROJibRO AHeft 



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JIHTBPATyPHBIff HABJIDABHia. 6S 

BpHXOjl[HrE Vh pimHTejIbHOMy BUBOAj: CHflTB pHCy H „CJiySHTb OBO- 

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6681 pAGU. 

BoTi ocHOBa EHTepecHoS no saiiBicjy DOBioxH r. FyceBa-OpeH- 
6yprcsaro... Ei coHajitoiK), ona cjiHrnsoMi TepfleTi ot'l KOHcipys- 
THBHuxi norptniHOCTeS^ AoaynieHHUxi aBtopoui ae tojibro bi 

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TOJIBSO MHMOXOAOMl OTMiTHMl>, ^TO flSKIRl Bl* „GTpaH6 OTaOBl** 

nopTHTGE npeyBOJiB^eHHLiMH BBipaxeHifiMH Bi poAi^: ^ByjisaHOBi 
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nep60JIH?HH[fl) TaSHMH nOApo6HOCXflMH, KOXOpUA yMtCXHbl XOJIbKO 

Bi o6jiiacxH KappHKaxypBi e mapsa (eanp., o;^hhi hsx bboahuxi 
nepcoHasefi bi »CxpaHt oxi^obi" — qejioBtKi, soxopoiiy npeBocxo- 
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no^xHxejibHooxH oxepi oBoe jihi^o^ nocjit qero nocMOxptJii Ha njia- 
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ltEM0X0J^0M^ oxMtxBMX, qxo Bi ,CxpaHt oxiiOBi" ^epeJ^^ ^niaxe- 
jieMi o6bisBORe»HO Asa jsaa: xy^oiKHHK'b, e^Ba naMtqaiomifi koh- 
xypbi A^flcxeyio^HX'b jihe^i e nojiosceBifi, e ay6jiHaHGX%y noAGsasbi- 
Baiomifl ^BxaxejiK) t& BbiBOAu, soxopue OErb doAOfcem c^tjiaxb es'e 
npoqaxaHHaro (nanp., nociit OAHofi liaGGOBofi ci^eHbiy rjit $Hry- 
pHpyK)x'L 8a6acxoBQ;HKH-pa6<.qie, aBxopy OKadusaexGE H6o6ioiiEtfoft 
cjitAyKmaa peMapKa: „OflE nomiiE, e qxo-xo oco6eHHoe, ne cmad- 
Hoe 6ujio Bt Exi> ^oxoJ^K4**... — aaxopi* xo^ho 6obxge, qxo ohi 
Be GyiitJH o^esneqflxb Ge6t xaKofi BbiBOA'^, RaKi xyAOXEBKi-BSO- 
6pa=«Exejib)... Ho Bce axo, cpaeHBxejibHO, MeJio^E. FopasAO cyme- 
cxBeHHte KOHCxpyKiHBHHa norptniBocxH, ^onymeHHua r. Fyce- 
Bbitfi-0peH6yprcKBM'b bi o6nieM'b pasBBxin CBoeS noBtcxn... He 
GHOxpa Ha 10, qxo noetcxb r. FyceBa-OpeBSyprcKaro npoHBKHyxa 
noAsynaioniBM'b qyBCXBoui SHBi^flfflefi paAOGxn caMoro pascKasqaEa 
no noBOAy xoro, qxo ohx bha'^ji'l e o qeMi> ohi pasGRasuBaexi, 
8X0 BGexasB He GOSAaex'b ^sapaKaioniefi'' axMOG^epbr e He o6%eAR- 
Haexx abxopa e qaxaxejia o6niHMi hjih aBajiorH^BUMi HacxpoeBieMi 
no nosoAy ochobhoS xoMbi pascsasa... HpaBi* hjih bo npasi — ^an- 
munecKU — paacKaaqHKx, Kor^a ohi sacxaBJiaexi o^ho H3ib bboxx- 
Buxi JIBUTI yxBepjBAaxb, qxo xeKyniaa SH8Rb toxobexi* „uo6'^jij 
HOBaro Mipa HaAi* cxapuMX**, npasi ohi ejie He npanx tfioK- 
muHecKu, sacxaBJiaa rjiaBBOe A'^^ficxByiomee jihiio npn^xE si bw.- 
Bo^y, qxo „a£H8flb yxoAHi'b oxi Haci Bi ciiJiomyK) flajii**, — ohx ne 
npaei, Kas'b xyAOSflHR'b-H8o6pa3Hxejib. He MOit o. HaaH'B, soxopyA 
Ao MOMOHxa pa3GRa3a bi H8o6paaseBiH r. FyGeaa OpeH6yprGKaru 
SHJix oduqHoft A^peBeHGEofl shshbk), a^^kIS oxs KaEoro 6£i xo hh 



64 PyCOKOB BOrATCTBO. 

6aso noAOsptnia o HaspiBaDmefi 9BOJiioi(iH bi SRdHeHHHX'^ otho- 
meHiaxi (h Bt qacTHOCTH, 6^ depesHTb); shjii ^pocTe^Koft 3KH3hli) — 
^RaKi Bct shbjt'b'' — A^peBBHCRaro cBameHHHKa h A^JioBHTaro xo- 

SAHHa, ROTOpOHy He qySE^U THOHIHUe npHSBaSH XOSilflCTBeHHOft AtJIO- 

BHTOCTH, BnjroTb AO cnaHBaflifl MysHKOBi-DpHXojRaH's BOAKOK) (?to6h 

BOJiyqHTt Bl CBOH pjKH ^Jiy^fflyiO 00 OKpyit" „8e!iJIHAy", BaK* 

OH'L can't Ge6t npocTOAyniHO paacRaBUBaerE: ,...Moh jyra na^a- 
XHC&... cMOTpn! XopomB?.. 3eMJiHiia-T0 bto He AapoMT> mh* AOCTa- 
xacb! nooRpyrt JiyqinaB! Tpu?odaeoe6aji^! Ckomko 6odKucnotJUUb!.,'')\ 
He MonB 9T0Ti> ^Tpe8B0" HacTpoeHHull H npaKTHRHuS qexoBtai, 
&h nrbCKOAMco dneU—B'b ipH aha — y6'feA«TbGa, ito ^ecfb Boxpyrx... 
Hmyn paA npaBAu. pan capaseAJiBBOCTH, cxpacTHO 6opaTCH sa OBoft 
HAeajii", H, CTajio 6uTb, He Mort npoHSHocHTB, xaxi ohx A*J»a«T% 

BTO BX ^CxpaHt OmOBX**, CBOHXT> ropA<IHX'B pt^eft TOMl, TTO 
^XHBHB yxOAHTl 0T% HaCl BX CifllOIUyK) AAXfe"... C*B XyA0XeCTB8HH0fi 

To^KH spiHiH 3T0 oepepoxAeHie o. HBana cjiHmsoM'b HeosHAaHHo: 
OHO He HMteTi aa co6ofi AOCTaToqeuxi DpeqHH'L hh bo BHyTpeHHefi, 
HH BO BHiniHeft SH8HH o. H^BBa, a n(»TOMy P(vb ero nuiiKifl pi<ii 
rpaHH^arL ci q^Mi-TO bi poA'b acHXojiorHqecKaro lyAftf ci RtMi-io 
Bi poAt HaHTiff Ha Hero o6ii;aro HacTpoeHU ^Ctpasu oti^obx'^. 

CaMO co6ofl paaynteToa, hto npa bthxi ycjioBiaxx Majio Btpo- 
axHa o^mHocTb bx HacTpoeniH qHiaTejia h aBTopa, h to, qxo npx 
Apyrnxx ycxoBiaxx Morjio coaAaxt ee (jiK)6oBHoe OTHomenie xy- 
AoiKHHRa Rx TOMy, ^TO OHx B3o6pa2RaerL), npH AaHHUxx ycJioBiflxi 
eoBepmeHHo aHHyjotHpyeToa HeAocxaToiHO BtpoHTHoio CTpeMHiejiB- 

HOGTLK) BX pa3BHTiH OCHOBHUXX CODHTift HOBtCTH. Bo BCeS ^CxpaHt 

OTixoBx" cnoRofiHO HaaHcana tojilro BeJiHRojtDBaa xyqa, pa^pa- 
zanmaaca 6ypeft HaA* ptRoft, repeat ROTopyio Ha napoMt nepenjiBi- 
Baen rjiasHuS repoft noBtcTH (oaHcania apHpoAH Boofin^e yAa^HH 
wh ^CxpaHt OTUOBi)". Bee ocxajiBHoe — nopxpexHH MaccoBHa Rap 
THHH — oapeAtjiaexca He ptARH^i* bi noBtcxH cxobomi: ^Mexnyjioa*: 
.MexHyjica^—roBopHxca o napoMiuHRt, Roxopuft ycxaHaBJiHsaexx na 
■apoM* xapaHxaci o. Hnana, ^BBMexHyjica' — rOBopaxca 061 ^aBuxt 
nxaMeHH", rofab HAen» ptito noaap*, ^MexHyjiact" — roBopaxca 
rxaBHofl repoHHt noB*cxH. TaRx se toiho ,MeTHyjica* b% noBtcxH 
H 0. HsaHi, ^iiexHyjica*' rb% oahopo MipooxHomenia bx Apyroe. 
KaRi HeBHroABO oxpaacaexca axo na HHxepecHoft xeirt, saxpo- 
nyxoS anxopom, cxanoBHXca o^eBHABO npn nepsoft me noDEiixRt 
■enoMHHXB coAepsanie noBtcxH h csaxB ero wh RopoxRy© xpo- 
HHRy cofiHxifl... Bi BTOMX cxy^at cxpoMHxeJiLHOCTb co6htI11 
yae ne cRpaAWBaexca o6xeiiOM'i» noBtcxH, h noxoMy nojiyiaexca 
npH6jiH3HTejibHO cji4Ay»mee.., Kx 0. HeaHy, AepeneHCROMy cea- 
neHHBRy, KOTopuft noRa sHBexx, „RaRi bo* xHByxx*', ^paAyexta 
eBoeny xoaaflcxBy" h cbohmx doj^mi, oropqaach xojbro, Rorja 
MyaRHRH iipoH3BOAax% y nero noxpaBH (na ,,xyiineft no ORpyrt 
eicjiHi;*"), — K% BXOMy npocieity-CBanieHHHRy npitamaexTb Apyrol 



1 



JIHTBPAT7PHUH HABJIDABHIfl. 65 

j^epeseHCKiS CBfliaeHHHKi — o. MaxB^fi, y Roxoparo 6tj(a oJiynjiacK 
seua ,yC6isajia^, ee 6fiiyqH bi cooTOflHiH BUHOcHibAoai^nie shbhi 
«Bi noAseaiejibH*, KaKi ^arypaji&HO BupasaeTca oea bi ooTasjieH- 
HOM'E Hysf oHCLMt. IIoMHiio Toro, ^TO dTOTB paspuBi npejiCTaB- 
jifleiCH 0. HsaHy MCo6jia8HOHi*, HeyAofiHum js^na. ^MaiymKH'*! o. 
HsaHi AfHaeTi, wto ,ci TasBMH BAeBMH^ — He nposHBemb, h no- 
TOMy corjiamaeTCfl aa npoci>6y apitxaemaro — notiaib ci HHn b% 
ry6epacKift ropo:^^, pa^biosarb dirjgasf h yroBOpATB BepHyTbox 
JL% iiysy npHBjieKaTejibHyK) h yMHyv) seHiiiHHy, soTOpaa jtaBHO 
HeaaBHAHTb Myaca-cBBnieHHBKa, He 6pe8raK)n^aro, KOr^a HysHO, ao- 
HocoMi (aTHxi noji;po6HOGTeS o. HsaBi ooqeny-TO se BHaerE ^o 
pasroBopa ch o. MaTBtetfi), h jhoOhti o. HBaaa (061 btomi 0. EBSiWh 
Tose ao«ieMy-TO He AoraAuaaeTCH, xoth aaxoAHTCH bi a&bhbxti ot- 
Homeaiaxi Ri 0. MaTBtx) e ero seat h b% rjiydaat AyoiH casi 
HepaaaoAyineai k% ^naBjfHHBKt")... Cjiyqajocb, OAaaRo, ae to, 
iTO npeAOOJiarajioGL paAH H35tsaaiH „co6jia8aa'. PaBucRaai vh 
ry6epBCR0iii ropoAt StrjiaaRy a, npHAfl yfitAaib ee, 0. Hsaai no- 
naAaeii, TaRX se, RaRi a caiia 6trjiaBRa, bi RaRofl-TO boaobo- 
poT^ SBBBH, Toqao oaeoiajibao jiJiz aaxi aa btb Tpa aha nparo- 
TOBJieaauS. IIpesAe acero 0. Haaai aoTptqaerL AoqB nepBaro 
Mtcxaaro 6oraqa a RpoaoniSi^fii — mapoROdaAoaa, Roxopan ci nep- 
Byxi se cjioB'B roaopaxi, qxo i,Be j[K)6axi CBaa^eaaaROBi'', xaRi 
RaRi* ^oaa ojiysarE BJiy**, h BaxiifL yRasEiaaerb aa Hoaoe xeqeaie^ 
ROxopEiBfi oxBaqeau act jiioAa. KaR'B 6bi bi noAxaepsAeaie ej[ 
exoBi, HBxaDTOH aa ABopt pa6oqie, y Roxopuxi ai bto apeiiff 
•xaqRa a Roxopue npaniJia 01 npoci>6oB noopeAaaqecxat ri 
oxixy naajiaabRH. Ilocjit axoro aohi* niapoROBaAOBa^ Roxopaa yaae 
aasaajia ce6a AeMORpaxROft, aeAexi 0. Ilaaaa a [laajiaabRy aa roh- 
•aapaxaaaoe co6paaie, rAt roBopaxca ropaqia piqa. IIpeABapH- 
xejibao, OAaaRO, oaa cjiyqaBao noaajiB aa A^MoacxpaiiiK), rAt 0. 
Haaai, npoqxa OAay aaAaacB aa saaMeHB, .acnyraaao BSAOxayjii*. 
BosBpan^aflCb bbi Go5paaifl, o. Hsaai npaaaaexcA, qxo oai bj* 
nepaufi pasi aaqajn AyiiaTL... Saxtai 06a CBaa^eaHaKa a IJaa^ 
XBBbRa tAyxi AOMoB... no Aoport, RorAa ohb 6ujib aa napoMt, 
soAHflJiacL 6ypa, oxopaajica Raaax'L. BotMi yrposaxa aeMaayqax 
ra6ejb, ao 0. Haaai 6pocBJicH b'l ptsy, bbidjiiixi 01 Raaaxom 
aa 6eper'b a caacb actxi (aaoxojiBRO, ai HBofipaseaia r. FyceBa- 
OpeaCyprcRaro, ae qyacxBya ai bxovi aaRBRoro aoAsara, qxo^ 
RorAa anocjEtACxaia ero nocxyaoR'E aa cbmohi A^Jit aasBajra noA- 
BBroMi, xo obi* ^yABBjieaHo aarjraayji'b'' aa roaopaamaro: ^To- 
■yxb pasBt 6bixo? Bttdb y mshr ua napoMtb eeou kohu emoHAU*'}. 
Tasi RBRi nocjit cJiyqaaoiarocH aeo6xoAaMO 6bijio o6cyniHrbcay xo 
■yxaaRH no A'^port GBepxbiaanrE R'b djiaroqaaaoMy. 34'bG& ohh 
BaGTanxi G6opanie rocxefl a cnop's, ao apeiur ROxoparo cuai 6xa- 
roqaaaaro, GxyAeaxi, oxqaxtiaaexi aIxobbuxx, a naBJiaabRa, — 
ROxopyK) seaa fijiaroqaaaaro npo6yexi ocRop6axL, MyexaBi mo 

X 10. OTJK^-h I. ^ 



66 P700K0I BOrATOTBO. 

eu a^ecy lasji) bbixoakj, hto focth ^^EipRHyjiH h ^jn h« 
HonaAajiH co OTyjiBeBi'*, — oco6eHHO pteso noHyacTBOBaFB OTBpa* 
meaie ko BotHi ospysaDn^HMi, oTSUBaeTi bi OTopony (bi ly- 
laHi) 0. HfiaHa, HasuBaerB ero repooMi^ i^ftjiyeTi h npocnn 
e6pocHTL CL ce6A AyxosHuft caHi... Ha ojitAynn^ee yTpo npOHCxo- 
XHTi RpecTBflHOEifi 6yHirb... IIoai naTHCROMi cjiyvEBmai^ocji o. HBani 
ptsRo HyBCTByerb cbok) CBun^eHHE^ecKyio senpaBOTy aepex'B shshbd, 
H, Korxa onjawL ai><kohi, ROToparo ohi o6o8Baii ipmoioHOMi*', ro- 
BopHTB 0. Hsany, ^o OBiiii^eHHBRy He noAo6aeTi laRi 6paHHTi>cff^ 
o. HeaHi HOxepHqecRH RpH^Hrb: „He oBfln^eHSHRi fl"*! A norom 
npoHaHOCHn njiaiieHHyK) pi^^b, bi ROTopoft ohi, npeo6paseHHJufl 
H npocBtoJieHHufi, roBopHrb, ^to ^shsbb yxoARTL on naci b'b 
oiaioiiiyK) j^ajiL... a hu (AyxoBeacTBo) ctohmi Ha uteri, ORaiie- 
Htjiue, ^6pH0K) OTtHon... caMH He EjifiWb E utmaeifi bj^th Apy- 

THMl*'... „M£I BCt 6e8yHI^u! ^HBeMl 6e8C08HaTej[BHO, — HUCJfiMl 
HaBAdaHHUMH MUCMMH... MEICJIIIMH pa60Bl''... „Sl XOVy 6UTb OBO- 

tfoAHUMi ^exoBtROMiy ojiysHTB cBo6oAHOiiy Bory**... H t. x*» 

He flCHo JEH, ^0 8T0 RaRoe*TO ^yj^o npocBtTjAniff, RaROfl-TO oipe- 
MHTejiBHLifi noTORi oo6BiTifl, HenoHHTHO BUTeRaion^iS Es% BHyrpeH- 
Hsro HHvero h noTOHy nysAaDiuiflofl bi peitapRaxi vh po^i 
^xi, ROTopufl A^xaDTox Bi ApaMaTHqecRHX'B npoHSBeiieHigx'B: uesxT 

TaRHMl-TO H TaRHHl-TO XBXeHiflMH npOXOAHTl CTOXLRO-TO BpeMeHH, 

xoTfl OHH H cxiAyK)Ti HepeA'B TxasaMH apHTexii OAHO HeaocpeACTBeHHO 
Qocxt Apyroro? He acho xh (kb cosaxtHin), tto 8to — He bsroh 
qeHHan BunojiHeHieMi Ben^B, a toxbro 8Crh8i jijle HHTepecHofi h 8Ha- 
iHTexBHoft Ben^H, RaRyi) Morxo 6bi CA^xaTB iJctHHOft aBTopoRoe sHa- 
Hie cpeAU, bi ROTopoMi ne mohotx coMHtBaTBOn qHTaTexB, h to 
xK)6oBHoe (BtpHte, CTpacTHoe) OTHomeme asTopa ri> nocTaBxeHHOit 
«e6t XHTepaTypHofi saAaqt, ROTopoe xcho 6uxo 6u HHTaxexK) h 
6e^% npHHflTaro aBTopoMi danrpa^a hs'b Heqine: ^HsrHaHHBRaME 
XoxsHu BU 611ITB HSB cTpaHLi OTi^oBi saniHX'B. CTpaHy ji/kret Ba- 

mHXl AOXSHEI B£I XK)6HTb''. 



IV. 

61 ApaHaTEqecRHxi npoH8BeAefliflxi rr. HafiAesoBa (,,ABAOTBEHa 
acE8EB^) E HEpHROBa („HBaEi MBpoHuqi") nepoAi qETaxexeMi 
4flOBa ^oTpana oti^obi^. — Bi ,yABAOTBHHoft se8Eh'' r. HafiAeEOBa 
HepoAi qETBTexeifB cpeAa pyccRoft 6ypsya8iB, ecxE bsbtb na Ayniy 
rptxi npEiftfleHifl dToro TepnEHa ri UlHpoROsaAOBUMi r. PyceBa- 
OpeH6yprcRaro e Xboctobumi r. HaflAeEOBa. Otiiu ropAflTCJi rftHX^ 
^rro rySepHaiopu npEBtTCTeyioTi exi cxoBaMs: „JKMy eamy 6xaro- 
poAEyn pyRy**, e ,,no-CTapEBRt'' Ecnoh^]ijioThy mo Apyroro cpeA* 
OTBa odesneHETB bi ceiiBt nopnAORi, RpoMt RaRi „B8htb Rocy, 



JTBTlPATyPHHii HABJIIQAB BIfl. 67 

'fianoTaTB Ha pyKy**... „a to h bi xapio paaa j^sa," — Htra. A 
^UtTH* ^ero-TO xoraTi, TfeMi-TO MyvaTca; rt, »!to xotate ^ero-To 
H t[tai'L-TO MyiiaTOfl, Be^yrb rpy6yf3 BofiHy ci TtMH^ bto 6e8pO' 
noTHO noKopHJicfl cnojiBa, a nocjrbAHie, b% cbod o^epe^i*, Myqaioff 
OTE 8T0& boShu, He yntfl yse, K8lkt> ^ombi,*" BOABOpHTb syjia- 
soMi ecjiH He HHp'B, TO 6e8]fOJ[Bie Bospyn Ge6ji. Ho a^h neapH- 
MHpHBmHxcH HJH HO 0Ka3BiBaeT0fl Mtcxa hT> OKpysaion^efl bxi shshh 
(bi HLect OHa cHMBOjiHSHpyeTCJi ^pBOMi CI HenpocBixanmefi bjo- 

BOHHOH) BOAOfiy KOTOpuft npOXOAHTB HOA^ OaifllMH OKHaMH H 810- 

BOHBOCTH KOToparo BL raaeraxi Aecaib JtftrB naaif rit''), hjih ohh 
He npHroAHBi ]i,Jisi CBoeS pojiH HenpHafHpHHux'B (axoro asxop'B He 
OA'bJiaiii HcauMi)— BO bchkomi cjifqai h ^oTau*', h „a%tb'', h ,He- 
npHMHpBBmiecH'', h ^npBMBpeHHue* b% DBOct KOHvaiorE oahbmi ■ 
Tiwb se: b% 10 ^acoBi Benepa tjijr% KOMnaaiefi b% 6aBD, bi 
H3JiH)6;ieHH£ie ABa Hoifepa, saBaaaHHue „no Tejie^oay^ jiK)6HTeien 
BToro pasBjie^enifl — rjaBoft AOMa, y KOToparo ry6epHaTopi hosh- 
Majii 6jiaropoAHyK) pysy. Ha btou'l h KOH^aexoH jia^Haji AP^na 
repoHBH r. HaflAeHoea: AftJi^nie, o^eBHAHo, ^ABAOTEHBa SHdHL' nofl- 
Aen> 6631 ocJiosHeHiS h K0H$y8a js,jlb. cohbh. 

Bi HLeot r. HnpHsoBa nepeA'z» ^HTaTejEeHi — HsaHi MHpoHuq'b, 
neAaroFE pycosaro saxojycTbJi hjoih. BtpHte, saojiyseHHufi cneiiia- 
jiHCTi no HsroTOBiieHix) ^npHHapeHHuxii'' ci SHSBbD JiDAefi: npH- 

HBpeBHUXl CO BC^Ml, HTO 6hl HH A^JiaJIH CI HHMH, — HpEUBpeB- 
HUXl GO BCtHl, qTO 6hL HE A^^A^IOCB CB HEME. — BHaMeHHTOM'B 

MypaBLOBt (BHJieHCKOMi) pascKasuBajiH, ^xo bo bchsomi ji^'^At ero 
npesAe Bcero saBHMaji'B Bonpoci: ci soro obi 6yAexi BsucKHBaxB 
8a ynynieaie? Bee npo^ee b% rjiasaxi MypaBbeBa aojisho 6bijio 
caxo co6ofi npHJOsHXLCH... B% axoHi rjiy6oKO y6tsAeHi h UBaai 
MapOBBiqi. He AonycxEXb^ Tro6u KaKoe-HH6yAi» ysJioaeBie ovh 
npeABflcaBHaro npomjio Oes'L BOBMeaAin, sHaiExi, b^ ero rjiaaaxi, 
yaopBAO^axb hhshb e npEroxoBHXB cHacxjotHBuxB WAefi, HaoKojiLBO 

aXO B03E0SB0 B% DAOJIE EJia^a H CK0p6H. H OHl GO COOKOflEOfi 

coBtcxbK) Moasexi noABeprnyxs cypoaoft sapt ^BBipeHHaro** OMy 
DHua, — HeH3B4cxHo: no 6jiB3opyKOcxE EJiB yMMfflAeBBo — He ox- 
AABinaro evy, HHcneKxopy, aojishliS hosjohb. J(jia HBaaa Mapo- 
HBiqa, Kasi axo yAocxoatpflet'L ero MMaMama" (canoe yAa^aoe 
jiBi^o B'B ^Haaat MapoHiaqf ), axo He cyn^ecxBeHEuft Bonpoci — 

BOapOCl HaJEqHOGXE |,8JI0S BOJTH^ BX JOWhj ^XO COBepmBJIOOB. 

HacnefixopB se nojryHEJii xoro, qxo aojisohi 6uji'b noxy^axB, h, 
cJitAoaaxejiBHO, RapaAOJiSEa Suxb sajioseHa, ^To6hL ycxpaHEXB bi 
Kopai cofijasH'B ne chexb maoKy nepeAi xiMi, nepeAB stMB ee 
CHBXB AOJISHO. EycxB 8X0 osajsexcE HecnpaaeAJiEBUHi oxHOcaxejiB- 
HO npeAEOJiaraeMaro BEHOBEHKa — bb aahhomi oiiyHa'b. H 8x0 He 
^^Aa BB rjiasaxi HaaHa MapOEuqa: ai sebeh ero BOCQExaEEEKE 
BcxptxflXB MEoro flecapaBeAiEBOGxefly npoxEBB Boxopuxi obe osa- 
.syxcE 6e8CEJiBHUME He MeHte, q^MB cefiqacB OTsooExejiBHO HBana 

6* 



6S P700KOB BOrATOTBO. 

MflpoHEi^a, H Ki 9T0My HMi HjsHo jiftTB npHBUKHjTii CI caMar# 
Haqaja „bo HsfitisaHie TAsejihix'E pasoqapoBaaifl'' bi 6yAynieMi... 
E QOTOny HeaBi MepoHuqi MoseTi SHTb h H.a caMOMi ji^^jl^ sh* 
BeTB cb GOOEoflHofl AyoDOK) ^ejioBtsa, EOTopufl npaei h KOTopuS 
ooBc^Mi Be 80JII no npapoAt. Obi BCKpesHo Be noBHMaerL, But- 
OTt 00 GBoeft vMaMaineft'', Kasoft-TaKoft ^HOBofl*' shshb xotbtl h 
Tpe6yK)n ero BxopaB seaa a B3pocjiafl ao^b oti nepsaro 6pasa^ 

ROrAa BBOfi SH3BH, HtMl Ta, KOTOpOK) SHBeTl OBl, BtTb B 6blTb 
He MOBOTB... 

Bi ubect r. HapRKOBa BtTi coScTseBBO ApavATB^ecKaro abh- 
sobIb. Ero ^Hbbbi Mflpofluqi'* tojibko npojori si Apavt, koto^ 
pan Be oeroABB— -saBipa pasBirpaeicB bi AOMt HeaBa MapoBy^a. 
Haenpuoe 6yAeT&, — Vh atoan BoeqaTJitBiH oyn^ecTBeBBoe 0TJiB<iie 
^HBaea MBpoBuqa** oTi «ABAOTbBBoft jkbsbb^ r. HaflAeBoaa. IIoEa 
Bi AOMt HBBBa MepoBuqa Bce tbki se ocEop6BTejibBo, Kasi i 
Ha 6epery ^^psa ci aeapocuxaioB^efl sjiobobbok) boaoA" bi ^ Abaotl- 
HBofl sbbbb.*'. Ho 8T0 Be 6e8apocBtTBO, kbei y r. HaflAeaoBa. Bi 
HBoCpaseaia r. HapasoBa Bce tojileo ^noEa** a sa npojioroMi ae 
Koserb ae apaAxa aacToaniaB AP&Ma, — ki cqacibn a^ib oabbxi ■ 
Ki BBB^meMy aeAoyatBiK) m^ Apyraxi. .5 

ABTopi ^Hsaaa MapoBBiqa'*, aaai BcerAa, ae 6BqyeTi (aToae 
ero asaflpi), — oai TOJibso ocatBBaerb. B'b aioicb a c.ia6afl, a cajib- 
Haa CTopoaa r. ^apasoaa, Easi xyAoasBBKa... KorAa r. HapasoBi se- 
CToso ocMtBBaerb a ^ejoBtsa, a cacTeay, oosAanniyM) ypoAOBi ai 
poAt Hsaaa Mapoauqa, y ^BTaxeJiH BcerAa ocTaexca qyBCXBO, qxo Bce 
8X0 ae Befl86tsao, hto axo — ae Kopeab Beniefl, a Easaa-xo, aoasa- 
jiyfl, xpyaEBB cEopjiyaa. ^Gxpamao'' aa nejioBtsa ae cxaaoBaxca. — 
Pacya caaBia aeaparjBAHUA oxopoau saaaa, r. ^apaEoBi bboo 
ocxaexoB oaxaaacxoai, a ero o6uAeBii^aaa ae raexexi aeaocpoA- 
oxBOBBoe qyBCXBO apaxejia - ^axaxejia, BaEi axo 6uBajio oi o6i>i- 
Aean^aaoft ^exosa, npaaaifaBniefl ai rjiaaaxi xyAosBasa Mpaqauft 
zapaExepi nojj-cxaxifiaaro BBjeaia... 

HeAocxaxsa ^Haaaa Mapoauqa" xi se, qx<) a BcerAa y r. ^a- 
pasoBa — BaEiOBBOcxb si npeyBeJKaqeaiio a mapsy a bi eomb- 
qecsaxi nepooaasaxx a nojioseaiaxi, a bi ApaAiaxaqeCEHXi (bao- 
BeAi-yqaxejib ai ^Uaaflt MBpoBuqt**). Aaxopi ^Haaaa Mapo- 
Huqa", ecjia aocooJibaoBaxbCB xepucBaoMii aExepoai, — cjiamEOHi 
qacxo ^nepearpuaaexi^y ae yata aacxaaaTb Ge6fl ocxaaoBarbca bo 4 

BpeMB npa pa8pa6oxBt A^Tajiefl. 3xo, soaeqao, a oopxaii aaeqa- | 

TJitaie, a Mtmaexi, ecjia xasi mosho Bupasaxbca, cepbeaaoay -| 

oxBomeaiD Ei npoaaaeAeaiD co cxopoau qaxaxejia-apaxejua. 



.1 



I 

I 



JHTlPATyPflUfl HABJinABHIflr. <* 



V. 

CpeAH jHacTHHKOB'B Bi4 — 6 EBHraxi „C6opHBRa'', OTpasBBinflxi — 
9% H8o6pa}KeBiBxi paHBoS xyAoasecTBeBBofi i^tBflocTH — bo^th bcd 
•OBpeMeaajK) Pocciio(M. FopLKifl ji.fiJi'h TiopbMy — „Bai;ioBajii>BO-casfO- 
^MTBjK)" Tiopbaiy; r. KynpHBi. — saxoJiycTayH) BoeBByjo cp«ay; r. Fy- 
•eBi-0peB6yprcEifl — pycoKoe jiyxoBeBCTBo; r. HaflAeHOBi — poccifl- 
•Koe KyneqecTBo; r. ^flpasoBX — pocciflcsBxi neAaroroBi, bsfotob- 

JCBIOniBXX BO BCtX'E CJIOJIXl — BJOtH AOJiaseBCTByiOIIlBX'L BSrOTOBJIflTL — 

^HCTBBBo-pyccKHxi'' JiioAefl), — BGKJOK)qflTejii>floe Micro safiHiia'erb 
r. ABi^peeBT). Ero Teiia A^^Ji^Ka orh ocTpuxi BonpocoBi ooapeMeH- 
Hofi pyccKoft acBBHH; ero jiBTepaTypaafl saAaqa — ^hcto ncBxojiorH- 
lecRaro SBaieBifl. 

Ha Bami BsrjiHAiy saAaqa, nocTaBJieBBaB ce6t aBTopoMi „Bopa*, 
flocTaBjiefla Be npasBJiiiBO, h noTOvy oaa He noBBTHa bi caMoft 
OGHOBt GBoefl. ^SaaqeBifl btofo owl He hobbjii'^. 9thmh cjiOBaMH 
saKaflqBBaeTCB pasGRas'b r. AaApeeaa, h aTHMBGJiOBaaH bi Koai^tKOH- 
^OBi ^opxyjiBpyeiGB Gyn^ecTBeaaoe bo BaeqaTJitaiaxi GaMoro qHTa- 
Te.iia „Bopa". ^yacTBO ae-acaaro ne npoxoAHU jifikxe npa BTopaq- 
HoafL qTeaia pascsasa. J^ns qHTaxejifl no npexBeHy ocTaeicfl sara- 
XoqBUMi^ qTO BMeaao npoBSoniJio ci BopoMi, o KOTopoifL paacKa- 
sajii r. AaApeea^. H AyMaeTGB, qio bto — BHaa He qaiaTejiB... 

TypreaeBi KorAa-xo ynpeKajii pycGKBxi nBGaxejiefi b% HeAO- 
fraxKt ^BUAyMKH'*. F. AaApeeay bi bxomi oxBomeaiH aejiBSH cAt- 
xaxb ynpeKi. KorAa noBBBJUCH xaKofi HCKJiiDqHxejiBH&ifi no xeMt h 
noApo6HocxBi['b pasGKadiiy Kasi „Bi> xyMaaf , xpyABo 6uJio AyMaxB, 
1X0 y HHGaxejifl xaaxaxx upaqaofi ^aaxasiH Ha qxo-HH6yAb Hoaoe — 
•xojib ase Heo6uqHoe h gxojib se nopasanniee. Ho y r. AaApeeaa 
MpaqHofi ^aHxasia OKasajiocB AOGxaxoqflo: ohi BBimejii no6'bAHxe- 
JieMi: noojit „Bi xyMaaf a^^*^ He Meflte aKcxpaopABHapByx) i 
KpaqayiD ^nasBB BacHJiifl BaaefiGKaro^, nepenojuaeBByio bgakbmr 
HeGqaGxiBMHi EaKia xojibko mosbo 6hiA0 CBajEHxs aa rojotoay neGqaoT- 
laro BaGHJilH BaBefiGKaro. yGxaaoBHiGB RaEoft-xo OBoeo6pa3H£ift 
nxepaxypaufl peRopAi aa HCRjuoqaxejibB&ie Giosexu h Heo6uqafi- 
HBiH noApo6HOGXH: sa „}Ka3BLH) BaGHJiia OHBeflGRaro^ nocjitAOBajiH 
,npB3paKB''y 6ji£aho, HO GBoeo6pa3BO xojisyionUe shsbb — xaRHMi. 
o6pa30M'L, qxo bbrbri seJiBdH pa3o5paxB^ rxo co6cxBeBHO Gyiia- 
CDieAmie: Th, Roro Jitqaxi bi RaqeGxat 6ojibbbix'b Aymofi, hjih xi, 
RXO B% RaqeGXBt sAopoBBixi npHsaaflBi jitqaxB 6ojiBaBixi. 3a 

.HpBBpaRaMH'' HBHJICH „KpaGHBlfi GlltXl'', B% ROXOpOMl TJiaBBOe 

•o6Bixie, nepesepayBmee pyGGRyK) sbbbbb, pasGnaxpHBajioGB, MtGxaiCR 
VL noxpBGaDQ^efi GHJioft, CKB08B npHSMy ABofiaoro yMonoMiniaxejiL- 
fxaa: noMtmaxejiBGXBa xoro, rxo pasGRasBiBaji o Boflai, h noMft- 
naxejiLGXBa xoro, rxo sanaGajii axoxi pasGRasi... Tenepi» nepeA'^ 



70 F700R0B BOFAXOTBO. 

lUTaTejieM'b „C6opHHKa'' — ncHxojiorifl npo^eccioHajiBHaro Bopa,. 
KOTopufl — HejAa^Ho — xo^erE, hto6£i ero Bct c^flTajiH qeoTHim 
HiMi;eMi-67xrajiTepoM'b reflpExoMi BajiBTepoMi. 

06jiK)6oBaB'b o6jiacTB ECSJUO^HTeJiBHaro h HeoSuqaaro, r. Ah- 
ApeeBi BM^GTi ci TtMi npBAajn cbohmi nocjiiAHHHi npoHSBej^e* 
HiflMi HaiitpeHHyK) HeAocRasaHHocxL h otpubo^hoctl bi Bsioze- 
bIh. HBTaxejiK) ocTaBJieaa mBpoKan o6j[acTB ajih ero oo6GTBeHBHxrb 
AoaoJiBBK)niflxi AoraAOKi. 9to, soHe^BO, opaBo xyji;o2BHHsa. Ho 
TaR% se TO^BO Be noAJiesBrL oomb^bId, ^to ajib BOBMoasBocTH 
OBJuaAtTL ncflxojiorEqecKofl saAaqeft, RoiopyK) nocTaBBJUi ce6% xj- 
AOSBBKi, Beo6xoAHMOy "9x0611 qBTaiexK) 6UJI0 ocxaBJieflo — no oCei^- 
Sony BupasefliK) — ^mapoRoe noie** siui AoranoRi, a Be jiicBas 
sapocjiB, RaRi y r. AfiApeesa, — bi po^t BaBBascEHX'B sapoojiefl^ 
repeal KOTopyD Be npo6epemBGji 6e3'E Tonopa... Bt^b b bi „Kpao- 
BOMi CMtxt^ caMBie BBBMaTejna»flBie qBTaxejiB, ^BxaB, Be norsusfiL- 
BajiBCir, Rxo co6cxBeflBO aaxopi oxpuBROBi nepBofl Hacxa: o^Baepi^ 
onjiaxBBmil M6e8yMieMi'' BcnuxaBBui ^yacaci^, ejib ero 6paxi?.. 
Bi xasofl se Mtpt BaxpyABeBiB BOSBBRaiox'b b nps ^xeaiB ctfyxBO- 
osaxarOy BeAoroBopeflaaro b npoiBBopi^BBaro ^Bopa*... Ilpo^eo- 
oioBaJiBBufi Bopi ^Aexi no se;it8Sofi Aoport bi toctb ri bob- 
j[K)6jieBBol — npoGXBxyxRt (sflaROMaB noApofiaocxB). Ohi> o^txi, 
„RaRi nopBAO^Bue jiioab'', nooCtAaji'^ bi 6y$er& 1-ro RjiaGca b, 
npiBXBO BaGxpoeBBBifi, qyBGXByexi Ge6B bi nojioseaiB „nopBAO^- 
Baro qeJUOBiEa''^ Roxoparo BBRaRBiii o6paBOM'b bojibbb bo npssBaxk 
Ba nopBAO^Baro qeioBtRa. Hxo6u bcbo no'^yBGXBOBaxB bxo, obi 
npo6jexi bi BaroBt II RsaoGa saBBsaxB pasrosopi ci ooGtABMH, 

BO Rl ROliy 6bI obi BB 06paiI^aJ[CBy — RI BXEKI jib COGtABMl, K% 
ROBAyRTOpy JIB, GOnpOBOSAS^S>m^3iy notSA'B, — BGt rOBOpflXX 0% EEM%, 

XOHBO Bxi oxxanRBBaexi BeBBABiioe rjeoAmo Bopa, npBBBBmaro jib- 
^BBy „nopBAOiflaro qejioB^Ra"... Bopi r. AHApeesa xepBexi xy* 
mesBoe paBBOBtcie, Ba^BBaexi* 6obxi>gb: eMy aa^BBaexi RaBaxBGB, 
1x0 ero jiOBBXiy oorjiaGfio rbroA-xo nojiy^eBBofi xejierpaMiii, b bi 
peayjiLxaxt obi bi naBBqeGRom oxpaxi 6pocaexGfl noAi Bcxpii- 
Bjufl notsA'B... r. AsApeeay dujn GA'l^JiaBi mbmoxoaomi ynpeRi, 
qxo OBI xpaxBxi gboS RpyoBLifi xajiaaxi aa nGBXojioriK) RaRoro-xo 
Bopa. 8x0, Roaeqao, BecnpaBeAJiBBO, b qejioatRi, ae OAo6pBeMBift 
.YjioseaieMi aaRasaaiaxi'', coBepmeflao xaRaa se BaRoaaaB xeMa 
AJUL noBxojiorflqeGRoS npo6ieMBi, rbri b bgbrbb Apyraji. Ho npo- 
6jieMa AOJUsaa 6uxl bcbb. Aojisbo 6uxi> noBBxauMi, qxo BiieaBO 
npoBBomjio... ^xo coBAajio cxpaxi a qxo npespaTHJio axoxi cxpax:^ 
Bi ysBGi, BacxasBBmifl qejiOBtRa 6poGBXLGB boa'b noisAii? KjiefiMO 
Bopa? Ho Bi qeMi aRe oao saRJiioqajiOGL a<3a ^Bopa^ r. AaApeeaa?^ 
Ecjifl 3X0 RjieSMO Bi ero Go6cxBeflBOM'b Boodpaseaia, xo noieiiy 
OBI ae qyacxBOBajii axoro RJiefiMa bi 6y$ext 1-ro RJiaccB; gbak 
opeAB xi^xx 2Be naGcasopoB'B, b noqoMy Mor'B.paAocxao osBAax&^ 
^xo Boxi celqaGi oai noijifiVh bi aaroat II RjiacGa b bgA 6yAyR 



O^PKH BABOAOKOfl 2EH8HH. 71 

npHHHMaTb ero sa ^FeHpExa BajiLTepa''?— Ecjeh aro RjieflKO He vh 
ero co8HaHiH, a &*& ero o6HxoAt, b'l ero HaBAsqHBOCTH, — ^sBJiAeTCX 
Apyrofl Bonpooi: snepBue oKasajrcAf ^Bopi" bi laKOiti nojioseHii 
lejioBtKa 01 sjieSMOM'L hjdlh ohi BcerAa diun bi 9tou% nojcoseeiH? 
EcjiH BoepBEie, to noneMj se Bot cpaay, set BApyrt — h A<^Ma, i 

O^Haepi, H Ofiepi-KOHAySTOp'E, H ROHKySTOpi, 80 BpeMfl OCTaHOBKH — 

na saKOHHuS Boapoci ^Bopa**: no^eny notsA'fc ojtHinBOM'fc lOJiro 
OTOHTi, oTBtqaioTi: OTToro, 9T0 MamHSHCTi nomejEi lani^OBaTL, — 
no^eiiy Bct ohh to^ibo croBopHjiRCB TpaBHTb „Bopa^? Ecu ase sto 
BGOFAa 6uj[0 0% HHMi (xoTfl ffjifl Bopa, Mpa6oTa]oii^aro^ B'L ^Horot 
ny6j[Hsi, dTo HOBtpoaTHo), to no^eiiy se ohi Tasi ocTpo ^ya- 
•TByers aTOTi aQHsoAi bi jifiEh pascKaaa, — HacTOJiBSo ooTpo, ^to 
6pooaeTCfl no^i BCTpi^qHufl uol^sji^hl 

Bee 8T0 He tojibko ho jicHO—qTO HaauBaoTCH — caMO co6ofi (Ean 
xoT&Jii> 6hi ^HiaTejiB), ho h ho noAAaoTca HHRaKofi npHMHpHTejib- 
sofi Aorawii npn nonuTst ^HTaTb ^Bopa*', oiTyAHpyH, t. e. octi- 
HaBJEBaHOL yse ne na i^^jiomi, a na coAepisaHiH OTjL^ihuuxh 
^paai, — Bi, HpoAHOJiosBeHiH, ^^to aTH OTjifijihRusi $pa8£i MoryTi aat& 
Heo6xoAHMufi HCHXOJiorHqeGEifl unqi ri paacRasy. Orb mTyw 
poBaniH BUHrpuBaerb ai xpRocTH tojii»ro Bumei^BTHpoBaHHafl ro- 
leqeaa ^paaa: „3HaqeHifl aToro (t. e. orHeft napoBoaa, npH6jiHacaB- 
marocfl ri Bopy, 6poGHBnieMycH na peibcn) ohi ho nQBB3i%^, 
npiofiptTax, HeosHji^aHHo n^a oanoro qHTaTejiH, oHMBOJDiHqecRifi xa- 
paRTepi H BunyRjEooTB, ROTopofi MeHsme Boero, RoneqHO, xorijn 
aBTopi. 

A. E. PtAbKO. 



• O^epKH 3aB0AeK0fi[ 3KH3HH. 

(OnoHHanie,) 

m. 

A^tfHHHOTpaTHBHufl CTpofl 8aB0|(a Bcer^a npej^cTaBJiHJicff MHi 
HiHi-TO Vh poAi rpoMaAHaro npecca, nocpeACTBom ROToparo Has 
pafioqnxi BusHiiaiorb Heo6xoAHMyK) ajlsi rocyj^ap^^Taa acooHi^iK). 

PafioTa BTHMi npeocoMi nopyqeaa qacTHUMi JTHaam, npa qem 
BoaHarpasAeHienpoHaBoj^HTCH ^aafttJiBHO^: „6ojii>nie BusiieTe, 6oj[Bine 
H HOJiyHHTe*'! CtaHEHa h Bct Apyi^in qacTH npecca ycTpoeau BoanosHo 

OOJIHAHO H npOHHO, HO TtMl HO NeHiO HOpOD OHt HO BUAepSBBaDTl 

XaBJieniH. BusHMaeMuft MaTepiajii nooaAaeTCA paaHarb . conpoTUB- 
xenifl H HHofl paa7» 6uBaeTi nacTOJibRo RptQORi, qTO jtOHaeTcn 
xase caMfiifl npeccb, a qan^e Bcero nopmeHb npecoai — MaoTepi, TaR% 



72 P700KOB BOrATOTBO. 

Kan Ha Hem coopeAOTO^HeaeTCJi bch chu npecca r Bce conpo- 
TiBJieHie 00 oropoHu BusHMaeiiiJxi. 

dxo cpaBHenie He to^bo tojibKo b% tomi OTHonieHiH, ^o bi 
•aBOACKofl JKBdHH BUSHMaeMEifi BeptAso caMi o6paiiiaeTC4i b% bei- 
BBMaiejiHy — pa6oqift nepexoAHTi Ha nojiosoHie iiacTepa. KaKi bto 
XbxaeTCJi, h ceflqaci pascsasy, ho paHBme c^tjaK) He6oJii»oioe ot* 
erynjieHie. 

8a 10 jitrb SH8HH opeAH pa6o?Hxi mh^ jibhil o^eHB ptiiM 
HpHxoAHJiooB BCTpt^aTL TasHXi pado^Hxi, soTopue 6hL He Jie^TajIH 
nepeMtHHTL cbod npo^eocii). 

HouDHenie cooTaBJHJiH tojilso t&, rto 6£ix'b OBHsaHi ci CBoefl 
•peAofl KaEofl-BB6yAB Bucmefl BAeefl, ho hxi 6ujio cpaBHHTejD[i>HO 
xeHHoro. Bci ase ocTajbHue JnejEtajiH Haaeasjiy paHo hxh hosaho, 
noHHBniH xoTK HeMHOsKO AeHLSOBOKi, yflTH 01 saBOAa H He 6UTB 
OBaaaHBUMR HHRaKHMi HaqaibCTBOMi, HHKaRHHH ryAsaMH. Oahh 
Me^Taji co6oTBeHHOMi AOMBHiKt Bi ropoAt, Apyrie o Aepesni^, 

TpeTBH RaK0ft-HH6yA& TOprOBJit. 3th Me<ITU, KOHe^HOy p%AKO C6fil- 

BanroH, h rponaAHoe 6ojiiimHH0TBo bok)*3kb8hi> npoBOABTi h% MacTep- 
ORofl, ocraBaHOb vb oahomi h tohi xe SBaaiH Mpa6oqaro^. Ho sanoAi 
iH^ftMi Ex% SI oefit He npHBflSHBaerE. MajDio Toro. Obh KaxAyi) mh- 
Hyiy Moryrb 6uTb ysojieHu h Moryn oqyTHTLCii sa BopoTani 
•aaoAa, na yjCHi^t. HeyAHBBTexbHo, ^to oi roAaMH b% hhxi Jtumk 
ycHjcHBaercH sexanie hb on Koro ne BaBHctxE, hh vh zou% ne 
Hyx^aTbOJi, — sexanie, Bnoxni ecreoTBeHHoe h sasoHBoe. 

EoxH opaBBHTL B% 8T0MI oTHOioeHiB cxysdn^Hxi Ha SKexia- 
mxi Aoporaxi oi $a6pHHHO-8aBOAcsHMH pa6o«iBMH, to MesAy hhmh 
OKasexcjr aoboxbho 6oxbmaH paaaai^a. Ha sextsBuxi Aoporax'b, 
XOTH H He bctMiy HO Bce SO MHorBMi pa6oTHBKaui> Aana bosmos- 
HOCTfc saHHTL, 01 Te^eHieMi speiieHH, Ooxte sfla^HTexsHoe oxysefiHoe 
noxoseaie h noxy^aTB noBEimenHoe zaxoaaHbe. Ha bbboaIi xe 
caMoe 6oxiimeey ^ero iioserb AocTHrBTTb pa6o«iifl, aro — CAtxaTLCH 
6pHraAHpoM% (hxh CTapmHMi), noMoniHHKOMi Maorepa tfxH xe, 
■aKOHei^, MaoTepoifL; Bopo^eni, nooxtAHee Tpe6jeTi xaKoft sa- 
tpara oHXiy anepriH h ooBtcxH, tto npoorue pa5o^ie h ne iie^- 

1«Dn Odl 8T0MI. 

Orapniol b% napTiK hxh 6pHraAHpi BorptqaeTCH toxi»ko tbhi, 
Tf% KaKix-HHfiyAb OAHOoCpasHUH pa6oTU npoHssoAflTCH napTiatfH 
pa6o^HXi. 3to TOTi se pa6oqift, noxyqaDHiift caoe asaxoaaHbe no- 
AOHHO HXH HonrrjqHOy no noxbSjDniilcH xbBHHofi Aoxefi 3apa6oTKa, 
Biipa6aTUBaeMaro ero noApy^HunH. Bo Bcerb ocTaxbHOMi cTapmot 
HHCKOxuco He OTXH^aoTOH OTi» HpocTuxi pa6oqHxi H AepxcBTCH a 
HHMH coBepmeHHO HapaBHt. SanHHaxb 8Ty aoxbhocti» hoctohhho 
■OTTH HHKOMy HO npHXOAHTCH. Maxtfimee npeHnpaTexbCTBO cii 
maorepoM'b hxh neoorxaoie ci o6iHBxeHHol hhi i^tHoft BxesyTi sa 
•0601) CHt ji^eHie, H taBmift crapmofl o6paH(aeTCH b% npoeroro qxena 
napTur. 



OIXPEH SABOACKOfi XH8HE. 73 

FopaBAo B^eKOTJiHBte nojiosenie noMomHHEa MacTepa. 3a Boe 
Bpeiffl pa6oTU ohi HazoAHTCA 6ysBaj[bH0 MesAy Asyxi oreefi. Ob 
OAHol CTopoHu, pa6oqie, o% KOTopuMH ohi Tasi en^e HeAaBHO ta- 
njjn> OAHy h Ty se jumKy, npeA'bflBijiDTX cboh TpedoBaeia Ha 
no^Bi cojiHAapHOCTE, CI ApyroS — Maciepi roBopBTi o Heo6xoAH- 
MoeTH AepxaTbca ci pa6o<iHifB nocTpo3Ee h aohochtb eiiy 060 Bciu 
HapymeHiflxi BayTpeHHAro 6e3nopflAKA MacTepcKofi. HysBO mhofo 

TaKTa H yMtHI>B,^T06BI H6 BUBBaTL ptSKHXl BUXOAOKl C% oMhXI 

OTopoHi, H noTOMy 001101110051 iiacTepa o6uKHOBeHHO^npeAnoqaTaeTX 
AopsaTbcii HeonpoAtjieBHO, „hb HsmHuiy hh BamHMi''. BuBaerE h 
Tas'B^ 9T0, no6uBmH bi 8toS aojishocth HtKOTOpoe BpeMii, nosfOii^- 
HHKi MacTepa CTaaoBHTCH odbtl sa thckh, h6 sejax BosfiysAaTB 
npoTHBi ce6fl TOBapeiaefl. Ho axo cjiy<iaeTOA pt^KO. ^ame noMoii](- 
HHKi Macxepa 6oJite bjkh neHie 6jiaronojiy«iHO ofixoAHTi noABOAHua 
MHHu H CKaJiu. ToFAa, ch jB03ihBeB\Q!£'h HJiE CO cif6pTbK) MacTepa, 
Bucmaji aAHHHHCTpaiiifl HasHa^aerx na aiy AOJisHOCTb 6uBQiaro no- 
MoniHHsa. Ho ]i,na npocxoro pa6oqaro no^TH HeB0BM03EH0 AofiHTbca 
OAHHMi cBOBifb xpyAOMi utcia uacrepa. Besi npoTeKqin 061 btomi 
He^ero h ATMaxb, a, HTo6bi Dpio6ptcTH ee, Hysso HacTeHbso He 

CHHTBTbCH 01 rOJOtOCOMl COBtCTH, HB ^TO, KOHeHflO, He BCHSifi CHO- 

•06681. Bo BCflKOMi cjty^aft boti Hasfiojiie HcnuTaHBuS onocodi 
nojiy^HTb Tasyio npoTesuiio. 

nOJroaCBMl, Bbl TOJIbEO RTO nOCTyUBJIH Ha BBBOA'E H ptniHJIH BO 
YTO 6U TO HH CTBJIO BUABHHyTbCH. IlepBBIMX AOJIFOMl BU Ha^IHHaeTe 

•TapaTbCH pa6oTaTB. Gi MacxepoMi B£i ho cnopHxe, He pyraerecb, 
pa6oTaeTe aa tj ixtay, KOTopyx) obi BaMi A^texi, npH6aBKH He 
npocBTe, nporyjiOBi ne A'^Jiaexe, a ecjUH hbbxch Heo6xoAHMOCTb 
npoaycxHXb oabhi pa6o^ifi A^Hb, to BaHBXHexe o&h bxomi sa 2, 
8a 8 AHH, a HasaHyHt jm% 6epexe jBOjibHHxejibHyiD BaancRy... 
Cjobomi, va Atjiaexecb o6pa8noBi>iM'L pa6oxBHKOM'L. Ho 8to en^e 
He Bce. Ha bbboabxi ecTb MHoro o6pa8noBbiX'b pa6oxHBKOB'b, eo- 
Topue BCD sHBHb H ocxBDxcH HMH. FjaBHoe eme BnepeAH. 

Hdi lacTHbixi HCToqBBSOBx BbE ysHaoTe, ^to y Macxepa ecTi> 
AOHsa Ha Boapacxi... Boxi xyxi-xo h Tpe6yexcH bch Bama jtob- 

KOOXL, qX06£l HOSHaEOMBTbCH CI HeiO. Repeal HSBiCTHUfl HpoMe- 

asyxoEx speiceHH bbi a^^^^to efi npeAJioaseHie h, ecjiH oho npH- 
HHMaexcjT, same a^xo bi mxHnt. 

Ecxh y Bamero Macxepa h^xi AO^epn, BcexasH OT^aHBaTLCH ne 
nijs,Yerh. npHCMOTpHxecb h ki ApyrHMi nacxepaMi, 6bixb Hosexi, 
y Koro H HafiA^xcH, a iiacxepa ssBByxi HesAy co6ok) apT^eho. Bi 
spaflBeMi cxyqat seHBxecb na soiii yroAHO, ho nocaseruie'b ox- 
i^OMi npHrxacHxe CBoero Macxepa. 

En^e xyqme, ecxH yAacxcH cxaxb saMixHEiMi bi r-^asaxi buo- 
maro na^axbcxBa. SL snax) oAHoro Macxepa, Eoxopufl, .uyAy^H pa6o- 
iBMi) seHHxcH Ha ropBH^HOfl xoxocxHEa HHsenepa h oefinaci ase 
noxy^Hx^b AoxsHooxL Macxepa^ xoth eny bi to spoMH, BipoflXHO, 



T4 PyOCKOB BOrATOT£0. 

le 6uj[o E 20-TB jiirE. Xopomo Tasse em%tb KaKie-HH6yAB TuaHTM 
(spoMi jiHTepaTjpHHxi), Bi poAt cnoco6HocTH Ri M ysEiKi, HanpHMtpi, 
Torjia MOSHO npesJiosHTii oboh ycjuyrn ycrpoBTB saBOACSift opsecTps 
HJiH ntBqecRifi xopi. H cjiBimajii npo OABoro pa6o^aro, KOTopufty 
6jiaroAapfl TBEOMy lajiaHTy, cpasy nojiy^BA'B iitcio Maciepa h b% 
TBEOMi i^ext, oyn^ecTBOBaHiH Kasoro oai A&se h ho noAosptBan. 
Apyroft MacTepi noDajii aa m^cto^ 6iaroAapfl npoiesiUH TeTymRH, 
HMtBinefl Bi HsMafljiOBOROMi nojiRy co6cTBeflH£ifl aomi, fa^ RBap- 
THpoBajH HB3EeHepBi AAHHaro saBOAa. 

HHTepecHO, EaRi HyscTByDTi oe6fl noAo6HMe ataorepa nepBO* 
Bpenfl. 

^npHxosy 8T0 a Vh MacTepcRyio — paaoRaBUBajn mb^ oabb'l 
TaRol MacTepi: — ocMOTptn ee co Bctxi cTopoHi, samejii bi roh- 
Topy H o^Jii o6AyMiiBaTi» csoe Hoaoe nojtoseBie. Bi axy MBuyTy 
aaxoAHTi CTapmofl h capamHsaerL: ^RaRyio m^a^ cooraBJiATL nw 
apMaxypu?** a a ce6i AyvaK) — Aa, ^opta ci Asa s Te6t aaaio^ RaRyD 
TaMi MtAB HysHo, HO caiii OTB^qaio JiaoROBUHi rojiocoMi: 

— „J(a oocTaBjrafly 6paTeqi, TaRyn see, saRi h B^epa coGTasjEJin. 
„A oHi oTBtqaerL Tose o^eHL mcrobo: / 

— «6qepa, Maciepi, mbi coBctm apMaxypu He jehjih. 

— „Hy, — roBopDH, — tm Tenepb oocraBB, RaRyn caMi SHaeniB, a 
Be^epoMi Bi ^JlHBaAiH^ mu o6cyAHMi bm^ct^, Rasaji Jiy^ime 6yAeTb. 
J(a ORasH BGim jHTefln^HRaMi, ^to MacTepi ceroAHH 6yAerb npi- 
BajibHyK) craBHTL, TaRi ?to6'l noojit maCamy ne pacxoAHJiHCb... 
H cTapmofi ymeji, bhahmo, o^enb AOBOJOtbHufi mohmi pei^enTom. 

^BeqepoMi npemjiocB yrocTHTb Bctxi JHHTefin^HROBi, a crapmoro, 
RpoHi Toro, npBrjiacHTB eii^e vh ce(A sa RBapTHpy^. 

IIoaApaBjflTi* iiacTepa oo BCTyajieHieMi bi aojishoctl npHSflTO 
noBceiftcTHo, xotji bi noojitAHee apeiiE, RorAa uesAy MacTepOHi 
H pa6o<iHMH Ha^HHaDTi ycTaHaBjtHBaTbCJr hhcto o$$H^iaJlbBUA otho- 
meHifl, 8T0TI o6iaHafl noHeMHory cxoabti co cuieBu. MojioAue pa- 
6oqie, no GojiBineS ^acxH yse OTplmHBiniecA oti aaHCRBBaflifl ne- 
peA'^ iiacTepaMH, He BHAflTb aysAu bx co6jiK)AeBiB OTaparo oSuqaii. 
He GofijiDAaiOTi ero h it hbi MacTepoBi, ROTopne SHaioTi CBoe 
A^iTo fl He Hya^AAioTCfi bi saAoSpHBaHiH pa6oqHXi. 

BcaoMHHaeTCE MHt oAHBi ojyqafi TaRoro poAa. KaRi-io z% 
Ham wh jiHTefiayK) nocTyaBJH hobuA iiacxepi. KoHeqHO, mbi opasy 
paaysHBiiH bck) ero noAHoroxHyK): rAt paabme cjiysBJUi, na Rom 
seaaTi, ^to hbi ce6fl npeACTaBJiaeii, RaRi qeioatRi, h t. A- 
IIpeo6jiaAa]OQ;ee MHtnie o neMi 6i>ijio TaRoe: cBoe a^JIO ohi saaen 
npeRpacHO, „ROMy xo^eaib^ ABaAaaxB o«irobi anepeAi aactl^. Oaho 
cjoBO — ^opejii", HO, RaRi qejiOBtRi, — „oo6aRa**. ^CyiiieTB xaRi 
o6jiaaTi>, qxo Jiyqme h He BUAyMaxb". He OMOxpa na xaRyi) xa- 
pasxepaoxBRyy cxapa^RH jiHTeftn^HRH ace se ptmajiH yoxpoaxL eiiy 
«6eHe$Hoi>'' H npHBixcxBoaaxL ero corjiacao GxapHHHOMy i^exoBOity 
o6uqaK). 



O^BPKH 3AB0J10S0fi 9CH3dH. 75 

4 

05jbiqafi 8T0TB 3aRJiiK)?aeTCfl bi GJi'&AyH)C],eM'B. Kasx tojibko Ha- 
MiaBHTGfl nepBBifi soBmi qyrjHa, oahhi» hbi jtBiefiEUHKOB^E iipHrjia- 
maeTB Maciepa ki BarpaHKt h nepeftaeTt eny bi pyKH „8anopKy* — 
AJiHHHuft sejii:&3Bi>ifl npyxi, Ha KOHi^'b Koxoparo HajitnjieH'L KycoK'fc 
riHHu. „3aaopKy^ ji,jlsi sioro ojiy^aa yspamaDTi pasHOigiiTHUMH 
jUECTaMH H 6yMaaBKaMHy a pysoflrsy o6Bji8iiiBaK)T'b ojiaTKOu'b. Ba- 
rpaniuHfii npo6HBaerL oTBepcTie wh MerajiJionpieMHHRt, h, Eor^a 
•TesaioiiUfi no sojio6y ^yryai HaaojiHHTi KOBmi ao Bepxy, Macxepi 
^iiiseHi co6cTBeHHopyqHO sanepeTB OTBepcTie. Ilocjit dToro owl, 
KOHe^QOy ofiflBaai paoiuaTHTbCA sa OKasaHHyiD evy ^ecxL. 

Bet npHroTOBjieHifl Cbijih CA'bJiaHii eoxe HaKaHyHi h, xoth 
Moioffesb npeAynpeaBAaJia BaTlfiu^HKOBi: „He JutsLxe bu ki Heny^ 
Bam se xy^o 6yAexi''y ho cxapaqisH He nocjiymajiHOL h Ha ^py- 
rofi JUdBhj KOT^a HacxyoHJH xpeSyeMufi MOMenxi, oxnpaBHJiHCb Ri 
Matxepy. BcxptxHJn ohi hxi o^eHb oypoBO. 

— Bh ^xo npHmjiH? 

— Ki Bameft mhjiocxh, Eropob EropuTE. 

— Bi qeMi A'i^Jio? 

Pa6oqie saMAJSLHCB. Cxapocia MapxuHBi^i BUCxyHHju Bnepe^'B. 

— Eropi Eropuqi!— cRasajii ohi: — RaR% Boo6n^e nojiaraexcji 

!• 06UHaK)... 

FpoBHbiH o^H Macxepa, RaRx cxpijiu, bohshjihcb wh ero xoniyi» 
•xap^ecRyio $Hrypy. MapxuHu^'B c^yxHiioH... 

— CaMH SHaexe, — sajienexajii ohi* BApyn sajiRHMi, Aposanpm 
rojEocoMi, — ji!k3Lh no A'^jiami... CyA'^ ho ^opiii... 

CaaAH Rxo-xo ne Buxepntjix h CRasajni: 

— Ha cqexi npEsajiBHofl mu npHmjiH. KaRX, 6yAexi hjih ntxi? 

— ^xo xaRoe? — nepeonpocHJix Macxepx. 

— HpHBajibHyK), roBopHaix! 

Macxepib MHHyxRy noMOA^aji'B, noxom oxBtxHjii: — S. Bam sa- 
Xax'b xaRjK) npHBajiLHyK), ^xo bei b^ri bb 8a6yAexe. HmL, hxo bbi- 
AyMajiH? Ceflqaci se pacxoAHXLCH no mIctbhi. 

iHXefilUHRH nOBtCHJIH HOCU H rypb6o& BUmjIH HSl ROHXOpU. A 

%% MacxepcRofl hxi yse SAajia MOJioAesB. yBHAtBi hx% noHypu^ 
^irypu, Bct xox?aci cicbxTfjH, RaRofi npieMi HamjiH ohh y na- 
•xepa, H myxRH h CMtxi nocunajiHCB rpaAOMi. 

— Hto, paaornajiHCb ci roboiom'l na 6pary?! 

— KorAa-ai npHBajiLHyio 6yAeMT» nHxi>?! CeroAHa hjih saBxpa? 



npoHSBOJii Macxepa, xaRi mh^ yse npnxoAHJiocB ynoMHHaxb, 
irpaexi^ rpoMaAHyio poJib wh shshh RasAaro pa6oqaro. CncxeMaxH- 
leeRH noHBsaji paci^iBRy pa6oxbi, uacxepi Moxexi sacxaBHXL 
jiD6oro pa6oqaro yflxH oi sasoAa, npn qeMi wh paacqexHofi RHHXRi 
6yAex'& o6o3HaqeHOy qxo pa6oqift yBOJiLHHexoH „no co6cxBeHHOMy s^- 
jiaHix)"; xo^Ho xaRi se Maoxepi Mosexi yBejuqHXB sapaOoxoRi oBMna- 



78 pycoKoa bofatotbo. 

THqearo evLj pa6o^aro, onjotaqoBafl ero xpysi HioKOiBKO BBime o6ui- 
Hofl oi^tHse. He njji^^eno, mo oahhi najio pasBHioft pa6o^iS sa 
BoapoGi EHTejiJHreHTa, — ^to hs'l ce6fl npeAcxasjiflerb iiacTepi, 
OTstTHJii: ^MacTepx, 8to — Tasofi qeJiOBtsi, soTopuft, Koro xo^ieinb, 
CAtjiaerb cqacTJiBBum'^. HMtfl B03M0SH0CTb 6e3KOHTpojo[i»HO ycra- 
HaBj[HBaTi> paci^tHKy, Macrepi MOseTi bjihtb aa bucotj sapa- 
6oTKa RasA^ro pa6o<iaro. Bojii>mHHCTBO pa6oqHxi 6opeTCJi ci Ta- 
suMi nopffAKOMi, HO nonaiiaK)TCH cpeAH hhxi e Tanie, KOTopua 

MaJtO AOBtpiIK)Tl BTOfi 6opi>6t H p'^OiaiOTl, ^TO Jiyiinie KaKHMH-HH- 

6yAi» nyTAMH Ao6HTbCil pacnojioaEeRia Macrepa h h6 bi> npoMtpi 
npo^HiTL nojiyqflTB 8apa6oTOKi HeMHoro noBume. Kan oiHocHTca 
Rib xaRHMi noouTRaMi MaGca paQo^Hxi, uoaceTi noRaaaTb xoifl 6u 

4JltAyK)I]rifi npHMtpi, SHBO BanOMHHBinifiCJI MHt. 

OceHbK) npomjiaro roAa npitxaJiH ri Ham Ha BaBOA*^ nicROiLRt 
soBuxi pa6o^Hxi H MesAy hhmh oahhi, no ^aicHJiiH IlaHOBi, no 
npo^ecciH TORapb. KaRi padoTHHRi, ohi 6ujii He Jiyqnie h h6 
xyse ApyrHxi, ho eiiy BApyn aaxoxtjiOGB cocxaBBXB ce6t Raptepy 
1 BUABHHyxLca Bi rjiasaxi naniero nacxepa HsaHOBa. }KeaHXb6a 
OMy He Morjia bomo^b, xaRi RaRi ohi 6ujii yse «eHaxi. Bshxor'b 
CT> pa6o^HX'L HBaHOBi HHRaRHXi He 6paji'L. Ho botx OAHasAu bi 
MacxepcRoft npoHeccB ojiyxi, ixo Macxepi seHHxoB. Koft-y Roro 
BaqecajiHGB pyRH cAtjaxB eiiy noAapoRi, ho xaRi RaRi 6oJii»niBH- 
exBo He coqyBcxBeuHo oxhoghxga ri noAo6H£iMi> bbixoarbmi, to 

OSpaSOBaiGB SaHRHyXUfl RpySOKl eAHHOMUmJieHHHKOBl, pyROBOABXb 
ROXOpUMH B8HJIGH Ila&OBl. QpeSRAe BGerO, ROHe^HOy BOBEHRl B«- 

npoci: qxo BMeHHo npeiio;i;HeGXH? Oahh npeAJiarajiH ^acu, Apyrie — 
nopxGHrapi, xpexBH— cepBHsx, ho BGe axo ho hoaxoabjio, noxoiiy ito 
Rpy3R0Ri 6hUk% cjiHrnRoui iiajieHLRHH'E H He Mori nofixH Ha 601B- 
mie paGxoAU. HaRoaei^'B, rto-xo npeAJoasHJn xJii6'BG0JB[B. Corjacie 
nojiyqHjioGB noJiBiflmee. SaRasajiH Gepe6pHHyH) GOJiOHRy, Rynui 
xjii6'B H Ha Apyrofi a^hb noGit GBaAB6Bi HaHOBi h en^e aba xosa- 

pBH^a OXDpaBHJtHCB Rl H0B06paqBI>IMl... 

MaGxepi EGxptxEJii hxi bi nepeAHefl. 

— Bm qxo? — OnpOCHJH OHl, 

— Bameft mhjiocxh xjit6i-cojiB! — oxBtqaexi IlaBOBi, — no3ApaB- 

UieMl CB SaROHHUMl 6paR0MlI.. 

— A?!.. Xopofflo!— oxBtxEJix Macxepi — cnacH6o bbm-b, GnacHSo. — 
SaxiMi OHi o6epHyjiGff h RpHRHyjii: — Maxpeaal Hoxi moh pafioiid 
npaniJiH; npoBOAH bxi na rjxhk) h Aafl no GxaRany boarh! 

HeasBtcxHO, nomjiH jh ohh na RyxHio hxh E^vb, ho xojibro, 
Ri HXi ysacy, Ha Apyrofl se a^hb 3xox% bbbhxi cxajii HSBicxeHi 
Bcefl MacxepcRofi. Bose, qxo xojdlbro 6bijioI Ci rbrhmh noApo6H«- 

•XHMH H HJIillOGXpaqiBMH HepeAaBaJIHGB SCi GJHOBa H HOGxynRH Ma* 

exepa h A^nyTaxoBi... 

PoBopHJiHy 6yAxo 6u Haoxepi h neBtoxy gbod nosBajni, qxoAu 
noRasaxB^ RaRie y nno pa6oqie, 6yAxo 6vl RyxapRa bmIcto oamu 



r 



f ^ 



OHBPKH 3A.B0^GK0& SH3TTH. 77 

pDMRH BO^SH jifiiJih UMi uo ABt. Heyj^a^Huxi nosupaeHTejiefl hsbo- 

XHJKH CaVUMl Hea03H0SBUIIl 06pa80MT>. J^OMOpon^eHHBlfi ZyAOHBHEl 

HapHCOBajii MtJiOMi Ha sejitsBOM'L JiHCTt TaRyD EapTBHj: BnepeABy 
corHyBmHCB, Ejifirh naHOBi h aeoerB ysejiosi ch xjit6oi[i-cojibiD, 
eaa^H Hero ABoe APJrHXi A^DyTaTOB'b oi najio^KaiiH bx pysaxi, a 
B^ajiH BHAHteTCH iiacTepi HeaHOBi ci rpa^HHOMi boakh. HtcROjiBKO 
noBTOBi o6mHMH ycHJiiflMH „cocTaBHJiH^ noAXOA^niee ri> cjiy^aiD 
•THXOTBopeHiey KOTopoe AOJiro pacateajiocb bi MacxepcKoS. 

noAo6HUX'E cjiyqaeei 6e8aoiiiaAHaro ocM'bBHifl co ciopoHu naccu 
pa6oqHxi bchkoA noauTSH saHCKHBaHiji nepeA'^ MaciepoMi bi sa- 

BOACKOfi 3EB3HB 6uBaeTi> He iiajio. 

Eme JitTi 15 Tony nasaAi oTHomeHifl pa6oqHX'L ki MacTepam 
HOCHJiH Ha saBOAaxi coBctMi Apyrofl xapasxepi. ^ocxaToqHO CKa* 
8aT]>, qTO Bi TO BpeMa A^JieKO He ptAKO noaaAajiHCb Maciepa, ro- 

TOpue npHlliBJiJIH CO BSpOCJI&IMH, CaMOCTOHTeJIBHUMH pa6oqHMH AaiE6 

RyjiaqHyio pacapany. CxapHRH pascRasuBajiH net uaccy npHAf&poBi 

TaROrO pOAa, H He BtpHTB HMI H He HlltlO HBRaRBXl OCHOBaHlfl. 

'lyBCTBO HenpHRocHOBea BOOTH jiH^HOCTH, nyscTBO caMoyBaseflifl ne 

6UJIH Bl TO BpeMH XaRl paSBBTBI Bl pyCCROMl padO^eifL, RBRl 

TeaepB. TorAa hmI^jio BBaqeaie tojibro oaho — 8apa6oTORi>. HtMi 
6ojiBnie Macxep'B A^Bajn BapafioTbinaTB, xtui ^ojibme ri neiiy qh- 
TajiH h yBaseBifl. OAoasAU crapHRi. pa6o«iift paBCRasuBajn Met, 
RaRi'RorAa-TO ohh Bceio nacTepcRofi 6pocHJiH pa6oTy h ornpaBH- 
JiHCb QtmROMi. BepcTi 8a HBTBy ^toCbe opoBOAHTB yBOjeHHaro 8a 
RaRofl-TO npocTynoRi Macxepa, xoth stoti uacTepi aabbjh obohmi 
RyjiaRaHi TaRyn bojiio, ^to ^esejiH qyTB qxo ae no Hem, cefiqaci 
Bi ifopAy''. SacjiysHjii se obi TaRyD cHunaxiK) pa6oqHXT> BCRJiioqH- 
TejibHO Tiifx, 1X0 Rjiajii xopomiS paci^tHORi. „Jl^o CTa py6jiiefl bu- 
roHHJiH! A B08bMH-Ka TenepemHHXi MacTepoBi, rAt tbi TaRoro Baft< 
AemB?^ — ci GOsajebHieMi roBopHJii CTapHRi. TenepB, A'^flcxBBxejiBHO^ 
ecjiH He TaRHxi MacTepoBi, to tbrofo OTHomeHin ri hhmi ne 
HaflTH, noTOMy ^to BMtcrb ch xoponiHMi 8apa6oTROMi coepeneH- 
HBifl pa6o(iifi TpefiyerB TaRse h xopomarp o6paii](eHiH, h AOCTaToqno 
MacTepy aaMaxHyTBCA na pa6oqaro pyRoS hjih TOJiRHyTb ero, rbri 
MFHOBeHHO, RaRi 6k[ OTi dieRTpH^ecRaro xoKa, BcauxHBaei'B bca 
KacTepcRaji h njiaiiH ea neptARO BasHraexi bpcb saBOAi. Bi> Jitxo- 
nHGHxi pycoRol npoMBimjieHHocTH nocjitAHHro BpeiieHH HafiAexcA 
He Majio saGacTOBORi h 6yHT0Bi, nepBonaqajiBHofl apH^HHofi roto- 
puxi 6ujio ocRop6jieHie ^AcTBien'b pa6oqaro co cxopoHu uacxepa. 
Ho 8a6acxoBRa qacxo HeBuroAHa ajih pa6oqHxi. PacaJia^HBaxBCH sa 
Hee npHxoAHxcfl noA^aci qepes^ypi Aoporoft i^tHofi h, qTo6i>i o6y3- 
AftXB He B% Mtpy sapBiBmaroGH Macxepa, qan^e Bcero npHMtHjiioTi 
Apyrofl xopomo HCHBixaHHBifi cnoGo6ii — Busosa Macxepa na xaqRt. 
Caoco6i 8X0X1 npHMiHHexoH y nacB ptmHTejBHO aesAt — Ha Ypajit, 
Bi Ch6hph, Ha KaBRasi, ai Ctaepo-SanaAHOM'B Rpat h bo BHy- 



78 pyOO£OB BOrATOtBO. 

TpeHEHxi $a6pHqHO-8aBOACKHXi> paSoHaxi Poccin, a noTOMy o hoitl 

OTOHTl CSasaTB HiCKOJIbKO OJHOBl. 

Pacnpaai ct> MaciepoMi npeAmecTBjeTi o^BiKHOBeHHO aaroBopi^ 
eABHOMumjieHHHKOB'E. Ohh 8a6jiaroBpeMeHHO nperoTOBJiBioirb xaqsy 
H irtmoRi. MtmoKi Hapo^Ho CTapaK)TCfl iAu%'EE6jji,h BUMasan: 
He^TLH)^ casefl, rpflSBio, hjih npooxo Bu6HpaBorE Mtmosi juvh'Uo^ 
yrjH. BBis^aBi uoMeHTi, Kori^a Maciepi npoxoAHTi no Maciep- 
GKofl, OAHHi flj[H ABa pa6oqHXi noAKpaAHBaiorcfl Ki neity h Ha 
6paoEiiBaK)Ti MtinoKi na rojiOBy. SaxtMi ei hhmi noA^traeTi en^e 

HiCKOJlBKO ^eJIOBtKl H OKOH^aTeJUBHO HaaHJIHBaK)Tl jftmoKi Ha 

MacTepa. KpHKH h conpoTHBjieHie co CTopoHu MaoTopa no 6oj[Bmefi 
qacTH HH Ki ^eny He Be^yTi. Jlpyroe ji,^aOf ecjiH ohi oCpaxBTCA 
Kh pa6o«iHMi ci npoci>6o& b% laKOiii po^t: ^Bpaxi^u, sa hto 7B,% 
Bu M6HA? OrnycTBTo, 6paTi]^Bi... Bij^b a He BHHOBarE, ci MeHH to- 
se Tpe6jioTi... OToycTHxe Ke!.. Hy, eojH ofiHAtju'B Koro, He no 
OBoeft se fl BHHf H T. ji. Tasan npoci»6a Be pt^Ro A^^floTByerb, 
H pa6o4ie oxnycKaiOTi Macxepa, npH ^em npHHBMaioxcH Bci Mtpu, 
Hxo6u He BUA&Tb ce6ji h ocxaxBCH Hesaiii^eHBiiiMH. Mnorie iiacxepa 
nocjit xaK<^ro ypoRa nepeittHflnxi cBoe o6panieHie ci pa6oqHMH 
H xorjia paCo^ie roBopaxi: „A b*ji;b noA^flcxBOBajio!... IHeJiROBHfl 
cxaj'fc **!... Ho ecjiH Macxepi o^chb yai o6o8jibjix pa6o«iHxx, to 
eBiy He^ero 3ka&tb noniaAiu: naRi xojibro OAtnyxi na Hero Mt- 
moRx, ceflqacB ace noABOsBxi xaqRy h ero, KaRi KaRofl - BHfiyAB 
rpjs'h, CBSJiHBaiox'B Ha nee h BesyxB npH o6nieM'B xoxoxi h cBHcxt. 
Haa^e Boero buboshti xojdebro sa Bopoxa MacxepcRofl h ocxa* 
BjiJiiox'B xam, noRy^a ^BH-HB6yAB cocxpaAaxejBHafl pyna ne pas- 
BHsexi MtmoRi. Ho bi 3anaAH0MT> Rpat, r^'b napoA'B ne xaRi 
Ao6poAyineH'B, HopoBHxi ne xojibro bubosxh hsi MacxepcRofi, ho i 
<;Baj[HXB BT> RaRyiO'HH6yAB RanaBy hjih ptRy. 

HHorAa A^se y^eHHRH h noApy^Hue, fiesi y^acxin B8pocjiiix% 
pa6oiHxi, ptniaroxcH npoAtJiaxB 9xy onepactiio o% MacxepoMi, ho 
8X0 B03M0SH0 XOJIBRO B% xoMi cJiy^at, ROFAa BspocjiBie pa6ofie 
xoxH 6u MOJi^ajiHBO co^yBCXByiOTB efi. 

HHorAa ji,Jisi BOSA^ftcxBiji na Macxepa AOcxaxo^HO 6BiBaexi oahoS 
yrpo8H xa^Rofl. K noMHio, RaRi OAHajRABi Ha Bopoiaxi HtRoxo- 
puxi MacxepcKifxx hohbhjiogb xaRoe odiHBJieHie: ^ecjiH naoxep'B 
N caMX He yfiA^Ti ci saBUAa, xo mu ero BMBeBOMi na xa^Rt. A 
Rxo copBexx 8X0 o6BflBJieHie, hu xony rojioBy copseMi. Ta^Ra 6y- 
Aex'B ORpamena rt» ^epHBifl i^Btxi''. nf^^Hxajii 8xo o6x»flBJieHie 
Macxep^ N h npeAHoqejii hoa&xb npomeHie 061 oxcxaBRt. Ho Aa- 
jieRO He BcerAa, Rone^HO, cxojiRHOBeHin 01 nacxepoMi ORaH^H- 
BaiDxcH AJi« pafioiBxi xaRi Sjiaronojy^HO. BuBaerB h xbri, tco 
aAMHHHGxpa^iH 8aB0Aa> ooo6eHHO Aoposa nandoJite nenpiflXHBUfB 
j,jiH pafio^Hxi MacxepoifB, 6eperB ero noA* cboio A*«TejiBHyi> 
^oxpaey. Bi> xaRHxi cjiy^anxi oxoJiRHOBenie pa8pacTaexoH, TaRi> 



OHEPSH SABOAOKOfi SH8BH. 79 

<asi pafio^niM'E npHxoffHToa HMtTK j^jio yse He c% oxff&JELHim 
MacTepoHi, a oo Bcefl saBOACKofl aAMHHHcrpaiuefi. 



IV. 

„Pa6o'ni HiTL^. dia ^pasa bhchti Haj^i BoiHi saBOAOVi h 
aepeAaeicA H8i o^hhxi ycTi bi ffpyris. 

Bee qame h van^e iiacTepa nocLijia]Dr& padoHHxi ryjifliL. ^IIo- 
ryjiflfl ceroj^Hfl, — roBopjiTL ohh, Kor^a pa6o^ifi npHAerb sa pa6o- 
Tofl,— 6uTL HOserB, saBxpa ^T0HH6yAB HaflA^TCH*. IIpHXOAHTi pa- 
6Qqift Ha aasTpa, — noBTopaeTCH to «e canoe. YBOJiBHeHiH Ha RaiB- 
AOMi mary r Eivh xaRoro nocrynsa co cTopoHu pafio^aro, so- 
Topui He npHHOHHHJicH 6bi eny bi aro BpeMH. Ton — 6yHT0BmHKi, 
Apyrofi — AepaoKi, ipeTifl — hoctohbho BuoparnHBaeTi npH6aBK8, h 
Bcb HaxoAATCH Ha nepBofl o^epe^H oqyTHXbCH sa BopoxaMH. Haso- 
Hei^, BUBiniHBaeTCfl o6xHBjieHie, ^xo ci xaRoro-xo ^HCJia no cy6- 
6oxa)ii pa6oT£i npoHSBOAHXLOfl He Gy^exi. Gi xpenorofl CMOxpaxi 
pa6o^i3 Ha 6yAyiiiee, ho yra^axb HH^ero ne Honexx. IIpoxoABXi 

HOAtJIH ABi H OHJiTL 06'LHBJieHie — KpOMi 0y660XU[ OXMtflfleXCH H 

noHeAtJiBHHRi. ^exupe pa6oqHX'B aha b'b HeA'&JiK>I..H xoxb 6u 8xb-^o 
^exBipe AHH MOSHO 6LIJI0 OTpa6oxaxii hoxhocxbd hjih no xofl i^tut, 
^xo h paHBHie, ho nixi, vacxepa saxeropHqecBH dasBJiHioxi} ^to6ei 
He xoponHJiHCL H CAanajiH Beniteft HH&aKi ne 6oj[Bine nojosesHaro 
sojiHqecxBa^ a ^an^e Bcero yMeHBmaioxi pacii^iHKy, hhoS pasi 
^OJiBme, qitt'B na noJiOBHHy. ^Bamefl pa6oTBi ooBCbui^ ne nysno, — 
8aj]BJ[HK)Ti^ oHH, — Bce HAexi Bi BaaacB, KoxopBifi noxpe6yexcH bjih 
Htxx — He B8BicTEo, a pa6oTaTB B H6 opBHysA^K)* xoTBXf — pa6o- 
xaBxe, xoxHxe — Htxi. JlfijLO Bame*. B'b hbuxi uacxepcKBX'B xy 
pa6oxy, KOxopyK) BUAABajiH Ha OAHoro, ji^sljotl na abohxi. 3apa6o- 
TORi HeBMOBtpHO HOHBJKaexcH: BMicxo 50 — 60 py6jiefi nojiyqaioi'B 
8 — 10 B pa6oqiS corjiamaexcH Ha Bce. Bi xbrIh MHHyxu ohi ru- 
TOBi H pa6oxaxB sa 6e8atHORi, h BUCJiymBBaxB oxi nacxepa caiiBiH 
rpy6Biii ocRop6jieflia, jibihb 6u ocxaxBCH, jibiub 60. ne noxepaxB 
xoxB dxoro RycRa xjitSa. 

HonyxHo npoBSBOAAio^ h padc^exii. Bi nepByx) o^epeAB nona- 
AaiOTi, ROHe^HO, Bot npHBepeAJiBBiie h A^ps^ie. Ho boxi ohh pas- 
o^axaHBT. OcxajiHCB caMBie npHiiitpHiiie, r% RoxopBiMX hh bj, qeni 

HeAB3H npHJipaXBCK. JI,HB Ha ABa paSC^eXBI BaXHXJIH. Y HtROXOpUXl 

HBi ocTabinuxcA oiJierJio oxi cepAUa. Ho boxi b'b oahhi npeapac- 
Hufl ^leHB B'B MacxepcRyio bbxoahxi $a6pHqHBifl HHcaeRiopi bi> 
coapoi^oHvAeBiH Maoxepa. Pa6oqie cpaay 8axBxax)x^, osHAaa rbroA-xo 

expaiUBOS HOBOGXH. HHcnoRxop'B npoxoAHXi Rl ROHXOp'6 H roBopHxi: 

^xoxH MBi BacB H SBjii^eMi H BaHiei) pa6oTOK), a xaRi see h noBe- 

jiieHie^ii OHBHB AOBOJiBHiiy HO RpHBHCi, ROTopBiS xeoepB HepexH^ 

Baexi Hama upoMumjieHHOcxB, BBinyAHJii aAMHHHCxpaiUK) axoro aa- 



to PyCOKOI BOrXTOTBO. 

Bojia no<iTH Ha nojiOBBHy cospaTHTb ^hcjio pa6oqHxi Bamefl na- 
•TepcKol^ nodTOMj Bam sajiBJiAioT'ii 8a6j[aroBpeMeHHo h aak>ti ot- 
pa6oTaTb ABi He^tjiB. Paso^oTi 67^6x1 npoHSBOAHibCJi Bi roi^hvjA 
njiaresHaro cnHCKa qepesi oahofo ^ejEOBisa^ Tas'b qxo HHKaRHXi 
npeTeHdifi h noAoapiHifi na CBoe na^iajiiiCTBO bu HMtiL He MOiseTe. 
CjiBimajiH?^ 

Bi OTBi^Ti cjiBimHTGJi KaKofl-TO HeonpeAtjieHHufi rjju. HacneK- 
Topi c^BTaeTX CBOBO MHccin OKOH^eHHofl H yxoAHTi Bi Apyryn 
MacTepcKjK), a pa6oqie cjiipaqHo pacxoA^TCfl ao cbohmi M:tcTaMi. 
npoxoABTi ABi HeA^JTH H HOJiOBHHa MaoiepcEofi nojijqaeTi pas- 
cqexi. Ki 8T0My BpeMeHH jianiHifl A^Hbrn BspacxoAOBaHu, jiyqmee 
njiaTbe npoAaHo bjih JieasHTi bi jiOM6apAt, a bi ceiiLt Bct pac- 
xoAu yptsaau ao KpaflHocxH: bsi KBapTHpu nepecejiBjiHCB bi kom- 
Haty, H3i KOMfiaxM bi y,nojii KOMHaxu'', a OTiyAa bi yrojEi. Haqi- 
HaeTCJi npoAasa Bcero, qio xojibKO mosbho npoAaxb: npoAaioxcx 
6yxijjiEH, cxapLie caaoPH, seHHoa so^xa, mojeoxori, jiBmBid sh- 
26X1 H X. Am h» HasoHOA^, Boe HMyniecxBO cBo;iHxcfl ki oahoA 
RpoBaxH, Ha Koxopoft coBxi 0X61^1, iiaxi. H xpoe — qexBepo A'^^efl. 
HaBOAHxcff asoHOHiH h Ha aHiut. Mago coBctMi cxoahxi co cxoja 
H ycxynaeTi Mtoxo cejieAKt, BOA'b h Xi[t6y. JI,a h oejieAKa cjiy- 
acBxi xojibEO AJifl xoro, mo6u BUSBaxb sasAy, xasi KaKi ci boaoI 
Jier^e tcxb xjitfii. 

H Boxi, HasoHeii'b, Hacxynaexi a^hb pascqexa. Hxo A^JiaTb pa- 
6oqeHy Bi axoxi A^Hb? KyA^ haxb? JI^omoA? Ho pasBt Aova ohi 
HafiAexi ycnoKoenle? TaMi saojaqexi sena^ noAflHiiyx'E KpaKi 
AtxH... Hto6u oxAaJiHXb axy MHHyxy, MHorie bx A^Hb pascqexa 
HAjxi Bi xpasxHpi H npoHBBaioxi, a rjiaBHoe — pacxepHsaioxii Becb 
OBofi sapafioxoRi. He Bce jih paBHO, neAtJiefi paebine bjih neAtJiefi 
nosse HAXH noSepaxbCB? EAHHCXBeHHoe cqacxbe, qxo ceiiefiHuft 
oqan pa6oqaro speACxaBJiHeTi co6ok) 6paxcRifl pa6oHift coiosi. 
3Ehbh nocxo^BHO cpeAH padoqHXi, noMHHyxHo cxajiEHsaBCb cb bx% 
ceiieflHofi SHSHbD, fl HH pasy ne cjibixaji'b, qxofibi seea 6pocHJia 
Kysy ynpeRi bi tomi, qxo obi xeHHjiCH, ne umia opeAcxBi c#- 
Aepsaxb ceMbBO. 8Atcb sena Apyn» h xoBapHm nysa. Osa caMa 
HaapjiraeT'b Bcb chjibi, qxo6u ho 6uxb Mysy hi xnrocxb. Ei'jih no- 
qeMy-jiiB6o eS HejrbSJi nocxynnxb na $a6pHRy, oaa noAucRaBaexi 
saKyD HH6yAb AOMamHDK) padoxy, msexi no 8 koh. oit» ifapu 

fitjbe Bl pUHORl HJIH CHHMaeXl RBapXHpy H OAHy — AB'6 ROMflaXRS 
•AaeXl OAHHORBM'b EBapXHpaHXaM'b, roiOBBXl HMl oC^JlTif cxHpdexi» 

Ctjibe, — cjiOBOiii, ^pHJIa^aex^ Bct cejih, qxofibi yaejinqflxb 6k)a»»"t* 
GBoefl ceMbH. 

A saaio jiAm,e yacacHbifi cjiyqafl: nena 6e3pa6oxHaro RysBeaa, 
Korjia Bcfe cpeAexBa cyn;ecxBOBaHiH bbghrjih, noiujia e^ npocmu- 
mymKu u nojimopa zoda KopMiua ceoezo MyofcUy noKa OHi GBoBa He 
nocxyflBJii Ha paOoxy. Fyjiajia ona ne Ha HeBCKoiii npocneRxt, a 
Bi GBOHXi se pa6uqHXx Raapxajiaxi. Ek) HOJibsosajiHGb jiboah, pa- 



^j 



e^EFKH 8\B0ACK0fi SHSHH. •! 

6oTaBinie Kor^a-TO paAOMi c% es. KyaBem, i hhkto HHKor;i^ m 

•CMtjIHJICJI 6pOCHTl> efi HJIH OHJ BaR0eHE6jAb 06BEH6Hie. 

— Pa8Bt MBjiocTUHK) npooRTir JCj^Hie? — roBopHJiH Mflt, — pa^si 
xpHOTapaABH^axB 6jiaropoAHifl, ^i]i% pa6oTaTB? A Bij^ „8to'' es 
pA6oTa... „8to^ xjiifii Off ceMBH. 

Aa, HED^eHCTBO xyse npooTHTji^H. HHBieBCTBo, 8T0 — nosopi XJM 
BCflKaro pa6oqaro^ h HBiflimHefi BecHOfi, sipojiTHO, MHOrHHi nexep- 
iypsi^aMi npflxoAHJEocL BcxptqaTL SHmaxB pa6o<iHx%, ROTopHe 
uaKajiH on» cTUAa, npoTsrHBafl pysy sa noiiaBflieMi. IIpocHTB i 
uaKaTB! ?T0 mosbtb 6bitb yasaoHM 8Toro? 

BoAKan 3a6aoTOBKa, KaRi 6hL ffojiro oaa hh j^JiHJiacB, Boe se wh 
Thiosmj pasi Jiy^ime 6e3pa6oTHixii. 

npH cra^Kt pa5o?aro Boerj^a nojui^epsHBaeirB ooBHaHie, ^to otb 
Hero c